C:11AREF.doc

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

AEoe Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 532.517.4:532.135

?AAOETHAAIIss AEO?AOE ??AeEIE A O?OAII?IAIAeAO

AAAAeAIIssI O IIO?E

A?Ae?IAeEIAI?*II AEOEAIEO AeIAeAOE?A

05.23.16 – a?ae?aae?ea oa ?iaeaia?ia a?ae?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

??aia – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio *a?ithe Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee oa naioaoi?ee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ssoii Ieaa Ieoaeeiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?iiiaaiiaaoiiaoeee ? a?ae?aae?ee

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo»

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?iaaeaae/ TH??e Iao?iae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (eaoaae?a a?ae?aae?ee oa aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy),
i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “11” ethoiai 2000 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 47.104.01 o ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (i.??aia, aoe. Niai?ia, 11)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ??aiainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i.??aia, aoe. Niai?ia, 11)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «30» a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 47.104.01, e.o.i. Aino??eia A.I.

16

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueiina?oiaeo oaiaeaioe?e aei
ciaioaiiy aia?aii?noeino? ae?iaieoeoa, ?ic?iaea iiaeo aia?aiiuaaeieo
oaoiieia?e ? ni?aaith ia?oi?yaeii? aaae. Ciaioaiiy ao?ao aia?a?? a
o?oaii?ia?aeieo nenoaiao – aaaeeeaa ieoaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy. Oiio
iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? aea/aiiy iiaeeeaeo oeyo?a cieaeaiiy
a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy i?e o?ainii?ooaaii? ??aeei, iniaeeai i?e
oo?aoeaioiiio ?aaeei? ?ooo, ye iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiiio.
Ia?niaeoeaiei a oeueiio ieai? ? aaaaeaiiy a iio?e ??aeeie
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a (AAeAAe), ui aeicaiey? oaeiae
oe?eani?yiiaaii aieeaaoe ia o?ce/i? aeanoe-aino? o?ainii?oiaaii?
??aeeie c iaoith ea?oaaiiy iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie iioieo.

O?aaeeoe?eii aeo?aoo ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? ?aaoeththoue eieaeueieie
i?eno?iyie: canoaeaie, aaioeeyie, niaoe?aeueieie ?aaoeyoi?aie aeo?aoe,
i?eioeei ae?? yeeo aaco?oueny ia ae?inaethaaii? iioieo. O i?eno?iyo
oaeiai oeio aeo?aoa ??aeeie i?aeo?eio?oueny iino?eiith ca ?aooiie oiai,
ui iaeneiaeueii a?aee?eoee i?io?ae a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeueiiio iaii?? ia
aoiae? a nenoaio, a i?e ca?eueoaii? iaii?o i?io?ae a?aeiia?aeii
i?ee?eaa?oueny, ui aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy iii?o o?oaii?iaiaeo a oe?eiio ?
caaacia/o?, oaeei /eiii, iino?ei?noue aeo?aoe. I?ioa, aeo?aoo ??aeeie
iiaeia ?aaoethaaoe ea?iaaiei cieaeaiiyi oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy ii
aeiaaeei? o?oaii?iaiaeo ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a iio?e AAeAAe c iaoith
ciaioaiiy oo?aoeaioieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy. Oaeee niin?a oi?aae?iiy
aeo?aoith iioieo ? a?eueo c?o/iei oa aeiiii?/iei a aenieoaoaoe??, ia
aeiaaa? aia?aoieo i?eno?i?a aeey ea?oaaiiy nooiaiai a?aee?eooy
cai??ii-?aaoethth/i? a?iaoo?e ? a /anoei? aeiaaee?a aeicaiey?
a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae neeaaeieo ?aaoeyoi??a aeo?aoe.

Aeuaneacaiei iiynith?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
AAeAAe ia a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? o?oaii?ia?aeieo nenoai oa noai?aiiy
iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a oaeeo iioie?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? i.4 “Aeieia?/ii /enoa aia?aaoeea oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia??” “Eiioeaioe?e i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo iaoee ?
oaoi?ee”, i?eeiyoeo iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo i?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae
22.06.1994?. ? 429 oa iaoeiaiio iai?yieo eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee oa
naioaoi?ee AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy
aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii
aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: ocaaaeueieoe no/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?cie
ci?ie a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o AAeAAe; oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy AAeAAe aeey ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe
??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao; ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?aaoethaaiiy
aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae?; iaa?oiooaaoe cae?eniei?noue
ia?a?iciiae?eo aeo?aoe i?ae e?eueeiia o?oaii?iaiaeaie aaaaeaiiyi o iio?e
AAeAAe; aeine?aeeoe aieea AAeAAe ia i?aeaeua-iiy ??aiii??iino? ?icaea/?
??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao c oeyoiaei a?aeai?ii; aea/eoe caeaaei?noue
aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe??; ?ic?iaeoe niin?a
noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe ca aeiiiiiaith AAeAAe; cai?iiiioaaoe noaa?e?caoi?
aeo?aoe, ui ?aae?co? aeaiee niin?a; aeyaeoe ae?aiacii aeiiii?/ii
aeioe?eueiiai aeei?enoaiiy AAeAAe.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaii eiiieaeniee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?ic?iaea iaoiaeee ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao
aaaaeaiiyi o iio?e AAeAAe i?aee??ieaia /enaeueiei ?ic?aooieii
?iciiae?eueieo o?oaii?iaiae?a oa aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
aieeao AAeAAe ia oo?aoeaioia oa?oy oa aeo?aoo a o?oaii?iaiae?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1) io?eiaii iia? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i aieea iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a
ia aaee/eio oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy a o?oaao, iniaeeai i?e iaeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo aeiaeaoe?a (10 –7 – 10 –5 ea/ea);

2) cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a
o?oaii?iaiaeao aaaaeaiiyi o iio?e AAeAAe;

3) ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe a o?oaii?iaiae?
ca aeiiiiiaith AAeAAe i?e aeia?eueiiio eieeaaii? oene?a ia eiai e?ioeyo;

4) anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? aieeao AAeAAe ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino?
a?aeoieo ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao c oeyoiaei a?aeai?ii;

5) iaa?oioiaaii oiiae, i?e yeeo canoinoaaiiy iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a aeey
ciaioaiiy oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy ? aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai?, ?o a??ia?aei?noue
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie /enaeueieo ? o?ce/ieo aenia?eiaio?a,
i?iaaaeaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe
??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao aaaaeaiiyi a iio?e AAeAAe iiaeeaeththoue ciaiiy
i?i ea?oaaiiy ia?a-iao?aie iai??ieo iioie?a. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
?acoeueoaoe aeiiiaiththoue a?aeiiino? i?i ci?io a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai iii?o
iie?ia?ieie aeiaeaoeaie, iniaeeai a ae?aiacii? neeueii ?icaaaeaieo
?ic/ei?a c ianiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie 10 –7–10 –5 ea/ea.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii c?o/i? aeey
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?ioaa?aeueieo ia?aiao??a
iioie?a c AAeAAe. Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai ? caiaoaioiaaiiai
niiniao ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie aeicaiey? i?aeo?eioaaoe iino?eio
aeo?aoo ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? aac ao?ao aia?a?? iioieo ia i?aaiao
?aaoethaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii ?aaoeyoi? aeo?aoe, ui ?aae?co? cai?iiiiiaaiee
niin?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oa-oe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoee i?iieneiaa
aeei?enoaiiy: a) i?e iioei?caoe?? ?iaioe nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
iiaeaaeiaan?iiy, ui cana?ae/o? aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, aeaeaiee o 1999?
Oi?aae?iiyi aea?aeaaii? iiaeaaeii? ioi?iie OIAN Oe?a?ie o Euea?anuee?e
iae.; a) aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? aiaee a iieeaieo
o?oaii?iaiaeao (?iaioe ca oaiaeith i?i oai?/o ni?ai?aoeth c ?inoeoooii
«Oe?ae?i?inaae» i.N?ioa?iiieue o 1997?).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiai-oaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
aeaa’yoe eiioa?aioe?yo (aeea. nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o) oa ia o?ueio
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao: ia 138 oa 140 can?aeaiiyo oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai
nai?ia?o c a?ae?aae?ee a Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao?
a?aeiia?aeii 17.03.98? oa 17.02.99?; ia i?aeeaoaae-?aeueiiio oaoiaiio
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “A?ae?aae?ea oa ?iaeaia?ia a?ae?ieia?y” a
??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? 27.05.99?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe io?eiaii iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia
aeiao?ae ia niin?a oa i?eno??e ? iioae?eiaaii 15 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue, c
ieo 3 – o A?n-ieeo AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»; 3 – a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio ca??ieeo «A?ae?aae?ea ? a?ae?ioaoi?ea» oa 9 – a
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e ( 5 aeiiia?aeae oa 4 oace aeiiia?aeae).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe??: 157 noi??iie, aeeth/ath/e nienie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 137 iaca ia
13 noi??ieao, 3 oaaeeoeue ? 6 aeiaeaoe?a ia 6 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iiaea?oueny caaaeueia
oa?aeoa-?enoeea ?iaioe, ?ic?iaey?oueny no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia noaia
aeena?oaoe??.

?icae?e 1. Noai i?iaeaie. Iiaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoo Oiina oa ea?oaaiiyi e?iaiaoe/ieie oa
aeeiai?/ieie ia?aiao?aie iioieo ??aeeie. Iieacaii, ui iniaeeaee
i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c ea?oaaiiyi
?ioaa?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iioieo – ci?iith ao?ao aia?a?? oa
aeo?aoe ??aeeie, ye? oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeai? a i?ioeanao aeiaoaaiiy,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa ia?a?iaee ??aeei ? aac?a.

Ciaioaiiy oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy aeooaeueia ye aeey aioo??oiuei?, oae ?
aeey ciai?oiuei? caaea/? a?ae?iaeeiai?ee. Niiniae cieaeaiiy
oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy iiaeia a?aeianoe aei o?ueio iniiaieo a?oi: a) aieea
ia neeaae oa o?ce/i? ia?aiao?e o?ainii?oiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua; a) ae?y ia
no?iee o?oae (eaiaeo); a) o?ce/ia iiaeaaeaiiy oo?aoeaioiino?.
Iaeia?niaeoeai?oei ? ciaioaiiy oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy a o?oaao ca
aeiiiiiaith AAeAAe (aoaeo Oiina). Ia?oeie aeine?aeieeaie ia Oe?a?i?,
ye? aea/aee oeth i?iaeaio, aoee I.Aaaaiei, A.Aaceeaae/, E.Eiceia,
?.Iiao, I.Nooi?i, I.Oi?yiee, I.ssoii. Na?e aianie a oai?aoe/ia oa
aenia?e-iaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iioie?a c AAeAAe c?iaeee A.Aio?eio??a,
TH.?aaithoa, A.?inaeaae/, A.Eaeaoieeia, A.Eiaaoe, N.Eooaoaeaaeca,
A.E?iaoia, A.Ie?iiia, A.Ieeeiaiei, I.Iie?eaaeei, E.N?aeia,
A.Oaaaoiaoaaa, E.*aeaeiaa, C.Ooeueiai. Ca ei?aeiiii oe??th i?iaeaiith
caeiaeeny A.Aaaa?naei?o, I.Aa?iai, I.A??e, O.Aea?no, Ae.Aeaeaein,
Aeae.Eaiee, I.Eaiaeaeue, A.O?aea?iai, A.O?i/, Aeae.Oieo oa ?i.

Aei aaeaae a?aeiinyoue iae? ai?ciiao?e/i? /anoeiee, ye? i?e aaaaeaii? ?o
o iio?e ??aeeie caeaoi? ciaiooaaoe oo?aoeaioia oa?oy. Oea iie?ia?e c
eaioethaeeiaith aoaeiaith iieaeoe, i?oeaeioa??i? iiaa?oiaai-aeoeai?
?a/iaeie (IIA?), oiie? ai-eieia, aea?aaia ioeueia, oi?oe, nai?iiae?oe,
a?eeia? niieoee. Aoaeoeai?noue AAeAAe aecia/a?oueny eiai o?i?/iith
i?e?iaeith, oiaoi no?oeoo?iith o?i?/iith oi?ioeith oa iieaeoey?iith
ianith. Iaee?aua ciaioothoue oa?oy e?i?ei? eaioethaeeia? iie?ia?e c
iieaeoey?iith ianith 105 – 106 ? aeua.

Aaaiiith ia?aaaaith IIA? ? no?ee?noue aei iaoai?/ii? aeano?oeoe??. Oea
coiiaeei ?o aeei?enoaiiy a iai?ioieo nenoaiao. O ?ic?ieiaieo
o?oaii?ia?aeieo nenoaiao aoaeoeai?oeie ? eaioethaeeia? iie?ia?e. ?c ieo
iie?ae?eeai?ae (IAA) oa iie?ieneaoeeai (IIA) aeeeeeathoue aei naaa
i?aeaeuaio caoe?eaaeai?noue /a?ac aenieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/io aoaeoeai?noue,
ii??aiyii iaaenieo aa?o?noue oa aeieia?/io aacia/i?noue.

Aiae?c a?o/eciyieo ? caei?aeiiieo aeiaoiae?a, iiaycaieo ?c ?aaoethaaiiyi
aeo?aoe, aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe e?eueea aeanyoe?a niinia?a, ca aeiiiiiaith
yeeo aeinyaa?oueny aaaeaiee aoaeo. ?o oaae iiaeia a?aeianoe aei o?ueio
aeuaaeacaieo a?oi. Iaeiae iaie ia aeyaeai? aeai? i?i ?aaoethaaiiy
aeo?aoe ci?iith a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy ii aeiaaeei? o?oaii?iaiaeo, a oiio
/ene? aaaaeaiiyi o iio?e aeiaeaoe?a.

?icae?e 2. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iiaeaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee
aeei?enoaiiy AAeAAe aeey eiie?aoieo caaea/ ?aaoethaaiiy: 1)
noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? i?e ci?ii?e ??cieoe?
oene?a ia eiai ii/aoeo oa a e?ioe?; 2) ia?a?ic-iiae?eo aeo?aoe ??aeeie
i?ae e?eueeiia o?oaaie; 3) i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie a
o?oaii?iaiaeao c oeyoiaei a?aeai?ii.

Caaea/a noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe ?ica’ycoaaeany a caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe?:
aeey aeia?eueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo ?c caaeaieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie
i?e ci?ii?e ??cieoe? oene?a ?=(?1–?2) ia eiai e?ioeyo (?en. 1).

?en. 1. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia iai??iiai o?oaii?iaiaeo

I?e ciaioaii? ia?aiaaeo oene?a ? o o?oaii?iaiae? aeo?aoa
ciaioo?oueny. I?e/iio, i?e ?”(IA)
Qpicscalex100010009000003f3000000040015000000000005000000090200000000040
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50000600009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140
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02d010100050000001402830179000500000013022402c000040000002d0100000500000
014022402c80005000000130252002601050000001402520026010500000013025200010
315000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526
f6d616e000067040000002d01020008000000320ac001270201000000700010000000fb0
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f01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656
d00cc040000002d01020004000000f0010300030000000000, a i?e ?IA, oiaoi,
eiee ??cieoey i’?ciiao?e/ieo aenio eeoa o?ioe a?eueoa ca aaiiao?e/io
aenioo i?aeeiio ??aeeie, aeo?aoa cia/ii neeuei?oa caeaaeeoue a?ae ci?ie
i?eeeaaeaii? ??cieoe? oene?a. Oea aeia?a ?ethno?o? a?ao?e caeaaeiino?
aac?ici??ii? aeo?aoe Q’ a?ae aac?ici??ii? ??cieoe? oene?a ?’=?/IA , aea
Q’ ciaoiaeyoue c ae?aco
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(1)a
ea – eiao?oe??io a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy; – noia eiao?oe??io?a i?noeaaeo
iii??a.

Aiae?c iieacaa, ui cai?iiiiiaaia noaa?e?caoe?y aeo?aoe aaaaeaiiyi AAeAAe
eaaoa aeinyaa?oueny a o?oaii?iaiaeao c a?eueoeie cia/aiiyie aac?ici??ii?
??cieoe? oene?a ?’, oiaoi, eiee ao?aoe iaii?o ia?aaaaeathoue iaae
aaiiao?e/iith aenioith iiaea/? (?en.2).

Oaeaee?noue ci?ie aeo?aoe c? ci?iith ia?aiaaeo oene?a aecia/a?oueny
iio?aeiith
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,(2)yea i?e ?’<2 ii/eia? ??cei c?inoaoe, i?yioth/e aei iane?i/aiino? i?e ?’ =1. ?en.2. Ci?ia aac?ici??ii? aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? i?e ci?iiiio ia?aiaae? oene?a ia eiai e?ioeyo Oiiaa iino?eiino? aeo?aoe Q : (?’ –1) / (L/D + ) = const.(3)Aeey aeiaaeo o?oaii?iaiae?a oiiaa (3) i?eeia? aeaeyae (?’-1)/ = const.(4)A?aoiaoth/e aeyaeaio iaie e?i?eio caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a aeey neeueii ?icaaaeaieo ?ic/ei?a, aoei iieacaii, ui aeo?aoa q iaoi/iiai aenieieiioeaio?iaaiiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?o oeio IAA, iaiao?aeia aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy iino?eii? aeo?aoe Q a o?oaii?iaiae?, ciaoiaeeoueny c ae?aco q = picscalex100010009000003560100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e004e0081200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffbdffffffa00800009d0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000000109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 780240000500000013027802850815000000fb0260fe0000000000009001010000000402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00008d040000002d01010008000000320a2704 7a04020000006b4108000000320a27049f0201000000430008000000320ac1017f050100 0000700008000000320ac1014e0201000000700008000000320ac1014d00010000005100 15000000fb0200ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f 6d616e00008d040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a8f04cc0301000000 6f0008000000320a2902c90601000000500008000000320a29028c03010000006f001500 0000fb0260fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e00008d040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320ac101ea07010000002900 08000000320ac1015c0601000000270008000000320ac1012b0301000000270008000000 320ac101850101000000280010000000fb0260fe00000000000090010000000200020010 53796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ac1015b040100 00002d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000 0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200 030000000000 ,(5)aea ?'i , ?'p – a?aeiia?aeii ii/aoeiaa oa a?aeo/a aac?ici??ia ??cieoey oene?a a nenoai?; k – aac?ici??iee eiao?oe??io o ??aiyii? e?i?eii? ?aa?an?? P=(S–kC) ; Ni – eiioeaio?aoe?y iaoi/iiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?a, ea/ea; A – aac?ici??ia noaea, yea aecia/a?oueny c oi?ioee A = 8LQ2/(2gHAD5).(6)I?iaiae?ciaaii oiiae noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe i?e naiiieeaiiio aeo?eaii? ??aeeie c aeeaeeueiiai ?aca?aoa?o i?e a?aenooiino? i?eieeao a inoaii?e. Anoaiia-eaii, ui noaa?e?caoe?y a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeeeaa a ae?aiacii? 0,6? I/H1? 1, aea H, H1 – a?aeo/ee oa ii/aoeiaee iai?? a?aeiia?aeii, oiaoi ca aeiiiiiaith aaaaeaiiy a aeaiee iio?e iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a aeo?aoa ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? i?aeo?eio?oueny iino?eiith iaeaea aei iiaiiai nii?iaeiaiiy aeeaeeueiiai ?aca?aoa?o, ine?eueee eiai aenioa i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee iaioa ca ii/aoeiaee iai?? I1 , i?ae yeei aeo?ea? ??aeeia. Iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue ia?a?iciiae?eo aeo?ao ??aeeie c iaei??? ?iiino? a aeae?eueea ?ioeo ca aeiiiiiaith AAeAAe. Iaeaoaeoeai?oeie aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? caaea/? ? IAA oa IIA. Aiie, aoaeoeaii ciaiooth/e oo?aoeaioia oa?oy a oeee?iae-?e/ieo o?oaao (?en.3,a), ca?eueoothoue ii?? o?oa ci?iiiai ia?a??co (OCI) (?en.3,a). ?en.3. Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a iie?ia??a: a) aeey aeaaeei? o?oae D=5,81 ii (Re=20000); a) aeey OCI d=0,8 ii (ca A.Eaeaoi?eiaei); 1– IIA; 2– IAA; S , P - eiao?oe??io a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a?aeiia?aeii aeey aiaee oa ?ic/ei?a iie?ia??a Aaaaeaiiy AAeAAe o o?oaii?ia?ae i?e iaci?ii?e ??cieoe? oene?a ia eiai e?ioeyo (iaii?? I) aaaea aei ci?ie /enea ?aeiieueaena. E?i??, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeiaeiaiio iaii?o, iienothoueny e?eaeie =E/Re2 ,(7) ?en.4. Iiiia?aia caeaae-iino? aeo?aoe Q a?ae iaii?o I i?e oa/?? a aeaaee?e o?oa? ae?a-iao?ii D=5,81ii aiaee – (1) ? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAA ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?e (a ppm): 5 – (2); 10 – (3); 50 – (4); 100 – (5); 500 – (6). Aeiaaeeia o?oae l=140D; 1 ppm = 110 –6 ea/ea aea K=2gHd3/l2 – eiao?oe??io, iino?eiee aeey aeaii? o?oae i?e iaci?iiiio iaii?? oa e?iaiaoe/i?e a'yceino? ??aeeie. I?eioeei ia?a?iciiae?eo oa ea?iaaii? ci?ie aeo?aoe ??aeeie iiynith?oueny iiiia?aiith ia ?en.4. Aaaaeaiiyi aeiaeaoe?a IAA aeinyaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiino? oeee?iae?e/ii? o?oae a 1,5...2,5 ?ace. Ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie, io?eiaieie A.Eaeaoi?eiaei, aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii ae?aiacii ciaioaiiy aeo?aoe a OCI. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeia?/ii? iiiia?aie Q–H aeey OCI, iieaco?, ui aeey iioie?a aiaee c Re=100...1000 iaeneiaeueia ciaioaiiy aeo?aoe a OCI aaaaeaiiyi aeiaeaoe?a IIA noaiiaeoue 5...7,5 ?ac. Oaeei /eiii, oe?eani?yiiaaiee aieea ca aeiiiiiaith aeiaeaoe?a ia ii?? oeee?iae?e/ieo o?oa ? OCI aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe ia?a?iciiae?e aeo?ao ??aeeie i?ae o?oaii?iaiaeaie. ?icaeyiooa caaea/a i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? oeyoiai? ?icaea/? ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? ae?aiao?ii D oa aeiaaeeiith L c a?aeai?ii e??cue iaeiaeia? ioai?e ae?aiao?ii d, ?icoaoiaai? c e?ieii l. Io?eiaii caeaaei?noue ci?ie i’?ciiao?e/iiai iaii?o I, aeo?ao ??aeeie a o?oa? Q oa e??cue ioai?e q aeey oa/?e aiaee oa ?ic/ei?a AAeAAe. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea aeiaeaoe?a ia nooi?iue oeyoiai? ia??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie, ui aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi aeo?aoe e??cue ia?oee oa inoaii?e ca oiaeii ?ooo ??aeeie ioa??: =qi/q1. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aeey /enaeueiiai ?ic?aooieo oaeeo o?oaii?iaiae?a c a?aooaaiiyi ci?ie ii aeiaaeei? o?oae /enea ?aeiieueaena ? eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy ia iniia? aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ??aiyiiy ?ooo ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? c? ci?iiith ianith, caienaiiai o e?ioeaai-??cieoeaaiio aeaeyae?. I’?ciiao?e/iee iai?? o eiaei?e ?ic?aooieia?e oi/oe? aecia/a?oueny c ae?aco Ii+1 = Ii + hi – 2Vi(Vi+1 – Vi)/g(8)aea Vi , Vi+1 – na?aaei? oaeaeeino? ?ooo ??aeeie a ?-o?e oa (?+1) oi/eao a?aeiia?aeii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeeaino? ?icaea/? aiaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny o?ueiia aac?ici??ieie aaee/eiaie: eiao?oe??ioii aeo?aoe ioai??a i; oia?oaao?noth o?oaii?iaiaeo f=Nd2/D2, aea N – e?euee?noue ioai??a; eiao?oe??ioii iii?o o?oaii?iaiaeo aeL=eoL/D, aea eo – eiao?oe??io a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy aeey eaaae?aoe/ii? iaeano? iii??a. *enaeueiei ?ic?aooieii ioiieaii iaeanoue: i=0,3–0,8; f=0,24–4; aeL =3,8–253. A?ao?e caeaaeiino? nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? a?ae eiao?oe??ioa aeo?aoe ioai??a iiaeaii ia ?en.5. A?eueo?noue aeine?ae?a i?iaaaeaii a ieiuei? i=0,62, oiaoi aeey iaeiai ioai?o a oiie?e no?ioe? i?e aaeeeeo /eneao ?aeiieueaena. Aeaoaeueii aea/aany aieea aeL ? f ia nooi?iue ia??aiii??iino? c i?e eiao?oe??io? ?en.5. Ci?ia nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? c a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeey ??cieo o?oaii?iaiae?a: (1)– f=1,2; aeL=253; (2)– f=4; aeL=126,5; (3)– f=4; aeL=25,3 aeo?aoe =0,62. C?o/iei aeey ni?eeiyooy ? aiae?co ? cia?aaeaiiy neaey?iiai iiey c=c(aeL, f) i?e =0,62 (?en.6). *enaeueiee aenia?eiaio i?aeoaa?aeea iieiaeaiiy, ui i?e L<6 iai?? o e?ioe? ?iciiae?eueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo a?eueoee, i?ae ia eiai ii/aoeo, ca ?aooiie ??ceiai ciaioaiiy oaeaee?niiai iaii?o. ?en.6. A?ao?e neaey?iiai iiey =(L; f) aeey ?iciiae?eueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo c iino?e-ieie ae?aiao?aie ioai??a ? e?ieii i?ae ieie i?e eiao?oe??io? aeo?aoe =0,62=const: 1 – e?i?y iino?eiiai iaii?o aeL=6; 2 – e?i?? o?oaii?iaiae?a c iaeiaeiaei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi 0 lD/d 2 Aiae?c neaey?iiai iiey c(aeL, f ), aeaa ciiao io?eiaoe ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie: c = (1+0,0016L) exp(0,116 fL0,5347)(9)O oiae? aenieoaoaoe?? o?oae ca?inoathoue, ui aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy aea?aaeaioii? oi?noeino? no?iie o?oae a , a a?aeoae ? eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy . Ioaea, aeey anyeiai ?iciiae?eueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo iinooiiai ca?eueoo?oueny nooi?iue ia??aiii??iino? oeyoiai? ?icaea/? ??aeeie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? aiaee aea? iaea?eueoee aoaeo a o?oaii?iaiaeao c aaeeeeie cia/aiiyie f . Oae, aeey f = 4,0 cieaeaiiy i aaea?/? ni?e/eiy? 3–5-e?aoia ciaioaiiy nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? c (?en.6). ?icae?e 3. Iinoaiiaea aenia?eiaioo. Iiaeaii iien aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee oa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao AAeAAe ia a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? i?yieo aeaaeeeo o?oa ae?aiao?ii a?ae 5,81 aei 33,42 ii oa a?aeiiniith oi?noe?noth iaioa 0,001, a oaeiae o?oa c aaeeeith oi?noe?noth (Aquadrop) ae?aiao?ii 20,45ii c aenioith aenooi?a 1ii. A yeino? ?iai/eo ??aeei aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aiaei? ?ic/eie IAA ae?iaieoeoaa Eaeonueeiai AAO "I??aia" (OO 6-01-1049-81) oa IIA WSR–301 o??ie Union Carbide (NOA). Aea?aii noaio aei??thaaiue, iaa?oioiaaii ae?aiacii cia/aiue ae?aiao??a aeine?aeaeoaaieo o?oa, aeaeo aeiaeaoe?a ? ?o eiioeaio?aoe?e. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaiioaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo, neeaaeai? i?ia?aie ia/eneaiue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a ia AII. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy ?nioth/eo oa cai?iiiiiaaieo e?eoa???a a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeiaeaoe?a. Cae/aeii aeei?enoiaothoue e?eoa??e S1 S1= (W1 – P1) / W1 100 % ,(10)aea W1 , P1 – eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a?aeiia?aeii aeey iioieo aiaee oa aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?a, acyo? i?e iaeiiio /ene? ?aeiieueaena Red , aea i?e ??cieo aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiiyo ia no?ioe? i. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ci?ie aeo?aoe ??aeeie c?o/i?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe cai?iiiiiaaiee a ?iaio? e?eoa??e S2: S2 = (picscalex10001000900000355010000040015000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02c00280071200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffaeffffff400700006e0200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000700009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140 2bf014800050000001302a0017e0009000000fa020000200000000000000022000400000 02d010100050000001402a8017e000500000013025c02cc00040000002d0100000500000 014025c02d4000500000013025a0039010500000014025a0039010500000013025a003e0 715000000fb0200ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526 f6d616e000074040000002d01020008000000320a48027a0601000000320008000000320 a4802320301000000320015000000fb0260fe00000000000090010000000004020010546 96d6573204e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01030004000000f00102000800000 0320ae0011e04010000002f0015000000fb0200ff0000000000009001010000000402001 054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01020004000000f0010300080 00000320a4802c60501000000500008000000320a4802250201000000570010000000fb0 260fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010300040 00000f001020008000000320ae001ce04010000006c0008000000320ae0014d010100000 06c000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000000 0bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f0010300030 000000000-1) 100 %(11)aea W2 , P2 – eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a?aeiia?aeii aeey iioieo aiaee oa aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?a i?e iaeiaeiaiio aeioe/iiio iai?oaeaii? ia no?ioe? o?oae i. E?eoa??e S2 aecia/a?oueny c a?ao?e?a a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o a eii?aeeiaoao I?aiaeoey-Ea?iaia. Aanoeena oeueiai a?ao?eo ? ooieoe??th eeoa aeioe/iiai iai?oaeaiiy ia no?ioe? i: Repicscalex100010009000003ce00000004001200000000000500000009020000000004 00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005 0000000b0200000000050000000c02200260021200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010 000000c0ffffffbdffffff20020000dd0100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970 650000400009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014 024f0148000500000013023501740009000000fa02000020000000000000002200040000 002d0101000500000014023d017400050000001302b501b400040000002d010000050000 001402b501bc000500000013024b0013010500000014024b0013010500000013024b000f 0210000000fb02a0fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000 002d01020008000000320aa0012401010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01 000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00 cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200030000000000= 2picscalex100010009000003d3000000040015000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02400280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffaeffffff40020000ee0100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000300009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140 27e0148000500000013025f017e0009000000fa020000200000000000000022000400000 02d01010005000000140267017e00050000001302f001cc00040000002d0100000500000 01402f001d4000500000013025a0039010500000014025a0039010500000013025a00360 215000000fb0260fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526 f6d616e000066040000002d01020008000000320ae00154010100000032000a000000260 60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010 2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200030000000000 d picscalex100010009000003200100000400150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00260051200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffaeffffff200500006e0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000700009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 be0148000500000013029f017e0009000000fa0200002000000000000000220004000000 2d010100050000001402a7017e000500000013025b02cc00040000002d01000005000000 14025b02d4000500000013025a0039010500000014025a0039010500000013025a001205 10000000fb0260fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000204000000 2d01020008000000320ae001fb0301000000720008000000320ae0012d01010000007400 15000000fb0260fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f 6d616e00007c040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320ae0010a0301000000 2f0015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720 526f6d616e00007c040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a480216020100 00006f000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000 0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200 030000000000 / (12)S2 = (QP / QS – 1) 100 % ,(13)aea QS , QP – aeo?aoa ?ic/eiieea oa ?ic/eio iie?ia?a a?aeiia?aeii. Aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue oa ?o iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee aeicaieeea aeinyaoe a?aeiinii? iioeaee aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a iaaeao 3,7-6,7%, a eiao?oe??io?a ?aioiaeo caoaeaiue ? ?icoe?aiue o?oa – aei 5-10%. E??i oiai, aoei i?iaaaeaii ?aieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo ??aeei c aeei-?enoaiiyi ?ioaoe?eiiai a?neiceiao?a ANI-3 oa eai?ey?iiai a?neiceiao?a AIAE-1. ?icae?e 4. Aieea aeiaeaoe?a ia aeo?aoo ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa/?e aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a iie?ia??a e??cue i?yi? o?oae, ?aioia? caoaeaiiy oa ?icoe?aiiy ia ieo ? o?oae oeio Aquadrop. Io?eiaii caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy oa aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oa? a?ae ae?aiao?a o?oa, eiioeaio?aoe?? aeiaeaoe?a oa /enea ?aeiieueaena. ?en.7. E?ea? a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a eii?aeeiaoao I?aiaeoey-Ea?iaia Ree1/2—e-1/2 aeey oa/?? aiaee oa aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAA a aeaaee?e o?oa? ae?aiao?ii d=5,81ii. E?eaa iii?o aeey oa/?? aiaee a aeaaee?e o?oa? e-1/2=2·lg(Ree1/2)–0,8 ; i?io?eue A??ea: e-1/2=9,5·lg(Ree1/2)–19,1 C i?eiouaiiy aeii?ioaaiiy a iioioe? oo?aoeaioiiai yae?a io?eiaii ae?ace aeey ?iciiae?eo ina?aaeiaieo oaeaeeinoae a o?oa? aeey ?ic/ei?a ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?e, a?ao?/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y yeeo iiaeaia ieae/a. ?en.8. Caeaaei?noue aac?ic-i??ii? oaeaeeino? a yae?? oo?aoeaioiiai iioieo a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeiaeaoe?a IAA ?acoeueoaoe ?aieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui ?ic/eie IAA c eiioeaio?aoe?yie aei 10??m iathoue aeanoeaino? iuethoii?anueei? ??aeeie c a’yce?noth, aeecueeith aei a’yceino? aiaee; c eiioeaio?aoe?yie a?ae 10 aei 100 ??m ?o ua iiaeia aaaaeaoe iuethoii?anueeeie, aea c i?aeaeuaiith a’yce?noth; i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo, a?eueoeo 300 ??m – aaaeooue naaa ye inaaaeiieanoe/i? ??aeeie (?en.9). ?en.9. ?aieia?/i? aean-oeaino? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAA Aeey ?ic/ei?a iie?ia??a c eiioeaio?aoe?yie aei 10…50 ppm ia? i?noea e?i?eia caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a?ae ianiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? P = S – kC ,(14)i?e/iio eiao?oe??io a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeiaeaoe?a k a aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? ae?aiao??a iiaeia ciaeoe c ae?aco: k5700/D .(15)Aeey o?oae D=5,81ii aoei io?eiaii ocaaaeueiaio aii??e/io caeaaei?noue aeey P a iaeano? iniaeeai iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e: P =(0,32+0,152N)/picscalex100010009000003540100000200150000000000050000000 902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003 10201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02800260091200000026060f001a00f fffffff000010000000c0ffffffb9ffffff20090000390200000b00000026060f000c004 d617468547970650000300015000000fb0200ff000000000000900100000000040200105 4696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01000008000000320a65012a080 2000000303608000000320a6501dd07010000002c0008000000320a65015407010000003 00008000000320a6501f10202000000303808000000320a6501a402010000002c0008000 000320a65011b0201000000300015000000fb0220ff00000000000090010000000004020 01054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01010004000000f00100000 8000000320af200880502000000333708000000320af2004405010000002c00080000003 20af200c80401000000300015000000fb0260fe000000000000900100000000040200105 4696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01000004000000f001010008000 000320a20023a0002000000526510000000fb0200ff00000000000090010000000200020 01053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6501af060 10000002d0015000000fb0200ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204 e657720526f6d616e000074040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a6501f 6030100000043000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210000 70000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f 0010000030000000000(16)Aiaeia?/i? caeaaeiino? io?eiaii aeey o?oa ?ioeo ae?aiao??a. ?icae?e 5. Canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaeaii iniiai? canaaee aeei?enoaiiy AAeAAe i?e ae??oaii? i?eeeaaeieo caaea/. Iienaii ?ic?iaeaiee ? caiaoaioiaaiee niin?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? oa ?aaoeyoi? aeo?aoe ??aeeie (?en.10). ?en.10. I?eno??e aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae?: 1–?aca?-aoa?; 2–?ii?noue; 3–??aeeia; 4–c'?aeioaaeueia o?oaa; 5–o?oaii?ia?ae; 6–ceeaiee iao?oaie; 7–aa/ie; 8–??aee-ia c AAeAAe; 9–iiieaaie; 10–iiaeaaaeueia o?oaea; 11–oi?iaeaeia eaia?a; 12–iao-?oaee; 13–oeaa?iee i?e-no??e; 17–neeueoii; 20–iao?oaie; 26, 27 – ieaei? iieiaeaiiy aa/ea ? iiaea-aaeueii? o?oaee Aaaaeaii iiiyooy ei?eniino? aeiaeaoe?a, yea aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi aaee/eie ?o a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aei aa?oino?. Ii??aiyiiy ei?eniino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a iieacaei ia?aaaao a?o/eciyiiai IAA iaae ?iii?oiei IIA (?en. 11). ?en. 11. Caeaaei?noue ei?eniino? iie?-ia?a E?=(S – P)/COe a?ae aeaeo iie?ia?iiai aeiaeaoea oa eiai eiioeaio?aoe?? (Oe – oe?ia iie?ia?a, a?i/ea) I?iaiae?ciaaii oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaa-ieo AAeAAe c iaoith aeiiii?? aia?a?? ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy oo?aoeaioiiai oa?oy. Iieacaii, ui ?o aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe a o?oaii?iaiaeao aeiaaeeiith Lpicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02800140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffe6ffffff00010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000 2040000002d01000008000000320a4001340001000000b3000a00000026060f000a00fff fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737 4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000(106…107)D. A a?eueo ei?ioeeo o?oaii?iaiaeao aeei?anoaiiy aeiaeaoe?a aei?aa-aeaia i?e iayaiino? ?ioeo ei?enieo aoaeo?a, iai?eeeaae, i?e ?aaoethaaii? aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae?, iie?auaii? oa?aeoa?enoee o?ainii?oiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua. E??i oiai, canoinoaaiiy AAeAAe iiaea aeaoe cia/iee nioe?aeueiee aoaeo i?e iie?auaii? oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai no?oiaiy aai i?e ca?eueoaii? i?iioneii? caeaoiino? eaiae?caoe?eieo eieaeoi??a i?ae /an ?o eaoano?io?/iiai ia?aiiaiaiiy. CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE II ?IAIO? 1. Io?eiaii iia? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? uiaei aieeao iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a ia ?ioaa?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iioie?a a aeaaeeeo o?oaao, o?oaao oeio Aquadrop, ia ?aioiaeo caoaeaiiyo ? ?icoe?aiiyo o?oa. 2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao ca aeiiiiiaith AAeAAe. ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? ?aaoethaaiiy aeey o?ueio caaea/: noaa?e?caoe?? aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? i?e ci?iiiio ia?aiaae? oene?a ia eiai e?ioeyo; ia?a?iciiae?eo aeo?aoe ??aeeie i?ae aeae?eueeiia o?oaii?iaiaeaie; ciaioaiiy nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao c oeyoiaei a?aeai?ii. 3. I?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee aenia?eiaio, yeee iieacaa, ui iniaeeaino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao c a?aeoieii ii oeyoo aecia/athoueny o?ueiia aac?ici??ieie ia?aiao?aie, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae o?oaii?iaiaeo oa a?ae aeanoeainoae o?ainii?oiaaii? ??aeeie: eiao?oe??ioii aeo?aoe ioai??a, oia?oaa-o?noth o?oaii?iaiaeo oa eiai caaaeaiei eiao?oe??ioii iii?o. Io?eiaii caaaeueio caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? a?aeai?o ??aeeie. 4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey neeueii ?icaaaeaieo iie?ia?ieo ?ic/ei?a c ianiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie aei 10…50 ppm eiao?oe??io a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy ciaioo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ca e?i?eiei caeiiii. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a a i?yieo aeaaeeeo o?oaao niaaea? c? ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aiao?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iania?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/ei?a eaioethaeeiaeo iie?ia??a oeio IAA /e IIA aei 10 ppm cia/aiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eia aei ae?aiao?a o?oae a noaiai?, aeecueeiio aei iaeeieoe?. 5. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aaaaeaiiy iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a a o?oaii?ia?aei? iioiee, c iaoith ciaioaiiy ao?ao aia?a?? ia oo?aoeaioia oa?oy, aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaia a o?oaii?iaiaeao aeiaaeeiith L > (10 6…10 7)D.

6. ?ic?iaeaii oa caiaoaioiaaii niin?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie
aaaaeaiiyi a iio?e AAeAAe oa a?aeiia?aeiee eiio ?aaoeyoi? aeo?aoe.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaie ia i?aei?e?inoaao, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo Oi?aae?iith
aea?aeaaii? iiaeaaeii? ioi?iie OIAN o Euea?anuee?e iaeano?, iieacaei ?o
aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue oa aeaei iiceoeaiee nioe?aeueiee aoaeo
(iie?auaiiy oiia oaoi?ee aaciaee).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

1. AEoe A.I., *a?ithe A.A. Oa/?y ??aeei c a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieie
aeiaaaeaie /a?ac i?noeaa? iii?e //A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Oaieiaia?aaoe/i? nenoaie oa i?eno?i?. –
Euea?a: A-ai AeO»EI», 1994. – N282. – N. 27-30.

2. AEoe A.I., I?oeeoei A.N. Oa/?y ??aeei i?ae eiaen?aeueieie oa
aenoeaio?e/-ieie oeee?iae?aie // A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Oaiei-aia?aaoe/i? nenoaie oa i?eno?i?.–
Euea?a: A-ai AeO»EI», 1995. – ?291.– N. 18-20.

3. AEoe A., I?ae A. I?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo
aeiaaaie aeey ca?eueoaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiino? eaiae?caoe?eieo
eieaeoi??a // IV naukowa konferencja Rzeszowsko-Lwowska «Problemy
budownictwa i in?ynierii ?rodowiska. Cz.II In?ynieria ?rodowiska». –
Rzeszow, 1995.– N. 241-246.

4. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I. Ii?aeiaiiy /enaeueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oa/?e a i?noeaaeo iii?ao e?oaeeo
o?oaii?iaiae?a // Oacenu aeiee. I Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiio. «*eneaiiua
iaoiaeu a aeae?aaeeea e aeae?iaeeiaieea».– Aeiiaoee, 1994.– N. 18.

5. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I. Noaa?e?caoe?y aeo?aoe ??aeeie, ui aeo?ea? c
?aca?aoa?o i?e ci?iiiio iaii?? // A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Oaieiaia?aaoe/i? nenoaie oa i?eno?i?.–
Euea?a: A-ai AeO»EI», 1996.– N304.– N. 76-80.

6. *a?ithe A., AEoe A. Noaa?e?caoe?y aeo?aoe aiaee aeii?oeaie a
aaoiiaoeciaai?e i?ioeiiaeaaei?e nenoai? c aeeaeeueiei ?aca?aoa?ii //
Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y «No/ani? i?iaeaie
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ? ciaoeiaeaeaiiy no?/ieo aiae».– Poland, Pozna?: Circle
Design s.c, 1996.– N. 75-85.

7. Orel W., 8. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I., I?oeeoei A.N., I?ae A.?.
Oi?aae?iiy ia?aiao?aie iioie?a aaaaeaiiyi a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo
aeiaeaoe?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue «Caoeno aeiae?eey a?ae
oaoiiaaiiiai aieeao».– E?aiai/oe, 1997.– N. 69-74.

9. 10. AEoe A.I. Ca?eueoaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiino? eaiae?caoe?eieo
eieaeoi??a a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao aaaaeaiiyi iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue «Caoeno aeiae?eey a?ae oaoiiaaiiiai aieeao».–
E?aiai/oe, 1998.–?1(2).– N.122-126.

11. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I., I?oeeoei A.N. Aecia/aiiy oe?eie i?ii?aeeo
i?ae iani?aa?nieie ?ioi?ii ? noaoi?ii // Aeae?aaeeea e aeae?ioaoieea.
Iaaeaaae. iao/ii-oaoi. nai?iee.– E.: Oaoi?ea, 1998.– Aui. 59.– N. 33-36.

12. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I., I?oeeoei A.N. Aecia/aiiy aeiaaeeie aeeaiai
ia?a??co iioieo i?ae iani?aa?nieie ?ioi?ii ? noaoi?ii // Aeae?aaeeea e
aeae?i-oaoieea. Iaaeaaae. iao/ii-oaoi. nai?iee.– E.: Oaoi?ea, 1998.–
Aui. 59.– N.36-39.

13. *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I. ?iciiae?e aeo?ao ??aeeie i?ae
o?oaii?iaiaeaie oeyoii aaaaeaiiy a iio?e aeiaeaoe?a // Aeae?aaeeea e
aeae?ioaoieea. Iaaeaaae. iao/ii-oaoi. nai?iee. – E.: Oaoi?ea, 1998.–
Aui. 59.– N. 39-43.

14. Iaoaio ? 21829 A Oe?a?ia, IEA G05D7/00. Ciin?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe
??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? oa ?aaoeyoi? aeo?aoe / *a?ithe A.A., AEoe A.I.
(Oe?a?ia).– ?96073053; Cayae. 30.07.96; Iioae. 30.04.98, Athe. ? 2.– 9
n.

15. *a?ithe A.A., I?oeeoei A.N., I?ae A.?., AEoe A.I. Aieea aeiaeaoe?a
iie?ae?eeai?aeo ia ii?? ?aioiaeo caoaeaiue ? ?icoe?aiue o?oa //
THaeeaeiay iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey «Aeae?iay?iiaoaieea a
eiaeaia?iie i?aeoeea». – Eeaa, 1998.– N. 125.

16. AEoe A. Aieea iie?ia?ieo aeiaeaoe?a ia iniaeeaino? ?icaea/? aiaee ii
aeiaaeei? iieeaieo o?oaii?iaiae?a // Iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee neiiic?oi «Aeeeee eiioiaeueiei nenoaiai
aiaeii?ia?aeii-eaiae?caoe?eiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia ii?ic? OO? a?eo».–
Pozna? – Rzeszow – Lwow: Oficyna wydawnicza politechniki Rzeszowskej.–
1999.– N. 145-152.

AIIOAOe?ss

AEoe A.I. ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao aaaaeaiiyi o
iio?e a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a.– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.16 – a?ae?aae?ea oa ?iaeaia?ia a?ae?ieia?y. –
??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, ??aia, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaii iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee
?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao ca aeiiiiiaith
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a (AAeAAe) c aeei?enoaiiyi aoaeoa
Oiina. ?icaeyiooi o?e caaea/? ?aaoethaaiiy: noaa?e?caoe?y aeo?aoe
??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae? i?e ci?iiiio ia?aiaae? oeneo ia eiai e?ioeyo;
ia?a?iciiae?e aeo?aoe ??aeeie i?ae aeae?eueeiia o?oaii?iaiaeaie;
ciaioaiiy nooiaiy ia??aiii??iino? ?icaea/? ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiaeao c
a?aeai?ii ii oeyoo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey neeueii ?icaaaeaieo iie?ia?ieo
?ic/ei?a c ianiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie aei 10…50 ppm eiao?oe??io
a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy ciaioo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ca
e?i?eiei caeiiii, a cia/aiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaa?iaii
i?iii?oe?eia aei ae?aiao?a o?oae a noaiai?, aeecueeiio aei iaeeieoe?.

Aeine?aeaeaii ae?aiacii aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueiiai aeei?enoaiiy AAeAAe c
iaoith ciaioaiiy ao?ao aia?a?? ii aeiaaeei? o?oa. ?ic?iaeaii oa
caiaoaioiaaii niin?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe ??aeeie a o?oaii?iaiae?
aaaaeaiiyi a iio?e AAeAAe ? a?aeiia?aeiee ?aaoeyoi? aeo?aoe. ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii o nenoaiao aaoiiaoeciaaiiai iiaeaaeiaan?iiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii aeoeai? aeiaeaoee
(AAeAAe), aoaeo Oiina, ia?a?iciiae?e aeo?aoe, nooi?iue ia??aiii??iino?
?icaea/?.

AIIIOAOeEss

AEoe A.I. ?aaoee?iaaiea ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe a o?oaii?iaiaeao aaaaeaieai
a iioie aeae?iaeeiaie/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie.– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.16 – aeae?aaeeea e eiaeaia?iay aeae?ieiaey. –
?iaaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, ?iaii, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aeaii iao/iia iainiiaaiea e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeee
?aaoee?iaaiey ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe a o?oaii?iaiaeao n iiiiuueth
aeae?iaeeiaie/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie (AAeAAe) n eniieueciaaieai yooaeoa
Oiina. I?eaaaeaii iaic?aiea e aiaeec aeiioac, iauyniythueo yooaeo
Oiina.

?anniio?aiu o?e caaea/e ?aaoee?iaaiey: noaaeeecaoeey ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe
a o?oaii?iaiaea i?e eciaiythuainy ia?aiaaea aeaaeaiey ia aai eiioeao;
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe iaaeaeo aeaoiy e aieaa
ia?aeeaeueiuie o?oaii?iaiaeaie; iiauoaiea noaiaie ?aaiiia?iinoe ?acaea/e
aeeaeeinoe a o?oaii?iaiaeao n ?acaea/ae ii iooe.

?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ?aaoee?iaaiey ?anoiaea a
o?oaii?iaiaea. Iieacaii, /oi noaaeeecaoeey ?anoiaea aaaaeaieai AAeAAe
eaa/a aeinoeaaaony a o?oaii?iaiaeao, aeey eioi?uo iioa?e iaii?a ia
aeae?aaee/aneia o?aiea i?aauoatho aaiiao?e/aneoth aunioo iiaea/e.
Iieo/aiu ?an/aoiua caaeneiinoe aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eiee/anoaa
aunieieiioeaio?e?iaaiiiai ?anoai?a AAeAAe, iaiaoiaee-iiai aeey
iiaeaea?aeaiey iinoiyiiiai ?anoiaea i?e eciaiythuaeny ?acieoea
aeaaeaiee.

Iino?iaiu iiiia?aiiu aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eciaiaiey ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe a
o?oaii?iaiaeao ca n/ao aaaaeaiey aeiaaaie. Iieacaii, /oi
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiia aeeyiea ia nii?ioeaeaiea oeeeeiae?e/aneeo o?oa e o?oa
ia?aiaiiiai na/aiey iicaieyao inouanoaeyoue ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea ?anoiaea
aeeaeeinoe iaaeaeo o?oaii?iaiaeaie.

I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea e /eneaiiue yenia?eiaio n
eniieueciaaieai ?ac?aaioaiiie i?ia?aiiu aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?ani?aaeaeaiey
iaii?ia e ?anoiaeia aeeaeeinoe a o?oaii?iaiaeao n ioai?ii ii iooe.
Iieacaii, /oi iniaaiiinoe ioai?a iieiinoueth ii?aaeaeythony o?aia
aac?acia?iuie ia?aiao?aie, caaenyueie io eiino?oeoeaiuo iniaaiiinoae
o?oaii?iaiaea e io naienoa ia?aea/eaaaiie aeeaeeinoe: eiyoeoeeaioii
?anoiaea ioaa?noee, neaaaeeiiinoueth o?oaii?iaiaea e aai i?eaaaeaiiui
aeae?aaee/aneei nii?ioeaeaieai.

I?iaaaeaiu yenia?eiaiou ii aeeyieth iieeia?iuo aeiaaaie oeia
iieeae?eeaieaea (IAA) e iieeieneyoeeaia (IIY) ia aaee/eio oo?aoeaioiiai
o?aiey e ?anoiae aeeaeeinoe a aeaaeeeo o?oaao. Iieo/aiu iauea
caaeneiinoe yoeo aaee/ei io aeeaiao?a o?oaii?iaiaea, eiioeaio?aoeee
aeiaaaie e /enea ?aeiieueaena. Iieacaii, /oi aeey neeueii ?acaaaeaiiuo
iieeia?iuo ?anoai?ia n eiioeaio?aoeeyie aei 10 ppm eiyooeoeeaio
aeae?aaee/aneiai o?aiey oiaiueoaaony n oaaee/aieai eiioeaio?aoeee ca
eeiaeiui caeiiii, a aeae?iaeeiaie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue aeiaaaie oeia
IAA a i?yiuo o?oaao i?e eiioeaio?aoeeyo aei 10 ppm ia?aoii
i?iii?oeeiiaeueia aeeaiao?o o?oau.

Enneaaeiaai aeeaiacii yeiiiie/anee auaiaeiiai eniieueciaaiey AAeAAe n
oeaeueth oiaiueoaiey iioa?ue yia?aee ia oo?aoeaioiia o?aiea ii aeeeia
o?oa. Iieacaii, /oi aaaaeaiea iieeia?iuo aeiaaaie yooaeoeaii aeey
o?oaii?iaiaeia n aeeeiie L>(106…107)D. ?ann/eoaia iieaciinoue
iieeia?iuo aeiaaaie, eae ioiioaiea aeae?iaeeiaie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe e
oeaia iieeia?a. A aeeaiaciia enneaaeiaaiiuo aeeaiao?ia iieaciinoue IAA
oe?aeineiai i?iecaiaenoaa auoa, /ai eiii?oiiai IIY. ?ac?aaioai e
caiaoaioiaai niinia ?aaoee?iaaiey ?anoiaea aeeaeeinoe a o?oaii?iaiaea
aaaaeaieai a iioie AAeAAe e niioaaonoaothuee ?aaoeyoi? ?anoiaea.

?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a nenoaiao aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
iiaea?i-oooaiey. Iieo/ai yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo a ?acia?a 38 oun. a?i.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaoee?iaaiea ?anoiaea, aeae?iaeeiaie/anee aeoeaiua
aeiaaaee (AAeAAe), yooaeo Oiina, ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea ?anoiaea, noaiaiue
ia?aaii-ia?iinoe ?acaea/e.

THE SUMMARY

Zhuk V.I. Regulation of the charge of a liquid in pipelines by
introduction in a flow hydrodynamical active additives.– Ianuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 05.23.16 – hydraulics and
engineering hydrology. – Rivne State Technical University, Rivne, 1999.

In the thesis the scientific substantiation and development of a
technique of a liquid charge regulation in pipelines with the help of
the hydrodynamical active additives (HDAA) are given. Three separate
tasks of regulation are considered: stabilization of the charge of a
liquid in the pipeline with varied difference of pressure on its ends;
redistribution of the charge of a liquid between several pipelines;
decrease of a degree of a liquid distribution non-uniformity in
pipelines with distribution on a way.

It was proved, that for polymer solutions with mass concentrations
within range 10…50 ppm friction coefficient is linear function of the
concentration. Hydrodynamical efficiency of polimeric additions is back
proportional to the diameter.

The range of economically favourable using HDAA with the purpose of
reduction of energy losses on length in pipes is investigated. The way
of regulation of the charge of a liquid in the pipeline by HDAA
introduction in a flow and appropriate regulator of the charge are
developed and patented.

The results of the work have found an industrial utility in systems of
the automated suppression of a fire.

Key words: regulation of the charge, hydrodynamical active additives
(HDAA), Tom’s effect, redistribution of the charge, degree of a liquid
distribution non-uniformity.

A?aeae?oeiaaii c aioiaeo i?ea?iae?a

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.12.1999

Niin?a ae?oeo – ??cia?ao?y. Oi?iao 6090/16

Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

?icae?oeiaaii a AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»

290646, i. Euea?a, aoe. N. Aaiaea?e, 12

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