Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

E??iae/ Iaoae?y Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 636.22/28.03:611.013

?AII? I?IAIICOAAIIss IIEI*II? I?IAeOEOEAIINO? OA ?ACENOAIOI?NOUe
I?AAI?CIO AAEEEI? ?IAAOI? OOAeIAE A CAEAAEIINO? A?Ae O?EAAEINO?
AIA??IAAIACO

06.02.01 – ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ciia?a??ie oa oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo, I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie, i.
Iaeana.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aii/a?aiei
Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/, Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
aeaaeai?e OAAI, Eice? Aieiaeeie? Naiaiiae/, Aei?i?iiao?ianueea
aea?aeaaia aaei?i?no?aoe?y, canooiiee ia/aeueieea oi?aae?iiy oa?/iai? ?
ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio
Oiioo ?aai Naiaiiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea
aeine?aeia noaioe?y, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a aeine?aeii? noaioe?? ii
oeaio?o iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Iaeanueei?
iaeano?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a
Oe?a?ie ?i. I.O.?aaiiaa “Aneai?y-Iiaa”, a?aeae?e neioa?noaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ ” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 67.830.02. a Oa?niinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (325006, i. Oa?nii, aoe.
?.Ethenaiao?a, 23, aieiaiee o/aiaee ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y 64).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe?
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006,
i. Oa?nii, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a, 23, aieiaiee o/aiaee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ea?aioc A.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeaaaeeea?oeie caaea/aie a iiaeaeueoiio
?icaeoeo neioa?noaa ia no/aniiio aoai? ? ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oaa?ei oeyoaie naeaeoe?? oa iiaeeeaa ?? i?iaiicoaaiiy ia ?aii?o aoaiao
iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. A oaeiae ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a oeueiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy ii/eiath/e c aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo.

?yae aaoi??a (Iiaeiaa ?.A., 1972, 1973; *a?iyeiaa I.?., 1975; E?aieueia
?.I., Oaiaia E.A., 1990; Iaianthe ?.I., 1997) aeacothoue ia iiaeeea?noue
oaeiai i?iaiicoaaiiy. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio ia ii?ooothoueny ieoaiiy,
iiaycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio oaa?ei, /e ia /eieoue
iaaaoeaiiai aieeao i?aeaeuaia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a c ei?ioeith
o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco ia ?o no?ee?noue aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aaeaea ?aaeoeai?noue i?aai?cio aeieea? ua ia
?aii?o aoaiao aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo ? a iiaeaeueoiio
caeaaeeoue a?ae aieeao ??cieo /eiiee?a.

Aeooaeueiei oaeiae ? iiaeeea?noue iaoaiaoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa ?ic?iaea eiie?aoii? iiaeae?, ca ie?aieie iieacieeaie,
o oaa?ei c ??ciith o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco. Oiio i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue o oeueiio iai?yieo aeicaieeoue a?eueo aeeaiei aea/eoe
iieacieee ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio oaa?ei c ??ciei ia??iaeii
aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo c iaoith iie?ioaiiy ioe?iee oa aeiai?o ei??a
aei naeaeoe?eiiai yae?a noaaea.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa – ?icae?e
eiiieaenii? oaie eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
051.09.08).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei
aea/aiiy aieeao o?eaaeino? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo ieiaeo
(aia??iaaiaco) o ei??a-iaoa??a iii?nieo oei?a ia iieacieee
?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio, ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oa iaeaooith iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaea?aeaiiai iieiaeiyeo o ??cieo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao Oe?a?ie.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

· cynoaaoe aieea o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco iieiaeiyeo ia ai?no aaiiaeia?io
a e?ia?; caaaeueiiai a?eeo oa ie?aieo a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e a ?? ne?iaaooe?;
noai O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, a oaeiae oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue
iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a;

· aeine?aeeoe aca?iicaycie o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco c ?ioaineai?noth
?inoo io?eiaiiai iieiaeiyeo;

· aeyaeoe ei?aeyoeaio caeaaei?noue i?ae o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai
ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo ei??a oa aaee/eiith ?o iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?;

· ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa ?ioaineaiino?
?inoo a aia??iaaiac?;

· aeaoe aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaiei iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio
oaee/ie a?ae o?eaaeino? ?o aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo.
Anoaiiaeaii aieea o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo ia
aeeiai?eo ?inoo oa iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a. Aeyaeaia ei?aeyoeaia
caeaaei?noue i?ae o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco oa iaaei?i, a oaeiae i?ae
?ioaineai?noth ?inoo a aia??iaaiac? oa iaaei?i.

Aia?oa o oaa?eiieoeoa?, c iaoith a?eueo oi/ii? ioe?iee oa eiia??iino?
i?iaiicoaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia aeaiooaeoi?ia iiaeaeue
caeaaeiino? aaee/eie iaaeith a?ae o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo
?icaeoeo oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo a aia??iaaiac?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
oaa?ei c ei?ioeith oa na?aaeiueith o?eaae?noth ?o aia??iaaiaco.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i
iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy oaa?ei c ei?ioeith oa
na?aaeiueith o?eaae?noth ?o aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aeey oi?ioaaiiy
noaae c aenieith iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/ai? aaaeai? no?iee
aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo oaa?ei, iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeai? aeey
ye?niiai iie?ioaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy iiei/ieo noaae. Aeyaeaii caycie i?ae
iieacieeaie i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? iieiaeiyeo aei 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo
oa o?eaae?noth ?o aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo; i?ae
?ioaineai?noth ?inoo aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo oa o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco;
i?ae iieacieeaie aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa iaaei?i iieiea, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue a?eueo ?aiiuei? ioe?iee ? iiaeaeueoiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oaa?ei.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e
?iaio? eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa, a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao, eaai?aoi?ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii inai?ii on? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aai?ciaaii ? i?iaaaeaii o?e na??? aeine?aeaeaiue ia
ei?iaao ? oaeyoao iii?nieo oei?a. Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ia e?ia? (ne?iaaoee) ia ai?no aaiiaeia?io, caaaeueiiai a?eeo oa
ie?aieo a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e, oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue iaei/eiyaea?ieo
iaeo?io?e?a, a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iieaciee?a aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo (o?eaaeino?
aia??iaaiaco oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo a oeae ia??iae) aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo (1993–1998), ia iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? iaoiaee
naeaeoe?? ? a?aeoai?aiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ii??ae ? oei?a oaa?ei”
(1996, Ee?a), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (1997,
Ee?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 5 noaooyo oa 4
oacao.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
163 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aeo ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 209 iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 30 ?iicaiiith
iiaith, aeiaeaoe?a. I?noeoue 40 oaaeeoeue ? 7 ?enoie?a.

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia a 1992 – 1997 ?ieao a
ieai?iieo caaiaeao Aieiaiiai Naeaeoe?eiiai Oeaio?o Oe?a?ie (Ee?anueea
iaeanoue), ANI ”I?ia?an” ?cia?euenueeiai ?aeiio oa ENI “Ieaa”
Ia?ae?iiieuenueeiai ?aeiio Iaeanueei? iaeano?.

Anueiai aoei aeine?aeaeaii 280 ei??a, a oiio /ene?:

— aieooei?ciaaii? /a?aiii- ? /i?ii-?yai? ooaeiae – 90 aie?a;

— aieooei?ciaaii? /a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae – 90 aie?a;

— aiaea?eciaaii? /a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae — 100 aie?a.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ia
?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio, ??no ? iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue o eiaeiiio
noaae? aoei noi?iiaaii o?e a?oie oaa?ei c ei?ioeei, na?aaei?i ?
iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeaie aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo (noaia
aeine?aeaeaiue i?eaaaeaia ieae/a).

A?aieoe? i?ae a?oiaie aecia/aee ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo na?aaeiueiai
eaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy o aa??aoe?eiiio ?yae? ca iciaeith:

— ei?ioeee ia??iae aia??iaaiaco — O – 0,5;

— na?aaei?e ia??iae — a?ae O – 0,5 aei O + 0,5;

— iiaeiaaeaiee ia??iae — O + 0,5.

Eiio?ieue ca ?inoii i?aeaeine?aeiiai iiaie?a’y cae?enithaaee oeyoii
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai caaaeoaaiiy oaa?ei i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, o 3, 6, 10,
12 oa 18 i?nyoe?a, a iio?i iaoiaeii ?ioa?iieyoe?? aecia/aee iano ia
aeaoo ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

O?EAAE?NOUe AIA??IAAIACO

? (ei?ioea) ?? (na?aaeiy)
??? (iiaeiaaeaia)

A?aoiaoaai? ia?aiao?e:

1. Iieacieee ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio

2. ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oaee/ie a aia??iaaiac?

3. AEeaa iana oaee/ie i?e ia?iaeaeaii? oa a i?ioean?
?o ?inoo

4. Aaniethoiee, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee ? a?aeiiniee
i?e?inoe

5. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a.

Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei a?aoiaoaaeanue ca
aeaieie eiio?ieueieo iaaei?a, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o
a iieioe? oa aiae?co aeaieo “Ea?oea ieai?iii? ei?iae” (oi?ia 2-iie).

I?e aea/aii? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo oaa?ei aecia/aee iieacieee,
ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeeaino? aia??iaaiaco:

— o?eaae?noue aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo oaee/ie – ii
cao?eniaai?e o aeo?iae? aeao? inoaiiueiai ie?aeiiai in?iai?iiy ?o
iaoa??a ? aeao? ia?iaeaeaiiy oaee/ie;

— ?ioain?aiino? ?inoo a aia??iaaiac? – ii a?aeiioaiith aeeai? iane i?e
ia?iaeaeaii? aei o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oaee/ie.

Aea/aiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a i?iaiaeeee ia oaee/eao ieaicaaiae?a
c ??cieoeath a aeaoao ia?iaeaeaiiy a iaaeao 20 aei?a. Aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio
oaee/ie ?c ??ciith o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo aoei
i?iaaaeaii o?e na??? aeine?ae?a:

1-a na??y – i?iaiaeeee o ieaicaaiae? ANI “I?ia?an“ – aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue aoei

a?ae?a?aii 25 oaa?ei.

2-a na??y – ieaicaaiae ENI “Ieaa“ – 26 oaa?ei.

3-y na??y – ieaicaaiae Aieiaiiai Naeaeoe?eiiai Oeaio?o Oe?a?ie – 15
oaa?ei.

Na?aaei? i?iae e?ia? aeey aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee c y?aiii? aaie aei
?aieiai? aiae?ae?, a aeaie?aoi?e iiaoi?iino?. E?ia aeey ?ioiieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee c noaeei aooii? ?aeiaeie o o? ae ia??iaee.

A e?ia? aea/aee eiioeaio?aoe?th aaiiaeia?io eiei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ca
aeiiiiiaith aaiiiao?a Nae?. Caaaeueiee a?eie aecia/aee o ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? ?ao?aeoiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia ?ao?aeoiiao?? ?I-2. A?eeia? o?aeoe??
o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aeueaoi?ie, aeueoa-, aaoa-, aaia-aeiaoe?ie)
aecia/aee iaoaeiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ca aeiiiiiaith OAEa.

Aeey aea/aiiy ee?oeiieo oa aoii?aeueieo oaeoi??a caoenoo i?aai?cio
aecia/aee oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a c
ee?oeiaie aeiaiai? eoeueoo?e iaea?nueeeo ae??aeaeae?a, o?eniaaieo
i?ae?a??aaiiyi, a oaeiae a?aeiinio e?euee?noue O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a o
a?eiaiio aniaeo? – a 10-aeaiiiio, 3-, 6-, 10- ? 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ( ca
iaoiaeeeith Aai?/e?ia I.I., Aooo?aa I.I., Aeaaoy?aiei O.A. oa ?i.,
1990).

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a??ia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
io?eiai? iieacieee i?aeaeaaaeeny a?iiao?e/i?e ia?iaoe? oa aiae?co ca
aeai?eoiaie I.I.Ieio?inueeiai (1969) c aeei?enoaiiyi i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?a
oeia Casio fx – 992s.

Iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a
?ic?aoiaoaaee ia ia?niiaeueiiio eiiithoa?? Pentium-306, aeei?enoiaoth/e
i?ia?aio statistica.

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?acenoaioiino? (?aaeoeaiino?)

i?aai?cio oaee/ie a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? ?o aia??iaaiaco

A?eia? ci?ie ai?noo aaiiaeia?io

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ai?no aaiiaeia?io o e?ia?
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iinooiiai iiieaeo?oueny c a?eii. Oea iiaeia
iiynieoe ?icaeoeii aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?ieo nenoai i?aai?cio, oae ye
ia?ao?ae a?ae oo?iaiiai aei iicaoo?iaiiai ia?aco aeeooy
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith ??aiy ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a. Oaee/ee c
ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ca ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiue
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaea?eueo aenieei ai?noii aaiiaeia?io a e?ia? oa i?e
oeueiio eiai ??aaiue cieaeo?oueny anueiai ia 12,0-20,6%, a oie /an ye o
oaee/ie c na?aaei?i ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco e?euee?noue aaiiaeia?io
cieaeo?oueny ia 12,6-22,1%, a o oaee/ie c iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii –
ia 17,8-25,3%. ??cieoey i?ae oaa?eiaie c na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii ?
iiaeiaaeaiei aoea a iaaeao 2,6-11,0%, i?ae oaee/eaie c ei?ioeei ?
iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii neeaaeaea 5,6-14,7%, a i?ae oaee/eaie c
ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii – 3,1-5,9%. Oae? eieeaaiiy na?ae/aoue
i?i ??ci? ??ai? ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a o i?aai?ci? oaa?ei: a?eueo
?ioaineaii

aiie a?aeaoaathoueny a i?aai?ci? oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i
aia??iaaiacii. A oae ye iniiaiith ooieoe??th aaiiaeia?io ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy eenith oa aoaeaeeneiai aaco , oi iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe,
ui e?ia oaeeo oaa?ei ia? i?aeaeuaio aeeoaeueio ooieoe?th.

Ci?ie a?eeiai? ea?oeie e?ia?

Ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eeo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii
aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ia 6,4-10,1% a?eueoa a ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie c
iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco oa ia 2,0-5,1% a?eueoa, i?ae o
iaeiie?oie c na?aaei?i. C a?eii ??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie aeaui
ca?eueoo?oueny. Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui i?ae iieacieeaie caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? a?eeo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? o oaa?ei c ei?ioeei oa iiaeiaaeaiei
aia??iaaiacii ??cieoey iaeaea o an?o aeiaaeeao a??ia?aeia ( ?0,05;
?0,01).

Oaee/ee c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii iathoue ieae/? iieacieee
ai?noo aeueaoi?iiai? o?aeoe?? a a?eeo (ia 3,3-5,2%). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
i?aeaeuai? ?o anei?ethth/? cae?aiino?, ui ae?aaea?oueny o i?aeaeuai?e
?ioaineaiino? ?inoo oaeeo oaa?ei.

O ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaa?ei c na?aaei?i ? ei?ioeei aia??iaaiacii aeyaeaia
iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue aaia-aeiaoe?i?a, ui ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye
?acoeueoao e?aui? o?c?ieia?/ii? c??eino? i?aai?cio oaeyoe – oaeee
i?aai?ci a ?ioiieia?/iiio a?aeiioaii? aeinoaoiuei c??eee ? aeoeaii
ae?iaey? aeani? niaoeeo?/i? a?eee (aioeo?ea).

Aeeiai?ea oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaee/eiyaea?ieo
iaeo?io?e?a o oaee/ie a on?o o?ueio ainiiaea?noaao (oaaeeoey 1)
na?ae/aoue i?i ia?aaaao oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco iaae
iaeiie?oeaie c na?aaei?i oa iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii. Iaea?eueoa
??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie niinoa??aa?oueny o 10-aeaiiiio a?oe?: 2,0-3,1% —
i?ae oaee/eaie c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii; 8,4-9,6% — i?ae
oaee/eaie c ei?ioeei ? iiaeiaaeaiei. A iiaeaeueoiio a?aei?/a?oueny
iinooiiaa ciaioaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae a?oiaie ? aaea o 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe?
aiia noaiiaeoue: i?ae oaa?eiaie c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii –
0,8-1,5%, a i?ae oaa?eiaie c ei?ioeei ? iiaeiaaeaiei – 2,7-4,5%.
??cieoey i?ae iieacieeaie oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a
a??ia?aeia eeoa o 10-aeaiiiio a?oe? (?0,05; ?0,01).

Oaeei /eiii, ee?oeii? oaeoi?e caoenoo i?aai?cio oaee/ie c ei?ioeith oa
na?aaeiueith o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco aeaui aeu?, i?ae o ?o iaeiie?oie c
iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii.

Oaaeeoey 1 — A?eia? iieacieee oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a

IIEACIEEANI «I?ia?an»ENI «Ieaa»ANOeOA?OIAA?OIAA?OIAIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

O?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco, aei?a

260-278

279-284

285-293

257-274

275-282

283-296

261-275

276-283

284-295

E?euee?noue aie?a

7

10

8

9

10

7

5

6

4

Oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?e?a,

a 10 aei?a

a 3 i?nyoe?

a 6 i?nyoe?

a 10 i?nyoe?a

a 12 i?nyoe?a

31,860,68

41,140,64

52,000,58

42,430,57

39,000,47

31,000,54

40,600,63

50,200,60

41,800,44

38,400,28

29,130,59

39,380,49

49,380,39

40,750,39

37,250,44

31,330,53

41,110,65

51,560,66

42,220,55

38,560,36

30,700,52

40,300,50

50,100,53

41,600,48

38,100,37

28,710,81

39,290,61

49,140,86

40,570,62

37,430,66

31,800,74

41,400,67

51,600,57

42,600,57

38,800,42

30,830,66

40,170,87

50,170,77

42,170,77

38,500,55

28,750,73

39,250,55

49,251,19

40,500,75

37,750,73

A?eiaa aeoeai?noue O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a

Noai nenoai O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aenieo ?acenoaioi?noue
i?aai?cio oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii (oaaeeoey 2).

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui a?aeiinia e?euee?noue A-e?ioioeeo?a o a?eueo?e i???
i?aeiaaea? aieeao o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco: oae, ??cieoey o a?aeiiniiio
ai?no? A-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ? iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeii
aia??iaaiaco eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 6,6-12,5% (iaea?eueoa ??cieoey
niinoa??aa?oueny o ??/iiio a?oe?).

Ui noino?oueny nenoaie O-e?ioioeeo?a, oi aiia aoea a?eueo noaa?eueia ?
??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie ia i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 5,9%. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey a?aei?/a?oueny a 6-i?ny/iiio
a?oe?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui naia a oeae ia??iae niinoa??aa?oueny
iaea?eueoee ca’ycie i?ae oaaioeeoa?iith aeoeaiinoth iaeo?io?e?a ?
o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei.
I?eaaaeai? aeai? aeacothoue ia ianoaa?euei?noue oaeoi??a ee?oeiiiai
caoenoo a ia??iae noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, a oaeiae ia oa, ui i?aai?ci
oaee/ie c aia??iiaeueiei ia??iaeii ?icaeoeo aei 284-o aei?a a?eueo
no?eeee aei iani?eyoeeaeo oiia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iaa?oue ? a oeae
ia??iae. Oaeei /eiii, oaee/ee c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i ia??iaeii
aia??iaaiaco a?ae??ciythoueny a?aeiinii c??eith, o e?euee?niiio
a?aeiioaii?, nenoaiith O-e?ioioeeo?a, oa aeinoaoiuei ae?yeueiith
nenoaiith A-e?ioioeeo?a.

Ioe?iea o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo ieiaea o ei??a

O?eaae?noue o?eueiino?, ii?yae c aeeaith ianith oaeyoe i?e ia?iaeaeaii?
– iaaiee iieaciee iiaiioe?iiino? ?icaeoeo eiai a aia??iiaeueiee ia??iae
? a iaai?e i??? ? iieacieeii aeeoo?caeaoiino?, ?ioaineaiino? iai?io
?a/iaei, oiaoi iaea?eueo caaaeueieo aeanoeainoae i?aai?cio, ui
neeaaeathoueny ia ?aii?o aoaiao aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o ae?aaeaiino?, i?iaiicothoue iaeaooith
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei.

O aeine?aeieo ainiiaea?noaao o?eaae?noue aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ia
iaeiaeiaa ? ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 257-296 aei?a (oaaeeoey 3).
Iaea?eueoa aa??aaaeuei?noue oe??? iciaee niinoa??aa?oueny o ei??a
ieaicaaiaeo ENI “Ieaa”, iaeiae na?aaei? cia/aiiy o?eaaeino? o?eueiino? a
oeueiio ainiiaea?noa? ieae/a ia 0,38% a?ae oeueiai iieacieea o ANOeO oa
ia 1,19% — a ANI “I?ia?an”.

Iaea?eueoith ?ioaineai?noth ?inoo a aia??iiaeueiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaee/ee c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii. Oae?
oaa?eie ia?iaeaeothoueny c iaioith aeeaith ianith, iaeiae, aa?o/e aei
oaaae ? iaioo o?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco, aiie ia 1,04-3,98% iathoue
a?eueoo ?ioainea-

Oaaeeoey 2 — Iieacieee a?aeiiniiai ai?noo O- ?

A-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oaee/ie c ??ciith

o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco

IA??IAe

A?OIAANI «I?ia?an»ENI «Ieaa»ANOeOA ? Ae I I N I E E A I ? N O ,
O-e?ioi-oeeoeA-e?ioi-oeeoeO-e?ioi-oeeoeA-e?ioi-oeeoeO-e?ioi-oeeoeA-e?ioi
-oeeoe

10 aei?a

I

II

III26,290,45

26,100,40

25,630,287,710,45

7,200,41

6,880,3226,330,47

26,900,40

25,430,527,440,40

7,300,39

6,860,3726,600,57

26,170,52

25,750,557,600,57

7,170,66

6,750,73

3 i?nyoe?

I

II

III35,860,37

35,100,37

34,630,4019,290,77

18,300,57

17,380,5736,110,51

35,500,53

34,710,5619,220,58

18,400,61

17,570,6636,200,65

35,670,61

34,750,9919,000,79

18,500,84

17,750,55

6 i?nyoe?a

I

II

III30,290,77

29,300,42

28,500,5314,420,52

13,500,55

13,130,4730,220,34

29,600,42

28,430,5214,440,50

13,600,48

13,140,4430,200,80

29,830,82

28,750,8714,400,56

13,670,54

13,000,82

10 i?nyoe?a

I

II

III36,000,47

35,100,29

34,630,5316,000,62

15,200,41

14,250,5236,330,54

35,200,52

34,290,8716,440,40

15,500,39

14,430,6239,400,84

38,830,62

38,250,9916,800,82

15,830,83

14,750,55

12 i?nyoe?a

I

II

III41,290,51

40,400,45

39,380,5719,570,62

18,200,49

17,130,5141,500,45

40,200,49

39,140,6819,330,50

18,300,59

17,290,7341,800,89

40,670,73

39,500,7519,600,67

18,330,78

17,750,55

Oaaeeoey 3 — O?eaae?noue aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo

A?OIA O?EAAE?NOUe AIA??IAAIACO, o aeiyo

E?EUe-

E?NOUe AIE?A

Sx

LimitAecia/aiiy o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco

Ieaicaaiae ANOeO
I269,771,11261-275ei?ioea22II279,740,31276-283na?aaeiy42III287,270,59284
-295iiaeiaaeaia26

Ieaicaaiae ANI
«I?ia?an»I272,561,08260-278ei?ioea25II282,100,25279-284na?aaeiy40III288,
820,50285-293iiaeiaaeaia25

Ieaicaaiae ENI
«Ieaa»I270,121,11257-274ei?ioea26II278,360,21275-282na?aaeiy45III285,930
,71283-296iiaeiaaeaia29

i?noue ?inoo a oeae ia??iae, i?ae oaeyoa c iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii.
??cieoey ia a??ia?aeia.

Aea/aiiy ?inoo oaeyo c ??ciith o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco

Ia caaaeath/e ia iaaenieo iano i?e ia?iaeaeaii? (95,6-96,9%), oaee/ee c
ei?ioeith o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aaea o 3-i?ny/iiio a?oe?
aeinyaathoue aeeai? iane nai?o iaeiie?oie ?c aeaio ?ioeo i?aeaeine?aeieo
a?oi. A o 12 i?nyoe?a oae? oaee/ee a??ia?aeii (?0,01) ia 3,03-4,31%
ia?aaeuothoue ii aeea?e ian? iaeiie?oie c iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii, o
18 i?nyoe?a ??cieoey noaiiaeoue 3,86-5,07% (?0,001) (oaaeeoey 4).

Oaee/ee c ei?ioeei aia??iaaiacii, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaea?eueoeie
iieacieeaie aaniethoiiai, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai oa a?aeiiniiai i?e?ino?a.
O oeeo oaa?ei iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee eiao?oe??ioa ?inoo.

Oaeei /eiii, ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo a i?neyoo?iaiee ia??iae oaee/ie c
ei?ioeei aia??iaaiacii ? ye ae i?ieiiaaoe??th ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo a
oo?iaiee ia??iae .

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane oaee/ie c ??ciith o?eaae?noth
aia??iaaiaco

IIEACIEEANI «I?ia?an»ENI «Ieaa»ANOeOA?OIAA?OIAA?OIAIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

AEeaa iana, ea:

— i?e ia?iaeaeaii?

— a 3 i?nyoe?

— a 6 i?nyoe?a

— a 10 i?nyoe?a

— a 12 i?nyoe?a

— a 18 i?nyoe?a

33,320,50

103,400,89

196,882,66

279,841,91

325,442,39

426,882,19

34,380,61

103,701,24

195,751,50

277,701,40

319,801,79

418,221,84

34,960,59

103,962,08

194,282,14

274,641,96

315,562,77

410,402,21

32,730,73

88,651,27

165,501,13

253,233,77

296,813,78

405,923,54

33,390,51

88,980,66

164,981,81

248,641,89

287,881,96

390,381,66

35,900,65

88,931,01

163,381,97

245,791,76

284,032,21

385,342,59

31,450,69

108,641,22

205,452,35

310,502,33

360,732,94

471,953,91

32,900,43

108,861,38

203,762,32

307,622,50

352,522,61

460,673,38

34,270,76

108,351,87

202,852,77

304,773,10

347,773,30

452,503,31

Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a o cayceo c o?eaae?noth

?o aia??iaaiaco

Ei?iae c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iathoue ? aenieo
iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Oae, ii ? eaeoaoe?? aiie ia 4,1-10,4%
ia?aaeuothoue ei??a c na?aaei?i ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco ? ia 6,9-14,2% —
oaa?ei c iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii (??cieoey a??ia?aeia ?0,05; ?0,01
? ?0,001) (oaaeeoey 5).

Oaaeeoey 5. Na?aaei? iieacieee iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

( ? ? ?? eaeoaoe?? ) ei??a c ??ciith o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco

IIEACIEE

A?OIA

IIIIIIANI «I?ia?an»N?aaei?e iaae?e ii ? ? ?? eaeoaoe?yo, ea

6259,00154,97

5959,78116,42

5662,11199,62Ai?no aee?o,

3,620,01

3,610,01

3,610,01E?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o, ea

226,675,59

215,104,24

204,707,03ENI «Ieaa»Na?aaei?e iaae?e ii ? ? ?? eaeoaoe?yo, ea

4355,19178,13

4122,55144,98

3619,18109,44Ai?no aee?o,

4,000,04

3,930,05

4,000,03E?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o, ea

174,247,62

163,675,70

144,974,63Aieiaiee Naeaeoe?eiee Oeaio? Oe?a?ieNa?aaei?e iaae?e ii ? ? ??
eaeoaoe?yo, ea

7122,45245,08

6883,91139,84

6591,08146,55Ai?no aee?o,

4,050,05

3,960,03

4,050,04E?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o, ea

287,129,02

272,135,65

266,816,99

A??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? i?ae a?oiaie noiniaii ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? ia
niinoa??aa?oueny. O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ei?iae c ei?ioeei aia??iaaiacii
a?ae??ciythoueny i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii aee?o (ANI “I?ia?an”); o ?ioeo –
iaaiaee. I?e oeueiio e?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o a??ia?aeii a?eueoith
aoea o ei??a c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i ia??iaeaie aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ii ?? eaeoaoe?? ei?iae c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i ia??iaeaie
aia??iaaiaco ia 0,7-6,2% i?aeaeuothoue naith i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a oie /an
ye ei?iae c iiaeiaaeaiei aia??iaaiacii o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao (ENI ”Ieaa”)
iaa?oue ciaioothoue nai? iaaei? ia 4,5%. Ii ?? eaeoaoe?? ei?iae c
ei?ioeith o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco ia 0,25-0,75% i?aeaeuothoue ai?no
aee?o a iieioe?, oi/ oey ??cieoey ? iaa??ia?aeia.

Ei?aeyoeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco oa iaaei?i ii ?
eaeoaoe?? a?ae?iia ? ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao r = -0,178…-0,284; ii ??
eaeoaoe?? aiia cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny – r = -0,373…-0,442.

Ei?aeyoe?y i?ae na?aaeiueiaeiaiaei i?e?inoii a aia??iaaiac? oa iaaei?i
ii ? eaeoaoe?? iiceoeaia ? iaaeniea ( r = +0,086…+0,225 ), ii ??
eaeoaoe?? i?aeaeuo?oueny ( r = +0,102…+0,356), oi/ a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a iaa??ia?aeia. ?acoeueoaoe ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue
i?i oa, ui o ei??a c iaaei?i aei 5000 ea iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th iaea?eueo
o?niee caycie niinoa??aa?oueny i?ae o?eaae?noth aia??iaaiaco oa iaaei?i,
i?ae i?ae ?ioain?ai?noth ?inoo a aia??iaaiac? oa iaaei?i. O oaa?ei c
a?eueo aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ei?aeyoeaiee caycie i?ae o?eaae?noth
aia??iaaiaco, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaei i?e?inoii o oeae ia??iae ? iaaei?i ii
?? eaeoaoe?? i?aeoe/ii iaoiaeeoueny ia iaeiiio ??ai?. Oaeei /eiii, o
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ei??a aaee/eia iaaeith a ??ai?e i??? caeaaeeoue ye
a?ae o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo, oae

? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo a aia??iaaiac?.

?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?iaiicoaaiiy

iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a

Iaie anoaiiaeaia noaoenoe/ia e?i?eia caeaaei?noue iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ae iieaciee?a aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. I?ney
iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iiiio?ii oi?ioeo:

Y = A0 + A1 X1 + A2X2 , aea

O1 — o?eaae?noue aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo, a aeiyo;

O2 — ?ioaineaienoue ?inoo a aia??iaaiac?, a/aeiao;

A0, A1, A2 — ?ic?aooieia? eiao?oe??ioe.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e ??, iiaeia aecia/aoe iiaeeeao iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue
ei??a ua a ia?o? aei? aeeooy. Aiae?c iiaeaeae aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i ?o
aaeaeaaoi?noue, a eiao?oe??ioe iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? na?ae/aoue i?i
aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue cayceo i?ae oaeoi?aie, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue

Ca ?aooiie a?eueo aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (ia 4,3-11,6%), a?ae ei??a c
ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aeiaeaoeiai iiaeia io?eiaoe
a?ae 67 aei 126 a?i. ca eaeoaoe?th, a i?e ae?iuoaaii? oaeeo oaa?ei ia
?aiiio noaaea ca ?aooiie a?eueoi? ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo iiaeeeai nei?ioeoe
cao?aoe ia ae?iuoaaiiy ia 2,5-4,7%. Oaeei /eiii, aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
aeiai?o oaa?ei c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii aei naeaeoe?eiiai
yae?a noaaea.

A E N I I A E E

1. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy noaae ??cieo ii??ae aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
iiei/iiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eaae?noue
aia??iaaiaco, oi/ ? aaaaea?oueny a?ieia?/ii iaoiiaeaiith iciaeith,
iaeiae ia? aeinoaoiuei aaeeeee e?i?o i?ieeaino? – a?ae 257 aei 296 aei?a
?, ca?aeii aeaieo aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a, iaoiiaeth? nooi?iue ?icaeoeo
oaa?ei i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, ?o ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo a iinoiaoaeueiee
ia??iae ? i?iaiico? iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

2. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui o oaee/ie c ei?ioeei oa
na?aaei?i ia??iaeii aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo caaaeueiee a?eie ? ie?ai?
a?eeia? o?aeoe?? a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia 6,4-10,0% a?eueoa, i?ae o
iaeiie?oie, aia??iiaeueiee ia??iae yeeo ia?aaeuo? 284 aei?; ei?ioeee
ia??iae aia??iaaiaco (aei 278 aei?a) ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith oaaioeeoa?ii?
aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a ia 2,7-9,6%; o oaee/ie c ei?ioeith o?eaae?noth
aia??iaaiaco a?aei?/aia a?eueo c??ea oa ae?yeueia nenoaia O- ?
A-e?ioioeeo?a. O e?ia? oaeeo oaa?ei ia 2,5-5,9% aeua a?aeiinia
e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a, i?ae o oaee/ie c iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeii
aia??iaaiaco ? ia 7,8-12,5% o ?o e?ia? a?eueoa A-e?ioioeeo?a. Oaeei
/eiii, ??aaiue ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
i?iyaey?oueny ia iaeiaeiai ? caeaaeeoue a?ae o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo oaa?ei.

3. Oaee/ee c ei?ioeei aia??iiaeueiei ia??iaeii ?icaeoeo iathoue aeaui
iecueeo aeeao iano i?e ia?iaeaeaii? (95,6-96,9%), iaeiae o iaeaooiueiio
a?eueo ?ioaineai?oa aeei?enoiaothoue aia?a?th ei?io ? aaea o
18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ?o aeeaa iana neeaaea? 102,1-104,0% a?ae iane
iaeiie?oie c na?aaei?i ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco. Oaee/ee c iiaeiaaeaiei
ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco iathoue a?eueo aenieo iano i?e ia?iaeaeaii?
(101,7- 105,8%), aea o 18 i?nyoe?a aeinyaathoue o?eueee 98,1-98,7% a?ae
iane oaee/ie c na?aaei?i ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco oa 94,9-96,1% a?ae iane
oaa?ei c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco.

I?aeaeuaia ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oaa?ei c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii
aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aaiaoe/ii iaoiiaeaia ? caa??aa?oueny a
iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?. Oaa?eie c ei?ioeei aia??iaaiacii iathoue
a?eueo? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe iane o?ea ye a aia??iiaeueiee
(101,0-104,1%), oae ? a iinoaia??iiaeueiee ( 104,8-106,8%) ia??iaee
?icaeoeo a ii??aiyii? c iaeiie?oeaie c iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeii
aia??iaaiaco. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeeaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai
oaeyoe, aac o?aooaaiiy o?eaaeino? eiai aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a oeae
ia??iae ia ? iieacieeii iiaiioe?iiino? eiai ?icaeoeo.

4. Ei?iae c ei?ioeei ? na?aaei?i ia??iaeaie aia??iaaiaco iathoue a?eueo
aenieo iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Iaae?e ii ? eaeoaoe?? o ei??a c
ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco ia 4-8% ia?aaeuo? iaae?e ia?a?noie c
na?aaei?i aia??iaaiacii ? ia 7-14% — c iiaeiaaeaiei. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ei?iae c aia??iiaeueiei ?icaeoeii, ui ia?aaeuo? 284 aei?, a??oa
?icaeiththoueny ? ii ?? eaeoaoe?? a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao (ieaicaaiae ENI
“Ieaa”) iaa?oue cieaeothoue ia 4,5% na?e iaae?e.

5. Ei?aeyoeaiee caycie i?ae o?eaae?noth ia??iaeo aia??iaaiaco ? iaaei?i
ii ? eaeoaoe?? a?ae?iiee ? iaaenieee (r = -0,18…-0,28); ii ??
eaeoaoe?? oeae iieaciee cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny ? aeinyaa? r =
-0,37…-0,44. Ei?aeyoe?y i?ae na?aaeiueiaeiaiaei i?e?inoii a
aia??iaaiac? oa iaaei?i iiceoeaia, oi/a o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iacia/ia
? iaa??ia?aeia.

6. Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia ?aii?o aoaiao
iioiaaiaco ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe e?i?eio caeaaei?noue a?ae o?eaaeino?
aia??iaaiaco oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo a oeae ia??iae, i?e oeueiio aeacai?
oaeoi?e ia 19,2-29,7% aecia/athoue aa??aoe?th iaaeith.

7. ?acoeueoaoe aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee na?ae/aoue, ui i?e aeiai?? oa
ae?iuoaaii? ia ?aiiio oaee/ie c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii aia??iaaiaco iiaeia
cieceoe cao?aoe ca ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy ia 2,5-4,7% ca ?aooiie
i?aeaeuaii? ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ? a iiaeaeueoiio io?eiaoe aeiaeaoeiai
4,3-11,6% eioo?a, ca ?aooiie a?eueo aeniei? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

8. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o ainiiaea?noaao c
iaaei?i 5000 ea ia 1 ei?iao ca eaeoaoe?th iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe aeia??
oaa?ei ia ?aiiio, a?aoiaoth/e o?eaae?noue ?o aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
a o ainiiaea?noaao c a?eueo aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe
i?e aeiai?? e ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo a aia??iaaiac?, a i?e i?iaiicoaaii?
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe iaoaiaoe/iee iaoiae c
o?aooaaiiyi e?i?eii? caeaaeiino? ca oi?ioeith:

Y = A0 + A1O1+ A2O

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. E??iae/ I.I. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? ?inoo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a
caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo //
Aa?a?iee a?niee I?e/i?iiii?y. – aei. 4. — Iaeana. – 1998. – N. 69-73.

2. E??iae/ I.I. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a a cayceo c o?eaae?noth
?o aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo // Aa?a?iee a?niee I?e/i?iiii?y. – aei. 4. –
Iaeana. – 1998. – N. 73-78.

3. E??iae/ I.I. ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio oaee/ie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
o?eaaeino? ?o aia??iaaiaco // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie . – 1999. – ?1-2. –
N.14.

4. E??iae/ I.I. Aieea o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue // Oaa?eiieoeoai
Oe?a?ie. – 1999. — ? 3-4. – N.18.

5. Eaaiia A.E., Ee?iae/ I.A. Yia?eiaaiac e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue //
Aeieiae/aneea iniiau i?iaeoeoeaiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo e
ioeoeu. Nai?iee iao/iuo oacenia. – Iaeanna. – 1994. — N.9.
(yenia?eiaioaeueiay /anoue).

6. Iaoaaiei A.A., Eaaiia A.E., Ee?iae/ I.A. Iaeioi?ua naeaeoeeiiiua e
aeieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u iiianiuo iiioeyoeee iiei/iiai neioa // Iao/iia
iaania/aiea aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. –
Eeaa:”Aa?a?ia iaoea”. – 1996. – N. 203-214. (ia?aaioea aeaiiuo).

7. E??iae/ I.I. Caycie ?inoo, ?icaeoeo oa iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a
c o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo // Iia? iaoiaee
naeaeoe?? ? a?aeoai?aiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ii??ae ? oei?a oaa?ei.
Iaoa??aee i.-ae?ia. eiioa?aioe??. – Ee?a:”Anioe?aoe?y Oe?a?ie. – 1996. —
N. 82.

8. E??iae/ I.I., ?aaiia A.E. Iniaeeaino? ?inoo, ?icaeoeo, iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa aeaye? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee a e?ia? ei??a a cayceo c
o?eaae?noth aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? i?io?eaeoeea oai?ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei.
– Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. – Ee?a, 1996. – N.9.
(aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia, ia?iaea aeaieo).

9. ?aaiia A.E., E??iae/ I.I. O?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco ? ??no ieai?iieo
oaee/ie // I?iaeaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. – Ee?a, 1997. – N. 44-45.
(aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia, ia?iaea aeaieo).

E??iae/ I.I. ?aii? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a caeaaeiino? a?ae
o?eaaeino? aia??iaaiaco. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth: 06.02.01. –
?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999.

?iaioa i?enay/aia aea/aiith aieeao o?eaaeino? aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo
?icaeoeo ia i?e?iaeio ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae,
?ioaineai?noue ?inoo a iioiaaiac? oa ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue .

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaee/ee c ei?ioeith oa na?aaeiueith o?eaae?noth
aia??iaaiaco oa?aeoa?ecothoueny e?aueie iieacieeaie ee?oeiiiai ?
aoii?aeueiiai oaeoi??a caoenoo i?aai?cio. Oae? oaa?eie caa??aathoue
caeaoi?noue aei a?eueo ?ioaineaiiai ?inoo ye a aia??iiaeueiee, oae ? a
iinoaia??iiaeueiee ia??iaee ?icaeoeo. A?ae ei??a c ei?ioeith o?eaae?noth
aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo io?eiothoue a?eueoo e?euee?noue iieiea ca
eaeoaoe?th, aiie e?aua ?icaeiththoueny.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia oi?ioea aeicaieeoue ua a ia?o? aei? i?ney
ia?iaeaeaiiy aecia/eoe iiaeeeao iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?acenoaioi?noue (?aaeoeai?noue) i?aai?cio; o?eaae?noue
aia??iiaeueiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo; ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo a aia??iaaiac?.

Ee?iae/ I.A. ?aiiaa i?iaiice?iaaiea iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe e
?acenoaioiinoue i?aaiecia e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa a caaeneiinoe io
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe yia?eiaaiaca. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe: 06.02.01. – ?acaaaeaiea e
naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao.
Oa?nii, 1999.

?aaioa iinayuaia eco/aieth aeeyiey i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe yia?eiiaeueiiai
ia?eiaea ?acaeoey ia anoanoaaiioth ?acenoaioiinoue i?aaiecia e?oiiiai
?iaaoiai neioa, eioaineaiinoue ?inoa a iioiaaiaca e ia iiei/ioth
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, a oaeaea aiciiaeiinoe ?aiiaai i?iaiice?iaaiey iiei/iie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe n o/aoii eiie?aoiie iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o?iaaiue ?acenoaioiinoe i?aaiecia e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai
neioa i?iyaeyaony ia iaeeiaeiai e caaeneo io i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe
yia?eiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea ?acaeoey aeeaioiiai. Niaea?aeaiea aaiiaeiaeia
a e?iae oaei/ae n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey ia
5,6-14,7 % aieueoa, /ai o eo naa?noieoe n oaeeeiaiiui yia?eiaaiacii e ia
2,6-11,0% — /ai o oaei/ae ni n?aaeiei yia?eiaaiacii, /oi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oi?ioae aeuoaoaeueiie ooieoeee. e?iae aeeaioiuo n
ei?ioeei e n?aaeiei ia?eiaeaie yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey. Niaea?aeaiea
iauaai aaeea e ioaeaeueiuo aaeeiauo o?aeoeee a nuai?ioea e?iae oaei/ae n
ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey ia 6,4-10,0% aieueoa, /ai o
eo naa?noieoe, yia?eiiaeueiue ia?eiae eioi?uo i?aauoaao 284 aeiy.
Ei?ioeee ia?eiae yia?eiaaiaca (aei 278 aeiae) niinianoaoao iiauoaieth
oaaioeeoa?iie aeoeaiinoe iaeo?ioeeia ia 2,7-9,6%.O oaei/ae n ei?ioeie
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoueth yia?eiaaiaca ioia/athony aieaa c?aeua e
aeayoaeueiua nenoaiu O- e A-eeioioeeoia. A e?iae oaeeo aeeaioiuo ia
2,5-5,9%auoa ioiineoaeueiia eiee/anoai O-eeioioeeoia, /ai o oaei/ae n
oaeeeiaiiui ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca e ia 7,8-12,5% a eo e?iae aieueoa
A-eeioioeeoia.

AEeaay ianna iiai?iaeaeaiiiai oaeaiea, aac o/aoa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe
aai yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey e eioaineaiinoe ?inoa a yoio ia?eiae ia
yaeyaony iieacaoaeai iieiioeaiiinoe aai ?acaeoey. Oaei/ee n ei?ioeei
ia?eiaeii yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey eiatho ianeieueei ieceoth aeeaoth
ianno i?e ?iaeaeaiee (95,6-96,9%), iaeiaei a iineaaeothuea ia?eiaeu
aieaa eioaineaiae eniieuecotho yia?aeth ei?ia e oaea a 18-iany/iii
aic?anoa eo aeeaay ianna ninoaaeyao 102,1-104,0% io iannu naa?noieoe ni
n?aaeiei ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca. Oaei/ee n oaeeeiaiiui ia?eiaeii
yia?eiaaiaca eiatho aieaa aunieoth aeeaoth ianno i?e ?iaeaeaiee
(101,7-105,8%), iaeiaei a 18 ianyoeaa aeinoeaatho oieueei 98,1-98,7% io
iannu oaei/ae ni n?aaeiei ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca e 94,9-96,1% io iannu
aeeaioiuo n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca. Iiauoaiiay eioaineaiinoue
?inoa aeeaioiuo n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey
aaiaoe/anee iaoneiaeaia e nio?aiyaony a iinoiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea.
AEeaioiua n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca eiatho aieaa aunieea
n?aaeianooi/iua i?e?inou iannu oaea eae a yia?eiiaeueiue (101,0-104,1%),
oae e iinoyia?eiiaeueiue (104,8-106,8%) ia?eiaeu ?acaeoey ii n?aaiaieth
ni naieie naa?noieoeaie n oaeeeiaiiui ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca.

Ei?iau n ei?ioeei e n?aaeiei ia?eiaeaie yia?eiaaiaca eiatho iiauoaiiue
iaiai aauanoa, /oi iaania/eaaao eo/oaa eniieueciaaiea ieoaoaeueiuo
aauanoa e yia?aee ei?ia, e niiniaiu aeaoue aieaa aunieoth iiei/ioth
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue. Oaeie ii ? eaeoaoeee o ei?ia n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii
yia?eiaaiacii ia 4-8% i?aauoaao oaeie ia?aioaeie ni n?aaeiei
yia?eiaaiacii e ia 7-14% — n oaeeeiaiiui. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ei?iau n
yia?eiiaeueiui ia?eiaeii, i?aauoathuei 284 aeiy, ooaea ?acaeaeaathony e
ii ?? eaeoaoeee a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo aeaaea iiieaeatho ia 4,5% naie
oaeie. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue yia?eiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea ?acaeoey ia
ieacuaaao aeinoiaa?iiai aeeyiey ia niaea?aeaiea aee?a a iieiea.

Ei??aeyoeaiay naycue iaaeaeo aeeeoaeueiinoueth ia?eiaea yia?eiaaiaca e
oaeiai ii ? eaeoaoeee io?eoeaoaeueiay e iaaunieay (r = -0,18…-0,28) ni
?? eaeoaoeeae yoio iieacaoaeue cia/eoaeueii iiauoaaony e aeinoeaaao r =
-0,37…-0,44. Ei??aeyoeey iaaeaeo n?aaeianooi/iui i?e?inoii a
yia?eiaaiaca e oaeiai iieiaeeoaeueiay, oioy a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa
iacia/eoaeueia e iaaeinoiaa?ia.

Aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ia ?aiieo yoaiao
iioiaaiaca neaaeoao o/eouaaoue eeiaeioth caaeneiinoue oaeiy io
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe ia?eiaea yia?eiaaiaca e eioaineaiinoe ?inoa a yoio
ia?eiae, i?e yoii oeacaiiua oaeoi?u ia 19,2-29,7 ii?aaeaeytho aa?eaoeeth
oaeiy. I?aaeeiaeaiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay oi?ioea iicaieeo aua a ia?aua aeie
iinea ?iaeaeaiey ii?aaeaeeoue aiciiaeioth iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
aeeaioiuo.

?acoeueoaou yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi i?e ioai?a e
au?aueaaiee ia ?aiiio oaei/ae n ei?ioeei ia?eiaeii yia?eiaaiaca iiaeii
nieceoue cao?aou ca ia?eiae au?aueaaiey ia 2,5- 4,7 ca n/ao aunieie
eioaineaiinoe ?inoa e a aeaeueiaeoai iieo/eoue aeiiieieoaeueii 4,3-11,6
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ca n/ao aieaa aunieie iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe.

N oeaeueth iiauoaiey iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe a oicyenoaao n oaeiai aei
5000 ea iieiea ia ei?iao ca eaeoaoeeth iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeeoue ioai?
aeeaioiuo ia ?aiiio ii i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe eo yia?eiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea
?acaeoey, a a oicyenoaao n aieaa aunieie i?iaeoeoeaiinoueth neaaeoao
o/eouaaoue i?e ioai?a e nei?inoue ?inoa a yia?eiaaiaca.

N o/aoii ianeaaeoaiinoe i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe yia?eiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea
?acaeoey a ieaiaiiia yae?i noaaea neaaeoao ioaeaaaoue i?aaeii/oaiea
aeeaioiui n ei?ioeei e n?aaeiei yia?eiaaiacii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?acenoaioiinoue (?aaeoeaiinoue) i?aaiecia;
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue yia?eiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea ?acaeoey; eioaineaiinoue
?inoa a yia?eiaaiaca.

Kirovich N.A. Earlier prognoses of milk productivity and organism’s
resistance of cattle depending on embryogenesis duration. Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of agricultural sciences on a speciality 06.02.01 – Animals breeding and
selection. The Kherson State Agrarian University, Kherson , 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to studying the influence of development
duration of embryonic period on organism natural resistance of cattle,
growth intensity in ontogeny and on milk productivity.

It is established that the heifers with short and middle duration of
embryogeny are characterized by the best indices of cellular and
hymoral factors of organism protection. Sung animals maintain the
ability to more intensive growth both in embryonic and postembryionic
periods of development. The cows with short embryonic development
period give more milk during the lactation, and they are better milked.

The given mathematical formula allows to define the possible milk
productivity during the first days after the birth.

Key words: organism resistance (reaction); embryonic period duration.

Похожие записи