?INOEOOO INEOIEIA?? ?i. A.N. EINOTHEA AII OE?A?IE

E?AEITHE Aaeaioeia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 159.92

INEOIEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? I?IssA?A O?EAIAEIINO? ? AA?ANEAIINO? O THIAE?A
I?ECIAIIAI A?EO

19.00.01. – Caaaeueia ineoieia?y, ?noi??y ineoieia??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Ee?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio aoiai?oa?iiio ?inoeooo?,
ia eaoaae?? nioe?aeueii? oa a?enueeiai? ineoieia??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?ieue/oe Ieeiea Noaiaiiae/.

Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo,

eaoaae?a nioe?aeueii? oa a?enueeiai? ineoieia??, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

Oeoa?aiei Oaoyia Ieoaee?aia

?inoeooo nioe?aeueii? oa iie?oe/ii? ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,

eaai?aoi??y nioe?aeueii? ineoieia?? iniaenoino?, caa?aeoaa/

 eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aiaeia? Aeea sse?aia.

Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo,

eaoaae?a ineoieia?? oa eiioe?eoieia??, caa?aeoaa/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a ineoieia??, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23__” _____03_________ 1999 ?. i __11__ aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.453.11. a ?inoeooo?
ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Iaiuee?anueea, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “__20__” _____02___________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe
I.?. Aeaen??aa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. AEeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ethaeae ca no/anieo oiia
iia’ycaia c aieeaii ia ieo iani?eyoeeaeo /eiiee?a ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy,
ye? a ii?aeiaii? caoaii iicia/athoueny ia o?ce/iiio oa ineo?/iiio
caei?ia’? iniaenoino?. Eiiieaenia e o?eaaea ae?y iaaaoeaieo
nioe?aeueieo, ineoieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a coiiaeth?
aenieo ia?aiai-ineo?/io iai?oao, yea caeaaeii a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae ethaeeie, ??aiy ?? iniaeno?nii? noi?iiaaiino? caeaoia
aeeeeeaoe ??cii? i??e iaaaoeai? i?iyae a ?? ineo?oe?, cie?aia oae?, ye
aenieee ??aaiue o?eaiaeiino? oa aa?aneaiino?. Inoaii?, a naith /a?ao,
iiaeooue coiiaethaaoe aiiiae?? a i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoieao,
i?aeaeuoaaoe eiioe?eoi?noue, aeeeeeaoe ?io? iaaaaeai? ci?ie a
iiaaae?ioe? – aeeth/ii aei anioe?aeueieo a/eie?a.

Eeoa noi?iiaaia c /?oei aecia/aieie aoiai?noe/ieie i???ioaoe?yie
iniaeno?noue ni?iiiaeia i?ioenoiyoe oeneia? caaaeaieo iaaaoeaieo
/eiiee?a ? caeeoaoenue ineo?/ii ? o?ce/ii caei?iaith, a??aiiaaaeaiith,
oiea?aioiith, caeaoiith eiio?iethaaoe e ?aaoethaaoe aeani? ineo?/i?
noaie, ui aaniethoii iaiao?aeia aeey caaacia/aiiy ii?iaeueii?,
aoaeoeaii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ineo?/ieo noai?a, cie?aia oaeeo iaaaoeaieo
i?iya?a, ye o?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue, o iao /an ? aino?i
aeooaeueiei. Iaiao?aeia iiaeeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i i?e?iaeo
aeaieo ineo?/ieo yaeu. Oea aeanoue ciiao iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe caoiaee
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ineoieia?/ii? ei?aeoe??, i?io?eaeoeee e
iiia?aaeaeaiiy ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a oa iia’ycaieo c ieie
a?aeoeeaiue o iiaaae?ioe? (A.A. Aaeaeoeaae/, A.A. Eiaee?i, N.A.
Nueii?i, 1997).

Iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiith ? oey i?iaeaia noiniaii in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo,
iniaeno?noue yeeo ua ia?aaoaa? ia aoai? aeoeaiiai, ye i?aaeei, aeineoue
neeaaeiiai ? noia?a/eeaiai i?ioeano aecia/aiiy aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae,
ae?iaeaiiy ia?aeiiaiue, naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy a aeooiai?e oa o?ce/i?e
noa?ao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Ae. Oaiei (1996), E.A. A??i/aiei (1998)
na?ae/aoue i?i iaaeinoaoith iioeaaoe?th aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae oa
i???ioaoe?th i?eciaiee?a ia ooeeaiiy a?ae ia?. E??i oiai, iiiaae 40 %
i?eciaiee?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny neaaeei ineo?/iei ? o?ce/iei caei?ia’yi,
aeecueei 30 % – iathoue ??ci? a?aie/i? ineo?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy (?.I. *eae,
?.A. AEeey?a, 1998). Oiio aea/aiiy aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee ? i?ia?aeiei aeey
eiiieaeooaaiiy, oaeineiiaeaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?enueeiaeo i?ae?icae?e?a Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie.

O oie aea /an oaiaoeea o?eaiaeiino? oa aa?aneaiino? ?ic?iaeaia
iaaeinoaoiuei. Oe?e?nieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a
ei?aeoe?? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo iaia?,
ie?ai? ae ?iaioe noinothoueny ?ioeo a?eiaeo eaoaai??e aai ae iathoue
o?aaiaioa?iee oa?aeoa?. ?icaeoie caaaeueii? oai??? o?eaiae ia?aaeaa/a?
iaa?oiooaaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae o?ueiia ??cieie ?icoi?iiyie o?eaiae:
o?eaiae ye noaio; o?eaiae ye neeaaeiiai i?ioeano, ui aeeth/a? eiiiiiaioe
no?ano ? caa?ice; a oaeiae o?eaiaeiino? ye yeino? iniaenoino?. Iniiai?
oai??? aa?an?? caiaeyoueny aei o?ueio iai?yie?a: 1) aa?an?y
ye ?inoeieoeaia iiaaae?iea; 2) aa?an?y ye i?iya niiioeaiiy, iioeaaoe?y
ni?e/eiaiiy oeiaee ?ioei; 3) eiai?oeai? iiaeae? aa?aneaii? iiaaae?iee
(TH.E. Oai?i, 1980; *.Ae. Ni?eaa?aa?, 1983; A.?. Oi?iaeio, 1990; E.
Oi?i?, 1993, 1997; A.A. ?aai, 1996; ?. Aa?ii, Ae. ??/a?aenii, 1997).

Oaeei /eiii, ? iaaaeueia iio?aaa a aeine?aeaeaii? o?eaiaeiino? e
aa?aneaiino? i?eciaiee?a c iaoith ?oiuei? ?aiiuei? ineoiae?aaiinoeee,
i?iaiico eiia??ieo aa??aio?a ii?ooaiue iiaaae?iee ? ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei eiie?aoecaoe?? caoiae?a ? cania?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
?o i?io?eaeoeeo ? ei?aeoe?th. Aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie
coiiaeee aea?? oaie: “Ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo”. Oaia aoiaeeoue aei ieaio
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o Ee?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai
aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo: “Iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y oa i?aeoeea i?ioan?eiiai
a?aeai?o o aeu? a?enueeia? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee” (?a?no?aoe?eiee ?
150/IIO-1189).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeyaeoe iiaeeeaino? a/anii? ae?aaiinoeee i?iya?a
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o ??cieo eaoaai??e i?eciaiee?a oa aecia/eoe
oeyoe ?o ei?aeoe??.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: iniaeeaino? i?iyao o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o
in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? i?iya?a
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo in?a ? i?eciaiee?a c a?aie/ieie
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie oa ?o ei?aeoe?y.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: ei?aeoe?y aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o
in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo caeaaeeoue a?ae ?aiiuei? ineoiae?aaiinoeee ?
canoinoaaiiy nenoaie ei?aeoe?eieo iaoiae?a. Nooo?aa cia/aiiy i?e oeueiio
ia? aeooae?caoe?y aioo??oi?o ineo?/ieo iniaeno?nieo ?ano?n?a thiae?a.
Aaeaeaaoia ei?aeoe?y ?oiuei? aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?
iiaeeeaa ca oiia a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? oa iniaeno?nieo ineoieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy nooiino?
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa iai?yiee ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? i?iyao o?eaiaeiino? oa aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo
thiae?a oa in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo c ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie;
aecia/eoe eiiieaen ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy
iaaei??ii? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?;

— ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy
i?iya?a aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o i?eciaiee?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? aecia/eoe iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? aeniei?
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? iniaenoino? i?eciaieea.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ineoieia?/ii? iaoee i?i no?oeoo?o
iniaenoino? oa ?? ?icaeoie a ae?yeueiino? (N.E. ?oa?iooaei, 1959, 1976;
A.A. Aiaiue?a, 1967; E.E. Ieaoiiia, 1972; I.I. Eaiioue?a, 1975;
A.O. Eiiia, 1985, 1991).

Aeo?aei? iieiaeaiiy, iia’ycai? c aecia/aiiyi nooiino? iiiyoue
o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o no?oeoo?? iniaenoino?, aacoaaeenue ia
?iaioao A.A. Aiae?iaa (1967), *.N. Ni?eaa?aa?a (1970), E.E. Ieaoiiiaa
(1972, 1984), TH.E. Oai?ia (1980), I.I. Aiaeaeueiaa (1989), A.A. ?aaia
(1996), ?. Aa?iia, Ae. ??/a?aeniia (1997) oa ?i.

Io?eiaiee o i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae aiae?coaaany ca aeiiiiiaith
iiiyo?eiiai aia?aoo, i?eeiyoiai o caaaeuei?e ineoieia?? (A.N. Einothe,
1969, 1989; I.Ae. Eaa?oia, 1969; I.I. Eaiioue?a, 1975; A.A.
Iao?ianueeee, 1982; A.O. Eiiia, 1985, 1991).

Iniiaiei iaoiaeieia?/iei i?eioeeiii aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? e
aa?aneaiino? o no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? noaei iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aiia
aeeiai?/ia e aecia/a?oueny ci?iith a?aeiioaiue ? ca’yce?a i?ae ie?aieie
ineo?/ieie i?ioeanaie, noaiaie, aeanoeainoyie oa ooai?aiiyie. Aei??e
??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? iathoue iiaea?ei? e?eoa???: 1) aei??
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? ye niaoeeo?/ieo yeinoae iniaenoino? ? 2)
o?eaiae ? aa?an?? – ye aiioe?eiiai noaio (Aeae. Oaeei?, 1953; *.
Ni?eaa?aa?, 1970; A.?. E?/ei, 1977; TH.E. Oai?i, 1980; A.E. Ia?euoe ?
ni?aaaoi?e, 1990; E.O. Ao?ea/oe, ?.I. Naa/aiei, 1995).

I?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe oa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe noaee ?acoeueoaoe ineoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? thiae?a 17-21 ?ie?a,
yeeo a?aeiinyoue aei eaoaai??? i?eciaiee?a.

C iaoith ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o o?e
aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? i?iaiaeeeenue aea/aiiy oa aiae?c iniiaieo oai?aoe/ieo
i?aeoiae?a o aeine?aeaeaii? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o no/ani?e
ineoieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??. Aoei aeyaeaii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaen
ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee, canoinoaaiiy yeeo a?aeiia?aeaei iao? oa
caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii ei?aeoe?ei? iaoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia
ciaioaiiy aenieeo i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aii??e/ii aeyaeee i?iyae o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo in?a (130 /ieia?e eiio?ieueii? a?oie ? 1) oa
aieea ei?aeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ia i?aeaeuaiee ?oi?e ??aaiue (30 /ieia?e
oiiiai? a?oie ? 5 ? aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ? 3).

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iniaeeaino? i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a, ye? ia?aaoaathoue ia iae?eo o
ineoiiaa?ieia?/iiio aeeniaina?? c ae?aaiicaie, ui a?aeiinyoue aei
a?aie/ieo ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a (35 in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ? 2)
oa aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? (20 thiae?a oiiiai? a?oie ? 6 oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? 4). I?iaiaeeee ii??aiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?iya?a
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo in?a ? thiae?a c a?aie/ieie
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie. Ia oeueiio ae aoai? ?ic?iaeee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? aecia/eee ineoiae?aaiinoe/i? iaoiaeeee ?aiiueiai
aeyaeaiiy aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? iniaenoino? i?eciaieea oa
eiiieaen iaoiae?a ?o ei?aeoe??.

Oaea i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaea ciiao c’ynoaaoe iiaeeeaino?
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a ?aiiuei? ineoiae?aaiinoeee aeniei? o?eaiaeiino?
? aa?aneaiino? oa aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?eieo cania?a o in?a i?eciaiiai
a?eo.

Ia an?o aoaiao ianoaaeaiiy i?iyae o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o
215 thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno
iaoiaeee, ye? aeeth/aee aea/aiiy noa’?eoeaii? ioe?iee o?eaiaeiino?,
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, naiiii/oooy, aeoeaiino?, iano?ith ca iaoiaeeeith
“OIAIN” (I.?. Aa/a?eeia, I.I. Ai?iioeia, A.?. Aeia?iieeue, 1988);
aecia/aiiy iniaeno?nii? ? neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?, ia?aiai-ineo?/ii?
iano?eeino?, iae?ioecio, aeno?a-?io?iaa?n?? ?c canoinoaaiiyi
iieooaaeueiee?a Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia, A.A. Aiae?iaa, A. Aecaiea (A.E.
Ia?euoe oa ?i., 1990); aeoeaiooaoe?? ?en oa?aeoa?o ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeeee Eaiiaa?aea-Oi?oaea, i?iya?a aa?aneaiino? Aanna-Aea?e?, “Oano
?oee”, o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? ca aeiiiiiaith i?iaeoeaieo iaoiaeee
“Aoaeeiie – aea?aai – ethaeeia”, “Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia” (E.O. Ao?ea/oe,
?.I. Naa/aiei, 1995), iaoiaeeea E?enoioa?a Ia?eaoa (I.N. Ei?ieue/oe,
1997).

Iaae?ei?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/oaaeenue
aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiaeee, ye? aeaee ciiao io?eiaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i noai aeine?aeaeoaaieo yaeu. O ?iaio? canoiniaoaaeenue ??ci? aeaee
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Noaoenoe/ia a??ia?aei?noue i?ae iieacieeaie aecia/aeanue ?
ioe?ithaaeanue ca e?eoa???i No’thaeaioa, ?acoeueoaoaie ei?aeyoe?eiiai ?
oaeoi?iiai aiae?c?a.

Iaae?ei?noue oa ?iia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeinyaaeeny: a?aeiia?aeiei
aeiai?ii eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi; noai?aiiyi aaeaeaaoieo
oiia ianoaaeaiiy; aeinoaoiueith e?euee?noth oa a?eiaith
?ai?acaioiaai?noth aeine?aeaeoaaieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

— c’yniaaii iniaeeaino? i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o ??cieo
eaoaai??e i?eciaiee?a;

— aecia/aii eiiieaen ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy
aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?;

— aeyaeaii aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe??
ia i?iyae o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o i?eciaiee?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ciaioaiiy ??aiy
o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? iniaenoino? i?eciaieea.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo canaae
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o ??cieo eaoaai??e
i?eciaiee?a; c’ynoaaii? eiie?aoieo aniaeo?a iiaeeeainoae
ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa ineoiei?aeoe?? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o in?a
i?eciaiiai a?eo oa i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo iniia ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ae /an i?eciao.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen
ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee aeyaeany ?ioi?iaoeaiei uiaei aecia/aiiy
i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o i?eciaiee?a i?e ianiaeo ?o
ianoaaeaiiyo oa caaacia/o? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ?o
canoinoaaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aiiuei? oa oa?i?iiai? ineoiae?aaiinoeee
aea? ciiao nai?/anii ei?eaoaaoe aenieo o?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue o
??cieo eaoaai??e i?eciaiee?a c aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiei, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei
i?aeoiaeii uiaei ?o ineoiei?aeoe?? oa i?aeaioiaee aei aeianaiiy
aenia?oiiai ??oaiiy i?eciao ? aecia/eoe aoaeoeai? iaoiaee ineoiei?aeoe??
o caei?iaiai eiioeiaaioo oa o ?ac? ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a.
Aeae?eai? iieacaiiy aei canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiaeee ei?aeoe??
aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? c iaoith i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy
caoiae?a ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeey iie?ioaiiy yeino? i?eciaiiai
eiioeiaaioo. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, o yeeo cacia/ai?
i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee, iaoiaeeee ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa ei?aeoe?? aeniei?
o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo. Aecia/aii
oai?aoe/i? canaaee ineoieia?/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?eciaiiai eiioeiaaioo,
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiaeee ineoiae?aaiinoeee, iaoiae?a
ineoiei?aeoe?? i?eciaiee?a o ??ci? ia??iaee i?eciao ye ia?niaeoeaiiai
iai?yieo ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iane?aeee i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe
iiaeeaeththoue ?icoi?iiy nooiino? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a
i?eciaiiai a?eo, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iioeiaeueio ?aae?caoe?th noa’?eoeaieo
iiaeeeainoae iniaenoino?. Inoaii? ? no?eaeiaaei iiiaioii o
ineoieia?/iiio caaacia/aii? i?eciao aei Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie.
Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? oa caeaaeiino? aeiiiaiththoue oai??th ? i?aeoeeo
ineoieia?/ii? iaoee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoeia? aeai? ?
naiino?eiei aeeaaeii aaoi?a a i?iaeaio, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny. ?aea? oa
aeoiee ni?aaaoi??a noinothoueny aeecueeeo aniaeo?a ?iaioe, aea ia
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeai?e ?iaio?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo a/aii? ?aaee ? eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueii? oa a?enueeiai? ineoieia?? Ee?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai
aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo (1997, 1998); ia i?aenoieia?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(1997); ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aaciaee oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ia ii?ic? OO? no.” (1998); ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? Aeaaeai?? Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie “?aoi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae a Oe?a?i?: noai,
i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae” (1998); ia XV c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai
o?c?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1998); ia eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie a?eiai? ineoio?c?ieia?? oa o?c?ieia??” (i. Eooeuee,
Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. E. Oe?a?iee, 1998); ia
i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo cai?ao i?aoe?aiee?a i?ioan?eiiai
aeiai?o Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai a?enueeiaiai eii?na??aoo “I?ioan?eiee
a?aea?? i?eciaiee?a aei Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie” (i. Ee?a, 1996, 1997,
1998).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo:

— i?ae /an i?eciao thiae?a aei Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie ia Ee?anueeiio
i?nueeiio ioieo? cai?o;

— i?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy o i?nueeiio a?enueeiaiio eii?na??ao? thiae?a, ye?
anooiathoue aei aeueo a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;

— o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? aenia?oiiai ??oaiiy uiaei i?eciao thiae?a c
a?aie/ieie ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie o ?aeiiieo oa i?nueeiio
a?enueeiaeo eii?na??aoao;

— i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee a?enueeiaeo ineoieia?a oa ineoio?c?ieia?a aeey
Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie a Ee?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio aoiai?oa?iiio
?inoeooo? ? Oe?a?inuee?e a?enueeiai-iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??;

— i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ca?oo iaoeiai? ?iaioe ca oaiith “Iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y
oa i?aeoeea i?ioan?eiiai ineoieia?/iiai a?aeai?o o aeu? a?enueeia?
iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee II Oe?a?ie (Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee
?inoeooo, 1998);

— i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ca?oo iaoeiai? ?iaioe ? 011/97 Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie “Iaoiaeeea
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o, i?aeaioiaee, aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe?
oao?aoe?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy” (1997);

— aeey ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o oa
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o Ee?anueeiio ?inoeooo? aioo??oi?o ni?aa
i?e IAANO oa o *a?eanueeiio ?inoeooo? iiaeaaeii? aaciaee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. I?iyae o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? caei?iaeo in?a oa thiae?a c
a?aie/ieie ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie i?eciaiiai a?eo iathoue nooo?a?
iniaeeaino?, ye? coiiaeththoueny iaaieie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie.

2. Eiiieaen iaoiae?a ineoieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ? ?ioi?iaoeaiei uiaei
?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy i?aeaeuaii? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aiiai eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?? ?
aoaeoeaiei uiaei cieaeaiiy i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o
i?eciaiee?a.

4. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?aiiuei? ineoiae?aaiinoeee ? ei?aeoe??
– aoaeoeaiee oeyo ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y
i?eciaiee?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a 11 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 212 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo. ?ethno?iaaia 7 ?enoieaie oa 18 oaaeeoeyie.
A?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 203 ?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie,
a?iioaco, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy e i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno
? cacia/aii noa?e ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “O?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue o no/ani?e
ineoieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??” – cae?eniaii oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyoii ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiae?co noaio
?ic?iaee o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. ?icaeyiooi ? i?iaiae?ciaaii oai?aoe/i?
iiaeae? o?eaiae e aa?an??, iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy ?oiuei?
nooiino?. Aecia/aii, ui oai?aoe/iith iniiaith c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei i?iya?a
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?, ia aeoieo a?eueoino? a/aieo, ? aca?iiee
ca’ycie ? aieea i?ae o?eaiaei?noth ? aa?aneai?noth oa ?o ?icoi?iiyie:
o?eaiae ? aa?an?? ye noaio, o?eaiae ye neeaaeiiai i?ioeano, ui aeeth/a?
eiiiiiaioe no?ano e caa?ice, a oaeiae o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? ye
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeanoeaino? iniaenoino?. I?iyae aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e
aa?aneaiino? ? aiioe?eieie ii?ooaiiyie, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i ?iceaae
naii?aaoeyoe?? ? iiaeooue aooe iieacieeaie a?aie/ieo ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo
ii?ooaiue, i?eoaiaiieo thiaeai i?eciaiiai a?eo. Aiie ?icaeaathoueny i?ae
aieeaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa aeooiaieo
/eiiee?a ia oii? aeniei? ia?aiai-ineo?/ii? iai?oae oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo yeinoae iniaenoino? (E. Oi?i?, 1950,
1993, 1997; Gunderson, 1975; A.?. E?/ei, 1977; A.Ae. Ea?aana?nueeee,
1980; A.E Ooaeia, 1987; E. Eaiiaa?ae, 1989; A.E. Ia?euoe, 1990; A.I.
Eoci?oeia, A.I. *a?iyanueeee, 1993; ?.?. ?iaia, 1996; A.A. Aaeaeoeaae/,
A.A. Eiaee?i, N.A. Nueii?i, 1997).

Oae, aeo?niaia ai?iae?noue (aa?an?y) aeeeeea? ?icaeoie o?eaiaeieo
ii/ooo?a, ye? ia caaaeaee iiaeooue ona?aeiiethaaoenue, a o?eaiaei?noue
/anoi i?iaieo? caoenio aa?an?th. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, o aeai?e ?iaio?
c?iaeaii ni?iao ii?aeiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae
ye o?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue.

Iaaei??i? i?iyae o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? eaaeaoue a iniia?
ineoieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aeoeaiooaoe?e oa?aeoa?o, a?aie/ieo
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a ? iaa?oue aaaeeeo ineo?/ieo ii?ooaiue. C
iaoith ?aiiueiai ?o aeyaeaiiy ?, oaeei /eiii, caiia?aaiiy
ia?aiai-ineo?/iei c?eaai, aeaa?aioi?e oa aeae?ieaaioi?e iiaaae?ioe?
iaeaooi?o ai?i?a oa aaeineiiaeaiiy e i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? eiiieaeooaaiiy
a?enueeiaeo i?ae?icae?e?a Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie i?iaiaeeany iiooe
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? e
aa?aneaiino? o in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “I?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ei?aeoe??” – iiaeaii iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy e ei?aeoe?? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa iienaii
i?aai?caoe?th a?aeiia?aeii? ?iaioe.

Iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o in?a i?eciaiiai
a?eo iineoaeeee ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ineoieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy i?i no?oeoo?o
iniaenoino? ? aca?iica’ycee ?? c ae?yeuei?noth (N.E. ?oa?iooaei, 1959;
A.A. Aiaiue?a, 1967; E.E. Ieaoiiia, 1972; I.I. Eaiioue?a, 1975; A.O.
Eiiia, 1985, 1991).

Iniiaiei iaoiaeieia?/iei i?eioeeiii aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? noaei iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aiia
aeeiai?/ia e aecia/a?oueny ci?iith a?aeiioaiue ? ca’yce?a i?ae ie?aieie
ineo?/ieie i?ioeanaie, noaiaie, aeanoeainoyie oa ooai?aiiyie. Aei??e
??aiy o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? iathoue iiaea?ei? e?eoa??? – ye
niaoeeo?/ieo yeinoae iniaenoino? ? ye aiioe?eiiai noaio (Aeae. Oaeei?,
1953; *.Ae. Ni?eaa?aa?, 1970; A.?. E?/ei, 1977; TH.E. Oai?i, 1980).

Aeoiaey/e c iaoeiaiai i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo, aeioe?eueii
canoiniaoaaoe noa’?eoeai?, ia’?eoeai? oa i?iaeoeai? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy
iniaenoino? (E.O. Ao?ea/oe, ?.I. Naa/aiei, 1995).

A ?iaio? canoiniaoaaany iaa?? iaoiaeee, ui a?aeiia?aea? iao? oa
caaaeaiiyi ?iaioe ? ? aeioe?eueiei, iaa?oioiaaiei uiaei eiiieaeniiai
i?aeoiaeo aea/aiiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo.

Iaoeia? i?aeoiaee aei iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? aacoaaeenue ia
caaaeueieo i?eioeeiao, iao?, caaaeaiiyo ineoioa?ai??, c iaeiiai aieo, a
c ?ioiai – ia iniaeeainoyo i?iya?a oa ?icoi?iiy nooiino? o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? i?eciaiee?a.

I?ia?aeieie i?eioeeiaie, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a i?aeai?? ei?aeoe?eieo
iaoiae?a, aoee: eiiieaeni?noue, aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue, iaoiaaiaoe/i?noue
c ii?aeiaiiyi aieeao ia ineoieia?/iiio ??ai? (A.I. Iyneuaa, 1960;
A.Ae. Ea?aana?nueeee, 1990; I.O. Aiiaea?aiei, 1997).

Aecia/aiiy eiie?aoieo iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? ?
iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei, oiio ui aeey aeaii? eaoaai??? thiae?a aiie ia
?ic?iaeai?. A aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen ei?aeoe?eieo ai?aa,
yeee aeeth/aa ye ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee, oae ? a?oiiaee i?aeo?ae. A
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo caiyooyo canoiniaoaaeenue i?eeiie ineoiaeeiai?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo. A iniia? a?oiiaeo caiyoue eaaeaee ai?aae iiaaae?ieiaiai,
eiai?oeaiiai iai?yie?a, o?eanii? oa?ai?? ? ineoio?ce/iiai o?aioaaiiy.

?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue o o?e aoaie, aeei?enoiaoaaany eiiieaen iaoiaeee
ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa ei?aeoe??, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiei aeiiaai
ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeaei ciiao ia?aeoe aei aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Aii??e/ia aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo” – aeine?aeaeoaaeenue i?iyae
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo, thiae?a c
a?aie/ieie ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie, aea/aany aieea ei?aeoe?eieo
iaoiae?a ia aeai? aiioe?ei? i?iyae, aoea cae?eniaia ii??aiyeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa aoaeoeaiino?
i?iaaaeaii? ineoiei?aeoe??.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?oaiai aoaio ?iaioe iieacaa, ui aeey
caei?iaeo in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo oa?aeoa?i? nooo?a? i?iyae iniaeno?nii? ?
neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?, iae?ioecio, aa?aneaiino?, iaaaoea?cio oa
ai?iaeino?, ia?aiai-ineo?/ii? iano?eeino?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy c ieie ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Aeyaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa ?ioeo iieaciee?a
iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eueo ye ia 10 % a?ae eiio?ieueieo ? i?yiei
iieacaiiyi aei ei?aeoe?? ineoiaiioe?eiiai noaio i?eciaiee?a.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i ni?eyoeeao ae?th eiiieaenieo
ineoiei?aeoe?eieo caiyoue, ni?yiiaaieo ia ciaioaiiy iaaaoeaieo
aiioe?eieo i?iya?a. Oea aeyaeeinue o cieaeaii? iieaciee?a aa?aneaiino?,
ai?iaeino?, iiae?aceeaino?, iaaaoea?cio, aee?aeoeaiino?, o?eaiaeiino?.
Iie?ioeeanue aiioe?eia noaa?euei?noue, cieceeenue a??ia?aei?noue
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo c?ea?a, i?iyae aeaiiino?aoeaiino? oa caoaeeeaino? (?
0.05). Oae? iiceoeai? nooo?a? ci?ie a?aeaoeeny i?ney ei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe
c i?eciaieeaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ? 3 ii??aiyii ye c oiiiaith
a?oiith ? 5, oae ? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith ? 1. Iienai? ni?eyoeea?
?acoeueoaoe niinoa??aathoueny o 51 % thiae?a, ye? i?aeeyaaee ei?aeoe??,
aeathoue i?aenoaae ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiiieaeni? ineoiei?aeoe?ei? caoiaee ye
aoaeoeai? caniae ei?aeoe?? c iaoith i?aeaioiaee i?eciaiee?a aei neoaeae
a Ca?ieieo Neeao Oe?a?ie.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? oa aoaeoeaiino? eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?? o thiae?a
c a?aie/ieie ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie aeyaeaii iaai?
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oa noaie. Oae, aeey oe???
eaoaai??? in?a nooo?aeie iniaeeainoyie ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith
a?oiith ? 1 ? aiioe?ei? ?iceaaee, aenie? i?iyae o?eaiaeiino?
(iniaeno?nii? e neooaoeaii?), aa?aneaiino?, ai?iaeino?, iaaaoea?cio,
iiae?aceeaino?, iae?ioecio oa iecueei? ia?aiai-ineo?/ii? no?eeino?.
Iienai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a oe?e a?oi? ii??aiyii c
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith ? 1 iieacothoue, ui o?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue
aeu? a?eueo ye ia 30 – 40 %, ?io? ae iieacieee iaoiaeee – a??o? a?eueo
ye ia 15 – 20 % (? 0.05).

Cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen ineoiei?aeoe?eieo iaoiae?a aeyaeany a?eueo
aoaeoeaiei o a?oi? thiae?a c a?aie/ieie ?iceaaeaie. Oae, ii??aiyii c
oiiiaeie aeaieie nooo?ai cieceeenue oae? iniaeno?ni? yeino?, ye
aa?aneai?noue, ai?iae?noue, iaaaoea?ci, i?aeic??e?noue, iie?ioeeenue
iieacieee aiioe?eii? noaa?eueiino?, cieceeanue a??ia?aei?noue
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo c?ea?a, aeoeaiooaoe?e – aeaiiino?aoeaiino?,
caoaeeeaino?, cano?yaaiiy oa ?noioii cieceeany o?eaiaei?noue.
Oe?eani?yiiaaia ineoiei?aeoe?eia ?iaioa c oaeith eaoaai???th i?eciaiee?a
i?ecaaea aei aeinyaiaiiy o 32 % thiae?a iieaciee?a ??aiy eiio?ieueii?
a?oie ? 1.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui aeey
?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe
iaoiaeeee Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia, Aecaiea, “I?iaiic” (0.58-0.51), “OIAIN”;
ie??i oeueiai, ia aenieee ??aaiue o?eaiaeiino? iiaeooue aeacoaaoe
iieacieee iaoiaeeee “Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia”, Eaiiaa?aea-Oi?oaea, “Aoaeeiie
– aea?aai – ethaeeia”.

Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie uiaei ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy aeniei? aa?aneaiino?
o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo aecia/aii oae? iaoiaeeee: Aanna-Aea?e?,
“Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia”(0.59). Iia?/ii ia aenieee ??aaiue aa?aneaiino?
aeacothoue iieacieee iaoiaeee “Aoaeeiie – aea?aai – ethaeeia”, “Oano
?oee”, a oaeiae ia?aiai-ineo?/ia iano?ee?noue, iae?ioeci, iniaeno?nia e
neooaoeaia o?eaiaei?noue oa ae?aaeai? aeoeaiooaoe?? (o?eaiaeiino?,
oeeeeioeiiino?, cano?yaaiiy, caoaeeeaino?, aeenoei?/iino?).

Ca aeaieie oaeoi?iiai aiae?co, ?c 50 iieaciee?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeenue
ca iiaoaeiaaieie oaeoi?ieie iiaeaeyie, aeae?eaii 14 oaeoi??a, ye?
nooo?ai aieeaaee ia ?aiith ineoiae?aaiinoeeo in?a c aenieith
aa?aneai?noth ? o?eaiaei?noth. Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie aeyaeeenue oae?
iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? – “Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia”, “Aoaeeiie
– aea?aai – ethaeeia”, a oaeiae Aecaiea, “OIAIN”, “I?iaiic”,
Eaiiaa?aea-Oi?oaea; aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?aneaiino?: “Oano ?oee”,
Aanna-Aea?e?, “Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia”.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii oeiia? noaie oa iieacaiiy
aei canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?
o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo. Cai?iiiiiaai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? aeaiaioe
ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy a ia??iae caaa?oaiiy ?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
i?eciao aeeth/athoue ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy ineoiae?aaiinoeee aeniei?
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ni?ey? ?aiiueiio aeyaeaiith aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? oa ? aoaeoeaiei uiaei ?o ei?aeoe?? i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aei
i?eciao.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeyaeythoue ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?aeoe/ii?
ineoieia?? uiaei ineoieia?/iiai noi?iaiaeaeaiiy i?aee?oe?a oa thiae?a
i?ae /an ?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee, i?ioiaeaeaiiy ieie a?enueeiai? neoaeae oa
i?ney ia?, a oaeiae i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o niaoe?ae?no?a aeey
ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao.

Iai?ee?ioe? ?iaioe i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a yeeo aeaei ciiao noi?ioethaaoe caaaeuei?
aeniiaee:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a aecia/aiiy nooiino?
o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa iaoiae?a ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy a no/ani?e
ineoieia?/i?e iaooe? aoei c’yniaaii, ui aiie a?ae??ciythoueny
??ciiiai?ooyi, iaaeinoaoiueith oe?e?ni?noth, /?oe?noth oa?i?iieia?? ?
iacia/iith i?aeoe/iith ni?yiiaai?noth oa ni?iiiaei?noth. Aecia/aii
e?i?th aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie, aeoiaey/e ?c aca?iiiai ca’yceo ?
aieeao o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa ?o ?icoi?iiy ye ineo?/ieo noai?a
oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae ? iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeee ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ei?aeoe??.

2. I?aeaeuaia o?eaiaei?noue ? aa?aneai?noue o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo
oi?io?oueny ? i?iyaey?oueny i?ae aieeaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo,
ineoieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa aeooiaieo /eiiee?a ? oiia
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ia oii? iecueei? iioeaaoe?? oa iaaieo
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? coiiaeththoue ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa i?iyae o i?eciaiee?a a ia??iae i?aeaioiaee aei
a?enueeiai? neoaeae.

3. C iaoith ?aaoeyoe?? e naii?aaoeyoe?? aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a cai?iiiiiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii aeaiaioe
ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy a ia??iae caaa?oaiiy ?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
i?eciao, ye? aeeth/athoue: ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy ineoiae?aaiinoeee
aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?, caoiaee ineoieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae oa
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? a?oiia? ineoiei?aeoe?ei? ai?aae. Aeei?enoaiiy
aeaiaio?a ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ni?ey? ?aiiueiio aeyaeaiith
aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o i?eciaiee?a oa ? aoaeoeaiei
uiaei ?o ei?aeoe?? i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aei i?eciao.

4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o caei?iaeo thiae?a
i?eciaiiai a?eo iieacaei, ui aeey ieo oa?aeoa?i? nooo?a? i?iyae
iniaeno?nii? ? neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?, aa?aneaiino?, iae?ioecio,
iaaaoea?cio oa ai?iaeino?, ye? a?eueo ye ia 10 % ia?aaeuothoue
eiio?ieuei? iieacieee ? na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy c ieie
ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe, i?ae aieeaii yei? cia/ii cieceeenue iaaaoeai?
aiioe?ei? i?iyae.

5. Iniaeeaino? i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o in?a c a?aie/ieie
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie iieyaathoue o ?o i?aeaeuaieo ??aiyo a?eueo
ye ia 30 – 40 % ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith caei?iaeo in?a oa
i?iyaeythoueny aenieith iiae?aceea?noth, ai?iae?noth, iaaaoea?ciii,
iae?ioeciii, iecueeith ia?aiai-ineo?/iith no?ee?noth, ye? aeinoia??ii
ei?aeththoue c aa?aneai?noth ? o?eaiaei?noth (0.40–0.60). Eiiieaen
ineoiei?aeoe?? aeyaeany aoaeoeaiei o 32 % thiae?a oe??? eaoaai???.

6. Aeey ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o
thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeoaaoe oae?
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? noaie oa iniaeeaino?, ye: noa’?eoeaiee noai, iae?ioeci,
aeno?a-?io?iaa?n?y, ia?aiai-ineo?/ia iano?ee?noue, aeoeaiooaoe??, ye? ca
ei?aeyoe?eiei oa oaeoi?iei aiae?cii iieacaee aeinoia??i? ca’ycee c
aa?aneai?noth e o?eaiaei?noth. Aaciina?aaeiuei ??aaiue o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? aecia/a?oueny ca iaoiaeeeaie: Aanna-Aea?e?, “Ia?nioth/a
oaa?eia”, “Oano ?oee”, “Aoaeeiie – aea?aai – ethaeeia” oa
iieooaaeueieeaie Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia, “I?iaiic”.

7. Canoinoaaiiy iniiaieo aeaiaio?a eiiieaeniiai ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy – ineoiae?aaiinoeee e ineoiei?aeoe?? – nooo?ai aieeaa? ia
cieaeaiiy aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?. Aoaeoeaia
ei?aeoe?y aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo
caaacia/o?oueny cai?iiiiiaaiei eiiieaenii caoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe??, yeee
aeeth/a? i’youe ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa o?noue a?oiiaeo caiyoue
ineoiei?aeoe??.

8. Oai?aoe/ia oa aii??e/ia aecia/aiiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa
ei?aeoe?y ?o o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo ciaeoee nai? i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy o ae?th/?e nenoai? ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee
a?enueeiaeo ineoieia?a, io?oea??a aeoiaieo no?oeoo? o Ee?anueeiio
a?enueeiaiio aoiai?oa?iiio ?inoeooo?, a?enueeiaeo ineoio?c?ieia?a a
Oe?a?inuee?e a?enueeiai-iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??, ineoieia?a a?aeae?e?a
i?ioaeiai?o a?enueeiaeo eii?na??ao?a Oe?a?ie, ineoieia?a
ineoiiaa?ieia?/ieo aeeniaina??a i?noa Ee?aa oa nenoaie i?ioaeiai?o o
aeu? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee II oa IAN Oe?a?ie, ui aeaei ciiao cieceoe
??aaiue o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? o 51 % caei?iaeo in?a ? o 32 %
thiae?a c a?aie/ieie ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie.

Aaoi? aa/eoue ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?ic?iaoe?
nenoaie ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee thiae?a aei a?enueeiai?
neoaeae.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. C iaoith i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy caoiae?a nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy yeino? i?eciaiiai eiioeiaaioo i?iiiiothoueny iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, o yeeo aecia/aii i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee, ieaioaaiiy
ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa ei?aeoe?? aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? oa
aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo. Iieacaiiyi aei canoinoaaiiy
eiiieaeno iaoiaeee ei?aeoe?? aenieiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?
? ae?aaeaiee ?o i?iya (a?eueo ye ia 10 %) ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie
?acoeueoaoaie.

2. Aeey ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy i?eciaiee?a c aenieith o?eaiaei?noth ?
aa?aneai?noth ?aeiiaiaeothoueny iaoiaeeee Aanna-Aea?e?,
Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia, “Ia?nioth/a oaa?eia”, “Aoaeeiie – aea?aai –
ethaeeia” oa “Oano ?oee”.

3. C iaoith iie?ioaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ei?aeoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy
i?aeaeuaii? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? o i?eciaiee?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ioaineaieo, iane/aieo oa aaeaeaaoieo iaoiaeee
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?oiiaeo caiyoue o iiaiiio ianyc?, ye? aeeth/athoue
ineoioaoi?ee ineoiaeeiai?/iiai, iiaaae?ieiaiai iai?yie?a, aoiai?noe/ii?
ineoioa?ai?? oa aeaiaioe ineoio?ce/iiai o?aioaaiiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. E?aeithe A.I. Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie oaiiiaio aa?an?? // Ca. iaoe.
i?. Aeione 2 (7). – E.: EAA?, 1998. – N. 14-19.

2. E?aeithe A.I. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? o?eaiae // Ca. iaoe. i?.
Aeione 1 (8). – E.: EAA?, 1999. – N. 20-26.

3. Ei?ieue/oe I.N., E?eai?o/ei I.I., E?aeithe A.I. Ci?no
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo caoiae?a caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
a?enueeiaeo niaoe?ae?no?a // Ca. iaoe. i?. Aeione 4. – E.: EAA?, 1998. –
N. 61-67 (aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee).

4. E?aeithe A.I. I?iaeoeaiee i?aeo?ae o aeine?aeaeaii? aa?aneaiino? oa
o?eaiaeiino? // Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. 1998. – ? 4. – N. 166-168.

5. E?aeithe A.I., Ei?ieue/oe I.N. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?aneaiino? oa
o?eaiaeiino? ia iniia? i?iaeoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie a?eiai? o?c?ieia??”. –
Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?ae. iaae. oi-o, 1998. – N. 34-35 (aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue aena?oeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aa?aneaiino?).

6. Ei?ieue/oe I.N., E?aeithe A.I. Iniiae nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eiiai aeiaaie?ooy a?enueeiaeo niaoe?ae?no?a //
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiio. “I?iaeaie aaciaee
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ia ii?ic? OO? noi??//y”. – E.: EAA?, 1998. – N.
281-288 (aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
a?oiiai? ei?aeoe??).

7. E?aeithe A.I., Ei?ieue/oe I.N. Iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aa?aneaiino? ? o?eaiaeiino? o in?a i?eciaiiai a?eo // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiio. “I?iaeaie aaciaee oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?? ia ii?ic? OO? noi??//y”. – E.: EAA?, 1998. – N. 461-467 (aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy).

8. E?aeithe A.I. Eiiieaeooaaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee caaacia/aiiy
i?ioi???ioaoe?? // Ca. iaoe. i?. Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. Aeione 2. – ? 2. – E.: OAAeO,
1998. – N. 39-51.

9. ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o,
i?aeaioiaee, aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? oao?aoe?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy: Ca?o
i?aenoieiaee ca aeiaiai?ii ? 011/97 Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. – E., 1997. – 78 n. (aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue aena?oeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aniaeo?a oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ? i?aea??
iaoiaeee).

10. Iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y oa i?aeoeea i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o o aeu?
a?enueeia? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee II Oe?a?ie: Ca?o c IAe? (i?aenoieiaee) /
Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo. – II Oe?a?ie; ?
150/IIO-1189. – E., 1998. – 106 n. (aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o).

11. Ei?ieue/oe Ae.I., I??ioi?/aiei I.?., E?aeithe A.I. Niaoe?aeueiee
aooio?ai?ia oa o?ce/i? ai?aae o nenoai? caoiae?a ?aaa?e?oaoe??
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ethaeeie // Iaoa??aee OV c’?caeo Oe?a?inueeiai
o?c?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa. – Aeiiaoeuee, 1998. – N. 250-251 (aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy aooio?ai?iao).

E?aeithe A.I. “Ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o thiae?a i?eciaiiai a?eo”. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.01. – Caaaeueia ineoieia?y, ?noi??y
ineoieia??. ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1998.

Caoeua?oueny aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa, a ye?e aeine?aeaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa
i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ?
aa?aneaiino? o ??cieo eaoaai??e i?eciaiee?a (caei?iaeo in?a oa thiae?a c
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie). Aei??e ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino?
iathoue iiaea?ei? e?eoa???: aei?? o?eaiaeiino? e aa?aneaiino? ye
niaoeeo?/ieo yeinoae iniaenoino?; o?eaiae e aa?an?? ye aiioe?eiiai
noaio.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaiee iaa?? ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee aeey aeyaeaiiy
i?iya?a o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino? oa eiiieaen ineoiei?aeoe?eieo
iaoiae?a c iaoith cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeniei? o?eaiaeiino? ? aa?aneaiino?.
Eiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeyaeeinue aoaeoeaiei uiaei ciaioaiiy iaaaoeaieo
aiioe?eieo i?iya?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?eaiaei?noue, aa?aneai?noue, i?eciaieee, iaoiaee
ei?aeoe??, iaoiaeeee ineoiae?aaiinoeee.

Kraynyuk V.N. “Psychological features of displays of anxiety and
aggressiveness of the young men of the military age”. – Manuscript.

The dissertation for a candidate degree in Psychological Science
Speciality 19.00.01. – General Psychology, History of Psychology. G.S.
Kostyuk Institute of Psychology, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of
Ukraine. Kiev, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the theoretical, practical aspects and
the features of displays of anxiety and aggressiveness of different
categories of conscripts (in good health and with slight nervous and
psychical disorders). There exists double criteria to assess the level
of anxiety and aggression – assessment of anxiety and aggression as
specific personality qualities and assessment of anxiety and aggression
as an emotional state.

The author offered a set of psychological methods of diagnostic for
definition of displays of anxiety and aggressiveness and the complex of
methods of psychological correction, which are able to reduce an extreme
level of anxiety and aggressiveness. Its implementation proved to be
effective for the reduction of the negative emotional characteristics.

Key words are: anxiety, aggressiveness, conscripts, psychological
methods of correction, methods of psychological diagnostic.

E?aeithe A.I. “Ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe e
aa?anneaiinoe o thiioae i?ecuaiiai aic?anoa”. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.01. – Iauay ineoieiaey, enoi?ey
ineoieiaee. Einoeooo ineoieiaee ei. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1998.

Caueuaaony aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa, a eioi?ie enneaaeiaaiu
oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea aniaeou iniaaiiinoae i?iyaeaiee
o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe o ?aciuo eaoaai?ee i?ecuaieeia (caei?iauo e
n iia?aie/iuie ia?aii-ineoe/aneeie ?anno?ienoaaie).

Iaoa?eaeii aeey auiieiaiey ?aaiou noaee ?acoeueoaou ineoieiae/aneiai
enneaaeiaaiey i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe thiioae 17-21 eao,
eioi?uo ioiinyo e eaoaai?ee i?ecuaieeia. N oeaeueth ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiiuo
caaea/ ?iaioa auiieiyeanue a o?e yoaia. Ia ia?aii yoaia i?iaiaeeeenue
eco/aiey e aiaeec iniiaiuo oai?aoe/aneeo iiaeoiaeia a enneaaeiaaiee
o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe a nia?aiaiiie ineoieiae/aneie eeoa?aoo?a.
Aue auyaeai e iao/ii iainiiaai eiiieaen aeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeee,
i?eiaiaiea eioi?iai niioaaonoaiaaei oeaee e caaea/ai enneaaeiaaiey,
ii?aaeaeaiu ei??aeoeeiiiua iaoiaeu, iai?aaeaiiua ia nieaeaiea aunieeo
i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe. Ia aoi?ii yoaia enneaaeiaaiey
yiie?e/anee auyaeee iniaaiiinoe i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe
o caei?iauo eeoe (130 /aeiaae eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ? 1) e aeeyiea
ei??aeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia ia iiauoaiiue eo o?iaaiue (30 /aeiaae oiiiaie
a?oiiu ? 5 e yenia?eiaioaeueiie a?oiiu ? 3). Ia o?aoueai yoaia
enneaaeiaaeenue iniaaiiinoe i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe o
thiioae, eioi?ua ninoiyo ia o/aoa a ineoiiaa?ieiae/aneii aeeniaina?a n
aeeaaiicaie, eioi?ua ioiinyo e iia?aie/iui ia?aii-ineoe/aneei
?anno?ienoaai (35 eeoe eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ? 2) e yooaeoeaiinoue
iaoiaeia ei??aeoeee (20 thiioae oiiiaie a?oiiu ? 6 e yenia?eiaioaeueiie
? 4). I?iaiaeeee n?aaieoaeueioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?iyaeaiee o?aaiaeiinoe
e aa?anneaiinoe o caei?iauo eeoe e thiioae n iia?aie/iuie
ia?aii-ineoe/aneeie ia?ooaieyie. Ia yoii aea yoaia ?ac?aaioaee
?aeiiaiaeaoeee e ii?aaeaeeee ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneea iaoiaeeee ?aiiaai
auyaeaiey aunieie o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe ee/iinoe i?ecuaieea e
eiiieaen iaoiaeia eo ei??aeoeee.

Oaeay i?aaiecaoeey enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeea auynieoue aiciiaeiinoe
i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iaoiaeia ?aiiae ineoiaeeaaiinoeee aunieie o?aaiaeiinoe e
aa?anneaiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoue ei??aeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia o eeoe i?ecuaiiai
aic?ano. Ia anao yoaiao ianeaaeiaaiey i?iyaeaiey o?aaiaeiinoe e
aa?anneaiinoe o 215 thiioae i?ecuaiiai aic?anoa enneaaeiaaee n iiiiuueth
eiiieaena iaoiaeee: “OIAIN”; Nieeaa?aa?a-Oaieia, A.A. Aiae?iaa, A.
Aecaiea, Eaiiaa?aea-Oieoaea, Aanna-Aea?ee, “Oano ?oee”, “Aeii – aea?aai
– /aeiaae”, “Ianouanoaothuaa aeeaioiia”, E. Ia?eaoa.

Aiaeec iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia iieacae, /oi aeey caei?iauo eeoe
i?ecuaiiai aic?anoa oa?aeoa?iu nouanoaaiiua i?iyaeaiey ee/iinoiie e
neooaoeaiie o?aaiaeiinoe, iae?ioecia, aa?anneaiinoe, iaaaoeaecia,
a?aaeaeaaiinoe, ia?aii-ineoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
i iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iaaaeaiey n ieie ineoiei??aeoeeiiiie ?aaiou.
Auyaeaii, /oi iiauoaiea o?aaiaeiinoe e aa?anneaiinoe e ae?oaeo
iieacaoaeae iaoiaeee enneaaeiaaiey aieueoa, /ai ia 10 % io eiio?ieueiuo
anoue i?yiui iieacaieai aeey ei??aeoeee ineoiyiioeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey
i?ecuaieeia.

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i aeaaii?eyoiii aeaenoaee
eiiieaeniuo ineoiei??aeoeeiiiuo caiyoee, eioi?ua iai?aaeaiu ia nieaeaiea
io?eoeaoaeueiuo yiioeeiiaeueiuo i?iyaeaiee (nieaeaiea iieacaoaeae
aa?anneaiinoe, a?aaeaeaaiinoe, ?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoe, iaaaoeaecia,
aee?aeoeaiinoe, o?aaiaeiinoe). Oeo/oeeanue yiioeeiiaeueiay
noaaeeueiinoue, nieceeenue aeinoiaa?iinoue ia?aii-ineoe/aneeo n?uaia,
i?iyaeaiey aeaiiino?aoeaiinoe e aicaoaeeiinoe (? 0.05). Iienaiiua
aeaaii?eyoiua ?acoeueoaou iaaethaeathony a 51 % thiioae, n eioi?uie
i?iaiaeeeanue ei??aeoeey, /oi iicaieyao ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue eiiieaeniua
ineoiei??aeoeeiiiua ia?ii?eyoey eae yooaeoeaiua niiniau ineoieiae/aneie
iiaeaioiaee i?ecuaieeia e neoaeaa a Aii?oaeaiiuo Neeao Oe?aeiu.

Ia o?aoueai yoaia ai a?aiy enneaaeiaaiey o?iaiy o?aaiaeiinoe e
aa?anneaiinoe, a oaeaea yooaeoeaiinoe eiiieaena iaoiaeia ineoiei??aeoeee
o thiioae n iia?aie/iuie ia?aii-ineoe/aneeie ?anno?ienoaaie auyaeaiu
ii?aaeaeaiiua eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe e ninoiyiey.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeey yoie eaoaai?ee eeoe nouanoaaiiuie iniaaiiinoyie ii
n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie ? 1 anoue yiioeeiiaeueiua
?anno?ienoaa, aunieea i?iyaeaiey o?aaiaeiinoe (ee/iinoiie e
neooaoeaiie), aa?anneaiinoe, a?aaeaeaaiinoe, iaaaoeaecia,
?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoe, iae?ioecia e ieceie ia?aii-ineoe/aneie
onoie/eainoe. Iienaiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey a yoie a?oiia ii
n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie ? 1 iieacuaatho, /oi o?aaiaeiinoue e
aa?anneaiinoue auoa aieaa, /ai ia 30-40 %, ae?oaea aea iieacaoaee
iaoiaeee – ia 15-20 % (? 0.05). Oeaeaiai?aaeaiiay ineoiei??aeoeeiiiay
?aaioa n oaeie eaoaai?eae i?ecuaieeia i?eaaea e aeinoeaeaieth o 32 %
thiioae iieacaoaeae o?iaiy eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ? 1.

Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey iieacae, /oi aeey
?aiiaai auyaeaiey aunieie o?aaiaeiinoe oeaeaniia?acii i?eiaiyoue
iaoiaeeee Nieeaa?aa?a-Oaieia, Aecaiea, “I?iaiic”; aunieie aa?anneaiinoe
– Aanna-Aea?ee, “Ianouanoaothuaa aeeaioiia”. Ii aeaiiui oaeoi?iiai
aiaeeca iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiuie auee auyaeaiu oaeea iaoiaeeee
enneaaeiaaiey o?aaiaeiinoe, eae: “Ianouanoaothuaa aeeaioiia”, “Aeii –
aea?aai – /aeiaae”; aeey enneaaeiaaiey aa?anneaiinoe – “Oano ?oee”,
Aanna-Aea?ee, “Ianouanoaothuaa aeeaioiia”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?aaiaeiinoue, aa?anneaiinoue, i?ecuaieee, iaoiaeu
ei??aeoeee, iaoiaeeee ineoiaeeaaiinoeee.

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