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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

E?OA?IIA AIEIAeEIE? AAEAIOEIIAE*

OAeE 618.14 – 002 : 618.5 – 089. 888.61

?AAA?E?OAOe?ss AE?IIE, ssE? IA?AIANEE AIAeIIAO?EO OA IA?EOII?O I?NEss

EANA?AAA ?ICOEIO

14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeiae/aiei TH??e Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Cae?inueeee Ieaenaiae? Ieaen?eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? ia?eiaoieia??, aeeoy/i? oa i?aee?oeiai?
a?iaeieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaci?/oe Ai?en Oaaei?iae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
iaoieia?? aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “5” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.600.01 i?e Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (270100, i.Iaeana, i?ia.Aae?oianueeee,2).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (270100, i.Iaeana,
i?ia.Aae?oianueeee,3).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25” ____a?oaeiy______ 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiae.iaae.iaoe, aeioeaio ?iaeeianueea I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue i?ney
iia?aoe?? eana?aaa ?icoeio ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo a
no/aniiio aeooa?noa?(A.E.E?aniiiieueneee, 1994; A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa
ni?aaao., 1995; A.I.Caii?iaeai oa ni?aaao., 1995). Oea iaoiiaeaii
c?inoath/ith /anoioith aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy c iaeiiai aieo, a
c ?ioiai – ?inoii naioe/ii? ?ioaeoe??, iniaeeai a inoaii? ?iee
(A.?.A?euaiei oa ni?aaao., 1995; I.O.Ieoaeeaiei, 1995; TH.N.Ia?auoe,
1995).

Iaeiei c iaea?eueo iaae??oaieo ieoaiue aeaii? i?iaeaie ? a?aeaeaeai?
iane?aeee ia?aianaieo oneeaaeiaiue, i?e/iio ye aaia?ae?ciaaieo, oae ?
eieae?ciaaieo. Iaaaaaoi/enaeuei? iaoeia? ?ic?iaee a oeueiio iai?yieo
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iane?aeee ioa?ia?aeueii? naioe/ii? ?ioaeoe??
aeyaeythoueny i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano, cae/aeii iinyoue ia?nenooth/ee
oa?aeoa? c iacia/ieie i?ii?aeeaie ?ai?n?? (I.I.?ai?ia, 1988;
Ae.?.Aioeth?a, 1995). Oea iaoiiaeaii iayai?noth o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy,
iaoieia?/ieie aca?iia?aeiioaiiyie, ye? anoaiiaeeenue a aiaeie?eii?e
nenoai?, ii?ooaiiyie ?ioiieia?/ii? oiea?aioiino?, iai?iieo i?ioean?a oa
iaa?ioe/ieie ?iceaaeaie (E.?.Cae e niaao., 1987; A.E.E?aniiiieueneee,
1994). Iane?aeeii iiae?aieo ii?ooaiue ? o?eaae? no?aaeaeaiiy ae?iie, ui,
a naith /a?ao, i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy ? ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino?,
aeacaaeaioaoe?? a n?i?, cia/iei aeiiii?/iei aeo?aoai.

Ana aeua i?eaaaeaia ae?eoo? iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeaiith a?oiith oai?eo c i?iaaaeaiiyi ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo
caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ii?iae?caoe?th caei?iay oa a?aeiiaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii? aeoeaiino?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy oa
iioeiaeueia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo ? ia?eoii?o
i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio, ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo caaea/
no/aniiai aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea, ? ae.?. 0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa ?iaioe: cieceoe /anoioo ? nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? iae?iaiaeie?eiieo
ii?ooaiue o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo oa ia?eoii?o i?ney
eana?aaa ?icoeio ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii? nenoaie, ai?iiiaeueii? ooieoe?? y?/iee?a,
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic oa ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao a?aeaeaeaiiai i?neyiieiaiaiai
ia??iaeo o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee ??ci? aeaee ai?eii-naioe/ieo
oneeaaeiaiue i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

2. Aeyaeoe iniiai? aeaee ii?ooaiue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?iiai a?aeae?eo aieiaiiai iiceo, ai?iiiaeueii?
ooieoe?? y?/iee?a ? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee
aiaeiiao?eo oa ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio.

3. Aea/eoe aca?iicaycie i?ae ee?i?/ieie oa iae?iaiaeie?eiieie
iieacieeaie o a?aeaeaeaiiio i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? o oai?eo c ??cieie
oi?iaie ai?eii-naioe/ii? ?ioaeoe?? i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi
aeyaeaieo ai?iiiaeueieo ii?ooaiue aeey ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo
oa ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio.

5. ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo c eieae?ciaaieie oa
aaia?ae?ciaaieie oi?iaie ai?eii-naioe/ii? ?ioaeoe?? i?ney
aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii? ae?eyiee aieiaiiai
iiceo, ai?iiiaeueii? ooieoe?? y?/iee?a oa iaaeie?eiaeo caeic, ui
aeicaieeei io?eiaoe iia? aeai? i?i iaoiaaiac i?neyiieiaiai?
iae?iaiaeie?eiii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie ai?eii-naioe/ii?
?ioaeoe?? i?ney iia?aoe?? eana?aaa ?icoeio.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii aca?iicaycie i?ae aeaeii iae?iaiaeie?eiieo ii?ooaiue
? oi?iith ai?eii-naioe/ii? ?ioaeoe?? i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai
?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
ni?yiiaaii? ai?iiiaeueii? oa?ai?? o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo oa
ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio, ui ni?eyoeia cieaeaiith
caoai?thaaiino? o ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?
i?e/eie ?icaeoeo iniiaieo oi?i ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue o ae?iie
i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a i?aeoeeo iaoiaee eiio?ieth ca ia?aa?aii a?aeaeaeaiiai i?neyiieiaiaiai
ia??iaeo o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo oa ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa
?icoeio, c aeei?enoaiiyi ee?i?/ieo, aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo aeaieo, a oaeiae
eiiithoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? oa aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao??.

?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey e?ea??a uiaei
a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo oa
ia?eoii?o i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
eiie?aoiiai aeaeo ni?yiiaaii? ai?iiiaeueii? oa?ai?? a eiiieaen? c
?ioiinoeioethth/ith, ?icniieooth/ith, i?ioeniaeeiaith oa o?c?ioa?ai??th.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii ca ia??iae c 1996 ii 1998 ??e.
Iiooeoaa/ai cae?eniaii ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia oa ooieoe?iiaeueia
ianoaaeaiiy 90 oai?eo, ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo oa ia?eoii?o i?ney
eana?aaa ?icoeio. Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii caa?? oa i?aeaioiaeo
a?ieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo. Cia/ia /anoeia eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeiiaia aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii oa a ni?aaaoi?noa?.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee
aiaeiiao?eo oa ia?eoii?o i?ney aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, ui
aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo iaoieia?/ieo noai?a o ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
a?eo. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo i?iaaaeaia aeeeth/ii aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaii? anioe?aoe??
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (aa?anaiue, 1997); i.Ee?aa
(aa?anaiue, 1997); ?.E?ei (/a?aaiue, 1998); ?? ieaioi? anioe?aoe??
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (aa?anaiue, 1998) oa ia can?aeaii?
i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea (aeiaoaiue, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue a i?io?eueieo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 143 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a oa iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 101
a?o/eciyia ? 79 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 24 oaaeeoeyie
oa 22 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe ? caaaeaiue aoei ianoaaeaii 90 oai?eo, 30 – neeaee
eiio?ieueio a?oio; 40 – ye? ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo ? 20 – ia?eoii?o
i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio. Inoaii? aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia ??ai? i?aea?oie: ii
20 ? 10 ae?iie, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiaeeee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a.
Ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy ca oai?eie i?iaiaeeeinue ai?iaeiaae
aeaio ?ie?a c ?ioa?aaeii /a?ac eiaei? 6 i?nyoe?a. I?e ?iciiae?eaii?
oai?eo ia a?oie aeio?eioaaeenue i?eioeeio ?aiaeii?i?caoe??. ?acoeueoaoe
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iai ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa ?ioiinoeioethth/o,
?icniieooth/o, i?ioeniaeeiao, a?oai?ii- ? o?c?ioa?ai?th o niieo/aii? c?
ni?yiiaaiith ai?iiiaeueiith ei?aeoe??th. Ni?yiiaaia ai?iiiaeueia
ei?aeoe?y i?iaiaeeeanue o?eueee i?ney i?eieiaiiy eaeoaoe??. *an ??
ii/aoeo caeaaeaa a?ae ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee oa
aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo ci?i, aea ia ?ai?oa 2-3 i?nyoe?a i?ney cae?i/aiiy
ia??iaeo eaeoaoe??. Ia iiia?aaeiueiio aoai? iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue o
ae?iie c “oai?iaith iia?iaaii? iaoee” ie niinoa??aaee aeaa aa??aioe
aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ui ?icaeaathoueny. Ia?oee –
a?ia?ano?iaai?y a iaeaea? oace iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo ia oii?
iaaeinoaoiino? ethoa?iiai? oace oa a?ia?i?ieaeoeiai??. Ae?oaee –
iaaeinoaoi?noue ethoa?iiai? oace ? a?ia?i?ieaeoeiai?y i?e ii?iaeueiiio
ai?no? ano?iaai?a. A ia?oiio aeiaaeeo ie aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aia?ao
I?eiietho-Ii? ii 2 ?ace a aeaiue c 19 ii 26 aeaiue oeeeeo. Ia ae?oaiio –
Eeeiai a noaiaea?oiiio aeicoaaii? c 5 ii 21 aeaiue oeeeeo. O?eaae?noue
ai?iiiioa?ai?? neeaaeaea 3-6 i?nyoe?a. O oai?eo, ye? ia?aianee ia?eoii?o
i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio, ai?iiiaeueiee aeenaaeain oa?aeoa?ecoaaany
a?iiano?iaai??th, iaaeinoaoi?noth ethoa?iiai? oace ia oii?
a?ia?i?ieaeoeiai?? oa i?aeneeaii? ooieoe?? ei?e iaaeie?eiaeo caeic. Oea
iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenii? cai?nii? oa?ai??:
Aeeaeia a noaiaea?oiiio aeicoaaii? ai?iaeiaae 21aeiy eiaeiiai i?nyoey c
7-aeaiiith ia?a?aith ai?iaeiaae 3-6 i?nyoe?a; a oaeiae aioeaeai?anaio
Oeoienaoei ii 10 ia uiaeaiii i?ney ?iaeea?aeoaeueii i?ae?a?aiiai
aeicoaaiiy i?ioyaii ia iaio i?a?ieo.

E??i caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ie i?iaiaeeee
?aae?i?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo ano?aae?ieo, i?iaanoa?iio,
oie?o?ii?io (ONA), etho?ii?io (EA), i?ieaeoeio, ei?oecieo oa
aeueaeinoa?iio (A.A.?aci?eiaa, 1980). ?aae?ioanooaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca
aeiiiiiaith eiia?oe?eieo iaai??a (E?O) o??ie “NAA-IRE SORY” (O?aioe?y),
ye? i?noyoue i?/aiee ai?iii.

Aeey ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aieiaiiai iiceo ie aeei?enoiaoaaee
eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th (aia?ao o??ie “Toshiba” – ssiii?y) oa
aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?th ia 16-eaiaeueiiio aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?
“Medicom” (Aaia??y).

Anueiai aoei i?iaaaeaii 1200 ai?iiiaeueieo oa 480 ooieoe?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e A.?.Aaeueaa/ueiaa oa A.N.E?enaae/a (1989). I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiithoa? “Pentium-150” c i?ia?aiith “Microsoft Word
7.0”. A?ao?ee aoaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Microsoft Excel 7.0”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee
ai?eii-naioe/ieo caoai?thaaiue a aeooa?noa? ? iaeiaea/aiei ieoaiiyi.
??no aeaii? iaoieia??, yeee iai/ii niinoa??aa?oueny a inoaii? ?iee
(A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa ni?aaao., 1995; A.I.Caii?iaeai oa ni?aaao.,
1995), aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aiiai iaoeiaiai iai?yieo. Iniaeeai
oea i?iyaey?oueny o aeiaaeeao aaia?ae?ciaaii? ?ioaeoe??, eiee ae?ieai,
ye? ia?aianee aeooa?nueeo a?noa?aeoii?th, ia iiaeooue iaaeaoe
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae i? a a?iaeieia?/ieo, i? a niiaoe/ieo
eaa?iaoao. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ieoaiiy iaaeaiiy
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e o?ii?/i?e ?ioaeoe?? a?aeiinii
oe?eani?yiiaaii ae??oothoueny, a uiaei ei?aeoe?? iae?iaiaeie?eiii?
neioiiaoeee, oi aeieeathoue iaai? o?oaeiiu?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea
iaoiiaeaii iaaeinoaoi?noth ciaiue i?i iaoiaaiac aeaii? iaoieia??,
iniaeeai, a ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio a?oe?, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noth eiie?aoieo
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaaeaiiy ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee
aiaeiiao?eo ? ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio ia iinoa?iiene/iiio
aoai?. Oe?e aaaeeea?e i?iaeai? i?enay/aia iaoa iaoeiaa ?iaioa.

Aeath/e ioe?ieo ee?i?/i?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ianoaaeaieo oai?eo, ie
iaiaaaeenue aeae?eeoe an? aaaeeea? iiiaioe aiaiiaco, ia?aa?ao
aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo, ye? aoee nooo?aeie ?
aieeaaee ia iieacieee, ui iaie aea/aeenue.

Na?aaei?e a?e ianoaaeaieo ae?iie aei??aithaaany 24,92,4 ?ie?a.
Ae?iaie/? i?ioan?ei? oaeoi?e iaee i?noea a iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao (aei
10%), a oe?aeeea? cae/ee, a iniiaiiio iae?iiy – o 20% ae?iie.

Ocaaaeueithth/e io?eiai? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe??, ne?ae aeacaoe ia oie oaeo, ui i?neyiia?aoe?ei?
ai?eii-caiaeuei? oneeaaeiaiiy /ano?oa ?icaeaathoueny o iiaoi?iiaaa?oieo.
Oi?eath/enue ieoaiiy aa??aio?a ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino?, caa?oa? ia naaa
oaaao a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ieiia?eueieo oa i?ci?o aai?o?a o ae?iie c
ianooiiei ia?eoii?oii. O a?eueoi? /anoeie ianoaaeaieo aaa?oieo
?ic?iaeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii aaaeii?iaeueiei oeyoii, i?e/iio o 7,5% ae?iie –
iaa?oue aea?/?. Oea aeicaiey? iai a?aeianoe oeth iia?aoe?th aei
nooo?aiai oaeoi?o ?eceeo ?icaeoeo i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ai?eii-caiaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue i?e ianooii?e aaa?oiino?, i?e/iio ye eieae?ciaaieo, oae ?
aaia?ae?ciaaieo. Oaei? ae aeoiee uiaei aeaiiai ieoaiiy aeio?eiothoueny ?
aeaye? a?o/eciyi? aeine?aeieee (TH.N.Ia?auoe, 1995; A.E.*aeea oa
ni?aaao., 1995).

Ia aeoieo I.O.Ieoaeeaiei (1995), ??aaiue a?iaeieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino?
ieaco? nooo?aee aieea ia /anoioo oa iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ??cii?
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??. Oae, ca iaoeie aeaieie, /anoioa ??cieo
caiaeueieo o?aaeaiue aai?oae?e (aiaeiiao?eo, iao?iaiaeiiao?eo,
naeuei?iaiioi?eo, iaeuea?iia?eoii?o oa ia?aiao?eo) aoea iaaaaaoi aeua a
?? a?oi? (60,0%) ii??aiyii c ? (37,5%). E??i oiai, caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao
? aenieee ??aaiue iaoieia?/ieo ci?i oeeee iaoee, i?e/iio a iaio a?oiao
(35,0% ? 40,0% a?aeiia?aeii). Aeai? caeiiii??iino?, aacoiiaii, ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aaaeaii? ae?iie aeaii? a?oie ia iie?ee?i?/iiio oa
noaoe?iia?iiio aoaiao.

Aiae?coth/e ??aaiue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? (a?ey 80,0%), ie ia
anoaiiaeee aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? ca an?ia oi?iaie oa aeaeaie (?>0,05).
Ia?yaeo c oeei, iayai?noue niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino?, a oiio /ene? ?
caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, iaaea? nooo?aee aieea ia ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a
aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo (A.E.E?aniiiieueneee,
1994; E.N.Eiaooiaa, 1996).

Oaeee aenieee ??aaiue aai?oaeueii? niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae
oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? aieeioa ? ia /anoioo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie (20,0% ? 25,0%) ? aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino?
(20,0% ? 25,0%). Ia?yaeo c oeei, iniiaiei iieacieeii aei
aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy aoa ?oaaoeue ia iaooe? (60,0% ? 70,0%
a?aeiia?aeii). A ?aoo? ae niinoa?aaeaiue ie a?aei?/aee aiiiae??
iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ia oii? ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
(12,5% ? 10,0%); i?ia?anoth/o aioo??oiueioo?iaio a?iien?th ieiaea (ii
10,0%) oa i?ci? oieneeice (7,5% ? 10,0%). Oe? aeai? iai/ii
a?aeia?aaeothoue iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy oai?eo c ianooiiei
aiaeiiao?eoii oa ia?eoii?oii i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio.

Aeai? a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e uiaei ieoaiue oaeoi??a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eceeo a aeooa?noa? ia eeoa aaaaoi/enaeuei?, aea ?
noia?a/eea? (C.I.Aeoaina?nueea oa ni?aaao., 1995; T.J.Benedetti, 1989;
M.Barz, 1996). Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui /anoioa
oaeoi??a ?eceeo aoea cia/ii aeua o oai?eo c ianooiiei ia?eoii?oii.
I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio neoaeaoue oae? oaeoe ye ??aaiue caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue aai?oae?e (80,0% ? 42,5%); aiai?? aaa?oieo ??-??? no.
(55,0% ? 37,5%); i?ci?o oieneeic?a (35,0% ? 25,0%); aacaiaeiee ia??iae
iiiaae 12 aiaeei (25,0% ? 15,0%); a oaeiae e?iaiao?aoa iiiaae 1% a?ae
iane o?ea (45,0% ? 25,0% a?aeiia?aeii). Oe? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue i?e
aaaeii?iaeueiiio ?ic?iaeaeaii?, i?eeiath/e aei oaaae aiaiianoe/i? oa
ee?i?/i? iieacieee.

Ioaea, aeoiaey/e c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaiiai ?icae?eo, o oai?eo c
?icaeoeii a ianooiiiio aiaeiiao?eoo ? ia?eoii?oo iathoue i?noea nai?
niaoeeo?/i? ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino?. Aiie caiaeyoueny aei oiai, ui aeieea?
aeniea /anoioa caiaeueieo i?ioean?a aai?oae?e oa aeno?aaai?oaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue, a oaeiae c?inoathoue oneeaaeiaiiy aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a.
Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui o oai?eo c
ianooiiei ia?eoii?oii ??aaiue ??cieo oaeoi??a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eceeo ia
ii?yaeie aeua, ui ia?, ia iaoo aeoieo, aeoaea nooo?aa cia/aiiy.

sse ie aaea cacia/eee, a?aeiiaethaaeueia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo, ye?
ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo i?ney iia?aoe?? eana?aaa ?icoeio ca ?ic?iaeaiith
iaie iaoiaeeeith, ?icii/eiaeinue, a na?aaeiueiio, /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? i?ney
?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Oa?i?i ai?iiiaeueii? ei?aeoe?? aoa iiaycai?ee c ia??iaeii
eaeoaoe?? ? aeei?enoiaoaaany ia ?ai?oa 2-3 i?nyoe?a i?ney ?? i?eieiaiiy.
Ie aaaaea?ii ca aeioe?eueia i?iaiaeeoe ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
oai?eie ai?iaeiaae 2 ?ie?a i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy c ia??iaee/i?noth eiaei?
6 i?nyoe?a. E?euee?noue eo?n?a a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy caeaaeaea
a?ae ee?i?/iiai noaio oai?eo, aea ca 2 ?iee ?o aoei, a na?aaeiueiio, 2-3
ia iaeio ae?ieo.

E.A.Oeiioaiei oa I.I.Aaneaeia (1995) aeae?eythoue ianooii? neiioiie
“oai?iae iia?iaaii? iaoee”: aieueiaee; aeueaiiaii?ay; ii?ooaiiy
iaino?oaeueii? oeeee?/iino?; aie? i?e ei?oon?; ci?ie naenoaeueii?
ooieoe??; a?e?, ye? ia i?aeaeathoueny e?eoaaiith; iie?aea?a?y oa
iae?iaiaeie?eii? neiioiie. sse na?ae/aoue io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe,
aaea /a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iae/ano?oa iaee i?noea
aieueiaee neiae?ii (50,0% ? 55,0%); aeueaiiaii?ay (55,0% ? 50,0%);
ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueii? oeeee?/iino? (45,0% ? 40,0%); aie? i?e ei?oon?
(40,0; ? 45,0%); cieaeaiiy e?a?aei (50,0% ? 45,0%) oa ii?ooaiiy
aeae?eueii? ooieoe?? (40,0% ? 45,0%). Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ?ioaineai?noue
ia?a?aoiaaieo ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a iiaycaia c oacaie iaino?oaeueiiai
oeeeeo ? iaea?eueoa ?o /anoioa a?aei?/aia a e?ioe? ethoa?iiai? oace,
oiaoi iaia?aaeiaei? a?aeoi?aiaiiy aiaeiiao??th. Aeinoia??iino? a
iieacieeao oeeo a?oi ie ia niinoa??aaee (?>0,05), ui na?ae/eoue i?i
aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio ?aiaeii?i?caoe?? i?e ?o ?iciiae?eaii?.

Iiaeaeueo? iao? aeine?aeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? /a?ac ??e i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy,
iieacaee nooo?ao ??cieoeth aeei?enoiaaii? iaoiaeeee a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai
e?eoaaiiy. Oae, o?aaeeoe?eia oa?ai?y ia aeicaieeea nooo?ai ci?ieoe
ee?i?/io neiioiiaoeeo, ? /anoioa ?? ooo c?inea. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaii oea
aoei c aieo aieueiaiai neiae?iio (c 50,0% aei 70,0%) ? iae?iaiaeie?eiieo
neiioii?a (c 15,0% aei 30,0%). Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, ?ic?iaeaia iaie
iaoiaeeea ni?eyea iacia/iiio cieaeaiith /anoioe aieueiaiai neiae?iio (c
55,0% aei 45,0%); aeueaiiaii?a? (c 50,0% aei 40,0%); ii?ooaiue
oeeee?/iino? (c 40,0% aei 30,0%); aieae i?e ei?oon? (c 45,0% aei 35,0%)
? iie?aea?a?? (c 25,0% aei 15,0%). *a?ac 1,5 ?ieo i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ie
io?eiaee, i?aeoe/ii, aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an
noaiiaeyoue aeai?, ye? ie a?aei?/aee /a?ac 2 ?iee i?ney iia?aoe??. sseui
a ? a?oi? o an?o aeiaaeeao ie eiinoaooaaee nooo?aee ??no ee?i?/ieo
neiioii?a, a na?aaeiueiio, ia 15-25%, oi a ?? – niinoa??aaeinue ?o
cieaeaiiy c oaeith ae caeiiii??i?noth.

Ie aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia a?eueo ci?noiaii coieieoenue ia
iae?iaiaeie?eii?e neiioiiaoeoe? o ae?iie c “oai?iaith iia?iaaii? iaoee”,
oae ye oeueiio ieoaiith a iao?e e?oa?aoo?? i?enay/ai? eeoa iiiaeeiie?
ioae?eaoe?? (E.?.Cae e niaao., 1987; I.I.Aaneaeia, 1995) . I?e oeueiio,
ie ia ?icae?eyee ?o ia ?aii?, na?aaei? oa i?ci?, a aeae?eeee iniiai?:
aoiieai?noue; ia?aici?noue; aeai?an?y; ae?ao?aeea?noue; ii?ooaiiy
iaiyo?; i?oeea?noue; i?eaaaea a ian?; aeeco?e/i? ?iceaaee oa ii?ooaiiy
niio.

*a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iaeae?aaeai?oeie aoee ne?aeoth/?:
i?eaaaea a ian? (40,0; ? 35,0%); aoiieai?noue (30,0% ? 25,0%);
ii?ooaiiy niio (ii 30,0%) ? aeai?an?y (ii 25,0%). sse ? i?e iiia?aaei?o
aeaieo aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue i?ae a?oiaie ie ia niinoa??aaee (?>0,05).
Iaaeae?, aaea /a?ac 1 ??e i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, ie a?aei?/aee a ? a?oi?
ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe i?aeoe/ii an?o iae?iaiaeie?eiieo neiioii?a, iniaeeai
oaeeo, ye aeai?an?y (c 25,0% aei 40,0%) ? ii?ooaiiy iaiyo? (c 15,0% aei
30,0%). O c?noaaeaii? c oeei, a ?? a?oi? aei aeaiiai oa?i?io iiaeia aoei
a?aei?oeoe iacia/ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy iaoieia?/ieo iae?iaiaeie?eiieo
neiioii?a a na?aaeiueiio ia 5%. Aei ne?aeoth/iai aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
oa?i?io (1,5 ?ieo) aoee io?eiai? aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe, ye ? /a?ac 1
??e. A?eueo ae?aaeai? ci?ie /anoioe iae?iaiaeie?eiieo neiioii?a iaee
i?noea aei caeeth/iiai ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue – 2 ?iee. Canoinoaaiiy
caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai?? ia aeicaieeei cieceoe ??aaiue
iae?iaiaeie?eiii? neiioiiaoeee. O an?o aeiaaeeao aiia o?eueee c?inea,
iniaeeai oae? iieacieee ye aoiieai?noue (c 30,0% aei 50,0%);
ia?aici?noue (c 20,0% aei 40,0%) ? aeai?an?y (c 25,0% aei 50,0%).
?ic?iaeaia iaie eiiieaenia a?aeiiaethaaeueia e?eoaaiiy cieceei, a
na?aaeiueiio ia 15,0% /anoioo iaoieia?/ii? iae?iaiaeie?eiii?
neiioiiaoeee.

Ie aaaaea?ii, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aeuaiienaieo ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a ?
aeai? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ia aenieo ?ioi?iaoeai?noue
yeeo aeacothoue aaaaoi aaoi??a (O.Ae.O?aayiei oa ni?aaao., 1985;
ss.I.Nieuenueeee oa ni?aaao.. 1990; D.B.Petitti, 1995).

Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe iaee ae?aaeaio caeaaei?noue a?ae oace
iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo. I?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo /a?ac 0,5 ?ieo i?ney
?ic?iaeaeaiiy a ? oaco iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo ie niinoa??aaee
ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo ano?aae?ieo a iaio a?oiao (aei 535,732,7 iiieue/e;
?0,05). Ia a?aei?io
a?ae oeueiai, i?e o?aaeeoe?ei?e oa?ai?? aeai? ci?ie noaaaee a?eueo
ae?aaeaieie, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo aeinoia??iino? aei
0,01 ? 0,001.

Ioaea, ye iieacaee aeai? oe??? /anoeie iaoi? iaoeiai? ?iaioe,
?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c “oai?iaith
iia?iaaii? iaoee” aeicaiey? nooo?ai cieceoe /anoioo iaoieia?/ieo
neiioii?a ? aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ui ? aeoaea iiceoeaiei
iiiaioii a nenoai? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie i?ney
iaoieia?/iiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

Ioe?ithth/e ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? a?aeaeaeaiiai i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo
o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee ia?eoii?o i?ney eana?aaa ?icoeio, ie anoaiiaeee
ae?aaeai?noue iae?iaiaeie?eiii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae iiyao iiai?
niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino?. A iaaaaaoi/enaeueieo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo c
oeueiai ieoaiiy (I.A.?aieia e niaao., 1983; E.?.Cae e niaao., 1987)
a?aei?/a?oueny, ui i?neyiieiaiaee nainen ? nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo
iiai? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??.

?iciiae?eaiiy an?o iae?iaiaeie?eiieo neiioii?a ie i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e A.I.Niaoiee (1995). Aei ?aii?o a?aeiineee oae?, ye
aoiieai?noue, ia?aici?noue, i?oeea?noue, aieiai? aie?, ii?ooaiiy niio,
aeai?an?y, ae?ao?aeea?noue oa ii?ooaiiy iaiyo?. Aei na?aaei?o: “aa?y/?”
i?eeeae, caeaa iana o?ea, aie? i?e noaoaaeo ciineiao, ii?ooaiiy eaieino?
aieinny oa i?ao?a, aeeco?e/i? ?iceaaee oa e?iaiiacaiiy ca ?aooiie
aaa?i?oo. C i?ci?o aeae?eyee inoaiii?ic, ia?aeiie e?ioe?aie,
oao?ea?ae?th, ?ON, noaiiea?ae?th, aaaaoi-noaeeiio aeenoii?th,
aioeaoaeiiao?th ? ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? iyc?a oaciaiai aeia (oeenoioeaea ?
?aeoioeaea).

?acoeueoaoe ia?oeo ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui /a?ac
0,5 ?ieo iae/ano?oa anueiai iaee i?noea aeai?an?y (ii 30,0%);
ae?ao?aeea?noue (30,0% ? 20,0%); “aa?y/?” i?eeeae (ii 20,0%); caeaa iana
o?ea (ii 20.0%); aie? i?e noaoaaeo ciineiao (ii 20,0%); oao?ea?ae?y (ii
20,0%) oa ?ON (ii 20,0%). Iaaeae?, aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaie
iaoiaeeee aeicaieeei oo?eiaoe /anoioo an?o iae?iaiaeie?eiieo neioii?a ia
??ai? ia?oiai ianoaaeaiiy, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a ? cieceoe, iai?eeeaae,
ae?ao?aeea?noue (c 30,0% aei 10,0%). Cian?i ?ioo ea?oeio ie niinoa??aaee
i?e canoinoaaii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai??. Oae, ai?iaeiaae 2 ?ie?a
ca?eueoeany ??aaiue oaeeo neioii?a, ye aieiai? aie? (c 20,0% aei 80,0%);
aeai?an?y (c 30,0% aei 70,0%); ae?ao?aeea?noue (c 30,0% aei 70,0%);
aoiieai?noue (c 20,0% aei 60,0%); “aa?y/?” i?eeeae (c 20,0% aei 40,0%);
caeaa aaaa o?ea (c 20,0% aei 50,0%); aie? i?e noaoaaeo ciineiao (c 20,0%
aei 40,0%); ii?ooaiiy eaieino? aieinny oa i?ao?a (c 10,0% aei 40,0%);
e?iaiiacaiiy (c 10,0% aei 40,0%); ?ON (c 20,0% aei 60,0%); oao?ea?ae?y
(c 20,0% aei 50,0%); noaiiea?ae?y (c 10,0% aei 50,0%) oa aaaaoi-noaeeiia
aeenoii?y (c 10,0% aei 50,0%). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
nooo?a? ci?ie c aieo aiaeie?eiii? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, a
oaeiae iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo o ae?iie, ye? ia?aianee ia?eoii?o i?ney
aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy i?e a?aenooiino? aaeaeaaoiiai
a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy.

Aacoiiaii, ia oaeiio iani?eyoeeaiio oii? ?ecee iiyae iiai?
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny. Oae, i?e
caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e oa?ai?? /anoioa iiai? niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino?
i?aeaeuoaaeanue c 10,0% /a?ac 0,5 ?ieo aei 20,0%, 40,0% ? 60,0%
ai?iaeiaae 2 ?ie?a. I?e aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaii? iaie ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii?
oa?ai?? oaei? oaiaeaioe?? ie ia niinoa??aaee. Iayai?noue oaeiai aenieiai
??aiy iae?iaiaeie?eiii? neiioiiaoeee yaeeinue aeey ian i?aenoaaith aeey
aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono. ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a aeeiai?oe? i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo,
iieacaee a?aenooi?noue aeinoia??ieo ci?i ai?noo ano?aae?ieo,
i?iaanoa?iio oa oanoinoa?iio ai?iaeiaae ia?oiai ?ieo (?>0,05).
Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee aeicaieeei caa?aaoe ??aaiue
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ai?iii?a ia ii?iaeueieo cia/aiiyo (?>0,05). Ia oii?
canoinoaaiiy caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai?? aaea /a?ac 1,5 ?ieo iaei i?noea
cieaeaiiy ai?noo ano?aae?ieo – aei 121,811,2 iiieue/e (?0,05); EA – aei 60,55,2
iiieue/e (?>0,05) ? i?ieaeoei – aei 10,91,0 iea/e (?>0,05). A ? a?oi?
ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii? ae?eyiee i?eaeaaaaee a?eueo
ae?aaeaiee oa?aeoa?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo
aeinoia??iino? aei 0,01 ? aei 0,001.

I?e ioe?ioe? ooieoe?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe oo
iniaeea?noue, ui ai?no aeueaeinoa?iio i?aeaeuoaaany o oai?eo ? a?oie a
oa?i?i? 1,5 ? 2 ?iee – aei 593,641,6 iiieue/e (?0,05).
Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, ??aaiue ei?oecieo ca?eueooaaany a iaio a?oiao
aaea /a?ac 0,5 ?ieo i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy – aei 425,340,4 iiieue/e
(?0,05), a a ? – caeeoaany aeinoia??ii i?aeaeuaiei ? /a?ac 2 ?iee – aei
432,542,4 iiieue/e (?

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