EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

NIAAEI I?IA NA?A??AIA

OAeE 833 (477.44)

?AA?IIAEUeI? INIAEEAINO?

IA?IAeII? I?ICE IIAe?EEss

(ia iaoa??aeao oieueeei?o A?iie/eie)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

Eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oieueeei?enoeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe. Aeoia?anueea E?ae?y
O?aioe?aia, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o?ieueeei?enoeee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ea/eai
Aieiaeeie? Aoaian?eiae/, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa.

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Oaaean
Einei THoeiiae/, ?inoeooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa
aoiieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – E?eai??cueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
?inoeooo, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 6 aeiaoiy 1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.15 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, Ee?a-17, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea,14,
eiioa?aioe-cae).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea,58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 5” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E.A.A?eoeee

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey caaaeaee i?eaa?oaea oaaao aaaaoueio
aeine?aeiee?a. Oea aeicaieeei aecia/eoe ?aa?iiaeuei? oieueeei?i?
iniaeeaino?, aecia/eoe aeai?iao ??ciiiai?noi?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ia?iaeii? i?ice.

Caa?iaiiy aei i?iaeaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai aniaeoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeii?
i?ice Iiae?eey ia aeiaaeeiaa. Aein? ie ia ia?ii eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice ?aa?iio.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie coiiaeaia oaeiae oei, ui ca?aeii c inoaii?ie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie oieueeei?ii? i?ice Iiae?eey aeyaeaii noaa?eueio
no?oeoo?o i?iciaeo aeai??a, ye ?noi?e/i?, i?oieia?/i?, eaaaiaee oa
ia?aeace, /a??aii-oaioanoe/i? oa nioe?aeueii-iiaooia? eacee.
?aa?iiaeueia nai???aei?noue oieueeei?ieo oai??a coiiaeaia oei, ui iaia?
ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e aac ei??iiy, aac aaiaoe/ii? e?i?? ? aac iaee//y,
cae/aeii, iaoe?iiaeueiiai. sse ienaa ?.Iaeaithe: «Iaoa eoeueoo?a ia
caaaeaee aoea eeoa «iaoe?iiaeueiith», ?? iai?yiee, ?? aeeaoee ? oe?oee
ci?no aoee /anoi aeeeoiaai? ? aeaaai? naia aaia?ao?/iei iieiaeaiiyi
iaoi? aaouee?aueie».

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o nenoaiaoecaoe?? ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey,
aeyaeaii? naiiaooi?o ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/ieo, ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae, ui
coiiaeai? neeaaeii ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio, a oaeiae a inieneaii?
oieueeei?ii? i?ice Iiae?eey a eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeiciaaoe?a
c ii/. XIX no. ? aei e?ioey XX no. Aeena?oaio aaaaea? ca aeioe?eueia
cae?enieoe nenoaiiee ?icaeyae aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey: eacie,
eaaaiae, ia?aeac?a, aoaaeueuei ? iia??’?a.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe caaacia/o?oueny aeaoaeueiei iaoeiaei aena?oeaiiyi iecee
ie?aieo caaaeaiue:

— c’ynoaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?ee ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey;

— nenoaiaoecaoe??th c?a?aiiai i?iciaiai iaoa??aeo Iiae?eey a ia??iae
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee;

— oe?e?niei aeai?iai-oaiaoe/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi nai???aeiino? ia?iaeii?
i?ice ?aa?iio;

— aeyaeaiiyi o oieueeei?? iaaieo ?noi?e/ieo a?aeiiinoae i?i Iiae?eey oa
aeeooy ? iiaoo eiai ianaeaiiy ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ?o o ia?iaei?e i?ic?.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeii?
i?ice iacaaiiai ?aa?iio aaoi? i???ioo?oueny ia iaoiaeieia?/iee aeina?ae
iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo oieueeei?eno?a. Ooo
ianaiia?aae a?aoiaaiee iaaooie a?o/eciyieo o/aieo, cie?aia,
N.A.Ieoaie/a, E.O.Aeoia?anueei?, I.TH.A??oeeii?, A.O.Aeaaeaethea,
A.A.Aieea, A.A.Ea/eaia, I.I.Iacye, I.I.Oaeai/oe, I.I.Aii/a?aiei,
A.ss.I?iiia, E.A.*enoiaa, A.E.Nieieiai? oa ?ioeo a/aieo.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeena?oaoe?? ? ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aeaiaio?a nenoaiiiai, iieniaiai, ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiai,
?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iiai iaoiae?a, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeeaoa
i?ciaoe nooue aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie, a naia: i?inoaaeeoe i?noeaa?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iioea?a, ia?ac?a; aeyaeoe oieueeei?enoe/i? ?aa?iiaeuei?
o?aaeeoe??; aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? oieueeei?iiai i?ioeano Iiae?eey.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a aeine?aeaeaii? aeai?iai-oaiaoe/ii?,
ia?acii? nenoaie ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey, a ye?e iaeae?aci?oa
i?inoaaeothoueny anoaoe/i?, ineoieia?/i? oiiaeiaaiiy iiaeieyi. O
aeena?oaoe?? aeyaeaii ooaeiaeith nai???aei?noue oa aeai?iaee neeaae
oieueeei?ii? i?ice ia oe? caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai iaoa??aeo. Oea
aeicaieeei nenoaiaoecoaaoe c?a?aiee iaoa??ae, aeyaeoe nai???aei?noue
oieueeei?ieo o?aaeeoe?e aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio, iiynieoe oe?
iniaeeaino? ia iniia? eiie?aoiiai ?noi?e/iiai aiae?co, a oaeiae
anoaiiaeoe i?noea ia?iaeii? i?ice e?ath a caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio
oieueeei?iiio i?ioean?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?, oai?aoe/ieo oa
?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueieo i?aoeyo oieueeei?eno?a, ii?iaoeaieo eo?nao
oieueeei?o, ?noi???, e?oa?aoo?e, o niaoenai?ia?ao, ia o?ieao
ia?iaeiciaanoaa, i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?aa?iiaeueieo ca??iee?a, a oaeiae o
iocaei?e i?aeoeoe? oa e?a?ciaa/?e ?iaio?.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??:

eaaaiaee, ia?aeace, eacee, aoaaeueueie Iiae?eey a?aecia/athoueny
nai???aeiei oa?aeoa?ii a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?, oe?ioith oaiaoeee oa
i?iaeaiaoeee, ??ciiiai?ooyi ia?acii? nenoaie;

o ia?iaei?e i?ic? ?aa?iio a?aeiia?aeii aei ?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei
aeii?iothoue ?noi?e/i? eaaaiaee ? ia?aeace, oi/ cono??/athoueny e ?io?
??ciiaeaee aeai?o eaaaiaee, ye i?oieia?/ia, aeaiiiieia?/ia oiui;

iiaoe/ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y o?aaeeoe?eieo iioea?a o /an? oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio
i?inoi?? caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth iiia?aea/?a, ?oiueiai
ienoaoeoaa ?ioa?i?aooaaoe nthaeao, inyaiooe o?aaeeoe?? iaaiiai
i?iciaiai aeai?o;

?aa?iiaeueiith iciaeith ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey ? aaaaeaiiy ia?iaeieie
iiia?aea/aie a ooaeiaeith no?oeoo?o oai??a ??cieo aeai??a – eacie,
eaaaiae, ia?aeac?a – oa?aeoa?ieo iciae ?noi?e/ii? ieioaoeie – ?noi?e/ieo
ia?ac?a, ao?eaoo?a iiaooo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeaieiooaaeenue ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
iniaenoino?”(1998 ?.), ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
(1999 ?.), oi?aa?neoaonueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo “No/ani? oieueeei?i?
o?aaeeoe?? o na?oe? inoaii?o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue”, “Oieueeei? ?
e?oa?aoo?a ye iaoeiaa oa ina?oiy i?iaeaia».

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy oaie. Aecia/athoueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? oaa?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
a?aoiaioo?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — «Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey a
eiioaeno? ?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei».

Aoiieoeueoo?ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iio aoei neeaaeiei, yeui aeoiaeeoe c?
nai???aeiino? ?noi?e/ii? aeie? ianaeaiiy e?ath oa aeeiai?ee eiai
ei?aeii?a. Aiii, ca eia?eith ?icaeoeo, ia? ia eeoa neeaaeaoenue c
e?eueeio ia?ao?aeieo cii, a e aeeth/aoe iniiao — iaea?eueo oeiiaiai aeey
Iiae?eey ieanoo ia?iaeii? i?ice.

I?iaeaia aeai??a iiae?euenueeeo ia?iaeieo eacie ? eaaaiae coiiaeth?oueny
iaaieie ianoaaeiaie:

noni?eueiith iio?aaith, a a?aeiia?aeii caaaeaiiyie i?ciaaaeueiiai,
?aeaeii-aeoiaiiai ? anoaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? noaaeea ia?aae ia?iaeiith
oai?/?noth nioe?aeueia ae?eni?noue;

nai???aei?noth a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?,

??aiai ?icaeoeo noni?eueii? aeoiee ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio ? eiai ?noi?e/iiai
ieneaiiy;

iiia?aaei?ie ooaeiaei?ie o?aaeeoe?yie ? aeai?aie;

aieeaii e?oa?aoo?e oa ?ioeo aeae?a ienoaoeoa.

Uiaei no?oeoo?e ?aa?iio, oi iaieio/a iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i eiai iniiao, i?i
iaae? ?aa?iiaeueiiai oeio o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? eoeueoo?e oa ??
ia?ao?aeieo aa??aio?a. Eiee aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui iniiaa — oea
iaeoeiia?oee ieano ?aa?iiaeueii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, oi ii/aoie
aoaeue-yei? ia?ao?aeii? ciie — oea ie?ai? ae?aieaiiy aei aeania
?aa?iiaeueii? ia?iaeii? i?ice ooaeiaei?o aeaiaio?a oieueeei?o noi?aeieo
?aa?ii?a.

I/aaeaeii, ui /a?ac iaaio a?aeiini?noue e?eoa??th aeae?eaiiy ciiaeueieo
aa??aio?a e?aeiy iaaea ?aa?iiaeueii? aoiieoeueoo?e iaaiith i??ith
oiiaia; ana ae ?? iiaeia cao?enoaaoe — ia?aaaaeaiiyi aeaiaio?a aeania
ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey, i?eiaeii?, a ?? iniiaieo oeiieia?/ieo ?enao.

O? oa?eoi???, aea o?aaeeoe?eiee iiaoo a nai?e iniia? iaaoaa? ?en
noi?aeieo ?aa?ii?a, iiaeia aaaaeaoe ooieoe?iioaaiiyi c?ace?a ia?iaeiiai
ienoaoeoaa ?ioiai a?aaeo. Cae/aeii, iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? ?aa?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo? iaaecae/aeii oiieee. ? ooo iaaiei ?iaeeeaoi?ii aecia/aiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo iaae ia?iaeii? i?ice iiaea noaoe aoii?aa?iiaeueia /e
e?aeiaa naiina?aeii?noue — ona?aeiieaiiy ethaeueie nai?? i?e/aoiino? aei
iaaiiai e?ath, ?noi??? oa eiai ianaeaiiy.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey ? yaeua
aeania aoii?aa?iiaeueiiai a?ae/oooy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?.

sse ?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/iee ?aa?ii Iiae?eey aeoaea niaoeeo?/ia. Ooo ye
iane?aeie ?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei ? niaoeeo?/i? ?ene iiaooo, ui aeiaaathoue
?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiiai c’ynoaaiiy.

Nenoaiaoe/ia aea/aiiy Iiae?eey, ui aeeth/aei cae?aiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoiia?ao?/ieo oieueeei?ieo iaoa??ae?a, ii/aeiny a ia?o? aeanyoee?ooy O?O
no. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy aeine?aeieee iaaeaaaee ia?iaei?e i?ic?, yea
ai?iaeiaae noie?oue aeoioethaaea aeina?ae ia?iaeo o o?aaeeoe?eieo
nthaeaoao eacie, eaaaiae, ia?aeac?a oiui. Oiio aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
c’ynoaaoe i?ioean c?a?aiiy i?iciaiai iaoa??aeo ia oa?eoi??? Iiae?eey.

Oeae i?ioean a?aeaoaaany a aeae?eueea aoai?a.

Ia?oee – a?ae na?aaeeie O?O no. aei 30-o ?ie?a OO no. A?i aoa
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyi i?iciaeo iaoa??ae?a, ae?iaeaiiyi iaoeiaeo canaae
iaoiaeeee cae?aiiy ? ioae?eoaaiiy ia?iaeieo oai??a.

Ianooiiee aoai ia?eia? /an a?ae 30 ?. aei 60 ?. OO no. A?i a?aecia/eany
caaaa/aiiyi oaiaoeee aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice, ui cae?enithaaeiny ca
?aooiie o??ciiiai?oiaiiy cania?a ooaeiaeiueiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?
oa aeei?enoaiiyi ? ia?a?iaeith noa?eo o?aaeeoe?eieo oieueeei?ieo oai??a
ia iiaee eaae.

C e?ioey 60 aei 80 ?. OO no. ia oa?eoi??? Iiae?eey c’yaeythoueny
oieueeei?enoe (I.I?enyaeithe, I.?oaeaiei, A.Oaioeth?a, I.Aeieo?aiei),
ye? caeiathoueny oe?eani?yiiaaiei cae?aiiyi oa aea/aiiyi i?iciaeo
iaoa??ae?a c ?noi???, eoeueoo?e, iiaooo e?ath. A oeae ia??iae
ae?iaey?oueny iaoeiaee i?aeo?ae aei oieueeei?o.

Ie?aiith noi??ieith a ?noi??? ?icaeoeo oieueeei?o ? aoai, ui ?icii/aany
c na?aaeeie 80 ?. ? o?eaa? aeiiei?. A?i a?aecia/eany ?icoe?aiiyi ?iaioe
ii cae?aiith ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo, cie?aia,
ia?iaeii? i?ice, a oaeiae ni?iaaie i?aaaeeaiai aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e ?
iiaooo aoiin?a, ui i?iaeeaathoue a ?aa?ii?.

Aia?oa caiene ia Iiae?ee? c 1849?. ii 1896?. ca I.Eaa/aieii o
Eai’yiaoeueeiio, I?ineo??anueeiio, Iiaee?anueeiio, Iiaiooeoeueeiio oa
Eaoe/?anueeiio iia?oao cae?eniea A.Aeei?inueeee. A ieo iiaeaii oe?iiee
iaoa??ae, ui ioiieth? iniiai? aniaeoe o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? eoeueoo?e
ianaeaiiy Iiae?eey; iinaeaiiy ? aeeoei, ia?iaeiee iaeya, cae/a? oa
ia?yaee, ia?iaei? ciaiiy ? iia??’y oa caiene ia?iaeieo eacie.

Cia/ii aeiiiaith? caiene A.Aeei?inueeiai niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae iiaooii
iiaeieyi ?ica?aeea A.Naeaeieoeueeiai «Aaeeeaeaiue o iiaeieyi». Oaaaa a
?iaio? i?eae?eaia ia?yaeiaino?, iia’ycai?e c aaeeeiaei?ie nayoaie.
Aeine?aeiee caa?oa? oaaao ia iniaeeaa iaa?/ia cia/aiiy aiaee ? aiaith a
ia?iaeieo iia??’yo ? ia?yaeao. Eiie?aoiee aoiia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae aaeaei
ii?aeio?oueny A.Naeaeieoeueeei c ia?eniaeie aeaiaioaie iiia?ae?, ui
i?noyoue aeiaeaoeiao ?ioi?iaoe?th ii noo? iienoaaieo yaeu.
Aeine?aeaeoth/e yaeua aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e a ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo, aaoi?
caoaaaeea iniaeeaino? ineoieia??, cae/a?a oa ia?yae?a iaoeo i?aaee?a,
?oi?e iiaoo. Eiai i?aoe? aecia/athoueny ai?iiyi a?ae?a?aoe o
oieueeei?iiio i?ioean? yne?aa? c?acee ia?iaeieo eaaaiae, ia?aeac?a,
iia??’?a, ui cia/iith i??ith caaaaoeei ? eiai ooaeiaeith oai?/?noue.

Aaaiiee aianie o ?icaeoie ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey cae?enieee Ia?ei
Aia/ie ? Iiaian Ia?eiae/. O ?o oieueeei?ieo caienao /eiaei oai??a ??cieo
aeai??a, caienaieo ia A?iie//ei? a 1850?.

O iiaoo? iiaeieyi i?e iayaiino? aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueieo ?en ? a iao /an
caa??aathoueny aeaye? iniaeeaino?, a oiio /ene? e oae?, ye? nyaathoue
neai? aeaaieie. Oe? iniaeeaino? ciaoiaeyoue aeya o oa?eoi??aeueiiio
aniaeo? e coiiaeai? oa?aeoa?ii ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio,
i?e?iaeie/i-aaia?ao?/ieie oiiaaie.

Caa?oath/enue aei aeai?iai-oaiaoe/iiai i?eioeeio aiae?co oieueeei?iiai
iaoa??aeo, aaoi? iieaco?, ye a?aeia?aaeai? a ia?iaei?e i?ic? ?aa?iio
?noi?e/i? iiae??, yaeua, noni?eueia aeeooy, aeyaey? nai? noaaeaiiy aei
ieo.

O iiiyooy ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? aoiaeeoue
eaceiaa ? iaeaceiaa i?ica. Eiaeai ?c oeeo ianea?a ia? naith niaoeeo?eo,
iiaooiaa i?ecia/aiiy. Ae?a?aiee eiie?aoiee iaoa??ae aeaa iiaeeea?noue
iiaeaoe eeaneo?eaoe?th ia?iaeii? i?ice, i?eeiyoo oe?a?inueeith
oieueeei?enoeeith.

Eaaaiaee oa ia?aeace, eacee ? aoaaeueueie caienoaaeeny, ioae?eoaaeeny,
caeaa?eueoiai, ?acii c ?ioeie aeai?aie ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?. Aeoiaey/e c
aeaea?ae,, aaoi? iiaea? e?euee?niee neeaae eiaeiiai c? caaaeaieo aeai??a
ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey.

Eaaaiaee oa ia?aeace Iiae?eey ai?iaeiaae noie?oue aoee caniaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? ia?aaea/? ianooiiei iieie?iiyi iiaooiaeo, ?noi?e/ieo,
i?e?iaeie/eo ciaiue. ?aa?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea a?aeaeaa?oueny o iacaao
ia?niiaae?a, oiiii?i?/ieo ia?aiao?ao, aoi?/ieo iioeaao oiui, a oaeiae
i?inoaaeo?oueny iiaoe/ia ieneaiiy, ui ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c i?e?iaeith
onii? ia?iaeii? i?ice.

Ca ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iei neeaaeii eaaaiaee oa ia?aeace Iiae?eey
i?aaenoaaeai? on?ia aeai?iaeie ??ciiaeaeaie: nioe?aeueii-iiaooiaeie,
i?oieia?/ieie (iaeiioe?ai?oeie aeaiiiieia?/ieie, ?noi?e/ieie).

O ?iaio? aeie?aieaii a?oio ?noi?e/ieo eaaaiae, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
ieioea Iiae?eey, iino?eii caa?oathoueny aei ?noi?e/iiai iaoa??aeo,
aeacoth/e ia oaeoe ? a?aeiieo in?a, ui aeeee a ieioeiio, iiyniththoue
oe? iiae??.Oeei ii noo? ? i?iaeeeoiaaia iiyaa o??? /e ?ioi? eaaaiaee, ui
i?noeoue a nia? iiyniaiiy iiae?e, ye? o?aieeenue c ?noi?e/ieie iniaaie.
Ooo cao/aoue ?noi?e/i? iioeae ? ?aaeuei?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo. A ieo
iayai? oi/i?noue /ano, i?noea ae?e, ?iaia o/aniee?a iienoaaii? iiae??.
Ci?no eaaaiae aeeeaaeaii a iaeiiio ai?ciae?. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue ooo
iaeaaeeoue oei ae?y/ai, ui ?i ?noi?e/ia iai’youe ia?iaeo a?aeaiaeeoue
iaaaeyea i?noea o ai?iouea? i?ioe oo?aoeueei-oaoa?nueei?,
iieuenueei-oeyoaonueei? aeniain??. Oea iioeae: a?aeia?aaeaiiy aa?iy,
eeoea?y-iai?iioey ? aecaieeoaey ??aeii? caie?; a?ia?aie?/ii-eaaaiaea?iee
aa?i?ci eicaoeueeeo aaoaaee?a: ?.Aiaoia, Ae.Ia/ay, ?.N??ea (eaaaiaee “O
A?iieoe? ia a?aieoe?”, “Inoaii?e a?e Aeaieea Ia/ay”).

Aei ?yaeo ?noi?e/ieo eaaaiae ne?ae a?aeianoe eaaaiaee i?i ni?eeaiai
ai?oey ca ethaenuee? i?aaa ? nioe?aeueio ni?aaaaeeea?noue a /ane
e??iinieoeueei-iainueeiai ai?oo – Onoeia Ea?iaethea.

Iiinoa Ea?iaethea iaiai, c?aaeieeai ciaeueiao?oueny ye ni?aaaaeeea?noue
ia?iaeiiai noaeo. *anoi a?i ea?aa iai?a oeie ae e?eaaeaie, ye? aaaao??
/eieee e??iaeai. ?noi?e/ii aeinoia??i? oaeoe a cia?aaeaii? ai?ioueae
i?ioe iainueeiai ai?oo ia?aie?oathoueny c aeaaaeeaie, oaioanoeeith –
ia?iae i?aaioa iaae?eeoe naiai aa?iy ?enaie aaee/?, oi?ia?ino?,
iaia?aiiaeiino?, caeaoiino? oai?eoe aeeai aae aei aacnia?oy. Iaa?oue
ia?iaeaeaiiy ? aeeoeinoai aa?iy ciaeueiaai? i?e iacae/aeieo ?
iaaei?e?iaeieo ianoaaeiao. Oae ia?iae ao?ethaaa naith a??o a ia?aiiao
iaae aiiaeoaeyie. Onoei Ea?iaethe – oeaio?aeueiee ia?ac a ?noi?e/ieo
eaaaiaeao i?i naeyinueeee ?oo i?ioe nioe?aeueiiai aiiaeaiiy ia Iiae?ee?
a ia?o?e iieiaei? 19 no.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — «Iiaoe/ia niaoeeo?ea eaceiai? i?ice oa aeaiiiieia??
Iiae?eey».

Ia?iaei? eacee, aeaiiiieia?/i? eaaaiaee, iia??’y nyaathoue nai?i
ii/aoeii aei?noi?e/ii? aeiae e aeiiei? iathoue iciaee i?oieia?/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. sse?ac i?oieia?/iee aiin caeeaa ia?o? i?aeaaeeie
ii?aeueieo ia?aeiiaiue ia?iaeo i?i ?aeaaee aeia?a ? cea, e?ane ? iioai?,
i?ae?aniiai ? iaeaeiiai, uia /a?ac i??th, oaioac?th iaaeeceoeny aei
aiaeanoaa, a?ae/ooe eiai i?enooi?noue.

Eacee Iiae?eey ? oei iaioe?iaiiei aeooiaiei aaaaonoaii, o yeiio c
iaea?eueoith neeith aeyaeeeny niieiia?/i? i??? ? iaae??
o?oae?aiee?a-iiaeieyi. Nai???aeiee oa?aeoa? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino? o
eacoe?, oe?ioa ?? oaiaoeee oa i?iaeaiaoeee ?iaeyoue ?? aeinoia??iei
aeieoiaioii e?ath.

Eacee Iiae?eey iaeaaeaoue aei iaeaeaai?oeo aeoai??a ethaenueeiai aeooo,
?o nthaeaoe ? iioeae ao?eai? o aa?i?ei — oaioanoe/i? //a??ai?/ eacee,
nioe?aeueii — iiaooia? oa eacee i?i oaa?ei.

??iaooia? eacee Iiae?eey — oea iaea?eueoa a?oia ii??aiyii c /a??aieie
eaceaie oa eaceaie i?i oaa?ei. Caniaaie aoii?o oa naoe?e a ieo yne?aai
a?aeoai?aii aeeoo?ai aaaeeea? i?iaeaie ianaeaiiy iiaeieyi, a naia:
noinoiee i?ae /eaiaie n?i’?, ?iaeo, a oaeiae nioe?aeueio
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th n?euenueei? a?iiaaee. I?e oeueiio ia? cia/aiiy
aaaaoiieaiia?noue ci?noo eacee, iayai?oue a i?e o?aaeeoe?eieo aeaiaio?a,
iia’ycaieo c a?aeia?aaeaiiyi yaeu aeaaieie ? nueiaiaeaiiy.

O iaaeao iniiaieo oaiaoe/ieo a?oi iiaooiai? eacee Iiae?eey aecia/aii
iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? aeey oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? o?aaeeoe?? nthaeaoe i?i
oyaeaiiy i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy, i?i caeaaei?noue ?o aeeooy a?ae Aeie?,
Ceeaei?a, Uanoy, Iaaei?e?iaeieo nee. Iioe?aieie ? eacee aoii?enoe/iiai
oa naoe?e/iiai oa?aeoa?o i?i aeo?i?a, iiae?oaei? aeeooy, aeeooy iai?a,
ceiae??a, iaeieo?a ? oacy?a. sse i?aaeei ,o oeeo eaceao ae?thoue
ia?niiaae? aeaio oei?a — ?icoiieo ? aeo?i?a. Naia /a?ac a/eiee aa?i?a
?aae?co?oueny eiioe?eo ? iiaea?oueny iniiaiee ci?no eacee. O eiioe?eo?
ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny ciaaeieai?e, i?eai?/ai?e ethaeei?. Oiaoi,
iiaooiaa eacea a?aeoai?th? i?aaiaiiy ia?iaeo a?ae oyaiiai aei
?aaeueiiai.

Eiiiiceoe?eia no?oeoo?a eacie i?i oaa?ei i?inoa, ? ioiieth? aeae?eueea
iiaooiaeo ai?ciae?a. Iaia’yceiai i?e oeueiio ? eiioe?eo — ?acoeueoao
c?oeiaiiy aeaio i?ioeeaaeieo ca oa?aeoa?ii ? aaea/ath ia?niiaae?a:
aeia?iai oa eeoiai, oeo?iai oa aeia??eeaiai. Aaaeeeao ?ieue i?e oeueiio
aeeiio? i?aeoaeno, a oi?ia eacee aeaai?e/ia /e iia/aeueii-?icaaaeaeueia,
ye cacia/aea I.Aaaea?ieeiaa, ? eeoa «caniaii e?eoe/ii? ioe?iee ?nioth/eo
yaeu».

Oe? eacee aeeth/athoue a naaa i?ni? — neaiaee, ae?aeiae, ui
coiiaeththoue iaaio ?eoi?eo. Aiie aeoioeththoue a nia? niinoa?aaeaiiy
ieneeaoe?a, ca??ieia?a, ?eaaeie, ui iaoeaee ia oa?eoi??? ?aa?iio. Ii?yae
c ?aaeueieie ?enaie a oeeo iiia?aeaiiyo ciaoiaeeii aeaiaioe ca’yce?a c
aeaai?ie oi?iaie na?aeiiino? ethaeeie; aiaaiai?noue o aeieeiaiiy oiai
/e ?ioiai ethaenueeiai ?iaeo a?ae oaa?eie /e ?ineeie oa a??o o
iiaeeea?noue iaa?/iiai ae?yiiy ia ??ci? yaeua iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo. Aiie
a?aecia/athoueny ieanoe/i?noth ? aeeiai?/i?noth ia?ac?a, iiae?ai?noth
iaaieo oeiiaeo ea?oei, a oaeiae nai???aeiei i?noeaaei oa?aeoa?ii, yeee
aeyaey?oueny o a?oi? ai?i?noe/ieo oa oioai?noe/ieo oyaeaiue oa
a??oaaiue; iioea ceiai oeo?iai aiaea; aee?eooy ethaenueeeo aaae.

Eacee i?i oaa?ei ianeeaaei? ca aoaeiaith, iaaaeee? ca ianyaii. A
aeena?oaoe?? a?aecia/a?oueny aaeaea canoinoaaiiy i?noeaai? ?iciia?aeii?
iaia?e a /eneaiieo c?aceao eacie oeueiai aeaeo.

Ia?niiaaeaie /a??aieo eacie, eacie i?i oaa?ei oa iiaooiaeo eacie ?
ae?eia? iniae, ye? neeaaeathoue o?eeaoaai??eio nenoaio /ceioai?oe?,
aeia?ioai?oe?, ciaaeieai?/. Ca oe??th nenoaiith o ?iaio?
?icaeyaeathoueny ia?ace eacie ?aa?iio oa ?o aeai?ia? iniaeeaino?.

Eacee Iiae?eey a?aecia/athoueny ye aaaaonoaii ci?noo, oae ? aenieei
??aiai ooaeiaeiueiai ao?eaiiy ae?eniino?.

O ieai? i?iaeaiaoeee eacee Iiae?eey ni?acao/i? c caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeie
ai?/ieie o?aaeeoe?yie ia?iaeii? i?ice. Aeii?io? nai???aeiee i?aeo?ae aei
eiiiiioaaiiy nthaeaoo, a yeiio ia ia?oiio ieai? – aca?ieie aa?i?a ?
ia?niiaae?a, iiooee ieie oaeeo ??oaiue, ye? i???ioothoueny ia i?aaaeo,
nioe?aeueio ni?aaaaeeea?noue, aeaaiae?ei?noue, ue??noue. Caaeai?noue
eiioe?eoo /e aioaaii?cio o ni?eeoaaii? aeia?eo ? ceeo nee, iiea?aiiy aai
i?e?a/ai?noue cea, c iiaeyaeo ethaenueei? eia?ee, o?ce/ia aeaeeaaiiy a
oiiaao ?aeaaeueii? aca?iiae?? ethaeeie ? i?e?iaee, iaeneiaeueia
iethaeiaiiy na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio ae?thoue aa?i? oa ia?niiaae? eacie ?
oaea ?ioa. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao aeno?aiaeuei?noue neooaoe?e, a yeeo
?icai?oa?oueny ae?y, a c ae?oaiai aieo – aeiyoeiaa i?aaaeiiiae?ai?noue
cia?aaeaiiy iiae?e oa iaeneiaeueia iaaeeaeaiiy ?o aei ?aaeueiiai aeeooy.
Aaaaea?ii, ooo ae?acii i?iaeyaea? oaiaeaioe?y i?aaiaoecio ia?iaeii?
aeeaeaeoeee.

Noiniaii aeai?iai? i?e?iaee iiae?euenueeeo ia?iaeieo eacie, oi aiia
aecia/a?oueny aeaeiaith i?eiaeaaei?noth aeai?iaiai eiiiiiaioa, eio?ee
ia? ca iniiao ia’?eo ? noa’?eo ?iciia?ae? («ca??eiee aiin»), a ae?oaiio
aeiaaeeo – noa?o noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? oa noni?eueia i?ecia/aiiy
(nioe?aeueii-iiaooia? eacee), a a o?aoueiio – aeaiaioe aeaaaeee oa
aeaiaioe oa?iie/ino? ye ii?aeueii? iniiae oai?o (/a??ai? /e
aa?i?ei-oaioanoe/i? eacee).

A iniaeeainoyo aeae?a eacie Iiae?eey, cie?aia a ai?iae?noe/ieo, ca
iaoeie niinoa?aaeaiiyie, ?noioio ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/io ooieoe?th aeeiio?
iiaa ca???a, eiiao, ioao?a. Aiia ia? nai???aeia caoeiaa ioi?ieaiiy ?
i?noeoue iaaiee eiae, ? c?icoi?eith a ?aieao iaaiiai aeaeo. Oae, ai?iiy
ni?eeoaaoenue c aeiiiiiaith ?oo?a i?ae?anii ?icaeiaia o aaeae?e,
i???ioaoe?y ca caiaoii – o niaae oa o an?o aac aeiyoeo oeaeae?a. Ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui oeae aeai?iaee eiiiiiaio iiae?euenueeeo eacie – iiaa
ca???a, caoeiiane?aeoaaeuei? cai?ioe ? oaea ?ioa ? iaa?ae’?iiith
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?o iiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e oa eiiiiceoe??.

A ia?iaeieo eaceao Iiae?eey i?aaenoaaeaii ana aaaaonoai ?
aaaaoiiai?oi?noue ethaenueeiai aeeooy: ? eiai ieaai?/ia aaciaaeaey, ?
iaeoiio? ii?ooe aeoo?, ? o?einio?th aeeoo?ae?yiiy a
eaeaeaeineii?/ii-iica?/iiio a?aeoai?aii?. Noiniaii aeai?iai? niaoeeo?ee
iiae?euenuee? eacee neeaaeathoue iaaio ooaeiaeith nenoaio, ui nai???aeii
ii?aeio? ?ene, iaaoo? i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai ?noi?e/iiai ia??iaeo, c
aeaiaioaie a?aeiinii iiaeie, iiyaa yeeo coiiaeaia iio?aaaie ?
iniaeeainoyie no/aniiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oey aaaaoiieanoi?noue,
aaaaoiieaiia?noue ci?noo eacee aiioeaiao? ?? nai???aei?noue.

O?aaeeoe?ei? aeaiaioe aenooiathoue iiaoe/iei a?naiaeii eacee,
«iinoath/e» ?? iaaieie o?aaeeoe?eieie nthaeaoaie, aa?iyie, ie?aieie
iioeaaie, ui ia??aeei ianooue ia nia? ne?aee oeo aiio, ye? aeeeeeaee ?o
aei aeeooy. A oie aea /an i?ioean ?noi?e/iiai ?ooo eacee coiiaeth?
iaiiaiaiiy ?? iiaeie aeaoaeyie, aeaiaioaie iiaooo, iaaio aeaeici?io
ia?niiaae?a ? eiioe?eo?a. sse i?aaeei, oeae iiaee ci?no iaeeaaoa
?ice?eaa?oueny i?e caa?oaii? aei oaenoo, aea ooaeiaei?e ci?no eacee oeei
ia ae/a?io?oueny. I?aaeeueia iaoeiaa ?icoi?iiy ? oeoia/aiiy ia?ac?a
eacee, ?? ?aeaeiiai ci?noo iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiiae, ui eaceiaee oaeno
inieneth?oueny a eiai ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo .

A ie?aieo i?ae?icae?eao aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny aeaiiiieia?/i?
eaaaiaee, aoaaeueueie oa iia??’y iiaeieyi. Ia?iaei? o?aaeeoe?ei?
oyaeaiiy ? a??oaaiiy ? anoaoe/ieie iiaeyaeaie, aoe/ieie ia?aeiiaiiyie
ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio ? aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?.
O?aaeeoe?ei? einiiaii?/i? iiaeyaee iiaeieyi ia ooai?aiiy Caie?, ca
aoiieia?/ieie aeaea?aeaie, iathoue ae?acia o?enoeyinueea caaa?aeaiiy ?
caiaeyoueny ia?aaaaeii aei aiie?eo?/ieo a??oaaiue i?i noai?aiiy Caie?.

Oe?ieee eiiieaen ia?iaeieo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue iiaeieyi iia’ycaiee c
ethaeueie (ciaoa?yie, a?aeueiaie), yeei i?eienoaaeeny iaaei?e?iaei?
aeanoeaino?. Oe? a??oaaiiy, ui iathoue ni?eueio aeaaiueineia’yinueeo
iniiao, ia Iiae?ee? iicia/athoueny ?aa?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie:
oa?i?iieia?/iith nai???aei?noth, i??ith iiaoooaaiiy oa iioe?aiiy ??cieo
eaoaai??e iaaei?e?iaeieo ?noio, oa?aeoa?ii ?o ae?yeueiino? oiui. O
aeena?oaoe?? caoaaaeo?oueny, ui o o?aaeeoe?eieo a??oaaiiyo iiaeieyi
aaaaoi i?noey a?aeaiaeeoueny ?noioai aeaiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

Aeaiiiieia?/i? eaaaiaee Iiae?eey aeecuee? aei eacee nai?i iacae/aeiei,
aeeaiei, iaiiaeeeaei, oaioanoe/iei, ui, aenooia? a i?aai?/i?e ?aeiino?
c ?aaeueiei. Ae?eni?noue o eaaaiaeao aiioeaiao?oueny /anoi ia iniia?
aeaai?o i?o?/ieo oa i?ci?oeo o?enoeyinueeeo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue i?i
iaaeethaenuee? ?noioe oa iioiea?/i? neee. A ieo ia?aaaaea? iaeiia??ia,
oaioanoe/ia. Ana oaioanoe/ia ? aeeaiaeyaeia a aeaiiiieia?/ieo eaaaiaeao
? i?iaeoeoii oiai aoaio ieneaiiy, eiee ethaeeia ua ia a?aeae?eyea naaa
a?ae i?e?iaee, eiee ia ?iciaaeiaoaaea ?aeaaeueiiai ? iaoa??aeueiiai.

Aeey ethaeeie caaaeaee aeooiaiith iio?aaith aoei oai?aiiy aeaniiai
na?oo. Oaeith i?e?iaeiith aeanoea?noth aoea ? caeeoa?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue iaeaaeiino? aei iaaii? noni?eueii? a?oie (?iaeeia,
iaoe?y, ??ae, ia?iae), aae oa oai?aiiy cae?enithaaoe. Oeaiaiooth/e
ia/aei eieaeoeaieo oi?i ?nioaaiiy – ni?euei?noue oa?eoi???, i?aaee?a,
iiae, cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e. Aeoioeyoe?y ?iaeea?aeii iaaooe?a oa
noia?a/iinoae noni?euenoaa ieiiaie? aee?enoae?ciao? ia?ac onueiai
ia?iaeo. sse iniaeno?noue, oae ? ia?iae o oiae? aaiethoe?? iaiaaa?oueny
?aae?coaaoe naith ni?aaaeith nooi?noue, iaiiaoi?io aeooiaio aa?o?noue.
Ocaaaeueiai? iaeaaaeeea?o? i?aaie ae?eniino? oi?iothoue o ia?iaei?e
na?aeiiino? no?oieo nenoaio oe?iiinoae, aea??aiee iiaeyae ia caaaeueia e
iaeeie/ia, aea iaeeie/ia aenooia? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeith oe?eiai.
Ethaeei? i?ino?oa «oyaeoe», cae/i?oa i?ciaaaoe yaeua iica ae?eni?noth, a
i?iii?oe?yo ia’?ii?oeo ? ianooaai?oeo. A??a a iaeooioai?aiiy an???
i?e?iaee, ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ?? -–eiee a iaeae??ai?oeo iiae?iaeoeyo
aeiaeieeoiueiai na?oo aa/eoueny aeya iniaenoiai aeeooy /e aie? –
iaeaieiai?oa i?e/eia ia?aoai?aiiy oaeo?a iianyeaeaiiiai aeina?aeo o
aeienae. O an? /ane o ??cieo iieie?iue aaca?/iee aeooiaiee aeina?ae
aeyaey?oueny a iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo iiiyooyo ? oi?iao, aea nooi?noue
onueiai aeyao ?aeeia – inyaiaiiy e inieneaiiy iniiaiiieiaeieo ciaiue
ethaenueeiai aoooy.

Iia??’y Iiae?eey, c?a?ai? I.*oaeinueeei o 1870 ?., aeiiiiaaathoue
c?icoi?oe ia?iaeiee na?oiaeyae, ?ice?eoe oyaeaiiy i?i noaae?aeuei?noue
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa oa ye?ni?noue ia?aoai?aiue oeeo oyaeaiue o ??ci?
?noi?e/i? ia??iaee. Oyaeaiiy, ye i?aaeei, iaeo?ni?oei /eiii
ia?aie?oaeeny c a?iiaaenueeeie ?ioa?anaie ? a?oioaaeeny ia a??? ethaeae
o iiaeeea?noue aeoeaiiai aieeao ia i?e?iaei? neee oeyo?a aeeiiaiiy
iaaieo iaa?/ieo ae?e.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea o na?oi?icoi?ii? oa oyaeaiiyo iiaeieyi iin?aeathoue
/eneaii? a??oaaiiy o ??ci? i?eeiaoe, neeo /a??a oa caiiaeyiue, aeia?o oa
eeoo aiaeeio, eaae? e oyaee? aei?, uaneeaa ? iauaneeaa i?noea. Cie?aia,
a?iie/aie a??youe, ui iaaeia?eie ? ia?o? 9 aei?a aa?aciy. Oyaeeei aeiai
aaaaea?oueny iiiaae?eie, oiio a oeae aeaiue ia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
noi?iiith ae?ieo aioneaoe aei oaoe /e uinue iice/aoe, ai oe?ea iaae?ey
aoaea eeoa.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Aeeiai?ea ia?acii? nenoaie ia?iaeii? i?ice
Iiae?eey» aena?oeth?oueny i?iaeaia aaiethoe?? o?aaeeoe?eieo aeai??a
i?ice. AEiaeai ?c aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice ia ?nio? a ia?iae? ie?aii nai
ii nia?, an? aiie aca?iiae?thoue, o?ainoi?iothoueny. *anoi caaaaeee
ia?aoiaeyoue a ia?iaeiee ia?aeac, a ia?aeac nei?i/o?oueny aei caaaaeee;
i?ene?a’y ia?iaeaeo?oueny c eaaaiaee ? noa? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith
iiia?ae?, oi/a ? oiaeeoue a onoao ia?iaeo ie?aii; ei?ioe? caiiaeyiiy ye
neeaaeia? a?ae ia?aeaco, ?icaeaathoueny a eaaaiaeo, aai noathoue
cae/aeiei i?eeiiii a ai?/i?e iiia?ae?, iaa?oue i?eeiaoa, cae/aeii
aeiieneaia, ?iiae? noa? uaae?ei aeaea?aeii aeey aeieneo.

Ii-??ciiio neeaeany aeiey o?aaeeoe?eieo aeai??a ia?iaeii? i?ice
Iiae?eey. Iaei? c ieo ?icaeaathoueny, ?io? cieeathoue ?c no/aniiai
ia?iaeiiai iiaooo. Oea coiiaeth?oueny ieceith i?e/ei, a na?aae ieo ?
a?aeiia?aei?noth oieueeei?ieo o?aaeeoe?e aoiia?ao?/iiio ioi/aiith,
oiiaaie iaoa??aeueiiai ? aeooiaiiai aeeooy iiaeieyi. Nei?i/o?oueny
e?euee?noue iioea?a /a??aieo eacie, iiiaeth?oueny ?o eaeneea. Eacea
i?enoiniao?oueny aei iiaeo oiia, aei iiaeo oi?i aeeooy ? iiaooo. Aeey
ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey oa?aeoa?i? neiaiee, ye? iia’ycai? ?c
oi?ioaaiiyi na?oiaeyaeo ? ?icaeoeii iiae. Iinooiiai ao?a/athoueny ie?ai?
o?aaeeoe?ei? ?ene iiaoooaaiiy, ooai?aiiy (eiiiiceoe??), ci?ith?oueny
ia?yaei?noue, iaia?a aeeiiaiiy.

Iaaei?e?iaei? ?noioe oa iacae/aei? ethaee, ca ia?iaeiith oyaith,
iiae?eythoueny ia aeia?eo ? ceeo. Aeoae?ci o?aaeeoe?eieo oyaeaiue
iiaeieyi ? nai???aeiith o?ainoi?iiaaiith oi?iith ? a?aeaiiiiii
a?oa?/iiai aeoae?noe/iiai aiai?cio. sse iieacothoue aeine?aeaeoaai?
iaoa??aee, aeaiaioe eoeueoo oie??a aeiaeeee aei iaoeo aei?a, oi/a a
eieaeoeai?e ia?iaei?e iai’yo? oeae eoeueo caciaa aeiei??iiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy, aaiethoe?iioaaa a?ae iaae?acii? iaaei?e?iaeii? neee aei
eiie?aoii? ia?nii?o?eiaaii? ?noioe. Iaci?iiith caeeoeeany eeoa naia
nooue oie??a — oiniaeaiiy ceiai ia/aea. Caciaa aaiethoe?? ? eoeueo
aa?aaeiue, ye? ye aaaaeathoue aeaye? aeine?aeieee, aoee iiia?aaeieeaie
?onaeie. Ioaea, aeoae?ci aeaai?o oyaeaiue i?i iaeooioai?aio i?e?iaeo ia
aoa a?aeeeiooee i?ci?oeie yce/ieoeueeeie a??oaaiiyie /e o?enoeyinoaii, a
eeoa iaaoa iiaeo oi?i ? ci?noo e o o?ainoi?iiaaiiio aeaeyae? aeiaeea aei
iaoeo aei?a.

Ni?a?nioaaiiy aeaaiuei? ? iiai? ?ae?a?? a?ae?a?aaaei ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
oi?ioaaii? eiiieaeno o?aaeeoe?eieo ?ae?a?eieo oyaeaiue ? a??oaaiue
ianaeaiiy e?ath.

No/ania iniiaa iiaooo iiaeieyi oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iei aianeii
aaaaoueio aeaiaio?a yce/ieoeueeeo, o?enoeyinueeeo, o?aaeeoe?eieo
oyaeaiue, ooaa?aeaeaiiyi iaoeiaeo eiioeaioe?e iaaeieeoiuei? i?e?iaee oa
Anana?oo o iianyeaeaii?e na?aeiiino?.

Aei neeaaeo ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey oa?eoee aoi?/i? aeaiaioe, ??ci? ye
ca aaiacith, oae ? ca /anii iiaoooaaiiy. Aiie aiaeii/an oa?aeoa?i? aeey
ia?yae?a. Aaiethoe?y ia?ac?a caeaaeeoue a?ae nioe?aeueii? oa ?noi?e/ii?
aaiethoe??. Ci?ie no?oeoo?iiai oa?aeoa?o o oieueeei?? a?aeaoaathoueny
aeoaea iia?eueii, oi/ caciathoue iaaii? aaiethoe?? na?aeiiino?, ci?i o
ainiiaea?noa? /e iiaoo?, ?aeaieia??. Iacaia?a/iei ? oie oaeo, ui anyea
iiaa yaeua noni?eueii? eoeueoo?e caaaeaee caiaeeeiny ia aeaaiueiio
i?aeio??aeo. Oeae i?ioean niinoa??aa?oueny ? a aaiethoe?? i?oieia?/ieo
ia?ac?a. Aeeiai?ea aeai?iaeo iioea?a i?inoaaeo?oueny iaeaea o an?o
eiiiiiaioao eacee ? aeaiiiieia?/ii? eaaaiaee: ia?aci?e nenoai?,
nthaeaoeoe?, eiiiiceoe?eieo caniaao. Ia?niiaae? eacee ? eaaaiaee
cia/iith i??ith iia’ycai? ?c noa?ith ia?iaeieo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue.
Aaiethoe?iiothoue eacee oa eaaaiaee ia eeoa ia ia?niiaaeiiio ??ai?.
sse?ni? ci?ie iii?oi? ? a iioeaao. Ia ??ai? oieueeei?iiai iioeao
aaiethoe?y iae/ano?oa a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii eiioai?iaoe?? noiaeeo i?ae
niaith ia?ac?a, aiane?aeie /iai iaai? c ieo iiiiaiththoueny iiaeie ia
aeanoeaeie ?i ?enaie. Eeoa o nthaeaoeoe? niinoa??aa?oueny /aniaa
??ciiieaiia?noue (ae?ao?ii?/iee oa neio?ii?/iee aniaeoe ?iciia?ae?).

?icaeyioo? aeai?e ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey – oea aaeeeee ieano onii?
neiaaniino?, o?nii iia’ycaiee c ia?yaeaie, cae/ayie, a??oaaiiyie,
acaaae? eoeueoo?ith ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio, aea i?aai?/ii ceeoee c i?noeaaith
o?aaeeoe??th. Aiia i?ieoea o?eaaeee oeyo naiai ?icaeoeo,
aaeineiiiethth/enue oa ooieoe?iiaeueii ci?ithth/enue o a?e
ooaeiaeiuei-eiie?aoiiai inai?iiy ae?eniino?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2 “O?ainoi?iaoe?y nthaeao?a ? iioea?a ia?iaeii? i?ice
Iiae?eey a ooaeiaei?e oai?/ino?” aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? ieceo ooaeiaei?o
oai??a oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, aea aaeaei aeei?enoai? nthaeaoe,
iioeae oa ia?niiaaeia nenoaia ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey.

O ia?iaei?e i?ic? neeaeenue onoaeai? ia?ace ia?iaeieo aa?i?a,
noi?ioaaeanue aaaaoa aaea?ay ??ciiiai?oieo iniaeno?nieo oei?a. Oea
aaaaoia?aiia nenoaia, eeania? ? noaiia?, aoi?/i? ? i?ioan?ei?,
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i? ? n?iaeii-iiaooia?, ineoieia?/i? ? ii?aeuei?
oeie iniae.

Ia?ace a ia?iaei?e i?ic? iathoue nai? iniaeeaino?. Aiie iieyaathoue o
oiio, ui ia?niiaae? ooo neaai ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai?, aa?i? ia iathoue
?icai?iooi? ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Oa?aeoa?e ia?aaeathoueny
eaeii?/ii. Aiie yne?aa?, ae?aci?, caaa?oai?, /?oe? ? c?icoi?e?. Ia?ac
noai?th?oueny ii iaei?e-aeaio iniaenoeo iciaeao.

Oae ooo a?aecia/a?oueny, ui aieiaiei aeaea?aeii aei iaienaiiy iia?no?
I.Aia/eii “Ea?iaethe” aoee eaaaiaee oa ia?aeace, a oaeiae /eneaii?
aa??aioe i?naiieo oai??a i?i Ea?iaethea.

Na?aae i?iciai? niaaeueie Noa?eoeueeiai iniaeeaa i?noea caeiya ?iiai
“?acaieiee Ea?iaethe”. Iaienaiiy, yeiai aoei coiiaeaii oaeiae ? aaeeeith
iiioey?i?noth ia Iiae?ee? eaaaiae oa ia?aeac?a i?i oeueiai aieaethaiiai
aaoaaeea iiae?euenueeeo naeyi-ianiee?a.

Ia?iaei? iane, a na?aeiiino? yeeo Ea?iaethe aoa aacnia?oiei, c
iaoa?i?iiyi /aeaee eiai iiaa?iaiiy c Nea??o, aea i?aeoi a?i
i?iaeiaaeoaaa a?aeaoaaoe eaoi?ao. A oaeeo oiiaao, iaiaaii, ? ia?iaeeeany
eaaaiaea i?i cono??/ Ia?ea Aia/ea c i?ineaaeaiei ea??aieeii naeyinueeiai
?ooo. ?? ? aein? iiaeia ii/ooe ia Iaie??auei?. I?aea?oiooyi aeey oe???
eaaaiaee i?a aooe oie oaeo, ui ia Iiae?ee? ua aeiaaee /an i?ney caaeaae?
ia?iaeiiai aa?iy ae?yee iianoainuee? caaiie, aaoaaeee yeeo ? aeaeaaaee
naaa ca Ea?iaethea.

C oniiiiaoe/iith oai?/?noth ca’ycaia any ia?acia nenoaia ? eiiiiceoe?y
iia?no? «Ea?iaethe» ? iniiaia – ?? ?aeaeia ni?yioaaiiy.

Oae naii ni?e/eieeeny aei noai?aiiy e?eueeio i?iciaeo ? ae?aiaoe/ieo
oai??a Noa?eoeueeiai “Iaeiaa Aoo?”, “Iai?iia Aoo?” ?noi?e/i? eaaaiaee oa
ia?aeace.

Ia ii?oooth/e ?noi?e/ii? i?aaaee I.Noa?eoeueeee aaea?oueny aei
ooaeiaeiueiai aeiieneo, ii-nai?io aoaeo? nthaeao, ?icai?oa? eiai a
aa?i?ei-?iiaioe/iiio ieai?. O oai?ao ini?aaii aaee/ ia?iaeiiai iiaeaeao,
iinoaaeaii ?yae aaaeeeaeo ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo i?iaeai.

Aeena?oaio caoaaaeo? i?i aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a
ia?niiaaeii? nenoaie oa i?ia?aeieo iioea?a ?c /a??aii? eacee “Io” a
e?oa?aoo?i?e eacoe? “Oi” I.Eioethaeinueeiai, yeee o?eaaeee /an ia?aaoaaa
ia A?iie//ei?. A ia?iae? ia?ac Ioa aeeaa ye iiaooiaee. Oaeei a?i
aenooia? /anoeiai ? a eacoe? ienueiaiieea. Aiai?eii /anoeiai, ine?eueee
Oi c eacee Eioethaeinueeiai ia aeeaaea?oueny a iiaooia? ?aiee, a
ia?a?inoa? ?o. Oieueeei?iee ia?ac ienueiaiiee o?aeoo? ii-nai?io –
ci?ith?, aeiiiaith?, iane/o? iiaei ci?noii, i?aeii?yaeeiao? nai?e
?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?e iao?. Eaceiaee, ia?iaeiiiiaoe/iee ia?ac iaaoaa? o
Eioethaeinueeiai nioe?aeueiiai cia/aiiy, ienueiaiiee aeei?enoiao? eiai
aeey aee?eooy e?aa?aeueii? iano?eeino? ii?aeueieo i?eioeei?a iecueeiai
aiyaocnoaa.

O aeniiaeao nenoaiaoeciaai? e ocaaaeueiai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?c
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie. Iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oieueeei?ieo ciaiue,
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee, cae?aiiy ? inieneaiiy iaoa??aeo, coiiaeee
ni?eyoeeaa aea/aiiy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e ?aa?iio oa aeoea?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo i?noeaaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeena?oaioii i?iaiae?ciaaii aianie o aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey
oaeeo aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo oieueeei?eno?a ye A. Aeei?inueeee,
N.?oaeainueeee, Ia?ei Aia/ie, I.Ia?eiae/, I.?oaeaiei, I.I?enyaeithe,
?.Ai?a oa ?i. Ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey ? iaeiei c iino?eieo ia’?eo?a
oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee, iaeiae ia? iaai? a?aei?iiino?, coiiaeai?
oe?eith ieceith nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo oa eoeueoo?ieo
iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio.

Ia?iaeiciaa/ee iaoa??ae, c?a?aiee oe?a?inueeeie oieueeei?enoaie o O?O-OO
no. ia oa?eoi??? Iiae?eey ? i?aaeiaoii aeey aea/aiiy ?noi??? ?icaeoeo
i?iciaeo aeai??a. O i?ioean? aiae?co ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? ia?iaeii? i?ice
Iiae?eey aeei?enoaii aeai?iai-oaiaoe/iee i?eioeei, yeee aeaa
iiaeeea?noue yeiaeaeeaoa aecia/eoe aaaaonoai ia?iaeii? i?ice ?aa?iio.

Eacee Iiae?eey ? oei iaioe?iaiiei aeooiaiei nea?aii, o yeiio c
iaea?eueoith neeith aeyaeeeny niieiia?/i? i??? e iaae?? oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo.

Iiaooia? eacee a?aaeathoue yne?aaeie ia?acaie, /?oeith eiiiiceoe??th,
aeeiai?/i?noth ? eaeii?ciii ?icaeoeo ae??. ? a?eueoa, i?ae ?io?
??ciiaeaee eaceiaiai aiino, iaaeeaeai? aei ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?.

Ca nthaeaoaie, iioeaaie ? ia?acaie ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey neeaaea?
iaeio oe?euei?noue ?c oiiaeii ia?iaeii? i?ice an??? Oe?a?ie, cie?aia
oaeeo ?aa?ii?a, ye I?aaiaa?aaeia Oe?a?ia, Iie?nny, Aieeiue. Oi/a ie?ai?
oai?e caciathoue a?eueoi? ? iaioi? o?ainoi?iaoe?? uiaei iiaoeee.
I?noeaa? o?aaeeoe?? aeyaeythoueny o aaaaoueio caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo
aa??aioao eacie ? eaaaiae, ye a ciaethaaii? ia?niiaae?a, oae ? a ?o
iiai?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe?, iia? iiia?aea/a.

Ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey coiiaeaia naiith ae?eni?noth ?aa?iio c eiai
?noi?e/ii neeaaeaiei ianaeaiiyi, ? aaaiiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?iiai i?ioeano c /?oei aeyaeaieie
nai???aeieie ?enaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

Eacee a caienao Ia?ea Aia/ea // E?oa?aoo?a. Oieueeei?. I?iaeaie iiaoeee:
ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.- Ee?a,
1996. – Aei. 4. – N. 125-127.

O?aaeeoe?? a ia?iaei?e i?ic? Iiae?eey / I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee: iaoeiaee aeo?iae. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — ?130. – N.56-61.

I?iaeaiaoeea oa aeai?iaa niaoeeo?ea ia?iaeieo eacie Iiae?eey // Iaoea ?
no/ani?noue: ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – Ee?a, 1999. – N.221-229.

Na?oei /a??aiiai neiaa / E?oa?aoo?a. Oieueeei?. I?iaeaie iiaoeee:
ca.iaoe.i?aoeue / Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. — Ee?a,
1997. — N.208-214.

AIIOAOe?ss

Niaaei I.N. ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey (ia
iaoa??aeao oieueeei?o A?iie//eie). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

A ?iaio? a ?noi?eei-?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? aena?oeth?oueny
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiy nai???aei?noue ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey.
?icaeyaeathoueny o?aaeeoe?ei? aeai?e ia?iaeii? i?ice: ?noi?e/i?
eaaaiaee, ia?aeace, eacee, aoaaeueueie, iia??’y o caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio
oieueeei?iiio i?ioean?, ai ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? aiie aein? caeeoeeeny
iaeiaea/aieie.

C’yniao?oueny ?aa?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea aeai??a. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey aaoi? nie?a?oueny ia iaoiaeieia?/iee aeina?ae
oe?a?inueeeo oieueeei?eno?a. AEai?e ia?iaeii? i?ice Iiae?eey o?nii
iia’ycai? c ia?yaeaie, cae/ayie, a??oaaiiyie, acaaae? eoeueoo?ith
?aa?iio, aea i?aai?/ii ceeo? c i?noeaaith o?aaeeoe??th.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?iaeia i?ica Iiae?eey, ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?,
?icaeoie, o?aaeeoe?ei?noue, ia?yae

AIIIOAOeEss.

Niaaei I.N. ?aaeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe ia?iaeiie i?icu Iiaeieuey (ia
iaoa?eaeao oieueeei?a Aeiie//eiu. – ?oeiienue.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

A ?iaioa a enoi?eei-?aaeiiaeueiii aniaeoa inaauaaony
eaeaeii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiia naiaia?acea ia?iaeiie i?icu Iiaeieuey.
?anniao?eaathony o?aaeeoeeiiiua aeai?u ia?iaeiie i?icu: enoi?e/aneea
eaaaiaeu, ia?aneacu, neacee, auee, iiaa?ey a iauaoe?aeineii oieueeei?iii
i?ioeanna, iineieueeo ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia iie aei neo ii? inoaeenue
iaeieco/aiiuie.

Iauyniyaony ?aaeiiaeueiay niaoeeoeea aeai?ia. A i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey
ia?iaeiie i?icu Iiaeieuey aaoi? iie?aaony ia iaoiaeieiae/aneee iiuo
oe?aeineeo oieueeei?enoia. AEai?u ia?iaeiie i?icu Iiaeieuey oanii
naycaiu n ia?yaeaie, iau/ayie, aa?iaaieyie, aiiaua eoeueoo?ie ?aaeiia,
ii i?aaie/anee neeou c ianoiie o?aaeeoeeae.

Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony n iiauo iiceoeee eco/eoue iiyoe/aneia
oai?/anoai Iiaeieuey, oie aai /anoe – ia?iaeiie i?icu, ii eioi?ie iu aei
neo ii? ia eiaai eiiieaeniiai o?oaea, aaea au ?anniao?eaaeenue yoe
aeai?u. A iaoae ?aaioa iniuneaiey yoiai yaeaiey iai oaeaeinue
nenoaiaoece?iaaoue ia?iaeioth i?ico Iiaeieuey, ii?aaeaeeoue a?aieoeu
oaeeo aeai?ia eae eaaaiaea enoi?e/aneay e ieoieiae/aneay, neacee
(aieoaaiua, auoiaua, neacee i caa?yo), iiaa?uey. I?eaioe?oynue ia
iaoiaeieiae/aneee iiuo iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie ?aaiou oe?aeineeo
oieueeei?enoia A.Nooia?on, E.Aa?acianeiai, A.THcaaiei, A.Aieei,
N.Iuoaie/a, E.Aeoiaaaneie, I.A?eoeuiie, I.Oaeai/oe, A.Ea/eaia, I.Iacye,
A.Aeaauaethea, iu auynieee ?aaeiiaeueioth niaoeeoeeo ia?iaeiie i?icu
Iiaeieuey.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea ii?aaeaeythony enoi?e/aneea iniaaiiinoe yoiai e?ay,
/oi iaoee ioia?aaeaiea a oieueeei?iii oiiaea.

A auoo iiaeieyi i?e iaee/ee iiiaiiaoeeiiaeueiuo /a?o e a iaoa a?aiy
nio?aiythony iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe, a oii /enea e oaeea, eioi?ua naieie
ei?iyie ooiaeyo a aeoaeio aaeia. Yoe iniaaiiinoe i?iyaeythony a
oa??eoi?eaeueiii aniaeoa e iaoneiaeaiu oa?aeoa?ii enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey
?aaeiia, aaia?aoe/aneeie oneiaeyie. A enoi?e/aneeo eaaaiaeao io?aaeaaony
i?ioeia Iiaeieuey, ecaanoiua enoi?e/aneea ee/iinoe E.Aiaoi, Ae.Ia/ae,
E.Ne?ei.

A ?acaeaea “Iiyoe/aneay niaoeeoeea neaci/iie i?icu e aeaiiiieiaee
Iiaeieuey” ?ane?uaaaony i?iaeaia aeai?iaie i?e?iaeu iiaeieueneeo neacie,
eo ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneay ooieoeey.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea aaoi? ?anniao?eaaao aeeiaieeo ia?aciie nenoaiu
ia?iaeiie i?icu Iiaeieuey. I?e yoii ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi ana i?icae/aneea
aeai?u yoiai ?aaeiia iaoiaeyony a nenoaia — ie iaeie ec ieo ia
nouanoaoao ioaeaeueii, ana iie acaeiiaeaenoaotho, o?ainoi?ie?othony.
Iaeie ?acaeaathony, ae?oaea en/acatho ec nia?aiaiiiai auoa.

A auaiaeao nenoaiaoece?iaaii iniiaiua iieiaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey.

N/eoaai /oi iaoa?eae, nia?aiiue oe?aeineeie oieueeei?enoaie ia
oa??eoi?ee Iiaeieuey, anoue i?aaeiaoii aieiaiey e eco/aieth enoi?ee
?acaeoey i?icae/aneeo aeai?ia oe?aeineiai oieueeei?a, iioiio /oi ca
nthaeaoaie, iioeaaie e ia?acaie ia?iaeiay i?ica Iiaeieuey ninoaaeyao
iaeii oeaeia n oiiaeii ia?iaeiie i?icu Oe?aeiu. Ianoiua o?aaeeoeee
i?iyaeythony ai iiiaeo oe?aeineeo aa?eaioao neacie e eaaaiae, eae a
ecia?aaeaiee ia?niiaaeae, oae e a ia?aciie oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?iaeiay i?ica Iiaeieuey, ?aaeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe,
?icaeoea, o?aaeeoeeiiiinoue, ia?yae.

ANNOTATION

Smaglo N.S. Podillya folk prose regional peculiarities (on the basis of
Vinnychina folklore). – Manuscript.

The dissertation for the academic degree of the candidate of philology,
speciality 10.01.07– folklore. — The Shevchenko National University,
Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the problems of ideological and artistic
Podillya folk prose, its genre classification in historical and regional
aspects. Particular attention is given to contemporary folk prose
development in a region as well as its genre dynamics in the
contemporary culture system.

The materials of the dissertation can be used in standard folklore
courses, in literature, and in the compiling of regional folklore
collections.

Key words: Podillya folk prose, regional peculiarities, development,
traditional nature, traditonal ceremony.

Iaeaithe ?. Eieaa niinoa?aaeaiue. Noaoo? i?i e?oa?aoo?o. — E., 1997. —
n.20

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