IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

AIEIAIA ANO?IIII?*IA IANA?AAOI??ss

Oeueyiia Ieaa Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 524.35.4

?AAe?IAEI?II?ITHAAIIss IOEUeNA??A O AeAEAIAO?IAIIO Ae?AIACII? OAEEUe

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.03.02 – ano?io?ceea, ?aae?iano?iiii?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aae?iano?iiii?/iiio ?inoeooo?

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

A?oe TH??e Ia?eiae/,

?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

coa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI

Oe?a?ie,

A?aoaea Naiai sseiae/,

?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio aee?aeoi?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

THoeioe Aaeai Ei?ieeiae/,

Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia
iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii
eini?/ii? ieacie;

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

Ionaoaiei Na?a?e ?aaiiae/,

Ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y Ee?anueeiai

iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: E?einueea ano?io?ce/ia iana?aaoi??y, 334413, E?ei,
Aao/ena?aenueeee ?-i, nae. Iaoeiaee.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.208.01 i?e Aieiai?e
ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi??? IAI Oe?a?ie (252650, Ee?a-22, Aiein??a, AAI
IAIO).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieiaii?
ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? IAI Oe?a?ie (252650, Ee?a-22, Aiein??a, AAI
IAIO).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 18 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe
Aon?aa I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Ia iei?oi?e /an caaaeueiii?eeiyoa oi/ea ci?o uiaei ioeuena??a iieyaa?
a oiio, ui ioeuena? — e?ioeaaee i?iaeoeo aaiethoe??, yeee caeeoa?oueny
i?ney aeaooo iaaeiiai? c??ee. Ioeuena?e – oea ?aeeiee eean ano?io?ce/ieo
ia’?eo?a, ui ia? ?iioeueniee ? aenieinoaa?eueiee oa?aeoa?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio.

Ua o ia?oeo nai?o ?iaioao a?aee?eaa/? ioeuena??a — A.Hewish, S.J.Bell
oa ?io? ioioiaeieee ?aae?iioeuena?e c iaeo?iiieie c??eaie. Iiaeaeueo?
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa oai?aoe/i? ?iaioe o oeueiio iai?yi? aeicaieeee oyaeoe
noai iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a, iayai?noue a i?e oeueo?a?aeyoea?nonueei?
aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiii? ieacie, noai yae?a iaeo?iiii? c??ee oa a?aeiia?noe
ia ?io? caaaeuei? ieoaiiy. Aea ia aaaaoi caieoaiue noiniaii ioeuena??a
a?aeiia?ae? ua ia io?eiai?. Iaea?eueo aeooaeueiei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy
i?i i?e?iaeo ?o aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ie ia iiaeaii /aeaoe oaeaeeeo oa eaaeeo
a?aeiia?aeae ia oea caieoaiiy, ai iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe o caiieo oiiaao
ia?aiao??a ieacie oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, ui
iaaeeaeathoueny aei ioeuena?ieo. Ie??i oeueiai, iiaeeco ioeuena??a
aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiia ieacia ?ooa?oueny c oeueo?a?aeyoea?nonueeith
oaeaee?noth o iiooaeiiio iaai?oiiio iie?, ? oey ianoaaeia oneeaaeith?
a?aeiia?aei? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ioaea, eii/a iio??aii
i?iaeiaaeoaaoe niinoa?aaeaiiy ioeuena??a a on?o aeinooiieo ae?aiaciiao,
o oiio /ene? ? aeaeaiao?iaiio.

O?aaeeoe?eii oeaio? aaae o niinoa?aaeaiiyo oa oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ioeuena??a ciaoiaeeoueny o a?eueo aeniei/anoioiiio
ae?aiacii? oaeeue, i?ae aeaeaiao?iaee. Oea — iao?iaee, aeaoeeiao?iaee,
naioeiao?iaee, oa i?e?iao?iaee ae?aiaciie. Aeaeaiao?iaee ae?aiacii ?
iaeaaae/ei aeey aeine?aeaeaiue c oi/ee ci?o aieeao ??cieo ia?aoeiae, ye
oi: ei?ioeioaeeueia? noaioe??, a?ice, ?iiinoa?ia aeieoaaiiy, a oaeiae
aieeao naiiai i?aeci?yiiai na?aaeiaeua ia ia?aiao?e ?aae?ioaeeue.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio ae?aiacii? ? a?aie/ii iiaeeeaeie c iiaa?oi?
Caie?. Aiaeii/an, naia aeaeaiao?ia? niinoa?aaeaiiy aeicaieythoue
io?eioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th c aa?oi?o oa??a iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a.
Iayai?noue ?iioeueniiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?iaeoue ioeuena?e aeia?eie
ciiaeaie ia o?eueee i?aeci?yiiai na?aaeiaeua, aea e naii? iaai?oinoa?e
ioeuena??a oa ioeuena?iiai a?o?o.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaiaey/e niinoa?aaeaiiy ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii? oaeeue, iaeiie/oth/e ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeanoeaino?
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a o oeueiio ae?aiacii?, ?ioa?i?aooth/e
io?eiai? aeai? oa a?aeiia?aeath/e ia ieceo aei iaaeaaiueiai ni??ieo
ieoaiue, c?iaeaii aianie o iiaoaeiao aca?iiocaiaeaeaii? iiaeae?
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a, /ei ? iaoiiaeth?oueny aeooaeuei?noue
ia?aii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ui neeaaeathoue ci?no aeaii? aeena?oaoe??, aeeiiai? o
?aae?iano?iiii?/iiio ?inoeooo? IAI Oe?a?ie ca oaiaie “Aaeaeoeea” oa
“Ia?nae”. Aeaioiaeaiiy iaiao?aeii? aia?aoo?e oa ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aeeiioaaeenue ca oaiaie “OAO”, “O?ai” oa IAe? “Ioeuena?”.
Iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeaiiy io?eiai? o ?aieao i?aeia?iaeiiai i?iaeoo
INTAS “The study of pulsars (neutron stars) and their applications in
investigations of general relativity”.

Iaoith aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? ? io?eiaiiy iiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? oaeeue;
eieae?caoe?y aeaea?aea aaia?aoe?? aeaeaiao?iaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o
iaai?oinoa?? ioeuena?a; io?eiaiiy iiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?aeci?yia
na?aaeiaeua oa io?eiaiiy iiey?ecaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?; ?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a ?a?no?aoe?? oa aiae?co iecueei??aiaaeo neaiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a ia niinoa?aaeoaaia a?ae
iueiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy; iieacaii, ui, canoiniaoth/e aaaaoi/anoioi?
niinoa?aaeaiiy, iiaeeeai ciiaeoaaoe iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena??a; aia?oa
noi?ioeueiaaia caaea/a o?eaei??iiai ciiaeoaaiiy iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a;

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii iiaee aeai?eoi ioe?iee i??e aeenia?n?? a
oiiaao iecueeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi; aia?oa o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeaeueii? no?oeoo?e
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a;

ca?a?no?iaaia iiaeoeyoe?y ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy /ioe?ueio ioeuena??a c
ia??iaeaie, ui a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iniiaieo ia??iae?a oeeo ioeuena??a;
aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaia cia/ia oeoeooaoe?eia eiiiiiaioa aei?ii?ithaaiiy
i’yoe ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?;

aia?oa io?eiai? ioe?iee iiooaeiino? eiioeioaeueiiai
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy, ca?a?no?iaaia oiiea no?oeoo?a ia?aoo?iiy e
io?eiai? iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aoea ?ic?iaeaia aia?aoo?a
aeey ?a?no?aoe?? iecueei??aiaaeo ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a, ye? iathoue
niaeo? iiooaeiino? ia 10-20 aeA ieae/ee ca ??aaiue aaeaeoe/iiai oiio.
?ic?iaeai? i?ia?aie ?a?no?aoe?? oa aiae?co, ye? aeeth/athoue a naaa
aeai?eoie ai?ioueae c ??ciiiai?oieie ?aae?iia?aoeiaeaie. Oea aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe niinoa?aaeaiiy ioeuena??a a oiiaao aenieiai ??aiy ia?aoeiae.
Ia iei?oi?e /an nenoaia ?a?no?aoe??, ui aoea ?ic?iaeaia, ? ooaoiith ia
?aae?ioaeaneii? OO?-2.

Io?eiaii aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ca ?ic?iaeo i?aeneethaa/a. Oeae
i?aeneethaa/ aoa ai?iaaaeaeaiee a nenoai? i?aeneethaaiiy OO?-2 oa o
na??eia ae?iaieoeoai ia Oa?e?anueeiio caaiae? “I?ioii” ? ia Eaeocnueeiio
?aae?icaaiae?.

Iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy, ui aoei ?ic?iaeaia o oiae? aeeiiaiiy oe???
aeena?oaoe??, c oni?oii aeei?enoiao?oueny o iiaeo i?aeia?iaeieo
i?ia?aiao ca o/anoth Oe?a?ie, ?in??, NOA, ye? iia’ycai? c
?aae?ieieaoe??th Niioey oa I?nyoey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

1) cai?iiiiiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o?aooaaiiy iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a i?e
aiae?c? oa?aeoa?enoee eiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy; io?eiaia /enaeueia ioe?iea
eooa i?ae a?nnth iaa?oaiiy oa iaai?oiith a?nnth aeey PSRB 0809+74;
ni?eueii c a?oiith TH.I. Oeoiaa (AEOe O? ?AI) i?iaaaeai? niinoa?aaeaiiy
aieeao e?iaiaoe/ieo yaeu ia ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a;

2) o ni?aaaoi?noa? c TH.I. A?oeii oa A.TH. Onoeiaiei cai?iiiiiaaii oa
ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiae ioe?iee i??e aeenia?n?? a oiiaao ?a?no?aoe??
neaaeeo ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a; nei?aaiaaia ioe?iea aeey i??e aeenia?n??
PSRB 1530+27; cai?iiiiiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii e?eueea iaoiae?a ai?ioueae
c oe?ieinioaiaeie ?aae?iia?aoeiaeaie;

3) o ni?aaaoi?noa? c TH.I. A?oeii aeine?aeaeai? aeiaaioii-/anoioi?
aeanoeaino? i’yoe ioeuena??a oa ca?a?no?iaaia cia/ia oeoeooaoe?eia
eiiiiiaioa ?o aeaeaiao?iaiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy; ca?a?no?iaaia
iiaeoeyoe?y ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy /ioe?ueio ioeuena??a c ia??iaeaie, ui
ia e?aoi? iniiaiei; ?ic?iaeaii e?eueea iaoiae?a ?ioa?iieyoe??
eiioeioaeueii? neeaaeiai? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a oa c?iaeai?
ioe?iee oaei? neeaaeiai? aeey PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 o
aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?;

4) caeiaoaa/ai ca?a?no?iaaia oiiea no?oeoo?a ia?aoo?iiy PSRB 0809+74;

5) caeiaoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiae iiey?ecaoe?eieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia ?aae?ioaeaneii? OO?-2 c e?i?eii iiey?eciaaieie
a?a?aoi?aie; aia?oa o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? aoee io?eiai?
iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16;

6) on? niinoa?aaeaiiy ioeuena??a c 1984 ii 1995 ??e caeiaoaa/ a?a
ni?eueii c TH.I A?oeii, a c 1995 ?ieo on? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/
i?iaiaeea iniaenoi;

7) iaiao?aeia iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy aeey oe??? aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaii caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi; i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?eeiaeueii? aia?aoo?e
caeiaoaa/ai i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee no?eeino? nenoaie i?aeneethaaiiy oa
aeaioiaeaiee iecueei/anoioiee aeie ?a?no?aoe?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy
ioeuena??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? i?ieoea ia oaeeo eiioa?aioe?yo:

1) XVII oa XXI ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo ii ?aae?iano?iiii?/i?e
aia?aoo?? oa iaoiaeai. ??aaai (A??iai?y). — 1985., — 1989.

2) XIX ananithci?e ?aae?iano?iiii?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c aaeaeoe/ii? oa
iicaaaeaeoe/ii? ?aae?iano?iiii??. Oaee?ii (Anoii?y). — 1987.

3) XVII oa XVIII ?a?iiaenueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo ?aae?iano?iiii?a.
Oa?e?a. — 1989., oa Aaaaeaeaoa?a (?niai?y). — 1990.

4) Eieiea?oi? IAN c ioeuena??a ? 128. Eaaia (Iieueua). — 1990.

5) XXV oa XXVI ?aae?iano?iiii?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo NIAe. Ioueii oa Naieo —
Iaoa?ao?a (?in?y). — 1993., — 1995.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 21
ae?oeiaai?e ?iaio? (c ieo noaoae a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao – 5, aaoi?nueea
na?aeioeoai –1, oac oa i?aoeue eiioa?aioe?e — 15).

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, iaeiiai aeiaeaoeo oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Oea noaiiaeoue 125 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo,
66 iaethie?a, 3 oaaeeoe?, 37 noi??iie aeiaeaoeo oa 134 iacae
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae ia 12 noi??ieao.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?, ye? iathoue aooe ae??oai? o oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ioeuena??a, iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie
aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?ai? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue oa noenei i?eaaaeaii ?o ci?no. Iieacaii ca’ycie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c ?ioeie ?iaioaie, ui aeeiiothoueny a noi?aeieo
iai?yieao. I?aee?aneaii iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iiiiothoueny.
Aena?oeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ui io?eiai? o oiae? aeeiiaiiy oe???
?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aieiai? iniaeeaino?, ye? a?ae??ciythoue
aeaeaiao?iaee ae?aiacii a?ae on?o ?ioeo oa iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea
?a?no?aoe?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a o aea?aiiio ae?aiacii?
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?eaia aiae?co iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a o
/ioe?ueioaei??iiio i?inoi?? oa aieeao oeueiai iaa?oaiiy ia niinoa??aa?ia
a?ae ioeuena?o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy. Io?eiai? a?aeiia?aei? aiae?oe/i?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo oeae aieea iiaeia ia/eneeoe.
?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ciiaeoaaiiy aa?oiuei? iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a.
Iieacaii, ui i?e i?iaaaeaii? aaaaoi/anoioieo niinoa?aaeaiue c aenieith
?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth ii aeiaaio? ioeuena?a ? iiaeeea?noue i?iaanoe
eieae?caoe?th iaeanoae aaia?aoe?? o eiai iaai?oinoa??. Oaeiae iieacaii,
ui iniaeeaa ?ieue o oaeeo niinoa?aaeaiiyo iaeaaeeoue iao?iaiio oa
aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiaciiai. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iiia?aaei?o
?ia?o, ye? aoee i?enay/ai? ni?iaai eieae?caoe?? iaeanoae aaia?aoe?? o
iaai?oinoa?ao ioeuena??a, c ?acoeueoaoaie, ui io?eiai? a oe?e
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?. Iniiai? ?ica?aeiino? c iiia?aaei?ie ?iaioaie
aeieeathoue o aa?oi?o oa?ao iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a. Naia o oe?e iaeano?
aieea iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a ia eiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy iaea?eueo
eiio?anoiee. Aea o aeacai?e iaeano? iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe iaiaaeaiiy, ye?
iaeeaaea? oai??y a?aeiiniino?, /iai ?ai?oa ia ?iaeeiny. Aeaia
aeena?oaoe?y onoaa? oeae iaaeie?e.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiue PSRB
0809+74, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?a?no?aoe?th aieeao iaa?oaiiy ia
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy oeueiai ioeuena?a. I?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee
aeey /ioe?ueio iiaeeeaeo noeaia???a ?ooo aaia?oth/i? iaeano? o
iaai?oinoa?? ioeuena?a oa io?eiai? ioe?iee aenioe e i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy
aaia?oth/i? iaeano?. C?iaeai? ioe?iee eooa i?ae iaai?oiith a?nnth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 oa a?nnth
iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a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. Iieacaii, ui aeey PSRB 0809+74 oeae
eoo ciaoiaeeoueny o ae?aiacii? a?ae 20 aei 50 ? ia iiaea aooe aeecueeei
aei 90. Oaeei /eiii, ie io?eiaee iiaee niin?a ioe?iee eooa i?ae
iniiaieie a?nyie ioeuena?a. Oeae niin?a aeiiiaith? aaea ?nioth/?, ye?
nie?athoueny ia iiey?ecaoe?eio oa ii?oieia?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a nie?a?oueny ia
aiae?c aeeiai?/ieo niaeo??a ioeuena??a. Iao? ioe?iee eooa , aeey PSRB
0809+74 aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c ioe?ieaie, ui aoee io?eiai? a
iiia?aaei?o ?iaioao.

O aeniiaeao aei oeueiai ?icae?eo iieacaii, ui c? c?inoaiiyi oi/iino?
a ioe?ieao i??e aeenia?n?? aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o?aooaaiiy
e?iaiaoe/ieo iii?aaie a ia?aiao??, yeee ioe?ith?oueny. Oe? iii?aaee
caeaaeaoue a?ae oiia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aaia?oth/i? iaeano? o
iaai?oinoa?? ioeuena?a, a nai niin?a aaia?aoe?? ia aeoaea nooo?aee. Oea
aea? ciiao a?aeiia?noe ia aeoaea i?ino? ieoaiiy: aea a iaai?oinoa??
ioeuena?a aaia?o?oueny ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ia o?e /e ?io?e /anoio?, oa
yeee eoo i?ae a?nnth iaa?oaiiy oa iaai?oiith a?nnth? Oaeei /eiii, o
niinoa??aa/?a c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue oanooaaiiy ??cieo oai??e
aaia?aoe?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ci?ia? e?eueea i?ioe??/ i?ae ioe?ieaie aenio
aaia?aoe??, ui io?eiai? c? niinoa?aaeaiue, oa aeiiaaie a?eueoino?
?nioth/eo oai??e ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a. C?iaeaiee iaie aiae?c
iieacaa, ui ne?ae i/?eoaaoe a?ae?ea ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae
aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiii? ieacie ia /anoioao 400-100 IAoe c aenio, ui
ia?aaeuothoue 0.1 RNOe (aea RNOe — oea ?aae?on na?oeiaiai oeee?iae?o), a
o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? c? cia/ii a?eueoeo aenio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aei??thaaiiy i??e aeenia?n??
ioeuena?a ii oac? ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’?. Aieiaiith iniaeea?noth oeueiai
iaoiaeo ? oa, ui i?e ioe?ithaaii? i??e aeenia?n?? ie ia?ii ciiao
ei?enooaaoeny o?eueee iaeiiooaei?oeie aa?iii?eaie neaiaeo, ca?eueooth/e
oei naiei ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi. I?e oeueiio aiae?co?oueny
?ioaa?aeueia iiaaae?iea a?aeaoeo nenoaie ?a?no?aoe?? ii aaeeeiio eieo
iiaeeeaeo cia/aiue i??e ae?nia?n??. Iieacaii, ui oeae iaoiae aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe a oiiaao iecueeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi. Ooi/iaia
ioe?iea i??e aeenia?n?? aeey PSRB 1530+27.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i ?a?no?aoe?th o?ueio ?ai?oa
iaca?a?no?iaaieo o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? ioeuena??a (PSRB 0823+26,
PSRB 0943+10 oa PSRB 1530+27). Aeey eiaeiiai c oeeo ioeuena??a aoei
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeiaaioii-/anoioii? no?oeoo?e eiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
Io?eiai? ia?aiao?e ii??aithaaeenue c ia?aiao?aie, ui aoee ca?a?no?iaai?
o a?eueo aeniei/anoioieo ae?aiaciiao. Caaaeueiith ?enith on?o oeeo
ioeuena??a ? neeueia nii?aaee/i?noue ?o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Ca?a?no?iaaii i?ia?aneaia ?icoe?aiiy ?iioeuenii? eiiiiiaioe a
na?aaei?o i?io?eyo ioeuena??a, yea iia’ycaia c? cieaeaiiyi /anoioe
niinoa?aaeaiue. O PSRB 0823+26 ?iioeuenio eiiiiiaioo a?ae eiioeioaeueii?
iiaeia a?ae??cieoe eeoa oiiaii. O ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaii? PSRB 0823+26 oa
PSRB 0943+10 aoee ca?a?no?iaai? iiaeoethth/? neeaaeia? c ia??iaeaie, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iniiaiiai, a?aeiia?aeii aeey eiaeiiai ioeuena?a.
Oey ?a?no?aoe?y aoea i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ia o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co
na?aaei?o i?io?e?a oa aeeiai?/ieo niaeo??a, aea e ca aeiiiiiaith
niaeo?aeueiiai iao?e/iiai aiae?co. Caaaeyee inoaiiueiio aoei aeyaeaii
cia/eio, o ii??aiyii? c ooiiaith, ??cieoeth a aia?aaoeoe? niaeo??a
ona?aaeiaieo aaoieiaa??aoe?eieo iao?eoeue ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy
ioeuena?a aeey ia?ieo oa iaia?ieo ia??iae?a.

O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iiaeaeueii? no?oeoo?e
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy niinoa?aaeaieo ioeuena??a. Aei iei?oiueiai /ano
iiene iiaeaeueiino? a no?oeoo?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a
nie?aeeny ia ??cieoeth o ii?oieia?/ieo iciaeao oeueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
aai eiinoaooaaee a?aeiinii ??ceo ci?io ia?aiao??a oeueiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. *enaeueieo aea e?eoa???a, ui aeicaieythoue aei??yoe
nooi?iue iiaeaeueiino? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a, ia aoei. C
?ioiai aieo, o e?i?ei?e aeaaa?? aeaaii ?niothoue i?ioeaaeo?e
i?oiaiiae?caoe?? oa ii?ioaaiiy oeio A?aiia-Oi?aeoa, ye? iiaeia
aaeaiooaaoe oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye e?eoa??? iiaeaeueiino?, ui e aoei
c?iaeaii oa canoiniaaii aei aiae?co ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB 0823+26
oa PSRB 0943+10.

O aeniiaeao aei ae?oaiai ?icae?eo iieacaii, ui niinoa?aaeoaai?
aeanoeaino? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy o?ueio aeine?aeaeaieo ioeuena??a
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae niinoa?aaeoaaieo o a?eueo aeniei/anoioieo
ae?aiaciiao. Aeey aeaio ioeuena??a PSRB 0823+26 oa PSRB 0943+10
ca?a?no?iaaia /a?acia??iaeia iiaeoeyoe?y neaiaeo. PSRB 1530+27 oa PSRB
0823+26 iathoue iiaeaeueio no?oeoo?o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy, a aeey PSRB
0943+10 ?? ca?a?no?oaaoe ia aaeaeiny. Ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie o aeeiai?/iiio
niaeo?? PSRB 0943+10, ye? aoee ca?a?no?iaai? o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii?, ia a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aaeeio ia?aieeaiiy iiae oeueiai
ioeuena?a o iao?iaiio ae?aiacii? (?iia??ii, aiane?aeie iaioiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeiaaioii-/anoioii? no?oeoo?e
aeaio “oanoiaeo” ioeuena??a PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16. Ca?a?no?iaaia
/a?acia??iaeia iiaeoeyoe?y ?ioaineaiino? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16. Io?eiai? aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oeoeooaoe?eiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaio ioeuena??a.

O ca’yceo c aeeneon??th i?i i?noea i?ae?iioeueniiai
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a, aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c a?noia?ai
?iciiae?eo a??ia?aeiino? ?a?no?aoe?? ?ioaineaiino? ?o
?aae?iaei?i?ithaaiiy acaeiaae na?aaei?o i?io?e?a iaio ioeuena??a.
Anoia?a/ aeaii e?aei?i oi/eai ci?o, ia?oa c yeeo iia?aeiieyea i?i
?nioaaiiy ?ioaineaiiai i?ae?iioeueniiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia o?eniaaieo
aeiaaioao na?aaeiueiai i?io?eth, a ae?oaa acaaae? caia?a/oaaea eiai
?nioaaiiy, aoei iieacaii, ui ?aae?co?oueny i?ii?aeiee aa??aio. O oeueiio
aa??aio? i?ae?iioeuenia aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?nio? iaeaea ia on?o aeiaaioao
na?aaeiueiai i?io?eth, aea ?iia??i?noue eiai ?a?no?aoe?? ??cia aeey
??cieo aeiaaio. Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue aeniei?ioaineaieo niaeao?a
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey iaio ioeuena??a o ae?aiacii? aeecueei 25 IAoe
c iaeith a??ia?aei?noth ?a?no?aoe??.

I?iaaaeaii ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16. Oeae aiae?c aeicaieea ca?a?no?oaaoe a
iaeiiaei??ieo oa aeaiaei??ieo ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?yo iaio ioeuena??a
iecueei?ioaineaia oe?iea (aei 90) ieaoi, a oaeiae io?eiaoe ioe?iee
?aae?on?a ei?aeyoe??. Aeey iiyniaiiy niinoa?aaeoaaieo iniaeeainoae
ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e iaie aenoiooi aea? a?iioace. Ia?oa c oeeo a?iioac
caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui ca iayai?noue oe?iei? iecueei?ioaineaii?
eiiiiiaioe a?aeiia?aea? aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiia ieacia, yea aeeeaea?oueny ca
iaae? na?oeiaiai oeee?iae?o. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo ei?aeyoe?y iaoiiaeaia
neaai ?aaoey?iith eiiiiiaioith iaai?oiiai iiey iiaeeco ioeuena?a. Ae?oaa
a?iioaca i?eionea? iayai?noue ??aeeeo, aea aeniei?ioaineaieo niaeao?a
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a a aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?. Oiae? ca
ieaoi a?aeiia?aea? ?icn?yiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena?a o aa?oi?o oa?ao
eiai iaai?oinoa?e ye ia ?aaoey?iiio a?aae??io? aonoeie ieacie (iiaeaeue
Aieae?aeoa — Aeaeoe?aia – Noa??iea), oae ? ia eieaeueieo
iaaeii??aeiinoyo oe??? ieacie.

Aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy, a yeee i??? ?icn?yiiy a?aeiia?aea? ca
iayai?noue oeueiai ieaoi, aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy iiaaae?iee
aeniei/anoioieo niaeo??a ioeuena??a PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 oa
caeaaeiinoae oe?ei ?o na?aaei?o i?io?e?a a?ae /anoioe. Aoei iieacaii, ui
caaaee aeniei/anoioieo niaeo??a ?iioeuenieo eiiiiiaio iaio ioeuena??a
ei?aeththoue c ?icoe?aiiyi ?o na?aaei?o i?io?e?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
?iioeuenia eiiiiiaioa aei?ii?ithaaiiy oeeo aeaio ioeuena??a
ia?aoai?th?oueny a iaia?a?aia aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

I?ney i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?iia??iei aoei i/?eoaaoe, ui o
iecueei/anoioiiio niaeo?? a?ae ioeuena??a iioe?th?oueny ia o?eueee
?iioeuenia, aea e eiioeioaeueia aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ia aeaeue, o nenoai?
?a?no?aoe??, yea aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iaie, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iaia?a?aia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ao?a/aeanue. Oiio ie ciiaee i?iaanoe eeoa ?ioa?iieyoe?th
iiooaeiino? oeueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia /anoioao 25 IAoe oa 16.7 IAoe
aeey iaio ioeuena??a. I?e i?iaaaeaii? oaei? ?ioa?iieyoe?? ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee a?aeiio i?ioeaaeo?o ?iceeaaeo Aieaea, canoinoaaaoe ??
aei io?eiaieo iaie aeaiieo, ye? eiaa?aioii iaeiie/oaaeenue c iiaea?eiei
ia??iaeii ioeuena?a. Oaeee iaoiae iaeiie/aiiy aeicaieea ioe?ieoe
iiooaei?noue ooiiai? eiiiiiaioe oa a?aeae?eeoe iiooaei?noue ?iioeuenii?
eiiiiiaioe a?ae ooiiai?. Io?eiai? iaie ioe?iee iieacothoue, ui iio?e
iaia?a?aii? eiiiiiaioe iiaea ia?aaeuoaaoe iio?e ?iioeuenii? eiiiiiaioe
aeey iaio ioeuena??a ia 25 IAoe oa 16.7 IAoe. Iaie aoee i?iaiae?ciaai?
ea?oe aaeaeoe/iiai oiio iiaeeco i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy PSRB 0809+74. A
?acoeueoao? aoei aeyaeaii aeaa aeoaea neaae? ia’?eoa, ye? iiaeooue
i?aoaiaeoaaoe ia ioioiaeithaaiiy c PSRB 0809+74.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy i?enooiino? iaaeieiioeuena?ii? ieacie a?ey PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ia?aoo?iiy
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy oeeo ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?.
Ni?aaa o oiio, ui ?ooath/enue ?c iaaecaoeiaith oaeaee?noth a?aeiinii
i?aeci?yiiai na?aaeiaeua, ioeuena?e ooai?ththoue a?ey naaa oaea?io
oaeeth. Aeey niinoa??aa/a oey oaeey ia? aooe iiae?aiith aei oiieiai
oaciaiai ae?aio. Ie??i oeueiai, a?ey ioeuena??a iaia’yceiai iiaeiai
ooai?thaaoeny ioeuena?iee a?oa?.

O e?eueeio iiia?aaei?o ?iaioao, ye? c?iaeai? o ?aioaai?anueeiio
ae?aiacii?, aeaco?oueny ia i?enooi?noue iaaaeeeiai aaei a?ey ?yaeo
ioeuena??a. Iaei??th c iiaeeeaeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e oeeo aaei ?icaeyaeaeanue
naia iayai?noue oaea?ii? oaee?, aai ioeuena?iiai a?o?o. C ?ioiai aieo,
aeoaea aeia?a a?aeii? ia?aoo?iiy ioeuena??a ia iaiaeii??aeiinoyo aonoeie
ieacie i?aeci?yiiai na?aaeiaeua c a?aeiia?aeieie aei /anoioe
niinoa?aaeaiue nioaaie /anoioii? aeaei?aeyoe??, noaeeie /ano oa eooaie
?icn?yiiy. Aiaeii/an o?aaa yeinue ?ic??ciyoe i?aeci?yi? ia?aoo?iiy c
ia?aoo?iiyi ?ioeo oei?a, o oiio /ene? c ia?aoo?iiyi ia aeecuee?e aei
ioeuena?o ieaci?. E?eoa???i ? oa?aeoa?iee /an ia?aoo?iiy. Aeey
ia?aoo?iiy ia iaaeieiioeuena?i?e ieaci? a?i iaioee, i?ae aeey ia?aoo?iiy
ia i?aeci?yi?e ieaci?. Oea ynii, yeui o ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? ?aooaaoe
a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ca ia?aoo?iiy iaiaeii??aeiino? c oa?aeoa?ieie
ianooaaaie, ui aeecuee? aei ia?oi? ciie O?aiaey.

Iao? ioe?iee iieacaee, ui i/?eoaai? iaeneioie o niaeo?ao ia?aoo?iiy
iaio ioeuena??a ia iaiaeii??aeiinoyo aeecueei? aei ioeuena??a ieacie,
iathoue aooe ?icoaoiaai? a ?ioa?aae? a?ae 5.5 aei 0.55 iAoe. Aeey
?a?no?aoe?? niaeo??a ia?aoo?iiy ie canoiniaoaaee aaoieiaa??aoe?ei?
ooieoe?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy iaio ioeuena??a (oea, ye iai a?aeiii, o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia?aoo?iiy ua ia i?iaiaeeeinue). Oe? ooieoe??
iiia?aaeiuei ina?aaeithaaeenue aeey ciaioaiiy aieeao oeoeooaoe?e naiiai
ioeuena?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui niaeo? ia?aoo?iiy iaa
caiiaeoethaaoe iaeiath/o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena?o, ui e aeaei
ciiao aeyaeoe oiieo no?oeoo?o ia?aoo?iiy. Iniaeeaino? oe??? oiiei?
no?oeoo?e iieyaathoue a oiio, ui ia a?aeiinii iaeiio /anoioiiio ?ica?ao
iaeiath/i? ?aae?i?iioeuena, ie niinoa??aa?ii ??cio aoaeoeaio oe?eio
niaeo??a ia?aoo?iiy.

O aeniiaeao aei o?aoueiai ?icae?eo aeacaii, ui o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii? iniaeeaino? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a PSRB 0809+74 oa
PSRB 1133+16 iiaeooue aooe iia’ycai? c oei, ui ciia a?ae?eao oeueiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny o aa?oi?o oa?ao iaai?oinoa?e iaio
ioeuena??a. I?eioneath/e oeae oaeo, c?icoi?ei, ui aoaeue-yeee iaoai?ci
?icn?yiiy ?iioeuenii? eiiiiiaioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?ecaaaea aei
?icoe?aiiy na?aaei?o i?io?e?a oa caoaeaiiy nioae ?oiuei? ei?aeyoe??.
Aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo caeii?a ?iciiae?eo ?ioaineaiino? oeueiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oeae oaeo.

Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui ia iecueeeo /anoioao ne?ae /aeaoe ?a?no?aoe??
iaia?a?aii? eiiiiiaioe o aei?ii?ithaaii? PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16.
Ca?a?no?iaai? oeoeooaoe?ei? eiiiiiaioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaio ioeuena??a
oa iiaeoeyoe?y ?o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy, yea ia ni?aiaaea? c iniiaiei
ia??iaeii aeey eiaeiiai c oeeo ioeuena??a.

Io?eiai? niaeo?e oiiei? no?oeoo?e ia?aoo?iiy ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy
PSRB 0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?. Iieacaii, ui
?o iniaeeaino? ocaiaeaeothoueny c ia?aoo?iiyi ia iaiaeii??aeiinoyo
aeecueei? aei ioeuena?a ieacie.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae iiey?ecaoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeaiue oa ia?iaee io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey ?aae?ioaeaneiio
OO?-2. Oea aoei iio??aii oiio, ui OO?-2 ia? e?i?eii iiey?eciaai?
a?a?aoi?e. Ie??i oeueiai, a?i ?icoaoiaaiee iaae iiaa?oiath caie?, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae o ?a?no?iaaiiio a?aeaoeo ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiiai
aeiaeaieo /a?ac a?aeaeoee a?ae caie? i?ii?iue.

Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoo Oa?aaea?anueeiai iaa?oaiiy ieiueie
iiey?ecaoe?? aea? ciiao io?eiaoe iaeaea on? iiey?ecaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy (iai?eeeaae ia?aiao?e Noiena) ia e?i?eii
iiey?eciaai?e aioai?. Ae?enii, c oi/ee ci?o oai??? a?aeiiniino?
aaeaeoaea, /e iaa?oa?oueny aioaia iaaeiei oaeeueiaiai aaeoi?o, /e
ci?ith?oueny iiceoe?eiee eoo ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy o nenoai?
niinoa?aaeaiiy aioaie. Naia inoaiiy ianoaaeia e eyaea a iniiao
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo. Aoei iieacaii, ui aeey ei?aeoii? ioe?iee on?o
iiey?ecaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy iio??aii a?aeiiaethaaoe
iino?eio neeaaeiao o oeueiio ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaii?. Oiae? ia e?i?eii
iiey?eciaai?e aioai? caaea/a iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue caiaeeoueny
aei caaea/? niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co. A oiiaao noaeino? iiey?ecaoe?eieo
ia?aiao??a aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy iiaeeeai ca?eueooaaoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi caaaeyee niaeo?aeueiiio iaeiie/aiith.
I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo c iaoiaeaie, ye?
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? ae caaea/? o iao?iaiio ae?aiacii?
oaeeue.

Oaeiae i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 (o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? aiaeia?/i?
iiey?ecaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy o na?o? ua ia i?iaiaeeeenue). Aeey iaio
ioeuena??a aoee io?eiai? ioe?iee cia/aiue i?? iaa?oaiiy oa ?o
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo a?aeoeeaiue. Aei iei?oiueiai /ano iniiaio oaaao
i?eae?eyee o?eueee aiae?co naii? i??e iaa?oaiiy. Aea c ?yaeo i?e/ei oeae
ia?aiao? ? oeoeoothth/ei. O oeueiio ?icae?e? aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia oa,
ui naia cia/aiiy na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy oeueiai ia?aiao?o
oaeiae iana ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i na?aaeiaeua ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Aeey PSRB 1133+16 i??a iaa?oaiiy, ui niinoa??aaeany o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii?, ca?aeany c i??ith iaa?oaiiy, ui a?aeiia c aeniei/anoioieo
niinoa?aaeaiue. Ianiiae?aaiei ?acoeueoaoii aeyaeeinue oa, ui aeey PSRB
0809+74 aaeaeiny ca?a?no?oaaoe aea? iiey?ecaoe?ei? iiaee c ??ciei
cia/aiiyi i?? iaa?oaiiy. Ine?eueee cia/aiiy i??e iaa?oaiiy aeey iaei???
c ieo ni?aiaei c? cia/aiiyi oeueiai ae ia?aiao?o, yea aoei io?eiaii c
aeniei/anoioieo niinoa?aaeaiue, ie c?iaeee aeniiaie, ui ae?oaa
iiey?ecaoe?eia iiaea a?ae?eaa?oueny a?ae iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a
i?inoi?iai aeecueei aei ia?oi?. Oeae aeniiaie aeaa ciiao aeacaoe, yeee
naia iaai?oiee iiethn ioeuena?a niinoa??aa?oueny ?c Caie?. Ne?ae
caoaaaeeoe, ui ?nio? aeueoa?iaoeaia iiaeeea?noue ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaeoo
?a?no?aoe?? aeaio iiey?ecaoe?eieo iiae. Aiia (oiaoi ae?oaa iiaeeea?noue)
ia?aaeaa/a? /anoeiao iiey?ecaoe?th ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy oeueiai
ioeuena?o a?ey Caie?. Aea ie ia cia?ii iayaiino? ?aaoey?iiai iaai?oiiai
iiey, ia yeiio iiaea a aeieeiooe oaea iiey?ecaoe?y. I?iaaaeaii
iaiao?aei? ii??aiyiiy c aeaieie, ye? io?eiai? a ?ioeo ae?aiaciiao
niinoa?aaeaiue.

O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? iieacai? ia?niaeoeai? iai?yie iiey?ecaoe?eieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?. Oe? iai?yie iia’ycai? c
aeine?aeaeaiiyie iiey?ecaoe?? aei?ii?ithaaiiy caeeoe?a iaaeiiaeo c??ie.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui i/eeoaaiee nooi?iue iiey?ecaoe??
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae oeeo ia’?eo?a ia? aooe iaeei, aaniethoiee
iio?e iiey?eciaaii? eiiiiiaioe iiaea aeyaeoenue aaeeeei. O oeueiio ?ac?
cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae iiaea oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaai?oieo iie?a o caeeoeao iaaeiiaeo c??ie.

O aeniiaeao aei /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo aeacaii, ui c ia?aoiaeii a?ae
iao?iaiai aei aeaeaiao?iaiai ae?aiaciio iaaea? nooi?iue e?i?eii?
iiey?ecaoe?? ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB 1133+16. Oiaoi, iai aaeaeiny
ca?a?no?oaaoe caaae niaeo?o e?i?eii iiey?eciaaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
Iaaiaee, nooi?iue e?oaiai? iiey?ecaoe?? c?inoa?. Inoaii?e oaeo
na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue iiia?aaei?o aeniiae?a, ye? c?iaeai? a?aeiinii
a?ae?eao ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaeaiao?iaiai ae?aiaciio c aa?oi?o oa??a
iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a e ioe?iee eooa i?ae a?nnth iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a oa
eiai iaai?oiith a?nnth.

Aeyaeaio iaai?oio oiauo ii i??? iaa?oaiiy ie iia’yco?ii c
oeoeooaoe?yie eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiii? ieacie o nai?e
iaai?oinoa?? ioeuena?a oa c aoaeoii Eaoiia-Iooiia, yeee ia? aooe
i?enooi?e i?e ia?aoeiaii? aeaeo?iiaai?oiith oaeeath iiia?a/ieo, aei ??
oaeeueiaiai aaeoi?a, neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey. Iaea?eueo
a??ia?aeii, oaea iiaeeea?noue cae?enith?oueny aeey iecueei/anoioiiai
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy o aa?oi?o oa?ao iaai?oinoa? ioeuena??a.
?a?no?aoe?y aeaio iiey?ecaoe?eieo iiae aeey PSRB 0809+74 aeicaieeea
ae?ciaoeny, yeee iaai?oiee iiethn oeueiai ioeuena?a niinoa??aa?oueny c
Caie?.

A ocaaaeueithth/eo aeniiaeao a?aeia?aaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe on???
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Iieacaii i?noea oe??? ?iaioe o ?yae? ?ioeo
?ia?o, ye? i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiith ioeuena??a, oa i?eaaaeai? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??ii? ?iaioe, ui aeiinyoueny aei caoenoo:

Iaoiae ciiaeoaaiiy iaai?oinoa?e ioeuena?a, ui caniiaaiee ia o?aooaaii?
aieeao iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a ia eiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?a?no?aoe?y
aieeao iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?o PSRB 0809+74 ia eiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy oa
eieae?caoe?y iaeano? a?ae?eao ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaeaiao?iaiai
ae?aiaciia.

Ioe?iee aeiaaioii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy i’yoe
ioeuena??a (PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB 0943+10, PSRB 1133+16 oa
PSRB 1530+27), ui io?eiai? ?c niinoa?aaeaiue o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii?;

* aeyaeaiiy iecueei/anoioii? iiaeoeyoe?? /ioe?ueio ioeuena??a (PSRB
0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB 0943+10 oa PSRB 1133+16), ui ia ni?aiaaea? c
?o iniiaieie ia??iaeaie; aeyaeaiiy oiiei? no?oeoo?e ia?aoo?iiy PSRB
0809+74.

Aeyaeaiiy iiey?ecaoe?? aeaeaiao?iaiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB
0809+74 oa PSRB 1133+16 oa aecia/aiiy eiai iiey?ecaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee;

* aeyaeaiiy caaaeo o niaeo?? e?i?eii iiey?eciaaiiai
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB 1133+16 oa aeyaeaiiy aeaio iiey?ecaoe?eieo
iiae o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaii? PSRB 0809+74.

Aeai?eoie oa iaoiaee aiae?co ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a a oiiaao
iecueeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. Iaia?oaeaiea e
enneaaeiaaiea ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?a PSR 1530+27 ia /anoioa 25
IAoe.// Ano?iiiie/aneee aeo?i. — 1986. — O.63. — Aui. 5. — N. 970-975.

2. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. Iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey ia?u
aeenia?nee ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?ia.// Ano?iiiie/aneee aeo?i. —
1987. — O.64. — Aui. 4. — C. 742-745.

3. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. ?acaeaeaiea neaiaeia e
iiiao a caaea/a iienea ae?aeoothuaai ii /anoioa einie/aneiai
?aaeeieceo/aiey.// ?aaeeioaoieea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1988. — ?8. — N.
1658-1664.

4. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I. Aaeaioeaiia iiaeaaeaiea i?iiuoeaiiuo
ia?eiaee/aneeo iiiao.// ?aaeeioaoieea. — 1988. — ? 7. — N. 60-61.

5. Oeueyiia I.I. Yooaeou aaa??aoeee, ?aoa?aeaoeee e ne?o/eaaiey i?e
iaaethaeaiee ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?ia.// Eeiaiaoeea e oeceea iaaaniuo
oae. — 1990. — O.6. — ? 4. — C. 63-67.

6. Aa?aiei Y.I., …, Oeueyiia I.I. e ae?oaea. Aaoi?neia
naeaeaoaeuenoai ? 1679601 ia ecia?aoaiea “Oe?ieiiieiniue oneeeoaeue”.//
Ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano? ecia?aoaiee NNN? 22 iay 1991 a.

7. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. Iaoiae ecia?aiey ia?u
aeenia?nee ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?ia ii oaca i?aia?aciaaiey Oo?uea.//
Oacenu aeieeaaeia XVII ananithciie eiioa?aioeee ii ?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie
aiia?aoo?a e iaoiaeai. A?aaai. — 1985. — N. 329.

8. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. Iaeioi?ua iaoiaeu ai?ueau
n oe?ieiiieiniuie e oceiiieiniuie iiiaoaie i?e i?eaia ?aaeeieceo/aiey
ioeuena?ia.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XVII ananithciie eiioa?aioeee ii
?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie aiia?aoo?a e iaoiaeai. A?aaai. — 1985. — N. 374.

9. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I. ?acaeaeaiea e enneaaeiaaiea iiae
?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?a PSR 1530+27.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XIX
ananithciie eiioa?aioeee ii aaeaeoe/aneie e aiaaaeaeoe/aneie
?aaeeiano?iiiiee. Oaeeeii. — 1987. — N. 186.

10. A?oe TH.I., Oeueyiia I.I., Onoeiaiei A.TH. N?aaeiea e aa?iyoiinoiua
i?ioeee ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?a 0809+74 a aeeaiaciia /anoio 12-30
IAoe.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XIX ananithciie eiioa?aioeee ii aaeaeoe/aneie
e aiaaaeaeoe/aneie ?aaeeiano?iiiiee. Oaeeeii. — 1987. N. 197.

11. Ul’yanov O.M. The aberration and retardation effects in the
radioemission of PSR 0809+74// Abstracts XXII YERAC. Kharkov. — 1989. —
P.23.

12. Aa?aiei Y.I., …, Oeueyiia I.I. e ae?oaea. Nenoaia aioaiiiai
oneeaiey ?aaeeioaeaneiia OO?-2.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XVII ananithciie
eiioa?aioeee ii ?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie aiia?aoo?a e iaoiaeai. A?aaai. —
1989. — C. 27-28.

13. Ul’yanov O.M. The longitude frequencies analysis of pulsars radio
emission structure.// Abstracts XXIII YERAC. Guadalajara (Spanish). —
1990. — P. 11.

14. Bruck Yu.M., Ul’yanov O.M. Observation of PSR 0823+26 and PSR
0943+10 in the decameter band.// Proc. of Colloquium N 128 on Pulsars
of the IAU. Lagow (Poland). — 1990. — P. 183-185.

15. Bruck Yu.M., Ul’yanov O.M. On the accuracy of determining the
dispersion measure for PSR 0809+74 using multifrequency observation.//
Proc. of Colloquium N 128 on Pulsars of the IAU. Lagow (Poland).- 1990.-
P. 13-15.

16. Apoe TH.M., Oeueyiia I.I. Aeieaioii — /anoioiua iniaaiiinoe
?aaeeieceo/aiey PSR 1133+16 e PSR 0809+74 ia aeaeaiao?iauo aieiao.//
Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXV ?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. —
Ioueii: Iao/iue oeaio? ?AI. -1993. -C. 110-111.

17. Apoe TH.M., Oeueyiia I.I. Aiaeec noaoenoe/aneeo caeiiia
?ani?aaeaeaiey eceo/aiey ioeuena?ia.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXV
?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. — Ioueii: Iao/iue oeaio?
?AI. — 1993. — C. 115-116.

18. Aa?aiei Y.I., …, Oeueyiia I.I. e ae?oaea. Iiaea?iecaoeey
aiia?aoiiai eiiieaena ?aaeeioaeaneiia OO?-2.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXV
?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. — Ioueii: Iao/iue oeaio?
?AI. — 1993. — C. 179-180.

19. Apoe TH.M., Oeueyiia I.I. Iaia?oaeaiea iiae eceo/aiey ioeuena?ia a
aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXVI ?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie
eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. – Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, — 1995. — N. 116-117.

20. Apoe TH.M., Oeueyiia I.I. Eioa?iieyoeey eiioeioaeueiiai
?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?ia.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXVI
?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. – Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, -1995.
— N. 136-138.

21. Oeueyiia I.I. E aii?ino i iaaethaeaaiinoe yooaeoa
naa?oaeenia?neiiiiai caiacaeuaaiey.// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XXVI
?aaeeiano?iiiie/aneie eiioa?aioeee no?ai NIA. – Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, -1995.
— N. 125-126.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oeueyiia I.I. ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy ioeuena??a o aeaeaiao?iaiio
ae?aiacii? oaeeue. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.03.02 – ano?io?ceea,
?aae?iano?iiii?y. – Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a, 1999.

?icaeyiooi aieea iaa?oaiiy ioeuena?a (aaa?aoe??, ?aoa?aeaoe??,
ne?o/oaaiiy neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey oa ?aeyoea?nonueeiai
cai?ciaiiy) ia eiai ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iieacaii, ui caaaeyee
o?aooaaiith oeueiai aieeao iiaeeeai ciiaeoaaoe aa?oi? oa?e iaai?oinoa?e
ioeuena?a. Io?eiai? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iayaiino? oaeiai aieeao ia
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB 0809+74 o aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?.
Eieae?ciaaii ciio aeoiaeo ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy c iaai?oinoa?e PSRB
0809+74 oa io?eiaii ioe?ieo eooa i?ae a?nnth eiai iaa?oaiiy e iaai?oiith
a?nnth.

I?eaaaeai? aeai? niinoa?aaeaiue aeiaaioii–/anoioii? no?oeoo?e
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy i’yoe ioeuena??a (PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB
0943+10, PSRB 1133+16 oa PSRB 1530+27) a aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?.
I?iaaaeaia ?o ia?iaea, aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y. Aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaia
/a?acia??iaeia iiaeoeyoe?y o ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaii? /ioe?ueio ioeuena??a
(PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB 0943+10 oa PSRB 1133+16). Aia?oa
ca?a?no?iaaia oiiea no?oeoo?a ia?aoo?iiy ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB
0809+74. Aia?oa a aeaeaiao?iaiio ae?aiacii? i?iaaaeaii iiey?ecaoe?ei?
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy PSRB 0809+74 oa
PSRB 1133+16. Io?eiaii iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeueiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. O PSRB 0809+74 ca?a?no?iaaia iayai?noue aeaio
iiey?ecaoe?eieo iiae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioeuena?, ieacia, ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy,
aeaeaiao?iaee ae?aiacii, i??a aeenia?n??, iiey?ecaoe?y, iaai?oia iiea,
i??a iaa?oaiiy.

ABSTRACT

Ul’yanov O.M. The radio emission of the pulsars at decameter wave
range. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for the scientific degree of the candidate of physical
and mathematical sciences on the speciality 01.03.02 – astrophysics and
radio astronomy. – The Main Astronomical Observatory of National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to observations and investigations of the radio
emission of the pulsars at decameter wave range. The effects of pulsar
rotation (aberrations, retardations, twists of the magnetic field lines,
relativistic delay) on radio emission of pulsars are considered. We have
shown the possibility of sounding the upper layers of pulsar
magnetosphere by analysis of these effects. The supporting observation
facts for PSR 0809+74 at decameter range have been obtained. The region
of the radio emission output of PSRB 0809+74 was localized and the
estimation of the angle between the rotation and magnetic axes has been
obtained.

The results of the longitude-frequency structure observations for the
five pulsars (PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB 0943+10, PSRB 1133+16,
PSRB 1530+27) at decameter wave range have been presented. The over
periodic modulation in radio emission of four pulsars (PSRB 0809+74,
PSRB 0823+26, PSRB 0943+10, PSRB 1133+16) has been recorded at the first
time. We have registered the fine structure of the scintillations of the
radio emission for PSRB 0809+74 at the first time too. The polarization
observations and investigations of the PSRB 0809+74 and PSRB 1133+16
radio emission were carried out at decameter range. The polarization
characteristics of their radio emission have been obtained. The
phenomenon of two polarization modes occured in decametric emission of
PSRB 0809+74 has been detected.

Key words: pulsar, plasma, radio emission, decameter range,
dispersion measure, polarization, magnetic field, rotation measure.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oeueyiia I.I. ?aaeeieceo/aiea ioeuena?ia a aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia
aiei. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.03.02 – ano?ioeceea,
?aaeeiano?iiiiey. – Aeaaiay ano?iiiie/aneay iana?aaoi?ey IAI Oe?aeiu, a.
Eeaa, 1999.

?anniio?aii aeeyiea a?auaiey ioeuena?a (aaa??aoeee, ?aoa?aeaoeee,
ne?o/eaaiey neeiauo eeiee iaaieoiiai iiey e eo ?aeyoeaenoneiai
caiacaeuaaiey) ia aai ?aaeeieceo/aiea. Iieacaii, /oi n iiiiuueth o/aoa
yoiai aeeyiey iiaeii ciiaee?iaaoue aa?oiea neie iaaieoinoa?u ioeuena?a e
i?iaiaeeoue ioeaieo oaea iaaeaeo inueth a?auaiey e iaaieoiie inueth.
I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec iaoiaea, i?aaeeiaeaiiiai a yoie
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa, n iaoiaeaie, eioi?ua ?aiaa eniieueciaaeenue
aeey ciiaee?iaaiey iaaieoinoa? ioeuena?ia e ii?aaeaeaiey oaea iaaeaeo
inueth a?auaiey e iaaieoiie inueth ioeuena?a. Iieo/aiu iaaethaeaoaeueiua
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey i?enoonoaey oaeiai aeeyiey a ?aaeeieceo/aiee PSRB
0809+74 a aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia. Eieaeeciaaia ciia auoiaea
?aaeeieceo/aiey ec iaaieoinoa?u PSRB 0809+74 e iieo/aia ioeaiea oaea
iaaeaeo inueth aai a?auaiey e iaaieoiie inueth.

?ac?aaioai iaoiae iieo/aiey ioeaiee oaeie oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaaecaacaeiie n?aaeu, eae ia?a aeenia?nee, a oneiaeyo ieceiai ioiioaiey
neaiae/ooi. Aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth yoiai iaoiaea naeaeaia ?aaecey
cia/aiey ia?u aeenia?nee a iai?aaeaiee ia PSRB 1530+27.

I?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua iaaethaeaiee aeieaioii-/anoioiie no?oeoo?u
?aaeeieceo/aiey iyoe ioeuena?ia (PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB
0943+10, PSRB 1133+16 e PSRB 1530+27) a aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia.
I?iaaaeaia eo ia?aaioea, aiaeec e eioa?i?aoaoeey. Iieacaii, /oi
eioa?eiioeueniia eceo/aiea ioeuena?a iiaeao aicieeaoue, n ?aciie
aa?iyoiinoueth, ia ethauo aeieaioao n?aaeiaai i?ioeey. Oaeaea iieacaii,
/oi eiaaony iaaieueoay aa?iyoiinoue ?aaeno?aoeee iiuiuo aniuoae
?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?a a aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia. Ca?aaeno?e?iaaia
oeoeooaoeeiiiay eiiiiiaioa a ?aaeeieceo/aiee iyoe ioeuena?ia, eioi?ay
n?aaieia ii iiuiinoe n eiioeueniie eiiiiiaioie eo eceo/aiey.

Aia?aua ca?aaeno?e?iaaia /a?acia?eiaeiay iiaeoeyoeey a
?aaeeieceo/aiee /aou?ao ioeuena?ia (PSRB 0809+74, PSRB 0823+26, PSRB
0943+10 e PSRB 1133+16). Auyaeaia iiaeaeueiay no?oeoo?a a aeeiaie/aneeo
niaeo?ao PSRB 0823+26 e PSRB 1530+27. Aia?aua ca?aaeno?e?iaaia oiieay
no?oeoo?a ia?oeaiee PSRB 0809+74. Yoe ia?oeaiey iu naycuaaai n
ia?oeaieyie ia aeeceie e ioeuena?o ieacia (ioeuena?iii aao?a eee
oaea?iie aieia, iaoiaeyuaeny aaeece ioeuena?a).

I?iaaaeaii ainnoaiiaeaiea iinoiyiiie ninoaaeythuae ?aaeeieceo/aiey
ioeuena?ia PSRB 0809+74 e PSRB 1133+16. Naeaeaiu i?aaeiieiaeaiey i
aiciiaeiuo iaoaieciao ia?aea/ee eiioeueniie eiiiiiaiou eo eceo/aiey a
iai?a?uaioth. Iieacaii, /oi oaeay ia?aea/ea iaeaieaa aa?iyoia ia ieceeo
/anoioao a aa?oiae iaaieoinoa?a ioeuena?a. I?aaeeiaeaii aeaa iauaeoa
aeey ioiaeaeanoaeaiey n PSRB 0809+74.

I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae, iicaieythuee i?iaiaeeoue iiey?ecaoeeiiiua
iaaethaeaiey ?aaeeieceo/aiey ioeuena?ia ia aieueoeo aioaiiuo ?aoaoeao,
?aniieiaeaiiuo iaae ethaie iiaa?oiinoueth e eiathueo eeiaeii
iiey?eciaaiiua aea?aoi?u. Iniiaie yoiai iaoiaea yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea
yooaeoa Oa?aaeay, eioi?ue aicieeaao i?e ?ani?ino?aiaiee ?aaeeieceo/aiey
a iaaecaacaeiie n?aaea, eiathuae i?iaeieueioth eiiiiiaioo iaaieoiiai
iiey aaeieue eo/a c?aiey.

Aia?aua a aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia i?iaaaeaiu iiey?ecaoeeiiiua
iaaethaeaiey e enneaaeiaaiey ?aaeeieceo/aiey PSRB 0809+74 e PSRB
1133+16. Iieo/aiu iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee yoiai eceo/aiey. O
PSRB 0809+74 ca?aaeno?e?iaaii i?enoonoaea aeaoo iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo iiae.
Iieo/aiu ioeaiee n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iiai ioeeiiaiey ii ia?aiao?o ia?u
a?auaiey aeey ?aaeeieceo/aiey PSRB 0809+74 e PSRB 1133+16 a
aeaeaiao?iaii aeeaiaciia. Iaie iieacaii, /oi “?aciacuaaiea”
?aaeeieceo/aiey PSRB 0809+74 e PSRB 1133+16 ii ia?aiao?o ia?u a?auaiey
iiaeao i?ienoiaeeoue eeai ec-ca oeoeooaoeee ia?aiao?ia
yeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiiie ieaciu a aa?oieo neiyo iaaieoinoa?u iaieo
ioeuena?ia, eeai ec-ca yooaeoa Eaoiia-Iooiia, naycaiiiai n iaee/eai
iiia?a/iiai e aieiiaiio aaeoi?o iaaieoiiai iiey. Oaeay neooaoeey
iaeaieaa aa?iyoia a aa?oiae iaaieoinoa?a ioeuena?a.

?anniio?aiu eniieuecoaiua a aeenna?oaoeee iaoiaeu ?aaeno?aoeee e
ai?ueau n ?acee/iiai ?iaea iiiaoaie, a oaeaea iaoiaeu ia?aaioee e
aiaeeca iieo/aiiie eioi?iaoeee. Iniiaiie iaoaiaoe/aneee aiia?ao,
eniieuecoaiue a yoie aeenna?oaoeee, iie?aaony ia i?yiia e ia?aoiia
i?aia?aciaaiey Oo?uea, oai?eth aa?iyoiinoe, oai?eth iao?eoe, ?acee/iua
niiniau eioa?iieyoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioeuena?, ieacia, ?aaeeieceo/aiea, aeaeaiao?iaue
aeeaiacii, ia?a aeenia?nee, iiey?ecaoeey, iaaieoiia iiea, ia?a a?auaiey.

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