IAeANUeEEE AIAe?IIAOAI?IEIAI*IEE IINOEOOO

AIA?INIA NA?AIE AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 551.507:551.508

?AO?AEOeIEIEE IAOIAe ?IC?AOOIEO

AAEAINO EOOIAIAI IIIAIOO AOIINOA?E AeEss

IIIAAeAeIAAIOA?IIIIAIAI I?IAIICO IIAIAeE

11.00.09 – iaoai?ieiaiy, eeiiaoieiaiy, aa?iiaoai?ieiaiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoi/ieo iaoe

Iaeana – 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iiio iinoeoooi

Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee:

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeooeia Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/,

Iaeanueeee
aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iee iinoeooo,

caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeui? oa
i?eeeaaeii?

iaoaiaoeee

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?oiiia Aeaaeeneaa Aiaoieieiae/,

Iaeanueeee
aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iee iinoeooo,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii?
iaoai?ieiai?

oa iaoai?ieiai/ieo i?iaiicia

eaiaeeaeao aaia?aoi/ieo iaoe

Aeaiia ?aaai Iaaiiae/,

ia/aeueiee Iaeanueei?
ai?iiciaaii? neoaeae c

aeoeaieo aieeaia ia
aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/ii

i?ioeane , i.Iaeana

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeineiaeiee aiae?iiaoai-

?ieiai/iee iinoeooo
Aeaia?oaiaioo aiae?iiao-

neoaeae Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “ 16” a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.090.01 Iaeanueeiai
aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iiai iinoeoooo ca aae?anith: 65016, i. Iaeana, aoe.
Eueaianueea, 15, IAII.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaeanueeiai
aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iiai iinoeoooo, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eueaianueea, 15,
IAII.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “ 15 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eiaiaea I.N.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. I?iaeaia aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa
iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia iiaiaee i eeiiaoo iaeaaeeoue aei /enea
aeooaeueieo, neeaaeieo oa ua aeineoue aeaeaeeo aiae naiai ae?ioaiiy
i?iaeai no/anii? oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ieiai? oa eeiiaoieiai?. O?oaeiinoue
i? ?ica’ycaiiy aecia/a?oueny ia oieueee neeaaeiinoth iecueei/anoioieo
iaoai?ieiai/ieo i?ioeania, aea e aiaenooiinoth iiaeeeainoae niinoa?iaaoe
oaei i?ioeane. Ca oaia?ioiueiai /ano aeooaeueiith ? iaiaoiaeiinoue
?ic?iaee iiaeo, niaoeiaeueieo, aaeaeaaoieo iaoiaeia niinoa?aaeaiue ca
iecueei/anoioieie eieeaaiiyie ia?iaiiaaaeieo oa?iiaeeiaii/ieo i?ioeania
a aainoa?ao. Aeaii iaoai?ieiai/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue aeathoue
iioi?iaoeith i?i noai i?ioeano ia aeene?aoiee iiiaio, aea ia aeathoue
eiai /anoioio ?iceeaaeeo. Aiia iiaea aooe iaea?aeaia eeoa iiney
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiaeico i?ioeano, ui /anoi ia cianii aaeaeaaoii
?aaeueiinoi. Aaaeeeai iaoe iiaeeeainoue niinoa?iaaoe naia oie aeaiaio,
yeee nai aieno?oueny o aeiaaioa?iiiiaee aoiinoa?iee i?ioean,
aecia/ath/e eiai oice/io nooiinoue, a ia i? /anoeiaa aiaeia?aaeaiiy o
oaeaeei inoeeethth/eo ei?ioeiia?iiaeieo i?ioeanao. Neeaaeiinoue ooo
iaoiiaeaia iaeiiieiei ca’yceii iecueei/anoioieo i?ioeania oa caaaeueiiai
aeniei/anoioiiai oiio ei?ioeiia?iiaeieo iiaiaeioai?ieo eieeaaiue. Oiio
aiaeie?aieaiiy niaeo?aeueieo iioa?aaeia o iecueei/anoioiiio oa
aeniei/anoioiiio aeiaiaciiao c iiiiiaeueiith ia?aoiaeiith ciiith
aia?aaoe/ii? aca?iiaei? ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiith caaea/ath a iaeanoi
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy. Cae/aeii aeniei/anoioii
iiiaioii-iiaiaeiooai?thth/i i?ioeane aiaeaoaathoueny ia oiii
aeiaaiia?iiaeieo eieeaaiue aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai oa eeiiaoe/iiai oiio. Oaei
aeniei/anoioii i?ioeane aia?ai?iii oa i?eoiaothoue oii iaaioue aieueo
aia?aiiane/aieo i?ioeania, ia yeiio aiie aiaeaoaathoueny.
Aia?ai?iiinoue iecueei/anoioieo i?ioeania aaeeea, aea i? ?aaeicaoeiy o
i?e?iaei ? i?eoeoaiith. Oiio aeniei/anoioiee oii oaeaeeeo
yia?aiia?aoiaeia ianeo? iiaieueii i?ioieath/i aeiaaiia?iiaeii i?ioeane,
i?eoiaoth/e ?o ni?aaaei aaee/acii aia?aicao?aoe, yei i?ioa
aiaeaoaathoueny ca aieueo o?eaaeee /an. *a?ac oea ynia iaiaoiaeiinoue
iiaoaeiae ii/aoeiai? aace aeey iiaeaethaaiiy naia iecueei/anoioieo
eieeaaiue c iiiiiaeueiith aia?aiaiaeaea/ath o aeniei/anoioii
niaeo?aeueii aeiaiaciie. Ia iniiai iecueei/anoioieo i?ioeania a
aoiinoa?i ioi?ieththoueny ?aiaea?u noia?aeiaaiia?iiaeieo eieeaaiue,
ooai?thth/eo iniiao aeey eeiiaoe/ieo ciii i, ?acii c oei, aaioice/ii
i?aaeeeoi?e aeey iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia.

Ei?eniee iaoiae aeiaaiico eeiiaoe/ii? nenoaie iieyaa? a aiaeici
aeiaaeueieo oeeeeia eooiaiai iiiaioo, aieiae oa aia?ai?. Caaaeyee
aiaeico ?icieo neeaaeiaeo aaeaino aeey oeeo iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
iiaeia ynii i?aaenoaaeoe aca?- iica’ycie iiae eeiiaoe/ieie
iiaenenoaiaie. A iaoie ?iaioi ie neiioeaio?o?ii oaaao ia aea/aiii
aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo oa aieiaiiaiao.

Iioi?iaoeieiith aacith no/anieo aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa
iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia iiaeooue aooe ye noiooieeiaa
iioi?iaoeiy, oae i niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeaie, iniaeeai a
ieaeiueio?iiinoa?iiio oa?i, yei aeeiiothoueny ia

2

iniiai ?aaeiioaoii/ieo caniaia aiaeico i?iioneaiiy ?aaeiioaeeue a
oeueo?a-ei?ioeioaeeaaiio (OEO) aeiaiaciii. Aoiinoa?iee ?aaeiioaeeaaiae
/a?ac naith i?e?iaeo ? iecueei/anoioiei ooai?aiiyi /a?ac oa, ui
aaco?oueny ia aeiaai/aniaiio aieiaicaiani, yeee iaae?a?oueny a i?ioeani
aeiaaeueiiai aieiaiiaiao. I?iyaa aieiaicaiano a aoiinoa?i
aiaeia?aaea?oueny a i? iiaiaeieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie
no?aoeoieaoei? oa o aeniei/anoioieo inaaaeiaaeiaaaoe/ieo i?ioeanao, yei
caeaaeaoue aiae oaiia?aoo?iiai oiio. Naiee ieaiaoa?iee aieiaiiaia
iia’ycaiee c iiaieueii i?ioieath/eie i?ioeanaie iaeiie/oaaiiy
aieiaicaiano, yeee o iaiane/aiiio noaii ciiith? oa?aeoa?enoeee aonoeie
aoiinoa?ieo oa?ia, ia aoiaey/e a iioi iiaiaeiooai?thth/i i?ioeane.
Aaiacin ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia iia’ycaiee c iieai oa?ia aonoeie, yea, a naith
/a?ao, iaeiicia/ii iia’ycaia c iiaeaenii ?ao?aeoei? (iaoiae, yeee
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaiii aeaieo i?i aeanoeainoi ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia,
i?e?iaeiuei iacaaoe ?ao?aeoeieiei) oa c iieai aieiainoi. Caniaaie
?aaeiiciiaeoaaiiy a iiei aonoeie aeyaeythoueny oaee?iano/i iiaa?oii, a
naia, iiaa?oii ?ic?eao iiey aonoeie (oea i ? ieaeiueio?iiinoa?ii
oaeeaaiaee i o.ae.). Iieiaeaiiy iiaa?oii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeo iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye eiiieaeniee e?eoa?ie aieiaiaiinoo ia ia?iiae eiai
iaeiie/oaaiiy a aoiinoa?i. Aiae eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith aieiaiaiinoo ii
aiaeiiaiaeiiio iieiaeaiith aoiinoa?ieo o?iioia, ye iniiaieo
iaeiie/oaa/ia aieiae, iiaeia ia?aaanoe aeacaiee e?eoa?ie a ocaaaeueiaiee
niinoa?aaeaiee e?eoa?ie oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?. Oiaoi, ?i/ eaea i?i iiaeeeaa
i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy aoiinoa?ieo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia a yeinoi
eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith noaio aoiinoa?e a oiio /e iioiio oee?eoeyoeieiiio
i?ioeani.Ioaea, i/aaeaeiith oyaey?oueny aaaeeeainoue i iaiaoiaeiinoue
?ic?iaee iiaeo aaeaeaaoieo iaoiaeia ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooi aiai
iiiaioo, aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao, iia’ycaieo i c aaiacinii OEO
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia,i aecia/a- th/eo ca’ycie c i?ioeanaie niaaeei?iiinoi
oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? oa oaeaeiiaeoei?. Oea noeio-eth? oaeiae i
?ic?iaeo eiiiaeoiiai aaeaeaaoiiai iiaeoiaeo aei ?ic?aooieo
iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yeee caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania
a iecueei/anoioiiio ?aaeeii, i?eoaiaiiiio aeia-aiia?iiaeiei i?ioeanai,
ia aiaeeci yeeo aacothoueny aeiaaioa?iiiiai, iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiai
i?iaiice.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeineiaeaeaiiy, yei aeeiiaii a ?iaioi, oaieoee aei ieaiia IAe?: N
Ae?0196U013470 “Aeei?enoaiiy noiooieeiai? iioi?iaoei? oa caoiaeia
aeenoaioeieiiai ciiaeoaaiiy c iaoith aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iiai i
aeieiai/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?- noaa” IAeN IAII (1998) i
ieaiia IAe? caiaeii c a?aioaie Iiaeia?iaeii? Ni?inianueei? i?ia?aie
iiaeo?eiee inaioe a aaeoci oi/ieo iaoe ISSEP: PSU-062001 (1996),
PSU-072133 (1997) oa Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-inaioiuei? i?ia?aie ISEP:
YSU-082001 (1998).

. Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
iiaeo, aaeaeaaoieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai
iiiaioo, aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao o ca’yceo c aaiacinii aoiinoa?ieo OEO
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia oa i?ioeanaie niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i aoiinoa?ii?
oee?eoeyoei? ( oaeaeiiaeoei?, o?iioiaaiaco), iiaoaeiaa iiaeaei
oieueo?aoei? aeniei/anoioieo eieeaaiue c ii-

3

aeaeueoei aiaeicii i i?iaiicii naieo aeiaaiia?iiaeieo i?ioeania c
iiiiiaeueiei «ooiiaei» aianeii oiio aeniei/anoioieo eieeaaiue aeey
oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiico iiaiaee i
eeiiaoo. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oei?? iaoe aoee noi?ioeueiaaii oaei iniiaii
iaoeiai caaea/i:

— ?icaeoie iiai? iiaeaei ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo aoiinoa?e,
ao-iinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao i aea/aiiy ?o cia/aiiy a ooai?aiii oi?i
aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?, i?ioeania o?iioiaaiaco i aaiacino OEO
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia;

— ?icaeoie iiai? iaoiaeeee canoinoaaiiy aaeainiaeo niiaaiaeiioaiue
ii eooiaiio iiiaioo a yeinoi ?aeeiiai eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith aeey
iiciaaaiiy oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?, ?o niaaeei?iiinoi oa
oaeaeiiaeoei? aeey oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaiai
i?iaiico iiaiaee;

— ?icaeoie iiai? ia’?aeiaii? iiaeaei o?iiinoa?ieo OEO ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia
oa oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e, aeeth/ath/e c’ynoaaiiy cia/aiiy
neiaoey?iinoae iaoaiiieia i, cie?aia, eooiaiai iiiaioo;

— ocaaaeueiaiiy aiaeioe/ii? oai?i? o?iioiaaiaco c iaoith i? canoinoaaiiy
aeey iiciaaaiiy ia?aco oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?; oi?ioethaaiiy oai?i?
aieiaiiai iiiaioo ia iniiai oai?aie *aieeaiia oa anoaiiaeaiiy i?
ca’yceo c eooiaei iiiaioii iaa?oaiiy aoiinoa?e;

— ?ic?iaea aaeaeaaoii?, eiiiaeoii? iiaeaei iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yea
caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania a iecueei/anoioiiio
?aaeeii;

— i?iaaaeaiiy na?i? iiaeo,ii nai?i iaeayi oa iinoaiiai,/enaeueieo
aenia?eiaioia c ?ic?aooieo ia?aianaiiy eooiaiai iiiaioo i aieiae iaae
Oeoei ieaaiii aeey aea/aiiy cia/aiiy oi?i oee?eoeyoei? a iiciaaaiii
ia?aco aeiaaiia?iiaeiiai i?ioeano a aoiinoa?i oa cia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee OEO ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia a yeinoi eiiieaeniiai
aeii?thaaeueiiai e?eoa?ith aeey oeieae iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/ai-iy
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiico iiaiaee;

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aecia/a?oueny ye
iiaeciith ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae i iaoiaeia, oae i iaeanoth ?o
canoinoaaiiy. Aia?oa aeacaia oa ?aoaeueii i?iaiaeiciaaia iioi?iaoeieia
oeiiiinoue aeaieo i?i iinoea?icoaooaaiiy ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO i
iia’ycaieo c ieie iieia aonoeie, aieiainoi, ?ao?aeoei? a i?iaeaii
aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia iiaiaee.Aia?oa ?icaeyiooi ca’ycie oi?i
oee?eoeyoei? a aoiinoa?i iaae Oeoei ieaaiii c ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeaie
OEO.?ic?iaeaii iiai iiaeaei ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo
aoiinoa?e,aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao, aia?oa iieacaia ini

aeeaa ?ieue caa?aaeaiiy aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo i aoiinoa?iiai
aieiaiiaiao a ooai?aiii oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?, ?o
niaaeei?iiinoi, oaeaeiiaeoei?, i?ioeania o?iioiaaiaco i aaiacino OEO
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia. ?icaeiooi iiaee iaoiae canoinoaaiiy aaeainiaeo
niiaaiaeiioaiue ii eooiaiio iiiaioo a yeinoi eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith
aeey iiciaaaiiy oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e oa ?o niaaeei?iiinoi. A
?iaioi aia?oa aeacaii oa ?aoaeueii ?icaeyiooi i?eioeeie neiaoey?iinoi
aecia/aieo iaoai?ieiai/ieo iieia, yei aeicaieythoue ?icei aia?aaoe/ii
?icaeieeoe niaeo?aeueii iioa?aaee iecueei/anoioieo i aeniei/anoioieo
eieeaaiue c iiiiiaeueiith aia?aaoe/iith aca?iiaei?th iiae ieie.

4

Aia?oa aeeo/aii oaei aeii?thaaeueii oa?aeoa?enoeee, yei iathoue
oice/io iniiao naia ia oiii iecueei/anoioieo i?ioeania. Aia?oa aeaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy aiaeioe/ii? oai?i? o?iioiaaiaco c iaoith i? canoinoaaiiy
aeey iiciaaaiiy ia?aco oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?. A ?iaioi aia?oa aiaeiii
oai?i? iae?ioo?ao-eaioiinoi ?icaeyiooi noiniaii aei aoiinoa?ieo
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia c iaoith ?o aeei?enoaiiy a yeinoi i?aaeeeoi?ia a
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiio i?iaiici;?ic?iaeaii eiiiaeoio iiaeaeue
iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yea caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania
a iecueei/anoioiiio ?aaeeii, i?eoaiaiiiio aeiaai-ia?iiaeiei i?ioeanai,
aiaeic yeeo eaaeeoue a iniiai aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia iiaiaee. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii iiao, ii nai?i iaeayi oa
iinoaiiai, na?ith /enaeueieo aenia?eiaioia c ?ic?aooieo ia?aianaiiy
eooiaiai iiiaioo oa aieiae aeey ?icieo oi?i oee?eoeyoei? iaae Oeoei
ieaaiii, yea i?iiethno?oaaea ?ieue oi?i oee?eoeyoei? a iiciaaaiii ia?aco
aeiaaiia?iiaeiiai i?ioeano a aoiinoa?i i aeinoiai?ii i?iaeaiiino?oaaea
?ieue oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaaaeaieo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO a yeinoi
eiiieaeniiai aeii?thaaeueiiai e?eoa?ith aeey oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i
iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iia’ycaii,
ianaiia?aae, c aeyaeaiiyi oa iaa?oiooaaiiyi iiaeo i?aaeeeoi?ia aeey
aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia iiaiaee i eeiiaoo.
Iaaeaii i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? noiniaii aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeey oeieae
iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia aeii?thaaiue iaoai?ieiai/ieo aaee/ei, yei aieueo aaeaeaaoii
aiaeiiaiaeathoue iecueei/anoioiei i?ioeanai. ?ic?iaeaii aia?oa iiai ,
iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei inai?iiy ooeaieo iieia a i?iaiinoe/ieo caaea/ao
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai ieaio, yei ai?iaiaaii o aaaeeeaeo c oi/ee ci?o
i?aeoeee i?iaiicia /enaeueieo aenia?eiaioao. Aeinoiai?iinoue,
iaaeieiinoue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia caaacia/aia oai?aoe/iith
iineiaeiaiinoth, ei?aeoiinoth ?icaeiooeo iiaeaeae oa iaoiaeia,
aeei?enoaiiyi iineiaeiaieo iaoiaeia aiae?iaeeiaiiee, oai?i? i?iaiicia,
iaoaiaoe/aniiai aiaeico i iiaiith aiaeiiaiae-iinoth ?yaea oanoiaeo
aeoiaeieo ?acoeueoaoia aiaeiai/ieo aeaiei, iaea?aeaiei a iaaeao iioeo
iiaeaeae, cie?aia, Ii?oa A.O. oa niia?ia. a eaai?aoi?i? aaioice/ii?
aiae?iaeeiaiiee/ IOIA I?einoiinueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo (NOA). Noai?aii
?ic?a-ooieiaee iaeao oeiiaeo neooaoeie aeey oeieae ooi/ithaaiiy
iiaeai?o aiiieiaia oee?eoeyoei? oa ooi/iaiiy niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i
aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? c a?aooaaiiyi iiai? iioi?iaoei? o noa?i
aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo iaoai?ieiai/ieo i?iaiicia.
Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A niieueieo ioaeieaoeiyo c
niiaaaoi?aie caeiaoaa/o iaeaaeaoue iniiaii iaea? ?ica’yceo caaea/
aeineiaeaeaiiy, iiaeaeueii ?aaeicaoei? oa /enaeueii ?ic?aooiee.
Iaea?aeaii caeiaoaa/ai naiinoieii oae? ?acoeueoaoe:- ?ic?iaeaii iniiae
iiaiai ?ao?aeoeieiiai iaoiaeo ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo
aoiinoa?e aeey oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaiai
i?iaiicia; aia?oa i?iaiaeiciaaii iioi?iaoeieio oeiiiinoue aeaieo i?i
iinoea-?icoaooaaiiy ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO a i?iaeaii aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia;

5

— cai?iiiiiaaii iineiaeiaio, aaeaeaaoio oai?ith i?ioeania a
aoiinoa?i, ni?eyth/eo ?icaeoeo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia; aia?oa aiaeia?aaeaii
?ieue o?iioiaaiaco o oi?ioaaiii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO;

-aeieacaii iniaeeao ?ieue aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo a ooai?aiii oi?i
oee?eoeyoei?, i?ioeania o?ii-oiaaiaco, ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia; cai?iiiiiaaii
iiaee iaoiae canoinoaaiiy aaeainiaeo niiaaiaeiioaiue ii eooiaiio
iiiaioo a yeinoi eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith aeey iiciaaaiiy oi?i
oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iiao, ia’?aeiaio iiaeaeue iiaeaaaeaieo o?iiinoa?ieo
?aaeiioae-eaaiaeia OEO oa oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e; aia?oa
aiaeia?aaeaii iniaeeao ?ieue neiaoey?iinoae iaoai?ieiai/ieo iieia,
cie?aia, eooiaiai iiiaioo;

— aia?oa aiaeioe/ia oai?iy o?iioiaaiaco ocaaaeueiaia oa ?icoe?aia c
iaoith i? canoinoaaiiy aeey iiciaaaiiy ia?aco oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?;
noi?ioeueiaaia oai?iy aieiaiiai iiiaioo ia iniiai oai?aie *aieeaiia
oa anoaiiaeaii i? ca’ycie c eooiaei iiiaioii iaa?oaiiy aoiinoa?e;

— ?ic?iaeaii aaeaeaaoio, eiiiaeoio iiaeaeue iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yea
caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania a iecueei/anoioiiio
?aaeeii; cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae ?ica’ycaiiy ?iaiyiue eiiaoe/ii?
aia?ai? iae?ioo?ao-eaioiinoi c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeaiue a ?yaee Ei?aia
i aia?oa aeyaeaii ?ieue neiaoey?iinoae a ?o ?ica’yceao;

-?icaeiooi iiaee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i oee?eoeyoei?,ui
neeaaea? nooo?ao /anoeio aeia-aioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia;ai?iaaaeaeaii iiai
e?eoa?i? aeey iiaeai?o aiiieiaia oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e;

— i?iaaaeaii na?ith iiaeo, ii nai?i iaeeyi oa iinoaiiai, /enaeueieo
aenia?eiaioia c ?ic?aooieo ia?aianaiiy eooiaiai iiiaioo oa aieiae iaae
Oeoei ieaaiii, yei i?iiethno?oaaee ?ieue oi?i oee?eoeyoei? a
iiciaaaiii ia?aco aeiaaiia?iiaeiiai i?ioeano a aoiinoa?i oa aia?oa
iieacaee ?ieue oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaaaeaieo OEO ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia a yeinoi
eiiieaeniiai aeii?thaaeueiiai e?eoa?ith aeey oeieae iioi?iaoeieiiai
caaania/aiiy aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia;

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
i?aaenoaaeyeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia: — International Meeting ‘Short
Course on Climat Variability of Atmospheric Circulation & Climat’
(Monash University, Clayton, Australia, 1997); — International Joint
Assemblies “Earth-Ocean-Atmosphere Forces for Change” of International
Association of Meteorology Atmospheric Sciences & International
Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans & Committee on
Mathematical Geophysics (Melbourne, Australia, 1997); -International
Seminar on Antarctica &Global Change (Hobart, Tasmania-Australia, 1997);
-iaoeiaeo naiiia?ao IAII i IAeO ii.I.I.Ia/ieeiaa (1997-1999)

Ioaeieaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioaeieiaaii a 4 iaoeiaeo noaooyo (o
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio AAE Oe?a?ie aeaeaiii) oa 1 i?ai?eioi.

No?oeoo?a i ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 138
noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, iinoeoue 24 ?enoiee i 1 oaaeeoeth,
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (109 iaeiaioaaiue) i iaeiiai aeiaeaoeo.

6

CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue, iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/ouinoue ?iaioe, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa oa caaea/i aeena?oaoei?,
aeeeaaeathoueny iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei aea?oueny aeieeaaeiee iaeyae noaio i?iaeaie
aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia oa ?o
iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy. Iniiaio oaaao caa?iooi ia
iae?ioee?eoeyoeieiee iaoiae aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia i iniaeeai
neeaaeaiiy oiiiaiai i?iaiico aeey iiii?ieo oe?io ?a?i-aciaonueeiai
naeoi?o (i?.1.1). ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy i?eoyaaiiy aeiaeaoeiai?
iioi?iaoei? aeey aieueo /ioeiai ?icoiiiiy oiceee iae?ii?ioeania a
aoiinoa?i oa ?o ?icaeoeo o /ani. Iniiaio oaaao o oeueiio ?icaeiei
i?eaeieaii iaoiaeai aeenoaioeieiiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e,
aeeth/ath/e noiooieeiai iaoiaee oa iaoiaee ?aaeiiaeyaeyiiy
no?aoeoieaoeieieo iniaeeainoae a o?iiinoa?i. ?icaeyiooi iioi?iaoeieio
oeiiiinoue aeenoaioeieiiai ciiaeoaaiiy i?e neeaaeaiii aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia ia aaci neiiioe/ieo iaoiaeia.

I?iaiaeeoueny aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia, iaea?aeaieo ia aaci
iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaioia “Aa?iia” oa “EAIAEN”, i aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
noiniaii caeo/aiiy ?o iioi?iaoei? aeey aiae?iaeaiiy oice/ii aieueo
iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiaeia aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo neiiioe/ieo i?iaiicia.
I?iaiaeeoueny aiaeic iioi?iaoeieii? oeiiiinoi ciiaeoaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO a ?o ca’yceo c no?aoeoieaoeieie- ie iniaeeainoyie
ieaeiuei? o?iiinoa?e. Aeieeaaeii c’yniaaii ca’ycie i?ioeania a
aoiinoa?i c ?icaeoeii iiaa?oii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia. Aeeeaaeaia oai?iy
i?ioeania a aoiinoa?i, ni?eyth/eo ?icaeoeo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia (o
i?eaiaeiiio oa?i oa iiaeaaaeaieo) c aiaeia?aaeaiiyi ?iei aaoa?ioacieo
noaiia aiaee a aoiinoa?i oa i? aieeaii ia ?aaeiioaeeaaiaee OEO
(i?.1.2). Aaiacin ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia iia’ycaiee c iieai aonoeie, a aiii
aaea iaai?yiee iia’ycaia c iieai aieiainoi oa iiaeaenii ?ao?aeoeii. Naia
iiea aonoeie cae/aeieie caniaaie ia niinoa?iaa?oueny i ?
?ic?aooieiaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iiey oeneo, oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiainoi. A
oie aea /an caniaaie ?aaeiiciiaeoaaiiy o iiei aonoeie aeyaeythoueny
oaee?iano/i iiaa?oii, a caia, iiaa?oii ?ic?eao iiey aonoeie
(ieaeiueio?iiinoa?ii oa i?eaiaeii oaeeaaiaee). ?ic?eae o iiei aonoeie
yaeythoueny oaeiae i iiniyie a?aaioaoeieieo oaeeue i aaciina?aaeiuei
iia’ycaii c iieai oia?iinoi. I?ioa, iiaa?oii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia
ooai?ththoueny aai ia i?eaiaeiiio oa?i, a yeiio ? iioaineaiei iioie
aieiae ca ?aooiie aeia?iaoaaiiy c iiaa?oii ieaaio, aai a ieaeiie
o?iiinoa?i, aea iaeiiiai?iioa aiaecia/a?oueny aeaeio?ee ?iaaiue ciiie
oac aiaee, aae iiye ia caiaeiee c ?iaiai eiiaeainaoei?. Oea i c?icoiiei
c oiai, ui ?aaeiioaeeaaiae oi?io?oueny ia ?iaii iiea eiiaeainaoei?, a ia
ia ?iaii i? ii/aoeo. A oie aea /an ?aaeiioaeeaaiae ia iia’ycaiee c
?iaeeith oacith aaciina?aaeiuei /a?ac oa, ui aii ia iiaea iaoe
«ii?iaeiinoae». Aii iia’ycaiee c ?ic?eaaie o iiei aonoeie, iaoiiaeaieie
ia?iaiinoii, a ia iayaiinoth ?iaeei? aai oaa?aei? oace. Iieiaeaiiy
iiaa?oii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaea ?icaeyaea?oueny a yeinoi eiiieaeniiai
e?eoa?ith aieiaiaiinoo.

7

Aeaei aiae eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith aieiaiaiinoo ii aiaeiiaiaeiiio
iieiaeaiith aoiinoa?ieo o?iioia, ye iniiaieo iaeiie/oaa/ia aieiae,
aeacaiee e?eoa?ie ia?aaiaeeoueny a ocaaaeueiaiee niinoa?aaeaiee
e?eoa?ie oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?.

A i?.1.3. aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooa i?iaeaia ai?eciioaeueiiai
aieiaiiaiao a o?iiinoa?i oa i? ?ieue o oi?ioaaiii no?aoeoieaoeieieo
iniaeeainoae ieaeiueiai oa?o o?iiinoa?e. Aieiaio oaaao i?eaeieaii
aieiaiiaiao ia aoiinoa?ieo o?iioao oa io cia/aiith o aeaeaeiio
aieiaiia?aianaiii aieiai? noanoaioei? a aaoa?ioaciie nenoaii
aieiaiiaiao. I?iaaaeaii aiaeic iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
aieiaiiaiao a iniiaiiio ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aoiinoa?-
ieo o?iioia ia aaci aia?aoo ieineiai eiiieaeniiai iiey. Aeaei aia?oa
?icaey-iooi ieoaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia ia iniiai oai?i?
o?iioaeueieo iiaeieia i aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee oai?i? ieineiai iiey a
caaea/ao noai?aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeaenia oeiiai? oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?
(i?.1.4.). Noa?ooth/e c eeane/ieo ?iaio Ei/eia I.?., Eiaaey I.A., a
oaeiae ?iaio ?oiiiaa A.I., Eiaaaiiaa A.O. oa ii., a ni?aao oaiaeyoueny
iaoaiaoe/ii eiino?oeoei?, ai?ieneioth/i iiey aieiae oa aeoi?iaeo
noai?aiue a o?iiinoa?i. Cie?aia, ia iniiai iaoiaeia oai?i? ieineiai
iiey iiaeaeth?oueny aeeiaii/ia neooaoeiy ia aoiinoa?ieo o?iioao i
acaaaei a ciii aei? oeeeeiiia, oeiaiaei oa iioeo aa?e/ieo ooai?aiue.
Aeey aecia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai iioaioeiaeo oaeaeeinoi VX -iVY caaea?oueny
noeoiiinoue ia?aiao?ia, cie?aia, oee?eoeyoei? ia aeoi?iaeo aeaiaioao,
ooai?aieo oeeeeiiaie i a?aaaiaaeie no?oeoo?aie; eii?aeeiaoe oaeeo
ooai?aiue; oee?eoeyoeiy ia noaiaea?oieo aeoi?ao o?iioaeueiiai iiaeieo;
aiaenoaiue iiae noaiaea?oieie aeoi?aie o?iioaeueieo iiaeieia;
eii?aeeiaoa oeaio?o eiii? eiiaaeoeaieo cao?aiue aai o?iioaeueiiai
iiaeieo; eii?aeeiaoe ii/aoeo eiii? eiiaaeoeaieo cao?aiue oa eiioey
cacia/aii? eiii? aai o?iioaeueiiai iiaeieo; eii?aeeiaoe, yei
aecia/athoue eiioiao?aoeith aeiaeaoeiaeo aeoi?iooai?aiue a iaeanoi
?ioaiiy, yei aiaeaeaeaii aiae iniiaieo o?iioaeueieo iiaeieia i aaciaeo
aeoi?ia oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?; iaeiiaoeue, aaaiai iiaee aeoi?iaeaea?ae.
C iaoith aeieeaaeiiai caaaeaiiy eiioiao?aoeie aa?e/iiai iiey
?ic?aoiaothoueny neee aiae?iaeeiaii/iiai oeneo ia o?iioaeueii nenoaie:
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 (1)

aea w eiiieaeniee iioaioeiae a eii?aeeiaoiie ieiueii; z, aonoeia
aieiaiai iiaio?y. C iaoith iiaeeeaoei? eii?aeeiao o?iioaeueieo
iiaeieia aeiaeaoeiai ?ic?aoiao?oueny aieiaiee iiiaio nee
aiae?iaeeiaii/ieo oeneia:
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(2)

Oiaei iiaeia aecia/eoe oaeaeeinoue ne?eaeaiiy o?iioaeueieo iiaeieia a
iiei nee oeneo. Aeaei ?ic?iaeaii aiaeioe/ii iaoiaee eiio?ieth aaeaino
ye a naiie

8

nenoaii aieiaiiaiao, oae i o ?iaiiaaci nee ciaiioiueiai oeneo, yei
caaacia/othoue caeiie caa?aaeaiiy:

picscalex100010009000003e90100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02e00240281200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa8ffffff00280000880200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000800017000000fb0200fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200ccaf040000002d01000008000000320ae001ca2602000000
293b08000000320ae001a22401000000280009000000320ae001a2200300000072657300
08000000320ae001721c01000000290008000000320ae001da1901000000280009000000
320ae001da15030000007265730009000000320ae0010a12040000002e2e2e2e08000000
320ae001920f01000000290008000000320ae0011c0d01000000280009000000320ae001
1c09030000007265730008000000320ae001840601000000290008000000320ae0013804
01000000280009000000320ae0013800030000007265730017000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccaf0400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002d50e01000000320008000000320a
6002d80501000000310010000000fb0200fe000000000000900100000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320ae001522501000000
a50008000000320ae001421f010000002d0008000000320ae001a21d010000003d000800
0000320ae0015214010000002b0008000000320ae001a210010000002b0008000000320a
e0019407010000002b0017000000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccaf040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320ae0019a2301000000660008000000320ae001aa1a010000007a0008000000
320ae001d21801000000660008000000320ae001ec0d010000007a0008000000320ae001
140c01000000660008000000320ae0010805010000007a0008000000320ae00130030100
0000660017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200ccaf040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a
6002ae1b0100000070000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0101000400
0000f0010000030000000000 (3)

aea res – iicia/aiiy eeoeo ooieoei?, oi/ee z1 z2,…,zp eii?aeeiaoe
neiaoey?ieo cao?aiue o neeiaeo iieyo, yei iiaeiii caiaeeoeny aei
caaaeueiiai aaeaino ia ianeii/aiiinoi , iani?aaaei aecia/aiie o ioieoi
iniiaiiai ciaiioiueiai aieeao ia i?ioeane, yei iienothoueny a iaeanoi
?ica’yceo, aai, oi/iioa, aecia/aii oeiiaith oi?iith oee?eoeyoei?
aoiinoa?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei aieiaio oaaao i?eaeieaii aeiaaeueiei iaoaiiciai a
iiaeaeyo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia i oiiaai aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo iaa?oaiiy
aoiinoa?ieo oa?ia. A i?.2.1. c ?aeeieo iiceoeie i?iaiaeiciaaii ieoaiiy
aaiacino aoiinoa?ieo oaeeaaiaeia, oaeaeiiaeoei?, aeaeio?i aniaeoe oai?i?
eiii?ie Aaaeeay oa Oa?aey i oiiae caieiaiiy aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo.
Iaaaaeaii aeieeaaeiee aiaeic ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie aaeaino eooiaiai
iiiaioo a ieaiaoa?ieo aeeiaii/ieo ia?aiiuaiiyo iiaio?yieo ian,
aeeiiaiiai a eaai?aoi?i? aaioice/ii? aiae?iaeeiaiiee I?einoiinueeiai
oiiaa?neoaoo NOA (Ii?o A.O.). Aeaei aeeeaaea-?oueny ?ic?iaeaiee iaie
iiaee iiaeoiae aei ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie ?ic?aooieo aa-

eaino eooiaiai iiiaioo aoiinoa?e, yeee caaeiaieueiy? iioaa?aeueiiio
?iaiyiith:
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(4)

aea M = a2 cos2 + u a cos eooiaee iiiaio, eooiaa oaeaeeinoue
iaa?oaiiy Caiei; a ?aaeion Caiei; oe?ioa (1-2 aiaeie?aieththoue
oe?ioiee iiyn iiae a?eoe/iei oa iiey?iei o?iioaie); u –ciiaeueia
eiiiiiaioa oaeaeeinoi aio?o; — aonoeia iiaio?y; V aanue ia’?i
aoiinoa?e o aeacaiiio oe?ioiiio iiyni aiae ?iaiy ii?y aei na?aaeiuei?
aenioe iiaeaaaeaiiai o?iiinoa?iiai oaeeaaiaeo OEO- H ; v — ia?eaeiaiia
eiiiiiaioa oaeaeeinoi aio?o; — aeiaaioa; piE — piw ?icieoey oeneia
ia noiaeieo oa caoiaeieo noeeao i -i? ai?e; z aenioa iaae ?iaiai
ii?y; 0 — iai?oaa oa?oy ia iiaa?oii. Iiaa aoaeoeaia i?ioeaaeo?a
?ic?aooieo eooiaiai iiiaioo aaco?oueny ia ?ica’ycaiii iioaa?aeueiiai
?iaiyiiy (4), yae?i yeiai neeaaea? ooieoeiy v . Aeaei v oa
aecia/athoueny a oa?iiiao oai?i? ieineiai iiey:

9
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 (5)

aea weiiieaeniee iioaioeiae; v eiiieaenia oaeaeeinoue caaaeueiiai
oee?eoeyoeieiiai oiio (a iniiaiiio, ciiaeueia oee?eoeyoeiy); bk
eii?aeeiaoe aeoi?iaeaea?ae a ciii neiaoey?iinoi; nk eii?aeeiaoe
aeeiieia a ciii neiaoey?iinoi; ak eii?aeeiaoe aeoi?iaeo oi/ae a ciiao
neiaoey?iinoi; Mk aaee/eie iiiaioia aeacaieo aeeiieia; k i?i?ioaoeiy
ainae aeeiieia; Ak ,qk aaee/eie oee?eoeyoeie o aeoi?iaeaea?aeao oa o
aeoi?iaeo oi/eao aiaeiiaiaeii. ssae?i iioaa?aeueiiai ?iaiyiiy (4) noa?
neiaoey?iei oeio Eioi oa Aieueaa?oa. ?ica’ycaiiy iaea?aeaiiai
neiaoey?iiai iioaa?aeueiiai ?iaiyiiy aiaeiinii eooiaiai iiiaioo,
caaeaiiai aaea ?aaoey?iith ooieoei?th,aea? iiaeeeainoue ye ioeiiee aaae
neiaoey?iinoi a iiei eooiaiai iiiaioo, oae i ioeiiee aoiinoa?iiai
aianeo naia a aaeain eooiaiai iiiaioo.A i?.2.2 aia?oa aeieeaaeii
i?iaiaeiciaaii iniaeeao ?ieue neiaoey?iinoae o iieyo iaoaiaeaiaioia,
iniaeeai, eooiaiai iiiaioo. ?ic?eae a iieyo iaoaiaeaiaioia, yei
noi?iaiaeaeothoue oaiiiai aoiinoa?iiai o?iioo, oi?iothoue neiaoey?ii
iniaeeainoi aeacaieo iieae a ocueeeo ciiao o?iioaeueieo iiaeieia. Iiyn
iiii?ieo oe?io iaeyiiao?oueny oaeeie ocueeeie o?iioaeueieie iiaeieaie
a?eoe/iiai oa iiey?iiai o?iioia, yei iia?icothoue onth Iiaii/io
iiaeoeth. I?e caeeaeoaaiii oaei o?iioaeueii ocueei ciie caoaeothoue naio
ciio oeeeeiii/ieo aeai?anie, yea ciaoiaeeoueny iiae a?eoe/iei
aioeoeeeeiiii oa noao?iii/iei iiynii aenieiai oeneo. Aceieo a?aaaii
aenieiai oeneo, iai?eeeaae, Neai?nueeiai aioeoeeeeiio, aeoeneothoue
iiey?iee o?iio aei iiaaeiy iaae eiioeiaioaie i a oie aea /an ?icei
i?iniaothoue a?eoe/iee o?iio aei iiaaeiy iaae ieaaiaie, caeeaeoth/e eiai
c iiey?iei o?iioii, oiio ui iiey?iee o?iio iaae ieaaiaie ceiith iaei
iia?o? o ia?eaeiaiiiio iai?yieo. Oaei iiceoei? aeicaieythoue aeieeaaeii
iiaeaethaaoe i?ioeane, aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaii ic caaeiaieueiinoth
aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo, oaei ye oaeaeiiaeoeiy, ooai?aiiy
oaee?iano/eo iiaa?oiae ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO oa ciii oi?i oee?eoeyoei?
aoiinoa?e. A i?.2.3. aeeeaaeaii i?iaiiaeueio i?ioeaaeo?o ?ica’ycaiiy
?iaiyiiy (4). O caaaeueiiio aeaei ? neiaoey?ia iioaa?aeueia ?iaiyiiy,
yae?i yeiai ?acii ic aeaieie ooieoeiyie – eiaoioeiaioii, i?aaith
/anoeiith, caaeathoue aaaiai aianee aeoi?iaeaea?ae o o?iioaeueiiio
iiaeiei oeiiaiai o?iioo i?e v, aiaeiiaiaeath/i? oi?ii oee?eoeyoei?.
Aeaei canoinoaaiiy iioaa?aeueiiai iia?aoi?o ia?aaiaeeoue ooeaia ?iaiyiiy
o ?iaiyiiy O?aaeaieueia, yea ?ica’yco?oueny iaoiaeii ?acieueaaioe. O
o?aoueiio ?icaeiei iniiaio oaaao i?eaeieaii iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi ye
iniiaiiio oaeoi?o, yeee aieeaa? ia i?ioeane i?e aoaeue-yeie oi?ii
oee?eoeyoei? aoii-noa?e, i i? ?iei o oi?ioaaiii aoiinoa?ieo
oaeeaaiaeia. Aei oei?? ii?e a ?iaioi aeeiioaaeenue

10

iaoaiaoe/ii iia?aoei? ii ai?ieneiaoei? oeiiai? iiceoei? o oi?ii
oee?eoeyoei? a noaoeiiia?iiio aa?iaioi, eiee naia oi?ia oee?eoeyoei?
iiaeaia iiiaioiei ia?a?icii naia a oeiiaee aeey ia? iiiaio /ano.
?aaeiioaeeaaiae iiaeia aaaaeaoe oaeiae o aaaaoueio nainao
noaoeiiia?iei ooai?aiiyi /a?ac oa, ui aii aaco?oueny ia aeiaaeo
iaeiie/oaaiiyo aieiae a i? ianeaiie ia?iiiaeiaiie oaci. ?aaeiioaeeaaiae
aiaeaeaa? oeiiao aoiinoa?io neooaoeith,i?ioa aieiaia ana ae iieyaa? o
oiio, uia i oeiiaa aoiin- oa?ia neooaoeiy i i? aiaeaeaa/ o aeaei
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeo aoee aeeae/a aei oice/ii? iniiae i?ioeano, oiaoi
i?aoethaaee a ye oaeiai ii nai?io aeeiaiicio o iecueei/anoioiiio
aeiaiaciii noiinii (i?.3.1). Ooo ia?oueny ia oaaci , ui
iecueei/anoioiee aeiaiacii aiaeiineoueny aei io aaia?aoi/iiai aeyaeaiiy
o i?in- oi?i, a ia aei /anoeiieo oice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, yei ?i
i?eoaiaiii ii ?o aioo?ioiie no?oeoo?i . ?aaeiioaeeaaiae ia? aeanoeainoue
i?iaiaeeoe oaeei OEO aeiaiaciio, i?ioa a oie aea /an eiai iieiaeai iy o
i?inoi?i ciiith?oueny o /ani a iiiaaeiecueei/anoioiiio aeiaiaciii,yeee
aeaeaei aiaenoi?oue aiae OEO aeiaiaciio.Oi?ia oee?eoeyoei? ciiith? nai?
iieiaeaiiy o i?inoi?i i iioaineaiinoue aeyaeaiiy o ia?iiaei aiae
aeaeieueeio aeia, oiaei ye ona?aaeeii i? aiaeaoaathoueny i?ioeane, yei
o?eaathoue aeaeieueea oaeeei.

Aeaei ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeainoi aiaeiieo ?ica’yceia ?iaiyiue
iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi c iaoith aiaeioe/ii? ia?aiao?ecaoei? oi?i
oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e (i?.3.2). ?iaiyiiy aiae?iaeeiaiiee aiaeiinii
aeia?a iano?iththoueny ia aeniei/anoioii i?ioeane a aoiinoa?i oeio
aaiethoei? oeeeeiie/iiai ooai?aiiy o ia?iiaei aei 2 aeia, aea oeieeii
ia caeaoii aeia?a iienoaaoe iecueei/anoioii i?ioeane oeio ciiie oi?i
oee?eoeyoei?. I?ioa ?iaiyiiy iae?ioo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeeio aoiinoa?e
iecueei/anoioii ii nai?e iniiai i inio? aeinoaoiuei aaeeeee aeinaiae ?o
?ica’ycaiiy ia aaci niaeo?aeueieo iaoiaeia. Aeaei ia iniiai ?iaiyiue
caieiaiiy iiiaioia ca’yceo aeey aeoi?iaeo iae?ioo?aoeaioieo ?ooia
?icaeiooa oa ?aaeiciaaia eiiiaeoia iiaeaeue iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yea
aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe oi?ie aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? i i?eoaiaiii ?i
?aaeiioaeeaaiaee o ianoaoeiiia?iiio ?aaeeii. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae
?ica’ycaiiy ?iaiyiue eiiaoe/ii? aia?ai? iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeaiue a ?yaee Ei?aia i aia?oa aeyaeaii cia/aiiy
neiaoey?iinoi a ?o ?ica’yceao (i?.3.3). Aeiaeaoeiai c’yaey?oueny
iiaeeeainoue iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeania niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i aoiinoa?ii?
oee?eoeyoei?.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei aeeeaaeaii iiai iaeai uiaei iinoaiiaee
/enaeueieo aenia?eiaioia c ?ic?aooieo ia?aianaiiy eooiaiai iiiaioo oa
aieiae iaae Oeoei ieaaiii aeey aea/aiiy ?iei oi?i oee?eoeyoei? a
iiciaaaiii ia?aco aeiaaiia?iiaeiiai i?ioeano a aoiinoa?i i
cia/aiiy OEO oaeea-aiaeia a yeinoi eiiieaeniiai aeii?thaaeueiiai
e?eoa?ith aeey oeieae iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia iiaiaee (i?.4.1).O iiia?aaeiio ?icaeieao ?iaioe aoee
aeeeaaeaii i?eioeeiiai iniiae ?icaeiooeo a ?iaioi iiaeo iiaeoiaeia oa
iiaeaeae. A /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei (i?.4.2) aeieeaaeii aeeeaaea?oueny
caaaeueiee aeai?eoi ?aaeicaoei? ?icaeiooeo iiaeaeae, cie?aia, iaaaaeaii
aeieeaaeioaeie-noaio ?ic?aooieo ciii aenio iiaeaaaeaieo
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia, iieia ooieoei? no?oio ni?yaeaieo c oeei i?ioeanii
aio?iaeo oa/ie. ?aaeicaoeiy onio iiaeaeae ii?aeio?oueny a ?aeeiee ?ic?a-

11

ooaaeueiee eiiieaen, yeee aeei?enoaiee aeaei a /enaeueieo aenia?eiaioao.
Aenia?eiaioe aeeiioaa-eenue oaeiae c iaoith aeiiiaiaiiy aeaieo
aeie?thaaiue, yei aoee aeinooiii aiae aenia?eiaioia “Aa?iia”, “EAIAEN”,
i c iaoith io?eiaiiy aieueo ia’?iii? iioi?iaoei? i?i iiaeaaaeaii
o?iiinoa?ii OEO oaeeaaiaee . C oei?th iaoith aoei iaiaoiaeii ?ic?aooaaoe
ai?eciioaeueiee ieaeiueio?iiinoa?iee aieiaiiaia i aiaeiiaiaeio eiio
no?aoeoieaoeith aonoeie aeey ?ic?aooieo aenio iiaa?oiae oaeeaaiaeia
(iiaeaen ?ao?aeoei?).I?ioa iiaeia aoei ?ic?aooaaoe naia ia aenioo, a
i? ciiio o /ani ia /aniaiio iioa?aaei inioaaiiy oeiiai? oi?ie
oee?eoeyoei?. Oey ciiia iiaea aooe iaeeaaeaia ia aenioo
ieaeiueio?iiinoa?iiai oaeeaaiaeo, yeui aiia aiaeiia c iiia?aaeiuei?
oi?ie aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? iaae Oeoei ieaaiii. Aea naia ii aenioi
o?iiinoa?iiai iiaeaaaeaiiai oaeeaaiaeo aeaii iaeiaeinooiii i a
iayaiinoi ? eeoa iioaeieiaaii aeaii, ona?aaeiaii ii naciiai aai ca
?ie. Oiio cii-ia aenioe iiaeaaaeaiiai o?iiinoa?iiai oaeeaaiaeo OEO o
caeaaeiinoi aiae oi?ie oee?eoeyoei? iaae Oeoei ieaaiii iaea?aeaia c
/enaeueieo aenia?eiaioia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye aeiaeaoeiaa
iioi?iaoeiy i?e aea/aiii niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i oee?eoeyoei?. Ae?oaei
iioi?iaoeaiei iieai c ?acoeueoaoia iiaeaethaaiiy aoei iiea oa/ie, yea
ooai?th?oueny iiae iiaa?oiath iiaeaaaeaiiai o?iiinoa?iiai oaeeaaiaeo.
Oaea iiea oa/ie iaiaoiaeii ?icaeyaeaoe oaeiae o aeaei iaeeaaeaiiai oiio
ia iiea oa/ie, i?eoaiaiieo naia oi?ii oee?eoeyoei?. Aaaa ?ic?aooieiaiai
iiey oa/ie o caaaeueiiio aio?iaiio iiei aeinoaoiuei aaeeea, i?ioa eiai
ana ae o?aaa ?icoiioe ye ei?ioeiia?iiaeia iiea, yea ooai?eeinue ia
aoiinoa?ieo o?iioao i, i?e?iaeiuei, ia?aaeuo? iiaeoeueii oa?aeoa?enoeee
oiiiaiai iiey aio?ia. Ia?oa oa ae?oaa c aeacaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie i?e neeaaeaiii aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai
i?iaiico, oae ye aeiiiiaaathoue iiciaoe naia oi?io oee?eoeyoei? oa
niaaeei?iiinoue oaeeo oi?i caiaeii c aeaieie iaoo?ieo aeii?thaaiue ye
aenioe iiaeaaaeaiiai o?iiinoa?iiai oaeeaaiaeo OEO, oae i aeaieo
ciiaeoaaiiy aio?iaeo iioieia caniaaie caaaeueiiai ?aaeiiciiaeoaaiiy (i,
iaaioue, eoeaiieioiiai ciiaeoaaiiy, ineieueee aenioe iiaeaaaeaieo
o?iiinoa?ieo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia ia ? aaeeeeie), a oaeiae aeaieo
iaoaiaeico noiooieeiai? iioi?iaoei? i?i iiey oia?iinoi oa aeaieo
aeiiea?ianueeiai ?aaeiieieaoi?o oia?iinoi. *enaeueii aenia?eiaioe
i?iaiaeeeeny c iaoith ooai?aiiy iaaiiai iaeaoo aeey iiciaaaiiy oi?i
aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? oa ?o niaaeei?iiinoi, yeee iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaiee i?e iiaeai?i aiiieiaia aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?. C oei?th
iaoith iiaeaethaaeeny oni oi?ie aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? iaae Oeoei
ieaaiii caiaeii c oeiecaoei?th Aaiaaiaaeia A.ss., Ai?na A.A. c ?o
aiaeciaeaie aeey oaieiai i oieiaeiiai iia?i//y. A iniiaiiio
?ic?aoiaoaaeeny oeiiai i?ioeane iaae Oeoei ieaaiii, yei aiaeaoaaeeny i?e
iayaiinoi 2 o?iioia: a?eoe/iiai oa iiey?iiai (i?.4.3). sse i?eeeaae, ia
?en.1 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo ciiie aenioe iiaeaaaeaiiai
o?iiinoaiiai oaeeaaiaeo o eioiie /an i?e oi?ii oee?eoeyoei? I1. Aeey
oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiico, ianaiia?aae, ? aaaeeeaei ciae
aiiiaeie. Ciaeii “iethn” ia ?enoieao, ui aiaeia?aaeathoue ciiie aenio
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia, aiaecia/aii c?inoaiiy aenio aiae iaaiiai na?aaeiueiai
iieiaeaiiy, a ciaeii “iiion” —

12

aiaeiiaiaeii ciaioaiiy aenio. Ia ?en.1 aeaeii iaaaoeaii aiiiaei?
iiaeeco Aciaonueeiai oa Aia?eeainueeiai eiioeiaioia i iiceoeaia
aiiia-eiy iaae Oeoei ieaaiii.Ia ?en.2 aiaeiiaiaeii aio?iai iioiee
iiaeaii aiiiaei?th ooieoei? no?oio, aea iai?yie aaeoi?o oaeaeeinoi
aiaeiiaiaeathoue oiio, uia iiceoeaii cia/aiiy aoee c eiaiai aieo aiae
iioieo. Ia?aaea/a eooiaiai iiiaioo ?acii c ai?eciioaeueiei
aieiaiia?aianaiiyi aiaeaoaa?oueny c noiaeo ia caoiae (?en.2), /oi, aei
?a/i, aiaeiiaiaea? ?ic?aooieiaei noaiai Ii?oa A.O., i?e/iio iniiaiee
iioie ia caoiae i?eiaaea? ia oe?ioe Aeaoonueeeo ino?iaia, ui oaeiae
iiaiinoth caiaa?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie Ii?oa A.O. Aeiaeaoeiai i?iaaaeaii
/enaeueii aenia?eiaioe i i?e iayaiinoi o?ueio o?iioia, oiaoi,
aeeth/ath/e i o?iii/iee o?iio, aea i?e oi?ii oee?eoeyoei? I1, oae ye
i?e oi?ii oee?eoeyoei? C o?iii/iee o?iio ia ? aeoeaiei a eioa?anoth/eo
ian i?ioeanao, a i?e oi?ii I2 aii i?aaenoaaey? iioa?an i?e aea/aiii
i?ioeania a Aia?eeainueeiio naeoi?i (?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeaii o aeiaeaoeo).
Iaaaaeaii oaeiae aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia ?ic?aooieiaiai iaeaoo oeiiaeo
iieiaeaiue, yei ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e iiaeai?i
aiiieiaia.

AENIIAEE

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo
aoiinoa?e aeey oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiico;

2. Aia?oa i?iaiaeiciaaii iioi?iaoeieio oeiiiinoue aeaieo i?i
iinoea?icoooaaiiy ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO a i?iaeaii aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
i?iaiicia iiaiaee; aia?oa aeaoaeueii c’yniaaii ca’ycie i?ioeania a
aoiinoa?i c ?icaeoeii iiaa?oii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia;

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iineiaeiaio, aaeaeaaoio oai?ith i?ioeania a aoiinoa?i,
ni?eyth/eo ?icaeoeo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia: a i?eaiaeiiio oa?i oa
iiaeaaaeaieo; aiaeia?aaeaii ?ieue aaoa?ioacieo noaiia aiaee a aoiinoa?i
oa i? aieea ia ?aaeiioaeeaaiaee OEO;

4. Aia?oa ?icaeyiooi ca’ycie oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei? iaae Oeoei
ieaaiii c ?aaeiioaeeaai-aeaie OEO,cie?aia, c iiaeaaaeaieie
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeaie; I?iaaaeaii aeieeaaeiee aiaeic no?oeoo?ieo
aeanoeainoae oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e o ca’yceo c i?ioeanaie
o?iioiaaiaco; aia?oa aiaeia?aaeaii ?ieue o?iioiaaiaco a oi?ioaaiii
?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO;

5. Aia?oa aiaecia/aia oa aeaoaeueii i?iaiaeiciaaia iniaeeaa ?ieue
aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao o oi?ioaaiii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia, a oaeiae oi?i
oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e; c?iaeaii aeiaeaoeiai aeniiaee a oai?i?
aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao, noiniaii ?iei a iueiio i?ioeania
o?iioiaaiaco;

6. Aia?oa aeieacaii iniaeeao ?ieue aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo a ooai?aiii
oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?, i?ioeania
o?iioiaaiaco,?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO; cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae canoi-
noaaiiy aaeainiaeo niiaaiaeiioaiue ii eooiaiio iiiaioo a yeinoi
eiiieaeniiai e?eoa?ith aeey iiciaaaiiy oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e;
aiaeia?aaeaii ca’ycie aeacaiiiai eiiieaeniiai e?eoa-?ith c
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aoiinoa?ieo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia, /oi aeicaiey?
i?eoyaoe aeiaeaoeiao

iioi?iaoeith noiniaii eieaoeieiiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e aeey
aeyaeaiiy ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO

13

?en.1. Ciiia aenioe iiaeaaaeaiiai o?iiinoa?iiai OEO ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeo;

14

?en.2. Ooieoeiy no?oio aeey neooaoei?, ui e ia ?en.1.

15

aeey oeieae aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia;

7. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiao, ia’?aeiaio iiaeaeue iiaeaaaeaieo o?iiinoa?ieo
?aaeii-oaeeaaiaeia OEO i oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e; aia?oa
aiaeia?aaeaii iniaeeao ?ieue neiaoey?iinoae iaoai?ieiai/ieo iieia,
cie?aia, eooiaiai iiiaioo;

8. Aia?oa aiaeioe/io oai?ith o?iioiaaiaco ocaaaeueiaii i ?icoe?aii c
iaoith i? canoinoaaiiy aeey iiciaaaiiy ia?aco oi?ie oee?eoeyoei?;
cai?iiiiiaaii iiai /enaeueii e?eoa?i? oi?i oee?eoeyoei? ia iniiai ?o
aiaeioe/ieo ai?ieneiaoeie oa oai?i? eeoeia; noi?ioeueiaaii oai?ith
aieiaiiai iiiaioo ia iniiai oai?aie *aieeaiia,anoaiiaeaii i? ca’ycie c
eooiaei iiiaioii aoiinoa?e;

9. ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeainoi aiaeiieo ?ioaiue ?iaiyiue iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi
c iaoith aiaeioe/ii? ia?aiao?ecaoei? oi?i oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e;
?ic?iaeaii aaeaeaaoio, eiiiaeoio iiaeaeue iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi, yea
caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania a iecueei/anoioiiio
?aaeeii; cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae ?ioaiiy ?iaiyiue eiiaoe/ii? aia?ai?
iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoi c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeaiue a ?yaee Ei?aia oa
aia?oa aeyaeaii ?ieue neiaoey?iinoae a ?o ?ica’yceao;

10. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i
aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?, ui neeaaea? nooo?ao /anoeio aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo
iaoai?ieiai/ieo i?iaiicia; ai?iaaaeaeaii iiai aeiaeaoeiai e?eoa?i? uiaei
iiaeai?o aiiieiaia oee?eoeyoei? aoiinoa?e;

11. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii na?ith iiaeo,ii nai?i iaeeyi i iinoaiiai,
/enaeueieo aenia?eiaioia c ?ic?a-ooieo ia?aianaiiy eooiaiai iiiaioo i
aieiae iaae Oeoei ieaaiii,yei i?iiethno?oaaee ?ieue oi?i oee?eoeyoei? a
iiciaaaiii ia?aco aeiaaiia?iiaeiiai i?ioeano a aoiinoa?i i aia?oa
iieacaee ?ieue oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaaaeaieo ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia OEO a yeinoi
eiiieaeniiai aeii?thaaeueiiai e?eoa?ith aeey oeieae iioi?iaoeieiiai
caaacia/aiiy aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo i?iaiicia;

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aia?inia N.A. Iaiauaiiue e?eoa?ee oi?i oee?eoeyoeee aoiinoa?u
// Iaoai?ieiaey, eee-

iaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey.- 1999.- N38.- C. 164-168.

2. Aia?inia N.A. Oaeoi? iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoe a oeiiauo oi?iao
oee?eoeyoeee aoiinoa?u e a

aaeaina ii aeaaiiai?ioo e oaeiaiio iiiaioo// Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey
e aeae?ieiaey.-1999.- N38.- C.59-63.

3. Aeooeia A.A.,Aia?inia N.A. ,Oioeia A.I. Aoiinoa?iua aieiiaiaeu,
oaeaeiiiaeoeey, y/aeee

Aaaeeay e aaeain oaeiaiai iiiaioa//Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e
aeae?ieiaey.-1999.-N38.-C.42-46

4. Aeooeia A.A., Aia?inia N.A. Aoiinoa?iue aeaaiiai?io e neiaoey?iinoe
a aaeaina oaeiaiai iiiaioa// Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey.-
1999.- N38.- C. 54-58.

5.Aia?inia N.A.*eneaiiua yenia?eiaiou ii ?an/aoo ia?aiina oaeiaiai
iiiaioa aeey acee/iuo

oi?i aoiinoa?iie oee?eoeyoeee iaae Oeoei ieaaiii.- Iaeanna:1998.–12n.
(I?ai?. /Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu. Iaeanneee
aeae?iiaoai?ieiae/aneee ei-o; IE1-98).

16

AIIOAOeI?

Aia?inia N.A. ?ao?aeoeieiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo aaeaino eooiaiai
iiiaioo aoiinoa?e aeey iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaiai i?iaiico iiaiaee.-
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aaia?aoi/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 11.00.09– iaoai?ieiaiy,
eeiiaoieiaiy, aa?iiaoai?ieiaiy.- Iaeanueeee aiae?iiaoai?ieiai/iee
iinoeooo Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai aeiaaioa?iiiiaeo oa
iiiaaeaeiaaioa?iiiiaeo iaoaii?iaiicia i ?o iioi?iaoeieiiio
caaacia/aiith, aeeth/ath/e aeei?enoaiiy ?ao?aeoeieieo aeaieo, aeaieo i?i
aoiinoa?ii ?aaeiioaeeaaiaee. A oai?i? ?aaeiioaeeaaiaeia caa?iooi
iniaeeao oaaao ia i?ioeane aoiinoa?iiai aieiaiiaiao oa caa?aaeaiiy
aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo, yei aecia/athoue i aaiacin aeacaieo
oaeeaaiaeia, i ca’ycie c i?ioeanaie niaaeei?iiinoi oi?i oee?eoeyoei?
oa oaeaeiiaeoei?. Ai?iaaaeaeaii iiiyooy neiaoey?iinoi iaoai?ieiai/ieo
iieia,caeiiia caa?aaeaiiy a oiiaao neiaoey?iinoi ?ic?iaeaii iiai
iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei aaeaino eooiaiai iiiaioo,aaiacino oaeeaaiaeia oa
niaaeei- ?iiinoi oeiiauo oi?i aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?. ?ic?iaeaii
eiiiaeoio iiaeaeue iae?ioo?aoeaio-iinoi, yea caaacia/o? iiaeaethaaiiy
iecueei/anoioieo aoiinoa?ieo i?ioeania. I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioe c
iaoith iiaoaeiae iaeaoo aeey iiciaaaiiy oi?i oee?eoeyoei? oa ?o
niaaeei?iiinoi c iiaeaeueoei aeei?enoaiiyi i?e iiaeai?i aiiieiaia
aoiinoa?ii? oee?eoeyoei?. Eeth/iai neiaa: ?aaeiioaeeaaiae, eooiaee
iiiaio aoiinoa?e, oee?eoeyoeiy, aieiaiiaia, aeiaaioa?iiiiaee i?iaiic;

Aia?inia N.A. ?ao?aeoeeiiiue iaoiae ?an/aoa aaeaina oaeiaiai
iiiaioa aoiinoa?u aeey naa?oaeieain?i/iiai i?iaiica iiaiaeu..-
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aaia?aoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
11.00.09–iaoai?ieiaey,eeeiaoieiaey,aa?iiaoai i?ieiaey.-Iaeanneee
aeae?iiaoai?ieiae/aneee einoeooo Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?anniio?aieth i?iaeai aeieain?i/iuo e
naa?oaeieain?i/iuo iaoai?ieiae/aneeo i?iaiicia e eo eioi?iaoeeiiiiio
iaania/aieth, aeeth/ay eniieueciaaiea ?ao?aeoeeiiiuo aeaiiuo, aeaiiuo ia
aoiinoa?iuo ?aaeeiaieiiaiaeao. A oai?ee ia?aciaaiey aieiiianoueo
iiaa?oiinoae ?aaeeiaieiiaiaeia ia?auaii iniaia aieiaiea ia i?ioeannu
aeaaiiai?ioa e nio?aiaiey aaeaina oaeiaiai iiiaioa, ii?aaeaeythuea e
aaiacen oeacaiiuo aieiiaiaeia e naycue n i?ioeannaie i?aainoaaiiinoe
oi?i aoiinoa?iie oee?eoeyoeee, oaeaeiiiaeoeee. Aaaaeaii iiiyoea
neiaoey?iinoe iaoaiiieae e caeiiia nio?aiaiey a oneiaeyo neiaoey?iinoe.
?ac?aaioaiu iiaua iiaeaee aaeaina oaeiaiai iiiaioa, aaiacena
?aaeeiaieiiaiaeia e i?aainoaaiiinoe oeiiauo oi?i aoiinoa?iie
oee?eoeyoeee. Aaaaeaia eiiiaeoiay iiaeaeue iae?ioo?aoeaioiinoe,
iaania/eaathuay iiaeaee?iaaiea aoiinoa?iuo i?ioeannia a iecei/anoioiii
?aaeeia. I?iaaaeaiu /eneaiiua yenia?eiaiou n oeaeueth nicaeaiey iaeiaai
iaeaoa aeey iiiciaaaiey oi?i oee?eoeyoeee,eo i?aainoaaiiinoe, eioi-

17

?ue iiaeao auoue i?eiaiai i?e iiaeai?a aiiieiaia aoiinoa?iie
oee?eoeyoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaeeiaieiiaiae, oaeiaie iiiaio
aoiinoa?u, oee?eoeyoeey, aeaaiiai?io, aeieain?i/iue i?iaiic;

Ambrosov S.V. The refraction method of calculation of the
atmosphere angular moment balance for super-long-terminal whether
forecast.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 11.00.09.–
meteorology, climatology, agrome-teorology.-Idessa hydrometeirological
Institute of Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999 .

Dissertation is devoted to the examination of problems of long-terminal
and super-long-terminal meteorological forecasts and their information
providing. It has been proposed a new refraction method for calculation
of the atmosphere angular moment balance for purposes of above cited
forecasts. At first it has been analyzed the informational worth of data
regarding the position of the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides in the
problem of long terminal whether forecast. At first it has been found a
link of atmosphere processes with the radio wave-guides surface
formation. It has been proposed a comprehensive adequate theory of the
atmosphere processes, providing the existence of the radio wave -guides
in the near-water layer and elevated ones. It is shown the important
role of the hetero- phase states of water in atmosphere and its
influence of the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides. At first, it has
been discovered a link of the atmosphere circulation forms over the
Pacific ocean with the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides, in
particular, elevated ones. It has been indicated the detailed analysis
of structural properties of the atmosphere circulation forms and the
front — genesis processes. At first it has been shown the especial role
of the front genesis in the formation of the ultra-short-wave radio
wave-guides. The role of the atmosphere moisture turnover is of a great
importance in the formation of the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides
and atmosphere circulation forms. There have been received the
additional data in the atmosphere moisture turnover theory which show
the front genesis role in it. The especial role of the angular moment
balance in the forming the circulation forms, the front genesis
processes and the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides has been proved. A
new method has been developed to utilize the balance expressions at the
angular moment as a complex criterion for identification of the
atmosphere circulation forms. It has been found the link of the
indicated complex criteria with the characteristics of the
ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides. It allows to use the additional
information regarding atmosphere location sounding for identification of
the ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides for purposes of the long terminal
and super-long-terminal meteorological whether forecasts. The united
model of the elevated troposphere ultra-short-wave radio wave-guides and
atmosphere circulation forms is proposed. There are found the
singularities of the meteorological fields, in particular, the angular
moment. The analytical theory for the front genesis is generalized and
extended to use for the atmosphere circulation forms identification.

Key words: radio wave-guide, angular moment of atmosphere,
circulation, moisture turnover, long — terminal forecast.

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