Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

EOOIEE Aiaaeai Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 697.34-533.66

?AAOETHAAIIss A?AeIONEO OAIEIOE A OeAIO?AE?CIAAIEO NENOAIAO
OAIEIIINOA*AIIss A IA??IAe “C??CEE” OAIIA?AOO?IIAI A?AO?EA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.23.03 aaioeeyoe?y,

ina?oeaiiy oa oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy.

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iieoaanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa. eaoaae?e OAA
No?ie Aiaoie?e Oaaei?iae/, Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?ne-oao ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
?ioi?iaoeee Noiyiia Oae?en Aiaoie?eiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, iii?/iee aaia?aeueiiai aee?aeoi?a c
oaoi?/ieo ieoaiue ?oneaiia Aai?a?e Aaea???ae/, iaeania ae?iaie/a
ia’?aeiaiiy “Oa?e?aoaieiaia?ai”.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
oaieioieiaeiiinoa/aiiy.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 12” eenoiiaaea 1999?.

ia 11-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
64.056.03

i?e Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa

a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ca aae?anith: 310002,

i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 40, o. 40-29-20.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 9 ” aeiaoiy 1999?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.?.Eieioeei.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeiiiii? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?nia
o nenoaiao oeaio?aeiciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy.

sse i?aaeei, oeaio?aeiciaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe a
nenoaiao oaieiiinoa/aiiy caeienith?oueny caiaeii c iiaethaaeueiei
a?aoieii i i?i?ioo?oueny ia iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?ii i?eiiuaiiy oa iaaiee
oei iiaethaaeueieo i?eeaaeia. Cia/io /anoeio iiaethaaeueiiai naciio
(aei 3035%) nenoaia aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy iaeeaaea? iaiaaeaiiy ia
iiiiiaeueio oaiia?aoo?o oaieiiiniy. A oeae ia?iiae ?aaoethaaiiy
aiaeioneo oaieioe iiaeiii caeienithaaoeny a oeaio?aeueieo (OeOI) oa
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo (IOI) oaieiaeo ioieoao. Aiaeiii, ui ?aaoethaaiiy
iiaethaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a OeOI aea? 510%, a a IOI 1520% aeiiiii?
?i/ieo aeo?ao oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy. I?aeoeea aenieoaoaoei?
oeaio?aeiciaaieo nenoai oaieiiinoa/aiiy iieaco?, ui aiaeiii noaie
?aaoethaaiiy a oaieiaeo ioieoao, ye i?aaeei, aai ia canoiniaothoueny,
aai ia i?aoeththoue.

Iaaeineiiaeinoue iaoiaeia ? caniaia iinoeaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/ieo ia?aaeo?ao oaieioe oa ii?ooaiiy
naiioa?ii-aiai?ii/ieo ii?i a iiaethaaieo i?eiiuaiiyo.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. A oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?nia
e?a?ie iniaeeai? aeooaeueiinoi iaaoaa? aeiiiii/iinoue oeaio?aeiciaaiiai
oaieiiinoa/aiiy, yea niiaeeaa? aeecueei 30% ia?aeiieo aia?aiiini?a.
Iaeaieueo ia?niaeoeaiei iaoiaeii iaea?aeaiiy aeiiiii?
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?nia o oeaio?aeiciaaieo nenoaiao
oaieiiinoa/aiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeia oa caniaia ?aaoethaaiiy
aiaeioneo oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy a iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo oaieiaeo ioieoao.

Aiaeiii noaie ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
oaieiaeo ioieoao ia iaaoee cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a i?aeoeoei
oeaio?aeiciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy. Iaeieie c aieiaieo i?e/ei oeueiai
? ?o iecueea iaaeieiinoue ? aiaenooiinoue aiae/ooiiai aeiiiii/iiai
aoaeoo a oiiaao iaiiaii? aai iiaoaiii? aaoiiaoecaoei? oaieiaeo ia?aae.
Naia oiio caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei ?ic?iaea i?inoeo, iaaeieieo oa
aeiiiii/ii aoaeoeaieo noai ?aaoethaaiiy iiaethaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy,
yei iiaeiii a?aoiaoaaoe no?oeoo?ii iniaeeainoi nenoaie oaieiiinoa/aiiy.

Iioei aaaeeeaei /eiieeii, ui cieaeo? aoaeoeaiinoue ?aaoethaaiiy
aiaeioneo oaieioe a nenoaiao iiaeaiiy, ? iaaeineiiaeinoue iaoiaeia
?aaoethaaiiy. A ca’yceo c iiyaith no/anieo ?aaoeyoi?ia c
iie?ii?ioeani?iei ea?oaaiiyi, iniaeeai? aeooaeueiinoi iaaoaa?
canoi-noaaiiy aeey oi?aaeiiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii iiaethaaieo
aoaeiaaeue aieueo oi/ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa iaoiaeia ?aaoethaaiiy.
A?aooaaiiy oaieiaeoioethth/i? ?iiinoi ie?aieo eiino?oeoeie aoaeiaei,
oaieioice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie iiaeaiiy ? ?iciiaeieo oaieiaeo
iioieia ia eiiaaeoeaio oa i?iiaiaao neeaaeiai aeicaiey? noai?eoe
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea c aenieith oi/iinoth aoaea aiaeoai?thaaoe
oaieiai i?ioeane a iiaethaaiie aoaeiaei.

Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a iie?ioaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai ?aaeeio oaieiaeo ia?aae ?
ia?ao?ae ia i?aeaeuaiee oaiia?aoo?iee a?ao?e ?aaoethaaiiy c iaeii/aniith
?aeiino?oeoe??th OeOI. Aeey iaaoiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
?aeiino?oeoe?? OeOI iaiao?aeii i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea aeiaiaeo eieeaaiue
aiaeia?aeai?o a nenoai? aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei
iiaethaaieo aoaeeie?a. Oaeee aiae?c iiaeeeaee eeoa i?e iayaiino?
aeinoaoiuei oi/ii? iiaeae? ianoaoe?iia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a iiaethaaii?
aoae?ae?.

?ic?iaea iiaeo noai i?noeaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe ?acii c
oaeineiiaeaiiyi iaoiaeia ?aaoethaaiiy aeanoue iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoe
aeiiiii/io aoaeoeaiinoue oeaio?aeiciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy, iie?ioeoe
aiae?aaei/iee ?aaeei oaieiaeo ia?aae oa oaieiaee ?aaeei iiaethaaieo
aoaeeieia.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie

Oaiaoeea aeena?oaoe?ei? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aea? aieiaiei canaaeai
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee o noa?? aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, ye? aeeeaaeai? a “Caeii?
Oe?a?ie i?i aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy” ?283 a?ae 26 eeiiy 1994?.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iiaeaeueoe aoaeoeaiinoue aeei?enoaiiy oaieioe a nenoaiao
iiaeaiiy aeeoeiaeo oa aaeiiiino?aoeaieo aoaeeieia oeaio?aeiciaaieo
nenoai oaieiiinoa/aiiy a ia?iiae «c?icee» iiaethaaeueiiai a?aoiea
oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeia ? noai ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?ao oaieioe a
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oaieiaeo ioieoao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oei?? iaoe aoee iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiaeicoaaoe iaaeieiee inioth/eo noai oa iaoiaeia ?aaoethaaiiy
aiaeioneo oaieioe a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oaieiaeo ioieoao ? aeyaeoe oeyoe
?o oaeineiiaeaiiy.

2. ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeiiiy
ianoaoeiiia?iei oaieiaei ?aaeeiii iiaethaaieo aoae?aaeue, i?i?ioiaaio
ia aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo ?aaoeyoi?ao c iie?ii?ioeani?iei ea?oaaiiyi.
I?iaanoe eaai?aoi?ii e iaoo?ii aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy aeey
ioeiiee ei?aeoiinoi noai?aii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei.

3. Cai?iiiioaaoe iiao, i?inoo oa iaaeieio noaio ?aaoethaaiiy
iiaethaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a IOI, yea ia iio?aao? inoioii?
?aeiino?oeoei? aocea aaiaeo e oiiaeeeaeth? iaea?aeaiiy aeiiii?? oaieioe
a oiiaao /anoeiai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaieiaeo ia?aae.

4. Onoaiiaeoe iaaei canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie IOI, ioeiieoe
oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei iiaethaaii? aoaeiaei oa ?aaeei ?iaioe ?aaoeyoi?a
i?e canoinoaaii? cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie ?OI.

5. Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ic?iaeaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, ioeiieoe aieea
ia?iaiiii?iinoi aiaeiaiaeai?o a nenoaii aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia
oaieiaee ?aaeei iiaethaaieo aoaeeieia i?e ?aeiino?oeoei? OeOI.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ianoaoeiiia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeeiia
iiaethaaii? aoaeiaei, c ie?aiei o?aooaaiiyi oaieiaeoioethth/i? ?iiinoi
ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie, aioo?ioiueiai
iiaio?y, aiaeyii? nenoaie iiaeaiiy oa ?iciiaeieii oaieiaeo iioieia ia
eiiaaeoeaio e i?iiaiaao neeaaeiai.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo
oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy a IOI, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia i?iaiicoaaii?
oaiia?aoo?e aioo?ioiueiai iiaio?y iiaethaaiiai aoaeeieo ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?.

3. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae oeeo?iai-aiaeioe/iiai ?ioaiiy
caaea/i oi?aaeiiiy ianoaoeiiia?iei oaieiaei ?aaeeiii i?eiiuaiue i?e
aeaioiiceoeieiiio ?aaoethaaiii, yeee aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe aenieo
oi/i?noue oa oaeaeeinoue ?ic?aooieo ?aaoethth/iai aieeao ia AII.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe

1. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa noaia aeaaaoi?iiai IOI ?c aeaioiiceoeieiei
?aaoeyoi?ii (iaoaio ?UA13928A), ?iaioa yei? i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia
aiae?aaei/iee ?aaeei oaieiaeo ia?aae ? aea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe
aeiiii?th oaieioe, i?yii i?iii?oe?eio e?eueeino? aaoiiaoeciaaieo
oaieiaeo ioieo?a.

2. Noai?aii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio aeey ia/eneaiue ia AII caaea/i
aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy a IOI.

3. Ia iniiai noai?aii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei oaieiaeo ?aaeeiia
iiaethaaieo aoaeiaaeue cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aiaeico aieeao
ia?iaiiii?iinoi niiaeeaaiiy aiaee a nenoaii aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia
oaieiaee ?aaeei iiaethaaieo aoaeiaaeue i?e ia?aaaaeaiii OeOI c
aeainooiaiaai? ciioaii? ia aeainooiaiaao iineiaeiaio noaio aaiieiaiiy
aiaeiiaa?iaa/ia, yeo ai?iaaaeaeaii a oi?aae?ii? Oaieieiioiaia?ai
i.E?aiai/oea a 1995?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a

1. O ?iaio? [3] aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
ianoaoeiiia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeeiia iiaethaaii? aoaeiaei, yea a?aoiao?
oaieiaeoioethth/o ?iiinoue ianeaieo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie,
aioo?ioiueiai na?aaeiaeua, aiaeyii? neoaie iiaeaiiy e ?iciiaeie oaieiaeo
iioieia ia eiiaaeoeaio i i?iiaiaao neeaaeiai.

2. O ?iaio? [4] aaoi?ii caiaoaioiaaia noaia aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
aeaaaoi?iiai oaieiaiai ioieoo c aeaioiiceoe?eiei ?aaoethaaiiyi.

3. O ?iaio? [7] aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
a?ae?aae?/iiai ?aaeeio aeaaaoi?a i?e c?ea? ?iaeaeoe??. Iaaaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Caaaeueii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? oa ??
?acoeueoaoia aeiiiaiaeaeeny e iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo
eiioa?aioeiyo o Iieoaanueeiio oaoii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi a 1993-1998?., o
Oa?eianueeiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e a 1995?., ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? a Euea?anueeiio iie?oaoi?/iiio ?inoeooo? a
1997?.

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca iaoa?iaeaie aeena?oaoei? iaea?aeaii iaeei iaoaio,
iaae?oeiaaii o?noue noaoae ? i’youe oac aeiiiaiaeae ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioeiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ic
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icaeieia, caaaeueieo aeniiaeia, nienea
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 103 iaca oa o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee
ciino ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee ia 118 noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, yeee
iinoeoue 24 iaethiee ? 8 oaaeeoeue.

C I I N O ? I A I O E

O anooii iaaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiinoi oaie aeena?oaoeieii?
?iaioe, ?? ca’cie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, iaoa, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. E??i oiai, o anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a, ieoaiiy ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a, ioae?eaoe??, caaaeueiee ianya ?
no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei aiaeico?oueny no/aniee noai ieoaiiy e
noaaeyoueny caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue.

sse i?aaeei, ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe a oeaio?aeiciaaieo
nenoaiao oaieiiinoa/aiiy caeienith?oueny caiaeii c iiaethaaeueiei
a?aoieii. Aieea nenoaie aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae
ia iueiio ciie «c?icee», aea oaiia?aoo?a oaieiiiniy iinoieia.
Canoinoaaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy iiaethaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a a?oiiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oaieiaeo ioieoao o oeae ia?iiae aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
cia/io aeiiii?th oaieioe.

I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic iieacaa, ui aeiiii?y oaieioe i?e canoinoaaii?
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae o iiaii/ieo
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie iiaea ia?aaeuoaaoe 11% ?i/ieo aeo?ao oaieioe ia
iiaeaiiy. E?ii oiai, ?aaoethaaiiy a IOI aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aeiiiiith
oaieiai? aia?ai? a ?acoeueoaoi a?aooaaiiy iiaooiaeo
oaieiaeaeieaiue, iioieueo?aoei? oa iinieyoei? (i?e iioanaaeiiio
?aaoethaaiii). Caiaeii c iaoeiaeie aeaieie, oaea aeiiiiiy iiaea
aeiaeaoeiai noaiiaeoe aiae 10 aei 15% ?i/ieo aeo?ao oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy.

Cae/aeii, /anoeia niiaeeaa/ia i?e?aeiaii aei iaaino?aeueieo
oaieiaeo ia?aae «iai?yio», iaieiath/e OeOI. O oeueiio ?aci aeiiiiith
oaieioe a ia?aoiaeiee ia?iiae iiaeia iaea?aeaoe eeoa oeyoii
oi?aaeiiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii aoaeeieia a iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo oaieiaeo
ioieoao.

I?iaiaeiciaaii aiaeiii noaie ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe a IOI oa
aeyeaii ?o iaaeieiee. Aieiaiei iaaeie?eii oeeo noai ? iaiiaeeeainoue
io?eiaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? aeiiiii? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?nia i?e
/anoeiaie aai iiaoaiiie aaoiiaoecaoei? oaieiaeo ia?aae. I?e/eiith
oeueiai ? aiae?aaei/ia ?ic?aaoethaaiiy, yea niinoa?iaa?oueny a oaieiaeo
ia?aaeao i?e ciaioaii? aeo?ao oaieiiin?y a aaoiiaoeciaaieo IOI. I?e
caieueoaiii ao?ao oeneo a o?oaii?iaiaeao oaieiai? ia?aaei ii?iaiyii c
nenoaiaie iiaeaiiy aaee/eia aiae?aaei/iiai ?ic?aaoethaaiiy
caieueoo?oueny, a aoaeoeaiinoue canoinoaaiiy aiaeiieo noai IOI
ciaioo?oueny. Ia i?aeoeoei oei iaaeieiee i?ecaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui
aiaeiii noaie ?OI, ye i?aaeei, aai ia canoiniaothoueny, aai ia
i?aoeththoue.

C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui a oiiaao /anoeiai? /e iiaoaiii? aaoiiaoecaoei?
aiaeioneo oaieioe a ?OI iaiaoiaeii noaa?e?coaaoe aeo?aoe oaieiiin?y a
oaieia?e ia?aae?. Oaea aaoiiaoecaoeiy aeicaieeoue io?eioaaoe aeiiii?th
oaieioe, i?yii i?iii?oe?eio e?eueeino? aaoiiaoeciaaieo niiaeeaa/?a.

Aeey ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe a IOI iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny ye
i?iii?oeieia, oae i aeaioiiceoeieia ?aaoethaaiiy. I?e iaeiio /aniai
o?ainii?oiiai caiiciaiiy oa aaeeeie oaieiaeoioethth/ie ?iiinoi ia’?eoa
?aaoethaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny canoiniaoaaoe iaoiae aeaioiiceoeieiiai
?aaoethaaiiy. Eiai ia?aaaaaie ii?iaiyii c i?iii?oeieiei ?: i?inoioa,
ieae/a aa?oinoue, aieueo aeniea iaaeieiinoue, aiaenooiinoue
aiae?aaei/iiai ?ic?aaoethaaiiy a nenoaii iiaeaiiy, cieaeaii aeiiae
aei eaaeioieaoei? ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo. Aei iaaeieieia
aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy cae/aeii aiaeiinyoue iiaeeeainoue
oaieiaiai ?ic?aaoethaaiiy a nenoaii iiaeaiiy i?e /anoeo oaiieiaiiyo
?aaoeyoi?a oa aeaui aieueoo iiieeeo ?aaoethaaiiy ii??aiyii c
i?iii?oe?eiei iaoiaeii.

Aiaeic iaaeieieia iniiaieo iaoiaeia aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
iieacaa, ui aeey io?eiaiiy aeniei? oi/iinoi ?aaoethaaiiy i?e
iiiiiaeueiie /anoioi aaiieiaiiy ?aaoeyoi?a iaiaoiaeii aaeaeaaoii
a?aoiaoaaoe ia o?eueee iaeii/aniee aieea ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o
cao?thth/eo oaeoi??a, aea e aaee/eio ?aaoethth/iai aieeao iiney ciiie
iieiaeaiiy ooiea ?aaoeyoi?a. Aeey oaeiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaiao?aeia
aeinoaoiuei oi/ia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ianoaoeiiia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeeiia
iiaethaaii? aoaeiaei.

Ia nueiaiaeii oaeaeeee ?icaeoie iie?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoiiee aeicaiey?
canoiniaoaaoe aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ ?aaoethaaiiy ??ciiiai?oi?
iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei. Aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeiiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii
iiaethaaieo aoaeeieia iaiaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue c aenieith
oaeaeeinoth ?ic?aooieia oa aeinoaoiueith aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
oi/iinoth. Aiaeioe/ii iiaeaei iio?aaothoue oaaaeaiiy aaeeei? eieueeinoi
ni?iuoth/eo ia?aaeoiia, yei cieaeothoue oi/iinoue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoaoia. Oeeo?iai iiaeaei i?e iiaeaeuaiie oi/iinoi iathoue iecueeo
oaeaeeinoue ?ic?aooieia. Noaoenoe/ii iiaeaei iathoue iaeaeuo
oaeaeeinoue ?ic?aooieia, aea ia a onio aeiaaeeao aaeaeaaoii
aiaeia?aaeathoue oaieiaee ?aaeei iiaethaaii? aoaeiaei. C?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii iiaethaaieo
aoae?aaeue iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe eiia?iiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?,
iai?eeeaae oeeo?iai-aiae?oe/i?.

O ?icaeiei oaeiae iaaiaeeoueny iaeyae iaoiaeia ?ic?aooieo
ianoaoeiiia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeeiia iiaethaaieo aoaeeieia A.ss.
Nieieiaa, A.I.Aiaineianueeiai, A.I.Oeeiaa?a, A.A.Eeeiaa, N.A.*enoiae/a,
A.I. Oo?e?ia, A.A.Eioae?aa, TH.A.Oaaoiueeiaa, A.E.Aaa?’yiiaa,
TH.A.Eiiiiiae/a, A.O.No?iy e iioeo aaoi?ia.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeiiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii
aoaeeieia i?e aeaioiiceoeieiiio ?aaoethaaiii cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue. Aiia a?aoiao? ani iaeaieueo nooo?ai i?iiaiaai oa
eiiaaeoeaii oaieiai iioiee a i?eiiuaiii i neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
aeeoa?aioeieieo ?iaiyiue oaieiaiai aaeaino: oaieiiiniy aeaaaoi?ii?
nenoaie iiaeaiiy, noiiee aea?aaeaioiiai ca oaieia?aeaea/ath
iiaethaaeueiiai i?eeaaeo oa aioo?ioiueiai iia?o?y aoaeeieo.
Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ?iaiyiue ia? aeaeyae:

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`8???&??yyyy?????Ay?y 8O ???&?
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???UO???u?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-????2h???[????u
?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2!???]????u?ue?
???1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2’???[????u?ue????1/4
?????Symbol?????-?????????2q1???]????o»???oe
???u?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2Eb???[????u
?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2EI???]????u?ue?
???1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2EY»???[????u?ue????1/4
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?Symbol?????-?????????2a
c???[????u?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2a
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?u?ue????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2””???]????u?ue
????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2”???[????u?ue????1
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??Symbol?????-?????????2”?’???[????u?ue????1/4?????S
ymbol?????-?????????2”N1???]????u@th??????aea co, mo ieoiia
oaiei?ii?noue ? iana oaieiiin?y nenoaie iiaeaiiy; n? na?aaeiy
oaiia?aoo?a oaieiiin?y a nenoai? iiaeaiiy; z- /an; u- eiao?oe??io
ci?ooaaiiy aeaaaoi?a; Ge aeo?aoe oaieiiin?y a eaa?oaeuei?e oaieia?e
ia?aae? (aei aeaaaoi?a); 1e oaiia?aoo?a oaieiiin?y a iiaeath/iio
o?oaii?iaiae? eaa?oaeueii? oaieiai? ia?aae?; 1 eiao?oe??io oaieiiai?io
a?ey aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oi? no?iee aea?aaeaioiiai iiaethaaeueiiai
i?eeaaeo; F1, F2 a?aeiia?aeii ieiua aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei?
iiaa?oi? oeueiai iiaethaaeueiiai i?eeaaeo; cco, mno, tno aiaeiiaiaeii
ieoiia oaiei?iiinoue, iana e oaiia?aoo?a noiiee aeaiaaeaioiiai
iiaethaaeueiiai i?eeaaeo; wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
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a????&??yyyy?????Ay1/4y@? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????1/4?????Symbol?»???-?? ???2
.????a?#???u th?????? Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo? ia aioo?ioiio
iiaa?oiyo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie nenoaio ?iaiyiue (1) aeiiiaiaii
nenoaiaie ?iaiyiue ianoaoe?iia?iiai oaieiaiai aaeaino: iaeioaiei?ieeo
iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie, oaiei?ieeo ciaiioiio oa aioo?ioiio
ia?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie. Eiaeia nenoaia ??aiyiue, ui iienothoue
oaieiaee ?aaeei oaiei?ieeo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoe?e i?noeoue
aeeoa?aioe?eia ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino? i?e a?aie/ieo oiiaao ae?oaiai
oa o?aoueiai ?iaeo ? a?aeiia?aei? ii/aoeia? oa e?ioeaa? /ania? oiiae.

I?e iinoaiiaoe? caaea/? aeei?enoai? oae? ni?iuoth/? i?eiouaiiy:
oaiia?aoo?a iiaio?y a eiaeiee iiiaio /ano iaeiaeiaa a onueiio ia’?ii
aoaeeiea; ?icaeyaeathoueny iaeiioa?ia? iai?iaeaeoth/? eiino?oeoe??;
oaiia?aoo?ia iiea a ieo iaeiii??ia; eiao?oe??ioe oaieiiai?io ia
iiaa?oiyo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie o ?iai/iio ae?aiacii?
oaiia?aoo?- iino?ei?; oaieiaeoioethth/a ?ii?noue iaeioaiei?ieeo
iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoe?e (a?eia, aeaa??) aei??aith? ioeth.

Iaea?aeaiiy iaeiicia/iiai ?ioaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/?, iniaeeai ca
oiiae aeei?enoaiiy aeae?eueeio aeaeia iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie,
iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e canoinoaaiii oeeo?iaeo iaoiaeia ?ica’ycaiiy nenoai
aeeoa?aioeieieo ?iaiyiue. Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy ??oaiiy nenoaie ?iaiyiue
(1) canoiniaaiee oeeo?iaee iaoiae ?oiaa-Eoooa, yeee aeicaiey?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeneiaeueiee e?ie ia/eneaiue. Aeey ?ic?aooieo
aeith/eo oaiia?aoo? ia iiaa?oiyo oaiei?ieeo iai?iaeaeoth/eo
eiino?oeoeie aeei?enoaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ica’yceo ?iaiyiiy ianoaoeiiia?ii?
oaieii?iaiaeiinoi, yei iaea?aeaii aiaeioe/iei oeyoii.

Ia iniiai iaea?aeaiiai ?ioaiiy neeaaeaii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio. I?e
aeeiiaiii ?ic?aooieia ?c e?ieii 120 nae. ia AII c oaeoiaith /anoioith
40 IAoe aeey 5 oaiei?ieeo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeie ? 5 ei?aiyo
oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo ?iaiyiue oey i?ia?aia aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
oaeaeeinoue ?ic?aooieo aeecueei 14.4 aiae. ?aaeueiiai /ano ca 1oa.
iaoeiiiai /ano.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaia
iaoiaeeea ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo iiiaio?a ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ooiea
?aaoeyoi?a. Aiia a?oioo?oueny ia i?iaiicoaaii? oaiia?aoo?e aioo??oiueiai
iia?o?y a oi/eao aeno?aioio, ye? ooai?ththoueny i?e ci?i? iieiaeaiiy
ooiea ?aaoeyoi?a.

Iinoaiiaea caaea/? neeaaea?oueny c nenoaie ??aiyiue oaieiaiai aaeaino
nenoaie iiaeaiiy ? aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y aoae?ae?:

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ea eiao?oe??io

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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????Ay?y?e ???&?
?MathType??0???u????????????-?????lµ???lx???u@th??????
Oaiia?aoo?e ia iiaa?oiyo iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoe?e ? aaee/eie
cao?thth/eo oaeoi??a ia i?iaiiciaaiiio i?ii?aeeo /ano i?eeiyo?
iino?eieie. A yeino? ii/aoeiaeo oiia aeei?enoiao?oueny oaieiaee ?aaeei
aoae?ae? a aeaiee iiiaio /ano, yeee ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
aieiaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? (1).

Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/?, yea aeicaiey? ciaeoe
oaiia?aoo?o aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y a oi/oe? aeno?aioio:

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thae?????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2oY)???)????u?????
???????-??????N%???PL%???uiuea?????1/4?????Symbol?????-
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?????2?
???????usue????1/4?????Symbol?„???-?????????2F???(?
???usue????1/4?????Symbol?„???-?????????2???)????ut
hae?????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2Uez???(????u
thae?????1/4?????Symbol?????-?????????2Ueo???)????—m
???8e???u@th??????aea eiao?oe??io

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le8? ??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a???&??yyyy?????Ay3/4y ^ ???&?
?MathType???????u@th?????? Aae?ac (3) aea? iiaeeea?noue oaeaeei
ciaoiaeeoe oaiia?aoo?o aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y a oi/oe? aeno?aioio
wmetafile8? ??o????????????
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@a???&??yyyy?????AyFy a ???&? ?MathType?? Aaeineiiaeaiee
iaoiae aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaaeia canoiniaoaaoe aeey
oi?aae?iiy a?aeioneii oaieioe a nenoaiao iiaeaiiy a?iiaaenueeeo,
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a. A?i aeicaiey? iie?aueoe
oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei aoaeeieo oa iioei?coaaoe /anoioo aa?ieiaiue
?aaoeyoi?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo oa
?o ii?iaiyiiy c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieo, aeeiiaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith
neeaaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei.

Aeey ia?aai?ee i?aoeacaeaoiinoi iaea?aeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei
i?iaaaeaii iaoo?iee aenia?eiaio o eaai?aoi?iiio ei?ioni Iieoaanueei?
a?aaiiao?e/ii? iana?aaoi?i?. Oea aeaiiiaa?oiaee oeaaeyiee aoaeeiie ?c
eioaeueiath a iiaeaaei oa ianiniith oee?eoeyoei?th oaieiiiniy a
aeaio?oaiie nenoaii iiaeaiiy. ?aaoethaaiiy aiaeioneo oaieioe
aiaeaoaaeiny oeyoii aeieeaiiy eioeia ia ?icii i?iiiaeee /ano aiae 1-?
aei 42-o aiaeei.

Iiae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo (i?ioyaii 649 aiaeei) caienoaaeeny
oaiia?aoo?e o 8 oa?aeoa?ieo i?eiiuaiiyo aoaeeieo, oaiia?aoo?a
oaieiiiniy a iiaeath/iio oa cai?ioiueiio o?oaii?iaiaeao, aeo?aoe
oaieiiiniy, oaiia?aoo?a ciaiioiueiai iiaio?y. Ia?iiaee/ii aeii?thaaeeny
oaiia?aoo?e a onio i?eiiuaiiyo aoaeeieo, aeo?aoe iioieueo?aoe?eiiai
iiaio?y o aeoyaeieo eaiaeao, eieueeinoue oaieioe, yea iaaeoiaeeoue c
iinieyoei?th, iiaooiai e oaoiieiai/ii oaieiaeaeieaiiy.

Iaea?aeaia iioi?iaoeiy aeei?enoaia a yeinoi aeoiaeieo aeaieo aeey
ii?iaiyiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio aoaeeieo iiae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioo c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieia ia iaoaiaoe/iie iiaeaei.
Ii?iaiyiiy iieacaei aenieo iiaeiaiinoue aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oa
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ye aeey «oaeaeeeo», oae i aeey ii?iaiyii
«iiaieueieo» oaieiaeo i?ioeania. Iaeaieueoa ?icieoey na?aaeiuei?
oaiia?aoo?e aioo?ioiueiai iiaio?y iiae ?acoeueoaoaie niinoa?aaeaiue
? ?ic?aooieia ia ia?aaeuo? 0.6 iN. E?eaa ?iciiaeieo iiieeie aeia?a
ca?aa?oueny c e?eaith Aaonna, ioaea, iiieeee ?ic?aooieia coiiaeaii
ia?aaaaeii iaoi/iinoth aeoiaeii? iioi?iaoei?. Oaeei /eiii,
cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny aeey oi?aaeiiiy
oaieiaeie ?aaeeiaie iiaethaaieo aoaeeieia c aeinoaoiueith aeey
i?aee/ieo ?ic?aooieia oi/iinoth.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei aeey iaea?aeaiiy ?aaeueii? aeiiiii? i?e
?aaoethaaiii aiaeioneo oaieioe ia IOI cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa noaia
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaieiaiai ioieoo. ?? iniaeeainoth ? anoaiiaeaiiy
aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoeyoi?a oaiia?aoo?e iiney aeaaaoi?a, c aieo
nenoaie iiaeaiiy (?en.1). Oea caaacia/o? ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe
a nenoaii iiaeaiiy i?e iino?eieo aeo?aoao oaieiiin?y a oaieiaie
ia?aaei. Oai?aoe/iee aiaeic oa ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue a?ae?aae?/-

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?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
E?F???u??????????????????D???-?????????uiy??????

?en.1. I?eioeeiiaa noaia aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a ?OI:

1-aeaaaoi?; 2- aeaiiiceoe?eiee ?aaoeyoi?; 3- nenoaia iiaeaiiy

iiai ?aaeeio cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie IOI iieacaee iacia/ia iiaeaeuaiiy
aiae?aaei/iiai iii?o aeaaaoi?a i?e cae?eooi ?aaoethth/iai i?aaia.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui cai?iiiiiaaia noaia IOI iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny i?e
eiaoioei?ioao iiaeaeoei? aeaaaoi?a a iaaeao 02,5 oa niiaaiaeiioaiiyo
aeiaiao?a ai?eiaeie aei aeiaiao?a niiea aeaaaoi?a a iaaeao 1,5 4,4 .

I?e ?aaoethaaiii iiaethaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie IOI caeiiiieaia eieueeicoue oaieiai? aia?ai? o
aeaeyaei iiaeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e oaieiiiniy cai?ioiueiai o?oaii?iaiaeo
eaa?oaeueii? oaieiai? ia?aaei iiaa?oa?oueny ia aeaea?aei oaieioe aac
ia?a?iciiaeieo iiae noniaeiiie aoaeeieaie. Iayaiinoue iacia/ii?
caeeoeiai? oee?eoeyoei? aea? iiaeeeainoue caiiaiaoe caia?caiith
oaieiiiniy a «oieiaeieo» /anoeiao nenoaie iiaeaiiy.

Iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeinyaiooi ca
?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei oaieiaeo
?aaeeiia iiaethaaiiai i?eiiuaiiy ?acii c ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii
aeaioiiceoeieiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ca ?ic?aoiaaiith oaiia?aoo?ith
aioo?ioiueiai iiaio?y. Aeey aiaeico oaieiaiai ?aaeeio aoaeeieo oa
?iaioe ?aaoeyoi?a i?e oeaio?aeueiiio yeiniiio ? iinoeaaiio
aeaioiiceoeieiiio ?aaoethaaiii i?iaaaeaiee oeeo?iaee
aenia?eiaio(?en.2). A yeinoi aeoiaeieo aeaieo aeey iueiai aeei?enoaii
iaoa?iaee iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo. sse iieacaee ?ic?aooiee,
iaeneiaeueia iiieeea ?aaoethaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aioo??oiueiai
iia?o?y ia ia?aaeuo? 1,34 iN , ui aeinoaoiuei aeey i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy. I?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao ciaiioiueiai iiaio?y ?aaoeyoi?
cae?eaa?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 46 aiaeei iaeei ?ac ia aeai aeiae. A
ia?iiae «c?icee» iiaethaaeueiiai a?aoiea /anoioa aieeaiue ?aaoeyoi?a
iiaeaeuo?oueny aei 1-ai ?aco ia aeiao.

O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao c iaoith iie?ioaiiy aiae?aaei/iiai ?aaeeio
oaieiaeo ia?aae oeaio?ae?ciaai? nenoaie oaieiiinoa/aiiy ia?aaiaeyoue ia
iiaeaeuaiee iiaethaaeueiee a?aoie c iaeii/aniith ?aeiino?oeoei?th
OeOI. I?e oeueiio ciiiththoue noaio aieeaiiy aiaeiiaa?iaa/ia nenoaie
aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy c aeainooiaiaai? ciioaii? ia aeainooiaiaao
iineiaeiaio. Aeieea? iaiaoiaeiinoue i?iaiaeicoaaoe aieea
ia?iaiiii?iinoi aiaeiaiaeai?o a nenoaii aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia
oaieiaee ?aaeei iiaethaaieo aoaeiaaeue.

Oaeee aiaeic iiaeia aeeiiaoe c aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeaei i?e aiaeiieo oaieioice/ieo ia?aiao?ao iiaethaaiiai aoaeeiea oa
cao?thth/eo aieeaia. I?e oeueiio oaiia?aoo?a oaieiiiniy a iiaeath/iio
o?oaii?iaiaei iaaino?aeueii? oaieiai? ia?aaei ciiith?oueny ca
iiaeaeuaiei iiaethaaeueiei a?aoieii, a oaiia?aoo?a oaieiiiniy a
iiaeath/iio o?oaii?iaiaei eaa?oaeueii? oaieiai? ia?aaei ?ic?aoiao?oueny
aeoiaey/e c ia?aiao?ia aiaeiiaa?iaa/ia oa aeo?ao aiaee a nenoaii
aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia aeathoue iiaeeeainoue
c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue ei?eaoaaiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai a?ao?ea,
anoaiiaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo aaeia-aeoioeyoi?ia oa aiaeiiaa??aa/?a. Oaei
?ic?aooiee, aeeiiaii aeey oaieiaeo ia?aae i?e?i?aeiio ?aeiaea
i.E?aiai/oea aeicaieeee ae?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii ?aeiino?oeoei? OeOI.
?i/iee aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ?aeiino?oeoei? neeaa 37,7 oen. o.i.

C A A A E Ue I I A E N I I A E E

1. Noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ianoaoe?iia?ieo oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a
iiaethaaieo aoae?aaeue, yea aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe oi/i?noue iia?aoeaiiai
oi?aaeiiiy ia’?eoii ?aaoethaaiiy oeyoii a?aooaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo
oaieiaeo i?ioean?a a nenoai? iiaeaiiy, ciaiioiio ? aioo?ioiio
iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoeiyo i?e ie?aiiio ?icaeyae? eiiaaeoeaieo oa
i?iiaiaaeo oaieiaeo iioieia.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae eiia?iiaaiiai oeeo?iai-aiae?oe/iiai ?ioaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei, yeee aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe aenieo
oaeaee?noue ?ic?aooieo ?acoeueoaoia ia AII (ca 1 oa. iaoeiiiai /ano i?e
oaeoiaie /anoioi 40IAoe oa 5 oaiei?ieeo iai?iaeaeoth/eo
eiino?oeoeie ?ic?aoiao?oueny 14,4 aiae. ae?eniiai /ano).

3. Ia iniiai iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue iieacaii, ui
iaeneiaeueia iiieeea ia/eneaiiy na?aaeiuei? oaiia?aoo?e
aioo?ioiueiai iiaio?y aoae?ae? ca cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoaiaoe/iith
iiaeaeeth ia ia?aaeuo? 0,6 iN.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa noaia aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo
oaieioe a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aeaaaoi?iiio oaieiaiio ioieo? (iao.?
UA13928A), yea aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aeiiii?th oaieioe a nenoaiao
oaieiiinoa/aiiy, i?yii i?iii?oe?eio e?eueeino? aaoiiaoeciaaieo oaieiaeo
ioieo?a. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue canoiniaoaaoe ?? a oiiaao iaiiaii?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaieiaeo ia?aae.

5. Ia iniiai oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue
aiae?aaei/ieo ?aaeeiia aeaaaoi?a a oiiaao i?eieiaiiy iiaeaeoei?
oaieiiin?y ie?aneaia ?iai/a ciia canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie
?aaoethaaiiy a IOI. Iieacaii, ui cai?iiiiiaaia noaia ?aaoethaaiiy iiaea
canoiniaoaaoeny i?e eiao?oe??ioao ?iaeaeoe?? aeaaaoi?a a iaaeao 02,5 ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo ae?aiao?a ai?eiaeie aei ae?aiao?a niiea aeaaaoi?a a
iaaeao 1,5 4,4.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iiiaio?a ci?ie iieiaeaiiy
ooiea aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoeyoi?a, yea a?oioo?oueny ia i?iaiicoaaii?
oaiia?aoo?e aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y aoaeeieo ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ?aaoethaaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y a iiaethaaieo i?ei?uaiiyo.

7. Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo ?ic?aooieia iieacaii, ui iaeneiaeueia iiieeea
?aaoethaaiiy i?e canoinoaaiii cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aeaioiiceoeieiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ia ia?aaeuo? 1,34 iN i?e na?aaei?e /anoio? aa?ieiaiiy
?aaoeyoi?a 0,8 ?ac ia aeiao.

8. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aiaeico aieeao ia?iaiiii?iinoi
aiaeiaiaeai?o a nenoaii aa?y/iai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia oaieiaee ?aaeei
iiaethaaieo aoaeeieia i?e ?aeiino?oeoei? OeOI. Oey iaoiaeeea aeicaiey?
?ic?iaeoe iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy
OeOI ? aianaiiy ci?i o ?aaeeie ?aaoethaaiiy.

9. Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?? oaieioe a nenoaiao
oeaio?aeiciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy a ia??iae «c??cee» iiaethaaeueiiai
a?ao?ea. C’yniaaia caeaaeiinoue e?eueeino? caeiiiieaii? oaieioe aiae
?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a iiaethaaeueiiai a?aoiea oa
?ic?aooieiai? oaiia?aoo?e ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y.

10. Iieacaii, ui i?e eieueeiniiio ?aaoethaaiii iiaethaaeueiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ie?aieo niiaeeaa/ia a oiiaao iaiiaii? aaoiiaoecaoe??
nenoaie oaieiiinoa/aiiy a oaieiaeo ia?aaeao aeieea? aiae?aaei/ia
?ic?aaoethaaiiy, yea ia aeicaiey? io?eiaoe ?ic?aooieiao aeiiiiith
oaieioe a iaooaaao ani?? nenoaie oaieiiinoa/aiiy.

Caaaeueiee ciino aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

1. Eooiee A.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe
a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?iiai oaieiaiai ?aaeeio iiaethaaieo aoae?aaeue//
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aoae?aieoeoai) /
Iieo. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-o ?i. TH. Eiiae?aothea. Iieoaaa,1998. Aei. 2.
N.110119.

2. Eooiee A.A. Aiae?c aeo?ao oaieioe a ia??iae “c??cee” iiaethaaeueiiai
a?ao?ea// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,
aoae?aieoeoai) / Iieo. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-o ?i. TH. Eiiae?aothea.
Iieoaaa,1998. Aei. 3. N.167175.

3. No?ie A.O., Eooiee A.A. ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe i?e
noaa?e?caoe?? oaiia?aoo?e aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoai?ieia?/iiai i?iaiico// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (aaeocaaa
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aoae?aieoeoai) / Iieo. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-o ?i. TH.
Eiiae?aothea. Iieoaaa,1998. Aei.1. C. 149-157.

4. Iao. 13928A UA , IEE F24D 19/10. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee aeaaaoi?iee
oaieiaee ioieo/ A.O. No?ie, A.A.Eooiee. — ? 95052382; Cayae. 16.05.95;
Iioae. 25.04.97, Athe. 2.

5. Eooiee A.A. Noaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioionea oaieiou ia
oeaio?aeueiii oaieiaii ioieoa// Eiino?oeoeee caeaiee e no?ieoaeueiia
i?iecaiaenoai: na. iao/. o?. Iieo. eiae.-no?ieo. ei-o. E., 1993.
N.155-160.

6. Eooiee A.A. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee aeaaaoi?iee oaieiaee ioieo aeey nenoai
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy.// Iaoa??aee 1-? I?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. “Nenoaie o?ainii?ooaaiiy, eiio?ieth yeino? oa iae?eo aia?aiiin??a”
Euea?a: Aea?ae. oi-o “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, 1998. N.20-26.

7. Aaeooaae/ A.A., Eooiee A.A. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aeaaaoi?iiai ioieoo nenoaie oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai
oaieiiinoa/aiiy. // Iaoa??aee 1-? I?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Nenoaie
o?ainii?ooaaiiy, eiio?ieth yeino? oa iae?eo aia?aiiin??a” Euea?a:
Aea?ae. oi-o “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, 1998. N.27-33.

8. Eooiee A.A. ?aaoee?iaaiea iiaea/e oaiea ia ioiieaiea a ia?eiae
iinoiyiiie oaiia?aoo?u oaieiiineoaey a oaieiaie naoe// Oac. aeiee.
44-ie iao/. eiio./ Iieo. eiae.-no?ieo. ei-o. Iieoaaa, 1992. *.2.
N.194.

9. No?ie A.O., Eooiee A.A. Aaoiiaoe/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea ioionea oaieiou
ia OeOI// Oace aeii. 45-i? iaoe. eiio./ Iieo. eiae.-aoae?a. ?i-o.
Iieoaaa, 1993, *.2. N.30.

10. Eooiee A.A. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiaiai ?aaeeio aoaeiaaeue c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoai?ieiai/iiai i?iaiico// Oace aeii. 46-i? iaoe. eiio./
Iieo. eiae.-aoae?a. ?i-o. Iieoaaa, 1994. *.3. N.109.

11. No?ie A.O., Eooiee A.A. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee aeaaaoi?iee oaieiaee
ioieo// Oace aeii. 48-i? iaoe. eiio./ Iieo. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-o ?i. TH.
Eiiae?aothea. Iieoaaa, 1996. *.3. N.122.

12. Eooiee A.A. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeioneo oaieioe ia iiaeaiiy// Oace aeii. 50-i? iaoe. eiio./ Iieo.
aea?ae. oaoi. oi-o ?i. TH. Eiiae?aothea. Iieoaaa, 1998. N.222.

Aiioaoe?y

Eooiee A.A. ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo oaieioe a oeaio?ae?ciaaieo nenoaiao
oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy a ia??iae “c??cee” oaiia?aoo?iiai a?ao?ea. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.03 aaioeeyoe?y, ina?oeaiiy oa
oaieiiinoa/aiiy. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeiiii?? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a
o nenoaiao oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oaieiiinoa/aiiy. A aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa noaia aeaioiiceoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeioneo
oaieioe a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oaieiaeo ioieoao iiaethaaieo aoae?aaeue, yea
aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aeiiii?th oaieioe a nenoaiao oaieiiinoa/aiiy,
i?yii i?iii?oe?eio e?eueeino? aaoiiaoeciaaieo oaieiaeo ioieo?a. Aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy ianoaoe?iia?iei oaieiaei
?aaeeiii iiaethaaieo aoae?aaeue ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea
aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aenieo oi/i?noue oa oaeaee?noue ?ic?aooieo
?aaoethth/iai aieeao caaaeyee oeeo?iai-aiae?oe/iiio ??oaiith. ??
ei?aeoi?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoo?iei aenia?eiaioii. Cai?iiiiiaaia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, aeei?enoaia i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? oaieiaeo ia?aae
i?e?i?aeiio ?aeiaea i. E?aiai/oea.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeaio?ae?ciaaia nenoaia oaieiiinoa/aiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue, ianoaoe?iia?iee oaieiaee ?aaeei, oeeo?iai-aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy,
oaieiaee ioieo, aeaioiiceoe?eia ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Eooie A.A. ?aaoee?iaaiea ioionea oaieio a oeaio?aeeciaaiio nenoaiao
oaieiniaaaeaiey a ia?eiae “n?acee” oaiia?aoo?iiai a?aoeea. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiiai caaiey eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.03 aaioeeyoeey, inaauaiea e
oaieiaaciniaaaeaiea. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiie oieaa?neoao
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eiiiiee oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneeo
?ano?nia a nenoaiao oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai oaieiniaaaeaiey. Iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiui iooi eo yeiiiiee yaeyaony oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeia e
noai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioionea oaieio ia ioiieaiea a eiaeeaeaeoaeueio
oaieiao ioieoao (EOI).

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca aeae?aaee/aneiai ?aaeeia a oaieiao naoyo i?e
eniieueciaaiee eiee/anoaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioiieoaeueiie iaa?ocee a
ia?eiae “n?acee” oaiia?aoo?iiai a?aoeea iieacaii, /oi a oneiaeyo
iaiieiie aaoiiaoecaoeee nenoai oaieiniaaaeaiey a oaieiao naoyo aicieeaao
aeae?aaee/aneay ?ac?aaoee?iaea, eioi?ay ia iicaieyao iieo/eoue
?an/aoioth yeiiiieth oaieiou.

Aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey ianoaoeeiia?ii oaieiai ?aaeeiii
ioaieeaaaio caeaiee ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, eioi?ay
o/eoaaao ?acaeaeaiea oaieiao iioieia ia eiiaaeoeaioth e eo/enooth
ninoaaeythuea. Iia ninoieo ec nenoai o?o o?aaiaiee oaieiaiai aaeaina:
oaieiiineoaey yeaaaoi?iie nenoai ioiieaiey, noaiee yeaeaaeaioiiai ii
oaieiioaea/a ioiieoaeueiiai i?eai?a e aioo?aiiaai aicaeooa caeaiey. Aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey oaiia?aoo? ia aioo?aiieo iiaa?oiinoyo oaieiieeo
ia?aaeaeathueo eiino?oeoeee iniiaiay nenoaia o?aaiaiee aeiiieiaia
nenoaiaie o?aaiaiee oaieiaiai aaeaina niioaaonoaothueo ia?aaeaeathueo
eiino?oeoeee. Aeey ?aoaiey oie nenoai o?aaiaiee eniieueciaai /eneaiiue
iaoiae ?oiaa-Eoooa, eioi?ue iicaieyao iieo/eoue iaeneiaeueiue
eoa?aoeeiiie oaa. Aeey ?an/oa aeaenoaothueo oaiia?aoo? ia iiaa?oiinoyo
oaieiieeo ia?aaeaeathueo eiino?oeoeee eniieueciaai ?acoeueoao ?aoaiey
niioaaonoaothueo o?aaiaiee ianoaoeeiia?iie oaieii?iaiaeiinoe, iieo/aiia
aiaeeoe/aneei iooi. Aeaaiaea?y /eneaiii-aiaeeoe/aneiio ?aoaieth
i?aaeeiaeaiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iicaieyao iieo/eoue anieoth
oi/iinoue e nei?inoue ?an/oa oi?aaeythuaai aicaeaenoaey. A ei??aeoiinoue
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie iaoo?iiai yenia?eiaioa.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaia iiaay noaia aeaooiiceoeeiiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey ioionea oaieiou a eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii oaieiaii ioieoa
ioaieeaaaiiai caeaiey. A ioee/ea io nouanoaothueo noai, iia iicaieyao
iieo/aoue yeiiiieth oaieiou a nenoaiao oaieiniaaaeaiey i?yii
i?iii?oeeiiaeueii eiee/anoao aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo oaieiao ioieoia. oi aeao
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaoue a a oneiaeyo iaiieiie aaoiiaoecaoeee
oaieiao naoae. Ia iniiaaiee oai?aoe/aneeo e enia?eiaioaeueio
enneaaeiaaiee aeae?aaee/aneeo ?aaeeiia ?aaio eaaaoi?a a oneiaeyo n?aa
eiaeaeoeee ii?aaeaeaia ?aai/ay ciia eniieueciaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiie noai
?aaoee?iaaiey a EOI.

Aeey iiaoaiey oi/iinoe aeaooiiceoeeiiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey i?aaeeiaeaia
iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey iiiaioia eciaiaiey iieiaeaiey ooiea
aeaooiiceoeeiiiiai ?aaoeyoi?a, eioi?ay iniiaaia ia i?iaiice?iaaiee
oaiia?aoo? aioo?aiiaai aicaeooa ioaieeaaaiiai caeaiey iinea eciaiaiey
iieiaeaiey ooiea ?aaoee?othuaai i?aaia. oa oaiia?aoo?a a/eneyaony
aiaeeoe/anee ia iniiaaiee enoiaeio aeaiio, iieo/aiio n iiiiuueth
iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee. Ninoaaeai aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa ia AI
caaea/e aeaooiiceoeeiiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioionea oaieio ia ioiieaiea a
EOI. Ia iniiaaiee aiieiaiio ?an/aoia iieacaii, /oi i?e eniieueciaaiee
i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee aeaooiiceoeeiiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioeaea
?aaoee?iaaiey ia i?aaoaao 1,34iN i?e n?aaeiae /anoioa aeeth/aiey
?aaoeyoi?a 0,8 ?ac a nooee.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea aiaeeca aeeyiey ia?aaiiia?iinoe aiaeiiio?aaeaiey
a nenoaia ai?y/aai aiaeiniaaaeaiey ia oaieiaie ?aaeei ioaieeaaaio
caeaiee i?e ia?aaiaea oeaio?aeueio oaieiao ioieoia (OeOI) n
aeaoonooiai/aoie niaoaiiie ia aeaoonooiai/aooth iineaaeiaaoaeueioth
noaio aeeth/aiey oaieiiaiaiieeia ai?y/aai aiaeiniaaaeaiey. oa iaoiaeeea
iniiaaia ia eniieueciaaiee iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee ianoaoeeiia?io oaieiao
?aaeeiia ioaieeaaaiiai caeaiey e iicaieyao ?ac?aaaoaaoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
i?e ?aeiino?oeoeee iai?oaeiaaiey OeOI e aianaiey eciaiaiee a ?aaeei
?aaoee?iaaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiiay iaoiaeeea aiaeeca oaieiaiai ?aaeeia
ioaieeaaaio caeaiee eniieueciaaia i?e ?aeiino?oeoeee oaieiao naoae
iee?i?aeiia ?aeiaea a. E?aiai/oea.

Oniaa?oainoaiaaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa yeiiiiee oaieio a nenoaiao
oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai oaieiniaaaeaiey a ia?eiae “n?acee” oaiia?aoo?iiai
a?aoeea. Iieacaii, /oi a oio ia?eiae ia oa??eoi?ee Oe?aei iiaeii
iieo/eoue yeiiiieth oaieiou i?aaoathuoth 11 aiaeiaiai ?anoiaea oaieio ia
ioiieaiea.

Eeth/aaa neiaa: oeaio?aeeciaaiiay nenoaia oaieiniaaaeaiey,
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, ianoaoeeiia?ie oaieiaie ?aaeei,
/eneaiii-aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue oaieiaie ioieo,
aeaooiiceoeeiiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea.

Abstract

Kutny B.A. “Regulation of Heat Supply in Heat Supply Central Systems
during “Cut” period for Temperature Graph.” Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences,
speciality 05.23.03 Ventilation, Lighting and Heat Supply. Kharkiv
State University of Construction and Architecture, Kharkiv , 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the problems of saving fuel and energy
resources in the systems of centralized heat supply. The new scheme of
two-position regulation of heat supply in individual heat stations of
heated buildings is suggest here which allows to save heat in heat
supply systems in the amount of direct proportion to the number of
automated heat stations. To increase accuracy of operative control over
non-statinary heat conditions of heated buildings the new mathematic
model has been developed which permits to obtain high accuracy and speed
of calculation of controlling affect due to numerical analitical
solution. Its correctness is confirmed by full-scale experiment. The
suggested mathematic model has been used in reconstruction of heat
supply systems in the residential area of Rakovka in Kremenchug.

Clue words: central system of heat supply, mathematical model,
non-statinary heat control, numerical analitical solution, heat system,
two-position regulation.

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