OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO IIEIEIA?? ? ?AAe?IEIA?? IIC
OE?A?IE

OAeE 616.83-053.2-073.75

AII*A? Ieaen?e Aiae??eiae/

I?IIAIAAA Ae?AAIINOEEA IA?EIAOAEUeIEO IICEIAINOAeEIIEO O?AAEAIUe

O IIAIIA?IAeAEAIEO ? Ae?OAE A?OAeIIAI A?EO

14.01.22 — i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue A. TH. — i?ioani? eaoaae?e
i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaaeaaae?a A. ?., canooiiee aee?aeoi?a
Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? ? ?aae?ieia?? IIC
Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?eia TH. I., caa?aeoaa/ ee?i?ee
iae?io??o?a?? aeeoy/iai a?eo Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
iae?io??o?a?? ?i. A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?eaeee A. I., caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iaaee/ii? ?aae?ieia?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iaaee/ii?
?aae?ieia?? ?i.N.I.A?eai?’?aa IIC Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ____________ 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.619.01 a Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie
(252022, i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa 33/43; oae. 266-75-67).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie
(252022, i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa 33/43).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ‘’____’’ ______________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
Aeeeai ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Ia?eiaoaeuei? iiceiainoaeeii? o?aaeaiiy — iaea?eueo iioe?ai?
caoai?thaaiiy o iaiiaeyo (63,1%), ye? iio?aaothoue nai?/anii? e oi/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee (Iaeaeei E. TH.,1990; IaaeaeiaI.N., 1991). Ae?aaiinoeea e
e?eoaaiiy ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue — neeaaeia e
aaaaoii?io?eueia iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia i?iaeaia, yea ua aeaeaea a?ae
inoaoi/iiai ae??oaiiy (Aieaea I.A. ? ni?aaao., 1999; Aieaea I.A., 1997;
Oei?ye-Ieaeiee C.A., 1996; Eaoiieia N.I. e niaaoi?u, 1995).

No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo iaaeeoeeie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi o
ee?i?/io iaae?ao??th oeueo?acaoeiaiai, ?aioaai?anueeiai eiii’thoa?iiai
oa iaai?oii-?aciiainiiai oiiia?ao?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
(Ei?ieaiei A.I. e niaaoi?u, 1987; Ei?ieaiei A.I., Ica?iaa A.E., 1993,
Noeiia I.A., Aieaea I.A., 1995; Eiiiaaeia A.I. e niaaoi?u, 1997).
Aoaeoeai?noue iae?i?aae?ieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aecia/a?oueny aaaaoueia
oaeoi?aie, i?ia?aeieie na?aae yeeo ? aea?? iae?ioi?iaoeai?oiai iaoiaeo
oa i?aaeeueia ioe?iea aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iiceiaeo
no?oeoo? o iaiiaeyo (Volpe J.J., 1987; De Vries L.S. et al.,1992;
Ei?ieaiei A.I., Ica?iaa A.E., 1993; Cohen A.M. 1996; Grattan-Smith J.D.
et al., 1996).

Aiae?c aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo
?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ua ia ? iaaeaaiiyi oe?iei?
ee?i?/ii? iaae?ao?e/ii? i?aeoeee. Aaaeaiiy io?eiaoe iaeneiaeueio
ae?aaiinoe/io ?ioi?iaoe?th aac ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy niiioea?
aeine?aeiee?a aei canoinoaaiiy iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieo, ia?aaaaeii
iaoe?aeeeaeo, ae?aaiinoe/ieo oaoiieia?e, yeeie ? iae?iniiia?ao?y (INA) ?
iaai?oii-?aciiainia oiiia?ao?y (I?O).

?icaeoie INA, ?aioaai?anueei? eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? (EO) oa I?O
aeicaieea ?iicaiiei aeine?aeieeai c?iaeoe /eiaei iia?aeiieaiue uiaei
iiaeeeainoae ?o canoinoaaiiy aeey ae?aaiinoeee ??cieo oei?a
ia?eiaoaeueieo aaii?aa?/ieo oa a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue o iaiiaeyo (Volpe J.J., 1989; Yoneyama H.et al., 1992;
Zimmerman R.A.et al., 1992; Shankaran S., et al.1993; Boyer R.S., 1994;
Wallays C., et al.1995; Chen C.H.et al., 1995; Cohen A.M., 1996;
Grattan-Smith J.D.et al., 1996; ). I?ioa, aeniiaee ie?aieo aaoi??a
iaiaeiicia/i? ? aeineoue noia?a/eea?. Cia/ii ?ic??ciythoueny ?acoeueoaoe
oeueo?acaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaiiaeyo, iniaeeai o?, ui aeeiiai? ia
?aae?ieiaaie.

Aei oeueiai /ano a?aenooi? caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee ? noaiaea?oe
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo. Iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia
i?iiaiaaa aiaoii?y ? ii?oiiao??y iiceiaeo no?oeoo? ? o a?eiaiio aniaeo?
c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?ieeaino?. Aeey o?aeooaaiiy INA-, EO-,
I?O-nai?ioeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ia??aeei
aeei?enoiaothoue ??cio oa?i?iieia?th, ui aeeeeea? cia/i? oo?oaeiaiiy ?
oiaiiaeeeaeth? ianooii?noue o ?ac? aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
oai?eie ae?oueie. Iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeaineoiiao?e/i?
iieacieee iiceiaeo no?oeoo?. A?aenooi?noue caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
ia’?eoeaieo INA-, EO-, I?O- e?eoa???a ii?ie no?oeoo? iiceo caeaaeii a?ae
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei noa’?eoeaii? ioe?iee noaio
aieiaiiai iiceo a?aeiia?aeii aeina?aeo ?aae?ieiaa.

Cia/i? o?oaeiiu? aeieeathoue o ?aii?e ae?aaiinoeoe? ia?eiaoaeueieo
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceiaeo no?oeoo? (Ia/eineay A.A., 1988;
No?eaeaeia A.I., Aoiei A.O., Iaaeaaaeaa I.A., 1990; Iaaeaeia I.N., 1991;
Aaoieei E.A., 1995; Iaeaeei E.TH., 1995), ui iio?aao? aeei?enoaiiy EO /e
I?O, aea a?aeiiino? c oe??? i?iaeaie o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo?? oa a ?ioeo
e?a?iao NIAe i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?.

Ia a?aei?aoeueiaai? iieacaiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy ie?aiiai iaoiaeo /e
eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy. Ia aecia/ai? oa?i?ie
eiio?ieueieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
iaiiaeyo. A?aenooi? ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/i? ae?aaiinoe/i? i?ia?aie
ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae o ?ac? i?aeic?e ia aeieeiaiiy ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

A Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao NIAe ua ia i?iaiaeeeinue eiiieaeniiai
?aae?ieia?/iiai aea/aiiy ieoaiue uiaei aecia/aii? iaie i?iaeaie. I?ioa,
ia i?aeeyaa? noii?ao, ui aeei?enoaiiy naia oaeiai iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o
ae?oae aeicaieeoue nooo?ai aeiiiaieoe a?aeiiino?, yeeo oae a?aeo? a
iaiiaoieia?? oa iaae?ao???.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aeeiiaia ca ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e ?aae?ieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea ?
a?aeiia?aea? iai?yieo ?aae?caoe?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ae?oe
Oe?a?ie”. Aea?aeaaia ?a?no?aoe?y oaie ? 0195 EO 27890.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

?ic?iaeoe iioeiaeueio oaeoeeo i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee ? i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ??cieo oei?a ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue oa ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai i?iaiico
?oi?o iane?aee?a.

A?aoiaoth/e neeaaei?noue ci?i oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o a?eiaiio
aniaeo?, iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaco ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue o iaiiaeyo ? niaoeeo?eo i?iaaaeaiiy iae?i?aae?ieia?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee, iaie iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Iiaeeaeaii aea/eoe INA-, EO-, I?O-iniaeeaino? no?oeoo? aieiaiiai
iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo a ii?i? c i?iaaaeaiiyi
i?iiaiaai? ii?oiiao???.

2. Aea/eoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe INA-, EO — ? I?O — nai?ioeeo ??cieo oei?a
ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

3. Aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino?, iieacaiiy oa ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue INA, EO ?
I?O aeey ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

4. Ooi/ieoe iae?i?aae?ieia?/i? e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee
ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

5. Aea/eoe iiaeeeaino? iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy iane?aee?a
ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

6.Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe oaeoeeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae c
aecia/aiiyi iioeiaeueieo oa?i?i?a, iine?aeiaiino? e ianyao
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Ae??oaia aeooaeueia i?iaeaia iaae?ao?e/ii? iae?i?aae?ieia??, ui iieyaa?
a ?ic?iaoe? oaeoeee eiiieaenii? i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee,
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy e i?iaiicoaaiiy iane?aee?a ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue. ?aae?caoe?y oeueiai oaoiieia?/iiai ??oaiiy
aiineoue aeeaae o iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an a aaeoc? i?iiaiaai?
ae?aaiinoeee oa iaae?ao???, ine?eueee ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
ae?aaiinoeee.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaiaoeciaaia INA-, EO-,
I?O-aiaoii?y oa iae?i?aae?iii?oiiao??y iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o iaiiaeyo
??ciiai aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo. Oia?oa ooi/iaia e nenoaiaoeciaaia INA-, EO-,
I?O-nai?ioeea ??cieo oei?a ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.
Aea/ai? iiaeeeaino? ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a o aeyaeaii? e
aeeoa?aioe?aeuei?e ae?aaiinoeoe? ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aea?? iaoiaeo, /e canoinoaaiiy iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai
ae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno caeaaeeoue a?ae oeio oa noaae??
ia?eiaoaeueiiai iiceiainoaeeiiiai o?aaeaiiy. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

Ia i?aenoaa? aaeeeiai ianyao aa?eo?eiaaieo ee?i?/ieo ?
iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy oia?oa
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oa ?ic?iaeai? iioeiaeuei? i?ia?aie ae?aaiinoeee e
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aioo??oiueii’yciaa ?i’?eoe?y o?iiaioaeo iao??th (8-10
ia/ea iane o?ea) ? aoaeoeaiei ? aacia/iei niiniaii aaaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo o
iaaeeeaiaioiciee nii aeey i?iaaaeaiiy EO — /e I?O — aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Noeoii?noue anoaiiaeaieo oaeo?a ? aecia/aieo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, ii?yae
c oai?aoe/iei, iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey i?aaeeueii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo.

Aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo iaie aeaieo uiaei i?iiaiaai? aiaoii?? aieiaiiai
iiceo a ii?i?, a oaeiae nenoaiaoeciaaieo INA-, EO-, I?O-iciae
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aeeoa?aioe?aeueii?
ae?aaiinoeee ? i?iiicoaaiiy ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o
iaiiaeyo ??ciiai aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo e aeae?eeoe a?oio ?eceeo aeey
eiio?ieueieo ?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue.

Io?eiai? aeai? uiaei ianyao, iine?aeiaiino? oa oa?i?i?a aeeiiaiiy
iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo ? aaciaeie aei iaa?oioiaaiiai
canoinoaaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee (aai eiiieaeno)
caeaaeii a?ae iiaeeeaiai oeio ? noaae?? ?icaeoeo ia?eiaoaeueiiai
iiceiainoaeeiiiai o?aaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? e ai?iaaaeaeai? a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai?
i?ia?aie ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo ni?eythoue i?iaaaeaiith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae ? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
iae?i?aae?ieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ? aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue ia 8 — 10%. Cai?iiiiiaaia iioeiaeueia iaoiaeeea naaeaoe??
iaiiaeyo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy EO — ? I?O — ianoaaeaiue ia aeeeeea?
oneeaaeiaiue ? aeicaiey? o iiaiiio ianyc? i?iaanoe EO — /e I?O —
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
“Iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy a iaiiaoieia?? ? iaae?ao???” iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? a iaae?ao?e/ieo ee?i?eao aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?aeoeeo aeeoy/eo
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a (A?iieoeueea iaeania ee?i?/ia
e?ea?iy; Oa?e?anueeee i?nueeee ia?eiaoaeueiee oeaio?, 6-oa i?nueea
ee?i?/ia iaiiaoieia?/ia e?ea?iy i. Oa?eiaa; Ee?anueeee i?nueeee
ae?aaiinoe/iee oeaio?; Ee?anueea iaeania aeeoy/a e?ea?iy; Ee?anueea
i?nueea niaoe?ae?ciaaia aeeoy/a e?ea?iy “Ioiaoaeeo”; Ee?anueea aeeoy/a
e?ea?iy ?1; ?anioae?eainueeee iaaee/iee ae?aaiinoe/iee oeaio? i.
Eacai?).

Iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aianai? a iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie
i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a ?c ?aioaaiieia?? e oeueo?acaoeiai?
ae?aaiinoeee Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.
I.E. Ooieea oa Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia naiino?eii aac aeei?enoaiiy ?aeae aai
?ic?iaie, ui iaeaaeaoue ni?aaaoi?ai, ?acii, c yeeie iioae?eiaai? iaoeia?
i?aoe?. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue ?aeay eiiieaeniiai
ee?i?ei-?aae?ieia?/iiai aea/aiiy iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?
iaiiaeyo, a oaeiae ?oi? iniaeeaino? o ?ac? ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiai? iae?i?aae?ieia?/i?
ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae, i?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iaienai?
e i?aeaioiaeai? aei ae?oeo an? iioae?eiaai? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
noaoo?.

Ae?aaeath ue?o aaey/i?noue ? iniaeeai oe?ioth aeiiiiiao i?ioani?a Aaa?y
ss.N. o aeeiiaii? oe??? i?aoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Ai?iaaoe?y i?iaaaeaia ia noi?niiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? i?iiaiaai?
ae?aaiinoeee, iaaee/ii? ?aae?ieia??, iaae?ao??? 1 ? 2, iaiiaoieia??,
iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea .

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ii?eethaeiai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia VO
c’?cae? ?aioaaiieia?a ? ?aae?ieia?a O?N? (A?iieoey, 1989); 1 c’?cae?
Anioe?aoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a oeueo?acaoeiai? ae?aaiinoeee a iaaeeoeei?
(Iineaa,1991); ?V ? V eiia?anao NOOEO (Oa?e?a,1992 ? Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1994); ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Nia?aiaiiay eiiiuethoa?iay e
iaaieoii-?aciiainiay oiiia?aoey a iiiaii?ioeeueiie eeeieea” (Iineaa,
1997); “Iaaieoiue ?aciiain a iaaeeoeeia “(Eacaiue, 1997); ia
iaoeiai-i?aee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oe?a?ie (E??iaia?aae, 1991; Aeiiaoeuee,
1993; Iaeana, 1994 ? 1998; Oa?e?a, 1997); can?aeaii? anioe?aoe??
?aae?ieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (Ee?a, 1998); iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
EIAII ?i. I.E. Ooieea (Ee?a,1993, 1997 ? 1998); 20-io i?aeia?iaeiiio
eiia?an? c ?aae?ieia?? (?iae?y, Aeae?, 1998); 1-io Oe?a?inueeiio
eiia?an? oao?aoe?a c oeueo?acaoeiai? ae?aaiinoeee (Ee?a, 1999);
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino a iaaeeoeei? ?
a?ieia?? (Ee?a, 1999).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 310 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a ? nieneo 318 aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, a oiio /ene? 79 aeaea?ae c Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo e?a?i NIAe. ?iaioa
ai?uo? 48 oaaeeoeue ? 70 ?ethno?aoe?e.

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o o?aaiaioao 3-o iiiia?ao?e, 21
noaooyo o i?ia?aeieo aeo?iaeao ? ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a oaeiae o 14
ioae?eaoe?yo iaoa??ae?a ? oac aeiiia?aeae ia c’?caeao, eiia?anao ?
eiioa?aioe?yo ??ciiai ??aiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ianoaaeaieo iaiiaeyo ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiaith oe??? ?iaioe ? ii??aithaaeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy 4270 ae?oae ??ciiai
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo e noao? (a?ae 3-o ae?a aei 5 ?ie?a aeeooy), ye?
i?ioiaeeee ianoaaeaiiy e e?eoaaiiy o aeeoy/eo ee?i?eao i. Ee?aa i?ioyaii
1990-1998 ?ie?a. INA aeeiioaaee o aeeoy/eo ee?i?eao, a EO ? I?O — ia
aac? Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai eiinoeueoaoeaii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai oeaio?o.

Aeeiai?/io aeieoiaioiaaio iae?iniiia?ao?th cae?enithaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi
aia?ao?a M?cro?mager 1000 ? 2000 o??ie “Auson?cs” (Aano?ae?y) ? Aloka —
630 (ssiii?y), eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th — ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoa NO 9000
NP (NOA), a iaai?oii?aciiainio oiiia?ao?th — ia aia?aoao Magnetom P8
o??ie S?emens”(I?ia//eia) ? G?roscan T5-NT o??ie “Ph?l?ps” (Aieeaiae?y)
ca iaae?ao?e/ieie i?ioieieaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith aoaeoeaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy EO ? I?O ? noai niieith e
ia?ooiiino? aeeoeie i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy. C iaoith iioei?caoe??
naaeaoeaii? i?aeaioiaee ae?oae aei i?iaaaeaiiy EO- ? I?O- ianoaaeaiue a
aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao ae?aaiinoe/iiai oeaio?o ie aeei?enoiaoaaee
aioo??oiueii’yciao ?i’?eoe?th o?iiaioaeo iao??th c ?ic?aooieo 8-10 ia/ea
iane o?ea, ui aoei aoaeoeaiei ? aacia/iei niiniaii aeinyaiaiiy
iaaeeeaiaioiciiai nio o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo. O
aeiaaeeao iaiao?aeiino? i?enei?aiiy iaaeeeaiaioiciiai nio o iaiiaeyo
ii?aeioaaee aaaaeaiiy o?iiaioaeo iao??th c eae?inieii (aei 0,1 ia/ea
iane) oa eaceenii. Ee?i?/i? iaiaaeaiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy eae?inieo:
a?ae?ioeaoae?y, i?aeaeuaiiy aioo??oiuei/a?aiiiai oeneo, noai noaeiiii?
aioiaiino?.

Ca aeiiiiiaith INA ianoaaeaii 77,9%, EO — 17,1% ? I?O — 5,0% ae?oae.

Aeey ooi/iaiiy ae?aaiico 486 c 4270 ae?oae canoiniaai? eiiieaene
iaoiae?a iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy: ii?aeiaiiy INA ? EO
aeei?enoaii aeey 50,4%, INA ? I?O — aeey 29,0 %, EO ? I?O — aeey 9,7%,
INA, EO ? I?O aeey 10,9% ae?oae (oaae. 1 — 2).

246 (16,5%) ae?oae niinoa??aaee o eaoaiiac? i?ioyaii 5 ?ie?a.

O 1514 c 4270 (35,5%) ae?oae aeyaeai? ??ci? oeie ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue, ye? neeaee iniiaio a?oio niinoa?aaeaiue
(oaae.3-5).

Oaaeeoey 1.

?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae iaoiae?a iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy

Iaoiaee iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae Anueiai

INA — n — % EO — n — % I?O — n — % n — %

3328 — 77,9 730-17,1 212-5,0 4270 -100,0

Oaaeeoey 2.

?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae eiiieaen?a iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy

Eiiieaene iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a

INA ? EO INA ? I?O INA, EO ? I?O EO ? I?O Anueiai

n — % n — % n — % n — % n — %

245 -50,4 141-29,0 53 -10,9 47 — 9,7 486 -100,0

Oaaeeoey3.

?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae ?acoeueoao?a iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy

?acoeueoaoe iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue ae?oae E?euee?noue ae?oae n
— % E?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue

E?iaiaeeeae 1135-26,6 4542

A?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy iiceo 214-5,0 1248

Iane?aeee iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue 165-3,9 485

?io? caoai?thaaiiy iiceo 549-12,8 852

Iaoieia?? ia aeyaeaii 2207-51,7 3658

?ACII: 4270 -100,0 10785

Oaaeeoey 4.

?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo

Aanoaoe?eiee a?e — oeaei?a / n — %

<28 29-31 32-34 35-37 38-42 Anueiai 42 - 2,8 274 -18,0 439 - 29,0 397- 26,2 362- 24,0 1514-100,0 Oaaeeoey 5. ?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae iane o?ea Iana o?ea - a / n - % <1000 1001 -1500 1501 -2000 2001 -2500 >2500 Anueiai

33-2,2 264 -17,4 360-23,8 485 — 32,0 372 — 24,6 1514-100,0

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeeyaee noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ca
aeiiiiiaith IAII oeio ?BM PC AT ?c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoa “M?crosoft
Iff?na” oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ia?iaoe? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (Iieyeia
E.A. e ae?., 1975; Aa?oaaeneee A.A. e ae?., 1991; Ieioea? I.I. e ae?.,
1991). A??ia?aei?noue ?ica?aeiinoae aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co, e?eoa??th No’thaeaioa-O?oa?a.

Ii??aiyiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iciae i?iaiaeeeinue ia iniia? aecia/aiiy
iieacieea a??ia?aeiino? — (2. O aeiaaeeao iaaee?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy (2 >
3,84 ??cieoeth i?ae /anoeaie iciae aaaaeaee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiith
(?iia??i?noue 99,95%). Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo
iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue aecia/aee ?iaeaene
/ooeeaino?, niaoeeo?/iino? e oi/iino?.

Aa?eo?eaoe?th iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue cae?enithaaee oeyoii
c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iiaiaaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieie aeaieie (aiae?c nieiiiiiceiai? ??aeeie /e ai?noo
oeoii/e?a iiceo), aeeiai?eith caoai?thaaiue, eaoaiianoe/iei
niinoa?aaeaiiyi ? aeaieie aaoiin?e.

I?iaaaeaii 230 ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ? iaoieiai-aiaoii?/ieo
c?noaaeaiue. I?e/eie nia?o? — oaae. 6.

Oaaeeoey 6.

I?e/eie nia?o? ae?oae ca aeaieie iaoieiai-aiaoii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

A?e (Ae?a) Ee?i?/iee ae?aaiic Aeniiaie I?I I?e/eia nia?o? Anueiai

3-7 A*E, A?O, IIE III nooiaiy A*E Ianeaiee A*E 144 — 62,6

8-15 A*E, IIE II -III nooiaiy I?AE 3-4 nooiaiy I?AE 3-4 nooiaiy 22- 9,6

15-30 A?O I?AE ? A?O I?AE ? IAE 34-14.8

>30 Nainen, A*E ? A?O, IIE II-III, N?Ae Aaio?eeoe?o, a?ae?ioeaoae?y,
ii?ia Nainen, aioeaoaeii??e?o, ?io? caoai?thaaiiy 30-13,0

?acii: 230 -100,0

Nei?i/aiiy: I?I — iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy; A*E —
aioo??oiuei/a?aiiee e?iaiaeeea; A?O — a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy
aieiaiiai iiceo; IIE — ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao; N?Ae — neiae?ii
?iceaaeo aeeoaiiy; I?AE — ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?iee e?iaiaeeea.

O 87% ae?oae i?e/eiith nia?o? noaee aioo??oiuei/a?aii? e?iaiaeeeae oa
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy iiceo, ?io? caoai?thaaiiy — o 13,0%
ae?oae. ?noeiii-iiceoeaia ?aae?ieia?/ia aeeaaiinoeea iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue eiinoaoiaaia o 85,7% iaiiaeyo; ?noeiii-iaaaoeaia -o ?3, 0%;
inaaaei-iiceoeaia o 0,9%; inaaaei-iaaaoeaia — o 0,4%.

Iniaeeaino? ?aae?ieia?/ii? aiaoii?? aieiaiiai iiceo
o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo

I?iiaiaaa aiaoii?y oa ii?oiiao??y aea/aia ia eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 535
ae?oae ??ciiai a?eo, o yeeo oea?aa?aeueii? iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii:
257 — 48,0% ae?oae ianoaaeai? ca aeiiiiiaith INA; 233 — 43,6% ae?oae ca
aeiiiiiaith EO ? 45 — 8,4% ae?oae — ca aeiiiiiaith I?O.

O ?acoeueoao? aaaaoi??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui
iae?iniiia?ao?th iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o iaiiaeyo ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ca
noaiaea?oeciaaiith iaie noaiith c io?eiaiiyi 6 neai?a o o?iioaeuei?e,
ia?ao?iioaeuei?e (ei?iia?i?e) ieiueiao, 7 neai?a o naa?oaeuei?e,
ia?anaa?oaeuei?e ? 3 — a ai?eciioaeuei?e (aen?aeuei?e) ieiueiao (?en.
1).

?en. 1. Noaia neai?a o o?iioaeuei?e — ei?iia?i?e ? ia?ao?iioaeuei?e (?),
naa?oaeuei?e ? ia?anaa?oaeuei?e (??) ? ai?eciioaeuei?e — aen?aeuei?e
(???) ieiueiao /a?ac: A — eiaia? /anoee iiceo; A — ia?aaei? ?iae a?/ieo
oeoii/e?a; A — i?aeoeoii/eiaee ioa?? ? ??? oeoii/ie; A — o?ei a?/iiai
oeoii/ea; Ae — o?eeooieee a?/ieo oeoii/e?a; ? — iioeee/i? /anoee iiceo;
AE — na?aaeeii? no?oeoo?e iiceo; C — eaoaeaeueii-oaeai?/io ai?icio; ? —
a?/iee oeoii/ie; E — ino??aoeaao /anoeo iiceo; E — i?aeee iiceo; I — ???
oeoii/ie ? oaeaione; I — o?ea a?/ieo oeoii/e?a.

Noaiaea?oeciaaia iaie iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy EO — ? I?O -aeine?aeaeaiue
aieiae iaiiaeyo iieyaa? a ianooiiiio. Aeey iioeiaeueiiai ?aae?ieia?/iiai
EO- ianoaaeaiiy iaiao?aeii io?eiaiiy 9-oe oiieeo c??c?a o aen?aeuei?e
ieiuei? c ?aeiino?oeoe??th EO-cia?aaeaiiy a ?ioeo ieiueiao ?
i?iaaaeaiiyi aeaineoiiao??? iiceiaeo no?oeoo?. Eiio?ieueio EO ae?oyi
aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe aeei?enoiaoth/e ?aeaioe/i? c??ce a?aeiia?aeii aei
?ai?oa aeyaeaieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i. I?O iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ca
iaae?ao?e/ieie (iaiiaoieia?/ieie) i?ioieieaie, i?eiaeii? o 2-o ieiueiao
c iaia’yceiaei io?eiaiiyi SE O1- ? O2- caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiue.
Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei aoei aeeiiaiiy ?R ? GRE I?- ?iioeuenieo
iine?aeiaiinoae, iniaeeai o ?ac? i?aeic?e iaa?yeo iiceo /e aeey
aeyaeaiiy iaoaaieeo?a aaiiaeia?io.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee noaiaea?oecoaaoe iaoiaeeeo
oeueo?acaoeiai? ii?oiiao??? (?en.2) ? ooi/ieoe ?ici??e no?oeoo? iiceo.

a a

?en. 2. Noaie iae?iniiiii?oiiao???. Aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno oeoii/ea ?
aei??thaaiiy aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? iiceo a ei?iia?i?e (A) ?
ia?anaa?oaeuei?e (A) ieiueiao. A — a?aenoaiue a?ae iicaeiaaeiuei?
ai?icie aei iaea?eueo a?aeaeaeaii? oi/ee ia?aaeiueiai ?iao a?/iiai
oeoii/ea; A — a?aenoaiue a?ae iicaeiaaeiuei? ai?icie aei aioo??oiuei?
iiaa?oi? e?noee /a?aia. 1. Iaea?eueoee ai?eciioaeueiee ?ici?? (oe?eia)
a?/ieo oeoii/e?a; 2. Ia?anaa?oaeueiee (einee) ?ici?? ia?aaeiueiai ?iao
a?/iiai oeoii/ea; 3. Oe?eia ii?iaeieie Aa?aa; 4. Oe?eia ??? oeoii/ea. 5,
6, 7. A?aenoaiue (oiaueia) ia?aio?ie iiceo; 8. Ia?anaa?oaeueiee ?ici??
o?ea a?/iiai oeoii/ea ia ??ai? na?aaeeie ca??’y. 9. Ia?anaa?oaeueiee
?ici?? caaeiueiai ?iao a?/iiai oeoii/ea.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy e?i?eieo ?ici???a iiceiaeo no?oeoo? oa ?iaeaeno
oeoii/e?a o iaiiaeyo eiio?ieueii? a?oie a ii?i? ca aeaieie
iae?iniiia?ao?? i?aenoiiaai? a oaae. 7, 8.

Oaaeeoey 7.

E?i?ei? ?ici??e no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ??ciiai
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo — I ± m — ii (iaae? eieeaaiue — ii)

Aanoaoe?e-

iee a?e

(oeaei?a)

n Ia?ao?iioaeue-iee (einee) ?ici?? eiaiaiai ?iao Ia?anaa?oaeue-iee
?ici??

o?ea a?/iiai oeoii/ea Oe?eia

III

oeoii/ea Oe?eia ii?iaeieie i?ici?i? ia?aai?iaeee

<28 12 3,1 ±0,5 7,5 ± 0,5 3,8 ± 0,2 7,5 ± 2,4 (2-4) (7-8) (3-4) (6 -10) 29-31 44 2,2 ± 0,2 7,2 ± 0,2 3,5 ± 0,3 7,2 ± 1,2 (2-3) (6-7) (3-4) (5 -10) 32-34 62 2,1 ±0,l 6,5 ± 0,5 2,9 ± 0,3 5,9 ± 1,3 (2-3) (6-7) (2-3) (5-8) 35 -37 57 1,5 ± 0,1 6,4 ± 0,3 2,6 ± 0,8 4,2 ± 0,8 (1-3) (6-7) (1 -2) (3-6) 38-42 82 1,8 ± 0,2 6,2 ± 0,3 2,0 ± 0,3 l,7±0,3 (1-2) (5-7) (1-2) (1-2) Oaaeeoey 8. Caeaaei?noue ?iaeaeno oeoii/ea a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo (ca aeaieie iae?iniiia?ao??) - I ± m% Aanoaoe?eiee a?e (oeaei?a) / ?iaeaen oeoii/ea <28 29-31 32-34 35-37 38-42 30,0 ± 3,0 29,5 ± 3,1 29,1 ± 3,0 28,9 ± 2,7 28,5 ± 2,5 I?iaaaeai? INA-aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue cai?ioio i?iii?oe?eio caeaaei?noue ?iaeaeno oeoii/ea a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo. Anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??ia ciaioaiiy ?iaeaeno a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo caeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo (? < 0,02), ui a?aeiia?aea? aeaiei e?oa?aoo?e (Ia/eineay I.A., 1988; O?onoaeaaa I.I., 1989). Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo EO-aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaiaoeciaai? iniaeeaino? cia?aaeaiiy iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o iaiiaeyo o ii?i? uiaei 9 noaiaea?oeciaaieo EO - neai?a a aen?aeuei?e ieiuei? a?aeiia?aeii aei o?ueio oiiaieo ??ai?a. Ieaei?e ??aaiue iaaea? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noai ooai??a iniiae aaeeeiai iiceo, oeenoa?i iiceo, iici/ea; c??ce na?aaeiueiai ??aiy aaaeeea? aeey aea/aiiy nenoaie oeoii/e?a iiceo ? aacaeueieo yaea?; ia c??cao aa?oiueiai ??aiy aeia?a aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a?ea ? n??a ?a/iaeie ia?aio?ie iiceo, iicaeiaaeiy u?eeia aaeeeiai iiceo, ai?icie ? caeaeie eiiaaeneoaeueii? eiai iiaa?oi?. Iieiaeaiiy, oi?ia e ?ici??e iiceiaeo no?oeoo? ia EO - cia?aaeaiiyo o iaiiaeyo a ii?i? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny neiao?e/i?noth. Aeia?a i?inoaaeo?oueny iaaea i?ae n??ith e a?eith ?a/iaeiaie aaeeeiai iiceo. ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy aeaineoiiao?e/ieo aaee/ei o ae?oae o a?eiaiio aniaeo? a ii?i? i?aenoiiaai? a oaae. 9. Oaaeeoey 9. Aeaineoiiao?e/i? aaee/eie no?oeoo? aieiae o ae?oae - M ± m (iae. I) No?oeoo?e aieiae Iiaiia?iaeaeai? ? iaiiaeyoa 1-2 ?iee >2 — 5 ?ie?a

Iaaeiiioai? Aeiiioai?

1 a?oia 2 a?oia 3 a?oia 4 a?oia

I?aeoe? iiceo: — a?ea ?a/iaeia — n??a ?a/iaeia 16,8 ± 0,3 28,8 ± 0,2
25,9 ± 0,5

33,0 ± 0,3 26,0 ± 0,5

32,9 ± 0,2 28,9 ± 0,7 35,8 ± 0,4

Iici/ie:

— a?ea ?a/iaeia — n??a ?a/iaeia 22,6 ± 0,4 29,0 ± 0,5 29,6 ± 0,1

36,2 ± 0,4 29,5 ± 0,3

36,1 ±0,2 31,0 ±0,2 38,3 ± 0,5

E?noee /a?aia 93,9 ± 6,3 97,5 ± 2,1 328 ± 11,3 637±321

Nieiiiiiceiaa ??aeeia: 0 0 0 0

Noaoenoe/i? iieacieee ? 1-2 < 0,02; ? 2-3 > 0,05; ? 3-4 < 0,05 Ia i?aenoaa? I?O-aeine?aeaeaiue eiio?ieueii? a?oie ae?oae anoaiiaeaii, ui o iaiiaeyo on? no?oeoo?e ii?iaeieie /a?aia noai?ththoue aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia cia?aaeaiiy ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eiaeie iniaeeainoyie iacaaa?oaii? i??e?i?caoe??. I?O-aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee i?inoaaeeoe e ooi/ieoe oa?i?ie i??e?i?c?oe?? no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo iaiiaeyo o a?eiaiio aniaeo? o ii?i? oa aecia/eoe a?aeiia?aei? ?e iniaeeaino? O1- ? O2- caaaeaieo I? -cia?aaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui aeey aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e iiceo o ae?oae i?ioyaii ia?oeo 6 i?nyoe?a ?ioi?iaoeaiei ? O2-caaaeaia I?-cia?aaeaiiy. Aiii noiaea ia O1-caaaeaia cia?aaeaiiy iiceo aei?ineeo ethaeae, ui aea? aenieee neaiae a?ae a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo (oaae. 10). I?ney 6-8 i?nyoe?a ??cieoey i?ae a?eith oa n??ith ?a/iaeiith iiceo noa? iaioith, ine?eueee aenieee neaiae a?ae a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo ia O2-cia?aaeaii? i?ia?aneaii ciaioo?oueny, ui ? I?-iciaeith ii?iaeueiiai i?ioeano i??e?i?caoe??. Oaaeeoey 10 I?ii?aei? aoaie i??e?i?caoe?? iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o ii?i? Aeyaeaia i??e?i?caoe?y (i?nyoe?) Aiaoii?/ia ae?eyiea iiceo Ia?o? 6 i?nyoe?a I?ney 6-oe i?nyoe?a O?- caaaeaia O2-caaaeaia I? -cia?aaeaiiy I? -cia?aaeaiiy A?ea ?a/iaeia iici/ea 3 - Aaeie iicieenoiai o?ea 4 6 Eie?ii iicieenoiai o?ea 6 8 Ia?aaeiy i?aeea aioo??oiuei? eainoee - 11 A?ea ?a/iaeia eiaiai? /anoee - 14 An? no?oeoo?e iiceo - 18-20 Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy i?iiaiaai? aiaoii?? ooi/iai? iniaeeaino? cia?aaeaiiy iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o ae?oae a ii?i? caeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo ? c?noaaeaii? c i?iyaaie iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. O aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo a ii?i? ia?aaei? ?iae a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo o o?iioaeuei?e ? aen?aeuei?e ieiueiao u?eeiiiiae?ai? c iacia/ieie caie?oaeaiiyie ciai?oi?o eoo?a. Iacaeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo ieaei? eiioo?e ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a o ii?i? iathoue e?ai?aeueio aeioee?noue, yeo noai?ththoue aieiaee oainoaoeo yaea?. Caaei? ?iae a?/ieo oeoii/e?a o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae a aen?aeuei?e ieiuei? iiaa?iai? iaae?aeueii, /anoi aneiao?e/i? ca aeiaaeeiith ia 3 - 5 ii ? (aai) ia 2 - 3 ii ca oe?eiith (68,9%). O?eueee o 9,5% aeiiioaieo ae?oae aeyaeaia iacia/ia aneiao??y oeeo no?oeoo? (o iaaeao 1 - 2 ii). Ii?iaeieia i?ici?i? ia?aai?iaeee aeyaeaia o an?o iaaeiiioaieo ? o 91,5% aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo. Oe?eia ?? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae a?eueoa, i?ae o aeiiioaieo, a?aeiia?aeii 6,3 ( 1,5 oa 2,0 ( 0,3 ii. O 56% iaaeiiioaieo oa o 22,3% aeiiioaieo ae?oae i?ae aaeeii iicieenoiai o?ea iaea i?noea ii?iaeieia Aa?aa. Ca aeaieie INA oey aia??iiaeueia ii?iaeieia o 60,2% ae?oae cieea? aei 2 i?nyoe?a, a o 85,3% - aei 1 ?ieo aeeooy. Aacia?a/iith ia?aaaaith I?O-aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaeeea?noue aea/aiiy an?o no?oeoo? iaa?oue u?eeiiiiae?aieo a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo, a oaeiae i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o. I?aeiaaooeiiee i?ino?? ia ??ai? eiiaaeneoaeueieo iiaa?oiiue i?aeoeue aaeeeiai iiceo o iaiiaeyo a ii?i? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neiao?e/i?noth ? ia O2-caaaeaiiio I?-cia?aaeaii? a aen?aeuei?e ieiuei? ia? aeaeyae oiiei? oaeeynoi? nioaeee I?-neaiaeo aeniei? ?ioaineaiino?. O iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae oi?ia a?/ii? yiee iaaaaeo? i?yiieooiee /e eaaae?ao, noi?iie yeiai noai?ththoue eiaiaa, ino??aoeaaa, ne?iiaaa /anoee iiceo e ne?iiaaa e?noea. C iaoith c?noaaeaiiy aeaieo iae?i?aae?iii?oiiao???, i?iaaaeaii aecia/aiiy e?i?eieo ? a?aeiinieo aaee/ei a?/ieo oeoii/e?a, iicaiiceiaiai i?inoi?o o iaiiaeyo o ii?i? ca aeiiiiiaith EO ? I?O. Aecia/aiiy ?ici???a iiceiaeo no?oeoo? ia I? -cia?aaeaiiyo i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith McArdle C.B., Richardson C.J., Nicholas D.A. (1987). I?aeiaaooeiiee i?ino?? aei??thaaee ia O2-caaaeaieo I? -cia?aaeaiiyo, ine?eueee ia O1-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo a?i ?ci?ioaineaiee c e?noeaie /a?aia. Oe?eio ia?aaeiuei? e caaeiuei? ae?eyiie eiiaaeneoaeueiiai i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o aei??thaaee ia ??ai? iai?aiaaeueieo oeaio??a, o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a ? oaeaiona. Ie??i oiai, o c?noaaeaii? aiae?coaaee oe?eio i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o nia?aaeo a?ae eiaiaeo /anoie iiceo, a oaeiae i?ae ei?ith ino??aoey ? aioo??oiueith iiaa?oiath ne?iiaai? e?noee, aeey aea/aiiy a?eiai? aaiethoe?? a?/ii? yiee. Caaaeueio oe?eio ia?aaei?o ?ia?a ? o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a aei??thaaee ia O2-caaaeaieo I? -cia?aaeaiiyo a aen?aeuei?e ieiuei?. Ia oeo aea ??aiyo aei??thaaee oe?eio i?aeoeue iiceo ? aecia/aee ?iaeaen oeoii/ea. O ca’yceo c aa??aaaeuei?noth e aneiao???th caaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo a ii?i?, ie aaaaeaee iaaeioe?eueiei aecia/aoe ?iaeaen ia ?oiueiio ??ai?. O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo noaoenoe/ii? aeinoia??iino? ci?ie ?iaeaen?a o ii?i? o a?eiaiio aniaeo?, aecia/aieo ca aeiiiiiaith EO ia ??ai? ia?aaei?o ?ia?a ? o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a ia aeyaeaii: p ?-?? > 0,05 (oaae.
11).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie I?O -aeine?aeaeaiue eiio?ieueii? a?oie ae?oae ie
aaaaea?ii iiaeeeaei noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o ii?i? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae
oe?eia ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a noaiiaeoue 13 — 14 ii (13,5 (
0,5 ii), ?iaeaen ia?aaei?o ?ia?a — 28,7% — 30,9% (29,8 (1,1 %); oe?eia
na?aaeeie o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a noaiiaeoue 15,3 ( 0,4 ii, ?iaeaen
oeoii/e?a neeaaea? 29,9 ( 1,2%.O aeiiioaieo ae?oae a ii?i?: oe?eia
ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a neeaaea? 17,3 ( 0,8 ii, ?iaeaen
ia?aaei?o ?ia?a — 26,5 ( 1,4%; oe?eia na?aaeeie o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a —
noaiiaeoue 24,4 ( 0,5 ii, ?iaeaen oeoii/e?a — 26,4 ( 1,5% (oaae. 12).
Iayai?noue ii?iaeieie i?ici?i? ia?aai?iaeee ia aieeaa? ia a?aeiini?
iieacieee ?ici???a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo.

Oaaeeoey 11

?iaeaene ia?aaei?o ?ia?a ? o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo o ae?oae o ii?i?
ca aeaieie eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??

A?e n ? — ?iaeaen ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a I ± m % ?? — ?iaeaen
o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a I ± m %

< 1 ?ieo * 17 29,1 ±2,4 28,8 ± 2,6 < 1 ?ieo ** 48 26,7 ± 1,5 26,4 ± 1,4 1 - 2 ?iee 35 26,3 ± 1,9 26,4 ± 1,7 2 - 5 ?ie?a 133 24,9 ± 2,6 26,0 ± 2,1 p 1-11 > 0,05

I?ei?oea: * — iaaeiiioai? iaiiaeyoa; ** — aeiiioai? iaiiaeyoa.

Oaaeeoey 12.

?iaeaene ia?aaei?o ?ia?a ? o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo o ae?oae

o ii?i? ca aeaieie I?O

Iaiiaeyoa n ? — ?iaeaen ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a I ± m % ?? —
?iaeaen o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a M ± m %

Iaaeiiioai? Aeiiioai? 24

21 29,8 ± 1,1

26,5 ± 1,4 29,9 ± 1,2

26,4 ± 1,5

Ca aeaieie I?O-aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae
oe?eia a?/ii? yiee a?ae aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oi? e?noee /a?aia aei
ino??aoey aa??th? a?ae 6 aei 10 ii. Oea ? iciaeith iaaei?icaeiaieo
eiaiai? e ne?iiaai? /anoie iiceo. O aeiiioaieo ae?oae oe?eia a?/ii? yiee
neeaaea? 2 — 3 ii, a a?/ia u?eeia Y-iiae?aia. Ioaea, a?/ia yiea
iioiaaiaoe/ii aaeeea, aea aei 42 oeaei?a aanoaoe?? aiia iinooiiai
ciaioo?oueny a i??o ?inoo ne?iiaaeo ? o?i’yieo /anoie iiceo. Oe?eia
eiiaaeneoaeueiiai i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o e iicaeiaaeiuei? u?eeie a
ii?i? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae aa??th? o iaaeao 3 — 4 ii, a o aeiiioaieo —
1 — 2 ii. Aea, iacaeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo ae?oae aiia ia
ia?aaeuo? 4 ii.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiiaaeneoaeueiee i?aeiaaooeiiee i?ino?? oe?eiith aei 3
ii a ii?i? o ae?oae ia INA- ? EO — neaiao ia a?aeia?aaea?oueny, i?ioa
?icoe?aiee aei 5 — 6 ii — aeyaey?oueny aeia?a.

Aaaeeeai i?aee?aneeoe, ui o an?o iaaeiiioaieo ? o 49,9% aeiiioaieo
iaiiaeyo o ii?i? ia? i?noea ?icoe?aiiy i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o i?ae
eiaiaeie /anoeaie iiceo ? eiaiaith e?noeith aei 5 — 6 ii. ?icoe?aiiy
oe??? ae?eyiee i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o iia’ycaii c ai?eciioaeueiei
iieiaeaiiyi aeeoeie, yea eaaeeoue ia niei?, aeieea? caaaeaee ? ia ia?
ee?i?/iiai cia/aiiy.

Oe?eia ??? oeoii/ea iacaeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo o ii?i?
ia ia?aaeuo? 4 ii (2,9 ( 1,2 ii).

Ioaea, a?aeiini? aaee/eie a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo iacaeaaeii a?ae
?aae?ieia?/iiai iaoiaeo e ??aiy aecia/aiiy ? iaeiaeiai iaae?eieie
ia’?eoeaieie e?eoa??yie. O ii?i? iacaeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo
iaiiaeyo ?iaeaen oeoii/e?a ia ia?aaeuo? 32 %. Aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno
oeoii/e?a aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe noai a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo ca aeiiiiiaith
on?o ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aaaeeeai aeey
aeeiai?/iiai c?noaaeaiiy aeaieo.

Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? I?O-aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei ?ici???a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a
iiceo ? i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o ia ni?aiaaeathoue c aeaieie EO —
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui iaaaaeai? o iiiia?ao?? Ei?ieaiei A.I., Ica?iaa A.E.
(1993). Oea, iiaeeeai, iia’ycaii c iaioith ?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth EO.

I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ?
?oi?o iane?aee?a

Aaii?aa?/i? o?aaeaiiy

A no?oeoo?? ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ia?aaaaeaee
e?iaiaeeeae (80,2%), iniaeeai o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo — 85,8% (oaae.
13). Iicaiiceia? e?iaiaeeeae iaee i?noea o 5,1% ae?oae. Eaoaeiaaiaoiia
ae?aaiinoiaaia o 11 c 58 (19%) aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo aiane?aeie
a?aeoa?oaaiiy ie?noy ciai?oiuei? iiaa?oi? /a?aia i?ney aaaeei? iieiaiai?
o?aaie.

Oaaeeoey 13.

?iciiae?e iaiiaeyo caeaaeii a?ae oeio aaii?aa?/iiai o?aaeaiiy ?
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo

Oeie e?iaiaeeea?a Iaaeiiioai? n-% Aeiiioai? n-% Anueiai n-%

Iicaiiceia? e?iaiaeeeae: EA, AAeE, NAeE, NAE 7-0,6 51-4,5 58-5,1

I?AE: 1 nooiaiy

2 nooiaiy

3 nooiaiy

4 nooiaiy 577-50,8

134-11,9

213-18,7

4-0,4 34-3,0

22-2,0

16-1,4

9-0,8 611-53,8

156-13,9

229-20,1

13-1,2

E?iaiaeeeae, ii?aeiai? c A?O iiceo 39-3,4 29-2,5 68-5,9

?acii: 974 — 85,8 161 -14,2 1135-100,0

Nei?i/aiiy: EA — eaoaeiaaiaoiia; AAeE — ai?aeo?aeueiee e?iaiaeeea; NAeE-
noaaeo?aeueiee e?iaiaeeea; NAE — noaa?aoii?aeaeueiee e?iaiaeeea. I?AE
-ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?iee e?iaiaeeea; A?O — a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia
o?aaeaiiy.

Oeueo?acaoeiaa ae?aaiinoeea eaoaeiaaiaoiie ia aeeeeea? oo?oaeiaiue
iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio aeei?enoaiiai OC -ia?aoai?thaa/a, ine?eueee
iieiaiaa iooeeia neoaeeoue nai???aeiith ?ia?n?eiith i?ieeaaeeith.
Na?iiiiae?aia no??/ea aiaoiaaiii? eaoaeiaaiaoiie aeyaey?oueny ieae/a
aiiiaaiii? na?aaeiuei? aoiaaiiino? o?i? iieiaiai? iooeeie i?ae ie?noyi ?
e?noeith /a?aia. Aeae? a?ae ia? niinoa??aathoueny iiiaeeii? aeniei?
aoiaaiiino? ?aaa?aa?aoe??. O ?ac? iaaii?iiy eaoaeiaaiaoiie ie?noy noa?
ia??aiii??ii noiauaiei, a ai?eia ??aeeie noai?th? aaoa?iaaiio oaeeynoo
no??/eo. Eaoaeiaaiaoiia iaiaaeo?oueny aeaiia oaaie /a?aia ? ia
ia?aoiaeeoue ia non?aeith e?noeo. Ia a?aei?io a?ae eaoaeiaaiaoiie,
e?iaiaeeea i?ae aiiiaa?ic ia iaiaaeo?oueny iiaa?oiath iaei??? e?noee, a
?iaeiaa iooeeia ia ca?eueoo?oueny a ia?o? aei? aeeooy.

Iicaiiceia? e?iaiaeeeae aeyaeai? ia?aaaaeii o aeiiioaieo ae?oae (51 c 56
— 87,9%). Ia INA-neaiao ai?aeo?aeueiee e?iaiaeeea ae?aaiinooaaee ca
iciaeith iaiaaeoaaiiy nioaeee aiaoiaaiii? e?ia? iiaa?oiath iaei???
e?noee i?ae oaaie /a?aia.

Ianeai? noaaeo?aeuei? ? noaa?aoii?aeaeuei? e?iaiaeeeae oaeiae oiaaiaii
ae?aaiinooaaee ia INA-neaiao aac ooi/iaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith EO /e I?O.
Oa?aeoa?ieie INA-iciaeaie noaaeo?aeueiiai, noaa?aoii?aeaeueiiai
e?iaiaeeea?a ? iaeiie/aiiy ??aeei? (aiaoiaaiii?) /e cai?iooi? e?ia?
(o?iiae aeniei? aoiaaiiino?) o ?icoe?ai?e iicaeiaaei?e, a?/i?e u?eeiao
aaeeeiai iiceo, eieia?e ai?ici? ino??aoey e a?aeiaaeoaaiiy ia?aio?ie
aieiaiiai iiceo a?ae e?noie /a?aia. Noaaeo?aeueiee e?iaiaeeea o caaeith
/a?aiio yieo i?ney iaae?eao iaiaoo aai iaaei??iiai ci?uaiiy iioeee/ieo
e?noie, noai?th? aiaoiaaiio nioaeeo i?ae iaiaoii iici/ea /e i?ae iaiaoii
? i?aeoeyie iici/ea. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee oeeo e?iaiaeeea?a aaaeeeaei ? OC
-neaioaaiiy /a?ac ne?iiaao e?noeo a aen?aeuei?e ieiuei?. I?aeic?a
iayaiino? noaa?aoii?aeaeueiiai e?iaiaeeeao ? iieacaiiyi aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
eiio?ieueieo ianoaaeaiue ae?oae c iaoith nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee
ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?iiai e?iaiaeeeao.

Aeey aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy noaaeo?aeueiiai, noaa?aoii?aeaeueiiai
e?iaiaeeea?a iacia/ieo ?ici???a a?ae iciae iaaeic??eiai aieiaiiai iiceo
oi/i?noue INA iecueea (23,4%). O iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo i?aeiaaooeiiee
i?ino?? ? a ii?i? aeineoue oe?ieee, oiio ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe iayai?noue
??aeei? e?ia? iaiiaeeeai, a caonoie e?ia? noai?th? cia?aaeaiiy
?ciaoiaaiia c e?noeaie /a?aia. O oeeo aeiaaeeao aaaeeeai canoinoaaiiy EO
/e I?O.

Canoinoaaiiy EO ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aeyaeaiiy noaaeo?aeueieo ?
noaa?aoii?aeaeueieo e?iaiaeeea?a o aeiaaeeao iayaiino? caonoe?a e?ia?
(3,9% niinoa?aaeaiue). EO-iciaeaie iicaiiceiaeo e?iaiaeeea?a ?
a?ia?aeaineai? ciie oa?aeoa?ii? oi?ie e eieae?caoe??, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue eiao?oe??ioo aani?aoe?? caonoe?a e?ia?: ai?- ,
noaaeo?aeueii, a aacaeueieo oeenoa?iao, a?/ieo ? iicaeiaaei?e u?eeiao,
ocaeiaae i?yii? iacooe. E?iciiiae?aia iaeiie/aiiy e?ia?, iaiaaeaia oaaie
/a?aia — EO-iciaea ai?aeo?aeueiiai e?iaiaeeeao. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui na?i
iiceo o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae iiaea ?i?ooaaoe noaa?aoii?aeaeueiee
e?iaiaeeea.

Oa?aeoa?i? I?-aoaeoe ?ioaineaiino? neaiae?a ia ??cieo noaae?yo
aaiethoe?? e?iaiaeeeao caeaaeaoue a?ae aeii?ioth/iai eiiiiiaioo
iaoaaieeo?a aaiiaeia?io (oaae. 14).

Oaaeeoey 14.

Iniaeeaino? I? — cia?aaeaiue e?iaiaeeea?a

Noaae?y e?iaiaeeeao Aeii?iaioiee eiiiiiaio O? -neaiae O2 -neaiae

E?iaioa/a

(<1 aeiae) A?eueia aiaea Ieneaaiiaeia?i Iecueeee Iecueeee Aenieee Aenieee Aino?a (1 - 6 ae?a) Aeaieneaaiiaeia?i Iecueeee Iecueeee O?ii?/ia (> 7 ae?a) Iaoaaiiaeia?i:

-aioo??oiueiee?oeiiee,

-iicaee?oeiiee

Aenieee Aenieee

Iecueeee Aenieee

Caeeoeia? yaeua Aaiineaea?ei Iecueeee Iecueeee

Aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iith I?O-iciaeith ai?aeo?aeueiiai
e?iaiaeeeao a?ae noaaeo?aeueiiai ? iecueeee neaiae oaa?aei? iiceiai?
iaieiiee i?ae aaiaoiiith e iiceii.

Iae/ano?oa (611 c 1135 — 53,8%) aeyaeai? noaaiaiaeeiaeuei? e?iaiaeeeae c
aa?i?iaeueiiai iao?eeno ia?aaaaeii o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (50,8%).
Iae?iniiia?ao?y aoea aeeeth/ii ?aeeiei ?aae?ieia?/iei iaoiaeii
ianoaaeaiiy iiceo o ae?oae ?O nooiaiy iaaeiiioaiino?. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe,
ui aeey ae?aaiinoeee noaaiaiaeeiaeueiiai e?iaiaeeeao ? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
eiai aaiethoe??th aeei?enoaiiy EO ? I?O iaaeioe?eueii, ine?eueee INA
iaaea? ae/a?io ?ioi?iaoe?th.

Ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?i? e?iaiaeeeae (I?AE) eaaei aeyaeyee ia INA-neaiao
o aeiaaeeao ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caonoe?a e?ia?. I?AE 2, 3 ? 4 nooiai?a
ae?aaiinoiaai? a?aeiia?aeii o 31% iaaeiiioaieo ? 4,2% aeiiioaieo
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae. O aeiaaeeao iaaaeeei? aneiao??? noaeeiieo
nieao?iue a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo (o iaaeao 1 — 2 ii) aeieeaee o?oaeiiu?
ae?aaiinoeee aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao — I?AE 2 nooiaiy (11,
9% iaaeiiioaieo ? 2% aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo). I?ioa, caa?oaei ia naaa oaaao
noiauaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoiaaiiino? aiaiaeeie a?/ieo oeoii/e?a.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe, ui
iioiauaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoiaaiiino? aiaiaeeie aeieea? o ae?oae c I?AE 2
? 3 nooiaiy (34% niinoa?aaeaiue), ye ?acoeueoao i?aeaino?iai
aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao. Oea iaoiiaeaii a?aeeeaaeaiiyie
iaoaaieeo?a aaiiaeia?io a aiaiaeeiaeuei?e, noaaiaiaeeiaeuei?e ciiao, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith I?O. I?enooi?noue oa?aeoa?ii? iaeyi?aee
eiioo?o aiaiaeeie a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ?aiiuei?
(ca aeiiiiiaith INA) ? iaa?oue ?ao?iniaeoeaii? (I?O-iciaee
aaiineaea?eio) ae?aaiinoeee aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao,
i?eiaeii? i?ioyaii 2 i?nyoe?a i?ney cieeiaiiy ?ioeo iciae e?iaiaeeeao.

C aeieeiaiiyi aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao ??aeea e?ia caiiaith?
a?/iee oeoii/ie iiceo, ci?oo?oueny c? nieiiiiiceiaith ??aeeiith, a iio?i
cn?aea?oueny ia noaeeiieo nieao?iiyo. Aaeee? caonoee e?ia? iiaeooue
“oaiiiioaaoe” a?/iee oeoii/ie. Caonoie e?ia? i?ney ?ao?aeoe?? ia EO-
cia?aaeaii? ia? aenieo u?euei?noue a?aeiinii a?iiaeaineaii?
nieiiiiiceiai? ??aeeie. A e?ioe? ia?oiai oeaeiy i?ney e?iaiaeeeao c
aaoie?cii caonoeo e?ia ciiao noa? ??aeeith — a?iiaeaineaiith.

Oiio canoinoaaiiy EO iaea?eueo aaaeeeaa o i?aeaino?o noaae?th
e?iaiaeeeao.

*a?ac 10 — 14 aei?a o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith INA ia i?noe? o?iia?a
aeyaeythoueny inaaaeie?noe, a i?ioyaii 3 — 4 oeaei?a INA-iciaee o?iia?a
cieeathoue. O an?o aeiaaeeao e?iaiaeeea?a 3 nooiaiy niinoa??aa?oueny
INA-iciaea iioiauaiiy e i?aeaeuaiiy aoiaaiiino? aiaiaeeie.

I?AE 4 nooiaiy ca eeaneo?eaoe??th Papile L.A. (1978) i?aaenoaaey? niaith
iioe?aiiy aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao o ia?aio?io iiceo /a?ac
aeaoaeo aiaiaeeie oeoii/ea. I?ioa, o 0,4% iaaeiiioaieo ? 0,8% aeiiioaieo
iaiiaeyo ia ia?oiio oeaei? aeeooy ca aeiiiiiaith INA ie ae?aaiinooaaee
iaeiia?/i?, aneiao?e/i?, o?eeooii? /e noa?e/ii? oi?ie ooai?e aeniei?
aoiaaiiino? c? noeniaiiyi, a ia ?icoe?aiiyi noi?aeiiai a?/iiai oeoii/ea
iiceo. Aiie i?ecaiaeeee aei oi?ioaaiiy ii?aioeaoae?/ii? e?noe. Oe?
iciaee oa?aeoa?i? aeey ia?eaaio?eeoey?iiai aaiiciiai ?ioa?eoo c iae?icii
a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo (Boyer R.S., 1994). Aeieeiaiiy ii?aioeaoae?/ii?
e?noe a?aeaoaaeinue i?ioyaii 2 — 3 oeaei?a i?ney ?ioa?eoo, aea o 2-o
ae?oae (0,17%) ii?aioeaoae?y aoea noi?iiaaia i?ioyaii iaeiiai oeaeiy.

I?O-ae?aaiinoeea I?AE oa ?ioa?eoo ia?aio?ie iiceo o iaiiaeyo aaco?oueny
ia oa?aeoa?ieo iciaeao aaiethoe?? aaiiaeia?io a?aeiia?aeii?
eieae?caoe??. I?AE aeyaeythoueny aiane?aeie a?eueo ei?ioeiai O2
aaiaoiie, i?ae O2 iiceo. C ?icaeoeii aaii?aa?/iiai ?ioa?eoo
niinoa??aathoueny oeaio?e a?eueo aeiaaeo O1 ? O2 ?c iiaeaeueoei
oi?ioaaiiyi ii?aioeaoae?/ii? e?noe. Ine?eueee ?ioa?eo o iaiiaeyo
i?iyaey?oueny ciiith iiaeiaaeaieo O1 ? O2, aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy eiai a?ae
iai??e?i?ciaaii? a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo oo?oaeithaaeinue, i?ioa
ii?aioeaoae?? aeyaeyee aeia?a. Ia I?- cia?aaeaii? ca ei?ioeei O2 (iciaea
aaiineaea?eio) a?eueoa, i?ae /a?ac 1 ??e niinoa??aaee iane?aeie
aaii?aa?/iiai ?ioa?eoo, a iane?aeie aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e
noaa?aoii?aeaeueiiai e?iaiaeeea?a — /a?ac 3 — 4 i?nyoe?. A iaeiiio
aeiaaeeo o?iaeaeaii? a?ae?ioeaoae?? ca aeiiiiiaith I?O ae?aaiinoiaai?
caeeoeia? yaeua aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai oaoaeueiiai e?iaiaeeeao.

Ii?aeiaiiy I?AE ?c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieie o?aaeaiiyie aieiaiiai iiceo
aeyaeaii o 68 — 5,9% ae?oae ??ciiai aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo (o 3,4%
iaaeiiioaieo ? o 2,5% aeiiioaieo ae?oae). I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea o oeeo
aeiaaeeao oo?oaeiaia ? iio?aao? eiio?ieueieo aeeiai?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Oneeaaeiaiiyi I?AE 3 nooiaiy ? aoi?eiia iinoaaii?aa?/ia
aai?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?y (100%), yea ?icaeaa?oueny i?ioyaii 1 — 3 oeaei?a. C
aeieeiaiiyi aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?? ia?aaei? ?iae a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ae?aaeaiei caie?oaeaiiyi ciai?oi?o eoo?a oa
cieeiaiiyi e?ai?aeueii? aeioeeino?. Ae?aooaaiiy ?iaeaeno oeoii/e?a o
ae?oae c iiceiainoaeeiieie o?aaeaiiyie aeicaieeei eiinoaooaaoe
ca?eueoaiiy eiai aaee/eie o 83,6%. O oeeo aeiaaeeao
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?? iaea i?noea iaa?aeiia?aei?noue a?aeiinieo aaee/ei
ia ??aiyo ia?aaei?o ?ia?a ? o?e (33, 1% ? 35,8%). ?iaeaen o?e a?/ieo
oeoii/e?a aeinoia??ii ia?aaeuoaaa ?iaeaen ia?aaei?o ?ia?a. Ie??i oiai,
iaei i?noea noiioaiiy ia?aio?ie iioeee/ieo /anoie iiceo aiane?aeie
ca?eueoaiiy ia?anaa?oaeueiiai ?ici??o caaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?y iioe?th?oueny a?ae caaei?o aei ia?aaei?o ?ia?a
a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo, a ia iaaiaee, ye noaa?aeaeo?oueny a e?oa?aoo??
(Aaoieei E.A., 1995; Ei?ieaiei A.I., Ica?iaa A.E., 1993; Ia/eineay I.A.,
1988). Iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a ?icaeoeo aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe??, ia iaoo
aeoieo, ? ?aoeaeoi?iee iaoai?ci ae?? a?ae?inoaoe/ii? neee aiane?aeie
ia?aaaaeiiai ai?eciioaeueiiai iieiaeaiiy aieiae iaiiaeyoe iioeeeoeath
aiec.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ?icoe?aiiy
iicaeiaaeiuei? u?eeie aaeeeiai iiceo ? eiiaaeneoaeueiiai i?aeiaaooeiiiai
i?inoi?o iiiaae 5 — 6 ii o iaiiaeyo aeieea? aiane?aeie e?iaiaeeeao, aai
iaeiie/aiiy nieiiiiiceiai? ??aeeie (ciai?oiy a?ae?ioeaoae?y) oa ao?io??
aieiaiiai iiceo.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno oeoii/e?a o iaiiaeyo c oneeaaeiaiiyie
ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o aeeiai?/iiio niinoa?aaeaii?
na?ae/aoue, ui ca?eueoaiiy ?iaeaeno a iaaeao a?ae 34% aei 39% ? iciaeith
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe??, a iiiaae 39% — i?iyaii aioo??oiuei?
a?ae?ioeaoae??. Ia INA-neaiao aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?? a?aeiia?aeathoue
iaai? aaee/eie ia?anaa?oaeueiiai ?ici??o o?ea a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo: 8
— 10 ii — 1 nooi?iue; 11 — 15 ii — 2 nooi?iue; iiiaae 15 ii — 3 nooi?iue
aeeeyoaoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea? a?ae?ioeaoae??.

Ia iniia? ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ? iaoieiai-ii?oieia?/ieo
c?noaaeaiue anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie ca?eueoaiiy
ia?anaa?oaeueiiai ?ici??o o?ea a?/iiai oeoii/ea (ia INA-neaiao), c
ia?eiaoaeueiei iiceiainoaeeiiei o?aaeaiiyi, ui aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe a?oio
?eceeo aeey eiio?ieueieo ?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e (Ia/eineay A.A., 1988), ie ia
niinoa??aaee ?icoe?aiiy ??? oeoii/ea iiceo o aeiaaeeao
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?? 1 ? 2 nooiaiy. Aiii iaei i?noea o ?ac?
a?ae?ioeaoae??. O?aoiaoth/e anoaiiaeaiee iaie oaeo, ui
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?y iioe?th?oueny a?ae caaei?o aei ia?aaei?o ?ia?a
oeoii/e?a, aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno ia ??ai? na?aaeeie o?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a
iiceo ? a?eueo iaae?eiei e?eoa???i ii/aoeiai? noaae?? ?icoe?aiiy a?/ieo
oeoii/e?a, i?ae ?iaeaen ia?aaei?o ?ia?a.

O 67,3% aeiaaee?a aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?y cieeea niiioaiii, o 32,7% aiia
i?ecaaea aei ia?nenooth/i? aaio?eeoeiiaaae??, yea iio?aaoaaea
i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aeiaeo ioieoe?e. O aeiaaeeao ?icaeoeo a?ae?ioeaoae??
(2,9% iaiiaeyo) aoea iaiao?aeiith aaio?eeoeinoii?y /e iaeeaaeaiiy
aaio?eeoei-ia?eoiiaaeueiiai ooioa.

Ca?aeii ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?oae ??ciiai aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iiaeeeai
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiaiaeei?o, yeee aeieea? iaa?oue o ?ac? iacia/ii?
e?eueeino? e?ia? a a?/ieo oeoii/eao iiceo ? iaoiaiiiii?/iith
INA-iciaeith aioo??oiueioeoii/eiaiai e?iaiaeeeao. Aeey oaeaeeiai
ianoaaeaiiy iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae o e?eoe/iiio noai? ? ae?aaiinoeee I?AE
iioeiaeueiei ? aeeiiaiiy EO ia 3 — 5 aeia? aeeooy aeeoeie, aea ca
iiaeeeaino? ?? ne?ae cai?ieoe ia I?O. O ?ac? i?aeic??iiy ia aaii?aa?/iee
?ioa?eo eiio?ieueio EO ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe o e?ioe? ia?oiai oeaeiy aeeooy.
EO iiaea aooe iieacaia aeey ooi/iaiiy ??aiy iano?oeoe?? nenoaie
oeoii/e?a ? iaiao?aeiino? ooiooaaiiy, iniaeeai o aeiaaeeao a?aenooiino?
iiaeeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy I?O-aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?O iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee
iaoiae aeyaeaiiy e ooi/iaiiy ianyao aioo??oiuei/a?aiieo e?iaiaeeea?a,
ine?eueee: aenieee I?-neaiae aaii?aa?? oo?eio?oueny a?ae 2 aei 11
oeaei?a, caaaeyee /iio iiaeia aeyaeoe iaa?oue aeoaea iae? e?iaiaeeeae;
ca iniaeeainoyie I? -neaiae?a iiaeeeai anoaiiaeoe oa?i?i aeieeiaiiy
e?iaiaeeeao. O?eueee I?O aeicaiey? ia?aeiii aeyaeoe o?ii?/io noaae?th
e?iaiaeeeao (a oiio /ene? e aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy) ca I?-
iciaeith aiaiaeeiaeueiiai a?aeeeaaeaiiy aaiineaea?eio.

A?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy

Iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy /anoioe, INA-iciae ? ia?aa?ao “ooieoe?iiaeueieo
a?iiene/ieo ii?ooaiue” (Eaoiieia N.I. e niaao., 1995), “o?c?ieia?/iiai
iaa?yeo” iiceo (Aaoieei E.A., 1995; oa ?io?) o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae
aeicaieeei iai aeyaeoe aaaeeea? aeiaeaoeia? aeai? uiaei
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy a?ae iaa?yeo iiceo ? eaeeiiaeyoe??.

O 89,2% iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae aeyaeai? ciie i?aeaeuaii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii?
aoiaaiiino? o aeaeyae? no??/ie ocaeiaae eaoa?aeueieo eoo?a ia?aaei?o,
ieaei?o ?ia?a ? o?eeooiee?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo — “o?c?ieia?/iee
iaa?ye”. O an?o aeiaaeeao aoiaaii?noue oeeo cii ia ia?aaeuoaaea
noaeeiieo nieao?iue a?/ieo oeoii/e?a. Caeaeie e ai?icie eiiaaeneoaeueii?
iiaa?oi? i?aeoeue aaeeeiai iiceo aeia?a i?inoaaeoaaeenue, ui iaaeaaaei
aiaaiaiino? a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? “o?c?ieia?/iiai iaa?yeo” a?ae
ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??. O 98,9% iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae ciie
i?aeaeuaii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? aoiaaiiino? aoee a?eueo-iaio aiiiaaiieie,
ciaiooaaeenue ? cieeee i?ioyaii 2 — 3 oeaei?a aeeooy. I?ioa o 1,1%
ae?oae ia ?? i?noe? aeieeee iaeaiuee? inaaaeie?noe. Oe? aeiaaeee ie
a?aeianee aei ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? eaaeiai nooiaiy. O an?o
aeiaaeeao iaeiia?/iiai aiaieuaaiai noaei?oeeaeueiiai i?aeaeuaiiy
aoiaaiiino? oi?ioaaeenue inaaaeie?noe, ui na?ae/eei i?i ia?aa?a
oieaeueiiai a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiue iiceo (7 c 1152 — 0,3%).
Ioaea, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y i?aeaeuaii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? aoiaaiiino? a?ae
iaa?yeo iiceo ? aeano?oeoeaii? oi?ie a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy
iiceo (eaeeiiaeyoe??) o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae neeaaeia e
iio?aao? o?eaaei? eiio?ieueii? aeieoiaioiaaii? iae?iniiia?ao??.

Eeaneo?eaoe?th aeano?oeoeaieo a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo
i?iaiaeeee ca Hill A., Volpe J.J. (1992). Ae?aaiinoiaai? ??ci? oeie
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo iaiiaeyo (oaae. 15).

Anoaiiaeaii ui, ae?aaiinoeea iaa?yeo iiceo (15,4%) iio?aao? na???
eiio?ieueieo aeieoiaioiaaieo iae?iniiia?ao?/ieo ianoaaeaiue. Aeey
aiaieuaaiai ? aeeoociiai iaa?yeo iiceo ia INA — neaiao oa?aeoa?ii
aaoa?iaaiia aai aeeoocia i?aeaeuaiiy aoiaaiiino? ia?aio?ie iiceo,
cieaeaiiy /e a?aenooi?noue aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? caeaei, ai?icai oa a?/ieo
oeoii/e?a iiceo, cieaeaiiy ioeuenaoe?? a?oa???. O ?ac? aaeaeaaoii?
oa?ai?? oe? ci?ie cieeathoue i?ioyaii 3 — 5 ae?a.

Aeieeiaiiy o cii? iaa?yeo iiceo iae?ioe/ieo ci?i (8 c 33 — 24,2% ae?oae)
noai?th? INA-ea?oeio “nyth/eo” ae?eyiie c ianooiiei oi?ioaaiiyi
inaaaeie?no — yaeua eaeeiiaeyoe??. Oiio iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo c
ia?eaaio?eeoey?iei iaa?yeii ne?ae a?aeianoe aei a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo
?icaeoeo eaeeiiaeyoe?? ? i?iaiaeeoe eiio?ieueio INA 2-3 ?ace ia
oeaeaeaiue. Iaa?ye iiceo iio?aao? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a?ae “o?c?ieia?/iiai
iaa?yeo” iiceo iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ? IAE, ui iiaeeeai cae?enieoe ca
oa?i?iii ?nioaaiiy eiai iciae.

Oaaeeoey 15.

?iciiae?e iaiiaeyo caeaaeii a?ae oeio a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy ?
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo.

Oeie Iaaeiiioai? Aeiiioai? Anueiai

a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue n — % n — % n — %

Iaa?ye iiceo 18-8,4 15-7,0 33-15,4

Ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y:

— eaaea nooi?iue 13-6,1 17-7,9 30 -14,0

— na?aaeiy nooi?iue 3? -14,5 — 31 -14,5

— aaaeea nooi?iue 15-7,0 — 15 — 7,0

?oai?/i? ?ioa?eoe e iae?ice:

— ia?anaa?oaeuei? — 15 — 7,0 15-7,0

— oieaeuei? 3-1,4 14-6,5 17-7,9

— aeeooci? — 10-4,7 10-4,7

O?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? ca??’y 14-6,5 49 — 23,0 63 — 29,5

?acii: 94 — 43,9 120-56,1 214-100,0

Ca aeiiiiiaith EO iaa?ye iiceo oaeiae aeia?a aeyaey?oueny o ia?o? 3-5
ae?a i?ney eiai aeieeiaiiy. Ia EO-neaiao n??a ?a/iaeia iiceo
a?iiaeaineaia (< 20 iae. I), ??cieoey i?ae a?eith ? n??ith ?a/iaeiaie iiceo cieea?, aea aacaeuei? yae?a oa iici/ie caa??aathoue ii?iaeueio u?euei?noue ? aeyaeythoueny ia a?iiaeaineaiiio oe? iaa?yeo iiceo - yaeua ?aaa?neaiiai EO-cia?aaeaiiy. Ia I?O-neaiao iaa?ye iiceo ia O1-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo noai?th? a?ii?ioaineai?, a ia O2-cia?aaeaiiyo - a?ia??ioaineai? I?-neaiaee aiane?aeie aaeeei? e?eueeino? iicaee?oeiii? a?eueii? aiaee. Nieiiiiiceiaa ??aeeia e inaaaeie?noe aeathoue I?-neaiaee, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue a?euei?e aiae?. Aaciaaiiee ? oeeoioiene/iee oeie iaa?yeo ca ?ioaineai?noth I?-neaiae?a ?ic??cieoe iaiiaeeeai. Aaaeeeai a?aei?oeoe, ui i?ia?anoaaiiy a?ae?ioeaoae?? iiaeeeai ae?aaiinooaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith I?O: ia O2- caaaeaiiio cia?aaeaii? aeyaeythoueny ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? ciie a?ia??ioaineaieo, a ia O1- a?ii?ioaineaieo neaiae?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iaa?yeo. Aeey ??ciiai nooiaiy iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae oeiiaei a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi iiceo aoea ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y - IAE (79 c 214 - 27,6%), ui iia’ycaii c iniaeeainoyie e?iaiia?ao aaeeeiai iiceo. Ca oa?i?iaie ?nioaaiiy i?aeaeuaii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? aoiaaiiino?, aeieeiaiiyi inaaaeie?no oa ?o iioe?ai?noth ie ?ic??ciyee 3 nooiaiy ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??. 1 nooi?iue (eaaea) - aace?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y a ciiao o?aiceoi?ii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? aoiaaiiino?, ui ?nioaaea iiiaae 15 ae?a (14%); 2 nooi?iue (na?aaeiy) - e?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y c eieae?ciaaieie iaeeie inaaaeie?noaie o eiaiai-o?i’yieo ae?eyieao iiceo (14,5%); 3 nooi?iue (aaaeea) - e?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y c aenoaineaiei o?aaeaiiyi a?ei? ?a/iaeie on?o /anoie iiceo (7%). Aaaeeeai cacia/eoe, ui ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y eaaeiai nooiaiy aeyaeaia oaeiae ? o 17 c 214 (7,9%) aeiiioaieo ae?oae c cao?eieith aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo, iaoiiaeaiiai o?ii?/iith a?iien??th. Ii?aeiaiiy ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? c ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?iei e?iaiaeeeaii ??ciiai nooiaiy (7,3%) i?ecaaei aei aaaeeeo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a. Aino?a noaae?y ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? (iaa?ye, iae?ic) ia INA- cia?aaeaiiyo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ianeaiei neiao?e/iei i?aeaeuaiiyi aoiaaiiino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? aoiaaiiino? noaeeiieo nieao?iue a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo. I?aeaino?a noaae?y - a?aeiia?aea? e?noici?e aeaaaia?aoe?? iiceo c oi?ioaaiiyi iaeeo iiiaeeiieo inaaaeie?no ia?aaaaeii a?ey ia?aaei?o ? caaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo, e?euee?noue yeeo ?c /anii ca?eueoo?oueny (na?aaeiy nooi?iue IAE). O aeiaaeeao aaaeei? oi?ie ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? a noaei?oeeaeuei?e ? ia?eaaio?eeoey?i?e ciiao iiceo aeyaeythoueny iioe?ai?, ?icae?eai? oiieeie ia?aai?iaeeaie inaaaeie?noe ?ici??aie iiiaae 2 ii. EO- iciaeaie aino?i? oa i?aeaino?i? noaae?? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? ? cia/ia a?iiaeaineai?noue iai?aiaaeueieo oeaio??a, ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? a?iiaeaineai? aiaieua, ia??ai? eiioo?e a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo (aaaeea nooi?iue IAE). Aino?a noaae?y ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? ia O2-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo aeyaey?oueny ciiaie a?ia??ioaineaieie ia?eaaio?eeoey?ieie aiaieuaie ii?yae ? caieo o?eeooiee?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo, a ia O1-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo - iiaaii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieie a?ii?ioaineaieie ciiaie. I?aeaino?a noaae?y IAE ia O1 ?R I?- cia?aaeaiiyo i?aaenoaaeaia e?noaie c ia?eoa?e/ieie aaii?aa?/ieie ae?eyieaie. Aea/aiiy ca aeiiiiiaith INA no?ie?a oi?ioaaiiy inaaaeie?no aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe, ui aiie iiyaeythoueny o na?aaeiueiio ia 14,5 ± 2,5 aeia? aeeooy iaiiaeyo. O 2,1% iaiiaeyo ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? inaaaeie?noe aoei aeyaeaii ia 4-o?e aeia? aeeooy aeeoeie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aioo??oiueioo?iaiee ?icaeoie ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??. O?ii?/ia noaae?y ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ?aae?ieia?/ieie iciaeaie aaiethoe?? inaaaeie?no, ?icaeoeii ae?icieo ?oaoe?a, ao?io??th ia?aio?ie iiceo oa ee?i?eith ii?ooaiue ineoiiaa?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae. Na?aaei?e oa?i?i ?nioaaiiy inaaaeie?no aei??aithaaa 2,7 ± 0,8 i?nyoe?a. I?ney 3,5 i?nyoe?a aeeooy ae?oae aiie ia aeyaeyeenue. Iae?, iiiaeeiie? e?noe ae?aiao?ii aei 1 - 2 ii o 11 c 96 (1,1%) ae?oae cieeee aac caeeoe?a INA- iciae ?o ?nioaaiiy. “Aace?noicia” eaeeiiaeyoe?y aea? ia?nenooth/a i?aeaeuaiiy ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? aoiaaiiino? - yaeua “iiaeiaaeaiiai nyeaa”, yea niinoa??aaeinue a?eueoa 15-oe aei?a. Aiia i?ecaiaeeea aei iacia/iiai aneiao?e/iiai ?icoe?aiiy, ia??aiino? eiioo??a ? aeaoi?iaoe?? ciai?oiueiai eooa a?/iiai oeoii/ea, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e (Patel M.D. et al., 1995). O?ii?/ia noaae?y ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei noaei?oeeaeueii? ao?io?? a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo e a?ae?ioeaoae??. O ?ac? aeaaaia?aoe?? aiaiaeeie a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo oi?io?oueny ii?aioeaoae?y. Ao?io?y iiceo ia INA- neaiao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?icoe?aiiyi iicaeiaaeiuei? u?eeie, i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o, ai?icai oa oeoii/e?a iiceo. Ca aeiiiiiaith EO aeyaey?oueny iaieaiiy o a?/ieo u?eeiao ino??aoeaaeo /anoie iiceo aaeeeiai iiceo, ciaioaiiy ia’?io ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? a?ei? ?a/iaeie ia ??ai? o?eeooiee?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo oa a iai?aiaaeueieo oeaio?ao, iiaeeaeaiiy ai?icai, ui aeinyaathoue a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo, ?icoe?aiiy a?/ieo oeoii/e?a c ia??aieie eiioo?aie. Oe? iciaee a?aeiia?aeathoue aoi?eii?e ciai?oi?e oa aioo??oi?e a?ae?ioeaoae??. I?O, ie??i aeua iaaaaeaieo ci?i, aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe, noiioaiiy aaeea e noiaao?a iicieenoiai o?ea, cao?eieo i??e?i?caoe?? e ae?ici? ?oaoe? a caeeoeia?e a?e?e ?a/iaei?. Caa?iceeaith i?iaiinoe/iith iciaeith uiaei aeeooy iaiiaeyoe ? iae?ic ae?eyiee iinoa iiceo (iiioi-noa?eoey?iee iae?ic), ui aeyaey?oueny o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith I?O. Oieaeuei? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo, ye iane?aeie caeoii?ee e?iaiiinieo noaeei, aeyaeai? o 14 c 214 ( 6,5%) aeiiioaieo ? o 3 (1,4%) iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. Ia INA - neaiao aiie i?aaenoaaeai? iaiaaeaiith ciiith aeniei? aoiaaiiino? a?ey a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo c aeineoue /?oeeie eiioo?aie. Ia EO - neaiao oieaeuei? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy iiceo noai?ththoue a?iiaeaineaio ciio, ye? o?aeooaaoe ia ia?oiio oeaei? aeeooy aeeoeie aaaeei. C oi?ioaaiiyi ii?aioeaoae?? ?aae?ieia?/ia ae?aaiinoeea oieaeueiiai ?oai?/iiai iae?ico ia aeeeeea? oo?oaeiaiue. I?O aeicaiey? ooi/ieoe ianya ae?eyiee iae?ico ia?aio?ie iiceo. ?ioa?eoe ia?anaa?oaeueieo ae?eyiie ei?e ? noaei?oeeaeueii? a?ei? ?a/iaeie iiceo aeyaeai? o?eueee o aeiiioaieo ae?oae (15 c 214 - 4,7%) o cii? aianoiiic?a ia?aaeiuei?, na?aaeiuei? e caaeiuei? iiceiaeo a?oa??e, o 8 ?c ieo - o ii?aeiai? c o?aaeaiiyi aacaeueieo yaea?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? aino?a noaae?y noaei?oeeaeueii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? ia INA -neaiao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi ?io?aia?aio?iaeueii? aoiaaiiino? ia?aaaaeii ia?aeaeueii iicaeiaaei?e u?eei? aaeeeiai iiceo. Inaaaeie?noe aeieeaee o 7% ae?oae i?ioyaii 2 - 3 oeaei?a ?c oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy a ae?aiao?? ?, ia a?aei?io a?ae e?no ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??, aiie aei 1-ai ?ieo aeeooy aeeoeie ia cieeaee. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee ia?anaa?oaeueiiai a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo EO-aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iaei ?ioi?iaoeaia. E?noe ia?anaa?oaeueii? eieae?caoe?? aeia?a aeyaeyeenue ca aeiiiiiaith I?O o IR - iine?aeiaiino?. Ioeueoeoieaeuei? iae?ice - ae?eyiee aeeoociiai oea?aa?aeueiiai ?inoeueoo aeyaeai? o?eueee o aeiiioaieo ae?oae (4,7%). Aiie a?ee ii?aeiai? c status marmoratus -”ia?io?iaei noaiii” aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a ? aeieeaee a ?acoeueoao? aaaeei? ano?en?? oa ae?aaeaii? aeeaiei? a?iien??. Aeeoocia ?oeioaaiiy ei?oeeaeueieo ? noaei?oeeaeueieo ae?eyiie ia?aio?ie iiceo i?ecaaei aei ioeueoee?noicii? aioeaoaeiiaeyoe??. INA iciaeith ? iioe?ai? inaaaeie?noe iiceo, ui c’yaeythoueny i?ney aeeoociiai iaa?yeo iiceo. Aoaeoeai?noue ae?aaiinoeee ioeueoee?noicii? aioeaoaeiiaeyoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith EO aecia/a?oueny i?aaeeueiith ioe?ieith eiao?oe??ioa aani?aoe?? iiceo (ia?aio?ia iiceo noaiiaeoue 5 - 12 iae. I, a aacaeuei? yae?a e iici/ie ia oe? a?iiaeaineaiiai iiceo aeaeyaeyoue a?ia?aeaineaieie, aea eiao?oe??io aani?aoe?? oeeo no?oeoo? a?aeiia?aea? ii?i? - 28 - 33 iae. I). A?aeaeaeaia ?aae?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (EO aai I?O) aeicaieeei aeyaeoe a?ae?ioeaoae?th oa ao?io?th iiceo (18,2%). A?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a ie niinoa??aaee o 29,5% iaiiaeyo. Cia/ii /ano?oa o aeiiioaieo (23%), i?ae o iaaeiiioaieo (6,5%). INA -iciaeith a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a aoea aeniea ?oiy aoiaaii?noue - “yne?aaee oaeaion”. INA- ae?aaiinoeea ?oai?/ieo oieaeueieo oa ioeueoeoieaeueieo iae?ic?a aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a iiaeeeaa o?eueee ca iayaiino? aaii?aa?/iiai iae?ico. A?i i?aaenoaaeya niaith iaeeii/i? /e iiiaeeii? aiaieua i?aeaeuaii? aoiaaiiino? ??cii? oi?ie. Aiaieua iae?ic?a i?inoaaeoaaeenue i?ioyaii onueiai oa?i?io a?oaeiiai a?eo ae?oae aei cae?eooy o?i’y/ie. EO -iciaeith aeaia?/iiai iaioaeai?/iiai ?ioa?eoo ? a?iiaeaineai?noue oaeaion?a. ?ici??e oeeo cii ?c /anii ciaioothoueny. sseui ca aeiiiiiaith EO o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a ia aeyaeaii, oi iaiao?aeii i?ioyaii ia?oiai oeaeiy aeeooy aeeoeie i?iaanoe I?O-aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia I?-cia?aaeaii? aiie i?iyaeythoueny iayai?noth aaii?aa?/ieo /e ?oai?/ieo ?ioa?eo?a o aacaeueieo yae?ao (caaei?e ? aaio?aeueiee oaeaion, eooieia), a oaeiae o caeaei? ii?nueeiai eiieea /e ei?? ia?aoeaio?aeueieo caeaei iiceo. Aacaeuei? yae?a ia O2-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo a?ia?-, aai a?ii?ioaineai?, caeaaeii a?ae ?oai?/iiai /e aaii?aa?/iiai ?ioa?eoo. O ?ac? i?ciueiai I?O -aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ia O2 - caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiiyo noai?thaaei iecueeee I? -neaiae aiane?aeie a?aeeeaaeaiue aaiineaea?eio. Iaiiaoaeueiee a?oa??aeueiee ?ioa?eo - niaoeeo?/ia a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy iiceo aeiiioaieo ae?oae, ui aeieea? a ae?eyioe? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy ia?aaaaeii e?ai? na?aaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa???. Ca aeiiiiiaith INA oeae oei ?ioa?eoo ae?aaiinoiaaii a 2,1% iaiiaeyo o aeaeyae? ciie aeniei? aoiaaiiino? a?aeiia?aeii? eieae?caoe??. Eeoa i?ney aino?i? noaae?? ?ioa?eoo o 1,9% ae?oae ca aeiiiiiaith EO aaeaeiny ooi/ieoe oiiia?ao?th o?aaeaiiy. Ia EO -neaiao a?oa??aeueiee ?ioa?eo a?aeia?aaea?oueny a?iiaeaineaiei oieonii. Ii?oieia?/iei iane?aeeii o?aaeaiiy o an?o aeiaaeeao aoei oi?ioaaiiy ii?aioeaoae?/ii? e?noe. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae ae?aaiinoeea ?oai?/ieo ?ioa?eo?a neeaaeia e iio?aao? aeei?enoaiiy I?O ?c aenieith iai?oaith iaai?oiiai iiey (Boyer R.S., 1994), ine?eueee ?ioa?eo o iaiiaeyoe iiaea aeieeiooe oai, aea n??a ?a/iaeia iiceo a?ia??ioaineaia a ii?i? ? iaei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noaei?oeeaeueii? a?ei? ?a/iaeie. Aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee aaii?aa?/iiai ?ioa?eoo e a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo iaiao?aeii aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo. Ii?oieia?/i? iane?aeee o ae?oae i?ney ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?ieo e?iaiaeeea?a ? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo ia caeaaeaoue a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo ae?oae (50,9% iaaeiiioaieo ? 49,1% aeiiioaieo ae?oae) - oaae. 16. Oaaeeoey 16. ?iciiae?e ae?oae caeaaeii a?ae ii?oieia?/ieo iane?aee?a ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ? aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo Iane?aeee iiceiai- noaeeiieo o?aaeaiue Iaaeiiioai? n - % Aeiiioai? n - % Anueiai n - % ?icoe?aiiy i?aeiaao- oeiiiai i?inoi?o 13-7,9 19-11,5 32 -19,4 Aneiao??y a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo 25 -15,2 14-8,4 39-23,6 Aiaieuaa? ou?eueiaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? 14 - 8,4 17-10,4 31 -18,8 E?noe ca??'y 1-0,6 1-0,6 2-1,2 Iiiaeeii? e?noe iiceo 5-3,0 10-6,1 15-9,1 Ii?aioeaoae?y 7-4,3 9-5,4 16-9,7 A?ae?ioeaoae?y e ao?io?y aaeeeiai iiceo 19-11,5 11 - 6,7 30-18,2 ?acii: 84 - 50,9 81 -49,1 165-100,0 Aiie i?iyaeythoueny ?icoe?aiiyi i?aeiaaooeiiiai i?inoi?o a?ae 5 - 7 ii aei ae?aaeaii? eieaeueii? (a?ey eiaiaeo /anoie iiceo) /e iioe?aii? ciai?oiuei? a?ae?ioeaoae?? (19,4%). Aneiao??y a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo niinoa??aaeanue o 23,6% ae?oae ? aeieeaea i?ney ia?aianaiiai iaeiia?/iiai I?AE, a oaeiae i?ney oieaeueiiai a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo - eaeeiiaeyoe?? eaaeiai nooiaiy). Aiaieuaa? ou?eueiaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a, ui aeieeaee aiane?aeie a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue, niinoa??aaeenue i?ioyaii onueiai oa?i?io a?oaeiiai a?eo o 18,8% ae?oae. E?noe ca??’y, ye iane?aeie ia?aianaieo a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue, niinoa??aaee o 1,2% , a iiiaeeii? e?noe iiceo o 9,1 % ae?oae. Aacia?a/ii, ui ae?aaiinoeea oeeo e?no o iiaiiio ianyc? iiaeeeaa ca aeiiiiiaith I?O. Iane?aeeii aaii?aa?/iiai oa ?oai?/iiai ?ioa?eo?a iiceo (9,7%) aoee ii?aioeaoae?? ??cieo ?ici???a ? eieae?caoe??. A?ae?ioeaoae?y e ao?io?y aaeeeiai iiceo aeyaeaia o 18,2% ae?oae aiane?aeie ia?aianaieo iicaiiceiaeo e?iaiaeeea?a, I?AE 3 - 4 nooiaiy, a oaeiae eaeeiiaeyoe?e na?aaeiueiai e aaaeeiai nooiai?a. A iaeiiio aeiaaeeo ae?aaiinoiaaia o?iaeaeaia a?ae?ioeaoae?y, yea aeieeea i?ney aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai e?iaiaeeeao, ui aoei ooi/iaii ca aeiiiiiaith I?O ca aeyaeaiiyi caeeoe?a aaiineaea?eio ia aiaiaeei? a?/iiai oeoii/ea iiceo. Ioaea, INA ? iniiaiei iaoiaeii ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae o ca’yceo c ?? iacai?iieie ia?aaaaaie: aacia/i?noue, ii?oaoeai?noue, iiaeeea?noue aeeiai?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. INA- oi/iee iaoiae ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee I?AE (/ooeea?noue - 96,8%; niaoeeo?/i?noue - 93,9%; oi/i?noue - 97,0% ). Oieaeuei? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy iiceo aeyaeythoueny ca aeiiiiiaith INA, aea a?eueo oi/ii ae?aaiinoothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith EO. EO aeyaeeanue iaei ?ioi?iaoeaiith aeey ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??, aea canoinoaaiiy ?? ia? ae?aaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue a ianoaaeaii? ae?oae i?ney 6 -12 i?nyoe?a aeeooy aeeoeie aeey ooi/iaiiy ianyao ii?oieia?/ieo iane?aee?a iiceiainoaeeiiiai o?aaeaiiy. Eiinoaoaoe?y iioe?aii? a?iiaeaineaiino? iiceo a ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?eith aeeaiei? a?iien?? iiceo - iaae?eiee i?iaiinoe/iee e?eoa??e aeieeiaiiy ??ciiai nooiaiy ii?ooaiue ineoi-iioi?iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae. I?O aeicaiey? i?iaanoe iaoio?c?ieia?/iee aiae?c on?o noaae?e ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? c eiinoaoaoe??th aoi?eiieo epiaiaeeea?a, e?noicieo ci?i, aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe??, a?ae?ioeaoae??, ao?io?? iiceo, ae?ico. I?O aaaeeeaa aeey oi/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aeieeiaiiy i?aiaoaeueieo, iinoiaoaeueieo I?AE ? ?aii?o a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo o ae?oae. Iiaeeea?noue ooi/iaii? ?ao?iniaeoeaii? I?O -ae?aaiinoeee iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ia? aaaeeeaa ee?i?/ia e i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy a iaae?ao???. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae aenieiai ?eceeo o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie ca aeiiiiiaith I?O ia?eiaoaeuei? iiceiainoaeeii? o?aaeaiiy aeyaeythoueny o 99,8% aeiaaee?a, ca aeiiiiiaith INA - o 79,8%, EO - o 43,5%. I?iaiinoe/i? aniaeoe ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ? oaeoeea i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? iaiiaeyo I?iaiinoe/i? aniaeoe ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue C iaoith aea/aiiy e ooi/iaiiy ee?i?/ieo ? iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo i?iaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue i?iaaaeai? aeeiai?/i? ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiiy 246 ae?oae (59,8% iaaeiiioaieo ? 40,2% aeiiioaieo) a?ae iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo aei 5-??/iiai a?eo. O 41,5% ianoaaeaieo i?ioyaii ia?oeo 2 oeaei?a aeeooy ae?oae ca aeiiiiiaith INA aeyaeai? aioo??oiuei/a?aii? e?iaiaeeeae, o 33,7% - ??ci? oeie a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo, o 6,1% - ii?aeiai? aaii?aa?/i? e a?iiene/ii-?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy. O 18,7% ae?oae ca aeiiiiiaith EO ? I?O eiinoaoiaai? iane?aeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue, iioiaeaeaiiy yeeo aoei c’yniaaii ca aeaieie iiia?aaei?o ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue. Iiceiainoaeeiieie o?aaeaiiyie o aeiiioaieo ae?oae aoee oieaeuei? e aeeooci? ?oai?/i? o?aaeaiiy (20,2%), cia/ia e?euee?noue o?aaeaiue aacaeueieo yaea? ? ca??’y (37,4%), ai?aeo?aeueieo, noaaeo?aeueieo ? noaa?aoii?aeaeueieo e?iaiaeeea?a (14 c 99 - 14,2%). O aeiii-oaieo iaiiaeyo I?AE aeyaeaii iaioa (20,2%), i?ae o iaaeiiioaieo (28,8%). Ooieoe?iiaeuei? ii?ooaiiy oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie iacaeaaeii a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo i?iyaeyeenue cao?eieith ineoiiioi?iiai ?icaeoeo, ai?neiae?iiii, neiae?iiii aioo??oiuei/a?aiii? a?ia?oaic??, ?icaeoeii noaa?eueii? a?ae?ioeaoae?? e ao?io?? ia?aio?ie iiceo, ??cieo oi?i aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o (oaae. 17). Oaaeeoey 17. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iane?aeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ae?oae ca aeaieie aeeiai?/iiai ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy Iiceiaino-aeeii? o?aaeaiiy Iane?aeee iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue - n / % Anueiai: Ii?-ia IIAe ??ci? oi?ie AeOeI A?ae?ioeaoae?y Ai?- nei- ae?ii Iiia?- ee n-% IAE: - eaaea 8 1 1 - - - 10-4,1 - na?aaeiy - - 18 3 4 4 29-11,8 - aaaeea - - 6 - - 2 8-3,2 ?ioa?eoe: -oieaeuei? - 9 1 1 1 - 12-4,9 -aeeooci? - - 7 - - 1 8-3,2 O?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? 3 11 24 5 7 1 51-20,8 I?AE: 1 nooiaiy 39 4 - - 1 - 44-17,9 2 nooiaiy 7 3 - 1 1 - 12- 4,9 3 nooiaiy 1 6 6 11 5 1 30-12,2 4 nooiaiy - - 4 - - 1 4 nooiaiy - - 4 - - 1 5-2,1 NAE,NAeE 4 6 1 1 9 1 22- 8,9 ? AAeE IAE+I?AE - - 8 5 - 2 15-6,0 ?acii: n / 62- 40- 76- 27- 28- 13- 246- % 25,3 16,3 30,9 11,1 11,2 5,2 100,0 Nei?i/aiiy: IIAe - iaea iiceiaa aeenooieoe?y; AeOeI- aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/; IAE - ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y; I?AE - ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?i? e?iaiaeeeae; NAE, NAeE ? AAeE - noaa?aoii?aeaeueiee, noaaeo?aeueiee ? ai?aeo?aeueiee e?iaiaeeeae. ?aae?ieia?/ia aecia/aiiy eieae?caoe?? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe nooi?iue iaa?ieia?/ieo aeaoaeo?a ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue o ae?oae. ?ici??e, e?euee?noue ? eieae?caoe?y inaaaeie?no ? aaaeeeaeie i?iaiinoe/ieie e?eoa??yie. Oae, iiiaeeii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? e?noe a on?o aeiaaeeao aeeeeeaee aoi?eiio aeeoocio ao?io?th iiceo c aaaeeeie iaa?ieia?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie (aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/, cao?eiea ?icoiiaiai ?icaeoeo, ?iceaaee ci?o, neooo). Iayai?noue neiao?e/ieo e?no o o?i’yi?e /e iioeee/i?e /anoeao iiceo (30,9%) ? e?eoa???i aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o. Aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/ (/ano?oa nianoe/ia ae?ieaa?y) oi?ioaaany i?ioyaii 6 - 12 i?nyoe?a o an?o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c ia?eaaio?eeoey?iith eaeeiiaeyoe??th (9,8%). Oao?aieaa?y aeieeaea o ?ac? iayaiino? aaeeeeo ? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo e?no (2,4%). O ae?oae c ii?aioeaoae?/iith e?noith (ia a?aei?io a?ae iane?aee?a ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe??) ?icaeaa?oueny eiio?eaoa?aeueia aai?ieaa?y, a ?ioaeaeo caeeoa?oueny a iaaeao ii?ie. A?aeaeaeaieie iane?aeeaie o?aaeaiue aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaion?a noaee oao?aieaa?y oa ?icoiiaa a?aenoae?noue (16,1% ae?oae). Iaea?eueo caaaeueiith iniaeea?noth ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue o ieo ? iia??oaiiy iiceiai? ooieoe?? ci?o. Aaaeeeaei aeey i?iaiico oi?ioaaiiy aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o ? ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iee eiiieaen neiioii?a: iayai?noue a aeooa?nueeiio aiaiiac? o?ii?/ii? /e aino?i? ano?en?? ieiaea; e?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y c neiao?e/iei ia?eaaio?eeoey?iei o?aaeaiiyi o?i’yieo ? iioeee/ieo /anoie iiceo o iaaeiiioaieo /e aeeoocia a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy aaeeeiai iiceo o aeiiioaieo ae?oae, aai I?AE 4-ai nooiaiy /e ii?aeiaiiy aioo??oiuei/a?aiiiai e?iaiaeeeao c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi, ui ca iaoeie aeaieie iaeaea c 100% oi/i?noth ae?aaiinoothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith ?aae?ieia?/iiai ae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno (INA, EO ? I?O). Aeoaea iaaacia/ieie aeey ?icaeoeo aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o, ai?eain??, a?ae?ioeaoae??, iaei? iiceiai? aeenooieoe?? ? o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? ca??’y /e ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?iee e?iaiaeeea 3 nooiaiy. Iaiiaeyoa, ui no?aaeaeaee a?ae o?ii?/ii? a?iien?? /e ia?aianee aino?o ano?en?th i?ae /an iieia?a iathoue aenieo nooi?iue ?eceeo aeey ?icaeoeo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue c iani?eyoeeaeie a?aeaeaeaieie iane?aeeaie, iiaeii? i?aeeyaaoe ?aoaeueiiio aeeiai?/iiio ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaiith. Oaeoeea i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae Iaie aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo ?c neiae?iiii iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue c iaoith ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ia?ai. 1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie eiio?ieueieo ianoaaeaiue ae?oae c ia?eiaoaeueieie iiceiainoaeeiieie o?aaeaiiyie caeaaeaoue a?ae aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo aeeoeie, oeio, eieae?caoe??, iioe?aiino?, iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao, noaae?? oa iane?aee?a iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo ? ?oi?o iane?aee?a caeaaeii a?ae oeio o?aaeaiiy ? aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo ae?oae (oaae. 18). 2. Aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a (90,3%) ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei ? aeeiiaiiy INA i?ioyaii ia?oeo 2-o oeaei?a aeeooy on?i iaiiaeyoai ?c a?oie i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo. Oea ni?ey? i?ecia/aiith aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy i?ae aeeiai?/iei iae?i?aae?ieia?/iei eiio?ieai c iaoith caiia?aaiiy aaaeeeo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a o?aaeaiue OeIN. Iai?ee?ioe? ia?oiai i?nyoey aeeooy aeey ae?aaiinoeee e?noicii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? aai ao?io?? iiceo aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaiiy INA ? I?O. Oaaeeoey 18. Oa?i?ie iioeiaeueiiai iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae ??ciiai aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo aeey ae?aaiinoeee iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue Aanoaoe?eiee a?e (oeaei?a) Oa?i?ie - ae?a M ± m Ia?eiaoaeuei? iiceiainoaeeii? o?aaeaiiy ? ?oi? ii?oieia?/i? iane?aeee 6 ± 5 ?io?a-ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? e?iaiaeeeae. O?aiceoi?iee "o?c?ieia?/iee iaa?ye". Ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y, aino?a noaae?y <=32 22 ± 8 Iinoaaii?aa?/ia aaio?eeoeiiaaae?y. Ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y. Ia?nenooth/a e?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y 65 ±35 Ao?io?y ia?aio?ie aaeeeiai iiceo >90 Noaa?eueia iinoaaii?aa?/ia a?ae?ioeaoae?y

33-37

6 ± 5 ?io?a-ia?eaaio?eeoey?i? e?iaiaeeeae. Iaa?ye iiceo.
Ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y. Aace?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia
eaeeiiaeyoe?y.

60 ± 30 E?noicia ia?eaaio?eeoey?ia eaeeiiaeyoe?y. Ao?io?y aaeeeiai
iiceo.

38-42

12 ± 10 Iaa?ye iiceo. Ioeueoee?noicia eaeeiiaeyoe?y. Noaei?oeeaeueia
eaeeiiaeyoe?y. O?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? oaeaiona. Iaiiaoaeueiee
?ioa?eo

75 ± 35 Ao?io?y aaeeeiai iiceo, ii?aioeaoae?y

3. O ae?oae c ee?i?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie ooieoe?e oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie EO oa I?O aeicaieyoue ae?aaiinooaaoe iane?aeee ia?eiaoaeueieo
iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue: aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?th, a?ae?ioeaoae?th,
ii?aioeaoae?th, e?noe, noaei?oeeaeueio e ia?eaaio?eeoey?io ao?io?th,
ao?io?th iicieenoiai o?ea, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue caeeoeiaei yaeuai
ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? ? aioo??oiuei/a?aiieo e?iaiaeeea?a.
Aaaeeeaei aeey ooi/iaii? ae?aaiinoeee iane?aee?a ??cieo oei?a
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae noaia aeeiiaiiy
I?O-aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniaeeai eiee a iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iaiiaeyoai
ia i?iaiaeeeinue ?ioa iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy. Ia?aeiia EO aeey
ae?aaiinoeee aino?i? noaae?? ia?eiaoaeueieo a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo
o?aaeaiue ia iieacaia /a?ac iecueeo niaoeeo?/i?noue iaoiaeo (44,6%).

4. O aeyaeaii? aino?i? noaae?? ia?eiaoaeueieo aaii?aa?/ieo o?aaeaiue
aaeeeiai iiceo o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ae/a?iio ae?aaiinoe/io ?ioi?iaoe?th
iaaea? INA (oi/i?noue — 97,8%), ine?eueee e?iaiaeeeae o oeeo ae?oae
ia?aaaaeii aeieeathoue ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii o cii? aa?i?iaeueiiai iao?eeno.
O aeiiioaieo ae?oae ia INA aeyaeythoueny eeoa ?cieueiaai? aaii?aa?? aac
iayaiino? ia?eoieaeueieo a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo ci?i (oi/i?noue — 70,3%).
Canoinoaaiiy EO aaaeeeaa aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee aino?i?
noaae?? ii?aeiaieo ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue oi/i?noue —
90,3%, /ooeea?noue — 96,7%, niaoeeo?/i?noue — 93,7%).

5. Aeey aeyaeaiiy aino?i? noaae?? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae ae?aaiinoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue INA ? I?O iaeaea
ni?aiaaea? ? aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny (oi/i?noue a?aeiia?aeii 85,6
? 87,5%). Ioaea, aeeiiaiiy I?O ? aeioe?eueiith eeoa o aeiaaeeao
iaaaoeaieo /e noii?aieo ?acoeueoao?a INA, a oaeiae aeey ooi/iaiiy
eieae?caoe?? oa iioe?aiino? iaoieia?/ieo ci?i.

6. Ae?aaiinoeeo i?aeaino?i? noaae?? ia?e-?io?aaaio?eeoey?ieo
e?iaiaeeea?a, a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo ? ii?aeiaieo iiceiainoaeeiieo
o?aaeaiue aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno INA oa I?O
(oi/i?noue a?aeiia?aeii 96,1% ? 98,3%). Iieacaiiyi aeey aeeiiaiiy EO
ne?ae aaaaeaoe i?aeic?o ia iayai?noue aoi?eiiiai e?iaiaeeeao o cii?
ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? (oi/i?noue — 98,4%).

7. Aacia?a/iith ia?aaaaith canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo
iaoiae?a (INA, EO, I?O) ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo ? iiaeeea?noue c aenieith
aoaeoeai?noth ae?aaiinooaaoe ia?eiaoaeuei? iiceiainoaeeii? o?aaeaiiy o
ae?oae (/ooeea?noue — 99, 5%; niaoeeo?/i?noue — 93, 8%; oi/i?noue — 98,
7%), cae?enieoe aeeoa?aioe?aeueio ae?aaiinoeeo aaii?aa?/ieo ?
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i (oi/i?noue — 89,8%), a oaeiae
i?iaiicoaaoe iiaeaeueoee ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy ? eiai
iane?aeee (oi/i?noue 79,1%).

AENIIAEE

1. I?iiaiaaa ianoaaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o iaiiaeyo iiaeiii aeeth/aoe:
16 noaiaea?oieo INA-neai?a o o?ueio ieiueiao; 9 EO-neai?a o aen?aeuei?e
ieiuei? /e I?O uiiaeiaioa o 2-o ieiueiao (aen?aeuei?e oa naa?oaeuei?e) c
io?eiaiiyi O1- ? O2-caaaeaieo cia?aaeaiue ca iaiiaoaeueieie i?ioieieaie.
Aeey i?aaeeueii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? noaio iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o iaiiaeyo
iaiao?aeii aecia/aiiy EO -eiao?oe??ioo aani?aoe?? oa o?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo
iniaeeainoae i??e?i?caoe??, ui aeyaeythoueny ca aeiiiiiaith I?O. O
iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo o ii?i? ??cieoey EO -eiao?oe??ioo aani?aoe?? n??i?
e a?ei? ?a/iaei iiceo ia ia?aaeuo? 12 iae I, o aeiiioaieo — 7,1 iae. I.

2. Aea?? iaoiaeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy /e canoinoaaiiy ?aae?ieia?/iiai
ae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno caeaaeeoue a?ae ee?i?/ii ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai oeio
e noaae?? ia?aa?ao ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue iiceo.

3. Aeeiai?/ia iae?iniiia?ao?y ? iniiaiei iaoiaeii ae?aaiinoeee e
eiio?ieth ia?aa?ao ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o aeeaiei
iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae.

4. Aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?y aeieea? e iioe?th?oueny o iai?yieo a?ae caaei?o
aei ia?aaei?o ?ia?a a?/ieo oeoii/e?a iiceo. Aeey eiinoaoaoe??
aaio?eeoeiaeeeyoaoe?? ia INA- neaiao aeioe?eueii aecia/aiiy oiaueie
ia?aio?ie iiceo a?ae caaeiueiai ?iao a?/iiai oeoii/ea aei iioeee/ii?
e?noee, naa?oaeueiiai ?ici??o o?ea a?/iiai oeoii/ea ia ??ai? na?aaeeie
oaeaion?a (o ii?i? ia ia?aaeuo? 8 ii), einiai ?ici??o ia?aaei?o ?ia?a
a?/ieo oeoii/e?a (o ii?i? noaiiaeoue 1 — 4 ii). Iacaeaaeii a?ae
aanoaoe?eiiai a?eo iaiiaeyo, ?iaeaen oeoii/e?a ia ia?aaeuo? 34%. Eiai
aecia/aiiy a?eueo aaaeeeaa, i?ae aei??e einiai ?ici??o ia?aaei?o ?ia?a
a?/ieo oeoii/e?a ? aeicaiey? c?noaaeoe aeai? on?o ?aae?ieia?/ieo
iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo.

5. I?yieie INA-iciaeaie aino?i? noaae?? e?iaiaeeeao ? aiaiaeei?o
(noiauaiiy e i?aeaeuaiiy aoiaaiiino? aiaiaeeie iaa?oue o aeiaaeeao
iacia/iiai ?io?aaaio?eeoey?iiai e?iaiaeeeao), caonoee e?ia? aeniei?
aoiaaiiino? noaaiaiaeeiaeueii?, ?io?aaaio?eeoey?ii? /e
?io?aia?aio?iaeueii? eieae?caoe??. Ia EO- neaiao caonoee e?ia?
noai?ththoue a?ia?aeaineai? aiaieua, a ia I?O — neaiaee a?aeiia?aei?
iaoaaieeoai aaiiaeia?io.

6. ?aae?ieia?/ieie iciaeaie aino?i? noaae?? ia?eiaoaeueieo
a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ? aiaieuaa? aai iioe?ai?
ciie i?aeaeuaii? aoiaaiiino? ia INA-neaiao, a?aeiia?aei? ?i
a?iiaeaineai? (< 20 iae. I) ae?eyiee aai aeieeiaiiy ?aaa?neaiiai EO - cia?aaeaiiy (a?ia?aeaineai?noue iici/ea, ci?iaeo ai?a?a, noiaao?a iiceo ia oe? a?iiaeaineaii? ia?aio?ie iiceo), /e a?aeiia?aei? ?i ci?ie ?ioaineaiino? I? -neaiaeo. 7. Aeey nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee aino?i? noaae?? aioo??oiueiiiceiaeo e?iaiaeeea?a o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo aenieiaoaeoeaiei ? canoiniaoaaiiy INA, ine?eueee noaaiaiaeeiaeuei? e?iaiaeeeae eieae?cothoueny ia?aaaaeii a ciiao aa?i?iaeueiiai iao?eeno, a ?io?aaaio?eeoey?i? e?iaiaeeeae noai?ththoue oa?aeoa?i? i?yi? OC - iciaee iayaiino? e?ia? (oi/i?noue - 98,2%). Ae?aaiinoeea ?ioa?eo?a iiceo iaiiaeyo aoaeoeaia eeoa o aeiaaeeao a?aenooiino? iaa?yeo iiceo. Aeeiiaiiy I?O aeioe?eueia o ?ac? noii?aieo ?acoeueoao?a INA aeey ooi/iaiiy eieae?caoe?? e iioe?aiino? iaoieia?/ieo ci?i. 8. Aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee aino?i? noaae?? ii?aeiaieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue oa a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue iiceo c aoi?eiiei e?iaiaeeeaii iaoiaeii aeai?o ? EO (oi/i?noue - 90%, /ooeea?noue - 96,7%, niaoeeo?/i?noue - 93,7%). 9. Ae?aaiinoeea i?aeaino?i? e o?ii?/ii? noaae?e e?iaiaeeea?a, a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo ? ii?aeiaieo ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue iio?aao? aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno INA ? I?O. I?O ia? iacaia?a/i? ia?aaaae aeey ooi/iaiiy iane?aee?a e?iaiaeeea?a ? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiue aaeeeiai iiceo o aeiaaeeao iaeiai /e cae?eoiai o?i’y/ea. Ca iayaiino? aaiineaea?eio I?O a?eueoa, i?ae /a?ac 1 ??e aeicaiey? ae?aaiinooaaoe o?ii?/io noaae?th ?ioa?eoo iiceo, a oaeiae i?ioyaii 3 - 4 i?nyoe?a aeeooy aeeoeie - caeeoeia? yaeua ?io?aaaio?eeoey?iiai /e iicaiiceiaeo e?iaiaeeea?a. 10. I?O yaey? niaith iaoiae aeai?o aeey ae?aaiinoeee a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo ia?eiaoaeueieo o?aaeaiue iiceo o aeiiioaieo ae?oae, iniaeeai o?aaeaiiy ia?anaa?oaeueieo ae?eyiie iiceo, ine?eueee aiie aaaeei aeyaeythoueny ca aeiiiiiaith INA, a ia EO - neaiao noai?ththoue a?iiaeaineai? aiaieua iacia/ieo ?ici???a. 11. I?iaiinoe/ieie e?eoa??yie oi?ioaaiiy aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o, ai?eain??, a?ae?ioeaoae??, iaei? iiceiai? aeenooieoe?? ? ee?i?ei-?aae?ieia?/iee eiiieaen: o?ii?/ia a?iien?y /e aino?a ano?en?y e iaaeiiioai?noue ieiaea, ui ni?e/eieee aeieeiaiiy e?noicii? ia?eaaio?eeoey?ii? eaeeiiaeyoe?? c aeaia?/iei o?aaeaiiyi o?i’yieo ? iioeee/ieo /anoie iiceo o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo /e ioeueoee?noicio aioeaoaeiiaeyoe?th o aeiiioaieo ae?oae, aai ?ioa?eo /e ii?aeiaiiy e?iaiaeeeao ? a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo; e?iaiaeeea 3-ai nooiaiy /e o?aaeaiiy aacaeueieo yaea? ? ca??’y, iae?ic ae?eyiee iinoa iiceo (oi/i?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy - 79,1%). Iaiiaeyoa aenieiai nooiaiy ?eceeo iiaeii? i?aeeyaaoe aeeiai?/iiio ee?i?ei-?aae?ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaiith. 12. Aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aaaeeeo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a aeioe?eueii aeeiiaiiy iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae?oae ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaie ae?aaiinoe/ieie i?ia?aiaie, ui aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue iae?i?aae?ieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aei 98,7% (/ooeea?noue - 99,5%, niaoeeo?/i?noue - 93,8%). Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??: 1.I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea: [A 2 o.] / A.TH.Eiaaeue, O.I.Neaa/aiei, I.I.Caai?iaenueea,, ?.A.Aioiiiaa, A.I.Aiiaea?, N.TH.Aeiia?aaeia, I.A. Aii/a?; Ca ?aae. A.TH.Eiaaeue.- E.: I?a?n, 1998.- O.1.-N. 4 - 7 ? 14 - 42. -527 n. 2.Iniiau iaaeeoeeineie ?aioaaiioaoieee e iaoiaeeee ?aioaaiieiae/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea /A.TH.Eiaaeue, A.A.Necia, I.I. Caai?iaeneay, ?.A.Aioiiiaa, N.TH.Aeiia?aaeia, A.A.Aii/a?, A.A. Aoaeei-Eaaeiae/, A.A. Ea?aaa, A.N. Eeoaeiiaa; Iiae ?aae. A.TH. Eiaaeue.- E.: Caei?ia’y,1991.- 272 n. 3.?aioaaiiaeeaaiinoeea caaieaaaiee e iia?aaeaeaiee /a?aia /Eiaaeue A.TH., Aeaieeaiei A.N., Ianoa?ianeay A.E., Aii/a? A.A. e ae?.-E.:Caei?ia’y, 1984.-376 n. 4.Aii/a? I.A. ?aae?ieia?/ia ii?oiiao?e/ia ioe?iea noaio c??eino? aieiaiiai iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae //Oi?aeaeueia ?aae?ieia?y. ?aae?ieia?y iiei/ii? caeice. Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie.- E., 1997.- N. 74-76. 5.Aii/a? I.A.I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea aaii?aa?/ieo ooeiaeaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo o ae?oae // I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. - E., 1997.- Aei.1.- N. 54-56. 6.Aii/a? I.A. ?ieue ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a a eiiieaen? i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee ?oai?/ii? ia?eiaoaeueii? aioeaoaeiiao?? //Oai aea.- N. 56-59. 7.Aii/a? I.A. Caaaeuei? ieoaiiy iae?i?aae?ieia?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae. *anoeia 1. Aieiaiee iicie o ii?i? // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue EIAII ii cae?i/aieo oa ia?ao?aeieo IAe? ca 1990-1996 ?iee.- E., 1997.- N. 172-176. 8.Aii/a? I.A. Caaaeuei? ieoaiiy iae?i?aae?ieia?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae. *anoeia 2. Iniaeeaino? o?aaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo //Oai aea.- N. 177-181. 9.Aii/a? I.A., Aaa?e ss.N. Iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy noaio aiaiaeeie aieiaeo oeoii/e?a aieiaiiai iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo oa eiai ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy //I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. -E., 1998.- Aei.2.- N. 107-110. 10.Aii/a? I.A., O?aeiaa E.O., Iiiiia?aiei E.I. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iniiaieo I? -?iioeuenieo iine?aeiaiinoae cia?aaeaiiy oeaiei aieiae ? aieiaiiai iiceo o ae?oae a ii?i? ? iaoieia?? //Oai aea.- N. 111-116. 11.Aii/a? I.A. Iao?e/ia ioe?iea no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo o ae?oae ia I?O- cia?aaeaii?//I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: Ca.iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. - E., 1998.-Aei. 3. - N. 101-105. 12.Aii/a? I.A. Iane?aeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae // Oai aea. - N. 105-108. 13.Aii/a? I.A., Oei/aiei E.E. Naaeaoe?y ae?oae aeey i?iiaiaaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo //Oai aea. - N. 109-111. 14.Aii/a? I.A., O?aeiaa E.O. Iniaeeaino? I?-aiaoii?? aieiaeo oeoii/e?a oa iicaiiceiaiai i?inoi?o o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo //Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o EIAII.- E., 1998.- N. 366-376. 15.Aii/a? I.A. I?iaiinoe/i? aniaeoe ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ca aeaieie ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue ae?oae // Oai aea. - N. 376-388. 16.Aii/a? I.A. ?aioaai?anueea eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y a ae?aaiinoeoe? ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae (Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e) // E?ea?. ni?aaa. - 1998.- N8.- N.23-29. 17.Aii/a? I.A. No/ani? aniaeoe iaai?oii-?aciiainii? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae (Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e) // Oe?. ?aae?ieia?/iee aeo?i. - 1998.- O. - Aei. - N. 114-117. 18.Aii/a? I.A. Iaai?oii-?aciiainia oiiia?ao?y a ae?aaiinoeoe? ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae //Oe?. ?aae?ieia?/iee aeo?i. - 1998.- O. ?V.- Aei.4. - N.401-404. 19.Aii/a? I.A. Iae?iniiia?ao?y a ae?aaiinoeoe? ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae (iaoeiaee iaeyae) //Iaaee/iee ?aoa?aoeaiee aeo?iae. - 1998.- ?icae.4.- N3-4 .- N. 1-12. 20.Aii/a? I.A. Ae?aaiinoe/i? i?ia?aie i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo c neiae?iiii iiceiainoaeeiiiai o?aaeaiiy // Oe?. iaae. /aniien. - 1999.- N3(11).- N.129-134. 21.Aii/a? I.A. Ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/i? ia?aeae? iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae// E?ee Oe?a?ie. - 1999.- N5 .- N.57-59. 22.Aaa?e ss.N., Aii/a? I.A., O?aeiaa E.O. Iiaeeeaino? no/anieo iaoiae?a iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo//I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. - E., 1999.- Aei.4.- N.131-138. 23.Aaa?e ss.N., Aii/a? I.A. I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue ? ?o iane?aee?a // I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. - E., 1999.- Aei. 7.- N.5-9. 24.Aii/a? I.A. No/ani? aniaeoe iaai?oii-?aciiainii? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae// Oe?. ?aae?ieia?/iee aeo?i.- 1999. - O. V??.- Aei.1. - N.114- 117. Oace aeiiia?aeae ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??: 1.Eiaaeue A.TH., ?acoiaaaa A.E., Inaae/ay E.E., Iieioeei A.A., Aii/a? A.A. Ninoiyiea e i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey eo/aaie aeeaaiinoeee a iaaeeao?ee ia Oe?aeia//OO nuacae ?aioaaiieiaia e ?aaeeieiaia ONN? (27-29 naioya?y 1989, Aeiieoea).-Eeaa, 1989.-N.12-14. 2.Aii/a? A.A., O?aeiaa E.O. I?iaiinoe/aneay cia/eiinoue oeueo?acaoeiaiai enneaaeiaaiey aeaoae n ia?eiaoaeueiie iaoieiaeae//1-e nuacae Annioeeaoeee niaoeeaeenoia oeueo?acaoeiaie aeeaaiinoeee a iaaeeoeeia (22-25 ieoya?y 1991, Iineaa).- I., 1991.- N. 32. 3.Aii/a? A.A. Oeceei-oaoie/aneea e aeaiioieiae/aneea aniaeou ioeaie i?e ?aioaaiia?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaieyo aeaoae// ?anioaeeeaineay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey ii ?aioaaiieiaee (10-12 naioya?y 1991, Ee?iaia?aae).-Eeaa,1991.-N.107-108. 4.Aii/a? A.A.,Naeeaii A.I. Yooaeoeaiue auai? aeeaaiinoe/aneeo ecia?aaeaiee a enneaaeiaaiee /a?aiii-ieoeeieoaeueiie iaeanoe iiai?iaeaeaiiuo // Eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea e eo/aaay oa?aiey i?ioanneiiaeueieo e nenoaiiuo caaieaaaiee (28-30 naioya?y 1993, Aeiiaoee).-Eeaa. -1993.-N.87-88. 5.Eiaaeue A.TH., Aii/a? I.A., Naoii O.E., Aiiaea? A.I. I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea e?ai?inoaiico oa i?e?ioeaoae??//Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aiee 75-??/iiio tha?eath EAe?OE. -Ee?a.-1993.-N.77-78. 6.Eineiiaa N.A., Aii/a? A.A. Eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea a?iaeaeaiiie aeae?ioeaoaeee //Oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiue aieiae oa oe?” (20-22 aa?aniy 1994, Iaeana).-Ee?a.-1994.-N.31. 7.Aii/a? I.A., O?aeiaa E.O. ?ieue aeeiai?/ii? aeieoiaioiaaii? iae?iniiia?ao?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae//O Eiia?an NOOEO (10-12 na?iiy 1994, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee).-Ee?a.-1994.-N.128-129. 8.Aaaee ss.N., Aii/a? A.A., Eunaiei A.A., Iiiiia?aiei E.I. I?O a aeeaaiinoeea aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneeo ii?aaeaiee aieiaiiai iicaa o aeaoae // Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey “Iaaieoiue ?aciiain a iaaeeoeeia” (8-10 naioya?y, 1997, Eacaiue).-Eacaiue.-1997.-N.16. 9.Aaaee ss.N.,Au/eia A.A., Aii/a? A.A., Aa?aneiaiei I.A. e ae?. Iaaieoii-?aciiainiay oiiia?aoey a iaiiaoieiaee e iaaeeao?ee//Oai aea.-N.13. 10.Aaaee ss.N., Aii/a? I.A., Oei/aiei E.E., *aieaaE.N. Iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy - iniiaa ee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? aieiaiiai iiceo o ae?oae//?anioae?eainueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Iaae?ao?e/ia ?aae?ieia?y”(17-18 aa?aniy 1997, Oa?e?a).-Ee?a.-1997.-N.10. 11.Aaaee ss.N., Aii/a? A.A., Oei/aiei E.E., O?aeiaa E.O. Iniiaiua oneiaey aeey i?iaaaeaiey EO e I?O o aeaoae//Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey “Nia?aiaiiay eiiiuethoa?iay e iaaieoii-?aciiainiay oiiia?aoey a iiiaii?ioeeueiie eeeieea” (11-12 iiya?y 1997, Iineaa).-I., 1997.-N.1-3. 12.Aii/a? A.A., Aaaee ss.N. ?ieue EO e I?O a aeeaaiinoeea ia?eiaoaeueiie oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie iaoieiaee.//Oai aea.-N.31-33. 13.Gonchar A.A., Bab?y Y.S. The rad?olog?cal d?agnost?c of per?natal cerebrovascular ?njur?es ?n ch?ldren//20th ?nt. Cong. Rad?ol.(19-23 September, 1998).- New Delh?: ?TPO (Pragat? Ma?dan), 1998.- P. 184-185. 14.Aii/a? I.A., O?aeiaa E.O. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ia?ai iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oa iaiiaeyo// 1-ee Oe?a?inueeee eiia?an oao?aoe?a c oeueo?acaoeiai? ae?aaiinoeee (1-4 /a?aiy 1999, Ee?a).-Ee?a.-N.94. Aii/a? I.A. I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.22 - i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y. Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 4270 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo. Aea/aia e ooi/iaia i?iiaiaaa aiaoii?y iiceiaeo no?oeoo? o a?eiaiio aniaeo?, nenoaiaoeciaaia ?aae?iii?oiiao??y. ?ic?iaeaia iioeiaeueia iaoiaeeea naaeaoe?? iaiiaeyo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy EO - ? I?O - ianoaaeaiue, ui ia aeeeeea? oneeaaeiaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aa??o?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ooi/iaia ?aae?ieia?/ia nai?ioeea ??cieo oei?a ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o ae?oae. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aiiai iaoiaeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo /e canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a (iae?iniiia?ao?y, EO, I?O) caeaaeeoue a?ae noaae?? ia?aa?ao ia?eiaoaeueiiai iiceiainoaeeiiiai o?aaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oaeoeea i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee, aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy e i?iaiico ia?aa?ao ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ae?oae a?oaeiiai a?eo c aecia/aiiyi iioeiaeueieo no?ie?a, iine?aeiaiino? e ianyao iae?i?aae?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaa?oioiaai? e ai?iaiaai? iioeiaeuei? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i? i?ia?aie i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy iaiiaeyo, ui i?aeaeuo? oi/i?noue ae?aaiinoeee, aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee e ee?i?ei-iae?i?aae?ieia?/iiai i?iaiico aeieeiaiiy a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceiainoaeeiieo o?aaeaiue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaae?ao?e/ia iae?i?aae?ieia?y, ?aae?ieia?/ia aiaoii?y, iae?i?aae?iii?oiiao??y, ia?eiaoaeuei? iiceiainoaeeii? o?aaeaiiy, nai?ioeea, aoaeoeai?noue ae?aaiinoeee e i?iaiicoaaiiy a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a. Aii/a? A.A. Eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea ia?eiaoaeueiuo oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ii?aaeaiee o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e aeaoae a?oaeiiai aic?anoa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.22 - eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea, eo/aaay oa?aiey. Oe?aeineee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo iieieiaee e ?aaeeieiaee IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia eeeieei-iae?i?aaeeeiae/aneia ianeaaeiaaiea 4270 iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e aeaoae a?oaeiiai aic?anoa. Eco/aia e ooi/iaia ?aaeeieiae/aneay (oeueo?acaoeiaay, EO e I?O) aiaoiiey no?oeoo? iicaa o aic?anoiii aniaeoa. Ooi/iaia e nenoaiaoece?iaaia ?aae?ieia?/aneay ii?oiiao?ey. ?ac?aaioaia iioeiaeueiay iaoiaeeea naaeaoeee aeaoae a?oaeiiai aic?anoa aeey i?iaaaeaiey EO - e I?O - ianeaaeiaaiee, ia aucuaathuay ineiaeiaiee. Ia iniiaaiee aa?eoeeaoeee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey ii aeaiiui aeeiaie/aneeo eeeieei-?aaeeieiae/aneeo, eaoaiianoe/aneeo e iaoieiai-aiaoiie/aneeo niiinoaaeaiee eco/aiiay ?aaeeieiae/aneay naieioeea ?acee/iuo oeiia ia?eiaoaeueiuo aaii??aae/aneeo e aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneeo oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ii?aaeaiee o aeaoae. Aeieacaii, /oi auai? iaoiaea, eee i?eiaiaiea iae?i?aaeeieiae/aneiai aeeaaiinoe/aneiai eiiieaena (iae?iniiia?aoey, EO e I?O) caaeneo io noaaeee oa/aiey ia?eiaoaeueiiai aaii??aae/aneiai, aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai eee ni/aoaiiiai oea?aa?iaaneoey?iiai ii?aaeaiey o aeaoae. Eco/aiu aiciiaeiinoe eaaeaeiai ?aaeeieiae/aneiai iaoiaea a auyaeaiee e aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie aeeaaiinoeea ?acee/iuo oeiia ia?eiaoaeueiuo oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ii?aaeaiee a caaeneiinoe io noaaeee eo oa/aiey e aeieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey ioaeaeueiiai iaoiaea eee aeeaaiinoe/aneiai eiiieaena aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aeeaaiinoeee. ?ac?aaioaia iao/ii iainiiaaiiay oaeoeea eiiieaeniie eo/aaie aeeaaiinoeee, aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie aeeaaiinoeee e i?iaiice?iaaiey enoiaea ia?eiaoaeueiuo oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ii?aaeaiee o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e aeaoae a?oaeiiai aic?anoa ii iioeiaeueiui n?ieai, iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe e iauai iae?i?aaeeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. Iainiiaaiu iioeiaeueiua aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneea i?ia?aiiu eo/aaiai ianeaaeiaaiey aeaoae n eeeie/aneei neiae?iiii ia?eiaoaeueiiai oea?aa?iaaneoey?iiai ii?aaeaiey a caaeneiinoe io eeeie/aneeo i?iyaeaiee ii?aaeaiey, /oi iiauoaao oi/iinoue eiiieaeniie eo/aaie aeeaaiinoeee, aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie aeeaaiinoeee e eeeieei-iae?i?aaeeieiae/aneiai i?iaiica ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee ia?eiaoaeueiuo oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ii?aaeaiee iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e aeaoae a?oaeiiai aic?anoa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeeao?e/aneay iae?i?aaeeieiaey, ?aaeeieiae/aneay aiaoiiey, iae?i?aaeeiii?oiiao?ey, ia?eiaoaeueiua oea?aa?iaaneoey?iua ii?aaeaiey, naieioeea, yooaeoeaiinoue aeeaaiinoeee e i?iaiice?iaaiey ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee. Gonchar O.A. Radial diagnostics of perinatal cerebrovascular injuries in newborn and infants. - Manuscript. Thesis for a Doctor of Medical Sciences degree by speciality 14/01/23 - radial diagnostics, radial therapy. - The Ukrainian research institute of oncology and radiology of Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999. On the basis of the complex neuroradiological inspection of 4270 newborns and infants ultrasound, CT and MRI anatomy of brain structures were studied and updated in the age aspect. Intrascopic neuroradiomorphometry was updated and systematized. Optimal methodic of sedation of the infants was developed and offered for realization of the CT and MRI investigations. By the results of verification with data of dinamic clinico-radial, catamnestic and pathoanatomic comparisons intrascopic semiology of the various types of perinatal hemorragic and hipoxic-ishcemic cerebrovascular injuries in infants was studied and updated. It is proved, that choice of the method or the application of neuroradiological diagnostic complex is depended of the current stage of perinatal hemorragical, hipoxic-ischemic or combinated cerebrovascular injury in infants. The abilities of every radiological method in revealing and differential diagnostics of various types of perinatal cerebrovascular injuries in dependence of their current stage were studied, expediency of usage of the lonely method or diagnostic complex for rising of the efficiency of diagnostics is proved. Science-justified tactics of ray diagnostics, differential diagnostics and forecasting of perinatal cerebrovascular injuries current in newborns and infants with definition of optimal terms, sequences and size of the neuroradiological investigations. Optimal diagnostic and differential-diagnostic programs of the ray investigation of infants with clinical syndrome of perinatal cerebrovascular injury were studied depending of injury clinical manifistations, that is rising the accuracy of the complex ray diagnostics, differential diagnostics and clinic-neuroradiological prognosis of the remote consequences of perinatal cerebrovascular injuries in newborns and infants. Key words: pediatric neuroradiology, intrascopic anatomy, neuroradiomorphometry, perinatal cerebrovascular injuries, semiology, remote consequences diagnostics and forecasting efficiency. PAGE 28

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