Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ae?iaao?i Ieaa Ieaaiae/

OAeE 537.874: 519.65 + 621.317.3

?AAe?IO?CE*I? I?EIOeEIE AECIA*AIIss IA?AIAO??A IA’?EO?A CA CIA*AIIssIE
OCAAAEUeIAIEO

AEANIEO *ANOIO

01.04.01- o?ceea i?eeaae?a, aeaiaio?a ? nenoai;

01.04.03 — ?aae?io?ceea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ianaeia Na?a?e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo ?aae?io?ceee ?
aeaeo?ii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
?aae?i?io?ineii?? (i. Oa?e?a)

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaea?aiei Ai?en ?aaiiae/,

AO Oa?e?anueeee IAe?
?aae?ioaoi?/ieo aei??thaaiue,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai?
?iaioe — aieiaiee

eiino?oeoi? — ia?oee canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eie/ea?i Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

a.i.caa?aeoaa/a eaoaae?e
oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee — i?ioani?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a eaaioiai?
?aae?io?ceee, I?i?noa?noai

ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.051.02 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4, aoae.
3-9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “10” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eyoianueeee A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?aae?io?ce/i? iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ana a?eueoa i?iieeathoue o ??ciiiai?oi? noa?e ethaenueei?
ae?yeueiino?. ?icoe?aiiy /enea ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?oi?o
ioe?ithaaieo ia?aiao??a, i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a
aeicaiey? ia o?eueee ae??ooaaoe aecia/aia eiei i?eeeaaeieo caaea/, aea ?
neoaeeoue caaaeueiiio i?ia?ano a i?ciaii? caeiiii??iinoae i?e?iaee.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?aae?io?ce/ieo iaoiae?a o aaeocyo oaoi?/ii? ? iaaee/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee, aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ? ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth
cia/iith i??ith aacothoueny ia ?ica’ycaii? caaea/? aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
oa??a oa?oaaoeo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo? (OAeN). Oaeei /eiii,
iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe i?inoi?iaee ?iciiae?e ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? (
ca aei??thaaiith caeaaei?noth, ui oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeaeoa OAeN iiea, ye
ooieoe?th aa??aoe?? ia?aiao?a (ia?aiao??a) ciiaeoth/i? oaee?. O
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao c o?aooaaiiyi eieaeueieo aeanoeainoae ciiaeoth/iai
io/ea, caaea/a iiaea aooe caaaeaia aei a?aeiiaeaiiy iaeiiaei??iiai
i?io?eth (. C iaoaiaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o iiaa eaea i?i ??oaiiy iaa?iaii?
caaea/?. Neeaaei?noue i?iaeaie iieyaa? o iaiiaeeeaino? iaea?aeaiiy
i?inoeo aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae ia?aiao?aie, ui oe?eaaeyoue, ?
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ui aei??ththoueny aaciina?aaeiuei. Aeaia i?iaeaiaoeea
aeaaii i?eaa?oa? oaaao aeine?aeiee?a, i?e/iio ia o?eueee a iaeano?
?aae?io?ceee, aea e aeonoeee (aeeth/ath/e ia?iaeo i?iiiae), naeniieia??
oa aaio?ceee (iaoiaee ??oaiiy iathoue aaaaoi aiaeia?/ieo iiiaio?a
aiane?aeie iiae?aiino? oaeeaaeo yaeu i?e caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe? caaea/?,
ui ia a?aoiao? eiie?aoi? iniaeeaino? aei??thaaiue).

Iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo oiauei ? aoaeoeaieo cia/aiue (
iaoa??ae?a oa??a, ui /anoi aeieea? i?e ia?oeioth/iio eiio?ie?
aaaaoioa?iaeo ae?ia?a no/aniiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aeicaiey? iinoaaeoe
caaea/o a?aeiiaeaiiy eoneiai-noaeiai i?io?eth (. Oaea ai?ieneiaoe?y ia ?
c iaeiiai aieo aeaaeeith, ui oneeaaeith? canoinoaaiiy ?yaeo ?icaeoeo
iaoiae?a, a c ?ioiai aieo — caaaea aeo?aeio caaea/o aei caaea/? iiooeo
ia?aiao??a o e?ioeaaiaei??iiio i?inoi??. Oaeiae o?aaa o?aooaaoe aeiiao
aaceiioaeoiino? oa iaeiinoi?iiiueiai aeinooio aei eiio?ieueiaaiiai
ia’?eoo. Iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? eieaeueiino?
iaoiiaeth? canoinoaaiiy oaeeue IA* oa EA* ae?aiacii?a.

Aeey OAeN iaeiiaei??ia iaa?iaia caaea/a aeinoaoiuei iiaii ?ica’ycaia i?e
caoaeaeaii? ?? ieineith oaeeath o aeaio ie?aieo aeiaaeeao:
ieineioa?oaaoi? no?oeoo?e ? oeee?iae?e/ii? c ?aae?onii e?eaeie r aaaaoi
iaioei i?ae na?aaeiy aeiaaeeia oaee? (, iai?eeeaae, aeey r / ( < 0.3. Iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao, ?icaeoee aeey ia?oiai aeiaaeeo, iaei caeaoiee aeey ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth o cacia/aiiio ae?aiacii? /anoio /a?ac oa, ui aei?ii?ith?oueny oaeey, yea ?noioii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ieinei?. Caeaoi?noue ae?oaiai i?aeoiaeo aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/? aeoaea iaiaaeaia, oiio ui aeey aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo ae?ia?a ia iiaea aooe caaacia/aia iaiao?aeia eieaeuei?noue eiio?ieth. Ana oea aecia/a? iio?aao aeai?o iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey i?yii? caaea/?, yea aoaea aaeaeaaoia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e neooaoe??, ui ?aae?co?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeeaaiaeieo oa ?oii?ieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a. Aeey ?ica’yceo iaa?iaii? caaea/? o cacia/ai?e iinoaiiaoe? iaea?eueoa iioe?aiiy io?eiaee aaaaoi/anoioi? iaoiaee aei??thaaiue c ianooiiei aiae?cii o /ania?e iaeano?. Iaeiae iaoiaee, ui aeei?enoiaothoue i?eioeei iaeneioio aio?ii??, oi/a e aeathoue o?eae? ?acoeueoaoe, aea ae ia aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ?ici?? no?eae?a ?iiaaeaino ia iaaeao oa??a ? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo?e/ieo oiauei oa??a. Iaoiae aoi?eiiiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co iio?aao? ai??i?iiai ciaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiauei oa??a ? ii?yaeeo i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?o. E??i oiai, oe? iaoiaee ia iathoue i?ae niaith iaeaaeii? iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace, oiio ui aeei?enoiaothoue iaaaeaeaaoia oyaeaiiy i?i oiiae caaea/?. sseui aeey eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a ae?ia?a iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ye aeueoa?iaoeaa ?aae?io?ce/iei iaoiaeai ?niothoue iaoiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi oaeeue ?ioi? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee, oi i?e eiio?ie? OAeN, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ye ?aae?iianeoaaeuei? ? iiaeeiaeuei? iaoa??aee aioaiieo iao?/iee?a oa oe?eoo?a iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe aeaeo?iiaai?oi? oaee? a?aeiia?aeiiai ae?aiaciio. I?e oeueiio aeieea? caaea/a, ui ia? naiino?eia cia/aiiy, aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy (EA) oaeeo iaoa??ae?a iica oaeeaaiaeieo o?aeo?a, oiaoi o a?eueiiio i?inoi??. Ae?aaiinoeea OAeN ??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy aeeth/a? oaeiae ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th aioo??oi?o aeeth/aiue, iai?eeeaae iia?o?yieo i?? o eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??aeao. Aaaeeeaei ? ?oiy eeaneo?eaoe?y ca ?ici??aie. ?aae?io?ce/i? iaoiaee ? ?aeeii iiaeeeaeie, ? aiane?aeie oeueiai o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aioaiieo ? oaeeaaiaeii-o?aea?ieo i?eno?i?a nenoai ca'yceo, ?aae?ioi?aae?iiy ? ?aae?ioaeaiao???, ?aae?ieieaoe?? ? ?aae?iiaa?aaoe??. Ne?ae cacia/eoe oaiaeaioe?th a?eueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy oaeeue IA* ? EA* aeey ?ica’yceo caaea/ o oeeo aaeocyo. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?a?aoiaaieo nenoai iaoiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiiy aeiia aei ianyao ? aeinoia??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ieo (?icoaooaaiiy e aiie?ooaee iaiaeii??aeiinoae o o?aeoao, a?aeaeaaeuei? iaiaeii??aeiino? a aioaiao ? ia iin?yo aioai). I?e oeueiio iinoaaeaio oe?eue aaaeaii aeinyaoe c iaeiaioeie iaoa??aeueieie aeo?aoaie. Iai?eeeaae, noai?aiiy aioaiieo iie?aii?a ia iiaea aooe cae?eniaia o an?o /anoioieo ae?aiaciiao oi?aa?naeueieie iaoiaeaie, oiio aeioe?eueia iiaoaeiaa iaoiae?a ioe?iee ae?aa?ai ni?yiiaaiino? (AeN) aioai a oiiaao iie?aii?a c iecueeith aaceoii?noth ca aeiiiiiaith oi?aa?naeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue ? ia?iaee aeaieo, ioe?iee aeanoeainoae naieo iie?aii?a ia iniia? aecia/aiiy iiooaeiinoae neaiae?a aieiaiiai i?iiaith ? ia?aceoieo eiiiiiaio?a. Aei oe??? caaea/? o?nii i?eieea? caaea/a aecia/aiiy cacia/aieo eiiiiiaio aeey aioai, ?ici?uaieo ia ??ciiiai?oieo ia'?eoao c a?aeaeaaeueieie aeaiaioaie. ?ica’ycie an?o ?icaeyiooeo caaea/ aaco?oueny ia ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, io?eiaieo o IA* oa EA* ae?aiaciiao. ssnii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino? oeeo aeaieo iia'ycaii c iiaeeea?noth caa??aaiiy (aei??thaaiiy) oaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??, oiaoi io?eiaiiy eiiieaeniicia/ieo aeaieo, ui iio?aao? ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae a?aeiia?aeieo i?eno?i?a. Aeei?enoaiiy ?aciiainieo yaeu aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii ?ica’ycoaaoe eeane/i? caaea/? ?aae?io?ce/ieo aei??thaaiue, oiio aeioe?eueii ?icaeoe caaaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ?ica’yceo an?o o?aoiaaieo caaea/ ?aae?io?ce/ieo aei??thaaiue ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio (?aciiainieo /anoio, aeanieo /an?a, aeanieo i?inoi?iaeo /anoio, aeanieo oiauei). Oe? ianoaaeie iaoiiaeththoue aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. Ca'ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia o ?aieao iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oa i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue "Ia?oeioth/ee eiio?ieue ? ae?aaiinoeea" (1989-1991, caaaeaiiy 4.6.1), caoaa?aeaeaii? iaeacii Aea?aeeii?oaoo ia?iaeii? ina?oe N?N? ? 773 a?ae 29.09.1989 ?. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oa?eoee o ca?oe c 3 aea?aeathaeaeaoieo IAe?, ui aoee aeeiiai? o ?aieao eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ieai?a IAe? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (iiia?e aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194 U 010181, 0194 U 028115, 0197 U000658). Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? ?ic?iaea o?ce/ieo i?eioeei?a, iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo oa a?aeiia?aeieo i?eno?i?a aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oe?ieiai eeano ?aae?io?ce/ieo ia'?eo?a ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy eiioeaioe?? ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio i?e ia?iaoe? aiie?ooaeieo aeaieo, io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueii. Oea iaoiiaeth? ?ica’ycie oaeeo caaea/: iioeiaeueiee aea?? aeaeyaeo ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a eiie?aoieo ia'?eo?a; io?eioaaiiy caeaaeiinoae, ui ca'ycothoue cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ia'?eo?a, ye? oe?eaaeyoue, c? cia/aiiyie ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio; ?icaeoie iaoiae?a caa??aaiiy ? aeae?eaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oacia? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia'?eoo ca aeaieie aiie?ooaeieo aei??thaaiue; ii?aoethaaiiy o?ce/ieo i?eioeei?a aia?aoo?ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiae?a aei??thaaiue eiiieaeniicia/ieo aeaieo oa aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aei??thaaeueieo onoaiiaie; aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oeeo?iaiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co aeey aecia/aiiy cia/aiue ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio ca aeaieie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue; o?ce/iee aiae?c neooaoe?e, ui aeieeathoue o oiae? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo i?aeoiae?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, ? ii?aoethaaiiy i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio: ia iniia? i?eioeeio oo?uea-aieia?ao?? aoa ?icaeoee iaoiae aecia/aiiy eiiieaeniicia/ieo /anoioieo caeaaeiinoae eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy ? i?ioiaeaeaiiy ca aeaieie aei???a aiie?ooaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia aaaaoueio /anoioao i?e iayaiino? aeae?eueeio iii?ieo neaiae?a, ui iinyoue o /ania?e iaeano? ?iioeueniee oa?aeoa?, aecia/ai? oiiae i?eaeaoiino?; cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ia?iaee aeaieo 12-iiethnieo aei??thaa/?a eiiieaeniiai EA aieia?ao?/iee i?aeo?ae ?c o?ueiia iii?ieie ae?eyieaie, ui aeicaieeei iiaoaeoaaoe nenoaio e?i?eieo ??aiyiue ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe aia?ao ?aaoey?ecaoe?? e?i?eieo iaa?iaieo caaea/; oaeineiiaeaiee iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao oeeo?iaiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co ia iniia? iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, yeee ia? i?aeaeuaio caaaaeino?ee?noue ? ?icae?ethaaeueio caeaoi?noue, ui aeicaieeei aoaeoeaii aecia/aoe cia/aiiy ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio ca aeaieie, io?eiaieie aenia?eiaioaeueii; ?icaeoee iaoiae ?ica’ycoaaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/? aeey OAeN ?c eoneiai-noaeei i?io?eai ( c aeei?enoaiiyi eiioeaioe?? aeanieo /an?a no?oeoo?e i?e o?aooaaii? ?aaeueieo aeanoeainoae ciiaeoth/i? oaee?; cai?iiiiiaaia e iaa?oioiaaia canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a aaaaoi/anoioiiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo oe?eae, cie?aia E-?iioeueno, aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oa??a o OAeN; ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ?ic??ciaiiy iaei?ino?oeo iaiaeii??aeiinoae o oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo?ao ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaioe?? i?inoi?iaeo /anoio; ?icaeoee ? aeine?aeaeoaaiee iaeii/anoioiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai EA o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?inoi?iaeo /anoio; cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aoeueiaaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy AeN aioai a oiiaao iie?aii?a c iecueei? aaceoii?noth oeyoii niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiue ia aaaaoueio /anoioao; oeae i?aeo?ae ocaaaeueiaiee aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy aaceoiiino? aioaiiiai iie?aiio. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio: ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ica’ycoaaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/? aeey OAeN ?c eoneiai-noaeei i?io?eai ( aeicaieythoue ae??ooaaoe caaea/o ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth aeaio- o?ueio-oa?oaaoeo (cie?aia neeiieanoee-aoia-eai?ii) ae?ia?a no/aniiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy; cai?iiiiiaai? a ?iaio? oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie cai?iaaaeaeai? a iniiao ?ic?iaeaieo aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueieo eiiieaen?a ?EI*-02-05, ye? aeicaieeee aei??thaaoe a?aeaeooy a?ae no?oeoo?, ui iathoue aeaniee EA aae aei -25aeA (i?iiieano?a c ( = 1,05 - 1,15) ia a?aenoaiyo aei 20 ni a?ae ieiueie aia?oo?e ( ?EI*-05 - ia a?aenoai? aei 40-50 ni). ?icaeo? iaoiaee aei??o AeN a oiiaao aioaiiiai iie?aiio c iecueeith aaceoii?noth aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe ye nai? AeN, oae ? ??ai? eoiiino? iie?aii?a; oe? ae iaoiaee aeicaieythoue ioe?ithaaoe a noia?iiio i?eeiyoiio aioaiith neaiae? ??aaiue neaiae?a, iaoiiaeaieo aeaiaioaie eiino?oeoe?? iin?y, ia yeiio ?ici?uaia aioaia; ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoiaee iiaeooue neoaeeoe aeey eiio?ieth o?aeo?a oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai; ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee oeeo?iaiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co aiane?aeie aeniei? caaaaeino?eeino? ? ?icae?ethaaeueii? caeaoiino? iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy aeey ia?iaee neaiae?a a ?ioeo iaeanoyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee, iai?eeeaae i?e ciaoiaeaeaii? niaeo??a o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ? aecia/aii? aeanieo /anoio ??ciiiai?oieo nii?oae ? eiino?oeoe?e. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee a?aeaeoie o eaeoe?eieo eo?nao, ui /eoathoueny a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio oi?aa?neoao?: "Aei??thaaiiy ia IA*", "?aae?ioaeeueia? iaoiaee ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth", "Oeeo?iaee niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c". Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O ?iaio? [1] aeena?oaioii iaienai? ?icae?ee 1-3 ? 5(o ni?aaaoi?noa?). O noaooyo [2,24] aeena?oaioo iaeaaeaoue on? ?acoeueoaoe ca aeiyoeii ii?aoethaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. O ?iaioao [5-7,9] aeena?oaioii aeneiaeaia ?aeay noai?aiiy iienaieo AIE, ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae, io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe (e??i [7] ). O [7] cai?iiiiiaaii i?iaiaeeoe ?ioa?iieyoe?th caeaaeiino? /anoioe a?ae ea?oaaeueii? iai?oae c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? onoaiiaee /anoioe, a?aa o/anoue o iaienaii? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy AIE. A ?iaio? [10] aeena?oaio cae?eniea ieaioaaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O noaoo? [13] aeena?oaioii cae?eniaia iinoaiiaea caaea/?, ae?iaeai? iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei ?oiueiai ?ica’ycaiiy, i?iaaaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. O noaooyo [3,4,14-18,19-22,30,31,33,35] aaoi? cae?eniea iinoaiiaeo caaea/?, a?aa o/anoue a iaaiai?aii? oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a, eiio iaeaaeeoue caaaeueiee i?aeo?ae, ui ciaeoia a?aeaeoie o oeeo noaooyo. O ?iaioao [4,14,16] aeena?oaioii io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, o noaoo? [21] cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei o?aooaaiiy iaeeo ia?aa?aeaeoo?a, o [19] aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue ?aeay i?i aeei?enoaiiy /aniaiai a?eia ? i?iaaaeaiiy ii?ioaaiiy, a?i a?aa o/anoue o noai?aii? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy. O ?iaio? [23] aeena?oaio cae?eniea iinoaiiaeo caaea/?, aea?aa iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiue, neeaa ieai aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?ia?a o?ce/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?iaio? [32] aeena?oaioo iaeaaeaoue on? ?acoeueoaoe e??i i?iaaaeaiiy /enaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a. O ?iaio? [34] aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii canoiniaoaaoe eiioeaioe?th E – ?iioeueno aei ??oaiiy iaa?iaieo caaea/ aeey OAeN, i?iaaaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eaeaoiino? i?aeoiaeo, cai?iiiiiaaiee ieai aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?ioeo ?iaioao aeena?oaioii cae?eniaia iinoaiiaea caaea/?, ae?iaeai? iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei ?oiueiai ?ica’ycaiiy, i?iaaaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. I?ae ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a aeaii? ?iaioe c iaoa??ae?a, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? noaoae, i?aeaioiaeaia ? caoeuaia eaiaeeaeaonueea aeena?oaoe?y. Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia: Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "Iaoiaee ? caniae aei??thaaiue aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoa??ae?a ia A* ? IA*" (Iiainea??nuee, 1991), Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "Oaciaai? aioaii? ?ao?oee ? ?o aeaiaioe: aaoiiaoecaoe?y, i?iaeooaaiiy ? aei??e" (Eacaiue, 1990), VI Ananithci?e eiio. c aieia?ao?? (A?oaanuee, 1990), Iineianuee?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiio. c eiiiiceo?a (Iineaa, 1990), XII Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "Ia?oei?ai? o?ce/i? iaoiaee eiio?ieth" (Naa?aeeianuee, 1990), Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. “?aae?iaei??thaaiiy-91” (Naaanoiiieue, 1991), ?anioae. iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "Oai??y ? i?aeoeea aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a aeaeo?iiaai?oieo eieeaaiue ? e?i?e ia?aaea/?" (Oa?e?a, 1991), ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "No/ani? iaoiaee ?aae?iaei??thaaiue o ae?aiaciiao aenieeo /anoio (A*) ? iaaeaenieeo /anoio (IA*) (Iiainea??nuee, 1991), I Oe?a?inueeiio neiiic?oi? "O?ceea ? oaoi?ea ii ? noaii ?aae?ioaeeue" (Oa?e?a, 1991), I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. "Ia?oei?aiee eiio?ieue ? ae?aaiinoeea aeanoeainoae eiiiiceo?a ? ae?ia?a c ieo" (?eaa, 1991), III ?anioae. iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. "Iaoiaee ? caniae aei??thaaiue a iaeano? aeaeo?iiaai?oii? noi?niino?" (A?iieoey, 1991), I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. "Noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee a oai??? ia?aaea/? ? ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a" (Ee?a, 1992), 3-e E?einuee?e eiio. "IA*-oaoi?ea ? noiooieeiaee i?eeii" (Naaanoiiieue, 1993), I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? "O?ceea ? oaoi?ea i?e?iao?iaeo ? noai?e?iao?iaeo oaeeue" (Oa?e?a, 1994; Oa?e?a, 1998), I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo O?N? "Iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee a aeaeo?iiaai?oi?e oai???" (Oa?e?a, 1994; Euea?a 1996; Oa?e?a 1998), I Oe?a?inuee?e eiio. "Oaoi?/ia ae?aaiinoeea ? ia?oei?aiee eiio?ieue a Oe?a?i?" (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. "No/ania ?aae?ieieaoe?y - 94" (Ee?a, 1994), I?aeia?iaeieo iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. "Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeaeo?iiiiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy" (Iiainea??nuee, 1991, 1994, 1996, 1998), I?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao O?N? c aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oai??? (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1995; Naeii?ee, A?aoe?y, 1998), 5-io I?aeia?iaeiiio Neiiic?oi? "No/ani? aeinyaiaiiy a i?e?ioaeeueia?e oaoiieia??" ISRAMT'95 (Ee?a, 1995), I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. "Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio ? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??" (Ooaina, 1995), I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo "Oai??y ? oaoi?ea aioai" (IEOOA'95, Oa?e?a, 1995; IEOOA'97, Ee?a, 1997), I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. c oi/ieo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aei??thaaiue CPEM-96 (A?aoioaaea, I?ia//eia, 1996), 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. "Noiooieeiaee ca'ycie" (Iineaa, 1996), 14-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. c ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth (Iueth-Aeae?, ?iae?y, 1996), I?aeia?iaei?e eiio. c aeooaeueieo ieoaiue oaoi?ee aei??thaaiue “Measurement-98”(Ee?a, 1998), ia ui??/ieo i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo. Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a iaeiiio iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo, o 26 noaooyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? ca??eao, 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao, iaoa??aeao ? oacao cacia/aieo aeua iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e ? neiiic?oi?a. No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui oeeoo?oueny, c 235 iaeiaioaaiue ia 23 noi?. Ianya ?iaioe – 337 noi?., c ieo 274 noi?. iniiaiiai oaenoo, 17 noi??iie ?ethno?aoe?e ? 11 noi??iie oaaeeoeue. INIIAIEE CI?NO O anooi? a?aeaeo? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ca'ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a oaeiae ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Ia?oee ?icae?e iineoue iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa?, o iueiio aecia/aia eiei ieoaiue, ui i?aeeyaathoue aeine?aeaeaiith, iai?/ai? oeyoe ?ica’ycoaaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/. Aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ia?ai? iaoiaee, ye? aacothoueny ia aiae?c? aeanieo ocaaaeueiaieo /anoio. Oea aeeeeea? iio?aao o ?icaeoeo iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo aecia/aiiy cia/aiue aeanieo /anoio ca aeaieie, io?eiaieie c aenia?eiaioo, ui caiaeeoueny aei iaiao?aeiino? ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a iaaeeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? noiith aeniiiaioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e. sse iai?yiie iiooeo a iaeano? ?icaeoeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ia'?eo?a aoa ia?aiee aieia?ao?/iee i?aeo?ae aei caaea/? caa?aaeaiiy oaci/anoioii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui ia? aeaa eeane/ieo aa??aioe: iaoiae oo?’?-aieia?ao?? oa iaoiae aieia?ao?? c o?ueiia iii?ieie ae?eueieoeyie. A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooee iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao aecia/aiiy cia/aiue ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio ca aeene?aoeciaaieie aeaieie, io?eiaieie aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii. I?e oeueiio i?eioneaeiny, ui aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? iiaeooue aooe iienai? iiaeaeeth o aeaeyae? e?ioeaai? noie aeniiiaio c eiiieaeniicia/ieie iieacieeaie. A oaeiio aeaeyae? i?aaenoaaeii a?aeaoe nenoaie o oo?’?-niieo/ai?e iaeano? ca oiiae, ui a ia?aeii?e iaeano? ni?aaaaeeeaa iiethnia iiaeaeue, ui iieno? aeani? /anoioe (?aciiaine). Aiaeia?/ii, o aeiaaeeo ni?aaaaeeeaino? iiaeae? o aeaeyae? noie aeniiiaio o oo?’?-niieo/ai?e iaeano? iieacieee aeniiiaio iiaeooue aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaai? ye aeani? /anoioe nenoaie. Oaeei /eiii, oeae ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ooiaeaiaioaeuei?e i?iaeai? noaoenoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee, a naia – ioe?ithaaiith ia?aiao??a niaeo??a. Aaeaeaaoiei iaoiaeii ioe?ithaaiiy cia/aiue aiie?ooae ? iieaciee?a aeniiiaio ? iaoiae I?ii?. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ioe?iie ca iayaiino? aaeeoeaieo oaciaeo eiiiiiaio, ye? aiinyoue niioai?aiiy, ine?eueee oae? /eiieee niioai?aiiy c'yaeythoueny caeiiii??ii aiane?aeie aeenia?n?? o IA* oaeeaaaaeo/eo o?aeoao. I?e aeei?enoaii? iaoiaeo I?ii? iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiai? eaaae?aoe/ii? oaciai? eiiiiiaioe oyaia ci?uaiiy ioe?iie i?noeaiieiaeaiiy a?ae aeiaaeeie ?ioa?aaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy, aeecueea aei e?i?eiiai, a ii/aoeiai? oace – aei eaaae?aoe/iiai. Aeey eoa?/iiai oaciaiai aeiaeaoeo a?aeiia?aei? caeaaeiino? aeecuee? aei eaaae?aoe/ii? oa eoa?/ii?. Aaniethoi? cia/aiiy ci?uaiue i?e oeo aea aeiaaeeiao ?ioa?aaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy, aiie?ooaeao i?e oaciaiio aeiaeaoeo, e?ieo aeene?aoecaoe??, /ene? oi/ie aeey eoa?/iiai aeiaeaoeo i?eaeecii o aeaa ?ace iaio?, i?ae aeey eaaae?aoe/ii?. A?aeiioaiiy ii?iaiaeo aeanieo /enae iao?eoe? I?ii? i?e ci?i? aiie?ooaee aeiaeaoeo, aeiaaeeie ?ioa?aaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy iaeiicia/ii aeacoaaei ia e?auee ca oi/i?noth ?acoeueoao. Iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiai? aa?iii?eii? oaciai? eiiiiiaioe i?e ?? aiie?ooae? iaioi? 0.02( oyaioei iioeaeo ioe?iee aiie?ooaee ? i?noeaiieiaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio iaioo ca 1%, a ii/aoeiai? oace iaioi? 0.5 ?aae, i?e c?inoaii? icia/aii? aiie?ooaee aei cia/aiue ii?yaeeo 0.2( iioeaea ioe?iee aiie?ooaee aeinyaaea 40%. Ia?iuoaaiiy ii?yaeeo iiaeae? a aeai?eoiao MUSIC ? EV ia aaaea aei aacia?a?aiiai c?inoaiiy caaaaeino?eeino? ? ?iciiae?ethaaeueii? caeaoiino?. I?e ??ciiiai?oiiio /ene? a?aee?e?a iaee?au? ioe?iee iiaeooue niinoa??aaoeny i?e ??ciiiai?oieo ii?yaeeao iao?eoe? I?ii?. O caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ?icaeyioo? iaoiaee ia aeicaieyee io?eioaaoe ae??oaeueii? ia?aaaae o ii??aiyii? c aa??aioii iaoiaeo I?ii?, ui aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? iaeiiai aeaniiai aaeoi?o iao?eoe? ii?iaeueieo ??aiyiue I?ii?. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ocaaaeueiaiiai iaoiaeo io/ea ooieoe?e (OIIO) oa iaoiaeo I?ii? iieacaa, ui o ii??aiyii? c inoaii?i aea?? e?ieo aeene?aoecaoe?? a OIIO ia ? ae??oaeueiei /eiieeii ?aaoey?ecaoe??, oi/a i?i?iaeueia /enei coiiaeaiino? aeey iao?eoeue OIIO niinoa??aa?oueny aeey oiai ae e?ieo aeene?aoecaoe??, ui ? iioeiaeueiei aeey iaoiaeo I?ii?. Aiie?ooaee a aeniiiaioe?aeueiiio ?iceeaae? aoee aecia/ai? ia iniia? iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, i?e oeueiio iioeaea ioe?ithaaiiy aiie?ooae iaioa i?e aeei?enoaii? ioe?iie iieaciee?a aeniiiaio, i?ae ?oi?o oi/ieo cia/aiue. Iayai?noue caoooaiiy a aeniiiaioao oyaia a?eueo? iioeaee a ioe?ieao aiie?ooae o ii??aiyii? c aeiaaeeii a?aenooiino? caoooaiiy. OIIO aeicaiey? ia o?eueee io?eiaoe a?eueo oi/i? ioe?iee niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a, aea ? io?eiaoe a?eueo oi/ia ia?aaeaa/aiiy ooieoe??, ui iiaeaeth?oueny. Oaea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny aeey a?aeiinii aaeeeiai /enea a?aee?e?a, i?e iaeiio /ene? a?aee?e?a N (N(10) OIIO ia iaa ae??oaeueii? ia?aaaae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a aaeineiiaeaiiy ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a aacoaaeiny ia aeae?eueeio eeth/iaeo ?aeayo: aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae aeey onoiaiiy uaeaeeiinoeeethth/eo eiiiiiaio a oe?eueia?e ooieoe?? (OeO); iiaoaeiaa ?aeo?aioii? noaie ia/eneaiue c ia?iuoaaiiyi ii?yaeeo iiaeae? (/enea aeniiiaioe?aeueieo aeiaeaie?a o noi?); canoinoaaiiy caaaeueiiai aeaeyaeo oeoii?anueei? ?aaoey?ecaoe?? a?aeiinii iii?iiai ?ica’yceo ia iaeeieoeth iaioi? aei??iino? i?e ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo aiie?ooae ? a?aeiia?aeieo OeO; iine?aeiaia aeei?enoaiiy n?iaenoaa aaaiaeo ooieoe?e aeey iiaoaiiiai ia?aoiaeo a?ae OeO c iaeneiaeueiei ?ici??ii iaeano? oi?iiaeaeueiino? (a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaiia non?aei?ie iaeneioiaie, iaeaeeae/eie aei aeiaaeueiiai i?i?ioio) aei OeO, ui caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueio oi/i?noue ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a. I?e oeueiio ?icaeyae aoei iaiaaeaii aeiaaeeii nooi oyaieo iieaciee?a aeniiiaio. Iine?aeiaia ia?iuoaaiiy ii?yaeeo iiaeae? aeicaieeei caanoe i?ioeaaeo?o iioei?caoe?? o aaaaoiaei??iiio i?inoi?? aei caaea/? iiooeo a iaeiiaei??iiio i?inoi??. Oaeee i?aeo?ae o ii?aeiaii? c aeae?eaiiyi e?i?eii? caaea/? ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueieo eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae i?e aeia?eueieo cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a aeniiiaio aeicaieea io?eiaoe aoaeoeaiee ia/enethaaeueiee aeai?eoi. Aeei?enoaiiy iii?iiai ?ica’yceo ii?yaeeo ia iaeeieoeth iaioiai, i?ae ooeaiee, aeicaieeei io?eiaoe o?ce/ii iaa?oioiaaiee ?acoeueoao i?e ioe?ithaaii? aiie?ooae niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio o aeiaaeeo ?oiueiai caeeaeaiiy: iaeia aiie?ooaea aei??aith? ?noeiiiio cia/aiith, ?ioa – ioeueiaiio. Oaeee ?acoeueoao aaaeeeaee i?e /enaeuei?e ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo, ine?eueee ca iayaiino? ooio /anoi niinoa??aa?oueny iai?aaaeeaa ?icuaieaiiy niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio. Oeoii?anueea ?aaoey?ecaoe?y aac aeei?enoaiiy iii?iiai ?ica’yceo aeeeeea? io?eiaiiy aeaio aiie?ooae iieiaeiiiai cia/aiiy, oiaoi iiieeeo a ioe?ioe? aiie?ooae ? io?eiaiiy iai?aaaeeaiai ?icuaieaiiy. Caeeaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio oyaia ae?iaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iao?eoeue, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo aiie?ooae, oiio aeei?enoaiiy ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aacaaa??eii? ?iaioe aeai?eoio. I?iaaaeaiee ?icaeyae iieaco? oaeiae, ui ?nio? iaaea ?icae?ethaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio, ui ia iiaea aooe ia?aaa?oaia. Ni?aaaaeeea?noue aei/iiai iiaeaiiy iao?eoeue, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny, ? ?oiy a?i?oia?noue aeicaieeee nei?enooaaoeny oi?ioeaie O?iaai?ona aeey iaoiaeo iaaaaeaiiy. Iniaeea?noth ?aeo?aioiiai ?ic?aooieo iao?eoeue ? oa, ui ?aaoey?ecaoe?y iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaia ia ia an?o e?ieao, a o?eueee ia inoaii?o, eiee niinoa??aathoueny aoaeoe ae?iaeaeaiiy iao?eoeue. Oaea iiaeeea?noue aaaeeeaa, ai ?aaoey?ecaoe?y caaaeaee ia? aaaeo aiineoe aeayea niioai?aiiy ?ica’yceo ? ia iiaeiia aooe aeei?enoaia o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee a i?e iaia? iio?aae. ?acii c oi?ioeaie ioe?ithaaiiy aiie?ooae aoee io?eiai? ae?ace aeey OeO, ui ?ic?aoiaothoueny aeey eiaeiiai aoaio i?ioeaaeo?e ia?iuoaaiiy. Icia/ai? OeO iienothoue iaa’yceo i?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ? iiaeaeeth, aaea ioe?iaiiai ii?yaeeo. Ia?iuoaaiiy ii?yaeeo iiaeae? o?aaa i?eieiyoe o oeo aeiaaeeao, yeui ii?yaeie iiaeae? ia?aaeuea aeayea iaia?aae caaeaia cia/aiiy aai OeO iaaeeceeany aei cia/aiiy, ui aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ooio o aeaieo. Ia?aaaaith iaoiaeo iaaaaeaiiy ? iayai?noue ei?aeoe?? aiie?ooae eiiiiiaio, ioe?iaieo ?ai?oa, ia eiaeiiio ianooiiiio e?ioe? i?ioeaaeo?e ia?iuoaaiiy ii?yaeeo iiaeae?. I?iaiae?ciaaiee aieea aaaiai? ooieoe?? (AO) g(x) ia iiaaae?ieo OeO ? oi/i?noue ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a. Io?eiai? ae?ace aeey aeenia?n?? ioe?iee iieacieea aeniiiaioe. Ioe?iee aeenia?n?? aoee io?eiai? a i?eiouaii? (-ei?aeueiaaiino? ae?enii? ? oyaii? /anoei aaeeoeaiiai ooio i?e na?aaeiueiio, ui aei??aith? ioeth. Aeenia?n?y ioe?iee iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eia a?aeiioaiith neaiae / ooi ? i?yii i?iii?oe?eia /eiieeo X A XA ( = ? x2·g2(x)dx / [ ? x2·g(x)dx ]2, Xi Xi aea Xi , XA – ii/aoeiaa ? e?ioeaaa cia/aiiy ?ioa?aaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy. Aeey AO Oaii?iaa cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o ( neeaaea? 4.93/X3, ui aea? a (1.65 ?ace a?eueoa cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o ( ?, ioaea, aeenia?n??, o ii??aiyii? c a?aenooi?noth aaaiai? ia?iaee. Aeoiaey/e c caaaeaiiy iiooeo iioeioio OeO, iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe iaeneiaeueiee ?ioa?aae oi?iiaeaeueiino?. sseui iicia/eoe a?aeiioaiiy icia/aiiai ?ioa?aaeo ca iayaiino? AO aei oiai ae ?ioa?aaeo, aea o a?aenooi?noue aaaiai? ia?iaee /a?ac (, oi aeey a?eia Oaii?iaa (=1.58. Ocaaaeueiaiee e?eoa??e aeai?o AO iiaeiai aiaeii/an aanoe aei iaeneioio ( ? i?i?ioio (. Ca oeei eiiieaeniei e?eoa???i aenie? oa?aeoa?enoeee iieacaei n?iaenoai a?eii Eio? g(x)=[1+ (ax/X) 2]-1, ui o oo?’?-niieo/ai?e iaeano? iieno?oueny ooieoe??th exp[-X|s|/a], aea X=XA-Xi. Aeai?ii ia?aiao?o a iiaeia ci?ithaaoe cia/aiiy ( ? ( o oe?ieeo iaaeao. Ine?eueee niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a i?e aaeee?e a?aenoai? i?ae niaeo?aeueieie eiiiiiaioaie caiaeeoueny aei aiae?co niaeo?o, io?eiaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith aeene?aoiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? (AeIO), aoa i?iaiae?ciaaiee aeai?eoi ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a ia iniia? iaoiaeo eaaae?aoe/ii? ?ioa?iieyoe??. Io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ioe?iie niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a, iieacaii, ui i?iaaaeaiiy aaaiai? ia?iaee aeicaiey? ?noioii ciaioeoe iioeaee ioe?iie. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy AO ia iniia? aoiia?ieo ooieoe?e. Oe? aaaia? ooieoe?? iathoue aaeeeo ia?aaaao o?eueee aeey ??aiy iiieeie ioe?ithaaiiy, ui aei??aiththoue 10 %, aeey iaioeo ??ai?a iiieeie oe? a?eia ia iathoue ia?aaaae iaae o?aaeeoe?eieie. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iienai? o?ce/i? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae ? aia?aoo?ia ?aae?caoe?y aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie. C iaoith ca?eueoaiiy a?aenoai? aei ia'?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy aeioe?eueii cai?noue a?aee?eoiai e?ioey oaeeaaiaeo (AEO) aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?oii?io aioaio. Aeei?enoaiiy ?oii?o ca aiaeia??th c AEO ye iii?iiai a?aeaeaa/a iaooiaoo?oueny ia ?yae o?oaeiiu?a, iniiaia c yeeo ? iayai?noue aeaio cina?aaeaeaieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae (iaiaeii??aei?noue o ai?eiaei? ?oii?o ? ieiueia aia?oo?e). Aiae?c aeiaaeeo aei??thaaiue aiie?ooaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeaeooy ca iayaiino? aeaio iii?ieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae c eiao?oe??ioaie a?aeaeooy r1 ? r2, ui a?aenoiyoue ia /ania? ?ioa?aaee t1 ? t2 a?ae no?oeoo?e c eiiieaeniei EA R(?), iieaco?, ui a?aeiia?aeiee /aniaee neaiae (*N) i?noeoue aaoiei?aeyoe?eio ooieoe?th (AEO) /aniaiai neaiaeo, a?aeiia?aeiiai EA, aca?iiei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? (AEO) c iii?ieie neaiaeaie rR'(t) = F-1{r1*R(u)exp(-jut1)} ? rR"(t) = F-1{r2*R(u)exp(-jut2)}. Uia aca?iiei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? rR'(t) ? rR"(t) ia ia?ae?eaaeeny i?ae niaith iaiao?aeii aeeiiaiiy oiiae: /aniaee ?ioa?aae¦t1-t2¦ iiaeiai aooe a?eueoa o?eaaeino? ?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia'?eoo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny (i?eiaeii?, iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaii? cia/oui? ?? /anoeie). Oae aea, ye ? aeey aeiaaeeo iaei??? iii?ii? iaiaeii??aeiino?, iaiao?aeii, uia /an i?ioiaeaeaiiy neaiaeo a?ae iii?ii? iaiaeii??aeiino?, iaeaeeae/i? aeine?aeaeoaai?e no?oeoo??, aei oe??? no?oeoo?e aoa a?eueoa /ano i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaee? o nai?e no?oeoo??. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo AEO ia iaeeaaea?oueny ia AEO. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy *N no?oeoo?e a i?eioeei? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye AEO rR'(t), oae ? rR"(t). Neooaoe?y ni?iuo?oueny, yeui aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeia c ieo, ui aeii?io?, cie?aia rR'(t), oiae? oiiao aeey ?ioa?aae?a /ano o?aaa aeeiioaaoe o?eueee aeey iii?ii? iaiaeii??aeiino? c r1. Oea iiaea niinoa??aaoeny aeey ?oii??a aeinoaoiuei aaeeei? aeiaaeeie c aaeeeeie ?ici??aie aia?oo?e, o oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeeeaa neooaoe?y, eiee a?aeaeooy a aia?oo?? ?noioii iaioa cia/aiiy a?aeaeooy o ai?eiaei? ?oii?o. Canoinoaaiiy ?oii?ii? aioaie cai?noue AEO aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe aei??thaaiiy ia a?eueoeo a?aenoaiyo, i?e oeueiio aaaeeeaei ? aea?? aeiaaeeie ?oii?o, ui ia?aaeuo? aeaeo?e/io oiaueio no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny. Iienaiee i?aeo?ae ? aiaeiaii oo?’?-aieia?ao??, a oiiaa aeey ?ioa?aae?a /ano (aeaeo?e/ieo a?aenoaiae) i?aaenoaaey? aiaeia oiia o noai? aieia?ao?? Eaeoa-Oiaoi??ena. I?eioeeie io?eiaiiy *N c eaaae?aoo iiaeoey noie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai EA ? noie iii?ieo neaiae?a aoee iieeaaeai? a iniiao noai?aiiy aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueieo eiiieaen?a (AIE) ?EI*-02, 03, 05. A AIE ?EI*-02,03 ye iii?iee neaiae aoei aeei?enoaii a?aeaeooy a?ae AEO c oeaioeai. Ia aac? ?EI*-01 aoa noai?aiee AIE ?EI*-05 c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaio ?oii?ieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a c ?ici??aie 46,5(47 ii aeiaaeeiith 99,5 ii ? 81,25(87,65 ii aeiaaeeiith 201 ii. ?EI*-01, 05 i?aoeththoue o ae?aiacii? 17,4 – 25,9 AAoe, a ?EI*-02, 03 – o ae?aiacii? 26,0 – 37,5 AAoe. AIE ?EI*-03 caaacia/o? i?iaaaeaiiy aei???a ca 6 n ia a?aei?io a?ae ?EI*-01, 02, a yeeo /an aei???a neeaaea? 4 oa. AIE ?EI*-03 aoa ?ic?iaeaiee ni?eueii c ??A ?AI ? OeIAe?NI (i. Oioueeiai). Ia?aeii? IA* ia?aoai?thaa/? a icia/aieo AIE aacothoueny ia ?aoeaeoiiao?e/i?e noai? aei???a EA. Aeey ?EI*-02 ? ?EI*-03 o?eaae?noue i?ea neioaciaaiiai *N ca ??aiai 3 aeA neeaea ii?yaeeo 80 ? 130 in ia a?aei?io a?ae 100 in aeey ?EI*-01. A?eueoa o?eaae?noue i?ea aeey ?EI*-03 coiiaeaia iioeaeaie onoaiiaeaiiy /anoioe. Aeey a??iiai anoaiiaeaiiy /anoioe aoei aeei?enoaii iie?iii?aeueio iiaeaeue /aoaa?oiai ii?yaeeo caeaaeiino? /anoioe a?ae ea?oth/i? iai?oae. Aeey AIE ?EI*-01 ? ?EI*-02 aoea aenia?eiaioaeueii caaacia/aia eieae?caoe?y iaiaeii??aeiinoae c na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iei a?aeoeeaiiyi a 0,6 ? 0,2 ii a?aeiia?aeii, i?e oeueiio na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/i? a?aeoeeaiiy ioe?iie eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy neeaee 0,00035 ? 0,0002. I?iaaaeaiiy aei???a ia aeene?aoi?e n?ooe? /anoio iaoiiaeth? ia??iaee/io iiaoi?thaai?noue neioaciaaieo ?iioeuen?a, i?e oeueiio iaeneiaeueia aea?aaeaioia a?aenoaiue aeey ?EI*-01,02,05 neeaaea? 750 ii (nooi?iue aeene?aoecaoe?? ca /anoioith 100 IAoe), a aeey ?EI*-03 - 635 ii (100 oi/ie a?aee?eo o nioc? 26,0-37,5 AAoe). Oeiiaa a?aenoaiue aei ia'?eoo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, eaaeaea a iaaeao a?ae 10 aei 15 ci aeey AIE ?EI*-01-03 ? 20 – 50 ni aeey AIE ?EI*-05. Aeei?enoaiiy ?oii?ii? aioaie aeicaieeei ca?eueoeoe a?aenoaiue aei eiio?ieueiaaiiai ia'?eoo aac cieaeaiiy /ooeeaino?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa??a i?iiieanoo c ( 1,05 – 1,07 ? 1,15 – 1,17, ?ici?uaieo ia a?aenoai? 40 – 50 ni. ?ic?iaeaiee i?aeo?ae aoa ?aae?ciaaiee oaeiae o ae?aiacii? 126,6 – 145,4 AAoe c aeei?enoaiiyi aaia?aoi?a A4-161 ? ?oii?ii? aioaie aeiaaeeiith 50 ii c ?ici??aie aia?oo?e 21(26 ii. O?eaae?noue neioaciaaieo ?iioeuen?a neeaaeaea ii?yaeeo 45 in. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiiaeeeai aoei aeei?enoiaoaaoe aei?ii?ithaa/ o aeae? AEO aiane?aeie ?aciiainieo yaeu ia oeaioeyo. Iayai?noue aaaaoueio niieo/aiue oaeeaaiae?a ? /eiieeii aeae?eueeio iii?ieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae, ui oneeaaeith? aenia?eiaioaeueio neooaoe?th. Onoiaiiy aieeao neaiae?a e?ioeaai? ni?yiiaaiino? ia ei?eniee neaiae a ?aoeaeoiiao?e/i?e noai? i?e iayaiino? aeae?eueeio iii?ieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae a ?oii??, ye ? o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoiaoaaiiy AEO, caaacia/o?oueny ?iciiae?eaiiyi ?o iica /aniaei ?ioa?aaeii, a yeiio ?ici?uai? ?ioi?iaoeai? i?ee. Inoaii? caaacia/o?oueny i?aaeeueiith aia?aoo?iith ?aae?caoe??th, aeai?ii a?aenoai? a?ae aia?oo?e aei aeine?aeaeoaaii? no?oeoo?e ? i?iaaaeaiiyi a?aei?iaiiy aei??yiiai iii?iiai neaiaeo c neaiaeo, aei??yiiai ca iayaiino? ia'?eoo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny. A?aeo?ae ??aiy eae?a?iaee aaaea aei iiyae iino?eii? (aai, ui iiaie? i?iy?oueny) neeaaeiai? a /anoioi?e caeaaeiino?. Oaea eiiiiiaioa iioeaee i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae a /ania?e iaeano? i?ea a ii/aoeo eii?aeeiao, ui ia eiiiaino?oueny a?aei?iaiiyi iii?iiai neaiaeo. Iayai?noue oaeiai i?ea niinoa??aaeany o iecoe? aenia?eiaio?a ? aeiaaaea ia?aeae?a?iaee. Oaeei /eiii, o?aaeeoe?ei? aeey iaeii/anoioii? ?aoeaeoiiao??? eiiiiiaioe aeaoa?i?iiaaii? iioeaee i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia oi/iinoi? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoiaeo neioacoaaiiy *N c eaaae?aoo /anoioii? caeaaeiino? noie iii?ieo ? aeine?aeaeoaaieo neaiae?a. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeeeaa io?eiaiiy neaiaeo i?aeoe/ii a?eueiiai a?ae aeaoa?i?iiaaii? iioeaee, iaeiae iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaio na??e aei???a ia iaei?e ? o?e aea n?ooe? aeene?aoieo /anoio oyaia c?inoaiiy aieeao aeiaaeeiai? eiiiiiaioe iioeaee. I?e aecia/aii? eieaeueiino? aei???a eeno iaoaeo ?ici?uoaaee ia o?eniaaieo a?aenoaiyo z0 ? ia?ai?uoaaee a?aeiinii oeaio?o ieyie aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ui iaaea? ia c?acie, ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii iai?yieo ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee? ia a?aenoaiue h a?ae e?ath c?acea. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ioe?ieoe eieaeuei?noue aei??thaaiue (o?iioaeueio ?iciiae?ethaaeueio caeaoi?noue) aei?ii?ithaa/a o aeaeyae? a?aee?eoiai e?ioey oaeeaaiaeo ia?aoeiii 7,2(3,4 ii, aeoiaey/e c ae?aco 0.5z0 ni. I?e aecia/aii? iiaeeeaeo iaae ci?ie i???ioaoe?? c?ace?a ca aceiooaeueiei eooii aeine?aeaeoaai? no?oeoo?e ?ici?uoaaee ia a?aenoaiyo 5 ? 10 ni, a ?oiy i???ioaoe?y ci?ithaaeany o iaaeao cia/aiue aceiooaeueiiai eooo a?ae 0° aei 45°, ui a?aeiia?aeaei ci?i? eooo iaae?iiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee? ia iiaa?oith c?acea a oeo aea iaaeao. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a iieacaee, ui i?e a?aeoeeaii? eooo iaae?iiy ia no?oeoo?o a?ae ii?iaeueiiai a iaaeao (5° aeiaeaoeiaa iioeaea aecia/aiiy ooeaieo ia?aiao??a ia ia?aaeuoaaea iniiaio. A iaio na??yo aei??thaaiue i?i oi/i?noue aei???a noaeeee ca ci?iith aiie?ooae i?e?a *N ? ioe?ieaie oiaueie no?oeoo?e. Cia/aiiy a?aenoaiae aeey ?oii?ii? aioaie aeey AIE ?EI*-05 neeaaeaee 18, 30 ? 40 ni. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ?ici?? ia?ao?aeii? ciie i?ae iaeanoyie, aea aiie?ooaee i?e?a, a?aeiia?aeieo a?aeaeooth a?ae ia'?eoo, ni?aiaaeathoue c aiie?ooaeith a?aeaeooy i?e ii?ii?ithaaii? oeaio?aeueii? ciie eenoa oa cieeath/a iae?, ye i?e aei?ii?ithaaii? o a?eueiee i?ino??, ia caeaaeaa i?yii i?iii?oe?eii a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae ieiueiith aia?oo?e oa iaoaeaaei aeca?eaeii. Ii noo? ?ici?? oe??? ciie i?aeoe/ii caa??aa? nai? cia/aiiy ? neeaaea? ii?yaeeo 10 ni, ui ? iiaea aooe i?eeiyoa ye ioe?ieo iaeano? eiio?ieth. Oea coiiaeaii o??th ianoaaeiith, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae AEO aei??e a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoei i?iaaaeaii o aeeaei?e cii? aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaio na??e aei??thaaiue (aeey no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ? iii?ii? iaiaeii??aeiino?) c ianooiiei a?aei?iaiiyi aaaea aei c?inoaiiy aeiaaeeiai? eiiiiiaioe iioeaee, oiio aeioe?eueia iiaeeo?eaoe?y ia?aeiiiai IA* ia?aoai?thaa/a c oei, uia a?i aiaeii/an i?iaiaeea an? icia/ai? iia?aoe??. ?aoeaeoiiao?-ia?aiiiaeoaa/ ia iniia? iiaea?eiiai oaeeaaiaeiiai o??eieea aeicaiey? aeeeth/eoe iaiao?aei?noue aeaio na??e aei??thaaiue: ca iayaiino? o?eueee iii?ii? iaiaeii??aeiino? ? ca iayaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaii? no?oeoo?e. Oaea noaia aeicaiey? oaeiae iineaaeoe aeiiae ia aea?? ?ioa?aae?a /ano. I?eioeei oo?’?-aieia?ao?? iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiee o noai? ?aoeaeoiiao?a ia iniia? iaoaeiae?aeaeo?e/ieo oaeeaaiae?a ca oiiae cai?ie ocaiaeaeaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aoaeiiia ? aeeth/aiiy ia aeoiae? ?aoeaeoiiao?a aeiaeaoeiaiai a?ae??cea iaoaeiae?aeaeo?e/iiai oaeeaaiaeo c aeiaaeeiith, ui ia?aaeuo? aeaeo?e/io oiaueio no?oeoo?e, yea aeine?aeaeo?oueny. A on?o 12-iiethnieo aei??ieeao, ii noo?, ?aae?co?oueny i?eioeei aieia?ao?? c o?ueiia iii?ieie ae?eueieoeyie. Oaeee ?icaeyae aeicaieea cai?noue nenoaie 3-o eaaae?aoieo ??aiyiue iiaoaeoaaoe nenoaio aeaio e?i?eieo ??aiyiue c iao?eoeath B, aiaeia?/io o?e, yeo cae/aeii iaea?aeothoue i?ae /an ?aae?caoe?? icia/aiiai aeaeo aieia?ao?/iiai caieno. Iaeiae aoei iaiao?aeii aeiaeaoeiai i?iaiaeeoe aeiiiiaeoaaiiy ia iiaeoe? aeaiaio?a iao?eoe? ?icn?thaaiiy. Ii??aiyiiy noai iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaia ia iniia? aiae?co /enea iaoiiaeaiino? nenoaie e?i?eieo ??aiyiue. *enei iaoiiaeaiino? cond iao?eoe? B iiaea aooe ia/eneaia noaiaea?oiei /eiii ye a?aeiioaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai aeaniiai /enea aei i?i?iaeueiiai. I?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aenia?eiaioe iieacaee, ui ?ica’ycie nenoaie e?i?eieo ??aiyiue iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a c oi/i?noth aei iioeaie ia/eneaiue ni?aiaaea? c ?ica’yceii, io?eiaiei ca?aeii a?aeiiiio iaoiaeo ?aaeeeaeueiiai oeaio?o. E?i?eia nenoaia i?eionea? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ecaoe?? noaiaea?oiei iaoiaeii, cie?aia c canoinoaaiiyi ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ca Oeoiiiaei. Eeane/iei iaoiaeii iiooeo cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ? iaoiae ocaaaeueiaii? iaa’ycee. ?aaeueii ioe?ieoe iaiao?aei? ia?aiao?e c oai?aoe/ieo i?aaenoaaeaiue ae?ae aaaeei, oiio aeioe?eueii ?o aecia/aoe c eae?a?oaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? ca iayaiino? o?ueio iacaeaaeieo eae?a?oaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aeei?enoaiiy 12-iiethniiai ?aoeaeoiiao?a ia iniia? A-ieiueiiiai o?anoiiiae?aiiai niieo/aiiy noaiaea?oieo oaeeaaiae?a, ?ic?iaeaiiai A. A. Ea?eiaei, iieacaei, ui i?e aei??? iaeeo EA aea?? noaiaea?oiiai eae?a?oaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy c aeecueeeie ia?aiao?aie aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o ?aaoey?ecaoe??, aiaeia?/ia i?ioeaaeo?a aeey a?eueoeo cia/aiue EA o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ia iiaea aeaaaoe iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao. Aeei?enoaiiy ei?ioeicaieeath/i? ieanoeie ye aoaeiio aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue c ?ooiiei ei?ioeicaieeath/ei ii?oiai ia aeaei iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui ciaeoei iaa?oiooaaiiy i?e aiae?c? neeaaeiaeo ??aiyiiy iaoiaeo ocaaaeueiaii? iaa’ycee. Nenoaia e?i?eieo ??aiyiue aeicaiey? iiaoaeoaaoe ?ica’ycie, ui i?i?i?co? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/io iiieeeo (iao?e/iee a?ia?ianueeee o?eueo?). ?ic?iaeaiee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea i?iaiae?coaaoe eeane/i? noaie, cie?aia aeey /ioe?ueiociiaeiaiai aei??thaa/a /enei coiiaeaiino? aei??aith?: i?e oaciaiio cnoa? i?ae ciiaeiaeie naeoe?yie, ui aei??aith? (/4, - 1, i?e oaciaiio cnoa? a (/6 - 1.155. O 8-ie i?e?iao?iaiio ae?aiacii? aeiaaeei oaeeue aoa ?aae?ciaaiee aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen ?EI*-04 aeey aei??o eiiieaenieo EA. A?i oaeiae ia?aaeaa/aa aiae?c aeaieo aaaaoi/anoioieo aei??thaaiue a /ania?e iaeano? ia iniia? aeene?aoiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’?. Aaciaei aeaiaioii noaei /ioe?ueioiea/iaa o?anoiiiae?aia niieo/aiiy oaeeaaiae?a ia?aoeiii 7,2(3,4 ii. Ia?ao?ae o /aniao iaeanoue aeicaieea aeae?eyoe iaiaeii??aeiino? c EA, ui aei??aith? 0,005 (na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy 0,001, ci?uaiiy ioe?iee i?noeaiieiaeaiiy iaio? 0,3 ii). Aeeth/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae??ce?a oaeeaaiaeo aeiaaeeiith 25, 50, 200 ii aeeeeeaei ci?uaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo i?e?a ia 23,5, 48,5 ? 196,1 ii, oeoeooaoe?? ioe?iie aiie?ooaee ia ia?aaeuoaaee 0,001. I?e aei??thaaii? c?ace?a o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? i?e iaeiie/oaaii? ca 20 ?aae?caoe?yie na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy neeaei 0,5 ii, ui a??oa, i?ae o ?EI*-02, i?aoethth/iio o oiio ae ae?aiacii? /anoio. I?e aei??thaaii? o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? ioe?iee i?noeaiieiaeaiue iaae ?icae?eo oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo?, iaoaeo aoee iaioa 1 ii. I?e aei??thaaii? o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? aeei?enoiaoaaany i??ai?aeaeueiee ?oii? aeiaaeeiith 56 ii ? ?ici??aie aia?oo?e 40(30 ii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaae iiaeeeai? ci?ie i???ioaoe?? c?acea ca aceiooaeueiei eooii iieacaei, ui i?e ci?i? a?aenoai? z0 a?ae ieiueie aia?oo?e aei c?acea o iaaeao a?ae 5 aei 10 ni aeiaeaoeiaa iioeaea ia ia?aaeuo? iniiaio i?e a?aeoeeaii? eooa iaae?iiy a?ae ii?iaeueiiai iaio +5?. C i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o aeioe?eueii noaio aei???a aoaeoaaoe oaeei /eiii, uia a?aeaeaaiiy a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo ia'?eo?a ia oi?ioaaee i?e?a *N iiaeeco aei AEO, oiae? inoaiith iiaeia aoei a aeae?eeoe /aniaei a?eiii, oi?ia yeiai ni?aiaaea? c oi?iith /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee nioaiai-i?iioneath/iai o?eueo?o. Na?aae ?aeo?neaieo o?eueo??a *aaeoiaa ia?oiai ?iaeo ? Aaooa?ai?oa a?eueo i?eeiyoieie aeyaeeeny oa?aeoa?enoeee inoaiiueiai. sseui i?ee, a?aeiia?aei? a?aeaeooyi a?ae iaae ?icae?eo, niinoa??aathoueny o AEO ?icae?eueii, oi aeioe?eueia canoinoaaiiy aaaiai? ia?iaee o /anoioi?e iaeano?, aea i?iaiaeyoueny aei??e. Inoaiiy iia?aoe?y aeicaiey? ciaioeoe aieea iaeei ia iaeiiai non?aei?o i?e?a, ? oaeei /eiii iie?ioeoe aeae?eaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaieo neaiae?a. Aeei?enoaiiy AEO i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?iaee neaiae?a, ui io?eiaii ye ?acoeueoao aeiaooeo EA ? iii?iiai neaiaeo, oaea iia?aoe?y ? /eiieeii aeayeiai niioai?aiiy a?aeiiaeaii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA. Aeoiaey/e c aeaeyaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee ynii, ui iiaeoeue EA iiaea aooe io?eiaiee oeyoii iaa?iaiiai oo?’?-ia?aoai?aiiy AEO, oiaoi oeyoii canoinoaaiiy /aniaiai a?eia, yea ca?aa?oueny ca oi?iith c o?eueo?ii ieaei?o /anoio. Iine?aeiai?noue iia?aoe?e ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?aooiie eaaae?aoiiai ei?aith. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia niinoa??aa?oueny niioai?aiiy a?aeiiaeaii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA. I?iaaaeaiee ?icaeyae iieaco?, ui a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao aeioe?eueia io?eiaiiy iiaeoey c AEO, a oaci/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee c AEO. I?ae oei a /aniaiio ?ioa?aae?, aea cina?aaeaeaia AEO, iiaeooue niinoa??aaoeny neaiaee, iaoiiaeai? ?ioeie a?aeaeaa/aie, oiio aenia?eiaioaeuei? oiiae iathoue aooe aeeiiai? ?aoaeueii. Eae?a?iaea ia?aaeaa/a? ae?eaiiy a?aeiiaeaii? /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo?e ia a?aeiiaeaio /anoioio oa?aeoa?enoeeo a?aeaeooy a?ae eenoa iaoaeo, iiaeoeue EA yeiai i?eeia?oueny ??aiei iaeeieoe?, a oaca –(. Ae??caeaoi?noue i?aeoiaeo aoea ia?aa??aia ia iaeiioa?iaeo no?oeoo?ao c i?aneea, o?ueiooa?iaeo no?oeoo?ao: i?aneei-iia?o?y-i?aneei. I?e cia/aiiyo ia?aiao??a (=2,67, tgae=0,007, d=40,15 ii aoa io?eiaiee oi?ioee ca?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? iiaeaeueieo caeaaeiinoae. Iaaaaeaii oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth no?oeoo?e neeiieanoee-aoia, ui ciaeoea canoinoaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeaeueieo eiino?oeoe?yo ?aeaoii? oaoi?ee. ?icae?e 4 i?enay/aiee aacia?e caaea/? ?aae?io?ceee oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo? - a?aeiiaeaiith iaeiiaei??iiai i?io?eth ( ca aeaieie aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a i?e iaeiiiiceoe?eiiio ?icoaooaaii? aioaie. Aeey icia/aii? caaea/? aoa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae eaac??ica’yceo, ui caiaeeoueny aei iiooeo i?i?ioio ooieoe?iiaeo (IO) iaa’ycee i?ae iiaeaeeth ? aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie. Oeae i?aeo?ae ? iiooaeiei iaoiaeii aeey aeiaaeeo neeaaeieo iiaeaeae, cie?aia iae?i?eieo, eiee iaiiaeeeai aaciina?aaeiuei aeei?enoaoe iaa?iaiee iia?aoi? caaea/?, ui ?icaeyaeathoue, a oaeiae, eiee ?c-ca i?enooiino? ooio aeai?, ui aiae?cothoueny, aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? iaeano? cia/aiue iiaeaeueiaaii? i?yii? caaea/?. Aaaeeeaei ? iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae eaac??ica’yceo ? aeey aeiaaeeo iaiiaii? aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii? neooaoe??. Aeaeyae IO ?noioii ni?iuo?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? aaeeoeaieo i?aaenoaaeaiue aeey EA, ui ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy aeey io?eiaiiy yaiiai aeaeyaeo *N. I?e oeueiio o iiaeaeue aoiaeyoue aoaeoeai? EA iaae ?icae?eo, ui ia ni?aiaaeathoue c EA O?aiaey. O?aaeeoe?eii aeey iiaoaeiae IO (R aeae?athoue eaaae?aoe/iee ooieoe?iiae. I?eioeeiia? ieoaiiy iiaaae?iee IO aoee aeine?aeaeai? aeey aeiaaeeo iane?i/aii? aacia?a?aii? nioae /anoio aei??thaaiue. Caeaaei?noue IO iaei??? iaae? ?icae?eo a?ae ( i?e o?eniaai?e aeaeo?e/i?e oiauei? oa?o (i?noeaciaoiaeaeaii? iaae ?icae?eo) ia? aeaaeeee aeaeyae, oiio ui o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aaee/eia ( aecia/a? eeoa aaee/eio aiie?ooaee i?e?a o /aniaiio iiaeaii? EA, aea i?yeei /eiii ia aieeaa? ia ?oi? i?noeaiieiaeaiiy. Aeaaeeee aeaeyae caeaaeiino? IO a?ae ( aeicaiey? cia/ii cieceoe aeiiae aei aeai?o ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy ca ( aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a iioei?caoe??. Aiae?c IO aeey EA o ieineioaeeueiaiio iaaeeaeaii? iieacaa, ui ii?yae c aeiaaeueiei i?i?ioiii ?nio? iane?i/aiia na??y ?-iiae?aieo eieaeueieo i?i?ioi?a. Ca?aene ne?aeo?, ui aeey io?eiaiiy iaioi? e?eueeino? i?i?ioi?a aeioe?eueii a aeae? iiaeae? aeey no?oeoo?e (iaa?oue o oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui aiia ni?aaae? iieno?oueny ieineioaeeueiaei iaaeeaeaiiyi) a?aoe ooieoe?th Rexp(-j??), oiaoi iiaeaeue, a?aeiia?aeio anueiai iaeiiio a?aeaeooth (iayaiino? iaeii? iaae? ?icae?eo) ? iine?aeiaii canoiniaoaaoe aeey iiaoaeiae IO eiaeii? aeiaeaoeiai? iaae? ?icae?eo, a ia an??? no?oeoo?e a oe?eiio. O eii?aeeiaoao ? oa Di=(aidi=oic a?nue y?o IO, ui ieia? /a?ac aeiaaeueiee i?i?ioi, ?icoaoiao?oueny ia i?yieo, ia?aeaeueieo oeei inyi eii?aeeiao, ui aeae?eueea ni?iuo? ?iaioo aeai?eoi?a iioei?caoe??, aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe iieii?aeeiaoi? iaoiaee. Oaea iiaeaiiy iieaco?, ui ?ica’ycie iinoaaeaii? caaea/? aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe c aeei?enoaiiyi iiiyooy i?i aeani? /ane no?oeoo?e ?i, ui yaeythoue niaith oi?io ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia'?eoo. C o?aooaaiiyi ?ciiao?e/iino? eaaae?aoe/ii? ii?ie ii a?aeiioaiith aei ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? cia/aiiy IO caa??aa?oueny i?e ia?aoiae? c /anoioii? a /aniao iaeanoue. I?i?i?caoe?y ooieoe?iiaeo a /ania?e iaeano? ca iayaiino? aeaieo a iane?i/aii?e aacia?a?ai?e nioc? /anoio, eiee i?ee *N iathoue ?-iiae?aiee aeaeyae, caiaeeoueny i?inoi aei iine?aeiaiiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy i?noeaiieiaeaiue oa aiie?ooae iaeneiaeueieo i?e?a *N. Aeey i?aeoeee IA* aei???a oa?aeoa?ii i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue ia n?ooe? aeene?aoieo /anoio o nioc? /anoio a?ae ?I aei ?A, i?e/iio ye ?A, oae ? ?I iaeaaeaoue IA* ae?aiaciio. I?eioeeiia? iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee IO aoee aea/ai? aeey aacia?a?aii? nioae /anoio. Ne?i/aii?noue nioae /anoio aei??thaaiue i?ecaiaeeoue aei iayaiino? o IO oaeaeeiinoe?ethth/iai caiiaiaiiy, /anoioa yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae na?aaeiuei? /anoioe nioae aei??thaaiue ?0. Oaeei /eiii, /ei a a?eueo ei?ioeioaeeueiaiio ae?aiacii? i?iaiaeyoueny aei??thaaiiy, oei a?eueo oi/ia caaaeaiiy ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy aeiaaa?oueny. ?icaeyae IO a /ania?e iaeano? yaiei /eiii iieaco? iaieio/?noue iayaiino? icia/aii? eiiiiiaioe. I?iaiaey/e aiaeia?th c iaoiaeii neioacoaaiiy iaa?aeii? ?aae?i?iioeueno ca aeiiiiiaith iiiyooy i?i aiae?oe/iee neaiae, aeniei/anoioia caiiaiaiiy iiaea aooe onoiaia aiaeia?/iei /eiii. Aeei?enoaiiy o?eueee eaaae?aoo?ieo eiiiiiaio /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA aai eiai iiaeoey coiiaeth? iiyao aeiaeaoeiaeo eiiiiiaio o *N, a cia/eoue, c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? i?i?ioi?a o IO. Aeei?enoaiiy ia eaaae?aoo iiaeoey, a ia?oi? noaiai? i?ecaiaeeoue ua aei aeiaeaoeiaiai c?inoaiiy /enea i?e?a /aniaiai neaiaeo ? i?i?ioi?a IO. I?e aeaeo?e/ieo oiaueiao oa??a, ii??aiyieo c iaeanoth oi?iiaeaeueiino?, IO aeey eaaae?aoo iiaeoey ?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae IO aeey eiiieaeniiai EA ca ?aooiie iiyae aeiaeaoeiaeo aeno?aioi?a o iaaeao iniiaiiai iaethnoea IO, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei oneeaaeiaiiy iiooeo ioe?iie ia?aiao??a oa a?eueoeo iiieeie ca iayaiino? ooio. Oaeei /eiii, aeniiaie i?i aea?aaeaioi?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i eiiieaeniee EA oa i?i eiai iiaeoeue aeey ?aeeiino? ?ica’yceo iaa?iaii? caaea/?, ui aeei?enoiaoaaany o ?iaioao A.A.Aeanei oa TH.?.Ooaeaea, aeey "oiieeo" no?oeoo? iani?aaaaeeeaee. Ona oea coiiaeth? ia?aaaae (i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao) cia/aiue eiiieaeniiai EA. I?e aecia/aii? oaci/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee (O*O) o aeaeyae? ia??iaee/ii? ooieoe?? IO aeey ia? iaa?oue o aeiaaeeo iaei??? iaae? ?icae?eo i?noeoue iane?i/aiii aaeeeo e?euee?noue i?i?ioi?a, oi/a IO aeey eiiieaenieo EA i?noeoue o oeueiio aeiaaeeo anueiai iaeei aeiaaeueiee i?i?ioi. IO aeey O*O i?noeoue iia?/i? i?i?ioie, iaeaeeae/? aei aeiaaeueiiai, ui iathoue aeeaeio, ii??aiyio c aeeaeiith aeiaaeueiiai i?i?ioio. Iiaoaeiaa IO o /ania?e iaeano? aeey eiiieaenieo *N a on?o aeiaaeeao aeanoue IO, yeee iiai?noth ca?aa?oueny c IO, iiaoaeiaaiei aeey /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai EA, ui ? i?e?iaeiei iane?aeeii ?ciiao?e/iino? eaaae?aoe/ii? iao?eee. I?e aeei?enoaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o?eueee i?i iaa?aeio /aniaiai neaiaeo (oiaoi i?i eaaae?ao iiaeoey *N) IO cacia? ci?i. O IO aoaea a?aenooi? oaeaeeiinoeeethth/a caiiaiaiiy, iaeiae aoaea i?enooi?e aeiaeaoeiaee /eai, ui aeaeici?ith? oi?io aeiaaeueiiai i?i?ioio. Ua iaeia eiiiiiaioa aeyaey? caeaaeaeoth/ee aieea ia aieia? eieaeuei? i?i?ioie. I?e neioac? IO c eaaae?aoo?ieo eiiiiiaio eiiieaeniiai *N a?i ia? aeaeyae aiaeia?/iee oiio, ui iaea?aeothoue i?e aeei?enoaii? eiiieaeniiai *N. Inoaiiy aeanoea?noue ne?aeo? c oiai, ui eaaae?aoo?i? eiiiiiaioe /eiiiai /aniaiai neaiaeo ia ? iacaeaaeieie, a iathoue ca’ycie /a?ac ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa, oiio eaaae?aoo?i? eiiiiiaioe oae? ae ?ioi?iaoeai?, ye eiiieaeniee *N. C ?ciiao?e/iino? eaaae?aoe/ii? iao?eee aeey /anoioiiai ? /aniaiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy ne?aeo?, ui i?e aeene?aoiiio caaaeaii? EA c e?ieii ?? IO aoaea iaoe ia??iaee/i?noue c ia??iaeii T=2(/Aeu, oiaoi aeiaaeueiee i?i?ioi IO aeey iaei??? iaae? ?icae?eo aoaea niinoa??aaoeny ye aeey ?=?, aea e - ?noeiia i?noeaiieiaeaiiy iaae? ?icae?eo, oae ? aeey ? =e+2?n/Aeu. Ia iniia? aeanoeainoae iao?eoeue, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey iiaoaeiae IO, aeiaaaeaii, ui caaea/a iiooeo i?i?ioio iiaea aooe cai?iaia ia caaea/o iiooeo iaeneioio a?aeiia?aeii? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??. Ooieoe?y, ui i?aeeyaa? iaenei?caoe??, ? ei?aeyoe?eia ooieoe?y aei??yiiai ? iiaeaeueiiai neaiae?a. Oaeei /eiii, ?icaeyiooee i?aeo?ae ? aa??aio ei?aeyoe?eiiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy o aeiaaeeo, eiee aoaeiii? neaiaee ia caa??aathoueny, a oi?iothoueny ca?aeii c iiaeaeeth. Aeae? aeeeaaeai? aeai?eoie iiooeo eaac??ica’yceo. Iiaeeea?noue a?aeiiae a?ae iiooeo aeiaaeueiiai i?i?ioio(iaeneioio) c iaoith ?noioiiai nei?i/aiiy ia/enethaaeueieo cao?ao ? canoinoaaiiy eeoa noaiaea?oieo iaoiae?a iiooeo eieaeueiiai aeno?aioio aaco?oueny ia aeaio i?aeoiaeao. Ii-ia?oa, oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae oa aaaiaeo ooieoe?e aaea?oueny ?noioii iioe?eoe iaeanoue oi?iiaeaeueiino? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, ui i?noeoue aeiaaeueiee aeno?aioi; ii-ae?oaa, aea?? ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy, aeinoaoiuei aeecueeiai aei ooeaiiai eaac??ica’yceo, ae??oaeueiei /eiii aecia/a? iiaeeea?noue oni?oiiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeiaaeueiiai aeno?aioio iaoiaeaie eieaeueiiai iiooeo. ?icoe?aiiy iaeano? oi?iiaeaeueiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy aeenia?n?? ioe?iee ia?aiao??a, oiio ia caeeth/iiio aoai? ooi/iaiiy cia/aiue aeeiai?/ieo ci?iieo aeioe?eueii iiaa?iooeny aei oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? (OeO) c ae?enieie cia/aiiyie aiie?ooae. Oaea no?aoaa?y coiiaeea iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo iioei?caoe?? ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo. Aeey cieaeaiiy aei??iino? i?iaeaie iae?i?eii? iioei?caoe?? o OeO aeae?eyeanue e?i?eia caaea/a iiooeo iioeiaeueieo aiie?ooae, ui aeicaieeei o o?e ?ace cieceoe /enei ia?aiao??a OeO (yeui aaaaeaoe, ui eiiieaeniicia/ia aiie?ooaea aoiaeeoue aei OeO ye aeaa ia?aiao?e). I?e oeueiio ia/eneaiiy OeO i?eionea? ?ica’ycie o oiae? ia/eneaiue e?i?eii? caaea/? aeey aiie?ooae. Iaea?eueo aeineiiaeei ? aeai?eoi ia iniia? niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a c iine?aeiaiei ia?iuoaaiiyi ii?yaeeo iiaeae?, ui ?icaeiooee o ?icae?e? 2. Inoaoi/iei aoaiii ? ia?ao?ae a?ae aeeiai?/ieo ci?iieo aei cia/aiue aaiiao?e/ieo oiauei oa??a oa aoaeoeaieo cia/aiue (. O ii/aoeiaiio aa??aio? aeai?eoi ia ia?aaeaa/a? a?aooaaiiy ia?aa?aeaeaaiue, oiio aoea ?icaeiooa iiaeeo?eaoe?y aeai?eoio ii a?aooaaiith iaeeo ia?aa?aeaeaaiue, eiee aeinoaoiuei a?aoiaoaaoe iaeia aai aeaa ia?aa?aeaeaaiiy. Oea aaaeeeai aeey aeiaaee?a “oiieeo” oa??a, aai aeey cia/ieo (. A oeeo aeiaaeeao o?aooaaiiy ia?aa?aeaeaaiue aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a. Aeae? o aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai oa ?aaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, ui i?aeoaa?aeeee aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo. O i?ae?icae?e? 4.5 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icaeoeo eiioeaioe?? E-?iioeueno aeey ?ica’yceo caaea/? ioe?ithaaiiy cia/aiue oiauei ? (. Iniaeea?noth i?aeoiaeo c'yaeeiny aeei?enoaiiy ?iaa?oiaaii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA, eiee a aeae? ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio aenooiaee ioe? /anoioii? caeaaeiino?. Oaeee aea?? iaoiiaeaiee oeie ianoaaeiaie, ui aeani? eieeaaiiy oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo? c? cia/aiiyie (, iaioeie 16, a oiiaao ?aaeueieo aei??thaaiue o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? iecueeiaeia?ioi?, oea ia aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe aoaeoeaii ?ic??ciaiiy no?oeoo?. Ioe? aeey oeueiai aeiaaeeo iaaiaee iathoue aenieo aeia?ioi?noue. E??i oiai, aaeeoeaia iiaeaeue EA i?noeoue o?eueee ioe? aac iiethn?a, oiio cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae ? ?aeeii iiaeeeaei o aeiaaeeo a??iino? iiaeae? oaeiai eeano. O?aaeeoe?eia aeei?enoiaoaaiiy aaaiaeo ooieoe?e a /anoioi?e iaeano?, aeey yeeo a /ania?e iaeano? niinoa??aathoueny I-?iioeuene, ia ? aoaeoeaiei aiane?aeie aoaeoo A?aana ?c-ca ne?i/aiiino? /enea eiao?oe??io?a, ui i?aenoiiaothoueny. Aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy ?ioeo aaaiaeo ooieoe?e. Ooieoe?? Oaii?iaa oa Eaeca?a iieacaee aenieee nooi?iue aoaeoeaiino?. Aeey oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo? eaaei i?iaanoe aeae?eaiiy ?aii?/aniai? ? i?ci?/aniai? eiiiiiaio, ai a?aeiia?aeia iaaea ? /an a?aeaeooy a?ae ieaeiuei? iaae? ?icae?eo c a?aooaaiiyi o?eaaeino? eiaeiiai ?iioeueno. *enaeuei? aenia?eiaioe iieacaee, ui aeey ?icaeyiooiai eeano caaea/ ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii? i??e ?ic??ciaiiy ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeeo?eiaaio i??o, yea oi?io?oueny ye /anoea aia?a?? i?ci?/aniai? eiiiiiaioe o?eaae?noth, ui ni?aiaaea? c o?eaae?noth ?aii?/aniai? eiiiiiaioe, ? aia?a?? ?aii?/aniai? eiiiiiaioe. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee ia?aaaae aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey oiieeo oa??a o ii??aiyii? c iaoiaeii eaac??ica’yceo aac a?aooaaiiy ia?aa?aeaeaaiue. Inoaii?e i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith aeiaaeeo iayaiino? eaiaaie ia iiaa?oi? c?acea, oeee?iae?e/iino? ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi?. Aeey a?aenoai? a?ae aia?oo?e aei c?acea a 10,5 ni ? aeei?enoiaoaaii? aei?ii?ithaa/a o aeaeyae? a?aee?eoiai e?ioey oaeeaaiaeo iayai?noue ia iiaa?oi? oa?oaaoiai iaoa??aeo eaiaaie aeeaeiith aei 0,75 ii, c?iaeaieo c e?ieii 2, 4, 8 ii i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia oi/i?noue ioe?ithaaiiy eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy O?aiaey ia?aaeiuei? iaae? ?icae?eo, yeui aei??e i?iaaaeaii a ae?aiacii? 17,4 – 25,9 AAoe. I?e aeei?enoaii? ae?aiaciio /anoio 26,0 – 37,5 AAoe eaiaaee aeeaeiith 0,75 ii i?ecaiaeyoue aei cia/iiai aoaeoo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oeee?iae?e/iino? iiaa?oi? aoei i?iaaaeaii aeey c?ace?a c ?aae?onaie e?eaecie 350, 500, 600, 800 ? 1000 ii. Ciaioaiiy e?eaecie i?ecaiaeeei aei ciaioaiiy cia/aiue EA, ui aei??yeinue. Iaaeeaeaiiy ia?aen?aeueii? iioeee ia aeicaieeei no?eueee ae oni?oii iienaoe yaeua, ye o aeiaaeeo ieineeo c?ace?a. ?icae?e 5 i?enay/aiee canoinoaaiith eiioeaioe?? ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio aeey aecia/aiiy ?aae?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ?yaeo ia'?eo?a. ?nio? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy EA c?ace?a o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? ia iaei?e /anoio? ca aeaieie aei??thaaiue aianaiiai EA i?e ci?i? a?aenoai? o0 a?ae ieiueie aia?oo?e aei c?acea. O caeaaeiinoyo aianaiiai EA ae?acii niinoa??aaeeny aeooy, coiiaeai? ia?aa?aeaeooyi ? a?aeaeooyi a?ae ?ioeo ia'?eo?a. I?inoa ae?eaiiy ?acoeueoaoo aei??thaaiiy aeey c?acea ia ?acoeueoao aei??thaaiiy aeey ia'?eoo c aoaeiiiei EA oyaia ?noioio iiieeeo ioe?iie EA. Iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao aoa io?eiaiee oeyoii ia?iaee iaio caeaaeiinoae ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a ia?aiao?e/iiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co c ianooiiei ae?eaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo aiie?ooae iniiaieo niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio aeey eiaeii? c caeaaeiinoae. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aea?aaeaioiee aeae?eaiith aeanieo i?inoi?iaeo /anoio. Aeey onoiaiiy neeaaeiaeo, ui iiaie? ci?iththoueny, aei aenia?e-iaioaeueii? caeaaeiino? aoa canoiniaaiee ??cieoeaaee o?eueo?. Aaeeoeaia iiaeaeue EA c o?aooaaiiyi ?icoiaeeiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?eionea? ci?io a i??o ca?eueoaiiy o0 cia/aiue EA o iaeneioiao oa i?i?ioiao /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA. Ia /anoio? 17,4 AAoe, ui a?aeiia?aea? cia/aiith /anoioe, aeecueei? aei iaeneioio /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA, ?c c?inoaiiyi o0 aoea aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaia ia?inoath/a caeaaei?noue EA. Aeey cia/aiiy /anoioe, aeecueei? aei i?i?ioio /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA (18,6 AAoe), aoea io?eiaia oa?aeoa?ia niaaeath/a caeaaei?noue a?ae a?aenoai?. Ii??aiyiiy /anoioii? caeaaeiino?, ui aoei io?eiaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaeii/anoioieo aei???a ia n?ooe? /anoio, c aaeeoeaiith iiaeaeeth ? iiaeaeeth o ieineioaeeueiaiio iaaeeaeaii? iieacaee, ui ia?oa c ieo a?eueo a??ii a?aeaeaa? ?aaeuei? aeanoeaino? oaee?. O i?ae?icae?e? 5.2 ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy aei??o ae?aa?ai ni?yiiaaiino? aioai a oiiaao aioaiieo iie?aii?a c iecueeith aaceoii?noth. Iniiaith iaoiaea ? niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c aei??yii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo ia?aaea/?, oiaoi aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaioe?? aeanieo /an?a iie?aiio. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ia?aiao?e/iiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co c iaoith ia?aoai?aiiy c /anoioii? a /aniao iaeanoue aeicaiey? iaiaaeeoeny aei??ii neaiaeo o aocuee?e nioc? /anoio, ui aea? ia?aaaao ia?aae aeei?enoaiiyi i?einaeoiaeieo ?iioeuen?a. Aeieea? caaea/a ioe?ithaaiiy iieaciee?a ? aiie?ooae aeniiiaioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e c ae?enieie iieacieeaie ca iayaiino? aaeeoeaii aeiaeaieo aeniiiaio c eiiieaenieie iieacieeaie. Iioeaea o ae?eni?e /anoei? iieacieea aeniiiaioe ni?e/eiy? cia/io iioeaeo a ioe?ioe? aiie?ooaee aeniiiaioe?aeueii? eiiiiiaioe. *enaeuei? aenia?eiaioe iieacaee, ui i?e ioe?ithaaii? aiie?ooaee aeioe?eueii aaaaeaoe ae?enio /anoeio iieacieea oaeith, ui aei??aith? ioeth. I?e oeueiio ioe?iea aiie?ooaee iaaeeaeaii a?aeiia?aea? ?? ?noeiiiio cia/aiith o na?aaeei? iaeano? ci?ie a?aoiaioo. Cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee aeey ?ioeo cia/aiue a?aoiaioo iiaeooue aooe ioe?iai? c aeei?enoaiiyi ioe?iee iieacieea aeniiiaioe. ?aaeueiee aenia?eiaio aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeey aeaio noai?a iie?aiia: aeo?aeiiai ? c aeiaeaoeiai aaaaeaiei ?icn?thaa/ai o aeaeyae? iaoaeaai? iaiae?. I?e ci?i? /anoioe anueiai ia 20 IAoe ??ci?noue ?acoeueoao?a aei???a aeinyaaea 14,2 aeA, a aeey aeaio noai?a iie?aiia 14,3 aeA. Iaoiaee ia?aiao?e/iiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co canoiniaoaaeenue aei ae?enii? oa oyaii? /anoei aenia?eiaioaeueii? caeaaeiino?. Ca ioe?ieo a?aany iiaeoeue ioe?iie, io?eiaieo ii ae?eni?e oa oyai?e /anoeiai. Icia/aiee aeai?eoi aeicaieea aeiaeoeny oiai, ui ??ci?noue cia/aiue AeN, ci??yieo i?e aeaio noaiao iie?aiia, ia ia?aaeueea 0,94 aeA. Aoei aeine?aeaeaii i?aeo?ae aei iiaoaeiae aia?aoo?ii? ?aae?caoe?? aei???a oaeiai eeano. Aeei?enoaiiy noaie i?eeiaeueieea-ia?aiiiaeoaa/a aeicaieeei iaiaaeeoeny aei??ii aiie?ooaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee a nioc? /anoio c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeeio oo?’?-aieia?ao??, oiaoi ca iayaiino? iii?iiai neaiaeo. I?e oeueiio iaia? iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoiaoaaoe oiiae aeey ?ioa?aae?a /ano, ine?eueee ei?eniee neaiae yaey? niaith anueiai iaeio eiiiiiaioo. Iaeneiaeueiee ?iceeae ae?aa?ai ni?yiiaaiino?, io?eiaieo c aeaieo iienaiei iaoiaeii, o ae?aiacii? a?ae 0 aei -10 aeA neeaa iaioa 0,5 aeA, o ae?aiacii? a?ae -10 aei -20 aeA – a?ey 3 aeA. Eiioeaioe?y aeanieo /an?a iineoaeeea ?ica’yceo caaea/? eieae?caoe?? iaiaeii??aeiinoae o ?aae?io?aeoao. Aeniiiaioe?aeueia iiaeaiiy aeey /anoioii? caeaaeiino? EA aeicaieeei iiaoaeoaaoe aeai?eoi aeno?aiieyoe?? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? ? ia?aeoe a?ae aeaieo o nioc? /anoio aei aeaieo o nioc? /anoio, ii/eiath/e c ioeueiai? /anoioe. Oaeee i?aeo?ae a?aee?ea iiaeeea?noue ia?aeoe a?ae neioaco iaa?aeii? ?aae?i?iioeueno aei neioaco a?aeai?iioeueno, ui caaacia/eei a?eueo aenieo no?ee?noue o ii??aiyii? c ioe?ieaie iaoiaeii I?ii?. Aeae? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe neioaco *N c oaci/anoioii? caeaaeiino? aeey iecee o?aeo?a, aeeth/ath/e iine?aeiaia c’?aeiaiiy aoaithaoi??a. O i?eioeeiiaiio ieai? ?icaeyiooi canoinoaaiiy eiioeaioe?? aeanieo oiauei aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a i?e ci?i? oiaueie c?ace?a ? aa??thaaii? a?aenoai? a?ae c?acea aei iaoaeaaiai aeca?eaea, ?icoaoiaaiiai ca c?aceii. O i?ae?icae?e? 5.5 ?icaeyiooi canoinoaaiiy eiioeaioe?? i?inoi?iaeo ?aciiain?a ia'?eo?a aeey ?o ?ic??ciaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiee ?yae i?? ?ic??ciaiiy ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy eiao?oe??io?a oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai iie?iiia. I?aeo?ae i?i?ethno?iaaiee ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic??ciaiiy ii?iaeienoeo oeee?iae??a, ?ici?uaieo ia ??ciiiai?oi?e aeeaei? o oa?oaao?e no?oeoo??. O cae?i/aii? iaaaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee. INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE 1. Cai?iiiiiaaia ? iaa?oioiaaia eiioeaioe?y ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio (aeanieo /anoio, /an?a, i?inoi?iaeo /anoio, ioe?a, oiauei), yea aeicaieeea ?ica’ycaoe cia/io i?eeeaaeio i?iaeaio ii aoaeoeaiiio aecia/aiith ca aeaieie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a ??ciiiai?oieo ?aae?io?ce/ieo ia'?eo?a, aeeth/ath/e oa?oaao? ae?aeaeo?e/i? no?oeoo?e, IA* o?aeoe oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai, aioaii? nenoaie a oiiaao iayaiino? aeiaeaoeiaeo ciai?oi?o a?aeaeaaiue, i?aeiiaa?oiaa? ia'?eoe. Aaeaeaaoiei iaoaiaoe/iei aia?aoii aecia/aiiy ocaaaeueiaieo /anoio ? ia?aiao?e/i? iaoiaee ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a, a ia iaoiaee ioe?iee niaeo??a. 2. Ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy a aeniiiaioe?aeuei?e aaeeoeai?e iiaeae? nooi oyaieo iieaciee?a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a, ui caaacia/o? a?eueo aenie? oa?aeoa?enoeee ca ?iciiae?ethaaeueiith caeaoi?noth ? caaaaeino?ee?noth o ii??aiyii? c ocaaaeueiaiei iaoiaeii io/ea ooieoe?e, yeee ? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ia?aiao?e/iiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co, ui ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Aeai?eoi iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia? i?i?i?caoe?? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, a?i ia?aaeaa/a? iiaoaiia ia?iuoaaiiy ii?yaeeo iiaeae? c aeei?enoaiiyi aei/ii? no?oeoo?e iao?eoeue, ui aoiaeyoue a aeai?eoi, ? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ecaoe?? eaac?a?ia?ianueeiai oeio ia a?aeiia?aeieo aoaiao aeai?eoio ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae a aaeeoeai?e aeniiiaioe?aeuei?e iiaeae?. Aeai?eoi aeicaieea aeeth/eoe o naaa aaaiao ia?iaeo, ui iiaea aooe aaeaioeaiith a caeaaeiino? a?ae aoaio ?iaioe: a?ae aaaiai? ooieoe??, ui caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueio iaeanoue oi?iiaeaeueiino? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, aei aaaiai? ooieoe??, ui caaacia/o? i?i?iaeueio aeenia?n?th ioe?iie. 3. Iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo ooiiaeo oaciaeo eiiiiiaio aa?iii?/ii? oi?ie c aiie?ooaeith iaioith 0,02 i?e aeei?enoaii? aeai?eoio ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a ia iniia? iaoiaeo I?ii? oyaia iiieeeo a ioe?ieao ia a?eueo 1%. Aia?oa a iaaeao iaoiaeo I?ii? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iayaiino? eaaae?aoe/ii? oa eoa?/ii? oaciaeo eiiiiiaio. Aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe aeai?eoio ioe?ithaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a ia iniia? iaoiaeo eaaae?aoe/ii? ?ioa?iieyoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeene?aoiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? ?noioii aeua i?e i?iaaaeaii? aaaiai? ia?iaee. A?eia ia iniia? aoiia?ieo ooieoe?e iieacaee naith aoaeoeai?noue o aeiaaeeo aeiionoeieo iiieeie ioe?iie aei 10%, aeey iaioeo ??ai?a iiieeie aiie ia ia?aaeuothoue ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeinyaiooi i?e aeei?enoaii? a?eii Oaii?iaa. 4. Aieia?ao?/iee i?aeo?ae c o?ueiia iii?ieie ae?eueieoeyie ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aei??thaa/?a eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy ia aac? aeaaiaaeoeyoeiiethnii? eiioeaioe??. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea cai?ieoe ?ica’ycie nenoaie eaaae?aoieo ??aiyiue nenoaiith e?i?eieo ??aiyiue. Oea a?aee?eei iiaeeea?noue ii??aiyiiy no?eeino? ??ciiiai?oieo noai aei??thaa/?a ia iniia? aiae?co /enea coiiaeaiino? ? aeei?enoaoe iaoiaee ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ia iniia? i?eioeeio ocaaaeueiaii? iaa’ycee, ui aeicaieeei oi?iae?coaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o iiooeo ia?aiao?o ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ? oei naiei caaacia/eoe a?eueo aeinoia??i? ?acoeueoaoe. O noai? aeaaiaaeoeyoeiiethniiai aei??thaa/a ia iniia? o?anoiiiae?aiiai niieo/aiiy oaeeaaiae?a aoa aenia?eiaioaeueii ?aae?ciaaiee aea?? ia?aiao?o ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ca aeaieie eae?a?oaaeueieo aei??thaaiue i?e aei??thaaii? eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy iaioeo 0,2. 5. *anoioia eiiieaeniicia/ia caeaaei?noue iiaea aooe a?aeiiaeaia c aiie?ooaeii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? noie aeine?aeaeoaaii? caeaaeiino? ? noeoiiino? iii?ieo neaiae?a, ui iinyoue (-iiae?aiee oa?aeoa? o /ania?e iaeano?. Oiiaith a?aeiiaeaiiy ? ne?i/aii?noue o?eaaeino? ?iioeuenii? ooieoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaii? caeaaeiino? /anoioii? ? ia?aaeuaiiy /aniaiai ?ioa?aaeo a?ae aoaeue-yeiai iii?iiai ?iioeueno aei ii/aoeo ?iioeuenii? ooieoe??. *aniaa a?eii, yea ca?aa?oueny ca oi?iith c ooieoe??th Aaooa?ai?oa, iieacaei aenieo aoaeoeai?noue i?e aeae?eaii? aca?iiei?aeyoe?eii? ? aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?e c neioaciaaiiai /aniaiai neaiaeo. A?aeiiaeaia eiiieaeniicia/ia caeaaei?noue aieiae?? iaea?eueoei nooiaiai ca?ao i?e oi?ioaaii? ?? iiaeoey c aaoiei?aeyoe?eii?, a oace c aca?iiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??. Iiaeeea?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia i?ioeaaeo?? eae?a?iaee ia a?aeaeooy a?ae iaoaeaaiai aeca?eaea. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeae?eueea noai ia?aeiieo IA* ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui ?aae?cothoue ?ic?iaeaiee i?aeo?ae. 6. Iia? o?ce/i? i?eioeeie aeicaieeee ?ica’ycaoe cia/io i?eeeaaeio i?iaeaio ? noai?eoe ieceo aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueieo eiiieaen?a ?EI*-02-05. Aeine?aeaeai? ?o oi/iinoi? oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?inoi?iaa o?iioaeueia ?icae?ethaaeueia caeaoi?noue. Iieacaii, ui i?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y neaey?ii? ?aoeaeoiiao??? c aeiaeaoeiaeie iii?ieie neaiaeaie caaacia/o? aeaui a?eueoo oi/i?noue iaea?aeaiiy /aniaeo neaiae?a, i?ae 12-iiethnia ?aoeaeoiiao??y c aeei?enoaiiyi o?anoiiiae?aiiai oaeeaaiaeiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a. 7. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaii, ui o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy c a?aee?eoiai e?ioey oaeeaaiaeo aai ?oii?o o ae?aiaciiao /anoio 26,0-37,5 AAoe, ye ? o ae?aiacii? 17,4-25,9 AAoe, a?eueo oi/iee iien eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy o ii??aiyii? c ieineioaeeueiaith iiaeaeeth caaacia/o? aaeeoeaia iiaeaeue, ui a?aoiao? ?ica?aei?noue oaee?, yea aei?ii?ith?oueny. Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ye aaaaoi/anoioieie aei??aie, oae ? aei??aie ia iaei?e /anoio? c aeei?enoaiiyi eiioeaioe?? i?inoi?iaeo /anoio. 8. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae a?aeiiaeaiiy eoneiai-noaeiai i?io?eth ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? oa?oaaoi? no?oeoo?e ia aac? iiooeo i?i?ioio oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? o aeaeyae? iaa’ycee aaeeoeaii? iiaeae? eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, aei yei? aoiaeyoue aeani? /ane no?oeoo?e, ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. Iieacaii, ui oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y i?e aeei?enoaii? aeaieo i?i iiaeoeue eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy aai iaei??? c eiai eaaae?aoo?ieo eiiiiiaio ia? aeiaeaoeia? aeiaaeuei? i?i?ioie, ui oneeaaeith? iiooe ia?aiao??a, ye? oe?eaaeyoue, oeyoii iioei?caoe??. Aeey iaeeo oiauei oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y iaaoaa? aeaoi?iiaaiiai oa?aeoa?o, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaea?aaeaioi?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? o eiiieaeniiio eiao?oe??io? a?aeaeooy ? eiai iiaeoe?, ui noaa?aeaeoaaeiny o ?iaioao Aeanei A.A. ? Ooaeaea TH.?. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? o?eueee i?i oaci/anoioio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oyaia iiaoaeiao aaaaoiaeno?aiaeueii? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, ui i?noeoue a?aeiiino? o?eueee i?i aeaeo?e/i? oiaueie. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae a?aooaaiiy iaeeo ia?aa?aeaeaaiue. Ae??caeaoi?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?ioanoiaaia ia ?aaeueieo c?aceao oa?oaaoeo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?. 9. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiae E-?iioeueno aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oa?oaaoeo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?. Iniaeea?noth oeueiai i?aeoiaeo ? aeei?enoaiiy ?iaa?oiaaii? /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?ic??ciaiiy ia iniia? aiae?co ioe?a, ye ??ciiaeaeo ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?yaeo e?euee?nieo i?? ?ic??ciaiiy. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae aeicaieea aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e a?eueo oiieeo oa??a i?ae iaoiae eaac??ica’yceo aac a?aooaaiiy ia?aa?aeaeaaiue. 10. Anoaiiaeai? aoaeoe ia?inoaiiy aai niaaeaiiy EA ?c c?inoaiiyi a?aenoai? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, /e i?iaiaeyoue aei??thaaiiy EA ia /anoio?, a?aeiia?aei?e iaeneioio aai i?i?ioio eiai /anoioii? caeaaeiino?, i?e aecia/aii? eieaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy ia iniia? ia?aiao?e/iiai niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co caeaaeiino? aianaiiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, ci??yiiai ia iaei?e /anoio? i?e aa??thaaii? a?aenoai? a?ae ieiueie aia?oo?e aei c?aceo. Oea aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe a??ia?aei?noue aei??o eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy o aeeaei?e cii? aei?ii?ithaa/a. 11. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aei??thaaiiy ae?aa?ai ni?yiiaaiino? aioai a oiiaao aioaiieo iie?aii?a c iecueeith aaceoii?noth ia iniia? niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa ia?aaea/?. I?aeo?ae iioe?aiee ia ia?iaeo aeaieo aei??thaaiue o?eueee aiie?ooaeieo aei???a o i?enooiino? iii?iiai neaiaeo. Oey ?aeay ?aae?ciaaia ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai i?eno?ith. A?aei?aoeueiaai? iaoiaee eae?a?iaee, ui aeicaieeee ciaioeoe ia??aiii??iino? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? aaia?aoe??. Iaoiae i?ioanoiaaiee ia aeaieo ?aaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo. 12. I?aeaeuaii aoaeoeai?noue ?ic??ciaiiy i?aeiiaa?oiaaeo ia'?eo?a ca ?oi?ie i?inoi?iaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?icn?thaaiiy ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy a i??ao ?ic??ciaiiy eiao?oe??io?a e?i?eiiai ia?aaeaa/aiiy (eiao?oe??io?a oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai iie?iiio), ye? ianooue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i i?inoi?ia? /anoioe. 13. Iieacaii, ui aeey IA* o?aeo?a oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai o?eae? ?acoeueoaoe ii eieae?caoe?? iaiaeii??aeiinoae a ieo aeioe?eueii iaea?aeoaaoe ia iniia? aeno?aiieyoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aei???a ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeaeae e?i?eiiai ia?aaeaa/aiiy c ianooiiei niaeo?aeueiei aiae?cii, ui aeicaiey? ia?aoiaeeoe a?ae neioaco iaa?aeii? ?aae?i?iioeueno aei neioaco a?aeai?iioeuenieo neaiae?a. INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? Ai?oeueei A.O., Ae?iaaoei I.I., Neaaei E.A. Iiiai/anoioiua NA* ia?ac?ooathuea iaoiaeu ecia?aiey ia?aiao?ia neienouo aeeyeaeo?eeia: O/aaiia iiniaea. – Aeiai?iiao?iane: Ecae-ai AeAO, 1992. – 120 n. Ae?iaaoei I.I., Eeeiaiei A.Ae. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaeia niaeo?aeueiiai aiaeeca a aioaiiuo ecia?aieyo // Ecaanoey aocia. ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. –1997. – O.40. – ? 9. – N.21-28. Aiae?aaa I.A., Ai?oeueei A.O., Ae?iaaoei I.I. ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue niaeo?aeueiiai aiaeeca iaoiaeii iaeneiaeueiiai i?aaaeiiiaeiaey // Ecaanoey aocia. ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. – 1998. – O.41. – ? 2. – N. 3-11. 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A?aiaiiie ?aoeaeoiiao?/ I.I.Ae?iaaoei (NNN?). – ? 4234117/24-09; Cayaeaii 22.04.87; Iioae. 07.06.1989, Athe. ? 21. – 3 n. Aiaepaaa I.A., Aipoeueei A.O., Aepiaaoei I.I. Iipaaeaeaiea iapaiaopia neienouo aeeyeaeope/aneeo nopoeoop iaoiaeaie ieieiecaoeee oeaeaaie ooieoeee // Iaoa?. 3-e Epuineie eiioap. "NA*-oaoieea e niooieeiaue ipeai". – Oii 2. – Naaanoiiieue: Aaaa?. – 1993. – N. 176-180. Andreev M.V., Borulko V.F., Drobakhin O.O. The Solution of the Inverse Problem for Multilayered Dielectric Structures // Proc. of Int. Symp. "Physics and Engineering of Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves". – Vol. 1. – Kharkov (Ukraine). – 1994. – P. 42-45. Drobakhin O.O., Gerasimenko V.V., Kudeliya R.O., Levakin A.A. Object Discrimination by Means of Complex Natural Resonances Values // Conf. Proc. "Physics and Engineering of Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves". – Vol.4.– Kharkov (Ukraine). – 1994. – P.728-730. Andreev M.V., Borulko V.F., Drobakhin O.O. 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Ae?iaaoei I.I., Naeoueia Ae.TH., Ai?oeueei A.O., Ea?eia A.A., Aiae?aaa I.A., Aaee/aiei ss.A., Eeeiaiei A.Ae., Ei?ioeay A.A. Eniieueciaaiea iiiai/anoioiuo iaoiaeia ecia?aiee aeey ioeaiee ea/anoaa NA* o?aeoia niooieeiauo nenoai nayce // O?oaeu 2-e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee "Niooieeiaay naycue". –Ooi. 2. –I.: IOeIOE.–1996.–N. 96-107. Drobakhin O.O., Karlov V.A. Holographic Approach to Microwave Measurements // Proc. of the 16th URSI Int. Symp. on Electromagnetic Theory. – Vol. 1. – Thessaloniki (Greece). – 1998. – P.109-111. Drobakhin O.O. Regularization of Data Processing in Six-Port Reflectometry // Proc. of Int. Conf. "Mathematical Methods in Electromagnetic Theory". – Vol. 1. – Kharkov (Ukraine). – 1998. – P.442-443. Drobakhin O.O. Principle of Fourier Holographic Processing in Multifrequency Microwave Measurements // Proc. of Int. Conf. "Mathematical Methods in Electromagnetic Theory". – Vol. 1. – Kharkov. – 1998. – P.453-455. Ae?iaaoei I.I. I i?eiaiaiee i?eioeeia aieia?aoe/aneie caiene eioi?iaoeee aeey neioace?iaaiey a?aiaiiuo neaiaeia ii aeaiiui iiiai/anoioiuo ecia?aiee // Oac. aeiee. 6 Ananithci. eiio. ii aieia?aoee. – Aeoaane: AOE. – 1990. – C. 150. Ae?iaaoei I.I.,Naeoueia Ae.TH., Iiaeeiau?ei TH.A., Oiieia E.A. Eiio?ieue iaoiaeii neioaca iaeaathuae ?aaeeieiioeuena neienouo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo no?oeoo? n iaieineeie a?aieoeaie // Oac.aeiee.I Oe?.iaoe.eiio. "Oaoie/aneay aeeaaiinoeea e ia?ac?ooathuee eiio?ieue a Oe?aeia". – Aeiai?iiao?iane: EATH. – 1994. – C. 79-80. Aiae?aaa I.A., Ai?oeueei A.O., Ae?iaaoei I.I. I niaeo?aeueiii ioeaieaaiee n naaiaioe?iaaieai aoiaeiuo aeaiiuo // Oac. aeiee. Iaaeaeoi. eiio. "Oai?ey e oaoieea ia?aaea/e, i?eaia e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee". – Ooaina: OOO?Y. – 1995. – N. 36. Drobakhin O.O., Borulko V.F., Andreev M.V., Belichenko Ya.V., Klimenko A.D. Using Spectral Estimation Methods for External Problems of Microwave Measurements // Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements. – Braunschweig (Germany). – 1996. – P. 204-205. Drobakhin O.O., Borulko V.F., Karlov V.A. Millimeter Apparatus for Transmission Line and Dielectric Material Measurements by Multifrequency Method // Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements. – Braunschweig (Germany). – 1996. – P. 598-599. Ae?iaaoei I.I., Ee?e/ei A.E. Iniaaiiinoe niaeo?aeueiiai aiaeeca n iiiiuueth iaoiaea I?iie // Oac. aeiee. Iaaeaeoi. eiio. "Noaoenoe/aneea iaoiaeu a oai?ee ia?aaea/e e i?aia?aciaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia". – Eeaa: EEEAA. – 1992. – N. 52-53. Aiioaoe?? Ae?iaao?i I.I. ?aae?io?ce/i? i?eioeeie aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ia’?eo?a ca cia/aiiyie ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie: 01.04.01 – o?ceea i?eeaae?a, aeaiaio?a ? nenoai; 01.04.03 – ?aae?io?ceea. – Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a (?ici???a, cia/aiue ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?, eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy, cia/aiue ae?aa?ai ni?yiiaaiino?, ia?aiao??a iaiaeii??aeiinoae) ia’?eo?a (oa?oaaoeo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?, iaiaeii??aeiinoae a ieo, a oaeiae a o?aeoao oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai, aioai) ? ?o ?aae?caoe?? o aeaeyae? aei??thaaeueieo nenoai. Aoaeo aeinyaiooi ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ocaaaeueiaieo aeanieo /anoio (/anoio ioe?a, aeanieo /an?a, i?inoi?iaeo /anoio, aeanieo oiauei), ui iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoi? ?ica’yceo eiie?aoii? caaea/?. ?icaeiooi iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee aeey aecia/aiiy aeanieo /anoio (niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a) c i?aeaeuaiith ?icae?ethaaeueiith caeaoi?noth ? caaaaeino?ee?noth. Iiaoaeiaaii eean IA* i?eeaae?a aeey aei??thaaiiy ia aaaaoueio /anoioao c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeei?a oo?’?-aieia?ao?? i?e iayaiino? aeae?eueeio iii?ieo neaiae?a ? i?eioeei?a aieia?ao?? c o?ueiia iii?ieie ae?eueieoeyie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: niaeo?aeuei? ia?aiao?e, aieia?ao?y, eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy, aaaaoi/anoioi? iaoiaee. Ae?iaaoei I.I. ?aaeeioece/aneea i?eioeeiu ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia iauaeoia ii cia/aieyi iaiauaiiuo nianoaaiiuo /anoio – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoyi: 01.04.01 – oeceea i?eai?ia, yeaiaioia e nenoai; 01.04.03 – ?aaeeioeceea. – Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia (aaiiao?e/aneeo ?acia?ia, cia/aiee aeeyeaeo?e/aneie i?iieoeaaiinoe, eiyooeoeeaioia io?aaeaiey (EI), cia/aiee aeeaa?aii iai?aaeaiiinoe, ia?aiao?ia iaiaeii?iaeiinoae) iauaeoia (neienouo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo no?oeoo?, iaiaeii?iaeiinoae a ieo, a oaeaea a o?aeoao oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo nenoai, aioaii) e eo ?aaeecaoeee a aeaea ecia?eoaeueiuo eiiieaenia. A iniiao iiaeoiaea iieiaeaii eniieueciaaiea iaiauaiiuo nianoaaiiuo /anoio (nianoaaiiuo /anoio, /anoio ioeae, nianoaaiiuo a?aiai, i?ino?ainoaaiiuo /anoio, nianoaaiiuo oieuei), eioi?ua iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiu ?aoaieth eiie?aoiie caaea/e. ?acaeou iaoaiaoe/aneea iaoiaeu aeey ii?aaeaeaiey nianoaaiiuo /anoio (niaeo?aeueiuo ia?aiao?ia) n iiauoaiiie ?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoueth e iiiaoionoie/eainoueth. ?ac?aaioaiu oece/aneea i?eioeeiu ecia?aiey caaeneiinoae eiiieaenieo EI e i?ioiaeaeaiey ia iiiaeo /anoioao a naiaiaeiii i?ino?ainoaa n eniieueciaaieai i?eioeeiia oo?uea-aieia?aoee i?e iaee/ee ianeieueeeo iii?iuo neaiaeia, eioi?ua ai a?aiaiiie iaeanoe eiatho eiioeueniue oa?aeoa?. Yoi iicaieeei i?eiaieoue a ea/anoaa eceo/aoaeae ?oii?iua aioaiiu e iieo/aoue neioace?iaaiiua a?aiaiiua neaiaeu aeey no?oeoo?, ?aniieiaeaiiuo ia aieueoeo ?annoiyieyo io ieineinoe aia?oo?u aac iioa?e /oanoaeoaeueiinoe e EI, eioi?ay auea aeinoeaiooa i?e eniieueciaaiee eceo/aoaey a aeaea ioe?uoiai eiioea aieiiaiaea. *anoioiua caaeneiinoe eiiieaeniiai EI i?aaeeiaeaii iieo/aoue ia iniiaa auaeaeaiey a?aiaiiuie ieiaie aaoiei??aeyoeeiiiie e iaeiie ec acaeii-ei??aeyoeeiiiuo (iaeaieaa cia/eiie) ooieoeee neioace?iaaiiie a?aiaiiie caaeneiinoe. Aiaeec 12-iiethniuo ecia?eoaeae eiiieaeniiai EI ia iniiaa i?eioeeiia aieia?aoee n o?aiy iii?iuie o/anoeaie iicaieee iieo/eoue eneiiua ia?aiao?u ia iniiaa ?aoaiey nenoaiu eeiaeiuo o?aaiaiee n i?eiaiaieai iaoiaea iaiauaiiie iaaycee. Oaeie iiaeoiae iineoaeee i?ioeanno oi?iaeecaoeee iienea ia?aiao?a ?aaoey?ecaoeee e iiauoaieth aeinoiaa?iinoe ioeaiie. Oeacaiiua i?eioeeiu auee iieiaeaiu a iniiao ?ac?aaioee na?ee ecia?eoaeueii-au/eneeoaeueiuo eiiieaenia. Iaoiaeu ia iniiaa i?eioeeia iienea eaace?aoaiey e iiiyoey i nianoaaiiuo a?aiaiao no?oeoo?u i?eiaiaiu aeey ainnoaiiaeaiey iaeiiia?iiai eoni/ii-iinoiyiiiai i?ioeey aeeyeaeo?e/aneie i?iieoeaaiinoe neienouo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo no?oeoo?. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniaaiiinoe iaoiaea i?e eniieueciaaiee eioi?iaoeee oieueei i iiaeoea EI eee oieueei i aai oaca, iaeiie ec eiiiiiaio /anoioiie caaeneiinoe, eaaae?aoo?iuo eiiiiiaioao a?aiaiiiai neaiaea, aai iaeaathuae. Aue i?iaiaeece?iaai aa?eaio eiioeaioeee E-eiioeuena i?e oneiaee eniieueciaaiey ioeae /anoioiie caaeneiinoe EI, eae iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiie aeey yoie caaea/e oi?iu iaiauaiiuo nianoaaiiuo /anoio. Yenia?eiaioaeueii auee eco/aiu neo/ae iaaeaaeeie ia?aaeiae iiaa?oiinoe ia?acoeia, oeeeeiae?e/iinoe iiaa?oiinoae. EI ia iaeiie /anoioa ioeaieaaeenue ia aaca aiaeeca i?ino?ainoaaiiuo /anoio caaeneiinoe, iieo/aiiie i?e aa?uee?iaaiee ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo aia?oo?ie e no?oeoo?ie. ?ac?aaioai iiaeoiae e ecia?aieth aeeaa?aii iai?aaeaiiinoe aioaii a oneiaeyo aioaiiuo iieeaiiia n ieceie aacyoiainoueth iooai niaeo?aeueiiai aiaeeca /anoioiie caaeneiinoe eae eiiieaeniicia/iie, oae e noaoai aeaenoaeoaeueiie, ii i?e iaee/ee iii?iiai neaiaea. ?acaeou iaoiaeu ia?aaioee, eioi?ua niinianoaotho oiaiueoaieth aeeyiey iaiaeii?iaeiinoe /anoioiie oa?aeoa?enoeee aaia?aoeee. Eiyooeoeeaiou oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai iieeiiia, ei?ie eioi?iai yaeythony nianoaaiiuie i?ino?ainoaaiiuie /anoioaie, auee eniieueciaaiu aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?acee/aiey iaiaeii?iaeiinoae a neienouo no?oeoo?ao. Eieaeecaoeey iaiaeii?iaeiinoae a o?aeoao oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo nenoai auea inouanoaeaia ia iniiaa ecaea/aiey cia/aiee nianoaaiiuo a?aiai iooai niaeo?aeueiiai aiaeeca ecia?aiiie /anoioiie caaeneiinoe EI e i?iaaaeaiey yeno?aiieyoeee ca i?aaeaeu iieinu ecia?aiee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaeo?aeueiua ia?aiao?u, aieia?aoey, eiyooeoeeaio io?aaeaiey, iiiai/anoioiua iaoiaeu. Drobakhin O.O. Radiophysical principles of object parameter determination using generalized natural frequencies. – Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor’s degree by specialties 01.04.01 – physics of devices, elements and systems; 01.04.03 – radiophysics. – Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to development of object parameter determination methods and corresponding devices. The objects are layered dielectric structures, antennas, discontinuities in communication lines. The parameters are sizes, dielectric constants, values of antenna pattern, reflection coefficients. The main idea of the approach is use of generalized natural frequencies such as poles, zeros, natural thickness, natural times and space frequencies those are the most adequate to the concrete problem. Stable mathematical method of natural frequencies (spectral parameters) estimation with high resolution has been developed. Principles of Fourier-holography with a few reference pulse signals and holography with three references are the basis of complex reflection and transmission coefficient reconstruction at many frequencies. Key words: spectral parameters, holography, reflection coefficient, multifrequency method. PAGE 10

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