IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?AIIE

IINOEOOO AeA?AEAAE I I?AAA ?i. A.I.EI?AOeUeEIAI

OAeE 341.1

AEIAI AAO-AEUe-OAAeAE AAAeAEUe AA?I

?AAE?CAOe?ss I?EIOeEIO IE?IIAI ?ICA’ssCAIIss

I?AEIA?IAeIEO NII??A O Ae?ssEUeIINO?

EIAE A?AANUeEEO AeA?AEAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.11. — i?aeia?iaeia i?aai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ?
i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee
Oe?a?ie

AENIOeUeEEE Ieaenaiae? Oaaei?iae/

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
?inoeoooo

aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.
A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NAIAe?IANUeEEE Einoyioei
Einoyioeiiae/

i?ioani? ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe

AIOeEEAAE* Aa?ieueae
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeiiai
oa ii??aiyeueiiai i?aaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? i?e
I?i?noa?noa? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai (i.Oa?e?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 02 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 17 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.236.03. ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, i.Ee?a, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 01 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ONAIEI
?.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iiai?io, yeee iai?oeany a inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao o ca’yceo ?c cae?i/aiiyi
“oieiaeii? a?eie” oa i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae Noiaeii oa Caoiaeii ? ia?aoiaeii
a?ae eiio?iioaoe?? aei ae?aeiao ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a?aee?eaa? iia?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ?icaeieoaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ioenoiyiue ?
a?aaoethaaiiy eiioe?eo?a oeyoii ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia? i?eioeeio ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ? eiioe?eo?a. “Aiane?aeie i?eieiaiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie”, — i?aee?aneea eieeoi?e Aaia?aeueiee nae?aoa? III
Aoo?in Aoo?in Aae? a nai?e aeiiia?ae? ia can?aeaii? ?aaee Aaciaee 31
n?/iy 1993 ?., — ie aaea a?eueoa ia ciaoiaeeiiny ia a?ai? eiio?iioaoe??,
yea caa?iaeoaaea ie?o ? aeoaea /anoi ia?ae?ciaoaaea iaoo
I?aai?caoe?th”. A?i cacia/ea oaeiae, ui a i?aeia?iaeieo oiiaao, ye?
ci?ieeeny, iaci??ii c?inoa? cia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoai?ci?a ?
i?aai?caoe?e ii i?aeo?eioe? i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee, ui oaeiae
niiioea? III i?aeo?eioaaoe iaiao?aei? coneeey ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e
o iiooeao aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a a?aaoethaaiiy eiioe?eo?a ? ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Iaei??th c oaeeo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui caeia? aaaeeeaa i?noea o
i?aeo?eioe? i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee ia Aeecueeiio ? Na?aaeiueiio
Noiae?, ? E?aa A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa (EAAe). Aiia noai?aia 22 aa?aciy
1945 ?. ia iniia? Ieaenaiae??enueeiai i?ioieieo ? iaea eii?aeeioaaoe
iie?oe/i? ae?? aea?aeaa-/eai?a o ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeai i?aea?aanueeeo
a?aeiinei c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy a?eueo o?niiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ?
ni?eyiiy a?aaoethaaiith nii??a i?ae e?a?iaie ?aa?iio. O oie aea /an
EAAe aenooia? ye ae?aciee caaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaa-/eai?a oe???
?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?. A?aeiia?aeii aei
?aciethoe?? Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea? III ? 477/O a?ae 10 eenoiiaaea
1950 ?. E?aa aieiae?? a i?e noaoonii anioe?eiaaiiai /eaia.

C iaoith a?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a i?ae aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie
EAAe c?iaeea cia/i? coneeey ii canoinoaaiith iica?inoeoooe?eieo
i?ioeaaeo?, a oaeiae ii noai?aiith i?aea?aanueeeo nee, ye? iiaeii? aoee
ae?yoe a ciiao ca?ieieo eiioe?eo?a. O ca’yceo c oeei aeaaeae?
c?inoath/iai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ae?yeuei?noue EAAe ye ?aa?iiaeueii?
i?aai?caoe??, cie?aia a aaeoc? i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee. Iaeiae aeieeiaiiy inoaii?i /anii ?yaeo na?eicieo nii??a, ye?
ia?a?inee o aaeeeiianooaai? ca?iei? eiioe?eoe ? noaiiaeyoue caa?ico
i?aeia?iaeiiio ie?o oa aaciaoe? a ?aa?ii? Aeecueeiai ? Na?aaeiueiai
Noiaeo, na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie iaoai?cio ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy nii??a o nenoai? EAAe, ? oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
ia?aaeyaeo ?? Noaoooo. E??i oiai, i?aeoeea aca?iiae?? EAAe c III
i?ioyaii aaaaoueio aeanyoe??/ aianea ?yae canoa?aaeaiue o ii?yaeie ?
oi?ie ni?eueiiai caaacia/aiiy ie?o oa aaciaee. Aiia yaey? niaith
aaaeeeaee aeina?ae ye aeey EAAe, oae ? aeey III a?aeiinii ie?iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy nii??a ? eiioe?eo?a, iaiiaithth/e iiaei ci?noii i?aeoeeo
canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iieiaeaiue Noaoooo EAAe. Iaeiae oey i?aeoeea
ana ua ia ciaeuea iaeaaeiiai th?eaee/iiai cae??ieaiiy, ui aeeeoo?
iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyaeo oeueiai ieoaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a
i?iaeiaaeo? ia?aaoaaoe a oeaio?? oaaae ye III, oae ? EAAe. Oiio ieoaiiy
i?i ?aae?caoe?th i?eioeeio ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a
oa eiioe?eo?a o ae?yeueiino? EAAe ? aaaeeeaei ia o?eueee c oai?aoe/ii?
oi/ee ci?o, a naia — ?icaeoeo i?aaa ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aeo?yaeiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e, aea ? c i?aeoe/ii? — a ieai? aeinyaiaiiy a?eueo o?nii?
aca?iiae?? EAAe (oa ?ioeo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, oaeeo, ye IA?,
NIAe) c oi?aa?naeueiith nenoaiith III.

Noai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie. Ieoaiiyie ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ?c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoai?ci?a ?aa?iiaeueieo nenoai a
o?e aai ?io?e i??? caeiaeiny /eiaei i?aaenoaaiee?a i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa
e?a?i NIAe, a oiio /ene? e Oe?a?ie. Oea oae? aeine?aeieee, ye A.N. A?oc,
I.O. Aenioeueeee, A.I. Aeaienia, A.A. ?aiaoaiei, N.A. ?naeiae/, A.N.
E?eeia, Ae.A. Eaa?i, ?.?. Eoeaooe, A.I. Iooi?i, A.N. Niaae?i, A.I.
Oaaei?ia, A.A. Oeaa?aa oa ?io?. Oeei ieoaiiyi i?enayoeee nai? i?aoe?
a/ai? cao?aeieo e?a?i — Aeae. N.Iae, E.Iiiaiaaei, A.Eaeuecai, Ea?ie
Aaiiao, Oann A?ino, I.Oaeiao?a, *.*.Oaeae, ss.A?ioie? oa ?i.
Aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?eioeeio ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a
caeiaeeny oaeiae a?aeii? a?aanuee? a/ai? Aoo?in Aoo?in Aae?,
Aeue-Aao?ai?, Aeue-Eaiaei?, Aoiaae Aeue-?aoeaee, Aeaeaiaeue Iaoa?,
A. I. Oannoia oa ?i. I?ioa a th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? e?a?i NIAe i?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi? ?iaioe ia oeth oaio. Ii noo?, a aeai?e aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa
aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?eioeei ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a o
?aieao EAAe, iniaeeai a eiioaeno? iiai? neooaoe??, yea neeaeaeny ia
Aeecueeiio Noiae? a ?acoeueoao? coneeue, ni?yiiaaieo ia a?aaoethaaiiy
a?aai-?c?a?euenueei? e?ece a inoaii? ?iee.

?icaeyae ae?yeueiino? EAAe a oeueiio iai?yieo aeiiiiaaa? aeyaeoe
iiaeeeaino? oe??? aaaeeeai? i?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? a ci?oeiaii?
i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiinei ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a ie?iiio
o?aaoethaaii? nii??a ? eiioe?eo?a, a oaeiae i?iaiae?coaaoe yeith i??ith
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino? EAAe ocaiaeaeothoueny c iiaeie
oiiaaie, ui neeaeeny a ?aa?ii? Aeecueeiai ? Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe ?c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea
aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
a?aeae?eo i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa IAI Oe?a?ie c
?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o
oa aaciaee c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoai?ci?a ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e.

Iaoith ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ice?eooy i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo
aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? EAAe uiaei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo
nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a, a oaeiae aena?oeaiiy ?yaeo oai?aoe/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c oeoia/aiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo iieiaeaiue
Noaoooo EAAe ? ?aciethoe?e ia?aae aeaa ? o?yae?a aea?aeaa-/eai?a E?ae ?
?aaee E?ae uiaei eiie?aoieo iia?aoe?e, ye? iaaoee cia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aoeaaeaio?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oe??? iaoe aeena?oaio cina?aaeea iniiaio oaaao ia
ae??oaii? ianooiieo ieoaiue:

— aeyaeoe i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaee ci?no i?eioeeio ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a a oiiaao cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”;

— aeaoe iie?oeei-i?aaiao oa?aeoa?enoeeo EAAe ye ?aa?iiaeueii?
i?aai?caoe??;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe i?eioeei ie?iiai ae??oaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a a
Noaooo? EAAe;

— aena?oeeoe ae?yeuei?noue EAAe a aaeoc? ?ica’ycaiiy eieaeueieo
eiioe?eo?a, aioo??oi?e aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iicaeaaei?noue
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a EAAe c aaiethoe??th ?? ia?aoiaeo aei
ae??oaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ? “i?noeaaeo” nii??a;

— iieacaoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? EAAe o ie?iiio ?ica’ycaii?
?aa?iiaeueieo nii??a, aeeth/ath/e ?aoi?io ?? Noaoooo.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? niaoe?aeueia aaeocue
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, yea iia’ycaia c ae?yeuei?noth EAAe o
noa?? ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ?
eiioe?eo?a.

I?aaeiao aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? ii?ie, ui canoiniaothoueny a i?ioean? ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a a nenoai? EAAe.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny
ia iieiaeaiiyo Noaoooo III o noa?? i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee, Noaoooo EAAe ? Aeiaiai?o i?i ni?eueio iai?iio ? aeiiii?/ia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai 1950 ?., a yeeo aecia/aia eiiiaoaioe?y EAAe uiaei
ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a. O i?ioean? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? caaaeueiiaeciai? a i?aaia?e iaooe? iaoiaee, ye
?noi?e/iee, ii?iaoeaiee, ii??aiyeueiee, nioe?ieia?/iee, nenoaiiee ?
eia?/iee.

I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei aeey aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy oa ?aea?,
ye? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo a/aieo c ieoaiue caaaeueii? oai???
? i?aeoeee i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa. Ooo eaeaoueny i?i i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo ?
?in?enueeeo th?eno?a-i?aeia?iaeiee?a oaeeo, ye A.A. Aooeaae/, I.O.
Aenioeueeee, A.I. Aeaienia, A.A. ?aiaoaiei, A.N. E?eeia, Ae.A. Eaa?i,
?.?. Eoeaooe, A.I. Iooi?i, A.N. Niaae?i, ?.A. Oociooaiaaeia, A.I.
Oaaei?ia, A.A. Oeaa?aa oa ?i. I?iaiae?ciaai? ?iaioe cao?aeieo aaoi??a,
ye? i?enay/ai? ?aa?iiaeueiei i?aai?caoe?yi oa ?aa?iiae?cio: Aeae. N.Iay,
Ea?iy Aaiiaoa, Oanna A?inoa, A.Oaeiaa?aa, A.Eaeuecaia, *.Oaeaea,
E.Aeaenaiaea?a, A.O.A?a/aaa oa i., a oaeiae i?aoe? a?aanueeeo
th?eno?a-i?aeia?iaeiee?a: Aoo?in Aoo?in Aae?, Aeue-Aao?aei?,
Aeue-Eaiaei?, Aoiaae Aeue-?aoeae?, A. I. Oannoia, Na?oai
Aaaeaeue-Ac?ca, Aoiaaea Aaiia oa ?i.

Aeei?enoai? iaeaaaeeea?o? i?aeia?iaei? aeieoiaioe: Noaooo III,
Aeaeea?aoe?y i?i i?eioeeie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ui noinothoueny
ae?oaei?o a?aeiinei ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae aea?aeaaaie a?aeiia?aeii aei
Noaoooo III, 1970 ?., ??oaiiy ?aaee Aaciaee ? Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea? III
uiaei Aeecueeiai Noiaeo, a oaeiae ?aa?iiaeuei? aeieoiaioe EAAe, ye?
aeaeai? Aaia?aeueiei Nae?aoa??aoii EAAe, niaoe?aeuei? aeaeaiiy EAAe,
Noaooo EAAe ? Aeiaia?? i?i ni?eueio iai?iio ? aeiiii?/ia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai 1950 ?., ?aciethoe?? EAAe ia ??ai? aeaa aea?aeaa ?
o?yae?a, ?aciethoe?? a?aanueeeo eiioa?aioe?e o aa?oao, ?aaea EAAe oa
?i.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? ianaiia?aae a oiio, ui, ii noo?,
aia?oa a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? Oe?a?ie oa e?a?i NIAe i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia?
aniaeoe no?oeoo?e oa ae?yeueiino? EAAe uiaei ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy
nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a ?icaeyaeathoueny eiiieaenii ? a eiioaeno? iiaeo
oiia, ye? neeaeeny a ?aa?ii? Aeecueeiai ? Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo oa ia
i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai? a oe?eiio. Aeena?oaioii i?iaiae?ciaaii iia?oi?
oaiaeaioe?? aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?cio EAAe i?e ?ica’ycaii? nii??a oa
eiioe?eo?a ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?? i?aeoeee o oe?e noa??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny, cie?aia, oaeeie
iaeaaaeeea?oeie iieiaeaiiyie:

— Aeiaia?? 1950 ?. i?i ni?eueio iai?iio oa aeiiii?/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai
noaa ae?oaei i?ney Noaoooo EAAe i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaei aeoii, caaaeyee
yeiio aoea ia o?eueee oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a oa ?icoe?aia eiiiaoaioe?y
oe??? ?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, aea e inoaoi/ii aeciaii ia
oi?aa?naeueiiio ??ai? /a?ac i?aaiaee ca’ycie ?? c III;

— iaeiei c oaeoi??a iaaeinoaoiuei? aoaeoeaiino? iei?oiuei? nenoaie EAAe
? oa, ui aiia iio?aao? a?eueoi? ?aeiino? ae?e oa eii?aeeiaoe?? i?ae
??cieie oi?aae?iiyie oa i?aaiaie;

— iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ooieoe?e EAAe ? ie?ia a?aaoethaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a, ? a ia?oo /a?ao a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai
eiioe?eoo, a oie /an ye i?aeoeea ?o iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa ?ica’ycaiiy o
?yae? aeiaaee?a cae?enith?oueny ia ia i?aenoaa? noaoooieo iaoai?ci?a, a
oeyoii canoinoaaiiy iica?inoeoooe?eieo i?ioeaaeo? ? iaoi?iaeueieo
cania?a;

— nenoaia ii?i oa i?eioeei?a Noaoooo EAAe ? Aeiaiai?o 1950 ?. uiaei
ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a aaea ? iaaaeaeaaoiith no/aniei
aeiiaai, iniaeeai a oiiaao i?eieiaiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ?
caii/aoeoaaiiyi i?ioeano a?aaoethaaiiy aieiaii? aeecueeino?aeii? e?ece —
a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo, ui aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo ??
Noaoooo;

— ooieoe?y EAAe uiaei ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy nii??a oa neooaoe?e, ui
i?ecaaee aei ca?ieieo eiioe?eo?a i?ae ?? /eaiaie oa iica?aa?iiaeueieie
aea?aeaaaie, ia??aeei ia?aie?oa?oueny c ooieoe??th ii i?eaeooaiith aeo?a
aa?an?? ? iaaecia/ai?noth noiaeeo iiiaio?a ? iiiyoue a Noaooo? EAAe, ye,
iai?eeeaae, “caa?ica neeith” ? “ni??, caeaoiee aeeeeeaoe a?eio”;

— ?ic?iaea i?iaeoo iiaiai Noaoooo EAAe iiaeiia caniiaoaaoeny ia
iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?eioeeiao i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, eiaeeo?eiaaieo III o
1970 ?. o Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i i?eioeeie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, noiniaii
ae?oaei?o a?aeiinei ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae aea?aeaaaie ca?aeii c?
Noaoooii III; ?acii c oei a iueiio iiaeii? aooe cae??ieai? aeaa iiaeo
?aa?iiaeueieo i?eioeeia: 1) ?aei?noue aea?aeaa-/eai?a EAAe; 2)
aa?oiaainoai ciaia’ycaiue /eai?a EAAe ca?aeii c ?? Noaoooii, ii?yae ?c
ciaia’ycaiiyie, ui i?noyoueny a Noaooo? III.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ??
iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe iniaeeaino?
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio ae?yeueiino? EAAe ii i?aeo?eioe?
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee, aecia/eoe iia? oaiaeaioe?? aeei?enoaiiy
?? iaoai?cio ii ie?iiio a?aaoethaaiith, a oaeiae — ni?a?ia?oieoeoao c
oi?aa?naeueiith nenoaiith III, cie?aia aeey ae??oaiiy e?eciaeo neooaoe?e
ia Aeecueeiio oa Na?aaeiueiio Noiae?. O aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaai?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio EAAe ii ie?iiio
?ica’ycaiith i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a.

E??i oiai, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o:

— iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e noa?? (i?e aiae?c? oai?aoe/ieo aniaeo?a
aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?cio EAAe ca?aeii c ?? Noaoooii ? i?aeaeuaiiyi ??
?ie?);

— iaoeiai-iaa/aeuei?e noa?? (a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy eo?n?a o aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao c i?aaa i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa i?aaa
i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee);

— i?aaicanoinia/?e noa?? i?e aeiii?aoethaaii? i?iaeoo iiaiai Noaoooo (a
ieai? aeinyaiaiiy e?aui? aca?iiae?? EAAe oa ?ioeo ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e oaeeo, ye IA? ? NIAe c oi?aa?naeueiith nenoaiith III,
ae?th/i? o noa?? i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o ? aaciaee).

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee ?
aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai
IAI Oe?a?ie. ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o o?ueio iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iieyaa? a oiio, ui a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio ae?yeueiino? EAAe o noa??
?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a, a oaeiae ?yaeo
aeieoiaio?a ? ?aciethoe?e, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao ?? ae?yeueiino?.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a (n?i i?ae?icae?e?a), aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 179 noi??iie; nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae caeia? 13 noi??iie (244 iineeaiue).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino?
o iaooe? i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/athoueny ?? iaoa
? caaaeaiiy, aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa ? iaoiaeieia??
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaii oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, ??
iaoeiaa iiaecia, iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa, nooi?iue ai?iaaoe??,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? oa?aeoa? ioae?eaoe?e, a yeeo noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e ia?oee — “I?aaia? i?eioeeie ? iaoai?ci ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a o
nenoai? E?ae A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa” i?enay/aiee aiae?co iaeaaaeeea?oiai
i?eioeeio i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, yeee, o ?ac? aeieeiaiiy nii?o, neoao?
aeey i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa iniiaith aeey i?eeiyooy, ca?aeii c
Noaoooii III, iaiao?aeieo caoiae?a c iaoith eiai ?ica’ycaiiy.

O i?aeia?iaeiiio i?aa? aei oeueiai /ano inoaoi/iiai ia aecia/aii
iiiyooy “nii?o”, oi/ i. 3 no. 2 Noaoooo III anoaiiaeth? iaia’ycie
an?o aea?aeaa ?ica’ycoaaoe nai? i?aeia?iaei? nii?e aeeeth/ii ie?ieie
caniaaie. A iaeieo aeiaaeeao iiiyooy nii?o o?aeoo?oueny ye
iaeiinoi?iii? i?aoaic??, ye? caniiaai? ia noaa?aiieo i?aaao aea?aeaae ?
ii?iao i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, a a ?ioeo — ye c?oeiaiiy ?ioa?an?a
aea?aeaa, ii?iaeaeoth/eo i?aeia?iaei? noia?a/ee.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui oa?i?i “ni??” ca?aeii c i. 3 no. 2
Noaoooo III, ye ? nai i?eioeei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo
nii??a, iaiao?aeii oeoia/eoe c o?aooaaiiyi anueiai eiiieaeno
?nioth/eo i?aa ? iaia’yce?a aea?aeaa. Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui
oeoia/aiiy caaaeaiiai i?eioeeio iiaeiii aeoiaeeoe ?c caaaeueiiai
ci?noo Noaoooo III a na?oe? eiai oe?eae oa i?eioeei?a, noi?ioeueiaaieo
a i?aaiaoe? oa ?icae?eao 1-iio ? 6-iio Noaoooo III. Aacoth/enue ia
oaeiio i?aeoiae? oeoia/aiiy i?eioeeio ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a,
aeena?oaio ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui caaaeaiee i?eioeei, cae??ieaiee a
Noaooo? III ? a Noaoooao ?ioeo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e,
ciaia’yco? aea?aeaae ?ica’ycoaaoe ia o?eueee nii?e, ui caa?iaeothoue
i?aeia?iaeiiio ie?o oa aaciaoe?, aea e on? ?io? nii?e, iacaeaaeii a?ae
?o oa?aeoa?o. A na?oe? Noaoooo III aei iiiyooy “nii?o” iaeaaeeoue
oe?iea eiei iaa?aaoeueiaaieo ieoaiue, ui ?niothoue a i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiineiao, ine?eueee oea ciaia’yco? an? aea?aeaae ?ica’ycoaaoe nai?
nii?e aeeeth/ii ie?ieie caniaaie. Oaea oe?iea ?icoi?iiy “nii?o”
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, c?noaaeaiiyi caaaeaiiai i.
3 no. 2 ? ?icae?eo 6-ai Noaoooo III.

O aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?aeo?eiee
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o ? aaciaee iathoue ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aai?caoe??.
Aeena?oaioii iaaiaeyoueny ??ci? iiaeyaee c i?eaiaeo aecia/aiiy iiiyooy
“?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??” oa “?aa?iiaeueii? oaiaee” o na?oe? VIII
?icae?eo Noaoooo III, a yeiio aecia/ai? e?eoa??? i?aaii??iino?
ae?yeueiino? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e. Ia iniia? aiae?co Noaoooo EAAe,
i?eeiyoiai o 1945 ?., aeena?oaio ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui i?aenoaaith aeey
/eainoaa a EAAe ? “a?aa?ci” iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa, yeee ia caiaeeoueny
aei e?a?i Aeecueeiai oa Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo. ?acii c oei, aiae?c
Noaoooo EAAe i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui oi/ aaia?ao?/iee oaeoi? a?ae?a?a?
aaaeeeao ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, a?i ia ?
?aeeiith iciaeith, ui aecia/a? oa?aeoa? aeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ye
?aa?iiaeueii?.

O aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo i?aai?a EAAe,
ni?yiiaaieo ia aeeiiaiiy ?? caaaeaiue oa oe?eae, cae??ieaieo a no. 2
Noaoooo EAAe, a naia: caaacia/eoe a?eueo o?ni? a?aeiineie i?ae
aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie EAAe; eii?aeeioaaoe ?o iie?oe/i? ae??, c iaoith
o?niiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae ieie; caaacia/eoe ?o iacaeaaei?noue ?
noaa?ai?oao ? ?icaeyaeaoe acaaae? an? ieoaiiy, ui ca/?iathoue a?aanuee?
e?a?ie oa ?o ?ioa?ane. O aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui iaeia c iniaeeainoae
aeaii? i?aai?caoe?? iieyaa? a ?? “?ooeeaino?”. No?oeoo?a EAAe iaeaea c
naiiai ii/aoeo ciaoiaeeeany a caeaaeiino? a?ae neooaoe?? a a?aanueeiio
na?o? ? a ?aa?ii? Aeecueeiai Noiaeo.

Aiae?coth/e ae?yeuei?noue iniiaieo i?aai?a EAAe, aeena?oaio aeyaea ?yae
?? iaaeie?e?a. Ia eiai aeoieo, iaea?eueo neaaeith noi?iiith no?oeoo?e
?aaee EAAe ? EAAe a oe?eiio, ? iaaeineiiae?noue ci?noo noaoooiiai
i?eioeeio i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, ca?aeii c yeei iaia’yceiaeie aeey an?o
/eai?a E?ae yaeythoueny eeoa ??oaiiy, i?eeiyo? iaeiiaieinii. A oie aea
/an ??oaiiy, i?eeiyo? a?eueo?noth aiein?a, ? iaia’yceiaeie eeoa aeey
oeo, ooi ca ieo aieinoaaa. Oea ia??aeei i?ecaiaeeei aei
iaiaia’yceiaino? aeeiiaiiy ??oaiue ?aaee E?ae ie?aieie e?a?iaie, ui
cia/ii iineaaeyei aoaeoeai?noue ??oaiue, ye? i?eeiaeeny ?aaeith c
aaaeeeaeo ieoaiue i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiinei.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaia aeaoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea Aeiaiai?o i?i ni?eueio
iai?iio ? aeiiii?/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai aea?aeaa-/eai?a EAAe, i?aeienaiiai
17 /a?aiy 1950 ?. Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, cia/aiiy oeueiai Aeiaiai?o
iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i a nai?o iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo aeoiaeeoue c
i?eioeeio oa oe?eae Noaoooo EAAe ? Noaoooo III, i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/e oei
naiei i??i?eoao inoaii?o. ?acii c oei, Aeiaia?? 1950 ?. ?icaeioa ?
caaaaoea ?aea?, noi?ioeueiaai? a Noaooo? 1945 ?., a oaeiae aaaaoi a
/iio ni?eya aeoea?caoe?? i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiinei, ?icoe?aiith
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiai? iniiae a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iiai oa aeiiii?/iiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. Aiae?coth/e Noaooo ? Aeiaia??
i?i ni?eueio iai?iio ? aeiiii?/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai 1950 ?., aeena?oaio
ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui ?o oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie ?, c iaeiiai aieo,
iaaeinoaoiy aeine?aeaeaii?noue iieiaeaiue i?i caiia?aaiiy caa?ice ie?o ?
i?eieiaiiy aeo?a aa?an?? a iaaeao ?aa?iio, a oaeiae ii?i i?i ie?ia
a?aaoethaaiiy nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a, a c ?ioiai — ii??aiyii a?eueo
?icaeiai? ii?ie i?i eieaeoeaio aaciaeo ? caai?iio aeo?a aa?an?? c aieo
aea?aeaa, ui ia aoiaeyoue a aeaio nenoaio.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny aieea Noaoooo EAAe ? Aeiaiai?o 1950 ?.
ia aeieeiaiiy iiaeo noa?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e a a?aanueeiio na?o?.
Eaeaoueny i?i oae? ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aai?caoe??, ye ?aaea Ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa Ia?nueei? Caoiee (?NAAeIC), a yeo oa?eoee o?noue
aea?aeaa — Aao?aei, Eaoa?, Eoaaeo, IAA, Iiai, Naoae?anueea A?aa?y
(o?aaaiue, 1981 ?.) ?aaea A?aanueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o neeaae? ?aeioo,
Ei?aeai??, Eaiaia oa ??aeo (ethoee 1989 ?.) oa Nithc A?aanueeiai
Iaa??aa (NAI) a neeaae? i’yoe a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa I?ai?/ii? Ao?eee
(ethoee 1989?.).

O aeena?oaoe?? iiaea?oueny aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ci?noo no. 5 Noaoooo
EAAe ? no. 2 Aeiaiai?o i?i ni?eueio iai?iio oa aeiiii?/ia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, a yeeo i?noeoueny i?eioeei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a. O ca’yceo c oeei aea?oueny aecia/aiiy iiiyoue
“?aa?iiaeueiiai eiioe?eoo” oa “i?noeaaiai nii?o” o na?oe? no. 52 Noaoooo
III. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co no/anieo i?aeia?iaeieo i?aoeaaeaio?a c?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui i?ae ?aa?iiaeueieie nii?aie ne?ae ?icoi?oe nii?e, ye?
aeieeathoue i?ae /eaiaie ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aaciaee aai o/anieeaie
?aa?iiaeueieo oaiae. Ui ae noino?oueny nii??a i?ae aea?aeaaaie, ye?
iaeaaeaoue aei iaeiiai aaia?ao?/iiai ?aeiio, aea ia ? /eaiaie iaei???
?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aai o/anieeaie ?aa?iiaeueii? oaiaee, oi oe? nii?e
ia a?aeiinyoueny aei eaoaai??? i?noeaaeo nii??a o ?icoi?ii? no. 52
Noaoooii III.

Aiae?coth/e iieiaeaiiy Noaoooo EAAe, aeena?oaio ?ice?ea iaaeie?ee
ae?yeueiino? ?aaee E?ae ? c?iaea aeniiaie, ui EAAe i?aeiyeany ia a?eueo
aenieee ??aaiue o ni?aa? ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a oeyoii
i?eeiyooy aaaeeeaeo iiceoeaieo ??oaiue ? noai?aiiy iiaeo onoaiia, ia
ia?aaeaa/aieo ?? Noaoooii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Ae?yeuei?noue E?ae A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa uiaei
ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae ??
/eaiaie” ?icaeyaea?oueny ??ciiiai?oia i?aeia?iaeia i?aeoeea ?
aiae?cothoueny iaoai?cie ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ?
iniaeeaino? ii?iaoeaii? iniiae ?o canoinoaaiiy a o?aaoethaaii? iaaieo
nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a, ui noaee i?aeia?iaeiei i?aoeaaeaioii.

Aeena?oaioii iaa?oioiaaia iieiaeaiiy, ui iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui a
Noaooo? EAAe 1945 ?. ia aoei i?yeeo ci?i ii ie?iiio ?ica’ycaiith
nii??a, i?aeoeea aeaii? i?aai?caoe?? aeiaaea naith caeaoi?noue aei
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. Oea aeyaeeiny o oiio, ui ?aaea EAAe canoiniao?
ii?yae ?c iina?aaeieoeoaii ? a?a?o?aaeai ?io? caniae ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy, ye? ia ia?aaeaa/ai? naiei Noaoooii E?ae — aeia?? iineoae,
ne?ae/? oa iiaiaeaeoaaeuei? eii?n??. E??i oiai, Noaooo EAAe ia?aaeaa/a?,
ui ?aaea E?ae iiaea cae?enithaaoe iina?aaeieoeoai eeoa oaeeo nii??a,
ye? “iiaeooue i?ecaanoe aei a?eie”. O i?aeoeoe? E?ae ?aaea EAAe
iaaeaaaea nai? iina?aaeieoeoai o a?eueoino? nii??a, ui aeieeaee i?ae
aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o ianooaaiino?. Noaooo E?ae oaeiae
aeeeth/ea iiaeeea?noue o/ano? EAAe a?aaoethaaii? nii??a, ui
ca/?iathoue iacaeaaei?noue aea?aeaa, ?o oa?eoi??aeueio oe?e?ni?noue ?
noaa?ai?oao. Iaeiae i?aeoeea na?ae/eoue i?i aeoeaio o/anoue EAAe o
?ica’ycaii? nii??a, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei aeaii? eaoaai???.

O aeena?oaoe?? iieacai? nooo?a? iaaeie?ee aca?iiae?? EAAe ? III i?e
?ica’ycaii? i?noeaaeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo nii??a ? c?iaeaii aeniiaie,
ui ca’ycie ? aca?iiae?y ?aa?iiaeueii? oa oi?aa?naeueii? nenoai
i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee cae?eniththoueny ia i?aeoeoe?, aea ia ioi?ieai?
th?eaee/ii, oi/a oea ia? i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui
i?aeoeea ae?yeueiino? ? aca?iiae?? ?aa?iiaeueieo oa oi?aa?naeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e, aeeth/ath/e EAAe, aianea ?yae iiaaoe?e o ni?eueia
caaacia/aiiy ie?o e aaciaee, ? oea aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue oeeaaeaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo oaiae i?ae ie?aiith ?aa?iiaeueiith i?aai?caoe??th oa III.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e i?aeoeeo EAAe o ?ica’ycaii? i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ?
eiioe?eo?a, a aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui iniaeea?noth oaei? i?aeoeee ?
aeei?enoaiiy ii?yae c? noaoooieie i?aaiaie (?aaea EAAe, ?aaea ni?eueii?
iai?iie, Aeiiii?/ia ?aaea ? Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao) iaoi?iaeueieo
i?aai?a, aaciina?aaeiuei ia ia?aaeaa/aieo Noaoooii, a oaeiae ?i?oe?aoea
ie?aieo aeaa aea?aeaa-/eai?a E?ae. sse i?eeeaae iaaaaeaia a?aanueea
Ia?aaea o aa?oao, yea aia?oa aoea neeeeaia o 1964 ?. ca ?i?oe?aoeaith
i?aceaeaioa ?aeioo o ca’yceo ?c caaino?aiiyi a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai
eiioe?eoo aeey ae?iaeaiiy caaaeueiia?aanueei? iiceoe??. ?acii c oei,
oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ae?yeueiino? EAAe uiaei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy
nii??a ? onoiaiiy caa?ice ie?o a ?aieao ?aa?iio, ui, ye i?aaeei,
aeinyaaeiny ia oeyoii canoinoaaiiy ie?ieo cania?a, aaciina?aaeiuei
ia?aaeaa/aieo naiei Noaoooii, a a?eueoa ca aeoeaiith o/anoth
Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?y ? i?eeiyooyi oaeeo ??oaiue, ye? ia i?noeee
iaaieo ioe?iie iiceoe?e ? ae?e noi??i, oiaoi ??oaiue, ni?yiiaaieo
ia ia a?aaoethaaiiy noo? nii?o aai eiioe?eoo, a ia cieaeaiiy
iai?oaeaiino? o aca?iia?aeiineiao noi??i oa iineaaeaiiy eiioe?eoieo
neooaoe?e.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaco?oueny, ui ci?ie o na?o?, a oiio /ene? o ?aa?ii?
Aeecueeiai Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo, a oaeiae anac?inoath/a e?eoeea Noaoooo
EAAe oa ?? ae?yeueiino?, iano?eii aeiaaathoue aianaiiy iii?aaie ?
aeiiiaiaiue aei Noaoooo, i?eaaaeaiiy eiai iniiaieo iieiaeaiue o
a?aeiia?aei?noue c ea?aeeiaeueieie ci?iaie, ye? a?aeaoeeny a a?aanueeiio
na?o? ca inoaii? aeanyoe??//y. Ia?oee e?ie ia oeueiio oeyoo aoa
c?iaeaiee ia Nueii?e Ia?aae? aeaa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa oa o?yae?a o
1974 ?., ia ye?e aoei i?eeiyoa ??oaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo
Noaoooo E?ae; a?aeiia?aeii e aoa noai?aiee Niaoe?aeueiee eii?oao aeey
aea/aiiy i?iaeoo Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa??aoo EAAe c oeueiai ieoaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui a i?iaeo? iiaiai Noaoooo ii??aiyii aei
Noaoooo 1945 ?. ?noioii ?icoe?ai? i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aniaeoe, a
oaeiae a?eueo eiie?aoeciaai? oe?e?, ui coiiaeththoueny ieceith ianoaaei.
Oea oae? oe?e?, ye: 1) iineeaiiy ca’yce?a i?ae aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie; 2)
caaacia/aiiy i?aa ethaeeie a ?aieao E?ae; 3) cina?aaeaeaiiy ai?ioueae ca
aecaieaiiy Iaeanoeie oa ?ioeo ieoiiaaieo a?aanueeeo oa?eoi??e; 4)
i?aeo?eiea i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee; 5) iineeaiiy ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
c ?aa?iiaeueieie oa i?aeia?iaeieie i?aai?caoe?yie; 6) caoeno
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a ?aieao aea?aeaa-/eai?a E?ae; 7)
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy niaaeueie ?neainueei? oa a?aanueei? eoeueoo?e ?
oeea?e?caoe??.

O i?iaeo? Noaoooo aeeeaaeai? i?eioeeie, ia yeeo EAAe ia? iai??
aoaeoaaoe naith ae?yeuei?noue: 1) iaao?o/aiiy o aioo??oi? ni?aae /eai?a;
2) noaa?aiia ??ai?noue; 3) ie?ia ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a; 4) aca?iia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai. Oe? i?eioeeie aeiiiaiai? ianooiieie iieiaeaiiyie: 1)
a iniia? iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? EAAe iiaeii? ia?aaoaaoe
?ioa?ane ethaeeie; 2) o ?ac? aeieeiaiiy i?ae /eaiaie EAAe
?ica?aeiinoae, aiie iathoue ae??ooaaoeny nii/aoeo a EAAe, a iio?i
ia?aaeaaaoeny ia ?icaeyae a ?io? i?aeia?iaei? i?aai?caoe??; 3)
i?aeo?eiea an?o caoiae?a EAAe, ni?yiiaaieo ia ci?oeiaiiy
aea?aeaa-/eai?a; 4) aeeiiaiiy an?o ??oaiue EAAe c iaoith i?aeo?eiaiiy
?? aaoi?eoaoo oeyoii caai?iie aoaeue-ye?e aea?aeaa?-/eaio E?ae
aeiiiiaaaoe ?ioei aea?aeaaai, a?aeiinii yeeo EAAe canoiniao? i?eionia?
caoiaee; 5) caai?iia aoaeue-ye?e aea?aeaa?-/eaio E?ae i?iaiaeeoe aai
i?aeo?eioaaoe iie?oeeo, yea noia?a/eoue oe?eyi oa i?eioeeiai EAAe aai
ni?yiiaaia i?ioe ni?eueieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaa-/eai?a.

O i?iaeo? iiaiai Noaoooo c i?ioeaaeo?e ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a oaaaa
cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia ?aae? E?ae ? Iie?oe/i?e ?aae?. Oe? i?aaie
iaae?eythoueny oe?ieeie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie o ?ica’ycaii? nii??a, ye?
iiaeooue aeieeiooe i?ae aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie ? ye? caeaoi? noai?thaaoe
caa?ico ie?o oa aaciaoe? aea?aeaa-/eai?a EAAe.

I?iaeo Noaoooo iaae?eea Iie?oe/io ?aaeo i?aaii aaeeaaoe a?aeiia?aei?
caoiaee uiaei ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie. A?eueo oiai, aiia ia? iaaooe i?aai i?eeiaoe
oei/ania? ??oaiiy noiniaii aea?aeaa, ye? nia?a/athoueny, ?
aea?aeaae — /eaie EAAe ciaia’ycai? aeeiioaaoe oe? ??oaiiy. O
i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo oea ia? aeciaaaoeny ii?ooaiiyi Noaoooo, ?
Iie?oe/ia ?aaea iaoeia i?aai aaeeaaoe caoiae?a uiaei i?eieiaiiy
/eainoaa oeeo aea?aeaa.

Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny noai?aiiy Eii?n?? c ieoaiue ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a
ye iino?eiiai i?aaio, yeee ia? noai?thaaoeny aeey iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae
Iie?oe/i?e ?aae?; inoaiiy ia? neeaaeaoeny c Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?y
oa 3-o /eai?a, ye? i?ecia/athoueny ?aaeith no?ieii ia aeaa ?iee.

Iie?oe/ia ?aaea ? Iai?iiia ?aaea iathoue iaaooe i?aai aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ca?iei? neee aea?aeaa-/eai?a EAAe aeey i?eieiaiiy eiioe?eo?a.

I?aenoiiaoth/e ci?ie ? aeiiiaiaiiy aei ?nioth/iai Noaoooo, aeena?oaio
cacia/a?, ui iiaee i?iaeo Noaoooo EAAe ? aaaeeeaei e?ieii o ni?aa?
?icaeoeo ? iie?ioaiiy ae?yeueiino? EAAe.

?icae?e o?ao?e “Iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino? E?ae A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa a
aaeoc? ?ica’ycaiiy eieaeueieo eiioe?eo?a” i?enay/aiee aiae?co ??oaiue
EAAe o a?aaoethaaii? a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo, a oaeiae
aena?oeaiith iniaeeainoae ae?yeueiino? EAAe o caiia?aaii? a?eie o
Ia?nuee?e Caoioe? 1990 ?.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneaii, ui i?iaeaia ni?aaaaeeeaiai iie?oe/iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo iino?eii ia?aaoaaea a
oeaio?? oaaae EAAe. Naia ooieoe?iioaaiiy EAAe ye ?aa?iiaeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? caaaeueii? eiiiaoaioe?? iaaiith i??ith aoei c naiiai
ii/aoeo iia’ycaii c a?aaoethaaiiyi oeueiai eiioe?eoo oa eiai na?oeaaeie
— ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie.

Aeena?oaioii i?iaiae?ciaaia ae?yeuei?noue ia?aae aeaa a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaa oa ?aaee EAAe, ni?yiiaaieo ia ciaoiaeaeaiiy oeyo?a oa eioo?a
aeey ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo. C?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? oeueiai eiioe?eoo ooieoe?y EAAe
uiaei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy nii??a o?nii ia?aieaeany c ooieoe??th ii
i?ioeae?? aeoai aa?an?? o aca?iica’yceo ?c naiiiai?iiith. O aeena?oaoe??
iieacaii, ui aaaeeeaei iiiaioii a aaiethoe?? i?aeoiae?a aea?aeaa-/eai?a
EAAe aei a?aaoethaaiiy a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo o 80-o ?ieao
noaa a?aeo?ae ea??aieoeoaa EAAe a?ae aei?noei? iiceoe?? i?ioenoiyiiy
c ?c?a?eai ? iiooe eiii?ii?niiai ??oaiiy oeueiai eiioe?eoo. Aaeueie
iieaciaeie o oeueiio ieai? aoee ??oaiiy 12-i? Ia?aaee aeaa a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaa a i. Oana (Ia?ieei) o aa?ani? 1982 ?. A iniiao aoei iieeaaeaii
“ie?iee ieai Ei?iey Naoae?anueei? A?aa??”, yeee noaa a?aei?aaiei
iiiaioii aeey i?aeaioiaee ae?aeiao ? i?yieo ia?aaiai??a c ?c?a?eai ia
ie?i?e eiioa?aioe?? ii Aeecueeiio Noiaeo. Oanueeee ieai aoa caiaeii
cae??ieaiee ia Ia?aae? aeaa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa-/eai?a EAAe a Aiiai? o
eenoiiaae? 1987?. ? a Aeae??? o /a?ai? 1988?.

Aeena?oaioii c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui iiceoe?y EAAe uiaei ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo o?eaaeee /an ia?aaoaaea
i?ae aieeaii noia?a/eeaeo oaiaeaioe?e: iaeia c ieo iieyaaea a oiio, ui
iio??aii aecaieyoe ieoiiaai? oa?eoi??? neeiaeie iaoiaeaie, a ?ioa — o
aeciaii? canoinoaaiiy aeeieiiaoe/ieo cania?a aeey a?aaoethaaiiy
eiioe?eoo.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaia ae?yeuei?noue EAAe uiaei caiia?aaiiy
a?eie o Ia?nuee?e Caoioe? 1990 ?. Iieacaii iaaeie?ee ae?yeueiino?
?aaee EAAe, yea iaaeinoaoiuei iia?aoeaii ? aoaeoeaii ?aaaoaaea ia
oeae eiioe?eo ? ia aaeeea iaiao?aeieo caoiae?a aeey onoiaiiy
?ica?aeiinoae oa iii’yeoaiiy iai?oaeaiino? i?ae ??aeii oa Eoaaeoii, ui
i?ecaaei aei aiaen?? inoaiiueiai. O ca’yceo c oeei ia iaaecae/aeiiio
can?aeaii? ?aaee EAAe, ui a?aeaoeany 3 na?iiy o neeaae? i?i?no??a
caei?aeiiieo ni?aa, aoea i?eeiyoa ?aciethoe?y ? 3036, ui canoaeaeoaaea
??aenueeo aa?an?th ? aeiaaaea iaaaeiiai ? aacoiiaiiai a?aeaaaeaiiy
??aenueeeo ca?ieieo nee ia iiceoe??, ye? aiie caeiaee ia 1 na?iiy.
Iaeiae aiane?aeie iaaeeiiaiiy ??aeii ?aciethoe?? ? 3036 ?aaee EAAe ?
?aciethoe?? ? 660 ?aaee Aaciaee III ia Ia?aae? aeaa a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaae ia aeuiio ??ai? , ui a?aeaoeany 10-ai na?iiy 1990 ?. aoea
i?eeiyoa ?aciethoe?y, yea “caeeeeaea ??ae iaaaeii aeaanoe nai? a?enueea
c Eoaaeoo” ? i?aeo?eiaea caoiaee, canoiniaai? Naoae?anueeith A?aa??th oa
?ioeie a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie Ia?nueei? Caoiee o cae?eniaii? caeiiiiai
i?aaa ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueio oa eieaeoeaio naiiiai?iio ca?aeii c no. 6
Noaoooo EAAe ? no. 51 Noaoooo III c oei, uia aeei?enoaoe i?aea?aanuee?
neee aeey i?aeo?eiee nai?o nee ? caoenoo naiai noaa?ai?oaoo.

Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ?aaea E?ae i?eeiyea ?aciethoe?th, yea
canoaeaeoaaea ae?? ??aeo i?ioe Eoaaeoo, aea?aeaae-/eaie, ui
a?aeiiaeeeny aieinoaaoe ca oeth ?aciethoe?th, aaaaeaee, ui aiia o?eueee
oneeaaeieoue neooaoe?th. A?aei?iiino? o i?aeoiaeao aei a?aaoethaaiiy
??aei-eoaaeoneiai eiioe?eoo aeeeeeaee aeeaie? ?ica?aeiino? i?ae
aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie EAAe ? aeaee i?ea?ae Naoae?anuee?e A?aa?? oa
Eoaaeoo caa?iooeny ca a?enueeiaith aeiiiiiaith aei NOA oa ?ioeo
cao?aeieo e?a?i, ui i?ecaaei aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?? eiioe?eoo. Ia
iniia? aiae?co ae?yeueiino? EAAe uiaei caiia?aaiiy a?eie a Ia?nuee?e
Caoioe? c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui oi/ ?aaea EAAe a nai?o ?aciethoe?yo
iineeaeany ia no. 5 Noaoooo EAAe, yea noino?oueny ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a, aea a nai?o ae?yo aiia ea?oaaeany iieiaeaiiyie
no. 6 i?i i?eieiaiiy aeo?a aa?an??.

Ia iniia? aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co ?aciethoe?e ?aaee Aaciaee III uiaei
e?ece a ?aa?ii? Ia?nueei? caoiee a aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui
iaaeaiiy iaaii? eiiiaoaioe?? ?aa?iiaeueiei i?aai?caoe?yi aeey
i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaeaiiy
iino?eieo /eai?a ?aaee Aaciaee. Oea aeyaeeiny a ?aieao ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aaee Aaciaee naia i?ae /an e?ece a Ia?nuee?e Caoioe?. Eiee e?eca
iaaoea ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ?aaea Aaciaee acyea ia naaa
ea??aieoeoai ae??oaiiyi oeueiai eiioe?eoo ? iaiaaeeea oei naiei ni?iae
EAAe ii ie?iiio a?aaoethaaiith eiioe?eoo ? caiia?aaiith canoinoaaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo ca?ieieo nee, ae?th/eo i?ioe ??aeo i?ae oeaaii III.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aieiaieie c ieo ? ianooii?:

Oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie Noaoooo EAAe ? Aeiaiai?o 1950 ?. ?
iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue iieiaeaiue i?i a?aeaa?iaiiy caa?ice ie?o ?
aeo?a aa?an?? a ?aa?ii?, a oaeiae ii?i i?i ie?ia a?aaoethaaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a ? eiioeeeo?a. Aea iacaaaeath/e ia oe? iaaeie?ee,
e?aa a?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa — oea aaaeeeaee ?ino?oiaio ciai?oiueiai ia?iaeo
c eii?aeeiaoe?? iie?oe/ieo ae?e aea?aeaa-/eai?a o ae??oaii?
i?aea?aanueeeo i?iaeai. Oea aeyaeeiny o noai?aii? a ?aieao EAAe ?yaeo
iaoai?ci?a aeey neeueii? ae?yeueiino? a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ianoaaei, ui ci?iththoueny a ?aa?ii? Aeecueeiai oa Na?aaeiueiai
Noiaeo, oaeeo ye: Ia?aaea aeaa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa ? o?yae?a, ?aaea
ni?eueii? iai?iie oa ?i.

Aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae EAAe iieaco?, ui aiia caeaoia eiie?aoii
?aae?coaaoe iniiai? i?eioeeie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ianaiia?aae, oaeee
ye iiaaaa aea?aeaaiiai noaa?ai?oaoo, ??aiii?aai?noue ? naiiaecia/aiiy
ia?iae?a, ie?ia ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a oiui.

I?aeaioiaea iiaiai i?iaeoo Noaoooo, iacaaaeath/e ia ?nioth/? ana ua
i?iaaeeie a iueiio, na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui EAAe ni?iiiaeiee oaeineiiaeeoe
iniiaiiieiaei? canaaee ia yeeo iiaoaeiaaia ?? ae?yeuei?noue, a oaeiae
iie?ioeoe iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe?? a oe?eiio, a oiio /ene? o noa?? ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a.

Aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiae?y EAAe c oi?aa?naeueiith nenoaiith III o
noa?? i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o ? aaciaee cae?eniththoueny ia
i?aeoeoe?, aea ia cae??ieaii th?eaee/ii, ui cieaeo? ?? aoaeoeai?noue.
Oey i?iaeaia ia? aooe ae??oaia oeyoii oeeaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo oaiae ye
iaaii? aa?aio?? ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a oa eiioe?eo?a a
?ioa?anao na?oiai? ni?eueiioe, ianaiia?aae a?aeiia?aeii aei Noaoooo III.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii, cie?aia, a
oaeeo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eeaa A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa: oeaee e i?eioeeiu // I?aai Oe?a?ie. — E.,
1997. — ? 7. — N. 60-71.

2. Ie?iia ?ac?aoaiea nii?ia a Onoaaa Eeae A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa (EAA) //
I?aai Oe?a?ie. — E., 1998. — ? 4. — N.96-99, 127.

3. Iieeoeei — i?aaiaay oa?aeoa?enoeea Eeae A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa eae
?aaeiiaeueiie iaaeaeoia?iaeiie i?aaiecaoeee // Aea?aeaaa ? i?aai.
Ui??/iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo. ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie. Aea?aeaaa ? i?aai. Aeione ae?oaee. —
E., 1998. — N. 408-417.

Aeiai Aao-Yeue-Oaaeae Aaaeaeue Aa??. ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a o ae?yeueiino? E?ae A?aanueeeo
Aea?aeaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 12.00.11 — i?aeia?iaeia i?aai. — ?inoeooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? E?ae A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa o aaeoc? ie?iiai
?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a a?aeiia?aeii aei Noaooo?a III ? EAAe.
Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii i?aeoeoe? EAAe o oe?e noa??, cie?aia o
?ica’ycaii? a?aai-?c?a?euenueeiai eiioe?eoo oa a?aeaa?iaii? a?eie o
Ia?nuee?e Caoioe?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aeia?iaeia i?aai, i?aai i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e,
i?eioeei ie?iiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo nii??a, E?aa A?aanueeeo
Aea?aeaa, eieaeoeaia nenoaia aaciaee, naiiiai?iia, ?aa?iiaeueiee
eiioe?eo, ?aa?iiae?ci.

Aeiai Aao-Yeue-Oaaeae Aaaeaeue Aa?e. ?aaeecaoeey i?eioeeia ie?iiai
?ac?aoaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo nii?ia a aeayoaeueiinoe Eeae A?aaneeo
Ainoaea?noa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.11 — iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?aai. — Einoeooo
ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa ei. A.I.Ei?aoeeiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oai?aoe/aneeo e i?aeoe/aneeo
aniaeoia aeayoaeueiinoe Eeae A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa a iaeanoe ie?iiai
?ac?aoaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo nii?ia a niioaaonoaee n Onoaaaie III e EAA.
Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii i?aeoeea EAA a yoie noa?a, a /anoiinoe a
?ac?aoaiee a?aai-ec?aeeueneiai eiioeeeoa e i?aaeioa?auaiee aieiu a
Ia?neaeneii Caeeaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?aai, i?aai iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
i?aaiecaoeee, i?eioeei ie?iiai ?ac?aoaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo nii?ia, Eeaa
A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa, eieeaeoeaiay nenoaia aaciianiinoe, naiiiai?iia,
?aaeiiaeueiue eiioeeeo, ?aaeiiaeeci.

Ayman Abdel Bari Abu-Al-Haj. Realisation of the principle of peaceful
settlement of international disputes in activities of League of Arab
States. — Manuscript.

Thesis for obtaining a scientific degree of Candidate of Science (Law),
speciality 12.00.11 — International Law. — V.M.Koretsky Institute of
State and Law of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv,
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the study of the theoretical and
practical aspects of the activities of League of Arabic States in the
field of peaceful settlement of international disputes under the
charters UN and League of Arab States. The special attention is paid
to the practice of the League of Arab States in this sphere, in
particular to settlement of Israel-Arab conflict and in prevention of
gulf war between Iraq and Kuwait.

The dissertation contains the gist of the principle of peaceful
settlement of international disputes. Its author illuminates the main
problems connected with such notions “as dispute”, “local dispute”,
“regional conflict”, “region”, “regional organization”. Special
attention is given to international legal characteristic of League of
Arab States as a regional organization, as well as the structure of this
organization, its organs, their functions and responsibilities. Its
author also analyses the different regional organizations and compares
them with the League Arab States.

The dissertation contains a thourough analysis of resolutions of League
of Arab States as well as the resolutions of the Security Council of
United Nations on Middle East, especially the crisis in Arab-Israeli
relations. Its author pays a special attention to the activities of LAS
in the field of peaceful settlement of international conflict situations
and shows the conditions and perspectives of the cooperation between the
international universal system and regional systems of peace keeping and
collective security, proposes the new methods and ways of the
improvement of efficiency of Statute of the League of Arab States.

The shortcomings of the process of interrelations between the League
of Arab States and United Nations while settling local conflicts are
covered too.

The specific characteristics of joint actions of peaceful settlement
of international conflicts were also shown.

Paramount consideration was given too to the practice of LAS as to the
territorial conflicts between states. These points were touched
within the framework of the competence of LAS in settlement of
disputes.

Chapter 8 of the United Nations was thoroughly analysed too.

A special stress was done to study the activities of LAS and its
approach to a justice political resolution of Arab-Israeli conflict.
In this connection the author provides a deep analysis of the
Conference of the heads of Arab States and Governments, the
resolutions of LAS Council and United Nations General Assembly
resolutions.

The dissertation contains the analysis of the LAS Charter and the
Treaty on the defence and economic cooperation.

The dissertation contains detail study of activities of League of
Arab States in prevention of the Gulf war between Iraq and Kuwait.
The special attention is paid to the resolutions of League of Arab
States and Security Council of United Nations. This chapter
contains deep analysis of the Charter of United Nations especially
articles (34-38, 51-52) and the Statute of League of Arab States.

The author of dissertation makes practical and theoretical
recommendations which could be used to develop the activities of
League of Arab States in particular in the sphere of the peaceful
settlement of the international disputes and prevention of
international conflicts.

The Key words: international law, law of international organizations,
the principle of peaceful settlement of international disputes, League
of Arab States, the system of collective security, Self-defence,
regional conflict, regionalism.

Похожие записи