14

?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

Oiaa Ia??aiia Aanee?aia

OAeE 159.9:37.015.3

INEOIEIA?*I? AeAOA?I?IAIOE Ae?AEIAIAIAI

IAAeAAIA?*IIAI NI?EEOAAIIss

19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.Aaneey Noaoaieea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

I?aai E?ae?y
A?iano?aia I?eea?iaonueeee
oi?aa?neoao

?i.Aaneey
Noaoaieea,

eaoaae?a
nioe?aeueii? ineoieia??,

caa?aeoaa/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaee Aai?a?e Ieaen?eiae/

?inoeooo ineoieia??

?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie,

eaai?aoi??y
iaoiaeieia?? ? oai??? ineoieia??,

caa?aeoaa/

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio

Iia’yeaeue Iaae?y ?aai?aia

Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

eaoaae?a ineoieia?? oa iaaeaaia?ee,

aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie,
eaai?aoi??y i?ioan?eii? i???ioaoe??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 15-00
aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.453.11. a
?inoeooo? ineoieia??

?i.A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:252033,Ee?a – 33, aoe.
Iaiuee?anueea, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe?
?inoeoooo

ineoieia?? ?i.A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe
I.?.Aeaen??aa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiino?, ea?aeeiaeuei?
ci?ie a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio oa aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? noni?euenoaa
noaaeyoue ia?aae nenoaiith ina?oe iia? caaaeaiiy, ui cana?ae/aii
Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie, Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i ina?oo”, Aea?aeaaiith
iaoe?iiaeueiith i?ia?aiith “Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy),
Iaoe?iiaeueiith i?ia?aiith “Ae?oe Oe?a?ie”. Ae??oaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue
caeaaeeoue a?ae iine?aeiaii? aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oa aoiai?caoe?? aca?iei
o/aniee?a iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, ui, a naith /a?ao, aeiaaa? ia?aoiaeo
a?ae iiiieia?/iiai aei ae?aeia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey c
o/iyie. O ca’yceo c? neacaiei i?iaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo
aeaoa?i?iaio, ui aecia/athoue ae?aeia?/i?noue i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?.

No/aniee noai aena?oeaiiy i?iaeai ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo?? aeeth/a? ?yae aniaeo?a: nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeee,
eoeueoo?ieia?/iee, iaoiaeieia?/iee, ineoieia?/iee, iaaeaaia?/iee oiui.
Oae, nooi?noue ? niaoeeo?ea ae?aeiao ?ice?eaa?oueny a ?iaioao I.I.
Aaoo?ia, I. Aoaa?a, A.ss. Aooa, A.N. A?aea?a, ss. ssiiooaea, ?.
Aoaaoa?a. Aiae?co iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?iaeai ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy
i?enay/ai? ?iaioe E.I. Aaoeueoaiiai?-Neaanueei?, E.I. Ao?ai?, I.N.
Eaaaia oa ?yaeo ?ioeo aaoi??a. Ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe ae?aeiao
aeine?aeaeothoueny A.O. Eiiiaei, I.I. Aiaeaeueiaei, A.I. Aaeeii, A.A.
Aeia?iae/ai, I.I. Ei?i?aei, I.A. Ee?e/oeii, A.O. Oa?aoai, A.I. Oaoaiei.
A ?iaioao I.E. Ai?eoaanueeiai, N.E.A?ao/aiei, I.I. Caa?ioeueeiai, A.I.
Eai-Eae?ea, N.Ae. Iaeneiaiei, E.A. I?aai, A.A. Nai?/aiei, O.I.
Oeoa?aiei, N.I. ?ya/aiei, I.A. *aiae?ai?, I.?. Iia’yeaeue, I.?.
Aeaen??ai?, Oaaei?eoei A.I., I.?.Eoeue/eoeueei?, ?ice?eaathoueny ??ci?
noi?iie i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, a oiio /ene? ? i?iaeaia
caaacia/aiiy eiai ae?aeia?/iino?.

A oie aea /an oe?eee ?yae aniaeo?a ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a
iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie,
cie?aia, a?aenooi? niaoe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo
aeaoa?i?iaio, ui coiiaeththoue ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey c
o/iyie.

Cia/ou?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue oai?aoe/ieo oa i?eeeaaeieo
aniaeo?a i?iaeaie iaoiiaeea aea?? oaie aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy:
“Ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe ae?aeiaiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy”.

Aea?aiee iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.Noaoaieea. Oaia aeena?oaoe??
aoiaeeoue aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueii? ineoieia?? ye neeaaeiaa oaie “Ineoieia?y noaiiaeaiiy
iniaenoino? i?ioan?iiaeii”(i?ioieie ?6 a?ae 26.03.1996?.).

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?eeoaaiiy.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe ae?aeiaiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae a/eoaeai oa o/iyie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o aea/aii? ineoieia?/ieo oiia, ui
coiiaeththoue ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy a i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/i?e
ae?yeueiino?.

Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie oa ?acoeueoaoe iiooeiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Noeeueia? iniaeeaino? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy coiiaeai? nenoaiith
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, i?eoaiaiieo a/eoaeth.

2. ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae noeeueiaeie iniaeeainoyie iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, ni?iiiaei?noth a/eoaey aei aiiao?? oa i??ith ?ea?aeiino?
eiai i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a.

3. Aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei
ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie caeaaeeoue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean aoco niaoeeo?no, iaoith yeiai ia? aooe
?icaeoie i?ioan?eii cia/oueo yeinoae iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey, a
iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy ia? caaacia/oaaoe ia?aoai?aiiy ?o o noa’?eo?a o/?iiy,
ui, o naith /a?ao, noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey eiioeaiooaeueiiai
?icaeoeo ieneaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy ?aoeaeneaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, ae?iaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioiino?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei i?aaeiaoa, iaoe oa a?iioac aecia/aii oae? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· i?iaiae?coaaoe no/aniee noai ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie ae?aeiaiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae a/eoaeai oa o/iyie a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? oa
noi?ioethaaoe ia oe?e iniia? aeo?aei? oai?aoe/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy;

· c’ynoaaoe ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iieacieee ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a
iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?, aecia/eoe ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie aoaeoeaiino?
ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey ? o/iy, aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeeoe
aca?iica’ycee i?ae oa?aeoa?ii iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa aeae?eaieie
/eiieeaie.

· aecia/eoe ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?ioaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei ae?aeia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith oa oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooieee:
nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino? (E.I. Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, A.A. Aiaiue?a, A.O. Eiiia);
caaaeueiiineoieia?/ia eiioeaioe?y ae?yeueiino? (I.I. Eaiioue?a, A.A.
Aeaaeaeia, N.Ae. Iaeneiaiei); i?eioeei aeaoa?i?i?cio (N.E. ?oa?iooaei),
caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oai??? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy (A.I. Aaee, I.I.
Aiaeaeueia, TH.I. ?iaeueyiia, A.I. Eai-Eae?e, I.A. Ee?e/oe, A.I.
Eiaaeueia, ss.E. Eieiieinueeee, I.I. Eaiioue?a, O.E. E?iaeoan, I.A.
Ioae?ee, E.A. I?aai, E.I. Iao?ianueea, A.O. Oa?ao, O.N. ssoeaiei);
oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? a/eoaey (I.A. Eocuei?ia, TH.I.
Eoethoe?i, N.Ae. Iaeneiaiei, I.A. Ii?ic, Ae.O. I?eieaiei, A.I.
Neanoueii?i, A.N. Nooianueea, O.N. ssoeaiei); aeine?aeaeaiiy
ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy (N.E. A?ao/aiei,
A.I. Aeaienaiei, I.I. Caa?ioeueeee, I.?. Aeaen??aa, I.?. Iia’yeaeue,
I.I. Ei?iiaoeueea, N.I. Ionaoia, N.I. ?ya/aiei, O.E. *ioo,
A.A.Nai?/aiei).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ae?ioaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue oa
ia?aai?ee aenoiooeo aiiioac aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeineiaeaeaiiy,
?aaeicaoeiy yei? ia?aaeaa/aea canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a, ui
aeeth/aa:

oai?aoe/i? iaoiaee: aiaeic, inieneaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy o?einionueei?,
eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaoiaee oai?aoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa nenoaiiiai aiae?co
? neioaco i?e aecia/aii? iaoe, a?iioac oa caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy;

aiii?e/ii iaoiaee: niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’th,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa a?oiia? aan?aee, iaoiae iacae?i/aieo ?a/aiue,
ineoiiaethiie, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio.

Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeaeaaaeeny oaeoi?iiio oa ei?aeyoe?eiiio aiae?co c
ianooiiith ye?niith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th oa ci?noiaiei ocaaaeueiaiiyi.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioiaeeei ai?iaeiaae 1995-1998 ?ie?a. ??cieie aeaeaie
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aoei ioiieaii: 365 a/eoae?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o
oe?e i. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea, i. *a?i?aoe?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeanoae; 397 o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e i.
?aaii-O?aie?anueea oa ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?, 287 nooaeaio?a
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea oa *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oai?aoe/i?e oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaie ineoieia?/ii? aeaoa?i?iaoe??
ae?aeia?/iino? o i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiio ni?eeoaaii?; o aeyaeaii?
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ae?aeia?/i?noth iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa ?yaeii
ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a (iniaeeainoyie nenoaie oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
a/eoaey, ?icaeoeii o iueiai aiiao??, ??aiai ?ea?aeiino? eiai
i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a oiui); o anoaiiaeaii? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei
ae?aeia?/iino? o ni?eeoaaii? c o/iyie.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?icoe?aii? oa iiaeeaeaii?
ciaiue i?i caeiiii??iino?, ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe oa iaoai?cie
ae?aeia?/iino? o i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiio ni?eeoaaii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aei iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, cie?aia
ia oaeoeueoaoao ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a c? niaoe?aeueiino? ”Ineoieia?y.
I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y a aaeoc? ina?oe“. Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ni?eyoeia iioei?caoe?? aca?iei i?ae iaaeaaiaaie oa
o/iyie, ui, a naith /a?ao, aoaea iiceoeaii aieeaaoe ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oeie?.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaae?ei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth canaaeieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeei?enoaiiyi aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo eiai iao?,
ia’?eoo, i?aaeiaoo oa caaaeaiiyi, a oaeiae iaeaaeiith ia?iaeith aeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny iieiaeaiiy:

1. Ae?aeia?/i?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy aca?iiiia’ycaia c
iniaeeainoyie oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e a/eoae?a, a naia: nenoaiiei
oa?aeoa?ii inoaii?o, aeii?ioaaiiyi oa?i?iaeueieo oe?iiinoae iaae
?ino?oiaioaeueieie, iaaiith niaoeeo?/i?noth ye oa?i?iaeueieo, oae ?
?ino?oiaioaeueieo oe?iiinoae, na?aae yeeo i?ia?aei? i?noey caeiathoue
o?, ui ae?aaeathoue nioe?aeueio oa eiioi?eaoeaio ni?yiiaai?noue
iniaenoino?.

2. Ae?aeia?/iiio oa?aeoa?o aca?iei c o/iyie ni?ey? aiiao?eia
a?aee?eo?noue a/eoaey, noa’?eoia noaaeaiiy aei ni?a?iciiaieea, oa
caaaaea? ?ea?aei?noue i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a.

3. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean iaaeaoco niaoe?aeueiiai
niaoeeo?no Ineoieia?y ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a i?ioean? i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey, noai?thth/e ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey
eiioeaiooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy o nooaeaio?a, oi?ioaaiiy
?aoeaeneaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ae?iaeaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioiino?, iiceoeaii aieeaa? oei naiei ia
oi?ioaaiith o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ni?iiiaeiino? caaacia/oaaoe
ae?aeia?/i?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany oeyoii
aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (1995-1998
??), ia eaoaae?? nioe?aeueii? ineoieia?? I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A. Noaoaieea, aoee i?aaenoaaeai? aaoi?ii ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Nenoaia iaia?a?aii? ina?oe: caeiaooee,
iiooee, i?iaeaie.”(*a?i?aoe? 1996?.), i?ae /an /eoaiiy niaoeeo?no,
i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c eo?no a?eiai?, iaaeaaia?/ii?
ineoieia??.

Ci?no oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? o 7 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 142 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 218
iaeiaioaaiue. ?iaioa i?noeoue 18 oaaeeoeue oa 10 iaethie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny
eiai ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa oa caaea/?, ?ice?eaathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia,
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe, aeaco?oueny noa?a ai?iaaoe??
?acoeueoao?a oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o a i?aeoeeo, oi?ioeththoueny
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Ae?aeiaiaa ni?eeoaaiiy ye i?aaeiao iaoeiaiai
aiae?co” — ?ice?eaathoueny oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaie ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?aeiao a
iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?, ineoieia?/i? oiiae, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue
noeeueia? aeanoeaino? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iieacaii, ui a o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? caeaaia iaa?oioiao?oueny ?aeay
ae?aeia?/iino? ethaenueeeo aca?iei ye ia?aaeoiiae noaiiaeaiiy oa
?nioaaiiy ethaeeie (E. Oaea?aao). Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oey ?aeay
io?eiaea o i?aoeyo i?aaenoaaiee?a oaeiai o?einionueeiai iai?yieo ye
ae?aeia?ci (I. Aoaa? oa ?i.). Ca Aoaa?ii, aca?ieie i?ae ethaeueie
aacothoueny ia aeaio aioo??oiuei noia?a/eeaeo aeo?aeieo a?aeiioaiiyo:
“ss – Oe” ? “ss — A?i (Aiii)”. A?aeiioaiiy “ss – Oe” ?
?ioeiii-ae?aeia?/iei, noa’?eo-noa’?eoiei (ia a?aei?io a?ae
eiai?oeaii-i?aeoe/iiai, yeei ? “ss – A?i”) a?aeiioaiiyi, yea ethaeeia
ia?aaeeaa? an?i nai?i ?noaii, ? yea aaco?oueny ia oe?e?niiio
a?aeia?aaeaii? oa i?eeiyoo? ?ioi? ethaeeie.

Iniaeeaee aianie o ?ic?iaoe? oai??? ae?aeiao iaeaaeeoue I.I.Aaoo?io. A
eiai eiioeaioe?? ?ic??ciy?oueny aeaa cia/aiiy iiiyooy “ae?aeia”.
Ii-ia?oa, ae?aeia ye iaaia caaaeueiiethaenueea ?aaeuei?noue, aiaeii/an ?
ia?aaeoiiaa, ii/aoeiaa oiiaa ethaenueei? na?aeiiino? oa naiina?aeiiino?,
? iniiaia oi?ia ?o ?aae?caoe??. Ii-ae?oaa, ae?aeia ye eiie?aoia iiae?y
ni?eeoaaiiy, a ye?e ?ice?eaa?oueny oe?ii?niee na?o ethaeeie, ethaeeia
aeyaey? naaa o eiie?aoi?e aca?iiae?? c ?ioith ethaeeiith o a?aeiia?aeue
ia ?? iineeaiiy. Aieiaiith oiiaith aeieeiaiiy ae?aeia?/ieo a?aeiinei ?
iayai?noue eiioi?eaoeaii? ?ioaioe??, onoaiiaee ia iia?aeiieaiiy.

Ineoieia?/ia aea/aiiy ae?aeiao ?icii/aeiny ii??aiyii iaaeaaii, ?
i?io?ea? a ?aieao caaaeueiiineoieia?/ii? eiioeaioe?? aca?iiae?? ye
ni?eeoaaiiy (A.A.Aiaiue?a, I.?.AE?ie?i, A.I.Iyneuaa, ?, ianaiia?aae,
A.O.Eiiia). O oeeee? aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo A.O. Eiiiaei oa eiai
ni?a?ia?oieeaie, iieacaii, ui niaoeeo?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy ye iniaeeaiai
aeaeo ethaenueei? aeoeaiino? iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o ?aae?caoe??
a?aeiioaiiy “noa’?eo — noa’?eo”. Oea ae a?aeiioaiiy ? iaea?eueo nooo?aei
ineoieia?/iei ci?noii ? ae?aeiao, a yeiio ae?aaeathoueny o? aeanoeaino?
ethaeae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o o yeino? noa’?eo?a.

Iaeiae ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie ae?aeiao a oai?aoe/iiio oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ieai? aeine?aeaeai? iaaeinoaoiuei. Oae, ia eiai
oa?aeoa?i? ?ene aeacothoue ??ci? aaoi?e, iaeiae iniaeeaino? aeyaeaiiy
oeeo ?en o ae?aeic? ethaeae ??cieo a?eiaeo oa i?ioan?eieo eaoaai??e ia
i?iaiae?ciaaii. A?aenooi? aecia/aiiy ae?aeiao, yea a aeicaieyei
iine?aeiaii a?aeie?aiethaaoe eiai a?ae ?ioeo oi?i ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iayai? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ae?aeiao (I.I. Aiaeaeueia, A.I. Eiaaeueia,
A.I. Eo/einueeee, A.O. Oa?ao, N. Aeaeo?a?aea, Aeae. ?aii, E .?iaeaea?n,
A. Oano, ss. ssiiooae oa ?i.) na?ae/aoue, ui neeaeiny aeaa ocaaaeueiaieo
oyaeaiiy i?i eiai nooi?noue. Iaei? aaoi?e ?icaeyaeathoue ae?aeia ye
aaciina?aaei? iiaia ni?eeoaaiiy aeaio ethaeae, i?aee?anethth/e
niaoeeo?/i?noue oaei? oi?ie ni?eeoaaiiy, iaoiiaeaio ni?eueieie coneeeyie
aeaio noa’?eo?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia eiai ?icaeoie. ?io? aaaaeathoue, ui
aca?iiae?y aeaio noa’?eo?a naia ii nia? ua ia ? ae?aeiaii; inoaii?e
aeieea? oai, aea ? aca?iiae?y aeaio ??cieo ci?noiaieo iiceoe?e (aiie
iiaeooue iaeaaeaoe ye ni?a?iciiaieeai, oae ? iaei?e ethaeei?).

A oe?eiio ae o?aaeeoe?y aea/aiiy ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a ineoieia??
aeeth/a? oe?eee ?yae ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e oeueiai iiiyooy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
eiai aenieee aa??noe/iee iioaioe?ae. Oae, ae?aeia ?: 1) ia?a?niith,
?iaeiaith oi?iith ethaenueeiai ni?eeoaaiiy, yea aecia/a? iaeaaeiee
ineo?/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?; 2) i?ia?aeiei /eiieeii oeueiai ?icaeoeo,
ui caaacia/o? ooieoe?thaaiiy iaoai?cio ?ioa??i?ecaoe??, aiane?aeie /iai
aeo?aeia ciai?oiy aca?iiae?y a nenoai? “ethaeeia — ethaeeia”
ia?aoiaeeoue o aioo??oi?e ieai, aecia/ath/e oei naiei ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
(“?ioa?noa’?eoia” ca ci?noii) “ss” iniaenoino?, ?? ineoieia?/io
nai???aei?noue; 3) i?eioeeiii ? iaoiaeii aea/aiiy iniaenoino?; 4)
i?ioeanii, ui ?icai?oa?oueny ca nai?ie caeiiaie oa aeaniith
aioo??oiueith aeeiai?eith; 5) aeuei ??aiai i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiinei ?
ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae ethaeueie, iaea?eueo i?aai?/iei “i?aenoa’?eoi?e”
i?e?iae? ethaenueei? ineo?ee, a oiio iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiei aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ineo?/iiai ooieoe?thaaiiy oa iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo,
?aae?caoe?? iio?aa ethaeeie; 6) iaeaoaeoeai?oei iaoiaeii iaaeaaia?/ieo,
ineoiei?aeoe?eieo oa oiio iiae?aieo aieea?a; 7) oai?/ei i?ioeanii.

Ie?aiiai iaaiai?aiiy aeiaaa? i?iaeaia ae?aeia?/iino? o iaaeaaia?/iiio
ni?eeoaaii?, ine?eueee iaaeaaia?/ia i?aoey iaeaaeeoue aei oeo aeae?a
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aea ni?eeoaaiiy a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio,
aecia/aeueio ?ieue.

?ic??ciththoue (I.E. Aaa?aiyioe) ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei iiyniaiiy nooiino?
oaiiiaio iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy: 1) ye iiaaae?iee, i?aaenoaaeaii?
?aaeoe?yie iaaeaaiaa oa o/i?a (a?oaa?i?eci); 2) ye i?ae?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
eiioaeo?a, aeyaeaieo ? oii?yaeeiaaieo o neooaoe?yo, aei yeeo
iiiaaeathoue a/eoaeue oa o/i? i?ae /an iaa/aiiy (ineoiaiae?c); 3) ye
i?aeiniaiaeo aca?iei, ui noai?ththoue iiaeeeaino? aeey iniaeno?niiai
c?inoaiiy (naiiaeooae?caoe??) a/eoaey oa o/i?a (aoiai?noe/ia
ineoieia?y); 4) ye ?ino?oiaioo ?icaeoeo ?ioaeaeooaeueieo oi?iue oa
iaae/ie o/iy, oi?ioaaiiy eiai eiai?oeaieo no?oeoo?, ii?i ? oe?iiinoae
(eiai?oeaia ineoieia?y); 5) ye nenoaie aca?iiae?e o i?ioean? ae?iaeaiiy
? ci?ie nioe?aeueieo cia/aiue oa neooaoe?e iaaeaaiaii oa o/iyie
(?ioa?aeoe?ii?ci).

A ?iaioao A.I. Aaeea, A.I. Eai-Eae?ea, A.A. Eiaaeueiaa, I.A. Ee?e/oea,
I.I. .Eaiioue?aa, O.?. E?eiaona, O.I. Oeoa?aiei, A.A. Nai?/aiei,
I.?.Aeaen??ai? oa ?ioeo iaa?oioiao?oueny ?icoi?iiy iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy ye ??ciiaeaeo i?ioan?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, /a?ac yea
a?aeaoaa?oueny nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ia aca?iiae?y a/eoaey c o/iyie.
Ci?noii oaei? aca?iiae?? aenooia? iai?i ?ioi?iaoe??th, cae?eniaiiy
aeoiaieo aieea?a, noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia aeey ?icaeoeo iioeaaoe??
iaa/aiiy oeiey??a ? caaacia/aiiy oai?/iai oa?aeoa?o ?o o/aiai?
ae?yeueiino? oiui.

Aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue a?ae noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ni?eeoaaiiy
a/eoaey c o/iyie ??ciiiai?oieo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaiiiai?a: ??aiy
i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a (A.A. Aiae???a, I.A. Ee?e/oe);
iioeaaoe?? o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a (TH.A. Aaoaiia, I.I. Iaoiiei?aa,
I.A. I?i?ie, I.?. Iaiueeiaa); aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo
aeenoeeie?i (N.I. Oa?i); iniaeeainoae aaeaioaoe?? ia?oieeaniee?a aei
oeiee (I.?. Caeaiiaa); ni?eeiaiiy o/iyie iaa/aeueieo oaeaia?aaea/ (O.A.
Aaey?aa); ii?aeueii? naiina?aeiiino? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, ?o noaaeaiiy
aei naaa oa ?ioeo, aei o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? (I.O. Ianeiaa, A.A.
?aoiaooa?aa); aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo o/i?a oa iniaeeainoae i?aeiniaiaeo
noinoie?a o aeeoy/iio eieaeoea? (I.E. Aa?acia?i, I.I. Aiaeaeueia, E.?.
E?eaieai, O.A. ?ai?ia, ?.A. Noa?e?ia) oiui.

Iieacaii (I.I. Aiaeaeueia, N.E. A?ao/aiei, A.I. Aeaienaiei, I.I.
Caa?ioeueeee, A.I. Eai-Eae?e, ss.E. Eieiieinueeee, I.A. Ee?e/oe, N.I.
Ionaoia, I.I. Eaiioue?a, I.O. Ianeiaa, A.A. Iao?ianueeee, N.I .?ya/aiei,
A.O. Oa?ao, O.N. ssoeaiei oa ?i.), ui aoaeoeai?noue oa ?acoeueoaoe
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae noeeueiaeo
iniaeeainoae ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey c o/iyie.

Oae, ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie iia’ycaia c iaaeaaia?/iei
iioei?ciii, iii?ith ia iiceoeaiee iioaioe?ae iniaenoino? aeeoeie ?
o/i?anueeiai eieaeoeao, aiaaiaiith a?aee?eo?noth, ue??noth ?
i?e?iaei?noth o ni?eeoaaii?; aacei?eneeaith /oei?noth ? aiioe?eiei
i?eeiyooyi o/i?a ye ia?oia??a ii ni?eeoaaiith, i?aaiaiiyi aei
aca?ii?icoi?iiy ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa; aiia caaacia/o? ii?aeiaiiy
aeia?ice/eeaino? c aeia??ith aei naiino?eiino? oeiey??a; aeeaiea ?
aaeaeaaoia ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy iiaaae?iee o/i?a, ?o iniaenoeo
i?iaeai, a?aooaaiiy iie?iioeaiaaiino? ?o a/eie?a; oe?e?niee aieea ia
iniaeno?noue oeiey?a oa ?? oe?ii?nii-nieneia? i???ioaoe??; ia?aaea/o
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo ye iniaeno?nii i?iaeeoiai ciaiiy oiui.

I?iaaaeaiee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aeicaieea aeie?aieoe ?yae ineoieia?/ieo
/eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy, o oiio /ene? ? a
iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?, a naia: caeaoi?noue aei iaaeneooaoeaii?
aeoeaiino?, a?ae/oooy naaa oai?oeai aeaniiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai na?oo;
?icaeiooa ???a?o?y aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae ? iio?aa, aeii?ioaaiiy
oa?i?iaeueieo oe?iiinoae iaae ?ino?oiaioaeueieie; ?icaeioo?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y oa aiiao?y o ni?eeiyoo? ?ioeo ethaeae; aenieee ??aaiue
naii?aaoeyoe?? oa ?i. Iaaieineii, ui an? oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee ooai?ththoue
?aeeio, neeaaeio nenoaio aca?iicaeaaeieo oa aca?iii?iieeath/eo
eiiiiiaio?a, yea e aeaoa?i?io? noeeueia? iniaeeaino? ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iecueea aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue ii?aeueii-aieueiai?, eiai?oeaii?,
iioeaaoe?eii? oa aiioe?eii-aoaeoeaii? noa? iniaenoino?, iaaeinoaoiuei
?icaeioo? i?ioeane naii?aaoeyoe?? oa naiiioe?iee, ianoi?iiaaia nenoaia
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, iaaeinoaoiy aeoeai?noue, — ana oea i?ecaiaeeoue
aei aeieeiaiiy ni?iuaiue oa noa?aioei?caoe?? o ni?eeiyoo? iaaeieeoiueiai
na?oo, ioi/oth/eo ethaeae, o/i?a. ?, iaaiaee, aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
iienaii? nenoaie aeaoa?i?iaoe?? noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ni?eeoaaiiy
ni?ey? oe?io? iiaeyae?a, ai?iith aaeaeaaoii ioe?ithaaoe iaaeieeoi?e na?o
o an?e eiai neeaaeiino? ? ??ciiiai?oiino?, ui, o e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo, ? ?
iniiaith ae?aeia?/iino? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaeeea aii??e/iiai aea/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo
aeaoa?i?iaio ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy» — iieno?oueny iaoiaeeea oa o?ae
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eiai iniiai? iaoiaee.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aii??e/iiai aea/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo aeaoa?i?iaio
ae?aeia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?, ia iaoo aeoieo,
iiaea iineoaoaaoe ?ic?iaeaiee o a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e ineoieia??
iniaeno?niee i?aeo?ae (E.I. Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, I.I. Aiaeaeueia,
A.I. Iyneuaa, N.E. ?oa?iooaei, E.A. Iao?ianueea, I.O. Nieieiaa, A.
Ith??ae, A. Ieii?o oa ?i.), ca?aeii c yeei ni?eeoaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye ?aei?noue aeaio aca?iiiiaycaieo, aea ye?nii a?aei?iieo ??ai?a:
ciai?oiueiai, iiaaae?ieiaiai, iia?aoe?eii-ae??aiai oa aioo??oiueiai,
aeeaeiiiai, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa iioeaaoe?eii-nieneia?, oe?ii?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoino? ? a?ae?a?a? aecia/aeueio, aeaoa?i?ioth/o
?ieue noiniaii ia?oiai.

A?aeiia?aeii aei neacaiiai iaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy
ineoieia?/ieo aeaoa?i?iaio ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/iiio
i?ioean?, ui aeeth/aea aeaa iniiaieo aeiee iaoiaeee.

Ia?oee iaoiaee/iee aeie aoa iaoe?eaiee ia aea/aiiy oeo iieaciee?a
(eiioi?eaoeai? ciaiiy oa ai?iiy a/eoaey, eiai oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??,
yeino? ? cae?aiino?, ??aaiue aioiaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy oiui), ye? iaee aeiiiiiaoe aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe oa
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe noeeueia? iniaeeaino? ni?eeoaaiiy iaaeaaiaa c o/iyie.
A?i aeeth/aa iaoiaeeeo I. ?ie?/a oa ?ic?iaeai? iaie iieooaaeuei? eenoe ?
i?ia?aie ioe?iee oa naiiioe?iee a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Ae?oaee iaoiaee/iee aeie aoa ci???ioiaaiee ia aiae?c nooi ineoieia?/ieo
aeaoa?i?iaio oa iaoai?ci?a ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy (iniaeno?nieo
yeinoae (aiiao??, eiioi?eaaaeueiino?, ?ea?aeiino? oiui) iaaeaaiaa, eiai
oai?aoe/ii? oa i?aeoe/ii? eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, iaoai?ci?a
ae?aeia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy). A?i aeeth/aa “?ioa?ia?niiaeueio
ae?aaiinoeeo” O. E???, oano ia i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/io
eiioi?eaaaeuei?noue (ca A.I. Eai-Eae?eii, I.Ae. I?eaiae?iaith),
iaoiaeeeo A. Iao?aa?aia aeey aea/aiiy aiiao??, i?iaeoeai? oanoe, cie?aia
ineoiiaethiie (ca O.N. ssoeaiei).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio (1995-1996??.)
ae??ooaaeany caaea/a aeae?eaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ae?aeia?/iiai noeeth
iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy a?ae i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo noee?a. Ia ae?oaiio
aoai? (1997-1998??.) aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe oa
iaoai?cie ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy iaaeaaiaa c o/iyie.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeth/aea ei?aeyoe?eiee oa
oaeoi?iee aiae?c, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo Ni??iaia oa e?eoa??y
No’thaeaioa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Oa?aeoa?enoeea ineoieia?/ieo aeaoa?i?iaio
ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?” — aiae?cothoueny
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ii?
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? ae?aeia?/iino? ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey c o/iyie,
ooi/iththoueny ? eiie?aoecothoueny iniiai? ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie, ui
caaacia/othoue ae?aeia?/i?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
iieno?oueny oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio, ni?yiiaaiee ia oi?ioaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aioiaiino? aei ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie.

Ii??aiyiiy naiiioe?iie a/eoaeyie iaea?eueo cia/oueo aeey iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy yeinoae c ioe?ieaie o/i?a oa aenia?o?a (o ?o ?ie? aenooiaee
i?aeoeeoth/? oe?euei? ineoieiae) iieacaei iayai?noue nooo?aeo
a?aei?iiinoae. Oae, ca ?acoeueoaoaie naiiioe?iie iaaeaaiaaie ia?oeo
i’youe ?aiaiaeo i?noeue io?eiaee a?aeiia?aeii “i?ioan?iiae?ci”,
“eiioi?eaaaeuei?noue”, “oaeoiai?noue”, “ii/oooy aoii?o” ?
“a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue”, ca ioe?ieaie o/i?a – “eiioi?eaaaeuei?noue”,
“aiiao?y”, “ai?iiy aeneooaoe ni?a?iciiaieea”, “ai?iiy ii/ooe oa, ui
eaaea ni?a?iciiaiee” ? “ai?iiy eiio?iethaaoe aiioe??”, a ca ioe?ieaie
aenia?o?a – “i?ioan?iiae?ci”, “eiioi?eaaaeuei?noue”, “ai?iiy aeneooaoe
ni?a?iciiaieea”, “ai?iiy ii/ooe oa, ui eaaea ni?a?iciiaiee” ?
“oaeoiai?noue”. Oaeei /eiii, a/eoae? ianaiia?aae i?aee?aneththoue ?ieue
oeo yeinoae, ui a oe?eiio i?eoaiaii? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiio
ni?eeoaaiith, a aenia?oe ? o/i? iaaieioothoue ia cia/aii? oeo, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy iaaeaaiaa c o/iyie.

Iieaciaeie ? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeneiaethaaiue o/i?a (iaoiae
iacaaa?oaieo ?a/aiue, a?aeiia?ae? ia caieoaiiy niaoe?aeueii? aieaoe) c
i?eaiaeo aca?iei c? a/eoaeyie. Ianaiia?aae a?aei?oeii, ui a/eoae? iin?ee
inoaii? i?noea na?aae cia/oueo aeey o/i?a in?a (oae, eeoa 2,02% iieoaieo
o/i?a aeacaee, ui aiie iaaiai?ththoue c ieie nai? i?iaeaie, a 3,53%
a?aei?oeee ?oi?e aieea ia aei?aaeaiiy iaaeie?e?a naiai oa?aeoa?o). 59,7%
iieoaieo o/i?a iinea?aeeeeny ia /ano? ia?ace c? noi?iie a/eoae?a.

Na?aae oa?aeoa?ieo i?e/ei, ui caaaaeathoue anoaiiaeaiith aeia??eeaeo
aca?iei c a/eoaeyie, o/i? ia?aaeon?i iaceaathoue: aaeaeoae?noue a/eoaey,
eiai caa?oi? noaaeaiiy, i???ioaoe?y ia aaoi?eoao aeaaee (y i?aaee oiio,
ui y a/eoaeue), ia?icoi?iiy ?ioa?an?a ?ioiai, iaa’ycoaaiiy nai?? aeoiee,
iaai?iiy ? iaaaaeaiiy aeneooaoe ni?a?iciiaieea, aei??eaiiy ? iioaoe??
oiui.

I?i iaaioiai?noue a/eoae?a aei ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie
na?ae/aoue oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ?o onoaiiaie a noa?? ni?eeoaaiiy
c aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee “?ioa?ia?niiaeueia ae?aaiinoeea” O. E???.
Ca?aeii io?eiaieo aeaieo, iaea?eueo ae?aaeaieie (/anoi ia ??ai?
aeoeaiooaoe??) ? aeaaeii-aeii?ioth/ee (1 ieoaio),
i?yiie?i?eii-aa?aneaiee (3 ieoaio) oa iie??ii-ni?ii’yceeaee (8 ieoaio)
oeie iiaaae?iee.

Aeyaeaii, ui aeey iaaeaaia?a c ae?aeia?/iei noeeai iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy i?ia?aeieie oa?i?iaeueieie oe?iiinoyie (oiaoi
oe?iiinoyie-oe?eyie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?eaaeo aeeoo?ao ia?niaeoeao
ethaeeie) ?: caei?ia’y, uaneeaa n?iaeia aeeooy, oe?eaaa ?iaioa,
iaoa??aeueia caaacia/ai?noue, oai?/?noue, iayai?noue oi?ioeo a??ieo
ae?oc?a, a aeey a/eoae?a c ?ioeie noeeyie — caei?ia’y, uaneeaa n?iaeia
aeeooy, iaoa??aeueia caaacia/ai?noue, aiaaiai?noue a nia?,
iacaeaaei?noue o a/eieao ? i?anoeaeia ea?’??a.

Aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo oe?iiinoae (oiaoi
oe?iiinoae-cania?a, ui neoaothoue aeinyaiaiith oa?i?iaeueieo) iaaeaaiae
c ae?aeia?/iei noeeai ianaiia?aae a?aeiinyoue: oe?ioo iiaeyae?a (ai?iiy
?icoi?oe /oaeo oi/eo ci?o, iiaaaeaoe /oae? niaee), /ani?noue, /oei?noue,
oa?iei?noue, oi?io? iaia?e, aeeoo??aae?ni?noue. Aeey iaaeaaia?a c ?ioeie
noeeyie ni?eeoaaiiy (aaoi?eoa?iei, iai?ioeyoeaiei oiui) oa?aeoa?ia
cian?i ?ioa ???a?o?y ?ino?oiaioaeueieo oe?iiinoae: iaoa?iei?noue aei
iaaeie?e?a a nia? oa ?ioeo, oaa?aea aiey (ai?iiy ianoiyoe ia nai?io),
aenie? aeiiaaaiiy, aioiai?noue a?aenoithaaoe naith aeoieo, ?aoe?iiae?ci,
aeenoeeie?iiaai?noue.

I?i ?noioi?noue oa aeinoia??i?noue ??cieoe? i?ae oe?ii?nieie
i???ioaoe?yie iaaeaaia?a oa noeeueiaeie iniaeeainoyie ?o ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie na?ae/eoue cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? ca Ni??iaiii
(Rni??i=0,752 i?ioe oaaee/iiai cia/aiiy Rni??i.e?.=0,7084 i?e
aeiionoei?e iiieeoe? ?=0,001) oa t-e?eoa??th Nouethaeaioa (t=4,568 i?ioe
oaaee/iiai t=3,55 i?e ?=0,001).

Oaeei /eiii, iieiaeaiiy i?i iayai?noue o?niiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae
oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie a/eoae?a oa noeeueiaeie iniaeeainoyie ?o
ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie io?eiaei aenia?eiaioaeueia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo i?i ?icaeoie aiiao??
(aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaoiaeeea A. Iao?aa?aia) oa ??aaiue aeiaiaoe/iino?,
?ea?aeiino? ieneaiiy (aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaoiaeeea I. ?ie?/a) iieacaa, ui
o iaaeaaia?a c ae?aeia?/iei noeeai ni?eeoaaiiy iieaciee ?icaeoeo aiiao??
aeuee, a aeiaiaoe/iino? ieae/ee o ii??aiyii? c oeie, eiio i?eoaiaii?
?io? noee? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy. Ia?aoiaaiee t-e?eoa??e
Nouethaeaioa t=4,322 i?e ?=0,05 i?ioe oaaee/iiai t=2,92, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i ?noioi?noue oa aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoaoo.

Neacaia aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oai?aoe/ieie oyaeaiiyie, ui
ae?aeia?/i?noue o i?aeiniaiaiio ni?eeoaaiiy aeiaaa? aiiao?eii?
a?aee?eoino? aei ni?a?iciiaieea, noa’?eoiiai noaaeaiiy aei iueiai.

I?iaaaeaia iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei aeie?aieoe iaaio noeoii?noue
eiino?oeo?a, ui ?ai?acaioothoue iiceoeaiee oa iaaaoeaiee aieea ia
aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, a naia: “iio??aia – caeaa”,
“aieiaia – ae?oai?yaeia”, “c?icoi?ea – iac?icoi?ea”, “??ciiiai?oia –
iaeiiiai?oia”, “ia?aeiiaiiy – aeaeea?oaaiiy”, “aeoeai?noue –
ianeai?noue”, “/?oe?noue – ?icieo?noue”, “c?icoi?e?noue –
iac?icoi?e?noue”, “iiaaaa – ciaaaaa”, “eia?/ia – aeia?/ia”, “iiceoeaia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y – iaaaoeaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y”, “iioei?ci – ianei?ci”,
“naiino?ei?noue – ii?eoaaiiy”, “eiie?aoia – aano?aeoia”, “oe?eaaa –
neo/ia”, “iiaa – noa?a, a?aeiia an?i”, “i?e/aoi?noue – a?ae/oaeai?noue”,
“eiiiaoaioi?noue – iaeiiiaoaioi?noue”, “aiaaiai?noue – iaaiaaiai?noue”,
“ia?oia?noai – aeeeoao”, “i/?eoaaia – ianiiae?aaia”.

O oaaeeoe? 1 iaaiaeyoueny ii??aiyeuei? aeai? uiaei ioe?iie a/eoaeyie oa
i?aee?oeaie cia/ouino? aieeao oeo /e ?ioeo /eiiee?a ia aoaeoeai?noue
iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyeuei? aeai? i?i iaea?eueo cia/ou? /eiieee iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy

(ca ioe?ieaie a/eoae?a oa i?aee?oe?a)

*eiieee, iacaai? a/eoaeyieI?noea

ca nooiaiai

cia/ouino?*eiieee, iacaai? i?aee?oeaieNoai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey o/i?a
aeneiaeoe naith oi/eo ci?o ? noaaeaiiy aei i?iaeaie 1Oi/i?noue,
/?oe?noue ?ioi?iaoe??Iiaecia ?ioi?iaoe?? 2Aeinoia??i?noue
?ioi?iaoe??Noai?aiiy oiia aeey oiai, uia o/i? iiaee caieooaaoe i?i oa,
ui ?i iac?icoi?ei 3Iiaeeea?noue aeneiaeoe naith
oi/eo ci?o Aa?/eeaa noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a 4Aa?/eeaa noaaeaiiy
a/eoaey aei o/i?a Oi/i?noue, /?oe?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? 5Iiaecia
?ioi?iaoe??

sse aa/eii (i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai ? ia?aoiaai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
Nouethaeaioa), nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? i?ae ioe?ieaie a/eoae?a oa
i?aee?oe?a a?aenooi?.

Oe?eaai ni?aa?aeianoe oe? ?acoeueoaoe c aeaieie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeoieo a/eoae?a i?i /eiieee, ye? iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny a ?o
ni?eeoaaii? c o/iyie (ia?aeiiaiiy i?ae /an aan?aee iacaaei 78,90%
iieoaieo, eiio?ieue ca nai?ie aiioe?yie – 70,14%, aiioe?ei?noue –
69,04%, i?ioan?eia aeei?enoaiiy i?i?/ieo oa iaioii?i?/ieo cania?a –
63,56%, o??ciiiai?oiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? – 63,01%, aeciaiiy oa aei?aaeaiiy
aeanieo iiieeie – 55,62%, iaai?iiy aeneooaoe ni?a?iciiaieea – 26,58%).
Ii noo? iiaa eaea i?i i?aena?aeiia oyae?iiy a?eueoino? a/eoae?a aei
aaoi?eoa?ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ?iaioith o/i?a, ye? oiaiiaeeeaeththoue
ae?aeia?/i?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Ie?aiith caaea/ath iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeyaeaiiy
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a
i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? nooaeaioai IV-V eo?n?a aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii ioe?ieoe ca o?eaaeueiith oeaeith noi?iiaai?noue o naaa
eiaeiiai c 24 aeae?eaieo iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ae?aeiaiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. Ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a na?ae/eoue, ui aenieee
??aaiue i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie i?eoaiaiiee 13,33%
iieoaieo, na?aaei?e –75%, a 11,67% nooaeaio?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iecueeei ??aiai. Iniiai? o?oaeiiu?, c yeeie noeeathoueny nooaeaioe, ?:
iaai?iiy i?aeoe/ii canoiniaoaaoe io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy, iecueeee
??aaiue ia?ciaiino? o i?iaeaiaoeoe? ineoieia?? iniaenoino?, iaai?iiy
i?iaiicoaaoe oa iiia?aaeaeoaaoe eiioe?eoi? neooaoe??, iaaieiae?iiy
iioeiaeueieie no?aoaa?yie iiaaae?iee a eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?yo oa ?i. Ii
noo?, iiaa eaea i?i a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeii? oaaae a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aei nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? oa oaoiieia?/ii?
i?iaeaiaoeee.

Ia aoai? i?aeaioiaee aei oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo iaie aoee a?ae?a?ai?
aenia?eiaioaeueia oa eiio?ieueia a?oie (ii 60 nooaeaio?a o eiaei?e). A
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? /eoaany niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiee niaoeeo?n
Ineoieia?y ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a i?ioean? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
a/eoaey, ni?yiiaaiee ia oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii cia/oueo yeinoae,
eiioi?eaoeaieo oi?iue oa iaae/ie. I?ia?aia caiyoue aeeth/aea ia o?eueee
eaeoe??, aea ? i?aeoe/i? oa eaai?aoi?i? caiyooy, ia?aaeaa/aea oe?iea
aeei?enoaiiy o?ai?ia?a, ae?eiaeo ?ai?, aeaiaio?a eiioaenoiiai iaa/aiiy
oiui.

O oaaeeoe? 2 i?eaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i aeeiai?eo ??aiy i?aeaioiaeaiino?
nooaeaio?a aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy aiane?aeie
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea i?aeaioiaeaiino? nooaeaio?a aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeiaiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy

(a aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oiao)

??ai? i?aeaioiaea-iino? Iiia?aaei?e c??cI?aenoieiaee
c??cAenia?aiaioaeuei? a?oieEiio?ieuei? a?oieAenia?aiaioaeuei?
a?oieEiio?ieuei? a?oieE?eue-

E?noue%E?eue-

e?noue%E?eue-

e?noue%E?eue-

E?noue%Aenieee
813,33813,331423,33915,0Na?aaei?e4473,334676,674371,674473,33Iecueeee813
,33610,035,0711,67Anueiai60100601006010060100

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy a
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? e?eueeino? nooaeaio?a, ye? ioe?ieee na?e
??aaiue i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie ye aenieee (aei 23,33%), oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? oeo, ooi aeciaa
na?e ??aaiue i?aeaioiaeaiino? iecueeei (aei 5,0%).

O aeniiaeao i?aeaiaeyoueny iniiai? i?aenoiee
oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo
?iaeyoueny ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
noi?ioeueiaai? a?iioace ? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeianai? ia caoeno, a naia:

Ae?aeia?/i?noue i?aeethaenueeeo aca?iei ? iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie, ii/aoeiaith oiiaith ethaenueei?
na?aeiiino? oa naiina?aeiiino?, aiaeii/an, iniiaiith oi?iith aeyaeaiiy
inoaii?o.

Ae?aeia?/i?noue aca?iei i?ae ethaeueie aeaoa?i?iiaaia ?yaeii
ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, a naia: caeaoi?noth iniaenoino? aei
iaaeneooaoeaii? aeoeaiino?; ?icaeiooith no?oeoo?ith ?? aeeoo?aeo
oe?iiinoae ? iio?aa i?e aeii?ioaaii? oa?i?iaeueieo oe?iiinoae iaae
?ino?oiaioaeueieie; ?icaeiooeie iaoai?ciaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa aiiao??
i?e ni?eeiaii? ?ioeo ethaeae; aenieei ??aiai naii?aaoeyoe??. An? oe?
aeaoa?i?iaioe ooai?ththoue ?aeeio ? aeoaea neeaaeio nenoaio, yea ?
aecia/a? ae?aeia?/i?noue ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iaaeaaia?/ia ni?eeoaaiiy ? ??ciiaeaeii i?ioan?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, o oiae?
yeiai ? /a?ac yea a?aeaoaa?oueny nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ia aca?iiae?y
a/eoaey c o/iyie. Ci?noii oaei? aca?iiae?? aenooia? iai?i ?ioi?iaoe??th,
cae?eniaiiy aeoiaieo aieea?a, noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia aeey ?icaeoeo
iioeaaoe?? iaa/aiiy oeiey??a ? caaacia/aiiy oai?/iai oa?aeoa?o ?o
o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? oiui. No?oeoo?a iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?aei?noth ciai?oiuei?, iiaaae?ieiai?,
iia?aoe?eii-ae??ai? noi?iie oa aioo??oiuei?, aeeaeiii?, yea aeeth/a? a
naaa iioeaaoe?eii-nieneia?, oe?ii?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoino? ?
a?ae?a?a? aecia/aeueio, aeaoa?i?ioth/o ?ieue uiaei ia?oi?.

Ae?aeia?/iee oa?aeoa? ni?eeoaaiiy a/eoaey c o/iyie caaacia/o?
aoiai?noe/io ni?yiiaai?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, noai?th? aaeaeaaoi?
oiiae aeey iniaeno?niiai i?eeiyooy o?aaeeoe?e, aeooiaieo ? eoeueoo?ieo
oe?iiinoae, ae?iaeaiiy niene?a ? nioe?aeueieo cia/aiue, ni?ey?
aeinyaiaiith aenieiai ??aiy naiiiiaaae ? naiii?eeiaiiy, caaacia/o?
ia?aaea/o iiceoeaiiai ciaiiy ? nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo, ?icaeoie
?ioaeaeooaeueieo oi?iue oa iaae/ie, oi?ioaaiiy eiai?oeaieo no?oeoo?.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy io?eiaea
a?iioaca i?i iayai?noue o?niiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae oe?ii?nieie
i???ioaoe?yie a/eoae?a oa noeeueiaeie iniaeeainoyie ?o ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie. Cie?aia, aeey iaaeaaia?a c ae?aeia?/iei noeeai iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy i?ia?aeieie oa?i?iaeueieie oe?iiinoyie ? caei?ia’y, uaneeaa
n?iaeia aeeooy, oe?eaaa ?iaioa, iaoa??aeueia caaacia/ai?noue,
oai?/?noue, iayai?noue oi?ioeo a??ieo ae?oc?a, a ?ino?oiaioaeueieie —
oe?ioa iiaeyae?a (ai?iiy ?icoi?oe /oaeo oi/eo ci?o, iiaaaeaoe /oae?
niaee), /ani?noue, /oei?noue, oa?iei?noue, oi?io? iaia?e,
aeeoo??aae?ni?noue.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?aeia?/i?noue aca?iei o/eoaey c o/iyie ?noioii
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai aiiao?eii? a?aee?eoino? aei ni?a?iciiaieea,
noa’?eoiiai noaaeaiiy aei iueiai.

Aeyaeaii, ui i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a
ni?iiiaeiino? caaacia/oaaoe ae?aeia?/iee oa?aeoa? iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo ?o i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?aeueiiai niaoeeo?no Ineoieia?y ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a i?ioean?
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey, ni?yiiaaiiai ia oi?ioaaiiy o ieo
i?ioan?eii cia/oueo yeinoae iniaenoino?, eiioi?eaoeaieo oi?iue oa
iaae/ie. I?ia?aia caiyoue c? nooaeaioaie ia? aeeth/aoe ia o?eueee
eaeoe??, aea ? i?aeoe/i? oa eaai?aoi?i? caiyooy, o?ai?iae, ae?eia? ?a?e,
aeaiaioe eiioaenoiiai iaa/aiiy oiui. O oiae? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo
aoei aeyaeaii c?inoaiiy a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? e?eueeino? iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a c aenieei ??aiai i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy ae?aeiaiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy c o/iyie (23,33% i?ioe 15% o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?) oa
ciaioaiiy c iecueeei ??aiai i?aeaioiaeaiino? (a?aeiia?aeii 5,0% ?
11,67%).

O oiae? aenia?eiaioo anoaiiaeaii noa’?eoeaio cia/ou?noue aeey iaaeaaia?a
oa i?aee?oe?a ??cieo aeaoa?i?iaio aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. Iaeaaaeeea?oeie oaeeie /eiieeaie aeey iaaeaaia?a ?
“noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey o/i?a aeneiaeoe naith oi/eo ci?o ?
noaaeaiiy aei i?iaeaie” (I ?aiaiaa i?noea), “iiaecia ?ioi?iaoe??” (II),
“noai?aiiy oiia aeey oiai, uia o/i? iiaee caieooaaoe i?i oa, ui ?i
iac?icoi?ei” (III); “aa?/eeaa noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a” (IV) ? “oi/i?noue,
/?oe?noue ?ioi?iaoe??” (V), a aeey i?aee?oe?a, a?aeiia?aeii, “oi/i?noue,
/?oe?noue ?ioi?iaoe??” (I), “aeinoia??i?noue ?ioi?iaoe??” (II),
“iiaeeea?noue aeneiaeoe naith aeoieo” (III), “aa?/eeaa noaaeaiiy a/eoaey
aei o/i?a” (IV) ? “iiaecia ?ioi?iaoe??” (V).

Iiaeaeueoo ia?niaeoeao ?iaioe aaa/a?ii a eiiieaeniiio
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aii? eiioi?eaoeaiiai iioaioe?aeo a/eoaey ia
iniia? ?ic?iaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iiaeaeae i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy
iaaeaaiaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oiaa I.A. Ineoieia?y ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue: O?einio?y. Nioe?ieia?y. Ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee:
aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, 1996.- Aei. 1. – *.2 –
N.123-132.

2. Oiaa I.A. Oaoiieia?/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e ae?eiai? aan?aee a/eoaey c
aaoueeaie// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: O?einio?y. Nioe?ieia?y.
Ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo,1996.- Aei.1.– *.1– N.85-91.

3. Oiaa I.A. I?ioan?eia ae?yeuei?noue a/eoaey a nenoai?
i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy// Aoiiineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa ?o o?aooaaiiy a i?ioean? aca?iiae??
ae?oae ? aei?ineeo/ Ca ?aae. E.A. I?aai. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. –
N.35-47.

4. Oiaa I.A. Ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?ioan?eiiai i?aeiniaeno?niiai
ni?eeoaaiiy// Ineoieia?y i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? ? ni?eeoaaiiy/ Ca
?aae. E.A. I?aai, Ae.I. A?eaeaeoea. – Ee?a: “I?ana Oe?a?ie”, 1997. –
N.115-128.

5. Oiaa I.A. Ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy a
iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: O?einio?y.
Nioe?ieia?y. Ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: aeae-ai “Ieae”
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo,1998.- Aei.2.– *.2– N.47-54.

6. Oiaa I.A. Ae?aeia?/i? aca?iia?aeiineie ye i?aaeiao iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: O?einio?y. Nioe?ieia?y.
Ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo,1998. — Aei.2.– *.1– N.120-128.

7. Oiaa I.A. Ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie aoaeoeaiino? ae?aeiaiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy a nenoai? “a/eoaeue-o/aiue”// Iaoa??aee I?aei. iaoe.–i?aeo.
eiio. “Nenoaia iaia?a?aii? ina?oe : caeiaooee, iiooee, i?iaeaie”. – Ei.
6. – *a?i?aoe?: “Ieoaoeue”, 1996. – N.83-85.

Oiaa I.A. Ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe ae?aeiaiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07- iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y. —
?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aii aea/aiith ineoieia?/ieo
aeaoa?i?iaio ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?, a
iueiio oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaii ineoieia?/i?
/eiieee, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue noeeueia? iniaeeaino? iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. Iieacaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae noeeueiaeie iniaeeainoyie
iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy ? iniaeeainoyie nenoaie oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e a/eoaey, ?icaeoeii o iueiai aiiao?? oa ??aiai ?ea?aeiino?
i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei ae?aeia?/iino? ni?eeoaaiiy c
o/iyie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?aeia, ae?aeiaiaa ni?eeoaaiiy, iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?eeoaaiiy, ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe, i?aeiniaiaa aca?iiae?y.

Toba M. V. Psychological determinants of a dialogic
pedagogicalcommunication. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate degree in Psychological Science. Speciality
19.00.07. – pedagogical and development psychology – G.S. Kostyuk
institute of Psychology, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine.-
Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis is dedicated to the investigation of the
psychologicaldeterminants of a dialogic communication in the pedagogical
activity.Psychological factors which determine style peculiarities of
the pedagogicalcommunication are theoretically grounded and
experimentally proved. Thecorrelation between style peculiarities of the
pedagogical communicationand the peculiarity of the teacher’s value
orientation system, the level of thedevelopment of empathy and the level
of rigidity of the cognition process isshown. The methods of formation
of the future teachers’ preparedness to thedialogic communication with
pupils are worked out and approbated.

Key words: dialogue, dialogic communication, pedagogical
communication,psychological determinants, interpersonal interaction.

Oiaa I.A. Ineoieiae/aneea aeaoa?ieiaiou aeeaeiaiaiai iaaeaaiae/aneiai
iauaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07 — iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay
ineoieiaey. — Einoeooo ineoieiaee ei. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1996.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii eco/aieth aeaoa?ieiaio
aeeaeiaiaiai iauaiey a iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a iai
oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii auyaeaii ineoieiae/aneea
oaeoi?u aeaoa?ieie?othuea noeeaaua iniaaiiinoe iaaeaaiae/aneiai iauaiey.
Auyaeaii acaeiinayce iaaeaeo aeeaeiae/iinoueth iaaeaaiae/aneiai iauaiey
e ?yaeii ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia (iniaaiiinoyie nenoaiu oeaiiinoiuo
i?eaioaoeee o/eoaey, ?acaeoeai o iaai yiiaoee, o?iaiai ?eaeaeiinoe aai
iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia e o. iiae.); a nicaeaiee
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oneiaee yooaeoeaiiai oi?ie?iaaiey a aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe e aeeaeiae/iinoe iauaiey n o/aieeaie.

?anoe?aiu e oaeoaeaiu ciaiey i caeiiiia?iinoyo, ineoieiae/aneeo
aeaoa?ieiaio e iaoaieciao aeeaeiae/iinoe a
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneii iauaiee.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo o/eoaeae e iaaeaaiae/aneiio
iauaieth, a/aniinoe ia oaeoeueoaoao ia?aiiaeaioiaee eaae?ia ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe «Ineoieiaey. I?aeoe/aneay ineoieiaey a noa?a
ia?aciaaiey» Eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aoaeao
niaeaenoaiaaoue iioeiecaoeee ioiioaiee iaaeaeo iaaeaaiaaie e o/aueieny,
/oi, a naith i/a?aaeue, aoaeao iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyoue ia
oniaa?oainoaiaaiea o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a oeiea.

?aaioa ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, o??o ?acaeaeia, iaueo auaiaeia, nienea
eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

A anooieaiee iainiiauaaaony aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiey, ii?aaeaeythony
aai iauaeo, i?aaeiao, oeaeue e caaea/e, ?ane?uaathony iao/iay iiaecia,
oai?aoe/aneay e i?aeoe/aneay cia/eiinoue ?aaiou, oeacuaaaony noa?a
ai?iaaoeee ?acoeueoaoia e aiaae?aiey eo a i?aeoeeo, oi?ioee?othony
iieiaeaiey, auiinyueany ia caueoo.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea «Aeeaeiaiaia iauaiea eae i?aaeiao iao/iiai aiaeeca» —
?ane?uaathony oai?aoe/aneea i?aaeiinueee enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeaiu
aeeaeiaiaiai iauaiey, ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeeaeiaa a
iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, ineoieiae/aneea oneiaey,
aeaoa?ieie?othuea noeeaaua naienoaa iaaeaaiae/aneiai iauaiey.

Ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee
auaeaeaiu ?yae ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia, ii?aaeaeythueo aeeaeiae/iinoue
iauaiey, a oii /enea a iaaeaaiae/aneii i?ioeanna, a eiaiii: niiniaiinoue
e iaaeneooaoeaiie aeoeaiinoe; ?acaeoay ea?a?oey aeeciaiiuo oeaiiinoae e
iio?aaiinoae, aeiieie?iaaiea oa?ieiaeueiuo oeaiiinoaeiaae
eino?oiaioaeueiuie; ?acaeoea eaeaioeoeeaoeey e yiiaoey a
aini?eyoeeae?oaeo ethaeae; aunieee o?iaaiue naii?aaoeyoeee e ae?.
iieacaii, /oi ieceay aeeoa?aioeee?iaaiiinoue i?aanoaaiii-aieaaie,
eiaieoeaiie, iioeaaoeeiiiie e yiioeeiiaeueii-aoaeoeaiie noa? ee/iinoe,
iaaeinoaoi/ii ?acaeoua i?ioeannu naii?aaoeyoeee e naiiioeaiee,
iaaeinoaoi/iay aeoeaiinoue noatho i?e/eiie aicieeiiaaiey oi?iuaiee e
noa?aioeiecaoeee a aini?eyoee aiaoiaai ie?a, ie?oaeathueo ethaeae.
Aunieee o?iaaiue ?acaeoey iienaiiie nenoaiu aeaoa?ieiaoeee noeeaauo
iniaaiiinoae iauaiey niinianoaoao oe?ioa acaeyaeia, oiaieth aaeaeaaoii
ioeaieaaoue aiaoiee ie? .

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea — «Iaoiaeeea yiie?e/aneiai eco/aiey ineoieiae/aneeo
aeaoa?ieiaio aeeaeiaiaiai iauaiey» — iienuaaaony iaoiaeeea e oiae
enneaaeiaaiey, oa?aeoa?ece?othony aai iniiaiua iaoiaea. I?ia?aiia
enneaaeiaaiey ninoieo ec aeaoo iaoiaee/aneeo aeieia: ia?aue iai?aaeai ia
eco/aiea oao iieacaoaeae, eioi?ua aeatho aiciiaeiinoue
aeeoa?aioeee?iaaoue e ioa?aeoa?ece?iaaoue noeeaaua iniaaiiinoe iauaiey
iaaeaaiaa n o/aueieny; aoi?ie — ia aiaeec ineoieiae/aneeo aeaoa?ieiaio e
iaoaieciia aeeaeiaiaiai iauaiey.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea — «Oa?aeoa?enoeea ineoieiae/aneeo aeaoa?ieiaio
aeeaeiaiaiai iauaiey a iaaeaaiae/aneii i?ioeanna» — aiaeece?othony
?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey ineoieiae/aneie
aeaoa?ieiaoeee aeeaeiae/iinoe iauaiey o/eoaey n o/aieeaie, ooi/iythony e
eiie?aoece?othony iniiaiua ineoieiae/aneea iaoaieciu, iaania/eaathuea
aeeaeiae/iinoue iaaeaaiae/aneiai iauaiey, a oaeaea iienuaaaony
oi?ie?othuee yenia?eiaio, iai?aaeaiiue ia oi?ie?iaaiea o aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae aioiaiinoe e aeeaeiaiaiio iauaieth n o/aueieny.

A auaiaeao iiaeaiaeyony iniiaiua eoiae oai?aoeei-yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey, ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo aeaeathony iaiauathuea
auaiaeu, eioi?ua iiaeoaa?aeaeatho noi?ioee?iaaiiua aeiioacu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeaeiaiaia iauaiea, iaaeaaiae/aneia iauaiea,
ineoieiae/aneea aeaoa?ieiaiou, iaaeee/iinoiia acaeiiaeaenoaea.

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