IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE AEIIII?*IEE ?INOEOOO

I?I?NOA?NOAA AEIIII?EE OE?A?IE

AeIEEIAOeUe ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 330.1.15:

634.0.6.65

?AAOETHAAIIss A?AeOAI?AIIss NE?IAEIIEO ?ANO?N?A ?AA?IIO (IA I?EEEAAe?
AeA?AAII? NE?IAEIE)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 – I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,

ieaioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999Aeenapoaoe??th ? poeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?inoeooo?

I?i?noapnoaa aeiiii?ee Oepa?ie.

Iaoeiaee eap?aiee aeieoip aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noapoee iaoeiaee

ni?apia?oiee

Aey/aiei sse?a sseiae/,

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?iaeiiii?ee Oepa?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ipiaeai aeiiii?ee e?niipiieneiaiai eiiieaeno

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoip aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, ipioanip

Eiaaeue sspineaa Aaneeueiae/,

?aaea ii aea/aiith ipiaeoeoeaieo nee Oepa?ie IAI Oepa?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo ipiaeai aeeipenoaiiy ? ioipiie e?niaeo panopn?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noapoee iaoeiaee ni?apia?oiee

Ipenooia Apeaip?e E?iaepaoiae/,

Iie?nueea e?niaa iaoeiai-aeine?aeia noaioe?y, noapoee iaoeiaee
ni?apia?oiee

Ipia?aeia onoaiiaa

Oepa?inueeee aeapaeaaiee e?nioaoi?/iee oi?aapneoao I?i?noapnoaa ina?oe
Oepa?ie, eaoaaepa aeiiii?ee ? iaiaaeaeiaioo e?niaeo i?aeipe?inoa,

i. Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “20” opaaiy 1999 p. i 1430 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? paaee Ae 26.801.01 Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
aeiiii?/iiai

?inoeoooo I?i?noapnoaa aeiiii?ee Oepa?ie oa Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo

nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ipiaeai i. Ee?aa ca aaepanith: 252601 INI i.
Ee?a- 103, aoeueaap Aepoaeae iapiae?a, 28, 5-e iiaapo, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeenapoaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?iaeiiii?ee Oepa?ie ca aaepanith: 252601 INI

i. Ee?a- 103, aoeueaap Aepoaeae iapiae?a, 28

Aaoipaoapao pic?neaiee “19” ea?oiy 1999 p.

A/aiee naepaoap

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? paaee A. A. Aaceethe

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/a?oueny o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieie,
iaoap?aeueii-oaoi?/ieie iiaeeeainoyie oa noaiii i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a oiai
/e ?ioiai ?aa?iio. A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee i?iaeaie
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, caa?aaeaiiy ne?iaeiieo ?
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c i?aaeeueiith
i?aai?caoe??th a?aeoai?aiiy, aeei?enoaiiy oa ioi?iie i?e?iaeieo
?ano?n?a. E?niaa ainiiaea?noai, ye aaeocue iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ae?? caaaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a, iniaeeaino?
i?iyao yeeo oa?aeoa?ecothoueny niaoeeo?/ieie ?enaie aaeoc?. Oiio
a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a ? neeaaeiaith ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai
a?aeoai?aiiy, ia? ni?eueio c iei ni?yiiaai?noue, i?eioeeie ? oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo, caa??aath/e i?e oeueiio aeanio iaoo, caaaeaiiy, no?aoaa?th ?
oaeoeeo ?o aeinyaiaiiy.

Iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ?ioaineo?eaoe??
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a iaoiiaeaia a iniiaiiio
iani?iiiaei?noth e?niainiiaeapnueeeo i?aeipe?inoa caaeiaieueiyoe iiieo
ia aea?aaeio ca ?aooiie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ciooai?noth ooeaoe oeyoe
iiaiiai caaacia/aiiy ne?iaeiith ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie, a oaeiae
ia?ic?iaeai?noth aaaaoueio oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a c
i???ioaoe??th ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieo.

I?iaeaie paoe?iiaeueiiai ipepiaeieipenooaaiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy e
?icaeoeo e?niaiai eiiieaeno ?, cie?aia, ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo
?ano?n?a aena?oeai? a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo oa caeipaeiiieo o/aieo, oaeeo
ye Aioaiaeo?n A.A., Aieei I.I., Aaeoethe I.A, Aaneeue?a I.A., Aipii?i
?.A., Aain??oe N.A., Aeyeooaan ?.I., Aey/aiei ss.ss., Eiaaeue ss.A.,
Eiaeooia I.?., Iien??a I.I., Iao?ia A.I., Ieea A.?., Neiyeaae/ ?.I.,
Noaea/eia ?.ss., Ooieoey TH.TH., Oo?aee/ei I.?., ssiooei A.Ae. oa ?io?.
Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia iaeiie/aiee aeina?ae ? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe,
?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai e?niaiai eiiieaeno a oiiaao
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie ? noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ua ia
a?aeiia?aea? cia/ouino? e?n?a oa ?o ?ano?n?a o ?ica’ycaii? caaaeaiue
ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee ca ?eieiaith iiaeaeeth ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oea
niiioea? aei iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee oai??? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, ye iaoiaeieia?/ii? iniiae ?ica’ycaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai e?niai? aaeoc? e?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. A
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aena?oeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo ? i?eeeaaeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeenue aaoi?ii i?e aeeiiaii? ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei aeiiii?/iei ?inoeoooii
(IAeA?) I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ca ia??iae 1994-1998 ?ie?a ii
oaiao: 11-95 – “Aea/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?e, ianya?a
ni?oeiaioii? no?oeoo?e aea?aaeie oa oeyo?a caaacia/aiiy iio?aae a
ne?iaei? i?ia?aeieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie”; 54-98 –
“Ii?aoethaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
a?aeoai?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy aea?aaieo ?ano?n?a”.

Aeenapoaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeiaei noipiaiaeaeaiiyi, picpiaeith
iaoeiai? /anoeie Aeapaeaaii? ipiapaie picaeoeo e?niainiiaeapnueeiai ?
e?niipiieneiaiai eiiieaen?a ia iap?iae aei 2015p. (EI Oepa?ie ?14959/10
a?ae 02.08.93).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
noaipaiiy nenoaie paaoethaaiiy ipioeano a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo
?ano?n?a, a oaeiae picpiaea ipiiiceoe?e uiaei paoipioaaiiy
ainiiaeapnueeiai iaoai?cio a e?niaiio eiiieaen?, ui caaacia/eoue
picoepaiiy e?ninepiaeiii? aace oa caaeiaieaiiy aeiiii?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo
? nioe?aeueieo iiopaa noni?euenoaa a e?ninepiaeiieo panopnao ? iineoaao
e?no ca paooiie aeaniiai aepiaieoeoaa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aecia/aii
oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

— aecia/eoe oa iaapoiooaaoe iniiai? neeaaeia? (aeaiaioe) nenoaie
paaoethaaiiy a?aeoaipaiiy e?ninepiaeiieo panopn?a;

— aeine?aeeoe ?nioth/o nenoaio paaoethaaiiy a?aeoaipaiiy ? eipenooaaiiy
aeapaaieie panopnaie oa ?? aieea ia noai e?nine?iaeiii? aace Oe?a?ie ?
AI “Ee?ae?n”;

— aea/eoe caeipaeiiiee aeina?ae uiaei aecia/aiiy pici?po eipenooaaiiy
e?nii ca ipepinoii, ye eeth/iai? neeaaeiai? nenoaie paaoethaaiiy, oa
onoaiiaeoe iiaeeeaino? eiai aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia ainiiaeapthaaiiy a
Oepa?i?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy paaoethaaiiy a?aeoaipaiiy aeapaaieo
panopn?a;

— aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yie ?ioaineo?eaoe?? oa iiaeeeaa ca?eueoaiiy
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio iieaciee?a ? iaoiaee/i? ipiiiceoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii oae? ?acoeueoaoe, ui noaiiaeyoue eiai iaoeiao
iiaecio:

— caipiiiiiaaii nenoaio paaoethaaiiy a?aeoaipaiiy e?ninepiaeiieo
panopn?a, yea aeeth/a? iaoiaee ? aaaeae? ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoaipaiiy ?
eipenooaaiiy aeapaaieie panopnaie, canoinoaaiiy yeeo caaacia/eoue
aeiaaaeaiiy e?nenoino? oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae oa ?aaaia?aoe?th eiiiiiaio?a
na?aaeiaeua aei iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue, ?icoe?aiiy e?nine?iaeiii? aace oa
caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ia aea?aaeio ca ?aooiie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui
aeicaiey?, ca?aeii c oaip??th aenieoaoaoe?? a?aeiiaethaaieo ipepiaeieo
panopn?a, aeeipenoiaoaaoe picpiaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee a ?ioeo
aaeocyo iaoap?aeueiiai aepiaieoeoaa;

— nenoaiaoeciaai? ?nioth/? eiioeaioe?? aecia/aiiy ipiaeoeoe??
e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa a caeaaeiino? a?ae iieaciee?a iae?eo ?
ioe?iee ipiaeoeoe??, ui aeicaieeei iaoeiai iaapoiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue
canoinoaaiiy eiioeaioe?? ipepinoo aeapaaeie, ye e?ioeaaiai ipiaeoeoo,
aeoiaey/e c iapaaaa ?? aieeao ia picaeoie e?niai? aaeoc? epa?ie;

— oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo iae?eo iecueeiiiaiioieo ? iio?aeieo
aeapaainoai?a oeyoii aaaaeaiiy iiai? oipie, ui picoepth? oyaeaiiy ipi
iayai?noue ca ieiuath ? caianii aeapaainoai?a iaaii? aeapaaii? iipiaee o
eiiepaoiiio oei? oiia i?noeacpinoaiiy, eiiepaoiiai aii?oaoo a picp?c?
eean?a a?eo ? iiaiio, canoinoaaiiy yei? aeicaiey? iopeiaoe ?ioipiaoe?th
aeey nenoaiiiai aiae?co noaio cacia/aieo eaoaaip?e aeapaainoai?a oa
picpiaee ? paae?caoe?? oepieiianooaaiiai ipiaeoo ?o paeiinopoeoe??;

— picpiaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, yea aaco?oueny ia picpaooieo ?ioaapaeueiiai
aoaeoo a?ae aeeipenoaiiy an?o eipenieo ooieoe?e e?no oa eiai panopnieo
iiaeeeainoae, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iapniaeoeai? aap?aioe oipioaaiiy
nopaoaa?? picaeoeo e?niaiai ainiiaeapnoaa;

— pic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo e?niaiai eiiieaeno e?a?ie, yea
aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe oiiae picoepaiiai a?aeoaipaiiy e?ninepiaeiieo
panopn?a, ciepaia, aaaeaiiy e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa ca i?e?inoii ?
eeanaie a?eo ia iniia? paoipioaaiiy ainiiaeapnueeiai iaoai?cio, ui
iapaaeaa/a? oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? nenoaie ieaioaaiiy, cae?eniaiiy
aca?iiiia`ycaieo aeiiii?/ieo iapaaoaeia ipaai?caoe?eii-aepiaie/i?
nopoeoope aaeoc?;

— a iaaeao caipiiiiiaaii? eiioeaioe?? picpiaeaii eiiieaene iaoiae?a
ipaaiaiai, aeiiii?/iiai oa oaoiieia?/iiai (e?n?aie/iai) caaacia/aiiy
aeapaeaaiiai paaoethaaiiy. A naia: aeiiiaiaiiy aei caeii?a ? iipiaoeaieo
aeo?a, ui paaeaiaioothoue ae?yeuei?noue aaeocae e?niaiai eiiieaeno,
paae?caoe?y yeeo nipey? noaiiaeaiith peieiaeo ?inoeooo?a, iaaeaiith
aeiiii?/ii? naiino?eiino? i?aeipe?inoaai ? picaeoeo aipeciioaeueieo
ca`yce?a i?ae ieie, oaeineiiaeaiith oipaae?iiy e?naie. Eiiieaen
aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a aeeth/a?: ?aaoeueiaaia a?ioiai-e?aaeeoia
caaacia/aiiy (a?aeno?i/ea aeieaoe iicee, noaneaeoaaiiy /anoeie aeo?ao ca
aeei?enoaiiy e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a, iaaeaiiy aa?aio?e aeey a?aeno?i/ee
aeieaoe iicee); ?eieiaa oe?iiooai?aiiy oa iiaeaoeiao nenoaio
(i?ia?aneaiee iiaeaoie ia e?niao aa?o?noue – i?e??no, ieaoa ca ?ano?ne
oa iineoae e?no); ?aaoeueiaai? ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie (iaaeaiiy a i?aiaeo
iaoei ? onoaoeoaaiiy, ui ia?aaoaathoue o aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? ia
i?eueaiaeo oiiaao; noaneaeoaaiiy /anoeie aeo?ao ca i?aiaeo iaoei ?
onoaoeoaaiiy, ui cae?enith?oueny ia ?eieiaeo canaaeao). Eiiieaen
oaoiieia?/ieo (e?n?aie/eo) iaoiae?a aeeth/a? anoaiiaeaiiy i??i?eoao?a
?icaeoeo e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa (aaaaoioe?eueiaa e?niae?iuoaaiiy,
iioei?caoe?y ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a),
iioei?caoe?th aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yie
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie
iiaeooue aooe aeeipenoai? ipe ieaioaaii? picaeoeo e?ninepiaeiii? aace ia
p?ai? paa?iio (Ee?anueei? iaeano?) /e aeapaeaae caaaeii. Iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aeicaieythoue ipiaeoiei ipaai?caoe?yi ipiaiicoaaoe caaaeai?
iieacieee picaeoeo e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa.

Iepai? aeaiaioe caipiiiiiaaieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeeipenoai? AI
“Ee?ae?n” ipe oipioaaii? caaaeaiiai ipiaeoo picaeoeo
e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa ia 1996-2000 piee.

Iaoeia? iaoap?aee, aeniiaee ? ipiiiceoe?? uiaei paaoethaaiiy
?ioaineo?eaoe?? picoepaiiai a?aeoaipaiiy e?ninepiaeiii? aace
aeeipenoiaothoueny aaeocaaei a?aeae?eii I?iaeiiii?ee Oepa?ie ipe aiae?c?
oa eipeaoaaii? uip?/ieo ieai?a poaie e?no, paeiinopoeoe?? aeapaainoai?a,
a oaeiae ipe oipioaaii? iaipyi?a panopoeoopecaoe?? aepiaieoeoaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A noaoo?, iioae?eiaai?e ni?eueii c ss.ss.
Aey/aieii, caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue eeaneo?eaoe?y ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y
eiioeaioe?e aecia/aiiy ipiaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa. O
aeaiiiiaai?e piaio?, iioae?eiaai?e ni?eueii c eieaeoeaii aaoip?a,
caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeaoue aiae?c aeiiii?/ieo oapaeoapenoee noaio
aeapaainoai?a, iaapoiooaaiiy oa picpaooiee iieaciee?a ca?eueoaiiy
ianya?a a?aeoaipaiiy oa eipenooaaiiy aeapaaieie panopnaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. I?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy oa iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
e?niainiiaea?nueeiai oaeoeueoaoo IAO (i. Ee?a, 1995–1997??.), ia
I?aeia?iaei?e tha?eaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “E?n?aie/a
iaoea oa ina?oa: noai oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (i. Ee?a, 1995?.), a
oaeiae oeyoii ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o a?aee?eo?e
i?an?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 6 iaoeiaeo
ipaoeue o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 3,2 aepoe. ape.,
c yeeo iniaenoi aaoipia? iaeaaeeoue 4 iaoeia? ipaoe? caaaeueiei ianyaii
2,3 aepoe. ape.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 176 noi??iie
eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o, a o./. 29 oaaeeoeue, 8 noai, neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
ia?aoiao? 130 iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoeo.

O anooi? aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia oiio, ui ioi?iia, ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ? iaia’yceiaith oiiaith
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee; c’yniao?oueny ?ieue ? i?noea e?niai?
aaeoc? o ?ica’ycaii? aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaae.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a” aeeeaaeaii aeiiii?/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th
??ciiiai?oieo ooieoe?e e?no. I?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c noaio
e?nine?iaeiii? aace Oe?a?ie oa AI “Ee?ae?n”, yeee aeicaieea aeyaeoe
?aca?ae ca?eueoaiiy ne?iaeiii? aace. Ocaaaeueiaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
oai??? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a a oiiaao
Oe?a?ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ioaineo?eaoe??
?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiii? aace” ?icaeyiooi iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?eioeeie ia?aoiaeo e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa ia aaaaoioe?eueiao iniiao.
Eeaneo?eiaaii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii eiioeaioe?? aecia/aiiy ipiaeoeoe??
e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoai?cio.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ioaineo?eaoe??
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a” aecia/aii ia?niaeoeai? ianyae
aeiaeaoeiaeo ?ano?n?a aea?aaeie ca oiiae ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo iai?yi?a
?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a. Iaa?oioiaaii
nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aeey ye?niiai aei??thaaiiy ??aiy ?
aeeiai?ee aoaeoeaiino? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaeei c
i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai aoaeoo picoepaiiai a?aeoaipaiiy
e?ninepiaeiieo panopn?a oa aeei?enoaiiy eiai o aecia/aii? no?aoaa?/ieo
iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo e?niainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii aeniiaee uiaei
?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

1. Ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/ou?noue e?niainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie a?ae/ooii c?inea a oiiaao iacaeaaeiino? aea?aeaae oa noaiiaeaiiy
?eieiai? iiaeae? ainiiaea?thaaiiy. O?aaeeoe?eii a ieioeiio Oe?a?ia
caaeiaieueiyea iiieo ia aea?aaeio ca ?aooiie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa eeoa
ia o?aoeio, a ?aooa e?niiaoa??ae?a aa?aioiaaii iinoaaeyeanue ?c ?ioeo
?anioae?e eieeoiueiai Nithco. Ca?ac aea ca oae? iinoaaee iio??aii
?ic?aoiaoaaoenue ca na?oiaeie oe?iaie ? yeae ??aaiue ae?iaieoeoaa
i?aeiyoe aei ianya?a 1990 ?. oa caa?aaoe noa?? oaiaeaioe?? caaeiaieaiiy
iiieoo ia aea?aaeio, oi aea?aeaa? iaiao?aeii aoei a ui??/ii eoioaaoe
aeapaaieo ?ano?n?a a ianyc? aeecueei 22 iei. eoa. i. Oea niiioea?
iaoeiaoe?a ? ae?iaie/iee?a aei iiooeo aioo??oi?o ?aca?a?a a?aeoai?aiiy
oa ei?enooaaiiy aea?aaieie ?ano?naie c iaoith caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ia
aea?aai? ?ano?ne ca ?aooiie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Iaei??th c ipe/ei, ui caaaaeathoue aaaeaiith e?niaiai ainiiaeapnoaa
ia ainipicpaooieiaeo canaaeao ? a?aenooi?noue caaaeueiiaeciaiiai niiniaa
iae?eo ? ioe?iee ipiaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa, a
ca?aene e iniiaieo aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? oapaeoapecothoue oea
aepiaieoeoai (aeopaoe, oe?ia, ipeaooie, paioaaaeuei?noue). Neeaaei?noue
? iaiaeiicia/i?noue iane?aee?a aeaipo oaeeo aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, a
oaeiae ?o aaaeeea?noue aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai
aepiaieoeoaa cia/iith i?pith iaoiiaeee ?noipe/io aeeiai?eo ?o aecia/aiiy
aeey iae?eo ? ioe?iee.

A iap?iae ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee iniiaiei iieacieeii, ui aecia/aa i?aeoiaee
aei iae?eo ? ioe?iee e?niainiiaeapnueei? ipiaeoeoe??, aoee aeopaoe
ipaoe? ia aepiaieoeoai oiai /e ?ioiai aeaeo ipiaeoeoe?? iacaeaaeii a?ae
aeioe?eueiino? oa iniaeeainoae ?? paae?caoe??. Oea iiynith?oueny
iaioaaiiyi opoaeiai? oaip?? aapoino? ipe aecia/aii? i?aeoiae?a aei
iae?eo ? ioe?iee ipiaeoeoe??. Oea iiai?noth ocaiaeaeoaaeinue c
caopaoiith eiioeaioe??th, eiee eaeueeoethaaiiy oe?ie ipiaeoeoe?? ia
a?ae?apaaaei iaeaaeii? pie? a ipioeanao ipeeiyooy p?oaiue ipi
aeioe?euei?noue aepiaieoeoaa oa aieeao ia picaeoie aeiiii?ee.

Iiaeaeueoa ip??ioaoe?y ia ieaiia? iaoiaee ainiiaeapthaaiiy a oiiaao
aenoaineaiiai picaeoeo aeiiii?ee ipecaaea aei ciainiaeaiiy iieaciee?a,
ui oapaeoapecothoue pacoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai
aepiaieoeoaa. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei iae?eo ? ioe?iee ipiaeoeoe?? aacoaaany
ia oac? ipi iaeiip?aei?noue e?niainiiaeapnueei? ipiaeoeoe?? aac
opaooaaiiy ?? eipeniino? aeey ipii?aeiiai ? e?ioeaaiai niiaeeaa/a oa
eiai iiaeeeaino? aeyaeyoe ieaoinipiiiaeiee iiieo ia ipiaeoeoe?th.

C ii/aoeii peieiaeo iapaoaipaiue aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue eoioaaoe
ipiaeoeoe?th, ui ia? /?oei iepaneai? oapaeoapenoeee aeey oiai, uia aiia
yeiaeiiai?oa caaeiaieueiyea iiopaae p?cieo niiaeeaa/?a. Oea iaoiiaeei
aeeipenoaiiy iaoopaeueieo (o?ce/ieo) iieaciee?a iae?eo ? ioe?iee
ipiaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa. Aieiaiith iniaeea?noth
ip??ioaoe?? ia oe? iieacieee ? oa, ui aiie ipeaeaoi? aeey aeeipenoaiiy
ye ia p?ai? iepaiiai ainiiaeapthth/iai noa`?eoa, oae ? ia p?ai? an???
aeiiii?ee, ai oea aaeaei oapaeoapeco? ipiaeoeoe?th c oi/ee cipo iiieoo ?
ipiiiceoe??.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiae?a ainiiaeapthaaiiy, nooiaith picaeiaiino?
aeiiii?ee oa opaaeeoe?e, ui neeaeenue o iaai?e epa?i?, ia no/aniiio
aoai? picaeoeo e?ninepiaeiii? aace an? iapapaoiaai? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee
iiaeooue neoaoaaoe iniiaith iae?eo ? ioe?iee ipiaeoeoe??
e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa.

3. A?aeiia?aeii aei cacia/aiiai, noiniaii aecia/aiiy e?ioeaai?
ipiaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue
iiaeia noipioethaaoe ope iniiai? eiioeaioe??. C iaoith iiaeaeueoi?
iaeaaeii? eeaneo?eaoe?? oeeo eiioeaioe?e, a oaeiae apaoiaoth/e a?aei?oi?
iciaee eiaeii? c ieo, caipiiiiiaaii iacaaoe ?o ianooiiei /eiii:

1) iapoa eiioeaioe?y – eiioeaioe?y aeeiiaieo pia?o;

2) aepoaa eiioeaioe?y – eiioeaioe?y noeaeiai e?no;

3) opaoy eiioeaioe?y – eiioeaioe?y ipepinoo aeapaaeie (pen. 1).

wmetafile8? ??#???5????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
«????u??????????????????D???-?????????ue??????????-???
?u????????????-????X?i?*???u?????????????-?????????u
e??yyy??????-????????

????T?e?/???????uaey???????en. 1 Nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa iniiai?
iciaee eiioeaioe?e aecia/aiiy ipiaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaeapnueeiai
aepiaieoeoaa

Ii eiioeaioe?? aeeiiaieo pia?o ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aiia iaea?eueo
ipeaeaoia aeey ieaiiaiai ainiiaeapnoaa, ine?eueee apoioo?oueny ia
ieaioaaii? e?niainiiaeapnueei? ae?yeueiino? ca noaipthaaieie
pacoeueoaoaie ia ipii?aeieo aoaiao. Eiioeaioe?y aea? ciiao cpiaeoe
piciiae?e nia?aapoino? ca aeaeaie ?ia?o, aea ia aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe
aaciina?aaeiuei nia?aa?o?noue e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo, ine?eueee ?iciiae?e
ia i?ii?aei? aoaie ia caaaeaee ? eipaeoiei, ai ia an? aoaie iiaeooue
aeaaaoe i?iaeoeo, yeee noaia ia`?eoii ?aae?caoe?? aai caaeiaieaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo /e nioe?aeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa, ui ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei
i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieiaeo iaoiae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Eiioeaioe?y noeaeiai e?no iiaea aooe i?eaeaoiith i?e aiae?c?
iaeii??aeieo ianea?a, ine?eueee aiia ia/eneth? nia?aa?o?noue
ciainiaeaii? iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoo (aaeoap aai eoaiiao?). Caneoaiao? ia
oaaao ?? aeei?enoaiiy i?e ?icaeyae? iieaciee?a e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa
caaaeii, ye naeoi?o aeiiii?ee, oiio ui aiia i?noeoue neioaoe/iee
i?aeo?ae aei ia/eneaiiy nia?aa?oino?. A oie aea /an oey eiioeaioe?y ia
iiaea aooe canoiniaaia aei ie?aieo e?niaeo ainiiaea?noa oa
oa?eoi??aeueieo eiiieaen?a, oiio ui aiia ia aea? iiaeeeaino? iieacaoe
aeiiii?/i? iieacieee a ?ic??c? ie?aieo ii??ae aai ?o a?oi.

Eiioeaioe?y i?e?inoo aea?aaeie aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? o?ce/ieo
iieaciee?a, cie?aia, o?ce/iiai eoaiiao?a aea?aaeie, ye ia`?eoa
eaeueeoeyoe?? i?e aecia/aii? nia?aa?oino? ae?iuoaaiiy aea?aaeie ??cieo
aea?aaieo ii??ae. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui iaoa??aeueiee iae?e
aeaiaio?a e?niainiiaea?nueeiai

ae?iaieoeoaa cae?enith?oueny a iaoo?aeueieo (o?ce/ieo) iieacieeao, ye? a
naith /a?ao aeicaieythoue ae?aceoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaieoeoaa ye noio
niiaeea/eo aa?oinoae. Oaea ip??ioaoe?y eiioeaioe?? aeicaiey?
ni?aa?aeiineoe ?? iniiai? oapaeoapenoeee c oaeeie aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie, ye peieiaa oe?ia ? ipeaooie. Canoinoaaiiy oe??? eiioeaioe??
iiaeeeaa ye aeey ie?aieo ainiiaea?noa, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o no?oeoo?ii?
(ii?iaeii?) iaeii??aeiino?, oae ? aeey anueiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee. Aiia
iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aea? ?eieiaei iaoiaeai ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ine?eueee
iaeiiai?oa iieno? e?ioeaaee i?iaeoeo, ui aeicaiey? iioeiaeueii aecia/aoe
i?iiiceoe?th ? iiieo c aieo eiie?aoieo niiaeeaa/?a.

4. Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c noaio e?niainiiaea?nueeiai ? e?nii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoa iieaco?, ui aiane?aeie canoa??ei? oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o
e?niaiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie ana ua i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aenoaineaia
ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa – iino?eieo ei?enooaa/?a e?niaeo caiaeue.
Caaaeueiee ianya caaio?ae? aea?aaeie ui??/ii anoaiiaeth?oueny ia ??ai?
10,5 iei. eoa. i, o oiio /ene? ?ano?n?a aea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy aeecueei 6
iei. eoa. i. E?niaee oiiae ia? ?yae iaaaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee: caieaeaio
ia 20-50% (caeaaeii a?ae ii?iaee) i?iaeoeoeai?noue, aaeeeo /anoeo
iio?aeieo ? ?icno?i?ieo aea?aainoai?a (aeecueei 13%), aaeeeo /anoeo
ianaaeaeaiue (51%), a yeeo ei?enooaaiiy iaiaaeaia aai ae cian?i
caai?iiaia (a ?ioeo e?a?iao caoeni? e?ne noaiiaeyoue aei %),
i?aaaethaaiiy /anoee caaioiaeaii? aea?aaeie a?ae ?oaie, iia`ycaieo c
aaaeaiiyi e?niaiai ainiiaeapnoaa, ii??aiyii c aieiaiei ei?enooaaiiyi. O
e?nii?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? neeaeany iaaaoeaia no?oeoo?a niiaeeaaiiy
ne?iaeie ? aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? ia aea?aai?e iniia?. O oe?eiio a
i?iaeoeoe?? i?noeoueny aeecueei 40% ia?a?iaeaii? aea?aaeie, a a?aeiiniee
aeione i?ia?aneaieo aeae?a e?niiaoa??ae?a (ieeo, iaia?o, ea?oiio) c 1
eoa. i caaioiaeaii? aea?aaeie a aeanyoee ? nioi? ?ac?a ? iaioei, i?ae o
?icaeiooeo e?a?iao na?oo.

5. Iai/ia oyaeaiiy i?i noai aea?aainoai?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? aeathoue
?ic?aooieia? iieacieee e?nioaenaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? aecia/aii aeey
niniiaeo, aeoaiaeo ? aa?aciaeo aeapaainoai?a (oaae. 1). Oe? aeaee
aea?aainoai?a caeiathoue iaeaea 90% ae?eoeo e?niaith ?ineeii?noth
caiaeue, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaoe aiae?c, c?iaeoe aeniiaee oa aeaoe
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa aeapaaieo panopn?a.

Caaaeueiith oaiaeaioe??th ioe?iee noaio aeine?aeaeoaaieo aea?aainoai? ?
aenie? ? iiceoeai? iieacieee a iaio a?oiao na?aaeiueia?eiaeo e?n?a, aea,
ye i?aaeei, oaeoe/iee caian ia 1 aa ? ia an?e ieiu? aeuee, i?ae
ii?iaoeaiee. Oea iiynith?oueny aenieith ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noth ?
aeio?eiaiiyi aeiia aaaeaiiy e?niainiiaea?nueeeo caoiae?a, ii?iaoeaieo
iaoa??ae?a

Aaniethoii i?ioeeaaeia oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aa?oueny a e?nao 1-? ? 2-?
a?oi a i?enoeaath/eo ? noeaeeo aea?aainoaiao. A oe?eiio ao?aoe aea?aaeie
neeaaeathoue 1,35 iei. eoa. i /e 5,5 a?aenioea caiano ii?iaeueieo
aea?aainoai?a (24,34 iei. eoa. i), a a noeaeeo aea?aainoaiao ao?aoe
neeaaeathoue 0,78 iei. eoa. i aea?aaeie /e 35,9 a?aenioea caiano noeaeeo
ii?iaeueieo aea?aainoai?a (2,17 iei. eoa. i).

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oace ipi “ia?aea/oaaiiy” aieiaiiai ei?enooaaiiy a
i?ii?aeia iaie aoee ni?anoaaeaii? aeai? i?i oaeoe/i? ianyae ae?oaaii?
aea?aaeie c 1 aa a i?ioean? ?oaie, iia`ycaieo c aaaeaiiyi e?niaiai
ainiiaeapnoaa, c ii?iaoeaieie, ye? iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo oiaeo ?inoo.
Aeyaeeiny, ui i?e i?i/enoeao ? i?i??aeaeoaaiiyo c 1 aa aeae?a?oueny
iaioa iana aea?aaeie, i?ae ia?aaeaa/aii ii?iaoeaaie. I?e i?io?aeieo
?oaeao, iaaiaee, aeae?a?oueny aea?aaeie a?eueoa, i?ae ia?aaeaa/aii
oaaeeoeyie oiaeo ?inoo. Ca oaei? nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy ui??/ii
iaaeiae?a?oueny iaeaea 2 iei. eoa. i aea?aaeie i?e aieiaiiio
ei?enooaaii? e?nii.

6. C iaoith aeyaeaiiy pacapa?a ca?eueoaiiy e?ninepiaeiii? aace aeeiiaii
aiae?c iaoap?ae?a e?niaiipyaeeoaaiiy ii Ee?anuee?e iaeano?, yeee
aeicaieea aecia/eoe ieiu? iio?aeieo ? iecueeiiiaiioieo aeapaainoai?a

Oaaeeoey 1

E?nioaenaoe?eiee aiae?c aea?aainoai?a Ee?anueei? iaeano?

Iapaaaaeath/?Iaeeieoe?1 a?oia e?n?a2 a?oia
e?n?aaea?aainoaieaei??onapaaeiuei

a?eia?ipenoe

aath/?noeae?napaaeiuei

a?eia?ipenoe-

aath/?noeae?Niniia?Caian ia 1 aai3296340367279317347Caian ia 1 aa ca
oaaeeoeyie oiaeo pinoo

i3

267

428

514

207

324

428Caian ia an?e ieiu?

oaeoe/iee

iei.i3

9,40

2,65

0,33

7,92

3,33

0,59ca iipiaoeaiiiei.i35,692,820,675,593,400,73Oaeoe/i?
aopaoeiei.i3+3,71-0,17-0,34+2,33-0,07-0,14%65,26,050,741,72,119,2Aeoaia?
Caian ia 1 aai3191188180187221207Caian ia 1 aa ca oaaeeoeyie oiaeo pinoo

i3

177

310

375

177

280

336Caian ia an?e ieiu?

oaeoe/iee

iei.i3

2,84

0,

0,18

2,49

0,53

0,29ca iipiaoeaiiiei.i32,000,280,3371,660,7280,437Oaeoe/i?
aopaoeiei.i3+0,84-0,13-0,7+0,83-0,198-0,147%42,046,446,650,027,233,6Aapa
cia?Caian ia 1 aai3121167200126180Caian ia 1 aa ca oaaeeoeyie oiaeo
pinoo

i3

1

9

233

1

9

233Caian ia an?e ieiu?

oaeoe/iee

iei.i3

0,34

0,10

0,06

1,13

0,18

ca iipiaoeaiiiei.i30,320,0950,071,040,160,023Oaeoe/i?
aopaoeiei.i3+0,02+0,005-0,01+0,09+0,02%6,35,314,38,712,5

iniiaieo e?niooaipthth/eo iip?ae. Oaeei /eiii, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
ipiaeoeoeaiino? e?n?a ? ca?eueoaiiy a?aeaea/? c eiaeiiai aaeoapa caiaeue
e?niaiai oiiaeo iiop?aii, c opaooaaiiyi i?noeaaeo ipepiaeii-aeiiii?/ieo
oiia, aeeiiaoe eiiieaen caoiae?a, aecia/eoe ianyae e oapi?ie aeeiiaiiy
pia?o c paeiinopoeoe??, anoaiiaeoe ?o aoaeoeai?noue, yea ciaeaea nai?
a?aeiapaaeaiiy a ci?i? ieiu ianaaeaeaiue oa ?o iipiaeiiai neeaaeo,
ca?eueoaii? napaaeiueiai ipepinoo ? caiano.

?icpaooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aipiaaaeaeaiiy paeiinopoeoeaieo
caoiae?a aeeiiaii ca ianooiiith oipioeith:

wmetafile8? ??.???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ??n?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-????? AE??? > ??? ‰ ???
???uAy??????aea NPV – /enoa oaiap?oiy aapo?noue;

R – iaaeoiaeaeaiiy;

C – aeopaoe;

t – iap?iae picpaooieo;

n – p?e iap?iaeo picpaooieo;

i – noaaea aeeneiiooaaiiy.

Aeaipeoi picpaooieo aaco?oueny ia aeeipenoaii? iaoiaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy.
A?i aeicaiey? iip?aiyoe an? aeopaoe ? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, ui ooaipeeeny, ca
oiiae ipeaaaeaiiy ?o aei ii/aoeiaiai iap?iaeo iaipioa poaee. ?ioeie
neiaaie, iiaeia aecia/eoe aea?aaeaioio aaee/eio an?o ianooiieo aeopao ?
iaaeoiaeaeaiue, yeui ipeaanoe ?o aei aaciaiai iap?iaeo. Ca aaciaee
iap?iae ie ipeeia?ii 1998 p?e.

Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui a iapoee p?e paae?caoe?? ipiaeoo, eiee apioia?
iioiee ia aeeneiioothoueny, iiop?aii ipiaanoe ianooii? caoiaee: aepoaea
aeapaainoai?a, naaeaeaiiy e?niaeo eoeueoop, paae?caoe?y caaioiaeaii?
aeapaaeie.

Ipiaeeneiiooaaaoe iaeaooi? apioia? iioiee (ye aeopaoe, oae ?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy), ie iopeiaee /enoo oaiap?oith aai ipeaaaeaio aapo?noue
ipiaeoo iepaii ii eiaei?e iipiae?, yea neeaea:

a) ii nini? – 364,05 iei. api.;

a) ii aeoao – 175,58 iei. api.;

a) ii aapac? – 13,90 iei. api.;

a) ii a?euen? – 16,39 iei. api.;

ae) ii ineoe? – 0,95 iei. api.

*enoa ipeaaaeaia aapo?noue anueiai ipiaeoo (ca an?ia iipiaeaie) neeaea
570,87 iei. api.

?icpaooiie aioop?oiuei? iipie ieoiiino? ipiaeoa iieacaa, ui a?i ieoiiee
ca aoaeue-yei? noaaee. Oiaoi ia ipioyc? anueiai aepiaie/iai oeeeeo noia
aeeneiioiaaieo aeopao aoaea iaioith, i?ae noia aeeneiioiaaieo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue. Oaea neooaoe?y aeinyaa?oueny ca paooiie oiai, ui ie
aeeth/eee a neeaaeia? ipiaeoo apioia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae paae?caoe??
aepoaaii? ia ii/aoeo ipiaeoo aeapaaeie.

sseui ia aeeth/aoe a neeaaeia? ipiaeoo apioia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae
paae?caoe?? aeapaaeie, ui aepinea pai?oa, oi noia aeeneiioiaaieo aeopao
ca aeueo aeeneiioieo noaaie iiaea aooe a?eueoith, i?ae aeeneiioiaai?
apioia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae paae?caoe?? e?ioeaai? ipiaeoeoe??. Oiaoi
ipiaeo aoa ae a?eueo ieoiiei, /ei iaioith aoea a noaaea. Ipioa
ca?eueoeoe ianyae apioiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue iiaeia ua aei e?ioey iaipioa
poaee, iopeiaaoe ipii?aeio e?niipiaeoeoe?th aeey paae?caoe?? ia peieo.
Oea iiaea ?noioii aieeiooe ia e?ioeaao ipeaooeia?noue ipiaeoo ii
aepiuoaaiith aeapaaeie.

7. Ia?ai???ioaoe?y iie?oeee ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i? ?, cie?aia,
cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a uiaei ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo
?ano?n?a iaiiaeeea? aac ?ic?iaee no/anii? eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo e?niaiai
eiiieaeno e?a?ie. Iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy oe??? eiioeaioe??,
ui caaacia/othoue ?aae?caoe?th i?iaeai ? noai?ththoue oiiae
aini?ic?aooieiaino?, ai?uothoue: i?eioeeie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?ee (i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee iaoiae i?aai?caoe?? ?ia?o /e eiai
iiaeeo?eaoe?y i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaiiai oi?aae?iiy), i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy (anioe?aoe?ei?noue oi?aae?iiy e?niainiiaea?nueeith
ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoa, eiiieaeni?noue i?aai?caoe?? ?ia?o, ?iciiae?e
aaeocaaeo ooieoe?e i?ae aea?aeaaieie oi?aae?inueeeie no?oeoo?aie),
?icaeoie o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie ? oe?iiooai?aiiy (aeae iiaeaoeo oa
caaaeueia noaaea, paaoethaaiiy noaaie ca aeaeaie ei?enooaaiiy ?ano?naie
e?no, eiiiainaoe?? ca caaaeaio e?nai oeiaeo, eaaeano?iaa ioe?iea e?n?a ?
e?niaeo caiaeue), eiiieaene iaoiae?a i?aaiaiai, aeiiii?/iiai oa
oaoiieia?/iiai (e?n?aie/iai) caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

I?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy, yea aeeth/a? E?niaee eiaeaen, I?aaeea ?oaie
aieiaiiai ei?enooaaiiy a e?nao Oe?a?ie, I?aaeea ?oaie, iia’ycaieo c
aaaeaiiyi e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa, oa ?ioeo ?oaie; ?ino?oeoe?th i?i
ii?yaeie aaaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai e?niaiai eaaeano?o ? ia?aeiiiai iae?eo
e?n?a, ne?ae aeiii?aoethaaoe c ip??ioaoe??th ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo. Ci?ie a oeeo aeieoiaioao iiaeii? iaaeaaaoe i?aai
i?iaiaeeoe aieiai? ?oaee a on?o noeaeeo aea?aainoaiao i?e aeinyaiaii?
iaaiiai aeaeo noeaeino? c aeei?enoaiiyi iinooiiaeo ? aaaaoii?eeiiieo
aeae?a ?oaie. A oe?eiio aaaeaiiy an?o ?ia?o e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa
iiaeiii aeeth/aoe i?ia?aneai? (na?oia?) iai?yie: ca i?e?inoii aea?aaeie
? eeanaie a?eo.

Eiiieaen aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a aeeth/a? ?aaoeueiaaia a?ioiai-e?aaeeoia
caaacia/aiiy (a?aeno?i/ea aeieaoe iicee, noaneaeoaaiiy /anoeie aeo?ao ca
aeei?enoaiiy e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a, iaaeaiiy aa?aio?e aeey a?aeno?i/ee
aeieaoe iicee); ?eieiaa oe?iiooai?aiiy oa iiaeaoeiao nenoaio
(i?ia?aneaiee iiaeaoie ia e?niao aa?o?noue i?e??no, ieaoa ca ?ano?ne oa
iineoae e?no); ?aaoeueiaai? ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie (iaaeaiiy a i?aiaeo
iaoei ? onoaoeoaaiiy, ui ia?aaoaathoue o aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? ia
i?eueaiaeo oiiaao; noaneaeoaaiiy /anoeie aeo?ao ia i?aiaeo iaoei ?
onoaoeoaaiiy, ui cae?enith?oueny ia ?eieiaeo canaaeao).

Eiiieaen oaoiieia?/ieo (e?n?aie/eo) iaoiae?a aeeth/a? anoaiiaeaiiy
i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa (aaaaoioe?eueiaa
e?niae?iuoaaiiy, iioei?caoe?y ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo
?ano?n?a), iioei?caoe?th aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aieo i?aeoiae?a, iaoiae?a ? aaaeae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy
ia? caaacia/eoe aaaeaiiy e?niainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca i?e?inoii
? eeanaie a?eo, ai aiii niiioeaoeia aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aini?ic?aooieo a
e?niaa ainiiaea?noai, aei oi?ioaaiiy i?eaooeo aeey ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa
oa oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ? i?noeaaiai athaeaeao?a.

8. Iaia’yceiaei aeaiaioii eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo e?niaiai eiiieaeno ?
iaa?? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio iieaciee?a aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, yea aaco?oueny ia
caaaeueieo iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiiyo c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? i?e?iaee
cao?ao o e?niaiio ainiiaea?noa? (?en. 2). Oaeee i?aeo?ae iaaeanoue
iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaoe oaiie ? i?iii?oe?? ?icaeoeo aaeoc? o
caaaeueiiio i?ioean? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy. A oe?eiio nenoaia
iieaciee?a i???ioo? ie?ai? i?aei?e?inoaa ? e?niaee eiiieaen caaaeii ia
aeeiiaiiy iniiaiiai caaaeaiiy – ae?iaieoeoai eiie?aoieo niiaeea/eo ?
iaiao?aeieo aa?oinoae aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa noni?euenoaa c ioe?ieith
ae?yeueiino? iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaiai caaacia/aiiy, aeiiii?? iaoa??aeueieo
? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

9. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?niaiai eiiieaeno ni?yiiaaii ia caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa
a i?iaeoeoe?? c aea?aaeie, a a ca’yceo c aeooaeuei?noth aeieia?caoe??
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? oa i??i?eoaoiei cia/aiiyi e?no a
?ica’ycaii? oe??? i?iaeaie – ? ia ca?eueoaiiy oi?eaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
aieeao e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue ia nioe?aeuei? oa aeieia?/i? iieacieee
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa. Oiio i?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino?
ainiiaea?nueeeo caoiae?a ia??ai? c aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie iio??aii
a?aoiaoaaoe aeieia?/i? ? nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo aa??aio?a oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo
e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa iaiao?aeii ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ?ioaa?aeueiee aoaeo a?ae
aeei?enoaiiy an?o ei?enieo ooieoe?e e?no ? eiai ?ano?nieo iiaeeeainoae.

Aea?aaeaioii ii??aiyiiy iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue an?o ooieoe?e e?no ?
iioei?caoe?y a?aeaoi?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a ia canaaeao aaaaoioe?eueiaiai
e?niae?iuoaaiiy c i???ioaoe??th ia iaeneioi i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aea?aainoai?a ca iai?io ?oaee ? noia?ii? ei?eniino? aieeao ia iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua. C iiceoe?e eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo e?eoa??e iioei?caoe??
iiaea ioioiaeithaaoenue c noia?iith, ?ioaa?aeueiith ei?eni?noth e?no.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue ?ioaa?aeueiiai aoaeoo ?icoe?aiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a. Iniaeea?noue oe??? iiaeae? iieyaa?
o oiio, ui aei ?? neeaaeo aaaaeai? iapaiaope o aeaeyae? eiao?oe??io?a,
ye? iineeththoue aai iineaaeththoue o?ce/ia aeeipenoaiiy ipiaeoeoe??
e?niainiiaeapnueeiai aepiaieoeoaa aeey ?? a?aeiia?aeiino? iiopaaai oa
caaeiaieaiiy iath iiieoo ia aeapaai? panopne ? iineoae e?no c oi/ee cipo
noni?euenoaa caaaeii, oiaoi c opaooaaiiyi aeieia?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai
aoaeoo.

10. ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a aoiaeeoue, c iaeiiai
aieo, aei neeaaeo nenoaie aaeocaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oeeo
?ano?n?a ? ?o niiaeeaaiiy, a c ?ioiai – aei ?aeeii? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii?
nenoaie

?en. 2 No?oeoo?a nenoaie iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?icoe?aiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a

18

?aaoethaaiiy i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy. O ca`yceo c oeei iaapoioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue picpiaee aeiaainopieiai? ipiapaie a?aeoaipaiiy e?niaeo
panopn?a (AeIAE?) ye neeaaeiai? an??? nenoaie ieai?a aeiiii?/iiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai picaeoeo epa?ie. Nooue neeaaeaiiy oaeeo aeiaainopieiaeo
ipiapai iieyaa? a iaiao?aeiino? caaacia/aiiy aeeiai?/iiai caaeainoaaiiy
aepiaieoeoa, iia`ycaieo c e?nii, oa aaciapapaii cpinoath/eo iiopaa
noni?euenoaa a p?cieo ipiaeoeoao ? eipeniinoyo e?no ca aeiiiiiaith
ipiaaaeaiiy eiiieaeno caoiae?a(nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, oaoi?/ieo,
ipaai?caoe?eieo ? o.ae.). A aeiiii?/iiio a?aeiioaii? oe? ipiapaie
iiaeaeththoue ipioean picoepaiiai a?aeoaipaiiy e?ninepiaeiieo panopn?a
ia p?cieo p?aiyo oeaiopae?ciaaiiai eiai paaoethaaiiy. Ca?aene aeieeaa?
ipecia/aiiy AeIAE? a nenoai? ieaioaaiiy: aiie ? iniiaiei caniaii
aeiaainopieiaiai ipiaiicoaaiiy aeey aeaipo iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo
aap?aio?a picaeoeo ? pici?uaiiy aepiaieoeoa, iia`ycaieo c aeeipenoaiiyi
panopn?a e?no.

AENIIAEE

1. Cia/ou?noue e?niaiai eiiieaeno a oiiaao aeieia?/ii? e?ece ?
naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie nooo?ai c?inea o ca’yceo c? caeaoi?noth e?n?a
?aaaia?oaaoeiioeiaeueiee noai eiiiiiaio?a na?aaeiaeua (a?oio?a, aiaee,
iia?o?y) oa caaeiaieueiyoe iio?aao a aea?aaei?, i?iaeoeoe?? ia aea?aai?e
iniia? oa iineoaao e?no. Ca ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a aaeocue ia aoea
ci???ioiaaia ia iaeneiaeueia caaacia/aiiy iio?aae ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ca ?aooiie aeanieo e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, ine?eueee
iiiaae 60 a?aenioe?a iio?aae a aea?aaei? iie?eaaeinue ?iii?oieie
iinoaaeaie (ia?aaaaeii ?c ?in??). Ca?ac aea ca oae? iinoaaee iio??aii
?ic?aoiaoaaoenue ca na?oiaeie oe?iaie, ui niiioea? iaoeiaoe?a ?
ae?iaie/iee?a aei iiooeo aioo??oi?o ?aca?a?a a?aeoai?aiiy oa
ei?enooaaiiy aea?aaieie ?ano?naie.

2. Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?niaiai ainiiaeapnoaa
aecia/aia iaoa ainiiaeapthaaiiy, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue aeieopeia ipi
e?n ye eai?oae, yeee ni?iiiaeiee noai?thaaoe aeiaeaoeiao (niiaeea/o)
aa?o?noue: caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo aea?aeaae ? an?o a?iiaaeyi ia
e?nine?iaeii? ?ano?ne, i?iaeoeoe?th ia aea?aai?e iniia? oa iineoae e?no
(aeieia?/i?, eoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/?, iaoeiai-aeine?aei?) a iniiaiiio ca
?aooiie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

3. Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c noaio e?niainiiaea?nueeiai ? e?nii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoa, ?icaeyioo? aniaeoe ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
na?ae/aoue i?i ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy e?nenoino? oa?eoi???, io?eiaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a ca ?aooiie a?aeoai?aiiy e?n?a,
ia?ai???ioaoe?? aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa a caoenieo e?nao ca
i?iieneiai-aenieoaoaoe?eiei oeiii, i?aai?caoe?? ieaioaoe?eiiai
e?niae?iuoaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? e?n?a, iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
a?iiane e?nin?/iiai oiiaeo, aeiiii?? aea?aaeie a i?ioean? i?iieneiai?
ia?a?iaee.

4. Aeey oni?oiiai canoinoaaiiy peieiaeo iaoai?ci?a o e?niaiio
ainiiaeapnoa? ne?ae aipiaaaeeoe ipeioeeie eiioeaioe??, a ye?e e?ioeaaei
?acoeueoaoii ae?iaieoeoaa iaa?oioiao?oueny iioi/iee i?e??no aea?aaeie,
yeee i?aeeyaa? iae?eo ? aa?o?ni?e ioe?ioe?. Oea aeicaieeoue anoaiiaeoe
/?oe? ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ianyae ei?enooaaiiy aeapaaieie panopnaie.
Aieiaia ei?enooaaiiy e?nii aoaea aecia/aoenue ia ye na?aaeiy e?nin?ea ia
iniia? ia?oi? ? ae?oai? a?eiaeo, ?ioaa?aeueii?, ca noeae?noth ? ca
noaiii, a aeoiaey/e c i?e?inoo aea?aainoai?a oa ii?iaoea?a eiai
aeei?enoaiiy.

5. O no/anieo oiiaao cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a uiaei picoepaiiai a?aeoaipaiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a iaiiaeeeaa aac picpiaee iiai? eiioeaioe??
?icaeoeo e?niaiai eiiieaeno e?a?ie. Oey eiioeaioe?y aeeth/a? eiiieaene
iaoiae?a i?aaiaiai, aeiiii?/iiai oa oaoiieia?/iiai (e?n?aie/iai)
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

6. ?aae?caoe?y ipiaeoa ii aepiuoaaiith aeapaaeie aeicaiey? iaapoiooaaoe
iaiao?aei?noue aaaaoioe?eueiaiai e?niaepiuoaaiiy, ioe?iaiiai ca
aeiiiiiaith caipiiiiiaaiiai a aeenapoaoe?? ?ioaapaeueiiai aoaeoo. Aiia
aea? ciiao aeinyaoe ia eeoa naiiieoiiino? ipiaeoo, ye aeiiii?/ii?
neeaaeiai? ?ioaapaeueiiai aoaeoo, a e caaacia/eoe oni?oia aeeiiaiiy
e?nii aeieia?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e, ui a?aeiapaaeaii aeieia?/iith
? nioe?aeueiith neeaaeiaeie ?ioaapaeueiiai aoaeoo.

7. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaiao?aeii ia?aaeyiooe iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai ? aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?nii-ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo e?niaiai eiiieaeno; aecia/eoe
noeoii?noue oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ainiiaeapthth/eo noa`?eo?a ia aoai? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo, ?o
i??i?eoaoi?noue o caaacia/aii? iniiaieo ia?niaeoeaieo caaaeaiue ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

8. Aeey caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a ianooaaao
e?a?ie iio??aii aoaea ?ic?iaeoe caaaeueiiaea?aeaaio aeiaaino?ieiao
eiiieaenio i?ia?aio ioi?iie, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa
a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a. Ca iniiao oaei? i?ia?aie o?aaa
i?eeiyoe nenoaio aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo iiaeaeae iioeiaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean?a i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? iiaeae?
aeei?enoaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a. Ca oaeiai i?aeoiaeo
?ica’ycothoueny aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aaeoc?: a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aeo?ao ia
i?inoa e ?icoe?aia a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a
e?niainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? c iiceoe?? caaeainoaaiiy iiieoo ?
i?iiiceoe??, oa’ycea e?niei?enooaaiiy c e?niae?iuoaaiiyi, oiaoi, ?ioeie
neiaaie, aanue eiiieaen ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy e?naie noiniaii aei oiia
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. C’yaey?oueny ?aaeueia iiaeeea?noue “aaaaeaiiy” noa?e
a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a o oe?e?nio nenoaio ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue

1. Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. Iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ioaineaiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a// Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i?. – E.: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo, 1996. – Aei.
2. – N. 210-214.

2. Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. Iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy
ne?iaeiieo (aea?aaieo) ?ano?n?a // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i?. – E.: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo, 1997. – Aei.
3. – N. 163-168.

3. Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a // ?aa?iiaeuei? ia?niaeoeae. – 1998. – ?2 (3).–
N. 58-60.

4. Aey/aiei ss.ss., Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa a aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a //
Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie. –1997. – ?9. – N. 68-73.

5. Iioaioe?ae a?aeoai?thaaieo i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a: aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy, ia?niaeoeae caaeainoaaiiy iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? (ia
i?eeeaae? e?niiaoa??ae?a) /ss.ss. Aey/aiei, ?.I. Aeieeiaoeue, I.I.
Iieyeia, N.A. ?icaiae, ?.?. Oaeei; IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. – E.,
1997. – 140 n. – Oe?. – Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 23.02.98, ?119 – Oe 98 //
Aiio. a a?ae?ia?ao. iieaae/. EIEII ?AI “Aeaiiie?iaaiiua iao/iua paaiou”,
– 1998, ? 4 (316), ? a/i 45.

6. Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. Iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy
aea?aaieo ?ano?n?a // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? tha?eaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “E?n?aie/a iaoea oa ina?oa: noai oa
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo”. – E., 1997. – N. 45-46.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeieeiaoeue ?.I. ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy ne?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a ?aa?iio
(ia i?eeeaae? aea?aaii? ne?iaeie). ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 – I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith. – Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, iaoai?ciai eiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?e ia?aoiae? aei
?eieiaeo iaoiae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c noaio
e?nine?iaeiii? aace Oe?a?ie oa AI “Ee?ae?n”, yeee aeicaieea aeyaeoe
?aca?ae ca?eueoaiiy ne?iaeiii? aace. Eeaneo?eiaaii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii
eiioeaioe?? aecia/aiiy i?iaeoeoe?? e?niainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy
e?nine?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, yea aaco?oueny ia ?ic?aooieo ?ioaa?aeueiiai
aoaeoo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy an?o ei?enieo ooieoe?e e?no oa eiai ?ano?nieo
iiaeeeainoae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?icoe?aia a?aeoai?aiiy, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy,
ainiiaea?nueeee iaoai?ci, e?nine?iaeii? ?ano?ne, aoaeoeai?noue,
?ioaa?aeueiee aoaeo.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeieeiaoe E.I. ?aaoee?iaaiea aini?iecaiaenoaa nu?ueaauo ?ano?nia ?aaeiia
(ia i?eia?a ae?aaaniiai nu?uey). ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 – I?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey, ieaie?iaaiey e
?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieeie. – Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee yeiiiie/aneee
einoeooo Ieienoa?noaa yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?anoepaiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa
eani-nu?ueaauo ?ano?nia, iaoaieciai aai ?aaoee?iaaiey i?e ia?aoiaea e
?uii/iui iaoiaeai oicyenoaiaaiey. I?iaaaeai aeaoaeueiue aiaeec ninoiyiey
eaninu?ueaaie aacu Oe?aeiu e II “Eeaaean”, eioi?ue iicaieee auyaeoue
?aca?au oaaee/aiey nu?ueaaie aacu. Eeanneoeoee?iaaiu e nenoaiaoece?iaaiu
eiioeaioeee ii?aaeaeaiey i?iaeoeoeee eanioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa.
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?anoe?aiiiai
aini?iecaiaenoaa eaninu?ueaauo ?ano?nia, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia ?an/aoa
eioaa?aeueiiai yooaeoa eniieueciaaiey anao iieaciuo ooieoeee eana e aai
?ano?niuo aiciiaeiinoae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?anoe?aiiia aini?iecaiaenoai, ainoaea?noaaiiia
?aaoee?iaaiea, oicyenoaaiiue iaoaieci, eaninu?ueaaua ?ano?nu,
yooaeoeaiinoue, eioaa?aeueiue yooaeo.

ABSTRACT

Dolynets’ I.M. Region’s raw materials resources reproduction regulation
(on the example of timber resources). Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in economics by speciality 08.02.03 —
Organization of management, planning and regulation of the economy. —
Institute for economic research under the Ministry of Economics of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to issues of timber resources extended
reproduction regulation system formation for the transition to market
management methods.

An importance of forestry essentially grew up with forests ability to
renew environment components (soils, water, air) optimal conditions and
to meet requirements in timber resources and forest services within
ecological crisis under Ukraine’s independence.

Traditionally in the past our country satisfied a demand for timber
produced inside only by one third, and the rest of timber was delivered
from other republics of former Soviet Union for granted. Now such
deliveries require settlements by world prices and lifting the
production level up to volumes of 1990 with old tendencies of demand
satisfaction being unchanged will face our state to buy almost 22 mln.
m3 of timber resources annually.

The aim of forestry management was determined on the basis of
forest-as-capital doctrine which can create a supplementary consuming
value in order to satisfy forestry effective functioning, concerning
society’s demand for timber resources, timber-based goods and forest
services satisfaction mainly by own production.

The forestry and timber industry economic situation analysis,
intensification of extended reproduction considered aspects proved the
increasing potential existance of territory timber reserves and receipt
of supplementary timber resources by means of forestry reproduction,
management in protective forests reorientation on
industrially-operational base, plantational growing of timber
organization by means of forest productivity increasing, bioweight
timber fund complete use, timber effective utilization during industrial
processing.

Successful application of market mechanisms in forestry requires
implementation of concept principles in which current timber additional
growth is taken for final forestry product, as a subject of accounting
and valuation. This conception can be applied for both separate
production units irrespective of their structural homogeneity and for
economy sector as a whole. It is mostly corresponds to market
management methods, because of the most full finished good description,
allowing optimal supply and concrete consumers demand determination.

The concept of forestry development has been worked up in order to
arrange extended reproduction of timber resources. It includes not only
technological methods of production intensification but also reforming
of normatively-legal insurance, economic methods of timber base
increasing regulation and progressive world directions: forestry
management by aditional timber growth and age classes with targeted
indexes acheivment.

The calculation of reorganization economic efficiency is based on
discounting method. It allows to compute net present (starting rotation
cut period) value (NPV) of the project, comparing all revenues and
expenditures in time. The calculation of timber growing project internal
rate of return (IRR) proved its profitability with any discount rate,
that is throughover the production cycle the sum of discounted
expenditures will be less than the sum of discounted revenues. This is
due to the including to production cycle revenues from existing timber
cut at the beginning of the project.

The parameters system has been worked up for timber resources extended
reproduction efficieny defenition, based on general methodical
principles including expenditures economic nature in forestry. Such
approach will allow to regulate effectively rates and ratios branch
development in the general process of the extended reproduction. The
system orients specific enterprises and forestry in general at main task
fulfilment — production of concrete consuming and necessary values for
society’s needs satisfaction.

Forestry functioning is aimed at timber goods needs satisfaction and
because of ecologizational actuality of economic activities and forest
priority in this problem solution — at forest unique opportunities
concerning social and ecological vitality parametres increasing. That is
why economic measures efficiency evaluation together with economic
parametres, should be provided with ecological and social ones.

Forest resources reproduction optimization based on multi-purpose timber
growing, oriented at maximal forest productivity in rotation cut and
total utility of influence on environment is an equivavalent of all
forest functions optimal values comparison. Optimizational criterion can
be an equivalent of total integrated forest utility from the point of
complex approach. Thus the timber resources extended reproduction model
of integrated effect has been worked out. The parametres were included
to the model as ratios reflecting ecological and social value of
forestry goods and services.

Key words: extended reproduction, state regulation, economic mechanism,
timber resources, efficiency, integrated effect.

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