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AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Ai?oeee Ia?eia ?aai?aia

OAeE 616-036.882-08

I?IOAIE?OE*I? OA?IAIOE A EIIIEAENI?E ?IOAINEAI?E OA?AI?? ?ANI??AOI?IIAI
AeENO?AN-NEIAe?IIO AeI?INEEO

14.01.30 – aianoac?ieia?y oa ?ioaineaia oa?ai?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.Ai?ueeiai, I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?iay Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eo?aiia ?aaai
Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aianoac?ieia?? oa ?aai?iaoieia??
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.Ai?ueeiai

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ni?na?ue Aieiaeeie?
?aaiiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aianoac?ieia?? oa ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ni?oeei Ieaa Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aianoac?ieia??, aeno?aiaeueii? oa a?enueeiai? iaaeeoeeie
Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo caaaeueii? oa iaa?aeeeaaeii? o??o?a??,
a?aeae?e oieo, iie?o?aaie, aianoac?ieia?? c ?ioaineaiith oa?ai??th, IIC
Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 27 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.601.01 o
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith 320044,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith 320044,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25”aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio A.I.Oea/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie e?eoaaiiy ?ani??aoi?iiai aeeno?an-neiae?iio
aei?ineeo (?AeNAe) coiiaeaia caa?aaeaiiyi i?ioyaii inoaii?o aeanyoe??/
aeniei? nia?oiino?, ui neeaaea?, ca ??cieie ioe?ieaie, a?ae 20 aei 90 %,
a na?aaeiueiio a?ey 50 % oai?eo (Ferring M. 1997, Krafft P. 1996,
Lewandowski K. 1995), ? i?iaeaiaie yeino? aeeooy ethaeae, ye? ia?aianee
?AeNAe (Shelling G., 1998, Stoll C. 1998). O ae?aaiinoeoe? ?AeNAe
inoaii?i /anii a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao ee?i?/iei, ?aioaaiieia?/iei iciaeai
? aaciaei eiao?oe??ioai (Bernard G.R. 1994, Charmichael L.C. 1996).
Oa?ai?y neiae?iio, ia aeoieo aaaeo/eo oao?aoe?a a aaeoc? e?eoaaiiy
?AeNAe, caeeoa?oueny caeaa?eueoiai neiioiiaoe/iith (Luce J. M. 1998,
Schuster D. P. 1996, Welling K. L. 1996).

Iaeei c ia/eneaiieo iai?yie?a iaoiaaiaoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy caniiaaiee ia
a?aeiiiio oaeo? iaia?aiiaaiiiai iaa?yeo eaaaiue ? ?aae?co?oueny a oi?i?
i?eioniaiai ae?o?aco aai aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? canoinoaaiiyi aoa?aioieo
iaoiae?a (Guinard N. 1997, Max M. 1997). Uii?aaaea, ?yae aaoi??a
iia?aeiiey? i?i “caeaa?eueoiai eaaaiaao” eieae?caoe?th aeaa?ae?aoaoe??
i?e canoinoaaii? aeayeeo aeno?aei?ii?aeueieo iaoiae?a (Aiaea? E.A. 1991,
I?eiea?a N.A. 1998). ? aeai?, ui aoaeo aiaeiiaiiaiaiiy eaaaiue i?ae /an
iaia?aiiaaiiiai iaa?yeo caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? ?iooc?eieo ?ic/ei?a
(Naooaa ?.A. 1998). Ia?aoo?, aeciaiiy iaoai?cio neiae?iio nenoaiii?
caiaeueii? a?aeiia?ae? (NNCA) aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe iaa?ye eaaaiue i?ae /an
?AeNAe caiaeueiei. Ona oea a iii?oiiio nooiai? iaiaaeo? oe?ii?noue
aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? ye caniao e?eoaaiiy iaa?yeo eaaaiue i?ae /an ?AeNAe.

Caaaeath/e ia oea, caneoaiaothoue oaaae ?iaioe, ni?yiiaai? ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy caiaeueiiai iaa?yeo oeaiei oeyoii
aieeao ia e?ioaoe/io nenoaio, aeeiiai? o o??o?a?/ieo oai?eo ??ciiai
i?io?eth (Eaa?i TH. I. 1986). Na?aae ?ioeo cania?a aieeao ia e?ioaoe/io
nenoaio canoiniaoaaee i?aia?aoe i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a (IIO) a
ii?aeiaii? c iiaeeea?noth ?aa?iia?ii? oa?ai?? oae caaiei e?ioio?iiiei
aaaaeaiiyi (EA) iaaeeeaiaio?a (Eaa?i TH. I. 1987). Iaa?oioiaai?noue
iiae?aiiai ae i?aeoiaeo aei e?eoaaiiy iaa?yeo eaaaiue i?ae /an ?AeNAe
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ieceith aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i aeaeiiiainaoe?th e?ioiaeoieo eaaaiue
i?e oe?e iaoieia?? (Bernard 1995, ?yaia A.A. 1991, Caeeianueeee TH.ss.
1987). A oie naiee /an c aeoeaaoe??th i?ioaie?oe/ieo nenoai i?aai?cio
/anoi ca’ycoaaee ?i?oe?aoe?th ?AeNAe (Caeeianueeee TH. ss. 1987, E?aa/oe
?. ss. 1996). E??i oiai, e?ioaoe/ia ?onei eaaaiue – iaeei c iaeiaio
aeinooiieo aeey ao?o/aiiy a?aeae?e?a e?ioaoe/ii? nenoaie (Eaa?i TH. I.
1987).

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioaie?oe/ieo
oa?iaio?a, ui aaiaeyoueny aeciaaiii i?ae /an ?AeNAe, a oaeiae niinia?a
i?iaiicoaaiiy aoaeoeaiino?, eiio?ieth ? ei?aeoe?? oaei? oa?ai??, aeiaaa?
naiai ??oaiiy. Ee?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?aa?ao ?AeNAe ia oe? aeeth/aiiy
a e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a noaiiaeoue
iaoeiaee ?ioa?an a ieai? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?ai??
?AeNAe.

Iaoa ? caaea/? ?iaioe: iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ?AeNAe
oeyoii ?ic?iaee niinia?a ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aae?aniiai
e?ioio?iiiiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe ca aeaieie aooiin?e ieoiio aaao ? oa?aeoa? iaoieia?/ieo ci?i
eaaaiue o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao.

2. Aea/eoe ee?i?/i? ? eaai?aoi?i? iieacieee oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c
?AeNAe ia /an ?oiueiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?ioaineaii?
oa?ai?? (?O) ? a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?ioey caoai?thaaiiy.

3. Iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ? aecia/eoe oeyoe aae?aniiai aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?ao?a i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a oai?ei a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe.

4. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy e?ioey caoai?thaaiiy o oai?eo a
e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo
i?aai?a ? nenoai.

5. Aea/eoe aeeiai?eo ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a ? ?acoeueoaoe
e?eoaaiiy i?e aeeth/aii? aei eiiieaenii? ?O aae?aniiai e?ioio?iiiiai
aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo
noaiao c ?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ?
nenoai.

6. Aea/eoe iiaeeea?noue i?io?eaeoeee ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe o oai?eo a
e?eoe/ieo noaiao oeyoii aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio ?O aae?aniiai
e?ioio?iiiiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?ioaie?oe/ieo oa?iaio?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
o?aaiaioii aeine?aeaeaiue ca eiieo?niith oaiith IIC Oe?a?ie “Aiceiaoe/ia
oa?ai?y a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? e?eoe/ieo noai?a” ? 0198V001637.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oeei aeine?aeaeaiiyi o oai?eo a
e?eoe/ieo noaiao aeyaeaia oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaoieia?/ieo ci?i
eaaaiue, ui ?icaeaathoueny ca iaoai?ciii, nii??aeiaiei ?AeNAe.

I?e aea/aii? ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeaieo o oai?eo ?c ?AeNAe i?ae /an
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?o aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O aeyaeaii, ui iaoe??ioe, ui caiaeii
aeaeeee, ? iaoe??ioe, ui caiaeii iiia?ee, ?ic??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ca
aca?iiei a?aeiioaiiyi iecee iieaciee?a aaea i?ae /an iaaeoiaeaeaiiy.
?ic?iaeaiee niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy e?ioey caoai?thaaiiy o oai?eo c ?AeNAe
aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai ia
iniia? aeaieo oi?o?eiaaieo eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ee?i?/ii ioa?aeoa?eciaaiee ? eieae?ciaaiee a ia?aa?ao oai?iae ??
e?eoe/iee aoai. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaen ?O aae?aniiai EA
IIO o oai?eo c ?AeNAe aeaaiae?eii aieeaa? ia ae?aiaae ??aeeie c eaaaiue
ia oe? eiiiainaoi?ii? a?ae?io?e?? ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ?
cao?eiee aiaee.

Ana oea aeicaieeei cieceoe nia?oi?noue o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c
?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a
e?eoaaiiy ?AeNAe ?c canoinoaaiiyi aae?aniiai EA IIO aeicaieea cieceoe
nia?oi?noue o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii
aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai a?ae 69,70 aei 7,69%.
Cai?iiiiiaai? aa??aioe aae?aniiai EA IIO, ui aeicaieythoue iiaeoethaaoe
e?ioia?aeo?e c oeaieie eaaaiue o oai?eo c ?AeNAe.

?acoeueoaoe oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? o Oeaio?aeuei?e
i?nuee?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i? ? 1 i.Aeiiaoeueea – a?aeae?eaii? ?O aeey
aei?ineeo (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 05.07.99), aei?ineiio ?ioaeoe?eiiio
a?aeae?eaii? ?O (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 05.07.99); a oaeiae o
a?aeae?eaii? aianoac?ieia?? Oeaio?aeueii? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?
16 i.Aeiiaoeueea (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 02.07.99) a?aeae?eaii? ?O
?inoeoooo iaa?aeeeaaeii? oa a?aeiiaii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie,
i.Aeiiaoeuee (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 01.07.99) oa a?aeae?e?
aianoac?eia?? oa ?O IAe? o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??, i.Aeiiaoeuee (aeo
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 06.07.99). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aii? ee?i?/ieo i?aeeiaoi??a ? e?ea??a, ui
iaa/athoueny a iaa?no?aoo?? i?e eaoaae?? aianoac?ieia?? ?
?aai?iaoieia??, a o/aiaeo i?ia?aiao aeey nooaeaio?a 6 eo?no iaaee/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe
? aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ca i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeiioaaea
cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a e?eoaaiiy, cae?enithaaea ee?i?/iee eiio?ieue ?
i?ecia/aea eaai?aoi?iee eiio?ieue o 95% iaoe??io?a c ?AeNAe ? ?eceeii
?icaeoeo ?AeNAe, ui neeaee iniiai? a?oie iaoe??io?a. Oaeiae a?aea
o/anoue a e?eoaaii? ? ianoaaeaii? 67% iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueieo a?oi ?
iaoe??io?a, /e? ?noi??? oai?iae aoee aea/ai? ?ao?iniaeoeaii.
Oa?oiiaoaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea, aiae?c ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aeaieo
aeeiiai? caeiaoaa/ai. A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? aeai? “Niiniao
e?eoaaiiy ?ani??aoi?iiai aeeno?an-neiae?iio aei?ineeo” ? “Niiniao
e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie”, ?ic?iaeaieo
noi?nii c ea??aieeii ?iaioe i?io. ?.I.Eo?aiiaei; ia oe? ?ic?iaee
io?eiai? ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae. Eaai?aoi?i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia aac? aeni?an-eaai?aoi??? a?aeae?eaiiy ?O aeey
aei?ineeo Oeaio?aeueii? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ? 1 i. Aeiiaoeueea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aoee iia?aeiieai? ia can?aeaii? Aeiiaoeueei? Anioe?aoe?? aianoac?ieia?a
? ?aai?iaoieia?a 23.09.94 ?. ? ia Ia?oiio onoaiia/iio ieaioi?
“Aeno?aiaeueia iaaeeoeeia” a Eoaainueeo 23.05.97 ?. Aeena?oaoe?y i?ieoea
ai?iaaoe?th ia oaoiaiio nai?ia?? c? niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.30 –
aianoac?ieia?y oa ?ioaineaia oa?ai?y – niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
08.601.01 Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? 3 noaoo? o
iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 4 – oacao iaoa??ae?a eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 172
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, c yeeo 140 noi??iie caeia? iniiaiee oaeno ? 32
noi??iee – nienie e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 30 oaaeeoeyie, 17
iaethieaie, ui caeiathoue 23 noi??iee, 4 aeoyaaie c ?noi??e oai?iae.
No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, aeaa’yoe ?icae?e?a
(iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoa??aeo ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
naie ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue), ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, ui i?noeoue 301 aeaea?aei (66 ee?eeeoeath, 235 eaoeieoeath).

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeaia aea/aiiy
?noi??e oai?iae 172 iaoe??io?a, ui e?eoaaeeny ? iiia?ee o a?aeae?eaii?
?O Oeaio?aeueii? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ? 1 i. Aeiiaoeueea a 1995 ?
1996 ?ieao, a oaeiae aeai? ianoaaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy 94 oai?eo ?c
caoai?thaaiiyie ? o?aaiaie, ye? oneeaaeieeeny ?icaeoeii ?AeNAe (59
oai?eo), oa o yeeo aoa ?ecee ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe (35 oai?eo).

172 oai?eo, /e? ?noi??? oai?iae aoee aea/ai? ?ao?iniaeoeaii, neeaee
12,09% on?o iaoe??io?a a?aeae?eaiiy ?O ca 18 i?nyoe?a ? 100% oeo, ooi
i?aeiaa i?ae noaeiai-iaaee/io aai iaoieiaiaiaoii?/io aooiin?th.
Na?aaei?e a?e ?o neeaa 48,42 1,21 ?ie?a, na?aae ieo aoei 111 /ieia?e?a
? 61 ae?iea. 104 oai?eo c ieo caciaee o?i?/ii? aai o?ce/ii? o?aaie, 34
iaee iniiaio oa?aiaaoe/io iaoieia?th, 18 – iaa?ieia?/io iaoieia?th, 6 –
iaa?aeeeaaeio o??o?a?/io iaoieia?th, 10 – ?io? caoai?thaaiiy.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aea?ai? 94 oai?eo c ?AeNAe aai ?eceeii eiai
aeieeiaiiy, ui ia iaee ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iciae iaaeinoaoiino?
?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai ca e?eoa??yie neiae?iio iie?i?aaiii?
iaaeinoaoiino? (NIII) Fry D.E. oa ni?aaaoi??a (1980). Ae?aaiic NNCA
noaaeany ca iaaaaeaieie a “E?eoa??? naineno ? iaaeinoaoiino? i?aai?a ?
iniiai? iai?yiee a canoinoaaii? iiaeo oa?ai?e i?ae /an naineno” (Chest.
– 1992. – V. 101). Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico ?AeNAe aeei?enoaee
ii/anoe e?eoa??? Cline, Williams (1970) (oeeoiaaii ca Caeeianueeee.
TH.ss., 1987): (1) aeeniiia, ui i?ia?ano?; (2) eaoaioiee ia??iae 12-24
aiaeei; (3) aeainoi?iiiy ?io?eueo?aoe?y eaaaiue, ui i?ia?ano?, ia
o?iioaeuei?e ?aioaaiia?ai? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ee?oee; e??i oiai,
a?aoiaoaaee oa?aeoa? ia?aeiiiai iioeiaeaeaiiy ye ao?ieia?/iiai /eiieea
?AeNAe ca Hopewell P.C., Murray J.F. (1976). ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th
?aioaai?anueei? ea?oeie aeeiioaaee o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei eeaneo?eaoe??
Eieanieeiai? ?.E. (1979).

54 oai?eo, o yeeo aoa ?icaeiaiee ?AeNAe aai ?ecee eiai ?icaeoeo oa
iaea?aeoaaee ocae/a?ia iaaeeeaiaioicia e?eoaaiiy, neeaee 2 eiio?ieuei?
a?oie “?AeNAe” ? “?ecee-?AeNAe”. 35 oai?eo, yeei aei ocae/a?iiai
iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e?eoaaiiy aoei aeiaeaia aae?ania EA IIO, neeaee aea?
iniiai? a?oie – “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” ? “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” (oaaeeoey 1).

*ioe?e aeae?eai? a?oie ia ?ic??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ca noaooth oai?eo,
ca neeaaeii iniiaieo ae?aaiic?a. Ca na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi a?eo a?oie ia
oe?eeii iaeiaeia?: oai?? a?oi “?AeNAe” ? “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” a
na?aaeiueiio iii?oii noa??o?, i?ae oai?? ?ioeo aeaio a?oi. Iaeiae ie
aaaaea?ii, ui oe? a?oie iiaeia ii??aithaaoe, ai a o?ueio a?oiao a?ae 90
aei 93 % oai?eo a?aeiinyoueny aei a?eiaiai ?ioa?aaeo 21 – 60 ?ie?a, ?
eeoa a a?oi? “?AeNAe” oeae iieaciee neeaaea? 67 %.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea a?oi oai?eo, ui ianoaaeai?

“?AeNAe”“?AeNAe-oa?iaio”“?ecee-?AeNAe”“?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio”*enaeuei?nou
e a?oie n/%

33/100%26/100%21/100%14/100%*ieia?ee n/%

24/72,73%17/65,38%14/66,67%9/64,29%AE?iee n/%

9/27,27%9/34,62%7/33,33%5/35,71%Na?aaei?e a?e

M m50,953,8034,923,3736,904,1649,002,24Io?o?iiy i?iaeoeoaie ai??iiy
n/%10/30,30%5/19,23%8/38,10%3/21,43%Ani??aoe?y oeoieiaiai ai?noo
n/%12/36,36%8/30,77%6/28,57%1/7,14%?iaaeyoe?eia io?o?iiy i?ei?eath/ith
io?ooith n/%4/12,12%6/23,08%4/19,05%6/42,85%Aoiieaiiy a i??ni?e aiae?
n/%3/9,10%2/7,69%2/9,52%2/14,29%Nainen ? “eaaaiy ia?eiiaia”
n/%4/12,12%5/19,23%1/4,76%2/14,29%

Noai oai?eo o ia?aa?ao e?eoaaiiy eiio?iethaaee ee?i?/ieie ?
oi?o?eiaaieie eaai?aoi?ieie iaoiaeaie, ioe?ithaaee noai oeaio?aeueii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie ca oeaeith Aeacai, a oaeiae aeeiioaaee ?aioaaiia?ao?th
i?aai?a a?oaeii? ee?oee a i?yi?e i?iaeoe??. Aiae?coaaee cia/aiiy
iieaciee?a ia 06 aiaeei iioi/ii? aeiae, aeey aaeaino aiaee – a ?ioa?aae?
c 06 aiaeei iioi/ii? aeiae aei 06 aiaeei ianooiii? aeiae.

Aeai? ia?iaeyee ia IAII i?ia?aiith “Statistica-5”.

Oae caaia ocae/a?ia iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y aeeth/aea ?iooc?eio oa?ai?th
c? na?aaeiueith ia?iiith oaeaee?noth 91,24 62,81 ie/aiaeeio,
iaoeeenaioeie, aetheiei?oeei?aee, aaia?ei, anei?a?iiao eeneioo,
i?eioeiiao eeneioo, aioea?ioeee. 42,71% iaoe??io?a iio?aaoaaee
i?aeo?eiee aacii?ani?aie, 9,36% oai?eo c on?o /ioe?ueio a?oi aoee
ia?aaaaeai? ia ooo/io aaioeeyoe?th eaaaiue (OAE), a na?aaeiueiio OAE
o?eaaea 11,20 1,62 aiaeeie aac o?aooaaiiy ai?ciae?a OAE i?ae /an
na?oeaai-eaaaiaai? ?aai?iaoe??.

Aae?ania EA IIO i?iaiaeeee ?c canoinoaaiiyi o?ainii?oo IIO e??cue
iaaeieia?oaeieiio a?oio e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a (“Niin?a e?eoaaiiy
?ani??aoi?iiai aeeno?an-neiae?iio aei?ineeo”, ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o
iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae ? 26214 a?ae 13.10.98). Aeey aaaaeaiiy IIO aei
e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a ? noaeei iaaeieia?oaeieiii? a?oie ei?enooaaeeny
aeaiia niiniaaie: ?i?eoe?eiei ? aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iei. Iniiaiei oeyoii
aaaaeaiiy IIO ? ?i?eoe?y ?ic/eio IIO a i?ino?? i?ae caaeiath iiaa?oiath
a?oaeieie ? aioo??oiueith a?oaeiith oanoe??th a ae?eyioe? niieo/aiiy
o?ea a?oaeieie ? ia/iiiae?aiiai a?ae?inoea (“Niin?a e?eoaaiiy
caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie”, ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo
ia aeiao?ae ? 28747 a?ae 25.11.98). Aaaaeaiiy IIO ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?ioi?aco a ia?aaeith a?oaeio no?ieo aeei?enoiaoaaee ia ii/aoeo
canai?iiy niiniao ? i?ci?oa, yeui oai?ee a?aeiiaeyany a?ae ?i?eoe?e aai
a ?ac? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ianoa?iiino? ?i?eoe?eiiai aaaaeaiiy.
Ia?aaaaeiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy i?aia?aoo aei e?ioaoe/ii? nenoaie aeinyaaee
noai?aiiyi aeoeaii? a?ia?ai?? oeaiei a cii? ianooiiiai aeaeo?ioi?aco ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee. Eo?n e?eoaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aae?aniiai EA IIO o?eaaa o na?aaeiueiio 3,92 2,01 aeiae a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ee?i?/ii? aeeiai?ee.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo 172 ?noi??e
oai?iae, aea/aieo ?ao?iniaeoeaii, c’yniaaii, ui iaoieia?/i? ci?ie
eaaaiue niinoa??aathoueny o 91,86 % oai?eo a?aeae?eaiue ?O c e?eoe/ieie
noaiaie ??ciiiai?oii? ao?ieia??, i?e/iio o 89,50 % iinyoue aeainoi?iii?e
oa?aeoa?. 32,92% iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue aoee iacaiaeueieie, c ieo
9/10 eaae?o?eiaai? ye iaa?ye eaaaiue, 33,54% oai?eo iaee ii?aeiaiiy
iiaaiii?? c iacaiaeueieie ci?iaie, 33,54 % – caiaeuei? ci?ie, c yeeo
a?eueo i?ae 9/10 aoee iiaaiii?yie.

E?euee?noue iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue ca?eueoo?oueny c? c?inoaiiyi
oa?i?io caoai?thaaiiy aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiy ?O, ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?i?io e?eoaaiiy o a?aeae?eaii? ?O ? caaaeueii?
o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy (eiao?oe??ioe ia?ii? e?i?eii? ei?aeyoe?? (r)
a?aeiia?aeii 0,93, 0,37 ? 0,23), a oie naiee /an aaee/eia /anoee
caiaeueieo ci?i iaio ca’ycaia ?c oa?i?iii caoai?thaaiiy aei
aini?oae?caoe?? aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O, i?ae c o?eaae?noth e?eoaaiiy o
a?aeae?eaii? ?O ? caaaeueiith o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy (r a?aeiia?aeii
0,65, 0,88 ? 0,96). Oa?aeoa? iae/ano?oeo caiaeueieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i
eaaaiue – iiaaiii?e – oaeiae ca’ycaiee c icia/aieie /aniaeie
?ioa?aaeaie: a?aeiia?aeii c?inoaiith oa?i?io e?eoaaiiy o a?aeae?eaii? ?O
nei?i/o?oueny /anoea aiaieuaaeo (r = – 0,91) oa c?inoa? /anoea
eiaoey?ieo ceeaieo ? ceeaieo iiaaiii?e (r = 0,74 ? r = 0,94).

A??ia ?ici?ciaiiy iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue ca aeeooy iaoe??io?a
neeaaea? a?ey 40%. I?e ca?ao caeeth/iiai ee?i?/iiai ae?aaiico oa
ae?aaiico aooiin?? i?aaeeueii ioe?iai? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie eaaaiue o
34,4%, i?e ?ica?aeiino? ca iniiaiei ae?aaiicii – o 40,32% iaoe??io?a.
68,75% an?o ae?aaiinoe/ieo iiieeie iiaycai? c a?iiae?aaiinoeeith
iiaaiii?e, ? 31,25% iiieeie aoee aeiiouai? i?ae /an ae?aaiinoeee iaa?yeo
eaaaiue.

Caiaeuei? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie eaaaiue /ano?oa niinoa??aaeeny o oeo
oai?eo, o yeeo i?ae /an iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O aoa
anoaiiaeaiee ae?aaiic NNCA, i?ae o oeo, o eiai ae?aaiic NNCA aoa
a?aeeeiooee (71,15% i?ioe 47,92%). ?acii c oei, caaaeueia e?euee?noue
iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue ia caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino? NNCA i?ae /an
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy. A naith /a?ao, iayai?noue o oai?eo NNCA ia aoea
noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii ca’ycaia c a?eii oai?eo (p = 0,6), oa?i?iii
caoai?thaaiiy aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiy ?O (p = 0,08) ?
o?eaae?noth e?eoaaiiy (p = 0,7), aeiaaeeiai ?iciiae?eyeany o ca’yceo c
iniiaiei ae?aaiicii. Ie?ai? /enaeuei? aeai?, canoiniaai? aeey
ae?aaiinoee? NNCA, a na?aaeiueiio ia ?ic??ciythoueny noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeii i?ae oai?eie, ui iaee ??ciiiai?oi? oeie iaoieia?/ieo ci?i
eaaaiue.

I?ae /an iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O oai?? c ?AeNAe, ui
aeiaaeeiaei /eiii aoee a?aeianai? aei iniiaii? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” aai
eiio?ieueii? “?AeNAe” a?oie, aoee ianoaaeai?. C iaae?ei?noth 0,95 a?oie
?ic??ciyeeny ca na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue
(*NN) ? oaiia?aoo?e o?ea: a a?oi? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” *NN a na?aaeiueiio
aoea a?eueoa (108,17 3,41 i?ioe 98,10 2,92 oaea??a ca oaeeeio) ?
oaiia?aoo?a o?ea aeua (37,32 0,28 i?ioe 36,69 0,20 N). C iaae?ei?noth
0,90 ?ic??ciy?oueny ioe?iea ca oeaeith Aeacai (a a?oi? “?AeNAe-oaiiaio”
9,83 1,51 aae?a, a a?oi? “?AeNAe” 6,62 0,78 aae?a). ?io? aeai?
ee?i?/iiai ? eaai?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c ?AeNAe i?ae /an
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iaoe??io?a aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O ia ?ic??ciyeeny i?ae
a?oiaie ia ??aiyo iaae?eiino? a?eueoa 0,85. O an?o iaoe??io?a oeeo a?oi
aeyaeaia oaea aeainoi?iiiy ii?acea eaaaiue, ui na?ae/eea i?i iaa?ye
eaaaiaai? oeaieie ? ii?ooaiiy e?ioia?aeoieo. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? a?oie
aoee aeciai? oaeeie, ui iiaeia ii??aithaaoe.

Ii??aiyiiy ao?aeieo aeaieo iaoe??io?a, ui aeaeeee, c aeaieie iiia?eeo
iaoe??io?a a?oie “?AeNAe” ia aeyaeei cia/oueo a?aei?iiinoae ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o ? iaoiaeaie ?aiaiai?
noaoenoeee. ?acii c oei aeaye? cia/ou? eiao?oe??ioe ia?ii? e?i?eii?
ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ie?aieie ci??yieie ao?aeieie iieacieeaie o oai?eo, ui
aeaeeee, ? o iiia?eeo caiaeii oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe” aoee i?ioeeaaei? ca
ciaeii. Oae? ia?e neeaee oa?i?i caoai?thaaiiy aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o
a?aeae?eaiiy ?O ? a?aenioie iac??eeo iaeo?io?e?a, oa?i?i caoai?thaaiiy
aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiy ?O ? yaea?iee ?iaeaen, a?oa??aeueiee
oene (AO) nenoie?/iee ? *NN, ? ua ?yae iieaciee?a. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa?
aaaaeaee, ui oai??, ye? aeaeeee, ? oai??, ye? caiaeii iiia?ee, a a?oi?
“?AeNAe” ?ic??ciyeeny ua i?ae /an iaaeoiaeaeaiiy.

Aaeeoi i?yii? iie?ieiai? i?ioeaaeo?e aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co aeey
?iciiae?eo oai?eo, ui aeaeeee, ? oai?eo, ui caiaeii iiia?ee, a a?oi?
“?AeNAe” ca ao?aeieie iieacieeaie. I?inoa ooieoe?y, ui eeaneo?eo?,
iaaoea aeaeyaeo

F= -995,092+16,034 Na+ (iiieue/e) – 45,976 K+ (iiieue/e)+ (1)

+0,282 e?aaoei?i (ieiieue/e) – 0,323 iiiioeeoe (%)

F= -1093,50+16,80 Na+ (iiieue/e) – 48,74 K+ (iiieue/e)+ (2)

+ 0,31 e?aaoei?i (ieiieue/e)+0,02 iiiioeeoe (%),

aea F (1) > F (2) caaaa/o? aeaeeaaiiy oai?iai ? F (1) ? ?? ?????????? ???????yyy???????????? 1/4C??? ???/???????????????????????????????AAA?H*anoioa aeeoaeueieo ?oo?a (*Ae?) a a?oi? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” aei ii/aoeo 3 aeiae a na?aaeiueiio noaoenoe/ii iaa??ia?aeii aeua, i?ae a a?oi? “?AeNAe” (p = 0,17). Iaeiae aei oeueiai oa?i?io a?oia “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” ua caa??aa? 100 % naiai neeaaeo, a a?oia “?AeNAe” - aaea o?eueee 72,73 %. E??i oiai, iii?oia ??cieoey a iaoai?ci? oi?ioaaiiy aeeoaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? (AeI) o oai?eo aeaio a?oi - oai?? a?oie “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” /ano?oa eaoeythoue, a?aeae?eythoue ? aeae?eythoue a?eueoa oa?eioeiiy, i?ae oai?? a?oie “?AeNAe”. Ii?ooaiiy aeeoaiiy, ui aeeeeeaia ?ioaineaiei a?aeae?eaiiyi oa?eioeiiy o oai?eo, ui io?eiothoue aae?ania EA IIO, iiaea aooe iaaeoi cia/iei. A iaaeao iienaiiai eiioeiaaioo iai aeiaaeiny /ioe?e ?ace cooiaoiooeny c eaaeiiiiae?aiei (400-500 ie ca 20-30 oaeeei) aeae?eaiiyi oa?eioeiiy. sseui oai?ee a na?aeiiino?, ia? iiaiioe?iiee eaoeaaee ?aoeaen ? aeeoaeuei? oeyoe eiai ia eaitheueiaai?, iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiee ia?aa?a oace i/euaiiy oe?eeii aacia/iee. C iaoith aea/aiiy i?ioeano aeaeiiiainaoe?? a?oaeueieo ooieoe?e ia oe? AeI i?ae /an ?AeNAe, a?aee?e /ano aoa i?eeiyoee a?ae aeiae nia?o? oai?eo. A?aeiia?aeii ii i??? a?aeaeaeyiiy a?ae oeueiai oa?i?io aeiaa, ui ia?aaeo? caaeaae?, aoea iicia/aia ye 2, 3, 4 aeiaa i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy. *Ae? iiia?eeo iaoe??io?a a?oie “?AeNAe” a?ae 4 aei 3 aeiae i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy ca?eueoo?oueny noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii (36,89 3,12 i?ioe 26,88 4,53 ?oo?a ia iaeio oaeeeio, p = 0,04), a iiaeaeueoiio ci?ie na?aaeiuei? *Ae? ia iiaeooue aooe ?icoe?iai? iaeiicia/ii a ca'yceo c ia?aaiaeii iaaiiai /enea oai?eo ia OAE. Ia ii/aoeo 3 aeiae i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy iiia?e? caiaeii oai?? ?aaaothoue ia c?inoaiiy *Ae? i?aeaeuaiiyi AO, ui iiaeia ?icoe?ieoe ye “ii?iaeueio iaoieia?/io” ?aaeoe?th, i?ci?oa ii i??? i?ia?ano AeI AO cieaeo?oueny, ui iiaeia ?icoe?ithaaoe ye aeaeiiiainaoe?th nenoaie e?iaiia?ao i?ae aieeaii AeI. Ia ii/aoeo 3 aeiae cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny /anoea oai?eo c ii?ooaiiyie oaiia?aoo?e o?ea - c 1/4 aei 1/2. Iaeiaeiaa e?euee?noue oai?eo ia? i?aeaeuaio ? iiieaeaio oaiia?aoo?o o?ea. Aei 3 aeiae i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy a?iioa?i?y o oeeo oai?eo ia niinoa??aa?oueny. A iiaeaeueoiio /anoea oai?eo c iiieaeaiith oaiia?aoo?ith o?ea cieaeo?oueny, /anoea oai?eo c i?iianieoeath c?inoa?. I?e aea/aii? aeeiai?ee eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a iiia?eeo oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe” aoee aeyaeai? aeenei?aeaioi? ci?uaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e iao??th ? eae?th ne?iaaoee e?ia?, ui iaaaaeo? o?aini?ia?ae?caoe?th ee?oei. A oie aea /an niinoa??aa?oueny iii?oia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia? a?ae 4 aeiae i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy aei aeiae nia?o? (? = 0,01). Aeniea eiia??i?noue iaii?ooiino? iieacieea aaiaoie?eoo (? = 0,05) ? cnoa iieacieea caaaeueiiai a?eea aeicaieythoue aeeiai?eo eiioeaio?aoe?? iao??th nei??oa aaaaeaoe ?acoeueoaoii aeaiiioaaiiy eiai a ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiio i?inoi??, a ia o?aini?ia?ae?caoe?? ee?oei. ??cieoey aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oieo noai?a 4 aeiae i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy (oae caaiee aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oiee niie?e) ? aeiae nia?o? (oae caaia aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oia eaoano?ioa) iienaia i?inoith ooieoe??th, ui eeaneo?eo? F= - 497,488+2,665 caaaeueiee a?eie(a/e) + 26,037 E+(iiieue/e) + (3) + 5,476 Na+ (iiieue/e); F= - 597,150 + 3,001 caaaeueiee a?eie(a/e) + 27,747 E+(iiieue/e) + (4) + 5,978 Na+ (iiieue/e); aea F (3) > F (4) i?iaiico? “aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oiee niie?e”, a F (3) ? ??'?????????? ???????yyy???????????? UOe??? ???/???????????????????????????????AAA?H?en. 2. Aaeain aiaee oa aaiaoie?eo o oai?eo a?oi “?AeNAe” ? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” Ia iaaaaeaiiio a?ao?eo iii?oii, ui ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a a?aei?iiino? a aeiaiaiio iaeiie/oaaii? aiaee o oai?eo, ui aeaeeee, a?oi “?AeNAe” ? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” i?aeoe/ii ia aeaee a?aei?iiinoae a oyaeeino? AeI, a oie /an ye aeecueeee aiaeiee aaeain c 4 aeiae AeI ia caaaaea? ?icaeaaoeny ??cieoe? a ee?i?/iiio ia?aa?ao AeI. ??cieoey i?ae oai?eie, ui aeaeeee, ? iiia?eeie a?oie “?AeNAe” iieyaaea a aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? o ia?oeo ? cao?eioe? aiaee a inoaii?o. Oaeei /eiii, o oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” uiaeiaiaa iaeiie/oaaiiy aiaee a aino?iio ia??iae? AeI ia a?aei iaaaoeaii? ?ie? a oi?ioaaii? iaa?yeo eaaaiue, a o oai?eo, ui aeaeeee, a?oie “?AeNAe” i?e aeecueeiio aei ioey aaeain? aiaee a aeiao 1 AeI, iaa?ye eaaaiue oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo aiaee. Canoinoaaiiy aae?aniiai EA IIO aeicaiey? c aeae?eueea ?ioi? iiceoe?? iiaeeaeoeny ia i?iaeaio i?eioniai? aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? o oai?eo c ?cieueiaaiei ?AeNAe. O oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe”, ui aeaeeee, ia niinoa??aaee aeenei?aeaioiiai ci?uaiiy aiaeiiai aaeaino ? aaiaoie?eoo, ?a?no?iaaiiai iaie o iiia?eeo oai?eo. Oe?eeii a?aenooi? o oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe”, ui aeaeeee, aeenei?aeaioia ci?uaiiy iieaciee?a aaiaoie?eoo ? caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia?. O oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe-oa?iaio”, ui aeaeeee, ia 3 aeiao AeI niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy aaiaoie?eoo i?e ca?eueoaii? iiceoeaiiai aiaeiiai aaeaino, iiae?aii aei iiia?eeo oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe”. Aei ii/aoeo 5 aeiae AeI oai?? a?oie “?AeNAe-oa?iaio”, ui aeaeeee, aa?oathoueny aei ii?iaeueiiai oeio ?aaeoe?? ia cao?eieo ??aeeie. O oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe-oa?iaio”, ui aeaeeee, ia ii/aoeo 2 aeiae AeI eiioeaio?aoe?y caaaeueiiai a?eea ? aaiaoie?eo iathoue caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy, aei ii/aoeo 3 aeiae AeI - noeeuei?noue aei cieaeaiiy, a i?ioyaii 3 aeiae eiioeaio?aoe?y caaaeueiiai a?eea noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii cieaeo?oueny ia oe? c?inoaiiy aaiaoie?eoo a oie aea ia??iae. Oaea aeeiai?ea noi?ua? ?ene oai?eo, ui aeaeeee, ? iiia?eeo a?oie “?AeNAe”. ??cieoeth aeaeo?ie?oiiai iai?io ciaeaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith ooieoe??, ui eeaneo?eo? (3) ? (4). sseui c oai?eo iaio a?oi, ui aeaeeee, ia aeiao 1 AeI iaeiaeiai aecia/a?oueny aei 70%, /ee noai eeaneo?eiaaiee ye “aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oia eaoano?ioa”, ia 2 aeiao AeI aei 90% oaeeo iaoe??io?a, oi c aeiae 4 AeI na?aae iaoe??io?a a?oie “?AeNA-oa?iaio” oai?eo c oaeith eeaneo?eaoe??th aaea ia cono??/a?oueny, a na?aae iaoe??io?a a?oie “?AeNAe” ?o caeeoa?oueny 30 % aei cae?i/aiiy naieaeaiiiai oa?i?io. Ni?iiiaei?noue i?aai?cio ?aaaoaaoe ia aa?an?th oa ?ioieneeaoe?th ia a iaeiaeia?e i??? aoea aeyaeaia oai?eie a?oi “?AeNAe” ? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio”, ui aeaeeee. E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a o oai?eo a?oie “?AeNAe” a na?aaeiueiio ia i?iy?oueny a ia?aa?ao AeI (ia 1 aeiao AeI 13,23 3,03 A/e). A a?oi? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” aei cae?i/aiiy /ioe?ueio ae?a AeI niinoa??aa?oueny iiae?aia ea?oeia (ia 1 aeiao AeI 16,28 3,02 A/e). C ii/aoeo aeiae 5 AeI e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a c?inoa? (aei 26,10 8,30 A/e, ? = 0,05), a ua aea? aeiae caiaeii cieaeo?oueny. Oaeee nieane eaeeioeeoico ciaiaiii ne?aeo? ca iie?ioaiiyi ae?aiaaeii? ooieoe?? eaaaiue ? ciaioaiiyi AeI; eiai ?icoe?iaii ye ?aaeoe?th ia aeieaaiiy oiene/ieo i?iaeoeo?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oeaiei ? oei?e c ?ai?oa aeieiaaieo a?aeae?e?a e?ioaoe/ii? nenoaie. Aeeiai?ea ?ioeo iieaciee?a ?aaeoeaiino? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oe? aeniiaee. Eaai?aoi?i? aeai? a oe?eiio i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui aeiaa 3 AeI (a?eueo i?ae o 90 % oai?eo ni?aiaaeath/a c 3 aai 4 aeiaith e?eoaaiiy) ? iaea?eueo oyaeeei ia??iaeii caoai?thaaiiy. Aeeiai?ea aei??thaaieo iieaciee?a a a?oi? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” aei 4 aeiae AeI aaaaoi o /iio iaio ni?eyoeeaa, i?ae a a?oi? “?AeNAe”. I?ney 4 aeiae AeI ii?iae?caoe?y ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a a a?oi? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio” ?aea cia/ii oaeaeoa, i?ae a a?oi? “?AeNAe”. Iiaeeea?noue i?io?eaeoeee ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao ca neooaoe?e ?eceeo aea/aee o oai?eo a?oie “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio”. Ca iieacieeii *Ae? oai?? a?oie “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O a na?aaeiueiio ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae oai?eo ?ioeo aea/aieo a?oi (? a?ae 0,78 aei 0,42), aea oai?eo, ia?aaaaeaieo ia OAE ia aoaeue-yeeo aoaiao e?eoaaiiy, a oe?e a?oi? ia aoei. I?ae /an ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie aeeoaiiy aoee i?aenoaae i?eionoeoe iiaeeea?noue ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe o oai?eo oe??? a?oie. Ii??aiyi? ao?aei? ia?aiao?e an?o oai?eo, ye? e?eoaaeeny o a?aeae?eaii? ?O c i?eaiaeo ?AeNAe (a?oie “?AeNAe” ? “?AeNAe-oa?iaio”), ? ao?aei? ia?aiao?e oai?eo,ui iaee ?ecee ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe, aea a?i ia ?icaeany (a?oia “?ecee-?AeNAe”). Oeyoii aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co io?eiaia ooieoe?y, ui eeaneo?eo?, c iaae?eiei i?iaiicoth/ei aoaeoii. I?e aeei?enoaii? oe??? ooieoe?? an? iaoe??ioe a?oie “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” aaea i?ae /an iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iaae?eii a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae on?o iaoe??io?a, o eiai ?AeNAe ?icaeany. ?acii c oei, i?e ?iciiae?e? anueiai ianeao oai?eo (4 a?oi) ia 2 eeanoa?e ca aeiiiiiaith i?ioeaaeo?e E-na?aaei?o, 78,57% oai?eo a?oie “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” iio?aieythoue aei eeanoa?o, aea eeoa 9,09% iiia?eeo, a 21,43% oai?eo a?oie “?ecee-?AeNAe-oa?iaio” iieiythoueny o eeanoa??, aea 70% oai?eo iiia?ee. Oey ??cieoey i?iaiic?a ni?eeiyoa ye iaiiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe noaoenoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee aeniiaie i?i i?io?eaeoe/iee aoaeo aae?aniiai EA IIO a neooaoe?? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe. AENIIAEE 1. Aeai? aooiin?eiiai iaoa??aeo na?ae/aoue i?i oe?iea - 89,54% iaoe??io?a - ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeainoi?iii?o iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue, ui nii/aoeo /ano?oa ?icoe?iththoueny ye iaa?ye, a iiaeaeueoiio - ye caiaeaiiy, ? ui ca?eueoothoue ?c /anii ianya ii?acee. Oe? iaoieia?/i? i?ioeane iiaaii ?ici?ciathoueny, ui noino?oueny a?iiae?aaiinoeee ye naiiai i?ioeano, oae ? eiai caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. 2. Cia/ia /anoeia caiaeueieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao ?icaeaa?oueny ca iaoai?ciii, nii??aeiaiei ?AeNAe, ine?eueee iaoieia?/i? ci?ie eaaaiue caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o a?eueo /anoi aeyaeythoueny o oeo oai?eo, o eiai i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O aoa iinoaaeaiee ae?aaiic NNCA (71,15 i?ioe 47,92%). O naith /a?ao, iayai?noue o oai?eo NNCA ia aoea noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii ca'ycaia c a?eii oai?eo, oa?i?iii caoai?thaaiiy aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiy ?O, o?eaae?noth e?eoaaiiy ? iniiaiei ae?aaiicii. 3. O oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe aeioe?eueii aeeth/aoe a eiiieaenio ?ioaineaio oa?ai?th aae?ania EA IIO cai?iiiiiaaiei niiniaii aiane?aeie iayaiino? o ieo, ca aeaieie ?aiaoaiia?ao?? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ee?oee, iaa?yeo eaaaiaai? oeaieie ? ii?ooaiiy e?ioia?aeoieo. 4. Oai??, ui caiaeii aeaeeee, ? iiia?e? oai?? c ?AeNAe ia ?ic??ciythoueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aeaieo ee?i?/iiai ? eaai?aoi?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? aei a?aeae?eaiiy ?O iaoiaeaie iieniai? ? ?aiaiai? noaoenoeee. A oie naiee /an ??ciiiai?oi? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ie?aieie ee?i?/ieie ? eaai?aoi?ieie iieacieeaie o oai?eo, ui aeaeeee, ? o iiia?eeo oai?eo c ?AeNAe, aeyaeai? iaoiaeii e?i?eieo ia?ieo ei?aeyoe?e, na?ae/aoue i?i iaiaeii??aei?noue iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a. 5. A?io?i?/i? iieacieee (eiioeaio?aoe?? eae?th, iao??th, e?aaoei?io a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?), a?aenioie iiiioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?, aeey yeeo iayai? oi?o?eiaai? eaai?aoi?i? iaoiaee, iiaeooue neoaeeoe iniiaith i?iaiicoaaiiy e?ioey caoai?thaaiiy o iaoe??io?a a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai. 6. Ci?ia iai?yieo a?ieia?/ieo ?aaeoe?e o iiia?eeo oai?eo c ?AeNAe i?eiaaea? ia o?aoth aeiao i/?eoaaiiai oa?i?io aeeooy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ei?ioeei ia??iaeii “aia?a??” - ieiouei cieaeaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e o?ea, e?eueeino? iac??eeo iaeo?io?e?a, yaea?iiai ? eaeeioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno ?ioieneeaoe?? ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeenei?aeaioieie ci?iaie aaiaoie?eoo ? caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia?, eiioeaio?aoe?e eae?th ? iao??th. 7. Aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo c ?AeNAe iniiaii? a?oie, ui aeaeeee, noi?ua? ?ene oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui aeaeeee ? ui iiia?ee. A ia?o? 3 aeiae AeI oey aeeiai?ea aaaaoi a /iio iaio ni?eyoeeaa, i?ae o oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui aeaeeee. C 3 aeiae AeI ii?iae?caoe?y ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a a iniiai?e a?oi? ?aea cia/ii oaeaeoa, i?ae o oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui aeaeeee. 8. A?aeiiaeaiiy aai iiaeoethaaiiy e?ioia?aeoiea a?ae eaaaiue o oai?eo c ?AeNAe oeyoii aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio ?ioaineaio oa?ai?th aae?aniiai EA IIO ia aeicaiey? eiiiainaoi?i?e a?ae?io?e?? ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o i?ecaanoe aei eaoano?io?/iiai iaa?yeo eaaaiue, i?i ui na?ae/eoue aeeiai?ea aiaeiiai aaeaino ? aaiaoie?eoo o iacaaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo. 9. A iaaeao aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia aaeaeiny i?aeoaa?aeeoe aai ni?inooaaoe i?io?eaeoe/iee aoaeo aae?aniiai EA IIO a neooaoe?? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?AeNAe ?c-ca ?ica?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co caniaaie aaaaoii??ii? noaoenoeee. 10. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie niin?a aae?aniiai EA IIO a eiiieaen? ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao c ?AeNAe aac ee?i?/ii aecia/oaaii? iaaeinoaoiino? ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai aeicaieea cieceoe nia?oi?noue c 69,70 aei 7,69 % oai?eo. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. Nenoaia aeeoaiiy o oai?eo a e?eoe/ieo noaiao aeiaaa? iniaeeai? oaaae, ine?eueee aeecueei 90% c ieo iathoue iaoieia?/i? ci?ie eaaaiue. Aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa???a NNCA a noeoiiino? aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie iaoieia?/ieo ci?i eaaaiue caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. 2. O iaoe??io?a, /e? iniiaia caoai?thaaiiy aai o?aaia iiaeooue i?eioneaoe aeieeiaiiy ?AeNAe, iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe i?iaiicoaaiiy e?ioey caoai?thaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ianooiii? ooieoe??, ui eeaneo?eo? F= - 995,092+16,034 Na+ (iiieue/e) - 45,976 K+ (iiieue/e)+ (1) +0,282 e?aaoei?i (ieiieue/e) - 0,323 iiiioeeoe (%) F= - 1093,50+16,80 Na+ (iiieue/e) - 48,74 K+ (iiieue/e)+ (2) + 0,31 e?aaoei?i (ieiieue/e)+0,02 iiiioeeoe (%), aea F (1) > F (2) caaaa/o? aeaeeaaiiy oai?iai ? F (1) F (4) i?iaiico? “aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oiee niie?e”, a F (3)

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