OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAEE A?A??I?*IEE OeAIO?

Aa?aaeia Oaoyia ?aai?aia

OAeE 614.7+614.676+614.648

?AAe?AOe?EII — A?A??I?*IA IOe?IEA ?IAeIAEU OI?OO A OE?A?I?, OIIA EIAI
AEAeIAOAAIIss, IA?A?IAEE OA AEEI?ENOAIIss IA OA?EOI??ssO, CAA?OAeIAIEO
AIANE?AeIE AAA??? IA *I?IIAEEUeNUeE?E AAN

14.02.01 — a?a??ia

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiaiio a?a??i?/iiio oeaio??
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia‘y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Ea?a/ia ?aai ?aaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? IIC
Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee eaai?aoi???;

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Einue ?aai Iaaeiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
oeaio? ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee eaai?aoi???;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, Oiiaoaanueea
Ethaeieea Aiaoie??aia, Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i.I.I.Ia?c??aa IIC Oe?a?ie,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea, eaoaae?a ?aae?ieia??, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 5 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.604.01 Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o (253660 i.Ee?a-94, aoe.Iiioae?aiea,50).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o(i.Ee?a, aoe.Iiioae?aiea, 50)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 26 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Naeaciueia A.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Aiae?c aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?, ui neeaeany ca inoaii? ?iee,
na?ae/eoue i?i ?? e?eoe/iee noai. Iniaeeai a?i iia??oeany o ca’yceo c
aaa???th ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN (Aaaayi A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1986; ?c?aaeue
TH.A. ? ni?aaao., 1987; Aniieia A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1988; Aeaenao?i ?.I.,
1993). Caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi??e ?aae?iioee?aeaie i?ecaaei aei cia/iiai
aeiaeaoeiaiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy ? ca?eueoaiiy
?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo (Aaeiiia I.?., 1992; Eiaaeueia ?.?., 1993). A
?acoeueoao? /i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe an? iaeano? Oe?a?ie, a yeeo
cae?enith?oueny i?iieneiaee aeaeiaooie oi?oo, iieieeeny ia caa?oaeiai?e
oa?eoi???. Aiane?aeie oeueiai aeieeea i?iaeaia aeiaaino?ieiaiai
ii?ii?iaiiy cia/ieo eiioeiaaio?a n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ?, a ia?oo
/a?ao, oeo, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo oa
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c aeaeiaoaaiiyi, ia?a?iaeith oa aeei?enoaiiyi
oi?oo oa oi?o’yieo a?eeao?a ye eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai iaeeaa. Aeey
n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a oi?oiaeaeiaoaieo iaeanoae oi?o’yi? a?eeaoe
neeaaeathoue cia/io /anoeio iaeeaa, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny ianaeaiiyi ca
iiaethaaeueiee nacii. Ine?eueee /anoea oi?oo o iaeeaiiio aaeain? oeeo
iaeanoae nooo?aa, i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c oi?o’yiei iaeeaii, iathoue
aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy. Oiio, ae??oaiiy ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c ioe?ieith iaaaciaee ??ai?a ii?ii?iaiiy ?ia?oiee?a, caeiyoeo
o noa?ao oi?oiaeaeiaoaaiiy oa oi?oiia?a?iaee, aecia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai
?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa ??aiy
?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy, yea aeei?enoiao? oi?oia?eeaoe aeey
eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaeo iio?aa, ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueieie aeey Oe?a?ie.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a iaaeao iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i.
I.I.Ia?c??aa Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o IIC Oe?a?ie
“?aaeeaoeeiiii-aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ianoi?iaeaeaiee oi?oa e ?ac?aaioea
aeaeaie/aneiai ii?iaoeaa aeey eniieueciaaiey ianaeaieai oi?oa a ea/anoaa
eiiioiaeueii-auoiaiai oiieeaa” (? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? OA01009906?).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ae?eyiie
i?iieneiaiai aeaeiaooeo oi?oo, ui iieieeeny ia caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi???
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ioe?iea aeic ii?ii?iaiiy
?ia?oiee?a, ye? aeeiiothoue ?iaioe ii aeaeiaoaaiith oa ia?a?iaoe? oi?oo,
a oaeiae iaiaaeaiiy ??ai?a ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? ia
caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? ? aeei?enoiao? oi?o ? oi?o’yi? a?eeaoe ye
eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaa iaeeai.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

1.Aea/eoe ??ai? iiooaeiino? aeniiceoe?eii? aeice aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy
oa ieoiii? aeoeaiino? oi?oo ia oa?eoi??yo oanoe oi?oiaeaeiaoaieo
iaeanoae Oe?a?ie.

2.Aea/eoe ??ai? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aiaee iaa?no?aeueieo
eaiae?a c iaoith ioe?iee iiaeeeaino? iaeaaeiaiiy noaaeiaeo ainiiaea?noa
aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ?eae ia ae?iaeaieo oi?o’yieo oa?eoi??yo .

3.Ioe?ieoe oi?o’yieee ye aeaea?aea aoi?eiiiai ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa ye aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? ia caa?oaeiaieo
oa?eoi??yo.

4.?ic?aooaaoe oa ioe?ieoe aeice ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ?ia?oiee?a, caeiyoeo aeaeiaooeii oa ia?a?iaeith oi?oo.

5.?ic?iaeoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
oeac?th o oi?o’yieo a?eeaoao, i?ecia/aieo aeey eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai
iaeeaa ? oaeeo, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao oi?o’yii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa aeaia ?aae?aoe?eii-a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea oi?o‘yieeai Oe?a?ie ye
i?noeyi i?iieneiaiai aeaeiaooeo oi?oo, ui iieieeeny ia caa?oaeai?e
oa?eoi???, a oiiaao aaeeeiianooaaii? aaa??? ia *AAN. Aeaia ioe?iea
aeicai ii?ii?iaiiy ? iieacaiee aeeaae /i?iiaeeuenueei? eiiiiiaioe a
aeico ii?ii?iaiiy ?ia?oiee?a, caeiyoeo aeaeiaoaaiiyi oa ia?a?iaeith
oi?oo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?acoeueoaoe ?aae?aoe?eii-a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae?eyiie
oi?oi?ic?iaie, cae?eniaieo a ?aieao aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, c?iaeee aianie o
iiai?oa aea/aiiy ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie i?ney
aaa??? ia *AAN, aeicaieeee ioe?ieoe aeice ii?ii?iaiiy ?ia?oiee?a,
caeiyoeo aeaeiaoaaiiyi ? ia?a?iaeith oi?oo oa iaiaaeeoe ??ai?
ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy, yea aeei?enoiao? oi?o aeey eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaeo
iio?aa. Iaeiei ?c niinia?a oaeiai iaiaaeaiiy I?i?noa?noaii ioi?iie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie caoaa?aeaeaii ?ic?aoiaaiee eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue ai?noo
?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th o oi?o’yieo a?eeaoao, i?ecia/aieo aeey
eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai iaeeaa ? oaeeo, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia
i?aei?e?inoaao oi?o’yii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaeaii ?
caoaa?aeaeaii “Iieiaeaiiy i?i ?aae?aoe?eiee eiio?ieue oi?oo oa
oi?oia?eeaoo, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny ia oi?oi?ic?iaeao Oe?a?ie”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 3-e ?anioae?eainuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneea aniaeou nio?aiaiey caei?iauey ethaeae”
(I?inuee, 1992), ia Iaoe?iiaeueiiio nai?ia?? “Aeieia?/ia ina?oa a
eiioaeno? aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN” (Ee?a, 1993), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?aaeeaoeeiiii-yeieiae/aneea e
iaaeeoeeineea aniaeou iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN” (Ee?a,
1993), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue-94”,
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeuenueea aaa??y, ?? iane?aeee
oa i?iaeaie ?o iiaeieaiiy” (Ee?a, 1994) oa ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee
?inoeoooo caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie OIAOe IIC Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1993, 1994, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a 13 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, o oiio
/ene? o i?aeia?iaeieo aeaeaiiyo — 2, o a?o/eciyieo — 11.
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea i?iiiceoe?y — 1.

Ia‘?i ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 158 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo e?oa?aoo?e oa aeaio aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 38 iaethieaie, oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae iiaeaii o 26
oaaeeoeyo. Ia?ae?e e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 129 ioae?eaoe?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo o ?iaio? caaea/ aoei aeeiiaii aeecueei 11
oeny/ aei???a iiooaeiino? aeniiceoe?eii? aeice aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia
ae?eyieao oi?oi?ic?iaie ? a oeaoao oi?oia?eeaoieo caaiae?a, iaeaea 2
oeny/? aaiia-niaeo?iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oi?oo, oi?oia?eeaoo,
oi?o’yii-aoa?eueiiai a?eeaoo, ?oiueiai iiiaeo, aiaee c iaa?no?aeueieo
eaiae?a oa aeecueei 300 ?aae?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia’?eo?a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Anueiai ianoaaeaii 20 ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie
oa 11 oi?oia?eeaoieo caaiae?a (OAC) o oanoe oi?oiaeaeiaoaieo iaeanoyo
Oe?a?ie (Aieeinueea, ??aiainueea, AEeoiie?nueea, Ee?anueea,
*a?i?a?anueea oa *a?eanueea). Ianoaaeai? oa?eoi??? ciaoiaeyoueny o oae
caai?e “aeaeuei?e” cii? /i?iiaeeuenueeiai aeeeaeo (100 ei) o ??cieo
aaia?ao?/ieo iai?yieao a?ae i?noey aaa??? (cao?aeiee, i?ai?/iee oa
i?aaeaiiee “ne?aee”).

Ioe?iea ??ai?a iiooaeiino? aeniiceoe?eii? aeice (IAAe)
aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy cae?enithaaeany aeaiia iaoiaeaie: ca aeiiiiiaith
i?eeaaeo Ae?A-01o oa ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ia?anoaii? aaiia-eieaoe?eii?
onoaiiaee, iaeaaeiaii? a eaai?aoi???. Aei??thaaiiy ai?noo
aaiia-aei?ii?ithth/eo ioee?ae?a o i?iaao aeeiioaaeinue ca aeiiiiiaith
niaeo?iiao?e/ii? onoaiiaee “Canberra Series 35 Plus” ? aa?iai??aiai
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai aeaoaeoi?a 7229? oa niaeo?iiao?e/ii? onoaiiaee
“Varro Silena” ? aa?iai??aiai iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai aeaoaeoi?a PRGC 3020.
?aae?io?i?/ia aecia/aiiy no?iioe?th-90 cae?enithaaeiny noaiaea?oiei
ienaeaoiei iaoiaeii c iiaeaeueoei aei??thaaiiyi aeoeaiino? i?aia?aoo ca
aeiiiiiaith ?aae?iiao?a “NRR-610 Tesla”. ?acoeueoaoe noaoenoe/ii?
ia?iaee io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a a nenoai?
oi?aae?iiy aaieaie aeaieo FoxPro. A?ao?/ia iiaoaeiaa ea?o ?ciaeic
aeeiiaia ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?ii? nenoaie “Ea?oia?ao”, ?ic?iaeaii? o
na?aaeiaeu? FoxPro ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ea?oia?ao?/iiai iaeaoo i?ia?ai
Surfer.

Oa?aeoa? i?io?eaiiy aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, a?aeaeaeai?noue a?ae
c?oeiiaaiiai ?aaeoi?a iaoiiaeee neeaaeio ? iaiaeii??aeio ea?oeio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie. Ia?oei iieacieeii
oaei? iaiaeii??aeiino? ? nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? o ??aiyo IAAe
aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Oey iniaeea?noue a?eueo i?eoaiaiia cao?aeiiio
“ne?aeo”, aea iaea?eueoee ?iciao eieeaaiue IAAe — a?ae 10 aei 90
ie?.aiae-1 — aecia/aii ia oa?eoi??? ae?eyiee “Ii?i/ii” ??aiainueei?
iaeano?. Ia ae?eyieao, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia i?ai?/iiio oa i?aaeaiiiio
“ne?aeao”, na?aaei? cia/aiiy IAAe eieeaaeeny o iaaeao 8-12 ie?.aiae-1,
ui i?eaeecii aei??aith? aeiaaa??eiiio ??aith aaiia-oiio ia oa?eoi???
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny. ??ai? IAAe ia on?o OAC aeyaeeeny aeecueeeie ca
cia/aiiyi ? oeiiaeie aeey cae?eoeo i?ei?uaiue: a?ae 5 aei 25 ie?.aiae-1.
Nie?ath/enue ia io?eiai? aeai? i?i ??ai? IAAe aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ,
aeey eiaeii? ae?eyiee oi?oi?ic?iaee iiaoaeiaai? ea?oe ?ciaeic. Ia aoai?
iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee IAAe aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia oa?eoi??yo ae?eyiie
oi?oi?ic?iaie oe?ieiianooaai? aei??e aaeaeiny cae?enieoe ca aeiiiiiaith
aaiia-eieaoe?eiiai i?eno?ith, anoaiiaeaiiai ia aac? aaoiiia?ey OAC-452I,
aeey aecia/aiiy ae?eyiie oa?eoi??e, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny ca ??aiai IAAe
aaia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Ieyienoee oa?aeoa? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie
i?aeoaa?aeeany oaeiae i?e aea/aii? ieoiii? aeoeaiino?
aaiia-aei?ii?ithth/eo ?aae?iioee?ae?a o i?iaao oi?oo, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny
(oaae.1). Iaea?eueo ia??aiii??iee oa?aeoa? caa?oaeiaiiy i?eoaiaiiee
cao?aeiiio “ne?aeo”. A?aei?iiino? ieoiieo aeoeaiinoae oeac?th o oi?o?
i?ae on?ia ae?eyieaie oi?oi?ic?iaie oeueiai “ne?aeo” aeinyaathoue 57
?ac?a, no?iioe?th-90 — 25 ?ac?a. ?aae?aoe?eia ianoaiiaea ia cao?aeiiio
“ne?ae?” oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?aeaeuaiei ieoiiei ai?noii oeac?th o oi?o?
ii??aiyii c? no?iioe??i.

Oaaeeoey 1 Ieoiia aeoeai?noue ?aae?iioee?ae?a o oi?o?, ui aeaeiaoaaany
ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie o 1991-1993 ?.?.

Ieoiia aeoeai?noue ?aae?iioee?ae?a o oi?o?,
Ae.ea-1Cs-134Cs-137Sr-90I?ai?/iee “ne?ae” *a?i?a?anueea iae.
Niieei12.74.6144.154.9169.996.8??aaioeaai1.80.417.83.920.9.3.9Caiaeae3.3
0.834.510.065.138.5Cao?aeiee “ne?ae” ??aiainueea iae.
E?ai?iia77.515.0770.7151.287.227.0Iieyie9.43.288.728.920.34.3Iieaei
6.52.569.528.981.119.1Ii?i/ii302.667.92944.6625.4233.4131.2Aieeinueea
iae. Nieia
85.713.7707.435.7126.733.2*a?aaaoa4.71.453.315.917.53.9I’yoeeiie22.910.5
138.735.916.73.1AEeoiie?nueea iae. Ica?yie
19.68.9303.2127.450.419.5Ei?ia
16.53.8227.651.79.74.1Aaicaeue16.72.2257.041.722.611.3Ao/iaie4.30.358.15
.277.710.4Iiynee
31.63.1427.440.748.99.4*enoeie11.22.3157.133.515.44.6A?iieoey
3.20.551.88.59.22.6?eueiee 19.15.0244.762.816.96.1I?aaeaiiee
“ne?ae”*a?eanueea iae.
??aeeiue-12.60.533.66.965.413.6??aeeiue-22.30.430.05.462.417.8Ee?anueea
iae.?iaeieoi?o4.21.053.312.571.342.7

Aeey oe??? oa?eoi??? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ieoiieo aeoeaiinoae oeac?th ?
no?iioe?th cia/ii ia?aaeuo? 1 (23.5 ia ae?eyioe? “Ei?ia”) ca aeiyoeii
ae?eyiie “Iieaei” oa “Ao/iaie”, aea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oeac?e-137/no?iioe?e-90 aeecueea aei 1.

Oa?eoi??yi oi?oi?ic?iaie, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia i?ai?/iiio oa i?aaeaiiiio
“ne?aeao”, ia??aiii??iee oa?aeoa? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy
i?eoaiaiiee o iaio?e i???, i?ae cao?aeiiio. A?aei?iiino? ??ai?a ieoiii?
aeoeaiino? oeac?th oa no?iioe?th o oi?o? i?ae ae?eyieaie ia oeeo
oa?eoi??yo ia ia?aaeuothoue 8 ?ac?a. Aeey oeeo “ne?ae?a” oa?aeoa?iee
oaeiae i?aeaeuaiee ai?no no?iioe?th ii??aiyii ?c oeac??i.
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeac?e-137/no?iioe?e-90 o i?iaao oi?oo, a?ae?a?aieo ia
oeeo oa?eoi??yo, aeyaeeeny aeecueeeie ? eieeaaeeny o iaaeao 0.48-0.90.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aea/aiiy caaeeaeaiiy
oeac?th-137 ca i?io?eai oi?o’yieo a?oio?a ia aeeaeio 0-5 oa 5-10 ni
iieacaee, ui iniiaia /anoeia aaeiai? e?eueeino? ?aae?iioee?aeo
ciaoiaeeoueny o aa?oiueiio 0-5 ni oa?? oi?oo (?en.1). Ia oa?eoi???
i?ai?/iiai “ne?aeo” oey /anoea aei??aith? 75 %, cao?aeiiai — 58 %, a ia
i?aaeaiiiio — 88 % a?ae aeoeaiino? ?cioiio, ?iciiae?eaii? ca i?io?eai
a?oioo ia aeeaeio aei 10 ni. Ia cao?aeieo oa?eoi??yo a?aei?/aii a?eueo
?ioaineaiee i?ioean ia?a?iciiae?eo aaeea, ui, aeoiaey/e ?c e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae (Ca?o i?i IAe? OIAOe, 1993; Aiaeeueiaa I.I., 1994), i/aaeaeii,
iia’ycaii ?c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii ?ooeeaeo oi?i oeac?th-137 o ia?aeiieo
iiaaeao, ye? noi?ioaaee cao?aeiee “ne?ae” ii??aiyii c ?ioeie “ne?aeaie”.

wmetafile8? ??o?????????? ???????yyy????????????
IA???

????’yy??/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??
 »»»)))UUUMMMBBB999y|?yPPOe?“IiyiOeAEccOe©?en. 1
?iciiae?e oeac?th-137 ia aeeaeio 0- 5 oa 5 — 10 ni

Cae?eniaiiy nooe?eueiiai ? aeaoaeueiiai ea?oia?aooaaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaii
caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e, ui ia?eiathoue cia/i? oa?eoi???, ca aeiiiiiaith
o?eueee a?aeai?o a?oioiaeo c?ace?a aeyaey?oueny iaoyaeeeaei /a?ac
cia/iee ianya ?ia?o. Iieaaoeoe ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? iiaeia aeaiia
niiniaaie: canoinoaaiiyi ia?anoaii? aaiia-eieaoe?eii? onoaiiaee ia aac?
aaoiiia?ey aai aeei?enoaiiyi o?niiai ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo i?ae
u?euei?noth ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa IAAe aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy
ia oe?e i?noeaaino?. Aei oiai ae, aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo
i?iii?oe?eiino? yaey? niaith ye iaoeiaee, oae ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an
(Eiueeia I.I. ? ni?aaao., 1986; Jakob P. et al., 1986). Io?eiaia o iao?e
?iaio? na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo i?iii?oe?eiino? i?ae u?euei?noth
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ae?eyiee “Ii?i/ii” oa IAAe
aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, noai?aii? ?aae?iioee?aeaie oeac?th, neeaaea?
2.531.03 eAe.aiae.i-2.ie?-1 ia 1991 ?.

Oa?eoi???, ui caeeoathoueny ia i?noe? ae?iaeaieo oi?o’yiee?a, oyaiooue
ca niaith aeieia?/i? oa aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie. I?ney aeaeiaooeo oi?o’yieo
iieeaae?a caeeoa?oueny ia??aiee ?aeue?o i?noeaaino? ?c a?oioaie, ia
i?eaeaoieie aeey n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue. C iaoith aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oeeo ieiu, ca aeaieie Eiioea?io “Oe?oi?o”, ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
iaeaaeiaiiy noaaeiaeo ainiiaea?noa aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ?eae. C oe??th
iaoith i?iaaaeaii ?aae?aoe?eia ianoaaeaiiy aiaee c iaa?no?aeueieo
eaiae?a ? aeaia ioe?iea i/?eoaaiei aeicai aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy ca
?aooiie aaeeaaiiy ?eae, ae?iuaii? a oaeeo noaaeao. I/?eoaaia ieoiia
aeoeai?noue ?aae?iioee?ae?a oeac?th o ?ea?, ui iiaea aooe ae?iuaia o
noaaeao oa oa?eoi??yo ae?iaeaieo ainueie ae?eyiie, aeyaeeany aeuith ca
aeiionoeiee ??aaiue ai?noo oeac?th o ?ea? a?aeiia?aeii aei aaaaeaieo o
ae?th iiaeo a?a??i?/ieo ii?iaoea?a (“Aeiionoei? ??ai? ai?noo oeac?th-137
oa no?iioe?th-90 o oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoao oa ieoi?e aiae? Ae?-97”). Aeey
?aooe i’yoe ae?eyiie, aea aeine?aeaeoaaeanue aiaea, i/?eoaaia ieoiia
aeoeai?noue ?aae?iioee?ae?a oeac?th o ?ea? ia ia?aaeueea 90 Ae.ea-1, ui
cia/ii ieae/a ii?iaoeao. Ia?aaeuaiiy aeiionoeiiai ??aiy ai?noo
no?iioe?th-90 o ?ea?, a?aeiia?aeii aei Ae?-97, ia i/?eo?oueny ia
aeiaei?e c ianoaaeaieo ae?eyiie. Aeey io?eiaiiy a?eueo oi/ieo ?
ei?aeoieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey eiaeii? ae?eyiee oi?oi?ic?iaee iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe aeiaeaoeia? ooi/iai? aeai? i?i o?i?/iee neeaae aiaee, aeaee
?ea, ?oi?e a?e ? o.?. Oaeiae ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe oaeoi? iaiaeii??aeiino?
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oi?oi?ic?iaie.

Nie?ath/enue ia io?eiai? aeai? ?aae?aoe?eii-a?a??i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iaeiaeu oi?oo ye i?noeue i?iieneiaiai aeaeiaooeo oi?oo, ui iieieeeny ia
oa?eoi???, caa?oaeiai?e aiane?aeie aaeeeiianooaaii? yaea?ii? aaa???,
aea/ai? iniaeeaino? aeiaeaoeiaiai ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa?
ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo ? aeei?enoiao? oi?o ye eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaa iaeeai.
Iii?e, ui i?e oeueiio ooai?th?oueny, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
aeei?enoiao?oueny ye aeia?eai ia i?enaaeeaieo ae?eyieao, ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aei
aeiaeaoeiaiai ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy. ?ic?aooiie ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
eiio?ieueiiai ??aiy ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th aeiaaaee i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
eiioeaio?oaaiiy iiiaeo oi?oia?eeaoo. C oe??th iaoith aoee niaeai? ?
aeine?aeaeai? c?acee oi?o’yieo a?eeao?a, aeaioiaeaieo c oi?oo, acyoiai c
ae?eyiie eiaeii? ?c oanoe iaeanoae, ui aea/aeeny. ?acoeueoao
aenia?eiaioo iieacaa, ui eiao?oe??io eiioeaio?oaaiiy iiiaeo nooo?ai
a?ae??ciy?oueny caeaaeii a?ae ae?eyiee oi?oi?ic?iaee (a?ae 4.0 aei
13.6), na?aaei? cia/aiiy neeaei 7.30.8. C iaoith aaaaeaiiy aeayeiai
eiao?oe??ioo caiano aoei acyoi iaeneiaeueiee eiao?oe??io
eiioeaio?oaaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue ai?noo ?aae?ioeac?th
o aioiaiio oi?o’yiiio a?eeao? noaiiaeoue 666 Ae.ea-1. Ii??aiyiiy
eiio?ieueiiai ??aiy ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th o oi?o’yieo a?eeaoao
oa ieoiii? aeoeaiino? oeac?th o oi?o?, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny, iieacaei, ui
ia?aaeuaiiy eiio?ieueiiai ??aiy niinoa??aa?oueny ia ae?eyieao cao?aeiiai
“ne?aeo”: “E?ai?iia”, “Ii?i/ii” oa “Nieia” (?en.2).

Io?eiai? aeai? i?i ??ai? IAAe aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ieoiii?
aeoeaiino? oi?oo neeaee iniiao aeey ?ic?aooieo aeic ciai?oiueiai
aaiia-ii?ii?iaiiy, iaoiiaeaieo ?aae?iaeoeaieie ?cioiiaie, ui in?ee ia
i?noeaa?noue ? i?e?iaeiei aaiia-oiiii; aeic ciai?oiueiai
aaoa-ii?ii?iaiiy ia iacaoeuai? ae?eyiee oe??e, a oaeiae aeic
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy ca ?aooiie ?iaaeyoe?eiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
?aae?iioee?ae?a o i?aai?ci i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? caeiyo? o aaeocyo
oi?oiaeaeiaoaaiiy oa oi?oiia?a?iaee. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a
i/?eoaaieo aoaeoeaieo aeic a?ae ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiue iieacaa, ui iaeneiaeueia noia?ia aeica ii?ii?iaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo ia naciiieo ?iaioao ii aeaeiaooeo oi?oo, i?e
oiia? ?nioaaiiy an?o iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a (iaeneiaeueiee eiao?oe??io
a?o?iaiai cae?eiaiiy, nooa niiy/ia iiaiaea i?ioyaii onueiai naciio ?
o.?.) i/?eo?oueny ia ae?eyioe? “Ii?i/ii” ??aiainueei? iaeano? ? iiaea
neeanoe 231.9210.1 ieCa ca nacii. Aeey ?aooe ae?eyiie i/?eoaai? aeice
aeyaeeeny nooo?ai ieae/eie ? aeeaeeny a ?ioa?aae 52.018.1 — 102.336.9
ieCa ca nacii. Iaeneiaeueiee aianie /i?iiaeeuenueei? eiiiiiaioe a aeico
ciai?oiueiai aaiia-ii?ii?iaiiy ia iieyo oi?oi?ic?iaie a?aei?/aii ia
iaea?eueo caa?oaeiai?e ae?eyioe? “Ii?i/ii” ? neeaaea? aeecueei 80 %.
Aeey ?aooe ae?eyiie aeica, noi?iiaaia ca ?aooiie ?aae?iioee?ae?a
/i?iiaeeuenueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, neeaaea?, a na?aaeiueiio, 457 % a?ae
ciai?oiuei? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy ca nacii. *anoea i/?eoaaii? naciiii? aeice
a ??/i?e aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy (“Aeiceiao?e/aneay ianii?oecaoeey ianaeaiiuo
ioieoia Oe?aeiu, iiaeaa?aoeony ?aaeeiaeoeaiiio caa?yciaieth iinea
/a?iiaueueneie aaa?ee”, 1992) aeey iniiaii? e?eueeino? ae?eyiie
oi?oi?ic?iaie eieeaa?oueny a?ae 3 % aei 24 %. Aeiyoie neeaee aea?
ae?eyiee (“Ei?ia” ? “Iieaei”), aea oey /anoea neeaea

29% ? 100%, aea ca aaniethoieie cia/aiiyie ??/i? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy ooo
ii??aiyii iaaenie? — 60 ieCa oa 210 ieCa ia ??e.

wmetafile8? ??¦ ?? ?y???????? ???????yyy???????????? 
‰???

????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????uoy???????en.2 Ieoiia aeoeai?noue
oeac?th-134,-137 o oi?o?, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny, ia ae?eyieao oi?oi?ic?iaie

ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiei ??aiai ai?noo ?aae?i?cioii?a oeac?th o oi?o? oa
oi?o‘yieo a?eeaoao.Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniai? ia
Iaiaae/anueeiio oi?oia?eeaoiiio caaiae? Aieeinueei? iaeano?, iieacaee,
ui i?e aeeiiaii? ??ciiiai?oieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e eiioeaio?aoe?y
ieeo a iia?o?? oeao?a caaiaeo eieeaaeany o iaaeao 3.7 — 120.0 ia.i-3.
I?e iaeneiaeueiiio ??aiaa? ai?noo ieeo o iia?o?? i/?eoaaia aoaeoeaia
aeica a?ae aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a caaiaeo neeaaea?
120.730.0 iCa ia ??e. Ciai?oiy aeica ii?ii?iaiiy ?ia?oiee?a caaiaeo
neeaea 206.695.9 ieCa ia ??e. Oiaoi, noia?ia aoaeoeaia ??/ia aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a Iaiaae/anueeiai OAC ia 98 % aecia/aia ciai?oi?i
ii?ii?iaiiyi.

Ioaea, i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa aeaee iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe
??ai? oa iniaeeaino? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy cia/ieo oa?eoi??e
Oe?a?ie, caeiyoeo oi?o’yieie ?ic?iaeaie, a oiiaao aaeeeiianooaaii?
yaea?ii? aaa???, anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? aa?oeeaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo
?aae?iioee?ae?a oeac?th, ioe?ieoe iiaeeea?noue iaeaaeiaiiy noaaeiaeo
ainiiaea?noa ia oa?eoi??? ae?iaeaieo ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie, ioe?ieoe
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo aeaeiaoaaiiyi oa ia?a?iaeith
oi?oo, aeae?eeoe eiiiiiaioo aeice, iia’ycaio c aaa???th ia *AAN, ?
anoaiiaeoe eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th o
oi?o’yieo a?eeaoao, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao oi?o’yii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ? i?ecia/athoueny aeey eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai
iaeeaa.

AENIIAEE

1. ?aae?iaeoeaia caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi??e oi?oi?ic?iaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieei nooiaiai ia??aiii??iino?. Oey iniaeea?noue iaea?eueo i?eoaiaiia
ae?eyieai oi?oi?ic?iaie, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia oa?eoi??? cao?aeiiai
“ne?aeo” /i?iiaeeuenueeiai aeeeaeo. A?aei?iiino? ieoiieo aeoeaiinoae
oeac?th o oi?o? i?ae ae?eyieaie oi?oi?ic?iaie cao?aeiiai “ne?aeo”
eieeaathoueny a?ae 1 aei 57 ?ac, aeey no?iioe?th oeae ?iciao neeaa 1-25.

2. Cao?aeiee “ne?ae” aeeeaeo *AAN a?ae??ciy?oueny i?aeaeuaiei ieoiiei
ai?noii ?aae?iioee?ae?a oeac?th o aeaeiaooiio oi?o? ii??aiyii c?
no?iioe??i-90. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeac?e-137/no?iioe?e-90 ia oeeo
oa?eoi??yo aeinyaa? 24. Aiae?c a?aeiioaiiy ieoiieo aeoeaiinoae
oeac?th-137 oa no?iioe?th-90 ia i?ai?/iiio oa i?aaeaiiiio “ne?aeao”
aeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiee ai?no o oi?o? no?iioe?th-90 ii??aiyii c
oeac??i-137. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeac?e-137/no?iioe?e-90 o oi?o?,
a?ae?a?aiiio ia oeeo “ne?aeao” aeyaeeiny iaioei ca 1 ? cao?eniaaii o
iaaeao 0.48 — 0.90.

3. Iniiaia /anoea aeoeaiino? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th, ui aeiaa
aiane?aeie aaa???, ciaoiaeeoueny o aa?oiueiio 0-5 ni oa?? oi?oo. Ia
oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai “ne?aeo” o oeueiio oa?? cina?aaeaeaii 75 % a?ae
aeoeaiino? ?cioiio, ?iciiae?eaiiai ca i?io?eai a?oioo ia aeeaeio aei 10
ni; ia cao?aeiiio “ne?ae?” — 58 %, ia i?aaeaiiiio — 88 %.

4. Eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino? i?ae u?euei?noth ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy oi?o’yiiai a?oioo oa IAAe aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
iaoiiaeaii? ?aae?iioee?aeaie oeac?th, ia 1991 ?. neeaa 2.531.03
eAe.aiae.i-2.ie?-1. Aeey aaiia-eieaoe?eiiai i?eno?ith, iaeaaeiaiiai o
ia?anoai?e ?aae?ieia?/i?e eaai?aoi??? ia aac? aaoiiia?ey OAC-452I,
iieacaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia aoai? iiia?aaeiuei?
ioe?iee ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy i?noeaaino? aaiia-aei?ii?ithth/eie
ioee?aeaie.

5. Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue iaeaaeiaiiy noaaeiaeo ainiiaea?noa ia
oa?eoi??yo ae?iaeaieo ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie “??aaioeaai”, “Caiaeae”
(i?ai?/iee “ne?ae”), “Iieaei”, “Nieia” (cao?aeiee “ne?ae”) oa
“?iaeieoi?o” (i?aaeaiiee “ne?ae”).

6. Eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th o oi?o’yieo
a?eeaoao, i?ecia/aieo aeey eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai iaeeaa ? oaeeo, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao oi?o’yii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie,
neeaaea? 666 Ae.ea-1. Eiao?oe??io eiioeaio?oaaiiy iiiaeo oi?o’yiiai
a?eeaoo, caeaaeii a?ae ae?eyiee oi?oi?ic?iaee, noaiiaeoue a?ae 4.0 aei
13.6 (na?aaei? cia/aiiy aei??aith? 7.3 0.8).

7. Iaeneiaeueiee aianie /i?iiaeeuenueei? eiiiiiaioe o aeico ciai?oiueiai
aaiia-ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ia iieyo oi?oi?ic?iaie aei??aith? 80% ?
a?aei?/aiee ia ae?eyioe? “Ii?i/ii”. Aeey ?aooe ae?eyiie aeica
ciai?oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, noi?iiaaia ca ?aooiie ?aae?iioee?ae?a
/i?iiaeeuenueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 457%.

8. Iaeneiaeueia aoaeoeaia aeica ii?ii?iaiiy naciiieo i?aoe?aiee?a,
caeiyoeo aeaeiaooeii oi?oo ia ae?eyieao oi?oi?ic?iaie, ca oiiae aieeao
an?o iani?eyoeeaeo iaoai?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, i/?eo?oueny ia ??ai? 230
ieCa ca nacii, ui neeaaea? 23 % a?ae e?i?oo ??/ii? aoaeoeaii? aeice
ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

9. Aianie i/?eoaaii? aoaeoeaii? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ca nacii
?ia?o o ??/io aeico ii?ii?iaiiy aeeoae?a ianaeaieo ioieo?a, aea
i?iaeeaathoue naciii? i?aoe?aieee, eieeaa?oueny a?ae 3 % aei 24 %.

10. Noia?ia aoaeoeaia ??/ia aeica ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a
Iaiaae/anueeiai oi?oia?eeaoiiai caaiaeo ia 98 % aecia/aia ciai?oi?i
ii?ii?iaiiyi ? aei??aith? 210.2495.9 ieCa ia ??e.

IA?AE?E IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aa?aaeia O.?. Iniaeeaino? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi??e
oi?oi?ic?iaie Oe?a?ie// Aeiae?eey oa caei?ia‘y.-1998.-?2(5).- N.36-38.

2. Eaeaoieeiaa C.A., Ea?a/ia ?.?., Aa?aaeia O.?., Eo/ia I.O.
?aae?aoe?eia ianoaiiaea oa ??ai? ii?ii?iaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa o i?noeyo cae?eniaiiy e?niainiiaea?nueeeo caoiae?a Ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy *AAN //Oe?a?inueeee ?aae?ieia?/iee
aeo?iae.-1997.-?4.-N.393-397

3. Aa?aaeiay O.E. ?aaeeaoeeiiii-yeieiae/aneay ianoaiiaea ia o/anoeao
oi?oi?ac?aaioie *a?ieaianeie iaeanoe// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano.-
Eeaa:Caei?ia’y,1998.-Aui 33.-N.267-271

4. Ea?a/aa E.E., Naiaithe I.Ae., Aa?aaeiay O.E. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea
?aaeeiyeieiae/aneie neooaoeee ia oi?oi?ac?aaioeao Oe?aeiu// Aeooaeueiua
aii?inu aeaeaiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu: Na. iao/. o?oae. ei-oa iauae e
eiiioi. aeaeaiu ei.A.I.Ia?caaaa.-1995,Eeaa.-N.188-191

5. Ea?a/aa E.E., Aa?aaeiay O.E. Naiaithe I.Ae.
?aaeeaoeeiiii-yeieiae/aneay ioeaiea ianoi?iaeaeaiee oi?oa Oe?aeiu//
Eoiae 8 eao ?aaio ii eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN: Na.
aeiee. IV Iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoie/. eiio. “*a?iiaueue-94”.-
*a?iiaueue,1996.-N.286-292

6. Eaeaoieeiaa C.A., Ea?a/aa E.E., Aa?aaeiay O.E., Ia?aiaeyoieeia A.I.,
Oiiooeiei TH.A.. Aa?iyeieiae/aneea aniaeou i?eiaiaiey iee?ioaeia?aiee ia
ii/aao, caa?yciaiiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie// Eoiae 8 eao ?aaio ii
eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN: Na. aeiee. IV Iaaeaeoia?.
iao/.-oaoie/. eiio. “*a?iiaueue-94”.- *a?iiaueue,1996.-N.350-359

7. Ea?a/aa E.E., Iaaiaeoeuia E.E., Oaaoieia I.Ae., Ai?iaeeiaa I.I.,
Aa?aaiaoe A.I., *oi?eia N.A., Aa?aaeiay O.E. Niaea?aeaiea no?iioeey-90 a
ii/aa a.Eeaaa// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano.-Eeaa:Caei?ia’y,1993.-Aui 32.-
N.29-32

8. Ea?a/aa E.E., Oaaoieia I.Ae., Iaaiaeoeuia E.E.,.Naiaithe I.Ae, O?iyi
E.A., Iiethe A.A., Aa?aaeiay O.E., *oi?eia N.A.
?aaeeaoeeiiii-aeaeaie/aneay ianoaiiaea ia oi?oi?ac?aaioeao *a?ieaianeie
iaeanoe//Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu eeeaeaeaoeee iaaeeoeeineeo iineaaenoaee
aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN: Oac.aeiee. Oe?aeineie iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.,
Eeaa, 21-23 ai?aey 1992 a., E:1992.-N.96.

9. Ea?a/aa E.E., Aaaoe A.E., Aa?aaeiay O.E. Iniaaiiinoe ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
neooaoeee a naaa?iuo ?aeiiao ?iaaineie iaeanoe iinea aaa?ee// 3-y
?ani.eiioa?aioeey “Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneea aniaeou nio?aiaiey caei?iauey
ethaeae, iiaeaa?aoeony ?aaeeaoeeiiiiio aicaeaenoaeth a ?acoeueoaoa
aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN”, Aiiaeue 15-17 ai?aey 1992 a., Ieine:
IEE?I, 1992 a.,N.50.

10. Naiaithe I.Ae., Oaaoieia I.Ae., Aa?aaeiay O.E. ?aaeeaoeeiiiay
ioeaiea caa?yciaiey o/anoeia oi?oi?ac?aaioie e oi?oia?eeaoa,
eniieuecoaiiai ianaeaieai AEeoiie?neie iaeanoe Oe?aeiu a ea/anoaa
oiieeaa// Oac.aeiee. ?aaeeiaeieiae/aneiai nuacaea, Eeaa 20-25 naioya?y
1993 a., Ioueii, 1993, *.3.-N.903-904.

11. Aa?aaeiay O.E. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea ?aaeeaoeeiiii-yeieiae/aneie
ianoaiiaee e aeic iaeo/aiey naciiiuo ?aai/eo ia ianoi?iaeaeaieyo oi?oa,
?aniieiaeaiiuo ia caiaaeiii e thaeiii neaaeao /a?iiaueueneiai
aua?ina//*i?iiaeeuenueea aaa??y, ?? iane?aeee oa i?iaeaie ?o iiaeieaiiy:
Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio., Ee?a, 20-21 ea?oiy 1994 ?.,
Ee?a:?inoeooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, 1994.-N.8.

12. Radiation detected in peat-production bogs located in various
regoins of Ukraine/ T.I.Berezhnaya, I.I.Karachev, N.D.Semenuk,
L.I.Nagovitsina//3d Inter.Symp.and Exhibition on Environ. Contamination
in Central and Eastern Europe.-Abstracts// Sept.10-13, 1996, Warsaw,
Poland.- 1996.-P.120.

13. Caesium-137 and Strontium-90 Contents Found in Organism of Children
Living in Ukrainian regions Contaminated with Accidental Radionuclides
(?115)/ I.I.Karachov, N.D.Semenjuk, T.I.Berezhna// EPIDEMIOLOGY July
1997, Volume 8, Number 4, Supplement, ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE ISAE,
P.41

?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ??ai?a oa iniaeeainoae
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy 20 ae?eyiie oi?oi?ic?iaie o oanoe iaeanoyo.
Aea/aii aa?oeeaeueiee ?iciiae?e oeac?th-137 ca i?io?eai a?oio?a.
?ic?aoiaaii eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino? i?ae u?euei?noth ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy oi?o‘yiiai a?oioo oa iiooaei?noth aeniiceoe?eii? aeice.
Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia?anoaii? aaiia-eieaoe?eii?
onoaiiaee. Ioe?iaii iiaeeea?noue iaeaaeiaiiy noaaeiaeo ainiiaea?noa ia
oa?eoi??yo ae?iaeaieo oi?o’yiee?a. ?ic?aoiaai? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo oi?oiaeaeiaoaaiiyi oa oi?oiia?a?iaeith, aeae?eai?
eiiiiiaioe aeice, iia’ycai? c aaa??eiei ii?ii?iaiiyi, ioe?iaii aianie
naciiii? aeice o ??/io aeico ii?ii?iaiiy ianaeaiiy a?ae i?iaeeaaiiy o
iaaeieeoi?o naeao. ?ic?aoiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue
ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th o oi?o’yieo a?eeaoao, i?ecia/aieo aeey
eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaiai iaeeaa.

#14.2. ?aaioa niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey o?iaiae e iniaaiiinoae
?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey 20 o/anoeia oi?oi?ac?aaioie a oanoe
oi?oiaeiauaathueo iaeanoyo Oe?aeiu (Aieuineay, ?eaiaineay, AEeoiie?neay,
Eeaaneay, *a?ieaianeay e *a?eanneay). Ianeaaeiaaiiua oa??eoi?ee
iaoiaeyony a oae iacuaaaiie “aeaeueiae” ciia /a?iiaueueneiai aua?ina a
?aciuo aaia?aoe/aneeo iai?aaeaieyo io ianoa aaa?ee (caiaaeiue, naaa?iue
e thaeiue “neaaeu”). Iauaeoaie enneaaeiaaiee auee oi?o, oi?oyiie
a?eeao, oi?oi-oaieueiue a?eeao, eo ciea, aiaea ec iaaeno?aeueiuo
eaiaeia. Eco/aiea o?iaiae iiuiinoe yeniiceoeeiiiie aeicu aaiia-eceo/aiey
e oaeaeueiie aeoeaiinoe aeiauaaaiiai oi?oa iieacaei aunieoth noaiaiue
iaiaeii?iaeiinoe ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey o/anoeia oi?oi?ac?aaioie.
Yoa iniaaiiinoue iaeaieaa i?enoua caiaaeiiio “neaaeo” /a?iiaueueneiai
aua?ina, aaea ioee/ey o?iaiae oaeaeueiuo aeoeaiinoae oeacey-137 a
aeiauaaaiii oi?oa iaaeaeo o/anoeaie yoiai “neaaea” aeinoeaatho 56 ?ac,
no?iioeey-90 — 25 ?ac. Caiaaeiue “neaae” ioee/aaony oaeaea iiauoaiiui
oaeaeueiui niaea?aeaieai oeacey-137 ii n?aaiaieth ni no?iioeeai-90.
Niioiioaiey oeacee-137/no?iioeee-90 ia yoeo oa??eoi?eyo aeinoeaaao 24.
Aiaeec ioiioaiey oaeaeueiuo aeoeaiinoae oeacey-137 e no?iioeey-90 ia
naaa?iii e thaeiii “neaaeao” oeacuaaao ia iiauoaiiia niaea?aeaiea
no?iioeey-90. Niioiioaiea oeacee-137/no?iioeee-90 a oi?oa, ioia?aiiii ia
yoeo “neaaeao”, caoeene?iaaii a i?aaeaeao 0.48-0.90. ?ann/eoaiiue
eiyooeoeeaio i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe iaaeaeo ieioiinoueth ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai
caa?yciaiey ii/au e iiuiinoueth yeniiceoeeiiiie aeicu aaiia-eceo/aiey
ninoaaee ia 1991 a. 2.531.03 eAe./an.i-2.ie?-1-???? . Ia yoaia
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ioeaiee ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey ianoiinoe
aaiia-eceo/athueie ioeeeaeaie iieacaia aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue
eniieueciaaiey ia?aaeaeaeiie aaiia — eieaoeeiiiie onoaiiaee. Eco/aii
aa?oeeaeueiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea oeacey-137 ii i?ioeeth ii/a. I?e yoii
onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia oa??eoi?ee naaa?iiai “neaaea” a aa?oiai 0-5 ni neia
oi?oa iaoiaeeony 75 % aeoeaiinoe ecioiia, ?ani?aaeaeaiiiai ii i?ioeeth
ia aeoaeio aei 10 ni , ia caiaaeiii “neaaea” — 58 %, ia thaeiii — 88 %.
Ia iniiaaiee eco/aiey o?iaiae oaeaeueiie aeoeaiinoe aiaeu ec
iaaeno?aeueiuo eaiaeia ?ann/eoaiu iaeeaeaaiua aeicu iaeo/aiey ianaeaiey
io oiio?aaeaiey ?uau e i?iecaaaeaia ioeaiea aiciiaeiinoe iaono?ienoaa
i?oaeiauo oicyenoa ia oa??eoi?eyo au?aaioaiiuo oi?oyieeia. ?ann/eoaiu
aeicu aiaoiaai aaiia — iaeo/aiey ?aaioieeia, iaoneiaeaiiua
?aaeeiaeoeaiuie ecioiiaie eneonnoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey e anoanoaaiiui
aaiia — oiiii ianoiinoe; aeicu aiaoiaai aaoa — iaeo/aiey ia iacaueuaiiua
o/anoee eiaee, a oaeaea aeicu aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey ca n/ao
eiaaeyoeeiiiiai iinooieaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a i?aaieci ?aaioieeia,
caiyouo a noa?ao oi?oiaeiau/e e oi?oiia?a?aaioee. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia
?an/aoia iaeeaeaaiuo yooaeoeaiuo aeic iieacae, /oi noiia?iay aeica
iaeo/aiey ?aaioieeia, caiyouo ia naciiiuo ?aaioao ii aeiau/a oi?oa ia
i?aauneo 231210.1 ieCa ca nacii, /oi ninoaaeyao ieiei 23 % io i?aaeaea
aiaeiaie yooaeoeaiie aeicu iaeo/aiey ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu. Auaeaeaiu
eiiiiiaiou aeicu, naycaiiua n aaa?eeiui iaeo/aieai. Iaeneiaeueiue aeeaae
/a?iiaueueneie eiiiiiaiou a aeico aiaoiaai iaeo/aiey ia i?ioyaeaiee
naciia ?aaio iaeeaeaaony ia iaeaieaa caa?yciaiiii o/anoea “Ii?i/ii”
?eaiaineie iaeanoe e ninoaaeyao ieiei 80 %. Aeey inoaeueiuo o/anoeia
aeica, noi?ie?iaaiiay ca n/ao ?aaeeiioeeeaeia /a?iiaueueneiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey ninoaaeyao, a n?aaeiai, 457 %. Ioeaiai aeeaae naciiiie
aeicu a aiaeiaoth aeico iaeo/aiey ianaeaiey io i?iaeeaaiey a ie?anoiuo
naeao. Aeiey iaeeaeaaiie naciiiie aeicu a aiaeiaie aeica iaeo/aiey
ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai a ie?anoiuo naeao, aeey iiaeaaeythuaai
eiee/anoaa o/anoeia oi?oi?ac?aaioie eieaaeaony a i?aaeaeao io 3 aei 24
%. Naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiiua ia Iaiaae/aneii
oi?oia?eeaoii caaiaea Aieuineie iaeanoe, iieacaee, /oi eiioeaio?aoeey
iuee a aicaeooa oeaoia caaiaea eieaaeaony io 3.7 aei 120.0 ia.i-3. I?e
iaeneiaeueiii o?iaia niaea?aeaiey iuee a aicaeooa iaeeaeaaiay
yooaeoeaiay aeica io aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey ?aaioieeia caaiaea ninoaaeo
120.730.0 iCa a aiae. I?e yoii, noiia?iay yooaeoeaiay aeica iaeo/aiey
?aaioieeia caaiaea ia 98 % ii?aaeaeyaony aiaoiei iaeo/aiey. N oeaeueth
ia?aie/aiey iaeo/aiey ianaeaiey, eniieuecothuaai oi?o e oi?oyiua a?eeaou
a auoo, ?ann/eoai e iainiiaai eiio?ieueiue o?iaaiue niaea?aeaiey
?aaeeiaeoeaiiai oeacey a oi?oyiuo a?eeaoao, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
eiiioiaeueii-auoiaiai oiieeaa e ecaioiaeyaiuo ia i?aaei?eyoeyo oi?oyiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu, /eneaiiia cia/aiea eioi?iai ?aaii 666 Ae.ea-1. A
?an/ao aue acyo ii?aaeaeaiiue a yenia?eiaioaeueiuo oneiaeyo eiyooeoeeaio
eiioeaio?e?iaaiey cieu oi?oyiiai a?eeaoa, eioi?ue, a caaeneiinoe io
o/anoea oi?oi?ac?aaioee, ninoaaee io 4.0 aei 13.6 (n?aaeiaa cia/aiea
?aaii 7.30.8). Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ciea, ia?acothuayny a a ?acoeueoaoa
naeeaaiey oi?oa, ia naaiaeiy ia i?aaenoaaeyao iianiinoe aeey ianaeaiey,
eniieuecothuaai oi?o a ea/anoaa eiiioiaeueii-auoiaiai oiieeaa e iiyoiio
iao iaiaoiaeeiinoe a iaono?ienoaa niaoeeaeueiuo iano aeey aa nai?a e
caoi?iiaiey.

The work presents the results of studies of levels and peculiarities of
radioactive contamination on 20 peat plots in six oblasts. The vertical
caesium-137 distribution in soil structure has been investigated. The
aspect ratio between radiation contamination density of soil and
exposition doze intensity has been calculated. The efficiency of mobile
gamma-installation use has been shown. The possibility of pond farms
arranging on produced peat territories has been estimated. The
irradiation dozes of the workers engaged in production and processing of
peat have been evaluated; the doze components associated with the
accidental exposure have been selected; the contribution of seasonal
dozes to the annual irradiation doze of the residential population
living in neighboring villages has been calculated. The control level
of radioactive caesium content in peat blocks used as communal fuel has
been evaluated and grounded.

Ae?eyiee oi?oi?ic?iaie, oi?o, /i?iiaeeuenueea aaa??y, ?aae?iioee?aee,
aeica ii?ii?iaiiy, eiio?ieueiee ??aaiue.

. O/anoee oi?oi?ac?aaioie, oi?o, /a?iiaueueneay aaa?ey, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu,
aeica iaeo/aiey, eiio?ieueiue o?iaaiue.

Peat plots, peat, Chernobyl accident, radionuclides, irradiation dose,
control level.

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