EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

AIAOOeUeEA IAAe?ss NOAIAI?AIA

OAeE 883.3.09:8.015

?AIIss OAI?*?NOUe A.AIEIAEA.

INIAEEAINO? NOEETH

10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eoae?yaoeaa

Ieoaeei A?eai?iae/, Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee

aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, i?ioani?.

Io?oe?eie iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naiaithe

A?eai??e Oieiae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Oa?ana

Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e,

i?ioani?;

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio N?iaea Aaeeia

?aai?aia, Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

oa oai??? e?oa?aoo?e, aeioeaio.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, i.Oa?iii?eue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «6» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 16.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.15 Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017, Ee?a — 17, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea,
14.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a — 33,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «4» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.O.Aeoia?anueea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. A.Aieiaei ii/eiaa ienaoe o neeaaeiee,
aecia/aeueiee /an. Oi aoa ia?iiae ae?iaeaiiy e ooaa?aeaeaiiy (i
caia?a/aiiy) oeyoia i niiniaia ooaeiaeiueiai aiaeoai?aiiy aeeooy.
?ica’ycoaaeanue, cie?aia, i?iaeaia noaaeaiiy aei eeane/ii? niaaeueie,
o?eaaee aeoeaii iiooee iiaeo oi?i ae?aaeaiiy. C aeeooy e eioa?aoo?e
iioia oeieee ?yae aecia/ieo: ienueiaiieeia ieioeiai, i ?oio iinoea
ianiai caiiaithaaee iieiaei e aeoaea ?icii oaeaioe. Eoeiny i?i oi?ie,
aeai?e, noeei, niiaaiaeiioaiiy ?icieo iai?yiia a oe?a?inueeie
eioa?aoo?i caaaeii i i?ici — cie?aia. Ia?iaeieoeueeee ?aaeici — i
iiaioii iiaeyaee ia ienoaoeoai neiaa, i?inaioyinoai — i iiaea?iici o
eiai iae?iciiiaiioiioeo i?iyaao, ei?e/ii, iii?aniiiinoe/ii oi?ie,
?iiaioeci, iaoo?aeici.

Ana oea iiiioii aieeaaei ia oi?ioaaiiy noeeth ?aiiueiai A.Aieiaea.

E?eoeea iiiioeea Aiae?iy Aieiaea c ia?oeo eiai aenooiia. Eiai ii’y
caaaeoooueny a iaeyaeao i?ice ia?oi? iieiaeie 20-o ?ieia, o cai?ieeao,
?aoeaiciyo, iaeyaeao ss.Iaiiioiaa, I.Ca?iaa, I.Eaionoyinueeiai,
I.Ia?oneea, A.Ei?yea, I.Aieaoeueeiai, A.Eiaaeaiea, iacaaii e ia?oi
aeaoaeueii ?aoeaici? E.Aeiaaaiy oa I.Aeieaiaa ia cai?eo «Iiaeo» a
«AEeooi e ?aaiethoei?» (1926, ue 7) oa «Eoeueoo?i e iiaooi» (1926, ue
28). Ia?oi ie?aii i?aoei i?i aeeooy e oai?/inoue ienueiaiieea —
A.Iaeoao. «Aiae?ie Aieiaei» (ia?en o ae. «Ieoaeaiei», 1927, ue 7),
A.Caooeue. «Aiae?ie Aieiaei. Iiioey?iee e?eoe/iee ia?en» (X.,
«Oe?a?inueeee ?iaioiee», 1929), I.Neey?ia. «A.A.Aieiaei»(X.,
«?aaeyinueea oeiea», 1931). Ia?aae aieiith iioaeieiaaii ia?en ss.Iiaaea
(1940), iiney aieie — eieaeee I.Eeeeiieea (1949, 1954), A.Oiaeaea?a
(1958), I.Iani/iee i E.O?ieiai? (1967), I.I?eeea (1986).

?icii noi?iie aeeooy e oai?/inoi ienueiaiieea ?ice?eaaee ai?iaeiaae
/ioe?ueio iiaioiieo aeanyoeeioue o nai?o noaooyo, ia?aaeiiaao, eieaao
E.Iiae/aiei, N.E?eaeaiianueeee, E.Eiaaeaiei, A.Iiaoi?aaeii,
TH.Eiaeeaoeueeee, I.Eaa/aiei, E.Oiaeinia, I.Eiiiiaiei, I.Ia?oiiaiei,
I.Eiaaeue/oe, A.Eaoa, A.Iaeueiee. Iaaia ?i/, oith /e iioith ii?ith i?i
oai?/inoue oe?iei ciaiiai i?ica?ea eaeaoueny o /eneaiieo
aeineiaeaeaiiyo, cie?aia aeena?oaoeieieo, c ?icieo i?iaeai iiaioiuei?
oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e. Naie aianie o «aieiaeiciaanoai» c?iaeea e
ienueiaiieoeueea e?eoeea (I.Aii/a?, I.Nai/aiei, TH.Niiee/,
I.Caa?aaaeueiee, I.Neciiaiei oa ii.). I?aaeiaoii oaaae aaoi?ia ?yaeo
o?oioiaieo aeineiaeaeaiue a inoaiii ?iee noaea caaaeueia anoaoe/ia
aoiinoa?a ii/aoeo noieiooy.

Iaeiae, i naia oai?/inoue ienueiaiieea, i o?aeooaaiiy ?? — ana ye
i?iaeoeo naiai /ano iio?aao? ia?aaeyaeo, iiaeo iiaeoiaeia i oeoia/aiue.

Ii-ia?oa, /eiaei c i?aoeue ieioeeo /ania iicia/aii ni?iuaiinoth,
caiaeaieiaiciaaiei iiaeoiaeii aei ooaeiaeiio yaeu, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny
ia?aaaaeii ye iethno?aoeiy aei noniieueieo i?iaeai. Ii-ae?oaa, a
oai?/inoi e aeeooi naiiai A.Aieiaea, iii?e aaeeeo eieueeinoue ?icaiaeie,
iaienaieo ca nii aeanyoeeioue, caeeoa?oueny ?yae ?en, iniaeeainoae,
oo?eoia, ithainia, aai cianii ia aenaioeaieo aeineiaeieeaie, aai ae
oaeeo, ui /aeathoue aieueoi? oaaae.

Ca iiaeo ianoaaei iaoeiaa i?i/eoaiiy oai?/inoi, e cie?aia ?aiiueiai,
ii/aoeiaiai ia?iiaeo oeyoo ienueiaiieea, iaaoaa?, iica anyeei
noiiiaii, iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy. Aaaaoi iiaea aeaoe, iai?eeeaae,
i?inoaaeaiiy oaenoia oai?ia o ?icieo aeaeaiiyo, ui aeyaey? cianii ia
ae?oai?yaeii ca ciinoii i neiioiiaoe/ii ca ei?aiyie e ianeiaeeaie
iiiaioe — i aeey ienueiaiieea, i aeey eioa?aoo?e caaaeii.

Oa ni?aaa ia eeoa a iiaeo aeaieo — aaaeeeaei ? iiaeoiae aei i?iaeaie.
Aiaee?eeany iiaeeeainoue iaeneiaeueiiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei ni?aaaeiuei?
ia’?eoeaiinoi, inyaiaiiy ?aaeueiiai noaio ?a/ae aac eii’thieoo?ieo
oia?aaeaeaiue, caaeaiinoi. Iacaaiaaaeiaaiinoue, ?iceooinoue no/anii?
eioa?aoo?ii? iaoee aeathoue iiaeeeainoue aeineiaeieeai i?inoaaeoaaoe
eioa?aoo?iee i?ioean, oai?/inoue ie?aieo ienueiaiieeia c iiaeyaeo naia
ooaeiaeiinoi, anoaoe/ieo e?eoa?i?a. sse i?eeeaae iiaeia iacaaoe
«Inoi?ith oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e XX noieiooy» o 2 eieaao (Ca ?aae.
/e.-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie A.A.Aeii/eea), ieceo iiaeo iiae?o/ieeia, i?aoei
I.AEoeeinueeiai, A.Iia?iaiiai, I.Ia?iea, N.Aiae?onia, O.Aoiaei?iai?,
N.Iaaee/ei, A.Iai/aiea, A.Eei/aea, A.Oauaiea, I.Naiaithea, A.Oea/aiea,
I.Aeai’yiianueei?, I.Eiaaeue/oea oa ii., cie?aia e oi?th /e iioith
ii?ith i?i A.Aieiaea — A.Aaa?ai? («Oe?a?inueea iii?aniiiinoe/ia i?ica»,
1994) oa A.Niiaee («Iniaaiiinoe ee?eei-eii?anneiienoe/aneie noeeaaie
nenoaiu ?aiieo i?iecaaaeaiee A.Aieiaei a eiioaenoa ?acaeoey oe?aeineie
i?icu ia?aie iieiaeiu 20-o aiaeia.» — Aeena?oaoeiy, 1990).

I ana ae i ia nueiaiaeii o ?aiiie i?ici A.Aieiaea ua caeeoathoueny
ie?aii eiie?aoii i?eioeeiiai ieoaiiy, iaaeoi noeeueiai, ui /aeathoue
iiaeeaeaiiai iaoeiaiai aenaioeaiiy. Ia oea aeacothoue i naii
aeineiaeieee (A.Eaoa, A.Aaa?aa). Na?aae oeeo ieoaiue — niiaaiaeiioaiiy
iiceoei? aaoi?a i aa?i?a o i?ioeani ?icai?oaiiy nthaeaoieo iiaeie, iiaa
oai?ia A.Aieiaea, cie?aia iiaa aaoi?a i ia?niiaaeia, ei?eci —
iii?aniiiici, ?oi? aeyaeaiiy a oa?aeoa?ao, ia?aooi oaaae ua /aea? iinoea
noai?aiiai ienueiaiieeii o neeaaeiiio aaaaoiaieinni yaeu eioa?aoo?iiai
i?ioeano naiai /ano, ?icieo iai?yiia i noeeia.

Ia’?eo oaaae, i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy — ?aiiie ia?iiae aeeooy e
oai?/inoi A.Aieiaea. Iioiaeaeaiiy, oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?o, aeoiee
nai??iaeiiai ooaeiaeiueiai naioo i?ica?ea — ianoaaeie, a yeeo aii ?in,
oi?ioaaany, ia?oi oai?e, aea iaeae?aciioa i?iyaeany ooaeiaeiie
naioiaeyae, eiai noeeue.

Iaoa iaoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy: nie?ath/enue ye ia aiaeiii, oae i ia ua
aa?acae ia iiii/aii /e noiiiaii o?aeoiaaii iaoa?iaee, ii?aeiaaoe aaea
caoieniaaia iaoeith c iiaeie e caiia/oaaieie oaeoaie, i?aaio/e aiaeae
c?icoiioe, yeui ia aei?aaaeaoe, aca?iiaeeeth/ia, ianoiinia, ae?ae
noia?a/eeaa a aiia?aoi? ienueiaiieea, eaeo/e aiae ?en ethaenueeiai
oa?aeoa?o aei ooaeiaeiueiai naioo A.Aieiaea, ie?aneeoe c iaeaieueo
iiaeeeaith iiaiioith oeae ooaeiaeiie naio (eeaaeo/e a iniiao
o?anoiiaoieia oaa?aeaeaiiy: «Noeeue — oea ethaeeia»).

? ?icii iai?yiee aiaeico: caoiieaiiy ia?aaeianii caaaeueiith ea?oeiith
eioa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano, aeoeaioaoeiy ia ?ooiai iaeae i noeeueiaeo
oaiaeaioeie (i?e iaaiiio aiaenoiaiii ia ae?oaee ieai iniaenoinoi
ienueiaiieea) i, c iioiai aieo, cina?aaeaeaiiy oaaae ia
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiio oai?/iio naioiai aac aeinoaoiueiai aienoaaiiy eiai
a aeeae/ee /e aeaeueoee eioa?aoo?iee eiioaeno. Cae/aeii iaeieiaeiioei
? oieeiaiiy e?aeiiuia i inai?iiy e canai?iiy anio inoi?eei-eioa?aoo?ieo
oeyoia. Ca anio ianoaaei iaeaaeia oaaaa ia? i?eaeieyoeny oai?oeth,
iniaenoinoi, iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiio oaeaioiai.

Ioaea, ?icaeyaeath/e noeeueiai iniaeeainoi ?aiiuei? i?ice A.Aieiaea,
noaaeii caaaeaiiy: i?iaiaeicoaaoe oiiae, ianoaaeie, ui aecia/eee
A.Aieiaea ye ienueiaiieea, aeyaeoe a oai?ao oeueiai ia?iiaeo ieoiia,
i?aaii/ia e aeiaaeeiaa, i?eaianaia, ooo/ia (1); cinoaaeoe
?icii?aaeaeoei?: nooue, ianeiaeee ?aaeaaoaaiue, ciii,
ia?iaeei-?aaeeeaeueieo (2); caaeeaeoenue a iinoea noeeueiaeo iiooeia
ienueiaiieea a eioa?aoo?iiio i?ioeani ia?oi? iieiaeie 20-o ?ieia (3).

O i?ioeani aiaeico eaeaii ca oaenoaie, i?e /iio ia?ainieie, aea aaoi?
iinoaaaa nai niaith, i?aaiaii ia ?icaeieyoe, a i?aaii/ii ca’ycoaaoe,
ii?aeioaaoe naioe — aaoi?a i eiai ia?acia, ye oea aoei iani?aaaei,
inyaaoe i?e?iaeo noeeth. Aeoiaeeii c nueiaiaeiioiueiai ?icoiiiiy
iiiyooy: «noeeue — oea eiie?aoia iiaeeoieaoeiy caaaeueieo caeiiia
iiaoeee, ?? ?ano?nia, /eiieeia ianaiia?aae ooaeiaeiuei? oi?ie — a
iiaeeaiaeoaeiciaaiie /e noaiaea?oeciaaiie «iaeaaei neiaa» (A.Oea/aiei).

sse aa/eii, oi?ia — ianaiia?aae. Iaeiae ia aeeeth/a?oueny i ciino, yeee
oieueee aoeueaa?eciaaii iaoiaeeee o?aeoothoue o aiae?eai aiae oi?ie.
Noeeue aiaeico?ii ia iniiai iie?iiiaoeee ie?aieo oai?ia. Ana oea
aecia/a? iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy noaee i?aoei aeua
caaaeaieo eioa?aoo?iciaaoeia, aiaeiieo o/aieo e ae?iaeaii
aeioaia?ioiueith eioa?aoo?iith iaoeith o?aaeeoeieii onoaeaii
inoi?eei-ii?iaiyeueiee, anoaoe/iee, aiia?aoi/iee niiniae i?i/eoaiiy e
aiaeico oaenoia, ooaa?aeaeoaaii ieii iiai iiaeyaee ia eioa?aoo?o.
Aeania aa/aiiy i?iaeaie i?iyaey?oueny a naiiio iiaeoiaei aei ioeiiee
iinoaoi ienueiaiieea e noai?aiiai iei, oaaci aei oaenoia,
?icii?aaeaeoeie, o i?aaiaiii iaeneiaeueii caaeeaeoenue o i?e?iaeo
ia?acia, ?oiio aeaea?ae i ooaeiaeiuei? niaoeeoiee, iniaeeainoae iiaoeee
a oeieiio. Aac iueiai iaiiaeeeai aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?ii ?ene noeeth
A.Aieiaea oa eiai iinoea ia «noeeueiaie ea?oi» oe?a?inueei?
eioa?aoo?e. Ie?aii, aaaaoi a /iio aecia/aeueii, iiiaioe aeeooy,
ianoaaeie, a yeeo oi?ioaaany aii ye ethaeeia i ooaeiaeiee neiaa, oiaoi
oie aiia?aoi/iee iaoa?iae, ui ?acii c inoi?e/iei neeaaea? iniiao, ia
yeie iinoaee ?aiii iiiaiaeaiiy e iiainoi i?ica?ea, iathoue ia?oi?yaeia
cia/aiiy aeey ?icoiiiiy noeeth A.Aieiaea. Aiia?aoiy i ?aiiy i?ica
ienueiaiieea i?aaii/ii aca?iiia?aieaoaii e aca?iicaeaaeii. Oea
i?inoaaeo?oueny a oeieiio ?yaei oaeoia Aieiaeiai? aiia?aoi?, aei
o?aai/ieo aeeth/ii — ui /anii niiaiaaeathoue iano?iyie i a/eieaie
aa?i?a, i?iyaeythoueny a aaaaoueio no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaioao oai?ia. I
caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy — iaeneiaeueii aeeaoa inyaiooe ni?aaaeiinoue
oeueiai ia?aciiai naioo.

O ?ice?eooi «aaoiaiia?aoicio» ia eeoa ooaeiaeiuei-ciinoiaeo, a e
ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueiaeo canaae ?aiiuei? i?ice A.Aieiaea e iieyaa?
iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoei?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy aeiiiiiaeooue o
ia’?eoeaiiio aenaioeaiii anueiai oai?/iai iaaooeo aiaeiiiai
ienueiaiieea, ni?eyoeiooue aeaeueoiio caieueiaiith eiai aiae
caoaeaieo, caieiooeo i, aiaeoae, ni?iuaieo ioeiiie. Noaiooue ei?eniei
iaoa?iaeii o i?ioeani aea/aiiy aeeooy e oai?/inoi A.Aieiaea a
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, iiaeeaeaiiio ?icoiiiith eioa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
20-o ?ieia a oeieiio.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy iaaiai?aia e noaaeaia ia caniaeaiii
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, o aiaeaeieaiii oieieiai? AI
aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie. O aenooii ia ae?oaie Anaoe?a?inueeie iaoeiaie
eiioa?aioei? «Oaa/aiei i Iiaeieey» (o?aaaiue 1999 ?.).

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue aiaeia?aaeaii a niiio ioaeieaoeiyo
(a?ioo?a, aeo?iaee oa cai?ieee).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icaeieia i aeniiaeia. Ianya ?iaioe — 156 noi?iiie.

CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooiiie /anoeii iao?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy,
iiaea?oueny iaeyae eioa?aoo?e c icia/aii? oaie i, aiaeiiaiaeii,
iaaieioo?oueny ia oiio iiaiio, ui aiineoueny aeaiith ?iaioith,
ie?aneth?oueny e i?iaeaiaoeea ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei «Aaoiaiia?aoi/ia e inoi?e/ia a ?aiiie i?ici
A.Aieiaea» iiaa eaea i?i iioiaeaeaiiy A.Aieiaea, inoi?e/ii e
eioa?aoo?ii ianoaaeie, a yeeo oi?ioaaany aii ye ooaeiaeiee neiaa, ui
aaaaoi a /iio aecia/eei noeeue eiai ?aiiio oai?ia. Oea, ianaiia?aae,
aaoiaiia?aoi/iinoue, ui ae?acii aiae/ooia a ?aiiio iiiaiaeaiiyo i
iiainoyo («Caeaii na?oeai», «Ieeeiei», «*a?aiia oonoeia») i ii-?iciiio
caaa?aeth? ni?eeiaiiy naioo, ?aaeoeith ia iiaei?, ia?niiaaeia,
i?iyaey?oueny a i?iaeaii aaoi? — aa?ie («Iiaeo», «*a?aiiee ?iiai»), a
aaoi?nueeie iiai oa aeiaeiaao («Ianeiee noaio»), a ia?acao aeioae.

Neiae aiaeiioeoe, ui aaoiaiia?aoi/iinoue oai?ia A.Aieiaea — oi aeoaea
neeaaeia e iaiaeiicia/ia ?i/. Iiiaei aiia o?aeoo?oueny ye ceeooy
aaoiaiia?aoi/iiai aeaiaioo c aiia?aoiyie iacaiiaeieeia (A.Iiaoi?aaeii).
Oaa?aeaeaiiy oea, cae/aeii, aeiaaaa iaaiiai canoa?aaeaiiy. Ui ae aei
noeai a «Ieoci», ia eioa?aoo?iie aa/i?oei («Caeaii na?oeai») — oea
oae. Aiia, oey aaoiaiia?aoi/iinoue, a naiie ianoaiiaoei ia
«iiiaaeieeo», a iiaiao, iacaao /e iaoyeao ia iiaia (A.Ninth?a, I.Oe/eia,
N.Ieeeiaiei, Inoai Aeoiy). A aa/aiii naioo aieiaiei aa?i?i iiainoi
«Caeaii na?oeai» ssoeii Iuaieii. A «Ieeeieo» — o noeaii i?eoiaeo aei
oaoe iai?ioaieo ainoae. I cia/ii neeaaeiioa — a «Iiaeo» oa «*a?aiiiio
?iiaii», aea eaeaoueny i?i aeeaeie ineoieiai?, ni?eeiaiiy naioo,
iiaaaeiiee, i?iaeaio aaoi?a e aa?i?a.

Ii-nai?io i?iaeaia oneeaaeithaaeanue a oai?aiii ienueiaiieeii
o?anoiiaoieieo oai?ia i?i aeioae, aea no?auoaaeinue o?aaeeoeieia,
ni?iuaii iiaa — i ni?aaaei iiaa aeey oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e
(?aaeici-iii?aniiiici).

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei «Iiainoi «Iiaeo» oa «*a?aiiee ?iiai». Ia?ac aaoi?a
e ia?ac aa?iy» iiaa eaea i?i ii/aoie oai?/iai oeyoo A.Aieiaea, aea
iiaeeaiaeoaeueia e caaaeueia eiie?aoecoaaeeny a ooaeiaeiio ia?acao
iiainoae, aiaeaeeeny a naiie ooaeiaeiueinoeeueiaie oeaieii.

O ao?oeeaiio ae?i eioa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeeo oiiaeiaaiue, iiooeia,
cioeiaiue i caeieniaiue ii/aoeo 20-o ?ieia ae?iciythoueny eieueea
iiiaioia, ui a ieo i ieie aecia/aeinue iinoea ienueiaiieea. C-iiiiae
oeyoia i caniaia ooaeiaeiueiai inieneaiiy aiioe aeaeieythoueny aeaa:
?icaeoie onoaeaieo i?eeiiia eeane/ii? niaaeueie a iiaeo oiiaao oa
aeoeaii iiooee iiaeo oi?i ooaeiaeiueiai aiaeia?aaeaiiy (e ?icoiiiiy)
aiioe.

Naia ooo no?auoaaeeny iiceoei?, oaiaeaioei?, caeeaeaiiy e ?icoiaeaeaiiy,
oniioe e iaaaea/i, noaaeaiiy e caia?a/aiiy oai?oeia eioa?aoo?e.
Nueiaiaeii aaea aeineoue a?oioiaii aeineiaeaeaii ?icia?oinoue
ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueiaeo ?icaaeoaeaiue oeo ?ieia, aea a oiai/aniie
aeieniinoi iiceoei?, aeeoo?ai e ooaeiaeii, iinoaaaee ia?iaeei iiey?ii:
?aaiethoeieia-?aaeoeieia, a?iiaaenueea-iniaenoa,
eieaeoeaici-iiaeeaiaeoaeici, i?inaioyinoai-aaaiaa?aeeci,
o?aaeeoeieiinoue-aenia?eiaioaoi?noai, ?aaeici-?iiaioeci. Oea aieeaaei i
ia oa?aeoa? eioa?aoo?iiai ?icaeoeo, aeiyeueiinoue eioa?aoo?ieo
i?aaiicaoeie, aeeneonie oeo eio.

A ia iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiio oai?/iio ?iaii aeyaeyeiny ua neeaaeiioa, ai
ca/iiaei i?eioeeao noa?o ethaenueei? ineoieiai?, i?iiiioaaei iiai
aeii?e a aeaaiie i?iaeaii aa?iy /ano.

sse i?ica?e, A.Aieiaei iiney ioaeieaoeie ie?aieo o?eaeia oa
iiaae-iiiiaoth? ii/eia?oueny iiainoth «Iiaeo» (1922). A oeaio?i oaaae
ooo — aaciaaeieii oai?ee o/aniee a?iiaaeyinueei? aieie Ai?aeie, ui
iiney ainiioaeth iiaa?oa?oueny aeiaeiio a ?iaeia naei. Iaaeiei aania, a
aeeoe caeeoeeinue a e?auiio aeiaaeeo aei inaii: a nai?o a?oaeyo iineoue
iaaeeieiaio oai?iao — nooioe. Aa?ie i?i oea cia?, naith i?e?a/aiinoue
aii onaiaeiieth? iiaiinoth. Neooaoeiy, oaeei /eiii, c iaeaino?ioeo i a
iie ienueiaiiee aa?aoueny i?inoaaeeoe aioo?ioii ia?aaeeaaiiy, neeaaeio
ineoieiaith ethaeeie.

Ca?iaeie iioeao iiii/a?ii a «Noeaii caiei!» (1922): niaaeeiai
iacaei?iaee aaoueei io?oth? oai?o aeeoeio, «uia ia canii/oaaoe
ethaenueeinoue». E?eoeea caaaeii canoaeeea «Iiaeo» — ye «eiie?naiiy a
oai?ie ineoioei», ye ooaa?aeaeaiiy i?aaa ia naiiaoanoai i o.ae. I
noaaeeea — ye caia?a/aiiy «oieinioi? c?aaee» A.Aeiie/aiea (I.Eeeeiiee),
iioeaia «Inoaia Oaioaee» A.Iiaeiiaeeueiiai (A.Iiaoi?aaeii). Ana oea
oae. Aea — eeoa iaaiith ii?ith, ia aa?aoueny aei oaaae ua aeaui aeineoue
inoioia.

I?aaiicaoeieii iaeaaea/e aei «Ieoao», A.Aieiaei aaciina?aaeiuei o/anoi a
noia?a/eao, aeeneoniyo ia a?aa. Naith iiceoeith, nai? ooaeiaei? aa/aiiy
aeeooy aoiethaaa o oai?ao, iieaiicoaaa, caia?a/oaaa (/e, iaaiaee,
?aeiaany c aeeoo?ai- iano?i?ai- iaeaieiai/iei ienoaoeueeei ?i/euai)
ooaeiaeiiie ea?oeiaie, oa?aeoa?aie. I?e oiio a oeeo oa?aeoa?ao cia/iith
ii?ith aoa nai. O aeeooi, iiaaaeiioei Ai?aeiy aaaaoi /iai c
ia?aaeeoiai naiei ienueiaiieeii. Aeecueeinoue aaoi?a e aa?iy aieiaiei
/eiii aioo?ioiy, ineoieiai/ia, i oea — iiiioia ?ena caaaeueii? aoiinoa?e
oei?? iiainoi i aeayeeo iioeo oai?ia A.Aieiaea. A iiainoi ii?ooothoueny
i?iaeaie, oa?aeoa?ii aeey /ano, aeey eioa?aoo?e oeo ?ieia i aeey
naiiai aaoi?a (niiaeii aca?ieie i aiaeiia ae?aia aeeooy A.Aieiaea). Aii
aeiaiaeeoue, ui iiaea. A ia?oee eiai ae?aiaoe/iee oai? iinea iacao
«Oi/o!». Oi/o — i iiaeo! Oei ii?aeueii iiia?aoeae iinoaaaee a ?yaei
oai?ia ?icieo aeai?ia Aieiaeiaeo no/anieeia («Oi/o» — cao/eoue i a
iiainoi «Inoai Oaioaea» A.Iiaeiiaeeueinai) i iinoaaaee a naiiio aeeooi.
I aa?i? A.Aieiaea noiyoue ia?aae ieie. Niinoa?iaath/e iaaeieeoii
o?aaaaei?, aieiae, Ai?aei?aa iiae?oaa O?enoy ne?ooii eiinoaoo?: «Oeny/i
eio aeeaa ethaenueeinoue, a e aeini ia ciioeiiea ye neiae» (i ooo ia
iiaeia ia /ooe aieino aaoi?a).

Ienueiaiiee i?aaia caia?a/eoe ianeaiinoue, iia?oiinoue ye iaeio c
iaeinoioiioeo i?e/ei aeenaa?iiii? a naioi, a iniaenoiio aeeooi
ethaeeie. Iino?ieii aa?iy a naaa («Iiaeo!») aaoi? cayaey? nai? iiaa
aa/aiiy naioo, naie iniaeeaee iiaeyae ia iiaeeeainoi e iaaei iiaaaeiiee
ethaeeie. Cacia/eii: aeey iiioey?iiai a 20-oi ?iee Iioeoa naiiaoanoai
— iaeaeuee aeo aieaaeyaeaiiy iniae; i?inoaaeo?oueny ooo aeioe/iinoue i
aei iiaea?iinonueeeo oaiaeaioeie a ooaeiaeiie oai?/inoi. Naiiaoanoai
aoei ia oaeei oaea e ?iaeeiniei aeoii a oe?a?inueeie i?ici oeo ?ieia
(Cinueea a «Iinoi» A.Iiaeiiaeeueiiai oa ii.). A.Aieiaei i iacaith
iiainoi, i a/eieii Ai?aeiy iaaieioo? — a noeei iiaoeee iii?aniiiicio —
ia aieueiaiio ia/aei, ui ia’?aeio? aaoi?a e aa?iy.

Iiainoue «Iiaeo» iiaeia ii?iaiyoe c ?ic/eiii, o yeiio a?iaeyoue aeaiaioe
iioeaia i ia?acia iaeaooiio oai?ia naiiai A.Aieiaea e i?ice 20-o ?ieia
ocaaaei. A iie no?auoaaeenue, nieaaeyeenue i o?aaeeoeieia (oe?a?inueea
aoiia?aoi/ii-?aaeinoe/ii-iiaooiaa) i iiaioi?, iiaea?ia — a oieinioi?,
anoaoeoei, ienoaoeoai neiaa. Ia?oa aoei aieueo aioo?ioiii, ae?oaa —
aieueo ciaiioiii, ?oiie neioac aiaeaeaaa neeaaeiinoi aeiae e iniaenoi?
aeiei aaoi?a, iniaeeainoi eiai oaeaioo.

I?eeiaoiith /anoeiith ooaeiaeiueiai (ye i ?aaeueiiai) naioo /ano i
ae?aaeaiiyi aeeaiei iniaenoiai, aaoi?iaiai ? iiainoue A.Aieiaea
«*a?aiiee ?iiai» (1922) — ii/eiath/e aiae aeiiiiaioiiai eieuei?o aiioe
aei eieuei?o eiie?aoieo aeaoaeae, ui ioi/oaaee aaoi?a. ss i OE —
aeai?aeeia nooue ethaeeie /ano, yea eaea «e?o/aiei oeyoii» (ye iioii
i?ica?e iacaa iiiaiaeaiiy). Ia?ii i ooo, ye i a iioeo oai?ao,
oa?aeoa?ia aeey A.Aieiaea-ooaeiaeieea ii?aeiaiiy iiaoe/ii-neiaiei/iiai e
eiie?aoii-?aaeinoe/iiai.

Ienueiaiiee, niiaia?aaeeaath/e, i?inoaaeo?, ye iaeooue aeeooyi,
ooeathoue i ciaoiaeyoue nai? iinoea a iiai?ioao inoi?i? ia?aii iei
?icii aa?i?. I?ici?i-inyeiee (ss), c eiai niiy/iei aioo?ioiii naioii,
aenieeie iiieneaie, c aa?y/ei na?oeai, ui caeeoa? ia niiao ine?e e?iai,
c eiai ?iiaioe/ii niiy/iei aa/aiiyi naioo i iiaeyaeii o aaceiia/iinoue
i?ae?aniiai. A iueiio ia eeoa no/ania e iaeaooi?. A iueiio, c iei —
o?aai/ia e aa?i?/ia ieioea, i?i yea aii ?iciiaiaea? OE («I aoea nia?oo
aieueia caiey i aieueii ethaee…») i yea aa/eoue a iiaeeao ia ia?i?, a
oaeanoi oe?ne, a iioeai iinii eicaoeueei?, ia iieioiao ?aiiia i
Ieiiiaiea… C oeueiai aieo — oa e ia eeoa c oeueiai — ss — iiia?aaeiee
iaoa?i Eao?i, ooo i?iaeyaeathoueny aeaea?aea ia?aco aieiaii? aa?i?ii
iaeiiai c ianooiieo iaeaieueoeo oai?ia i?ica?ea. Ei?iiiy ia?acia,
ea?oei i ani?? iiaoeee aeeoy/iai naioo, aei yeiai i?aaii/ii oyaioany
aaoi? i ui iiiioia a iiiaiaeaiiyo i?i aeioae. I iinoaoue eiie?aoia, c
?? aocueei-i?aeoe/iei, a?oai iaoa?iaeueiei iiaeoiaeii aei aeeooy,
iinoaoue, yea iiaeiia i?ieoe /a?ac aei?noiei aei?iaoaaiiy, uia iiaeia
aoei niiaeiaaoenue a iie i?inaioeiiiy (OE). Oa, ui io?ooaaei a
aaoi?iai i /iai aii i?eno?anii i?aaioa iicaooenue.

Ia?aae /eoa/ai iinoieii — aiein, aioo?ioiie naio ss. Oe — iaeaea anthaee
a ni?eeiaiii ia?oiai, eeoa — a aeiyo. O iueiio ni?eeiaiii e ioeiieao
ss cethoiao?oueny iiaoe/ia, iiaeianaii-caeee/ia, e aino?i ae?aiaoe/ia,
o?aai/ia, ui oa?aeoa?ia aeey iaia?e aeni?aniiiicio.

Iieaciaei ooo ? e ia?ac aeiiee-?aaiethoeiiia?ee, yea iinoa? a
iiaeaieiiio ni?eeiaiii: i/eia ss i Oe. Ooo aeiaeththoueny iioiiaoei?
aeiiee c oai?ia I.Eioethaeinueeiai. I aeiiee a iiaea?iinoe/iie
eioa?aoo?i caaaeii — ye naioei? i?i?. Aa?i? A.Aeiie/aiea ooeathoue
aeeaio Aieo Oaii/eo c eacee. A A.Aieiaea iiaeiaia aa/eii i a
aaoiaiia?aoi?, i a iioeo oai?ao. I oea — ia ie?aii aeiaaeeiai aiiciaee
/e ia?ace, a nooiy ?ena ooaeiaeiuei? eiioeaioei? aaoi?a i, aiaeiiaiaeii,
noeeth.

I aeaeueoa oai?/inoue ienueiaiieea — oi aaeeaeyiiy o aioo?ioith nooue i
i?ioeai?noai «ss» i «OE» c iineeaiiyi oaaae naia aei ia?oiai. Noeeue
iiainoi aiaeiiaiaeii oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?aeiaiiyi ?icieo aeaiaioia —
?iiaioecio, iii?aniiiicio oa ?aaeicio, ui a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao
ia?aoiaeeoue o a?oaee iaoo?aeici.

Aeaea?aea oeueiai aaa/a?ii a iniaeeainoyo naii? aiioe c ??
noia?a/iinoyie e ia?aianaiiyi ia iaii? aioo?ioiueiai ss naiiai aaoi?a c
eiai aeanieie noia?a/iinoyie, cioeiaiiy ieioi e aeooi. Ia oei
cioeiaiiy, oa ua a aeaooiai-caieiooie ineoioei, ca ianoaaei ao?oeeaiai
ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua iaeeaaeaeiny, ia iiaei ia iaeeanoeny,
ei?aiaaa — a?oio oe?a?inueei? eeaneee i aieeaaee, ui oaae iiiioii,
aiyiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai iiaea?io. Aei ?a/i, iiaia ss-OE canaiae/othoue oa,
ui A.Aieiaei, ye i iiaea?iinoe, a noeeueiaiio caniai aeiai?o iiai (/e
aeai?aeeiinoi iaeiiai) aaa/aa aeiaeaoeiaee aiioeieiiineoieiai/iee oaeoi?
aecia/aiiy iniaenoinoi.

Iiainoi «Iiaeo» e «*a?aiiee ?iiai» — oi oeyoe noaiiaeaiiy, iiooee
ienueiaiieea. A oeeo iiooeao — i nai aaoi? i eiai aa?ie. Aiie
?icoiaeyoueny, ?icaeaiththoueny i a oie aea /an noaiiaeyoue ?aeiinoue
— ooaeiaeiie naio, a yeiio iinoathoue ienueiaiiee i eiai no/anieee, eiai
aiioa.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei «Ianeiee noaio» oa «Caeaii na?oeai» (Aaoi?nueea
iiaa oa aeiaeiai/ia iiaa)» i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aiaeic ianooiieo iiainoae
i?ica?ea.

O iiia?aaeiio aeaio eoeiny i?i i?aaii/ii aeecueea aaoi?iai : i?i ae?aio
noniieueiiai e ineoieiai/iiai, i?i cioeiaiiy, aei?iaoaaiiy — i ?o
aiaeia?aaeaiiy a aeooi ethaeeie. Ianeiee noaio, iaeieoe e caeaii
na?oeai thiaee oa aeia/aoa, ui aoiaeeee a aeeooy e caeiaee nai? iinoea a
iiaiio naioi oi aaea ianooiiee ia?iiae i o?ioe iieiaeoee aa?ie — i
aieii, i noaiiaeuai. Aiaeia?aaeathoueny ieioea, ui ia?aaeeaaei ceai —
aieiniee, ae?aiaoe/iee ia?aoiae aei iacaiaeaiiai iiaiai — i o/anieee
oai?aiiy oeueiai iiaiai, ui «caiaeoaaee» eiai. Oa, ui aeey ia?oeo aoei
ca ai?eciioii, aeey ae?oaeo — aoaeaiiinoue. Ooo aiaeaeaeue iiae
aaoi?ii i aa?i?i aieueoa. Aeecueeinoue ?o o ia?oie iiainoi — «Ianeiee
noaio» ia?aaaaeii aicoaeueia, a ae?oaie — «Caeaii na?oeai» — neooaoeieia
(aa?ie — iaeaooiie ienueiaiiee, ieoaeaiei, a/eoueny a iinoi).

Caaaeaii iniaeeainoi iiiioii i?iyaeyeenue o aeeaeii i?aaaee,
ineoieiai/iiai i?iieeiaiiy a aniaeoi aaoi? — aa?ie, o niaeo?i iano?i?a.
Oea ae?acii iicia/eeinue i ia oaeeo aeaiaioao noeeth A.Aieiaea, ye
aaoi?nueea iiaa i aeiaeiae.

O ia?oie iiainoi aaoi? caaaeii noi?oue inoi?iiue. Naio, aeeooy, iiaei?,
ethaee iinoathoue o ni?eeiaiii aa?i?a, cie?aia iaeieoa I?ieiia, eiai
ineoieiai?, eiai iiai. Nai? aiaenoi?iiaiiy aaoi? iiiaei aeaeiey?,
iiaee?aneth? eaeneeith c eaieaie, aeoaeeaie. Ooo iayaii ?icii aiaeoiiee
— noaaeaiiy, i?inoa eiinoaoaoeiy /e e oniioea, i?iiiy: «aiey «iainueeeo
noaaeia», ia?oaie oie «iioooeany», «(i?i iieiaei eioa aaccoaei
?ioii)».

A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao ia?aoi? — i?aaii/ii c aa?i?i. Oea eiee eaeaoueny i?i
ai/ia — aoeiee noai /e — i?i ii?iyio, /a?iaio oath ic aeieniinoi-eacee.
o ooo oa, ui oa?aeoa?ia naia aeey noeeth i?ica?ea e iinoa? a eiai
ia?acieo ea?oeiao /an aiae /ano. Ia?aae I?ieiiii ciiao c’yaey?oueny
aiia. Ciiao, ye ia?aae ss a «*a?aiiiio ?iiaii» — iaciaeiiea. Ia oeae ?ac
«ni?i/ea ia iie — eaoea ia eaooei». Caoa i/i — «ie, /e aeyioa ooi eiee
eiio ioae oa i/i, ye aiia aeyioea?» Naia «ine?iaee» iiiaio: ?? i/i —
caeeaeo? aaoi?a e aa?iy.

C ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueiaiai aieo iiainoue ii?ith caaeeaeaiiy a ineoieiaith
aa?iy a ?yaei iiiaioia nai??iaeiinoth i caaaeueiei ?iaiai
iinooia?oueny iinoeai iioei oai?ai ienueiaiieea oeeo ?ieia.

Aei ia?oeo c?aceia «o?aaiinoe/ii?» i?ice iaeaaeeoue iiainoue Aiae?iy
Aieiaea «Caeaii na?oeai».

?aaeinii i?i?, naioei ii?eaaiiy, aaaeaiiy iaieiaeioe iaoeith, aeeooyi,
noaoe eeiinue — oae aoa iaa?aeaiee ineoieiai/iee naio aa?i?a, a eiioaeno
— iaaeieeoiy aeieniinoue — iinoea iioee, i?ioeeaaeiee, oueiyiee
eiei?eo. Eiio?anoia aca?iiiia’ycaiinoue naioo aa?iy i eiai eiioaenoo
aoea iaeii?th c oa?aeoa?ieo i?eeiao ooaeiaeiueiai naioo ?aiiueiai
Aieiaea, ui ia iiaei ia aiaeaeoeny ia eiai noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoyo.

Aa?i? A.Aieiaea ia eeoa i?aoeththoue, a e a/aoueny, aoiaeyoue o eiei
oai?/i? iieiaei, ienueiaiieoeueea na?aaeiaeua i naii i?aaiooue oeae
naio ooaeiaeiuei aiaeoai?thaaoe. Oaeei ? oeaio?aeueiee aa?ie iiainoi
eioa?aoi?-ii/aoeiaaoeue ssoei Iuaiei. Naia a oeueiio — aeecueeinoue
aaoi?a e aa?iy, aaoiaiia?aoi/iinoue, ui i?iyaey?oueny a noeaiao o
«Ieoci», ia eioa?aoo?iie aa/i?oei, a ianoaiiaoei ia iiiaaeieeao, a
iiaiao iacaaieo /e iaoyeao ia ieo, o /eneaiieo aeaoaeyo.

O noeeueiaiio ieaii oea i?inoaaeo?oueny a aaoi?nueeie iiai oa iiai
aa?iy. Ooo i ?icia?ooy aa?a o ni?eeiaiii ssoeii iaaeieeoiueiai naioo, i
iae?iciiiaiioiioi aiaeoiiee (aiae iiaeiinoi aei i?iii?) a aeiaeiaao
aeieiaeo inia, i noaaeaiiy aei ?a/ae, a yeiio canaiae/o? naaa oai?/a
i?e?iaea, ooaeiaeiie oeno (aaoi?a e aa?iy) oiui.

O eiioaenoi noeeueiaeo eiioeaioeie 20-o ?ieia ae?acii ie?aneth?oueny
iinoea A.Aieiaea. I.Oaeeueiaee — iai?oaeaii-?aieiee; A.Eineiea —
o?aaeeoeieiee i?ieiee a aiioo iiaeo i?ioenoiyiue; A.Iiaeiiaeeueiee —
e?eoe/ii-i?iii/iee; I.Eiieeaiei — aeniaineaiee, ia?iaiee,
iaa?iaiiaaaeaiee; Iao?i Iai/ — oniioiaiee.

A.Aieiaei — no?eiaii aeeaieee, ciino eiai i?eno?anoi, eiai noeeth —
a?aceeainoue i /oeiinoue, aeenoeeieiiiaaii neeith aiei. I
ae?eaathoueny aiie ia iiaa?oith ia i?yii, ?icei, aiaee?eoi, ye,
neaaeiii, o I.Eiieeaiea, a iina?aaeiuei. Oea aioo?ioi? ae?oaaiiy
i?eno?anoae i?iyaeeiny i o aiaecia/aieo aeineiaeieeaie nai??iaeieo
«aioo?ioiio ?aia?eao», ui ? iaeii?th c inoioieo iniaeeainoae
aaoi?nueei? iiae A.Aieiaea.

«Caeaii na?oeai» caa?oathoue ia naaa oaaao ua iaeiei oo?eoii. A ieo —
aeeneioea inoioii?, i?eioeeiiai? aeey oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e caaaeii i
oeeo ?ieia cie?aia i?iaeaie iinoa e naea.

Nai A.Aieiaei iaaiith ii?ith «iiae no?ioith» caeeoa?oueny iaaioue a
«A?oaii Aa?iaoi», aei eiioey naiai oai?/iai aeeooy. I a aeiaeiaao
aa?i?a «Caeaieo na?oeai» eaeneea, noeeue iiae — aiae naea.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei «Ieeeiei», «*a?aiia oonoeia» oa iioi iiaaee c
?aiiuei? i?ice A.Aieiaea (Ei?eei-iii?aniiiinoe/iee noeeue)»
aiaeico?oueny noeeue oai?ia A.Aieiaea i?i aeioae. Iinoea ?o
ii-ni?aaaeiueiio iinoa? a naioei oeo ianoaaei, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaee oeth
aieeo iaoi? eioa?aoo?e a ia?oie iieiaeii oa na?aaeeii aeaaaeoeyoeo
?ieia: oe?a?inueea aeeoy/a eioa?aoo?a a oeth ii?o iniaeeaeo caeiaooeia
ia iaea.

O neeaaeieo, iiaieo aeni?anie, ianoaaeiao noai?thaaa A.Aieiaei nai?
ia?ace aeioae. Ia?oa, ui aiaaea? a iei i?e ciaeiinoai c ieie — aaaaoi a
/iio iioee, iiae o aieueoinoi iiainoae, noeeue ?iciiaiaei. Aaoi? oie
aea — i a /iionue iioee. Oi/o — iiaeo — e?icue aieue. ss-OE —
io?ooaaiiy, niiainioaaiiy ci?yiiai, naioeiai — i ae?ia’yceiaiai,
iaoo?aeinoe/iiai. Ianeiee, ui i?ithoue noaoe oacy?iaie noaio — aieueoa
?iaeaai oiii, aiiae aeeai ?aaeueii oa?aeoa?e. Ooo aea — o?aai/ia
?aaeueiinoue, i?inai/aia aei iaeiaioeo aeaoaeae, caoieniaaia oi/iei
iaiceai. Aieue — aea ia naioeiio oei, i?inaioeaiee aieue.

A iniiai iiiaiaeaiiy «Ieeeiei» eaaeeoue aiaeiiee aiiciae: oeii/ee,
?eceeoth/e aeeooyi, iiaiaeiieya iianoaioeia i?i i?eoiae a ?iaeia naei
iiioeia i aaeaeaiaeia, ciouaiiy iaae naeyiaie i oeei ?yoo? aaaaoueio
aiae aeaeueoeo eaooaaiue i nia?oi. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao oa, ui, ye
canaiae/o? nai ienueiaiiee a «Aaoiaiia?aoi?», aeoaea iiaeiaia aei
noeaie i?eoiaeo iii?ioaieo ainoae o oaoo Ieeeieiaeo aaoueeia aii
ia?aaeea nai o 1905 ?ioei. Oai aii, naieeioiie oeii/ee, aoa i?enooiie ye
noi?iiiy iniaa — «ao?aeoe/aiy» — nai?i iioiaeaeaiiyi, iaoa?iaeueii, a
neiiaoiyie, aeooiaii i anii naiaeiiei aeeooyi — c aiaeiioith. A oeueiio
— iaeia c iniaeeainoae o?anoiiaoieiiai «Ieeeiea». Neii aieioee, aieyai
aeeoii eieinee ia aeiaaeeiai i?ioiaeyoue oaeno iane?icue, aae?athoue a
naaa i ia naaa, oeaiaioothoue oaanue oai?. A ieo — e?ana, neea,
aeeoo?ainoue aeaea?aeueii ethaenueeiai, i?e?iaeiiai a eiai iae/enoioiio
noaii, ui ciooiaoo?oueny c aioeethaenueeei, /oaeei i iaaaeaaaiiei. I a
oeueiio — i aieiaia nooue o?aaaaei?, i ciino oai?o, iniaeeainoue
noeeth.

O «Ieeeieo» ia?aae /eoa/ai — aiiciae, niaeao, a yeiio ciae /ano. I
iaiiaoi?iinoue iaia?e A.Aieiaea. Aaoi? oaaaeii, aaeath/enue aei
noeeueiaeo caniaia iii?aniiiicio, oieno? iaeoiioi aeaoaei anueiai, ui
ioi/o? iiaeeioea. Oea noino?oueny ianaiia?aae naiiai oeii/eea (caoee,
eieuei?e, caiaoe, iano?i?, aieioee, aeeoii eieinee, e?ia).

Cia/ii neeaaeiioa neooaoeiy a «*a?aiiie oonoeii» — i?e oiio c aaaaoueio
aieia. Oae, iiaaeiny aaaaeaoe, ui «*a?aiia oonoeia» (ye i «*a?aiia
ceia» A.Ninth?e e /a?aiii aecia/aiiy e iacae a oai?ao ?icieo aeai?ia
?icieo aaoi?ia) — oi caia?a/aiiy iioeo eieuei?ia i iioeaia — neiio,
aeaeeoieo, aieoaeo, caeaieo. Oea — eeoa /anoea inoeie. Cae/aeii,
A.Aieiaei iiaee?anethaaa iieaii/iinoue ia?aco (eieuei?o). Oa ? ua
aeaui aeineoue inoioia. *a?aiiee eiei? — oi e?ia aeeoeie, e?ia ethaeeie
caaaeii. Aiaeii/an oi e iaethnoea ?iaei, oi e eiei? /a?aiii? eeoaeee,
oiaoi ia?ace, acyoi c i?e?iaee ye oaei i aiae iaoeiiiaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o, aiae naioo, ui eaea c aieia e aecia/a? ii?aeue, ineoieiaith
oe?a?inueei? ethaeeie. Oea aaiaoe/ii caaaeueia e aeeaeiii
iiaeeaiaeoaeueia; ooo ii?aeiaii nioeiaeueia, iaoeiiiaeueia,
ineoieiai/ia. Ana aiii aeey aaoi?a — ia i?eaianaia, aiii i?aaii/ia a
iueiio, — ? aeyaii eiai «iii?aniiiinoe/iiai» ?noaa, oea aeaiaio
«eieuei?iaiai ineoieiaicio» eiai iaethiea. I?e oiio caio?aia a caaaeueia
aaaaoi?i/io aaaaoiiieueeiiio e?ia, ai?ioueao. Ooo aiaeaeoi e iniaenoi
aaoi?iaa: eiioeieoe eiai aeooi, oice/ii e aeooiaii niaee e ?aie. Ana,
ui i?eaaei ienueiaiieea aei o?aaaaei?, aei e?iai niiaeii?, ui i a
aeaoaeyo caiaeiny c iaienaiei (i iaaioue — o /ani). Oea aiae/oaeaiiy a
nii’?, ye yaeua aeey ?aaeicio aeeeth/ia, ia? ei?aii aeeoo?ai a ?aaeiyo
i a ienoaoeoai neiaa eaea a oa/i? iii?aniiiicio.

Ooo — ei?iiue i e?iia noeeth ienueiaiieea, cie?aia a iiiaiaeaiiyo i?i
Ieeeiea e Ienaio. Ia?aae iaie — aeaeueoa caaeeaeaiiy i?ica?ea a iiai
noniieueii-ineoieiai/ii oa?e, ui aiae?aco e ae?acii iicia/eeiny ia
oa?aeoa?i eiioeieoieo eiiie, i?ioenoiyiue, cioeiaiue. sse i i?e?iaea,
aeeooy iinoa? ia?aae Ienaiith a aaceiia/ieo aeyaao-i?iyaao — iii?aniyo
iae?iciiiaiioiioiai iioeao. Ooo cethoiaaii nioeiaeueia e
iaoeiiiaeueia, inoi?e/ia e no/ania, eiie?aoii ?aaei? e aiaeoiiee. Oea —
/anoea anacaaaeueiiai eiioeieoo, aaeeeiai i?ioenoiyiiy, ui ioiieei
ia?iae, e?a?io. Ooo o eiaeiiai — nai? oa?aeoa?, iiceoeiy, iiaaaeiiea,
«noeeue aeeooy».

I ienueiaiiee oaaaeii oieno? — aeeoo?ai-ethaenueei i?iyae, oo?eoe
ciaiioiinoi, ineoieiai?, iano?i?a, iiaaaeiiee aa?i?a (a ?oaeeo
aaoueeiaeo onao — «oniioea aaaeth/eith»).

Aaceiia/ia a nai?o aa?aao ca ciinoii i oi?iith iinoa? a iiiaiaeaiii
i?e?iaea. Aaoi? ia i?inoi oieno? oa, ui ia?aae i/eia — aii ooea?,
?icaeoio? («eeaiiue»), i?eaeyaea?oueny, caoiieth?oueny («Oaea oi
oonoeia!») — i aei oeueiai ae cai?ioo? /eoa/a. I oea eiai aa/aiiy
coiiaeth? i iaia?o ?iciiaiaei, noeeue. A iiiaiaeaiii aiaeoai?aii
iii?ani? iae?iciiiaiioiioiai niaeo?o — eieuei?iai, caoeiai, iano?i?ai.
Ooo i iniaeeainoi aa/aiiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai. Ia?aae iaie ia i?inoi
iniaeeaee ooaeiaeiie naio. Oi — Oe?a?ia. A eiaeiie aeaoaei — i a oai?i
caaaeii. Oea i?yii canaiae/o? e aiia?ao: «… eica/aiueea aaeoi…»
?ic/eiaiinoue ethaeeie a i?e?iaei e i?e?iaee a ethaeeii, ?oiy i?aaii/ia
ia?ic?eaiinoue — iaeia c iaeinoioiioeo ?en oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai
ieneaiiy, ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa aoeaaeueii anio aeaeia i aeai?ia,
cie?aia — oieueeei?o, iinii.

O «Ieeeieo» a oeaio?i oaaae — iiaeaea oeii/eea. Ooo aaoi? oaaaeii
ia’?eoeaii oieno? aei? aa?iy. Aii — caieo, aea ana «eiio?ieth?», ana —
aei iaeae?iaiioeo aeaoaeae — iiii/a?. O «*a?aiiie oonoeii» — ae?aia
aeeoeie, aeia/eiee. Ooo ioeiiee, «ei?aaoaaiiy» a/eieia i iiaeie
iaeaaeaoue aieiaiei /eiii aa?i?ii. Aaoi? a ieo iaeaea ia ao?o/a?oueny.
Aiae aeeoeie aeiaaathoueny iaaeeoy/i ?ioaiiy. Niieueia ae ooo a oiio,
ui a iaio aeiaaeeai iinoa? cioeiaiiy aeeoeie, aeaea?aeueii-ethaenueeiai
c eaoaeeiciaie noniieueieo i?ioenoiyiue. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo — ia?aaaaa
eiie?aoieo ?aaeae, o ae?oaiio — i aiaeoiieia.

Ieoo/e i?i aeioae i iieiaeue, aeeao/e ?oiii naioii, A.Aieiaei ia iia
iaieiooe ua iaeii? aiey/ee /ano — aaci?eooeueueie. Oea — «Aeia/eiea c
oeyoo», «Oiaa?eoi», «Iiaeaia?e», «Oaeiaeii aeioe».

O oeeo iiiaiaeaiiyo ia?iaeei iaei iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai, ooo cia/iith
ii?ith aeioe acaaaei, iiaeyae ienueiaiieea ua ia i?iieeaa aeeaiei a
?oii aeooi, ia aeoaea /ioei ?ic?iciy? i ae?iciya niaoeeoieo ?oiueiai
ieneaiiy, aa/aiiy naioo, iiaaaeiiee. Aeeoy/i oa?aeoa?e aiaeiiiii
aieueoa iiaiaie i iaioa — iniaeeainoyie ciaiioiueiai /e aioo?ioiueiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aei ?a/i, aaci?eooeueueia aeey naiiai ienueiaiieea — oi
naio aeaeaeee aiae iniaenoiai. *e ia a oeueiio iaeia c i?e/ei caaaeii
ia iaeaeuiai ?iaiy oeeo oai?ia? Aieiaia ooo — iano?ie, aoiinoa?a, aeoo
/ano. I?i?, aeiea aeioae — oi aiaeia?aaeaiiy ?icaoaeaeaiiai,
neieeoiooiai /ano, iaaei? ethaeeie ia ?aaeicaoeith caeeaaeaieo a iie
iiaeeeainoae.

O oai?ao i?i aeioae iiii/a?oueny ua iaeia iniaeeainoue iaia?e A.Aieiaea.
Ooo aii i ?aaeino, i iii?aniiiino. Aeni?ani?, iii?ani? ii?aeiothoueny c
eiie?aoeeith, i?aaeiaoiinoth. Ei?eci iaaoaa? iniaeeai? i’yeinoi,
iiaeiinoi, i?ici?inoi. Na?oeaaeiith iniiaii? aaoi?iai? iioiiaoei?
aenooiathoue — ethaia, iiaeiinoue i aieue, niia/oooy. Ienueiaiiee
caieueiy?oueny aiae onueiai, ui eiai no?eio? i neiao?, i noa? iiaoii
aeeoy/i? e?ane i — ae?aie. I aiaee?eaa? aeeaeiio no?oio naiai aeaniiai
aaoi?nueeiai ?noaa — ooao ca iae/enoioei i aaciiai?ioii ao?a/aiei
naioii.

C oeei iia’ycaia e iaeia c iniiaieo ?en iiiaiaeaiue A.Aieiaea i?i
aeioae, aiaecia/aia aeineiaeieeaie: o A.Aieiaea niinoa?iaa?oueny
ineoieiai/ia iiiioiiiy (aeeoo?noaa?aeiinoue, niiy/iinoue). Oea, c
iaeiiai aieo, ni?eyei noai?aiith iaeooioai?aieo ia?acia, a c iioiai, aei
aeayei? ii?e, ni?iuoaaei o?aeooaaiiy noniieueieo i?ioeania.

Oai?e i?i aeioae, ye i iioi, iniothoue o ?icii?aaeaeoeiyo. Ia
aeeeeeathoue caia?a/aiiy aee?aneaiiy iaoo?aeinoe/ieo noeai, oaeeo
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey oai?ia ?aiiueiai A.Aieiaea, /e eaene/ii i?aaee. Ana ae
iioa — oi, ye i?aaeei, iineiaeiaia caeaaeaeaiiy, iiaaethaaiiy eiei?eoo
aiioe e eiei?eoo oa?aeoa?ia. I — ni?aaaeiueiai aeooo, noeeth
ienueiaiieea. Oeae eiei?eo — a aoiinoa?i /ano, a iai?e/anaiinoi
oa?aeoa?ia, ?oiuei? iiaaaeiiee, iiae, eiee eioa?aoo?iinoue neooii
ni?eeiaeany ye ooo/iinoue, eiee iaae ona i?aaeiny i?e?iaeiinoi,
ue?inoi, ni?aaaeiinoi a aa/aiii i o aiaeia?aaeaiii.

O «*a?aiiie oonoeii», cie?aia, ciiiaii onth eiioeaioeith oai?o. Ae?oaa
?aaeaeoeiy ia i?inoi e ia oieueee ni?iuo? eiioeieo, iii’yeoo? eiai
aino?ioo, ye i?i oea iaa?aaeii neacaii a e?eoeoei. I?aaee ?oeiothoue
caaeoi, ii?ooothoue eiaieo a/eieia, eiioeieo caiaeyoue iaiiaaoeue,
iiaei? i oa?aeoa?e iicaaaeythoue aeaiaioa?ii? eiaiee. Iaaiith ii?ith
oea noino?oueny e iiainoae («*a?aiiee ?iiai», «Caeaii na?oeai»).
Ao?a/a?oueny iieinaii/iinoue noeai, oiiaeo. Cieea? iaethiie, iiaiee
iii?anie ci?iaeo, neooiaeo, iano?i?aeo — i?eoiaeyoue aaiiao?e/ia
aa/aiiy, e?aneaiiy, /ioei eiii?. Aaaaoi /iai ao?a/a? i noeeue o?ace
A.Aieiaea, yea ia oieueee aeo/ii noiieth? i?aaeiao, ?oo aei?, a e
ieoo?ai a?aaeaiiy, ineoieiai/iee noai, iano?ie. Ioi /eneaiii oieiaeii
?aaeaaoaaiiy — oi ni?aaaei «?icaiiy ii aeeaiio», aeaio?thaaiiy naiiai
aeooo Aieiaeiai? i?ice. A eiee iaoe ia oaaci ciiie «no?aoaai/ii»,
eiiiiceoeieiino?oeoo?ii, i?eioeeiiai, oi ooo i aiai?eoe ii/iai.
Ao?a/a?oueny i?e?iaeiinoue, i?aaii/iinoue, ni?aaaeiinoue noeeth
ienueiaiieea.

AENIIAEE

Iiiioia ?ena ?aiiuei? oai?/inoi A.Aieiaea — aca?iicaeaaeiinoue iiae
ooaeiaeiii naioii eiai i?ice i aiia?aoi/iei oa inoi?e/iei oaeoi?aie.
Aaaeaoue ooo ye i naii ianoaaeie, oae i iniaenoee oa?aeoa?
ienueiaiieea — a?oineeaaeia eiaeia neeaaeiaa naia ii niai i, oei
aieueoa, — a cioeiaiii. Aca?iicaeaaeiinoue i?iyaeeany ye o oaiaoeoei,
i?iaeaiao, oae i a no?oeoo?i, o iiai, caniaao, a onie
ia?acii-noeeueiaie nenoaii iiainoae oa iiiaiaeaiue ienueiaiieea. Iaaia
?i/, o ?icieo oai?ao — ii-?iciiio. Ia?ac aaoi?a e ia?ac aa?iy aaaaoi a
/iio ceeaathoueny, aoiethth/enue o oa?aeoa?ao, iiaaaeiioei, iiai, noeei
ia?aoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Aaoiaiia?aoi/iinoue ?aiiuei? oai?/inoi A.Aieiaea a i?aaii/iinoi,
ni?aaaeiinoi, aeecueeinoi naioia aeania aaoi?iaiai i oai?aiiai iei. O
oa?aeoa?i ?iciiaiaei — a aeiaiciao, aiaenooiinoi aeaeeii? ciaiioiuei?
aiioeaiaaiinoi a/eieia (ethaia aei aeeooy, aei ethaeeie — i
aiaenoi?iiaiiy, iicaaaeaiiy aeeooy, aaeanoai). A iiai aaoi?a i aa?iy.

I?aaeiao oaaae aeey iueiai — ia ethaeeia acaaaei, a eeoa oa, ?aeeia,
iniaeeaa, c yeith aaciina?aaeiuei ciooiaooaaany, aaaaoi a /iio iath aoa
nai i ia?ac yei? aiaeoai?thaaa neiaii. Ooaeiaeiie naio A.Aieiaea ?
?aeiinoth o?aaeeoeieii-iaoeiiiaeueiiai i iiaea?iiai, i?aaii/iith eaieith
«ca’yceia /ania» o ienoaoeoai neiaa. Oeae ca’ycie — o oaiao,
i?iaeaiaoeoei, o ooaeiaeiueiio niiaaiaeiioaiii aaoi? — aa?ie, iiai, a
noeei o eiai iaeoe?oiio ?icoiiiii. Aii iia iioe i aea a /iio ioia
aeaei oiai ?oaaaeo, aea iinoaaea e?aieo eiai o/eoaeue I.Eioethaeinueeee.
Iaeiae aeoii/aiinoi neiaa, ?a?iiaenueeiai iaoe?o, aeenoeeieiie,
aeaai?iaenoaa ia?acii? nenoaie iiia?aaeieea eiio aea a /iio aeinyaoe ia
iiuanoeei.

A.Aieiaei, ye iiiioeea e?eoeea, iia oai?eoe eeoa a i?aaii/ii nai?io
iaoa?iaei, aoa «ae?aciei iaeiiethaii a oaiaoeoei nai?o oai?ia»
(I.Aieaoeueeee). Oea iaeiiethanoai noinoaaeiny naea i i?e oiio iaeiiai
ia?iiaeo — na?ia e eine. Naia ooo aii ooeaa i aaaaoi ui aiaee?ea naiai.
Oa?aeoa?ii iniaeeainoi eiai aaoi?nueei? iiae — eaeiiici, iaiia?eoiiea,
iiaa?niaaiinoue, ?ao?aie, iiaoi?, caoeiianeiaeoaaiiy, ia?niiioieaoeiy,
aiioeiiiaeueiinoue ?iciiaiaei; nai??iaeiinoue o?iiia i oiao?. Oea aa/eii
i a aaoi?nueeie iiai i a iiai aa?i?a.

Oae, iaoaoi?a a iueiai — ia eeoa neiai-iiiyooy c eiie?aoiei cia/aiiyi, a
e ia?iaeei iana i eiino?oeoeaiee ciino oe?ieiai (A.Oo?aaeei),
aeiaeaii, aeeaieiai, ii/eiath/e c iaca (aeacaii ?aiii oai?e, aeaei —
«Ao?’yi»). Aieiaeia noeeue — oi e aaaaoieiei?iinoue, i?aaii/iinoue
oieueeei?iiai naioo, ye i i?e?iaee. Iniaeeainoue noeeth A.Aieiaea
aecia/a? i neiaie. Aeaiaioe iiiaioaeicio, cae?iieaiiy a neiai
ineoieiai/iiai noaio, iioo?oeaiinoue, iiaenaiaeiiinoue oai?aiiy ia?aco.
Iaeoiioa e iaeaino?ioa aaaaoianiaeoiinoue ni?eeiaiiy aeieniinoi — e
aiaeiiaiaeii iii?ani? ia?aco ?? (iniaeeai a oai?ao i?i aeioae).

E?eoeee aaaaoi a /iio — i ia aaciiaenoaaii — cinoaaeyee A.Aieiaea c
I.Oaeeueiaei, A.Ieoaeee/aieii, A.Iiaeiiaeeueiei. Oa i?e anie
aeecueeinoi /e niieueiinoi eiaeiee c ieo — naiiaooiy oai?/a
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue. Aieiaeiaa nai??iaeiinoue i?iyaey?oueny a iniaeeaie
oaaci aei ciinoo, o oiniiio ca’yceo ineoieiaicio c aeieniinoth,
/ioeioeo (i oea i?e oai?iaeeaiio io?ooaaiii a iueiio ss-OE)
nioeiaeueieo i?i?ioe?ao, o i?aaiaiii ia?aai?thaaoe o?oaeiiui, iaaioue o
aeeeeeo nia?oi.

Aieiaei — ooaeiaeiee ae?aie (iniaeeai a iiiaiaeaiiyo i?i aeioae), ye
ae?aiith aoei eiai aeeooy, Ooo eiai iiaeyae iaeaino?ioee, iaeoi/iioee,
neiai — iaeaaaiiioa, ea?oeie — iaeae?aciioi iaaioue oai, aea iiaei? /e
aeaoaei aeoiaeyoue ca iaaei ?aaeinoe/iiai ienoaoeoaa (iaoo?aeici) — ui
oaae iieaciai aeey iueiai ye aeey ethaeeie, aaoi?a — i noeeth eiai
ienueia. I ua iaeia ?ena ienueiaiieea — aii ia aeaeea?oaaa iiceoeith,
a — ae?aaeaa ?? ia?aciei neiaii.

Noeeue ?aiiuei? i?ice A.Aieiaea — oi yne?aaa ooaeiaei? ae?aaeaiiy
iniaenoiai e caaaeueiiai, aiia?aoi/iiai e noniieueiiai a iaeei c
eoeueiiiaoeieieo iiiaioia aiioe.

INIIAII IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOeI? AEEEAAeAII A IOAEIEAOeIssO:

Aiaooeueea I.N. Aea/aiiy ?aiiio iiiaiaeaiue A.Aieiaea a oeiei:
(Iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei?). Oiaeueieoeueeee iaeaniee iinoeooo
oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoaeia. — Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1989. — 23 n. (1,5 ae?.
a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N., Naiaea? I.I. *an i oai?. Aeaui i?i ?aaeaaoaaiiy ?aiiio
iiiaiaeaiue A.Aieiaea //Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai iinoeoooo. —
Eai.Iiaeieuenueeee, 1993. — N. 305-312. (0,5 ae?. a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. Iniaeeainoi oaeaioo, iniaeeainoi aaea/i (Ni?iaa ua
iaeiiai iiaeyaeo) //Neiai i /an. — 1995. ue 7. — N. 69-74. (0,5 ae?.
a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. Iiaeo… //Neiai i /an. — 1997. ue 12. — C. 37-39. (0,25
ae?. a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. Aieiaeiaa i?ica 20-o ?ieia: (Aei ieoaiiy i?i iioeiii
noinoiee aa?i?a: noeeueiaee aniaeo) //Oe?a?inueea eioa?aoo?a a
caaaeueiiinaioiee oeiei. — 1999. 4. — N. 38-41. (0,3 ae?. a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. Niaaeei?iiinoue ethaeyiinoi. (Oaa/aiei o oai?/iio naioi
A.Aieiaea) //Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue «Oaa/aiei i Iiaeieey». —
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee: Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao, iioi?iaoeieii-aeaeaaie/ee aiaeaeie, 1999. —
N. 97-100. (0,3 ae?. a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. Aaoi? i aa?ie («Caeaii na?aeoeai») (Aei i?iaeaie noeeth
?aiii? i?ice A.Aieiaea) //Iaoeiaee ainiee AI AO Oe?a?ie. — Ee?a. —
1999. — Aei. 22. — N. 33-39. (0,4 ae?. a?e.).

Aiaooeueea I.N. ?aiiy oai?/inoue A.Aieiaea. Iniaeeainoi noeeth. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oieieiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 10.01.01. — oe?a?inueea eioa?aoo?a. —
Ee?anueeee oiiaa?neoao ii. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoei? aiaeico?oueny ?aiiie ia?iiae oai?/inoi A.Aieiaea (ia?oa
iieiaeia 20-o ?ieia). Oaaaa i?eaeiey?oueny iioiaeaeaiith, ?iaeiaiaeo
ienueiaiieea, ianoaaeiai niiaeiei i noniieueiei, ui aecia/eee oa?aeoa?
eiai ye ethaeeie i noeeue eiai ?aiiio oai?ia. I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy —
aieiaiei /eiii oai?e cai?ee «Iiaeo» (1926). Ia?oi?aaeaeoei?. Iiaa eaea
i?i niaoeeoieo i?ice, iinoea A.Aieiaea a eioa?aoo?i oiai /ano, i?i oa,
ui caeeaeo? i ui aiae?iciya eiai na?aae oai?/eo no/anieeia.
?icaeyaeathoueny ?icii?aaeaeoei? iiainoae i iiiaiaeaiue, i?e oiio ye
iiiaio i?eioeeiiaee i aaaaoi a /iio aecia/aeueiee. Iniaeeai — uiaei
noeeth ienueiaiieea.

?aiiy i?ica A.Aieiaea — oi i?iaeiaaeaiiy o?aaeeoeie oe?a?inueei? eeaneee
eiioey XIX- ii/aoeo XX no. no. — i a oie aea /an i?aaii/ia /anoea
eioa?aoo?e iiaioiuei? — c iiiioieie aeaiaioaie iiaea?ieo caniaia
oai?aiiy ia?aco.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : Aaoia?ia?ao?/i?noue. Iiaa aaoi?a — iiaa aa?i?a,
ae?aeia?/ia iiaa. ?ii?an??. Noeeue.

Aiaooeeay I.N. ?aiiaa oai?/anoai A.Aieiaei. Iniaaiiinoe noeey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 — oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao ei. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?oaony ?aiiee ia?eiae oai?/anoaa A.Aieiaei
(ia?aay iieiaeia 20-o aiaeia). Aieiaiea oaeaeyaony i?ienoiaeaeaieth,
?iaeiaiaeo ienaoaey, ianoiyoaeuenoaai naiaeiui e iauanoaaiiui, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeeee oa?aeoa? aai eae /aeiaaea e noeeue aai ?aiieo i?iecaaaeaiee.
I?aaeiao enneaaeiaaiey — aeaaiui ia?acii i?iecaaaeaiey nai?ieea «Iiao»
(1926). Ia?ai?aaeaeoeee. ?a/ue eaeao i niaoeeoeea i?icu, ianoa A.Aieiaei
a eeoa?aoo?a oiai a?aiaie, i oii, /oi naeeaeaao e /oi ioee/aao aai
n?aaee oai?/aneeo nia?aiaiieeia.

A ianoiyoaeuenoaao, eiaaea ia ecaanoiii i?icaeea iaienaii iiiai, oeaeay
e?eoe/anee-enneaaeiaaoaeueneay eeoa?aoo?a, eiaaea a naaoa iiauo
ae?aiaoe/aneeo oaeoia ?iaeaeathony ?acee/iua, a oii /enea
i?ioeaiiieiaeiua, iiaiey e ioeaiee, ia?aae aeenna?oaioeie noiyea
iaeaaeay caaea/a: noieo ee aiiaua a?aoueny ca oaio; eae ?acia?aoueny a
yoeo ?acii/oaieyo. A oaeeo oneiaeyo ii?aaeaeyaony oeaeue: ia oaaeeoue
eee ?oaaoue, a — iaeneiaeueii aieiaoaeueii oaeoaeoueny a iaoa?eae,
iiaeieoe eee oioy au i?eaeeceoueny e enoeia ianoiyoaeuenoa, oaeoia,
nouiinoe i?iaeaiu. Eoi a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe A.Aieiaei, a /ai ei?ie e
niaoeeoeea aai oai?/anoaa,, nouiinoue noeey aai i?icu, a
/ai-aeoaeiii-nouanoaaiiia e /oi-neo/aeiia, aoi?inoaiaiiia; niiinoaaeoue
?acii?aaeaeoeee: oa?aeoa?, iineaaenoaey i?aaie, eciaiaiee, ia?aaeei —
i/aiue nouanoaaiiuo. A yoii niunea aeaeaaony auaiae: ca eneeth/aieai
anoanoaaiiuo i?aaie ?aaeaeoe?iaaiea, eciaiaiey, eae i?aaeei, oee ia ia
iieueco, i?eaiaeeee e ieaaee?iaaieth ianoiyuaai, anoanoaaiiiai noeey — e
aeaaea niaea?aeaiey — iiaanoae e ?anneacia ienaoaey.

Ionthaea a iniiaa enneaaeiaaiey iinoaaeaiu oaenou ia?aiia/aeueiua, aaea
aaoi? aue nai niaie. Ionthaea e iai?aaeaiea, oceiaua iiiaiou ?aaiou:
aaoi? e aai aa?ie, aaoiaeia?aoe/iinoue, ycue aaoi?a e ycue aa?iy.
Aeenna?oaioea noaaeea ia?aae niaith caaea/o ii?aaeaeeoue i?e?iaeo e
nouiinoue noeey ?aiieo i?iecaaaeaiee A.Aieiaei, enoiaey ec iieiaeaiey:
noeeue — yoi /aeiaae, noeeue — yoi yiioa.

A yoii ioiioaiee a iiaaeeao e iiaanoyo ienaoaey iniaaiii caiaoia
acaeiicaaeneiinoue iaaeaeo ooaeiaeanoaaiiui ie?ii, aai iniaaiiinoyie e
oaeoi?aie, naycaiiuie ni neiaeiui oa?aeoa?ii ienaoaey, aai
i?ienoiaeaeaieai e noaeueaie, ianoiyoaeuenoaaie neiaeiaeoaai a?aiaie n
aieiaie, i?ioeainoiyieyie, e?iaii?ieeoeyie. Ana yoi i?iyaeeinue a
oaiaoeea, i?iaeaiao, no?oeoo?a, ycuea, n?aaenoaao, ai anae
ia?acii-noeeaaie nenoaia iiainoae e ?anneacia — aeaaea a aeaoaeyo.

I?ineaaeeaaaony ianoi nicaeaiiiai ienaoaeai eae a eeoa?aoo?a 20-o
aiaeia, oae e aeaeaeaiea io oe?aeineie eeanneee eiioea XIX- ia/aea XX
aa. Ii ai iiiaii i?iaeieaeaao o?aaeeoeee ia?iaeie/aneiai ?aaeecia — e a
oi aea a?aiy aai i?iecaaaeaiey — i?aaie/aneay /anoue noeeaauo aeaeaeaiee
aai a?aiaie, aaea iienee iiauo oi?i oee a ?onea iiaea?ienoe/aneeo
aa?iiaeneeo iai?aaeaiee (eii?anneiieci, iai?iiaioeci).
Ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ie? ienaoaey naeeaeaaony n ie?ii I.Oaueaaiai,
A.Ieoaeee/aiei, A.Ieaeiiaeeueiiai e ae?oaeo nia?aiaiieeia — e a oi aea
a?aiy yoi aai, A.Aieiaei, ia?acu, eioi?ua i?e anao ianoiyoaeuenoaao
caieiatho naia caiaoiia ianoi a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?a a?aiaie
«iaaeaeo aeaoo yiio».

I?e anao iiaeoiaeao e ioeaieao, nicaeaiiua ei ia?acu aeaoae e o ac?ineuo
inoathony i?aaie/aneie /anoueth oe?aeineie ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u
e, eae anyeia caiaoiia yaeaiea, caneoaeeaatho iauaeoeaiie ioeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Aaoiaeia?aoe/iinoue. sscue aaoi?a — ycue aa?iaa,
aeeaeiae/aneee ycue. Eii?annee. Noeeue.

Boguts’ka N.S. A.Golovko’s early worxs peculiarities of style (Aspect of
literary Criticism). — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the Degree of Candidate of Philology Award. Specialty
10.01.01. — Ukrainian Literature. Kyiv National University after
T.Shevchenko. Kyiv, 1999.

Golovko’s early literary works have analyzed (the first part of the
1920s). Much attention is paid to the genealogical origin, family
reasons and social circumstances which determined the characters of his
early work’s style. The subject of the research is the collection of
works «I Can» («Mozhu») (1926 First Edition).

The peculiarities of Golovko’s prose, his place in literature of that
time are presented in the dissertation. Different of narratives and
stories have been studied, and that is a matter of principle and rather
instructive.

A.Golovko’s early prose is the continuation of the traditional Ukrainian
classics of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
At the same time it is the organic part of modern literature with
obvious elements of methods the creation of images (impressionism,
newromanticism).

Key words: Autobiographness: author-hero, dramatic speech,
lyricism-impressionism. Style.

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