IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?I. I.I. Ae?AAIIAIIAA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

EA?IAIEI C?IIA?ss NOAIAI?AIA

OAeE 159:371.15

INEOIEIA?*I? INIIAE AEN?IAAIACO INIAENOINO?

19.00.07 — iaaeaaia?/ia ? a?eiaa ineoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio – aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, ae?eniee /eai AII
Oe?a?ie Ee?e/oe Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, ae?eniee /eai AII
Oe?a?ie Iaeneiaiei Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/;

aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie Oo?iai
Aiaoie?e Aaneeueiae/.

aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe Oaoaiei A?oae?e Ieae-naiae?iae/.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y – Ae?iaiaeoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.ss. O?aiea.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14“ aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 1430 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.07 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ca aae?anith: 252033,
i. Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? IIO ?i. I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “8” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeieoeueea I.I

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?noi??y ?icaeoeo
ineoieia??, cao?eniaaia a ia??iaee ia?ainieneaiiy iai?aii? ia?aaeeaie ?
ci?ie iaoiaeieia?/ii? i???ioaoe??, ia?aeiio?, ui aeiaeai eieaeueiee
i?eioeei ooieoe?iioaaiiy ineo?ee, ?iciianthaeaeaiee ia iicaiaaeiao
oa?eoi??th, ia i?eaiaeea aei a?aee?eooy anaioiiiiai oaeaieia?/iiai
ca’yceo, yeee ?ioaa?oaaa ae ??ciiiai?oi? aeooiaii-aeooaaii-o?eani?
ii?ooe ethaeeie c ?o niaoeeo?/iei nieneiaei ci?noii a ?aeeiee oe?ii?nii
ci???ioiaaiee i?aai?ci.

?icaoaeiaa ineoiia?? ca c?aceii i?e?iaeie/eo iaoe i?eaaea aei
i?aaaethaaiiy noa’?eo-ia’?eoii? ia?aaeeaie, ui iioyaioea ca niaith
a?aeiia?aei? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? iane?aeee: iai?ioeyoeaiee i?aeo?ae
o aeoiaaii?, eiioi?i?ci ? eieaeoeaio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue o a?oiia?e
ae?yeueiino?, ia?eaioeeuei? aeeoo?a? i???ioaoe?? oiui.

?nioth/ee noai aeoiaii? i?aeoeee oi?io? caieo ia iiiaeaiiy
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia a?eiai? ? iaaeiaia?/ii? ineoieia??, o?nii
iia’ycaieo ?c caaaeueiiineoieia?/iei eiioaenoii. A, ye a?aeiii,
niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaeieia?? aeeeeeathoue aei aeeooy a?aeiia?aei?
oaoiieia?? ? ineoioaoi?ee, a /iio caoe?eaeaia noni?euenoai c ae?acieie
ieth?ae?noe/ieie iciaeaie a aeiiii?oe?, iie?oeoe?, ?aeaieia??,
eoeueoo??. Inoaii?i /anii ia Oe?a?i? c’yaeeiny aaaaoi oe?eaaeo ?
iaa?oioiaaieo eiioeaioe?e, ui ?icaeaathoue ?aeath iniaeno?nii
i???ioiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy (A. I. Aaee, ?. Ae. Aao, I. E.
Ai?eoaaneee, A. E. Aeaieaeaiei, I. A. Ee?e/oe, N. Ae. Iaeneiaiei, A. O.
Ii?aoi, A. A. Naie/aiei, I. A. Ne?ei/aiei, A. I. Oaoaiei, A. A. Oo?iai).
I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioeo a/aieo noaaaee nenoaia iioeaaoe??
iiaaae?iee (N. A. Iineae/ia), aeeoo?a? noaaeaiiy (I. A. Noa?iaieoaiei,
TH. I. I?eoiaeueei), ii?aeueia naiina?aeii?noue (I. ?. Eoeue/eoeueea, I.
A. Naa/ei, N. I. Oeuaiei), iniaeeaino? aeeoo?aiai na?oo iniaenoino? (O.
I. Oeoa?aiei), ?icaeoie aeooiaiino? (I. I. Eie?niee, A. I. Iineaeaoeue),
ineoieia?/ia aeiiiiiaa ethaeei? a iiaeieaii? ??ciiiai?oieo noa’?eoeaieo
o?oaeiioe?a (I. O. Aiiaea?aiei, I. O. Eae?ia, I. ?. Iia’yeaeue, O. N.
ssoeaiei), aiioe?eii-aieueiaa naii?aaoeyoe?y i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
(I. ss. *aaee?i), ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae (A. I. Iieyei, E. A.
I?aai), ?icoi?iiy ? oeoia/aiiy oaeno?a (I. A. *aiae?aa) oa ?i. —
oaiiiaie c ae?acii oe?ii?niei ci?noii. Aeai? aeine?aeaiiy caa??aaee
o?niee aioo??oi?e ca’ycie c iiaaoi?nueeeie ?ica?aeeaie ?in?enueeeo
eieaa: A. N. A?aoony, A. A. A?ooeeinueeiai, TH. O. Aaneethea, A. A.
Aeaaeaeiaa, A. I. C?i/aiea, Ae. I. Eaiioue?aa, A. A. Iao?ianueeiai, A.
?. Neiaiae/eeiaa o? ?i., ye? ?icoe?eee ai?eciioe a?aeiii? a onueiio
na?o? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ii? ineoieia??, caii/aoeiaaii? E. N.
Aeaionueeei. Nai???aeiei c?aceii iaoeiai? ni?eeaino?, /aniino? ?
i?ioan?iiae?cio neoaeeee ei?eoa? ca?oa?aeii? ineoieia?? — caniiaieee
iiaeo iai?yi?a ? oe?e (C. O?aeae, A. O?iii, E. Oi?i?, A. Aaeea?, E.
THia, A. Ieii?o, A. Aaiaeo?a, E. ?iaeaea?n, A. Ianeio, A. O?aiee, N.
A?io, ?. Annaaeaeie?).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean ?icaeoeo oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e
iniaenoino?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?
aaia-oeei-aaiethoe?ei? caeiiii??iino? ? oaiaeaioe?? aen?iaaiaco
iniaenoino?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaioe??
aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aeine?aeeoe ia?aae?noi??th oe?ii?nii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo a
ca?oa?aei?e ? a?o/eciyi?e ia?niiieia??.

2. ?ice?eoe iniiai? iai?yie aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e
iniaenoino? a no/ani?e ineoieia??.

3. I?iaanoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia eiinoeoothaaiiy i?aaeiaoo
aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino?.

4. Ca?aeii c aaoi?nueeith eiioeaioe??th cae?enieoe ?a?ioa?i?aoaoe?th
no?oeoo?ii-ii?iaoeaieo, ineoiaeeiai?/ieo ? oaiiiaiieia?/ii-?aoeaeneaieo
aniaeo?a aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia?? ia ??cieo a?eiaeo eiioeiaaioao
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ? iaa?oiooaaoe ineoioaoi?/i? aniaeoe aen?iaaiaco
iniaenoino? a aeioe?eueiiio ? iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe?.

Eia?/iei ea?eanii aeine?aeieoeueei? eiioeaioe?? noaee ianooii?
oaa?aeaeaiiy:

— aen?iaaiac iniaenoino? yaey? niaith oe?e?niee i?ioean ?icaeoeo
oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e ethaeeie, iaae?eaii? a?aeiia?aeieie
a?ieia?/ieie, ineo?/ieie, nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie ? aeooiaii-o?ainoeaoeaoieie
iiaeeeainoyie;

— i?iaeoeo aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? – aen?iineo?ea – aeeth/a? a naaa
??ciiiai?oi? aeyae ?? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e: iioeaaoe?ei?
(noa’?eoeai?, ineo?/i?, nieneia?) a?aeiioaiiy, aeeniiceoe?ei? ooai?aiiy
(nioe?aeuei? onoaiiaee ? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??), iioeaaoe?ei? /eiieee
(iio?aae, ?ioa?ane, ?aeaaee, caaaeueio ni?yiiaai?noue ae?yeueiino? ?
iiaaae?iee), aiioe?eii-oe?ii?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano ia?aaeeaaiiy
(i?aaeiao ia?aaeeaaiiy ? ci?no ii?aeueii? eie?c??), aeeoo?a? aeai?e
iniaenoino? a ??cieo noa?ao ?? naiiaecia/aiiy oiui;

— iniiaieie aniaeoaie oai??? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? — aen?iineoieia?? –
? ii?iaoeaiee, ui a?aenoaaeo? i?ioean i?enai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii caaeaieo
noni?euenoaii aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae ye c?ace?a nioe?aeueii aaaeaii?
iiaaae?iee; ineoiaeeiai?/iee aniaeo, ui a?aenoaaeo? cai?ioi?e a?e
aen?iaaiaco ye ciaoiaeaeaiiy oeyo?a naii?aae?caoe?? a?iaeaeaieo
aeooiaieo ono?aie?iue a i?inoi?? nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a iniaenoino?;
oaiiiaiieia?/ii-?aoeaeneaiee aniaeo, ui yaey? niaith aca?iia i?iieeiaiiy
iaio aeuaiacaaieo iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caniiaaiee ia oyaeaii? i?i
ia?ic?eaio ?aei?noue ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo aeaea?ae aen?iaaiaco
iniaenoino? oa ?o i?aaenoaaeai?noue o aioo??oiueiio (oaiiiaiaeueiiio)
na?o? ethaeeie, aeuei i?iyaii yeiai ? oe?ii?/ii-nieneiaa na?aeiiinoue c
i?eoaiaiieie ?e ?aoeaeneaieie ao?eaooaie;

— aecia/aeueiith caeiiii??i?noth aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? ?
aeia?aaeaeaiiy ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy ?? oe?e?nieie aeioe?eueieie
(oe?ii?nii-oe?eueiaeie, oaeaieia?/ieie) ca’yceaie c aeiae?eeyi
neooaoeaii-ae?yeuei?nieo (eaocaeueieo) ca’yce?a c iei, ui aecia/a?
?iaeea?aeoaeueio naiiaooi?noue ie?aiiai acyoiai aen?iaaiaco;

— iniiaio oaiaeaioe?th iinooiaeueiiai aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?
a?aeia?aaea? i?eioeei ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?, ui ae?aaea?
noiaeaeaiiy ethaeeie aei aa?oei aeooiaii? aeineiiaeino? /a?ac
iine?aeiai?, aaiethoe?eii aiioeaiaai? noaae?? a?ieia?/iiai ?iaeea?aea
(a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa), noa’?eoa i?aaeiaoii? ae?yeueiino? (iinoa’?eoa),
noa’?eoa nioe?aeueii ?iciiae?eaii? ae?yeueiino? (iie?noa’?eoa), noa’?eoa
noni?eueii ei?enii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? (iaoanoa’?eoa) ? aaniethoiiai
noa’?eoa, ui oiniaeth? oi?aa?naeuei? aeooiai? oe?iiino?;

— caaaeueiiineoieia?/iei iaoai?ciii aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? aenooia?
ae?aeia?/ia ni?eeoaaiiy, a i?ioean? yeiai a?aeaoaa?ony aeeth/aiiy ?ioiai
a aeooiaiee na?o ss ye iiaiiaaaeiiai ia?oia?a, iiaeeeaiai ac??oey
naii?icaeoeo.

Aieiai? a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. ?icaeoie oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e (aen?iaaiac) iniaenoino? ?
?acoeueoaoii oe?e?niiai oaeaieia?/iiai ca’yceo ethaeeie ye
o?ainoeaaeai-oaeueiiai aeooiaiiai noa’?eoa, ui i?aeii?yaeeiao? nia?
nenoaio ia’?eoeaieo, eaocaeueii-ae?yeuei?nieo coiiaeaiue.

2. Aaeoi?e aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? aecia/athoueny ii-ia?oa, ii?iaoeaii
ci???ioiaaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ianaiia?aae a?o/eciyii? ineoieia?? a ??
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i?e o?aaeeoe??, ye? aeoeaioothoue
ia’?eoeaii-noanoaioe?iiaeueio i?e?iaeo iniaeno?nieo oe?iiinoae;
ii-ae?oaa, eiioeaiooaeueii ??cii??aeieie ineoiaeeiai?/ieie oai??yie
?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, ye? iaiieyaathoue ia niiioaiiiio oe?ii?niiio
o?ainoeaiaeoaaii? ethaeeie aei aa?oei aeooiaii? c??eino?; ii-o?ao?,
oai?aoe/ieie iiaoaeiaaie, ui a?aeaeaathoue aeina?ae oaiiiaiieia?/ii?
?aoeaen?? ?iaeea?aea.

3. Aen?ieia?/ia iiaeaeue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?, ui noaiiaeoue
yae?i aen?iineo?ee, caaea?oueny aeeniiceoe?eii-iioeaaoe?eieie
ooai?aiiyie, ye? ?aae?cothoue iaaia aeooiaia ono?aie?iiy (oe?ii?nia
a?aeiioaiiy) ii anueiio niaeo?? noa’?eoii? aeoeaiino? iniaenoino?: ia
??ai? i?aai?ci?/ii? aeoeaiino? i?iyaey?oueny i?aaeeniiceoe?y
“ia?aae/oaath”, ci???ioiaaia ia aeaeeaaiiy; ia ?io?a?iaeea?aeiiio ??ai?
ae?? aeeniiceoe?y “o?aaa”, ni?yiiaaia ia aeinyaiaiiy ?noeie,
ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? ei?eno? a i?ciaii?, ni?eeoaaii? ? i?aoe?; ia
?ioa??iaeea?aeiiio ??ai? ni?aoeueiao? aeeniiceoe?y “iooo”, ui caaacia/o?
aeia?i/eii?noue ye oiiao aoaeoeaiino? noi?nii? ae?yeueiino?; ia
iaoa?iaeea?aeiiio ??ai? ni?aaaeaeo?oueny aeeniiceoe?y “aoaeo”, iaoe?eaia
ia oai?/a iaieiae?iiy ae?eni?noth ca caeiiaie e?ane; aa?oiaiith
oe?ii?noth ethaenueei? aecenoaioe?? ? aeaai, ui aeinyaa?oueny aeooiaiith
i?aeoeeith ethaeeie c i?eoaiaiiith ?e noia?aeeniiceoe??th “i?eeiath”.

4. Oi?aa?naeueiei ineoieia?/iei iaoai?ciii aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?
aenooia? ae?aeia — a?iaeaeaia ai??i?ia ?ioaioe?y “Oe”, ui aeiionea?
?iiaoooy ?ioiai ye ??aiioe?iiiai iai? noa’?eoa. ?aoeaen?y c aieo
iioaioe?aeueieo “Oe” ye iiaeeeaeo aa?oei aeooiaiiai ?inoo
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aioeoeeiaoe?? ? caaacia/o? oe?ii?nia
aecenoaioe?thaaiiy iniaenoino?.

5. ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie, ?icaeyiooa c aieo ?? aeooiaii-oe?ii?niiai
naiiaecia/aiiy, iiynith?oueny i?eioeeiii ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?,
ca?aeii yeiai caeaoi?noue ethaeeie aei naiiaeaoa?i?iaoe?? ? naii?icaeoeo
niaoeeo?/iei /eiii i?iyaey?oueny ia i’yoe ??aiyo: 1) a?aeiiniiai
noa’?eoa — ?iaeea?aea, iin?y ?inoeieoeaii? aeoeaiino?; 2) iiiinoa’?eoa —
aeania noa’?eoa /e ae?y/a ye /eiieea oe?eani?yiiaaii? i?aaeiaoii?
ae?yeueiino?; 3) iie?noa’?eoa ye iniaenoino? c? noi?iiaaiith
oe?ii?nii-nieneiaith na?aeii?noth ? caeaoi?noth aei ii?aeueiiai
naiiaecia/aiiy; 4) iaoanoa’?eoa — ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth, ui oai?/i
caaaa/o? ?nioth/o nioe?ieoeueoo?io i?aeoeeo; 5) aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa ye
ao?eaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo aeanoeainoae aeooiaii? i?e?iaee ethaeeie.

6. Caaaeueiei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiiy aen?iaaiaco ? aen?iineoieia?/ia
aa?iaiaaoeea, yea caaacia/o? oe?e?niee i?aeo?ae aei ?icoi?iiy ?
oeoia/aiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiaeo oaiiiai?a caaaeyee ?ioo?oeaii-aiiao?eiiio
aii/oaaiith, a a?aeoae ?aoe?iiaeuei?e ?aoeaen?? noa’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino?
iniaenoino?, ui noaiiaeyoue nooue iniaeeai? oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia??
?iaioe c aen?iineo?eith.

7. Iioieia?/iei ?aoa?aioii aen?iineoieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee ? aeni?aneaia
ineoioaoi?ea ye i?aeoeea ?iaioe c oe?ii?nii-nieneiaith noa?ith
iniaenoino?, ui aeicaiey? aenie?eoaaoe e ona?aeiieoe nai?ioe/i?
(iaoaoi?a, i?o) ?ai?acaioaoe?? oe?ii?nieo ono?aie?iue iniaenoino? c
iaoith ?o ei?aeoe?? ? ?icaeoeo.

A?aei?aaieie iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee: iiiyooy
i?i iniaeno?noue ye aeooiaiee noa’?eo aen?iaaiaco, ui aeieeaa? c
iniiaiiieiaeaiue eeane/ii? i?iaoeueei? o?einio??, no/aniiai
oaiiiaiae?cio ? o?einionueei? aio?iiieia??; ineoieia?/i? caeiiii??iino?
? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo aen?iineo?ee o o?aeaeeci?, a?oaa?i?eci?,
aoiai?noe/i?e, o?ainia?niiaeuei?e oa acioa?e/i?e ineoieia??;
caaaeueiiiaoeia? oyaeaiiy i?i aieiiiiio aoaeiao oi?aa?noio e iio?aeiee
a?ae iueiai i?eioeei ?aeo?aioiiai ?yaeo.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee: eiioeaioe?? noa’?eoa ineo?/ii?
aeoeaiino? (E.I. Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, I.A. A?ooeeinueeee, A.N.
Einothe, N.E. ?oa?iooaei, A.I. Oaoaiei oa ?i.); oaeaieia?/iee ?
eaocaeueiee i?aeoiaee ye aeaea?aea nenoaiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? (a?ae A. Ae?eueoay, A. Oi?aiaa?a
aei A.I. Aiaaeaiiaa ? A.N. A?aoony); eiioeaioe?? ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy (?.Ae. Aao, E.?. Aiaeiae/, I.E. Ai?eoaanueeee, I.A. Ee?e/oe
oa ?i.), ui ?icaeaathoue eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/io o?aaeeoe?th o a?o/eciyi?e
ineoieia??.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:oai?aoe/i? — aiae?c, c?noaaeaiiy, ii??aiyiiy,
ocaaaeueiaiiy, aano?aaoaaiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?y ye caniae ae?aeaeoe/ii?
eia?ee; caaaeuei? aii??e/i? iaoiaee — iiiioaoe/iee oa ?aeaia?ao?/iee ?
?o neioac — aen?iineoieia?/ia aa?iaiaaoeea e aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea;
ie?ai? — niinoa?aaeaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e,
aieaooaaiiy, aan?aea, aiae?c i?iaeoeo?a ae?yeueiino?, aenia?oia ?
a?oiiaa ioe?iea iniaenoino?, iaoiae ?aiaoaaiiy ?yaeo, nioe?i- ?
?aoa?aioiiao??y, ?aia?ooa?iee oano ?ieueiaeo eiino?oeo?a Aeae. Eaee?,
ineoia?iianoeea, o?ainaeoiee aiae?c, i?iaeoeai? iaoiaeeee, a?ia?ao?/iee
iaoiae. Ia?iaea aeaieo i?iaiaeeeany ca aeiiiiiaith e?euee?nieo iaoiae?a,
ye-io: aiae?c na?aaei?o aaee/ei, ei?aeyoe?eiee ? oaeoi?iee aiae?c.
Canoiniaoaaeeny no?oeoo?iee ? aaiaoe/iee iaoiaee ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeioe?euei? caeeaaee ?? 5, 8 ? 19
i. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea, iieiaeo? eeane oeiee-e?oeath ? 23
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea ? CIO ? 2 naeeua Ao?ooei
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?, CIO ? 4 i. Ai?eni?eue Ee?anueei? iaeano?,
i?eaaoii? aeaaeai?? “AEAAeAI?ss” i. Iieoaae, nooaeaioe iaaeaaia?/iiai ?
o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoao?a, neooa/? eo?n?a ia?aeaae?o?eaoe??
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo — anueiai 1028
/ieia?e.

I?aai?caoe?y oa aoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue o
o?e aoaie i?ioyaii 1990-1998 ?ie?a.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1990 -1993 ??.) ioi?ieany caaeoi ? ii/aoeia?
eiioeaiooaeuei? aeiiouaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iniia?
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oe?ii?nii-nieneiai?
noa?e iniaenoino?. ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio iiaeaeueoiai
oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1994-1996 ??.) i?iaaaeaii i?eioaaei?, a a?aeoae ?
i?ieiiaiaai? aenia?eiaioaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i? ? ei?aeyoe?ei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a aen?iaaiaco, aaeany i?aeoe/ia
ineoiei?aeoe?eia ?iaioa a iaa/aeueii aeoiaieo caeeaaeao i.
?aaii-O?aie?anueea. ?acoeueoaoe ia?oeo aeaio aoai?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aaenoaaeai? o iiiia?ao?? “Ineoiei?aeoe?y ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?” (1994),
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo “Ineoioaoi?ea o aeoiaaii? aeeoeie”
(1996) oa ?ioeo ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1997-1998 ??) aec??a ? ioi?ieany o iiiia?ao?th
“Aen?iineoieia?y iniaenoino?” (1998) inoaoi/iee aa??aio
aeine?aeieoeueei? eiioeaioe??. Ooi/iaii iiiyo?eii-eaoaai??aeueiee aia?ao
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icoe?aii a?aae aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Caaa?oaii
e?euee?niee ? ye?niee aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeieo aeaieo.
Aeaeaii ai?iaiaaiee ineoieia?/iith i?aeoeeith iin?aiee “Aeni?aneaia
ineoioaoi?ea aeey ae?oae” (1997). Iaienaii ? a?ae?aaeaaiaaii oaeno
aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Cae?eniaia ni?iaa eiino?othaaiiy i?aaeiaoiiai yae?a
aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino? — na?oiaeyaeiiai no?eaeiy aoiai?oa?ii?
ia?a-aeeaie: aecia/ai? ci?noiai? ? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino?; aeiaaaeaia oaca i?i
ae?aeia ye aeya ?ioaioe?iiaeueii? e ?ioa?noa’?eoeaii? i?e?iaee ethaeeie,
ui, ye iaoai?ci, coiiaeth? aen?iaaiac iniaenoino?; iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeei
?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? ye can?a aecia/aiiy aen?ieia?/ieo i?iaeoe?e
aeooiaiiai aoooy iniaenoino? a ii?iaoeaiiio, ineoiaeeiai?/iiio ?
?aoeaeneaii-oaiiiaiieia?/iiio aniaeoao; i?ae eooii ci?o i?aaeiaoa
eiino?oeiaaii? ineoieia?/ii? aeenoeieie?ie iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?cie
aen?iineoieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee (?ioo?oe?th-aiiao?th ? aeeneo?neaia
ieneaiiy-?aoeaen?th) ui noaiiaeyoue oaiiiaiieia?/io oaoiieia?th ?iaioe c
aen?iineo?eith; ?ice?eoi iioaioe?ae aeni?aneaii? ineoioaoi?ee aeey
?icaeoeo ? ei?aeoe?? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? oaeaieia?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo ia oe?ie?e aoiai?oa?i?e ieaooi?i? iia?oi?o ineoieia?/ieo
oai??e, ui aeaei ciiao neioacoaaoe i?aaeiaoia yae?i aen?iineoieia??
iniaenoino?. I?iaiae?ciaaii eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/io, ineoiaeeiai?/io ?
oaiiiaiieia?/io o?aaeeoe?? aea/aiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e
iniaenoino?. I?ae eooii ci?o i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?
aeine?aeaeai? ii?iaoeai? aniaeoe noaiiaeaiiy aen?iineo?ee, ye-io:
oe?ii?ni? a?oe ?icaeoeo noa’?eoiino?, oeiieia?y ii?aeueieo iiceoe?e
iniaenoino?, oe?ii?ni? i?aenoaae iaa?ico oa ?i. I?i?ioa?i?aoiaai?
aen?ieia?/i? o?a?eoi??? niiioaiiiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, iai?eeeaae,
niiniae aeyaeaiiy oai?/eo oaiaeaioe?e iniaenoino?, ineoieia?/i? caniae
?icaeoeo oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino?, ?icai?oaiiy aeooiaieo
caeaoiinoae ethaeeie oa ?i. A?aenoaaeaii aen?iaaiac o oaiiiaiieia?/i?e
?aoeaen?? iniaenoino?: aecia/ai? aen?iineoieia?/i? eii?aeeiaoe
ss-eiioeaioe??, o?iiioiii? ?aaeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nii?
na?aeiiino?, i?ioeane ia?aaeeaaiiy a aen?ieia?/iiio i?inoi??
?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?, oaiiiaiieia?y a/eieo oa ?i. A?aoiaioiaaia
?ieue aa?iaiaaoeee e aeni?aneaii? ineoioaoi?ee ye cania?a ?aae?caoe??
iaoiaeieia?/ii? i???ioaoe?? aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino?.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nenoaiieia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy noa?
noa’?eoiino? ethaeeie aeicaieeei aecia/eoe ?aeo?aioiee ?yae
aen?ieia?/ieo i?iaeoe?e aeooiaiiai aoooy iniaenoino?, ui iai?/a?
i?ia?aio iioei?caoe?? ?? iinooiaeueiiai aen?iaaiaco. ?ic?iaeaia ?
ai?iaaaeaeaia o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe aeeoy/eo ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a
nenoaia aeni?aneaii? ineoioaoi?ee, ui aeeth/a? ae?aaiinoe/iee ?
ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaath/ee aeiee caaaeaiue. Aeiaaaeaia aeoiaia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aeoeeoth/iai ineoieiaa c e?oa?aoo?ieie ?
oa?aiaaoe/ieie iaoaoi?aie, o?ainaeoiiai aiae?co, ui ?aae?cothoue
oaoiieia?th oaiiiaiieia?/iiai a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy nieneiaeo aeeniiceoe?e
iniaenoino? ? aeicaieythoue ?icoe?eoe ci?no ?? oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? ?
noai?eoe iiaeeeaino? aeey caaaeaiiai aieaaeyaeaiiy. Iiaeaii c?acee
aen?iineoieia?/iiai iio?aeooaaiiy aeayeeo ooaeiaei?o oai??a, ui aeaco?
ia ?aaeuei? oeyoe aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? ineoieia??, caaaa/aiiy ??
eiioeaiooaeueiiai oacao?ono.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioee a io?eiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe iieyaa? a
iiaoaeia? nenoaiieia?/ii? iiaeae? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii? a aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeieo oiiaao i?e
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?ee.

Iaae?ei?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/oaaeany aeei?enoaiiyi cania?a ae?aeaeoe/ii? eia?ee, aii??e/iiai
— ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee, canoinoaaiiyi iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/ieo
iaoiae?a ia?iaee aeaieo, aeei?enoaiiyi aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a.

Oace, aeianai? ia caoeno:

1. Aen?iaaiac iniaenoino? yaey? niaith ?icai?oaiiy ?? noa’?eoieo
caeaoiinoae a oe?e?ni?e aeooiai?e neooaoe?? aoooy, aieia?ao?y yei?
ia?eia? ?iaeea?aeiee, aeania noa’?eoiee, nioe?aeueii-iniaeno?niee,
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee oa oi?aa?naeueiee ?aeo?aioi? ?yaee c i?ia?aneaiei
oneeaaeiaiiyi oe?ii?nieo ono?aie?iue ethaeeie.

2. Noa’?eoii aen?iaaiaco ? iniaeno?noue, ui ?icoi??oueny ye
o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiee aeooiaiee noa’?eo, iin?e iioiaiaeueieo aecia/aiue
ethaeeie, a oaeiae ?? oaiiiaiaeueieo, ao?eaooeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e. Aei
ia?oeo iaeaaeaoue ??ciioeii? no?oeoo?e ineo?/ieo ?ioaioe?iiaeueiinoae —
iio?aae, iioeae, nienee, onoaiiaee oiui, aei ae?oaeo a?aeiinyoueny
i?iyae ?ioa?noa’?eoieo aca?iiae?e — ii?aeuei? iiceoe??, noee? aeeooy,
oeie oa?aeoa?o oa ?i.

3. ?icaeoie oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? iiynith?oueny
i?eioeeiii ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?, ca?aeii yeiai caeaoi?noue
ethaeeie aei naiiaeooae?caoe?? i?iyaey?oueny o aeno?aei?e oaeaieia?/i?e
ia?niaeoea?: ??aaiue a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa — ?iaeea?aea, iin?y
?ienoeieoeaii? aeoeaiino?; ??aaiue iiiinoa’?eoa — /eiieea
oe?eani?yiiaaii? i?aaeiaoii? ae?yeueiino?; ??aaiue iie?noa’?eoa —
iniaenoino? c? noi?iiaaiith oe?ii?niith na?aeii?noth ? caeaoi?noth aei
ii?aeueiiai naiiaecia/aiiy; ??aaiue iaoanoa’?eoa — ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?,
ui oai?/i caaaa/o? iayaio nioe?ieoeueoo?io i?aeoeeo; ??aaiue
aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa — ao?eaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo aeanoeainoae aeooiaiiai
?noaa ethaeeie. Ia?aoei oe?ii?nieo ono?aie?iue iniaenoino? c ieiueiith
neooaoe?eieo, eaocaeueii-ae?yeuei?nieo coiiaeaiue aecia/a? oa?aeoa?io
o?a?eoi??th aeooiaiiai oeyoo eiaeii? ethaeeie.

4. ?acoeueoaoii aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? ? oe?ii?nia na?aeii?noue c oaeei
niaeo?ii aeeniiceoe?eii-iioeaaoe?eieo ooai?aiue: i?aaeeniiceoe??th
“ia?aae/oaath”, ui ?aaoeth? aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?ci?/ii? aeoeaiino?
a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa; aeeniiceoe??th “o?aaa”, yea caaacia/o?
ii?iia?aeiia?aeio iiaaae?ieo a i?ciaaaeuei?e, o?oaeia?e ? eiioi?eaoeai?e
ae?yeueiino? e i???ioiaaia ia inai?iiy iiiinoa’?eoii e?eoa???a ?noeie,
ei?eno? ? ni?aaaaeeeaino?; aeeniiceoe??th “iooo”, ci???ioiaaio ia
aeia?i/eii?noue ye oiiao i?iaeoeoeaii? noi?nii? aca?iiae?? iie?noa’?eoa;
aeeniiceoe??th “aoaeo”, iaoe?eaio ia oai?/a iaieiae?iiy ae?eni?noth
iaoanoa’?eoii ca e?eoa??yie i?ae?aniiai; noia?aeeniiceoe??th “i?eeiath”,
ui aeinyaa?oueny aeooiaiith i?aeoeeith ethaeeie ye aaniethoiiai
noa’?eoa, i???ioiaaiiai ia caaaeueia aeaai.

5. Oi?aa?naeueiei ineoieia?/iei iaoai?ciii aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?
aenooia? ae?aeia — a?iaeaeaia ai??i?ia ?ioaioe?y “Oe”, ui aeiionea?
?iiaoooy ?ioiai ye ??aiioe?iiiai iai? noa’?eoa, caaaeyee /iio
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioa??i?ecaoe?y /oaeeo iniaeno?nieo niene?a ? oi?ioaaiiy
ciaeiai-neiaie?/ii? no?oeoo?e na?aeiiino?. ?aoeaen?y c aieo
iioaioe?aeueieo “Oe” ye iiaeeeaeo ac??oe?a ia oeyoo aei aeooiaii?
c??eino? cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aioeoeeiaoe?? ? caaacia/o?
oe?ii?nia aeeoo?cae?eniaiiy iniaenoino?.

6. ?aeaaaioiei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiiy aen?iaaiaco ? aen?iineoieia?/ia
aa?iaiaaoeea — ia?aeiia ?ioo?oeaii-aiioe?eia aii/oaaiiy ? aoi?eiia
oaiiiaiieia?/ia ?aoeaenoaaiiy noa’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino? iniaenoino?, ui
caaacia/o? oe?e?niee i?aeo?ae aei ?icoi?iiy ? oeoia/aiiy aen?iineo?/ieo
oaiiiai?a o aca?iica’yceo ?o aeioe?eueieo, i?e/eiii coiiaeaieo ?
neio?iiii niinoa?aaeoaaieo ci?i.

7. Iioieia?/iei ?aoa?aioii aen?iineoieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee ? aeni?aneaia
ineoioaoi?ea ye ?aae?caoe?y oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia?? ?iaioe c
oe?ii?nii-nieneiaith noa?ith iniaenoino?, ui aeicaiey? aenie?eoaaoe e
ona?aeiieoe nai?ioe/i? ?ai?acaioaoe?? ?? oe?ii?nieo ono?aie?iue a iaoe??
noa’?eoieo iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie c iaoith iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano
aen?iaaiaco.

Ai?iaaoe?y a?aeaoaaeany ia ?yae? i?aeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?e a i?noao Ee?a? (1990-1997 ?.?.), Oa?eia?
(1993 ?.), Iaean? (1986, 1991, 1995 ?.?.), Oa?nii? (1989-1992, 1995
?.?.), Noiao (1989 ?.), Eooeueeo (1989 ?.), Eueaia? (1992 ?.), ??aiiio
(1987, 1991, 1992 ?.?.), ?aaii-O?aie?anueeo (1990-1998 ?.?.), Aeooo?
(1989 ?.), Aa?aeyinueeo (1992 ?.), Ae?iaiae/? (1990, 1992 ?.?.),
Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeo (1997 ?.), I?aeei? (1989, 1991 ?.?.),
Ia?ayneaa?-Oiaeueieoeueeiio (1989-1992 ?.?.).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo cae?enithaaeany
oeyoii ?ic?iaee, ai?iaaoe?? oa iiioey?ecaoe?? nenoaie aeni?aneaii?
ineoioaoi?ee aeey ae?oae, o?ainaeoiiai aiae?co, ?iaioe c iaoaoi?aie oa
?i. o ?yae? ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Ee?anueei?
oa Iieoaanueei? iaeanoae, a oaeiae o niin?a aeaeaiiy
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a, ioae?eaoe?e o ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeia?aeeaie ? 2/31 a?ae 8.01.98 ?. aeaeai?e Oi?aae?iiyi
ina?oe ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??, ? 08.01.29
a?ae 5.02.99 ?., aeaeai?e I?eea?iaonueeei oi?aa?neoaoii ?i. A.
Noaoaieea, ? 01/28 a?ae 27.01.99 ?., aeaeai?e Iaeaniei ?inoeoooii
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a (i.
?aaii-O?aie?anuee).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiee a 78
ioae?eaoe?yo, c ieo — 2 iiiia?ao?yo, 7 iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao, 25
noaooyo, ?aooa — oace. Iaeiiin?aieo i?aoeue — 66. Caaaeueiee ianya
iniaenoiai aianeo noaiiaeoue 61,1 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 7
?icae?e?a, ei?ioeeo aeniiae?a aei eiaeiiai ?icae?eo, caaaeueieo
aeniiae?a ia 25 noi??ieao ? aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no aeae?oeiaaii ia 386
noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 408 iaeiaioaaiue, c
ieo 24 ?iicaiieie iiaaie. A aeena?oaoe?? 5 ?enoie?a, 14 oaaeeoeue, ui
caeiathoue 9 noi??iie. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 443 noi??iee
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/ai? ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoa, caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? eiai
aieiai? a?iioace oa iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, anoaiiaeaia
iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe??, a?aeia?aaeaia
ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Aeniiineoieiaiy — oaeaieiai/iee no?eaeaiue
aoiaiioa?ii? ia?aaeeaie” — iinoaaeaia i?iaeaia ?icaeoeo
oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? ye oeaio?aeueii?, aa?oeeaeueii?
in? aoiai?oa?ii? ineoieia??. Inoaiiy i?aaenoaaeaia eiiieaeniith,
nenoaiiith iniiaith ia’?aeiaiiy ??cii??aeieo ineoieia?/ieo ? oe?oa —
o?einionueei-aio?iiieia?/ieo — oai??e iaaeiei ?aea? oe?e?nii? ethaeeie.

Ia ?ac e?eoeeiaaia aio/eciyieie oai?aoeeaie aiaeioe/ia
(«eieaeoeiiia?nueea», ca aeneiaii A.A. Iao?ianueeiai) ieneaiiy aeoieiuo?
iiiyooy ethaeeie ye oioaeueii? ineoi/ii? ?aaeueiinoi. ?ic/eaioaaiiy
oeieiniinoi ethaeeie ia iiinoani «iiaeeaiae», «iniaenoinoue», «noa’?eo»,
«iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue» oa ianeii/aiii iioaeaeooaeueii ai?aae c i?eaiaeo
?o no?oeoo?e iae/anoioa ooai?ththoue ii?i/ia eiei, c yeiai ia
«aeoyao?oueny» nii?aeue ?icaeoeo i cieea? eiinoeoothth/a ethaeeio ye
iniaeeao i?e?iaeio inoioo caeaoiinoue, a naia — aieueiee aeoo, ui
aeia?aaeaea? i iiina?aaeeiao? aiieiai/ii i nioeiaeueii aieeae. Ioaea,
ineoieia?? iaiaoiaeii iiaa?iooe noa?i, ii/anoe ni?ioaiiaai? eaoaai???,
ye-io: aeoo, ui ?icoii?oueny ye iiaiaioia caeaoiinoue ethaeeie aei
aieueiiai aeiyiiy, a/eieo, i aeooiaiinoue ye nenoaiia ineoi/ia ooai?aiiy
i aeua ii?iaeaeaiiy iniaenoinoi, ?ai?acaioiaaia ?? oeiiiinii-nieneiaith
naiaeiiinoth.

Ia oa, ui «aa?oeeaeue» ethaeeie, ?? aeniieiai/ii ia??? iaaeinoaoiuei
aeineiaeaeaii a ineoieia??, ia?iea? aaaaoi a/aieo (A.N. A?aoonue, E.?.
Ai?iaeiaa, A.I. C?i/aiei, ?.?. ?na?a, A.?. Neiaiae/eeia oa ?i.). Ia /an?
na?eicia iaoeiaa aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano iaioaeicaoe?? ye ?icai?oaiiy
iiae aieeaii eiiieaiaioa?iiai nioeiaeueiiai ioi/aiiy aeeoeie aaciaeo
ina?aaeeia aeooiaiinoi oa ?o iiaeaeueoeo o?ainoi?iaoeie o iaaii nieneiai
ooai?aiiy iniaenoinoi. Naia oe? no?oeoo?e caaeathoue oo oaeaieiai/io
ia?niaeoeao, a naioei yei? ethaeeia ni?aaaeaeo? nai? inioaaiiy, ?aaeico?
caienae naii? naaa ye oiieaeueii? aeooiaii? inoioe, iicia? i caeienith?
nai? inoeiia iieeeeaiiy.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny aeoiee oaeaieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo a
ca?oa?aei?e ia?niiieia??. Oae, iniiaiiieiaeiee iieniai? (?icoi?th/i?)
ineoieia?? A. Ae?eueoae aenooiea ?i?oe?aoi?ii iaoiaeieia?/ii?
ia?ai???ioaoe?? a aeine?aeaeaii? ethaenueei? ineo?ee. A?i ia?aeiieeai
aeia?a, ui ?? aea/aiiy ?icii/eia?oueny c iioo?oeaiiai inyaiaiiy
aca?iii?iieeath/i? oeieiniinoi aoaeoa, iioaeaeoa i aiei, aca?iiee aaeain
yeeo ae?aaea? aioo?ioith aeioeieueiinoue ooieoeiiioaaiiy i?aaiicio i
caaacia/o? oaea i?enoinoaaiiy aei na?aaeiaeua, yeiai aeiaaa? oa?aeoa?
aioo?ioiio oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi. Aaa/aiiy oaeaieiai/iiai ca’yceo ye
ao?eaooo oeieiniiai ineoi/iiai ca’yceo, ia aeoieo A. Aeieueoay, ia
aiaeeeaea? eaocaeueieo caeaaeiinoae a iaaeao oeueiai oeieiai. Oeei naiei
noaa?aeaeo?oueny iiaeii?yaeeoaaiiy oae caaii? iiynithaaeueii? ineoieia??
iieniaie, iiciioa — ?icoiith/ie.

Iaeaeaeaoiioa caneoaa A. Oi?aiaa?a o ?icaeoeo ?icoiith/i? ineoieia??
iieyaaea o aeianaiii oaeaieiai/iiai ca’yceo «ic iaae?» i?aaiicio oa
iniaenoinoi a oeieinio aeooiaio neooaoeith. Oaeei /eiii, aioo??oi?e
oaeaieia?/iee ca’ycie ineo?/ieo yaeu (aioaeao?y), iinooeueiaaiee A.
Ae?eueoa?i, aoa aeiiiaiaiee ciai?oi?i oaeaieia?/iei ca’yceii.

Ua aieueoee aeoeaio ia ?icoiiiii iniaenoinoi ye aeooiaiiai noa’?eoa
c?iaea iniiaiiieiaeiee ia?niiaeinoe/ii? ineoieia?? A. Ooa?i, aeacaaoe ia
?io?ioeaioe?th ye ia’?aeiaa/o oe?eueiao onoaiiaeo, ui caaacia/o?
eiiaa?aaioe?th aeanieo aeooiaieo ?ioaioe?e (oe?eae) c iicainiaeno?nieie
oe?eyie ? aeiiaaie.

Iai?ai? iai?yie no/anii? ineoieia?/ii? iaoee — a?oaa?i?eci, o?aeaeeci,
aoiai?noe/ia oa o?ainia?niiaeueia ineoieia?y — aeoeaioothoue ??ci?
aniaeoe oe?e?niiai oaeaieia?/iiai ca’yceo, a yeee aooo?a?nii aeeth/aia
ethaeeia.

Aen?ieia?/ia i?iaeaiaoeea o a?o/eciyi?e ineoieia?? ie?aneeeany a
aeeneon?yo iaaeiei no?oeoo?e, ooieoe?yo ? aaiaceno iniaenoino?.

Caaaeii iai?oeeiny aea? oai?aoe/i? iiceoe??. I?eoeeueieee ia?oi?
aeoeaiooaaee iiiaio noa’?eoeaiiai noaaeaiiy (e?i?y N.E. ?oa?iooaeia),
i?eoeeueieee ae?oai? i?aee?anethaaee iio?aeiee oa?aeoa?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aeiioaiue a?ae ia’?eoeaieo ianoaaei ae?yeueiino?
(e?i?y I.I. Eaiioue?aa). In?aii noi?oue iiceoe?y A.A. Aeaaeaeiaa ? A.O.
Ii?aoia, eio?? iaiieyaathoue ia oai?/iio ia/ae? iniaenoino?, yea
ii?iaeaeo? ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie noni?eueiiai aeeooy. O naith /a?ao A.A.
I?eia aaaaea?, ui iniaeno?noue ? noiith ao?eaoo?a (iiaeon?a) nooiino? —
?noeiiiai iioiaio, ui ?iiaeo?enoao? a noa?? oaiiiai?a.

Aaoi? i?ea?iaeueii? eiioeaioe?? nenoaiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
iniaenoino? A. A. Aiaaeaiia ii?aeiaa ia?aaaae iaio i?aeoiae?a: ?
eaocaeueiiai ? oaeaieia?/iiai ca?aeii i?eioeeio aca?iiaeiiiaithaaiino?.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e iiiyooy ?aeo?aioiiai ?yaeo, a/aiee aeaoaeiao? o?eaei??io
iiaeaeue iniaenoino? o neeaae? nenoaiieo, noanenoaiieo ? iaoanenoaiieo
aeanoeainoae, aeaoa?i?iiaaieo a?aeiia?aeii ae?yeuei?noth, neooaoe??th ?
a?oiiaith aca?iiae??th.

Iii?e aacia?a/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue cacia/aieo i?aeoiae?a on?i ?i a?aeo?
ni?aaae? ianiai? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeoeee, caeaoii? c?iaeoe ?o
oaoiieia?/ieie ? ineoioaoi?/ieie, ?aae?coaaoe ?o eiino?oeoeaiee
iioaioe?ae.

Caa?iaiiy aei o?einionueeeo canaae aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino?
aeicaieeei ?aeue?oi?oa aeiaethaaoe ?? aeaniee i?aaeiao, iii?oeoe ciie
i?ia?ano e ae?eyiee oai?aoe/ieo oiouaiue.

Oae o iiaeyaeao A. Eaeai?oea aiaecia/a?ii ia’?eoeaio aeiaeaeoeeo
aiaiaoe?? aaniethoiiai aeooo a iiaeeaiaeoaeueiee (ia’?eoeaiee — o
i?e?iaei, noa’?eoeaiee — a aeooi ethaeeie), iaea? i?i
caaaeueiiethaenueeee aacen oeiiiinoae, iaoo inioaaiiy (aeinyaiaiiy
aa?iii??), iaoioiaeiinoue aiii?e/iiai oaeoo eiai ai?ii?iie nooi,
iai?eeeaae, iacaiaeeiinoue ethaeeie ye aiaeanoaaiiiai caaeoio
(aeooiaiiai noa’?eoa) aei ?? ao?eaooeaieo iciae.

Aeciaiiy ?. Eaioii i?eiaoo i?aeoe/iiai ?icoio (ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? noa?e
ia?aae oai?aoe/iei icia/a? ia?aaaao «naiaiaeii? i?e/eiiinoi» (iiaiaioii?
oaeaieiai/iinoi) iaae «i?e?iaeiith i?e/eiiinoth» (eaocaeueiei
aeaoa?iiiiciii), ui oi?iaeueiieiai/ii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oe?oei ianyaii
iiiyooy oeiiiinoi ye iaaii? aei eiioey ia caaaiaiii? «?a/i a niai» c
oaiiiaiii — yaeuai («?i//th aeey ian»), ui iiaeeyaa? iiciaiith. Caiaene
aeieeaa? aeniiaie i?i iiaeii?yaeeoaaiiy iaoee ai?i, neacaoe a,
caeaaeiinoue inoeie aiae aeoiaeieo oeiiiinieo iiceoeie, naiaeiii i
aiaeiiaiaeaeueii caeiyoeo iiciath/ei noa’?eoii.

Iniiaiiieiaeiee oaiiiaiieiaicio A. Aonna?eue noi?ua? aiinaieiai/iee
noa’?eo c aeniieiai/iei ye noa’?eo ca nai?th noooth aeooiaiee (ooo —
o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiee), oiaoi caeaoiee eiinoeooththaaoe c naiiai naaa
iiaeone iioaioeiiiaeueiinoi, yei e iioieiaicoththoue naio naiaeiiinoue,
cieeath/e ?? c iioei, iica-ss-aoooyi. Oei naiei iioaioeiiiaeueia aeeooy
naiaeiiinoi o?aeoo?oueny ye nieneiiieeaaeaiiy iniaenoinoi, ui ia?
i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaoaeiae iaoiaeieiai/ii? aace
aeniiineoieia??.

O “o?einio?? i?ioeano” A. Oaeooaaea iniaeno?noue ? iniiaith oai?/iai
i?ioeano, ni?yiiaaiiai ia oo /e ?ioo oe?ii?noue; iin??i ?aea?, ui, ye
i?no, c`?aeio? Na?o Ii?iaeaeaiiy (ae?th/o i?e/eio) c? Na?oii Oe?iiinoae
(oe?eueiao i?e/eio).

Caniiaiee o?einionueei? aio?iiieia?? I. Oaea? ia?aeiieeai aeiaiaeeoue,
ui ethaeeia ? aeooiaiith, a aiaeoae iaoaoice/iith inoioith. Aieiaeith/e
naiaiaeith ?icioioiaeiaiiy c onii aioaeueiei, ethaeeia ye iniaenoinoue
niiaiy? nai? aeua, einii/ia i?ecia/aiiy, «aaoi?ii» yeiai ? Aia.

O?einionueea eiioeaioe?y einiiaaiaco I. Oaey?a aea Oa?aeaia yaey? niaith
i?eeeaae iine?aeiaii i?iaaaeaiiai oaeaieia?cio, caaa?oaiiai ia aac?
neioaco iaoee ? i?noeee. Aeniiaie Oaey?a i?i caaaeueio iaeooioai?ai?noue
einiiaaiaco ia an?? eiai noaae?yo: ia?aaeaeeooy (iai?aai?/ii? i?e?iaee),
aeeooy (i?aai?/iino?) aeoiee ? iaaeaeoiee ooi/iaiee oacith i?i
anthaeenou?noue aeooiaii-ineo?/ii? aia?a??, a naia aiaeanoaaiii? ethaia?
ye ?oo?eii? neee aaiethoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? iaeyaeo iaoeiai-ineoieia?/ieo ? o?einionueeeo
aeaea?ae aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino? aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui ??
iniiaiiieiaeiei i?eioeeiii ? i?eioeei oaeaieia?cio, yeee aeieeaa? c
oe?e?niiai ca’yceo iniaenoino? ye o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiiai noa’?eoa c eiai
aii??e/ieie ei?aeyoaie a ??cieo noa?ao ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? — “Ineoieia?y oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e
iniaenoino?: oeyoe oai?/iai neioaco” — ?icii/eia?oueny caaaeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith nieneiaeo ooai?aiue iniaenoino?, ye aiie
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a ?aaeyinuee?e ineoieia??.

A?oioiaia aeineiaeaeaiiy iioieia?? nieneiai? ?aaeueiinoi i?eaaei Ae.I.
Eaiioue?aa aei aeniiaeo i?i inioaaiiy oanoe ?iciiaeaeia nieneiaeo
no?oeoo?, yei caaeathoue oeiiiiniee i?ioieue iniaenoinoi: iniaenoiniiai
nieneo, nieneiai? onoaiiaee, iioeao, nieneiai? aeeniiceoe??, nieneiaiai
eiino?oeoa, iniaenoinii? oeiiiinoi.

Inoaii?i /anii a?o/eciyi? o/ai? eiioeaio?othoue naith oaaao iaaeiei
i?iaeaie oe?iiinoae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oeiiiinoue ye aoaeii iaeaaeii?
iiaaaeiiee, ae?iaeaiee noniieueiith naiaeiiinoth, ia? o?e oi?ie
?ai?acaioaoe??. Ii-ia?oa, oeiiiinoue iinoa? ye noniieueiee iaeaae —
ocaaaeueiaia oyaeaiiy i?i aeineiiaeinoue a ?icieo noa?ao noniieueiiai
aeeooy; ii-ae?oaa,oeiiiinoue ia? i?aaeiaoia aoieaiiy o aeaeyaei aeoai?ia
iaoa?iaeueii? i aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e aai ethaenueeeo a/eieia, ui
aiaeaeca?eaeththoue iaaii oeiiiinii iaeaaee (aoe/ii, anoaoe/ii,
iieioe/ii, i?aaiai oa ii); ii-o?ao?, iioeaaoeieii no?oeoo?e iniaenoinoi
i ianaiia?aae iniaenoinii oeiiiinoi, ui aenooiathoue ye aioo?ioii iin??
nioeiaeueii? ?aaoeyoe??, caei?iiaii a no?oeoo?i iniaenoinoi.

Eoeueoo?ii-inoi?e/iee iiaeoiae aei aea/aiiy oeiiiinii-nieneiai? noa?e
iniaenoinoi aa?a aei oaaae aniaeo ?? ii?iaeaeaiiy no?oeoo?aie e
iinoeoooeiyie noniieueii? naiaeiiinoi. Iniiaiee oeyo i?eeo/aiiy aeeoeie
aei noni?eueieo aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae — oea canai?iiy i?aaenoaaeaieo o
nioeiaeueiiio iae?ina?aaeiaeui oeiiiinieo iaeaaeia /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai
?aoa?aioii? aeey iiaeeaiaea iaei? a?oie i iiaeeeth/aiiy eiai aei
noiinii? aeiyeueiinoi ci niieueiei aeey ?? o/anieeia
oeiiiinii-iioeaaoeieiei yae?ii.

I?ioa a ?one? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai i?aeoiaeo iaiiaeeeai aei e?ioey
iiaeieaoe eiio?iaa?co a?ieia?/iiai — ieae/iai ? nioe?aeueiiai — aeuiai.
Iinooethaaiiy aoi?eiiino? iniaeno?nieo oe?iiinoae a?aeiinii nioe?aeueieo
aaaea aei aeciaiiy iio?aeiiai oa?aeoa?o aeooiaiiai noa`?eoa a?ae
i?aaeiaoii-eoeueoo?ieo oiia ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie. Ca?aene aeieeaa? oaeiae
i?eieaeaiiy iio?aaiai? iioeaaoe?? ia?aae oe?ii?niith, a?aeiiaa ia?o?e o
?? naiiaeinoaoiueiio, naiioe?iiiio ci?no?.

Ca?oa?aeia ineoieia?y i?aeoiaeeoue aei o?aeooaaiiy i?e?iaee ? ?icaeoeo
aen?iineo?ee i?ioeeaaeiei /eiii, c oae caaieo ineoiaeeiai?/ieo iiceoe?e
(A. Aaeea?, A. Ianeio, E. ?iaeaea?n, A. O?iii oa ?i.). Aecia/aeueiei
/eiieeii iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo aeciathoueny iio?aae, ui yaeythoue
niaith noa`?eoeaio iai?oanoaoe?th aeeoo?aeo iaiao?aeiinoae
(?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oe?iiinoae). A oaeiio ?ac? iiaa eaea i?i aeaieueiaiiy
aeeaeiieo caaeaoeia ?icaeoeo, i?e yeiio aiaeaoaa?oueny naii?icai?oaiiy
aeooiaiinoi, ia?ainii nioeiaeueii? e iiceoeaii?, nai??iaeia ?icoe?aia
aiaeoai?aiiy iio?aa ye aacia?a/ieo oeiiiinoae (i aio) iniaenoiniiai
c?inoaiiy. Ineoiaeeiaii/iee iiaeoiae aei o?aeooaaiiy
oeiiiinii-iioeaaoeieii? noa?e iniaenoinoi iaaieioo? ia ia
ia’?eoeaii-i?aaeiaoieo (iaoa?iaeueieo oa iaeaaeueieo) oi?iao
nioei?oaeueii? aeniiineoiee, a ia iniiaiiieiaeiie ai?ooaeueiinoi
oeiiiinii? aaiethoe?? noa’?eoa iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeeoo?oai?/inoi.
Oai?aoe/iith i?ioeaaaith nioeiaeicaoe?? e iioa?ii?ecaoe?? a aeaiiio
eiioaenoi ? iiaeeaiaeoaeicaoeiy e aenoa?ii?ecaoeiy a ?icoiiiii
naii?icai?oaiiy aeooiaieo iioaioeie, naii?aaeicaoe?? iniaenoinoi,
ii?aaeiaoiaiiy ?? oeiiiinieo oeieae i iio?aa a oiieaeueiiio eoeueoo?iiio
i?iaeoeoi.

A?aceeaei i?noeai ineoiaeeiai?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy
oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? ? eiai iacaeaoi?noue ae/a?iii
iiynieoe aeano?oeoeaiee oeyo aen?iaaiaco. Aeoiae c aeeeaie «sse
iiethaeoe iaeaaeia?» i «sse c?iaeoe ii?iith oa, ui ethaeo?» i?iiiio?, ia
iao iiaeyae, oaiiiaiieiai/ii-?aoeaeneaiee iiaeoiae aei ?ica’ycaiiy
iaaiai?thaaii? i?iaeaie.

Oaiiiaiieia?/ii-?aoeaeneaiee aniaeo aen?iineo?ee eiinoeooth?oueny
noa?ith aca?iiiai iaeeaaeaiiy iaio ieiuei oe?ii?nii? iioieia??,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaiieo aeua. Eaeaoueny i?i na?aeii?noue — ci?no ineo?ee, ui
iinoa? ia?aae noa`?eoii ye eiai aioo??oi?e aeina?ae, eiai
naiiaecia/ai?noue ? eiai ieeii?noue, eiai ioi?ieai?noue ? eiai
iacaaa?oai?noue, eiai aie?iiy ? eiai i?aeiaa?euei?noue oiui.

O o?aeooaaii? noo? na?aeiiino? aecia/eeiny aea? e?i??.
Iine?aeiaieee ?. Aeaea?oa aaeeaathoue iiiyooy “na?aeii?noue” o oe?ieiio
nain?, ye neiii?i ineo?/iiai acaaae?. I?ae na?aeii?noth ?icoi?thoue
aaciina?aaei? ia?aaeeaaiiy ?iaeea?aeii aeayeiai noa`?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo
(A. Aoiaeo, A. O?o/aia?, O. Aeaeain, O. A?aioaii oa ?i., iao? no/anieee
— O. Eai?a, Ae. Aii, E. I?ea?ai, N. A?io, I. E. Iaia?aeaoa?e?, TH. O.
Aaneethe oa ?i.). ?icoiiiiy naiaeiiinoi ye ineoi/iiai ia?aaeeaaiiy
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aio?iiiei i?eioeeiii, ui aeieeaa? c iiceoe?? Aeaea?oa,
yeee «iiaee?anethaaa iayaiinoue o naiaeiiinoi iniaeeaeo, aaciina?aaeiuei
aeaieo ciaiue i?i oeiea». Ea?oac?ainueea o?aaeeoeiy ioioiaeiaiiy
naiaeiiinoi i ineoiee iiaea aooe aeno?aiieueiaaia ia aanue iaoe?
ineoi/iiai, ui iaieia? ia?aoiae iiaeeeainoi ye caaaeueiee i?eioeei
naioiaoaeiae a aeieniinoue: naiaeiiinoue ye onaiaeiieaiiy (iiciaiiy),
ia?aaeeaaiiy-niiaeyaeaiiy (ii/oooy), ?aoeaeniy (noiieaiiy aeooaeueii?
ieeiiinoi noa’?eoa a aeoao aieiiiy), ia?aaeeaaiiy-aeiyeueiinoue
(i?ioeane inieneaiiy aeieniinoi, nieneiii?iaeaeaiiy), ia?aooi,
ia?aaeeaaiiy ye aac-aeiyeueiinoue (o?ainoeaaeaioaeueia naiaeiiinoue).

Ae?oaa e?i?y aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aeiiino? iia`ycaia c iiaeyaeii A.
Eaeai?oea, ca?aeii yeiai na?aeii?noue ia oioiaeia ineo?oe? ? noaiiaeoue
o?eueee /anoeio, i?e/iio iaeaeuo, ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a. Iioe?aia
caaaeaiiy na?aeiiino? aei nenoaie iiaeaii?aeo “cia/aiue”, ia a?aei?io
a?ae “aeiiiaeaii?aeo niene?a” (I. A. Ni??e?i, I. A. Neiiiia, AE.
Aiaeo?oa oa ?i.), ui iaa?yae /e i?aaeeueii. ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoueio
ineoieia?/ieo aenia?eiaio?a i?aeaiaeyoue aei aeniiaeo i?i aaiaoe/io
ia?aeii?noue aiioe?eiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy (oiaoi nieneo) a?aeiinii
ni?eeiaiiy i?aaeiao?a o ?o cia/aii?. Neie?aoe/ia aeeoy/a ni?eeiaiiy
oai?eoue ia?a?nio aeina?aeiio eaiao, ia ye?e i?ci?oa i?iyaeythoueny
oci?e oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino?. O ca’yceo c oeei aeaea?oueny, ui
i?iaeaia iiaeieaiiy aeaciioaa?iaaiinoi no/anii? ethaeeie, iaaa?iaiiy ??
aei aeaea?ae niiioaiii? oai?/inoi ia?aoi?ioeueiao?oueny a i?iaeaio
?icaeoeo oeieinii? eiioeioaeueii? oeiiiinii-nieneiai? noa?e, ui aeeth/a?
a naaa i naiaeiiinoue aiaeiai/ii? yeinoi ye aca?iiaeiiiaithaaeueio,
neia?aaoe/io ?aeiinoue aiioeieii-ia?aciiai i iiiyoieii-eiai/iiai
aniaeoia.

Caaaeii iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui cacia/ai? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy
ineoieia?? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e ?ai?acaioothoue ??ci? ia?aaeeaie —
ia?aaeeaio oi?ioaaiiy ? ia?aaeeaio noaiiaeaiiy. O ia?o?e ?ic?iaey?oueny
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iee ieano aen?iineo?ee, a a ae?oa?e — ??
ineoiaeeiai?/iee ieai. sseui aeciaoe, ui e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii iaio
iaiaaaiue ? ?icaeoie, oi iaeaea? ia?aaeeaie iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
nai???aei? aoiai?oa?i? oaoiieia?? aeinyaiaiiy iaeiaeiai c?icoi?ei? iaoe
— c??ei?, naiino?eii?, a?aeiia?aeaeueii?, oai?/i? ? o. ae. iniaenoino?.
Oea caaaeaiiy ?ica`yco?oueny a ieiuei? ?aaeueii?, “aeeai?” oaiiiaiieia??
(ia?aaeeaia ?icai?oaiiy). ?iia??ii, ui ?aoeaen?y ethaeeiith nai??
aeooiaii? aeeiai?ee aenooia? ?aeeiei aaniethoiei e?eoa???i ??
noiaeaeaiiy aei aa?oiaei Aeooo ? Aeia?a, E?ane, Aa?iii??, Aeineiiaeino?.

O?ao?e ?icae?e — “I?aaeiaoia yae?i aen?iineoieia?? iniaenoino?” i?noeoue
eiioeaio?iaaiee aeeeaae aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioe?? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A?aei?aaiei ioieoii nenoaiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oe?ii?nii?
na?aeiiino? aoei ni?aa?aeianaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae
?iaeea?aea, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai ye noa`?eoa ae?yeueiino?, ?c
ci?noiaieie iniaeeainoyie ethaeeie, ye? eiinoeoothoue ?? ye
iniaeno?noue.

Ci?noiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ethaeeie a?aeaeoa a oeaio?aeueieo oai?aoe/ieo
eiino?oeoao, ui o?enothoue aca?iica`ycee ? aca?iiia?aoai?aiiy a
aeeiai?/i?e nieneia?e nenoai?. Ieie ? oe?ii?nii-nieneiaa (aeeoo?aa)
a?aeiioaiiy, nieneiooai?thaaeueiee iioea ? aeeniiceoe?y iiaaae?iee.

Iaieiaeiiiy iiaeeaiaeii nai?th iioeaaoeieii-nieneiaith noa?ith icia/a?
?? onaiaeiieaiiy, eio?a aenooia? iaoaiiciii naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoinoi.
?acoeueoaoii oaeiai onaiaeiieaiiy ? o?ainoi?iaoeiy iniaenoinieo nieneia
o oeiiiinii i?i?ioaoe??, ui noaiiaeyoue iaeaeuee ?iaaiue aeeniiceoeieii?
naii?aaoeyoe?? iiaaaeiiee.

Nenoaiiee aiaeic iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? naiaeiiinoi aeicaiey? aeaeieeoe
aaciai oeiiiinii i?i?ioaoe?? iniaenoinoi a no?oeoo?i ??
aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi, yei i??a?oicothoueny ca ii?ith aeeth/aiinoi ethaeeie
a noniieueii aiaeiineie. Aecia/aiei i?e oeueiio ?iaiyi «iiaeeaiae»,
«a?oia», «noniieuenoai» aiaeiiaiaeathoue oeiiiinii i?i?ioaoe??, ui
ae?aaeathoue ni?yiiaaiinoue iniaenoinoi ia oo /e iioo aeooiaio
oeiiiinoue, yea ?aaeico?oueny a eiie?aoiie nioeiaeueiie neooaoe??. Oae,
oeiiiinoyie iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai ?iaiy aoooy ethaeeie ? inoeia,
ni?aaaaeeeainoue i ei?enoue, yei aeinyaathoueny a iiciaaaeueiie,
eiioiieaoeaiie i i?aeoe/ii-ia?aoai?thaaeueiie aeiyeueiinoi caiaeii ?o
eeaneoieaoe?? I.N. Eaaaiii.

Oeiiiinoth ooieoeiiioaaiiy iiaeeaiaea a a?oii aenooia? aeia?i ye
ia’?eoeaia iniiaa ii?aeueii? ca ciinoii i noiinii? ca oi?iith
aeiyeueiinoi.

Aa?oeiiith oe?ii?noth ethaenueei? aecenoaioe??, ui noaa?aeaeo? ??
noni?eueio aa?o?noue c iaeyaeo ia oi?eaeueiee oai?/ee aianie ethaeeie ye
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ? e?ana.

Anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueii-noa`?eoieie
aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino? oa e nieneiaeie ooai?aiiyie aeicaiey? aeyaeoe
oae? ia?aeae?: caoaeieee aeoeaiino?, no?eaeiai yeeo ? iio?aae,
?aeaaaioii aiioe?eiei eiiiiiaioai oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e (neiaie?/ii —
«oi/o»), cae?aiino? iia’ycai? c ?o i?ciaaaeueieiee eiiiiiaioaie
(«iiaeo»), a oa?aeoa? ? oaiia?aiaio — c iiaaae?ieiaeie («?», «iath»).
Aeaii aeanoeaino? aeeiiothoue ooieoe?? naiiaeooae?caoe?? (iio?aae),
naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy (cae?aiino?) ? naiiae?aaeaiiy (oaiia?aiaio ? oa?aeoa?)

Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?aeath I.A. Aniieiaa i?i onoaiiaeo (??ciiaeae
aeeniiceoe??) ye noaa?e?caoi? ae?yeueiino?, iia’ycaio c oei /e ?ioei ??
ia’?eoeaiei oaeoi?ii, iiaeia aecia/eoe oaeo nenoaio aeeniiceoe?eieo
(nieneiaeo) ooai?aiue iniaenoino?. Ii-ia?oa, oea nieneia? ? /ania? oe?e?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, iia’ycai? c ooiaeaiaioaeueieie oe?iiinoyie aoooy.
Nieneia? onoaiiaee, ye? a?aeiia?aethoue ??aiaa? oe?e?nii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ? iathoue noni?eueia cia/aiiy, ie neiaie?/ii iacaaee
eiiiiiaioii «aoaeo». O oaiiiaiieia?/iiio ieai? aeaiee eiiiiiaio
a?aee?eaa?oueny ia?aaeeaaiiy anoaoe/iiai ii?yaeeo — iaaeeoaoe??,
aenoaco, iaooiaiiy ? o.?i. Ia ??ai? eieaeoeao ooieoe?iiothoue oe?eueia?
onoaiiaee, ine?eueee ni?eueia iaoa ? eiai eiinoeoothth/ei, cao?oiaoth/ei
oaeoi?ii (A.A. Iao?ianueeee oa ?i.). Oiiae eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ii?iaeaeothoue eiiiiiaio «iooo», ui ?ioaa?o? ii?aeueii-nieneia?
ia?aaeeaaiiy iniaenoino? (ii/oooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, nia?noue).
??aaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ae?yeueiino? caaacia/o?oueny
iia?aoe?iiaeueieie onoaiiaeaie iniaenoino? ? i?iyaey?oueny a eiiiiiaio?
«o?aaa», yeee ?aae?co?oueny a ii?iia?aeiia?aei?e iiaaae?ioe? ?
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ia?aaeeaaiiyie iaia’yceo, /ano?, i?iaeie, naiiiiaaae,
naiiaaeiaieaiiy.

Iia?aoe?iiaeuei? onoaiiaee ?aae?cothoueny a?aeiia?aeieie
ineoio?c?ieia?/ieie iaoai?ciaie, ye? ooai?ththoue nai???aeio
i?aaeeniiceoe?th — aeooaeueio (a ?icoi?ii? Ae.I. Ociaaeca) onoaiiaeo,
yea ? ia?a?niei iiina?aaeeiaoth/ei iiaaae?ieo ethaeeie oe?ii?niei
oaeoi?ii i?aai?cii/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy. I?aaeeniiceoe?y oaeiai
noa?iaeeaiaeoaeueiiai (i?aai?ci?/iiai) ??aiy aeaco? ia a?oaeuei?noue ye
aaciao aeooiaio oe?ii?noue. Neiaie?/ia cia/aiiy aeaii? nieneiai?
i?aaeeniiceoe?? ia?aaea?oueny neiaii «ia?aae/oaath», ui aeaco? ia ??
niiioaiiee iaona?aeiieaiee oa?aeoa? ? ?ai?acaioo? ?iaiaioiee aeooiaiee
iioaioe?ae iniaenoino? (aiein ?iioeueno, aioo??oi? ss, nooi?noue, caaeoi
iniaenoino? oiui).

Aeo?ae ethaeeie c oea?noaa iaiao?aeiino? — nioe?iii?oieo «o?aaa»,
«iooo», «aoaeo» — a oea?noai aaniethoii? aeooiaii? naiaeiae, aea
?iaeea?ae nyaa? iiaiioe ia?aaeeaaiiy nai?? ?aeiino? c Einiinii ?
aioo??oith aa?iii?th, iicia/aiee noia?aeeniiceoe??th “i?eeiath” ?
iieyaa? a iaee?iaaii? ?noeiii? iaoe aeeooy.

Aa?oiaiith oe?ii?noth ethaenueei? aecenoaioe?? ? aeaai, c?icoi?ea ye
iiceoeaiee ci?o aoooy acaaae?, iia’ycaiee c ?icaeoeii eiai ??ciia?/ieo
iioaioe?e, ca?eueiaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaieo canaae, ?aae?caoe??th i?ecia/aiiy
iniaenoino?.

Ioaea, i?aena?aeiia i?aaeeniiceoe?y «ia?aae/oaath» («i?aena?aeiiee Aia,
ca A. O?aieeii, «aioo??oi?e eieon ioe?ithaaiiy», ca E. ?iaeaea?nii,
a?oaoeie «eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai», ca E. THiaii e o.ae.)
iiina?aaeeiaaii, /a?ac ia?aaaaeii ona?aeiieai? aeeniiceoe?? oe?ii?niiai
oa?aeoa?o («o?aaa», «iooo», «aoaeo») ia?aoiaeeoue (aai ia ia?aoiaeeoue)
o iaaena?aeiio noia?aeeniiceoe?th «i?eeiath», ui ?ai?acaioo? aeooiaia
noiaeaeaiiy (aei?iao) iniaenoino? aei aenio Aeineiiaeino? (oioiaeiinoue
Aaniethoo). Oe?e?nia no?oeoo?a oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino?
iniaenoino? iiaeaia ia ?en. 1

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2d0102000800000025030200c400b8000200b900040000002d01050004000000f0010700
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0c000500040000002e010000050000001402bc9fb0a20400000002010100040000002701
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6e00cc00040000002d010900040000002e0101000e000000320a4d021700020004000000
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050000001402bc9fb0a20400000002010100040000002701ffff040000002d0102000400
00002d010700070000001b040e035400d9021800040000002d010400040000002d010500
030000001e0007000000160405034700e00224000400000002010100040000002d010800
05000000090200000000050000001402e102240015000000fb02e8ff0000000000009001
000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc00040000002d0109000400
00002e0101000d000000320ae10224000100040000000000e9025103b200060004000000
2e010000040000002d01080004000000f00109000500000014023f010000040000000201
0100040000002701ffff040000002d010000030000000000

?en. 1. No?oeoo?a oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino?.

I?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa ae?aeia, yeee
?icaeyaea?oueny a ?ie? oi?aa?naeueiiai ineoieia?/iiai iaoai?cio
aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?. A ?acoeueoao? neioaco ?ae?a?eii-o?einionueei?
eiioeaioe?? I. Aoaa?a e aio?iiio?einionueeeo ?aeae I. I. Aaoo?ia aoei
c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i noanoaioe?ei?noue ae?aeiao ye oi?ie i?enooiino?
Aeooo.

Eiaei?e ethaeei? i?eoaiaiia a?iaeaeaia ai??i?ia ?ioaioe?y «Oe» —
?aeaaeueiee noa’?eo, «i?noea» caiiaiaiiy aecenoaioe?eii-oe?ii?niiai
«aaeooio» anyeei iioaioe?eiei noa’?eoii, — yea iiaea ?aae?coaaoeny ia
eeoa a ethaenueeiio ni?eeoaaii?, a e iniaeeaiio ni?eeiyoo? iaaeieeoi?o
ia’?eo?a ye iaeooioai?aieo. I?ioa a?iaeaeaia ?iaiaioia i???ioaoe?y «Oe»
? o?eueee ia?aaeoiiaith aeooiaiino?, iiaeeea?noth ciaoiaeaeaiiy nieneo a
?iiaooo? ?ioiai, a a?aeoae ? naiiai naaa; iiaeeea?noth, yea noa? oaeoii
naii-noaa?aeaeaiiy a neeo ?aaeueiiai ni?aaoooy c «Oe», yeee oeae niene
ia’?eoeao?, ?iaeoue naiii/aaeaeiei oa??iei ia/aeii na?oici?ie i
naii?icaeoeo.

Aiaeiioaiiy “Aaoi? — Aa?ie” (ca I. I. Aaoo?iei) ? noiiuaiiyi
aiaeiioaiue “ss — Oe” i “ss — Aiii”: Aa?ie — oea i “Oe” i “Aiii”
iaeii/anii, i?e/iio oeiiiinii ia?aeiiith (ia iaia’yceiai o?iiieiai/ii) ?
i?i?ioaoeiy ia “Oe”, a aiaeoae ia “Aiii”. Oea ae?aaea?oueny o aecia/aiii
aeaio iiiaioia anoaoe/ii? ?aaeueiinoi: aaeeaaiiy i caaa?oaiiy, a oaeiae
icia/a?, ui o a?aeiioaii? “ss – Oe” ia?a?nii aeii?io? iiethn “Oe”:
noaaoe “Oe”, y aia?oa aeyaeyth naaa, ai ae?noath iiaeeea?noue, ye o
aeca?eaei, aeyiooe ia naaa. Aac “Oe” iaia “ss”. Oaeei /eiii, ?aoeaen?y c
iiceoe?? “Oe” ? oei aeooiaiei cia?yaeaeyi, ui “i?aoeth?” ia ?icaoaeiao
iniaenoino?.

A?aeooiaooth/enue a?ae o?einionueeiai iiiyooy o?ainoeaaeaioaeueii? noaie
(?. Eaio, O. Oae?ia) ye aei/ooo?ai? iniiae /ooo?aiai i?ciaiiy,
ciaoiaeeii eiai ineoieia?/iee aea?aaeaio o iiiyoo? aioeoeeiaoe?? —
i?iaeoeoeaii? neee oyae, ui iieyaa? o caeaoiino? ii?iaeaeoaaoe
noa`?eoeaiee i?iaeo aaaeaiiai ia`?eoo aei cono??/? c iei. O eiioaeno?
ae?aeia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ineo?ee aioeoeeiaoe?y ?ai?acaioo? i?eioeeiiao
a?noa`?eoi?noue ethaeeie c ?? caeaoi?noth aeeth/aoe ?ioiai o aeaniee
aeeoo?aee i?ino?? ye iiaiiaaaeiiai Aaoi?a (“Oe”). Ca?aene aeieeaa?
aeniiaie, ui iiaiioe?iiee aen?iaaiac iiaeeeaee i?e noaaeaii? aei ?ioeo
“Oe” ye aei eiia??ieo “aa?oei” iiai aeooiaiiai ?inoo: “Oe” aeey “ss” ia
can?a aeei?enoaiiy, a iaoa naiinoaiiaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? a ?one? oai??? i?ea`ycaiino?, Aeae. Aioea?, I.
Aeninai?o ? oeiee I. ?. E?n?ii?, na?ae/aoue ia ei?enoue oiai, ui
ia?aoiae ainoa’?eoiinoi c iiaeeeainoi a aeieniinoue aiaecia/aiee
«i?i?inoaiiyi» ciinoiaii-i?aaeiaoieo aca?iiaeie ia «a?oioi»
eiioiieaoeaii? aeni?an?? i ioi?ieaiiyi oeiiiinii? naiaeiiinoi ethaeeie,
yea a oeieiio i a eiaeiiio nai?io aeaiaioi caa?iaa? aeiaeiai/io
iiaoaeiao i aeiaeiai/iee i?eioeei ooeoeiiioaaiiy.

Iiaeaeueoa oai?aoe/ia eiino?othaaiiy i?aaeiaoii? ieiueie aen?iineoieia??
iniaenoino? i?eaaei aei aenoiaiiy i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa`?eoiino?
ye caniao aeyaeaiiy aen?ieia?/ieo i?iaeoe?e aeooiaiiai aoooy ethaeeie.
Ca?aeii iia?oi?o oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (E. I.
Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, A. A. A?ooeeinueeee, I. A. Ee?e/oe, A. I.
Oaoaiei oa ?i.) noa`?eoi?noue aenooia? eiinoeoooeaiei noa?aeiai
??ciiieaiiai? aeoeaiino? ethaeeie. Ie aeiionoeee, ui oe?ii?niee i?ino??
i?ae iniaeno?noth ye o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiei noa`?eoii ? iniaeno?noth ye
?ioaa?aeueiei ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei noa`?eoii, yeee aeoioeth? ??ci?
ieaie naiai aoooy ? aeooiaii-oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy, i?aai?ciaaiee
iiae?aii ?aeo?aioiiio ?yaeo. I?e/iio noa’?eo aoaeue-yeiai ?iaiy ?icaeoeo
? ai?ooaeueiei noa’?eoii, ui aeieeaa? c i?eioeeiiai iaonoaii?
aecenoaioeiaeueii? iaiaoiaeiinoi aeai?o i oeiiiiniiai naiiaecia/aiiy
/a?ac ?aaeicaoeith aeooiaii? naiaiaee iniaenoinoi. Ca oei?th eiaieith
iioaioeiiiaeueia (?iaeiaa) noeeueiinoue ethaeeie — «oi/o» — aeyaey?oueny
a oiieaeueii iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiio iioaioeiaei — «iiaeo», ui
ia’?eoeao?oueny ye ?ioaiiy, oeiiiiniee aeai? noa’?eoa aeooiaiiai
naiicaeieniaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii noa’?eoiinoue ? niiniaii ?aaeicaoe?? ethaeeiith naiai
aeooiaiiai iioaioeiaeo, ui ?ai?acaioo? ?? a?iaeaeaio caeaoiinoue aei
naii?icaeoeo i naiiaecia/aiiy a i?inoi?i iioeaaoeieii-oeiiiinieo
aiaeiioaiue.

Iaeaaaeeeaioeie oai?aoeei-naiiioe/ieie aioaie ?icai?oaiiy noa’?eoiinoi
(aeooiaiinoi) a ethaeeii ?, ii-ia?oa, ?iaaiue iiaeeaiaea (i?aaiicio),
yeee iiaea aooe ioa?aeoa?eciaaiee ?iciiaeaeaie iinoeieoeaii? aeoeaiinoi.
Ia oeueiio ?iaii ethaeeia inio? a neiaiioe/iie ?aeiinoi c iioeie
ethaeueie, yei aiaeaoeothoueny ia ?? iio?aae, ia aieiaei?
naiinaiaeiiinoth i oiio iiaea aooe iacaaia aiaeiiniei noa’?eoii
aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi.

?iaaiue iiiinoa’?eoa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeiyeuei?noth ye
oeieani?yiiaaiith i?aaeiaoiith aeoeai?noth iiaeeaiaea ii aeinyaiaiith
aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo. Oaea iiinoanue ethaeeie ye aeania noa’?eo (a
?icoiiiii — aeiy/) iae/anoioa iia’yco?oueny c ?? ooieoeiiiaeueieie
iniaeeainoyie (I.I. Eaiioue?a, A.O. Naoii oa ii.) ye «?icii?yaeieea
aeooaaieo nee» (A.I. Neiaiae/eeia, ?.I. Ina?a) c oi/ee ci?o aieeao ia
ioi/oth/ee iaoa?iaeueiee naio.

?iaaiue iieinoa’?eoa (iniaenoinoi) ? ?acoeueoaoii iioa?iaeicaoe??
noniieueieo oeiiiinoae i noa’?eoeaieo nieneia iioeo ethaeae oa
ioi?ieaiiy aeanii? oeiiiinii-nieneiai? (ca ciinoii) i
ciaeiai-neiaiei/ii? (ca oi?iith) naiaeiiinoi. Iniaenoinoue — oea
ciinoiaia, nooiinia oa?aeoa?enoeea ethaeeie, ui aecia/a?oueny yeinoth ??
iioeaaoeieieo aiaeiioaiue aei aeieniinoi. ?iaaiue iniaenoinoi ? aaciaei
aeey naiaeiieo naiii?acaioaoeie aeooo, aieueiaeo «coneeue» inoaiiueiai,
ni?yiiaaieo ia caaacia/aiiy aiaeiiai aeeooy ethaeeie ca aeiiiiiaith
aiaeiiaiaeieo ineoi/ieo «i?aaiia», «cia?yaeue». Oiio iiiyooy
«iniaenoinoue» iaieia? ia eeoa noa?o naiai eiinoeoothaai-iy —
niieeoaaiiy i aioo?ia?oiiao aca?iiaeith, — a e iioi oaiiiaiaeueii i?iyae
iioaa?aeueiiai noa’?eoa , ye ia «ieae/eo» (iiaeeaiae, noa’?eo — aeiy/),
oae i ia aeueo (iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue, oiiaa?naeueiinoue) ?iaiyo eiai
ooieoeiiioaaiiy.

?iaaiue iaoanoa’?eoa ?ai?acaioiaaiee eaoaai?i?th «iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue»,
ui, ye aiaeiii, icia/a? iaiiaoi?iee eiiieaen aiaoiii-oiciieiai/ieo,
ii?oieiai/ieo oa iaaooeo ciinoiaii-ooieoeiiiaeueieo iciae eiie?aoii?
ethaeeie. ?iaiiaaeeeei iiaeeaiaeoaeueiie iiinoani aeooiaiiai aoooy
ethaeeie ? oaea ?icai?oaiiy noa’?eoiinoi, yea noiieaia eaoaai?i?th
«oai?/inoue», ui i?aaenoaaey? i?eaiiaeueio, ianoaiaea?oio oi?io
aeiyeueiinoi i ? aeaea?aeii caaaa/aiiy nioeiieoeueoo?ii? i?aeoeee.

A?aie/ii oe?ieith eaoaai?i?th, ui aeoioeth? a niai ?aiioa iacaaii ?iaii
noa’?eoiinoi i inieneth?oueny ye ii?iaeaeaiiy aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa
(Oiiaa?noio, Aiaa) ? oiiaa?naeueiinoue. Inoaiiy oieno? aeuee nooiiiue
aeooiaiiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie i «i?iyaey?oueny a iiaiiio onaiaeiieaiii
naino naiai aeeooy, o ciaiii nai?? i?e/aoiinoi aei naioo, o aiae/oooi
aeooiaii? ?aeiinoi c Oiiaa?noiii»

C aeuaiaa?oioiaaiiai i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa`?eoiino? aeieeaa?, ui
iiaia ea?oeia no?oeoo?e, aaiaco ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai?
iniaenoino? iiaea aooe iiaeaia ye ia?ao?ano iaio aiinaieia?/ieo
iiceoe?e: iine?aeiaii noa`?eoeaii?, naii?icaeaaeueii?, oiaoi
oaeaieia?/ii? ? a?aeiinii ia`?eoeaii?, i?e/eiii coiiaeaii?, eaocaeueii?.

A?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy iinooiaeueiiai aen?iaaiaco i?ie?aneth? e?i?th, yea
iaaaaeo? eoa?/io ia?aaieo. ?? ineoieia?/iee ci?no c?icoi?eee c
ianooiiiai ?ic`yniaiiy.

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yyy???????????????????VA???????u?????????????-????
ue??yyy??????-????’yy??? ic< ??? ????-????-???????????? yyy????-????-????'yy??? ??????? ????-????-???????????? yyy????-????-????'yy??? ~ith??? ????-????-???????????? yyy????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-???????????? yyy????yY?y???-????-????'yy??? ????-????-???????????? yyy????yY?y???-????-????'yy??? ????-????-???????????? yyy????? j????u????????????-??????????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-??????????? yyy????v?rOe?????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-??????????? yyy????Q?I L????u?????????????-??????????¤?¤????yyy?????????? ??‚???I„???—o???id???ae O???‹D ???i????# $ ???6 ”???9 ???; t???N ae???‚ T???ae Ae???‹ 4???‚¤???U???¤„???io???Id???-????-????' yy??? ????-????-?????yyy???? yyy????v?rOe?????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-?????yyy???? yyy????? j????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-?????yyy???? yyy????yY?y???-????-????'yy??? ????-????-?????yyy???? yyy????yY?y???uy???????en. 2. Aa?iaiaaoe/i? eii?aeeiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiaco oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino? A?nue OY a iaaaaeaiiio ?enoieo ?ai?acaioo? ???aoe?iiaeueiee, iana?aeiiee aaeoi? aen?iaaiaco, a??ooaeueii aaciaaeiee c iaio aie?a. Eiai neeaaeathoue an? a?aeii? aeaee iana?aeiii? ineo?ee _ ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai, eieaeoeaiiai ? o?ainia?niiaeueiiai iana?aeiiiai, ui ?ioo?oeaii inyaa?oueny ethaeeiith ye ne?aeoaaiiy nai?io aeooiaiiio oeyoo, a??i?noue iieeeeaiith, ?aae?caoe?y aiaeanoaaiiiai caaeoio oiui. A?nue i?aeeiao ?ai?acaioo? a?iaeaeaio oaiaeaioe?th aei oe?e?niiai, ai??i?iiai i?ciaiiy, naiai ?iaeo eiinoeoothaaiiy ?ioaioe?iiaeueieo i?aaeiaoiinoae o noa?? o?ainoeaaeaioaeueii? na?aeiiino?, ui caiaeii iiaeooue aooe “?icoeo?iaai?” aii??e/iith na?aeii?noth aai ae caeeoaoeny ?nioaaoe ?iie?oeeoii, coiaiethth/e iana?aeiia nienei- ? oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy. A?nue OX ?ai?acaioo? ?aoe?iiaeueiee, na?aeiiee aaeoi? aen?iaaiaco, a?aeiinii iaiaaeaiee c iaio aie?a, i?eiaeii? o?eaae?noth aeeooy ethaeeie, a iaea?eueoa ?? aeooiaiith e?iith uiaei ?icaeoeo aeaniiai aeeneo?neaiiai ?ioaeaeoo. Inoaii?e cana?ae/o? e?i?eia, /anoi aeai?eoi?ciaaia, eia?/ia ieneaiiy, a yeiio aiae?c aeii?io? iaae neioacii, a i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? (ia`?eoeai? /e ia`?eoeaiaai?) ca`ycee a?aeo?niythoue ioe?ieo noa`?eoeaiiai cia/aiiy (oaeaieia?/i? ca`ycee). Nieneiaa iaae/a?ii?noue a?aeiiniiai ? aaniethoiiai noa`?eo?a iiynith?oueny aieia?ao?/iith “aaoaeiaai?noth” ia?oiai a ae?oaee: ?iaeea?ae aeey naiiai naaa o??th /e ?ioith i??ith ? “??//th a nia?”, i?e?ieiniii, ui a??ooaeueii ai?uo? a naaa “anaeainueeo ?aeath”. Aeoae?noe/ia ??aiiaaaa iana?aeiiiai ? na?aeiiiai, noa`?eoeaiiai ? ia`?eoeaiiai, ?ioo?oeaiiai ? eia?/iiai anoaiiaeth?oueny oi/eith ?o ia?ao?anoo, ui yaey? niaith iaeeaaeaiiy iniaenoino?-oaiiiaio (iie?noa’?eoa) c iniaeno?noth-iioiaiii (o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiei noa’?eoii). ?icai?oaiiy aeooiaiiai iioaioe?aeo iniaenoino? o eaaae?aio? 1 (aeea. ?en. 2), ia a?ae??ceo aen?iaaiaco “iie?-, iaoa-, aaniethoiee noa`?eo” caaacia/o?oueny i?ia?anoth/ei ?aoeaenoaaiiyi ? c?inoaiiyi aiiao?eieo cae?aiinoae ?iaeea?aea, ui icia/a? aeaaeae? a?eueoa oaiiiaiieia?/ia a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy aeayeiai o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiiai y (iino?eiiai aeooiaiiai oeaio?o ethaeeie) a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo aii??e/ieo iaieanooaaiue oe?ii?niiai ci?noo. Nooue oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia?? iieyaa? a ia?a?niiio a/oaaii? (?ioo?oe?? oa aiiao??), a ? a?aeoae ?aoeaen?? noa`?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino? aeaii? ethaeeie, oiaoi i?e aeia?aaeaeaii? ? i?aeii?yaeeoaaii? oaeaieia?/iei aaeoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy eaocaeueiiai. Oea icia/a?, ui nieneiaa ?aaeuei?noue iiaea aooe ia eeoa “i?i/eoaia”, oiaoi ?ioa?i?aoiaaia ye “aioiaee”, nioe?aeueii coiiaeaiee ? eoeueoo?ii ao?eaiee niene, a ? “i?eienaia”, oiaoi cna?aaeeie eiinoeooeiaaia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith oe?ii?nii-nieneiaith na?aeii?noth. Ia`?eoii ?icoi?iiy a aen?iineoieia?/i?e aa?iaiaaoeoe? aenooia? no?oeoo?ia ?aei?noue nieneiooai?thaaeueieo ia/ae, ia`?eoeaiaaia a iaoaoi?? ye iaeeieoe? eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo. An? aeooiai? iai?oanoaoe?? noa`?eoa iathoue iaoaoi?e/io oi?io. ssea ia?aaeaa/a? aeai?aei?noue c?eiiai ? i?eoiaaiiai, na?aeiiiai aeyao e i?aena?aeiiiai ?iioeueno, ooaa?aeaeaiiy aeaeaei? nieneiai? noiaeino? i?e caia?a/aii? aeooaeueii? nieneiai? aeecueeino?, ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?ioo?oeaiiai aea?eieea ?aoeaeneaiiai aeniiaeo ? o. ?i., ui cana?ae/o? ae?aeia?/io iiiceoe?ei?noue (a?noa`?eoi?noue, “ss - Oe” a?aeiioaiiy oiui) neioaciaaieo o iaoaoi?? nieneioa??ieo aeaea?ae. Oeoia/aiiy iaoaoi? aeicaiey? i?iieeiooe o na?o aioo??oi?o iiiceoe?e - ??ciiiai?oieo noa`?eoieo i?ioenoiyiue a iaaeao ?ioaa?aeueii? noa`?eoiino? (ae?aeia a?aeiiniiai noa`?eoa (?iaeea?aea) c iaoanoa`?eoii (?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth), iie?noa`?eoa (iniaenoino?) c aaniethoiei noa`?eoii (oi?aa?noiii) oiui). ?acoeueoaoii oeoia/aiiy iaoaoi?e/ieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? ? aeinyaiaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/ii a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy - c?icoi?iiy yaeaiiai ? i?eoiaaiiai ci?noo iaoaoi?e, noiieaiiy “aca?iiae?th/eo aiein?a”, ia`?eoeaiaaieo o neia?, aeano?, ?ioiiaoe?? ? o. ae. aioo??oiueiai ae?aeiao. Iaeaaaii?oei aoaeoii aen?iineoieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee ? a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy ia ??ai? iie?noa`?eoa, ui aeicaiey? neii?aeeioaaoe i?ae niaith an? ?io? noa`?eoi? iiceoe?? ethaeeie ye nenoaiiiai aeooiaiiai i?aai?cio. Aoaeo/e iiey?iith iaeeieoeath ?ai?acaioaoe?? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino?, iaoaoi?a anooia? o aca?iiae?th c ?ioeie ia?acii-neiaie?/ieie ooai?aiiyie; oae noai?ththoueny oe?e? anioe?aoeai? eaioethae niene?a iaoaoi?e/ii? i?e?iaee - aethc??. ?ice?eooy iiiaeeiii? naiaioeee aethc?e caeaaeeoue a?ae c`ynoaaiiy no?oeoo?e i?oonenoaiiiai iaoaoi?e/iiai oaiiiaio. Ia aeoieo ?. Aa?oa niiioaiia i?oioai?aiiy, niiioeoaaia iana?aeiieie ?ioo?oeaieie ?iioeuenaie, ? ?aoeaeneaia ona?aeiieaiiy nai?o oai?/eo ii?oo?a iiaeii? aa?iii?eii ni?a?nioaaoe: e?eoa??e “ni?aaaeiueiai i?oo” ? aooaioe/iiai ?nioaaiiy iaeei - iiaiioa nieneiaeo ca`yce?a iniaenoino? ? aeeaeia ?o ona?aeiieaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, iaa?oiooaaiiy aen?ieia?/ii? iiaeae? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?, i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?, ui iiynith? a?eia? oaiaeaioe?? aen?iaaiaco, ae?aeiao ye oi?aa?naeueiiai ineoieia?/iiai iaoai?cio ?icaeoeo aen?iineo?ee ? aen?iineoieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee ye caaaeueiiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee oa iioei?caoe?? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? noaiiaeoue ooiaeaiaio iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue a cacia/ai?e oea?ei?. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aeayei iieacieee ?icaeoeo oeiiiinii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoinoi, ui aeieeaathoue c eoeueoo?ii-inoi?e/iiai iiaeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy aeniiineoiee aai iaaeeaeaii aei ia?. Iiaeaeaii ?aiioa?i?aoaoe?? aiaeiii ineoieia?? oaeoe i caeiiiii?iinoi c oi/ee ci?o ?o ia'?eoeaii? iioieiai/ii? aeioeieueiinoi. Oae, ?ioaa?aeueia ia??iaeecaoe?y ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo, cai?iiiiiaaia A. ?. Neiaiae/eeiaei ? A. A. Oeoea?iai, ?c noaae?yie iaeeaeaiiy, iaeooaaeaiiy, ia?niiae?caoe??, ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? e oi?aa?nae?caoe?? ?icaeyaea?ony iaie ye eiie?aoecaoe?y caaaeueiiai aen?ieia?/iiai eiioeiooio, ia yeiio iii?/aii a?aeiinii-, iiii-, iie?-, iaoa- ? aaniethoiinoa’?eoi? ?ai?acaioaoe?? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e ethaeeie. Aiae?c eiioeaioe?? ii?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo E. Eieueaa?aa a eii?aeeiaoao ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaeeaaeaiiy ci?noo ? eia?ee anoaiiaeaieo o/aiei ??ai?a ? noaae?e ii?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo c aecia/aieie iaie eiioeaio?aie ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?. Nenoaiaoeciaaia ? i/euaia a?ae aioo??oi?o noia?a/iinoae oeiieia?y ii?aeueieo iiceoe?e, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia a i?aoeyo A. N. A?aoony, ia iao iiaeyae, ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oaeeie a?oaie aen?iaaiaco: a?aeiiniee noa’?eo-neooaoeaia (i?aaiaoe/ia) ii?aeueia iiceoe?y, iiiinoa’?eo – aaioeaio?e/ia, iie?noa’?eo – a?oiioeaio?e/ia (ei?ii?aoeaia), iaoanoa’?eo – i?inioe?aeueia (aoiai?noe/ia), aaniethoiee noa’?eo – aeooiaia (anoaoieia?/ia) ii?aeueia iiceoe?y. Eeaneo?eaoe?y noee?a aeeooy, cae?eniaia C. Iao?aneinueeei, i?aeoaa?aeaeo? i?eioeei ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? ye oaeee, ui iiynith? aen?iaaiac iniaenoino?, ianooiiei /eiii: a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa oa?aeoa?eco? aaaeii?noe/iee noeeue, iiiinoa’?eoa – niiaeeaaoeueeee, iie?noa’?eoa – i?iaeoeoeaiee, iaoanoa’?eoa – oai?/ee ? aaeineiiaethth/ee, aaniethoiiai – aa?i?/iee noeeue. Ae?aciee oe?ii?niee ci?no iathoue ii??aiaa? oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?eeoaaiiy, i?aaenoaaeai? a i?aoeyo A. A. Aeia?iae/a, A. I. Naaaoianueeiai, E. A. O?eiiiaa. Ia iniia? ?o c?noaaeaiiy ?c niaeo?ii iiceoe?e ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? aeioiaeeie aeniiaeo i?i iaeaaei?noue a?aeiiniiio noa’?eoo i?ei?oeaiiai ??aiy ni?eeoaaiiy, aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi yeiai ? anoaiiaeaiiy caiaee; iiiinoa’?eo ia?aaoaa? ia iai?ioeyoeaiiio ? noaiaea?oeciaaiiio ??aiyo, iioeiaeueiei caaaeaiiyi yeiai iiaea aooe ooai?aiiy ia?aeiii? ae?aaee/ii? ?aeiino?; iie?noa’?eo ia?aaoaa? ia eiiaaioe?aeueiiio ??ai? c eiai “?aoeaeneaiith a?ith” ? aecia/aiiyi oe?ii?nii-i???ioaoe?eii? iniiae ni?eeoaaiiy; iaoanoa’?eoo aeanoea? ?a?iaee oa ae?eiaee ??ai? ni?eeoaaiiy, aeio?eiaiiy i?aaiaeo ii?i ?c aca?iiith aaeaioaoe??th ia?oia??a; aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa oa?aeoa?eco? aeooiaia ni?eeoaaiiy aenieiai ii?aeueiiai ci?noo ? naii?aae?caoe?y eiaeiiai ia iniia? ni?eueii ae?iaeaieo i?aaee. Aeae? iiaea?oueny aen?ieia?/ia aa?n?y ineoiaiae?oe/ieo oeiieia?e oa?aeoa?o – i?oiaeienaeueii? (aeecueei aei C. O?aeaea) ? iaio?aeaeenonueei? (ca A. O?iiiii). Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ??aith a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa a aen?iaaiac? iniaenoino? a?aeiia?aea? i?aeueiee /e ?aoeaioeaiee oa?aeoa?, ??aith iiiinoa’?eoa – aiaeueiee /e iaeiie/oaaeueiee, ??aith iie?noa’?eoa – o?ao?aeueiee /e aenieoaoaoi?nueeee, ??aith iaoanoa’?eoa – oae?/iee /e ?eieiaee ? ??aith aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa – aai?oaeueiee /e ieiaeioai?iee. I?aeaeaia ?a?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoa nueiaiaei? ineo?ao?e/ia oeiieia?y iaa?ic?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aoeieia?y ? neiioiiieiiieaene a?aeiia?aeieo iaa?ic?a iathoue iaai? oe?ii?ni? iciaee, ui a?aeiinyoue ?o aei a?aeiiniinoa’?eoiiai ??aiy aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? (?noa??y), iiiinoa’?eoiiai (iaa?ic i?e/aieeaeo noai?a), iie?noa’?eoiiai (iaa?ic no?aoo), iaoanoa’?eoiiai (iaa?anoaiey), aaniethoiinoa’?eoiiai (iiiaaiiee iaa?ic). Ineoieia?/ia ae oeiieia?y iaa?ic?a, cai?iiiiiaaia A. I. Eieanieeiaei, iineoaeeea i?aenoaaith aeey anoaiiaeaiiy oaeeo ia?aeaeae: naenoaeueiee iaa?ic ca O?aeaeii ? ii?iaeaeaiiyi cai?a o oe?ii?niiio ooieoe?iioaaii? a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa, i?noe/iee iaa?ic ca THiaii na?ae/eoue i?i ?iceaaee aen?iineo?ee a iie?noa’?eoa, ?ea?aei?noue ca ?iaeaea?nii iia’ycaia ?c i?iaeaiaie iie?noa’?eoiiai ??aiy, ao?aoa nioe?aeueiiai ii/oooy ca Aaeea?ii – aaaea iaoanoa’?eoa ? iiyaa iaiaaiiiai iaa?ico ca O?aieeii na?ae/eoue i?i o?ono?aoe?th aeooiaieo caieo?a aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. O eiaeiiai ?c cacia/aieo oei?a iaa?ic?a o?ono?iaai? o? /e ?io? aioo??oi? /eiieee (Neee) iana?aeiiiai: e?a?aei, nai?noue, ss-eiioeaioe?y, iniaenoee ?aeaae /e i?aaiaiiy aei naiio?ainoeaaeaioe??. C?iaeai? aeua aeniiaee ii eiaeiiio ?c aeacaieo ia?aiao??a ioe?iee aeicaieeee iaiiaieoe eiie?aoiei ineoieia?/iei ci?noii ii?iaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o iniiaiiieiaeiee i?eioeei ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? ? ia?aaeaa/eoe a?aeiia?aei? aeoiai? ?aeaaee o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?. O i`yoiio ?icae?e? - “Aen?ieia?/i? o?a?eoi??? niiioaiiiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?” - i?i?ioa?i?aoiaai? aeaye? aaaeeea? a?oe naii?icai?oaiiy oe?ii?niiai i?ioeano, a?aee?eo? ineoiaeeiai?/iith o?aaeeoe??th aeine?aeaeaiiy aen?iineo?ee. Cae?aia ?a?ioa?i?aoiaai? eiioeaioe?? A. Ianeio ? O. Athea?, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue iioeaaoe?ei? oaiaeaioe?? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?. Oae, ???a?o?/ia iiaeaeue iioeaaoe?? A. Ianeio eaaei aieno?oueny a ?aiee i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?: ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa coiiaeththoue o?c?ieia?/i? iio?aae, iiiinoa’?eoa – iio?aae a aaciaoe?, iie?noa’?eoa – iio?aae a i?ea’ycaiino?, ethaia?, i?eiaeaaeiino? aei a?oie, iaoanoa’?eoa – iio?aae a iiaac? ? aeciaii?, aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa – iio?aae a naiiaeooae?caoe??. Aecia/ai? O. Athea? ?ioaioe?? ineoinioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ia iao iiaeyae, aeacothoue ia ?o c?inoath/a o?ainoeaiaeoaaiiy ii anueiio niaeo?? ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? – a?ae i?aaiaiiy aei caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ? aaeaioeaiiai naiiiaiaaeaiiy aei oai?/i? aeniain?? a i?ioan?eio ? nioe?aeueio noa?e ? anoaiiaeaiiy aioo??oiuei? aa?iii??. Aeae? i?iiiio?oueny aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy i?ioeano i?e?iuaiiy aeooiaieo caeaoiinoae ethaeeie o ca’yceo c ?? aeeo?aeie ianoaiiaaie. Oae, aeia??a ye aaciaa aeooiaia caeaoi?noue a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa ei?aeth? c? noeeuei?noth aei ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai neia?ico; a??a, ui c’yaey?oueny o iiiinoa’?eoa ia iniia? aeia??e, iia’ycaia c aaioeaio?eciii; iaae?y, ui ? caeaoi?noth iie?noa’?eoa, a?aeia?aaea? nioe?ioeaio?e/io i???ioaoe?th iniaenoino?; aei ethaia? caeaoiee iaoanoa’?eo, yeee ea?o?oueny aio?iiioeaio?enonueeith ianoaiiaith; uanoy ia?aaeeaa? aaniethoiee noa’?eo, ?aae?coth/e na?e einiioeaio?eci. Neioac oyaeaiue i?i niiniae aeyaeaiiy oai?/eo oaiaeaioe?e iniaenoino?, cae?eniaiee ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue A. A. Iao?ianueeiai, A. N. ?ioaiaa?aa oa ?i., caaea? oaeee niaeo? ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?: iiooeiaa aeoeai?noue – a?aeiiniee noa’?eo, iaaeneooaoeaia aeoeai?noue - iiiinoa’?eo, iaaeii?iaoeaia ? iaae?ieueiaa aeoeai?noue - iie?noa’?eo, i?aaiaiiy aei naiiaeooae?caoe?? - iaoanoa’?eo ? aeueo?o?ci – aaniethoiee noa’?eo. Aiae?c aaeeei? e?eueeino? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ui noinothoueny ineoieia?/ieo cania?a ?icaeoeo oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e, i?ea?a aei aeniiaeo i?i ia?aaaaeio i?ea’ycai?noue iaa?thaaiiy, aiioe?eiiai ca?aaeaiiy ? iane?aeoaaiiy aei a?aeiiniinoa’?eoiiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? – aei ?? iiiinoa’?eoiiai ??aiy, aiiao?? – aei iaoanoa’?eoiiai ? iaaeeoaoe?? – aei aaniethoiinoa’?eoiiai ??aiy. Ni?iaa i?iaiae?coaaoe ooieoe?iiaeueio oeiieia?th iniaenoino? E. THiaa i?ae eooii ci?o a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?e iaaieo oe?ii?nieo ?iinoanae ?ioaa?aeueiiai noa’aeoa i?eaaea aei ocaaaeueiaiiy: naini?iee oei iaeo?ni?oa iia’ycaiee c a?aeiiniei noa’?eoii aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ? aaaeii?noe/iith i???ioaoe??th na?aeiiino?; ieneeoaeueiee oei a?aeia?aaea? ?aae?noe/io i???ioaoe?th iiiinoa’?eoa; aoe/iee oei ?ai?acaioo? ii?aeueio i???ioaoe?th iie?noa’?eoa; ?ioo?oeaiee oei coiiaeth? oai?/o i???ioaoe?th iaoanoa’?eoa; o?ainoeaaeaioia ooieoe?y aa?iii?co? oe?ii?nio na?aeii?noue aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. I?aaenoaaeaiiy ineoiaeeiai?ee iniaeno?nieo ci?i (ca E. ?iaeaea?nii) ye i?ioeano iinooiiaiai aea?eueiaiiy aeooiaieo ?ioaioe?e ?iaeea?aea aeicaieeei ni?aa?aeianoe 1-2 noaae?? ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai i?ioeano c ?o oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie – ?ea?aei?noth, iaona?aeiieai?noth, iayai?noth ineoieia?/ieo caoeno?a – c ??aiai a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa; 3 noaae?th, ia ye?e niinoa??aa?oueny iineaaeaiiy a?ae/oaeaiiy a?ae naaa, aeciaiiy iniaeno?nieo i?iaeai, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ioe?iie, - c ??aiai iiiinoa’?eoa, 4 noaae?th, ia ye?e ia?aaeeaa?oueny iio?yn?iiy a?ae niiioaiiino?, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca nai? a/eiee, - c ??aiai iie?noa’?eoa, 5 noaae?th, aea ?nio? a?eueia naiiae?aaeaiiy, eiia?oaioi?noue, aioo??oi?e ae?aeia, aeyaey?oueny naiiaeaoa?i?iaoe?y, - c ??aiai iaoanoa’?eoa; 6-7 noaae??, ia yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny aeia??a aei naiai aioo??oiueiai aeina?aeo, niiioaii?noue, oai?/?noue, ona?aeiieai?noue, iniaeno?nia ?ioaa?aoe?y, oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, - c ??aiai aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. Aiae?c iaoai?ci?a ineoieia?/iiai caoenoo, iienaieo o o?aeaeenonuee?e ? iinoo?aeaeenonueeee e?oa?aoo??, aeicaiey? aienaoe ?o o niaeo? ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? ianooiiei /eiii: ?io?iaeoe?y, i?iaeoe?y, o?enaoe?y ? ?aa?an?y c’yaeythoueny ia ??ai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa; caia?a/aiiy, anoaiiaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaiino? – caoeni? iiaiooai?aiiy iiiinoa’?eoa; noae?iaoe?y, aeo?niaiiy, ?aaeoeaia ooai?aiiy, cieuaiiy, ?cieyoe?y, ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y, ?ao?ioeaen?y, ia?ai?uaiiy, aea??eiaa oaaaa ? aeenioe?aoe?y ia?aaaaeathoue ia ??aiyo iie?-? iaoanoa’?eoa; aneaoeci, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y, oai?/?noue, eiiiainaoe?y, naaeiiicio?ci, aeano?oeoeai?noue ? eiioi?i?ci aaoiiaoa – iiaeeea? caoenoe ethaeeie a?ae i?eeiyooy iaaecaaaeaiue ??aiy aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. sse aa/eii, ?ice?eooy ineoiaeeiai?ee oe?ii?niiai c?inoaiiy iniaenoino? na?ae/eoue i?i ia’?eoeaoaaiiy ?? aioo??oi?o aeooiaieo niiioe a i?ioean? caeo/aiiy aei nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? i?aeoeee. O oinoiio ?icae?e? – “Aen?iaaiac o oaiiiaiieia?/i?e ?aoeaen?? iniaenoino?” – aena?oeai? oe?ii?ni? i?iaeoe?? aeooiaiino? a no?oeoo?? na?aeiiino? ? naiina?aeiiino?. Cie?aia aoei aeiiiaiaii eeaneo?eaoe?th A. A. Iao?ianueeiai no?oeoo?e ss o neeaae? /ioe?ueio ?? ?iinoanae – ?iaiaioiiai, ?aeaaeueiiai, o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiiai ? o?aino?i?oiiai ss – i’yoith neeaaeiaith – iioiaiaeueiei (ai??i?iei, aeuei) ss, ui caieea? oaiiiaiieia?/ia iiea noa’?eoiino?. A?aeii? ineoieia?/i? iaooe? iiaeaeueiino? ss-eiioeaioe?? ?icaaaeaii ii aecia/aieo ??aiyo ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?: o?ce/ia ss a?aeianaii aei ??aiy a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa, ?aaeueia ss - iiiinoa’?eoa, ?aeaaeueia ss - iie?noa’?eoa, aeca?eaeueia ss - iaoanoa’?eoa, aeooiaia ss – aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. Aeieo/aiiy oyaeaiue acioa?e/ii? ineoieia?? i?i oaiiiaiaeueiee na?o iniaenoino? aei ?aoe?iiae?noe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue, ia?ia?oeo ia oaa?aeo aaco aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaeo?a, ia noia?a/eoue, a /anoi aeiiiaith? ? iiaeeaeth? ?icoi?iiy niaoeeo?ee aen?iaaiaco. Oae, E. O?eaa? aecia/a? oae? ??ai? niaeo?o na?aeiiino?, ye ??aaiue ianee c iaaeath “ianea/o?iue”, ??aaiue Aai c iaaeath “aai/o?ei”, ??aaiue i?aai?cio c iaaeath “i?aai?ci-na?aaeiaeua”, ??aaiue iaaeiniaeno?nieo ae?aiacii?a ? na?aeii?noue ?aeiaiiy, ye? oe?eeii ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c aecia/aieie ??aiyie ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?. Ae. ?aaeuey? ieoa i?i iayai?noue a?ieia?/ii?, eoeueoo?ii?, iniaeno?nii?, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ? iea?aiaoe/ii? naiino?, ui iaeiacia/ii a?aeiia?aea? aecia/aiei iaie ??aiyi noa’?eoiino?. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aooo?a?nieo ia?aaeeaaiue I. ?/aci ia iaeo?aeuei? (a?aeiiniee noa’?eo), ia?aaeeaaiiy ?aeiino? aai a?ae/oaeaiiy c niaith (iiiinoa’?eo), c nioe?oiii (iie?noa’?eo), c oi?aa?noiii (iaoanoa’?eo), a??ooaeuei?noueth (aaniethoiee noa’?eo) oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo? eia?eo i?iyao i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?. Oai?aoe/i? iiooee I. I. Eaiioue?aa, A. I. C?i/aiea, O. TH. Aaneethea, i?aee??ieai? aii??e/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie, aeicaieeee aecia/eoe oae? neeaaeia? na?aeiiino?, ye /ooo?aa oeaieia, i?aaeiaoiee ci?no ia?aco, iniaeno?niee niene, cia/aiiy ? ciae (neiai), ui, ia iaoo aeoieo, ?ai?acaioothoue noiaeaeaiiy ??aiyie ?ioaa?aeueiiai noa’?eoa aen?iaaiaco. Aeai? neeaaeia? na?aeiiino? ii?iaeaeothoue oae? aeeoo?a? i???ioaoe??, ye a?ioeaio?eci, ui i?iyaey?oueny ia ??ai? a?aeiiniiai noa’?eoa, i?aaeiaoioeaio?eci – ??aaiue iiiinoa’?eoa, aaioeaio?eci – ??aaiue iie?noa’?eoa, eoeueoo?ioeaio?eci – ??aaiue iaoanoa’?eoa, nioe?ioeaio?eci, aio?iiioeaio?eci, einii- ? oaioeaio?eci – ??aaiue aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa. Cia/i? iiaeeeaino? i?iyniaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/iiai aniaeoo aen?iaaiaco iaaea? oeiieia?caoe?y i?ioean?a ia?aaeeaaiiy O. TH. Aaneethea, aeiiiaiaia iaeaeuei ??aiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? ye ?ioaa?aeueiiai noa’?eoa. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeiiniee noa’?eo ia?aaoaa? o i?inoiio ? eaaeiio aeeoo?aiio na?o? c i?aai?ci?/iei oeiii aeoeaiino?, aenieith ?iia??i?noth no?ano a ?ac? iiyae e?eoe/ii? neooaoe?? ? ni?yiiaai?noth ia aaaeii?noe/ia ia?aaeeaaiiy; iiiinoa’?eo ia?aaoaa? o i?inoiio ? aaaeeiio aeeoo?aiio na?o?, ui caaacia/o?oueny ineo?/iith ae?yeueiinoth, ?iia??i?noth o?ono?aoe??, ni?yiiaai?noth ia ?aae?noe/ia ia?aaeeaaiiy; iie?noa’?eo ia?aaoaa? o neeaaeiiio ? eaaeiio aeeoo?aiio na?o?, yeee eiio?ieth?oueny na?aeii?noth, eiia??i?noth aioo??oiueiai eiioe?eoo i?e ia?aaeeaaii? oe?iiiniiai (ooo - ii?aeueiiai) ci?noo; iaoanoa’?eo ia?aaoaa? o neeaaeiiio ? aaaeeiio aeeoo?aiio na?o?, ui aecia/a?oueny iniaenoith aieath, ?iia??i?noth e?ece a i?ioean? oai?/iai ia?aaeeaaiiy. Ia iaoo aeoieo, ?nio? aac’ye?niee (i?yeee) aeeoo?aee na?o, a yeiio ia?aaoaa? aaniethoiee noa’?eo aen?iaaiaco, c ?ioo?oeaiei oeiii aeoeaiino?, caa?icith aioo??oiuei? aeac?ioaa?aoe?? i?e ia?aaeeaaiiyo i?noe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. I?iiiio?oueny i?ea?iaeueia ?ic?iaea o?iiioiiieo ?aaeei?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino?. A iniiao iiiyooy o?iiioiio iieeaaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iioeao ? oe?e?, ui oai?youe iniaeno?niee niene ye iaeeieoeth na?aeiiino? c ?? i?inoi?iai-/aniaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Aeae?eai? oae? o?iiioiie, ye “i?aea-?-i?eiee” (a?aeiiniee noa’?eo), “ooo-?-oiae?” (iiiinoa’?eo), “oai-?-oaia?” (iie?noa’?eo), “oai-?-oiae?” (iaoanoa’?eo), “anthaee-?-caaaeaee” (aaniethoiee noa’?eo) ? noia?iee o?iiioii “ooo-?-oaia?”, i?eoaiaiiee ethaeei? ye ?ioaa?aeueiiio noa’?eoo. Iaa?oioiaaiee ??aaiue ia?aaeneooaoe?? o oaiiiaiieia?? a/eieo A. A. ?iiaioey. Oaeei /eiii o niaeo? ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? aoee aienai? an? eiiiiiaioe a/eieoaaiiy – ia?aaeneooaoe?y, neooaoe?y, iioeaaoe?y, ae?y ? i?neyae?y. Caaaeii aea ?ice?eooy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ? i?ioeanoaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaiiiaiieia?/ii-?aoeaeneaiiai ieanoo aen?iaaiaco aeicaieeei iaiiaieoe ea?oeio ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? eiai iae?noioi?oei ci?noii. O nueiiiio ?icae?e? – “Ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe iioei?caoe?? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?” - iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Iaa?oioiaaia ii?iaoeaia iiaeaeue naiiaecia/aiiy ? nenoaia aeni?aneaii? ineoioaoi?ee aeey ae?oae 5-11 ?ie?a c iaoith naiiaeyaeaiiy, ona?aeiieaiiy ? nea?oaaiiy i?ioeano oe?ii?niiai noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?. I?iaeaiiino?iaai? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia?? a ??ciiieaiiaeo aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, aeoiai?e ? ineoioa?aiaaoe/i?e i?aeoeoe?. A?aeiia?aeii aei oai?aoe/ii? iiaeae? no?oeoo?e oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino? (aeea. ?en.1), ie i?eionoeee, ui naiiaecia/aiiy iieiaeoiai oeiey?a coiiaeth?oueny neeaaeiei aeeiai?/iei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiai noa’?eoieo caeaoiinoae: ?ioa?an?a, aaaeaiue, i?aaiaiue (“oi/o”), iayaieo cae?aiinoae, oai?/eo iiaeeeainoae (“iiaeo”), a?eiaeo, ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ? oa?aeoa?ieia?/ieo yeinoae (“?”) ? iniaeno?nieo iiaiooai?aiue oe?ii?niiai ci?noo: ii?iia?aeiia?aeii? iiaaae?iee ye ?acoeueoaoo i?eeiyooy iniaeno?noth iioea?a, oe?eae ? niinia?a eiie?aoii? ae?yeueiino? (“o?aaa”), nioe?aeueieo onoaiiaie ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e ye ii?aeueii-nieneiaeo ia?aaeeaaiue (“iooo”), /aniaeo ? nieneiaeo oe?eae caaaeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (“aoaeo”). Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue naiiaecia/aiiy, ui neeaaea?oueny c o??aae iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae, ia`?aeiaieo a iioaioe?ae naiiaecia/aiiy a oiio /e ?ioiio aeae? ae?yeueiino?. Eiaeai c iioaioe?ae?a naiiaecia/aiiy yaey? niaith aeeniiceoe?th, ui neeaaea?oueny c aoaeoeaiiai (A), eiai?oeaiiai (E) ? iiaaae?ieiaiai (I) eiiiiiaio?a, ye? aeeiiothoue oo /e ?ioo ooieoe?th a no?oeoo?? nieneiooai?thaaeueiiai iioeao ae?yeueiino?. Iieacieeii iniaeno?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy ? aea??, a yeiio a?aeaea?oueny ia?aaaaa oe?iiino? aeuiai ii?yaeeo. Neooaoe??, ye? i?eaiaeyoue aei iaiao?aeiino? oaeiai ?iaeo aeai??a, nii/aoeo aeieeathoue a noi?ni?e ae?yeueiino?. C iaeyaeo ia oea caeaoi?noue aei ii?aeueiiai aeai?o aenooia? e?eoa???i iniaeno?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy. Oeae e?eoa??e aeiiiiaaa? a?aeaeeoa?aioe?thaaoe aeaee naiiaecia/aiiy ia oai?aoe/ii aeae?eaieo ??aiyo. Oae, ??aith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ae?yeueiino? (iiiinoa’?eo) a?aeiia?aea? i?aaiaoe/ia naiiaecia/aiiy, ui ?aae?co? niaoeeo?/i? “?ino?oiaioaeuei?” iioeae ae?yeueiino?. Ia ??ai? noi?nii? ae?yeueiino? (iie?noa’?eo) i?iyaey?oueny ii?aeueia naiiaecia/aiiy, i?e oeueiio cae?enith?oueny aeia?i-/eii?noue (aai cei-ae?enoai) ye iane?aeie ona?aeiieaiiai naiiiaiaaeaiiy (aai iaiaoyaeaiiai a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth aai?cio). Iniaeno?noue a eiioaeno? oe?e?nii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (iaoanoa’?eo) aecia/a?oueny noiniaii aoooy, a?aeiia?aeath/e ia “i?ieeyo?” ieoaiiy naino naiai ?nioaaiiy, iieeeeaiiy oiui, ye? i?aeeyaathoue “eiiiaoaioe??” aecenoaoe?aeueiiai naiiaecia/aiiy. I/aaeaeii, ??aith iaona?aeiieaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy (a?aeiiniee noa’?eo) a?aeiia?aea? neooaoeaia “naiiaecia/aiiy”, ui iiaeeeaa aac eaiie ca oiiae ona?aeiieaiiy aeooaeueieo ?inoeieoeaieo niiioe, nai???aeia ioae??noue caaei?i /eneii. O ?yae? aeiaaee?a neooaoeaia naiiaecia/aiiy ca?aa?oueny c i?aaiaoe/iei, ooai?thth/e ci?oaiee eiiaeiia?ao. ??aith aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa a?aeiia?aea? anoaoieia?/ia naiiaecia/aiiy ye ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?ae? ia e?ioeaa? oe?e? aoooy. A neeo c?icoi?eeo i?e/ei aeaiee oei naiiaecia/aiiy ia ae?aaiinooaaany. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oeiiaith oaiaeaioe??th a ona?aeiieaii? iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? ?icoi?iiy oiai, ui ? iiaaiei aeey iaia, ye aeey oeiey?a, ? aiaaiaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c oeei aoaeiiii ia?aaaaeii? /anoeie iaeiieeaniee?a. O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia?oe?aeueia ioe?iea iaoni?oo a iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? iioe?th?oueny ia ?io? noa?e naii?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino? ? noai?th? iani?eyoeea? oiiae aeey eiiiainaoi?iiai ? aca?iii?aeneethth/iai ?icaeoeo ie?aieo aeae?a oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy. Aeniiaie, c?iaeaiee iaie ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co eiao?oe??io?a aeinoi-a??iino? a?oiiaeo ioe?iie iniaenoino?, na?ae/aoue i?i ia?aaaaeaiiy ia’?eoii? i???ioaoe?? a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?. Ooieoe?? ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy, iaiaaeaiiy, caai?iie, i?eiono, ui ?aae?cothoue oeth i???ioaoe?th o ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiio aieea?, iaei ni?eythoue oi?ioaaiith ?icaaeoaeaiiai ioe?iiiai aoaeiia “ui ? aeia?a”. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo neooaoe?e a/eieiaiai aeai?o i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui o o?aoueiio eean? oaiaeaioe?y aei ?i?oe?thaaiiy ii?aeueii iioeaiaaieo ae?e (ni?yiiaaieo ia ei?enoue ?ioei) iii?oii ia?aaaaea? iaae oaiaeaioe??th ?aae?coaaoe nai? i?aai ia ae?th ia ei?enoue nia? (aai?noe/iee iioea). Caaaeii iiiioaoe/iee aiae?c oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia?ao?ae a?ae i?aaiaoe/iiai aei ii?aeueii-eieaeoea?nonueeiai naiiaecia/aiiy a ?icaeyiooee a?eiaee ia??iae ? eiai oa?aeoa?iith ineoieia?/iith iniaeea?noth. I?aaiaiiy aei aaeaioaoe?? a oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy eeaniiai eieaeoeao a?aeia?aaea? i?ia?aeio oaiaeaioe?th naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? a iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe?. Iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo ?ai?acaioaoeaieo aa??aio?a ?iaioe c aen?iineo?eith ? aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea, yea aeicaiey? ?ioaa?oaaoe a ?aeeiiio oe?ii?niiio i?ioean? aniaeo naiiaeyaeaiiy, ui aeeth/a? a naaa aeine?aeaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai aeina?aeo e aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c? uieii a?aee?eoeie nieneaie a ae?aeia?/iiio, ?aoeaeneaiiio ?aaeei? ni?eeoaaiiy c ?ioeie ? naiei niaith. Oaea aecia/aiiy aae?a? a naaa iiiyooy ineoiae?aaiinoeee, ineoioa?ai?? ? ineoiei?aeoe??, acyoeo ia iaoeueii, a c oi/ee ci?o ?o iiaeeeainoae aeey oe?ii?niiai naiiae?aaeaiiy ? naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?. Aeni?aneaio ineoioaoi?eo ie aecia/a?ii ye oaeo noa?o ineoieia?/ii? i?aeoeee, ui ia’?aeio? ae?aaiinoeeo ae?acieo i?iya?a aeanoeainoae iniaenoino?, iniaeeainoae ?? iioeaaoe?eii-nieneiai? noa?e ? aieea ia ?o ei?aeoe?th ? ?icaeoie ca aeiiiiiaith aeni?aneaieo ienoaoeoa. Iaie ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ae?aaiinoe/ieo ? ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaath/eo caoiae?a, iaoe?eaia ia iiaeieaiiy aaae iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae 5 — 11 ?ie?a. Ie aeoiaeeee c i?iaieioaii? a ?iaio? iaoiaeieia?/ii? i???ioaoe?? — i??i?eoaoiino? oaeaieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo iaae eaocaeueiei, ineoioa?ai?? iaae ineoiei?aeoe??th, aaaeaieo aeooiaieo ono?aie?iue iaae na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iith ii?iith. Ca?aeii c oeei aoa neeaaeaiee aii??e/iee aeie iaaaoeaieo aeanoeainoae ae?oae 5 — 11 ?ie?a, ui noiyoue ia caaaae? aen?iaaiaco ?o iniaenoino?: o?eaiaeiino?, ?iioeueneaiino?, aa?aneaiino?, caieiooino?, iaaiaaiaiino?, aenoa?iaeueiino? oa anoaoe/ii? ia/ooeeaino?, noeeueiino? aei ia/anii? e anioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee. Ia?ae?/ai? aaaee ae?aaeathoue iaea?eueo oe?aeeea? oaiaeaioe?? nioe?ae?caoe??, noaiiaeyoue iaaio caa?ico aeey iinooiaeueiiai aen?iaaiaco. ?o aeaea?aea ciaoiaeyoueny a iaiiaeieaieo noia?a/iinoyo ?aii?o noaae?e iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo e iniiaiiai a?eiaiai caaaeaiiy aeaii? noaae?? iioiaaiaco. Aoei neeaaeaii iieooaaeueiee aeey aei?ineeo, yeee ae?aaiinoo? ??aaiue ae?aaeaiino? aaae iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo, nei?i/aii AeAI?, ??aeieo ae?oae aai ae?oae, yeeo aiie ciathoue a neeo nai?? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? ye aeoiaaioe?a aeeonaaeea, oeiey??a. Aiaeia?/iee aa??aio aoa ?ic?iaeaiee aeey iieooaaiiy naieo ae?oae, yeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaii canoiniaoaaoe ia ?ai?oa, ye c 9 ?ie?a. O iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao aaoi?a ?aae?ciaaii oaeee aeai?eoi aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo: aea?oueny aecia/aiiy iaaii? aaaee, ia?ae?/othoueny ?? oa?aeoa?i? iciaee ? i?e/eie iiyae, iaaiaeeoueny o?aaiaio iieooaaeueieea, ui noino?oueny ioe?iee ae?aaeaiino? aeaii? aaaee, aeathoueny caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei onoiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?ioeeaaeii? ?ene oa?aeoa?o. Aeae? iii?uaiee iien ??ciiiai?oieo ai?aa, ?ai?, aothae?a ? aan?ae, i?ae?a?aieo oae, ui ae?i?ioaaoe aeano?oeoeaio ae?th iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo, ?ic/enoeoe eaiaee niiioaiiiai naiiae?aaeaiiy ? a?eueiiai aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c ??cieie oe?ii?nieie iiceoe?yie. Iacaaaeath/e ia iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue ??cieo ai?aa, ?ai? oiui, aeioe?eueii ia’?aeiaoe ?o a na??th ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo caiyoue. Oea caaacia/eoue ia eeoa eieaeueiee, ineoiei?aeoe?eiee, a e noeoiiee, ineoioa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo. Oaeo iiaeeea?noue iaaea? ineoia?iianoeea — ia?acia iacaa aeni?aneaii? ineoioa?ai??. A aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy aeni?aneaii? ineoioaoi?ee a iania?e ineoieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?. Oae, oaeoi?iee aiae?c aenia?oieo ioe?iie ae?oae 5-9 ?ie?a ca iieooaaeueieeii AeAI? cana?ae/ea, ui aei e?ioey iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo c?inoa? ieoiia aaaa ia/aniino? e anioe?aeueiino? (oaae. 1): Oaaeeoey 1. - ?acoeueoaoe oaeoi?iiai aiae?co aaae iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo aeoiaaioe?a CIO ? 4 (i. Ai?eni?eue); N = 144 Aaaee iniaeno?niiai A?e ae?oae?icaeoeo56789o?eaiaei?noue ?iioeueneai?noue aa?aneai?noue caieioo?noue ia/ani?noue anioe?aeuei?noue0,43 0,78 0,68 0,46 0,50 0,470,19 0,42 0,69 0,64 0,69 0,540,12 0,44 0,50 0,47 0,29 0,52- 0,84 0,59 0,34 0,51 0,450,48 0,60 0,63 0,49 0,68 0,69 C oaaeeoe? aeaeii, ui aeaea?aeii ii?ooaiue ooo ? aa?aneai?noue, yea ia?aoiaeeoue o ia/ani?oue, ui caiaeii iinooia?oueny i?noeai anioe?aeueiino?. Iiaeaeueoee aiae?c iieaco?, ui aeeeoao o aeoiaaii?, aeoeaio ia aeio?eiaii? ciai?oiuei? aeaaii?enoieiino?, iicaaaeaiiy aeeoeie i?aaa ia naiino?eia i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, iaaei??ia ii?ea - oe? oa ?io? i?iyae ia’?eoiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aeoiaaiiy iaa?oathoueny i?ioeeaaeieie iaaeaaia?/iiio iai??o ?acoeueoaoaie. I?eeeaaeii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oaoiieia?? c iaoith ?icoe?aiiy oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino? ? o?ainaeoiee aiae?c, yeee caaacia/o? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ? ?aoeaeneaia ?icioioiaeiaiiy ?iaeea?aea c i?eoaiaiieie eiio noa’?eoieie aeeniiceoe?yie (aai-noaiaie), ui noiyoue ia caaaae? niiioaiiiai e aooaioe/iiai aeyao oe?ii?nii? iiceoe?? ethaeeie, aoyaoth/e ?? a iaeiino?oeoeai? ?a?e - iai?ioeyoe??. I?iaaaeaia aa?iaiaaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaoa??ae? ni?eeiaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe ??ai? anoaoe/ii? ?aaeoe?? ia oaeno iaoaoi?e/iiai oa?aeoa?o: aecenoaioe?aeueiee, ii?aeueii-anoaoe/iee, ooee?oa?ii-ineoieia?/iee ? ineoio?c?ieia?/iee, ui ? na?ae/aiiyi ianyao ? eiai?oeaii? neeaaeiino? - aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiino? oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? ?aoeei??io?a. Canoinoaaiiy oa?aiaaoe/ii? iaoaoi?e aeicaiey? iniaenoino? iaaooe iiaee oaiiiaiieia?/iee aeina?ae, ai?iaoaaoe ?io? aeooiai? ono?aie?iiy, ?icoe?eoe niaeo? oe?i?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy. ?aae?caoe?y aen?iineoieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei oeoia/aiiy ooaeiaei?o oai??a noai?th? iaaecae/aeii oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano a oeie? ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? ? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, ?iaey/e ?o o?ieaie-ia?aaeeaaiiyi, o?ieaie-?icaeoiaie, o?ieaie iaaeaaia?/ii ni?yiiaaiiai ?icaeoeo A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee. 1. ?noi??y ?icaeoeo aoiai?oa?ii? ia?aaeeaie a ineoieia?? na?ae/eoue i?i o?ainoi?iaoe?th ?? aeo?aeiiai i?aaeiaoa - aeooo ? aeooiaiino? - a eiioeaioe iaaiiai iaoeiaiai iai?yio /e oeiee. I?ae aeooii ?icoi??oueny ?iaiaioia caeaoi?noue ethaeeie aeei a?eueiiai ae?yiiy, a/eieo, a aeooiai?noue o?aeoo?oueny ye nenoaiia ineo?/ia ooai?aiiy ? aeua ii?iaeaeaiiy iniaenoino?, ?ai?acaioiaaia ?? oe?ii?niinieneiaith na?aeii?noth. 2. Oe?ii?noue ? iaiaei?iiei ei?aeyoii ineo?/iiai, ui aeicaiey? aanoe iiao i?i aen?iineo?eo — oe?ii?nii-nieneiao noa?o iniaenoino?, ui ?ai?acaioo? oe?e?niee ciai?oiuei-aioo??oi?e, noa’?eo-ia’?eoiee aeioe?eueiee ca’ycie yaeu (i?eioeei oaeaieia?cio). 3. Aen?ieia?/ia i?iaeaiaoeea o a?o/eciyi?e ineoieia?? iniaenoino? i?aaenoaaeaia caeaa?eueoiai iiaeyaeii ia ia? ye ia noa’?eo ae?yeueiino?, “ai?noeeeua” ??ciiiai?oieo iioeaaoe?eieo a?aeiioaiue, noia?iee ?acoeueoao i?aaeiaoieo ao?eaooe?e. Iaioith i??ith i?aaenoaaeaiee iiaeyae ia iniaeno?noue ye aeooiaii-oai?/ee noa’?eo (A.A.Aeaaeaeia, A.O.Ii?aoi) ? ua ??aeoa cono??/athoueny ni?iae nenoaiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia’?eoeaii coiiaeaieo, ae?yeuei?nieo aeaoa?i?iaoe?e a ii?aeiaii? c noa’?eoeaiei ?ioaioe?thaaiiyi, iai??ii iniaenoino?. Iniiaiee iaaeie?e iaaeinoaoiuei? a?aeaea/? eiaeiiai c eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a — a?ae?ea oai??? a?ae aeoeaii? e nenoaiaoe/ii?, a ia ai?ciaee/ii? aenia?eiaioaeueii?, ineoieia?/ii? i?aeoeee. 4. O?einionuee? nooae?? i?iaeaie i?eaiaeyoue aei aeniiaeo i?i iniaeno?noue ye o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiee aeooiaiee noa’?eo aen?iaaiaco (iioiai), caeaoiee aei naiiaeooae?caoe?? ? oe?ii?niiai ooaa?aeaeaiiy nai?? ?iaeiai? e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? noo? o na?o? oaiiiai?a, /a?ac ye? aiia i?iaeaa?oueny o niin?a iine?aeiaieo, aeno?aeieo, ?aeo?aioieo ao?eaooe?e. 5. O a?o/eciyi?e (?yaeyinuee?e) ineoieia?? aea/aiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? aacoaaeiny a iniiaiiio ia eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio i?aeoiae?, yeee ?aae?coaaa iaoiaeieia?/io ianoaiiao ia?enecio, ca?aeii yei? iniaeno?noue ? i?iaeoeoii noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Iniiaiee oeyo oi?ioaaiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino? — oea canai?iiy i?aaenoaaeaieo o nioe?aeueiiio iae?ina?aaeiaeu? oe?ii?nieo ?aeaae?a, ye? caeiieththoueny /a?ac a?aeiia?aei? oyaeaiiy ?aoa?aioii? aeey ?iaeea?aea iaei? a?oie, a yeo oie aeeth/aiee ye o/aniee noi?nii? ae?yeueiino? c? ni?eueiei aeey ?? o/aniee?a oe?ii?nii-iioeaaoe?eiei yae?ii. 6. Ca?oa?aei?e ineoieia?? o?aaeeoe?eii oa?aeoa?iee ineoiaeeiai?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy aen?iineo?ee, iei? ia?aaaaeath/ee aoiai?noe/iee aa??aio yeiai i?aaenoaaey? iio?aae ye noa’?eoeai? iai?oanoaoe?? aeeoo?aeo iaiao?aeiinoae /e ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oe?iiinoae, ye? ? ?oo?eiith neeith naii?icaeoeo iniae. Oai?aoe/iith i?ioeaaaith nioe?ae?caoe?? e ?ioa??i?ecaoe??, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iei i?aeoiaeii, ooo ? ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y e aenoa??i?ecaoe?y a ?icoi?ii? naii?icai?oaiiy ia?a?nii nioe?aeueieo ? iiceoeaieo aeooiaieo ?ioaioe?e, ii?aaeiaoiaiiy oe?ii?nieo oe?eae ? iio?aa iniaenoino? a oi?eaeueiiio oai?/iio i?iaeoeo?. 7. Oaiiiaiieia?/ii-?aoeaeneaiee ieano aen?iineo?ee yaey? niaith na?aaeiaeua aca?iiiai i?iieeiaiiy ?? noa’?eoeaiiai e ia’?eoeaiiai, noaoe/iiai e aeeiai?/iiai aniaeo?a ? iia’yco?oueny c aeine?aeaeaiiyie na?aeiiino?. Ia?oee iai?yi ?? aea/aiiy caii/aoeoaaa ?.Aeaea?o, ca?aeii yeiai iiiyooy “na?aeii?noue” aaeeaaeiny a oe?ieiio nain? ye neiii?i ineo?/iiai acaaae?. I?ae na?aeii?noth ?icoi?ee aaciina?aaei? ia?aaeeaaiiy ?iaeea?aeii aeayeiai noa’?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo. Caeeaaeaia Aeaea?oii o?aaeeoe?y ioioiaeiaiiy ineo?ee ? na?aeiiino? aeyaey?oueny a i’yoe ieaiao: na?aeii?noue ye ona?aeiieaiiy (i?ciaiiy), ia?aaeeaaiiy-niiaeyaeaiiy (ii/oooy), ?aoeaen?y (noiieaiiy aeooaeueii? ieeiiino? noa’?eoa a aeoao aie?iiy), ia?aaeeaaiiy-ae?yeuei?noue (nieneiii?iaeaeaiiy), ia?aaeeaaiiy ye aacae?yeuei?noue (o?ainoeaaeaioaeueia na?aeii?noue). Ae?oaee iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aeiiino? caii/aoeoaaa A. Eaeai?oe, ca?aeii yeiai na?aeii?noue — aeuee i?iya ineo?/iiai. I?ci?o? aeine?-aeaeaiiy caaee na?aeii?noue aei nenoaie iiaeaii?aeo cia/aiue, c?aii?oaaaoe ?? ia?aae?noi??th — neie?aoe/ia aiioe?eia ia?acii-neiaie?/ia i?ciaiiy, ia yeiio caiaeii i?inooiathoue cia/aii?a? eiioo?e na?aeiiino?. Eiino?oeoeaia ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie i?e?iaee na?aeiiino? iieyaa? o aeciaii? oe?e?nii? eiioeioaeueii? oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e, ui aeeth/a? a naaa ? na?aeii?noue aiaeia?/ii? yeino? ye aca?iiaeiiiaithaaeueio, neia?aaoe/io ?aei?noue aiioe?eii-ia?aciiai ? iiiyo?eii-eia?/iiai aniaeo?a. 8. Oe?ii?ni? aei??e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino? caaea? nenoaiieia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy, yea iie?a?oueny ia i?aaenoaaeaiiy iniaenoino? ci?noiaii-no?oeoo?iith ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaiaoe/iith ?aei?noth, ui cae?enith? iaaia aeooiaia ono?aie?iiy. Nooi?niee (i?aaeeniiceoe?eiee) ??aaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino? i?aaenoaaeaiee ?ioaioe??th “ia?aae/oaath”, ci???ioiaaiith ia a?oaeuei?noue ye oe?ii?noue ?inoeieoeaii? aeoeaiino? ethaenueeiai ?iaeea?aea (i?aai?cio); ?io?a?iaeea?aeiee ??aaiue na?aeiiino? i?aaenoaaeaiee aeeniiceoe??th “o?aaa”, iaeaooiaaiith ia oe?iiino? ?noeie, ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? ei?eno?, ye? aeinyaathoueny a i?ciaaaeuei?e, eiioi?eaoeai?e ? i?aeoe/ii-ia?aoai?thaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?; ?ioa??iaeea?aeiee ??aaiue na?aeiiino? ?ai?acaioo? aeeniiceoe?y “iooo”, yea caaacia/o? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?iaeea?aea a a?oi? ? i???ioiaaia ia aeia?i ye iniiao ii?aeueii? ca ci?noii ? noi?nii? ca oi?iith ae?yeueiino?; iaoa?iaeea?aeiee ??aaiue na?aeiiino? i?aaenoaaeaiee aeeniiceoe??th “aoaeo”, ui noaa?aeaeo? noni?eueio aa?o?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? c ?? i???ioaoe??th ia i?ae?ania; noia?aeeniiceoe?eiee (oi?aa?noiaeueiee) ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? caaacia/o?oueny ooai?aiiyi “i?eeiath”, ui aeaco? ia aa?oiaia ono?aie?iiy ethaenueei? aecenoaioe?? — caaaeueia aeaai — ? aeinyaa?oueny o a?aeaeaiino? ni?aa? aeeooy, neoae?ii?. Eiaeia c oe?ii?nieo aeeniiceoe?e ia? a?aeiia?aei? noa’?eoi? neeaaeia?: aoaeoeaiee (“oi/o”), eiai?oeaiee (“iiaeo”) ? eiiaoeaiee (“iath”, “?”) eiiiiiaioe, ui caaacia/othoue ooieoe?? nieneiii?iaeaeaiiy, i?yioaaiiy ? ooieoe?th ?aae?caoe?? aeooae?ciaaiiai nieneo. 9. Oi?aa?naeueiei ineoieia?/iei iaoai?ciii aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? ? ae?aeia — oi?ia iioaioe?eii? a?noa’?eoiino? ethaeeie, ai??i?ia ?ioaioe?y “Oe” ye a?iaeaeaia iaeaooiaai?noue ineo?ee ia ni?eeiaiiy ?ioiai ??aiioe?iiei iai?, ui aenooia? aeaea?aeii ii?iaeaeaiiy ? /eiieeii caaaa/aiiy oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino? ?iaeea?aea. ?aoeaen?y c aieo anyeiai “Oe” ? oei aeooiaiei cia?yaeaeyi, ui ?icoe?th? naiaioe/iee i?ino?? iniaenoino?. Ineoieia?/iee ci?no ae?aeia?/ii? ?ioaioe?? noaiiaeoue caeaoi?noue aei iniaeno?nii? aioeoeeiaoe?? — ia?aaeaa/aiiy aeooiaii? ia?niaeoeae ?ioi? ethaeeie, a??a o iiaeeea?noue ?? aeinyaiaiiy, ui iiaeeeaa i?e “ia?eiath/iio”, iaoia?aaeaeaiiio, ethaiaiiio noaaeaii? aei ?ioiai. ?ioa??i?ecaoe?y oe?ii?nieo iiceoe?e ?ioeo “Oe” — oeyo aei oi?ioaaiiy ciaeiai-neiaie?/ii?, ae?aeia?/ii? ca noooth, na?aeiiino? iniaenoino?. 10. ?aeaaaioiei caniaii aeyaeaiiy aen?ieia?/ieo i?iaeoe?e aeooiaiiai aoooy iniaenoino? aenooia? i?eioeei ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?, yeee ?ai?acaioo? ?icai?iooee o o?e eaiee (?ioaioe?y — aaniethoia naiaiaea, iioaioe?y — iiina?aaeeiaaia iiaeeeainoyie naiaiaea, iinn?aeaioe?y — ao?eaia, a?aeiinia naiaiaea) i?ioean iioeaaoe?? ? oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aea, ui oe?e?niei /eiii i?iyaeythoueny ia ?aeo?aioieo ?yaeao oaeaieia?/ieo ca’yce?a. Aecia/aii i’youe ?iinoanae ethaeeie ye ?ioaa?aeueiiai noa’?eoa aeooiaii-ineo?/ii? aeoeaiino?, ui ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ?ai?oa anoaiiaeaieie iniaeno?nieie oe?iiinoyie: a?aeiiniee noa’?eo (?iaeea?ae /e i?aai?ci), iiiinoa’?eo (noa’?eo ye ae?y/, ?i?oe?aoi? ae?yeueiino?), iie?noa’?eo (iniaeno?noue, noa’?eo ii?aeueii? iiaaae?iee), iaoanoa’?eo (?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, noa’?eo oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?), aaniethoiee noa’?eo (oi?aa?naeuei?noue, ?aeaae naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy). I?aaenoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? e?i?? ?icaeoeo aen?iineo?ee ii anueiio niaeo?o ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? na?ae/aoue i?i ia’?eoeai? oaiaeaioe?? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?. 11. Caaaeueiei iaoiaeii aea/aiiy aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? ? aen?iineoieia?/ia aa?iaiaaoeea, ui caaacia/o? oaea ?icoi?iiy ?? nieneiaeo ooai?aiue, yea ni?aaaeaeo?oueny oaiiiaiieia?/iei aii/oaaiiyi ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioo?oeaii-aiiao?eieo cae?aiinoae aeine?aeieea, a a?aeoae — oeoia/aiiyi ca aeiiiiiaith oaiiiaiieia?/ii? ?aoeaen?? noa’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai. Ioaea, iiaia ea?oeia no?oeoo?e, ooieoe?e ? aaiaco oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino? iiaea aooe ciaeueiaaia o aeaeyae? ia?ao?anoo iaio aiinaieia?/ieo iiceoe?e: iine?aeiaii? noa’?eoeaii?, oaeaieia?/ii? ? a?aeiinii ia’?eoeaii?, i?e/eiii coiiaeaii?, eaocaeueii? i?e i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy ae?oai?, aiae?oe/ii? iiceoe?? ia?o?e, oie?noe/i?e. Aeaia oaca ae?aaea? anoaiiaeaio iiia?aaei?i oiaeii i??eoaaiue caaaeueio caeiiii??i?noue aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?. 12. Aen?iineoieia?/ia aa?iaiaaoeea ?aae?co?oueny a oaoiieia?? oaiiiaiieia?/iiai a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy, ui iieyaa? a i?eioeeiia?e caeaoiino? o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiiai noa’?eoa (iniaenoino?) aei ?icioioiaeiaiiy c aoaeue-yeith ?c nieneiaeo aeeniiceoe?e, ui iaeaaeaoue aei niaeo?o na?aeiiino? ss, aai aei noi?uaiiy c iath c iaoith ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeanii?, aaeaeaaoii? oiiaai ? aaoaioe/ii? oe?ii?nii? iiceoe??. Iaea?eueo iieaciaei i?eeeaaeii iia?aoe?iiae?caoe?? oaoiieia?? oaiiiaiieia?/iiai a?aeoeaio?oaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino? ? o?ainaeoiee aiae?c ? oa?aiaaoe/ia iaoaoi?a, ye? iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe c ?aiiueiai a?eo. 13. Aoaeoeaiei caniaii oe?ii?niiai naiiaeyaeaiiy e aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c iiaeeeaeie oe?ii?nieie iiceoe?yie ? aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea, nenoaia yei? iaie cai?iiiiiaaia aeey aeioe?eueiiai ? iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. Iaoiaeeea ineoiei?aeoe?eieo caiyoue c aeei?enoaiiyi ineoia?iianoeee, aeni?aneaieo ienoaoeoa, aeeoy/eo oaioac?e ? aa?aaeueieo ioe?iie iiaoaeiaaia c o?aooaaiiyi eia?ee ia?ao?eaiiy nieneiaeo aeeniiceoe?e ii anueiio niaeo?o noa’?eoii? aeoeaiino? aeeoeie. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiee o oaeeo iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?yo: Eieae, ?icae?ee aei iiiia?ao?e 1. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aen?iineoieia?y iniaenoino?.- E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1998. - 220 n. 2. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea aeey ae?oae.- E.: IIOe “Ia?niaeoeaa”, 1997. - 96 n. 3. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoioaoi?ea o aeoiaaii? aeeoeie.- E.: IIOe “Ia?niaeoeaa”, 1996.- 48 n. 4. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoiei?aeoe?y ?icaeoeo aeeoeie.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: O??ia “E?E”, 1994.- 132 n. 5. Ea?iaiei C.N. I?aenoaoaa? noinoiee a aeca?eae? ?noi?e/ii? ia?niaeoeae // Aoiiineoieia?/i? i???ioe?e n?iaeiiai aeoiaaiiy / Ca ?aae. E.I. I?aai.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. - N. 35-54. Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao ? aeo?iaeao 1. Ea?iaiei C.N., Ee?e/oe I.A. Oi?ioaaiiy noni?eueii aeoeaii? iniaenoino?: ia?aaeoiiae ? ci?no i?ioeano // ?aaeyinueea oeiea.- 1986.- ? 7.- N. 36-42. 2. Ea?iaiei C.N. ?icaeoie ia?aaeoiia iniaeno?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Ii/aoeiaa oeiea.- 1989.- ? 6.- N. 5-7. 3. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aeeaaiinoeea ee/iinoiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a eeanniii eieeaeoeaa // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiie oeieu e i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae / Iiae ?aae. ?.I. Neoeueneiai, I. N. Oaaei?/aea.- Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1989.- Aeai. A IOeIE “Oeiea e iaaeaaiaeea” 19.04.90.- ? 101.- 90. 4. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? naiiaecia/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Ineoieia?y: ?ani. iaoe.-iaoiae. ca.- Aei. 35.- E.: ?aaeyinueea oeiea, 1990.- N. 102-109 5. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ciiaeo?ii /eoa/a // Neiai ? /an.- 1992.- ? 6.- N. 65-66, 68 6. Ea?iaiei C.N., Naith?a A. I. Ae?oe iaeththoue n?i`th // Aeioe?eueia aeoiaaiiy.- 1993.- ? 6.- N. 6-7. 7. Ea?iaiei C.N., Ee?e/oe I.A. Iaoaii?oice aeooo: Aei ieoaiiy i?i i?aaeiao aoiai?oa?ii? ineoieia?? // Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- 1994.- ? 4.- N. 3-8. 8. Ea?iaiei C.N., Ee?e/oe I.A. ??ai? noa`?eoiino? oa ?iaeeeaoi?e aeooiaiino? ethaeeie // Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- 1995.- ? 3.- N. 3-12. 9. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoia?iianoeea // Aeioe?eueia aeoiaaiiy.- 1995.- ? 2.- N. 8-9. 10. Ea?iaiei C.N. Iaoao?ceea ae?aeiao // Naiaioeea iiae ? oaenoo.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996.- N. 44-49. 11. Ea?iaiei C.N.Oe?ii?ni? aei??e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y.- *. 2.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1996.- N. 42-48. 12. Ea?iaiei C.N. Oai?aoe/i? oa ooaeiaei? ieanoe aiieia?? “ss” // E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia.- 1996.- ? 7.- N. 3. 13. Ea?iaiei C.N. Oaiiiaiieia?y a/eieo: Aei ieoaiiy i?i ?aae?caoe?th no-a’?eoiiai i?aeoiaeo a iaoe?iiaeuei?e nenoai? iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy // Oe?a?-iiciaanoai a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean? ina?oi?o onoaiia / Ca ?aae. ?. Neoeue-nueeiai oa A. Eino?aa.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997.- N. 39-43. 14. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aiie?o?eaoe?y “ss” a eiioaeno? oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? // ?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe? O?O - OO no.- Eieiiey: A?e, 1997.- N. 299-301. 15. Ea?iaiei C.N., Ee?e/oe I.A. Aen?ieia?/i? i?iaeoe?? aeooiaiino? // Oe?i-iino? ina?oe ? aeoiaaiiy: Iaoe. iaoiae. ca. / Ca caa. ?aae. I.A. Nooiieeinue-ei?.- E., 1997.- N. 50-53. 16. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? c iiceoe?e eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai i?aeoiaeo // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: o?eini-o?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?-iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1998.- Aei. 2.- *. 2.- N. 42-48. 17. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoiaeeiai?/iee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aen?iineo?ee // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y.- ?aaii-O?ai-e?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1998.- Aei. 2.- *. 1.- N. 50-57. 18. Ea?iaiei C.N. O?einionueei-ineoieia?/iee ci?no ae?aeiao // Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- 1998.- ? 3.- N. 105-112. 19. Ea?iaiei C.N., Aaneeeoei ss. ?. Oi?aa?noiaeuei? aeanoeaino? neiaieo (Ca oai?/?noth I. Inaae/iai) // Ia?iaeia aiey: Ne?aioii (NOA).- 1998.- ?? 19, 20. 20. Ea?iaiei C.N. O?iiioiii? ?aaeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? na?aeiiino? // A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaaeaaia?ea.- Aei. 1.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998.- N. 128-133. 21. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoiei?aeoe?eiee ci?no ia?iaeii? eacee // Aeaea?aea.- 1998.- ?? 3-4.- N. 22. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea a eiioaeno? ?icaeaaeueiiai iaa/aiiy // Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? i?iaeaie ?icaeaaeueiiai iaa/aiiy / Ca ?aae. A. Neiii?ianueeiai.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998.- N. 78-81. 23. Ea?iaiei C.N. Aen?iaaiac iniaenoino? a oea?ei? noa’?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y – ?aaii-O?ai-e?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1999. – Aei. 3. – *. 1. – N. 63-73. 24. Ea?iaiei C.N. Oe?ii?niee ci?no i?ioean?a ia?aaeeaaiiy // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y – ?aaii-O?ai-e?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1999. – Aei. 3. – *. 2. – N. 39-46. 25. Ea?iaiei C. N. Aen?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie ineoieia?? iniaenoino? a eiioaeno? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy // Oe?a?ia: aea?aeaai?noue, ?noi??y, ia?niaeoeae. - ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1999. - N. 244-250. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 1. Ea?iaiei C.N. A.I. Nooiieeinueeee i?i oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e aca?iia?aeiinei o n?i`?: iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1987.- 13 n. 2. Ea?iaiei C.N. (oii?yaeiee) Ae?aaiinoeea ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae 6-7 ?ie?a.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: A-ea ae-eo “Ia?aaae”, 1993.- 63 n. 3. Ea?iaiei C.N., Naa/ei C. ss. Aea/aiiy ? ?icaeoie oyae a aeeoy/iio a?oe?.- Eieiiey: A?e, 1996.- 48 n. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoieia?/i? iniiae aen?iaaiaco iniaenoino?.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia ? a?eiaa ineoieia?y. Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. Ee?a, 1999. O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny iaoiaeieiai-oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy aen?i-aaiaco iniaenoino?. Ca?aeii caaaeueii? oaeaieia?/ii? onoaiiaee aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe iaa?oioiao?oueny aaoi?nueea eiioeaioe?y i?aaeiaoiiai yae?a aen?i-ineoieia?? iniaenoino?. A?aeiia?aeii aei aenoiooiai i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aeueii? noa’?eoiino? cae?enith?oueny ?a?ioa?i?aoaoe?y cia/iiai ianeao oaeo?a ? caeiii-i??iinoae, a?aee?eoeo o ??cieo iaoeiaeo oeieao, ui ?ai?acaioothoue no?oe-oo?o, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie oe?ii?nii-nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino?. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ii?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? ooi/iththoue oaiiiaiieia?/io ea?oeio aen?iaa-iaco iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia canoinoaaiiy aeni?anea-ii? ineoioaoi?ee aeey ae?oae 5 - 11 ?ie?a, oni?oii ?aae?ciaaia a aaaaoueio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao e?a?ie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aen?iineo?ea, aen?iaaiac, oe?ii?nii-nieneiaa noa?a (na?aeii?noue) iniaenoino?, ?ioaa?aeueia noa’?eoi?noue, ae?aeia, aen?iineoieia?/ia aa?iaiaaoeea, oaiiiaiieia?/ia oaoiieia?y, aeni?aneaia ineoioaoi?ea, oie?ci, oaeaieia?ci, eaocaeuei?noue, nieneiaa aeeniiceoe?y, iioea, oe?ii?nia naiiaecia/aiiy. Karpenko Z.S. Psychological fundamentals of personality axiogenesis. Dissertation for a doctor`s degree of psychology. Speciality 19.00.07 pedagogical and age psychology m. Dragomanov national pedagogical university, Kyiv, 1999. The research syrveys methodological and theoretical aspects of axiogenesis of the personality. A subject nucleus concepcion of axiopsychology is well motivated along the general Lines of the humanities. According to the proposed principle of integral subjectivity a reinterpretation is made of the data and trends relating to different schools that represent the structure, functioning, and development of the values-and-sense sphere of the personality. The results of experimental and diagnostic investigation of personality selfdetermination of values specify phenomenon picture axiogenesis among junior schoolchildren. A well-grounded system of expressive psychotechniques for 5-11-year olds has been successfully accomplished in many educational institutions of Ukraine. Key words: axiophychics, axiogenesis, the values-and-sense sphere of the personality, integral subjectivity, dialogue, axiopsychologic, germanaftics, phenomenon engineering, expressive psychotechnique, holism, teleologism, pausine, sense disposition, motivation, selfdetermination of values. Ea?iaiei C.N. Ineoieiae/aneea iniiau aeneiaaiaca ee/iinoe.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07. – iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay ineoiei-aey. Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999. A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony iaoiaeieiai-oai?aoe/aneea aii?inu aeneiaaiaca ee/iinoe. A naaoa iauae oaeaieiae/aneie onoaiiaee aoia-ieoa?iuo iaoe iainiiauaaaony aaoi?neay eiioeaioeey i?aaeiaoiiai yae?a aeneiineoieiaee ee/iinoe a ninoaaa ii?iaoeaiiai, ineoiaeeiaie/aneiai e oaiiiaiieiae/anee-?aoeaeneaiiai aniaeoia, eioi?ua niioaaonoaotho eiaeea eioa?ei?ecaoeee (oi?ie?iaaiey), yenoa?ei?ecaoeee (noaiiaeaiey) e naiiii?aaeaeaiey ee/iinoe. A niioaaonoaee n auaeaeiooui i?eioeeiii eioaa?aeueiie noauaeoiinoe inouanoaeyaony ?aeioa?i?aoaoeey cia/eoaeue-iiai ianneaa oaeoia e caeiiiia?iinoae, ioe?uouo a ?acee/iuo iao/iuo oeieao e ?ai?acaioe?othueo no?oeoo?o, ooieoeeiie?iaaiea e ?acaeoea oeaiiinoii-niuneiaie noa?u ee/iinoe. Iainiiauaaaony aeneiineoieiae/aneay aa?iaiaaoeea eae iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey e i?aia?aciaaiey aeneiineoeee ee/iinoe, ?aaeecothuay o?aaiaaiea oaiiiaiaeiae/aneiai ?aoeaene?iaaiey ia?oeeaeueiuo niuneia n iiceoeee iaeiaai o?ainoeaaeaioaeueiiai ss. ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey oeaiiinoiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia ooi/iytho aic?anoioth ea?oeio aeneiaaiaca ee/iinoe. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiaaiey e iaoiaee/aneea n?aaenoaa ?aaiou n aeneiineoeeie i?e eniieueciaaiee ineoieiaii eeoa?aoo?iuo e oa?aiaaoe/aneeo iaoaoi?, o?ainaeoiiai aiaeeca, iioeiece?othueo ?acee/iua aniaeou aeneiaaiaca ee/iinoe ia ?aciuo yoaiao aa aic?anoiiai ?acaeoey. Iainiiaaia nenoaia i?eiaiaiey yeni?anneaiie ineoioaoieee aeey aeaoae 5-11 eao, oniaoii ?aaeeciaaiiay ai iiiaeo ia?aciaaoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiuo caaaaeaieyo no?aiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeneiineoeea, aeneiaaiac, oeaiiinoii-niuneiaay noa?a (niciaiea) ee/iinoe, eioaa?aeueiay noauaeoiinoue, aeeaeia, aeneiineoieiae-/aneay aa?iaiaaoeea, oaiiiaiieiae/aneay oaoiieiaey, yeni?anneaiay ineoioaoieea, oieeci, oaeaieiaeci, eaocaeueiinoue, niuneiaay aeeniiceoeey, iioea, oeaiiinoiia naiiii?aaeaeaiea. C? neacaiiai aeieeaa? iie?aa??aioi?noue i???ioaoe?e aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa, ui icia/a? aeuee aooo?a?niee oain aeey eiaeii? ethaeeie, iacaaaeath/e ia ?? o?einionueeo iiceoe?th, ?aeaieia?/io i???ioaoe?th, a??iniia?aeaiiy /e aoa?noe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy, ae?aaeai?noue ?en iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, nioe?aeueiee noaoon, noaoue oiui. ?icoe?aiiy iaae noa’?eoiino? ia noa?o o?ainoeaaeaioiiai – iaa?ae’?iia ?ena ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy, a yeeo ae oi?iao aiia ia ?aae?coaaeany. C? neacaiiai aeieeaa? iie?aa??aioi?noue i???ioaoe?e aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa, ui icia/a? aeuee aooo?a?niee oain aeey eiaeii? ethaeeie, iacaaaeath/e ia ?? o?einionueeo iiceoe?th, ?aeaieia?/io i???ioaoe?th, a??iniia?aeaiiy /e aoa?noe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy, ae?aaeai?noue ?en iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, nioe?aeueiee noaoon, noaoue oiui. ?icoe?aiiy iaae noa’?eoiino? ia noa?o o?ainoeaaeaioiiai – iaa?ae’?iia ?ena ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy, a yeeo ae oi?iao aiia ia ?aae?coaaeany. C? neacaiiai aeieeaa? iie?aa??aioi?noue i???ioaoe?e aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa, ui icia/a? aeuee aooo?a?niee oain aeey eiaeii? ethaeeie, iacaaaeath/e ia ?? o?einionueeo iiceoe?th, ?aeaieia?/io i???ioaoe?th, a??iniia?aeaiiy /e aoa?noe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy, ae?aaeai?noue ?en iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, nioe?aeueiee noaoon, noaoue oiui. ?icoe?aiiy iaae noa’?eoiino? ia noa?o o?ainoeaaeaioiiai – iaa?ae’?iia ?ena ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy, a yeeo ae oi?iao aiia ia ?aae?coaaeany. C? neacaiiai aeieeaa? iie?aa??aioi?noue i???ioaoe?e aaniethoiiai noa’?eoa, ui icia/a? aeuee aooo?a?niee oain aeey eiaeii? ethaeeie, iacaaaeath/e ia ?? o?einionueeo iiceoe?th, ?aeaieia?/io i???ioaoe?th, a??iniia?aeaiiy /e aoa?noe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy, ae?aaeai?noue ?en iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, nioe?aeueiee noaoon, noaoue oiui. ?icoe?aiiy iaae noa’?eoiino? ia noa?o o?ainoeaaeaioiiai – iaa?ae’?iia ?ena ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy, a yeeo ae oi?iao aiia ia ?aae?coaaeany.

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