12

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 656.132.072/-208/

Oea/aiei Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/

?AOe?IIAEUeIA I?AAI?CAOe?ss

I?AEIA?IAeIEO IA?AAACAIUe IANAAEE??A

C CANOINOAAIIssI OAEAEIIOI?EAOe?EIEO

OAOIIEIA?E

08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?aiaoaiei Ieaenaiae? Naiaiiae/,

Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aoi TH??e Naiaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee O?enothe Ieeiea
Ieoaeeiae/, Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai — aeine?aeiee ? i?iaeoiee ?inoeooo
i?noiaoaeoaaiiy Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo i?nueeiai oa
i?aei?nueeiai o?ainii?oo.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22”ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 1000 aiae., ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.059.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252010, i. Ee?a — 10,

aoe.
Noai?iaa, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “18 ”aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee,

i?ioani?
I.O. Eiaaeueia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
iia’ycaiee c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i?aeaeuaiiyi nioe?aeueieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeieia?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo
aeiia uiaei ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo o?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno.
Noeeuei?noue aei ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a ??cieo aaeocyo noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? nioe?aeuei?e noa?? aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue oa ci?oeiaiiy iiceoe?e
a?o/eciyiiai ia?aa?cieea ia o?ainii?oieo ?eieao. Aeiiii?/ia e?eca ia
o?ainii?o?, ye ? a ?ioeo aaeocyo, a cia/i?e i??? ? iane?aeeii iaiaaaiiy
noai?eoe o noene? oa?i?ie naiino?eio iaoe?iiaeueio ia?o?ooio nenoaio, ia
oa?aiao yei? cia/ia e?euee?noue o?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa ? ia?aa?ciee?a
nueiaiaei? ia a ciic? aoaeoeaii ooieoe?iioaaoe, ui ia?aoeiaeaea?
oi?ioaaiith ni?eueiiai ?eieiaiai i?inoi?o. O no/aniiio na?oiaiio iiae?e?
ae?iaieoeoaa a?aenooi? i?eeeaaee iaa?oue na?aae ?icaeiaieo aea?aeaa, uia
o?ainii?oi? nenoaie aoee a?aeie?aieai? ? ia aacoaaeenue ia
?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?eioeeiao. ?aii?oaaiiy oeueiai oaeoo, a?aenooi?noue
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?, oaoiieia?/ii? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace i?aeia?iaeieo
ia?aaacaiue i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui Oe?a?ia, yea ciaoiaeeoueny ia
ia?ao?ano? aieiaieo o?ainii?oieo iai?yie?a ?a?iac?enueeiai eiioeiaioo,
ui iathoue oeny/ie?oith ?noi??th, ia iiai?noth ?aae?co? oe? ia?aaaae a
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? o?ainii?oii? nenoaie ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo
o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a.

A I?ia?ai? noai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a, yea caoaa?aeaeaia iinoaiiaith
o?yaeo, a oiiaao iaiaaeaieo iiaeeeainoae aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo
noi?iiaai? ia?oi/a?aia? caoiaee uiaei i?aai?caoe?? ? oaoiieia??
o?ainii?oieo nenoai (iioei?caoe?? o?ainii?oieo i?ioean?a). sse
na?ae/eoue i?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae, ?aae?caoe?y oaeiai iai?yieo iiaeeeaa
eeoa ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy noiooieeiaeo iaa?aaoe?eieo nenoai, noai?aiiy
yeeo ia?aaeaa/aia Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i Caaaeueiiaea?aeaaio
(Iaoe?iiaeueio) eini?/io i?ia?aio Oe?a?ie ia 1998-2002 ?iee”. Iane?aeeii
oaeiai i?aeoiaeo noa? iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae oa ei?aaoaaiiy ?nioth/eo
ia?o?ooieo nenoai ye i?aeia?iaeiiai oae ? i?aei?nueeiai oa i?ei?nueeiai
niieo/aiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a c
aeei?enoaiiyi noiooieeiaeo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ? aeooaeueiei
? iio?aao? iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaea?aeai? a
i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue “Oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
o?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie “O?ainii?o” (1993 — 2010 ??.),
“Caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? (Iaoe?iiaeueii?) eini?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie ia
1998-2002 ?iee”, I?ia?aie noai?aiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a a Oe?a?i?, caoaa?aeaeaii?
iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 20 aa?aciy 1998 ?. ? 346,
I?ia?aie caaacia/aiiy aaciaee aei?iaeiueiai ?ooo oa aeieia?/ii? aaciaee
o?ainii?oieo cania?a, caoaa?aeaeaii? iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie a?ae 6 ea?oiy 1998 ?. ? 456. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
ia?aaeaa/aia “Ieaiii caoiae?a ii ?aae?caoe?? Eiioeaioe?? iniiaieo
iai?yie?a ceii?aeeiiaaii? o?ainii?oii? iie?oeee aea?aeaa-o/anieoeue NIAe
ia ia??iae aei 2000 ?ieo a aaeoc? aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo”, yeee
caoaa?aeaeaiee Eii?aeeiaoe?eii-o?ainii?oiith ?aaeith i?i?no??a
o?ainii?oo aea?aeaa-o/anieoeue NIAe.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo
ianaeaiiy a ia?aaacaiiyo i?e aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? o?ainii?oieo
cania?a ia iniia? ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue
ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a c canoinoaaiiyi
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— i?iaanoe aiae?c iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue oa aeei?enoaiiy oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

— ocaaaeueieoe nenoaio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia o?ainii?o?;

— ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio nenoaio ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei??a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia?aaacaiue oa iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e;

— ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia?o?ooieo nenoai ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a c aeei?enoaiiyi noiooieeiaeo
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny:

— canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue, yeee caaacia/o? caaeaiee ??aaiue
ianeoaiaoaaiiy c aeinoaaeith ianaaee??a a?ae “aeaa?ae aei aeaa?ae” o
aecia/aiee /an i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao;

— i?iaaaeaiiyi eeanoa?iiai aiae?co caeiiiaeaa/iai ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue;

— ?ic?iaeith iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a;

— ?aae?caoe??th cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae ia?o?ooieo nenoai ca
oiiae canoinoaaiiy oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii? oaoiieia??;

— iaoiaeeeith aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeaeaaoiino?
iiaeaethaaiiy ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai i?e canoinoaaii?
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny caaacia/aiiyi
nai?/aniiai, iiaiiai ? ye?niiai caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy a
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaacaiiyo i?e aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? o?ainii?oieo
cania?a ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy
ia?o?ooieo nenoai oa eiai ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aiee eiiieaen
aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?ai ae??oaiiy caaea/ i?aai?caoe?? ia?aaacaiue, ui
i?iiiio?oueny neeaaeiaith /anoeiith noiooieeiaeo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e ?ic?iaoe? I?aaee
iaaeaiiy iineoa ianaaee?nueeiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo,
caoaa?aeaeaieo iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 18 ethoiai
1997 ?ieo ? 176, iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 7 aa?aciy
1998?. ? 269 “I?i ?aoeo?eaoe?th Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie Eiiaaioe??
i?i i?aeia?iaei? aaoiiia?euei? ia?aaacaiiy ianaaee??a ? aaaaaeo”,
Ii?yaeeo ? oiia i?aai?caoe?? ia?aaacaiue ianaaee??a oa aaaaaeo
aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii, caoaa?aeaeaieo iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa
o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie a?ae 21 n?/iy 1997 ?ieo ? 21.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aeanyoue ?ia?o, c yeeo aea?
iaeiiin?ai? [8, 10]. A ?iaio? [1] caeiaoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaai? i?eioeeie
iiaoaeiae eiiieaenii? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue.
Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?iaio? [2] iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? e?eoa??y
iioeiaeueiino? ia?o?ooecaoe?? ia?aaacaiue, a a ?iaio? [4] — aeai?eoio
cai?o, ia?iaee oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaieo uiaei ei?aniiiaeaioe??
ianaaee??a ca ?ioi?iaoe??th iae?eiaiai iaoiaeo. A ?iaio? [3] iiooeoaa/ai
iniaenoi cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? neeaaeiai? i?e
oi?ioaaii? i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?ooieo nenoai. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a
a ?iaioao [6, 7] iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace i?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaacaiue, a a ?iaio? [5]
aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia noaia, aei?eoie ae??oaiiy caaea/ i?aai?caoe?? oa
oi?aae?iiy i?aeia?iaeieie aaoiiia?eueieie ia?aaacaiiyie. A ?iaio? [9]
iiooeoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
iaaiai?ai?, noaaeai? ia can?aeaii? Eieaa?? ? I?aceae?? I?aeaea?aeaaiiai
aeiiii?/iiai eii?oaoo NIAe, ?aae? Oe?aaoio?aino, ia eiioa?aioe?yo oa
nai?ia?ao: “I?iaeaie o?ainii?oo oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy” (Ee?a, 1994);
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a
aaoiiia?e?a oa iaoei” (Ee?a, 1995); “I?aeia?iaei? aaoiiia?euei?
ia?aaacaiiy — i?iaeaie ?o ae??oaiiy” (Ee?a, 1995); “I?iaeooaaiiy,
ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y o?ainii?oieo cania?a” (Euea?a, 1995);
“I?aeia?iaei? ia?aaacaiiy ianaaee??a aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii:
i?iaeaie oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy” (Ee?a, 1997), ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo OOO a 1995-1999 ??. oa ia
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? naeoe?? ia?aaacaiue ia eaoaae??
“O?ainii?oi? nenoaie ? ia?eaoeia” oa can?aeaii? eaoaae?e “I?aaiciaanoai
? o?ainii?oi? oaoiieia??” OOO.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaai? o 10 ?iaioao caaaeueiei ianyaii 7 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 146
noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 16 oaaeeoeue, 11 ?enoie?a,
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 123
iaeiaioaaiue ? aeiaeaoe?a, a yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii caaacia/aiiy aeey
cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee, a oaeiae aeieoiaioe i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aiee
ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe??
i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue, yeee iieacaa, ui aoaeoeaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?ainii?oo a no/anieo oiiaao aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee
aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii e?a?ie, aea e caaeiaieaiiyi iaaaeueieo iio?aa
i?eueeii?a ethaeae ? ni?ey? i?aeia?iaeiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao.

I?i i??i?eoaoi?noue ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue
na?ae/eoue oie oaeo, ui ca i?neyai?iiee ia??iae aa?aio?eiee oa?i?i
aeinoaaee ianaaee??a aei i?noey i?ecia/aiiy ia oa?eoi??? Cao?aeii?
?a?iie ciaioeany c 24-48 aiae. aei 18-36 aiae. Oea noaei iiaeeeaei,
ii-ia?oa — caaaeyee oni?oiiio aeei?enoaiith ? oaeineiiaeaiith
eiiieaenieo nenoai, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny ye oaeoi? ?eieiai? i???ioaoe??
? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio ai?eciioaeueio ?ioaa?aoe?th ae?yeueiino?
ia?aa?ciee?a. Ii-ae?oaa, oae? nenoaie ia iiaeooue iaae?eii
ooieoe?iioaaoe aac eiii’thoa?iiai caaacia/aiiy, ia?aae? ca’yceo c
canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. Ii-o?ao? —
caaaeyee ?ioaa?aoe?? o?ainii?oieo nenoai, yea aaco?oueny ia ?ic?iaoe? oa
oaeineiiaeaii? i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a ia?aaacaiue ianaaee??a,
iioei?caoe?? aia?aaoe/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe o?ainii?oo,
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ia?aa?ciee?a. Ii-/aoaa?oa — ca ?aooiie
aaaeae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? o?ainii?oo ia iniia?
i?eeiyooy caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
noai?aiiy ??aieo oiia aeey ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, iaiaaeaiiy
iiiiiie?cio oa ?icaeoie eiieo?aioe??.

Oiia?eueiaiiy ?iaeono??aeueii-oaoiieia?/ii? aeeiai?ee i?iieneiaiai
?icaeoeo e?a?i NIAe, ?iaeoue aeineoue i?iaeaiaoe/iei ia?ao?ae aei
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, ui a cia/i?e i??? a?aeaeaa?oueny ia noai?
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue iia?eueiino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Iai?eeeaae, oaeee /eiiee ye oaeaee?noue aeinoaaee
ianaaee??a aei i?noey i?ecia/aiiy ii oa?eoi??? e?a?i NIAe ca inoaii?
aeanyoue ?ie?a nei?ioeany a na?aaeiueiio ia 10-20 a?aenioe?a.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei oaeiai iieiaeaiiy ? iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa, yea
i?eae?ey?oueny oaoiieia?/iiio caaacia/aiith ia?aaacaiue ianaaee?nueeei
o?ainii?oii noiniaii cacia/aieo aniaeo?a. ? ana ae oaea aeooaeueia
oaiaoeea ia iiaea ia ciaeoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo i?ia?aeieo a/aieo
A?oaiue?aa N.I., Aao?uaaa ?.?., Ai?eooa A.?., ?aiaoaiei I.N.,
Eaioi?iae-/a E.A., Eociaoeiaa A.?., Ie?io?ia E.A., Ioia A.?.,
Ia?n?aiiaa A.I., ?aca?a N.I., Noo?ia TH.N., Ooeue/einueeiai E.?.,
Oeaaoiaa TH.I., Oeaie/a N.?., Barry J. Simpson, Petercon, Boyce, Dantzig
oa ?ioeo.

Caaaeyee iaoeia?e eiinoeueoaoe?? Caneoaeaiiai ae?y/a iaoee Oe?a?ie,
Eao?aaoa Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie, aeaaeai?ea, aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?a Eaia?/oea A.?. aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aoe?iiaeueia
i?aai?caoe?y ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei??a, yea aaco?oueny ia eiiieaeniiio i?aeoiae?, ? ae?eiaei oa
aoaeoeaiei caniaii ia?o?ooecaoe?? ia ianaaee?nueeiio o?ainii?o?.

E??i oiai, aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueii?
ia?o?ooecaoe?? iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e a ?ioa?anao ia?aa?ciee?a ia i?aeia?iaeiiio ??ai?
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ca?aeii c Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 4 aa?aciy
1997 ?. “I?i caoiaee uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo eini?/ieo oaoiieia?e”.
Iaea?eueo i?aeoe/iei aeey ?aae?caoe?? oaei? nenoaie ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoai
Oe?a?ie, ?in?? ? NOA a ?ic?iaoe? aa?n?? Glonass a ?aieao nenoaie
“Aaeoi?” c aeei?enoaiiyi noiooiee?a aeiaaeueii? iaa?aaoe?eii?
noiooieeiai? nenoaie (AINN). Aeiaaaeaii, ui ae?th/o nenoaio “Aaeoi?”
iio??aii ci???ioiaoaaoe ia o?eueee ia ae??oaiiy caaea/ aaioaaeieo
ia?aaacaiue, a e ia i?aai?caoe?th iaaeaiiy iineoa i?aeia?iaeiiai
ianaaee?nueeiai o?ainii?oo.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy nenoai “Aaeoi?” iiaea aooe
aeinyaiooa eeoa ia noai?ai?e ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei??a ia iniia? ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe iiaoaeiae
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai. Eiiieaenia nenoaia i?aeia?iaeieo
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia i?aeia?iaeieo aaoiaonieo ia?o?ooao
?icaeyiooa ye noeoii?noue i?iaeoieo ??oaiue, oaoi?/ieo cania?a ?
iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie, ui caaacia/othoue
caaeaiee ??aaiue ianeoaiaoaaiiy c aeinoaaeith ianaaee??a a?ae “aeaa?ae
aei aeaa?ae” o aecia/aiee /an i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?? iniaeea?noth ? eiiieaenia ii?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a
aeio?ainii?oiiai, o?ainii?oiiai oa i?neyo?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
caaaeyee yeei iiaeiii caaacia/oaaoenue iiaia ? nai?/ania caaeiaieaiiy
iiieoo ia ia?aaacaiiy. A oie aea /an i?ioean iaaeaiiy o?ainii?oieo
iineoa a i?aeia?iaeiiio niieo/aii? cae?enith?oueny ca
o?ainii?oii-oaoiieia?/iith noaiith, yea aecia/a? i?aai?caoe?th ia?o?oo?a
? ? ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue (?en. 1).

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aaeaioeai?noue oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e i?e ?o
canoinoaaii? ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a iiaeeeaa
i?e oi?o?eaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue. Oea aeicaieeoue o?eueee ca ?aooiie
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e ia 17% nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe
iaeueiiai, ia 12% — e?euee?noue ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ia 10% — cieceoe
nia?aa?o?noue ia?aaacaiue.

I?iaaaeaiee eeanoa?iee aiae?c aeaiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo (caeii?a, oaiae, i?aaee,
eiiaaoe?e oiui) aeicaieea ioe?ieoe ?o aieea ia ae??oaiiy caaea/
iiaoaeiae ia?o?ooieo nenoai ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei??a c canoinoaaiiyi oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy. Iieacaii,
ui iaea?eueo i??i?eoaoieie ? aeiiae Eiiaaioe?? i?i i?aeia?iaei?
ia?aaacaiiy ianaaee??a ? aaaaaeo aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii (A?oeae,
1997 ?.), i?aeia?iaeieo oaiae uiaei ia?aaacaiiy ianaaee??a oa aaioaae?a,
I?aaee iaaeaiiy iineoa ianaaee?nueeiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

?en. 1 Caaaeueia o?ainii?oii- oaoiieia?/ia noaia i?aai?caoe??

i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a oa ia?aaacaiue: 1-aea/aiiy iiieoo oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?o?ooo; 2- ianoaaeaiiy aei??a oa aei?iaei?o ia’?eo?a;
3-ocaiaeaeaiiy a?aee?eooy; 4-cayaea ? aeiaia?? i?i ni?eueio
ae?yeuei?noue; 5-neeaaeaiiy ianii?oo ia?o?ooo; 6- ?ioi?iaoe?eia
caaacia/aiiy oa ?aeeaia; 7-a?aee?eooy ia?o?ooo; 8-?icaeyae aeiaiai?o;
9-ocaiaeaeaiiy ?iceeaaeo ?ooo; 10-ia?aaea/a aeicaie?a ia ia?aaacaiiy
eiiiaoaioiei i?aaiai; 11-ocaiaeaeaiiy /ano ia?aoeiaiiy ei?aeiio;
12-ioi?ieaiiy a?c; 13-i?eaeaaiiy eaeoea; 14-aeinoaaea aei aaoinoaioe??
oa na?a?n; 15-o?ainii?oia ianeoaiaoaaiiy; 16-caaacia/aiiy ieoiith
aiaeith; 17-oa?/oaaiiy; 18-caaeiaieaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iio?aa;
19-oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiee na?a?n; 20-ia?anaaeea; 21-aioaeueia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy; 22-ieoiee eiio?ieue; 23-i?eei?aeiiiee eiio?ieue;
24-nai?oa?iee eiio?ieue; 25-aeinoaaea aei i?noey i?ecia/aiiy;
26-ei?enooaaiiy i?nueeei oa i?ei?nueeei o?ainii?oii

?aoe?iiaeuei?noue iiaoaeiae nenoai i?aeia?iaeiiai niieo/aiiy ia ia?aae?
o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a ioe?ithaaeanue ca aeo?aoaie /ano ianaaee??a ia
ia?ai?uaiiy, ui i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae?

wmetafile8? ??I???????????
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— e?euee?noue ia?ai?uaiue a ia??iae /ano

t — /an aaeaioaoe?? ianaaee??a aei aeeiiaiiy ?aen?a ca
?iceeaaeii.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? cae?eniaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy
ianaaee?nueei? ia?o?ooii? nenoaie ia ia?aae? o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a,
?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ae??oaiiy caaea/ aeey canoinoaaiiy a
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?yo.

C oi/ee ci?o oi?aae?iiy aeene?aoieie i?ioeanaie aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/
iioeiaeueii? iiaoaeiae ia?o?ooieo nenoai ?nio? aeaa iniiaieo i?aeoiaee.
Ia?oee i?aeo?ae — aeeiai?/ia i?ia?aioaaiiy, caniiaaia ia i?eioeei?
iioeiaeueiino? ?. Aaeiaia. Ae?oaee — aa??aoe?eiee i?aeo?ae, caniiaaiee
ia ?iciianthaeaeaii? ?aeae oa iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy ia
aaaaoie?ieia? caaea/?, yeee niieo/a?oueny c aia?aoii iaeneioio E.N.
Iiio?ya?ia (aeene?aoiee i?eioeei iaeneioia). Ia caaaeath/e ia oa, ui
iaoiae aeeiai?/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy ia? iaai? ia?aaaae, aea i?e iaiaaeaieo
ianyaao iai’yo? iaeeo ia/enethaaeueieo iaoei i??i?eoaoiei ? aeei?enoaiiy
i?eioeeio iaeneioio aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ ?aaeueii? ?ici??iino?. Oiio ca
?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aoa i?eeiyoee ae?oaee iaoiae.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey caaea/? iioeiaeueii? iiaoaeiae ia?o?ooieo nenoai
aeioe?eueii aeinyaaoe i?i?ioio e?eoa??y

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±????u?th??????O aeiaaeeo iaeiiaeno?aiaeueiino? ae??oaiiy caaea/?
i?e iae?i?eiino? ??aiyiue ?ooo aai iaiaaeaiue ia u oa x, iaiao?aeieie ?
aeinoaoi?ie oiiaaie ?nioaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy ooieoe?? O(x*, u*)
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aea — ooieoe?y Aai?eueoiia, ?(t) —
niieo/ai? ci?ii?, (t) — aaeoi? iiiaeiee?a Eaia?aiaea aeey iaiaaeaiue
(5), ??aiyiiy (10) — oiiae aeiiiaithth/i? aei?noeino?.

I?e iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaii? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue (?en. 2)
i?aeia?iaeia o?ainii?oia nenoaia iieno?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi oai???
a?ao?a oa ?iciiae?eii o?ainii?oieo cania?a (OC) ia o?eueee ia
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?ooao, aea e c o?aooaaiiyi eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaioe ca
?ioeie aeaeaie niieo/aiiy (i?ei?nuee? oa i?aei?nuee? ia?aaacaiiy).
Iiaeaethaaiiy cae?eniaia ia aac? oai??? iioeiaeueieo aeene?aoieo
i?ioean?a c aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiyi ca ia??iaeaie iieaciee?a yeino?,
e?i?eieo ??aiyiue ?ooo ? iaiaaeaiue ia oi?aaeyth/? oa oacia? ci?ii?, a
oaeiae o aeiaaeeo aaaaeaiiy ?aca?ao c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo aeo?ao
(?en. 3). A ??aiyii? ?ooo OC ia ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo ei?eaei??a a
iao?e/i?e oi?i? aaaaeaii: — aaeoi? noaio nenoaie ?ici??i?noth
aeaiaioe yeiai ni?aiaaeathoue c aaee/eiaie
oa V- aaeoi? oi?aae?iiy ?ici??i?noth
aeaiaioe yeiai Vi (t) a?aeiia?aeathoue aoiaeaeaiith OC
a i?aeia?iaeiee o?ainii?oiee ei?eaei?

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W?Ue???W?h ???W?e???W?o???W?????u?th??????aea
A||aij|| — iao?eoey ?ici??i?noth (mymy),

Et=||ltij|| — iao?eoey ?ici??i?noth (mymy).

Aeaiaioe iao?eoeue A, Et aecia/athoueny ianooiiei /eiii

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Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a cae?enith?oueny ia?o?ooecaoe?y,
aeoiaey/e c ianooiieo iaiaaeaiue. Nenoaia, yea oi?io?oueny, iiaeiia
i?noeoe iiiaeeio ia o?eueee ai??i?ii caaeaieo i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a,
aea e iiiaeeio i?ei?nueeeo oa i?aei?nueeeo aaoiaonieo ia?o?oo?a, ye?
ia?aoeiathoue aai ni?aiaaeathoue ia ae?eyieao c o?ainii?oieie
ei?eaei?aie. Aeiaaeeia ia?o?oo?a ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe aecia/aii?
iaae? ei?eaei??a. E?ioeaa? ioieoe i?ei?nueeeo oa i?aei?nueeeo ia?o?oo?a
iiaeii? iaeaaeaoe aaoinoaioe?yi, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a.

———

———

Iiyniaiiy aei ?en. 3: 1 — ii/aoie; 2 — iien aaoinoaioe?eii? ia?aae?; 3 —
iien ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a; 4 — iien
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a (II), i?ei?nueeeo oa i?aei?nueeeo ia?o?oo?a
(III); 5 — iien aa??aio?a i?aeoiaeo (i?ae’?caeo) ianaaee??a aei
aaoiaiecae?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?aae? o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a; 6 —
iien oeyo?a ia?ai?uaiiy ianaaee??a i?ae aaoiaiecaeaie; 7 — aaaaeaiiy
aeo?aeieo aeaieo aeey (II) ca aeaieie oi?ioey??a, aeey III — ca aeaieie
a?eaoii-iae?eiaeo eeno?a (aeae? — AIE); 8 — aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aeaieo
oi?ioey??a oa AIE?a ii aiaeeiao aeiae; 9 — aecia/aiiy iiia?o?ooieo
iao?eoeue ei?aniiiaeaioe?e ianaaee??a (IEI); 10 — iiaoaeiaa
aaoinoaioe?eii? IEI aeey II; 11 — oa ae aeey III; 12 — aecia/aiiy
aeaiaio?a aaoinoaioe?eii? IEI c a?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??ioo ia?anaaei/iino?
ia II; 13 — iiaoaeiaa caaaeueii? aaoinoaioe?eii? IEI; 14 —
o?ainoi?iaoe?y aaoinoaioe?eii? IEI a ianaaee?iiioiee; 15 — oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiia?ai ? ea?oia?ai ianaaee?iiioie?a; 16 — aecia/aiiy oe?eueiai?
ooieoe??

aea — iieaciee
aeei?enoaiiy i?noeino?,

e — iieaciee aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ao; 17 — aecia/aiiy ie?aieo
iio?aeieo

??????–?‡????—??????—?‡????-????—?‡????•?‡????-?
???$?†?”?

?en. 4. Caeaaei?noue aeo?ao ia ia?aaacaiiy a?ae aeinoia??iino?
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy i?e canoinoaaii? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii?
oaoiieia?? (aeo?aoe iia’ycai? c: 1 — i?aai?caoe??th ia?o?oo?a; 2 , 3, 4
ia?anaaeeith oa /aeaiiyi ianaaee??a, a?aeiia?aeii: ca aeinoia??iei
?ioi?iaoe?eiei caaacia/aiiyi; eiee aiii caieaeaia; eiee aiii caaeuaia;
2’, 3’, 4’ — noia?i? aeo?aoe, a?aeiia?aeii 2, 3,4.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e e?eueeino? i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a
a?eueoa 100 iaeeieoeue aoaeoeaiei ? canoinoaaiiy oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e, a ?aoe?iiaeueieie noa?aie aeei?enoaiiy oaeaoiiiiai ?
?aae?ica’yceo ? a?aeiia?aeii aei 10 ? aei 35 ia?o?oo?a.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e iiaoaeia? i?aeia?iaeii? ia?o?ooii?
nenoaie aaoiaoniiai niieo/aiiy i?ae Oe?a?iith ? I?ia//eiith ia
E??onueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio o?ainii?oiiio ei?eaei?? ? 3, ui aeaei
iiaeeea?noue nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue ae?th/eo ia?o?oo?a c 21 aei 11,
aianoe ci?ie a ooieoe?iioaaiiy 8 ia?o?oo?a, canoinoaaoe
?icaici/ii-ca??i? ia?o?ooe ia oa?eoi??? I?ia//eie oeyoii cai?ie
aaoiaon?a aaeeei? i?noeino? ia i?e?iaaoiaone ca iai?yieaie c iacia/ieie
ianaaee?iiioieaie. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea nei?ioeoe iio?aao a
aaoiaonao ia 14 iaeeieoeue, iaa?oiooaaoe cae?eooy i?aei?nueeiai ia?o?ooo
Euea?a-Ee?a oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aei?nueeiai ia?o?ooo Ee?a-Iaeana c
aeeiiaiiyi ?aen?a a c?o/iee aeey ianaaee??a i?/iee /an. Aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo a?ae aeine?aeiiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae
ia?o?ooieo nenoai i?aeia?iaeiiai niieo/aiiy noaiiaeoue a?eueoa 500 oen.
a?i ia ??e.

Iioaioe?eiee aea aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaacaiue ianaaee??a, yeee ?ic?aoiaaiee ia ia??iae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?aae? i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a i?e
canoinoaaii? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie
oaoiieia?yie aeicaieeoue nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue ia?o?oo?a ia 50
iaeeieoeue, ca oiiae iiaiiai ? ye?niiai caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ianaeaiiy ia
i?aeia?iaei? ia?aaacaiiy ?, oaeei /eiii, caaacia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?ici??? 2,8 iei. a?i ia ??e.

AENIIAEE

1. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae uiaei ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue a oiiaao ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee o?ainii?oo, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
i?eioeeiia? ci?ie a aenieoaoaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

2. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace i?aai?caoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue aeicaieeee
oii?yaeeoaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o a?aee?eooy i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a oa
ni?eythoue ai?iaaaeaeaiith i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e.

3. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iiaoaeiaa ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e iaoaiaoe/iiio
iiaeaethaaii? ia?aaacaiue c canoinoaaiiyi oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e.

4. Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy a iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? i?aeia?iaeieo
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ooieoe?? Aai?eueoiia, iiiaeiee?a Eaa?aiaea,
iaoiaeo “cieioiai ia?aoeio” caaacia/o? aaeaeaaoi?noue iieno ia?o?ooii?
nenoaie, ?ioa?aeoeaiee ?aaeei, aaeaioeai?noue oa oi?aa?naeuei?noue
iiaeaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a.

5. ?ic?iaeaia iinoaiiaea caaea/? oa aeai?eoie iiaoaeiae ia?o?ooieo
nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaenii? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, yea oa?aeoa?eco?
nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? ianaaee?iiioie?a ? a?eueieo i?noeue o
o?ainii?oieo caniaao, a oaeiae /a?aia?noue oa ii?yaeie ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aaoiaon?a ia aaoinoaioe?eieo ae?iaie/eo oa?i?iaeao ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a.

6. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aeo?ao aaoio?ainii?oiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?e
canoinoaaii? ??cieo aeae?a ca’yceo a?ae aeinoia??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy oa iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i caeiiii??iino?
ci?ie aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c ia?anaaeeith oa /aeaiiyi aaoiaon?a ianaaee??a
aeicaieeee ciaioeoe iioeaeo aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino?
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a aei i?i?iaeueii iiaeeeai? (7%), ui ciaoiaeeoueny
a iaaeao i?e?iaeiueiai eieeaaiiy iiieoo ia ia?aaacaiiy.

7. Noai?aiee eiiieaen oaoiieia?e, aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?ai
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a yeiio ?aae?ciaaiee ?ic?iaeaiee
iaoiae iiaoaeiae ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai ia ia?aae?
i?aeia?iaeieo o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a c canoinoaaiiyi
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy iioaioe?eiiai
aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a ?ici??? a?eueoa 2,8 iei. a?i ia ??e.

8. Aeine?aeia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae
i?aeia?iaeieo ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo nenoai aoei cae?eniaia a
niieo/aii? Oe?a?ia-I?ia//eia. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aecia/a?oueny aianaiiyi ci?i a ooieoe?iioaaiiy 8 ia?o?oo?a; cae?eooyi 10
i?aeia?iaeieo ia?o?oo?a; a?aee?eooyi i?aei?nueeiai ia?o?ooo Ee?a-Iaeana
(aeeiiaiiy ?aen?a a i?/iee /an), cae?eooyi i?aei?nueeiai ia?o?ooo
Ee?a-Euea?a oa aaaaeaiiyi ?icaici/ii-ca??ieo ia?o?oo?a c canoinoaaiiyi
i?e?iaaoiaon?a ? noaiiaeoue iiiaae 500 oen. a?i ia ??e.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

noaoo? a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo

1. ?aiaoaiei I.N., Ia?oie/ A.N., Oea/aiei A.I., Aeoia ?.I.
Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa aaca ia?aaacaiue: ioe?iea noaio ? no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo.
“I?iaeooaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y aaoio?ainii?oieo cania?a ?
ii?cae?a”., Euea?a, 1995, oii 1, n. 32-34.

2. ?aiaoaiei I.N., Ia?oie/ A.N., Aeoia ?.I., Oea/aiei A.I., Aei
iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa??y ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue. “I?iaeooaaiiy,
ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y aaoio?ainii?oieo cania?a ? ii?cae?a”.,
Euea?a, 1995, oii 2, n. 43-45.

3. Oea/aiei A.I., ?aiaoaiei I.N., Ia?oie/ A.N. Ianaaee?nuee?
ia?aaacaiiy: aeieia?/iee aniaeo. — E.: “Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie”, aei. 1,
1996, n. 2-4.

4. Ia?oie/ A.N., Oea/aiei A.I., AEo?aaaeue A.A., Aeoia ?.I. Aiae?c
aeinoia??iino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ianaaee?iiioie?a a ei?aniiiaeaioe??.
“I?iaeooaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y aaoio?ainii?oieo cania?a ?
ii?cae?a”., Euea?a, 1996, oii 3, n. 98-100.

5. Oea/aiei A.I., Eaiaoaiei A.N., Ia?oie/ A.N. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiui
ia?aaiceai — caeiiiaeaoaeueioth iniiao. — E.: “Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie”,
aei. 1, 1997, n. 2-5.

6. ?aiaoaiei I.N., Ia?oie/ A.N., Oea/aiei A.I., Aaea?/oe ?.I. I?i
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco. — E.: “A?niee O?ainii?oii? Aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie oa
OOO”, aei. 1, 1997, n. 104-108.

7. Aae?naae/ I.E., Oea/aiei A.I., ?aiaoaiei I.N., Ia?oie/ A.N.,
AEo?aaaeue A.A. Iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee iiaoaeiae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace. — E.: “Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie”, aei. 3, 1997, n. 5-6.

8. Oea/aiei A.I. I?aai?caoe?y ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ?
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? oaoiieia??. — E.: “A?niee O?ainii?oii? Aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie oa OOO”, aei. 2, 1999, n. 54-57.

iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? oa ?io? aeaeaiiy

9. Oea/aiei A.I., Eaiaoaiei A.N., Ia?oie/ A.N. Iiaue oaa e eioaa?aoeee
no?ai NIA. — I.: “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aaoiiiaeeueiua ia?aaicee”, aui. 3,
1997, n. 28-29.

10. Oea/aiei A.I. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe iiaoaeiae ianaaee?nueeeo ia?o?ooieo
nenoai i?aeia?iaeiiai niieo/aiiy. Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a aaoiiia?e?a ? aei?iaei?o iaoei”. — Ee?a,
1998, n. 48-50.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oea/aiei A.I. ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y i?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaacaiue
ianaaee??a c canoinoaaiiyi oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01. — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa — Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia nenoaia i?aeia?iaeieo
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia ia?aae? o?ainii?oieo oaoiieia?e a oiiaao
?eieiai? i???ioaoe??, ui caaacia/o? aoaeoeaio i?aai?caoe?th
aaoio?ainii?oiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa ai?eciioaeueio ?ioaa?aoe?th
ae?yeueiino? ia?aa?ciee?a.

Cae?eniaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?o?ooieo nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi
oai??? a?ao?a oa oai??? iioeiaeueieo aeene?aoieo i?ioean?a, a?aoiaoth/e
iaiao?aei?noue eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaioe aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ca
aeaeaie niieo/aiue. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iieeaaeaia a iniiao
?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ia?o?ooieo nenoai c canoinoaaiiyi
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, aeoiaey/e c iaiao?aeiino? caaacia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ia?cii? caeaoiino? o?ainii?oieo cania?a oaeoe/iei
ei?aniiiaeaioe?yi.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?o?ooia nenoaia, aaoio?ainii?oia ae?iaieoeoai, iaoiae,
iiaeaeue, oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eia oaoiieia?y, i?aeia?iaeiee o?ainii?oiee
ei?eaei?.

AIIOAOeEss

Oea/aiei A.I. ?aoeeiiaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ia?aaicie
iannaaee?ia n eniieueciaaieai oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01. — yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa — Oe?aeineee o?ainii?oiue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec aaoio?ainii?oiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo iannaaee?neeo ia?aaicie ai acaeiinayce n
oi?ie?iaaieai naoe iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo o?ainii?oiuo ei?eaei?ia e ?aoaieai
iniiaiiieaaathueo caaea/ a oneiaeyo eniieueciaaiey oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuee ia aeooaeueiinoe yoiai iai?aaeaiey
enneaaeiaaiee.

?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea aniaeou iino?iaiey ia?o?ooiuo
nenoai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai, iaaeaeoai?iaeiiai e i?eai?iaeiiai niiauaiey n
iiceoeee eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaea, iaania/eaathuaai yooaeoeaioth
ai?eciioaeueioth eioaa?aoeeth aeayoaeueiinoe ia?aaic/eeia e
oaeiaeaoai?aiea o?aaiaaiee oaoiieiae/aneie e ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aacu
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. I?iaaaeai eeanoa?iue aiaeec yeaiaioia
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aeayoaeueiinoe aaoiiiaeeueiiai
o?ainii?oa, iicaieeaoee ioeaieoue eo aeeyiea ia ?aoaiea caaea/
iino?iaiey ia?o?ooiuo nenoai ia naoe iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo o?ainii?oiuo
ei?eaei?ia.

Inouanoaeaii iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea ia?o?ooiie nenoaiu n
eniieueciaaieai oai?ee a?aoia e oai?ee iioeiaeueiuo aeene?aoiuo
i?ioeannia, o/eouaay iaiaoiaeeiinoue eii?aeeiaoeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ii aeaeai niiauaiee. ?ac?aaioaiiay
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iieiaeaia a iniiao iaoiaea iino?iaiey ia?o?ooiuo
nenoai n eniieueciaaieai oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee enoiaey ec
iaiaoiaeeiinoe iaania/aiey niioaaonoaothuae i?iaiciie niiniaiinoe
iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa oaeoe/aneei iannaaee?neei ei?aniiiaeaioeeyi.

Aeieacaii, /oi ?aoaiea ?aoeeiiaeueiie ia?o?ooecaoeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
ia?aaicie aiciiaeii oieueei i?e oneiaee eniieueciaaiey
oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. ?ac?aaioaiiue iaoiae iainiiaaiey
iino?iaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ia?o?ooiuo nenoai ia naoe o?ainii?oiuo
ei?eaei?ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao ia oieueei auai? e ii?aaeaeaiea eiee/anoaa
ia?o?ooia, ii e ?aoeeiiaeecaoeeth ia?o?ooiie nenoaiu a eiiieaena n
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie e i?eai?iaeiuie ia?o?ooaie. E?iia oiai, n o/aoii
iioeiaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa ia naoe o?ainii?oiuo
ei?eaei?ia, ?aoaaony caaea/a ii?aaeaeaiey i/a?aaeiinoe e ii?yaeea
ianeoaeeaaiey aaoiaonia, i?eauaathueo ia aaoinoaioeeiiiua oa?ieiaeu.
Aeieacaii, /oi yooaeoeaiinoue ia?o?ooiuo nenoai e iieiaeaiiie a aai
iniiao iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee aeinoeaaaony a oneiaeyo eniieueciaaiey
oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee.

A ?acoeueoaoa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii aeeyiea
o?iaiy iaaeinoiaa?iinoe eioi?iaoeee i?e iino?iaiee iannaaee?neeo
ia?o?ooiuo nenoai ia nieaeaiea eo yooaeoeaiinoe. ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue
iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee, auaiaeia e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, iieo/aiiuo a
aeenna?oaoeee iieacaia i?e oi?ie?iaaiee ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aacu ia
iannaaee?neii aaoiiiaeeueiii o?ainii?oa e oniaa?oainoaiaaiee aai
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?o?ooiay nenoaia, aaoio?ainii?oiia i?iecaiaenoai,
iaoiae, iiaeaeue, oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiay oaoiieiaey, iaaeaeoia?iaeiue
o?ainii?oiue ei?eaei?.

ANOTATION

Tkachenko A.M. The rational organization of international transportation
passengers with using production processes. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree in the tehnical science by speciality
08.06.01 — economics of enterprise and organization of produstion —
Ukrainian transport university, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis develops a complex system of international passenger
transportation on the network of transport produstion processes under
conditions of market’s orientation that provicles with effective
horizontal integration of ferrymen activity.

Was done mathematical modelling of the routing transport system with
using the theory of optimal and discrete processes taking into account
the necessity of the coordination the work of autotransport with other
kinds of connection. The mathematical model has been developed and than
been put as basis to the method of creation route system with using
production processes turning out of the necessity to provide conformity
of passengers stream.

Key words: transport system, method, model, production process,
international transport corridor.

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