2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA IOCE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?I. I.?. *AEEIANUeEIAI

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

IEAI?IA

Ieaia TH???aia

OAeE 659.1

?AEEAIA ssE ssAEUA OOAeIAEIUeI? EOEUeOO?E

17.00.01. — Oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI

NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA IENOAOeOAICIAANOAA

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?aaioo aeeiiaii a Aea?aeaaiiio aa?ieini?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?ioeaiei Ieueaa Iao??aia,

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?. AEoeianeiai “OA?”.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

Aaca?i ?ai? Aeieo?iae/,

Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo oaao?aeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa

?i. ?.E. Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, caa?aeoth/ee

eaoaae?ith i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy

oaao?aeueiith ni?aaith;

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
i?ioani?

AEeoieoeueeee Aiaoie?e Ceiia?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y

eoeueoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo ienoaoeoa

?i. ?.I.Eioey?aanueeiai.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ___4 eenoiiaaea_ 1999 ?. i __15 30_aiae.

Ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.005.01. Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai ca aae?anith:

252001, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3, 2 iiaa?o, aoae.36.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai:

252001, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 2 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?.I.Eioaiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aeeaia – iaa?ae’?iiee
aeaiaio no/aniiai aeeooy. Aiia ? iaei??th c aeii?iaio cania?a
iioe?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ? yaey? niaith neeaaeiao /anoeio oeo a?oi
nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, ye? aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia ??ci? noa?e
noni?eueiiai aeeooy.

?aeeaia ia? aaeee? iiaeeeaino? aaeineiiaeaiiy aaaeeeaiai aeey
noni?euenoaa i?ioeano aca?iica’yceo ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy. Aiia
oi?io? noa?aioeie oa aoaeiie, i?iaoaeaeo? i?aaiaiiy i?aeaeuoaaoe ??aaiue
aeeooy, iaiaaa?oueny ci?ieoe oyaeaiiy ethaeae c oaeeo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai
nueiaiaei?oiueiai aeiy, ye noai ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua, ioi?iia
caei?ia’y, a?a??ia oa nai?oa??y. ?icaeyae ?aeeaie ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai
yaeua oa ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a ?? aea/aiiy ? iaeiei ?c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ieoaiue nueiaiaeaiiy. Caa?iaiiy aei oeueiai oaiiiaia
aeeeeeaia ua e oei, ui ?aeeaia iaeaaeeoue aei o??? a?oie nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a, yea aieeaa? ia o?eueee ia noai noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio, aea e
ia ae?yeuei?noue naieo a?oi, nioe?aeueieo i?ioa?e?a, ?aaeaiaioo? iaai?
i?eioeeie ?nioaaiiy oa iiaaae?iee ethaeae o aeayeeo aeaeao nioe?aeueii?
aeoeaiino? oa i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Cia/iee aieea ni?aaey? ?aeeaia ? ia eiaeiiai ?iaeea?aea cie?aia. Iath/e
iaa?? ii?i, i?aaee, noaiaea?o?a, aeaeea?oth/e ?o, ?aeeaia ? nenoaiith
ciae?a ? caniaii ?o i?i/eoaiiy, ia?eoth/e oaeei /eiii i?ioan?ei?,
noaooni? /e aoaeue-ye? ?io? aeanoeaino? oa oa?aeoa?enoeee. sseui ae o
?aeeai? eiiaioo?oueny iaaia ??/ aai iiae?y, oi ?aeeaia i?noeoue aeayeee
?iia?aoeaiee e?eoa??e, ui iana aecia/aiee ci?no. Oae, iniaeeaee eiae
“noaiaeeiao” Noaiaeeia – oi?aa?naeueia nenoaia ia?eoaaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono ethaeae ia?aaeaa/aiee ?aeeaiith aeey iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a,
i?aaenoaaiee?a iaaieo i?ioan?e. Nenoaia “noaiaeeiao” a?aeaeaa? iiaee
noeeue aeeooy, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ??aith oeea?e?caoe?? ?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaiie?aoe/i?noth, aiaineiaoe??th nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei o oe?eiio.

?aeeaia oaeiae ? /anoeiith ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, iaaiith i??ith – ??
neeaaeiaith ye anoaoe/iee, a ia o?eueee niiaeeaaoeueeee oaiiiai. Aiia
aeei?enoiao? iia? caniae ae?aciino?, aieeaath/e oaeei /eiii ia anoaoe/io
na?aeii?noue ethaeae, ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith i?eioeeio ?aeiino? e?ane oa
ei?eno? o iianyeaeaiiino?.

Iiaeeeaino? ?aeeaie a iao?e e?a?i? ?aae?ciaai? iaaeinoaoiuei. Aiia
ianaiia?aae iaoe?eaia ia oiaa?e ia?oi? iaiao?aeiino?, i?ioa aeey
oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/iiai niaeo oa ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e ethaeae
nueiaiaeiy iio??aii ni?yioaaoe ?aeeaio ia oai?e ienoaoeoaa. No/ania
?aeeaiia ae?yeuei?noue ia ioiieth? ooaeiaeith eoeueoo?o. A
?iciianthaeaeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?icaeoie ? noaiiaeua ienoaoeoaa
?aeeaia iiaea e?aua aeyaeoe naaa ye yaeua ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e,
cao?enoaaoe nai? caniae ae?aciino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue caa?iaiiy aei oe??? i?iaeaie iia’ycaia ua c oei, ui ia
a?o/eciyiee ?eiie “aeoethiioany” iio?e ?iii?oieo oiaa??a, i?aee??ieaiee
iiooaeiith ?aeeaiith. Ia oeueiio oii? a?o/eciyia ?aeeaiia i?iaeoeoe?y
aaaea? ia e?aua, ine?eueee ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio ??aith ?aeeaiii?
oai?/ino?, yeee aeei?enoiao? iae??ciiiai?oi?o? caniae oa oi?ie aieeao ia
niiaeeaa/a. Iia? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae iio?aaothoue
iiaea?i?caoe?? naiiai iiiyooy ?aeeaie, ?? nooo?aeo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee. Iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aea/aiiy ?aeeaie iieyaa? a oiio, uia ia`?eoeai? oaiaeaioe?? ae?iaieoeoaa
oa niiaeeaaiiy ia?aaa?ooaaee noa`?eoeai? ?ioa?ane ie?aieo caiiaiee?a.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. ?aeeaia ye yaeua eoeueoo?e nai?th
?noi???th caaeeaeth?oueny a aeaeaea ieioea, aea i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aiia noa? o?eueee o OO noie?oo?. Ia?oeie aeine?aeieeaie
nooo?aeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aeeaie aoee E.Aa?aiia, O.Eueii?a, I.Iaioeeia,
ye? caa?ioee oaaao ia o?eueee ia ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ?aeeaie, aea e aia?oa
aeine?aeeee ineoieia?/iee aieea ia iniaeno?noue niiaeeaa/a ?aeeaiiaaii?
i?iaeoeoe??.

O a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo i?aoeyo iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe noae?,
o?aaeeoe?ei? iiaeyaee ia oea yaeua. Aeaye? a?aeii? aaoi?e ?icaeyaeathoue
?aeeaio ye can?a ?aeaieia?/ii? i?iiaaaiaee oa aa?oaoe?? (A.Iayeianueeee,
TH.Oa?eia?i, N.Caaeaae?ia, I.E?anoe?ia, I.Eoea?e?i, A.Oienoeo,
I.Oaioaiia). Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? oa iie?oe/i? onoaiiaee aiie
iiaeathoue ye iiaooi?e /eiiee oi?ioaaiiy noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? iaaiiai
eaaeo, iaaii? noni?eueii? oi?iaoe??.

*anoi ?aeeaioaaiiy ?icaeyaeathoue ye nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee i?ioean.
Ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeeaie o noa?? oi?a?ae? oa i?iieneiaino?, oeyoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy a ?aeeaii?e ae?yeueiino?
aena?oeaii o i?aoeyo A.Ao?ea?iea, E.Ai?iiiaa, E.Iaaeiaa, E.
Aa?iiaaiiai?, ?.Aieueoeaea?a, TH.Oa/aoo?iaa, TH.Aeaaoy?ueiaa,
E.Ei?i?eiaa, ?.Ea?aeaoeae?, ?.Ni?ie?ia, Ae.Aaeeaoiaa. Naia ca oe??th
oaiith caoenoeee aeena?oaoe?? A.Aeacoiiaa, A.Eiceia, A.Aieiae??aa,
A.Ianoaiei, ?.Aan?ia, O.Naeea?a, ?.Aa?aiia oa ?i.. Ne?aeii ca
ca?oa?aeieie a/aieie (O.Eioea?ii, Ae.Neiooii, Ae.Aaainii, A.Aa?iaiii,
E.Aaeaa?aenii, ?.A?aoiii, A.Aeaeyiii, A.O?iaeaeii), ? a i?aoeyo
a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a (?.?iaeeia, Ae.Aa?eai, I.Caa’yeia, ?.?iiao,
I.Ai?e?ia, I.Iaeiooei) ?aeeaia ana /ano?oa ?icaeyaea?oueny ye /anoeia
ia?eaoeiao. I?noea ? ?ieue ?aeeaie aecia/athoueny o oeeo ?ic?iaeao ye
iaeaaaeeea?o? aaaeae? ia?eaoeiaiai? nenoaie, aieiaia ooieoe?y yeeo
iieyaa? o caaacia/aii? aio/eiai eiioi?eaoeaiiai ca’yceo i?ae
ae?iaieoeoaii oa niiaeeaaiiyi.

Ni?iaa ?icaeyiooe ?aeeaio ye iaeei ?c aeae?a nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino?
c?iaeaia A.Aeaieaeiaei, yeee iiaea? o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/iee aiae?c
oeueiai yaeua. ?icaeyaeathoue ?aeeaio ? ye i?ea?iaeueiee i?ioean
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iai?io (A.Ai?enia, ?.Oaaaeia, A.Oeoiai, TH.Oa?eia?i).

I?eaa?oa? oaaao oe?iea iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ia e?oa?aoo?a, a?eueo?noue
aaoi??a yei? ia aeoaea caaeeaeth?oueny o oaeoe ? oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeai ?aeeaie. Oe? i?aoe? aeaeai? a “aeiia?aaoaeiaiee”
ia??iae ? a?aecia/athoueny ?aeaieia?/iith i???ioaoe??th ia ii?ie
nioe?ae?noe/iiai noni?euenoaa, ui aeoaea caoaeo? eiei ieoaiue, ye?
?icaeyaeathoueny. sse i?aaeei, a ieo aena?oeai? ieoaiiy oaoiieia?? oa
ae?iaieoeoaa ?aeeaiii? i?iaeoeoe?? (Ae.Aaeeaoia, A.Naion?a, A.Onia,
?.Aanuee?i, I.Nia?nueeee, Ae.?icaioaeue, I.Eioo?a, A.Oa?aoiaa,
I.O?eue/eeiaa). Aeiyoeii ? i?ae?o/ieee, ye? aeeoee ae?oeii o 90-o ?ieao,
cie?aia a 1995 ?ioe? (?.?iiao, TH.Ie?oia, I.E?eiia). Iaea?eueo oe?eaaeie
? i?ae?o/ieee ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a. Oea – “No/ania ?aeeaia” (E.Aiaa,
O.A?ain) ? “?aeeaia: oai??y ? i?aeoeea” (*.Naiaeeaeae, A.O?aeao?aa?,
E.?iooeiee). O oeeo i?aoeyo ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th oa iaoiaeeeo
?aeeaiii? ni?aae, iaaaaeaiee iaoa??ae ?ethno?iaaii eiie?aoieie
i?eeeaaeaie na?oiai? ?aeeaie.

Caa?oath/enue aei ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo, ne?ae aeae?eeoe ie?ai? eieae,
ui iathoue ia o?eueee iaoeiaee, aea e iiioey?ecaoi?nueeee oa?aeoa?
(A.Aeaeyi, Ae.Ia?na?, Ae.I?iai, E.Oeca, A.Ea?oa?, Ae.Ia?ea?), a yeeo
neiioeaio?iaaii aaaaoee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, aea ia c?iaeaii aeeaieiai
aiae?co ?aeeaie ye naiino?eiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai yaeua.

Cia/io /anoeio iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?enay/aii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei
aniaeoai ?aeeaie oa iaoai?ciai ?? aieeao ia niiaeeaa/a. Oey e?oa?aoo?a
iiaea noaoe a iaaiae? oao?aoeyi ?aeeaiii? ni?aae aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy
iioeaaoe?? niiaeeaa/?a. C na?aaeeie iaoiai noie?ooy ii/aeiny
canoiniaoaaiiy o na?oia?e ?aeeai? aeaiaio?a ineoiaiae?co c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy iaeaoaeoeai?oeo cania?a caooo oiaa??a. Aieiaiei ia’?eoii
aea/aiiy noa? niiaeeaa/, a ia eiai iio?aae (A.Iaeea?ae, A.Ae?ooa?,
I.Ia?o?ii, E.*ane?i, Aeae.Aeea??).

Aeaye? i?aoe? ?icaeyaeathoue ?aeeaio ye can?a ioi?ieaiiy ? i?aai?caoe??
i?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua. Oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiaie
ciai?oiuei? ?aeeaie (A.A?iaenueeee, N.Aacacueyioe, A.Eae??a,
E.Oeieueiee, I.Oa?aniaa). Anoaoe/i? e?eoa??? oa eiiiiiaioe oaeeo cania?a
?aeeaie, ye oaeno, o?eoo, cia?aaeaiiy, eie??, na?oei, eiiiiceoe?y, ?o
aieea ia niiaeeaa/a ?icaeyiooi a i?aoeyo ?.Eaiaanueeiai, I.Nia?nueeiai,
N.Nie?iiaa, ?.Eaaaae?aa, ?.*a?ieo, A.Eeoaeiiaa, ?.Eeeena, E.Aaciaeiai,
?.Aa?aa?a, O.Nee?aee. Aaoi?e ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui ??ciiiai?oi? ?aeeaii?
caniae – ieaeao, a?o?eia, eaoaeia /e aaciina?oethaaeueia ?aeeaia –
iathoue o?eueee ?i i?eoaiaii? caniae ae?aciino? oa oi?ie noai?aiiy
ia?aco. Oiio anoaoe/i? aeiiae aei eiaeiiai aeaeo e caniao ?aeeaie ??ci?.
Ao?i anoaoe/iee a?e ?aeeaie caeeoa?oueny ua iaei aea/aiei ?
?ic?iaeaiei; aeieea? aace?/ aeeneon?eieo ieoaiue, ui aeiaaa? iniaeeai?
oaaae aeine?aeiee?a, iaoeiaiai inieneaiiy.

?aeeaia ye iaa?ae’?iia /anoeia ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa niiaeeaaiiy
noa? i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy a/aieo-iinoiiaea?i?no?a. AE.Aiae?eey? aaaaea?,
ui ?aeeaia ?nio? ye aoi?eiiee niiaeeaaoeueeee oiaa? ? ye i/aaeaeia yaeua
iaaii? eoeueoo?e. A?i ?icaeyaea? ?aeeaio noiniaii nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
ia?aaeeaie, aeeth/ath/e ?? aei caaaeueiiai i?ioeano ooieoe?iioaaiiy
noni?euenoaa.

O caaaeaieo aeua i?aoeyo aaoi?e aeinyaee iaaieo ?acoeueoao?a o
aeine?aeaeaii? oai??? oa i?aeoeee ?aeeaie. Aea ? ua ieoaiiy
aeeneon?eiiai oa?aeoa?o, a oaeiae oae?, ui iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi?
?ic?iaee c o?aooaaiiyi no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo iniiaieo noa?
noni?eueiiai aeeooy. A aaeoc? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ?aeeaia – iaeiaea/aia
yaeua. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a noni?euenoa? a?aeaoeeny ?aaeeeaeuei?
ci?ie, oiio ? ?aeeaia ci?ith? nai? nooo?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa
caaaa/o?oueny iiaeie iaoiaeaie oa caniaaie. E??i oiai, ?e ia
iaaeaaaeinue iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy, ine?eueee ia?aae aoiai?oa?ieie iaoeaie
/a?ac ?aeaieia?/io iaiaaeai?noue aoee iinoaaeai? ?io? caaaeaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e aace?/ no/anieo ?aeeaiieo caoiae?a o noa?? ?aae?caoe??
oiaa??a ? iineoa oa ??ciiiai?oieo cania?a noai?aiiy ? aeinyaiaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?aeeaie – a?ae i?ei?oeaieo aei cooaaeeo ca ci?noii, niaeii,
ooaeiaei?ie yeinoyie oi?i, a oaeiae aa?o/e aei oaaae iaeiaea/ai?noue
oeeo i?iaeai, iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? anoaoe/ia nooi?noue ?aeeaie.
Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeaoe ?aeeaio ia o?eueee ye ?noi?e/ia
yaeua, aeae nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, oei eiioi?eaoeaiiai ca’yceo, ui
a?eueo-iaio oe?iei aeine?aeaeaii,aea e ye oaiiiai ooaeiaeiuei?
eoeueoo?e, yeee ia? oaiaeaioe?th iinooiiaiai noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ye
iiaee aeae ienoaoeoaa, ui neioaco? a nia? caniae ae?aciino? ?ioeo aeae?a
ienoaoeoaa (e?ii, oaao?o, aeeaiieno, oioia?ao?? ? o. ?i.), a oaeiae
e?oa?aoo?e oa ae?oeo.

Iio?aao a oae?e ?ic?iaoe? ?aeeaiii? oai??? iia’ycaii c oei, ui iei?
?eiie iane/o?oueny ??ciiiai?oieie oiaa?aie, niiaeeaa/ aaea ia ?aaao? ia
iaiaaeai? oa cae/i? caniae ae?aciino?, – naia anoaoe/ia ianieiaea i?ae
/an eoi?ae? aai ei?enooaaiiy iineoaaie noa? iaeiei ?c iniiaieo iioea?a
i?ioeano niiaeeaaiiy. ?aeeaia i?iieea? a eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe?? ? iaaiith
i??ith oi?io? ?o, aieeaa? ia oyaeaiiy i?i oe?ii?noue ? ei?eni?noue ?a/?,
yaeua, i?noeoue o nia? aeaye? ?ene anoaoe/iiai ?aeaaeo, ui oi?io?oueny o
niiaeeaa/a ia ??ai? iianyeaeaiii? na?aeiiino?. Caaaeai? i?iaeaie oa
??aaiue ?o ?ic?iaee aecia/athoue iaoo e caaaeaiiy oe??? aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co noaiiaeaiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy e
?icaeoeo ?aeeaie ye naiino?eiiai yaeua o ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo??, aeyaeoe
aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy ?? ye ??ciiaeaeo oai?/i? i?aoe? –
iniaeeai? aaeoc? ienoaoeoaa.

Caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe e?oa?aoo?o, iayai? a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei?
eiioeaioe??, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeaiue ?aeeaie;

— i?inoaaeeoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?aeeaie ye ?noi?e/iiai yaeua,
ie?aneeoe no?oeoo?o oa eeaneo?eoaaoe ?? ca aeaeaie, ?icaeyiooe i?iaeaie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeeaie noiniaii nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue o noni?euenoa?;

— ?ice?eoe oai?aoe/i? aeaea?aea ?aeeaie: o?einionuee?, ineoieia?/i?,
nioe?ieia?/i?;

— ie?aneeoe iniiai? ooaeiaei? i?eeiie oa caniae ae?aciino?, caiice/ai?
?aeeaiith ?c ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? oa ??cieo aeae?a ? iai?yi?a ienoaoeoaa;

— ia iniia? aen?ieia?/iiai aiae?co ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeeaie aecia/eoe ??
aieea ia ianiao na?aeii?noue ? eieaeoeaio iiaaae?ieo;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe no/aniee noai ?aeeaie, iia? noa?e ?? iioe?aiiy;

— aeyaeoe aaciina?aaei? ? iiina?aaeeiaai? aca?iica’ycee ?aeeaie c
?ioeie yaeuaie eoeueoo?e.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeei?enoaii ??cie caniae, cie?aia:

 eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeaa iiaeeea?noue oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oiooaaoe eiioeaioe?th, i?inoaaeeoe ?icaeoie ?aeeaie o ca’yceo c
oeea?e?caoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a noni?euenoa?;

 i?eioeei nenoaiiino?, caaaeueiiai ca’yceo oa ?icaeoeo, ui aeicaieea
iiaeaoe ?aeeaio ye naiino?eia nioe?ieoeueoo?ia yaeua ? ye iaeei ?c
neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a nioe?aeueii? nenoaie;

 i?eioeei noiaeaeaiiy a?ae aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai, ui ni?eya
aecia/aiith iiiyooy “?aeeaia” oa aeaa iiaeeea?noue aaanoe eiai aei
eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo noeoiiiai aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy;

 aen?ieia?/iee oa ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?aeoiaee o aeine?aeaeaii? ?aeeaie,
caaaeyee yeei aecia/aia ?? ?ieue ye noaeiai yaeua eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy
noni?euenoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaia aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaeia c ia?oeo ?ia?o o a?o/eciyiiio ienoaoeoaiciaanoa?,
aea ?aae?ciaaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?iaeai ?aeeaie ye
yaeua ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e. Iiaecia iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ye?
aeianaii ia caoeno, iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

– ?aeeaio ?icaeyiooi ye oe?e?ni?noue, ye i?ea?iaeueiee aeae nioe?aeueii?
aca?iiae??, ui aeeoia ca iaae? i?iiaaaiaee oa aa?oaoe??;

– ia iniia? aaea a?aeiieo i?aeoiae?a o aea/aii? ?aeeaie canoiniaaii
iiaee i?aeo?ae – o?aeoiaeo ?aeeaie ye yaeua ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e;

– aecia/aii i?noea ?aeeaie o eiioaeno? ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, ??
nooo?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ooieoe?? iiaeaii /a?ac ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
oai??a eoa?cio, aeni?an?ii?cio, aeaaea?cio, iii-a?oo oiui;

– iaa?oioiaaii cia/ou?noue ?aeeaie ye ??ciiaeaeo no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa;

– ?ice?eoi ooaeiaeith oe?ii?noue ?aeeaie c o?aooaaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueieo,
aoi?/ieo, caaaeueiiethaenueeeo eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e;

– i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoai?ci anoaoe/iiai aieeao ?aeeaie ia ianiao
na?aeii?noue ? eieaeoeaio iiaaae?ieo;

– iieacaii oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy ?aeeaie a no/aniee iianyeaeaiiee
eoeueoo?iee iiaoo.

Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ? iieiaeaiiy, ui i?noyoueny o
i?aoeyo c o?einio??, ia?o ca ana, a oeo, aea ?icaeyiooi na?aeii?noue c
oi/ee ci?o ???aoe?iiaeueiiai, ?ioo?oeaiiai (A.Oiiaiaaoa?, A.Aa?anii),
iana?aeiiiai (C.O?aeae); eiioeaioe??, ui ?ice?eaathoue nooue noni?eueii?
ineoieia?? oa eieaeoeaii? iiaaae?iee (O.I?oeoa, O.I?oaaa-?-Aannao,
A.Aeoia?, AE.Aiae?eey?); i?aoe? c ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, a yeeo
a?aeia?aaeaii i?ea?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeai no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa
(?.Eoeeeiaa, I.?ineaaaoeue, I.Eoea?e?i, I.E?ooeoe, E.?aeiaa?aeo);
aii??e/iee iaoa??ae, ?ieiee acyoee c aeine?aeaeaiue ia?eaoeiao oa
?aeeaie ca?oa?aeieie (E.Aiaa, O.A?ain, *.Naiaeeaeae, A.Oaeao?aa?,
E.?iooeiee) ? a?o/eciyieie a/aieie (?.?iaeeia, ?.Eaiaanueeee,
?.Iaiueeiaa). Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith ?iaioe ? caniae
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeei?enoaiiy ai?iaiaaieo niinia?a
aea/aiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ieoaiue ?c noi?aeieo iai?yi?a aoiai?oa?ieo ciaiue.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa
oeiieia?caoe?? iaoa??aeo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, o aecia/aii?
iaeaieiai?oeo i?aaee ?nioaaiiy oa ni?eeiyooy ?aeeaiii? i?iaeoeoe??.
?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey
no?aoaa?? aeaioiaeaiiy ?aeeaiii? i?iaeoeoe??, aeiiiiiaeooue oieeiooe
noeo?eiiai oa iaiaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?aeeaioaaiiy.

Iaoa??aee, ui caeo/aii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae
aeena?oaoe??th, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? niaoeeo?n?a c
?aeeaiii? ni?aae o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, o i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee
oa i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a c ?aeeaie aeey ae?iaieoeoa,
ia’?aeiaiue, ?aeeaiieo aaaionoa, eiia?oe?eieo o??i oa ?ioeo
i?aai?caoe?e-?aeeaiiaeaaoe?a. I?aeo?ae, cai?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?ii,
aeicaiey? a?o/eciyiei oao?aoeyi ? i?aeoeeai ?aeeaie noai?thaaoe aeanio
?aeeaiio i?iaeoeoe?th, iniiaaio ia iaoe?iiaeueieo cae/ayo ? o?aaeeoe?yo
ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie, a ia o?eueee aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeina?ae
aai eii?thaaoe ca?oa?aei? c?acee. Oea aea? ciiao nyaiooe ye?nii iiaeo
?acoeueoao?a, c?iaeoe oe?a?inueeo ?aeeaio eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith,
iaaeaoe ?a/ai, ui ?aeeaiothoueny, aenieo anoaoe/io cia/ou?noue, ni?eyoe
ooaa?aeaeaiith oa i?inoaaiith ?o ia ?eiie oiaa??a ? iineoa, iaaiith
i??ith ci?oeithaaoe a?o/eciyio aeiiii?eo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ioae?eaoe?yo ? oacao aenooi?a ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: Ee?a, EIO, eoeueoo?ieia?/i? /eoaiiy “Eoeueoo?a ia ceai?
oeny/ie?oue”, 1994 ?.; Oa?e?a, OA?, “Eoeueoo?a ? aeeoo?aee na?o
ethaeeie”, 1996 ?.; Iineaa, IAeO, “Eoeueoo?a, ethaeeia, ina?oa”, 1996
?.; Oa?e?a, OAN, “Eoeueoo?a o o?einio?? OO noie?ooy”, 1997 ?.; Oa?e?a,
OAeO, “A?niee OAeO”, 1997 ?.; “Caeaiay eaiia. O/aaiue
eoeueoo?ieiae/aneee aeo?iae”, ?1-2’99. Noie: “Iaoea”. 1999 ?.; o a?ioo??
“?aeeaia eae ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneay oeaiiinoue”, Oa?e?a: OAeAE.
1999 ?. O 1996 ?ioe? aaoi?ii aoei oni?oii ai?iaiaaii iaa/aeueiee
niaoeeo?n “Oaoi?/ia anoaoeea, aeecaei ? ?aeeaia” ca cayaeith oaeoeueoaoo
e?oaeiaoaeoaaiiy OA?. Ia caiiaeaiiy Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea aoei i?aeaioiaeaii ? i?iaaaeaii aenoaaeo
“Ienoaoeoai ?aeeaie: aeina?ae, i?iaeaie, ciao?aeee”. Ca i?aenoieaie
aenoaaee aeaeaii eaoaeia ?c ia?aaeiiaith o ni?aaaoi?noa? c eaiaeeaeaoii
o?einionueeeo iaoe I.I.I?ioeaiei.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y caaaeueiei ianyaii 192 noi??iee
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio aeaa ? aeniiae?a, ye? aeeeaaeaii ia 180
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ia? nienie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 140
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo oa caaaeaiiy, ie?aneaii aeaiaioe iaoeiai? iiaecie,
oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeeeaino? i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?o?e aeaa? “Nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i? ia?aaeoiiae ?aeeaie”
i?inoaaeo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y ?aeeaie a?ae iaei?ino?oeo oi?i aei
neeaaeiiai aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiai oa iie?no?oeoo?iiai oaiiiaia
eoeueoo?e – yaeua oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi??y ieoaiiy. ?aeeaia ye i?aaeiao iaoeiaiai
aiae?co a noeoiiiio aoiai?oa?iiio ciaii?” aiae?cothoueny ??ci? i?aeoiaee
aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeeaie, ?? o?aeoiaee a?o/eciyieie oa ca?oa?aeieie
a/aieie o ??cieo noa?ao aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy (nioe?ieia?y,
ienoaoeoaiciaanoai, ineoieia?y, anoaoeea ? o. ?i.).

Aiane?aeie e?eoe/iiai aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e aeyaeaii, ui i?iaeaie ?aeeaie o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?icaeyaeathoueny a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
eiioaeno? ?, ia?o ca ana, o noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai niiaeeaaiiy. sseui
aaoi?e caa?oathoueny aei aeooiaiiai niiaeeaaiiy, oi oea noino?oueny
aeoaea iaiaaeiiai eiea ieoaiue; a “aeiia?aaoaeiai?e” e?oa?aoo?? oea, ye
i?aaeei, aeyaey?oueny o i?ioenoaaeaii? nioe?ae?noe/ii? oa
eai?oae?noe/ii? ?aeeaie. Anoaoe/iee eiiiiiaio ?aeeaie ?icaeyaea?oueny
o?eueee o ca’yceo c aaciina?aaei?i aeaioiaeaiiyi ?aeeaiii? i?iaeoeoe??,
ineoieia?/iee – ye iiaeeea?noue aieeao ia niiaeeaaoeueeo a?oio. Ieoaiiy
aieeao ?aeeaie ia caaaeueiee eoeueoo?iee i?ioean, a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?e
eoeueoo?ii? noo?, ci?ia ?? ?ie? a aeeoo? no/aniiai noni?euenoaa iaeaea
ia aoiaeyoue aei noa?e iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie.

Aaoi?ii aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia oiio, ui a aaaaoueio a?aeiieo i?aoeyo ia
ii?ooothoueny ieoaiiy aca?iica’yce?a ?aeeaie c ?ioeie yaeuaie
eoeueoo?e, cie?aia ooaeiaeiuei?, i?aeoe/ii ia i?eae?ey?oueny oaaae
caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/iei iciaeai oeueiai yaeua. Iiaa?oiai iiaea?oueny
aeine?aeieeaie ca’ycie ?aeeaie c oaeeie aaaeeeaeie aeey ?? ?icaeoeo oa
noaiiaeaiiy oaiiiaiaie ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, ye iiaea?i?ci ?
iinoiiaea?i?ci. O eiioaeno? aecia/aieo aeua i?iaeai ?aeeaia
?icaeyaea?oueny, ye oe?e?ni?noue: i?inoaaeo?oueny ?? noaiiaeaiiy ye
ooaeiaeiueiai yaeua, aecia/a?oueny ?? i?noea o caaaeueiiio
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio i?ioean?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?ioi?aeeaia. ?noi?e/i? oeie ?aeeaie” cae?eniaii
ei?ioeee ?noi?e/iee aeneo?n, yeee aeicaiey? iiaeyiooe ia ?aeeaio ye ia
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iee oaiiiai, /ee ?icaeoie ? noaiiaeaiiy
ciaoiaeyoueny o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio noni?euenoaa,
ae?iaieoeoaa, niiaeeaaiiy. Iiyaa iiaeo aeae?a ?aeeaie oa ?? iin??a
coiiaeaia ?icaeoeii oaoi?ee, cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Caeaaia
?aeeaiio i?iaeoeoe?th ni?yiiaaii ia oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?
caoe?eaaeaiino? ? onoaiiaee ia i?eaeaaiiy. Naia oiio a i?ioean?
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa ?aeeaia aeei?enoiao? aeai? ??cieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o noa?? o?einio??, nioe?ieia??, ineoieia??, caniae
ienoaoeoaa.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aaoi? ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui ?aeeaia ?
nai???aeiei noiooieeii oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ?? noai caeaaeeoue
a?ae ?icaeoeo oaoi?ee, ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa, iioe?aiiy cania?a ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? “Ooaeiaei? i?eeiie oa caniae ae?aciino? o ?aeeaii?e
oai?/ino?” i?inoaaeo?oueny aca?iica’ycie no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa, ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino? oa ?aeeaie ? aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia oiio aieea?, yeee
cae?enithaaee ia ?icaeoie ?aeeaie iiaea?i?ci, i?ci?e aaaiaa?ae ?
ia?iaeia oai?/?noue

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?eioeeie iiaea?i?cio a ?aeeaii?e ae?yeueiino?”
aiae?co?oueny iiaea?i?ci ye i?ea?iaeueiee iiai?io o ienoaoeoa?, ui aeaa
iiaeeea?noue ?aeeai? ai?eooe iaaeeceoenue aei iueiai, ica?i?aoe ??
iiaeie ooaeiaei?ie caniaaie. Iiaea?i?ci nai???aeii ai?n ooee?oa?ia,
aaiaeueia a ooaeiaeith oai?/?noue. I?aee?aneaii, ui, iai?eeeaae, eoa?ci
aeaa iiaeeea?noue na?oo ?a/ae i?iieeaoe o ienoaoeoai.

Oooo?enoe ia?oeie caa?ioee oaaao ia o?aai?ciaaiee na?o ? ?ice?eee eiai
e?ano. Aeni?an?ii?ci c eiai i?eioeeiaie aino?iai ia?aiaiai iai?oaeaiiy;
aano?aeoe?ii?ci c? nai?i iniaeeaei noaaeaiiyi aei eieuei?o oa e?i??;
aeaaea?ci, i?aaenoaaieee yeiai iaieineee ae?iae ianiai? i?iaeoeoe??
aeoai?aie ienoaoeoaa; nth??aae?ci c eiai aeia?/i?noth ? aano?aei?noth –
ana oea ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ?aeeaii?e oai?/ino?. A ?iaio?
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aia?oa ca anth ?noi??th naiai ?nioaaiiy aeeaiien
caa?ioany aei ia’?eoa, oiaoi aei ?a/? ye oaei?. A?aeaoeiny ca?eueiaiiy
eieuei?o, yea iia’ycaia c iiaei noaaeaiiyi aei ?a/?.

O aeena?oaoe?? cacia/a?oueny, ui a?aee?eooy, c?iaeai? i?aaenoaaieeaie
iiaea?i?cio, ciaeoee ao?eaiiy o ?aeeaii?e oai?/ino?, aea
aeei?enoiaothoueny iaeaea an? caniae oa iaoiaee oeueiai iai?yio
ienoaoeoaa – a?ae iiaeaiiy ooee?oa?iiai ye i?aaeiaoa ienoaoeoaa oa
ia?aianaiiy ?a/ae ?c ciai?oiueiai na?oo a oyaeaiiy niiaeeaa/a aei
iaaeaiiy ?a/ai iciae iiai? “oaoiie?aoe/ii?” e?ane.

I?ia?an oioia?ao??, iie?a?ao??, oaeaaa/aiiy, eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee,
cie?aia eiii`thoa?ii? a?ao?ee, ?icaeoie ianiai? eoeueoo?e a?aeaeeenue ia
?aeeaii?e oai?/ino?, yea aa?a?aea a naaa ooaeiaei?e iioaioe?ae
iiaea?i?cio, aeei?enoiaoth/e ??ci? i?eeiie: anioe?aoeai? eiiiiceoe?? oa
aaiiao?e/io aano?aeoe?th, eieaae, iaoo?aeuei? i?aaeiaoe a aeeaiieno,
i?ea?iaeueia niieo/aiiy e?i?? oa eieuei?o oiui. Iiaaoi?noai iiaea?i?cio
aoei ao?eaii o ?aeeaiiiio aeecaei?, aeyaeeiny o aeieeiaii? iiaeo
ae?oea?nueeeo noaiaea?o?a oiui.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ooaeiaei? caniae oa iaoiaee ianiai? ?aeeaie o
o?aaeeoe?yo iinoiiaea?i?cio” i?aee?aneaii, ui ?aeeaia ia ?aiiueiio aoai?
naiai ?icaeoeo, ye iniaeeaee aeae ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?, aeoeaii
ei?enoo?oueny caniaaie ooaeiaeiuei? ae?aciino?, ui caiice/ai? c
iiaea?i?cio. C /anii ?aeeaia, ui aeinyaea iaaiiai ooaeiaeiueiai ??aiy,
ae?iaeea nai? aeani? caniae ae?aciino? oa ii/aea aaciina?aaeiuei
aieeaaoe i?aeoe/ii ia an? aeaee no/anii? ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?.

Ia inoaiith ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? a?ae?a?aei iioe?aiiy oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ai?iaeooe?eii? oaoi?ee, ui naii ii nia? noa? /eiinue
ye?nii iiaei ? i?aoaiaeo? ia iniaeeaa i?noea a ?noi??? eoeueoo?e.

A aeine?aeaeaii? i?aee?aneaii, ui ?ai?iaeooe?thaaiiy oa oe?aaeoaaiiy,
oa?aeoa?i? aeey ?aeeaie, aeei?enoiaothoue i?aaenoaaieee ienoaoeoaa
iinoiiaea?i?cio, cie?aia iii-a?oo. ?aeeaia caoiieea a i?a?oo naiai
aieeao aeeaiien, oaao?, e?ii, oaeaaa/aiiy, e?oa?aoo?o, iaeeaea
niaoeeo?/iee a?aeaeoie ia iianyeaeaiiee iiaoo, iaa?oue ia i?iyae
noni?eueii? iiaaae?iee.

Oaeei /eiii, ?aeeaia, ye iniaeeaee aeae ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?, ii/eia?
aieeaaoe o cai?ioiiio ii?yaeeo ia ia?acioai?/a ienoaoeoai, yea, a naith
/a?ao, aae?a? a naaa caniae oa iaoiaee ?aeeaiii? oai?/ino?. O no/aniiio
ienoaoeoa? a?aeia?aaeathoueny niaoeeo?/i? iciaee ?aeeaie:
aiioe?eii-?a?ia? canaaee, a?aie/ii i?e?iaeia i?inoioa,
caaaeueiiaeinooii?noue, iai/ia ieaeaoi?noue, /anii oe?eani?yiiaaiee
ia?i/eoee ia?aiee i?ei?oea. ?ai?iaeooe?thaaiiy oa oe?aaeoaaiiy
ioiieththoue ienoaoeoai iinoiiaea?i?cio. Oa?aeoa?ia aeey ?aeeaie ?
anoaoecaoe?y ooee?oa?ieo, cae/aeieo ?a/ae, yea ciaeoea a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
no/ani?e ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?aeeaia oa ia?iaeia oai?/?noue: oieueeei? ? e?o/ o
?aeeai?” iaaaaeaii aeoieo, ui no/ania ?aeeaia, yea aeeoea ca iaae?
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? (aei yei? iaeaaeaea ia ?aiiueiio aoai? naiai
?icaeoeo), ia o?eueee ia a?aeiiaeeanue a?ae ?? o?aaeeoe?eieo cania?a,
aea ? eoeueoeao? ?o. Oea oi?ie onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? oae?, ye
i?ene?a’y, i?eeacee, /ano?aee, eacee, i?eiia?aeee. Aeae?eaii oa?aeoa?i?
iciaee ?aeeaiii? oai?/ino?: i?eioeei iiaoi?thaaiino?, iniaeeaa oi?ia
iiaoaeiae nthaeaoo, noai?aiiy ?aeaaeueii? ?aaeueiino?, iaaeaiiy ?a/ai
ethaenueeeo ?en – aio?iiiii?o?ci, eaceiaa ia?aao?eaiiy, ni?yiiaai?noue
ineoieia?/ieo onoaiiaie ia noai?aiiy iaaieo noa?aioei?a. Aea, ia
a?aei?io a?ae ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, ?aeeaia caa?oa?oueny o?eueee aei
iiceoeaieo aniaeo?a aeeooy ethaeeie, a i?e i?eiee ia eaea iiaa i?i
a??e?, o?aa?/i?, iaa?oue i?inoi iaaaaeai? iiae??, aiia iaa??aa?
niiaeeaa/a a?ae iio?yn?iiy. E??i oiai, aeaioiaeaiiy ?aeeaie aeaaii aaea
noaei i?a?iaaoeaith i?ioan?iiae?a. Eaeaoueny i?i cai?ioiee i?ioean, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny o no/aniiio noni?euenoa?, eiee ?aeeaia naia noa?
iaoa??aeii aeey ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?: /ano?aie, aiaeaeio?a, i?eeacie.
Neiaaie (aeaa?ce) nueiaiaei? oaeoe/ii noathoue ?ioi?iaoe?eiei eiaeii o
ni?eeoaaii?, i?inioothoueny a iianyeaeaiio iiao, cai?iththoue i?ene?a’y
? o. ?i. O ?aeeaiiiio na?oini?eeiaii?, ye o oieueeei?iiio oa e?o/aaiio,
na?o, ia?o ca ana, iinoa? ye ia’?eoeaiee, iacaeaaeiee, aano?aeoiee,
aaniethoiee, ui aeinya iiaii?, aeui? i??e an?o nai?o iiaeeeainoae, ye
na?o noaoe/iee, ui ia cia? i? ?icaeoeo, i? aoaeue-yeeo ia?ao?aeieo oa
iano?eeeo noai?a.

Oaeei /eiii, ?aeeaia, yea iaaoea caniae oa iaoiaee ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?,
?ooa?oueny aeae?. Aiia aae?a? a naaa an? neeaaeia? eoeueoo?e a?ae iaoee
aei ienoaoeoaa, neioaco? ?o oa aaeaioo? aei iianyeaeaiii? na?aeiiino?,
noa? nai???aeiith eoeueoo?iith oi?aa?nae??th, ??ciiiai?oiei
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi o?ea?aeueii? eoeueoo?e.

O o?ao?e aeaa? “?aeeaia ye ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ia oe?ii?noue” i?noeoueny
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeeaie ye iniaeeaiai aeaeo ienoaoeoaa oa
oaeeo aniaeo?a ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ye anoaoecaoe?y eieaeoeaii?
iiaaae?iee ? anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy ?aeeaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Niaoeeo?ea ?aeeaie ye aeaeo ienoaoeoaa” c?iaeaii
ni?iao aecia/eoe i?noea oa noai ?aeeaie ia no/aniiio aoai? ?? ?nioaaiiy.
Aeey oeueiai i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oaeeo yaeu, ye ?aeeaia oa
i?iiaaaiaea, aea aeae?eaii nooo?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aeeaie ye iniaeeaiai
aeaeo nioe?aeueii? aca?iiae??, ui aeeoia ca iaae? i?iiaaaiaee, c yeith
?? o?aaeeoe?eii ioioiaeiththoue.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, i?iiaaaiaea oa ?aeeaia – iaeiiii?yaeeia? oaiiiaie,
ooieoe?? yeeo /anoi ca?aathoueny (ni?yiiaai?noue ia oi?ioaaiiy
na?aeiiino?, i?inoaaiiy iaaieo ?aeae oa iiaeyae?a, oei??iaiiy a
na?aeiiino? oe?iiinoae oa aeoiie). I?iiaaaiaea ia? ?aeaieia?/io
i?e?iaeo, iaiaaeo? noa?o naiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie
i?ioeanaie, oiio aieiaia iaoa i?iiaaaiaee – aeeeeeaoe aeoeai?noue ian.
?aeeaia oi?ea?oueny ia o?eueee noa?e aeooiaiiai niiaeeaaiiy, aea e
iaoa??aeueiiai, caaeiaieueiyth/e ??ciiiai?oi? iio?aae. ?? aieiaia iaoa –
iioe?aiiy oiaa??a ? iineoa. sseui i?iiaaaiaea i?aaia aeeeeeaoe iania?
ae??, oi ?aeeaia aieeaa? oaeiae ia ae?? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?. A ?iaio?
iaaiaeyoueny oae? ?ici?ciaaaeuei? iciaee ?aeeaie, ye yne?aai ae?aaeaiee
ooee?oa?iee oa?aeoa?, iayai?noue ooaeiaeiuei? ae?aciino?, aeneiaeaii
aeoieo, ui nooue ?aeeaie – ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ia?aciee can?a inai?iiy
ae?eniino?. Aeey ae??aiai aieeao ia niiaeeaa/a aiia caa?oa?oueny aei
cania?a ? iaoiae?a ienoaoeoaa. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeaeoenue ia
?aeeaio ye ia iniaeeaee iao?aaeeoe?eiee aeae no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa.

Aeae? a aeine?aeaeaii? c?iaeaii ia?ao?ae aei a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co
?aeeaie ye aeaeo ienoaoeoaa, aeae?eaii ?? niaoeeo?eo. I?e oeueiio acyoi
aei oaaae oae? oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?aeeaie: ?? iaoe?eaii ia ?aaeueia
caaeiaieaiiy o oeueiio na?o?; ?aeeaiia ienoaoeoai ia iiaea aooe
ae?oa?iei, aiii aeinooiia e ni?yiiaaii ia ianiaa ni?eeiyooy; ?aeeaio
iiaa?iaii ia ??/, ia i?aaeiao, iiae?th (aeaeiaeua, iai?eeeaae), aiia
aiaeth?, ia?o ca ana, aei ianiaiai niiaeeaa/a; ii?o/ c anoaoe/iei a i?e
i?enooi? ooee?oa?ia ia/aei; ?aeeaia i?eioeeiiai aiii?iia oa
aeac?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaia. Ni?yiiaai?noue ?aeeaiii? ae?yeueiino? ia iiaoo
? iianyeaeaii?noue coiiaeth? niaoeeo?/i?noue ?aeeaie ye aeaeo
ienoaoeoaa, yea ia o?eueee a?aeia?aaea? i?ae?ania ye i?ae?ania, aea e
cae/aeia i?aeiineoue aei ??aiy i?ae?aniiai, niiioeath/e niiaeeaa/a
a?ae/ooe anoaoe/io ianieiaeo a?ae eiioaeoo c ?a/aie o?ea?aeueieie ?
iianyeaeaiieie.

I?aee?aneaii, ui /a?ac iaaio nioe?aeueio ni?yiiaai?noue ?aeeaia ia ?
ienoaoeoaii o “/enoiio” aeaeyae?, o?aaeeoe?eiei, eeane/iei. Aiia
i?aai?/ii ii?aeio? ooaeiaei? caniae e ia?aci? aeaiaioe ??cieo aeae?a
ienoaoeoaa: ieanoe/ieo (a?o?oaeoo?a, neoeueioo?a,
aeaei?aoeaii-i?eeeaaeia ienoaoeoai), aeeaiieno, oaao?o, e?iaiaoia?ao??,
e?oa?aoo?e ? o. ?i. ?aeeaia ye aeae ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? /a?ac neioac
cania?a ae?aciino? ?ioeo aeae?a ienoaoeoaa noai?th? ye?nii iiaa oe?ea,
iaae?eaia ooaeiaei?i ia?acii. Naia oiio ?aeeaio aecia/aii ye
ienoaoeoai neioaoe/ia, a iniia? yeiai eaaeaoue ??ci? eiai aeaee. Caniae
ooaeiaeiuei? ae?aciino? ?aeeaie oiiaii aecia/aii ye aeeaeoe/i?noue,
eieaae, eiia?iaoi?eea, neioac, noi?ni?noue ianoi?niiai. Iniiaiee oai?/ee
iaoiae – ?ai?iaeooe?thaaiiy oa oe?aaeoaaiiy.

Aeae? iaaaaeaii, ui i?aaeiaoii ?aeeaie ye aeaeo ienoaoeoaa noa?
aaiaeueia, ni?iuaia, cae/ia, ana oa, ui neeaaea? iianyeaeaiia. O oeueiio
ieai? ?aeeaio iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye yaeua, i?e/aoia aei o?ea?aeueii?
eoeueoo?e. Oea aea? i?aenoaae aecia/eoe ?aeeaio ye o?ea?aeueiee aeae
no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa ia o?eueee oiio, ui i?aaeiaoii ?aeeaioaaiiy ?
iianyeaeaii? ?a/?, ui aiia i???ioiaaia ia iaaia i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaa
na?aaeiaeua. ?aeeaia ? o?ea?aeueiei aeaeii ienoaoeoaa ua e oiio, ui ??
ia?aci?noue ? ae?aci?noue aeaiaioa?i? oa aeio?aeeea?. ?? ni?yiiaaii ia
ia neeaaei? aecenoaioe?aeuei? ia?aaeeaaiiy ethaeeie, a ia ia?aeii?
aeeoo?a? iio?aae oa ?ioa?ane. ?aeeaia ?ic?aoiaaia ia ia ae?oa?io, a ia
ianiao, na?aaeith na?aeii?noue ? noaiaea?oeciaaio eieaeoeaio iiaaae?ieo,
oiio aiia ? aeinooiiith oa c?icoi?eith.

Iaeii/anii, aiae?coth/e ?aeeaio ye aeae ienoaoeoaa, caa?iooi oaaao ia o?
iniaeeaino?, ye? ia aeicaieythoue iinoaaeoe ?? a iaeei ?yae ?c
eeane/ieie aeaeaie. Ii-ia?oa, ?aeeaia – oea iao?aaeeoe?eia ienoaoeoai,
yea aeieeei ia aeoaea aeaaii, eiai a?ae??ciy? a?ae ?ioeo aeae?a aeineoue
ei?ioeee oa?i?i ?nioaaiiy oa oa?aeoa?iee o?eueee aeey ia? (?aeeaie)
can?a a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?th. E??i oiai, noa?e, eoaee i?iieea?
?aeeaia, cia/ii oe?o?. sse aeae ienoaoeoaa, ?aeeaia aeoaea ?ooiia, aiia
noeeueia aei a?eueii? eiia?iaoi?eee cania?a ae?aciino?, aei aa??thaaiiy
oa iai?ioethaaiiy ??cieie ooaeiaei?ie caniaaie. Ooo ia ?nio? aei?noeeo
iaae ? ianoaiia o noai?aii? ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco, a?aeaoaa?oueny
iane?i/aiiee i?ioean aeeooc?? ?aeeaie a on? iai?yie ooaeiaeiuei?
oai?/ino?.

Aeoiaey/e c aeeeaaeaiiai aeua, iiaeia neacaoe, ui ? i?aenoaae
?icaeyaeaoe ?aeeaio ye iao?aaeeoe?eiee, o?ea?aeueii-neioaoe/iee aeae
no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa, yeee oi?io?oueny, iiyaa yeiai iaoiiaeaia an?i
oiaeii ??ciiiai?oieo oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy ?aeeaie” aeiaaaeaii, ui
na?oiaa oaiaeaioe?y, ca?aeii c yeith ?aeeaia ?icaeaa?oueny ye eoeueoo?ia
yaeua, aenoaa? ia ia?oee ieai anoaoe/ia ia/aei. Caa?iooi oaaao ia oa, ye
anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy niiaeeaa/a ni?yiiaaia a ?aeeai? ia i?o?/ia oa
?ethci?ia oyaeaiiy i?i aeeooy. Oaeei /eiii niiaeeaa/ eiiiaino?
a?aenooi?noue o ?aaeueiiio na?o? e?ane, aa?iii?? oa eaaeiai ?nioaaiiy.
Oiaa? o ?aeeai? noa? i?oii. A oyaeaii? niiaeeaa/a eiai iaae?eaii iaaiei
aoooyi, caaa?oai?noth, oe?ii?niith cia/ou?noth. ?aeeaiiee ia?ac
iicaaaeaiee ineo?/ii? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino? aea? niiaeeaa/aa? oyaia
caaeiaieaiiy.

Anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy niiaeeaa/a ?aeeaie iae/ano?oa aecia/aii ?aeeaiiei
iineaiiyi, yea ia o?eueee ? iniiaiei aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe??, aea e
noai?th? can?a ?? i?i/eoaiiy, ia?aaaaeaiiy a aiioe?eii-ia?aciee ieai
noa’?eoa.

I?aee?aneaii, ui iniaeeao ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? a?ae?a?a? noai?aiiy
?i?aeaeo – ?aeaaeueiiai ia?aco i?aaeiaoa. Ine?eueee ooaeiaei?e ia?ac
i?eiee iiai?noth ia ca?aa?oueny c niiae?aaiiyie noa’?eoa, oi ai?ciaiiy
caaaeaee iaaoaa? oi?io nai???aeii? a?e: i?enai?iiy “/oaeiai”
ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco oa aiiao??, “ao?eaiiy” a iueiai nai?o ia?aaeeaaiue.
I?ioean, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae ?aeeaiith ye yaeuai ? noa’?eoii
niiaeeaaiiy ?aeeaie, oea a?a, ca yeith e?e?oueny eaae?noue,
a?aenooi?noue coneeue oa iai?oae, yea i?aaia aei iiaoi?aiiy oa
naiiiiiaeaiiy.

Anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy (ye neeaaeiee i?ioean ni?ao/ano? oa ni?aoai?/ino?
noa’?eoa, ui ni?eeia?), a yeiio caae?yii ana – a?ae iaa?thaaiiy aei
neeaaeii? nenoaie ae?acieo cania?a – aea? iiaeeea?noue cae/aei?e,
noaiaea?oi?e ethaeei? /a?ac ?aeeaiiee ia?ac a?ae/ooe /a??ai?noue ? e?ano
aoaeaiiino?, a?ae/ooe caeo/aiiy aei aa?iii??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?aeeaiia anoaoecaoe?y eieaeoeaii? iiaaae?iee”
aeine?aeaeo?oueny niaoeeo?ea ?aeeaie ye aeaeo ienoaoeoaa oa ?ice?eoa
oaea iniaeea?noue ?aeeaie, ye ?? ni?yiiaai?noue ia ianiao na?aeii?noue ?
eieaeoeaio iiaaae?ieo, yea caaeiaieueiy? ooiaeaiaioaeueio iio?aao
noa’?eoa a eiioi?eaoe??. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aeeaia caa?oa?oueny aei
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aaaeaiiy, anoaoecoth/e eiai, a?aeiia?aeii
anoaoecoth/e iiaaae?ieo eieaeoeao.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneaii, ui, nie?ath/enue ia ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ciaiiy
i?i nooi?noue ianiai? na?aeiiino? oa eieaeoeaii? iiaaae?iee, ?aeeaia
iaaoea caeaoiino? iai?ioethaaoe niiaeeaa/ai. I/aaeaeii, ui ia no/aniiio
aoai? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?aeeaia /a?ac ?? caaaeueiiaeinooii?noue ?
oe?ioo iioe?aiiy aeoeaii aeeth/a?oueny a caaaeueiee i?ioean anoaoecaoe??
eieaeoeaii? iiaaae?iee, oi?ea?oueny oaeeo noi??i aeoeaiino? ethaeeie,
ye? ?ai?oa ia iaaiai?thaaee. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoai?cie ?i?oaoe??,
iaa?thaaiiy, noeeuei?noue aei ?ethci?iiai, ?aeeaia ca aeiiiiiaith
ooaeiaeiuei-ae?acieo cania?a oei??ith? a na?aeii?noue niiaeeaa/?a
anoaoe/i? ?aeaaee ia ??ai? iianyeaeaiiiai aoooy. Aiia ao?eth? nai? ?aea?
o oi?io ia?ac?a, oi?eath/enue ethaenueeiai oyaeaiiy oa ii/ooo?a.
Noai?thth/e ianiaee ?aeaae ca i?eioeeiii ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ?aeeaia
caa?oa?oueny aei cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e, ?eooae?a, aea i?enoiniao? ?o aei
iianyeaeaiii? na?aeiiino?. Naia ia oeueiio ??ai? ( ? a oeueiio ??
i?ea?iaeuei?noue ? iaiiaoi?i?noue) ?aeeaia aiineoue aeaiaio anoaoe/iiai.

?icaeyaeath/e iaoai?ci ei?enooaaiiy ?a/aie, ?aeeaia ni?ey? iioe?aiith
i?aaee aoeeaoo, ?ioi?io? i?i ieo /a?ac ia?acio nenoaio ciae?a, caa?oa?
oaaao ia iaia?e oa i?enoiei?noue. Aiia aea? c?acee eoeueoo?e
ni?eeoaaiiy, iia?/ii aeeeaaea? aeaiaioa?i? i?aaeea aa?/eeaino?. *a?ac
noai?aio iiaeaeue ao?eththoueny c?acee iiaaae?iee oa noaooni? ?ie?.
?aeeaia i?iiiio? niiaeeaa/aa? oaea anoaoeciaaio noaio iiaaae?iee oa
ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo, iieacoth/e ca aeiiiiiaith ooaeiaei?o cania?a,
yeeie iiaeii? aooe iiaa, iaeya, i?i?ea, aeanoe ? o. ?i. Oiaa? o ?aeeai?
iaea?aeo? a?coaeueia ae?aaeaiiy ? anoaoe/ia “ioi?ieaiiy”, a noaaoe
iiaeiei, oi?io? iaaiee noeeue aeeooy.

Oaeei /eiii, /a?ac i?eaianaiee ia?ac ?aeeaia ?icaeaa? oyaeaiiy,
cai?iaaaeaeo? iaai? ii?ie oa iiaeaeth? ia o?eueee iiaaae?ieo ethaeeie,
aea ? eiai i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaee na?o. Aoaeo/e i?ea?iaeueiith oi?iith
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?, iniaeeaei iao?aaeeoe?eiei
o?ea?aeueii-neioaoe/iei aeaeii no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa, ?aeeaia
aeei?enoiao? aanue a?naiae ooaeiaeiuei-ae?acieo cania?a aeey aieeao ia
na?aeii?noue niiaeeaa/a ? eiai iiaaae?ieo.

Aeniiaee. O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii aeoieo, ui aeaee, oi?ie ?aeeaiii?
ae?yeueiino?, ?? nooue ? niiniae ooieoe?iioaaiiy ci?iththoueny a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaio noni?euenoaa, ?icoe?aiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, /eiiee?a oeea?e?caoe??. Ia iei?oiueiio aoai? ?aeeaia
anaa?/ii i?iieea? o caaaeuei? eoeueoo?i? i?ioeane, c?iuo?oueny c ieie
oa noa? nai???aeiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi o?ea?aeueii? eoeueoo?e.

No/anio oaiaeaioe?th ?icaeoeo ?aeeaie o aeine?aeaeaii? aecia/aii ye
aeiaaeueiee neioac, oi?aa?nae?caoe?th ??cieo eoeueoo?ieo yaeu. Aaoi?
i?aenoiiao?, ui, oi?ioth/enue ye nai???aeia ooaeiaeiy oai?/?noue,
?aeeaia noa? iao?aaeeoe?eiei o?ea?aeueii-neioaoe/iei aeaeii no/aniiai
ienoaoeoaa.

sse aeae nioe?aeueii? aca?iiae??, ?aeeaia aiaeth? aei
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoai?cie ooaeiaeiueiai
ni?eeiyooy, iana a nia? aaeeeo ia?aci?noue, yne?aa?noue ?
aeaeiaeui?noue, ua aea? ?e iiaeeea?noue anoaoecoaaoe iiaaae?ieo
ethaeeie. *a?ac iane?aeoaaiiy, ia?aeiiaiiy, noaiaea?oecaoe?th oa
noaiaoecaoe?th ?aeeaia aeayeith i??ith cae??ieth? o na?aeiiino?
niiaeeaa/a ?aeeaie ye oaei? anoaoe/i? oe?iiino?, ii?ie eiai iiaaae?iee
ia ??ai? iianyeaeaiiiai aoooy.

NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieaieia A.TH. ?aeeaia eae yeaiaio ynoaoe/aneie eoeueoo?u //
Eoeueoo?ieia?/i? /eoaiiy “Eoeueoo?a ia ceai? oeny/ie?oue”: Oace
aenooi?a. –Ee?a: EI?. –1994. –N.162-163.

2. Ieaieia A.TH. ?aeeaia e aa aaiacen a enoi?ee eoeueoo?u //Eoeueoo?a e
aeeciaiiue ie? /aeiaaea. –Oa?ueeia: Oa?uee. aaeaoe. ei-o. –1996.
–N.55-59.

3. Ieaieia A.TH. ?aeeaia a nenoaia ianniaie eoeueoo?u //Eoeueoo?a,
/aeiaae, ia?aciaaiea: Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. –Iineaa: Iine. ain.
oi-o. –1996. –N.51-52.

4. I?ioeaiei I.I., Ieai?ia I.TH. ?aeeaia eae yaeua eoeueoo?u
//Ienoaoeoai ?aeeaie: aeina?ae, i?iaeaie, ciao?aeee. Eaoaeia
aenoaaee.–Oa?e?a: OAeIA. –1996. –N.4-6.

5. Ieaieia A.TH. Oaiiiai ?aeeaiu a nenoaia iaua/aeiaa/aneie eoeueoo?u
//Eoeueoo?a o o?einio?? OO noie?ooy: Iaoa??aee IV Oa?e. i?aeia?.
Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiue. –Oa?e?a: Oa?e. aea?ae. oi-o. –1997.
–N.386-388.

6. Ieaieia A.TH. Ia?iaeiia oai?/anoai a noaiiaeaiee e ?acaeoee i?eaiia e
iaoiaeia nia?aiaiiie ?aeeaiu //A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, ?397: O?einio?y oa eoeueoo?a. –Oa?e?a: Oa?e. aea?ae. oi-o.
– 1997. – N.82-85.

7. Ieaieia A.TH. Iiaea e ?aeeaia //Caeaiay eaiia. O/aaiue
eoeueoo?ieiae/aneee aeo?iae, ?1-2’99. –Noiu: “Iaoea”. –1999. –N.91-92.

8. Ieaieia A.TH. ?aeeaia eae ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneay oeaiiinoue.
–Oa?ueeia: OAAE. –1999. – 55 n.

9. Ieai?ia I.TH. E?o/ ? ?aeeaia ye aea? neeaaeia? ianiai? eoeueoo?e
//Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai oeaio?o eoeueoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa oa Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa “Iina?o” ?1 1999. –Ee?a. – N.25-26.

AIIOAOe??

Ieai?ia I.TH. ?aeeaia ye yaeua ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e.

– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e. –
Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eoeueoo?e, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith oaiiiaia ?aeeaie o eiioaeno?
caaaeueiiethaenueei? eoeueoo?e a oe?eiio oa ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e
cie?aia. ?ice?eoi ca’ycie ?aeeaie c ??cieie aaeocyie aoiai?oa?ieo
ciaiue, ienoaoeoaii, ia?iaeiith oai?/?noth. Aecia/aii no/ani?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?aeeaie ye iniaeeaiai aeaeo ienoaoeoaa, ui
a?aeia?aaea? iianyeaeaiia aoooy ethaeeie, ia? anoaoe/iee aieea ia ??ci?
noa?e ?? aeeooy oa noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aeeaia, ?aeeaiia ae?yeuei?noue, ooaeiaeiy oai?/?noue,
eoeueoo?a, caniae ae?aciino?, anoaoecaoe?y.

Olenina E.U. Advertising as the phenomenon of culture.

– Manuscript.

Submission of dissertation for Candidate of fine art on speciality
17.00.01 – theory and history of culture. – Kharkov State Academy of
Culture, Kharkov, 1998.

In the dissertation one has an over look of research of advertising
phenomenon in context of the common to all mankind culture as a whole,
and fiction, in particular. The author has revealed the connection of
advertising with different fields of humanitarians knowledge, art, folk
art and also are shown the modern tendencies of advertising development
as a specific kind of art, reflecting the everyday human being and, as
it is

influencing aesthetically on different spheres of human being and the
whole society.

Key words: Advertising, Advertising activities, art creation, culture,
means of expression, aesthetisation.

Ieaieia A.TH. ?aeeaia eae yaeaiea ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eoeueoo?u. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa eneonnoaiaaaeaiey
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey eoeueoo?u. – Oa?ueeianeay
ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey eoeueoo?u, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oaiiiaia ?aeeaiu a eiioaenoa
iaua/aeiaa/aneie eoeueoo?u a oeaeii, e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eoeueoo?u a
/anoiinoe. Ia aucuaaao niiiaiey oi, /oi ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?aeeaia
i?iieeaao a iauaeaiioth aeeciue, aeoeaii aeeyao ia ia?.

Aeaaiaea?y naiae anaioaaoiinoe ?aeeaia noaea naiaia?aciui i?iaeaiiui
oeaio?ii e iiyoiio e enneaaeiaaieth yoiai oaiiiaia ia?auathony
niaoeeaeenou ?acee/iuo iaeanoae iao/iiai ciaiey: nioeeieiae, ineoieiae,
oeeiniou, yeiiiienou, eoeueoo?ieiae. A ?aaioa aiaeece?othony
iiiaiia?aciua iiaeoiaeu e ?acee/iua aeaoeieoeee ?aeeaiu, a eioi?uo
iienuaathony aa nouiinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee..Iaeiaei eneonnoaiaaae/aneee
n?ac enneaaeiaaiey inoa?ony naiui ia?ac?aaioaiiui.

O/eouaay iineaaeiaa, a ?aaioa ia ia?aue ieai auaeaeaaaony aeaaiay
caaea/a: ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca noaiiaeaiey, ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey
?aeeaiu eae naiinoiyoaeueiiai yaeaiey a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eoeueoo?a,
auyaeoue aeaaiua oaiaeaioeee oi?ie?iaaiey a? eae ?aciiaeaeiinoe
oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe — iniaie iaeanoe eneonnoaa.

I?e yoii ?aoaiea caaea/, noi?ioee?iaaiiuo a ?aaioa, eae?o ii
neaaeothuaio eiae/aneiio iooe, eioi?ue a ?aaioa i?aaenoa?o a aeaea o??o
aeaaiuo aeieia–?acaeaeia.

Ia?aue ec ieo iinayuai aiaeeco i?ioeanna eiinoeooe?iaaiey ?aeeaiu eae
iniaiai oaiiiaia eoeueoo?u: aicieeiiaaieth, noaiiaeaieth,
ooieoeeiie?iaaieth e ?acaeoeth ?aeeaiu eae nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
oaiiiaia. Iieacaii, /oi ?aeeaia i?aaenoa?o eae naiaia?aciue niooiee
oeeaeeecaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia. A? ninoiyiea caaeneo io ?acaeoey oaoieee,
o?iaiy i?iecaiaenoaa, ?anoe?aiey n?aaenoa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee.

Ai aoi?ii aeiea oeaio?aeueiia ianoi iinayuaii niaoeeoeea
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ia?aciie au?aceoaeueiinoe ?aeeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Aaoi?ii. ?ane?uaathony n?aaenoaa e niiniau au?aceoaeueiinoe ?aeeaiiiai
oai?/anoaa ia iaoa?eaea n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca i?iecaaaeaiee eoaecia,
aeaaeaecia, iii-a?oa e ioaeaeueiuo ?aeeaiiuo i?iaeoia. Iieacaiu
i?ioeannu caeinoaiaaiey, i?eaea/aiey ynoaoe/aneiai a ?aeeaio ec
eneonnoaa iiaea?iecia n iaeiie noi?iiu, a n ae?oaie noi?iiu
aeaiiino?e?oaony eae ?aeeaiiue i?iaeo nai ia?aoaao aeaeiaua i?eciaee
eneonnoaa e ieacuaaao aeeyiea ia iinoiiaea?ieci.

Aaoi? oaeaea aiaeece?oao oi/ee nii?eeiniiaaiey iaaeaeo ia?iaeiui
oai?/anoaii, eeo/ai e ?aeeaiie.

A ?aaioa ia?auaaony aieiaiea ia iaaiciiaeiinoue ioiaeaeanoaeaiey
ioaeaeueiie ?aeeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee e ?aeeaiiiai i?iaeoa, eioi?ue
aeaaiaea?y ynoaoe/aneie ianuuaiiinoe, nai yaeyaony ia?acii, neiaieii e
eiaiii a ea/anoaa oaeiaiai i?aoaiaeoao ia ioaeaeueiia iniuneaiea a ?yaeo
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, a /anoiinoe, e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eoeueoo?u a oeaeii.

A o?aoueai aeiea aeoeaio aeaeaaony ia i?aaiia?iinoe eniieueciaaiey
ynoaoe/aneeo ioeaiie eae e?eoa?eaa iiiaiieaiiaie cia/eiinoe ?aeeaiiuo
i?iaeoia e ?aeeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Auaeaeyaony niaoeeoeea ?aeeaiu eae noaiiayuaainy iniaiai aeaea
nia?aiaiiiai eneonnoaa. Ioia/athony oaeea a? oa?aeoa?iua /a?ou eae
iai?aaeaiiinoue ia ianniaia niciaiea; ia?au?iiinoue ia aauue, ia
i?aaeiao. ?yaeii n ynoaoe/aneei a ?aeeaia anaaaea i?enoonoaoao
ooeeeoa?iia ia/aei. Iai?aaeaiiinoue ?aeeaiu ia auo e iianaaeiaaiinoue
iaoneaaeeaaao niaoeeoe/iinoue yoiai aeaea ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai oai?/anoaa.
A? i?aaeiaoii eae eneonnoaa noaiiaeony aaiaeueiia, oi?iu?iiia, iau/iia,
an? oi, /oi ninoaaeyao iianaaeiaaiia. Iiyoiio ?aeeaia c?eii
iaia?oaeeaaao naay eiaiii a noa?a o?eaeaeueiie eoeueoo?u. ?aeeaia iiaeao
auoue ioa?aeoa?eciaaia eae o?eaeaeueiue aeae eneonnoaa ia oieueei
iioiio, /oi iia i?eaioe?iaaia ia ii?aaeae?iioth i?aaeiaoii-aauioth
n?aaeo, a e iioiio, /oi a? ia?aciinoue e au?aceoaeueiinoue yeaiaioa?iu e
aeioiae/eau. Iia ?ann/eoaia ia on?aaei?iiue aeon e noaiaea?oece?iaaiiia
iiaaaeaiea.

Auaeaeaaaony iieiaeaiea, /oi ?aeeaia – yoi eneonnoai neioaoe/aneia. A?
nianoaaiiua n?aaenoaa au?aceoaeueiinoe iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae
yeeaeoe/iinoue, eieeaae, eiiaeiaoi?eea, neioac niaiauaiea
ianiaianoeiiai.

E?iia oiai, iieacaia ianaiaeeiinoue ?aeeaiu ie e iaeiiio ec
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo aeaeia eneonnoaa, oi anoue iia yaeyaony iao?aaeeoeeiiiui
eneonnoaii. Yoi, i?aaeaea anaai iioiio, /oi ?aeeaia iaoiaeeony oieueei
ia ia/aeueiuo nooiaiyo oi?ie?iaaiey a ea/anoaa ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
oai?/anoaa e eiaao oieueei aeey ia? oa?aeoa?iue eioi?iaoeeiiii-ia?aciue
niinia io?aaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Aaoi? iiae/??eeaaao, /oi ?aeeaia niaui ia?acii ynoaoece?oao eieeaeoeaiia
iiaaaeaiea. Eae aeae nioeeaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey iia aiaeee?oao e
iaua/aeiaa/aneei oeaiiinoyi, eniieuecoy iaoaieciu ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
aini?eyoey, ian?o a naaa aieueooth ia?aciinoue, e?ani/iinoue e
c?aeeuiinoue. *a?ac iiae?aaeaiea e aiooaiea, noaiaea?oecaoeeth e
noaiaoecaoeeth ?aeeaia aiaae?yao a niciaiea iio?aaeoaeae ynoaoe/aneea
eaeaaeu, noaiaea?ou iiaaaeaiey ia o?iaia iianaaeiaaiiai auoey.

Naaiaeiyoiaa ninoiyiea ?aeeaiu oa?aeoa?ecoaony ia?aoiaeii io noeoeeii,
o?aaiaioa?ii eniieuecoaiuo n?aaenoa au?aceoaeueiinoe e onoie/eaiio
i?enoonoaeth ynoaoe/aneiai e ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai eiiiiiaioa. ?aeeaia ia
oieueei io?aaeaao iianaaeiaaiia auoea /aeiaaea, ii e ieacuaaao
ynoaoe/aneia aicaeaenoaea ia ?acee/iua noa?u aai aeecie e iauanoaa a
oeaeii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aeeaia, ?aeeaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, ooaeiaeanoaaiiia
oai?/anoai, eoeueoo?a, n?aaenoaa au?aceoaeueiinoe, ynoaoecaoeey.

A?aeiia?aeaeueia ca aeione I.I.I?ioeaiei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo . Oi?iao 60o90 1/16

Iai?? Copy paper. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0: Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Cai. ?

Ae?oea?iy OAeAE, 310003, Oa?e?a-3, Ao?naoeueeee nione, 4.

Похожие записи