EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? ?AAIA O?AIEA

Na?iei Aiae??e Na?a?eiae/

OAeE 331.5 (477)

?AAOEssOEAIA ?IEUe Oe?IIINOAE

A AAeAIOAOe??

NENOAIE CAEIssOINO? IANAEAIIss

AeI ?EIEIAIAI NA?AAeIAEUA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 – i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,

ieaioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? nioe?ieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oi?iiaeee Aiae??e Aiaoiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaaoo?i Aaneeue Aeieo?iae/,

Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?iain?a;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Oieiae Caiia?y Ieoaee?aia,

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ae?oea?noaa,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee, iae?eo ? aoaeeoo

o aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiio eiiieaen?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –

?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 26 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.051.01 o Euea?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (290006, i.Euea?a,
i?.Naiaiaee,18).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (290005, i.Euea?a,
aoe.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Iai/eoei N. I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaeaia aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua iaoiiaeth?oueny,
c iaei??? noi?iie, iai?enoiniaai?noth iino?aaeyinueei? nenoaie
caeiyoino? aei aeiia ?eieo, oa, c ae?oai?, iani?iiiaei?noth iieiaei?
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae o e?eciaeo oiiaao caaacia/eoe aeinoaoi?
o?iainoaaiiy aoaeoeaii? aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino? o ?eieiaa
na?aaeiaeua. Oiio aaaeeeaei ? iiooe iacaae?yieo ?aca?a?a aeey ae??oaiiy
aeaii? i?iaeaie iica iaaeaaiiyi ieaiiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie oa
iica aeao?oeeoiei aea?aeaaiei athaeaeaoii no/anii? Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe aeiiii?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Euea?anueeiiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea
(oaie Ao-270A “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0197VO18096 oa An-271A “?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?/ia nioe?ieia?y”, iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197VO17011).

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c
i?iaeaiith aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino? aei oiia ?eieiaiai
na?aaeiaeua, aena?oeththoueny oa iieai?cothoueny ia noi??ieao iaoeiaeo
aeo?iae?a, cie?aia “Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie”, “Oe?a?ia: aniaeoe i?aoe?”, o
a?nieeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a ?ioeo oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo.
I?iaeaie aac?ia?ooy, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo oa caeiyoino?, aeei?enoaiiy
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?ae?a ye iaea?eueo iaaaeuei? aeey
nueiaiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie iino?eii i?aei?iathoueny o caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo
ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo.

Aeoiee aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeaie aieeao iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae ia
aeei?enoaiiy ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a ciaoiaeeii o i?aoeyo eeanee?a
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? O.Iaoo?, O.Eaia, A.Ni?oa, Ae.??ea?aei, O.Iaeueoona,
E.Ia?ena. Aaaeeea?noue iaoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oe?iiinoae,
iaioaeueiino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue cina?aaeaeaiiy oaaae ia aea/aii? aei?iaeo a?o/eciyieo
a/aieo, ii??aiyii? c iaoe?iiaeueii? oi/ee ci?o nenoai caeiyoino? ??cieo
aea?aeaa-iaoe?e. Aaaeeeaeie aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aoe?
a?o/eciyieo eeanee?a aeiiii?/ii? iaoee – Ieoaeea Ooaaia-Aa?aiianueeiai
oa Na?a?y Iiaeieeinueeiai, a oaeiae a/aiiai-oi?aa?naea c ieoaiue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iinooio ?aaia O?aiea.

??ci? aniaeoe i?iaeaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aeine?aeaeothoueny o i?aoeyo
a?o/eciyieo aeiiii?no?a. Cie?aia, o iaoeiaeo ?iaioao Ae.Aiaei?,
E.Aiiaea?/oea, N.Aiaeaie/a, I.Aeie?oiueiai, N.Ceoiea, O.Ceoiea,
A.Eaaoo?ia, N.I??iaeeiaa, I.I?othee/a, I.Nieiaoaa oa ?ioeo a/aieo
iaa?oioiaothoueny caaaeaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy oa aaeaioaoe?? aei ?eieiaiai
na?aaeiaeua nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, ?? no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, no?aoaa??
?icaeoeo aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

Na?aae ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, aeeaae yeeo o ?icaeoie oai??e ethaenueeeo
?ano?n?a oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai ? iniaeeai cia/iei, ne?ae
iacaaoe A.Aaa?eeeoeia, Aeae.I.Eaeina, A.Ia?oaeea, I.Oi?oea?a.

Ca’ycie nenoaie oe?iiinoae oa aeiiii?ee aecia?oueny ye aen?ieia??th, oae
? aeiiii?/iith oai???th. Iaeiae iiiyo?eiee aiia?ao, nenoaia iaoeiaeo
eaoaai??e aeey aiae?co aca?iica’yce?a iaoe?iiaeueieo nenoaie oe?iiinoae
oa aeiiii?ee caeeoathoueny iaii?aoeueiaaieie. Cie?aia, oea noino?oueny
i?iaeai aeei?enoaiiy oa aecia/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy ye aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaey oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie
caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie, a?aeiia?aeii? ?eieiaiio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
na?aaeiaeuo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

eiie?aoecoaaoe ? aeiiiaieoe iiiyo?eiee aia?ao, iaiao?aeiee aeey aiae?co
oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy iayaieo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a
aei aeaii? i?iaeaie ?ice?eoe aca?iiaieeae i?ioean?a o?ainoi?iaoe??
iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie oe?iiinoae ? aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua;

aecia/eoe i?noea oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? o no?oeoo??
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee;

i?iaiae?coaaoe oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?oe caeiyoino? ca noa?aie ?o ae?? oa
ooieoe?yie;

aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee canoinoaaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a
caeiyoino?;

iaa?oiooaaoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a
caeiyoino?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoe?iiaeueia nenoaia caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie oa ia?aaeeaia oe?iiinoae oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
ieoaiiy ?aaoeyoeaieo ?ieae oe?iiinoae o iaoai?ci? aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? nenoaia
aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a, caeiiii??iino? oa iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai?
aeiiii?/iith oai???th, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeai caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy, cie?aia iieiaeaiiy oai??e ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo oa o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo, aeiaiiieia??, nioe?iaeiiii?ee, aeaiaioe caaaeueii? oai???
nenoai, a?aeia?aaeai? a ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiie Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo, ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe o?yaeo, a
oaeiae aeai? I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee, Na?oiaiai aaieo, ?acoeueoaoe
oe?a?inueeeo oa ?iicaiieo nioe?ieia?/ieo aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?io?
ioae?eaoe?? e iaoa??aee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ia iniia? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a
nenoaiiiai, eiiieaeniiai, neooaoe?eiiai oa oaeoi?iiai aiae?c?a, a oaeiae
c aeei?enoaiiyi noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co, nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a,
aaeoi?ii-iaoaiaoe/ieo oi?iae?ciaaieo iiaeaeae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaee ciiao iaea?aeaoe iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? ? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno:

aia?oa iaa?oiooaaii oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e caeiyoino? ye iniaeeaee
no?aoaa?/iee iaoai?ci aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee;

?ic?iaeaii iaoeiao eiioeaioe?th ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae oa aeei?enoaii ??
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeey ii??aiyiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo nenoai caeiyoino? ??cieo noni?euenoa;

noi?ioeueiaaii ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae aecia/aiiy
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ye neeaaeii? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii?
nenoaie;

aeoiaey/e c o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a oe?a?inuee?e ia?aaeeai?
oe?iiinoae, iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai iioeaaoe?eiiai
iaoai?cio i?aoe? ye caniao iiaeieaiiy a?ae/oaeaiino? a?ae i?aoe? oa
aeaniino?;

aecia/ai? ia iniia? aeoae?cio oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e aeanieea oa
iaeiaiiai i?aoe?aieea iaeni?eyoeea?o? ia?ao?aei? oi?ie aeaniino? aeey
ooai?aiiy aoaeoeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie;

iaa?oiooaaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue oe?ii?niiai
?aaoethaaiiy aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie o ?eieiaa
na?aaeiaeua.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?icaeoeo oai???
oe?iiinoae ia noeeo c aeiiii?/iith oai???th, iiaeeaeaii? aiae?co
aca?iica’yce?a nenoaie oe?iiinoae oa aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie o noa??
i?iaeaiaoeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy; o iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? oa
aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a c aeiiii?ee oa nioe?ieia?? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (eo?ne “Iniiae
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy”, “Nioe?aeuei? oe?iiino? oa ii?ie”, “Aoeea
a?ciano”).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo oa iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao eaoaae? nioe?ieia?? oa aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaea?aeaee iiceoeai? a?aeaoee ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee” (Euea?a, 1995?.), ia Ainuei?e
iaoeia?e nan?? Aeiiii?/ii? eii?n?? IOO (Euea?a, 1997?.), ia Ca?oi?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
?aaia O?aiea ca 1998 ??e (Euea?a, 1999?.), Ia?oiio nai?ia?? “Iieiaeue a
iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ci?iao Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu?” (Euea?a, 1999?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o 3
noaooyo a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ye?
aeeth/athoue o naaa aeaa’youe ia?aa?ao?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e, ui iae?/o? 142 iaeiaioaaiiy oa aeaio aeiaeaoe?a. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoaii 12 oaaeeoeue, 9 ?enoie?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 177
noi??iie iaoeiiieno.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oa nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/thoueny eiai iaoa oa iniiai?
caaaeaiiy, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao, iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oe?ii?niiai
?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy”, yeee i?noeoue o?e ia?aa?aoe,
aeine?aeaeothoueny iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aca?iica’yce?a i?ae
aaeaioaoe??th nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua oa
o?ainoi?iaoe??th nenoaie oe?iiinoae, aecia/a?oueny i?noea oe?ii?nieo
?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? o no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?eith.

Aiae?c o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? aea?
i?aenoaae c?iaeoe aeniiaie uiaei iaiao?aeiino? nenoaiieo no?oeoo?ieo
ci?i, ine?eueee no/ania noni?euenoai ? neeaaeiith aeeiai?/iith
nenoaiith, o ye?e ii?aeiothoueny ? o?nii aca?iiae?thoue aeiiii?/ia,
iie?oe/ia oa eoeueoo?ia nioe??oaeuei? nenoaie. Aeeiai?ea iinooio
eiaeiiai noni?euenoaa a?aeia?aaea?oueny o ia?aiao?ao eiai aoaeoeaiino?,
iaiao?aeieie ia?aaeoiiaaie yei? ? noi?ni?noue on?o nioe??oaeueieo
nenoai, a naia aeinyaiaiiy ieie iaaiiai aeeiai?/ii-??aiiaaaeiiai noaio
i?iaeoeoeaiiai aca?iiaieeao. Oea ? aaaiiith i?aenoaaith aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae i?ae ci?iaie o nenoai? oe?iiinoae ye
no?eaeiaaiio aeaiaio? eoeueoo?e ? ci?iaie o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e
nenoai? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

O no/anieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo noni?euenoaao aieea ia aeiiii?/io nenoaio
cae?enith?oueny oeyoii aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e oea ?
aeoiaey/e ?c ca’yce?a nioe??oaeueieo nenoai noni?euenoaa, ie noaiaoe/ii
aeae?eeee (?en.1) o?e iai?yiee aieea?a, ye? ?ice?eaathoue i?aaeiao
iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aaciina?aaei?e aieea nenoaie oe?iiinoae ia nenoaio caeiyoino?;

oi?ioaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e o noa?? caeiyoino?, ye? aieeaathoue ia ia? ii iai?yieo 1);

aieea aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ia nenoaio caeiyoino? c aaciina?aaei?i
aeei?enoaiiyi oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a.

Iai?yieii 4) aecia/a?oueny ?aae?caoe?y on?o caoiae?a aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee caeiyoino?. A?i aeeth/a? oaeiae iai?yiee 2) ? 3). I?ioa
aaaii?noue aieeao iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie oe?iiinoae ia aeiiii?/io
nenoaio iaoiiaeth? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ye ie?aiiai aeaeo ?aaoethaaiiy.

?enoiie 1. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? aca?iica’ycee nioe??oaeueieo nenoai

o noa?? ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

I?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee oa?aeoa? i?iaeai oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy
caeiyoino? aeiaaa? ooi/iaiiy ?nioth/eo ? aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoeiaeo
iiiyoue, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aeanoue ciiao ii?aeiaoe a aiae?c? ia?aiao?e
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ? eoeueoo?ii-aen?ieia?/iiai aei???a noni?eueii?
?aaeueiino?.

O aeai?e ?iaio? aaaaeaia ? iaoaiaoe/ii ciiaeaeueiaaia eaoaai??y
ia?aaeeaia oe?iiinoae, o iaaeao yei? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??
?icaeyaeathoueny ye noa’?eoeaia ni?eeiyooy ?iaeea?aeii ia’?eoeaieo
oe?iiinoae. Noia oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e on?o /eai?a noni?euenoaa
neeaaea? “noia?iee aaeoi?” o m-aei??iiio oe?ii?niiio i?inoi??, yeee ?
aecia/a?oueny ye ia?aaeeaia oe?iiinoae aeaiiai noni?euenoaa.

Oai?aoe/ii ?niothoue o?e ?aeaaeuei? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae –
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-eiieo?aioe?eia, a?oiiai-eiiia?aoeaia oa
aaae?oa?ii-eieaeoea?nonueea*. O nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio na?aaeiaeu?
iiaea aeii?ioaaoe iaeia c iacaaieo ia?aaeeai oe?iiinoae aai ?o
??ciiiai?oi? eiia?iaoe??, i?ioa aeiaeia noni?euenoai ia ?nio? a
no/aniiio na?o? iica oeeie ia?aaeeaiaie oe?iiinoae.

A?aenooi?noue a Oe?a?i? a?aeiia?aeii? no/aniei oiiaai iaoe?iiaeueii?
ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae ooai?th? aa?’?? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i, a oiio /ene? e o noa?? caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy.

Ca?aeii iaoiai aiae?co ni?eyoeeaee aeey Oe?a?ie iai?yiie o?ainoi?iaoe??
ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae aecia/a?oueny aeii?ioaaiiyi a?oiiai-eiiia?aoeaieo
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e ye iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeieo no/aniei ?a?iiaenueeei
? na?oiaei oaiaeaioe?yi. Ioaea, ia oeae iai?yiie iiaeiii i???iooaaoeny ?
oe?ii?nia ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

Aeey ?ice?eooy ci?noo oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy o
?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaia aecia/aiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ye
neeaaeii? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? nenoaie, yea aeeth/a? i?eeiyoa o
aeaiiio noni?euenoa? o?aeooaaiiy i?aoe?aieeaie oa i?aoeaaeaaoeyie (o o.
/. – aea?aeaaith) naiiai oaeoo caeiyoino? oa aeio?eiaiiy noa’?eoaie
?eieo i?aoe? a?aeiia?aeieo aoe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo ii?i o aca?iia?aeiineiao.
Oaeei /eiii, ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae nenoaiith caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ?
iaoe?iiaeueiith ia?aaeeaiith oe?iiinoae, a naia – o?aeooaaiiy oaeoo
caeiyoino? noa’?eoaie ?eieo i?aoe? oa aea?aeaaia ?aeaieia?y caeiyoino?
a?aeia?aaeathoue oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? o noa?? caeiyoino? ie?aii?
iniaenoino?, nioe?aeueieo a?oi oa noni?eueieo aa?noa.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iiaeaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui:

ci?ia ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae ? iaia’yceiaith neeaaeiaith aaeaioaoe??
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua;

?nio? o?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ci?iith nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa
o?ainoi?iaoe??th ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae, yeee ae?? ca i?eioeeiii
cai?ioii? i?oaeeie, a naia – ci?ie o nenoai? caeiyoino? aieeaathoue ia
i?ioeane o?ainoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ye?
caiaeii cae??ieththoue ? ?icaeaathoue oe? ci?ie, – ? oae aeae?.

Ine?eueee aaeaioaoe?y nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaeo
oiia ? i?ioeanii aeeiai?/iei, ci?no ?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? iieyaa? o oaeaeeino? oa a e?euee?ni?e ? ye?ni?e
?acoeueoaoeaiino? aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. O eiioaeno? o?ainoi?iaoe??
ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae oea icia/a?:

iioe?aiiy oaeeo ia?ao?aeieo oi?i caeiyoino?, ye? aoee a i?eeiyoieie aeey
no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ?, iaeii/anii, caaacia/eee a ?oo
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o caieaiiaaiiio iai?yieo;

i?aeaioiaea /a?ac ?aeaieiai-i?iiaaaiaeenonuee? oa iaa/aeuei? eaiaee
noa’?eo?a ?eieo i?aoe? aei ni?eeiyooy iiaeo oi?i caeiyoino?.

C iaeyaeo ia iae?i??aiaaee oa?aeoa? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy,
?aeeiei noa’?eoii, yeee ia? ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii
canoiniaoaaoe oe?ii?ni?

?enoiie 2. Oe?ii?nia ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy

ye neeaaeiaa aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

?aaoeyoi?e caeiyoino?, ? aea?aeaaa. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, o iaoiio
aeine?aeaeaii? oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e caeiyoino? ooieoe?iiaeueii aeae?eai?
ye ie?aiee iaoiae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee, yeee, oi?ioth/e
oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eio iao?eoeth caeiyoino? o ia?aaeeai? oe?iiinoae
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, cae?enith? aieea ia ineoieia?/ia i?aea?oioy
on??? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. Ioaea, oe?ii?nia ?aaoethaaiiy
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ia nenoaiiiio ??ai? iieyaa? o aieea?
aea?aeaae ia ci?ie iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae a iai?yieo
oi?ioaaiiy oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, a?aeiia?aeieo aoaeoeai?e nenoai?
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. Oae? oe?ii?ini? i???ioaoe?? o ?iaio? aecia/aii ye
i?iaeoeoeai?.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
iaeaaaeeea?oei aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? ?
ii/aoeiaa coneeey c aieo aea?aeaae o iai?yieo ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e. Oeueiai aoaea aeinoaoiuei, uia oe?ii?ni?
?aaoeyoi?e noaee aoaeoeaiei ?ino?oiaioii aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino?, ine?eueee a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ni?aoeueiaoaaoeia aoaeo
“cai?ioiuei? i?oaeeie” aca?iiaieeao iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae
oa aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee (?en.2). Oiio ne?ae iaaieineoe ia
aaaeeeaino? oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia?oi/a?aiai aeey ae??oaiiy
no?aoaa?/ieo caaaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie
caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy”
i?noeoue o?e ia?aa?aoe. O ieo aiae?cothoueny iniiai? noa?e
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, a yeeo ae?thoue oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy; aecia/athoueny ci?no oa iniaeeaino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? o noa?ao i?aoe? oa
aeaniino?.

Aeoiaey/e c eiioeaioe? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae, oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ooieoe?iiothoue a on?o oe?iiinoyo-aei??ao.
I?ioa aeey aoaeoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe eeoa
o? oe?iiino?, ye? ? iaea?eueo aeioe/ieie aei noa?e caeiyoino?. C oe??th
iaoith o ?iaio? /a?ac aiae?c i?ioeano “caeiyo?noue” ye
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai yaeua aeae?eaii oeaio?aeuei? iiiyooy o noa??
caeiyoino?, ye? o iaaeao ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae ? oioiaeieie
oe?iiinoyi-aei??ai.

Aeai?eoi?/ii “caeiyo?noue” caiaeeoueny aei iaaoooy iaaiiai ??aiy oaoiai?
caeaoiino? aei noni?eueii-ei?enii? i?aoe?, eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo oe???
caeaoiino?, a oaeiae aaciina?aaeiueiai aeeiiaiiy i?aoe? (?aae?caoe??
caeaoiino? aei i?aoe?). Oe? i?ioeane a?aeaoaathoueny o na?aaeiaeu? ?eieo
i?aoe?, oiio iniaeeaino? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aecia/athoueny
iniaeeainoyie noa’?eo?a ?eieo i?aoe? oiai /e ?ioiai noni?euenoaa.

C oi/ee ci?o ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei on? iniaeeaino? noa’?eo?a ?eieo i?aoe?
aecia/athoueny noaoonaie oeeo noa’?eo?a ye aeaniee?a – i?iaeaaoe?a aai
iieoioe?a caeaoiino? aei i?aoe?. Oaeei /eiii, iniaeeaino?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai yaeua “caeiyo?noue” o ?eieiaiio noni?euenoa?
iiaeia iienaoe, aeoiaey/e c ?yaeiooai?thth/eo eaoaai??e “i?aoey” ?
“aeani?noue”. Neeaaei?noue ? aaaaoiaei??i?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei, ni?e/eiaieo ieie, ooai?ththoue “noa?o i?aoe?” ? “noa?o
aeaniino?”. Ii?yae c oeei, o eiioaeno? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae i?aoey ?
aeani?noue ?icaeyaeathoueny ye ie?ai? oe?iiino?-aei??e.

Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? o aei??ao “i?aoey” ? “aeani?noue” a?aeia?aaeathoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie o oeeo noa?ao, a oiio /ene? –
iniaeeaino? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aeaiiai noni?euenoaa o
na?aaeiaeu? ?eieo i?aoe?.

Aeae?eeaoe ye i?ioeeaaei? aaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeai? ? iai?iaeoeoeai?
oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? oa aea?aeaaio ? i?eaaoio oi?ie aeaniino?,
iaea?aeeii oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eio ieiueio, o ye?e ?ici?uothoueny
iiaeae? ??cieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai c a?aeiia?aeieie ?i oeiaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy (?en. 3).

?enoiie 3. Iai?yiie oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?a?inueei? nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy o oe?iiinoyo-aei??ao “i?aoey” ? “aeani?noue”.

Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue oeio iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
i?eioeeiai caaeaeea?iaaii? a Oe?a?i? nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee (?en. 3) noai?th? i?ioe??//y, onoiaiiy yeiai ? iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith iinooio noni?euenoaa. Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
? oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaai?e ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?ao i?aoe? ? aeaniino?. Aeey aecia/aiiy
ci?noo oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? o oeeo noa?ao o ?iaio?
i?iaiae?ciaaii no?oeoo?o oe?iiinoae “i?aoey” ? “aeani?noue”.

Aieiaiith iniaeea?noth oe?iiino? “i?aoey” ? ?? aeaiye?noue: i?aoey
a?aeaeaaia caaacia/o? ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie, oiaoi ? oe?ii?noth-caniaii
aeey iaea?aeaiiy aeaa, ? ii?yae c oeei i?aoey aenooia? ye aeua
nioe?aeueia iio?aaa, oa?i?iaeueia oe?ii?noue.

Eeaneee aeiiii?/ii? oai??? i?eae?eyee nooo?ao oaaao i?aoe?, aaa/ath/e a
i?e aaaeeeaee ooieoe?iiaeueiee aeaiaio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.
A aen?ieia?/iiio eiioaeno? aieiaiei i?ioeanii, yeee caaacia/o?
noni?eueiee iinooi, o noa?? i?aoe? ?icaeyaeaany iaoai?ci ia?aoai?aiiy
oe??? aeaiyei? oe?iiino? c ia?aaaaeii ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ia ia?aaaaeii
oa?i?iaeueio. I?ioa ?niothoue nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? o aecia/aii?
ia?aaeoiia oeueiai ia?aoai?aiiy. Cie?aia, ea?aeeiaeueii ??ciyoueny a
oeueiio ieoaii? oai??? Ia?ena ? Aaaa?a.

No/ani? noni?euei? iaoee ?icaeyaeathoue i?aoeth ye iaeei c aieiaieo
oaeoi??a noni?eueiiai iinooio. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aeii?ioth/? o
noni?euenoa? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? o noa?? i?aoe? ? iaei??th c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeaoa?i?iaio eiai ?icaeoeo.

O ?iaio? iieacaii, ui iioe?aiiy oa?i?iaeueiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe? ?
ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e. Oiio
?icaeoie oa?i?iaeueii? neeaaeiai? oe?iiino? “i?aoey” aecia/a?oueny ye
aieiaiee aaae?eue oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
o noa?? i?aoe?.

Ie??i oeueiai o iino?aaeyinueeeo noni?euenoaao oe?ii?nieie ?aaoeyoi?aie
nenoaie caeiyoino? o noa?? i?aoe? ? ?iai/a i?noea ye oe?ii?noue
iniaeeaeiai aeaeo, aaaii?noue yei? o oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?ei?e no?oeoo??
no/aniiai noni?euenoaa iino?eii c?inoa?, oa naiicaeiyo?noue ye aaaeeeaa
aeey iinooioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eia ooai?aiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c iaiao?aeiino? iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eieo
oaiaeaioe?e oa iioe?aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e ye
ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, o ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaaii ianooii? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a o
noa?? i?aoe?:

aeo?niaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aeaieia??th “noni?euenoaa ae?iaiee?a”
niiaeeaaoeueeiai na?oiaeyaeo, ui ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy ni?eeiyooy
i?aoe? ye aeui? iio?aae, oa?i?iaeueii? oe?ii?nii? i?aeaaeeie
aoaeoeaiino? noni?euenoaa;

cai?ia i?inyeiooiai aeooii nioe?aeueiiai ia?aceoecio iino?aaeyinueeiai
o?aeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?noey ia a?eueo aaeaeaaoia no/aniiio ?eieiaiio
noni?euenoao iiiyooy “i?noea i?aoe?”;

eaaae?caoe?th ? noeioethaaiiy naiicaeiyoino? ye ia?ao?aeii?
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? oi?ie aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao ianiaiai i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy,
cia/iiai iaaaoeaiiai ?ic?eao i?ae ??aiai io?oe?eii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa
?aaeueiei i?iaeeoeiaei i?i?ioiii, iaa?aeiia?aeiino? no?oeoo?e ?iai/i?
neee no?oeoo?? aaeain?e.

Naiicaeiyo?noue iaiiaeeeaa aac noi?iiaaieo o na?oiaeyae? i?aoe?aieea
i?eaaoiiaeanieoeueeeo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ye? aecia/athoue
a?aeiia?aeiee oei aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee. Naia o noa?? “naiiiaeio”
a?aeaoaa?oueny ianiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y iino?aaeyinueeeo iaeiaieo
?ia?oiee?a o i?eaaoieo aeaniee?a.

sse nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia oe?ii?noue i?eaaoia aeani?noue ? i?aeaaeeiith
ye eeane/iiai eai?oae?noe/iiai ono?ith, oae ? no/aniiai aeaiie?aoe/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua. Aieiaiith ?? iniaeea?noth o
no/aniiio aeaiie?aoe/iiio na?o? ? /?oei ae?aaeaiee ?inoeoooe?iiaeueiee
oa?aeoa? aeaniino?, noi?iiaaiee ia?aaeon?i ia i?aa? i?eaaoii? aeaniino?.

O ?acoeueoao? o?eaaeiai iaioaaiiy oioae?oa?ii? ?aeaieia?? a Oe?a?i?
a?aeaoany ?ic?ea i?e?iaeiueiai eaioethaa a?aeoai?aiiy noni?eueii
aaaeeeai? aa?noae aeaniee?a. Ao?aoa niaoeeo?/ii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
eoeueoo?e ia?aoai?eea ethaeeio-aeanieea c aeoeaiiai noa’?eoa aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei ia ?o ianeaiee ia’?eo, ui ae?ae iaaaoeaii iicia/eeiny ia
aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, i?eca?aoe a no?aoaa?/iiio
aei??? aei aeaa?aaeaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? eoeueoo?e noni?euenoaa. Oiio aac
ci?ie oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?? aeaniino? ia iiaea a?aeaooeny e
ea?aeeiaeueia nenoaiia o?ainoi?iaoe?y oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Oe?ii?nia ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie o noa??
aeaniino? ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye iaeei ?c cania?a iiceoeaiiai aieeao ca
aeiiiiiaith ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae ia oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie caeiyoino?, ui icia/a? o?ainoi?iaoe?th oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e noiniaii oe?iiino? “aeani?noue”: 1) a iaiao?aeiiio iai?yieo,
2) a iaeneiaeueii? e?eueeino? noa’?eo?a a?aeiinei aeaniino?, 3) a
iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie oa 4) c i?i?i?caoe??th nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
ao?ao.

Oe?ii?nieie ?aaoeyoi?aie caeiyoino? o noa?? aeaniino? ? oi?ie aeaniino?.
Iioe?aiiy (ii/eiath/e ?c caeiiiaeaa/iai cae??ieaiiy) oeo /e ?ioeo oi?i
aeaniino? noeioeth? ?icaeoie o noni?euenoa? a?aeiia?aeieo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e.

Oi?ioaaiiy a Oe?a?i? iniia no/aniiai aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa
iaiiaeeeaa aac ianiaiai iioe?aiiy i?eaaoiiaeanieoeueeeo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e ia?aeaeueii c ?icai?oaiiyi i?ioean?a ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa
i?eaaoecaoe??, iioe?aiiyi iaaea?aeaaieo oi?i aeaniino?.

O eiioaeno? oe?ii?nii-o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeai aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, iaeaoaeoeai?oeie oi?iaie ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy
a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee ? oae?, ye? aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ineoieia?/iiai iinooiiaiai ia?aoiaeo aaeeeeo e?eueeinoae
i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy aei iiai? ?eieiai? aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee. O
?iaio? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? aeioe?eueiei ? iioe?aiiy a
Oe?a?i? ia?ao?aeieo oi?i aeaniino?, a?aeiia?aeieo a?oiiai-eiiia?aoeaiei
neeaaeiaei ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae, i???ioaoe?y ia ye? caaacia/o? ?yae
ianooiieo ia?aaaa:

a?aeiia?aei?noue i?eioeeio aaiethoe?eiino? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a;

oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeaio aaeaeaaoi?noue ?noi?e/iei o?aaeeoe?yi
aeaiie?aoe/ii? aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo;

a?aeiia?aei?noue ci?i ?inoeoooo aeaniino? no/aniei na?oiaei
oaiaeaioe?yi.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee ca ?acoeueoaoaie nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a Euea?anueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
oaea?aae?ieiiiai?? oa Aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa cae?eoiai oeio
“Euea?anueeee aee?eiia?iao”, aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei oe?ii?niei ?aaoeyoi?ii nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ?
aeei?enoaiiy aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie aeaniino? cae?eoiai oeio, yea,
oa?aeoa?ecoth/enue aenieei nooiaiai “ei?ii?aoeaiino?”, “aeoioeyoeaiino?”
oa “naini?iino?”, caaacia/o?, ii??aiyii c ?ioeie oi?iaie aeaniino?,
iaee?auee noia?iee ?acoeueoao ca on?ia e?eoa??yie aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie
caeiyoino? aei ?eieiaeo oiia, a naia:

ni?ey? iaeoaeaeoiio ianiaiio aaiethoe?eiiio iioe?aiith oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e oa aeiiii?/ieo iiaaae?ieiaeo iaae/ie i?eaaoiiai aeanieea ?,
iaeii/anii, nooo?ai iaiaaeo? i?iya iaaaoea?nonueeeo ineoieia?/ieo
?aoeaen?e ieioeiai uiaei “eai?oae?noe/ieo” i?eaaoiiaeanieoeueeeo
oe?iiinoae;

caaacia/o? iaee?aua eieaeueia ii?aeiaiiy i?eioeei?a nioe?aeueii?
ni?aaaaeeeaino? oa aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, – a ioaea caaacia/o?
i?i?i?caoe?th nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo (o oiio /ene? e ineoieia?/ieo)
ao?ao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie canoinoaaiiy oe?ii?nieo
?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”, yeee aeeth/a? o?e
ia?aa?aoe, ?ice?eaathoueny iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo
oe?i?nieo i???ioaoe?e a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ia?aaeeai? oe?iiinoae,
aecia/athoueny iniiai? oeyoe canoinoaaiiy oa iaa?oioiao?oueny
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e ?noi?e/iee oeyo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ci?i o O?O – OO
noie?ooyo, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a no/ani?e Oe?a?i? aeieeei
ia?aieaoaiiy oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo? o?ueio aiio:

caeeoeia? o?aaeeoe?? eeane/iiai ?a?iiaenueeiai eai?oae?cio ii/aoeo OO
noie?ooy iiiiiaeai? ia oe?a?inueeee aa?a?iee o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci
(ei?ii?aoea?ci);

i?oeii aei??iaia o noni?euei?e na?aeiiino? oa i?aena?aeiiino? oe?ii?nia
no?oeoo?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie;

no?oeoo?a oe?iiinoae no/aniiai cao?aeiiai ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, yea
oaeaeei iioe?th?oueny /a?ac a?aee?eo?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o.

I?ioenoiyiiy 2-? oa 3-? no?oeoo? oe?iiinoae ? aecia/aeueiei aaeoi?ii
iai?oae o i?ioean? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa.

Ie??i oeueiai, ?nio? nooo?aa oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eia ?icaeai?i?noue o
noa?ao i?aoe? ? aeaniino?, ii?iaeaeaia eiioi?noe/iith ?aeaieia??th, a
naia – caa?aaeaiiy a??e o iaoa?iae?ci aea?aeaae ii?yae ?c iaoooaaiiyi
aea?aeaaieie caeiiaie. Iane?aeeii oe??? niaoeeo?/ii? na?oiaeyaeii?
?icaeai?iino? ? ia?aoai?aiiy ?? a ii?aeueii aei?aaaeaio no?oeoo?o ii?i
noni?eueiiai ni?aaeeooy, ui cia/iith i??ith aecia/a? canai?iiy a
i?ioean? aeoiaaiiy canaae aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee.

Oaeei /eiii, o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? ci?ie oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eii? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie o iai?yieo aei ?eieiaiai noni?euenoaa icia/athoue ia eeoa
“iiaa?iaiiy” oeiiaeo /e “ai?iaaaeaeaiiy” no/anieo ?eieiaeo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e, a e iiaeieaiiy ?icaeai?iino? ii?aeueieo canaae ni?aaeeooy a
no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?. Oiio oe?ii?nia ?aaoethaaiiy
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? no?aoaa?/ii aaaeeeaei aeey a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
aeooiaiino? ? ii?aeueiiai icaei?iaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi noa?e noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?, o yeeo aeei?enoaiiy
oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iiaeueii
iaiao?aeiei. Oaeeie noa?aie ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ? ianooii?:
caeiiiaeaanoai, aea?aeaaia ?aeaieia?y, caaaeueia ina?oa, i?ioan?eia
i?aeaioiaea oa ia?ai?aeaioiaea eaae??a.

Caeiiiaeaa/ith i?aeaaeeiith aoaeoeaii? o?ainoi?iaoe??
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua ? eiinoeoooe?eia cae??ieaiiy
aeaiie?aoe/ieo naiaiae o noa?? i?aoe?, i?eaaoiiaeanieoeueeeo oe?iiinoae
? ii?i. Ia?aoiaeo a?ae aeeeth/ii aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
caeiyo?noth aei aio/eiai eiai ii?aeiaiiy c ?eieiaei ni?ey? ?aaeeeaeueia
ia?aaoaeiaa o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui eaa?oei?co? o?ainoi?iaoe?th
an??? nenoaie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei. I?ioa o caeiiiaeaanoa? ia
i?eae?eaii aeinoaoiuei? oaaae oaeiio ianiaiio yaeuo ye i?eoiaaia
aac?ia?ooy: i?aoethth/? ia oiiaao iiaiiai ? iaiiaiiai ?iai/iai aeiy
a?aeianai? aei ?aeeii? eaoaai??? caeiyoeo; ?nio? iaaecia/ai?noue iiiyooy
“/anoeiaiai aac?ia?ooy”. iiceoeaiei iiiaioii ? noai?aiiy a oe?a?inueeiio
caeiiiaeaanoa? iniiaieo i?aaiaeo oi?i aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?,
ye? oaea nueiaiaei? ae?thoue ye oe?ii?niee ?aaoeyoi? o iai?yieo
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

Nioe?aeueia ni?yiiaai?noue iae?iaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ? iniiaiei
i?eioeeiii, yeee iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeoeaii? o/ano? aea?aeaae o
?aaoethaaii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, aecia/aii? i?eioeei?a ?
iaoai?ci?a ?aae?caoe?? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c
oeueiai, o ?iaio? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
nenoaie caeiyoino? iiaeiii noaoe iaei??th c aieiaieo oac
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaii? ?aeaieia??, ? oiae? ony nenoaia i?iiaaaiaee
aea?aeaae i?aoethaaoeia ye oe?ii?niee ?aaoeyoi? o noa?? caeiyoino?.

Iiooaeiei ?ino?oiaioii oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ?
nenoaia caaaeueii? oa i?ioan?eii? ina?oe, aea caeeaaeathoueny
oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?ei? i?aeaaeeie aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy. Iaiao?aeiith neeaaeiaith caaaeueii?? na?aaeiuei? ina?oe ? ia
no?eueee i?ioi???ioaoe?y, ne?eueee canai?iiy iiceoeaiiai, oa?i?iaeueiiai
noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe?. Oeiey?? iiaeooue ia oyaeyoe, eei ? aea aiie
aoaeooue i?aoethaaoe, aea iiaeii? ona?aeiiethaaoe ye aiie iiaeii?
i?aoethaaoe. Aeioe?eueiei ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao
eiiieaeno c /ioe?ueio-i’yoe aeenoeeie?i, yeee oiiaii iiaeia iacaaoe
“oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eiei o?oaeiaei iaa/aiiyi” (ae?eiaa aoeea, iniiae
i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?,
nioe?iaeiiii?ee). Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaieo i?aaeiao?a aeanoue ciiao
caeeanoe iniiae iia?eueiino? iaeaooi?o i?aoe?aiee?a.

I?ioan?eia ia?ai?aeaioiaea oa i?ioi???ioaoe?y ? neeaaeiaeie aeoeaii?
iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. A yeino? oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a
caeiyoino? o i?ioan?ei?e ia?ai?aeaioiaoe? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe
“aaeaioeaii-?io?ano?oeoo?io” i?aeaioiaeo aac?ia?oieo aei “aeaeeaaiiy” ia
?eieo i?aoe?, inai?iiy ieie iiaeo niaoe?aeueiinoae, iaae/e?a aeey
a?aee?eooy aeanii? ni?aae. Iaaecaaaeaiiyi oaei? ia?ai?aeaioiaee ?
noai?aiiy c eieeoiueiai iaeiaiiai i?aoe?aieea ? nueiaiaei?oiueiai
aac?ia?oiiai na?aeiiiai i?aei?e?ioey-ae?iaieea, a caiaeii –
i?iaeoeoeaiiai i?eaaoiiai aeanieea-aeoe?iia?a. Aieiaiei i?eioeeiii i?e
oeueiio, aeo?nieaoe aeii?ioth/o na?aae ca?a?no?iaaieo aac?ia?oieo
i???ioaoe?th ia iaea?aeaiiy oei/aniai? o?iainiai? eiiiainaoe??, iiaeiii
noaoe iaaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? i?aoethaaoe /a?ac naiinoai?aiiy i?noey i?aoe?
(aeei?enoaiiy aea?aeaaith noeo?eii ae?th/iai oe?ii?niiai ?aaoeyoi?a –
naiicaeiyoino?).

Cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee ye aeaiaioe aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aeicaieyoue caaacia/eoe i?ioan?eio naii?aae?caoe?th
iniae ? ineoieia?/io aiaaiai?noue ethaeae o aeanieo neeao, ni?eyoeiooue
noai?aiith aaeaioiaaiiai aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua nioe?aeueii-aeoeaiiai
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.

Aeo?aoe ia o?iainoaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ?aaoeyoeaieo caoiae?a iiaeii?
iaoiiaethaaoenue ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith aoaeoeai?noth. Ine?eueee
aieiaiei i?ecia/aiiyi oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, o ?iaio?
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e ca aeiiiiiaith ii??aiyiiy aeaio a?iioaoe/ieo ?ano?nieo
iaeeieoeue – ?aeaaeueieo iioaioe?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a c aeii?ioth/eie o
na?oiaeyae? a?aeiia?aeii “i?iaeoeoeaieie” aai “iai?iaeoeoeaieie”
oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie, a oaeiae aeaio a?iioaoe/ieo noni?euenoa –
“noni?euenoaa ae?iaiee?a” oa “noni?euenoaa niiaeeaa/?a”.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?nieo
?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o ia?aaeeai? oe?iiinoae noni?euenoaa iaeiicia/ii
ca?eueoo? aoaeoeai?noue ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a, a ioaea ca ?ioeo ??aieo
oiia ca?eueoo? noeoiiee aeio?ae noni?euenoaa.

Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy o aeiaaeeo ?o
iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ecaaaea aei c?inoaiiy AAI ia iaioa, i?ae a 1,2
?ace. I?eiono?i, o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee ia?ao?ae Oe?a?ie aei iiaiioe?iiiai
aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa o?eaaoeia aeecueei 20-oe ?ie?a. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo na?aaei?e ui??/iee i?e??no AAI, coiiaeaiee ae??th
“i?iaeoeoeaieo” oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e neeaaea i?eaeecii iaeei
a?aenioie.

Na?ae/aiiyi aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ? oa, ui aeo?aoe ia ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?
i?i?iaeueieie, ine?eueee a on?o iniiaieo iai?yieao ?o aeei?enoaiiy
aeo?aoe ia?ae?eaathoueny oeyoii ia?a?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a c ?ioeo noa?
?aaoethaaiiy. ?aaeueia o?iainoaaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?ii?niiai
?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy caiaeeoueny aei i?aai?caoe?eieo
iaeii?aciaeo aeo?ao ia ia?ai???ioaoe?th aeayeeo iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino?
?yaeo aea?aeaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo oa ina?oi?o no?oeoo?, a oaeiae
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
oi?ioeththoueny i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy iaia’yceiai iiaeiii
a?aoiaoaaoe iaoe?iiaeueio eoeueoo?io ? iie?oe/io nenoaie, a ioaea –
nenoaio oe?iiinoae, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy o yeino? ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aeaiaio?a
nenoaie oe?iiinoae.

?nio? ca’ycie i?ae ci?iith nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa
o?ainoi?iaoe??th ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae, yeee ae?? ye cai?ioia i?oaeeia:
ci?ie nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aieeaathoue ia ci?ie ? oi?ioaaiiy
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?? caeiyoino?, ye? caiaeii cae??ieththoue ?
?icaeaathoue oe? ci?ie – ? oae aeae?.

Oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? nai???aeiei
noia?no?aoaa?/iei ?ino?oiaioii aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino?,
yeee onoaa? ia?oii?e/eio aeeni?iii?oe?e o nenoai? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy –
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?? caeiyoino? caaaeaiiyi
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, ia eieaeueiiio ??ai? – caaaeaiith
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

Ci?ie o noa?ao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aeaniino? ? i?aoe? ?
eeth/iaeie aeey ooaa?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie, ioaea oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? o oeeo noa?ao ? iaeaaaeeea?oeie o
?aaoethaaii? aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei oiia
?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua.

Caaaeueiei no?aoaa?/iei iai?yieii aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?ieo ?aaoeyoi??a
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ? ?icaeoie i?iaeoeoeaieo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e.

Aieiaiei aaaeaeai oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? o noa?? i?aoe? ?
ca?eueoaiiy aaae oa?i?iaeueii? neeaaeiai? a no?oeoo?? oe?iiino?
“i?aoey”.

A yeino? oe?ii?niiai ?aaoeyoi?a caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith
ia?ao?aeiith oi?iith aeaniino? ? aeoe?iia?ia oi?ia aeaniino? cae?eoiai
oeio, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei nooiaiai “ei?ii?aoeaiino?”,
“aeoioeyoeaiino?” oa “naini?iino?”.

Noa?aie noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?, o yeeo iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e caeiyoino?, ? caeiiiaeaanoai, aea?aeaaia
?aeaieia?y, caaaeueia ina?oa, i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea oa ia?ai?aeaioiaea.

Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie o aeiaaeeo
?o iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ecaaaea aei c?inoaiiy AAI ia iaioa, i?ae a 1,2
?ace.

Na?ae/aiiyi nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?nieo
?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ? i?i?iaeuei? aeo?aoe ia ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, ine?eueee a on?o iniiaieo iai?yieao oe?ii?niiai
?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?a?iciiae?e ?ano?n?a c
?ioeo noa? ?aaoethaaiiy.

I?aenoiiaoth/e iao aiae?c, ie noaa?aeaeo?ii ianooiia:

aeei?enoaiiy oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ?
iaiao?aeiei oa no?aoaa?/ii aeioe?eueiei aeey oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa,
yea ia?aaoaa? o noai? ea?aeeiaeueii? nenoaiii? o?ainoi?iaoe??, ine?eueee
aeanoue ciiao caaacia/eoe aoaeoeai?oa aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ?
c?inoaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio;

nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? aeinoaoiueith i?aenoaaith aeey eiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ye neeaaeiai? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiyOe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Na?iei A. N. Ia?aaeeaia oe?iiinoae ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy o?ainoi?iaoe??
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua // Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai
a Oe?a?i?: aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo: Ca. iaoe.-i?eee. i?. ?
4 – Euea?a: A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.
– ? 329. – 1998. – N. 277 – 285.

Na?iei A. N. Ia?aaaae aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie aeaniino? a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? no?oeoo?e oe?iiinoae iinooioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa //
Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo: Ca. iaoe.-i?eee. i?. ? 5 – Euea?a: A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. – ? 368. – 1999. – N. 193 –
199.

Na?iei A. N. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy // Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a
Oe?a?i?: aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo: Ca. iaoe.-i?eee. i?. ? 6
– Euea?a: A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. –
? 369. – 1999. – N.193 – 196.

AIIOAOe?ss

Na?iei A. N. ?aaoeyoeaia ?ieue oe?iiinoae a aaeaioaoe?? nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 – i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith. – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
?aaia O?aiea, Euea?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae aaeaioaoe??th nenoaie
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaeo oiia oa o?ainoi?iaoe??th
iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae, aaeineiiaeaii iiiyo?eiee aia?ao o
noa?? o?oaei?ano?nii? i?iaeaiaoeee, aecia/aii i?noea oe?ii?nieo
?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? o no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee
oa iaa?oioiaaii ?o canoinoaaiiy o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo noa?ao i?aoe?
? aeaniino?. Aeiaaaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e ? iniiaiei aaaeaeai oe?ii?niiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
nenoaie caeiyoino?. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a caeiyoino? cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai?
oeyoe ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaoethaaiiy, caeiyo?noue, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue, oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e, i?iaeoeoeai? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??,
ia?aaeeaia oe?iiinoae, i?aoey, aeani?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Naaiei A. N. ?aaoeyoeaiay ?ieue oeaiiinoae a aaeaioaoeee nenoaiu
caiyoinoe ianaeaiey e ?uieiaie n?aaea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 – i?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey, ieaie?iaaiey e
?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee. – Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie
Eaaia O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony acaeiinaycue nenoaiu oeaiiinoae n
yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiie a noa?a caiyoinoe ianaeaiey o?ainoi?ie?othuaainy
iauanoaa. Iaiauaiu e ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau acaeiinaycae
aaeaioaoeee nenoaiu caiyoinoe ianaeaiey e ?uii/iie n?aaea n
o?ainoi?iaoeeae iaoeeiiaeueiie nenoaiu oeaiiinoae. Ia iniiaa nenoaiiuo
acaeiicaaeneiinoae eoeueoo?u, iieeoeee e yeiiiieee aeieacaia
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey a ea/anoaa ?aaoeyoi?ia nenoaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey yeaiaioia iaoeeiiaeueiie nenoaiu oeaiiinoae.

Ia iniiaa ?ac?aaioaiie eiioeaioeee ia?aaeeaiu oeaiiinoae ii?aaeaeaiu
acaeiinayce aaeaioaoeee nenoaiu caiyoinoe ianaeaiey e ?uii/iui oneiaeyi
n eciaiaieyie a nenoaia oeaiiinoae. A /aniinoe aeieacaii, /oi i?e
eniieueciaaiee oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia caiyoinoe aicieeaao yooaeo
“ia?aoiie i?oaeeiu” ai acaeiiaeaenoaee eciaiaiee nenoaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey n o?ainoi?iaoeeae iaoeeiiaeueiie ia?aaeeaiu oeaiiinoae.

Ii?aaeaeaii ianoi oeaiiinoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey caiyoinoe ianaeaiey a
no?oeoo?a ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee. Iainiiaaii
eneeth/eoaeueiia cia/aiea oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia caiyoinoe eae
ioaeaeueiiai no?aoaae/aneiai aeaea ?aaoee?iaaiey nenoaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey, eioi?ue, oi?ie?oy a iauanoaaiiii niciaiee iiaoth
oeaiiinoii-i?eaioe?iai/ioth iao?eoeo caiyoinoe, ono?aiyao ia?aii?e/eio
aeeni?iii?oeee a nouanoaothuae nenoaia caiyoinoe, a eiaiii –
ianiioaaonoaea oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee a noa?a caiyoinoe caaea/ai
?acaeoey oe?aeineiai iauanoaa.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu noa?u o?oaea e nianoaaiiinoe, eae noa?u
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee, a eioi?uo enniieueciaaiea
oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia nenoaiu caiyoinoe ianaeaiey aeaao iaaeneiaeueii
yooaeoeaiua ?acoeueoaou. Ii?aaeaeaia nooue oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia
caiyoinoe a yoeo noa?ao, a oaeaea ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe eo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a ea/anoaa aaeoi?ia oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee a
oeaiiinoyo-ecia?aieyo “o?oae” e “nianoaaiiinoue”. Aeieacaii, /oi
oi?ie?iaaiea e ?acaeoea i?iaeoeoeaiuo oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee aunooiaao
aeaaiui iai?aaeaieai a oeaiiinoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee nenoaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey.

Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi iniiaiui ?u/aaii oeaiiinoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey caiyoinoe a
noa?a o?oaea anoue oaaee/aiea aeiee oa?ieiaeueiie ninoaaeythuae
oeaiiinoe “o?oae”. Ae?oaeie ?u/aaaie ?aaoee?iaaiey caiyoinoe a yoie
noa?a aunooiatho ?aai/aa ianoi, eae niaoeeoe/aneay oeaiiinoue,
aaniiinoue eioi?ie a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo iinoiyiii aic?inoaao, e
naiicaiyoinoue, eae niaoeeoe/aneay e iniaaiii cia/eoaeueiay
oeaiiinoii-i?eaioaoeeiiiay no?oeoo?a aeey iinooioaeeoa?iiai iauanoaa.

Iainiiaaii a ea/anoaa iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiiai oeaiiinoiiai ?aaoeyoi?a a
noa?a nianoaaiiinoe eniieueciaaiea aeoeeiia?iie nianoaaiiinoe cae?uoiai
oeia eae ia?aoiaeiie oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe, eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoaony
aunieie noaiaiueth “ei?ii?aoeaiinoe”, “aeeoioeyoeaiinoe” e
“naini?iinoe”.

N?aae noa? iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, aeey eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeii a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aiaae?aiea oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia nenoaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey, auaeaeaiu neaaeothuea: caeiiiaeaoaeueiay noa?a, noa?u
ainoaea?noaaiiie eaeaieiaee, iauaai ia?aciaaiey e i?ioanneiiaeueiie
ia?aiiaeaioiaee.

Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaae?iiuo ?ann/?oia iainiiaaii, /oi
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia
caiyoinoe i?e eo iieiii eniieueciaaiee i?eaaae?o e aic?inoaieth AII ia
iaiaa, /ai a 1,2 ?aca eee, i?eia?ii, e i?e?inoo a iau?ia 1% a aiae, /oi
anoue aeinoa/iui oneiaeai aeey aiaae?aiey oeaiiinoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey a
i?aeoeeo ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee.

I?aaeeiaeaiiia a ?aaioa eniieueciaaiea oeaiiinoiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia caiyoinoe
iaoneiaeeaaaony ieieiaeueiuie cao?aoaie aeey aai aiaae?aiey a ea/anoaa
ninoaaiie ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee caiyoinoe, iineieueeo ai anao
iniiaiuo iai?aaeaieyo e noa?ao oeaiiiniiai ?aaoee?iaaiey nenoaiu
caiyoinoe ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu i?ienoiaeeo ia?a?ani?aaeeeaiea ?ano?nia n
ae?oaeo iai?aaeaiee e noa? ?aaoee?iaaiey nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie
i?ioeannaie.

Neiioeaio?e?iaaii aieiaiea ia no?aoaae/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoe
oeaiiinoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey nenoaiu caiyoinoe ianaeaiey aeey
o?ainoi?ie?othuaainy iauanoaa, iineieueeo aiaae?aiea oeaiiinoiuo
?aaoeyoi?ia caiyoinoe iaania/eaaao aieaa yooaeoeaiia eniieueciaaiea,
nio?aiaiea e aini?iecaaaeaiea o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaoee?iaaiea, nenoaia caiyoinoe ianaeaiey,
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue, i?iaeoeoeaiua oeaiiinoiua
i?eaioaoeee, ia?aaeeaia oeaiiinoae, oeaiiinoiua ?aaoeyoi?u, o?oae,
nianoaaiiinoue.

ANNOTATION

Sayenko A.S. The regulating role of the values for the adaptation of the
employment system for the market economy. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in economics by specialty 08.02.03 –
Economy management, planning and regulating. – Ivan Franko State
University, Lviv,1999.

In the dissertation it is investigated the interdependence between
employment system’s adaptation for the market economy and transformation
of national values, the significance of labour values’ regulators for
the state regulation of the economy is defined. The appliance of the
mentioned regulators in the labour and property relations is indicated.
It is proved, that the establishing of effective values is the most
important for the national employment system’s regulation. Based on the
analysis of the social-economical effectiveness the ways of their
implementation in Ukraine are proposed.

Key words: regulation, employment, social-economical effectiveness,
value regulators, value orientation, values’ paradigma, labour,
property.

____________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 24.09.1999?. oi?iao 60O84/16.

Oi. ae?oe. a?e.1,0. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,0.

Ae?oe ionaoiee. Cai. 204. Iaeeaae 100.

____________________________________________________

Aeae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiio a?aeae?e? EueOeIOA?

* A. Aaa?eeeoei naia oae aecia/a? iaioth/? a oiio /e ?ioiio noni?euenoa?
aeaee oe?iiinoae. O iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaa?oioiao?oueny ?o
“?aeaaeuei?noue”, ui icia/a? iaiiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy o “/enoiio”
aeaeyae? oeeo aeae?a ye ia?aaeeaie oe?iiinoae noni?euenoaa.

PAGE 2

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Iie?oeea

Oe?iiino?

Oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e caeiyoino?

2

Aea?aeaaia iie?oeea caeiyoino?

3

1

4

Nenoaia caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy

Aeiiii?ea

Iaoe?iiaeueia aea?aeaaia ?aeaieia?y

A – aieea oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a ia nenoaio caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

A – aieea oe?ii?nieo ?aaoeyoi??a ia iaoe?iiaeueio ia?aaeeaio oe?iiinoae.

A?oioo?oueny ia iaoe?iiaeuei?e ia?aaeeai? oe?iiinoae
(a?oiiai-eiiia?aoeai?e)

Oi?ioaaiiy canaae /a?ac o?ainoi?iaoe?th eiiaiaeieo iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai
aieeao o ?aaoeyoeai?

Aea?aeaaia aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea

Aea?aeaaia nioe?aeueia iie?oeea

Aea?aeaaia

iie?oeea caeiyoino?

A

?aaoethaaiiy

Oi?ioaaiiy a iaoe?iiaeuei?e ia?aaeeai? oe?iiinoae “i?iaeoeoeaieo“
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?ao

?ino?oiaioe ?aaoethaaiiy

Oe?ii?ni? ?aaoeyoi?e

IAOA

I?aoey

Aeani?noue

Noai?aiiy aoaeoeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy

A

NENOAIA CAEIssOINO?

IANAEAIIss

Caaaeaiiy: aaeaioaoe?y o ?eieiaa

nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua

Nioe?aeueia nenoaia

Aeiiii?/ia nenoaia

I?eaaoia

oi?ia aeaniino?

“?aioue?” (iaeneiaeueii

?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaia)

“I?aei?e?ioe?”

“Ao?aeoa”

“Ethiiaie”

Iai?iaeoeoeai? I?iaeoeoeai?

oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??

(i?aoey – can?a, (i?aoey – e?ioeaaa iaoa,

?ino?oiaioaeueia oe?ii?noue) oa?i?iaeueia oe?ii?noue)

“Ethiiaie”

Aea?aeaaia

oi?ia aeaniino?

(iaeneiaueii eieaeoea?ciaaia)

“I?ioanoaionueeee” eai?oae?ci

(ca I.Aaaa?ii)

“Aeeeee” eai?oae?ci

(ca E.Ia?enii)

Nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaia ?eieiaa

noni?euenoai

OE?A?IA

?eieiaee nioe?ae?ci

Ooii?/iee nioe?ae?ci

(eiioi?ci)

N?N?

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