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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

IIEIEIA?? oa ?AAe?IEIA??

IA?AAE Ia?eia Ai?en?aia

OAeE 615.849:616.1

i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue eaiai oeoii/ea o
oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith ? iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea

14.01.23 – i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea, i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio IAe? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??? I?O OeEE II ?AI.

IAOEIAee EA??AIEE:

Aeeeai ??eia Ieeiea?aia aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe – caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy
i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee Oe?a?inueeiai IAe? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC
Oe?a?ie.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

Aaa?e sse?a Noaiaiiae/ aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? – caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai eiinoeueoaoeaii
– ae?aaiinoe/iiai oeaio?o IIC Oe?a?ie

Aic?aiia Na?a?e Ieaenaiae?iae/ aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe – caa?aeoth/ee
a?aeae?eii aiaeio?ieia?? ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea,
eaoaae?a iaaee/ii? ?aae?ieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «__»____199__?. i ___aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.619.01 a Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie
(252022, i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa, 33/43).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie

(i. Ee?a, aoe. Eiiiiiniaa, 33/43).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «__»______199__?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aeeeai ?.I.

#6.1. Eeth/ia? neiaa oe?a?inueeith iiaith: i?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea,
e?aioeoii/eiaa iaaeinoaoi?noue, ei?iia?iaaiia ? iaei?iia?iaaiia
iaoieia?y i?iea?aea.

#6.2. Eeth/iai neiaa ?in?enueeith iiaith: eo/aaay aeeaaiinoeea,
eaaiaeaeoaei/eiaay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue, ei?iia?iaaiiay e iaei?iia?iaaiiay
iaoieiaey ieiea?aea.

#6.3. Eeth/iai neiaa aiae?enueeith iiaith: radiation diagnosis, left
ventricular failure, coronarogenic and noncoronarogenic myocardial
pathology.

#7. Iacaa aeena?oaoeii: I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea ooaeoe?iiaeueieo
ii?ooaiue e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith ? iaei?iia?iaaiiith
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea.

#8. Iacaa onoaiiae, aea a?aeaoaeaoueny caoeno aeena?oaoeii: Oe?a?inueeee
IAeI iieieiai? i ?aae?ieia??

#9. I?noi, ??e caoenoo: i. Ee?a, 1999 ?ie

#10. I??caeua, ?i’y, ii aaoueeia? caeiaoaa/a: Ia?aae Ia?eia Ai?en?aia

#11. ??e ia?iaeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/a: 1965

#12. Noaoue caeiaoaa/a: ae?ii/a

#13. I?noea ?iaioe, iinaaea caeiaoaa/a: Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.Ai?ueeiai, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?aae?ieia??.

#14.1. Aiioaoe?y oe?a?inueeith iiaith. Ia aac? i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy
659 oai?eo (569 – ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey ? 90 – c iaei?iia?iaaiiith
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea) oa aa?eo?eaoe?? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaieie
aei??thaaiiy oeneo a e?aeo ii?iaeieiao na?oey aoei aecia/aii
?aioaaiieia?/i?, aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i? ? ?aae?iioee?aeii-aaio?eeoeia?ao?/i?
iieacieee, iaea?eueo ae?aaiinoe/ii aaaii? o aeyaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ii?ooaiue e?aiai oeoii/ea. ?ic?iaeaii oaeoeeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy
iaoe??io?a c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ??ciiai aaiaco c iaoith ae?aaiinoeee
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

#14.2. Aiioaoe?y ?in?enueeith iiaith. N oeaeueth iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe aeeaaiinoeee ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ooaiee eaaiai
aeaeoaei/ea, iniaaiii ia ?aiieo yoaiao eo ?acaeoey, o aieueiuo n
ei?iia?iaaiiie e iaei?iia?iaaiiie iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea iooai i?eiaiaiey
?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu eo/aaiai enneaaeiaaiey auei ianeaaeiaaii 659
iaoeeaioia: 569 aieueiuo n eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea e 90 – n
iaei?iia?iaaiiie iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeth/aei:
?aioaaiia?aoeth i?aaiia a?oaeiie iieinoe, eiiiuethoa?ioth oiiia?aoeth
i?aaiia a?oaeiie iieinoe, eaaoth aaio?eeoeia?aoeth e ei?iia?ia?aoeth,
yoiea?aeeia?aoeth, ?aaeeiioeeeaeioth aaio?eeoeia?a-oeth e
noeeioea?aoeth, yeaeo?iiioth eiiiuethoa?ioth oiiia?aoeth na?aeoea. Ia
iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia ianeaaeiaaiey nenoaiaoece?iaaia ?aioaaiieiae/aneay,
oeueo?acaoeiaay, ?aaeeiioeeeaeii-aaio?eeoeia?aoe/aneay naieioeea
eaaiaeaeoaei/eiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aieueiuo n iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea a
caaeneiinoe io oa?aeoa?a e ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe i?ioeanna. Ia aaca
aa?eoeeaoee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey aeaiiuie ecia?aiey aeaaeaiey a
eaauo iieinoyo na?aeoea ii?aaeaeaia aeeaaiinoe/aneay oeaiiinoue
?aioaaiieiae/aneie ioeaiee noaiaie aaiiciie aeia?oiiee iaeiai e?oaa
e?iaiia?auaiey, yoiea?aeeia?aoe/aneeo e
?aaeeiioeeeaeii-aaio?eeoeia?aoe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia nenoiee/aneie e
aeeanoiee/aneie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea aeey auyaeaiey aai
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ooaiee o aieueiuo n iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea.
?ac?aaioaiu eiiiuethoa?ii-oiiia?aoe/aneea e?eoa?ee aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie
aeeaaiinoeee III noaiaie aaiiciie aeia?oiiee iaeiai e?oaa
e?iaiia?auaiey, i?iyaeythuaeny eioa?noeoeeaeueiui ioaeii eaaeeo, e
eaai/iie iaoieiaee n aeeooociui oneeaieai eaai/iiai ?enoiea ca n/ao
eioa?noeoeeaeueiiai eiiiiiaioa. Onoaiiaeaiu aiciiaeiinoe ?aioaaiia?aoee
i?aaiia a?oaeiie iieinoe e ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aaio?eeoeia?aoee a
aeeaaiinoeea ?aiiae noaaeee eaaiaeaeoaei/eiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o
eco/aaiiai eiioeiaaioa eeoe. Ia iniiaa niiinoaaeaiey aeaiiuo
?aioaaiia?aoee e yoiea?aeeia?aoee ii?aaeaeaiu ?aioaaiieiae/aneea
e?eoa?ee ioeaiee oa/aiey eaaiaeaeoaei/eiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aieueiuo
eioa?eoii ieiea?aea e a oeaeii n iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea; auyaeaia
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo noaiaiueth aaiiciie aeia?oiiee iaeiai e?oaa
e?iaiia?auaiey e yoiea?aeeia?aoe/aneeie iieacaoaeyie aaiiao?ee e
ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea. Aeieacaii, /oi
au?aaeaiiinoue ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ooaiee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea o
iaoeeaioia n iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea iaoneiaeaia ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoueth
i?ioeanna a na?aea/iie iuooea e ia caaeneo io iicieiae/aneie oi?iu. Ii
aeaiiui yeaeo?iiiie eiiiuethoa?iie oiiia?aoee na?aeoea iiaeoaa?aeaeaia
caaeneiinoue ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea o aieueiuo
eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea io o?iaiy ieiea?aeeaeueiie ia?oocee.
Ii?aaeaeaiu iieacaoaee ?aioaaiieiae/aneiai, oeueo?acaoeiaiai
enneaaei-aaiee na?aeoea, ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aaio?eeoeia?aoee, iaeaieaa
cia/eiua a aeeaaiinoeea ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ooaiee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea o
aieueiuo n ei?iia?iaaiiie e iaei?iia?iaaiiie iaoieiaeae ieiea?aea;
?ac?aaioaia oaeoeea eo/aaiai ianeaaeiaaiey aeaiiiai eiioeiaaioa eeoe n
oeaeueth auyaeaiey eaaiaeaeoaei/eiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe.

#14.3. Aiioaoe?y aiae?enueeith iiaith. The most informative parameters
of X-Ray examination, echocardiography and radionuclide ventriculography
for the left ventricle functional impairments detection have been
determined on the basis of the verification of the results of radiation
studying 659 patients (569 – with ischemic heart disease and 90 – with
noncoronarogenic myocardial pathology) with the level of pressure in the
left cardiac chambers. Tactics of radiation study of patients with
myocardial pathology of different genesis for the diagnosis of left
ventricular failure has been worked out.

#15. Oaeno aaoi?aoa?aoo.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue

O no/ani?e ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei? i?iaeaia ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiino? (NI) ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiith o ca’yceo c ?? oe?ieith
iioe?ai?noth a on?o (iniaeeai, aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiaieo) e?a?iao ? aenieei
??aiai ?iaae?ae?caoe?? ? nia?oiino? (Iaco? I.A., 1986; Eaaeu?ia E.A.,
1992; Braunwald E., 1994, Konstam M. ? ni?aaao., 1994). Oae, a NOA
a?eueoa aeaio i?eueeii?a iaoeaioe?a iathoue na?oeaao iaaeinoaoi?noue
(Konstam M. ? ni?aaao., 1994), c ieo ui??/ii 200-400 oeny/ iiie?a? a?ae
oe??? i?e/eie. ?iia??i?noue nia?o? i?ioyaii 5 ?ie?a i?ney ?? aeyaeaiiy
neeaaea? o /ieia?e?a 62%, o ae?iie – 42%. I?eaeecii o iieiaei? aeiaaee?a
niinoa??aa?oueny ?aioiaa nia?oue (Iooa?eyiia I.I., 1987 ).

Iae/ano?oith i?e/eiith ?icaeoeo na?oeaai? (e?aioeoii/eiai? ?
oioaeueii?) iaaeinoaoiino? ? o?aaeaiiy i?iea?aea – ei?iia?iaaiiiai ?
iaei?iia?iaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o (Aeaienthe A.E., 1991; Aaeaieia TH.I.,1994;
Aeyaeue A.E. ? ni?aaao., 1994; Braunwald E., 1981; Armstrong P. ?
ni?aaao., 1998).

O?eueee ?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea e?aioeoii/eiai? aeenooieoe?? o oai?eo c
oe??th iaoieia??th iiaea aeicaieeoe i?iaanoe a/anio aaeaeaaoio oa?ai?th
? oei naiei caiia?aoe ?icaeoeo oyaeeeo iane?aee?a (Aaeaieia TH.I., 1975;
Iooa?eyiia I.I., 1979; Ieanei A.E. ? ni?aaao.,1989; Braunwald E., 1994;
Armstrong P. ? ni?aaao., 1998).

O eiiieaen? ae?aaiinoe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeyaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue e?aiai oeoii/ea o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo in?a,
aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue i?iiaiaa? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
(Iooa?eyiia I.I. ? ni?aaao., 1985; Oeoiiia E.A., 1985; Bergman M.I. ?
ni?aaao., 1984; Ravin C.E. ? ni?aaao., 1994; Meholic A. ? ni?aaao.,1996;
van der Wall E.E. ? ni?aaao, 1998).

Iacaaaeath/e ia /eneaii? ioae?eaoe??, i?enay/ai? i?iiaiaa?e
ae?aaiinoeoe? e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? (Oeoiiia E.A., 1985;
Oeaeeaaiaa C.N. ? ni?aaao.,1988; Aaaaa O.O. ? ni?aaao., 1994; Aia?ia
A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1995; Turner A. ? ni?aaao.,1972; Buser P.T. ?
ni?aaao.,1989; Higgins C.B. ? ni?aaao.,1991; Gavelli G. ? ni?aaao.,
1997), aaaaoi ea?aeeiaeueieo ieoaiue ana ua caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie.
Oae, o a?eueoino? ?ia?o ?icaeyaeathoueny ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe aeyaeaiiy
ee?i?/ii iai?oanoiaaii? e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?, a ae?aaiinoeea
?aiiuei? ?? noaae?? ia ?ic?iaeaia.

2

Ia nenoaiaoeciaaia i?iiaiaaa nai?ioeea e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ? iioe?aiino? i?ioeano o na?oeaaiio i’yc?.

Aei oaia??oiueiai /ano a?aenooiy ?aeeia oaeoeea i?iiaiaaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoe??io?a c ??ciiiai?oiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea c
iaoith aeyaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue e?aiai oeoii/ea, o ye?e ae
eiaeiee c ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a, aeoiaey/e c eiai ?ioi?iaoeaiino?,
aeinooiiino? ? a?ieia?/ii? ae??, caeiaa nai?, iaaia i?noea.

Ana oea aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue
?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie

?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii IAe? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai ? ? o?aaiaioii IAe? IIC Oe?a?ie:
“?ic?iaea iaoiae?a oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey ethaeeie a
ii?i? ? i?e eiai iaoieia??” (N aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197V002110).

Iaoa ?iaioe

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue
e?aiai oeoii/ea, iniaeeai ia ?aii?o aoaiao ?o ?icaeoeo, o oai?eo c
ei?iia?iaaiiith ? iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i?iiaiaaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aecia/eoe caeaaei?noue iieaciee?a e?ai? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? (ia’?i?a ?
o?aeoe?? aeeeaeo e?aiai oeoii/ea, ae?anoie?/iiai ? nenoie?/iiai oeneo a
iueiio) a?ae noaio ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e.

Nenoaiaoecoaaoe ?aioaaiieia?/io nai?ioeeo ci?i na?oey ? noaeei iaeiai
eiea e?iaiia?ao o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ? iioe?aiino? i?ioeano.

?ic?iaeoe eiii’thoa?ii-oiiia?ao?/i? e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?eii?
ae?aaiinoeee aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao III nooiaiy
(?ioa?noeoe?eiee iaa?ye eaaai?a) oa eaaaiaai? iaoieia?? c aeeoociei
i?aeneeaiiyi eaaaiaaiai iaethieo ca ?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo.

3

Aecia/eoe aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i? iciaee ci?i ?ici???a ii?iaeieie na?oey,
oiaueie no?iie, ii?ooaiiy nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai
oeoii/ea o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o ?
iioe?aiino? i?ioeano, noaio iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao.

Anoaiiaeoe nai?ioeeo ii?ooaiue nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe??
e?aiai oeoii/ea, ui aeyaey?oueny i?e ?aae?iioee?aei?e aaio?eeoeia?ao??,
o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy o caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ? iioe?aiino? i?ioeano.

I?iaanoe ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th no?oeoo? na?oey, ui aecia/athoueny ia
aoiea?ae?ia?aiao ii aeiaa?e a?n? ? ? i???ioe?aie aeey aeeiiaiiy aei???a
c iaoith ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea (ia iniia?
c?noaaeaiiy io?eiaieo cia?aaeaiue c aiaoii?/ieie i?aia?aoaie na?oey a
aiaeia?/ieo c??cao).

Ioe?ieoe iiaeeeaino? aeaeo?iiii? eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? a ianoaaeaii?
oai?eo ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey. Aea/eoe caeaaei?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea a?ae i?iea?ae?aeueii? ia?ooc??.

Aeae?eeoe c eiiieaeno aea/aieo iieaciee?a iaea?eueo ae?aaiinoe/ii aaaii?
o aecia/aii? nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea
i?e iaoieia?? i?iea?aea (ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy aeaieo an?o i?iiaiaaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue).

?ic?iaeoe oaeoeeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith ?
iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea c iaoith ae?aaiinoeee
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ae??oo? aeooaeueio aeey i?iiaiaai?
ae?aaiinoeee, ea?ae?ieia?? oa oa?ai?? iaoeiao i?iaeaio – i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo c
ei?iia?iaaiiith oa iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea.

Aia?oa ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy c ?acoeueoaoaie aei??thaaiiy oeneo a
e?aeo ii?iaeieiao na?oey aecia/aia ae?aaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue
?aioaaiieia?/ii? ioe?iee nooiaiy aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea. ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?ii-
oiiia?ao?/i? e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee III nooiaiy aaiicii?
a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao (?ioa?noeoe?eiee iaa?ye eaaai?a) oa
eaaaiaai? iaoieia?? c aeeoociei i?aeneeaiiyi eaaaiaaiai iaethieo ca
?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo.

4

Nenoaiaoeciaaia ?aioaaiieia?/ia, oeueo?acaoeiaa,
?aae?iioee?aeii-aaio?eeoeia?ao?/ia nai?ioeea e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ? iioe?aiino? i?ioeano. Anoaiiaeaii iiaeeeaino? ?aioaaiia?ao??
i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie ? ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? a
ae?aaiinoeoe? ?aiiuei? noaae?? e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? o
aea/a?iiai eiioeiaaioo in?a.

Aia?oa ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy aeaieo ?aioaaiia?ao?? ?
aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? iieacaii, ui noeoii?noue iniiaieo e?i?eieo
ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo aaee/ei, ye? aecia/athoueny ia ?aioaaiia?ai? i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie o i?yi?e i?iaeoe?? (i?iaeiaaei?e, ai?eciioaeueiee ?
einee iiia?a/i? ?ici??e na?oey), ? ?ioaa?aeueiei iieacieeii
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea
a oe?eiio ? o iaoe??io?a c aino?ei ?ioa?eoii i?iea?aea cie?aia.
Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ae nooiaiai aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao ? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ieie iieacieeaie aaiiao??? ?
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea.

Aecia/aia ?ieue aeaeo?iiii? eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? o i?iiaiaaiio
ianoaaeaii? oai?eo ?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia
caeaaei?noue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea o aeaiiai
eiioeiaaioo in?a a?ae ??aiy i?iea?ae?aeueii? ia?ooc??.

I?iaaaeaii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th no?oeoo? na?oey, ui aecia/athoueny ia
aoiea?ae?ia?aiao ii aeiaa?e a?n? ? ? i???ioe?aie aeey aeeiiaiiy aei???a
c iaoith ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea (ia iniia?
c?noaaeaiiy io?eiaieo cia?aaeaiue c aiaoii?/ieie i?aia?aoaie na?oey a
aiaeia?/ieo c??cao).

Aia?oa aecia/aii iieacieee ?aioaaiieia?/iiai, oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiue na?oey, ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao??, iaea?eueo
ae?aaiinoe/ii aaaii? o aeyaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue e?aiai
oeoii/ea o oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith ? iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th
i?iea?aea.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe

Aecia/aii ?aioaaiieia?/i? ? ?aae?iioee?aeii-aaio?eeoeia?ao?/i?
neiioiie ?aiiuei? noaae?? e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

Anoaiiaeaii ?aioaaiieia?/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee ia?aa?ao
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea a
oe?eiio ? o iaoe??io?a c aino?ei ?ioa?eoii i?iea?aea cie?aia.

Aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue aeiiiea?ia?ao?? o?aini?o?aeueiiai
e?iaioieo i?e oeueo?acaoeiaiio aeine?aeaeaii? na?oey oai?eo c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea aeey ae?aaiinoeee e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

5

Aecia/aii iiaeeeaino? ?aae?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a o aeyaeaii?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue e?aiai oeoii/ea. ?ic?iaeaia oaeoeea
i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith ? iaei?iia?iaaiiith
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea c iaoith ae?aaiinoeee e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino?.

Ana oea aea? iiaeeea?noue ?aii ae?aaiinooaaoe e?aioeoii/eiao
iaaeinoaoi?noue o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea, i?iaiicoaaoe ??
ia?aa?a, oei naiei ni?eyth/e i?iaaaeaiith a/aniiai aaeaeaaoiiai
e?eoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii aei i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i. Eae?i?ia,
Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ae?aaiinoe/iiai oeaio?o, Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai
e?eoaaeueii-ee?i?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy, i?nueei? e?ea?i? N 1 i. Iae??aee, a
oaeiae o iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean o Aeiiaoeueeiio iaaee/iiio oieaa?neoao?
i?e iaa/aii? nooaeaio?a, e?ea??a-?ioa?i?a oa e?ea??a-eo?naio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiai? ?aioaaiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie (aeeth/ath/e eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th). Aaoi?
i?eeiaa o/anoue o i?iaaaeaii? aoiea?aeeia?ao?? oa aeaeo?iiii?
eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii i?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe
ei?iia?ia?ao?? ? e?ai? aaio?eeoeia?ao??, ?aae?iioee?aeii?
aaio?eeoeia?ao?? ? noeeioea?ao??, noai?aia iaiao?aeia aaca aeaieo.

Iaoiaeeeo aiaoiii-oeueo?acaoeiaeo ni?aii??aiyiue aoei ?ic?iaeaii
i?ioani?ii eaoaae?e ?aae?ieia?? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Aaeoeaiei ?. I., aea ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th an?o no?oeoo? na?oey
ia aoiea?ae?ia?aiao ii aeiaa?e a?n? aoei aeeiiaii iniaenoi aaoi?ii.

Aaoi?ii aoea i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? aiae?c io?eiaieo
aeaieo i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeaioiaeaii aei ae?oeo o
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo iaoa??aee ?iaioe.

Iniaenoi aaoi?ii aoei ?ic?iaeaii oaeoeeo i?iiaiaaiai ianoaaeaiiy
oai?eo c ei?iia?iaaiiith oa iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea c
iaoith ae?aaiinoeee e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo iiaeyeo caa.eaoaae?ith ?aae?ieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea
i?ioani?o Ia/iao Ae.N. ca eiinoeueoaoe?? c ieoaiue ?aae?iioee?aeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue na?oey ? i?ioani?o eaoaae?e ?aae?ieia?? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Aaeoeaiei ?. I. ca iaaeaiiy
aeiiiiiae i?e i?iaaaeaii? aiaoiii-oeueo?acaoeiaeo ni?aii??aiyiue.

6

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Ai?iaaoe?y i?iaaaeaia ia noi?niiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? ?aae?ieia?? c
eo?naie i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe oa i?iiaiaai? aiaoii??, aioo??oi?o oai?ia
N 1 Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ai?ueeiai,
?aioaaiieia?/iiai oa ea?ae?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiue Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii?
e?ea?i? ?i. Eae?i?ia, a?aeae?e?a ?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ae?aaiinoe/iiai
oeaio?o, oa?aiaaoe/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Aeiiaoeueeiai
e?eoaaeueii-ee?i?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy, ea?ae?ieia?/iiai oa ae?aaiinoe/iiai
a?aeae?eaiue i?nueei? e?ea?i? N 1 i. Iae??aee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia
I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? ?aae?ieia?a (I’th-Aeae?, ?iae?y, 1998), IX, X ?
XI ?a?iiaenueeeo eiia?anao ?aae?ieia?a (A?aeaiue, Aano??y, 1995, 1997,
1999), Y ? YI eiia?anao ?a?iiaenueeiai oiaa?enoaa oi?aeaeueieo
?aae?ieia?a (A?thnaeue, Aaeuea?y, 1997, Aieiiuey, ?oae?y, 1998),
Oe?a?inueeiio eiia?an? ?aae?ieia?a (Ee?a, 1995), oe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee (Euea?a,
1996, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997, Neia’yinuee, 1998), can?aeaiiyo
Aeiiaoeueeiai ?aa?iiaeueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy Anioe?aoe?? ?aae?ieia?a
Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995, 1996, 1997).

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 330 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, 8 ?icae?e?a, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e (337). ?iaioa
?ethno?iaaia 68 oaaeeoeyie ? 39 iaethieaie.

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 20 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao oa ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 1 aaoi?nueeiio na?aeioeoa?, 29
iaoa??aeao ? oacao oe?a?inueeeo oa i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e oa
eiia?an?a.

7

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ianoaaeaieo oai?eo

oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia i?iiaiaaa ianoaaeaiiy 659 iaoe??io?a c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea, c ieo 569 – c ?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey (?ON):
59 – c aino?ei ?ioa?eoii i?iea?aea (A?I) ? 510 – c o?ii?/ieie oi?iaie
?ON, 90 – c iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th na?oeaaiai i’yco (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e ianoaaeaieo oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ca ee?i?/iei
ae?aaiicii

Ee?i?/iee ae?aaiic E?euee?noue

oai?eo

1. ?oai?/ia oai?iaa na?oey,

o oiio /ene?: 569

1.1 Aino?ee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea 59

1.2 O?ii?/ia ?ON,

o oiio /ene?: 510

1.2. 1 Aoa?ineea?ioe/iee ea?ae?ineea?ic 130

1.2. 2 Iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic 52

1.2. 3 Iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic o ii?aeiaii? c? noaiiea?ae??th
iai?oae 149

1.2. 4 Noaiiea?ae?y iai?oae 179

2. Iaei?iia?iaaiia iaoieia?y i?iea?aea,

o oiio /ene?: 90

2.1 Aino?ee i?iea?aeeo 27

2.2 Iinoi?iea?aeeoe/iee ea?ae?ineea?ic ? i?iea?ae?iaeeno?io?y 37

2.3 Aeeeyoaoe?eia ea?ae?ii?iiao?y 22

2.4 A?ia?o?io?/ia ea?ae?ii?iiao?y 4

Anueiai: 659

Na?aae ianoaaeaieo 454 /ieia?ee ? 205 ae?iie o a?oe? a?ae 13 aei 79
?ie?a (na?aaei?e a?e – 53,5 ? + 0,45).

8

Ee?i?/i? iciaee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? aecia/aeeny o 439 oai?eo:
o 250 – I no.; o 124 – II-A; o 58 – II-A ? o 7 – III no. (ca
eeaneo?eaoe??th Aaneeaiea-No?aaeanea).

O?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiue, ui i?ecaaee aei o?aaeaiiy na?oeaaiai
i’yco, eieeaaeanue a?ae aeae?eueeio aei?a aei 20 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a.

?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ia’?i oa iaoiaee i?iiaiaaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaaaaeaia o oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiae?e oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea o caeaaeiino? a?ae i?iaaaeaieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy E?euee?noue ianoaaeaieo oai?eo

c ?ON c iaei?iia?i-aaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea anueiai

1.?aioaaiieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?ae-aeaiiy:

1.1 ?aioaaiia?ao?y i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie

1.2 Eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y i?aa-i?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie

1.3 Eiio?anoia e?aa aaio?eeoeia?a-o?y ? ei?iia?ia?ao?y

348

20

89

63

8

1

411

28

90

2. Oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey 253 45 298

3. ?aae?iioee?aei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeai-iy:

3.1 ?aae?iioee?aeia aaio?eeoeia?a-o?y

3.2 Noeeioea?ao?y i?iea?aea

31

14

26

3

57

17

4. Aeaeo?iiia eiii’thoa?ia oiii-a?ao?y na?oey 26 – 26

I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ?acoeueoao?a ?aioaaiia?ao?? i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie ? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? (o 140 oai?eo), ?aioaaiia?ao??
i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie ? ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? (o 24
oai?eo), aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? ? ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? (o 37
oai?eo).

9

?acoeueoaoe i?iiaiaaeo aeine?aeaeaiue (aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? – o 42
/ie., ?aioaaiia?ao?? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie – o 36 /ie.,
?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? – o 21 /ie.) aa?eo?eiaai? ?c
canoinoaaiiyi e?ai? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? ? aei??thaaiiy oeneo o e?aeo
ii?iaeieiao na?oey. O 397 oai?eo ?acoeueoaoe i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy ?
aeaieie aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, o 20 iiia?eeo c o?ii?/iith
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ?acoeueoaoe ?aioaaiieia?/iiai ? oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiue na?oey aoee aa?eo?eiaai? aeaieie aooiin??. Ca
noaiaea?oieie oi?ioeaie (Kim E.E., Haynie T.P. ,1987) aecia/aee
/ooeea?noue, niaoeeo?/i?noue ? oi/i?noue iaoiaeo o ae?aaiinoeoe?
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

?aioaaiia?ao?y i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie o an?o oai?eo i?iaaaeaia
ia aia?ao? EDR-750 o i?yi?e ? e?a?e aieia?e i?iaeoe?yo c eiio?anoiaaiei
no?aaioiaeii o aa?oeeaeueiiio iieiaeaii? o oac? aeeaieiai aaeeoo. A
ianooiiiio ia ?aioaaiia?aiao ioe?ithaaee noai aaiicii? eaiee iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao ca iaoiaeeeith Turner ? ni?aaao. (1972), aecia/aee
?aioaaiea?ae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee.

Aeey aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? III nooiaiy aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao (AAIEE), ui aeyaey?oueny ?ioa?noeoe?eiei iaa?yeii eaaai?a,
a?ae eaaaiaaeo i?ioean?a, ui coiiaeththoue aeeoocia i?aeneeaiiy
eaaaiaaiai iaethieo ca ?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo, ca
a?aenooiino? /?oei? ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie ? i?e ?aeaioe/i?e
?aioaainai?ioeoe? iaie aoee i?iaiae?ciaai? aeai? eiii’thoa?ii?
oiiia?ao?? eaaai?a o 28 oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ? III no.
eaaaiaai? aaiicii? a?ia?oii??, 28 oai?eo c iao?iaaiiei iaa?yeii eaaai?a,
37 iaoe??io?a c ?ae?iiaoe/iei o?a?icoth/ei aeueaaieeoii ? 40 – c
aeeoocieie caoai?thaaiiyie niieo/ii? oeaieie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaeiny ia aia?ao? NO – 9000 o??ie “General Electrin”. Neaioaaiiy
i?iaiaeeeiny o iieiaeaii? oai?iai eaaea/e ia niei? o oac? aaeeoo. A
o?ueio noaiaea?oieo oiiia?ao?/ieo c??cao – ia ??ai? aeoae ai?oe,
a?oo?eaoe?? o?aoa? ? e?aiai ia?aaena?aey c eaaaiaaeie aaiaie i?iaiaeeee
a?noia?ao?/iee aiae?c. “Ciiaie ?ioa?ano” aoee ia?aaei? ? caaei?
a?aeae?ee eaaai?a o aeuacaaaeaieo ??aiyo. Aeei?enoiaoaaee i?ia?aio
a?ao?/ii? a?noia?aie ? i?iaiaeeee ye?nio ? e?euee?nio ioe?ieo io?eiaieo
e?eaeo: ioe?ithaaee ?o oi?io, iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii a?n? aanoeen,
ae?aiacii u?eueiino?.

Ei?iia?iaia?ia?ao?y ? e?aa aaio?eeoeia?ao?y aoea aeeiiaia ia
aia?ao? DCI o??ie “Philips”. Aea/aee ia’?ie ? o?aeoe?th aeeeaeo e?aiai
oeoii/ea, iaeneiaeueiee nenoie?/iee, ii/aoeiaee ? e?ioeaaee
ae?anoie?/iee oene o e?aiio oeoii/eo, iaeneiaeueiee ? i?i?iaeueiee oene
caeeeithaaiiy o eaaaiaa?e a?oa???, eieaeueio nei?ioi?noue i?iea?aea
e?aiai oeoii/ea, i?io?aei?noue ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e ? oe?eio ?o i?ina?oo,
iayai?noue ? nooi?iue ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieaoa?ae?a.

10

Oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey aeeiioaaee ia aoiea?ae?ia?aoao
“Hewlette Packard” ? “Aloka” oaciaei aeao/eeii c /anoioith 3 Iaoe a
iieiaeaii? oai?iai eaaea/e ia e?aiio aioe? i?e niie?eiiio aeeoaii? ? ia
aenio? aeaeioo. Aoieieaoe?th i?iaiaeeee c e?ai? ia?anoa?iaeueii?
iiceoe?? ii aeiaa?e a?n?. Aea/aee ?ici??e ? ia’?ie e?aiai oeoii/ea,
oiaueio eiai no?iie o ??ci? oace na?oeaaiai oeeeeo, iieacieee
nei?ioiino?, oaeaee?ni? ia?aiao?e o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo ?
e?iaioieo a ai?o?, ui aecia/athoueny i?e aeiiiea?ia?ao??, oaciao
no?oeoo?o ae?anoiee.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aecia/aiiy ?ici???a
e?aiai oeoii/ea ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?, ui ? i???ioe?aie i?e
i?iaaaeaii? oeeo aei???a, ie c?noaaeee 30 aiaoii?/ieo i?aia?ao?a
na?aeaoeue i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a c oeueo?acaoeiaeie neaiia?aiaie o
aiaeia?/ieo c??cao.

?aae?iioee?aeia aaio?eeoeia?ao?y a noaoe/iiio aa??aio? aoea
i?iaaaeaia ia aaia-eaia?? LFOV-IY o??ie “Nuclear Chicago”, ii?aeiai?e c
eiii’thoa?ii ?Ae? 11/34a, a Oe?a?inueeiio IAe? ea?ae?ieia?? ?i.
No?aaeanea ca iaoiaeeeith A. O. Oeeaaieiaa ? ni?aaao. (1986). Aecia/aee
eiiieaen iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nenoie?/io ? ae?anoie?/io
ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea. Noeeioea?ao?th i?iea?aea aeeiiaii 17 oai?ei c
i?aeic?ith ia ?ON ia aaia-eaia?? LFOV-IY c 99mTc-ie?ioinoaoii.
Noeeioea?aie ?a?no?oaaee o ia?aaei?e i?yi?e ? aeaio e?aeo eineo
i?iaeoe?yo – 30 ? 60. Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeeyaaee ia?iaoe? ia eiii’thoa??
?Ae? 11/34a. ?acoeueoaoe noeeioea?ao??, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaeiie/oaaiiy
?aae?ioa?ii?aia?aoa a iaeano? na?oey, ioe?ithaaee o aaeao (a?ae 0 aei
3).

Aeaeo?iiia eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y na?oey aoea aeeiiaia a
oi?aa?neoaonuee?e ee?i?oe? i. A?aoea (Aano??y) i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
i?ioani?a R. Rienmuller. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia iaaeoaeaee?niiio
eiii’thoa?iiio oiiia?ao? “Siemens Evolution” o iieiaeaii? oai?iai
eaaea/e ia niei? i?ae /an aeeoaeueii? iaoce c AEA-neio?ii?caoe??th
Ioe?ithaaee iieacieee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea,
ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e, caaaeueio ? ?aa?iia?io i?iea?ae?aeueio ia?ooc?th,
iano i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea, oiaueio eiai no?iee a ??cieo naaiaioao a
nenoieo ? ae?anoieo, ia’?ie e?aeo ? i?aaeo eaia? na?oey, noai eaaai?a,
eaaaiaaeo noaeei, ia?eea?ae?aeueii? ? ieaa?aeueii? ii?iaeieie.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea i?aeeyaaee noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii’thoa?? “Pentium” ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueii noai?aii? aace aeaieo
o oi?iao? dbf ? noaiaea?oieo iaeao?a “Statistica for Windows” ? “Excel”.
I?e oeueiio aoee canoiniaai? iaoiaee aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee,
ei?aeyoe??, iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??, aeene?ei?iaioiiai ? eeanoa?iiai
aiae?co.

11

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ei?iia?iaia?ia?ao?? iaoieia?y a?ioeaaeo a?oa??e
aoea aeyaeaia o 74 (83,14%) oai?eo, c ieo o 20 (22,47%) – iaei???
noaeeie, o 28 (31,46%) – iaio a?eie e?ai? ei?iia?ii? a?oa??? aai iaei???
c a?eie e?ai? ? i?aai? ei?iia?ii? a?oa??? ? o 26 (29,21%) – an?o o?ueio
noaeei.

Aiae?c aeaieo e?ai? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? aeyaea /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei
c?inoaiiy e?ioeaaiai ae?anoie?/iiai ? e?ioeaaiai nenoie?/iiai ia’?i?a
e?aiai oeoii/ea, cieaeaiiy nei?ioiino? eiai i?iea?aea ? ?icaeoeo
ae?anoie?/ieo ii?ooaiue c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? o?aaeaieo ei?iia?ieo
a?oa??e a?ae 0 aei 3. Eieaeuei? ii?ooaiiy nei?ioiino? ? aiaa?ecie oaeiae
aieeaaee ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai e?aiai oeoii/ea, iaeiae ? aiie
caeaaeaee a?ae ae?aaeaiinoe iioeiaeaeaiiy ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e. Ioaea,
iniiaiei oaeoi?ii, ui aecia/a? iayai?noue ? nooi?iue e?aioeoii/eiai?
aeenooieoe?? o oai?eo ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey, ? iioe?ai?noue
i?iea?ae?aeueiuo cii c ii?ooaiei e?iaioieii. A?aenooi?noue ?icaeiaieo
eieaoa?ae?a ca?eueooaaea ieiuo o?aaeaieo ae?eyiie ? i?aeneethaaea
ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea.

Ca aeaieie ?aioaaiia?ao?? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie c ioe?ieith
noaio eaaaiaaeo aai (?en. 1) o 85,89% ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a aoea
aeyaeaia aaiicia a?ia?oii?y iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao, ui na?ae/eea i?i
e?aioeoii/eiao iaaeinoaoi?noue: o 27,25% – I no., o 23,36% – II no.,
34,06% – III no. ? 1,22% – IY no. Ae?aaeai?noue AAIEE (ieoiia aaaa ??
II-IY nooiai?a) neeaaeaea 58,64%. I?e oeueiio a?eueo, i?ae o iaei???
o?aoeie oai?eo ae?aaiinoiaaii ?ioa?noeoe?eiee aai aeueaaiey?iee iaa?ye
eaaai?a, ui aeiaaaa oa?i?iiai? iaaeeeaiaioicii? ei?aeoe??.

O oai?eo c iaei?iia?iaaiiith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea eaaaiaaa aaiicia
a?ia?oii?y a?aecia/aeany /anoi (80,95%), iaeiae o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
nooi?iue ?? aoa iaaenieei – a iniiaiiio, I. Aeiyoeii aoea aeeeyoaoe?eia
ea?ae?ii?iiao?y, i?e ye?e aaiicia a?ia?oii?y iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao
aeyaeaia o an?o iaoe??io?a ? i?eaeecii o 37% in?a aoa ae?aaiinoiaaiee
iaa?ye eaaai?a.

O i?aea?oi? oai?eo ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey /anoioa aecia/aiiy
i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo a eaaaiaaeo aaiao ?noioii ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae oaei?
i?e iaei?iia?iaaii?e iaoieia?? i?iea?aea: 86,78% i?ioe 80,95%. Iaa?ye
eaaai?a a?aecia/aii iaeaea o 38% in?a. Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieo
a?aei?iiinoae ae?aaiinoeee AAIEE a oe?eiio ? ie?aieo ?? nooiai?a o
i?aea?oiao A?I ? o?ii?/ii? ?ON io?eiaii ia aoei. A oe?eiio ii a?oi?
iaoe??io?a c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ci?ie o aaiiciiio
?one? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao aoee a?aecia/ai? i?e aeeeyoaoe?ei?e
ea?ae?ii?iiao?? (i?e ?iciianthaeaeaiiio o?aaeaii? i?iea?aea).

12

12

O 18% ianoaaeaieo oai?eo eaaaiaaa aaiicia a?ia?oii?y aoea aeyaeaia
ca a?aenooiino? ee?i?/ieo iciae na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, oiaoi aoea
ae?aaiinoiaaia ?aiiy, “i?eoiaaia” noaae?y ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue
e?aiai oeoii/ea (?en. 2).

?en.1 *anoioa aecia/aiiy (%) aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao
(AAIEE) o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea

13

O 18% ianoaaeaieo oai?eo eaaaiaaa aaiicia a?ia?oii?y aoea aeyaeaia
ca a?aenooiino? ee?i?/ieo iciae na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, oiaoi aoea
ae?aaiinoiaaia ?aiiy, “i?eoiaaia” noaae?y ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue
e?aiai oeoii/ea (?en.2).

?en. 2 *anoioa aecia/aiiy (%) “i?eoiaaii?” noaae?? e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea.

?aioaaiieia?/i? iciaee a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao (AAIEE) a?aecia/aeeny iaaaaaoi ??aeoa, i?ae aaiicii?. *anoioa
?? aeyaeaiiy o aea/a?iiai eiioeiaaioo a oe?eiio neeaea 31,14%, a oiio
/ene?: 12,89% – I no., 18,25% – IIno. A on?o aeiaaeeao i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo
a nenoai? eaaaiaai? a?oa??? noi?iaiaeaeoaaei eaaaiaao aaiicio
a?ia?oii?th, i?e oeueiio /ano?oa III-IY, ??aeoa – II no. (?en. 3).

14

?en. 3 *anoioa aecia/aiiy (%) a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao (AAIEE) o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ? ??cieie nooiaiyie
aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao (AAIEE).

Ioaea, a?oa??aeueia a?ia?oii?y iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao o oai?eo c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ? aoi?eiiith ii a?aeiioaiith aei aaiicii?, ui
?icaeioeanue aiane?aeie e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?, ? coiiaeaia, o
ia?oo /a?ao, ii?ooaiiyi a?aeoieo e?ia? aei eaaaiaaeo aai. Iaeiae, ia iao
iiaeyae, o oeueiio i?ioean? a?ae?a?a? ?ieue ? ae?oaee, aeoeaiee iaoai?ci
– niaci iaeiaioeo a?oa??ie.

Aiae?c ?aioaaiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo aaee/ei o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
i?iea?aea aeyaea a??ia?aeia o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith
c?inoaiiy a?eueoino? ?ici???a na?oey.

15

O iaoe??io?a ia o?ii?/io ?ON an? iieacieee noaoenoe/ii ia?aaeuoaaee
oae? o oai?eo ia aino?ee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. O ii??aiyii? c a?oiith
iaei?iia?iaaiii? iaoieia?? i?iea?aea o inoaii?o ia aoei aeyaeaii
noaoenoe/ii cia/oui? ??cieoe?. O i?aea?oi? o?ii?/ieo oi?i ?ON a??ia?aeia
o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith c?inoaiiy ?aioaaiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a aecia/aeiny cia/ii /ano?oa, i?ae i?e ia?oai?/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo na?oeaaiai i’yco.

Aeyaeaia /?oea oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy an?o
?aioaaiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a c? c?inoaiiyi oeneo o eaaaiaaeo
aaiao. E?aiia?aaena?aeiee ?iaeaen o in?a aac aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai
eiea e?iaiia?ao aei??aithaaa 0, i?ney oeueiai iinooiiai c?inoaa ? aoa
iaeneiaeueiei i?e III nooiai? AAIEE (?en. 4).

?en. 4 Aaee/eia e?aiia?aaena?aeiiai ?iaeaeno o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
i?iea?aea ? ??cieie nooiaiyie aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao
(AAIEE).

Ioaea, i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo a e?aiio ia?aaena?ae? (a?aeiia?aeii – ? o
eaaaiaaeo aaiao) ? eiai aeeeyoaoe?y o oai?eo c o?aaeaiiyi i’yco na?oey
a?aeaoaathoueny ia?aeaeueii.

16

C?noaaeaiiy aeaieo ?aioaaiia?ao?? ? ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy oeneo
o e?aeo a?aeae?eao na?oey i?e e?a?e aaio?eeoeia?ao?? o oai?eo ?ON
aeicaieeei ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oiiai iaoiaeo e?i?eii? ?aa?an??
io?eiaoe caeaaei?noue i?ae ?aioaaiieia?/ii aecia/aiei nooiaiai aaiicii?
a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao ? oeneii caeeeithaaiiy o eaaaiaa?e
a?oa???.

??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? iaaaaeaii oi?ioeith 1:

MaxOEA = – 0,5 + 7,84 AAIEE, (1)

aea: IaoOEA – iaeneiaeueiee oene o eaaaiaa?e a?oa???,

AAIEE – nooi?iue aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao.

Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? R neeaa 0,97, eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2,
ui aecia/a? /anoeo caaaeueiiai ?iceeaeo a?aeiinii aea??eiai? na?aaeiuei?
caeaaeii? ci?iii?, – 0,94.

sse?nia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeae? iieaco?, ui o oai?eo ia ?ON c?inoaiiy
oeneo o eaaaiaaeo aaiao o cia/i?e a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy oeneo caeeeithaaiiy o eaaaiaa?e a?oa???. Oea iiaiaeaeo?oueny
c a?aeiieie aeaieie (Oeoiiia E.A.,1990; Braunwald E.,1994) i?i oa, ui o
iaoe??io?a aac a?iaeaeaieo ? iaaooeo aaae na?oey ca cia/aiiyi oeneo
caeeeithaaiiy iiaeia noaeeoe i?i ??aaiue oeneo o e?aiio ia?aaena?ae? ?
eaaaiaaeo aaiao.

Io?eiaiee aenieee nooi?iue ei?aeyoe?? ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeea
iaae?ei?noue iaoiaeeee Turner aeey ioe?iee noaio eaaaiaaeo aai ?
a?aeiia?aeii – ae?aaiinoeee e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?.

Iaeiae, oae ye o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo o
e?aiio ia?aaena?ae? aoi?eiia ii a?aeiioaiith aei oaeiai o e?aiio
oeoii/eo, iaie aia?oa aoa aea/aiee ca’ycie i?ae ?aioaaiieia?/ii
aecia/aiei nooiaiai AAIEE ? e?ioeaaei ae?anoie?/iei oeneii o e?aiio
oeoii/eo. Oie aea noaiaea?oiee iaoiae e?i?eii? ?aa?an?? aeicaieea iai
io?eiaoe ianooiia ??aiyiiy (oi?ioea 2):

AAIEE = 0,39 + 0,13 EAeO, (2)

aea: AAIEE – nooi?iue aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao,

EAeO – e?ioeaaee ae?anoie?/iee oene o e?aiio oeoii/eo.

Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? R neeaa 0,91, eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2
– 0,83.

17

Ioaea, aeyaeaiee ca iaoiaeeeith Turner nooi?iue aaiicii? a?ia?oii??
iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao c aenieei ??aiai ei?aeyoe?? a?aeaeaa? oene o
e?aiio oeoii/eo ? e?aiio ia?aaena?ae?.

I?e iaeneiaeuei?e /ooeeaino? (100%) ? aenie?e oi/iino? (99%)
niaoeeo?/i?noue (88%) ?aioaaiieia?/iiai aecia/aiiy nooiaiy aaiicii?
a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao o oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea
no?aaeaeaea /a?ac inaaaeiiiceoeaio ae?aaiinoeeo III nooiaiy AAIEE o
iaoe??io?a ?c caoai?thaaiiyie eaaai?a, ui aeyaeythoueny aeeoociei
i?aeneeaiiyi eaaaiaaiai iaethieo ca ?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy inoaiiueiai iieacieea iaie aoee aea/ai? aeai?
io?eiaieo i?e eiii’thoa?i?e oiiia?ao?? a?noia?ai o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
i?iea?aea ? III no. AAIEE, iao?iaaiiei ?ioa?noeoe?eiei iaa?yeii eaaai?a
? aeeoocieie caoai?thaaiiyie niieo/ii? oeaieie oa o?a?icoth/ei
aeueaaieeoii.

Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui o iieiaeaii? oai?iai eaaea/e ia niei? o oai?eo
c III no. AAIEE o ii??aiyii? c aeaieie o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a
ca?eueoo?oueny u?euei?noue caaei?o ae?eyiie o aa?oiueiio ? iniaeeai o
ieaeiueiio iie?. Oea, a iniiaiiio, coiiaeaii ae??th a?aa?oaoe?? ?
a?aeoieii iicanoaeeiii? ??aeeie o ieae/a?icoaoiaai? ae?eyiee. Ia?aaei?
(aeua?icoaoiaai?) a?aeae?ee o aa?oiueiio ? na?aaeiueiio iieyo,
a?aeiia?aeieo aa?oi?e aeie?, eiiiainaoi?ii caeoo?.

C?noaaeaiiy aeaieo a?noia?ai o iaoe??io?a c III no. AAIEE ?
iao?iaaiiei ?ioa?noeoe?eiei iaa?yeii eaaai?a aeicaieeei aeyaeoe, ui i?ae
aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie a oeeo a?oiao a??ia?aeieo a?aeciae iaia? i? a
iaeiiio eaaaiaaiio iie?, oiaoi ?iciiae?e aonoeie eaaai?a i?e
?ioa?noeoe?eiiio iaa?yeo ia caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai aaiaco. A?aenooi?noue
a?aei?iiinoae, ia iao iiaeyae, iiynith?oueny oei, ui iniiaiei iaoai?ciii
iao?iaaiiiai iaa?yeo eaaai?a, ia aeoieo aeayeeo aaoi??a (Eaiaiaoeeee
I.O.-I.,1989; Armstrong P., Wastie M.L.,1998), ? ii?ooaiiy ooieoe??
e?aiai oeoii/ea.

A oie aea /an, e?ea? eaaaiaai? u?eueiino? a on?o iieyo (iniaeeai o
caaeiueiio a?aeae?e?) ??cei a?ae??ciyeenue o iaoe??io?a c III no. AAIEE
? oai?eo eaaaiaaith iaoieia??th, ui coiiaeth? aeeooci? ci?ie eaaaiaaiai
iaethieo ca ?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo. O inoaii?o a?noia?aie
aoee ua a?eueo ci?uai? o a?e a?eueoi? u?eueiino?, aneiao?e/i?, /anoi
aeaoi?iiaai?, iniiaa ?o aoea cia/ii oe?oith, a aenioa – iaioith, i?ae
i?e III no. AAIEE.

18

Oaeei /eiii, canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? c a?noia?ao?/iei
aiae?cii o oai?eo c aeeoociei i?aeneeaiiyi eaaaiaaiai iaethieo ca
?aooiie ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo ? aac /?oei? ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie aai
a?aenooi?noth oaeaeei? iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy
aeaa?ae?aoaoe?eii? oa?ai?? aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe III no.
AAIEE a?ae iaoieia?? eaaai?a, ui aeyaey?oueny iiae?aiith
?aioaainai?ioeeith, ? oei naiei ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith niaoeeo?/iino?
?aioaaiieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea
e?iaiia?ao.

Aeai? oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey (OCAeN) o aea/a?iiai
eiioeiaaioo oai?eo na?ae/eee i?i oa, ui o?aaeaiiy na?oeaaiai i’yco
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?i aaiiao??? e?aeo a?aeae?e?a na?oey ? ?icaeoeo
nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?e e?aiai oeoii/ea. O oai?eo c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea noa?oi? a?eiai? a?oie noai iaio ooieoe?e e?aiai
oeoii/ea, ca aeaieie aoiea?ae?ia?ao??, aoa iaio caaeia?eueiei, i?ae o
a?eueo iieiaeeo iaoe??io?a. I/aaeaeii, oea aoei iaoiiaeaii a?eueoith
ieiuath i?ioeano o na?oeaaiio i’yc?.

Ca iayaiino? o ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiaaioo in?a ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? aeai? OCAeN na?ae/eee i?i nenoie?/io ? (aai)
ae?anoie?/io aeenooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea, a o oai?eo aac oeeo iciae
aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i? e?eoa??? ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai
oeoii/ea aoee a?aenooi?. Ioaea, o ae?aaiinoeoe? ?aiiuei? noaae??
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?y iinooia?oueny
?aioaaiieia?/i?e iaoiaeeoe? ioe?iee noaio eaaaiaaeo aai.

C?noaaeaiiy aeaieo oeueo?acaoeiaiai ? ?aioaaiieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy o 140 oai?eo iieacaei, ui i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo o e?aiio
ia?aaena?ae? ? eaaaiaaeo aaiao a oe?eiio o aea/a?iiai eiioeiaaioo in?a
aeeeeeaia, ia?aaeon?i, ii?ooaiiyie ae?anoiee. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
iaiao?aei?noue iaia’yceiaiai i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiiea?ia?ao??
o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo i?e aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i?e ae?aaiinoeoe?
e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino?. Iaea?eueo cia/ouei aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iei
ia?aiao?ii o aecia/aii? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea
aeyaeeiny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaeaeeinoae ?aiiueiai e ao??aeueiiai
o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaooieo.

?icaeoie nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea ua a?eueoa
iia??oo? eiai ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy nooiaiy
AAIEE – aei ?ioa?noeoe?eiiai ? aeueaaiey?iiai iaa?yeo eaaai?a.

Oae, ye ? aaio?eeoeia?ao?/i?, oeueo?acaoeia? e?ioeaa? nenoie?/iee
(ENI) ? ae?anoie?/iee (EAeI) ia’?ie e?aiai oeoii/ea c?inoaee (?en. 5), a
iieacieee nei?ioiino?: o?aeoe?y aeeeaeo – OA ? nooi?iue nei?i/aiiy
ia?aaeiuei-caaeiueiai ?ici??o e?aiai oeoii/ea o nenoieo – NC (?en.6)
cieaeoaaeenue c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? o?aaeaieo ei?iia?ieo noaeei, a
cia/eoue, – c? ca?eueoaiiyi ia’?io o?aaeaiiy i?iea?aea.

19

?en. 5 Aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i? ia’?ie e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo c ??ciith
e?euee?noth o?aaeaieo ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e.

?en. 6 Aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieacieee nei?ioiino? e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo
c ??ciith e?euee?noth o?aaeaieo ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e.

20

Aeyaeaia ei?aeyoe?y aeayeeo aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ieo ia?aiao??a o
ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo c aaio?eeoeia?ao?/ieie e?eoa??yie
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea – o?aeoe??th aeeeaeo ? e?ioeaaei
ae?anoie?/iei oeneii o e?aiio oeoii/eo.

Aaaeeeai, ia iaoo aeoieo, ui aaio?eeoeia?ao?/ia o?aeoe?y aeeeaeo
aeia?a ei?aethaaea c? nooiaiai nei?i/aiiy ia?aaeiuei-caaeiueiai ?ici??o
e?aiai oeoii/ea o nenoieo ? aeoaea neaaei ni?aa?aeiineeanue c
aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iith o?aeoe??th aeeeaeo (eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? neeaa
anueiai 0,25). Oiio aeei?enoaiiy inoaiiueiai iieacieea o yeino?
e?eoa??th i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo
c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ? iaaeioe?eueiei. Aeeniiain i?ae
aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ieie ia?aiao?aie nei?ioiino? a ?o ei?aeyoe?? c
aaio?eeoeia?ao?/iith o?aeoe??th aeeeaeo, ia iao iiaeyae, iiynith?oueny
oei, ui nooi?iue nei?i/aiiy ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia iniia? aaciina?aaeiuei
e?i?eieo ?ici???a e?aiai oeoii/ea, ui aei??ththoueny o ??ci? oace
na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino?, a aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ia o?aeoe?y aeeeaeo – /a?ac
aaee/eie ia’?i?a e?aiai oeoii/ea o nenoieo ? ae?anoieo, ye?, ye a?aeiii,
aecia/athoueny ca noaiaea?oieie oi?ioeaie, aac o?aooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? eiinoeoooe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae oi?ie e?aiai
oeoii/ea.

Oi/i?noue aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? o ae?aaiinoeoe? e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino? o aea/a?iiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo neeaea 89% (i?e
iaeneiaeuei?e niaoeeo?/iino? – 100% ? /ooeeaino? 87%).

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an?? o iaoe??io?a, ianoaaeaieo
?aioaaiieia?/ii ? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ii, aeaei iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe
iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy nooiaiy aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao o
oai?eo c iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ia i?aenoaa? oeueo?acaoeiaeo iieaciee?a
aaiiao??? e?aiai oeoii/ea, eiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ? oaciai?
no?oeoo?e ae?anoiee.

??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? iaaaaeaia oi?ioeith 3:

AAIEE = 4,25 + 1,458 O?E/OAE + 0,317 CNEO – 0,074 AeEI –

– 0,093 CAe? – 0,004 ICIE + 0,121 EN? + 0,001INI
(3),

aea: AAIEE – nooi?iue aaiicii? a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao,

O?E – oaeaee?noue ?aiiueiai o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo,

OAE – oaeaee?noue ao??aeueiiai o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo,

CNEO – oiaueia caaeiuei? no?iee e?aiai oeoii/ea a ae?anoieo,

AeEI – ae?aiao? e?aiai ia?aaena?aey,

CAe? – ciai?oi?e ae?anoie?/iee ?ici?? e?aiai oeoii/ea,

ICIE – ia??iae cae?eoiai i?o?aeueiiai eeaiaio,

EN? – e?ioeaaee nenoie?/iee ?ici?? e?aiai oeoii/ea,

21

INI – ia??iae nenoiee ia?aaena?aey.

Eiao?oe??io iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? R neeaa 0,87, eiao?oe??io
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2 (eaaae?ao eiao?oe??ioa iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe??) – 0,76.

sse?nia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeae? na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui c?inoaiiy
ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea oa nooiaiy a?ia?o?io?? eiai
i?iea?aea i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo o eaaaiaaeo aaiao.
Ni?yiiaai?noue ci?i ?ici???a e?aiai oeoii/ea ? e?aiai ia?aaena?aey
aeaco? ia oa, ui aaiicia a?ia?oii?y iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao iia’ycaia c
ii?ooaiiyie ?ii?nii? ooieoe?? e?aeo ii?iaeiei na?oey oa ca?eueoaiiyi
aei?noeino? i?iea?aea.

C?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?aioaaiieia?/iiai ? oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiue o aea/a?iiai eiioeiaaioo in?a ? aeei?enoaiiy eeanoa?iiai
aiae?co aeicaieeei iai aeiaanoe, ui noeoii?noue e?i?eieo
ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo aaee/ei, ye? aecia/athoueny ia ?aioaaiia?ai? i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie o i?yi?e i?iaeoe?? (i?iaeiaaei?e, ai?eciioaeueiee ?
einee iiia?a/i? ?ici??e na?oey), i?e aino?iio ?ioa?eo? i?iea?aea cie?aia
? i?e iaoieia?yo na?oeaaiai i’yco a oe?eiio ? ?ioaa?aeueiei iieacieeii
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea. Aiae?c icia/aieo ?ici???a
na?oey o aeaieo eiioeiaaio?a in?a aea? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe ia?aa?a
o ieo e?aioeoii/eiai? iaaeinoaoiino? ? eiio?iethaaoe aoaeoeai?noue
oa?ai??.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao??,
iacaaaeath/e ia aeaye? a?aei?iiino? o cia/aiiyo eiie?aoieo aaee/ei i?e
ie?aieo iaoieia?yo i?iea?aea, /?oeiai caeiiii??iiai ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie
aea/a?ieo iieaciee?a ? iicieia?/iith iaeeieoeath ia aeyaea iaeaea aeey
an?o ei?iia?iaaiieo ? iaei?iia?iaaiieo iaoieia?e i’yco na?oey. Aeiyoeii
aoea aeeeyoaoe?eia ea?ae?ii?iiao?y, i?e ye?e nooi?iue ii?ooaiue ooieoe??
e?aiai oeoii/ea a iaeaea? oace na?oeaaiai oeeeeo aoa iaaaaaoi a?eueoei,
i?ae i?e an?o ?ioeo caoai?thaaiiyo. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea coiiaeaii,
ia?aaeon?i, aeeoociei oa?aeoa?ii oe??? iaoieia??, ?? iioe?ai?noth.

Ioaea, ca aeaieie ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? oae aea, ye ?
ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?aioaaiia?ao?? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie, e?ai?
aaio?eeoeia?ao?? ? aoiea?ae?ia?ao??, ae?aaeai?noue ooieoeeiiaeueieo ci?i
e?aiai oeoii/ea i?e ei?iia?iaaiieo oa iaei?iia?iaaiieo iaoieia?yo
i?iea?aea caeaaeeoue ia no?eueee a?ae eiie?aoiiai caoai?thaaiiy,
ne?eueee a?ae iioe?aiino? i?ioeano.

22

C?noaaeaiiy aeaieo ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? o oai?eo c
iaoieia??th i?iea?aea ? ??ciei ee?i?/iei nooiaiai na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiino? c ?acoeueoaoaie o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (oaae. 3)
aeyaeei iayai?noue a??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae aeey cia/aiue caaaeueii?
(COA) ? eieaeueieo o?aeoe?e aeeeaeo o ia?aaeiuei-ia?aai?iaeeia?e (II),
aa?o?aeia?e (A) ? caaeiuei-aieia?e (CA) ciiao, e?ioeaaiai nenoie?/iiai
(ENI), e?ioeaaiai ae?anoie?/iiai (EAeI) ? oaea?iiai ia’?i?a (OI),
oaeaee?nieo iieaciee?a aeaiaiiy ? iaiiaiaiiy ia o?eueee o iaoe??io?a c
I, IIA ? IIA nooiaiyie, aea ? o in?a aac ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?. Inoaii? aeacoaaei ia oa, ui ?aae?iioee?aeia
aaio?eeoeia?ao?y oae, ye ? ?aioaaiia?ao?y i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie,
aeicaiey? ae?aaiinooaaoe ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea ia ?aiiueiio
aoai?. A?aenooi?noue ?noioii? ??cieoe? i?aeoe/ii i?ae an?ia aaee/eiaie,
ui aea/athoueny o oai?eo aac iciae na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ? c I ??
nooiaiai i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaea oea iieiaeaiiy.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co o 17 oai?eo, yeei,
ie??i ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao??, aoei aeeiiaii noeeioea?ao?th
i?iea?aea, aeicaieeei iai anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue i?ae nooiaiai
iaeiie/oaaiiy ?aae?ioa?ii?aia?aoa, oiaoi e?euee?noth o?aaeaieo
i?iea?ae?ioeeo?a, ? aeayeeie iieacieeaie ?aae?iioee?aeii?
aaio?eeoeia?ao??, iaea?eueo o?nio – c caaaeueiith ? eieaeueieie
o?aeoe?yie aeeeaeo.

A oe?eiio iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie iieacieeaie ?aae?iioee?aeii?
aaio?eeoeia?ao?? i?e ei?iia?iaaiieo oa iaei?iia?iaaiieo iaoieia?yo
i?iea?aea aeyaeeeny caaaeueia ? ?aa?iia?i? o?aeoe?? aeeeaeo. Aeyaeaia
o?nia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae oeeie ia?aiao?aie ? aeaieie e?ai?
aaio?eeoeia?ao??, ?aioaaiieia?/ii aecia/aiei nooiaiai aaiicii?
a?ia?oii?? iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao ? aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ieie e?ioeaaeie
ae?anoie?/ieie ? e?ioeaaeie nenoie?/ieie ?ici??aie ? ia’?iaie e?aiai
oeoii/ea, aaee/eiith e?aiai ia?aaena?aey, ia’?iii ? ianith i?iea?aea
e?aiai oeoii/ea, nooiaiai nei?i/aiiy ia?aaeiuei-caaeiueiai ?ici??o
e?aiai oeoii/ea a nenoieo. ?aae?iioee?aeii-aaio?eeoeia?ao?/i? ia’?ie
e?aiai oeoii/ea oaeiae ei?aethaaee c aeaieie e?ai? aaio?eeoeia?ao??,
OCAeN ? ?aioaaiia?ao?? i?aai?a a?oaeii? ii?iaeieie.

Oaeei /eiii, iieacieee ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? o oai?eo c
iaoieia??th na?oeaaiai i’yco ei?aeththoue ia o?eueee c ia’?iii o?aaeaiiy
i?iea?aea, aeyaeaiei ca aeiiiiiaith noeeioea?ao??, aea ? ?acoeueoaoaie
?aioaaiieia?/iiai ? oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey, ui oaeiae
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai e?aiai oeoii/ea.

23

Oaaeeoey 3

Iieacieee ?aae?iioee?aeii? aaio?eeoeia?ao?? o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
i?iea?aea a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy ee?i?/ii aecia/aii? na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiino? (M+m)

Iieacieee NI-0 NI- I-IIA-A NI-I NI- IIA-A

COA 47,13+1,29* 42,04+2,75* 47,61+2,58* 29,50+4,30*

p1*,p2*

II 43,71+1,86* 36,92+3,11* 41,89+3,28* 25,75+5,28*

p1*,p2*

A 53,26+2,52* 44,38+3,98* 49,67+4,19* 32,50+7,66*

p1*,p2*

CA 45,55+2,45* 41,68+2,80* 47,35+2,56* 29,62+4,64*

p1*,p2*

EAeI 132,52+4,64

146,69+8,60* 126,17+7,00 192,88+12,31*

p1*,p2*

ENI 69,38+3,35*

90,88+8,97*

p1* 70,06+6,53* 137,75+15,74*

p1*,p2*

OI 63,13+2,47* 55,81+2,16*

p1* 56,11+2,05*

p1* 55,12+5,56*

NIONA 1,56+0,08* 1,43+0,11* 1,59+0,13* 1,09+0,17*

p1*,p2*

OAi 3,34+0,28* 2,87+0,26* 3,15+0,29* 2,24+0,49*

p1*

O-OAi 155,00+14,59 153,12+11,92 145,06+13,63 171,25+23,78

OIi 1,69+0,13* 1,41+0,20* 1,55+0,27* 1,11+0,21*

p1*

O-OIi 175,93+11,19* 185,35+14,21* 194,94+18,08* 163,75+21,54

Oaeai 319,68+13,99 280,96+13,10

p1* 279,17+17,61 285,00+17,21

Vcf 0,74+0,04* 0,63+0,05* 0,75+0,05* 0,38+0,06*

p1*,p2*

OIi/OI 0,027+0,003 0,025+0,002* 0,028+0,005 0,020+0,004*

I?ei?oea: NI – na?oeaaa iaaeinoaoi?noue, NIONA –
na?aaeiuei-ii?iae?ciaaia oaeaee?noue nenoie?/iiai aeaiaiiy, OAi –
iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue nenoie?/iiai aeaiaiiy, O-OAi – /an aeinyaiaiiy
iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? aeaiaiiy, OIi – iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue
iaiiaiaiiy, O-OIi – /an aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? iaiiaiaiiy,
Oaeai – /an aeaiaiiy, Vcf – oaeaee?noue oee?eoey?iiai nei?i/aiiy aieie?i
i?iea?aea, * icia/a? a??ia?aei? (p0,05 39,16+

6,10

>0,05 69,60+

3,64

>0,05 64,15+

2,53

0,05 151,8+

6,40

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