2

OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

*A?EANIA AIEIAeEIE? AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 611.1-053.6-037:616-018-2

?AIOIAA NA?OeAAA NIA?OUe A??IEE?A AOA?EUeIEO OAOO AeIIAANO

(?iciianthaeaeai?noue, iaoiaaiac, i?aiic, i?io?eaeoeea)

14.01.11. – ea?ae?ieiaiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

OA?EIA – 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a AeI IAe? iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai Aeiiaano oa
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio- aeaaeai?e IAI ?AII Oe?a?ie aeieoi? iaaee/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani? Iaea E.O.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Eieii??oeue A?eoi??y
Aieiaeeie??aia

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aioo??oi?o oai?ia ? 2

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeueiaa I.A. Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie,. Oa?e?a, caa eaoaae?ith
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, ?a/?inueeee ?.Ae. Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Noie

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee IAe? ea?ae?ieia?? ?i. I.Ae.No?aaeanea,
i. Ee?a

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “27” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiaeei? ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.04 i?e Oa?eianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi (310022, i. Oa?eia, i?. Eaiiia, 4).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310022, i. Oa?eia, i?. Eaiiia, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “24” eaioiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeioeaio
______________________ E.I.Ia/a?aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Na?oeaai-noaeeii? caoai?thaaiiy ? iaei??th ?c
aeooaeueieo i?iaeai a iaaee/i?e iaooe? ? ioi?ii? caei?ia’y. Iei? aiia
aeeoea ca iaaee/i? ?aiee ? noaea aea?aeaaiith, ui coiiaeth?oueny
c?inoaiiyi caoai?thaaiino? ? nia?oiino? a?ae oeeo caoai?thaaiue,
cia/ieie o?oaeiaeie ao?aoaie aiane?aeie oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?,
?aiiuei? ?iaae?ae?caoe?? ? c?inoaiiy /enea aeiaaee?a ?aioiai?
na?oeaai? nia?o? (?.A. Iaaiia, 1996).

Ca?ac a?eueoa i?ae 2/3 nia?oaeueieo aeiaaee?a a?ae caoai?thaaiue
nenoaie e?iaiia?ao i?eiaaea? ia ?ON, AO, noaeeii? iioeiaeaeaiiy
iiceo. (I.O. Aic?aiia, 1995, E.O. Iaea 1995). Iaea?eueo /anoi a
no?oeoo?? na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue cono??/a?oueny ?ON (A.N.
AEoeianueeee, 1996).

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeinyaioo? oni?oe o aea/aii? iaoai?ci?a aino?i?
iaoieia?? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ? a iaaeaii? iaa?aeeeaaeii?
ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae, i?iaeaia i?io?eaeoeee ?aioiai? na?oeaai?
nia?o? caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith (J. Bigger, 1984; L.A.
Cupples, 1992; I.A. Iaco?, 1995).

Iniaeeai aaaeeeaei ? aea/aiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy uiaei a??iee?a
Aeiiaano, ye? i?aeeyaathoue aieeao eiiieaeno oe?aeeeaeo oaeoi??a
ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua aoa?eueieo oaoo (I.?. A?eion, 1983; A.I.
Eiaaoeue, 1996).

Oiiae i?aoe? o aoa?eueieo oaooao Aeiiaano oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
i?enooi?noth aaaaoueio iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a,
ui iaaeathoue iiaaiiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci: aeniea oaiia?aoo?a (aei +35
N), a?aeiinia aieia?noue (aei 100 %) ? caieeai?noue iia?o?y (aei 1000
ia/i) ?ia?oie/i? ciie, ?ioaineaiee ooi (aei 113 aeAA), caaaeueia ?
eieaeueia a?a?aoe?y, ia?aiaaee aa?iiao?e/iiai oeneo i?ae /an nioneo
aei oaooe /e i?aeeiio, ui aeinyaathoue 9 ii ?o. no. ia eiaei? 100 i
aeeaeie (Ae.I. Eanoeia, 1988; I.?. I?iyeei, ?.A. Oeoeae, 1989).
A?aecia/aii oaeiae cieaeaiiy ci?noo eenith a iia?o??, iayai?noue
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? ?aae?aoe?? ? oe?eiai ?yaeo ?ioeo oaeoi??a. O
oaoiieia?? aeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey cia/ia i?noea i?iaeiaaeo? caeiaoe
?o/ia o?ce/ia i?aoey, ui eeaneo?eo?oueny ye aeoaea aaaeea ?
iai?oaeaia. Iino?eia iaaaciaea ?icaeoeo aaa??eii? neooaoe?? ni?ey?
iiya? «no?ano i/?eoaaiiy», ui ? iaeiei ?c aeae?a ineoiaiioe?eiiai
iai?oaeaiiy (I.I. Iaaaeaoeeyi ? ?i., 1991).

Aeacai? ae?iaie/? oaeoi?e aenoaathoue aenie? aeiiae aei i?aai?cio
ethaeeie, aeeeeeath/e iaiii??io ooieoe?iiaeueio iai?oao ?
ni?eyth/e oaeei /eiii ?icaeoeo ? oaeaeeiio i?ia?anoaaiith ye
i?ioan?eieo, oae ? ae?iaie/i iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue (I.O. ?ci??ia,
1997). Aeiaaaeaii (O.O. C?iaa?, ?.N. Ni?ie?i, 1983; A.I. Aaeooeeia,
1995), ui o a??iee?a aeeaieeo aoa?eueieo ai?eciio?a aeua
caoai?thaai?noue, ?iaae?aei?noue ? nia?oi?noue. A?aecia/aii c?inoaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ? oaiaeaioe?y «iiieiaeaeaiiy» na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
iaoieia??. Ii/ano?oaee aeiaaeee ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea (?I) ? ?aioiai?
na?oeaai? nia?o? (?NN), ia??aeei ia ?iai/eo i?noeyo, ui iana cia/io
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io oeiaeo aaeoc? ? aea?aeaa? a oe?eiio (A.I.
Eiaaoeue oa ?i., 1992). A oie aea /an caeeoa?oueny iaaea/aiith ?ieue
i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo ye iiaeeeaeo oaeoi??a
?eceeo ?icaeoeo na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o a??iee?a. A?aenooi?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee, ye? aeicaieythoue aeaoe e?euee?nio ioe?ieo
iaeiai? o/ano? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua,
a oaeiae ?o niieo/aiue. Ia anoaiiaeai? noaaeia? ei?aeiie, ui
caaacia/othoue “aianaiiy” ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aei /enea
ao?i-iaoiaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a. O ca’yceo c iaaeiioe?ieith cia/ou?no?
i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie /eneaii?
aniaeoe i?io?eaeoeee na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue, a oaeiae
nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai?, iaaee/ii? ? ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoee??
a??iee?a.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ca?ac iaaea?oueny
iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae aea/aiith ieoaiue ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o?
?ia?oiee?a aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii aea/aiith iniaeeainoae ao?ieia?? ?aioiai? nia?o?, iaoai?cio ??
?icaeoeo, ye? iieyaathoue o aeyaeaii? neeaaeiiai eiiieaeno ee?i?/ieo,
ooieoe?iiaeueieo, iaoaaie?/ieo ? iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i, aecia/aii? ?o
?ie? ? i?noey o neeaaeiiio iaoiaaiaoe/iiio ?yae? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo
aca?iia?aeiinei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae a??ieeai ii iiia?aaeaeaiith ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o?, a
oiio /ene? e iaa?aeeeaaeii? ea?ae?ieia?/ii?, noaee iaeiaoaeoeaieie
/a?ac oaeaeeee ?icaeoie iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue a i?iea?ae? ?
?icaeoie iaiii?aaieo iioeiaeaeaiue a oiiaao aieeao ia i?aai?ci
oaeoi??a oaooiiai na?aaeiaeua. Oea ?iaeoue aeooaeueiei iiaeaeueoa
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo ? ?ic?iaeo iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? i?io?eaeoeee aeaii? iaoieia??.

Ia nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i?, ye ? a ?ioeo aea?aeaaao NIAe, a?aenooi?
iaoeia? iaaee/i? oaoiieia??, ye? ?ic?iaeai? ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo aenia?oieo nenoai ? i???ioiaai? ia ?aiith ae?aaiinoeeo ?
i?io?eaeoeeo na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o ianaeaiiy, a oiio
/ene? ? i?aoe?aiee?a i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. A?aenooi?noue oeeo
oaoiieia?e ?iaeoue aaae/ith noaiaea?oecaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a ye
iiioeyoe?eieo, oae ? ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae
?iaeoue i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaei noai?aiiy ?aeeieo aaeocaaeo ?aa?no??a
(aaie?a aeaieo) aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? nia?o? i?aoe?aiee?a.

Ae??oaiiy an?o oeeo ieoaiue aoaea ni?eyoe ?ic?iaoe? a?eueo aoaeoeaieo
oi?i ? iaoiae?a iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e na?oeaai-noaeeii?e
iaoieia??, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiith yeino? i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? e?eoaaeueieo
caoiae?a, ui aeicaieeoue cieceoe /anoioo ?icaeoeo ?aioiai? na?oeaai?
nia?o? na?aae a??iee?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeaia ?iaioa ia? ca’ycie c ieaiii ? iai?yieaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?aa?o IAe? iaaeeei-yeieia?/ieo i?iaeai Aeiiaano oa aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?, (i. Aeiiaoeuee), aeeiiaieo ii caiiaeaiith I?iaoaeai?iio ?
I?icae?aao Oe?a?ie a 1989 — 1998 ?.?. :

N Ae? 01880007953 “?ac?aaioaoue iaoiae i?ioeeaeoeee a?eoiee i?e
eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea o ai?ii?aai/eo aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo n
oeaeueth i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey aiacaiiie nia?oe”;

N Ae? 01910016755 “Ii?aaeaeeoue ?ieue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia
aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo a ?acaeoee eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea o
ai?ii?aai/eo e oniaa?oainoaiaaoue nenoaio eo o?oaeiaie ?aaaeeeoaoeee”;

N Ae? 01910040783 “Oniaa?oainoaiaaoue e aiaae?eoue nenoaio ieacaiey
iaioeiaeiie iiiiue ai?ii?aai/ei oaieueiuo oaoo n ino?ie
na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie iaoieiaeae”;

N Ae? 0193U029006 “?ac?aaioaoue e?eoa?ee i?iaiice?iaaiey e iaoiaeeeo
?anneaaeiaaiey neo/aaa aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo
oaieueiuo oaoo n oeaeueth oniaa?oainoaiaaiey e aiaae?aiey nenoaiu
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiie i?ioeeaeoeee”;

N Ae? 0193U033427 “?ac?aaioaoue e aiaae?eoue oaoiieiaeth ii ?aiiae
aeeaaiinoeea e i?ioeeaeoeea eioa?eoa ieiea?aea, aiacaiiie ei?iia?iie
nia?oe e iicaiaiai einoeueoa o i?iiuoeaiiuo ?aai/eo ia iniiaa nicaeaiey
eiiiuethoa?iie yenia?oiie aeeaaiinoe/aneie nenoaiu”;

N Ae? 0195U000581 “Ii?aaeaeeoue ?ieue i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oaeoi?ia a ?acaeoee e i?ia?anne?iaaiee iniiaiuo na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo
caaieaaaiee o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna, oniaa?oainoaiaaoue
e aiaae?eoue nenoaio ia?ii?eyoee ii ieacaieth iiiiue, ea/aieth,
i?ioeeaeoeea”.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Anoaiiaeoe ao?i-iaoiaaiaoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?aioiai?
na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano, iaa?oiooaaoe
e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eceeo ?? ?icaeoeo ? nenoaio eiiieaenii?
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? i?io?eaeoeee.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey cae?eniaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe
ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe /anoioo ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? na?aae a??iee?a
aoa?eueieo oaoo c ??ciiiai?oieie a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie ? oaoiieia?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie caaaeyee ?ao?iniaeoeaiiio aeine?aeaeaiith.

2. Anoaiiaeoe ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ?eceeo a ?icaeoeo
?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano.

3. ?ic?iaeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th oaeoi??a ?eceeo e ?aioiai? na?oeaai?
nia?o?.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue a?aeianaiiy ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o?
a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a aei /enea noai?a, iia’ycaieo c ae??th
i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo.

5. ?ic?iaeoe e ai?iaaaeeoe e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy, eiii’thoa?iee ?aa?no?
? aenia?oio nenoaio ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a aoa?eueieo
oaoo.

6. ?ic?iaeoe e ai?iaaaeeoe nenoaio eiiieaenii? iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii?
i?io?eaeoeee ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa ia i?aenoaa?
ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy
/anoioe ? aeeiai?ee ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? na?aae a??iee?a
aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano.

Ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai aiae?co, eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai,
a?io?i?/iiai, iaoiii?oieia?/iiai ? a?noio?i?/iiai iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aea/ai? iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaco ?aioiai? na?oeaai?
nia?o? o a??iee?a.

Ooi/iaii oa?aeoa? iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue ? ?o ?ieue o aeieeiaii?
aeeoo?aiiaaacia/ieo ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey. Iaa?oioiaaia ?ieue ci?i o
i?ia?aei?e ia?aia?e nenoai? na?oey (ea?ae?iiae?iiao?? ?
ea?ae?iiae?iaeeno?io??) a iaoiaaiac? ?NN o a??iee?a.

Aecia/ai? i?noea ? ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ye iiaeeeaeo
oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?NN.

?ic?iaeai? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?aioiai? nia?o? ? oaeoi??a ?? ?eceeo,
aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? aaeocaaiai eiii’thoa?iiai ?aa?no?o.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? e?eoa??? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e iiioeyoe?eiiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy a nenoai? eiiieaenii?
i?io?eaeoeee ?NN ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-a?oiiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei aeai?o
aioea?eoi?/iiai e?eoaaiiy aeeoo?aiiaaacia/ieo ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey
a??iee?a c aeei?enoaiiyi aino?eo e?ea?nueeeo oano?a (AEO) a
aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao.

Anoaiiaeaii i?ioe?oai?/iee aoaeo ?iae?iee ?iciai? ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ??
aeei?enoaiiy o noai? i?io?eaeoeee ?NN o a??iee?a ye aioeieneaeaioiiai,
iaia?aiinoaa?e?coth/iai e i?ioe?oai?/iiai caniao.

Iaa?oioiaai? e ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? i?eioeeie iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii?
ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae a??ieeai c aino?ith na?oeaai-noaeeiiith
iaoieia??th.

C?iaeaii oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeianaiiy aeiaaee?a ?aioiai?
na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a i?ae /an ?iaioe a i?aecaiieo oiiaao aei
/enea noai?a, iia’ycaieo ?c ae?iaieoeoaii.

Aia?oa iaoeiai ?ic?iaeai? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? iiioeyoe?ei? i?iaiinoe/i?
e?eoa??? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a, ye?
?aae?ciaai? o aeaeyae? eiii’thoa?ii? aenia?oii? ae?aaiinoe/ii?
nenoaie “CARD 1.0”.

Iaa?oioiaaia aoaeoeaia nenoaia eiiieaenii? iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii?
i?io?eaeoeee ?NN o a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaa?oioiaai? e
ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a, ui
ianeoaiaothoue a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo, e?eoa??? i?iaiico ?eceeo
?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o aeaeyae? eiii’thoa?ii? aenia?oii? nenoaie
“CARD 1.0”.

Ia i?aenoaa? anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ? ?ie? i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo o ?icaeoeo ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a
iaa?oioiaaii a?aeianaiiy ?? aei /enea noai?a, iia’ycaieo ?c
ae?iaieoeoaii, ui ? caoaa?aeaeaii Iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie N 97 a?ae 23 ethoiai 1994 ?. “I?i aianaiiy aeiiiaiaiiy aei
Iieiaeaiiy i?i ?icne?aeoaaiiy oa iae?e iauanieo aeiaaee?a, i?ioan?eieo
caoai?thaaiue ? aaa??e ia i?aei?e?inoaao, a onoaiiaao ? i?aai?caoe?yo”.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeiiai aioeieneaeaioa ?iae?iee ?iciai?
aeey aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee ?ON o a??iee?a (Iaoaio ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe?? N2022561 — “I?ioe?oai?/iee can?a” a?ae 15.11.94 ?.).

Aeaeai? ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? aeieoiaioe:

1. IINOAIIAA Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie N 97 a?ae 23 ethoiai 1994 ?.
“I?i aianaiiy aeiiiaiaiiy aei Iieiaeaiiy i?i ?icne?aeoaaiiy oa iae?e
iauanieo aeiaaee?a, i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue ? aaa??e ia
i?aei?e?inoaao, a onoaiiaao ? i?aai?caoe?yo”.

2. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “I?ioeeaeoeea eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea
o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo”, Aeiiaoeuee, 1991 ?.

3. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “Eiiieaeniay ?aaaeeeoaoeey ai?ii?aai/eo
oaieueiuo oaoo, no?aaeathueo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea”,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1993 ?.

4. “Iiniaea ii ieacaieth iaioeiaeiie iiiiue i?e ?acaeoee ino?ie
na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie iaoieiaee o oaooa?ia ia ?aai/ai ianoa”,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1994 ?.

5. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “?anneaaeiaaiea neo/aaa aiacaiiie
na?aea/iie nia?oe ?aai/eo i?aaei?eyoee oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe”
Aeiiaoeuee, 1996 ?.

6. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “I?ioeeaeoeea caaieaaaaiinoe,
eiaaeeaeiinoe e nia?oiinoe ai?ii?aai/eo io na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo
caaieaaaiee”, Aeiiaoeuee, 1996 ?.

?acoeueoaoe aeaii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? o 23 ae?iaie/eo
aoa?eueieo ia’?aeiaiiyo ? aea?aeaaieo oieae?iaiaeo eiiiai?yo
Oe?a?ie, a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaaeao Aeiiaoeueei? oa
Eoaainueei? iaeanoae, Oeaio?aeueio ee?i?/io e?ea?ith i.Eoaainueea, OIC
i.Aeiiaoeueea, iaaee/i? neoaeae a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a Aeiiaoeueei?,
Eoaainueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Euea?anueei?, iaeanoae. ?
ocaaaeueithth/? aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? e ai?iaaaeaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae a??ieeai ?c na?oeaai-noaeeiiith iaoieia??th: nenoaia
aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca a??ieeaie ?c ?ON, aei yeiai aoiaeeoue
?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea, i?io?eaeoeea ? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy c iaoith
caiia?aaiiy ?icaeoeo aeeoo?aiiaaacia/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ? caoiaee ii
aaeineiiaeaiith iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e
aeai?e iaoieia??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii cae?enithaaany ca?? ia?aeiiiai
iaoa??aeo — aeeii??iaea aeaieo ?c i?ioieie?a noaeiai-iaaee/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy o?oi?a i?e ?aioia?e na?oeaa?e nia?o? a??iee?a ? /ieia?e?a
caaaeueii? iiioeyoe??, aeeii??iaea aeaieo ?c iaaee/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??
iaaea?eaaae a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a oa e?ea?i? oaeaeei? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae i. Aeiiaoeueea, ?ic?iaea oi?i i?ioieie?a, oaaeeoeue eiae?a ?
aianaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei eiii’thoa?ieo aac aeaieo.

Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueia ianoaaeaiiy a??iee?a c
?ON i?e aea/aii? ae?? aioea?eoi?/ieo i?aia?ao?a o noaoe?iia?? ?
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao; ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aianai? aei
eiii’thoa?ii? aace aeaieo ? iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/ii i?iaiae?ciaai?.

Naiino?eii ?ic?iaeai? oaeoi?i? iiaeae? aieeao i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo ia a??ieeao ? i?iaiinoe/i? iiaeae? ?icaeoeo
?NN o ieo.

Naiino?eii i?aeaioiaeai? ae??oaeuei? i?aaeea e a?o?oaeoo?a iiaeoe?a aeey
aenia?oii? nenoaie “CARD 1.0”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
aeieeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? :

1. Ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeeoeeia o?oaea a o?aoueai
ouny/aeaoee”, 23-25 ea?oiy 1998 ?., Iineaa.

2. Ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth
“Aeooaeueiua aii?inu i?ioeeaeoeee iaeioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee”, 14-16
a?oaeiy 1993 ?., Iineaa, Aea?aeaaiee IAeOe i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie.

3. Ia Ananithci?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?oae, yeieiaey e caei?iauea
oaooa?ia”, 21-22 o?aaiy 1991 ?., Aeiiaoeuee.

4. Ia ia’?aeiaiiio can?aeaii? ?IE “Aeaeaia o?oaea e i?iocaaieaaaiey” ?
“Ea?aeeieiaey”, i?ioieie a?ae 12-13 o?aaiy 1994 ?. N1.

5. Ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith
o/anoth, i?enay/ai?e 70-??//th Aeiiaoeueeiai IAe? a?a??ie i?aoe? ?
i?iocaoai?thaaiue “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaeaiu o?oaea, i?ioiaoieiaee e
iaaeeoeeineiai iaania/aiey o?oaeyueony i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia
nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey oicyenoaaiiiai eiiieaena Aeiiaanna”,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1995 ?.

6. Ia ?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia?? “Ninoiyiea caei?iauey oaooa?ia e
aii?inu aai io?aiu ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey io?anee”, Aeiiaoeuee,
1994 ?.

7. Ia iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?iu, iaoiaeu e iooe
niaa?oainoaiaaiey iaaeeei-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey o?oaeyueony”,
Aeiiaoeuee ,1989 ?.

8. Ia oiaa?enoa? ea?ae?ieia?a ? oa?aiaao?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1996 ?.).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o 2-o iiiia?ao?yo, a
oaeiae o 28 ae?oea?nueeeo ?iaioao a oeaio?aeueieo iaaee/ieo aeo?iaeao
? ca??ieeao, 1 aaoi?nueeiio na?aeioeoa?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 310
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 42 oaaeeoeyie (40 noi??iie) ? 39 iaethieaie (30
noi??iie). A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 266 aeaea?ae, a
oiio /ene? — 203 aeaea?aea a?o/eciyieo oa 63 aeaea?aea ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a (ui neeaaea? 27 noi??iie).

CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee. Ca ia??iae 1987-1996 ?.?. ca iaoa??aeaie
Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ? i?nueeeo ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece
aea/aia /anoioa aeiaaee?a ?NN na?aae a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano
(A a?oia, n=737), ? /ieia?e?a, ye? ia i?aoethaaee o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiaino?, aea i?iaeeaaee a oeueiio ae ?aa?ii? (A a?oia, eiio?ieue
n=1648 aeiaaee?a).

Aeeii??iaai? a iaeanieo ? i?nueeeo ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece
aeiaaeee ?NN a??iee?a oaoo ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue (AI) ii aeaeiaooeo
aoa?eey Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae “Naa?aeeianueeaoa?eey”
(Eoaainueea iaeanoue), “Aoeiaaoa?eey” ? “?inoiaaoa?eey” (?in?y,
?inoianueea iaeanoue). Ca aeecueeei aaia?ao?/iei iieiaeaiiyi ?
noiaeeie a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie oiiaaie caeiaooeo aoa?eey oieae?iaia?
eiiiai?? ia’?aeiai? a o?noue a?oi (oaae.1). Anueiai ii Aeiiaoeuee?e ?
Eoaainuee?e iaeanoyo i?iaiae?ciaaii 963 i?ioieiee ?icoeio, aea aoee
iaea?eueo iiaii i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe noaeiai-iaaee/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
o?oia: ci?ie a ei?iia?ieo a?oa??yo, iae?i- ? i?e?ineii?/i? ci?ie i’yco
na?oey ie?aii a i?aaiio ? e?aiio oeoii/eao, i?aeoeoii/eiaiio
ia?aoei?, ia?aaena?aeyo.

Aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a na?oeaai-noaeeii?e
nenoai? aoee acyo? i?ioieiee noaeiai-iaaee/iiai ianoaaeaiiy 200
aeiaaee?a, noi?iiaaieo ca a?oiaie:

I a?oia — aeiaaeee ?NN a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo AI “Aeiiaoeueeaoa?eey” —
50 aeiaaee?a.

II a?oia — aeiaaeee nia?o? a??iee?a AI “Aeiiaoeueeaoa?eey” a?ae
oaooii? o?aaie — 50 aeiaaee?a.

III a?oia — aeiaaeee ?NN /ieia?e?a caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? i.
Aeiiaoeueea, ye? ca aeeooy ia caeiaeeny aaaeeith o?ce/iith i?aoeath
— 50 aeiaaee?a.

IV a?oia — /ieia?ee caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? i. Aeiiaoeueea, ye? ca aeeooy
ia caeiaeeny aaaeeith o?ce/iith i?aoeath ? eio?? caaeioee i?e o?aai?
— 50 aeiaaee?a.

O an?o aeiaaeeao, ?acii c e?ea?yie-noaeiaaeaenia?oaie Aeiiaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai ath?i noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie, i?iaaaeaii ie?aia caaaeoaaiiy
/anoei na?oey, ii?oiiao?e/ia aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo caa?aaeaiiy
i?ina?oo ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e, ?ic?aoiaoaaany ?iaeaen e?iaicaaacia/aiiy
na?oey (?EN) — e?euee?noue iane na?oey (a a?aiao), yea eaeaoueny ia 1 ii
ae?aiao?o i?ina?oo a?ioeaaeo a?oa??e (A.I. E?ooeoe, 1979).

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e aeiaaee?a ?NN ?ia?oiee?a ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue ii
aeaeiaoaaiith aoa?eey ??ciiiai?oieo ?aa?ii?a Aeiiaano

A?oie oaoo,

(aeiaaeee ?NN)Oieae?iaia? eiiiai??,

ui oa?eoee aei a?oieI

n=266“Aeiiaoeueeaoa?eey”, “Iae??aaoa?eey”

(Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue)II

n=102“Oi?acaio?aoeeo”, “Oaooa?nueeaoa?eey”, “Ieoya?aoa?eey”

(Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue)III

n=330“A?oaiaoa?eey”, “Aeca?aeeinueeaoa?eey”, “I?aeaeii?e?aecaaoa?eey”

(Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue)IV

n=39“E?aniia?i?enueeaoa?eey”, “Aeia?iiieeyaoa?eey”

(Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue)V

n=171“Aoeiaaoa?eey”, “?inoiaaoa?eey”

(?inoianueea iaeanoue)VI

n=55“Naa?aeeiaaoa?eey”

(Eoaainueea iaeanoue)

O ca’yceo c oei, ui c 1994 ?ieo aeiaaeee ?NN a??iee?a, ui aoee
ca?a?no?iaai? ca ie?aieo ianoaaei, a?aoiaothoueny iia’ycaieie ?c
ae?iaieoeoaii ? iaeaaeaoue niaoe?aeueiiio ?icne?aeoaaiith (Iinoaiiaa
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie N 623 a?ae 10 na?iiy 1993 ?ieo), ie?aii
i?iaiae?ciaaii 202 aeoa niaoe?aeueiiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeiaaee?a ?NN
a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaoeueei? ? Eoaainueei? iaeanoae ?c a?o?a?a
Aea?aeiaaeyaeioi?iii?aoe?.

A 15 aeiaaeeao ?NN a??iee?a, ?acii c e.a.i. Ianyi?eiaith O.I., aoei
i?iaaaeaii a?noio?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy: aecia/aee a ??cieo ae?eyieao
na?oeaaiai i’yca iayai?noue EAeA, NAeA, IAAeO, IAAeOI, oeAIO, oeAIO
?aae?i?ioiiei iaoiaeii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaai??a ?aaeoea?a
(A. O?eiaeue, 1987; A.A. Oea/iaa ? ?i., 1983).

A?noieia?/ia aea/aiiy i?ia?aeii? nenoaie na?oey i?iaaaeaii o 15
aeiaaeeao ?NN a??iee?a oaoo AI Aeiiaoeueeaoa?eey ca iaoiaeeeith
A?eueoianueeiai-A?in o iiaeeo?eaoe?? A.?. Eaa?aioue?aa (1971).
O?enoaaee aooiin?eiee iaoa??ae o 12% ?ic/ei? oi?iae?io. Aeey
?ii?aaiaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaee 20% ?ic/ei acioiieeniaaiai n??aea, a
?acoeueoao? /iai aeaiaioe i?ia?aeii? nenoaie na?oey aeyaeythoueny o
aeaeyae? /i?ieo ooai?aiue ia caaaeueiiio na?oeiio oii?. A?noieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ?acii c ae.i.i. THe?o I.?.

Ianoaaeie nia?o? aea/aeenue ca i?ioieieii noaeiai-iaaee/iiai ?icoeio
? aeoii niaoe?aeueiiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeiaaeeo nia?o? a??ieea.

Aeai? i?ioia?o?ooo e nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oiia i?aoe? ia inoaiiueiio
?iai/iio i?noe? ?aioiai iiia?eiai a??ieea aeeii??iaoaaee ?c
aeieoiaioaoe?? a?aeae?e?a eaae??a ? oaoi?ee aaciaee oaoo.

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao aae?iiaai?oieo oaeoi??a ia aeeiai?eo aeiaaee?a
?NN aeeii??iaoaaee ?c ui??/ieo ano?iiii?/ieo ca??iee?a cia/aiiy /enea
Aieueoa (W), ye ?acoeueoao oa?aeoa?enoeee niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?:

W = f + 10g,

aea f — caaaeueia /enei niiy/ieo ieyi;

g — /enei noai?aieo ieie a?oi, ui niinoa??aathoueny ia Niioe? ia
aeaiee iiiaio /ano.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue c iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
a??ie/ei ?ia?oieeai c aino?ith na?oeaai-noaeeiiith iaoieia??th. Ca
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith ea?oith aenia?oii? ioe?iee iaaeaiiy
iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae i?iaiae?ciaai? noai oai?iai ? oa?i?ie iaaeaiiy
aeiiiiiae iaaee/ieie a?eaaaeaie a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a Aeiiaoeueei?
iaeano? a??ieeai c aino?ith na?oeaai-noaeeiiith iaoieia??th ia
?iai/iio i?noe? aai a oiiaao oaooiiai iaaeioieoo ca ia??iae 1986-1990
?.?. Anueiai i?iaiae?ciaaii 298 aeiaaee?a. Aenia?oia ioe?iea
cae?enithaaeanue aenia?oaie a neeaae?: ia/aeueieea iaaee/ii? neoaeae
a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a, e?ea?y-?aai?iaoieiaa ? e?ea?y-ea?ae?ieiaa.

I?e oeueiio ei?enooaaeeny ?nioth/eie aeiiaaie ii ianyao iaaeaiiy
aeiaini?oaeueii? iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae ? iin?aieeii c iaaeaiiy ia?oi?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e aaa??yo a oaooao.

Aeey ioe?iee yeino? iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae a??ieeai
ea?ae?ieia?/ieie a?eaaaeaie «oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae» aoea aea/aia iaaee/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y e?ea?i? oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i. Aeiiaoeueea ca
ia??iae 1986-1990 ?.?. — 200 ?noi??e oai?iae a??iee?a c aino?ith
na?oeaai-noaeeiiith iaoieia??th.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?? iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a. C
iaoith aea/aiiy ae?? aioea?eoi?/ieo i?aia?ao?a a noaoe?iia?? ?
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia 80 a??ieeao aeeaieeo
aoa?eueieo oaoo iniiaieo i?ioan?e — a??ieee i/enieo caai?a (A?IC),
i?io?aeieee o a?oe? 35-49 ?ie?a. C ieo 10 /ieia?e — caei?ia? a??ieee,
neeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio, ?io? 70 — c o?ii?/iith ?ON aac iciae
iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao. O aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee acyo? eeoa oai?? c
iiceoeaiith aaeia?aiiao?e/iith i?iaith (AAI), yeo i?iaiaeeee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie e?eoa??yie (Ae.I. A?iiia, 1979).

I?e oi?ioaaii? a?oi ea?oaaeenue i?eioeeiii ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
?aiaeii?caoe?? — ?icae?eaiiy oai?eo ?ON ia oeo, ooi e?eoaaany — Ia
a?oia — 24 /ieia?ea, ? oeo, ooi ia e?eoaaany — Ia a?oia — 10 /ieia?e ca
oaeeie iniiaieie iciaeaie : noaae ?iaioe a i?aecaiieo oiiaao, a?e,
i?ioan?y, oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao ?ON, oei aaiiaeeiai?ee ? a?aenooi?noue
noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai i?eeiio aeinyaaeanue
caaeainiaai?noue no?oeoo?e a?oi oai?eo ca aoaeue-yeeo niieo/aiue
?aiaeii?ciaaieo iciae. Aei iaio a?oi aianai? oai?? ?ON c oeoii/eiaeie
aeno?anenoieaie aenieeo a?aaeaoe?e (3-5). A??ieee, o yeeo aoea
iiceoeaia AAI i?iaa ? aoee a?aenooi? oeoii/eia? aeno?anenoiee aenieeo
a?aaeaoe?e, neeaaeaee II a?oio (36 /ieia?e?a). Oai?? Ia a?oie
iaea?aeoaaee aioea?eoi?/i? i?aia?aoe ia?oiai eeano (?ia?a?oi?e
oaeaeeiai iao???aiai eaiaeo). ?c oeueiai eeano i?aia?ao?a aea?aii 4-e
: aeeai?i?i, aoiic?i, aoaoeec?i, ?eoi?eai. Oai?? II a?oie io?eioaaee
iiiioa?ai?th ei?eioa?ii.

Ia?o? 48 aiaeei a ee?i?oe? oai?? ia i?eeiaee ea?ae?io?iiieo
i?aia?ao?a. A oeae ia??iae ?i i?iaiaeeee iiaeeaeaia
ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueia ianoaaeaiiy, yea neeaaeaeiny ?c cae?aiiy nea?a,
aiaiiaco caoai?thaaiiy ? aeeooy, ia’?eoeaieo aeaieo, ioe?iee
oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
eeano (OE) ca aeiiiiiaith AAI.

Aioea?eoi?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?aia?ao?a ioe?ithaaeanue /a?ac e?eueea
aoai?a. Ia I aoai? aecia/aee aoaeoeai?noue i?aia?ao?a a noaoe?iia??
oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiyi aino?eo e?ea?nueeeo oano?a c ?aciaei
aei?iaoaaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi iine?aeiaii eiaeiiai ?c aioea?eoi?/ieo
i?aia?ao?a a aeic?, ui aei??aithaaea 50 % a?ae na?aaeiuei? aeiaiai?
aeice (iaaaioaaeia aeica). Oea neeaei aeey ?eoi?eaio 300 ia, aeeai?i?io
50 ia, aoiic?io 200 ia, aoaoeec?io 100 ia. ?ioa?aae i?ae i?eeiiii
ie?aieo i?aia?ao?a neeaaeaa 24 aiaeeie. E?eoa???i iiaii? aioea?eoi?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? i?aia?ao?a aoei cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
oeoii/eiaeo aeno?an?noie: 2 a?aaeaoe?? ia 70 ? a?eueoa a?aenioe?a ? 100
% cieuaiiy oeoii/eiaeo aeno?an?noie 3-5 a?aaeaoe?e. Ca iayaiino?
iiceoeaiiai aioea?eoi?/iiai aoaeoo oai?? i?ioyaii 2 oeaei?a a oiiaao
noaoe?iia?o ?aaoey?ii i?eeiaee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii i?ae?a?aiee i?aia?ao o
iiai?e aeiaia?e aeic? (3 ?ace ia aeaiue /a?ac 6 aiaeei) ca cae/aeiith
noaiith.

A oeae ia??iae /ano ioe?ithaaee no?ee?noue aioea?eoi?/iiai aoaeoo,
iiaeeea? oneeaaeiaiiy ? a?eoiiaaii?noue i?aia?aoo. Ca iayaiino?
aieueiaiai neiae?iio aei noaie e?eoaaiiy aeiaeaaaee aioeaia?iaeuei?
i?aia?aoe (i?o?aoe, aioaaii?noe eaeueoe?th) a caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
aeicao.

I?ney aeienee ?c noaoe?iia?o i?iaeiaaeoaaee e?eoaaiiy aiaoeaoi?ii aei
io?eiaiiy no?eeiai aoaeoo. Ia oeueiio aoai? cae?enithaaee eiio?ieue ca
aoaeoeai?noth i?aia?aoo, i?ae?a?aiiai a noaoe?iia??, oeyoii iiaoi?iiai
aino?iai e?ea?nueeiai oanoo o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ia oii? ?iai/iai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. E?eoa???i iiceoeaiiai aioea?eoi?/iiai aoaeoo i?aia?aoo
a?aoiaoaaeinue iiaia cieuaiiy oeoii/eiaeo aeno?anenoie 2-5 a?aaeaoe?e.

O aeiaaeeo cieaeaiiy oa?aiaaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?aia?ao?a cae?enithaaee
ei?aeoe?th aeice, e?aoiino? i?eeiio e i?ecia/aee eiia?iaoe?th
i?aia?ao?a c iiaeaeueoith aei?iaeith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? noaie aeey
aiaoeaoi?ieo oiia.

I?e i?aeai?? i?aia?ao?a, ?o aeicoaaiue ? ia??iaee/iino? i?eeiio
a?aoiaoaaee iaoiaaiaoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey
(I.A. Iaco?, 1995).

I?iaa c aeiciaaiei o?ce/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi — aaeia?aiiao??y
i?iaiaeeeanue ia aaeia?aiiao?? “Tuntury” (O?ieyiae?y). ?a?no?aoe?th AEA
i?iaiaeeee ia 6-eaiaeueiiio aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao? 6-NEK-1 (I?ia//eia) a 12
noaiaea?oieo a?aeaaaeaiiyo o niiei? oa i?ae /an aacia?a?aii c?inoath/iai
iinooiiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ii/aoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy neeaaeaei 25-50 Ao,
i?oei?noue iaaaioaaeaiiy ca?eueooaaee eiaei? 3 oaeeeie ia 100 % aei
io?eiaiiy noaiaeneiaeueii? *NN aai iiyae e?eoa???a coieiee i?iae.

Noai aaiiaeeiai?ee aea/aee ca aeiiiiiaith aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? (AoiEA) ia
aia?ao? “O’theao-Iaea?ae” (NOA) c ia?iaeith ?acoeueoao?a ? ?o aiae?cii
ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith (I.I. Iooa?eyiia, 1987).

Ia an?o aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth
i?aia?ao?a aeei?enoiaoaaee oieoa?ianueea iii?oi?oaaiiy (OI AEA) ca
aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo “E?ioa-IO” (?in?y) c iiaeaeueoith ioe?ieith
ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey ca eeaneo?eaoe??th B. Lown e M. Wolf (1971).
E??i oiai, i?e aini?oae?caoe?? aei noaoe?iia?o, aeienoe? ? a e?ioe?
30-aeaiiiai eo?no aiaoeaoi?iiai e?eoaaiiy, i?iaiaeeany iiaoi?iee
eiiieaen ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeai? aecia/aiiyi iniiaieo iieaciee?a
e?i?aeiiai iai?io: ??aiy o?eae?oea?eae?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ca
aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo iaai??a o??ie Eaoaia (*ao?y), caaaeueiiai
oieanoa??io ? eiai o?aeoe?e, iaanoa?eo?eiaaieo aee?ieo eeneio,
aoa?iaaiieo eeiii?ioa?ae?a, iieaciee?a ?ioaineaiino? IIE (eiioeaio?aoe?y
iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aea ? ia?ieneaeacia aeoeai?noue e?ia?) ca
noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie (A.A Aaa?eeia, 1988; ?.O. Aeaaeaeaieiaa, 1990;
Ae. I?ae, 1979).

Ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo ?aae?i?ioiieo iaai??a aea/aee ci?no a e?ia?
ai?iii?a (O.?. Aa?aa?,1980;A.A. Oea/iaa ? ?i., 1983): ?inoe?io — iaa??
?inoe?i-??A (?inoeooo ?cioii?a, Aoaeaiaoo), ei?oecieo — iaa?? Amerlex
Cortisol RIA kit o??ie “Amersham”, AEOA — iaa?? o??ie “Lachema”, NOA —
iaa?? o??ie “Lachema”, IO — iaa?? o??ie “Lachema, EO — iaai?o RIA-mat
Calcitonin 2 o??ie “Sangtec”, (I?ia//eia), oanoinoa?iio — iaa?? o??ie
“Lachema”, aeueaeinoa?iio — iaa??- Aldosteron, o??ie “Diagnostic Product
Corporation”.

A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeeenue ia aac? ae?aaiinoe/iiai
oeaio?o i. Aeiiaoeueea ia aia?aoo?? o??ie «Kone-diagnostiks»
(O?ieyiae?y).

An? caniae aei??thaaiue, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?aeaeaiue nai?/anii iao?ieia?/ii eiio?iethaaeenue.

C iaoith aea/aiiy i?ioe?oai?/ii? ae?? nie?oiaiai aeno?aeoo ?iae?iee
?iciai? o a??iee?a c ?ON aoea noi?iiaaia a?oia oaooa??a c aeaiith
iaoieia??th (25 /ie.), ye? i?eeiaee ia ia?oiio aoai? aeey ii??aiyiiy
a?oai?i A (aeueoa-oieioa?ieaoeaoao) aac ?ioeo i?aia?ao?a, a iio?i /a?ac
i?nyoeue ?i aoei i?iaaaeaii eo?n iiiioa?ai?? aeno?aeoii ?iae?iee
?iciai?. Aeno?aeo ?iae?iee ?iciai? canoiniaoaaany ia?i?aeueii ii 15
e?aiaeue 3 ?ace ia aeiao i?ioyaii 14 aei?a, aeueoa-oieioa?ieaoeaoao —
ia?i?aeueii ii 0,2 a 3 ?ace ia aeiao i?ioyaii 14 aei?a.

Iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey
ioe?iee io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee noi?iiaai?
eiii’thoa?i? aace aeaieo: 1. Ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo — “KLIN”,
noaeiai-iaaee/ieo — “SADD” ? ii iaaeaiith iaa?aeeeaaeii?
ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae — «VGSO» ? «SP» c iiaeaeueoei eiaeoaaiiyi ?
caianaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aeeii??iaee aei ieo.

Iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c i?iaaaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie
Statistica for Win95 ia ia?niiaeueiiio eiii’thoa?? ?entium 100
(aecia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? a?eoiaoe/ii? ? eaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy,
iiaeeea?noue iiieeee, ia?aa??ea noaoenoe/ii? a?iioace i?i ??ai?noue
na?aaei?o ca e?eoa???i No’thaeaioa, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c oa ?i.) (?.A.
Aoaea?, 1991).

Iaaee/ia eiii’thoa?ia aenia?oia nenoaia “CARD 1.0” ?ic?iaethaaeanue
?acii c iaoaiaoeeii-i?ia?ai?noii, e.o.-i.i. Ea?aaao I.I. ca aeiiiiiaith
i?ia?aie “Delphi 2.0”.

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia oaooao c e?ooei caeyaaiiyi aoa?eueieo
ieano?a (Oeaio?aeueiee Aeiiaan) /anoioa aeiaaee?a ?NN na?aae a??iee?a
aeinyaa? a na?aaeiueiio 60,7 ia 100 oen., na?aae oaooa??a iniiaieo
i?ioan?e (II) — 74,0 ? aeiiii?aeieo i?ioan?e (AeI) — 46,0 (p<0,05). *anoioa ?? ia iaaeeaieeo oaooao c iieiaei caeyaaiiyi aoa?eueieo ieano?a neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 15,6 aeiaaee?a ia 100 oen. Na?aae oaooa??a II aeaiee iieaciee neeaa 21,3, a AeI - 12,5 aeiaaeee (p<0,05). Aeinoia??ii a?eueoa /enei aeiaaee?a ?NN anoaiiaeaii na?aae a??iee?a II aeeaieeo aoa?eueieo oaoo - 102,0 ia 100 oen. a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie a?oiaie oaooa??a (?<0,01). O a?eia?e a?oi? oaooa??a 20-29 ?ie?a ca ia??iae c 1987 ii 1991 ?.?. /anoioa ?NN ciaoiaeeeanue ia ??ai? 4-5 %, a c 1992 ii 1996 ?.?. - 1,6-5 %. A a?oi? 30-39 ?ie?a aeaiee iieaciee c?inoaa i?ioyaii i’yoe ?ie?a (1987-1991 ?.?.) c 9,1 % aei 19,4 %, aeinyaioaoe iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy a 1993 ?. - 31,5 % (p<0,001). O a?eia?e a?oi? 40-49 ?ie?a /anoea ?aioiai iiia?eeo a??iee?a ciaoiaeeeanue ia ??ai? 30-40 % ia i?ioyc? 10 ?ie?a. O a?oe? 50-59 ?ie?a /anoioa aeaii? iaoieia?? oe?iei ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 40,9 % a 1987 ?. aei 25,9 % a 1996 ?. O noa?o?e a?eia?e a?oi? /anoioa ?NN ciaoiaeeeanue a ?ioa?aae? 5 - 14 %. Caa?oathoue ia naaa oaaao ?nioth/? ??cieoe? aeaiiai iieacieea a ii??aiyii? c /ieia?eaie caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? ianaeaiiy Aeiiaano. Oae, na?aae a??iee?a II ?NN aeieeaea a 5 ?ac?a /ano?oa, i?ae o a?oe? 30-39 ?ie?a - a 2 ?ace. O a?oi? a??iee?a 50-59 ?ie?a /anoioa ?NN na?aae caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? /ieia?e?a aoea aeinoia??ii aeua a ii??aiyii? c a??ieeaie II (ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a - 137,0 ? 110,0 a?aeiia?aeii, ?<0,05). Iaea?eueo aeaoaeueiee aiae?c iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e aeiaaee?a ?NN na?aae a??iee?a ??cieo i?ioan?e aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui ?NN ?a?no?o?oueny na?aae A?IC o a?oe? 40-49 ?ie?a o 48,0 %. Na?aae i?io?aeiee?a i?e aeaii? iaoieia?? i?eiaaea? ia a?e 40-59 ?ie?a, a na?aae e??ieeueiee?a aeinyaa? iaeneioio o a?eia?e a?oi? 50-59 ?ie?a - 51,2%. A ?ioeo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao (a??ieee AeI ? ?O?) i?e ?NN i?eiaaea? ia a?e 40-59 ?ie?a. Na?aae a??iee?a II ? AeI I a?oie oaoo ?NN aeinoia??ii /ano?oa ?a?no?o?oueny o a?oe? 50-59 ?ie?a - 51 % ? 46,1 % a?aeiia?aeii. Ii II a?oi? oaoo i?e ?NN na?aae a??iee?a ye II, oae ? AeI i?eiaaea? ia a?eiao a?oio 40-49 ?ie?a ? oo?eio?oueny ia oeueiio ??ai? o a?oi? 50-59 ?ie?a. Ia oaooao c e?ooei caeyaaiiyi aoa?eueieo ieano?a (III a?oia) na?aae a??iee?a II /anoioa ?NN aeinyaaea i?eo o a?oe? 40-49 ?ie?a ? o?eiaeanue ia oeueiio ??ai? a iiaeaeueoiio a?eiaiio aeanyoe??//?. O a?oi? a??iee?a AeI /anoioa ?? a oeueiio a?oe? c?inea aaea?/?. Aiae?c aeaieo i?noey, aea ianoaea ?NN, aeicaieea i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey a?eueoa iieiaeie an?o ?? aeiaaee?a ?a?no?o?oueny o i?aecaiieo oiiaao ? a ia?o? aiaeeie i?ney ?iaioe. sseui a oe?eiio ia aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoaao Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? iieaciee /anoioe ?NN na?aae a??iee?a ia 1 iei. oiii caeiaooiai aoa?eey aeinoia??ii ia ci?ithaaany ca ia??iae c 1987 ii 1992 ?.?. (c 1,2 aei 1,6 aeiaaeee ia 1 iei. oiii ca ??e a?aeiia?aeii), oi ia oaooao II Aeiiaoeueeaoa?eey c 1993 ?ieo a?aecia/a?oueny eiai oanoee?aoiee ??no, aeinyaath/e 4-6 aeiaaee?a ?NN ia 1 iei. oiii ia ??e, ui iiaeia ii??aiyoe c aeaieie o?aaiaoecio ?c nia?oaeueiei aeoiaeii na?aae oaooa??a (3-4 ia 1 iei. oiii caeiaooiai aoa?eey ca ??e). Aea/aiiy naciiiino? iieacaei, ui iaeneioi aeiaaee?a ?NN niinoa??aa?oueny o n?/i? ? aa?aci?, i?i?ioi - a eeii?-aa?ani?. Iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iee ? a?ao?/iee aiae?c aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui iaeneioi aeiaaee?a ?NN niinoa??aa?oueny a ia??iaee iaea?eueo oaeaeeiai ?inoo niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? ? i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? ia naia cia/aiiy iieacieea niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?, a oaeaee?noue eiai ci?ie ca a?aeiinii ei?ioe? ia??iaee /ano. Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae nei?aeoiaaiith aeeiai?eith aeiaaee?a ?NN ? “nieaneii” niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? aei??aith? 0,14, ui a?aeiia?aea? p=0,038. Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ae?iaie/a na?aaeiaeua oaoo ? ae?iaie/ee i?ioean aoaeaaeaeiaoooy ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a ? ? o niieo/aii? iaeiei ?c e?eueeio o?eaa?ieo oaeoi??a o aeai?e a?oi? ianaeaiiy. Oei a?eueoa, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo ? noaaeo ?iaioe a i?aecaiieo oiiaao c?inoa? ? ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae i?aeoaa?aeea aeniiaie i?i aeinoia??ii cia/io ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo a ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a iniiaieo i?aecaiieo i?ioan?e. Oae, aeiaaaeaii, ui o a??iee?a i?ia?aeieo i?ioan?e o a?oe? 20-29 ?ie?a ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae noia?iith aeicith oaeoi??a ? ?icaeoeii ?NN a?aenooi?e. O a?eia?e a?oi? 30-39 ?ie?a iiceoeaia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue a?aecia/a?oueny i?e noaae? ?iaioe 10 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a. O a?eiaeo a?oiao 40-49 ?ie?a ? 50-59 ?ie?a aeinoia??iee iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie a?aecia/aii i?e noaae? 5 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a. Iaea?eueoee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? aecia/aii i?e noaae? a?eueoa 15 ?ie?a (r=+0.45, ?<0.01). Anoaiiaeai? a?eia?, noaaeia? e i?ioan?ei? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ?NN aeicaieeee aecia/eoe i?noea ? ?ieue aaaeeino? i?aoe? ? oaieiaiai oaeoi?o, ye i?ia?aeieo ? aoeieia?/ii cia/ieo a ?icaeoeo ?NN. Aeenia?n?y aeaieo aieiaieo oaeoi??a, ui ? ?ioaa?aeueiith e?euee?niith i??ith ocaaaeueithth/i? yeino?, neeaaea? 60 % aeey an?o i?ioan?eieo a?oi a??iee?a iniiaieo i?ioan?e. Ia aeieth ?ioeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a a na?aaeiueiio i?eiaaea? 40 %, ?c ieo a?a?aoe?y neeaaea? - 25 %, ooi - 10 % ? iee - 5 %. *anoeiiee ?icae?e oaeoi??a ?eceeo o no?oeoo?? i?e/ei ?NN o a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano oaeee: ia i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/? oaeoi?e aeiaaea? - 26 %, caaaeueiiiiioeyoe?ei? - 21 %, a?eia? - 18 %, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? - 14 %, einiio?ce/i? - 10 %, iaiae?eiaai? - 9 %. Ia i?aenoaa? noi?iiaaiiai eiii’thoa?iiai ?aa?no?o aeiaaee?a ?NN a??iee?a ? /ieia?e?a, ui ia caeiyo? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?, ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eceeo ?? ?icaeoeo (oaaeeoey 2). Aeai? e?eoa??? aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? i?iaiinoe/ieo aeai?eoi?a a eiii’thoa?i?e i?ia?ai?, ui aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe ye?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a ? noaei iaiao?aeiei iiiaioii aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? e oaeineiiaeaii? nenoaie ?? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? i?io?eaeoeee. Iiioeyoe?eia i?iaiicoaaiiy (c aeei?enoaiiyi aiae?co /aniaeo ?yae?a) /anoioe aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? nia?o? a??iee?a aei 2000 ?ieo aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe o?e aa??aioe i?iaiico: iioei?noe/iee (c?inoaiiy /anoioe aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? nia?o? ia 10 %), na?aaei?e (ia 30 %) ? ianei?noe/iee (ia 45 %). Oaaeeoey 2 ?acoeueoaoe oaeoi?iiai aiae?co. Oaeoi?i? iaaaioaaeaiiy aaia?aeueieo oaeoi??a aeey iniiaieo a?oi iieaciee?a. Aaia?aeuei? oaeoi?e: F I- oaeoi? noia?ieo no?ani?ieo aieea?a ? F II- oaeoi? aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae NN i/iIciaee Ia?oee oaeoi? (F I)Ae?oaee oaeoi? (F II) I?ioan?eii -ae?iaie/? oaeoi?e1.A?e aei 30 ?ie?a 0,22-0,152.A?e 30-39 ?ie?a -0,100,183.A?e 40-49 ?ie?a0,260,514.A?e 50 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa0,250,635.Noaae ?iaioe aei 5 ?ie?a-0,10- 6.Noaae ?iaioe 5-10 ?ie?a0,34- 7.Noaae ?iaioe a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a0,69- 8.I?ioan?y (iniiaia)0,72- 9.I?ioan?y (aeiiii?aeia)-0,16- 10.Aeeaeia ae?ia?oeo (aei 800 i)-0,20- 11.Aeeaeia ae?ia?oeo (>800
i)0,68- 12.Iieia? aoa?euei? ieanoe -0,20- 13.E?ooiiaaeoth/e aoa?euei?
ieanoe0,47- 14.Oaiia?aoo?a i?e?iee?iaoo (aei 26 N)-0,12- 15.Oaiia?aoo?a
i?e?iee?iaoo (a?eueoa 26 N)0,65- 16.Aaaee?noue i?aoe?0,78-
Caaaeueiiiiioeyoe?ei? oaeoi?e17.Aaaeea niaaeeia?noue0,3518.Oe?aeeea?
cae/ee (iae?iiy, aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth)0,30- 19.A?oa??aeueia a?ia?oaic?y-
0,4120.?oai?/ia oai?iaa na?oey- 0,4721.Ii?ooaiiy i?ia?aeiino?
i?iea?aeo- 0,3522.Ianiaoeeo?/i? ci?ie ia AEA-
0,20Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e23.Oaeoi? nioe?aeueii?
iai?oaeaiino? a?ae 21 aei 30 aae?a0,29- Einiio?ce/i? oaeoi?e24.Niiy/ia
aeoeai?noue aeniea (ca /eneii Aieueoa)0,15- 25.Naciii?noue0,21-

Iaea?eueo iiaeeeaei i?iaiinoe/iei aa??aioii ? ianei?noe/iee i?iaiic,
i?e yeiio /anoioa aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? nia?o? iiaeiia c?inoe ia 45 %.

Aeyaeaii, ui iaaaoeaiee aieea i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ia noai
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie aeyaey?oueny a ?icaeoeo aeeno?io?/ieo
ci?i a i?iea?ae?, ii?ooaiiyo ?eoio ? i?ia?aeiino? na?oey. Iaea?eueo
/ano?oith oi?iith ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey o oaooa??a c ?ON aoee
oeoii/eia? aeno?anenoiee (OA) 2-5 a?aaeaoe?e.

?acoeueoaoe AAI o oai?eo c ?ON, oneeaaeiaiith ii?ooaiiyie ?eoio na?oey,
aeyaeee, ui a ieo aoea iaeiaioa ii?iaiaa i?oei?noue iaaaioaaeaiiy a
ii??aiyii? ?c caei?iaeie a??ieeaie ? iniaaie c ?ON, aea aac ii?ooaiue
?eoio na?oey. Aeinoia??ii ieae/a aeyaeany aeeiiaiee ieie ianya ?iaioe ?
cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno aia?aiaeo?ao, ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeey aeeiiaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia a?eueo iecueeiio ii?ic? i?oeiino? ieie aeo?a/a?oueny
a?eueoa aia?a??, ui aiai?eoue i?i aeenaaeain iai?io iae?ia?a?a o
i?iea?ae?.

I?e ??aeeeo iiiioiiieo OA aeyaeaii o?niee iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee
ca’ycie i?ae cia/aiiyi OI, EAeI ? noia?iith /anoioith OA (r=+0,35
e r=+0,43, p<0,05). O oeae aea /an iieacieee AoiEA, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aioo??oi? ?ici??e, iano i?iea?aea ia ei?aethaaee c ??aiai aeoii?/ii? aeoeaiino? i?iea?aea. O oai?eo ?c OA 3-5 a?aaeaoe?e a?aei?/aii o?niee i?yiee ca’ycie i?ae oaeeie iieacieeaie AoiEA, ye aeaeueoa S, n?aia, OA ? /anoioith OA ye ca aeiao, oae ? ia 1000 R-R ?ioa?aae?a. Oaea caeaaei?noue na?ae/eoue i?i ?ieue “neeiaeo” oa?aeoa?enoee i?iea?aeo a ?icaeoeo aeoii?/ieo aiaieu a?eoi??, a oaeiae i?i aieea ?ea?aeiino? i’yco na?oey ia ?icaeoie OA aenieeo a?aaeaoe?e. Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?nioaaiiy i?oeiiai iaoiaaiaoe/iiai ca’yceo ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey ? aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ye? oi?iothoue eaioetha i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei ? caieeathoueny caeaa?eueoiai o “ii?i/ia eiei” aca?iiiineethth/eo iaoieia?/ieo yaeu. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? aeyaeee cia/i? ii?ooaiiy iaoaaie?cio e?i?ae?a o a??iee?a c ?ON. Oae ??aaiue an?o o?aeoe?e oieanoa??io aeyaeany o ieo aeuei, i?ae o caei?iaeo a??iee?a: caaaeueiee oieanoa??i neeaa 9,99±0,50, a?eueiee - 5,11±0,23, ca’ycaiee - 4,88±0,18 iiieue/e (p<0,05). Caa?oa? ia naaa iniaeeao oaaao ??aaiue a?eueiiai oieanoa??io, yeee neeaa iieiaeio anueiai oieanoa??io ieacie e?ia? (a ii?i? ia a?eueoa 1/3). Iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue oieanoa??io ? eiai o?aeoe?e a?aecia/aii o in?a c ii?ooaiiyie ?eoio na?oey. Iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui iaoaaie?/ia ianoaa?euei?noue, ui niinoa??aa?oueny o inoaii?o, ?, cie?aia, aenieee ??aaiue NAEE, ui ae?thoue ye aeaoa?aaioe, ca?eueoo? i?iieeeea?noue ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, ni?eyth/e aeieeiaiith ?iceaae?a aeaeo?ie?oiiai aaeaino, ii?oooth/e ooieoe?th eaeueoe??aiai ianino i?iea?ae?aeueieo ee?oei, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?i o?eaaeino? iioaioe?aeo ae??, ?icaeoeo aeaeo?e/ii? ianoaa?eueiino? a ee?oeiao c ii?ooaiei e?i?aeiei iaoaaie?ciii ? a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? - aei ooieoe?iiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino?, ui aeyaey?oueny a ?icaeoeo a?eoi?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o a??iee?a ?c ?ON ? ii/aoeiaa aioiai?noue aei aeieeiaiiy a?eoi?e, yea aeyaey?oueny o i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy IIE a e?ia? ? cieaeaii? aeoeaiino? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie. Aea/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IAA/IAF2 aeyaeei oaeo caeiiii??i?noue: i?e ?ON, yea ia?aa?aa? aac ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey, a?aecia/aii ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy IAA iaeaea a 2 ?ace a ii??aiyii? ?c caei?iaeie iniaaie (2,43±0,39 iea/e - i?e ?ON ? 1,23±0,18 iea/e - o caei?iaeo, p<0,01). Ci?no IAF2 a e?ia? oai?eo ?ON, iaaiaee, cieaeoaaany (0,39±0,06 - o oai?eo ? 0,56±0,09 iea/e - o caei?iaeo in?a, p<0,05). sseui eiao?oeeaio IAA/IAF2 o caei?iaeo aei??aithaaa 2,0, oi i?e ?ON a?i neeaa - 6,0. ?acii c oeei, ?icaeoie iaaacia/ieo aeey aeeooy OA noi?iaiaeaeoaaany iacia/iei cieaeaiiyi o e?ia? i?inoaaeaiaeei?a a?oie ? ? cia/iei cieaeaiiyi IAF2 - a?aeiia?aeii 1,07±0,04 ? 0,13±0,02 iea/e (p<0,01), ui aea? i?aenoaao aeoiaoe i?i cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaeaioaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a aoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe??, ye? caaacia/othoue i?aeo?eieo aiiainoaca. O a??iee?a c ?ON i?aeaeuaia eiioeaio?aoe?y oeAIO a e?ia? a ii??aiyii? ?c caei?iaeie iniaaie, a?aeiia?aeii, a a?oi? in?a c ?ON - 28,67±3,76, a a?oi? in?a c ?ON, oneeaaeiaiith ii?ooaiiyie ?eoio na?oey - 29,12±3,84 ? o caei?iaeo in?a - 20,58±1,62 iiieue/e, ui ? neaiaeii aia?aaoe/iiai aeao?oeeoo ee?oei. Iaeii/anii aoei a?aecia/aii cieaeaiiy ??aiy oeAIO : a?aeiia?aeii - 3,03±0,42, 3,12±0,41 ? 3,9±0,31 iiieue/e. Ci?no caaaeueiiai Na a e?ia? o a??iee?a ?c ?ON aeinyaa? 3,36±0,14 iiieue/e (a ii?i? a?i ia ia?aaeuo? 2,6 iiieue/e), ui iiaea aooe iia’ycaii ye c aeoeaaoe??th niaoeeo?/ieo oa?iaioieo nenoai ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, oae ? c iai?oaeaiith ae?yeuei?noth ai?iiiaeueieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoe?? iai?io Na++ : ci?no EO ? IO a e?ia? oai?eo ?ON i?aeaeuoaaany (a?aeiia?aeii eaeueoeeoii?i - 28,6±3,44 - II a?oia ? 44,21±2,88 ia/e - Ia a?oia, ii?ia - 25,78±2,85 ia/e ? ia?aoe??i - 49,90±5,24 - II a?oia ? 84,3±10,7 - Ia a?oia, ii?ia - 36,72±5,82 ia/e). Iineeaiiy i?ioean?a ia?ieneaeaoe?? e?i?ae?a o oai?eo ?ON ia? a nai?e iniia? ii?ooaiiy ae?yeueiino? e ?ioeo iaoai?ci?a ai?iiiaeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? iai?io: a?aecia/aii cieaeaiiy ci?noo a e?ia? ?inoe?io, NOA, oanoinoa?iio, e ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy AEOA, ei?oecieo ? aeueaeinoa?iio, ui aaaea aei cao?eiee a i?aai?ci? Na+ (ci?no eiai a e?ia? a in?a c OA c?inoa? aei 167,2±2,56 iiieue/e), i?e iaci?iiiio ci?noia? eii?a K+ ? Mg++, iineaaeaiith i?ioaaiaiaaie?/iiai aoaeoo, ? a ca’yceo c oeei- cieaeaiith oaiio iiiaeaiiy i?iea?ae?aeueieo no?oeoo?. Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieeee ooi/ieoe aeaye? iiiaioe, ye? noinothoueny iaoiaaiaco ?NN o a??iee?a. Iniaeeaino? eiai iieyaathoue a oiio, ui niaoeeo?ea aieeao ia na?oeaai-noaeeiio nenoaio a??iee?a i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a oaooiiai na?aaeiaeua, ianaiia?aae, aeniei? oaiia?aoo?e e a?aeiinii? aieiaino? iia?o?y ia ?iai/eo i?noeyo, ia?aiaae?a aa?iiao?e/iiai oeneo, a?iien?? ? cia/ieo o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue caaacia/o? oaeaeea i?ia?anoaaiiy iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue ? ?icaeoie iaa?aeai?ioi?o ?iceaae?a. Ii?oieia?/ia ea?oeia ?NN o iiia?eeo i?ney 40 ?ie?a a?aecia/aeanue cia/iith ae?aci?noth e ?iciianthaeaeai?noth aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae aeeaeiith iioeiaeaeaiiy ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e o aeaeyae? /eneaiieo aoa?ineea?ioe/ieo aeyoie ia??aiii??iiai iioiauaiiy no?iie, i?enooiino? ooai?aiue e?noeiai? oe?eueiino?, ui noai?ththoue cia/io nooi?iue noaiico ianaiia?aae a ia?aaei?e a?eoe? e?ai? a?ioeaai? a?oa??? ? iieiath/?e a?eoe? e?ai? a?ioeaai? a?oa??? ? i?eaiaeyoue aei iaa?aeai?ioi?o ci?i a i?iea?ae? o aeaeyae? ia??aiii??iiai iaiiaiaiiy e?ia’th an?o eiai a?aeae?e?a, ?icaeoeo aeenoee?eoeyoi?ieo aeeno?io?/ieo ci?i, ia?eaaneoey?iiai ea?ae?ineea?ico, ?ic?inoaiiy aee?iai? oeaieie a?ey ?io?aio?aeueieo noaeei. O oaeeo a??iee?a aoee aeyaeai? "aeiaa?" (a?eueo i?ae 5 ii) ? aenoeaio?e/i? noaiice ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e. O ?yae? aeiaaee?a ia??aiii??i?noue i?ina?oo ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e aoea niieo/aia ?c neiioiiaie ia?a?ae oiaeo noaeei o aeaeyae? oaiiiaio "oo?eoiaeo" noaeei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue ae?aaeaieo iano?oeoeaieo ?o iioeiaeaeaiue ca ?aooiie ?oaoeaaeo ci?i i?iea?aeo a?ae ?ai?oa ia?aianaieo ?ioa?eo?a. A oie aea /an a?aecia/aii iecueeo /anoioo ieethc?eiiai o?iiaico ? iae?ico a?ioeaaeo a?oa??e - 2,1%; /anoioa aeyaeaiiy nieae eaeueoe?th a ieo neeaea eeoa 8,5%, oi/ aino?ee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aeo aeyaeaii o cia/i?e e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a (33 %), iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic - a 10,4 %. ?acii c oeei, ii?oieia?/ia ea?oeia o a??iee?a, ui iiia?ee a a?oe? aei 40 ?ie?a, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue nai?ie iniaeeainoyie: a?aenooi?noth iaeaea a iieiaei? aeiaaee?a oyaeeeo aoa?ineea?ioe/ieo o?aaeaiiue ei?iia?ieo noaeei; a o?eoei? aeiaaee?a aeyaeaii a ia?aaei?e a?eoe? e?ai? a?ioeaai? a?oa??? ? iieiath/?e a?eoe? e?ai? a?ioeaai? a?oa??? iaeeii/i? aoa?ineea?ioe/i? aeyoee, ye? cae?eaathoue i?ina?o noaeeie ia 1/3 ? eeoa o 8,7 % in?a - ia 50 %. I?e i?e?ineii?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? i’yco na?oey aeyaeyeinue ia??aiii??ia iaiiaiaiiy e?ia’th an?o a?aeae?e?a na?oey, aeyaeyeenue aeenoee?eoeyoi?i? ci?ie, ia?eaaneoey?iee ea?ae?ineea?ic, ?ic?inoaiiy aee?iai? oeaieie a?ey ?io?aio?aeueieo noaeei; no?iee ?io?aio?aeueieo noaeei aoee ?icaieieiai?, a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a i?inyeioo? aiiiaaiiith ?a/iaeiith, a i?ina?o? aeyaeyeenue “iiaeooeiiiae?ai?” aeioeeino? ?ioeie. Oe? yaeua ?icoe?ithaaeenue ye iciaee aia?iniacio. A i?iea?ae? a?aecia/aeanue iica?/i?noue ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, aaeoieecaoe?y oeeoiieacie, ?? o?aaiaioaoe?y ? aeea/aoee ?iciaae. Oea coiiaeth?oueny iae?ia?ioe/ieie i?ioeanaie. Iienai? aeua iciaee oa?aeoa?i? aeey ina?aaeeiaeo ?oai?/ieo ci?i i?iea?aeo. A cii? ?oai?/iiai iioeiaeaeaiiy aoei anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue aioo??oiuei? ee?oeiii? aeoioeyoe?? aee?ieo eeneio, iaeo?aeueiiai aee?o c iaeii/aniaei ciaioaiiyi NAeA ? iniaeeai EAeA. A?aecia/aii oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy ci?noo a ee?oeiao i?iea?aeo IAAeO ? IAAeOI2. Oey ianoaaeia na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy oa?iaioaoeaii? aeoeaiino? ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a. Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee oeeee?/ieo ioeeaioeae?a a cii? ?oai??, i?a?oai??, ?ioaeoiiio i?eiea?ae? iieacaei, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaith e o?eaaeino? ?oai?? ciaioo?oueny ci?no a oeaieiao oeAIO. A oeaio?aeuei?e cii? ?oai?? o?eaa? ciaioaiiy eiai eiioeaio?aoe?? iaeaea o 2 ?ace (2,3±0,9 i?ioe 4,9±1,8 iiieue/a o a?aeaeaeaieo ?ioaeoieo ae?eyieao), ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeaaeai?noue ooieoe?? iaae?aoi?a ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie e oi?ioaaiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo a?eoi?e ye iaei??? ?c iaoiaaiaoe/ieo eaiie ?icaeoeo ?NN. E?euee?ni? ci?ie oeeee?/ieo ioeeaioeae?a aeicaieeee na?ae/eoe i?i o?eaae?noue ?oai??, yea i?eaiaeeea aei ?icaeoeo ?NN (a?ae 10 aei 40 oaeeei). Na?aaei? iieacieee ?icae?eueiiai caaaeoaaiiy /anoei na?oey a 31,9 % aeiaaee?a na?ae/eee i?i iayai?noue a?ia?o?io?? e?aiai oeoii/ea ? a 4,3 % - a?ia?o?io?? i?aaiai oeoii/ea. Eiia?iiaaia a?ia?o?io?y e?aiai ? i?aaiai oeoii/e?a ia aoea aeyaeaia. I?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeaeno e?iaiiinoa/aiiy na?oey ca?a?no?iaaii a 2,3 %, a eiai cieaeaiiy - a 25 % aeiaaee?a. ?iaeaen e?iaiiinoa/aiiy EO ia?aaeuoaaa ii?io a 2,8% aeiaaee?a, aoa ieae/a ca ii?io a 19,4 %. ?iaeaen e?iaiiinoa/aiiy IO o an?o aeiaaeeao a?aeiia?aeaa ii?i?. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aia?ao?a ca aeiiiiiaith aino?iai e?eoaaeueiiai oanoo a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o aeicaieeea aeyaeoe ?yae oaeeo oa?iaeieia?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?o ae??. Ca nooiaiai ae?aciino? aioea?eoi?/iiai aoaeoo i?aia?aoe ?icoaooaaeenue o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: aeeai?i?i, ?eoi?eai, aoaoeec?i, aoiic?i. ?acii c oeei, ia?aa??ea oa?aiaaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?aia?ao?a i?ney 30-aeaiiiai eo?no aiaoeaoi?iiai e?eoaaiiy iieacaea cieaeaiiy aioea?eoi?/ii? ae?? ?eoi?eaio ia 15 %, aoiic?io ia 80 %, aoaoeec?io ia 60 %. Aeeiyoie neeaa aeeai?i?i. Aeey oeueiai aoea iio??aia ei?aeoe?y aeice i?aia?ao?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae /anoioe OA 2-5 a?aaeaoe?e. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaii? aioea?eoi?/ii? oa?ai??, /a?ac 30 aei?a a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy aoei a?aecia/aii iie?auaiiy a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a, ui ii?yae c ?acoeueoaoaie ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eei i?i aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. A?aecia/aii cieaeaiiy ci?noo a e?ia? caaaeueiiai oieanoa??io, OA, NAEE, IAeA ? i?aeaeuaiiy ia?ieneaeacii? aeoeaiino? e?ia?. ?acii c oeei, a?aeiineie i?ae ie?aieie o?aeoe?yie eeiii?ioa?ae?a nooo?ai ia ci?ieeenue. ?aaeoe?y i?inoaaeaiaeei?a ia i?iaaaeaia e?eoaaiiy aoea iaeiiiai?aaeaiith ? ia caeaaeaea a?ae oa?aeoa?o i?aia?aoa, ui i?eeiaany: aoei a?aecia/aii oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy o e?ia? (a ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei noaiii) ye IAA, oae ? a?eueo cia/iiai - IAF2, aea ?c caa??aaiiyi ia?aaaae ci?noo IAA iaae IAF2. Aiaeia?/i? ci?ie niinoa??aaeenue o ci?no? oeeee?/ieo ioeeaioeae?a: iacaaaeath/e ia ??ciiiai?aaeaiee oa?aeoa? c?ooaiue - aeayea cieaeaiiy oeAIO ? i?aeaeuaiiy oeAIO - caa??aaeanue ia?aaaaa ia?oiai iaae ae?oaei, a eiao?oe??io oeAIO/oeAIO iaaeeceany aei eiai cia/aiiy o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?ON aioea?eoi?/ieie i?aia?aoaie anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiino? oa?ai?? a?ae ii/aoeiaiai ci?noo a e?ia? IA ? oeeee?/ieo ioeeaioeae?a : o in?a c aenieei ii/aoeiaei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi IAA/oeAIO ? iecueeei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi IAF2/oeAIO aoaeo e?eoaaiiy caa??aaany i?ioyaii a?eueo o?eaaeiai /ano. Ci?ie a iieacieeao ai?iiiaeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? iai?io i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iaee ??ciee oa?aeoa?: ci?no NOA ? OOA o e?ia? nooo?ai ia ci?ieany, AEOA - iaa oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy o a??iee?a aac aeeoo?aiiaaacia/ieo a?eoi?e, a ei?oecieo - o oaooa??a c ?ON, oneeaaeiaiith a?eoi?yie; a iaio a?oiao niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy oe?ieneio (p<0,05). A?aecia/aii iiceoeai? ci?ie o noai? ai?iiiaeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io, ye? aeyaeeeny o cieaeaii? ai?noo EO ? IA o in?a ?c OA a ii??aiyii? c ?o ii/aoeiaeie cia/aiiyie (a?aeiia?aeii 39,18±4,60 ? 57,4±8,50, p<0,05), ui i?eaaei aei ii?iae?caoe?? e?eueeino? Na ? Na+ a e?ia? (a?aeiia?aeii 2,41±0,11 iiieue/e ? 137,94±2,98 iiieue/e, ?<0,05). I?ney i?iaaaeaiiai eo?no aioea?eoi?/iiai e?eoaaiiy aoea a?aecia/aia iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a AoiEA, ui na?ae/eea i?i iai?yio aaiiaeeiai?/io aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, caaaeath/e ia ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ? a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeia i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo i?i a?aeiinio aioea?eoi?/io aoaeoeai?noue ei?ioei/anieo eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey o a??iee?a ?c ?ON. I?ioa aiai?eoe i?i o?eaaeee no?eeee aoaeo e?eoaaiiy ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiiaeeeai. Ioe?ithth/e a eiiieaen? ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo ? aaaaoioeaio?iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue (CAST I, II), iiaeia i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo i?i a?aenooi?noue ia nueiaiaei? aoaeoeaieo aioea?eoi?/ieo i?aia?ao?a, ye? aeicaieeee a aa?aiooaaoe aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?NN. Oaeei /eiii, aea/ai? aioea?eoi?/i? i?aia?aoe iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e a?eoi?yo o a??iee?a ?c ?ON ca oiiae no?iai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeai?o i?aia?aoo, eiai aeice, e?aoiino? ? o?eaaeino? i?eeiio ye a noaoe?iia??, oae ? a aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao, aea aa?aio?? ?o no?eeiai iiceoeaiiai aioea?eoi?/iiai aoaeoo o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao iei? iaia?. O ia?oo /a?ao, iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy a??ieea c aeaiith iaoieia??th ca aieiaii? ? iaiao?aeii? oiiae - a??ieeia?, ui i?aoeth? o i?aecaiieo oiiaao, o yeiai aeyaeaia ?ON c ii?ooaiiyie ?eoio na?oey iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie a?eoi??, iiaeiia aooe eaoaai?e/ii caai?iiaia ?iaioa i?ae caieath. *enaeuei?noue iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aecia/eea oaeiae ?ic?iaeo iiaeo noai ? iiooe iiaeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a, ui ni?yiiaai? ia iie?ioaiiy iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?iea?ae?, cieaeaiiy ??aiy IIE ? ii?iae?caoe?th ii?iao aeaeo?e/ii? caoaeaeaiino?. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei i?aia?aoii noaea ?iae?iea ?iciaa, aei?iaoaaiiy yei? aeicaieeee aeyaeoe, ii?yae ?c a?aeiiei aioeieneaeaioiei, ? ?? i?ioe?oai?/io ae?th (aeiao?ae ? iaoaio ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? N 2022561). Aiae?c oa?i?i?a, ianyao ? oa?aeoa?o ?nioth/i? nenoaie iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae a??ie/ei ?ia?oieeai na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui /an a?ae ii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy aei iiiaioo aini?oae?caoe?? neeaaea?: i?e iaaeaii? aeiiiiiae ea?ae?ieia?/iith a?eaaaeith OAe – 54,9 a, oeaoiaei e?ea?ai - 22,9 a, iaaea?eaaaeith a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a – 1,2 a. Iacaaaeath/e ia iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie aini?oae?caoe?? oai?eo iaaea?eaaaeaie a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a, ieoiia aaaa ?? iaaaeeea. Eeoa o iieiaei? aeiaaee?a (58,5 %) aiia iaaea?oueny o iiaiiio ianyc?, ui aecia/a? ?? aoaeoeai?noue. Oae iiaiiai aoaeoo, yeee ae aeicaieea o?ainii?ooaaoe oai?iai o a?aeae?eaiiy ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??, aaeaeiny aeinyaoe o 58,5 % aeiaaee?a. Iaiiaiee aoaeo a?aecia/aii o 14,3 % aeiaaee?a, eaoaeuei?noue - o 24,0 % in?a. O?eaae?noue iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae iaaea?eaaaeaie a??ii?yooaaeueiee?a aeanue a?ae 11 aei 60 oaeeei, ui aecia/a? aeo?ae noaio. Aea/aiiy ?noi??e oai?iae a??iee?a, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue ia e?eoaaii? a EOIAe i. Aeiiaoeueea iieacaei, ui ?c 81 aeiaaee?a ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea ae??aiiaiaieuaaee neeaa eeoa 13,2 %, ?io? ia?aa?aaee o oi?i? o?ainio?aeueiiai – 36,2 % ? e?oiiiaiaieuaaiai - 33,4 %. Ea?ae?ieia?/i? a?eaaaee OAe iaaeathoue iaa?aeeeaaeio aeiiiiiao a iniiaiiio a aeiiaoi?o oiiaao (95 %), a iacaiieo iaaeioieoao - eeoa a 5 % aeiaaee?a. Io?eiai? aeai? noaee i?aenoaaith aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae a??ie/ei ?ia?oieeai (iae.1). ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia aenia?oia ae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia "CARD1.0", a ?aieao yei? aeeiiaii a?o?oaeoo?ia i?iaeooaaiiy i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno ? ?ic?iaeaii aeaoaeueiee iien oa?aeoa?enoee (neiioii?a caoai?thaaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie), ui aiinyoueny oeie, ui aeei?enoiaothoue eiai, a oiio /ene? aenia?oaie; eiiaiae, ?o neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e, ia?aiao??a, iia?aeiieaiue i?i iiieeee, i?ioeaaeo? caioneo nenoaie. ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?aenenoai ca eaoaai??yie caoai?thaaiue, ui ? i?e/eiaie ?NN. Ia i?aenoaa? iiaeaeae aace ciaiue (?ioi?iaoe?eii iane/aieo iien?a iiaaae?iee ia’?eo?a, ye? i?aeeyaathoue aenia?oec?), ?ic?iaeai? i?ioeaaeo?e ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue ?ON, AA ? ?o oneeaaeiaiue, a oaeiae i?ioeaaeo?e i?io?eaeoeee ?ON ? AA o ?ia?oiee?a aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?. Oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie aeicaieythoue a?aeianoe ?? aei eeano ?ioaeaeooaeueieo nenoai aeine?aeieoeueeiai oeio. I?ia?aia i?noeoue a oeueiio ieai? iaiao?aei? eiiiiiaioe ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? ?iaioe. A oai?aoe/iiio ieai? aeai?eoie aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aacothoueny ia eeane/ieo iieiaeaiiyi oai??? nenoai, ui ea?othoueny, ui aeicaiey? aa?aiooaaoe iaea?aeaiiy ??oaiue ? ?o iioeiaeuei?noue, iacaaaeath/e ia aa?enoe/iee oa?aeoa? ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?. A?eueo?noue aeai?eoi?a, ye? ?aae?cothoueny a nenoai?, iathoue eiino?oeoeaiee oa?aeoa?, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?icaeaaoe ?o aac iioeiaeaeaiiy a?aei?aoeueiaaieo i?ioeaaeo? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ? iaaeaiiy ciaiue c i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?. Oaoiieia?y ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ia aac? aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai cai?o ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ?icaeyiooeo i?ia?aiieo cania?a iiaea aooe ?iciianthaeaeaia ia ?io? aaeoc? ?c oe?aeeeaeie oiiaaie i?aoe? (iaoaeo?a?eia, o?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue), ui aeooaeueii cie?aia a oiiaao Aeiiaano. Aei inoaiiueiai /ano aoea a?aenooiy ?aeeia noaiaea?oeciaaia iaoiaeeea ye noaeiai-iaaee/iiai, oae ? nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy. Aiae?c ? i?iaiic aeaii? iaoieia?? a aeaiee /an iaiiaeeeaee aac noai?aiiy ?aeeiiai aaeocaaiai eiii’thoa?iiai ?aa?no?o ?aioiai? nia?o? a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ca i?iaeaiith ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a noaee i?aenoaaith aeey Iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie N 97 a?ae 23 ethoiai 1994 ?ieo: "Iauani? aeiaaeee ?c nia?oaeueiei iane?aeeii, ui noaeeny aiane?aeie aino?i? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? iaaeinoaoiino? o i?aoe?aiee?a i?ae /an ia?aaoaaiiy ia i?aecaiieo ?iaioao aai i?ney ?o ae?caeo ia iiaa?oith i?aei?e?inoaa, aaaaeathoueny oaeeie, ui iia’ycai? c ae?iaieoeoaii, ? aa?ooueny ia iae?e". AENIIAEE 1. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??i?noue ?inoo /anoioe aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? a??iee?a iniiaieo i?ioan?e aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano. ?ioaineaiee iieaciee /anoioe aeiaaee?a ?NN ca?eueoeany ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a a 7,5 ?ac?a ? ia?aaeuea aiaeia?/iee o caaaeuei?e iiioeyoe?? /ieia?e?a a 3 ?ace. Na?aaeiuei??/iee iieaciee aeiaaee?a ?NN a??iee?a iniiaieo i?ioan?e a 2 ?ace aeua, i?ae o oaooa??a aeiiii?aeieo i?ioan?e ? a 3 ?ace aeua a ii??aiyii? c /ieia?eaie, ye? ia i?aoethaaee ia aoa?eueieo oaooao. A?eiaee i?e /anoioe aeiaaee?a ?NN na?aae a??iee?a iniiaieo i?aecaiieo i?ioan?e a?aecia/aii o a?oe? 40-49 ?ie?a, ui ia aeanyoue ?ie?a ?ai?oa a ii??aiyii? c /ieia?eaie, ye? i?iaeeaathoue o Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano? ? ia i?aoeththoue a oaooao. Nioe?aeueia oe?ia ?NN a??ie/eo i?aoe?aiee?a aeinyaea a oe?eiio ii aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, a ii ?yaeo aoa?eueieo ia’?aeiaiue ia?aaeueea iieaciee ae?iaie/iai o?aaiaoecio ?c nia?oaeueiei aeoiaeii ? neeaea 4-6 aeiaaee?a ia 1 iei. oiii caeiaooiai aoa?eey. 2. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ia /anoioo aeiaaee?a ?NN na?aae a??iee?a aieeaathoue a??ie/i-aaieia?/i? e oaoiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aoa?eueieo oaoo: i?oei?noue aoa?eueieo ieano?a (/anoioa ?NN aeua ia oaooao c oiieeie ieanoaie), oa?aeoa? ?o caeyaaiiy (aeua ia oaooao c e?ooei iaae?iiyi aoa?eueieo ieano?a), ??aaiue iaoai?caoe?? ? aaaeeino? i?aoe? (aeua na?aae A?IC, i?io?aeiee?a, caa?eiee?a) i?e?iee?iao ?iai/i? ciie (a?eueo aenie? iieacieee ?NN ia aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo oaooao). Aeai? oaeoi?e aeae?eai? ? ?aiaee?iaai? ca nooiaiyie cia/eiino? o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: aaaee?noue i?aoe?, iaa??aath/ee i?e?iee?iao, ineoiaiioe?eia iai?oaeaiiy, ia?aiaaee aa?iiao?e/iiai oeneo, a?a?aoe?y, ooi, iee. Io?eiai? ciaiiy i?i ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo a ?icaeoeo ?NN iieeaaeai? aei iniiae eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoi??a ?? ?eceeo. Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue a?aeianaiiy ?NN o a??iee?a aei /enea noai?a, ye? iia’ycai? ?c aieeaii i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a. 3. ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaiooaeueia iiaeaeue iaoiaaiaco ?NN o a??iee?a, o ye?e ii?yae ?c caaaeueieie caeiiii??iinoyie, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey oeueiai noaio, aeae?eai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? oaeoi?e (eaiee), oa?aeoa?i? aeey ?? ?icaeoeo o aeaii? a?oie ianaeaiiy, ui neeaaeathoue ?? iniaeea?noue: neeaaeia no?oeoo?a ei?iia?iaaiiiai iaoiaaiaoe/iiai oaeoi?o, o yeiio, ii?yae ?c ei?iia?ineea?icii cia/ia i?noea caeia? ei?iia?iniaci, yeee oi?io? noai aeeiai?/iiai noaiico, ? ooieoe?iiaeueia iaaeinoaoi?noue ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e; i?enooi?noue iaei?iia?iaaiiiai iioeiaeaeaiiy i?iea?aea, iia’ycaiiai a cia/i?e i??? c ii?ooaiiyie o i?ia?aei?e nenoai? na?oey ? o?, ui aeyaeythoueny o in?a iieiaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?eo o aeaeyae? ea?ae?iiae?iiao??, a o in?a o a?oe? i?ney 40 ?ie?a - o aeaeyae? ea?ae?iiae?iaeeno?io??. Ana oea coiiaeth? oaeaeeee ianooi na?oeaai? eaoano?ioe c ??ceei ia?aoiaeii a?ae aenieiai ??aiy aaeaioaoe?? aei ?icaeoeo aeecaaeaioeaieo ?iceaae?a, ye? neeaaeathoue iaoiaaiaoe/iee eaioetha i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei: iaoaaie?/ia ianoaa?euei?noue ei?iia?ia ianoaa?euei?noue aeaeo?e/ia ianoaa?euei?noue aaiiaeeiai?/ia ianoaa?euei?noue eaoaeueia a?eoi?y (coieiea na?oey, o?a??eyoe?y). 4. ?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e iiioeyoe?eiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a. Ca na?aaei?i aa??aioii noeaia??th iiioeyoe?eiiai i?iaiico ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ?c 45 %-ith iiaeeea?noth ??no e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a ?NN aei 2000 ?ieo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? oaeoi??a ?eceeo i?iaiic, ui noino?oueny ?icaeoeo ?NN, cia/ii iia??oo?oueny. 5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie ieacaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae a??ieeai a oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeai?, ui aecia/a? aenieee a?aenioie eaoaeueieo aeoiae?a a ia?o? aiaeeie ?icaeoeo aino?i? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? iaoieia?? ? aaaeeee ia?aa?a ia aini?oaeueiiio aoai?. Oea noaei i?aenoaaith aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iaaeaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii? ea?ae?ieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae a??ieeai. 6. ?ic?iaeaia e ai?iaaaeaeaia eiii’thoa?ia aenia?oia ae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia “CARD 1.0” aeey noai?aiiy yei? aeei?enoai? ?ic?iaeai? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?NN ? oaeoi??a ?? ?eceeo, ui aeicaieeei noaiaea?oecoaaoe /ania? ? ee?i?ei-iaoiii?oieia?/i? e?eoa??? ?? ?icaeoeo e aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o i?e noai?aii? eiii’thoa?iiai ?aa?no?o aeiaaee?a ?NN. 7. C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee aeeoo?aiiaaacia/ieo a?eoi?e, ye i?aaeeeoi?a ?NN o a??iee?a, ?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiee can?a ?o e?eoaaiiy, yeee a?aoiao? /eneaii?noue iaoiaaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a ? iaoai?ci?a, ui aa?ooue o/anoue a ?o ?icaeoeo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee can?a no?iai ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaiee, ai?uo? i?aea?? i?aia?ao?a, ?o aeic ? niieo/aiue ca aeiiiiiaith aino?eo e?ea?nueeeo oano?a a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o c ei?aeoe??th oa?ai?? iaaeae? oeyoii eiio?ieth ca aeeiai?eith a?eoi?e iii?oi?eiaii AEA o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. Iaoiae aeeth/aa a naaa eiiieaen iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia ii?iae?caoe?th ii?iao aeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy i?iea?aeo, cieeiaiiy niacio ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e, iie?ioaiiy iaoaaie?cio, i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? aioeieneaeaioieo iaoai?ci?a. 8. Iaa?oioiaaii aianaiiy aei noaie i?io?eaeoeee ?NN o a??iee?a i?e?iaeiiai aioeieneaeaioa ?iae?iee ?iciai?, yea ? iaeii/anii e i?ioe?oai?/iei caniaii, ui i?aeoaa?aeaii aaoi?nueeei na?aeioeoaii N2022561. Aeei?enoaiiy nie?oiaiai aeoyao ?c ei?aiy ?iae?iee ?iciai? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo, ui ni?eythoue iiya? ?oai?/ieo noai?a, aeicaieeei ciaioeoe iaaacia/i?noue ?icaeoeo ?NN o a??iee?a. 9. ?ic?iaeaia e ai?iaaaeaeaia a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a, ui ianeoaiaothoue ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, iiaa iaaee/ia oaoiieia?y uiaei iaaee/iiai a?aeai?o (iiia?aaei? oa ia??iaee/i? iaaee/i? iaeyaee) aeey ?iaioe o iniiaieo i?aecaiieo i?ioan?yo aoa?eueieo oaoo, yea ai?noeea a naaa i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaaaeaiiy iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a i?aoe?aiee?a; oaeineiiaeai? iieacieee e e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue; i?iiiceoe?? uiaei a?aeiiaeaiiy e ?icoe?aiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a; iaa?oioiaai? ?ioi?iaoeai? e?eoa??? oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo; iia? oi?ie iae?eo ? eiio?ieth ca noaiii caei?ia’y; i?iiiceoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy iaaeeei-i?aaiai? aace aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeiaeyae?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaee/ii? oaoiieia?? a?aeai?o in?a aeey ?iaioe o iniiaieo i?aecaiieo i?ioan?yo aoa?eueieo oaoo aeaei cia/iee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, yeee aeyaeany o i?aeaeuaii? aeyaey?iino? na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a, cieaeaii? iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? o aeiaaeeao (1,8 ?ace), o aeiyo (1,5 ?ace) ? ia?aeiii? ?iaae?ae?caoe?? (1,2 ?ace), ciaioaii? /anoioe ?icaeoeo ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea, iiceiaiai ?inoeueoo ? aeiaaee?a ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o?. IA?AE?E ?IA?O, UI IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. *a?eania A.A. ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue, oaeoi?u ?enea e iaoiii?oieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe i?e aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo // Na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoua caaieaaaiey o ai?ii?aai/eo .- Aeiiaoee: Aeiia//eia, 1997.- N. 57-80. 2. *a?eania A.A. Aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey nia?aiaiiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee i?e ?ac?aaioea yenia?oiuo nenoai a iaaeeoeeia // Na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoua caaieaaaiey o ai?ii?aai/eo.- Aeiiaoee: Aeiia//eia, 1997.- N. 107-122. 3. *a?eania A.A. ?ieue i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia a ?acaeoee aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee.- 1998.-N1(3).-N. 54-56. 4. *a?eania A.A. Iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiua i?iaeaiu na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie iaoieiaee o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna// Iaaeeoeeia o?oaea e i?iiuoeaiiay yeieiaey.-1998.-N2.-N.6-10. 5. Eiaaoe A.I., *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A. Eoaie/aneay aieaciue na?aeoea o ai?ii?aai/eo.- E.: Caei?ia’y, 1995.- 260 n. 6. *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Neciiaiei E.I., Aeaieeee A.I. Iaaeeoeeineay oaoiieiaey aeeaaiinoeee na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaiee ia yoaiao i?aaeaa?eoaeueiuo e ia?eiaee/aneeo iaaeeoeeineeo iniio?ia // Na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoua caaieaaaiey o ai?ii?aai/eo.- Aeiiaoee: Aeiia//eia, 1997.- 81-106 n. 7. Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A. Eeeieei-ooieoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey eioa?eoa ieiea?aea o ai?ii?aai/eo aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo // Oa?. a?oea.- 1989.-N1.-N. 33-35. 8. Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I. e ae?. *anoioa e iaoiii?oieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey aiacaiiie ei?iia?iie nia?oe o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // Oa?. a?oea.-1993.-N9.-N. 41-43. 9. Eiaaoe A.I., Nooaiia A.A., Iaiyeei I.E., Ceiaa? O.O., Aaeooeeia A.I., Eanoeia Ae.I., *a?eania A.A., Eaeueyiia A.A. Oneiaey o?oaea e ninoiyiea caei?iauey ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna // A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1992.-N11-12.-N.125-132. 10. *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Eiaaoe A.I. e ae?. Aoi?e/iay i?ioeeaeoeea a?eoiee o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1993.-N4. - N.90-94. 11. *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. I?ioanneiiaeueiue aniaeo aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1993.- N9. - N.84-87. 12. *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaicee n?aaee ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa.-1994.-N9-12.-N.68-71. 13. Iaeay E.O., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Eoaeeiiaa O.A., *a?eania A.A. Aeeniaina?ecaoeey ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo, no?aaeathueo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea // Nia. cae?aaiio?.-1990.-N2.-C. 47-50. 14. Eiaaoe A.I., *a?eania A.A. Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaoiaee/aneea aniaeou i?ioeeaeoeee eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo // Aeaeaia o?oaea e i?ioanneiiaeueiua caaieaaaiey.-1989.-N4.-N.1-4. 15. Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A. e ae?. ?aaaeeeoaoeey ai?ii?aai/eo aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea, ia naiaoi?iii yoaia // Aeaeaia o?oaea e i?io. caaieaaaiey.-1991.-N6.-N.28-29. 16. Eiaaoe A.I., *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. E ioeaiea ?iee i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo a ?acaeoee EAN o ai?ii?aai/eo // Aeaeaia o?oaea e i?io. caaieaaaiey.-1992.-N7.-N.7-9. 17. Iaeay E.O., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A. e ae?. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue oaooa?ai, aieueiui eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea // Aeaeaia o?oaea e i?io. caaieaaaiey.-1992.-N5.-N.42-44. 18. Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A., Eaieia A.I. e ae?. Aiaeec nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey yenia?oecu o?oaeiniiniaiinoe oaooa?ia, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea // Iaaeeoeeia o?oaea e i?ii. yeieiaey.-1994.-N3.-N.25-28. 19. *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. Aeeyiea oneiaee o?oaea a oaieueiuo oaooao ia ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea n?aaee ai?ii?aai/eo // Iaaeeoeeia o?oaea e i?ii. yeieiaey.-1996.-N6.-N.19-23. 20. Eiaaoe A.I., *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Eaieia A.I. Ioeaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo, no?aaeathueo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea, n eniieueciaaieai nie?iaaeiy?aiiao?ee // Iaaeeoeeia o?oaea e i?ii. yeieiaey.-1996.-N7.-N.29-32. 21. Eiiuoeia ?.A., Neciiaiei E.I., *a?eania A.A. e ae?. Yieaeaieieiae/aneee aniaeo na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaiee o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo e oaoiieiaey iaaeeoeeineiai ioai?a // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee.- 1998.-N1(3).-N.49-53. 22. *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Eiaaoe A.I., Aeaieeee A.I., Oooaaaa E.A., Neciiaiei E.I., Ea?aaao I.A. I?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oaeoi?u oaieueiuo oaoo e na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoua caaieaaaiey o ai?ii?aai/eo (iiaeoiae n eniieueciaaieai iiiaiia?iiai noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca) // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee.- 1999.-N1.-N. 23. *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A. Iniaaiiinoe iaoiaaiaca aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna // Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae. aeo?iae.-1994.-N4.-N.89. 24. *a?eania A.A., Oooaaaa E.A., Eaieia A.I. I?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oaeoi?u ?enea aicieeiiaaiey aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna // Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae. aeo?iae.-1994.-N4.-N.89. 25. *a?eania A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., Eiaaoe A.I. e ae?. I?iaeaia aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo e iooe aa ?aoaiey // Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae. aeo?iae.- Aeiaeaoie.-1995.- N.55-56. 26. *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. Iiuo nicaeaiey eiiiuethoa?iiai ?aaeno?a neo/aaa aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna e yenia?oiie aeeaaiinoe/aneie nenoaiu // Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae. aeo?iae.- Aeiaeaoie.-1995.- N.56. 27. Eiaaoe A.I., Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A. e ae?. I?ioeeaeoeea na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaiee o ?aai/eo i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee // Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a i?iiuoeaiiinoe.-1993.-N1.-N.17-18. 28. Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A., Eiaaoe A.I. e ae?. Ieacaiea iaioeiaeiie iiiiue ia ?aai/ai ianoa i?e ?acaeoee o oaooa?ia ino?ie na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie iaoieiaee // Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a i?iiuoeaiiinoe.-1994.-N4.-N.17-19. 29. Kudinova T.V., Kopitina R.A., Cherkesov V.V. et al. Proffessional aspects of the ischemic disease of Donbass // Proceding of specialized meeting of international section of ISSA for the prevention of iccupational risks in the mining industry.-Bull. N7.- Gamburg,1990.- P.19-21. 30. *a?eania A.A., Oeuaaieia A.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A. e ae?. Eeeieei-ooieoeeiiaeueiua e iaoiii?oieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe oa/aiey EAN o ai?ii?aai/eo aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia: Aii?inu noaeaaiie iaaeeoeeiu e yenia?oiie i?aeoeee.- Aeiiaoee,1992.-N.88-92. 31. Ci?ei A.I., Eiaaoe A.I., Oeuaaieia A.A., Iaaeiaa TH.N., *a?eania A.A. e ae?. Ei?iia?ia?aoey aoa?ineea?ioe/aneeo ii?aaeaiee aaia/iie nenoaiu na?aeoea i?e aiacaiiie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo/ Na. iao/. o?oaeia: Aii?inu noaeaaiie iaaeeoeeiu e yenia?oiie i?aeoeee.- Aeiiaoee.-1992.-N. 86-88. 32. A.n. 2022561, IEE A61E 35/78 I?ioeaieoaie/aneia n?aaenoai / A.A. Eaiaoei, Ianyiieeiaa O.I., Ieeeo/aiei TH.A., Eiiuoeia ?.A., *a?eania A.A. (Oe?aeia).-3 n. ee. Iioae.15.11.94, Athe.N21. AIIOAOe?ss *a?eania A.A. ?aioiaa na?oeaaa nia?oue a??iee?a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano (?iciianthaeaeai?noue, iaoiaaiac, i?iaiic, i?io?eaeoeea).- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.11 - ea?ae?ieia?y - Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aea/aiiy aieeao i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo e caaaeueiiiiioeyoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia ?icaeoie ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a. A ?iaio? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaee iai?yiie a ea?ae?ieia??, iniiaaiee ia eiioeaioe?? nenoaiiiai aiae?co oaeoi??a ?eceeo o i?iieneia?e ea?ae?ieia??. Anoaiiaeai? i?noea ? ?ieue i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo Aeiiaano o iaoiaaiac? ?icaeoeo ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a. ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? ?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e a?oiiaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaia e aiiaaaeaeaia oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? i?io?eaeoeee ?aioiai? na?oeaai? nia?o? o a??iee?a. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aioiaa na?oeaaa nia?oue, a??ieee aoa?eueieo oaoo, i?ioan?eii-ae?iaie/? oaeoi?e, iaoiaaiac, i?iaiic, i?io?eaeoeea. AIIIOAOeEss *a?eania A.A. Aiacaiiay na?aea/iay nia?oue ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna (?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue, iaoiaaiac, i?iaiic, i?ioeeaeoeea).- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.11 - ea?aeeieiaey. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eco/aiey aeeyiey i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo e iauaiiioeyoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia ia ?acaeoea aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe (ANN) o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna. Aeey ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiiuo caaea/ aue eniieueciaai eiiieaen iaoiaee/aneeo iiaeoiaeia: yieaeaieieiae/aneee, eeeieei-ooieoeeiiaeueiue, iaoiii?oieiae/aneee, iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/aneee. *anoioa ANN eco/aeanue ii iaoa?eaeai iaeanoiiai e ai?iaeneeo ath?i noaeiaaeyenia?oecu Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe 1987-1996 a.a. Ai?ii?aai/ea oaieueiuo oaoo n EAN auee ianeaaeiaaiu n i?eiaiaieai iaoiaeia: YEA a iieia e i?e aeice?iaaiiie oece/aneie iaa?ocea, oieoa?ianeiai iiieoi?e?iaaiey YEA - a noaoeeiia?a e a iiaecaiiuo oneiaeyo, YoiEA; eeeieei-aeioeie/aneeo: iauea eeieaeu e?iae, niaeo? eeiii?ioaeaeia, IIE, iee?iyeaiaiou, yeaeo?ieeou; ?aaeeieiioiiuo: ai?iiiu, i?inoaaeaiaeeiu, oeeeee/aneea ioeeaioeaeu. N eniieueciaaieai aenoieiae/aneeo e aenoioeie/aneeo iaoiaeia eco/aii ninoiyiea ieiea?aea, ei?iia?iuo a?oa?ee e i?iaiaeyuae nenoaiu na?aeoea i?e ANN ai?ii?aai/eo. Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi ia oaooao n e?ooui caeaaaieai oaieueiuo ieanoia (Oeaio?aeueiue Aeiiaann) /anoioa neo/aaa ANN n?aaee ai?ii?aai/eo aeinoeaaao a n?aaeiai 60,7 ia 100 oun., n?aaee oaooa?ia iniiaiuo i?ioannee (II) - 74,0 e aniiiiaaoaeueiuo i?ioannee (AI) - 46,0 (p<0,05). Aeinoiaa?ii ?aaea /anoioa aa auyaeaia ia iaaeoaieeo oaooao n iieiaei caeaaaieai oaieueiuo ieanoia, aaea iia ninoaaeea a n?aaeiai 15,6 neo/ay ia 100 oun. N?aaee oaooa?ia II aeaiiue iieacaoaeue ninoaaee 21,3, a AI - 12,5 neo/ay (p<0,05). Aeinoiaa?ii aieueoaa /enei neo/aaa ANN onoaiiaeaii n?aaee ai?ii?aai/eo II aeoaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo - 102,0 ia 100 oun. ii n?aaiaieth n ae?oaeie a?oiiaie oaooa?ia (?<0,01). Iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/aneee aiaeec iicaieee onoaiiaeoue, /oi iaeneioi neo/aaa ANN iaaethaeaaony a ia?eiaeu iaeaieaa auno?iai ?inoa nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe e i?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea i?eia?aoaao ia naia aaee/eia iieacaoaey nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe, a nei?inoue aai eciaiaiey ca ioiineoaeueii ei?ioeea i?iiaaeooee a?aiaie. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua iicaieeee naeaeaoue auaiae i oii, /oi i?iecaiaenoaaiiay n?aaea oaoo e i?iecaiaenoaaiiue i?ioeann oaeaaeiau/e niinianoaotho ?acaeoeth ANN o ai?ii?aai/eo, yaeyynue a niaieoiiinoe iaeiei ec ianeieueeeo o?eaaa?iuo oaeoi?ia o aeaiiie a?oiiu ianaeaiey. I?e/ai, n oaaee/aieai aic?anoa e noaaea ?aaiou a iiaecaiiuo oneiaeyo aic?anoaao e ?ieue i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia. Aeieaaia ?ani?aaeaeaiea oaeoi?ia ?enea a no?oeoo?a i?e/ei ANN o ai?ii?aai/eo oaieueiuo oaoo Aeiiaanna neaaeothuaa: ia i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oaeoi?u i?eoiaeeony - 26 %, iauaiiioeyoeeiiiua - 21 %, aic?anoiua - 18 %, einiioece/aneea - 10 %, nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea - 14 %, iao/oaiiua - 9 %. Ia iniiaa noi?ie?iaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?iiai ?aaeno?a neo/aaa ANN ai?ii?aai/eo e ioae/ei, ia caiyouo a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, ?ac?aaioaiu e?eoa?ee i?iaiice?iaaiey ?enea ?acaeoey ANN. ?ac?aaioaiiua e?eoa?ee eniieueciaaiu i?e nicaeaiee i?iaiinoe/aneeo aeai?eoiia a eiiiuethoa?iie i?ia?aiia, /oi iicaieeei iiauneoue ea/anoai i?iaiice?iaaiey ?acaeoey ANN o ai?ii?aai/eo, e yaeeinue iaiaoiaeeiui aeey ?ac?aaioee iaoiaeeee ?anneaaeiaaiey neo/aaa ANN e oniaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoaiu aa aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiie i?ioeeaeoeee. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua iicaieeee ooi/ieoue iaoiaaiac ANN o ai?ii?aai/eo, iniaaiiinoe eioi?iai ninoiyo a oii, /oi niaoeeoeea aeeyiey ia na?aea/ii-ninoaeenooth nenoaio i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia oaooiie n?aaeu, i?aaeaea anaai, aunieie oaiia?aoo?u e ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe aicaeooa ia ?aai/eo ianoao, ia?aiaaeia aa?iiao?e/aneiai aeaaeaiey, aeiienee e aieueoeo oece/aneeo iaa?ocie, niinianoaoao auno?iio i?ia?anne?iaaieth iaoaaiee/aneeo ia?ooaiee e ?acaeoeth iaia?aoeiuo ?anno?ienoa. Iiiaeanoaaiiinoue iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo iaoaieciia, o/anoaothueo a oi?ie?iaaiee iaoieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna, ii?aaeaeeei oaeaea ?ac?aaioeo iiauo noai e iiene iiauo iaaeeeaiaioiciuo n?aaenoa, iai?aaeaiiuo ia oeo/oaiea iaoaaiee/aneeo i?ioeannia a ieiea?aea, nieaeaiea o?iaiy IIE e ii?iaeecaoeeth ii?iaa yeaeo?e/aneie aicaoaeeiinoe. Iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiui i?aia?aoii ieacaeanue ?iaeeiea ?iciaay, eniuoaiea eioi?ie iicaieeei aeieacaoue, ia?yaeo n ecaanoiui aioeieneaeaioiui, e aa i?ioeaieoaie/aneia aeaenoaea (ecia?aoaiea e iaoaio ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee N 2022561). Iainiiaaiu e ?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu ieacaiey iaioeiaeiie ea?aeeieiae/aneie iiiiue ai?ii?aai/ei n ino?ie na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie iaoieiaeae. Aeaii oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea ioianaiey neo/aaa aiacaiiie na?aea/iie nia?oe ai?ii?aai/eo ai a?aiy ?aaiou a iiaecaiiuo oneiaeyo e /eneo ninoiyiee, naycaiiuo n i?iecaiaenoaii. ?ac?aaioaiu eeanneoeeaoeee aiacaiiie nia?oe e oaeoi?ia aa ?enea, eniieueciaaiiua i?e nicaeaiee io?aneaaiai eiiiuethoa?iiai ?aaeno?a. Aia?aua iao/ii iainiiaaiu eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua e iiioeyoeeiiiua i?iaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee ?enea ?acaeoey ANN o ai?ii?aai/eo, ?aaeeciaaiiua a aeaea eiiiuethoa?iie yenia?oiie aeeaaiinoe/aneie nenoaiu “CARD 1.0”. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiacaiiay na?aea/iay nia?oue, ai?ii?aai/ea oaieueiuo oaoo, i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oaeoi?u, iaoiaaiac, i?iaiic, i?ioeeaeoeea. ANNOTATION Cherkesov V.V. Sudden cardiac death of coal-miners in coal mines of Donbas (Prevalence, pathogenesis, prognosis, prevention).- Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor’s degree of medicine Speciality 14.01.11 - Cardiology.- Kharkov state medical university, Kharkov, 1999. Thesis is devoted to the problems of occupational industrial and population factors influence on sudden cardiac death development in coal miners. A new trend in cardiology based on the systemic analysis of risk factors conception in the industrial cardiology is developing in this work. The place and role of occupational industrial factors of Donbas coal mines in pathogenesis of sudden cardiac death development in coal miners were established. An improved system of medico-social prevention of sudden cardiac death in coal-miners was proposed and applied. Key words: sudden cardiac death, occupational industrial factors, pathogenesis, prognosis, prevention.

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