IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO E?OA?AOO?E ?i.O.A.OAA*AIEA

?AAIIAA IEUeAA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 882.09-3

I?ICA A.A.IAAIEIAA 20-30-o ?IE?A

10.01.02 — ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e oa eiiia?aoea?noeee
?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IA?ANUeEA Oaoyia
Iao??aia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.A.Aiaiey.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —

— aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

CAEIssOeUeEIANUeEEE Aieiaeeie? ssiiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
oa na?oiai? eoeueoo? ? e?oa?aoo? I?aeia?iaeiiai ?inoeoooo e?iaa?noeee ?
i?aaa (i.Ee?a);

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio IA?AAEEINUeEA Aaiia TH???aia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.A.A.Ei?ieaiea I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.178.02 i?e ?inoeooo? e?oa?aoo?e
?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, i.Ee?a-1, aoe.I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e
?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.?.Aaei?/a?o

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?/ino? A.A.Iaaieiaa — i?ica?ea, iiaoa,
ia?aeeaaea/a — iaeaaeeoue iniaeeaa i?noea o na?oiaiio e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean? OO no. Aaea o 30-o? ?iee a?i aoa aeciaiee iaeoaeaiiaeo?oei
ienueiaiieeii iieiaeiai iieie?iiy ?in?enueei? ai?a?aoe??, a ia na?aaeeio
50-o noa? a?aeiiei aia?eeainueeei e?oa?aoi?ii. O oai?/ino? oeueiai
oi?eaeueiiai ieooey iinooiiai oi?io?oueny iiaee oei ooaeiaeiueiai
ieneaiiy, yeee nai???aeii ii?aeio? ?in?enueeo oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeo
e?oa?aoo?i? o?aaeeoe??.

Oaiaoeea ? iiaoeea eiai oai??a aeaaaee e?eoeeai i?aenoaae ii??aithaaoe
Iaaieiaa c I.I?onoii, Ae.Aeaeienii, A.A?eei, O.Ai?oanii, O.Eaoeith,
I.Aoeaaeiaei oa c ?ioeie aeaeaoieie ooaeiaeieeaie-iiaaoi?aie.

Ia?ace ianie, eyeueie, iioeae a?e — ea?oi/ii?, oaoiai?, aeoi?nueei?,
neeaaei? eiia?iaoe?? e?oa?aoo?ieo oeeoao ? ia?iae?e, aethc?e oa
anioe?aoe?e iia’ycothoue oaenoe Iaaieiaa c e?oa?aoo?ieie oai?aie ??cieo
e?a?i oa aiio. Aiie aaiaeyoue /eoa/a o na?o aeooeaii? ?ioaeaeooaeueii?
a?e, a yeiio ii?aeiothoueny i?eeiie ?aae?cio c iiaea?i?nonueeith
iiaoeeith, i?inoioa, iaaeiooai?noue ? oe?eaa?noue aaeao?enoe/ii?
iiia?ae? c oneeaaeiaiith o?einionueeith i?iaeaiaoeeith. ?a?iaa
eiioeaioe?y ienoaoeoaa aoiaeeoue o aenieo ?in?enueeo e?oa?aoo?o naia c
?iiaiaie Iaaieiaa.

Eiioe?eo o i?iciaeo oai?ao ienueiaiieea coiiaeaiee ia no?eueee
nioe?aeueieie ianoaaeiaie, ne?eueee c?oeiaiiyi ??cieo oei?a ieneaiiy.
Aaoi? noai?th? oaeno-caaaaeeo ? niiae?aa?oueny ia caeaoi?noue /eoa/a ??
?icaaaeaoe. Inue /iio eeth/ai aei aeeaeiiiai nieneo a?eueoino? ?iiai?a
Iaaieiaa ? i?enooi? a ieo ?a?iaa ia/aei, yea aecia/a? iniaeeaino?
iiaoeee ? nenoaio a?aeiinei “aaoi?-/eoa/”.

Aiae?c ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iiai ci?noo ?iiai?a Iaaieiaa aac o?aooaaiiy
i?eioeeio a?e ? aaoi?nueei? ??ii?? i?eaiaeea aeayeeo e?eoee?a ?
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a aei aeniiaeo, ui aecia/aeueiith oaiith oai?/ino?
ienueiaiieea ? oaia nia?o? (A.Aaeaiiae/, A.Aa?oaanueeee, E?.Otheai) /e
oaia iai’yo?, “iiooe?a ao?a/aiiai ?ath” (I.Eaioi?, N.Aeaaeaeia,
A.??io??a).

Aeoieo i?i oa, ui aeii?ioth/ith oaiith iaaieianueeeo oai??a 20-30-o
?ie?a ? oaia oai?/ino?, aia?oa aeneiaea ua o 1937-io ?ioe?
A.Oiaeanaae/). Iaeiae oe?e?niiai aiae?co ?in?enueeeo ?iiai?a
ienueiaiieea i?ae oeei eooii ci?o aein? ia cae?eniaii i? a cao?aeiiio,
i? a ?in?enueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?.

Ienoaoeoai ye iaeei ?c aeae?a a?e, ye ?aeaaeueiee na?o oaioac?? ia ia?
aaciina?aaeiueiai a?aeiioaiiy aei ?aaeueiino? ? i?eioeeiiai ia iiaea
aooe eii??th aeeooy, — noaa?aeaeo? Iaaieia o nai?o /eneaiieo
aeneiaethaaiiyo i?i e?oa?aoo?o. Inue /iio a eiai ioe?ieao eeanee?a ?
no/aniee?a ia?aaaaeathoue anoaoe/i? e?eoa???, /?oei ae?aaeaia
iai?eeiyooy ni?ia ii?aeiaoe a e?oa?aoo?? ooaeiaei?e aeienae ?
o?einionueei-?ae?a?ei?, nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? oa ii?aeuei? aeieo?eie.

Oaea ?icoi?iiy nooiino? ienoaoeoaa aeeeeeaei c aieo aaaaoueio e?eoee?a
caeioaa/aiiy Iaaieiaa a aiie?oe/iino?, aii?ae?ci?, aioeaoiaiiino?,
ao?ao? iaoe?iiaeueieo ei?ai?a ? i?eioeeiia?e aacci?noiaiino?
(A.Aaeaiiae/, A.Aa?oaanueeee, Ae.O?iia, C.Oaoianueea). Aeiiaaeaaia
i??i?eoao o aeine?aeaeaii? iaaieianueei? niaaeueie iaeaaeaa cao?aeiei
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyi, aea ? aiie oi?eaeeny i?iaeaie “ienoaoeoai ?
ieoaoeue” o oai?/ino? Iaaieiaa eeoa ai?ciaee/ii. Iac??ea iaiao?aei?noue
anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie, a oiae? yeiai iiaeia io?eiaoe
a?aeiia?ae? ia aaaaoi iaae??oaieo ieoaiue iaaieiaiciaanoaa.

Iaoa ?iaioe — o?iiieia?/ii iine?aeiaii i?iaiae?coaaoe ?in?enueeiiiaio
i?ico A.A.Iaaieiaa, aecia/eoe ie?ai? aoaie oai?/i? aaiethoe?? ieooey;
?ice?eoe nai???aei?noue eiai ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy a eiioaeno?
?in?enueei? oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? e?oa?aoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e; iieacaoe
iiaaoi?noai eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaie “ienoaoeoai ? ooaeiaeiee”,
i?ea?iaeuei?noue eiai iiaoeee, i?eioeeiiao ?ieue ?a?iaiai ia/aea a
anoaoe/i?e nenoai? eiai oai??a; aeiaanoe, ui an? ?in?enuee? ?iiaie
Iaaieiaa ia’?aeiai? iane??ciith oaiith — “i?aoaaoeith” — ? yaeythoue
niaith iaoa?iiaiio no?oeoo?o.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? ae??oothoueny oae?
caaaeaiiy:

— i?inoaaeo?oueny ?icaeoie oaie “ienoaoeoai ? ooaeiaeiee” ye
aeii?ioth/i?, iaoa?iiaiii?;

— aeyaey?oueny, ye? aniaeoe aeaii? oaie noaee i?aaeiaoii ooaeiaeiueiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia eiaeiiio c aoai?a oai?/i? aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea;

— iieaco?oueny ca’ycie i?ae eiiiiceoe??th ? o?iiioiiii o
?in?enueeiiiaieo oai?ao ??cieo aoai?a;

— aiae?cothoueny iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? iiaoeee A.Iaaieiaa:
“iaeeaaeaiiy” aeai?iaeo no?oeoo?, “?ic/eiaiiy” ai?a?aoa o oaeno?
?iiaio), i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy o?iiioiia oa eiiiiceoe?eii? noaie ?iiai?a
a??oiaiio ?eoio; aecia/athoueny ooieoe?? oeeo i?eeii?a o oai?aii?
ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo;

— i?inoaaeo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y iaoaoi?e “aeeooy-a?a” a oneeaaeiaiee
neiaie “aeeooy-a?a-ienoaoeoai”, yeee i?iieco? ??ci? ??ai? no?oeoo?e
iaaieianueeeo oai??a;

— aa?i?-ooaeiaeieee ?in?enueeeo ?iiai?a ?icaeyaeathoueny ye ??ci? oeie
oai?/i? iniaenoino?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ica A.Iaaieiaa 20-30-o ?ie?a (aeaa’youe
caaa?oaieo ?iiai?a ? iiia?aeaiiy c? ca??ee “Iiaa?iaiiy *i?aa”),
ia?aaeiiae ienueiaiieea aei aiae?enueeeo ia?aeeaae?a ?in?enueeeo oai??a,
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? noaoo? oa eaeoe?? c ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e,
i?i/eoai? Iaaieiaei aia?eeainueeei nooaeaioai.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio?
canoiniaothoueny aiae?oe/ia ? ii??aiyeueia iaoiaeeee, ui aeicaiey?
aeyaeoe nooo?a? iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy Iaaieiaa, cae?enieoe
?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iee ? no?oeoo?iee aiae?c eiie?aoeo oai??a, ii??aiyoe ?o
?c eeane/iith e?oa?aoo?iith o?aaeeoe??th ? i?ia?aeieie aeey e?oa?aoo?e
ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no. eiioeaioe?yie oai?/ino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa ? ia?oith
ni?iaith ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iiai oa anoaoe/iiai aiae?co an?o ?in?enueeeo
?iiai?a Iaaieiaa ye iaoa?iiaiii? no?oeoo?e, ia’?aeiaii? ni?eueiith
i?iaeaiaoeeith, iaa?no?aeueiith oaiith (“ienoaoeoai ? ooaeiaeiee”) ?
o?einionueeei ci?noii, a oaeiae nenoaiith ooaeiaei?o ia?ac?a oa
i?eeii?a. Aaoi? aia?oa ?icaeyaea? aaiethoe?th aieiaii? oaie
iaaieianueei? i?ice o ca’yceo c eiioeaioe??th ienoaoeueei? a?e.
Aecia/a?oueny oaeiae iiaaoi?noai iiaoeee Iaaieiaa aeey ?in?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a. Canoiniaaia a ?iaio?
iaoiaeeea aiae?co, iaea?aeai? aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueieo eo?nao c ?noi??? ?in?enueei? ? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo? o oeie?
oa aoc?, aeey ?ic?iaee niaoeeo?n?a ? niaoenai?ia??a c i?iaeai iiaoeee a
e?oa?aoo?? OO no.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? o aeiiia?aeyo ia ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iaoe?iiaeueia nai???aei?noue eoeueoo? ? e?oa?aoo?”
(?cia?e, 1992, 1995), “Aeeaeaeoe/i? aniaeoe aca?iiae?? aoco ? oeiee”
(?cia?e, 1994, 1996).

Ia iniia? ie?aieo ?icae?e?a aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? 3 noaoo? a
ca??ieeao “Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo” (aei. 6, 7), “Iaoeiaee a?niee ?cia?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo” (aei. 3).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Ia?aiee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea ianya ?
no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe??, yea neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? a?ae?ia?ao?? (286 iiceoe?e). Iniiaiee oaeno — 186
noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaothoueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai
iiaecia, aecia/athoueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ?ice?eaa?oueny ??
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “?noi??y aea/aiiy oai?/ino? A.Iaaieiaa ? i?iaeaie
iaaieiaiciaanoaa” — aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iai?yie ? aoaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? niaaeueie Iaaieiaa a ?in?enueeiio oa
ca?oa?aeiiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?, ie?aneth?oueny eiei i?iaeai, ye?
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy.

Ia?oee aoai ni?eeiyooy oai??a N???ia-Iaaieiaa ? aaciina?aaeiueith
?aaeoe??th e?eoeee ia iiyao ?o ae?oeii. Oaea ia oeueiio aoai? /?oei
aecia/athoueny i?ioeeaaei? iiceoe?? /eoa/?a ? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a o
noaaeaii? aei oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea. Iaeia c ieo i?aaenoaaeaia
a?aeaoeaie A.Aaeaiiae/a ? A.?aaiiaa, ye? caeioaaoeee iieiaeiai aaoi?a a
?ic?ea? c ?in?enueeith e?oa?aoo?iith o?aaeeoe??th, a iane?aeoaaii?
neaaeeo cao?aeieo c?ace?a ? a?aeianee eiai aei ?yaeo “na?aaei?o”
e?oa?aoi??a.

A?aenooi?noue nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, iaaii? aeieo?eie o
i?ic? Iaaieiaa aoee i?eaiaeii aeey iaaaoeaieo ioe?iie.

Aea a oeae ia??iae c’yaeeenue ? iiceoeai? a?aeaoee. I.Aiae?a?a,
A.Aaeaeea, A.Oiaeanaae/ aaa/athoue aeinoi?inoaa oe??? i?ice ia o?eueee a
aeineiiaeino? ? a??ooiciino? ?? noeeth, aeooeaiino? eiiiiceoe?e ?
i?ea?iaeueiino? i?eeii?a, aea ? a oiio, ui iieiaeee aaoi? ciaoiaeeoue
aeanio oaio, a ia iane?aeo? o?aaeeoe?ei?. I?ia?aeiith o i?ic?
N???ia-Iaaieiaa Aaeaeea iaceaa? oaio oai?/ino?, a Oiaeanaae/ a?aecia/a?
?? ?iiaiaioiee ca’ycie c oaiaie nia?o?, iaea?aeeiino? oai?/?noth ?
cei/eio. A?i caa?oa? oaaao /eoa/a ia i?iaeaio ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oyaiiai ?
?aaeueiiai na?o?a o ooaeiaei?e nenoai? Iaaieiaa.

O iaaieiaiciaanoa? ?in?enueei? ai?a?aoe?? 30-o ?ie?a noi?ioaaeeny aea?
i?ia?aei? oaiaeaioe??: ia?oa c ieo — aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaoeee
ienueiaiieea, ae?oaa — ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?aeaeii-o?einionueeiai ci?noo eiai
oai??a. Oaeee iiae?e, cae/aeii, ? aeineoue oiiaiei, ine?eueee
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?, ye? aeine?aeaeothoue ie?ai? aeaiaioe iiaoeee /e
oe?e?nio no?oeoo?o ie?aieo oai??a, oae /e ?iaeoa i?eae?eythoue oaaao
ci?noo, ui caeeaaeaiee o oi?iaeueieo no?oeoo?ao ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo. O?
ae, ooi noaaeoue nai?th iniiaiith iaoith eiiaiooaaiiy ci?noo, ionyoue
caa?oaoeny ? aei ieoaiue iiaoeee.

Ae?oaee aoai aea/aiiy oai?/ino? Iaaieiaa ii/eia?oueny i?ney eiai
ia?a?caeo aei NOA, eiee a?i iaaoaa? iiioey?iino? aaea ye aia?eeainueeee
ienueiaiiee, aaoi? “Eie?oe”. Aei a?aeaoe?a ? aiae?oe/ieo noaoae
e?oa?aoi??a ? e?eoee?a ?in?enueei? ai?a?aoe?? (I.Aa?aa?iai?, I.Neii?ia,
A.No?oaa, I.A?oe?ee?) aeiaeathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?eeainueeeo,
?a?iiaenueeeo, aano?ae?enueeeo ? iaa?oue yiiinueeeo o?eieia?a. E?eoeea
iinooiiai aeiea? aeanio oaiaeaioe?ei?noue, ?icoe?th? eiei iaaiai?thaaieo
i?iaeai, iiaeeaeth? aiae?c oai??a Iaaieiaa (ia?aaeon?i —
aia?eeainueeeo).

Iaeaaaeeea?oei aeey aeaiiai ia??iaeo iiaeia aaaaeaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeooy ? oai?/ino? N???ia-Iaaieiaa, cae?eniaia A.Aieaeii ? A.O?eaeii.
Oaoi?eo e?oa?aoo?ieo iaoye?a, ci?no anioe?aoe?e o oai?ao Iaaieiaa
aiae?cothoue E.I?iooa?, A.Aiiaeue, A.Iannii.

Ca’ycie aia?eeainueei? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea ? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
o?aaeeoe?? a?aecia/a? aaaaoi e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a, o oiio /ene? Ae.Ii?oii,
E.Aeae.Iieiaoai, Ae.Oaoea?. Aiie a?aenoiththoue aeoieo, ui an? ?iiaie
ienueiaiieea ia’?aeiai? ni?eueiith eiioeaioe??th, aaoia?ia?ao?/iith
oaaoeith, a ?o ia?niiaae?a Ae.Oaoea? iaceaa? “aea?aaeaioaie aaoi?nueeiai
ss”.

Iayai?noue o i?ic? A.Iaaieiaa noeo?? eii?/iiai (ia ui aeacoaaea,
cie?aia, I.Aa?aa?iaa), a oaeiae yne?aai ae?aaeaia a eiai anoaoeoe?
?a?iaa ia/aei (ui ii/anoe aeine?aeaeoaaeiny a ?iaioao I.Aoen,
Aeae.Aaca??) ia aeicaieythoue iiaiaeeoeny c oaa?aeaeaiiyie i?i oa, ui
oai?/?noue ienueiaiieea o?aa?/ia, a eiai na?oiaeyae a?oioo?oueny
aeeeth/ii ia aaiinoeoeeci?, aioeaoiai?ci?, ui ienoaoeoai eiai oieea?
i?iaeai ?aaeueii? ae?eniino? e aeyaey? anoaonueeo naiicaeioai?noue.
Caoaaaeeii, ui i?eioeei a?e, yeee aecia/a? no?oeoo?o ? oa?aeoa?
iaaieianueei? iiia?ae?, ia noaa ia’?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oi/a aei i?iaeaie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaoi?a ? iiia?aea/a o oai?ao
ienueiaiieea caa?oaeeny oae? aeine?aeieee, ye Aeae.Ei?oan, I.Eooth?’?,
O.?io, N.Aaiaea?-Eeinoa?.

Caeeoaeany aein? iaae??oaiith ? i?iaeaia iaoa?iiaiii? no?oeoo?e, oiaoi
oaiaoe/ii? ? oaaoeueii? ?aeiino? ?iiai?a Iaaieiaa, oi/a aiia ? aoea
noi?ioeueiaaia o i?aoeyo Oaoea?a, Aeaaeaeiaa ? i?aeoiieaia iai?ee?ioe?
80-o ?ie?a A.??io??aei.

O?ao?e aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/ino? Iaaieiaa ?icii/aany o na?aaeei?
80-o ?ie?a c iiaa?iaiiyi niaaeueie ienueiaiieea ia aaouee?aueio. A oeae
/an aeoeaio o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeai iaaieiaiciaanoaa aa?ooue a/ai? c
iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa — ?anioae?e eieeoiueiai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco.

Nii/aoeo o a?aeaoeao e?eoeee ia “iiaa?iai?” ?in?enueeiio /eoa/aa? oai?e
A.Iaaieiaa iiaoi?ththoueny aeaye? oaiaeaioe?ei? ioe?iee, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
i?aoeue iiia?aaei?o aoai?a aea/aiiy eiai oai?/ino?. I?ci?oa, ia ii/aoeo
90-o ??., c’yaeythoueny a?oioiai?o? noaoo? oa iiiia?ao??, i?ioa ? a ieo
iiaeaeoaee a?ae/oaa?oueny aieea eieeoi?o oyaeaiue i?i oa, ui i?ica
Iaaieiaa ? iiaea?i?nonueeei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ?iciaaeo na?oo ? iniaenoino?
o oi?i? aioe?iiaio, oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie yeiai aenooiathoue caia?a/aiiy
aoaeue-yeiai ci?noo ? aeano?oeoe?y oaenoo (iiae?aio aeoieo aeneiaea o
na?e /an A.Aaeaiiae/). Naia oaea noaaeaiiy aei iaaieianueei? i?ice
oa?aeoa?ia aeey i?aoeue I.Aianoanue?aa, I.Eeiaoeueeiai, Ae.O?iiaa, oi/a
iiceoe?? oeeo aaoi??a iathoue iaai? a?aei?iiino?.

Aeaye? no/ani? aeine?aeieee ooeathoue oeyo aei ?ice?eooy ci?noo ?iiai?a
Iaaieiaa o noa?? ?ae?a?eii-iaoao?ce/ieo oeoia/aiue iinia?oiiai,
iioiea?/iiai ?nioaaiiy aa?i?a. Oae? a/ai? ye A.Aeaenaiae?ia, ?.Iaia?ii,
?.?naoeia, I.Neiia/ia aeoeoia/othoue aeai?no?noue ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo,
noai?aiiai ienueiaiieeii, ye aeya ?aeaae?cio, iane?aeie ni?eeiyooy
canaae ?iiaioe/ii? aai neiaie?nonueei? anoaoeee.

Iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeie, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? o? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo
?aoaeueii aiae?cothoueny ooaeiaei? i?eeiie, ia?ace, eiiiiceoe?y oa ?io?
aeaiaioe iiaoeee A.Iaaieiaa. Ia?oo ni?iao oaeiai aiae?co cae?eniea
TH.Eioiai o 1979 ?ioe?. Inoaii?i /anii c’yaeeeny ?iaioe aiaeia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, ui a?aee?eaathoue iia? aniaeoe iaaieiaiciaanoaa (I.Aeie?i?ia,
I.Aea?ea, I.E?iiaaoeueeiai, I.Neiia/ii?, E.I?ieio’?ai?, ?.Oienoiai).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “A?a ye niin?a caoenoo ethaenueei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?” — ?icaeyaeathoueny ?iiaie N???ia-Iaaieiaa, iaienai?
aei 1930 ?ieo: “Iaoaiueea”, “Ei?ieue, aeaia, aaeao” ? “Caoeno Eoaeeia”.

Iniaeeaino? eiiiiceoe?? ?iiaio “Iaoaiueea” coiiaeai? ye iayai?noth aeaio
i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo oa??a — ieioeiai (niiaaaee aa?iy) ? iei?oiueiai
(aeeooy aa?iy a aa?e?inueeiio iain?ii?), oae ? iaiaaaiiyi aaoi?a
noai?eoe aoaeo aeeoo?iiae?aiino? iiae?e ?iiaio — ? aiaeii/an c?oeioaaoe
eiai, aeaiiino?oth/e oiiai?noue ?iiaiiiai na?oo, “noai?ai?noue” eiai.

Eiiiiioaaiiy ?icae?e?a ?iiaio iaaea? ?eoi?/iiai /a?aoaaiiy
i?inoi?iai-/aniaei oa?ai: niiaaaee i?i thiaoeueea eioaiiy aei Iaoaiueee
o aei?aaiethoe?ei?e ?in?? (4, 6, 8, 9, 13 oa 15 ?icae?ee), a oaeiae i?i
iiae??, ui a?aeaoaaeeny ia?oiai ea?oiaaiai oeaeiy a Aa?e?i?, e?eueeiia
?ieaie i?ci?oa (iaeeiaaeoeyoue ?ioeo ?icae?e?a). Oaea i?aai?caoe?y
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo noai?th? noa’?eoeaia a?ae/oooy ni?aiaaeaiiy ?ooo
/ano ? i?inoi?o c a??oiaaiei ?yaeeii, ?eoio yeiai i?aeei?y?oueny ?
/eoaoeueea ni?eeiyooy.

Ai?a?ao aei ?iiaio, ?i’y aa?i?i?, i?eeii “iaeeaaeaiiy” aeai?iaeo
eiiiiiaio?a iiaaee ? ?iiaio, aeei?enoaiee o aeaiiio oaeno?,
aeeeeeathoue iaai? anioe?aoe?? c oai?aie Iooe?ia, a ia?ace “ao?a/aieo
o?iae” — c iiaiith Aeaioa “Aiaeanoaaiia eiiaae?y” oa iia?noth
“Iacae/aeia ?noi??y Iaoa?a Oeai?ey” Oai?nni.

Aaoi? a?aeaa?oi eiino?oth? ?iaia aieiaieo ia?niiaae?a, ui aeeeeeathoue o
iai’yo? /eoa/a ?iaia a?aeiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a ? iaa?oue
ienueiaiiee?a (Eaa Aai?i, Aioii Na?a?eiae/ oiui), aeaiiino?oth/e oaeei
/eiii oiiai?noue, ???aaeuei?noue iiae?e. Aoaeo oiiaiino? iineeth?oueny,
ine?eueee i?ooi c ia?niiaae?a ia aeinyaa? nai?? iaoe, a ??ii?/iee aaoi?
ona ia?aoai?th? ia aea?o — eiai aa?i? ia?o? o?noue aei?a ea?oiy
iaoeathoue o e?iiaoao, i?iioia?iaaieo eenoeaie eaeaiaea?y, ui
a?ae?aoiao? oeae aea /an.

Ia?oee ?iiai iieiaeiai ienueiaiieea ? ni?iaith iieacaoe ???aaeueiee
na?o, c ??ciei nooiaiai oiiaiino? eiai aeaiaio?a. Oea na?o a?e iai’yo?,
anioe?aoe?e, oyae aa?iy ? aaoi?a, caeaoieo iaoa??ae?coaaoeny eeoa ia
ieiuei? e?iiae?aia (aeey aa?iy) aai eieaeeiaiai a?eooa (aeey
ienueiaiieea), a?e, ui ia?aoai?th? ?ic??ciai? oaeoe ae?eniino? o cian?i
?ioo ooaeiaeith ?aaeuei?noue Iaoa oe??? a?e aeey /eoa/a iieyaa? a oiio,
uia a?i ?icaaaeaa ?? i?aaeea, c?icoi?a, ui oaeoe — neeaaeia?
ooaeiaeiuei? iica?ee ?iiaio — aeaeiaoaathoueny c ?aaeueiino? ?ioiai
ii?yaeeo ? eiiiiiothoueny, noai?thth/e ?ethc?th aeeoo?iiae?aiino? (an?
aiie noaiooue aeey aa?iy iaoa??aeii eiai iaeaooi?o oai??a).

O ?iiai? “Ei?ieue, aeaia, aaeao” ?icai?oa?oueny o?aaeeoe?eia iaoaoi?a
“aeeooy-a?a”, ye?e i?aeii?yaeeiaaia any ia?acia nenoaia ?iiaio. Ooo a?a
? neiii?iii aeeooy. Ai?iiy ni?yoeny, a?aoe, noaaeoeny aei aeeoo?aeo
aeao?a c ??ii??th ? ia aiyoeny nia?o? ?iaeoue Ae?ae??a — aieiaiiai aa?iy
?iiaio — iaa?aceeaei aeey caiaoo-ianoee, yeo aeaoooaaee eiio ae?oaeeia ?
ieai?iiee. Na?o ?a/ae iaeeaa? i?ae oeneii aeeoo?ai? aia?a?? ? aanaei?
aa?i?/ii? oaioac?? Ae?ae??a, iie?a?oueny noaoeoe? nia?o?, aaoiiaoecio
eyeueie ? iaiaeai?a, ea?oi/ieo ia?ac?a Ia?oe ? O?aioea. Iaoai?/i?noue
?oo?a, ieya?noue ? oai?iaeea?noue oeeo ia?niiaae?a aaeaeaaoia ?oiueiio
oeio ieneaiiy: ?aeeia aeoiea Ia?oe — iicaaaeoeny “caiaaeoi aeeao/iai
/ieia?ea” — ia ui ?ioa, ye aaiaeueiee ieaa?ao, ?aeeia ca?iy i?ioe
uaneeaiai oaioaca?a.

Ea?oe cai??ythoueny ia aeeooy ethaeeie, iaaea?iaaii? oyaith, caeaoii?
aooe uaneeaith, ethaeeie, yea ai?? aa/eoe i?e?iaeio e?ano, a?ae/oaaoe
aa?iii?th eii?/iiai ? na?eiciiai, iaoooaaoe aacaeocaeyi ?ioeo. Ae?ae??
ia iii?oea iiae?aiino? Ia?oe ? O?aioea aei oeo cei/eioe?a, yeeo a?i
aa/ea ia oioia?ao?? a ioca? e?ei?iae?noeee, ine?eueee a?i iaae?ey? ?o
nai?i aeaniei ?icoiii, aaea/ath, aeooath, ye oio?a ae iethaeieoe
iaiaeai?a o nai?o iaaaceiao. Ae?ae?? — ni?aaaei?e a?aaaoeue o oe?e
ia?o??, aea ea?oa iiaea “oaeoe” ea?oo, aea ia a?aaoey. I/?eoaaii? nia?o?
Ae?ae??a ia noaeiny, a ?aioiaa, oi/ ? caeiiii??ia nia?oue Ia?oe ia
ni?eeia?oueny /eoa/ai o?aa?/ii, ai on? ia?niiaae? — eeoa o?ao?e
aaaaoinooiaiaai? a?e. Ae?ae?? a?a? c? nai?ie iaiaeaiaie, Ia?oa — c
O?aioeai ? Ae?ae??ii, a noa?ee Iaiaoaeaeueoa?an oyaey? on?o ?o ?acii
eyeueeaie aeaniiai oaao?o.

Ia?ace ea?o, eyeueie, iaiaeai?a, a?e iaaeathoue oe?e aeaoaeoeai?e
?noi??? eii?/iiai caaa?aeaiiy. ?ieue aeie? aeeiio? ananeeueiee aaoi?,
aaeaea ni?aaaei?e eyeueea? — a?i.

Niaoeeo?/i? ia?ace ia?niiaae?a — eyeueie caeiathoue iniaeeaa i?noea a
iiaoe/i?e nenoai? Iaaieiaa. Ciai?oiuei iiae?aiee aei O?aioea, aea c
a?aei?iiei oeiii ieneaiiy ia?niiaae i?ci?oa c’yaeoueny ia noi??ieao
?iiaio “A?ae/ae”; eyeueea “O?aioe” noaia ia?niiaaeai ? iiia?aeaiiy
“Eacea”. ?acii c ?ioeie i?a?oth/eie c oai?o aei oai?o aa?iyie aiie
na?ae/aoue i?i anoaoe/io oi?aa?naeuei?noue aa?i?a-eyeueie o iaaeao
iaoa?iiaiiiai na?oo, noai?aiiai Iaaieiaei.

“Caoeno Eoaeeia” ii?aeio? a nia? iniaeeaino? aeaio ia?oeo ?iiai?a:
iai?oaeaiee nthaeao, ia?aie?oaiiy e?i?e a?e ? aeeooy a aeie? aa?iy.
Aaaaonoai e?oa?aoo?ieo anioe?aoe?e, aaaaeaieo o oaeno ye eeth/ aei
aeaoeo?oaaiiy ia?ac?a ? niene?a, aaaaoicia/i?noue ia?niiaae?a,
ai?ciae?a, aeaoaeae, ui iiiiiaeothoue iioaioe?ei? aa??aioe ?icaeoeo
iiae?e, i?eoaiaii? oeueiio ?iiaio ua a?eueoith i??ith, i?ae iiia?aaei?i.

?iiai iiaoaeiaaii ia ii?aeiaii? oeo naieo nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eieo
i?eeii?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo aaoi? a?aeoai?ea niaoeeo?/i?noue
na?oini?eeiyooy aa?i?a o oai?ao “Iaoaiueea” ? “Ei?ieue, aeaia, aaeao”:
ae?ao?iiiiai (niiaaaee-?aaeuei?noue) ? neio?iiiiai (a?a-?aaeuei?noue)
aeaina?oo.

Iaoaoi?a “a?a-aeeooy” a “Caoeno? Eoaeeia” noa? oioaeueiith, ?a?iaiio
ia/aeo i?aeii?yaeeiaaii ? ?icaeoie nthaeaoo, ? o?iiioii ?iiaio.
Iiaaae?iea ia?niiaae?a, eiiiiceoe?y i?aai?ciaai? ooo ca caeiiaie oaoiai?
a?e.

A aiae?c? eiiiiceoe?? ?iiaio ? eiai o?iiioiia c?iaeai? aeoeaioe ia
neiaie?/iiio cia/aii? /ano a eeth/iaeo ai?ciaeao, oaoiaiio /a?aoaaii?
“iie?a” i?inoi?o, eiia?iiaaiiio ?icaeoeo oai aeeooy ? nia?o?. Aia?oa a
oeueiio ?iiai? iioeae a?e ? ienoaoeoaa, a?aaoey ? ooaeiaeieea
iia’ycothoueny c oaiith cei/eio.

AE?ii/? ia?ace oai?o “Caoeno Eoaeeia” niaoeeo?/i? aeey iaoa?iiaiii?
no?oeoo?e. Noai?th?oueny a?aaeaiiy, ui ienueiaiiee anooia? o iieai?/iee
ae?aeia c eeaneeith ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e. Oae, a?i ia i?inoi
ia?iae?th? i?eioeeiiai a?aei?ii? ??oaiiy i?iaeai uanoy, naiaiaee,
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeai?o. Aooe a?eueiei o aeeoo?, eioaii?, a?? (a?ae
oienoianueei? ii?aeueii? i?iiia?ae? oaeiae) — cia/eoue ia aooe noiaeei
ia ?ioeo, a a?aeoae ia aooe iauaneeaei. AE?ii/? ia?ace o “Caoeno?
Eoaeeia”, ye ? a ?ioeo ?iiaiao ienueiaiieea, ia?aeiiothoue, ui Iaaieia
aaaaea? ia?icae?eueieie eioaiiy ? oai?/?noue, aeeooy ? nia?oue, ? oea
i?eioeeiiai aeey ?icoi?iiy aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioe?? na?oo ? ienoaoeoaa.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae eiiiiceoe?eieie i?eeiiaie ? ooaeiaei?ie ?aeayie
?iiaio i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ienueiaiieea
oaie cei/eio, nei?iiai aai??i. Aai?e, ao?aoeaoe aa?iii?eio ?aei?noue
aeeooy ? a?e, ii?ooeaoe iaae? a?e, ao?a/a? aeania “ss”. Ioiieaiee
i?eno?anoth aei a?e, a?i ?oeio? naaa ye iniaeno?noue. Iiieeea a
“caoeno?” oyaia ca niaith ii?aceo a “a??”.

?iiai “Caoeno Eoaeeia”, ui caaa?oo? ia?oee aoai oai?/eo iiooe?a
ienueiaiieea ia??iaeo 20-o ?ie?a, ? iaeaeineiiae?oei c oi/ee ci?o
iiaoeee ? ii?aeio? a nia? an? aa??aioe ao?eaiiy oaie a?e ? ienoaoeoaa o
iiia?aaei?o ?iiaiao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “?iaeea?aeoaeueia na?aeii?noue ? iaae?
ienoaoeoaa” — aeine?aeaeothoueny ia?ac nia?o? ? ooaeiaei?e i?eeii
aeai?noino? ye aieiaieo nthaeaoiooai?thth/eo ia/ae o oai?/ino?
A.Iaaieiaa 30-o ??.

A oiiaiiio na?o? iaaieianueeeo ?iiai?a nia?oue — ooaeiaei?e ia?ac ?
aiaeii/an ooaeiaei?e i?eeii, ui noai?th? aenia?eiaioaeueio neooaoe?th
a?aie/iiai ?nioaaiiy. Aeo?aeiith neooaoe??th a oeeo oai?ao noa? nia?oue
cae/aeii? ethaeeie a ?? a?inioe?aeuei?e ?ie? e “ia?iaeaeaiiy”
iiia?aea/a, yeee aa?a ia naaa aeeiiaiiy aaoi?nueei? aie?. Nia?oue ?
caa’yceith a ?iiai? “Niiaeyaea/”, eoeuei?iaoe??th ? iioeaii iiaaae?iee
aa?iy a ?iiai? “A?ae/ae”, a a ?iiai? “Iiaeaea” — neaiaeii aei ii/aoeo ?
aei caaa?oaiiy ?iciia?ae?. Aiia aecia/a? /ania? oa i?inoi?ia? iaae?
?nioaaiiy aa?iy, niiioea? eiai aei aeeiiaiiy ?ie? /eoa/a.

Aa?i? ?iiai?a A.Iaaieiaa o?eueee noiae? ia aeeaeo ethaeae, iani?aaae? ae
aiie iaeaaeaoue na?oia? ooaeiaeiueiai aeieneo ? iane?aeothoue
e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a ?ioeo ienueiaiiee?a. Iiooe i?ioioei?a oaeeo
ia?niiaae?a o eiie?aoi?e ?aaeueiino? ? ia?iei, ? oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
ia?aeiiaiiy Iaaieiaa a oiio, ui ia ienoaoeoai iane?aeo? aeeooy, a aeeooy
iiaoi?th? ienoaoeoai.

I?eeii aeai?noino? o aeaiiio eiioaeno? iaaoaa? aeiaeaoeiai? ooieoe??
(ii??aiyii c a?aeiieie oaea aa??aioaie eiai cia/aiue), noai?thth/e
nieneiao aioeoaco ?iiaioe/i?e eiioeaioe?? aeaina?oo. Oae, aa?ie
“Niiaeyaea/a” — i?eaeae, ioi/aiee oaioiiaie aeanii? oyae, e?eaeie
aeca?eaeaie /oaeiai ni?eeiyooy; a?i iinoa? ia?aae /eoa/ai
aeaetha?aeiith, iauaneeaith, naiioiueith ethaeeiith. Aea oeae na?o, ye ?
ia?niiaae?, ui iaiiaiththoue eiai, o?eoeai?. Nio?ia ? Eaoia??i, ye?
cono??/athoueny a ia?oiio ? inoaiiueiio ai?ciaeao, — eeoa
ia?nii?o?eiaai? aiioe?? — niooie ? no?ao. Iiaeieaaoe ?o, “ss” iiia?aea/a
iaaoaa? oe?e?niino? e ooaa?aeaeo? uanoy ? aa?iii?th.

?noeiiee na?o i?ae?aniee, a ethaeeia iauaneeaa oiio, ui ia? iai?aaeeueia
oyaeaiiy i?i iueiai. O?aa?/ia ? iioai?ia aeey Iaaieiaa ?niothoue eeoa ia
??ai? oaioac?? e inieneth?oueny ye aeaiaioe noai?aiiai iei ooaeiaeiueiai
na?oo; ni?aaaei? aeeooy i?ae?ania ? ia i?aeeyaa? aieeao aeiaeieo
anoaoe/ieo eaiii?a.

Aiae?coth/e ?iiai “Iiaeaea”, aeena?oaio a?aecia/a? iniaeeao ?ieue ia?aco
eieae o no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. Noaiiaeaiiy naiino?eiiai ieneaiiy
aa?iy i?ioiaeeoue aoaie caoiieaiiy ?iiaioe/iith ? neiaie?nonueeith
iiac??th, ui iiaeaeththoue na?oini?eeiyooy ? iiaaae?ieo aa?iy.
THiaoeueea caoiieaiiy Ia?oeia Aaeaeueaaena ?ethc?yie o??aiiaaaeo?
??ii?/iee ?aae?ci eiai ae?oaa, ienueiaiieea Aea?a?ia, a ciaeiinoai c
eeane/iith iiac??th aioe/iino?, Oaeni??ii ? Iooe?iei a?aee?eaa? eiio
aoaeiiiee aei?? aeineiiaeino?, ooaa?aeaeoth/e aa?iii?eia
na?oini?eeiyooy.

Oeyo aa?iy aei iiaeaeao, ?aae?caoe?y aeeoo?ai? iaoe noaiiaeyoue
nthaeaoio eaiao ?iiaio, a naiee iiaeaea eeoa?oueny oa?iieoeath aeey
ia?niiaae?a — ae?oc?a ? aeecueeeo Ia?oeia. Niene eiai noa? c?icoi?eei
i?e ia?aeaeueiiio /eoaii? ?iiaio Iaaieiaa ? o?aaaae?? Oaeni??a “Aaieao”,
ui aeei?enoiao?oueny aaoi?ii ye “?ic/eiaiee o oaeno? ai?a?ao”.

C?noaaeaiiy nthaeao?a, ia?ac?a, eiiiiceoe?eieo i?eeii?a o oai?ao
Oaeni??a ? Iaaieiaa aea? ciiao ?ioa?i?aooaaoe iaaie?anueeee “Iiaeaea” ye
?iiai aeoiaaiiy aeoiee, ca?eueiaiiy ?? a?ae caaaeueieo ?aeae ? ooaii?a.
Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui iciaeaie aa?i?/ii? iniaenoino? iathoue aooe naiaiaea
aeoiee, aeeoo?ethai?noue, oi?iiy caa?aaoe a nia?, a?aee?eoe a ?ioeo
caeaoi?noue aeeoe ? eioaoe, a ia no?aaeaeaoe ? aie?aoe. Inue /iio iiiaio
cae?eniaiiy aa?i?i iiaeaeao aeianaiee ca iaae? nthaeaoii? ae??.

Oe?e?ni?noue iniaenoino? aa?iy i?aee?aneaia ye eiai noaaeaiiyi aei
e?oa?aoo?ii? a?e, iaae? yei? a?i /?oei ona?aeiieth?, ia a?aei?io a?ae
?ioeo ia?niiaae?a, oae ? oi?iaeueiei i?eeiiii — no?eeith iiiieia?/i?noth
ai?/ii? iiia?ae?.

Ni?aaaei?e /eoa/, ca neiaaie Iaaieiaa, ni?eeia? ooaeiaei?e oa?? ye
iiooiao aeey aioo??oiuei? oai?/ino? ? ia? caeaoi?noue a?ae/ooe a iueiio
aeeaeiia, iaiiaoi?ia ? aiaeii/an aeeaoaaoeny ae??aieoeyi. Naia oaeei ?
aa?ie “Iiaeaeao” — /eoa/ Ia?oei Aaeaeueaaen, ui ae?iaey? aeaniee iiaeyae
ia na?o, eii?aeeioth/e eiai c iiceoe??th e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a, na?aae
yeeo aieiaiei aeey iueiai ? Aaieao. ? ye Aaieao, Ia?oei i?aaia aooe
naiei niaith.

Ia?ainieneaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e, i?iaeaia oai?/ino?,
aecenoaioe?aeueii? naiaiaee ? naiioiino?, nia?o? oa cei/eio noaiiaeyoue
ci?no ?iiaio “A?ae/ae”. Eiai aa?ie Aa?iai Ea?eiae/, c iaeiiai aieo, —
oai?aoeue, yeee eiiiiio? “nthaeao” cei/eio, iiae?aiiai ienoaoeueeiio
oai?o, c ?ioiai, — cei/eiaoeue, ui noai?th? ooaeiaei?e oa??, oaiith
yeiai ? aaeanoai. A?i oyaey? naaa aai??i, a?aeiei uanoy (ye Ae?ae??,
Eoaeei, Ia?oei). O oie aea /an, caienethth/e ? cae?enithth/e aaeanoai,
a?i aeiineoue ae?ie naiiio nia?, iiae?aii aei Ia?oe (“Ei?ieue, aeaia,
aaeao”), ? /eieoue naiiaoanoai, iiae?aii aei Nio?iaa (“Niiaeyaea/”),
oaeaath/e aeania a?aeia?aaeaiiy, aea?eieea.

O ?iiai? “A?ae/ae” ie ciiao cono??/a?ii aa?i?a iiia?aaei?o oai??a; aiie
aenooiathoue o ??cieo nai?o ?iinoanyo, aeaiiino?oth/e ? aeaye? iia?
yeino?. Aaoi? i?iaeiaaeo? ?ic?iaeo oethaeaieo oai, iaaeath/e ?i iiaeo
cia/aiue ? a?aeo?ie?a. Oea aea? i?aenoaae ?icaeyaeaoe iacaaiee ?iiai ye
iaaiiai ?iaeo i?aenoiie aeaio ia?oeo aoai?a oai?/ino? e aiaeii/an
ii/aoie aoaio iiaiai. A oeueiio oai?? aia?oa ?ice?eaathoueny ineoieia?y
? aeeoo?aa e?aaei aa?iy-ienueiaiieea, /e? ii?aeuei? oa anoaoe/i?
i?eioeeie oi?ioaaeeny o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei niae?a ioae?ee.
Ioioiaeithth/e iiac?th ? cei/ei, aa?ie noaaeoue ciae ??aiino? i?ae
aai??i ? cei/einoaii ? cai?noue naiaiaee oai?/ino? iae?a? naiaiaeo a?ae
ii?ae?. Ci?uaiiy o na?aeiiino? aa?iy ienoaoeoaa oa ae?eniino?,
?aaeueiiai oa ii?iaeaeaiiai ooaeiaeiueith oyaith noa? i?e/eiith eiai
ii?acee ia oeyoo aei uanoy ? oai?/iai oni?oo.

Iaaieia ia aeaoa?i?io? a/eie?a nai?o aa?i?a nioe?aeueieie ianoaaeiaie,
oaaoea eiai ?iiai?a — oea oeyo aa?i?a aei naieo naaa, oea ciaoiaeaeaiiy
aeaniiai “ss”. Eiioe?eo o eiai oai?ao caaaeaee iac??aa? ? ae??oo?oueny
ia ??ai? ieneaiiy, a ia ii?ae?, iie?oeee /e nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei. Oiio
i?iaeaia aeoiaaiiy aeoiee ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ooaeiaeieea ia?aae
/eoa/aie noa? o oai?ao ianooiiiai aoaio ?in?enueeiiiaii? oai?/ino?
A.Iaaieiaa aieiaiith ? coiiaeth? aea?? nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eieo
i?eeii?a, oeio aa?iy ? ia’?eo?a e?oa?aoo?ieo ia?iae?e.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e — “Oaia ienoaoeoaa ? oeie ooaeiaeiee?a o i?ic?
Iaaieiaa” — i?enay/aii aiae?co o?ueio inoaii?o caaa?oaieo ?iiai?a,
iaienaieo ?in?enueeith iiaith i?ioyaii 1933-1939 ??. AEiaeai c ieo ia
a?aeoai?th? iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e oiai/anii? ?a?iie, io?o?ii?
iaoe?iiae-nioe?ae?ciii. Aieiai? aa?i? Iaaieiaa i?ioan?eii iia’ycai? c
ienoaoeoaii ? ?ai?acaioothoue ??ci? oeie ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo oaie ienoaoeoaa ? ooaeiaeieea oa iniaeeaino? ??
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aae?caoe?? o iaaieianuee?e oai?/ino? aeaiiai ia??iaeo aea?
i?aenoaae c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaiaa?oioiaai?noue ?yaeo e?eoe/ieo
caoaaaeaiue ia aae?ano aaoi?a ? caeioaa/aiue eiai a “aiie?oe/iino?,
aacci?noiaiino? ? anoaonueeiio niia?ci?”, a?eueoa oiai, aeiaiaeeoue
aaaeeea?noue ii?ooaii? iei i?iaeaie naia a aiioo noaiiaeaiiy
oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a o ?a?ii?.

Ooaeiaeiee, ui ?icaeyaea? e?ano ye oi?aa?naeueiee caeii aoooy, iaa’yco?
?? eaiiie ye iiaeaeue noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Iaiaaaiiy noni?euenoaa
?aaeueii ao?eeoe ?aeaaeueio aeineiiae?noue anoaoe/ii? ?ethc?? ae?eoei a
aei eia?/iiai caaa?oaiiy, yeae aaeaeiny aeeo/eoe c oe??? ?aaeueiino? ana
iaaeineiiaea, iaanoaoe/ia, cie?aia ? naio ethaeeio.

Oiian Iaii a ana “A?ao A?oea?” aeyaey? iiae?ai?noue i?ae aeeeoaoi?ii ?
ooaeiaeieeii, iieacaaoe iiaeeo?eaoe?th aeooiaii-ineoieia?/iiai oeio
ieooey a iniaenoino? A?oea?a. Ca e?eueea ?ie?a aei iiyae oeueiai oai?o
aei aeaii? i?iaeaie caa?ioany A.Iaaieia o ?iiaiao “Eaia?a ianeo?a”,
“Cai?ioaiiy ia no?aoo” ? “Aea?”.

Cia/ei?noue i?iaeai, eiai ?ie? ? iaae ienoaoeoaa a caaaeueiiethaenuee?e
eoeueoo??, i??e a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ooaeiaeieea, yeee i?aoaiaeo? ia
?ieue i?i?iea e ianoaaieea a noni?euenoa?, i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny,
ianaiia?aae, oei, ui i?iaeaiaoeea oey aeooae?co?oueny o oai?/ino?
iaeaeaeaoi?oeo ienueiaiiee?a iiai?iii? ?a?iie.

I?iaoe/ia caeaoi?noue, aeoi?nueea oaiaeaiinoai i?eoaiaii? aaaaoueii
ia?niiaaeai Iaaieiaa: Nio?iao c ?iiaio “Niiaeyaea/”, Aa?iaio Ea?eiae/o c
“A?ae/ath”, Ai?io c ?iiaio “Eaia?a ianeo?a”. Aea i?ae ieie ?niothoue
iii?oi? a?aei?iiino?. Nio?ia, iai?eeeaae, ia iaa’yco? na?oia? naiai
noeeth, a?i — niinoa??aa/. Aa?iai Ea?eiae/ ? Ai?i — ooaeiaeieee
aeoeaiiai oeio: iaeei inieneth? na?o ? i?aai?co? eiai o oi?iao
aeaoaeoeaiiai ?iiaio, ?ioee — o oi?iao ano?aaeiiai oio, ithcee-oieo, aea
aeacith iaaeaii aee?aeoi?nueeo eiaeo.

Ii?o?aoia oa?aeoa?enoeea ea?eeaoo?enoa Ai?ia i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo
i?i iiae?ai?noue iaee//y ia?niiaaea aei eeioinueei? ianee — oa?aeo ia
A?oea?a. Aacnoii?aii, oey iiae?ai?noue nooi aioo??oiy, a ia ciai?oiy.

A?oea?, Ai?i, Iaaaea — yaeua iaeiiai ii?yaeeo. Oea iacaea?e-ooaeiaeieee,
aiie ia?aceoothoue ia aeeoo? ?ioeo. Eiiiainoth/e ia?aae?ciaaiee iioya
aei aeaaee, i?aoaiaeoth/e ia caaiiy ieooey, aiie caeaoi? noai?eoe eeoa
iecueeii?iaiee ianeoeueo. On?o ?o iaaeeoa? i?aaiaiiy nia?o? ? no?ao
ia?aae iath, an? aiie noathoue aea?oaaie ? iaeei iaeiiai, ? nai?o oeaieo
oyaeaiue i?i ienoaoeoai ? aeeooy.

“Eaia?a ianeo?a” — ?iiai i?i ??ci? oeie ieooe?a, /e? i?eioeeie
aecia/athoueny iaeiia?/iei ni?eeiyooyi aeeooy. Iaeei aaaea? aa/eoe
o?eueee o?aa?/ia (E?a/ia?), ?ioee — eeoa eii?/ia (Ai?i), iaeaeaa
i?aaiooue nia?o?,oyaio/e ca niaith o iaaoooy ?ioeo.

Oaia a?aeiioaiiy ienoaoeoaa ? aeeooy, ooaeiaeiuei? na?aeiiino? ? cei/eio
cao/eoue ? a aeayeeo iiia?aeaiiyo oeueiai ia??iaeo (“Ei?ieueie”, “Oia?a,
ica?i, aaooa”, “Cieuaiiy oe?ai?a”), i’?n? “Aeiaeaeaiiy Aaeueno”.

Ia?acia nenoaia, i?inoi?iai-/aniaa i?aai?caoe?y, eiiiiceoe?y “Cai?ioaiiy
ia no?aoo” ia?aeiiothoue, ui oeae oa?? iiaea ?ioa?i?aooaaoeny ia eeoa ye
aioeooii?y, aea ? ye ?iiai, ui a?aeoai?th? i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
naiino?eiiai ieneaiiy anoia?a/ “aeoiaaiith” aacaeoiiino?, i?aaeyoe??
aioo??oiueiai na?oo ethaeeie. Iaieiae?iiy ienoaoeoaii neiaa ? aeey
Oeeioeeiiaoa niiniaii a?aee?eooy ?noeie i?i na?o ? i?i naaa, caniaii
iiaeieaiiy oeneo ?ioeo ia aaccaoenia “ss”.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa o oeueiio ?icae?e? i?eae?ey?oueny aiae?co iioea?a a?e ?
nia?o?, ia?ac?a ?a?aoie, nio, ye? i?aee?aneththoue
iai?aaaeiiiae?ai?noue, oaioanoe/i?noue na?oo eyeueie, ui cai?ioothoue
Oeeioeeiiaoa ia no?aoo. Aiie noai?ththoue aoaeo aaoi?nueeiai ??ii?/iiai
noaaeaiiy aei aa?iy ? /eoa/a.

Caaaeueia ?oa?oaenooaeuei?noue, ?a?iaee i?aeo?ae aei naiiai oaenoo ? aei
eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoi?a-/eoa/a aca?iiiaoiiaeai?, ?o aeiey a?ae/ooii c?inoa?
o i?ioean? oai?/i? aaiethoe?? Iaaieiaa.

A?a ye aeaeiaeua, eeoeaae?enoai aeooae?ciaaia o oioaeueiiio iaoee?
iaaieianueeeo aa?i?a aei aeoi?noaa, oieon?a, ianea?aae?a (Nio?ia, Aai?i,
ianee c “Cai?ioaiiy ia no?aoo”, Oie c iiia?aeaiiy “Ea?oiieyiee aeueo”).
On? aiie i?aeaeaaei? aaoi?o, ?aeeiiio a?aaoeaa?, ui cia? i?aaeea, aea
aeaye? c ieo i?aoaiaeothoue ia ?ieue eyeueea?y, oyaeyth/e naaa oai?oeai.

?ioaeaeooaeueia a?a, cai?iiiiiaaia /eoa/aa?, aaaea eiai oei aea oeyoii,
yeei i?ioiaeeoue iaaieianueeee aa?ie: c ii?ieo ne?iioe, iaciaiiy — aei
inieneaiiy i?e/ei no?aoo ? no?aaeaeaiue, aei ona?aeiieaiiy nai??
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

O/aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia e?oa?aoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e,
ui aecia/athoue ?icaeoie oiai/anii? anoaoe/ii? aeoiee, ae??oothoueny
ieoaiiy i?i aea?? i???ioe??a, i?i ia?aaaao ia eeoa oeo /e ?ioeo i?eeii?a
? oi?i, a i?eioeei?a aeeoo?ai? oa oai?/i? o?einio??, ae?iaeaieo
iiia?aaeieeaie Iaaieiaa. I?iaeaia canai?iiy ?o /eoaoeueeith na?aeii?noth
noa? iaeaaaeeea?oith aeey ienueiaiieea o ?ic?iaoe? oaie ooaeiaeieea ?
ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?.

Aa?ie ?iiaio “Aea?” — ienueiaiiee Oaae?? Aiaeoiia-*a?aeeioeaa, aieiaia
ae aa?i?iy ooo — ?in?enueea E?oa?aoo?a, ye cacia/ea Iaaieia o ia?aaeiia?
aei aaoiia?aeeaaeo oai?o aiae?enueeith iiaith.

Nthaeaoi? iiae?? ?iiaio ?icaeaathoueny ia e?eueeio ??aiyo, /ei
iiyniththoueny aaaaoioa?ia?noue i?inoi?o ? /ano, aaeeea e?euee?noue
ia?niiaae?a, aeei?enoaiiy i?eeiio “oaenoo a oaeno?” (a ?iiai? “Aea?”
ai?uaii e??e/i? iiac??, ?iiai-a?ia?ao?y, ?aoeaic??, i?eo/?).

Ia?oee ??aaiue — i?ioean oai?/i? aaiethoe?? aa?iy, yeee ia? nai? ieioea
(noai?aiiy iiac?e i?i aeeoeinoai aa?iy), iei?oi? (?iaioa iaae
a?ia?ao??th aaoueea ? ?iiaiii i?i *a?ieoaanueeiai) ? iaeaooi?
(ia?iaeaeaiiy ?iiaio “Aea?” ? caienee ianooiieo oai??a). Ia?aeaeueii
?icaeaathoueny iiae?? iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy aa?iy: ia?anaeyth/enue ia
iiao eaa?oe?o, a?i ciaeiieoueny ?c C?iith, yea oe?io? eiai iiaoe/ia
iaaea?oaaiiy ? eioa? eiai naiiai.

E?eueea i?nyoe?a ?noi??? eioaiiy noaiiaeyoue /anoeio /aniaiai a?ae??ceo
a e?eueea ?ie?a, ca ye? caa?oo?oueny oai?/a aaiethoe?y
aa?iy-ienueiaiieea. O naith /a?ao, oey ?noi??y — eeoa ai?ciae o
noie?oi?e ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e a?ae ii/aoeo O?O noie?ooy, a?ae
Iooe?ia — aei ii/aoeo OO no. O/anieee oe??? aaeeei? ?noi??? e?oa?aoo?e —
ienueiaiieee ? /eoa/? — na?aae ia?niiaae?a ?iiaio “Aea?” i?aaenoaaeai?
ii??aio.

“?iiai” i?i *a?ieoaanueeiai ai?uaiee o o?ni? ?aiee IV ?icae?eo,
ni??aeuei? aeoee ?icaeoeo ia?acieo oai caieeathoueny ?yaeeaie niiaoa ia
ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe? iiia?ae?. Iaeaea? /anoeie niiaoa iiaeooue aooe ye
eiai ii/aoeii, oae ? cae?i/aiiyi. Oaeei /eiii, aaiethoe?y ? ia /ei
?ioei, ye ?ooii ii eieo, a e?i?y ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? o?aaeeoe??,
iia’ycaia c ?aeayie neoae?iiy e?oa?aoo?e noni?eueiei ?ioa?anai oa
ooee?oa?ii? ei?eno? ienoaoeoaa, yea ooea? a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy “Ui
?iaeoe?”, ia ia? ia?niaeoeae. Oaea e?oa?aoo?a, aeania, oaea ia ?
ienoaoeoaii.

Ca?eueiaiiy /eoaoeueeiai ni?eeiyooy a?ae cae/ieo, oaaeiiieo i?aeoiae?a
aei ienoaoeueeeo oai??a — iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue ?iiaio
“Aea?”. Aeey oeueiai aaoi? aaea?oueny aei ia?iae?? o aena?oeaii? oiai,
ui cae/aeii ni?eeia?oueny ye na?eicia ? iaa?oue o?aa?/ia. Cia?aaeoth/e
aeeooy *a?ieoaanueeiai, a?i i?aeii?yaeeiao? eiai ia caeiiai ?noi?e/iiai
/ano, a caeiiai eiiiiceoe??, aaeainoth/e ia iaae? o?aaaae?? ? oa?no.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?in?enuee? ?iiaie
A.Iaaieiaa ooai?ththoue iaoa?iiaiio no?oeoo?o; aeii?iaioiith aeey
ienueiaiieea ? oaia ienoaoeoaa ? ieooey, aiia aae?a? a naaa ?io? oaie,
ui ie?aneai? iaaieiaiciaaoeyie ye ?? neeaaeia? iiiaioe. Ci?ie ia?acii?
nenoaie, eiiiiceoe?eieo noai, oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo
a?aeiioaiue, ia?inoaiiy ?a?iaiai ia/aea o iiaoeoe? Iaaieiaa coiiaeai?
iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo aeii?iaioii? oaie ia ??cieo aoaiao oai?/i?
aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?eae?ey?oueny cia/ia oaaaa iaeoa?aeoa?i?oei iniaeeainoyi
iiaoeee i?iciaeo oai??a A.Iaaieiaa (“iaeeaaeaiiy” no?oeoo? i?iciaeo ?
iiaoe/ieo aeai??a, “?ic/eiaiiy” ai?a?aoo a oaeno?, i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy
?iiaiii? no?oeoo?e, ?? i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo oa??a a??oiaiio ?eoio oiui);
iieacaia ?ieue oiai /e ?ioiai ooaeiaeiueiai i?eeiio o noai?aii? aoaeoo
???aaeueiino? e aiaeii/an aa?iii?eiino? ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo — ia
i?ioeaaao oaino iianyeaeaiiiai ?aaeueiiai aeeooy.

Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?iiiio? iiaa o?aeooaaiiy ae?ii/eo ia?ac?a
iaaieianueei? i?ice, yea ?ice?eaa? iia? aniaeoe a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaie
oai?/ino?, a oaeiae ?aeaeii-anoaoe/ii? eiioeaioe?? oeueiai
i?ea?iaeueiiai ieooey. Iniaeeai i?aee?aneth?oueny cia/aiiy i?iaeaie
/eoa/a o oai?/ino? Iaaieiaa 20-30-o ?ie?a; iai?/aii ia?niaeoeae
iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie “aaoi?-aa?ie-/eoa/”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii aaoi?ii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. AEaineea ia?acu a i?ica A.Iaaieiaa//Iaoeiaee a?niee ?cia?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. — Aei. 3. — ?cia?e. — 1998.-N.
28-37.

2. Oaia nia?oe e i?eai “aica?auaiey” a ?aiieo ?anneacao A.A.Iaaieiaa//
Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. — Aei. 6(17). — Oa?e?a. — 1998. — N. 87-97.

3. ?iiai A.Iaaieiaa “Eaia?a ianeo?a”, eee aaea eii/aaony noeeue?
(i?iaeaia ioiioaiee eneonnoaa e ?aaeueiinoe)//Iaoeia? caienee
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. — Aei. 1(22). — Oa?e?a. — 1999. — N. 217-227.

Aeiaeaoeia? ioae?eaoe??:

4. AEai?iaua iniaaiiinoe ?iiaia A.Iaaieiaa “Eieeoa”//Iaoeeiiaeueiia
naiaia?acea eoeueoo? e eeoa?aoo?: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaocianeie iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee. — Eciaee. — 1992.- N. 16-18.

5. Ynoaoe/aneay ooieoeey i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie a i?ica A.Iaaieiaa//
Aeeaeaeoe/aneea aniaeou acaeiiaeaenoaey aoca e oeieu. — Eciaee. — 1994.-
N. 24-26.

6. Ea?a eae i?eioeei ynoaoeee a oai?/anoaa A.Iaaieiaa//Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — ?cia?e. — 1995.- N. 18-20.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

?aaiiaa I.I. I?ica A.A.Iaaieiaa 20-30-o ?ie?a.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.02. — ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a. — ?inoeooo
e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien, a yeiio aia?oa aiae?co?oueny ?in?enueeiiiaia i?ica
A.A.Iaaieiaa 20-30-o ?ie?a ye iaoa?iiaiia no?oeoo?a c iane??ciith oaiith
“ienoaoeoai ? ooaeiaeiee”, aecia/athoueny iniiai? aoaie ?? aaiethoe??.
?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? iaaieianueei? iiaoeee oa ooieoe??
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeo ?? i?eeii?a. Iieacaia ?ieue ?a?iaiai ia/aea o noai?aii?
i?ea?iaeueiiai ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo ienueiaiieea.

Niaoe?aeueia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny iinoao? aa?iy-ieooey, ??
iiaeeo?eaoe?yi o ??cieo ?iiaiao 20-30-o ?ie?a, a oaeiae nenoai? ae?ii/eo
ia?ac?a. Oai?/?noue Iaaieiaa aeine?aeaeo?oueny o eiioaeno? oiai/anii?
?in?enueei? oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? e?oa?aoo?e, ooi/ith?oueny i?noea
ienueiaiieea-iiaaoi?a a ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo?? OO noie?ooy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoa?iiai, eiioaeno, no?oeoo?a, ?a?iaa ia/aei, ia?ac
a?e, oaia-aeii?iaioa.

S U M M A R Y

Ivanova O.N. The prose of V.V.Nabokova at 20-30-th. A manuscript.

The dissertation is submitted for a scholar degree of Candidate of
Philology in the specialization 10.01.02 — Russian Literature. — The
Taras Shevchenko Institute of literature, National Academy of Sciences
of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

The manuscript is the fist attempt to analyze a Russian prose of
V.Nabokov, written in 20-30-th years, as a complete metanovel structure
with the theme “art and artist” which passes through all this creative
work, the main stages of his prose are determined. The work considers
the peculiarities of V.Nabokov’s poetic and the functions of it more
typical methods.

The paper shows the role of the play’s basis in foundation of an
author’s original world.

Special attention is paid to the figure of the hero-artist, his
modifications in different novels of 20-30-th years and also to the
system of woman’s images.

V.Nabokov’s creativity is studied in the context of the Russian and the
West-Europe literature of the fist half of the XX century, the
author-innovators place in culture of the XX century is defined.

Key words: metanovel, text, structure, game beginning, images of game,
dominant theme.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Eaaiiaa I.I. I?ica A.A.Iaaieiaa 20-30-o aiaeia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.02. — ?onneay eeoa?aoo?a. — Einoeooo
eeoa?aoo?u ei.O.A.Oaa/aiei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue, a eioi?ie aia?aua aiaeece?oaony ?onneiycu/iay
i?ica A.A.Iaaieiaa 20-30-o aiaeia eae iaoa?iiaiiay no?oeoo?a ni neaiciie
oaiie “eneonnoai e ooaeiaeiee”, ii?aaeaeythony iniiaiua yoaiu aa
yaiethoeee. ?anniao?eaathony iniaaiiinoe iaaieianeie iiyoeee e ooieoeee
iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iuo aa i?eaiia. Iieacaia ?ieue ea?iaiai ia/aea a
nicaeaiee i?eaeiaeueiiai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ie?a ienaoaey.

Niaoeeaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony oeao?a aa?iy-ooaeiaeieea, aa
iiaeeoeeaoeeyi a ?aciuo ?iiaiao 20-30-o aiaeia, a oaeaea nenoaia
aeaineeo ia?acia. Oai?/anoai Iaaieiaa enneaaeoaony a eiioaenoa ?onneie e
caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneie eeoa?aoo?u oiai a?aiaie, ooi/iyaony ianoi
ienaoaey-iiaaoi?a a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eoeueoo?a OO aaea.

Aiaeece?oaony i?iaeaia niioiineiinoe eneonnoaa e ?aaeueiinoe,
?acaeaeaiiuo, ii aaoi?neiio oaaaeaeaieth, io/aoeeaie a?aieoeae,
ia?ooaiea eioi?ie i?eaiaeeo e ii?aaeaieth a aeecie e oai?/anoaa aa?iy
?iiaia “Caueoa Eoaeeia”, a ia?niiaaeae “Io/ayiey” e “Eaia?a ianeo?a” — e
i?anooieaieth. A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey ii?aaeaeythony /a?ou noiaenoaa
iaaeaeo ineoieiae/aneeie oeiaie ooaeiaeieea e aeeeoaoi?a, eioi?ua
i?iyaeythony, eiaaea ooaeiaeiee yeno?aiiee?oao caeiiu eneonnoaa ia
aeeaoth ?aaeueiinoue. Ioia/aaony oiaeaeanoaaiiinoue e ioiineoaeueiay
neio?iiiinoue oaeie iinoaiiaee i?iaeaiu eneonnoaa e ooaeiaeieea a
oai?/anoaa A.Iaaieiaa e O.Iaiia. Neiioiiaoe/ii, /oi eiaiii a ?onneie e
iaiaoeeie eeoa?aoo?ao a oneiaeyo oi?aeanoaa oioaeeoa?iuo ?aaeeiia
ienaoaee ?aciuo iieieaiee n oaeie ioe?iaaiiinoueth cayaeee i aeecinoe,
eacaeinue au i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo, oeiia ee/iinoe, ?aaii neeiiiuo e
eeoeaaeaenoao e ianeeuenoaaiiiio iiae/eiaieth aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe naiei
ynoaoe/aneei e nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneei eiioeaioeeyi.

A ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaia iiaay eioa?i?aoaoeey aeaineeo ia?acia a ?iiaiao
“Ei?ieue, aeaia, aaeao”, “Caueoa Eoaeeia”, “Iiaeaea”, niune eioi?uo
ioe?uaaaony oieueei i?e niiinoaaeaiee eo n aa?ieiyie eeanne/aneeo
i?iecaaaeaiee ie?iaie eeoa?aoo?u. Enneaaeiaaiu i?eaiu aeaieie/anoaa,
ca?eaeueiuo io?aaeaiee, ia?acu ianie e eoeie a i?ica A.Iaaieiaa,
ooieoeeiiaeueiay cia/eiinoue eioi?uo, eae e niaea?aeaiea anaai
i?iecaaaeaiey, oaeaaeaathony i?e ia?aeeaeueiii /oaiee n oaenoaie
Oaenie?a, Iooeeia, Oienoiai, Aeinoiaaneiai. Aeeth/aiiua a no?oeoo?o
eaaeaeiai ?iiaia, a niciaiea ia?niiaaeae, eaeae, ia?acu, nthaeaou
eeoa?aoo?iie eeanneee iiioaeaeatho e /eoaoaey aeeth/eoueny a iioie
ie?iaie eeoa?aoo?iie o?aaeeoeee e neoaeao aio ei??aae?othuei aaeoi?ii ia
iooe e enoeiiiio niuneo iaaieianeeo oaenoia-caaaaeie.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii aiaeeco i?eaeiaeueiuo aaoi?neeo i?eaiia,
?ac?ooathueo yooaeo aeeciaiiaeiaey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ie?a, ia?ee?othueo
a?aieoeo iaaeaeo iauaeaiiie ?aaeueiinoueth e auiuneii eneonnoaa.

Iaeiaeaiea nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoeeiiiie iao?eoeu iiaaeeu ia ?iiaiiia
niaea?aeaiea e iiae/eiaiea ?eoio noeoioai?iie no?iee /a?aaeiaaiee
i?ioeiai e ianoiyuaai aa?iy a “Iaoaiueea”; “oaoiaoiia” aeaeaeaiea
a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa a “Caueoa Eoaeeia”; eiiaeiaoeey ia?niiaaeae e
ai?ueaa eiaeee ni neo/aeiinoueth, i?enouea ea?oi/iui ea?ai e ianueyinai
a “Ei?iea, aeaia, aaeaoa”, i?eai “?anoai?aiiiai yiea?aoa” —
oaenoa-eeth/a, caeiaee?iaaiiiai a ?iiaiao Iaaieiaa (“Aiia Ea?aieia”
E.Oienoiai — a “Caueoa Eoaeeia”, “Aaieao” Oaenie?a — a “Iiaeaeaa”),
iicaieytho aiai?eoue i iaia?aiee aaoi?a i?aaenoaaeoue i?ioeann nicaeaiey
e /oaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey eae ea?o, oi?iaeeciaaiioth e
ia?aie/aiioth ai a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa (iieai eieae e a?aiaiai /oaiey
eee nicaeaiey).

“Oeao?aie” oaeie ea?u yaeythony oaiu, eaeae, ia?niiaaee anae ie?iaie
eeoa?aoo?u, iia e anoue ea?a, iiaoi?ythuayny ea?ieii-ienaoaeai,
ia?oia?ii eioi?iai anaaaea aue e aoaeao /eoaoaeue.

Iiaeaee?iaaiea ooaeiaeanoaaiiie no?oeoo?u ii i?eioeeio ea?u iiaeii
ioeaieoue eae niinia naiiiienaiey eeoa?aoo?iiai oaenoa, niaoeeoe/aneie
?aoeaenee aaoi?a iaae i?ioeannii oai?/anoaa, /oi, ii ii?aaeaeaieth
TH.Eioiaia, yaeyaony i?eciaeii iaoaoaenoa, a eiie?aoiii neo/aa —
iaoa?iiaia.

Aiaeece?oaony oaeaea ia?aeeaeueiia ?acaeoea oai nia?oe e ethaae, iaiyoe
e aiia?aaeaiey, iiae/eiaiiia yaiethoeee aeiieie?othuae oaiu eneonnoaa e
ooaeiaeieea. Ioia/aaony iaeaieaa niaa?oaiiia aiieiuaiea yoeo oai a
iineaaeieo ?onneeo ?iiaiao A.Iaaieiaa “I?eaeaoaiea ia eaciue” e “Aea?”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoa?iiai, oaeno, no?oeoo?a, ea?iaia ia/aei, ia?acu
ea?u, oaia-aeiieiaioa.

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