I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

IIEIEIA?? oa ?AAe?IEIA??

EIOEOA?E Ieaia Aaaeei?aia

OAeE 616.72-002.77-173.75.

i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea e?noeiai-noaeiaiaeo ci?i o oai?eo ia
?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo

14.01.23 — i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?aae?ieia?? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Ai?ueeiai.

IAOEIAee EA??AIEE:

Eaiaiaoeueeee Ieoaeei Naeiiiiiae/ aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie — caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
?aae?ieia?? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.
Ai?ueeiai.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

Eiaaeue Aaeeia THe?ai?aia aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e?aae?ieia?? Ee?anueei? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.
Ooieea.

Aaoo?y?iaa A?eoi??y ?aai?aia aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, e?ea?
a?aeae?eaiiy i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo ?aae?ieia?? oa iieieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iaaee/ii?
?aae?ieia?? ?i. N.I. A?eai?(?aa IIC Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «16» 09 1999 ?. i 1330 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.619.01 a Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie
(252022, i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa, 33/43).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie

(i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa, 33/43).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «10» 08 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aeeeai ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo (?A) — aaaeea, oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaia
?iaae?ae?coth/a nenoaiia caoai?thaaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie, ui o?aaeo?
caeaa?eueoiai noaeiae (Ianiiiaa A.A., Eaeia O. 1983; AaiaaieaineayE.E.,
A?aeacianueeee I.I, 1988). Ae?aaiinoeea ?A /anoi oneeaaeiaia aiane?aeie
iaaeinoaoiuei? aea/aiino? ao?ieia?? ? iaoiaaiaco, a oaeiae a?aenooiino?
niaoeeo?/ieo ee?ie/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo ? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iciae
caoai?thaaiiy, iniaeeai ia ?aii?o aoaiao (Neaeaeei ss.A.. Aonaaa I.A.,
Eaaiiaa I.I., 1994).

I?iiaiaaa aeine?aeaeaiiy iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao
?ieue o iinoaiiaoe? ae?aaiico ?A. I?ia?aeia i?noea ana ua iin?aea?
?aioaaiia?ao?y noaeia?a (Nianneay I.A., Aa?oonaae/aia A.N., 1988; Watt,
1995). Aei i?yieo ?aioaaiieia?/ieo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy a?aeiinyoueny
inoaiii?ic, caoaeaiiy noaeiaii? u?eeie, aeano?oeoeai? ci?ie noaeiaieo
a?aeae?e?a e?noie, i?aeaeaeoe, aie?eice (Aei?ieaeiioia A.I. 1981;
Ianiiiaa A.A.,Anoaiaiei I.A., 1989).

A ca’yceo c oei, ui a/ania aaeaeaaoia i?ioecaiaeueia oa?ai?y iie?ioo?
i?iaiic caoai?thaaiiy (Ea??ae O.O., 1990), ae?aaiinoeea ?A ia ii/aoeiaeo
noaae?yo, eiee a?eueo-iaio niaoeeo?/i? iciaee eiai ua a?aenooi?, noa?
iaeaaaeeea?oith caaea/ath. Ae??oeoe oeth caaea/o aeiiiiiaea ?aii?
aeyaeaiiy inoaiii?ico, yeee ? iaeiei c ia?oeo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy
(Iody G.M., 1989; Eiaaeaiei A.I., 1995).

Aei /enea i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe
u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie, a?aeiineoueny iai?yia aeaineoiiao??y —
oioiiao??y ?aioaaiia?ai (Garton et all., 1994; Gramp S., Steiner E.,
Imhof Y., 1997). Iaeiae, a?aeiiinoae i?i canoinoaaiiy oioiaeaineoiiao???
a ae?aaiinoeoe? inoaii?ico i?e ?A a aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? ie ia
cono??ee.

E??i oiai, iacaaaeath/e ia oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy a a?o?ieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? (Oeaeaianueeee A.I., 1995; Giglielmi et
all.,1997, Obermann W.R., 1997) , ie ia ciaeoee aeaieo uiaei ioe?iee
e?noeiai? u?eueiino? ca aeiiiiiaith a?noia?ao?/iiai aiae?co
eiii’thoa?ieo oiiia?ai.

A?aeiiino? i?i aieea ?A ia iaoaaie?ci e?noeiai? oeaieie aeoaea
noia?a/eea? (Sambrook P.N., 1985; O?onia A.A., 1991; Ralston S. Et all.,
1990; Aeaoeue A.A., Caeaoiaa E.A., 1997), ui aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ioyaii inoaii?o aeae?eueeio ?ie?a oeueo?acaoeiaiai
neaioaaiiy a ae?aaiinoeeo o?aaeaiue iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (E?enthe
A.I., 1991; Oiiaeea?yi A.I., Ai?aaoaiei N.A., 1991; Iioeea?ia A.A.,
1993) iio?aao? c’ynoaaiiy iiaeeeainoae oeueiai iaoiaeo i?e ?A.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiiy «Iaa?oiooaaoe,
?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe iaaee/io oaoiieia?th ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy
aeaaaia?aoeaieo, caiaeueieo ? iaoaaie?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o a??iee?a
aoa?eueieo oaoo», ui i?iaiaeeoueny a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 019008145,
oeo? Ae. 32.02. 01).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ae?aaiinoeee
e?noeiai-noaeiaieo ci?i o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno no/anieo i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe oioiaeaineoiiao?e/i? e?eoa??? inoaiii?ico i?e ?A.

2. Aecia/eoe e?eoa??? inoaiii?ico i?e ?A ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co a?noia?ai,
io?eiaieo i?e eiii’thoa?i?e oiiia?ao??.

3. Ioe?ieoe noai eaeueoe?e?aaoethth/i? nenoaie o oai?eo ia ?A ca aeaieie
?aae?i?ioiiiai aiae?co (??A) eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeueoe??o?iiieo, noaoaaeo
oa aiiaaeio?iiieo ai?iii?a.

4. C?noaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe ?aioaaiaeaineoiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c
eaai?aoi?ieie iieacieeaie, ui a?ae?a?aaeathoue nooi?iue aeoeaiino?
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano, ? noaiii eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iai?io.

5. Aea/eoe iiaeeeaino? niiia?ao?? a ae?aaiinoeoe? ci?i iii?ii-?ooiaiai
aia?aoo o oai?eo ia ?A.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa aecia/aii oioiaeaineoiiao?e/i? e?eoa??? inoaiii?ico o oai?eo
ia ?A.

2. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? inoaiii?ico i?e ?A ia i?aenoaa?
a?noia?ao?/iiai aiae?co eiii’thoa?ieo oiiia?ai.

3. Aia?oa ioe?iaia u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie o oai?eo ia ?A a
caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy ? noao?.

4. Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue u?eueiino? e?noeiai? oeaieie i?e ?A a?ae
nooiaith aeoeaiino? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa noaio eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai
iai?io.

5. I?iaeiaaeaia ?ic?iaea oeueo?acaoeiai? nai?ioeee ci?i iii?ii-?ooiaiai
aia?aoo i?e ?A.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy

?ic?iaeai? oioiaeaineoiiao?e/i? ? eiii’thoa?ii-oiiia?ao?/i? e?eoa???
inoaiii?ico o oai?eo ia ?A aeicaieythoue ae?aaiinooaaoe caoai?thaaiiy ia
?aii?o aoaiao, caaaeyee oeueiio ni?eyth/e a/aniiio canoinoaaiith
aaeaeaaoii? oa?ai??.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ?aioaaiieia?/iiai
eaa?iaoa ?aaiaoieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i.
Eae?i?ia i.Aeiiaoeueea.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo i?e iaa/aii?
nooaeaio?a, e?ea??a-?ioa?i?a ? e?ea??a-eo?naio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiai? ?aioaaiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
(aeeth/ath/e eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th). Aaoi? i?eeiaa o/anoue o
i?iaaaeaii? niiia?ao?? eie?iieo noaeia?a. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii
i?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?i?ioiiiai aiae?co eiioeaio?aoe??
eaeueoe?e?aaoethth/eo, noaoaaeo oa aiiaaeio?iiieo ai?iii?a.

Aaoi?ii aoea i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? aiae?c io?eiaieo
aeaieo i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeaioiaeaii aei ae?oeo o
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo iaoa??aee ?iaioe.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo iiaeyeo caa?aeoaa/o eaoaae?ith i?iiaaeaaoeee
aioo??oi?o caoai?thaaiue i?ioani?o Neiy/aiei I.A. ca eiinoeueoaoe?? c
ieoaiue eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iaoaaie?cio oa aeiiiiiao i?e i?iaaaeaii?
ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/ieo ni?aii??aiyiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ii?aethaeiaii ia Oe?a?inueeiio Eiia?an?
?aae?ieia?a, i?enay/aiiio 100-??//th a?aee?eooy ?aioaai?anueeeo i?iiai?a
(Ee?a, 1995 ?.), ia Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Inoaiii?ic:
ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea, e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeea» (Ee?a,
1995 ?.), ia 20-io I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an? ?aae?ieia?a (Iueth-Aeae?,
1998), ia 11-io ?a?iiaenueeiio Eiia?an? ?aae?ieia?a (A?aeaiue, 1999
?.), ia aeaio iaeanieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

?iaioa i?ieoea ai?iaaoe?th ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o caoai?thaaiue oa ?aae?ieia?? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (a?oaeaiue, 1998), ia aenia?oi?e
?aae? i?e niaoe?ae?ciaai?e a/ai?e ?aae? Oe?a?inueeiai IAe? iieieia?? ?
?aae?ieia?? Ae 26.619.01 (aa?acaiue, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 6 noaooyo oa 6 oacao aeiiia?aeae.
Anueiai – 12 ioae?eaoe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, /ioe?e ?icae?ee
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (187 iaeiaioaaiue). ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
150 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 37 oaaeeoeyie oa 28
iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ianoaaeaii 111 oai?eo ia ?A (oaae. 1), ye? ca ae?aaeaii?noth
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i o noaeiaao ia i?aenoaa? eeaneo?eaoe??
I.Steinbrocker (1949) aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia a?oie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy. C ieo 18 /ieia?e?a ? 93 ae?iee o a?oe? a?ae 18
aei 45 ?ie?a.

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e oai?eo ia ?A ca noaae??th caoai?thaaiiy oa noaoth

Noaae?y caoai?thaaiiy E?euee?noue oai?eo

*ieia?ee AE?iee Anueiai

0

6

24

30

I

8

24

32

II

4

16

20

III

14

14

IY

15

15

Anueiai

18

93

111

Ianoaaeaiiy i?noeei ?aioaaiia?ao?th eenoae ? noii c ianooiiith
oioiaeaineoiiao???th ?aioaaiia?ai, eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th (KT)
iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a c a?noia?ao?/iei aiae?cii, ?aioaaiia?ao?th ?
aeaii??ia oeueo?acaoeiaa neaioaaiiy eie?iieo noaeia?a, a oaeiae
aecia/aiiy a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? iaoe??io?a iieaciee?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iai?io ?
eaeueoe?e?aaoethth/i? nenoaie.

?aioaaiia?ao?y eenoae, noii ? eie?iieo noaeia?a ianoaaeaieo in?a
aeeiiaia ia aia?ao? ADR-750.

I?iaaaeaii aeaineoiiao?e/i? aei??e ?aioaaiia?ai eenoae ? noii ca
aeiiiiiaith oi?aa?naeueiiai oioiaeaineoiiao?a AeOA-10. Aeaineoiiao???
i?aeeyaaee aeenoaeuei? ai?o?ce i?iiaiaaeo e?noie, ae?ao?ce oa
aeenoaeuei? ai?o?ce o?ao?o i’ynieo ? o?ao?o ieaniiaeo e?noie,
i?ieneiaeuei? ai?o?ce ? ae?ao?ce iniiaieo oaeaia o?ao?o iaeueoe?a eenoae
? noii, aeenoaeuei? ai?o?ce iniiaieo oaeaia ? i?ieneiaeuei? ai?o?ce
na?aaei?o oaeaia ae?oaeo iaeueoe?a eenoae.

C iaoith noaiaea?oecaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue ie aeei?enoiaoaaee
oeaieii-aea?aaeaioiee eeei-aoaeii c? nieaao aethi?i?th. Aoaeii ae?iaeaii
o aeae? oeee?iae??a ae?aiao?ii 5 ii oa aenioith a?ae 0,2 aei 6 ii, ye?
i?iioia?iaaii a?ae 1 aei 25. Iaeiaeia? eeeie-aoaeiie ?ici?uoaaeenue o
oeaio?? oa ia ia?eoa??? eanaoe. Iioe/ia aonoeia e?noeiai? oeaieie
ii??aithaaeyny c oaeith oeaio?aeueiiai aai ia?eoa?e/iiai aoaeiio. Iiia?
a?aeiia?aeiiai aoaeiio ae?eeany ia ae?aiao? e?noee a i?noe?, aea
aeeiioaaeany oioiiao??y. U?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie ae?aaeaeany o
a?aeiinieo iaeeieoeyo.

Inoaiaeaineoiiao?e/i? iieacieee oai?eo ia ?A ii??aithaaeeny c oaeeie
in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, eoaee a?eoee 40 ia?nii, ye? i?ney
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy aeyaeeeny caei?iaeie, ? 30 iaoe??io?a
c iiaeaa?ith.

?acoeueoaoe aeaineoiiao??? ?aioaaiia?ai iaoe??io?a c ?A aoee c?noaaeai?
c iieacieeaie o ieo nooiaith aeoeaiino? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano.

Aeey aeeeth/aiiy noiooiuei? iaoieia?? o 18 oai?eo ia ?A aoei cae?eniaii
EO iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a ia aia?ao? NO-9000 o??ie «General Electric».
Aeei?enoiaoaaee oae? ia?aiao?e: iao?eoey 256o256, oiiia?ao?/iee e?ie 8
ii, aeniiceoe?y 32.

Canoiniaoaaeany i?ia?aia a?ao?/ii? a?noia?aie (?en. 1), ia a?n? «X» yei?
a?aeeeaaeaeeny cia/aiiy u?eueiino? o?iueiooai?aiue aeae?eaieo cii o?ao?o
iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a («ciia ?ioa?ano») a iaeeieoeyo Hounsfield, a ia
a?n? «Y» — /anoioa aeyaeaiiy eiaeiiai cia/aiiy u?eueiino?. I?iaiaeeeany
ye?nia ? e?euee?nia ioe?iea io?eiaieo e?eaeo: ioe?ithaaeanue ?o oi?ia,
aiie?ooaea ? iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii in? aanoeen. Aiae?coaaee ianooii?
ia?aiao?e:

D1 — cia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? u?eueiino?, ui cono??/a?oueny o «cii?
?ioa?ano»;

Dmax — cia/aiiy u?eueiino?, a?aeiia?aeia iaeneiaeuei?e e?eueeino? e?aiie
«ciie ?ioa?ano»;

D2 — cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? u?eueiino?, ui cono??/a?oueny o «cii?
?ioa?ano.

Ianoaaeai? aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia 2 a?oie, oiiaii cacia/ai? ye “?aii?
noaae??” (eoaee a?eoee 9 iaoe??io?a c 0 oa I noaae?yie) oa “i?ci?
noaae??” (9iaoe??io?a c III oa IY noaae?yie). Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee 8
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui noaeeoe i?i ci?ie aeaineoiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ? aeaieo
a?noia?ao?/iiai aiae?co o eiie?aoiiai oai?iai i?e ii??aiyii? ?o ?c
na?aaei?ie aaee/eiaie ia iiaeia, iaie aecia/ai? eieeaaiiy cia/aiue
oeeo ia?aiao??a o caei?iaeo in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie c o?aooaaiiyi aeaio
n?ai (na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy), oa?aeoa?i? aeey 95% caei?iaeo.

?en. 1. Noaia aiae?co a?noia?ai, io?eiaieo i?e EO iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a.

C iaoith aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o iaoieia?/ieo ci?i o noaeiaao i?e ?A ie
aeeiiaee niiia?ao?th eie?iieo noaeia?a 27 oai?eo ia ?A (yeei ?ai?oa
aoei c?iaeaii ?aioaaiia?ao?th oeeo noaeia?a) ? 12 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
in?a. O /ene? ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a aoee 6 c? noaae??th 0; 6 — c?
noaae??th I; 6 — c II; 6 — c III ? 3 — c IY noaae??th. Oaeiae, ye ? i?e
EO-ianoaaeaii?, iaoe??ioe aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia 2 a?oie, oiiaii cacia/ai?
ye «?aii?» oa «i?ci?» noaae??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo «Dornier 3200»
(I?ia//eia) ia?aoai?thaa/ai c /anoioith 7,5 iAoe ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie
iaoiaeeeith. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui a ii?i? aeia?a aeeoa?aioeththoueny
noaeiaia? iiaa?oi? e?noie, i’yce ? nooiaeeeey, aioo??oiueinoaeiai?
o?yu?.

O 20 iaoe??io?a c 0 oa I noaae?yie aeine?aeaeoaaee eiioeaio?aoe?th a
ieaci? e?ia? iieaciee?a, ui a?ae?a?aaeathoue noai eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai
iaoaaie?cio oa eaeueoe?e?aaoethth/i? nenoaie. Ia aia?ao? o??ie «Kone»
(O?ieyiae?y) aecia/aee ??aaiue caaaeueiiai oa ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th ?
oinoi?o. ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei caniaii ia aia?ao? «Aaia-12″ (Oe?a?ia)
aea/aee a e?ia? ci?no ia?aoe??io, eaeueoe?oii?io ? aiiaaeio?iiieo
ai?iii?a (etho?ii?io, oie?o?ii?io) ca aeiiiiiaith iaai??a o??ie
‘CIS-International» (O?aioe?y), a oaeiae noaoaaeo ai?iii?a
(oanoinoa?iio, i?iaanoa?iio ? ano?aae?ieo), aeei?enoiaoth/e iaai?e
?inoeoooo A?ii?aai?/ii? O?i?? AI A?ei?on??.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoee c?noaaeai? c aeaieie aeaineoiiao?e/ii? ioe?iee
?aioaaiia?ai.

Aeey ii??aiyiiy c eiio?ieueieie cia/aiiyie an? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee
aea/aee o 50 i?aeoe/ieo caei?iaeo ethaeae ? 20 oai?eo ia iiaeaa?o, ui
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeaee a?oiai oai?eo ia ?A ca noaoth oa a?eii.

?acoeueoaoe aeaineoiiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue ?aioaaiia?ai, a?noia?ao?/iiai
aiae?co eiii’thoa?ieo oiiia?ai ? a?io?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoee i?aeaeai?
aa??aoe?eii-noaoenoe/iiio aiae?co ca No’thaeaioii c aecia/aiiyi
a??ia?aeiino? a?aei?iiinoae a a?oiao ? aeueoa?iaoeaiiio aa??thaaiith.
Aeai? oioiaeaineoiiao??? ?aioaaiia?ai i?aeaeaeeny ei?aeyoe?eiei
c?noaaeaiiyi c iieacieeaie, ui a?ae?a?aaeathoue aeoeai?noue caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano oa noai eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iaoaaie?cio.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

I?e aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a aeaineoiiao?e/ieo aei???a ?aioaaiia?ai eenoae ?
noii aeyaeeiny ciaioaiiy ??aiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie ia an?o
noaae?yo ?A.

Oae, o oai?eo 0 noaae??th a ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie aoea cieaeaia
u?euei?noue iaeaea an?o a?aeae?e?a, i?aeaeaieo aeaineoiiao???, ie??i
ae?ao?c?a o?ao?o ieaniiaeo e?noie ? ae?ao?c?a iniiaieo oaeaia o?ao?o
iaeueoe?a noii.

I?ia?aeueia iane/ai?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie ia noaae?? I aoea iaioith,
i?ae o caei?iaeo in?a, ? o?eueee aeey ae?ao?c?a o?ao?o ieaniiaeo e?noie
? ae?ao?c?a iniiaieo oaeaia o?ao?o iaeueoe?a noii ciaioaiiy aeyaeeiny
iaa??ia?aeiei.

O iaoe??io?a c? noaae?yie caoai?thaaiiy II, III, IY i?ia?ae?caoe?y an?o
ianoaaeaieo e?noie aoea a??ia?aeii ieae/ith, i?ae o caei?iaeo.

C?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeaineoiiao?e/ieo aei???a o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie,
oai?eo ia ?A, aeaei iai iiaeeea?noue iii?oeoe ianooiiee oaeo — o
/ieia?e?a oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy u?eueiino? e?noeiai? oeaieie i?e
c?inoaii? noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy aoea a?eueo ae?aaeaia.

Ii??aithth/e aeai? oioiaeaineoiiao??? o caei?iaeo oa oai?eo ia iiaeaa?o,
ie aeyaeee o inoaii?o ca?eueoaiiy i?ia?aeueii? iane/aiino? e?noeiai?
oeaieie. U?euei?noue e?noie o oai?eo ia ?A ia an?o noaae?yo
caoai?thaaiiy aecia/eeanue ieae/ith, i?ae o oai?eo ia iiaeaa?o.

*anoioa aeyaeaiiy cieaeaiiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie (oaae. 2) o
oai?eo 0 noaae??th ?A eieeaaeanue a?ae 3,3% (o ae?ao?cao e?noie) aei 60%
ianoaaeaieo (a ai?o?cao). Ia iiaeaeueoeo noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy /anoioa
aeyaeaiiy ciaioaiiy u?eueiino? e?noie c?inea ? o iaoe??io?a c iciaeaie
noaae?? II aeinyaaea aaea 80,0%, a o in?a c III oa IY noaae?yie ?A
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aeaineoiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a o 100,0% ianoaaeaieo
aoea iaioa ieaeiuei? iaae? eieeaaiue ?o cia/aiue o ii?i?.

*anoioa aeyaeaiiy cieaeaiiy i?ia?aeueii? iane/aiino? e?noeiai? oeaieie o
/ieia?e?a ? ae?iie a iniiaiiio a??ia?aeii ia ?ic??ciyeanue.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeaineoiiao??? ? iieaciee?a aeoeaiino?
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano aeyaea, ui ??aaiue i?ia?aeueii? iane/aiino?
e?noeiai? oeaieie o oai?eo ia ?A cieaeo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaiy
aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy aeaieo aiae?co a?ao?/ieo a?noia?ai, io?eiaieo i?e EO
iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a, iieacaei, ui o oai?eo ia ?A ? ia ?aii?o ? ia
i?ci?o noaae?yo i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy u?eueiino? — D1 — aoei a??ia?aeii
iaioei, a iaeneiaeueia — D2 — a??ia?aeii a?eueoei, i?ae o in?a
eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A?aeiia?aeii oeueiio cia/aiiy iieaciee?a D1-Dmax,
Dmax-D2 ? D1-D2 aoee a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuai?, oiaoi a?noia?aie iaoe??io?a
c ?A iaee a?eueo oe?ieo iniiao, i?ae oae? caei?iaeo. Iaeiae ??cieoey
cia/aiue iieacieea D1-Dmax/Dmax-D2 o iaoe??io?a ia ?aii?o ? i?ci?o
noaae?yo ? o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeyaeeany noaoenoe/ii iacia/iith, ?
a?noia?aie oai?eo ia ?A, oaeiae, ye oae? i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo, iaee
iaeaea neiao?e/i? aeno?aeia ? ieno?aeia eie?ia. I?e oeueiio cia/aiiy
u?eueiino?, ui cono??/aeanue iae/ano?oa — Dmax — o ianoaaeaieo c ?A ? o
caei?iaeo in?a ia iaee noaoenoe/ii cia/oueo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae niaith.

Ioaea, neiao?e/ia ?icoe?aiiy iniiae a?noia?aie u?eueiino? e?noeiai?
oeaieie na?ae/eoue i?i inoaiii?ic. Ci?uaiiy iieaciee?a i?i?iaeueii?
u?eueiino? a a?e iaioeo, a iaeneiaeueii? — a a?e a?eueoeo cia/aiue,
coiiaeaii, i/aaeaeii, oei, ui o oai?eo ia ?A ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue
e?noeiaeo aaeie, aea i?e oeueiio ca?eueoo?oueny ?ici?? ? u?euei?noue
eiaeii? ie?aii? aaeee, oiaoi inoaiii?ic iineoue a?ia?o?io?/iee oa?aeoa?.

Aecia/ath/e /anoioo aeyaeaiiy a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a a?ao?/ieo a?noia?ai
oai?eo ia ?A a?ae iaae eieeaaiue oaeeo o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ie
a?aecia/eee, ui ia ?aii?o noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy cia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii?
u?eueiino? aeoiaeeee ca ieaeith iaaeo a 33,3% ianoaaeaieo. Aa?oith iaaeo
eieeaaiue ia?aaeuoaaee cia/aiiy iieaciee?a iaeneiaeueii? u?eueiino? — o
44,4% ianoaaeaieo, ae?aiacii?a u?eueiino? D1-Dmax — o 88,8%, Dmax-D2 —
o 55,5%, D1-D2 — o 88,8%.

Ia i?ci?o noaae?yo ?A ca ieaeith iaaeo eieeaaiue cia/aiue iieaciee?a a
ii?i? aeeoee cia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? u?eueiino? o 44,4% iaoe??io?a,
u?eueiino?, ui cono??/aeanue iae/ano?oa — o 22,2%. Cia/aiiy iieaciee?a
iaeneiaeueii? u?eueiino? ia?aaeueee iaaeo eieeaaiue o 55,5% iaoe??io?a,
ae?aiacii?a u?eueiino? D1-Dmax — o 77,7%, Dmax-D2 — o 55,5%, D1-D2 — o
100,0%.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a, ui a?ae?a?aaeathoue noai eaeueoe??aiai iai?io
na?ae/ea, ui o oai?eo ia ?A ?icaeaathoueny ii?ooaiiy
eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iaoaaie?cio ? eiai ?aaoeyoe??, ye? i?iyaeythoueny
cieaeaiiyi a ieaci? e?ia? ??aiy ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th, oanoinoa?iio o
/ieia?e?a, etho?ii?io ? oie?o?ii?io o ae?iie, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiyi
??aiy ia?aoe?ai?aeiiai ai?iiio ? eaeueoe?oii?io. O iaoe??io?a c
iiaeaa?ith ci?ie a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a aoee iaeaea aiaeia?/ieie
inoaii?i o iaoe??io?a c ?A. Ii??aiyiiy iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia ?A oa
iiaeaa?o aeyaeei o ia?oeo a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe??
?ii?ciaaiiiai eaeueoe?th oa eaeueoe?oii?io.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi a e?ia? o oai?eo ia ?A
ci?noo ia?aoe??io ? eaeueoe?oii?io cieaeo?oueny eiioeaio?aoe?y
caaaeueiiai, ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th ? i?aeaeuo?oueny eiioeaio?aoe?y
oinoi?o. Ai?no ia?aoe??io, a naith /a?ao, i?aeaeuo?oueny c? c?inoaiiyi
??aiy etho?ii?io ? cieaeo?oueny c? c?inoaiiyi ??aiy ano?aae?ieo.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y eaeueoe?oii?io ciaioo?oueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy
etho?ii?io ? i?aeaeuo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo oanoinoa?iio.

C’ynoaaiiy ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a i?ae oioiiao?e/ieie oa a?io?i?/ieie
iieacieeaie aecia/eei, ui i?ia?aeueia iane/ai?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie o
iaoe??io?a c ?A cieaeo?oueny c? ciaioaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
eaeueoe?oii?io, caaaeueiiai oa ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th, ano?aae?ieo ? c?
ca?eueoaiiyi ??aith oie?o?ii?io. Aiia i?aeoe/ii ia ca’ycaia ?c ai?noii
oinoi?o, ia?aoe??io, etho?ii?io, oanoinoa?iio oa i?iaanoa?iio.

Aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeaii??iiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai neaioaaiiy eie?iieo
noaeia?a iieacaei, ui ia ?aii?o noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy o 83,3%
ianoaaeaieo noaeia?a aoea cieaeaia aeonoe/ia u?euei?noue
ia?ea?oeeoey?ieo i’yeeo oeaiei oa ia?aa?oeeoey?ieo i’yc?a, ui coiiaeaii
?o ?io?eueo?aoe??th. O 50,0% aeiaaee?a aeyaeany aei?o o ii?iaeieio
noaeiao. Aaaeeeai i?aee?aneeoe, ui a a?eueoino? niinoa?aaeaiue aei?o ia
aeyaeyany ee?i?/ii. O 20,83% noaeia?a a?coae?ciaoaaeenue aiaieua
aeano?oeoe?? noaeiaiaeo iiaa?oiae e?noie. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui
aiie ia aecia/aeenue ia ?aioaaiia?aiao noaeia?a.

Oaaeeoey 2

*anoioa aeyaeaiiy o oai?eo ia ?A cia/aiue inoaiaeaineoiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a,

ui aeoiaeyoue ca ieaeith iaaeo eieeaaiue ii?ie (I+m, %)

A?oia ianoaaeaieo EENO? NOIIE

A i?. Ae III I A III I A ini.o III Ae ini.o III A ini.o II A n?.o II Ae
III Ie. A III Ie. A ini.o III Ae ini.o III

i e i e i e i e i e i e i e i e i e i e i e

Noaae?y 0 20,00+

7,30 33,30+

8,58 10,00+

5,47 6,60+

4,53 10,00+

5,47 30,00+

7,30 46,60+

9,11 30,00+

8,36 0,00 0,00

13,30+

6,20 60,00+

8,94 3,30+

3,26 6,60+

4,53 0,00 0,00 6,60+

4,53 13,30+

6,20 6,60+

4,53 3,30+

3,26 0,00 0,00

Noaae?y I 21,90+

7,31 43,80+

8,77 25,00+

7,65 31,30+

8,20 28,10+

7,90 50,00+

8,84 25,00+

7,65 21,90+

7,31 0,00 0,00 34,40+

8,40 56,30+

18,77 12,50+

5,85 28,10+

7,90 0,00 0,00 9,40+

5,16 12,50+

5,85 9,40+

5,16 9,40+

5,16 0,00 0,00

Noaae?y II 80,00+

9,18 90,00+

6,88 55,00+

11,41 85,00+

8,19 80,00+

9,88 50,00+

11,47 80,00+

9,18 85,00+

8,19 20,00+

9,18 15,00+

8,19 45,00+

11,47 55,00+

11,47 35,00+

10,94 30,00+

10,51 10,00+

6,88 20,00+

9,80 20,00+

9,80 15,00+

8,19 20,00+

9,80 20,00+

9,80 0,00 0,00

Noaae?y III 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 57,00+

13,70 44,30+

12,70 100,0 100,0 100,0 78,60+

11,37 14,30+

9,70 14,30+

9,70 71,40+

12,5 85,70+

9,71 64,30+

8,81 57,00+

13,7 0,00 0,00

Noaae?y IY 93,30+

6,68 100,0

100,0

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 73,30+

9,25 100,0

86,70+

9,08 100,0

86,70+

9,08 13,30+

9,08 13,30+

9,08 86,70+

9,08 80,00+

10,69 86,70+

9,08 86,70+

9,08 0,00

0,00

I?ei?oea. A i?. — aeenoaeueiee yi?o?c i?iiaiaai? e?noee, A III i. —
aeenoaeueiee yi?o?c o?aouei? i’ynii? e?noee, Ae III i. — ae?ao?c
o?aouei? i’ynii? e?noee , , Ae ini. o. III — ae?ao?c iniiaieo oaeaia
o?ao?o iaeueoe?a eenoae oa noii , A ini. o. III – aeenoaeueiee ai?o?c
iniiaieo oaeaia o?ao?o iaeueoe?a eenoae oa noii , A ini. o. II —
aeenoaeueiee yi?o?c iniiaieo oaeaia ae?oaeo iaeueoe?a eenoae, Ae III ie.
— ae?ao?c o?aouei? ieaniaai? e?noee, A III ie. — aeenoaeueiee yi?o?c
o?aouei? ieaniaai? e?noee.

Ia iiaeaeueoeo noaae?yo iineaaeaiiy yoineaiaeo, a?aeaeoiai a?ae i’yeeo
oeaiei, ioi/oth/eo noaeia, aeyaeyeiny o 90,0% aeiaaee?a, ui coiiaeaii,
i/aaeaeii, ia o?eueee ?o iaa?yeii, a e a?iio?io??th. Aei?o o noaeiaio
ii?iaeieio aeyaeany o 63,33% ianoaaeaieo noaeia?a, aeano?oeoeai? ci?ie
noaeiaiaeo iiaa?oiae e?noie (ia an? c ieo a?coae?ciaoaaeenue ia
?aioaaiia?aiao) — a 73,33%. O oai?eo II, III, IY noaae?yie iineeeeanue
?ioaineai?noue yoineaiaeo, a?aeaeoiai a?ae noaeiaiai? iiaa?oi? e?noie,
ui iiaeia iiynieoe iaoa?oaaiiyi o?a??io ia noaoiiae?aeueieo iiaa?oiyo
e?noie.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?aaaaa niiia?ao?? i?e ianoaaeaii? noaeia?a iieyaa? o
iiaeeeaino? ioe?iee noaio i’yeeo oeaiei, ioi/oth/eo noaeia, a a?eueo
oi/i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? aeano?oeoe?? noaeiaiaeo iiaa?oiae e?noie oa o
aecia/aii? iaa?oue i?i?iaeueii? e?eueeino? aeiioo o ii?iaeiei? noaeiao,
ui ia aeyaey?oueny ee?i?/ii.

AENIIAEE

Aeaineoiiao?e/i? aei??e cae/aeieo ?aioaaiia?ai aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe
u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie ? aeyaeoe ?? cieaeaiiy aaea ia 0 noaae??
?A, eiee ?io? ?aioaaiieia?/i? iciaee caoai?thaaiiy ua a?aenooi?.

I?ia?aeueia iane/ai?noue e?noie i?e ?A ciaioo?oueny c? c?inoaiiyi
noaae?? caoai?thaaiy oa nooiaith aeoeaiino? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano.
Cieaeaiiy ??aiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? ae?aaeaii a?eueoa a ai?o?cao e?noie.
U?euei?noue ae?ao?c?a ciaioo?oueny aieiaiei /eiii ia O noaae??, a i?e
ia?aoiae? aei noaae?? IV u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie aaea i?aeoe/ii ia
ci?ith?oueny.

*anoioa aeyaeaiiy inoaiii?ico o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaa,
iaeiae nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? eiai a?eueoee o i?aaenoaaiee?a /ieia?/i?
noao?.

Oioiaeaineoiiao??y ?aioaaiia?ai iiaea aooe aeei?enoiaaia aeey
aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ae?aaiinoeee ?A ? iiaeaa?e ia ?aii?o noaae?yo oeeo
caoai?thaaiue.

O oai?eo ia ?A inoaiii?ic iineoue a?ia?o?io?/iee oa?aeoa?, i?i ui
na?ae/aoue aeai? a?noia?ao?/iiai aiae?co eiii’thoa?ieo oiiia?ai.

O oai?eo ia ?A ?icaeaathoueny ii?ooaiiy eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai
iaoaaie?cio oa eiai ?aaoeyoe??, ye? i?iyaeythoueny cieaeaiiyi a ieaci?
e?ia? ??aiy ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th, oanoinoa?iio o /ieia?e?a,
etho?ii?io ? oie?o?ii?io o ae?iie, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy
ia?aoe?ai?aeiiai ai?iiio ? eaeueoe?oii?io. I?ia?aeueia iane/ai?noue
e?noeiai? oeaieie o oai?eo ia ?A cieaeo?oueny c? ciaioaiiyi
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeueoe?oii?io,

caaaeueiiai ? ?ii?ciaaiiai eaeueoe?th, ano?aae?ieo oa c? ca?eueoaiiyi
??aiy

oie?o?ii?io.

Aeaii??ia oeueo?acaoeiaa neaioaaiiy a ii??aiyii? c ?aioaaiia?ao??th ia?
a?eueoo ni?iiiaei?noue o a?coae?caoe?? i’yeeo oeaiei oa aeano?oeoeaieo
ci?i noaeiaiaeo iiaa?oiae e?noie. Aieiaia eiai ia?aaaaa iieyaa? o
aecia/aii? iaa?oue i?i?iaeueii? e?eueeino? aeiioo o ii?iaeiei? noaeiao,
ui ia aeyaey?oueny ee?i?/ii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eioeoa?e I.A., Eaiaiaoeueeee I.N., Oea/aiei A.Ae., Iiiio I.A.
?aioaaiieia?/ia ioe?iea u?eueiino? e?noeiai? oeaieie i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio
a?o?eo?//O?AE. – 1998. — ? 1. – N. 30-33.

Eioeoa?e I.A. Eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y a ae?aaiinoeoe? inoaiii?ico i?e
?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?//I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y.
Ca??ea iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. – Aei. 2. – Ee?a.
– 1998. – N. 161-162.

Eioeoa?e I.A. U?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie oa eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iee
iai?i i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? e iiaeaa??// I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea,
i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y. Ca??ea iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a
Oe?a?ie. – Aei. 3. – Ee?a. – 1998. – N. 162-164.

Eioeoa?e I.A. ?aioaaiieia?/ia ae?aaiinoeea inoaiii?ico i?e
?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?// I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y.
Ca??ea iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. – Aei. 3. – Ee?a.
– 1998. – N. 159-161.

Eioeoa?e I.A. Niiia?ao?y eie?iieo noaeia?a o ae?aaiinoeoe?
?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo// I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y.
Ca??ea iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. – Aei. 1. – Ee?a.
– 1997. – N. 86-87.

Eioeoa?e I.A. Aonoeia e?noeiai? oeieie ? noai eaeueoe?e?aaoethth/i?
nenoaie o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo //Oi?aeaeueia ?aae?ieia?y.
?aae?ieia?y iiei/ii? caeice: Ca??ea iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Anioe?aoe??
?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie. –Ee?a. – 1997. – N. 93-94.

O. Kotlubey, M. Kamenestky, O.Sinjachenko, G.Tkachenko,N.Momot.
Radiological diagnosis of osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis//20th
International Congress of Radiology. – New-Delhi, 1998. — ?. 42-43.

O. Kotlubey, M. Kamenestky, O.Sinjachenko, G.Tkachenko,N.Momot.
Radiological evaluation of bone density in rheumatoid arthritis//11th
Europian Congress of Radiology. Scientific programme and book of
abstracts. – Vienna, 1999. – P. 493.

Eaiaiaoeueeee I.N., Ceiy/aiei I.A., Oea/aiei A.Ae., Iiiio I.A., Eioeoa?e
I.A. Aiciiaeiinoe aeaineoiiao?ee a auyaeaiee inoaiii?ica i?e
?aaiaoieaeiii a?o?eoa//Inoaiii?ic: ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea,
ae?aaiinoeea, e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeea. Ca. iao. eiioa?aioe??. – E.,
1995. – N. 30.

Oea/aiei A.Ae., Eioeoaae I.A., Eoiaa A.I. Aeaineoiiao?e/aneay ioeaiea
?aiieo i?iyaeaiee ?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa//OE?’95. – E., 1995. Oac. Aeii.
– 100,0 ?ie?a a?aee?eooy ?aioaai?anueeeo i?iiai?a. –N. 79.

Eioeoa?e I.A. ?aioaaiieia?/ia ae?aaiinoeea inoaiii?ico i?e
?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?// Iaoa??aee Ae?oaiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano
?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie. – E., 1997. – N. 116.

Neiy/aiei I.A., Eaiaiaoeeee I.N., Oea/aiei A.Ae., Eioeoaae I.A.,
Aaiiiaa I.A. Inoaiii?ic ? noai eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai iai?io i?e
?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? // Iaoa??aee Ae?oaiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano
?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie. – E., 1997. – N. 118.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eioeoa?e I.A. I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea e?noeiai-noaeiaiaeo ci?i o oai?eo
ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eoa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.23 — i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa
oa?ai?y. — Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iieieia?? oa
?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee
e?noeiai-noaeiaieo ci?i o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo ca aeiiiiiaith
no/anieo i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? ianoaaeaiiy
111 oai?eo aeiaaaeaii, ui oioiaeaineoiiao??y cae/aeieo ?aioaaiia?ai
aeicaiey? aeyaeoe inoaiii?ic aaea ia 0 noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy. O
iaoe??io?a c ?aaiaoi?aeiei a?o?eoii inoaiii?ic iineoue a?ia?o?io?/iee
oa?aeoa?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue aeai? a?noi4?ao?/iiai aiae?co eiii’thoa?ieo
oiiia?ai.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?aae?i?ioiiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo ia
?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo ?icaeaathoueny ii?ooaiiy eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai
iaoaaie?cio oa eiai ?aaoeyoe??. Aea/aii iiaeeeaino? niiia?ao?? a
ae?aaiinoeoe? ci?i e?noie oa noaeia?a i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo, inoaii?ic, oioiaeaineoiiao??y,
a?noia?ao?/iee aiae?c eiii’thoa?ieo oiiia?ai, eaeueoe?eii-oinoi?iee
iaoaaie?ci, niiia?ao?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eioeoaae O.A. Eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea einoii-nonoaaiuo eciaiaiee o
aieueiuo ?aaiaoieaeiui a?o?eoii. — ?oeiienue

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.23 — eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea, eo/aaay
oa?aiey. — Oe?aeineee iao/ii — enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo iieieiaee e
?aaeeieiaee IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe aeeaaiinoeee
einoii-nonoaaiuo eciaiaiee o aieueiuo ?aaiaoieaeiui a?o?eoii. Ia
iniiaaiee ianeaaeiaaiey 111 aieueiuo ?aaiaoieaeiui a?o?eoii aeieacaii,
/oi oioiaeaineoiiao?ey iau/iuo ?aioaaiia?aii iicaieyao auyaeoue
inoaiii?ic oaea ia 0-e noaaeee caaieaaaiey, eiaaea yaiua
?aioaaiieiae/aneea i?eciaee aai aua ionoonoaotho. Ieia?aeueiay
ianuuaiiinoue einoiie oeaie i?e ?aaiaoieaeiii a?o?eoa nieaeaaony n
ia?anoaieai noaaeee caaieaaaiey e noaiaie aeoeaiinoe ainiaeeoaeueiiai
i?ioeanna. Nieaeaiea o?iaiy ieia?aeecaoeee aieueoa au?aaeaii a yieoecao
einoae. Ieioiinoue aeeaoecia oiaiueoaaony aeaaiui ia?acii ia III
noaaeee, a i?e ia?aoiaea e IY noaaeee ieioiinoue einoiie oeaie oaea
i?aeoe/anee ia iaiyaony. *anoioa auyaeaiey inoaiii?ica o ioae/ei e
aeaiuei i?eaeeceoaeueii iaeeiaeiaa, ii noaiaiue au?aaeaiiinoe aai
aieueoa o i?aaenoaaeoaeae ioaeneiai iiea.

?acoeueoaou aenoia?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca eiiiuethoa?iuo oiiia?aii
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi inoaiii?ic i?e ?aaiaoieaeiii a?o?eoa eiaao
aeia?o?ioe/aneee oa?aeoa?.

N iiiiuueth ?aaeeieiioiiiai aiaeeca onoaiiaeaii, /oi o aieueiuo
?aaiaoieaeiui a?o?eoii ?acaeaathony ia?ooaiey eaeueoeeaai-oinoi?iiai
iaoaaieecia e aai ?aaoeyoeee, eioi?ua i?iyaeythony nieaeaieai a ieacia
e?iae o?iaiy eiiece?iaaiiiai eaeueoeey, oanoinoa?iia o ioae/ei,
etho?iieia e oieeeo?iieia o aeaiuei e iiauoaieai o?iaiy ia?aoe?aieaeiiai
ai?iiia e eaeueoeeoiieia iacaaeneii io iiea. I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii, /oi
ieia?aeueiay ianuuaiiinoue einoiie oeaie o aieueiuo ?aaiaoieaeiui
a?o?eoii nieaeaaony n oiaiueoaieai eiioeaio?aoeee eaeueoeeoiieia, iauaai
e eiiece?iaaiiiai eaeueoeey, yno?aaeeiea e n oaaee/aieai o?iaiy
oieeeo?iieia.

Eco/aiu aiciiaeiinoe niiia?aoee a aeeaaiinoeea einoii-nonoaaiuo
eciaiaiee i?e ?aaiaoieaeiii a?o?eoa. Iieacaii, /oi i?aeiouanoai
niiia?aoee i?e ianeaaeiaaiee nonoaaia ninoieo a aiciiaeiinoe ioeaiee
ninoiyiey iyaeeo oeaiae, ie?oaeathueo nonoaa, a aieaa oi/iie
aeeaaiinoeea aeano?oeoeee nonoaaiuo iiaa?oiinoae einoae e a ii?aaeaeaiee
aeaaea ieieiaeueiiai eiee/anoaa auiioa a iieinoue nonoaaa, ia
auyaeyaiiai eeeie/anee.

Eethaaua neiaa: ?aaiaoieaeiue a?o?eo, inoaii?ic, oioiaeaineoiiao?ey,
aenoia?aoe/aneee aiaeec eiiiuethoa?iuo oiiia?aii, eaeueoeeaai-oinoi?iue
iaoaaieeci, niiia?aoey.

#6.2. Eeth/iai neiaa ?in?enueeith iiaith:

#6.3. Eeth/iai neiaa aiae?enueeith iiaith: rheumatoid arthritis,
osteoporosis, photodensitometry, computed tomography hystographical
analysis, calcium and phospate metabolism, sonography.

#7. Iacaa aeena?oaoeii: I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea e?noeiai-noaeiaieo ci?i o
oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo.

#8. Iacaa onoaiiae, aea a?aeaoaeaoueny caoeno aeena?oaoeii: Oe?a?inueeee
IAeI iieieiai? i ?aae?ieia??

#14.1. Aiioaoe?y oe?a?inueeith iiaith.

.

#14.2. Aiioaoe?y ?in?enueeith iiaith.

#14.3. Aiioaoe?y aiae?enueeith iiaith. Possibility of radiogram
photodensitometry to reveal the osteoporosis in patients with 0 stage of
rheumatoid arthritis has been proved on the basis of radiation studying
111 patients. Results of computed tomography hystographical analysis
indicated hypertrophic character of osteoporosis in rheumatoid
arthritis. Impairments of calcium and phosphate metabolism and its
regulation have been determined. Possibilities of sonography for
diagnosis of bone and joint changes in patients with rheumatoid
arthritis were studied.

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