5

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

NE?EAIITHE IEEIEA ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 347.963

I?IEO?I?NUeEEE IAAEssAe CA AeIAeA?AEAIIssI

CAEII?A OE?A?IE I?E OIIAII-AeINO?IEIAIIO

CA?EUeIAII? CANOAeAEAIIEO A?Ae E?EI?IAEUeIIAI IIEA?AIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.10 — noaeiono??e, i?ieo?aoo?a oa aaeaieaoo?a

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

th?eaee/ieo iaoe

E E ? A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aainoaeaey th?eaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieoaeeaiei Ieaenaiae? ?iiaiiae/, Caneoaeaiee th?eno

Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? ?inoeoooo aaeaieaoo?e i?e

Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeieaaeai Aaeaioei Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

ioae?/iiai i?aaa Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oa?aithe Na?a?e sseiae/, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e

e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai i?aaa Ee?anueeiai

?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?i.ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i?noi Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “17“ /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 12.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.05 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 11 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio OEA?EI
A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ethaeeia, ?? aeeooy ? caei?ia”y, /anoue ?
a?aei?noue, iaaeioi?eaii?noue ? aaciaea aeciathoueny o noaa?aii?e
Oe?a?i? iaeaeuith nioe?aeueiith oe?ii?noth, a i?aaa ? naiaiaee ethaeeie
oa ?o aa?aio?? aecia/athoue ci?no ? ni?yiiaai?noue ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaae.

On?ia i?aaaie ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia, ca aeiyoeii iaiaaeaiue, ui
aecia/ai? caeiiii ? anoaiiaeai? ae?ieii noaeo, ei?enoo?oueny
canoaeaeaiee (no.63 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie). Oey eiinoeoooe?eia ii?ia
noino?oueny ? oeo canoaeaeaieo, ye? ca ??oaiiyi noae?a o anoaiiaeaiiio
caeiiii ii?yaeeo a?aeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue
(OAI).

Iaiaaeaiiy i?aa canoaeaeaieo, ye? a?aeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy a OAI, /?oei
?aaeaiaioiaai? caeiiii ? a eiie?aoieo aeiaaeeao anoaiiaeai? ae?ieii
noaeo.

Iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao iieeaaeaiee ia i?ieo?aoo?o Oe?a?ie ? ? iaei??th c
eiinoeoooe?eieo ooieoe?e (i.4 no. 121 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie).
Aaaeeea?noue oe??? ooieoe?? iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui a OAI ia?aaoaa?
189600 canoaeaeaieo, na?aae ieo 12000 ae?iie, 4100 iaiiaiie?oi?o, 7800
?iaae?ae?a ? ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo. Oeae eiioeiaaio canoaeaeaieo aeiaaa?
a?ae i?ieo?i??a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo i?e cae?eniaii? ooieoe?e
iaaeyaeo. A?aeaoaath/e i?ecia/ai? noaeaie no?iee iiea?aiiy ca a/eiai?
cei/eie, canoaeaeai? iiaeooue aeiaiaeeoe nai? aei?aaeaiiy a a?eueo
?aii?e ia??iae, i?ae oea aecia/ea noae, iinoaiiaeyth/e ae?ie. Oiio
caeiiiaeaaaoeue ia?aaeaa/a? oaeee i?aeaaeocaaee ?inoeooo i?aaa, ye
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy (OAeC) canoaeaeaieo a?ae iiea?aiiy,
eio?ee ? i?iyaii i?eioeei?a aoiaiiino? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei i?aai?caoe?? a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy eiie?aoiei canoaeaeaiei ca
eiie?aoiee cei/ei. Ui?ieo a na?aaeiueiio 18 a?aenioe?a a?ae caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? ca?eueiaieo c OAI noaiiaeyoue ca?eueiai? oiiaii-aeino?ieiai.

*eiia caeiiiaeaanoai ia ia?aaeaa/a? eiie?aoieo e?eoa???a, yeeie iathoue
ea?oaaoeny aaei?i?no?aoe?? OAI, noaee, i?ieo?i?e i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiiy
i?i OAeC a?ae i?ecia/aiiai iiea?aiiy. I?iaeaia oey aeineoue neeaaeia ?
aeeaiei nyaa? a noa?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa nioe?aeueii? ineoieia??,
iaaeaaia?ee, nioe?ieia??, e?ei?iieia??, aeui? ia?aiai? nenoaie ethaeeie
? iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?inoeoooo
aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao. Oiio oe?eeii eia?/ii
iinoa? ia iaio aaaeeeaa i?iaeaia i?i i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aaao. I?iaeaia oey iaei aea/aia ? caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith ye a
iaoeiaiio, oae ? i?aeoe/iiio aniaeoao. Iio?aaothoue c’ynoaaiiy,
iai?eeeaae, i?e/eie a/eiaiiy ca?eueiaieie a?ae iiea?aiiy i?ae /an
iaa?aeaooi? eiai /anoeie iiaeo cei/ei?a. Ca?aeii ?c noaoenoeeith, iia?
cei/eie i?ae /an iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy a/eiea a?aeiia?aeii o
1995 ?. eiaeiee 5, o 1996 ?. — 6, 1997 ?. — 4, 1998 ?. — 6. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i na?eici? iaaeie?ee a ?iaio? aaei?i?no?aoe?e OAI, noae?a,
i?ieo?i??a, eio?? i?eeiathoue ??oaiiy i?i OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae
iiea?aiiy. OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy ia? oaeiae ?
i?aeia?iaeia cia/aiiy, ai Oe?a?iith i?aeienai? /eneaii?
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? oaiaee ? eiiaaioe??, ui caoeuathoue i?aaa ethaeeie.
Oea, cie?aia, I?aeia?iaeiee iaeo i?i a?iiaaeyinuee? ? iie?oe/i? i?aaa
1966 ?., I?i?iaeuei? noaiaea?oi? i?aaeea iiaiaeaeaiiy c oa”yciaieie 1955
?., Ca?ae i?eioeei?a caoenoo an?o in?a, ui i?aeaeathoueny cao?eiaiith
aai oa”yciaiith a aoaeue-ye?e oi?i? 1988?. Oaeei /eiii, iaoa aea?aeaaa
acyea ciaia”ycaiiy: aeio?eioaaoenue caaaeueiiaeciaieo i?eioeei?a
iiaiaeaeaiiy c canoaeaeaieie; i?eaanoe iaoe?iiaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai o
a?aeiia?aei?noue c i?aeia?iaeieie noaiaea?oaie. C iaoith aeeiiaiiy
acyoeo ciaia”ycaiue aei /eiiiai aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie aianai? ci?ie oa aeiiiaiaiiy. Oeae i?ioean ia?
i?iaeiaaeoaaoenue.

Aeooaeueiith ia?aia iaoeiaa i?iaeaia ? e oiio, ui iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaeaiiy aaaeeeaeo aeey i?aeoeee iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy
a?eueo ?aiiueiai aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo, cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo ca aeio?eiaiiyi caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i OAeC oa aecia/aiiy ?o
eiie?aoieo oai?aoe/ieo canaae.

I?aenoaaith aeey ?ic?iaee oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ia
o?eueee nooi iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? ?ioa?ane, a e aaciina?aaeiuei aeiiae
i?aeoeee, iaoiiaeai? iaiao?aei?noth i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?ieo?i?nueeeo ia?aa??ie aeio?eiaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i OAeC
canoaeaeaieo a?ae iiea?aiiy aaei?i?no?aoe?yie OAI, noaeaie ? i?noeaaeie
i?aaiaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao caaaeii.

Iaiao?aei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia oaeiae
aeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie. Oae, ui??/ii c OAI a na?aaeiueiio ca?eueiy?oueny
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai a?ae 12 aei 17 oeny/ in?a, ? yeui acyoe aei oaaae, ui
oo?eiaiiy iaeiiai canoaeaeaiiai iaoiaeeoueny aea?aeaa? o 120 a?i. ia
i?nyoeue, oi o?eueee ca iaeei i?nyoeue caaaeii ii eiaeiiio ?ieo
noaiiaeoue o 1994 ?. — 1679400 a?i., o 1995 ?. — 1445280 a?i., o 1996 ?.
— 2011800 a?i., o 1997 ?. — 2023800 a?i.

I?iaeaie aoaeoeaiino? e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy, caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino?
eiai a?aeaoaaiiy, OAeC canoaeaeaieo oa cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo, ineoieia?y oeeo i?iaeai aeaaii i?eaa?oathoue oaaao oao?aoe?a
??cieo iaoeiaeo ?ioa?an?a. Iaaiee aianie o ?ic?iaeo cacia/aieo ieoaiue,
iai?eeeaae, aianee: Aaey?a I.A., A?ia?i A.?., Aooo?a ?.A., Aa?oieiia?aa
O.A., Aii/a?aiei A.A., A?ioaaee TH.I., Aeaaeaeaiei E.I., ?eaiinueeee
A.A., Caeueaeia N.?., ?na?a I.I., Ea?iaoeue ?.?., Eiein I.?., Einoaiei
I.I., Einoeoeueeee I.A., Ia?i/e?i ?.?., Ia?oei/ee ?.A., Iaeaioue?a I.I.,
Ieoaeeaiei I.?., Ieoe?i I.N., Iicieoaa N.A., ?aiainii A.E., Naaeoeueeee
A.I., Naoiiia I.I., Neeaeoeueeee A.A., Nie?eaeiiia A.I., No?iaiae/ I.N.,
No?o/eia I.I., Oea/aanueeee TH.I., O?oai?eia A.I., Oo?anueeee A.N.,
Oa?aithe N.ss., Oieieoeueeee I.ss., *aeaiia A.ss., Oia?ia ?.A., ssoeaiei
N.N. oa ?io?.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iino?eio oaaao aei ?inoeoooo OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy ? i?aeoeee eiai canoinoaaiiy, caeeoa?oueny iaiaei i?iaeai, ui
aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniaeeai a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae
noaa?aiii? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae — Oe?a?ie, c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oeeo i?aaia?aeiinei oa aa?aiooaaiiy
caeiiiino? i?e canoinoaaii? ?inoeoooo OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy.

C ia?aaea/ath OAI a?ae IAN aei noai?aiiai Aea?aeaaiiai aeaia?oaiaioo
Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, i?i ui I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie aaea
aeaeaii a?aeiia?aeiee Oeac, iaiao?aeii ia?aaeyiooe nooue ? ci?no oaeiai
i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo, ye OAeC a?ae a?aeaoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy.

Ia?aaoaeiaa iaoi? aei?aaii? nenoaie ia? ?icii/eiaoeny c ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaie noeioethaaiiy i?aaii??ii? iiaaae?iee in?a, ui a?aeaoaathoue
iiea?aiiy a OAI, oi?ioaaiiy o ieo iiceoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.
Caaaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, uia i?ioean aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue
aaei?i?no?aoe?yie OAI a?oiooaaany ia ??ciia?/ieo noeioeao iiaaae?iee
canoaeaeaieo, iaeei c yeeo ?i?oe?th?oueny ?inoeoooii OAeC, a cae?eniaiiy
i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi a?aeiia?aeiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
aoei aenieiaoaeoeaiei. Aea e?eoa??? oeueiai ia eaaeaoue ia iiaa?oi?, a
caio?ai? a ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ineoieia?th canoaeaeaiiai, ai i?aenoaaith
aeey OAeC ? aeiaaaeai?noue oaeoo aei?aaeaiiy iniae.

Eiiieaenii i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy aei oeueiai /ano
ia aeena?oaoe?eiiio ??ai? ia aea/aeenue. Aeeeaaeaia aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?? cia/aiiy aeey
oai??? ? i?aeoeee.

Aeey ?aoi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, i?i OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae
iiea?aiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca eiai
aeiaea?aeaiiyi iio??aai iaaiee /an, ia??iae. ?noi?e/ii neeaeinue oae, ui
a Oe?a?i? iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ? iaeiei ?c niaoeeo?/ieo caaaeaiue
i?aai?a i?ieo?aoo?e ? oea iaeeaei na?e a?aeaeoie ia iaoeiaee aniaeo
i?iaeaie, yea aaaaeaeanue iai?acae?eoith. O ca”yceo c oeei ieoaiiy
cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?i
aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, OAeC canoaeaeaieo
a?ae iiea?aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ia aeineoue aeoeaii ?, ye i?aaeei,
iaoa??aee oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee i?ae a?eoii “Aeey neoaeaiaiai
ei?enooaaiiy” /e “Oa?iii”.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey
iaoee ? i?aeoeee iieyaa? ? a oiio, ui ?inoeooo OAeC iio?aao? naiai
i?aaiaiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii ?iaioe eaoaae?e i?aainoaeaey Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea: “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie i?i noaeiono??e oa noaei/einoai”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, uia cae?enieoe
oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy noiniaii caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino?, a iniiaiiio
oeyoii i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e i?eeiyoo?
??oaiue i?i OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy oa ?o aeeiiaiiyi. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aeena?oaio, cie?aia, iinoaaea oae? eiie?aoi?
caaaeaiiy: o aeeiai?oe? eiiieaenii iieacaoe nooi?noue noaiiaeaiiy ?
?icaeoeo ?inoeoooo OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy oa i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo ca eiai cae?eniaiiyi, caa?ioaoe oaaao ia iaai?
i?aaia?aeiineie, ia nooiai? i?ioeanoaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a ? iinaaeiaeo in?a, i?e/aoieo aei OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae
iiea?aiiy. Noaaeeinue oaeiae caaaeaiiy ia o?eueee ia i?aaiaiio oa
oaeoe/iiio ??aiyo c”ynoaaoe i?aenoaae aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i OAeC
a?ae iiaeaeueoiai a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy canoaeaeaieo in?a, a e ia a?eueo
neeaaeiiio, iaeiaea/aiiio — ineoieia?/iiio. Caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? —
aianoe iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea ia? a?aeiioaiiy aei oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee i?ieo?i?nueei? ia?aa??ee
aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoeei-iaoa??ae?noe/ia
iaoiaeieia?y a noeoiiino? oa aca?iica”yceo c oaeeie iaoiaeaie, ye
?noi?e/iee, eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee,
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee, iaoeiai-eia?/iee, noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co oiui.
Aeei?enoaii ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iaoeia? i?aoe? a aaeoc? i?aaa, o?einio?? oa
?io?, ui iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei oaie aeena?oaoe??, a oaeiae
i?iaiae?ciaaii a?aeiia?aeia caeiiiaeaanoai, a?aeii/? iaoa??aee, aea/aii
? ocaaaeueiaii iaiao?aei? iaoa??aee i?aeoeee. Ca niaoe?aeueii
?ic?iaeaieie aieaoaie iieoaii 300 a?iiaaeyi, ye? ia i?eoyaaeeny aei
e?ei?iaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? (ca ?oi?ie na?ae/aiiyie); 300
canoaeaeaieo, ui a?aeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy a OAI, 100 in?a OAeC a?ae
iiea?aiiy (a?aeaoaaee iiea?aiiy a OAI), 100 in?a ia/aeueieoeueeiai
neeaaeo OAI, 100 noaeae?a. Aeena?oaioii aeei?enoaii ? aeaniee
o?eiaaeoeyoe??/iee aeina?ae ?iaioe a i?aaiao i?ieo?aoo?e. Canoiniaaia
iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia aaca aeaee ciiao
ii-iiaiio i?ae?eoe aei ?icoi?iiy aaaeeeaeo iieiaeaiue ? i?aeoeee
i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e OAeC a?ae
e?ei?iaeueieo iiea?aiue.

?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea?aeii
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo ?ai?oa. Aia?oa aiie iaea?aeai? caaaeyee
eiiieaeniiio aea/aiith i?iaeaie ia iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai?. Oea, cie?aia,
noino?oueny ?acoeueoao?a i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?inoeoooo OAeC,
eiai i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai nooiino? e cia/aiiy
iaaeyaeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?ieo?aoo?e oa i?iaeai i?aeaeuaiiy ??
aoaeoeaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiii
? ia?oei eiiieaeniei iiiia?ao?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, aeeiiaiei c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiia iiai? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, ui noinothoueny i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy oa
c o?aooaaiiyi i?aeoeee, yea neeaeanue a no/anieo oiiaao. Ii-iiaiio
ia?ainieneai? aei?iaee ?ioeo aaoi??a, iniaeeai oea noino?oueny
c”ynoaaiiy noo? oa aeiaaaeaiino? i?aenoaa aeey OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii c?iaeai?
aeani? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ? ocaaaeueiaiiy, ye? noinothoueny iaoee
aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai i?aaa oa i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, ni?yiiaai? ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?, caeiiiino? oa aeaiie?aoecio OAeC a?ae
e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? oaeiae o iiaeo
i?iiiceoe?yo uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ye naiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, yea
?aaoeth? OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae iiea?aiiy, oae ? i?aeoeee eiai
canoinoaaiiy, cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca eiai
aeiaea?aeaiiyi ca iiaith iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiith iaoiaeeeith. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae aeena?oaioo aeianoe ia ioae?/iee
caoeno oae? iaea?eueo cia/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee:

1. Ie e?eoe/ii noaaeiiny aei iiaoooth/i? aeoiee i?i oa, ui iicaaaeaiiy
aie? ye e?ei?iaeueia iiea?aiiy ia? ca iaoo ?cieyoe?th canoaeaeaiiai a?ae
noni?euenoaa. Oaeee i?aeo?ae ia ni?ey? i?ioeano aei?aaeaiiy ?
ia?aaeoiaaiiy canoaeaeaieo oa noai?aiiy oiia aeey aoaeoeaii? aaeaioaoe??
i?e ca?eueiaii? c OAI, aea ia? aooe noai?aiee ?aaeei, ui aeaaaa ae
iiaeeea?noue aeey i?aaii??ieo iaeneiaeueieo ca”yce?a canoaeaeaiiai c
ethaeueie ? eieaeoeaaie, ye? ia aoiaeyoue aei nenoaie
e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a.

2. Oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy ? neeaaeiei i?aeaaeocaaei i?aaiaei ?inoeoooii ? iaeaaeeoue aei
e?ei?iaeueiiai, e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai, e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai
oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

3. I?aai ia OAeC a?ae iiea?aiiy o ia?aaeaa/aieo caeiiii aeiaaeeao
iaeaaeeoue canoaeaeaiiio, oiio naia a?i ia? ?i?oe?thaaoe ia?aae noaeii
?aae?caoe?th oeueiai naiai i?aaa. Ca /eiiei aea caeiiiaeaanoaii ieoaiiy
i?i OAeC, ii noo?, ae??oo? ia noae, a i?aai, ui a?aea? aeeiiaiiyi
iiea?aiiy, ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi ?c niinoa?aaeiith eii?n??th /e ?ioei
i?aaiii, ia?aaeaa/aiei caeiiii, oiio ui a?ae ieo caeaaeeoue — neeanoe
a?aeiia?aeia iiaeaiiy aei noaeo /e i?. Oaea i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ?
i?aeoeea aeena?oaioii noaaeoueny i?ae noii?a.

4. Caeiii?noue c”ynoaaiiy i?aenoaa aeey OAeC ia eaaeeoue ia iiaa?oi?.
A?aeiia?aeue ia ieoaiiy, /e noaa canoaeaeaiee ia oeyo aei?aaeaiiy,
eaaeeoue o aeeaei? eiai ineo?ee ? ia caaaeaee iiaea iaoe ciai?oi?e i?iya
o c?aceia?e iiaaae?ioe?, oaea iiaaae?iea iiaea aooe oaeueoeaith,
iaue?ith.

5. I?e OAeC iacanoaeaeaiee iiaeiai aeiaiaeeoe nai? aei?aaeaiiy, ye oea
cacia/aii a caeii?, a eiiiaoaioi? i?aaie, ye? ciaia”ycai? ioe?ieoe
iiaaae?ieo canoaeaeaiiai i?ae /an a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy ? noaaeaiiy eiai
aei i?aoe?, a inoaoi/ia ??oaiiy c oeueiai i?eaiaeo i?eeia? noae.

6. Ia iiaeiia aeeeth/aoenue iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeo ni?aae i?i OAeC ia
o?eueee noaeaeath, aea e noaeii eieaa?aeueii, ia caaaeath/e ia
oaiaeaioe?th caoaeaiiy i?eioeeio eieaa?aeueiino? ?icaeyaeo ni?aa o
noae?, ai neooaoe?y a oeeo ieoaiiyo iiaea aooe neeaaeiith ? ni??iith.

7. Nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th canoaeaeaieo, ca?eueiaieo c OAI, a oiio
/ene? ? OAeC, iaaeinoaoiuei caaacia/aii ye i?aai?caoe?eii, oae ?
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii, ui ? iaei??th c i?e/ei ?aoeeaeeao nei?iiy
cei/ei?a, ? oey i?iaeaia iio?aao? ?aaeueiiai cae?eniaiiy.

8. A?aenoith?oueny eiioeaioe?y, ui i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aaao ? naiino?eiith oi?iith (aeaeii) aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? na?aae
a?eie aeaaee ? caaacia/o? aaaaoieaiaeuei?noue caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi, o
oiio /ene? canoaeaeaieo, oa ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae.

9. Iaaeyae i?ieo?i?a ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a a OAI iineoue eiiieaeniee
oa?aeoa?, ai aei ia”?eoa i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo aoiaeyoue ye
oi?aae?inueea, ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue, oae ? ae?yeuei?noue c
i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy, iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaa ?iaioa, a oaeiae ? ?aaeei
ii?yaeeo a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy oa ca?eueiaiiy a?ae iueiai.

10. I?aeo?eio?oueny iiceoe?y, ui ci?no i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo
ie?aneth?oueny ia o?eueee eiai ia”?eoii, a e i?aaeiaoii, nooue yeiai
iaoiiaeththoue a?aeiia?aei? caeiie, ui ? aecia/athoue i?aaia? e?eoa???
i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo. Ci?no aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iaaeaaia?/ii? oa ?ioi?
ae?yeueiino?, ui ia a?aaoeueiaaia caeiiii, a i?eioeei? aeoiaeeoue ca
iaae? nooi i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo.

11. Aeena?oaio iieaco? aaiacen, aea? naith ?noi?e/io ia??iaeecaoe?th
OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy, i?e oeueiio aaiaeeoue
aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao ?ai?oa iaa?aeii? iaoa??aee ?c aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a
Oe?a?ie.

12. Aena?oeth? nai? aa/aiiy noo? oa ci?noo i?aaia?aeiinei i?e
cae?eniaii? OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy. I?e oeueiio
iieacaia nenoaia i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? iiaeeeai? ?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? c OAeC, iia’ycaia c aeaeaie, oi?iaie ia’?eo?a oeeo
i?aaia?aeiinei.

13. Aeena?oaioii aeneiaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa noiniaii oiai, uia:

a) iaaeaoe i?aai i?ieo?i?ai ?aeii?a, i?no cae?enithaaoe iaaeyae ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai?
ae?yeueiino?;

a) OAeC a?ae iiea?aiiy canoiniaoaaeiny aei canoaeaeaiiai, yeee
aei?aaeany, a a?eueo ?aii?e no?ie, i?ae aecia/aiee noaeii ye i??a
iiea?aiiy;

a) iioa?i?e? (eiai i?aaenoaaieee) iaee i?aai a?aoe o/anoue a OAeC
canoaeaeaiiai a ia??iae iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy;

a) canoaeaeaiee iaa i?aai, ca iayaiino? ia?aaeaa/aieo caeiiii i?aenoaa,
iniaenoi caa?oaoeny ?c cayaith i?i OAeC a?ae iiea?aiiy;

ae) ia ciyoa ? ia iiaaoaia o anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiii ii?yaeeo noyaiaiiy,
canoiniaaia ca ae?yiiy, ui oi?iaeueii i?noyoue iciaee ii?ooaiiy
canoaeaeaiei ?aaeeio, ia aoei i?aenoaaith aeey a?aeiiae a OAeC a?ae
e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy;

?) iniiaieie aeiiaaie ?aaeeio a OAI aoee: iicaaaeaiiy aie? canoaeaeaieo
o aecia/aieo caeiiii iaaeao ? iino?eiee iaaeyae ca ieie c oei, uia
aeeeth/aeany iiaeeea?noue a/eiaiiy iiaeo cei/ei?a /e ?ioeo
aioea?iiaaenueeeo a/eie?a; oi/ia ? iaooeeueia aeeiiaiiy canoaeaeaiei
nai?o iaia`yce?a; oiiae o?eiaiiy caeaaeii a?ae oa?aeoa?o oa nooiaiy
noni?eueii? iaaacia/iino? a/eiaiiai cei/eio, iniae ? iiaaae?iee
canoaeaeaiiai;

ae) a OAI c /enea ia?niiaeo noai?thaaeeny eii?n?? c ?icaeyaeo ieoaiue
i?i OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy;

c) canoaeaeaiee iaa i?aai inea?aeoaaoe aei noaeo ??oaiiy eii?n?? OAI i?i
a?aeiiao a canoinoaaii? aei iueiai OAeC a?ae iiea?aiiy;

e) aoa i?eeiyoee Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i oeaio?e nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??”;

?) Aea?aeaaiee aeaia?oaiaio Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue
aea/aa, aiae?coaaa ? ocaaaeueithaaa ?iaioo i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a OAI.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeaioiaeai? aeena?oaioii
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii i?aai?caoe?? ? ii?yaeeo
ae?yeueiino? i?ieo?aoo?e uiaei caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? i?e canoinoaaii?
OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy i?aeoe/ii aoee aeei?enoai? a?aeae?eii
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie.

Ia iniia? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii aeaeai? oae?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee: “Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a Oe?a?i? ? ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo” oa “Oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
iiea?aiiy: iiiyooy, iciaee, oa?aeoa?enoeea”, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeee aaoi?a Aaia?aeueiith i?ieo?aoo?ith Oe?a?ie a
ia?oiio i?a??//? 1998 ?ieo aoea ia?aa??aia i?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe i?aai?a
i?ieo?aoo?e Iaeanueei? iaeano? uiaei iaaeyaeo ca caeiii?noth
canoinoaaiiy aei canoaeaeaieo OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy,
aea/aia i?aeoeea, ui neeaeanue a N?CI — 2 oa OAI N 14, 51, 74, 111 i?e
aeeiiaii? cacia/aiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa o 1996-1997 ??. ? a ia?oiio
eaa?oae? 1998 ?ieo. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ia?aa??ee aoee iaae?neai?
a?aeiia?aei? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? eenoe i?ieo?aoo?? Iaeanueei? iaeano? oa
aieia? iaeaniiai noaeo c iaoith onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a i?e i?eeiyoo?
??oaiue i?i OAeC.

?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii iaoiaeeea ia?aa??ee aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy iiaea ciaeoe oe?oa aeei?enoaiiy
i?aaiaie i?ieo?aoo?e. Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? th?eno?a, a oaeiae o iiaeaeueoeo
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
aianai? aei aeena?oaoe??, aoee ii?eethaeiai? 26 a?oaeiy 1995 ?ieo ia
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ia oaio: “I?iaeaie
?icaeoeo i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae” oa ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
a eenoiiaae? 1997 ?ieo ia oaio: “Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
i?aainoaeaey Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? aaoi?ii o o?ueio
iin?aieeao caaaeueiei ianyaii 12 ae?oe. a?eoo?a, a oaeiae o o?ueio
noaooyo, iioae?eiaaieo o aeaio iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao oa a aeo?iae? “I?aai
Oe?a?ie”.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia iinoaaeaieie
caaaeaiiyie, eia?eith aeeeaaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, 4-o ?icae?e?a ? 11 i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoeo. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 175
noi?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/a?oueny ia”?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoiaeieia?/ia ? oai?aoe/ia iniiaa; iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy ? ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe, aeeeaaeai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. ?ic?iaeaia aeena?oaioii oaia aeeth/a? eiiieaen
eiioeaiooaeueieo ciaiue i?i caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? e eiie?aoi? iaoiaee
cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a Oe?a?ie
i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Nooi?noue ? cia/aiiy iaaeyaeo i?ieo?aoo?e ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aaao” neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iiiyooy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, eiai ?ieue ?
i?noea a nenoai? aeae?a aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino?” aeena?oaio c iiaeo
eiioeaiooaeueieo iiceoe?e, aecia/aieo Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie,
aeine?aeaeo? iiiyooy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, eiai ?ieue ? i?noea a
nenoai? aeae?a aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino?. Iieacaia neeaaei?noue ?
aaaaoinooo?a?noue iaoai?cio cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaii-aeaaeieo
iiaiiaaaeaiue a Oe?a?i? a iei?oi?o oiiaao. Aaaeeeaith iciaeith
aecia/aiiy nenoaie oi?i aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? ? ?oi? naiino?eia
eiinoeoooe?eia cae??ieaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c oeeo iiceoe?e, aeae?eaii,
iai?eeeaae, oae? oi?ie aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino?: caeiiiaeaa/a,
oi?aae?inueea (aeeiiaa/i-?icii?yae/a), cae?eniaiiy i?aainoaeaey,
i?aceaeaionueea ae?yeuei?noue, i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae. Inoaii?e ia?
naith niaoeeo?eo, iaoiiaeaio ii?iaie Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ye?, cie?aia,
aecia/athoue ooieoe?? i?ieo?aoo?e, ? cacia/aieie a Caeii? “I?i
i?ieo?aoo?o” i?eioeeiaie ?? ae?yeueiino?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Cia/aiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ? noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth o caoeno? i?aa canoaeaeaieo” aeine?aeaeothoueny noaeia?
??oaiiy, ye? iinoaaeai? caeiiiaeaaoeai a oeaio? i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo. Aaaeeeao ?ieue i?e aecia/aii? noo? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaeiaiai
??oaiiy a?ae?a?a? ae?ie — i?aaiaee aeo aeiyoeiaiai cia/aiiy, yeee
iin?aea? iniaeeaa i?noea na?aae ?ioeo noaeiaeo ??oaiue. ? oea oiio, ui
canoaeaeaiei ? iniaa, yea ia i?aenoaa? iinoaiiaeaiiai noaeii
iaaeioaaeueiiai ae?ieo aeciaia aeiiith o a/eiaii? cei/eio (cei/ei?a) ?
?e i?ecia/aia iiea?aiiy, ia?aaeaa/aia e?ei?iaeueiei caeiiii.

Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c aeniiaeaie TH.I.A?ioaaiai uiaei ciai?oi?o ?
aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae ae?ieo, aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui aei
aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae ne?ae a?aeianoe oae? aeaiaioe i?ioeanoaeueii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye iioeaiaai?noue, eia?/i?noue, i?aaiaa eoeueoo?a,
th?eaee/ia oa?i?iieia?y. Aeey i?aeoeee i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo
aaaeeeaeie ? aeaiaioe, ui aecia/athoue oa?aeoa?enoeeo noaeiaiai ??oaiiy
o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, iniaeeao ?ieue i?e oeueiio a?ae?a?a?
caeiii?noue. Ca i?iaaaeaiei eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi —
aieaooaaiiyi noaeae?a i.Ee?aa ? iaeano? noiniaii aecia/aiiy cia/aiiy
aeanoeainoae ae?ieo 65 a?aenioe?a iieoaieo a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao
aioo??oi?i, a 35 a?aenioe?a — ciai?oi?i aeanoeainoyi. Na?aae aioo??oi?o
aeanoeainoae ae?ieo, ca iaea?aeaieie aeaieie, caeiii?noue caeia? 50
a?aenioe?a.

sse aeoe i?aainoaeaey, noaeia? ??oaiiy ? aa?aio??th caoenoo i?aa
a?iiaaeyi oa ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae. Aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue
caaacia/o?oueny iiaeeea?noth canoinoaaiiy i?eiono c aieo niaoe?aeueieo
i?aai?a o caaa?oaeuei?e noaae?? e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano. Caeiiii ia
a?aaoeueiaai? noaae?? (aoaie) aeeiiaiiy ae?ieo, iaeiae iaoeiaoe?
aeae?eythoue a oeueiio i?ioean? ianooii?:

1) caa?iaiiy ae?ieo aei aeeiiaiiy o anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiii ii?yaeeo;

2) caaacia/aiiy noaeii eiio?ieth ca eiai aeeiiaiiyi;

3) cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai aieeao, oiaoi ?aae?caoe?y
ae?ieo;

4) ae??oaiiy e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueieo ieoaiue, ui aeieeathoue i?e
aeeiiaii? iiea?aiiy.

Aei aeiaeii? ?c noaae?e aeeiiaiiy ae?ieo i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ia
oa?eoia. Aea eiai cia/aiiy a caaacia/aii? caeiiiino?, caoenoo i?aa
a?iiaaeyi oa ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae i?e aeeiiaii? ae?ie?a oa ?ioeo noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao iaaecae/aeii aaeeea.

Aeey e?auiai ?icoi?iiy ?ie? aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aaao ie eeaneo?eoaaee ?o ca iaaieie e?eoa??yie. ? ??ci? iiaeyaee
uiaei e?eoa???a eeaneo?eaoe?? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao.
Iaeei c oaeeo e?eoa???a — iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aei canoaeaeaieo
in?a OAeC. Eeaneo?eaoe?y noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ca
oeei e?eoa???i canoiniao?oueny a i?ioeanoaeuei?e ? aeii?ioeanoaeuei?e
ae?yeueiino? noaeae?a, ?iniaeoi??a niaoe?aeueieo a?aeae?e?a OAI,
i?ieo?i??a, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui iaia? noaoenoe/ii-ca?oii? oi?ie,
anoaiiaeaii? aea?aeaaith. Oey eeaneo?eaoe?y ? aaaeeeaith iaiao?aei?noth
aeey aecia/aiiy oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy ?icaeyaeo iiaoi?ieo caa?iaiue i?i
OAeC, oiaoi ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey eiio?ieueiiai i?ioeano, yeee ?
neeaaeiei, eiiieaeniei ? iie?no?oeoo?iei yaeuai. Ooi/ith?oueny, ui a
Oe?a?i? ia caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? ia? aooe ni?yiiaaia ae?yeuei?noue
on?o aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, a ia o?eueee i?e?oe??, i?aai?a thnoeoe??,
oiui. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a nenoai? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, ui caaacia/othoue
aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiino?, ia? ae?yeuei?noue noae?a. Iaa?oioiao?oueny
aeniiaie, ui eiio?ieuei? ooieoe?? noaeo aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? noaeiaiai
i?ioeano, a canoinoaaiiy (/e iacanoinoaaiiy) noaeaeath ?aeiiiiai
(i?nueeiai) noaeo ca i?noeai a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy canoaeaeaiiai OAeC
a?ae iiea?aiiy ? iaeiei c aeae?a noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ca aeeiiaiiyi
noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao. Noaeiaee eiio?ieue
ni?aooieoe?iio? c i?ieo?i?nueeei iaaeyaeii ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e
aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao. Eiai ooieoe?y ia
cae?i/o?oueny ia noaae?? caa?iaiiy ae?ieo aei aeeiiaiiy, aiia ae??
oaeoeueoaoeaii ? ia ?ioeo noaae?yo, iaeiae ai?ciaee/ii i?iyaey?oueny
oai, aea ? a oeueiio ia?aaeaa/aia caeiiii iio?aaa, oiae? ye
i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae cae?enith?oueny ia iino?ei?e iniia?.
I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ia? nai? iniaeeaino?:

ii-ia?oa, a?i ia? caiia?aoe /e i?eieieoe ii?ooaiiy caeiio a?aeiinii
in?a, ye? iaiaaeai? a iiaeeeaino? nei?enoaoeny caaaeueieie caniaaie
caoenoo nai?o i?aa ? caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a;

ii-ae?oaa, ia?aa??ea aeiaea?aeaiiy caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, ia a?aei?io a?ae noaeiaiai eiio?ieth,
cae?enith?oueny nenoaiaoe/ii, iacaeaaeii a?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy nea?a,
?ioeo neaiae?a i?i ii?ooaiiy caeii?a;

ii-o?ao?, i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeeiiaiiyi noaeiaeo ??oaiue o
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ia? naith aaaaoiia’?eoi?noue ? caeiiiaeaa/o
??ciiaaeocaa?noue, ui oneeaaeith? caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a OAI.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iaaeyae i?ieo?aoo?e ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a
i?e aeeiiaii? ae?ie?a a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue” ?ice?eaathoueny
caaaeaiiy, nooi?noue i?aaeiaoa ? ia”?eoa iaaeyaeo. Caaaeaiiy oe???
ooieoe?? i?ieo?aoo?e iieyaa? a oiio, uia cae?enithaaoe iaaeyae ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi oeo caeii?a, eio?? a?aaoeueiaothoue aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, ye? iaa?aee caeiiii? neee, ? oea
noino?oueny caaa?oaeueii? noaae?? e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano. Nooue
i?aaeiaoa i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e
aeeiiaii? ae?ie?a a OAI, eiai i?aaiao iniiao noaiiaeyoue: e?ei?iaeueia,
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia, aei?aaii-o?oaeiaa, oeea?eueia oa
oeea?eueii-i?ioeanoaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai, a oaeiae caeiiiaeaanoai i?i
i?aoeth, Caeiie “I?i caa?iaiiy a?iiaaeyi”, “I?i iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao
ae?yeuei?noue” oa ?io? caeiie Oe?a?ie. On? i?aaia?aeiineie, eio?? oae /e
?iaeoa iia”ycai? c aeeiiaiiyi noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao a
OAI, ia?aaoaathoue a eie? ci?o i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo. Ia”?eo
i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aaao iaaeoi neeaaeiee, oiio e ci?no i?ieo?i?nueei? ae?yeueiino? —
oea, ii noo?, on? iai?yiee ?iaioe i?ieo?aoo?e a i?i?aoth??, aea caae?yi?
on? ?? ooieoe??. I?ioean aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue ii?aeio? ? aeeiiaiiy
?aaeeio, ? ae?iaie/ee i?ioean, a oaeiae ae?ciaiiy, iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao
ae?yeuei?noue, aeenoeeie?ia?io i?aeoeeo. I?e/iio, an? aeaiaioe
ae?yeueiino? OAI i?aai?caoe?eii aca?iiiia”ycai? ? iaoiiaeththoue iaeei
iaeiiai. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a ae?yeueiino? OAI ia? ae?iaie/ee i?ioean,
noeoii?noue aca?iiiia”ycaieo noaae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ia?aoai?aiiy
ne?iaeie, iniiaieo iaoa??ae?a aai iai?aoaa?eeao?a a aioiao i?iaeoeoe?th.
Iaeiae ia oe? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? e?ece nei?ioeeenue caiiaeaiiy ia
i?iaeoeoe?th, eio?a aeionea?oueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao OAI, nei?i/o?oueny
/an ?iaioe, canoaeaeai? caeo/athoueny aei ae?iaieoeoaa ca a?ao?eii. *ei
aoaeoeai?oa i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie OAI, oei e?aua
noaaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo aei i?aoe?, a a?aeoae ca?eueoothoueny ?oi? oaine
ia OAeC a?ae iiea?aiiy. Noni?eueii ei?enio i?aoeth a OAI iaiao?aeii
iicaaaeoe ea?aeueieo aeanoeainoae. Aeey oeueiai aoei a aeioe?eueiei o
ca”yceo c anooiii Oe?a?ie aei ?aaee ?a?iie ocaiaeeoe ? caeiiiaeaanoai
(no.7 AOE Oe?a?ie) c I?i?iaeueieie noaiaea?oieie i?aaeeaie iiaiaeaeaiiy
c oa”yciaieie.

Aenoiooi ? iaa?oioiaaii ?aeath iaiao?aeiino? i?eeiyooy ii?ie i?aaa,
ni?yiiaaii? ia oa, uia ia ciyoa ? ia iiaaoaia o anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiii
ii?yaeeo noyaiaiiy, canoiniaaia ca ae?yiiy, ui oi?iaeueii i?noyoue
iciaee ii?ooaiiy canoaeaeaiei ?aaeeio, ia aoei i?aenoaaith aeey
a?aeiiae a canoinoaaii? OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy, a oaeiae
ii?ie i?aaa, yea a iaaeaaaea noaeai i?aai inoaoi/ii ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy
canoinoaaiiy /e iacanoinoaaiiy OAeC.

Iiaiioa ? aoaeoeai?noue cae?eniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio /eiiee?a, a o./. a?ae noaio
aeiaea?aeaiiy ii?i e?ei?iaeueiiai, e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai,
aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa oeac?a ? ?icii?yaeaeaiue
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae iinoaiia, ?icii?yaeaeaiue Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee, ye? ii?yae c ?ioeie ieoaiiyie a?aaoeueiaothoue oaoiieia?/io
aeenoeeie?io, iiaea?i?caoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aaee ioi?iie i?aoe?,
i?iieneiai? nai?oa???.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo oa
ae?yeueiino? oeaio??a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? i?e aeeiiaii? noaeiaeo
??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao” iaaiaeyoueny aeai? ca 1994-1997 ??. i?i
e?euee?noue OAeC in?a ? in?a, i?eoyaiooeo aei e?ei?iaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ye? o no?ie iaa?aeaooiai iiea?aiiy a/eieee iia?
cei/eie, i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa i?e/eiai, ye? aaaeooue aei ?aoeeaeeao.

Noai?aiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i? Oeaio??a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
aeey in?a, ui ca?eueieeenue c OAI (a iiaeaeueoiio Oeaio?), o o./.
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai, ? iaei??th c oi?i i?eaaaeaiiy aei?aaii? nenoaie
aea?aeaae o a?aeiia?aei?noue c i?aeia?iaeieie noaiaea?oaie.
Aeine?aeaeaii a?aei?iiino? ca ooieoe?yie, ci?noii, oi?iaie,
i?aai?caoe??th ? ae?yeuei?noth i?ieo?aoo?e ? Oeaio??a ye aeaiaio?a
?aeeiiai iaoai?cio caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a aea?aeaa?, iieacaii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeeo ?inoeooo?a aea?aeaae a eiioaeno? ni?eueieo
caaaeaiue, i?eioeei?a ? oe?eae.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Noaiiaeaiiy ? i?aaiaa i?e?iaea oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai
ca?eueiaiiy a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “?noi??y noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?inoeoooo
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy”
aeine?aeaeo?oueny noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua a ?in?enuee?e ?iia???,
aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeea Oe?a?ia, iaia?aaeiaei? i?eeiyooy 22 /a?aiy
1909 ?ieo “Caeiio i?i oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy”, ca?iaeaeaiiy ?
?icaeoie a Oe?a?i? ?inoeoooo OAeC, ?iciaaeiaothoueny o?e iniiai?
ia??iaee eiai ?nioaaiiy. Ia?aeaeueii ?c caii/aoeoaaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii
?inoeoooo OAeC, o oi?i? aeaaiae?eieo oiaa?enoa ca?iaeaeoaaeenue ?
aaeineiiaethaaeenue Oeaio?e. ?oiy ae?yeuei?noue ae?aaeaeanue o oiio, ui
iniae, i?eeiyo? i?ae ii?eo, caaacia/oaaeenue iaeyaii, ?aeath, iaaee/ieie
i?aia?aoaie, ?iai/eie ?ino?oiaioaie, iaoa??aeaie oiui. Ia i?eeeaae?
a?aeaoaaiiy canoaeaeaieie iiea?aiiy a oth?i? Aia/ainueeiai iia?oo
Oa?e?anueei? aoaa?i?? c 2 ethoiai 1919 ?ieo ii 17 /a?aiy 1919 ?ieo
aeine?aeaeaii i?ioean ca?eueiaiiy in?a, ui a/eieee cei/eie, a ae?oaiio
ia??iae? ?nioaaiiy ?inoeoooo OAeC. Iaaiaeyoueny aeai? uiaei e?eueeino?
ca?eueiaieo, /ei iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ae?yeueiino? Oeaio??a.
Iniaeeai aeoeaii ae?yee oae? Oeaio?e, ii?yae c ?ioeie i?noaie ?
i?noa/eaie Oe?a?ie, a i.Oa?eia?. Ae?yeuei?noue Oeaio??a o
aei?aaiethoe?ei?e Oe?a?i? caeeoeea cia/iee ne?ae o noni?euei?e
na?aeiiino?. Ia aeiaaeeiai naia a Oa?eia? 1990 ?ieo i?e oi?aae?ii?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oa?e?anueeiai i?nueeiai aeeiiaa/iai eii?oaoo aoa
i?aai?ciaaiee Oeaio?. Ocaaaeueiaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeueiai Oeaio?o ca
1993-1996 ??. iieacaei, ui iei aoei iaaeaii aeiiiiiao iniaai,
ca?eueiaiei c OAI, ye? caa?oaeeny aei iueiai c ieoaiue i?aoea- ?
iiaooiaiai aeaoooaaiiy. Cie?aia, aei caaaeueii? e?eueeino? in?a, ui
caa?oaeenue, iaea?aeaee iai?aaeaiiy ia ?iaioo ia i?iieneiaeo oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?yo ?
onoaiiaao a?aeiia?aeii o a?aenioeao 46.7; 10; 40; 3.3. O ia??iae
1990-1996 ??. ?c caaaeueiiai /enea in?a, ui ca?eueieeenue c OAI ?
caa?ioeeny ca aeiiiiiaith o o?oaeiaiio ? iiaooiaiio ieai? aei Oeaio?o,
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiai? a?ae iiea?aiiy noaiiaeee 1.5 a?aenioea.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Nooi?noue oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy” aaoi? aeine?aeaeo? iiiyooy, th?eaee/io
i?e?iaeo, iciaee e ?nieoiaee no?ie oeueiai aeaeo ca?eueiaiiy. O ?iaio?
c?iaeaii iao?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae i?e ie?aneaii? i?aenoaa (iciae) OAeC
canoaeaeaieo a?ae iiea?aiiy. Caa?iooi oaaao ia cai?ioith ineoieia?/io
noi?iio iaoa??aeueii? iciaee aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai. Aeiaiaeeoueny,
ui ciai?oiy iiaaae?iea canoaeaeaiiai aeaeaei ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aea?
eiai aioo??oi?e ineoieia??. Aeieea? aeooaeueia caieoaiiy: ye a?aeiaeoe
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ae?eniiai ii?aeiaiiy oeeo aeaio noi??i (ciai?oiuei?
iiaaae?iee ? aioo??oiueiai noaio, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai na?oo
canoaeaeaiiai) i?e anoaiiaeaii? nooiaiy eiai aei?aaeaiiy ? ye? e?eoa???
aieeaathoue ia oeae i?ioean? Iaeei c oaeeo e?eoa???a — iayai?noue n?i”?
o canoaeaeaiiai. Aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue ia eiie?aoiiio aii??e/iiio
iaoa??ae?, ui iayai?noue o canoaeaeaiiai n?i”? ? oei e?eoa???i, yeee
aieeaa? ia eiai aei?aaeaiiy a a?eueo ?aii?e ia??iae. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy
aeiia i?i noaeei?noue aoea i?iaaaeaia ia?aa??ea /a?ac Oi?aae?iiy
iia?aoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e IAN Oe?a?ie ia i?aaeiao iiaeeeaiai a/eiaiiy
cei/ei?a oi?iaeiaae iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy iniaaie, aei yeeo aoei
canoiniaaii OAeC. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ai?oa noaeei?, ye? aoee OAeC a?ae
iiea?aiiy a ia??iae iaa?aeaooi? eiai /anoeie, ia aie? aeyaeythoueny
iaa/eea?oeie a eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?yo, “aeeoo?ai aeina?ae/ai?oeie”. Iia?
cei/eie aiie a/eiyee, eiee ieiaa no?ie iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy.

A?aeiii, ui aeoiea iioa?i?ei? noi?iie iiaea aieeaaoe ia ae?ie ? ia i??o
iiea?aiiy. Ia iao iiaeyae, aeoiea iioa?i?eiai iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoenue
oaeiae ? a “cai?ioiueiio iai?yieo”, oiaoi i?e oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiio
ca?eueiaii? a?ae iiea?aiiy aeioe?eueii caioi/oaaoe ?i?oe?aoeao
iioa?i?eiai /e eiai i?aaenoaaieea cae?enithaaoe niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiaiaiei a?ae iiea?aiiy a ia??iae iaa?aeaooi?
eiai /anoeie oa ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iiaaae?ieo oe??? iniae.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aianoe ci?ie aei no.52 EE Oe?a?ie, /anoeio ae?oao yei?
iaiao?aeii aeeeanoe o oae?e ?aaeaeoe??: “Oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy
a?ae iiea?aiiy canoiniao?oueny aei canoaeaeaiiai, yeee aei?aaeany o
a?eueo ?aii?e no?ie iiea?aiiy, aecia/aiiai noaeii”.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Ci?no ? i?e?iaea i?aaia?aeiinei, ui
aeieeathoue i?e canoinoaaii? oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy” ?ic?iaeaii e iaa?oioiaaii iiiyooy
i?aaia?aeiinei iiceoeaiiai ? iaaaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o, ui aeieeathoue,
ae?thoue ? ci?iththoueny i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy, iieacaia ?oiy eiieo?aioe?y ? cai?ioi?noue. Aecia/ai? iniiai?
i?ioeanoaeuei? noaae??, a iaaeao yeeo iiaea ianoaoe ia?ao?ae
“iiceoeaieo” i?aaia?aeiinei a “iaaaoeai?” i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae
e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaaeath cae?i/aiiy ia?oi? ?c
ieo ? oaeo aeianaiiy noaeii iinoaiiae i?i OAeC. Iieacai? iaae? ? ae?oai?
noaae?? cacia/aieo i?aaia?aeiinei, ye? ii/eiathoueny c /ano
iinoaiiaeaiiy aeacaiiai ??oaiiy noaeii ? i?eieiy?oueny cae?i/aiiyi
iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy. Caa?iooi oaaao ia aeae?eoe oa?aeoa?i?
aeey oeeo i?aaia?aeiinei o eiaei?e noaae??. Oey ?aeay ia? ia o?eueee
nooi oai?aoe/ia, aea e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Ia ?? iniia? ?ic?iaeaia
noaia-oaaeeoey ?icaeoeo ia?aoiaeo iaeieo i?aaia?aeiinei a ?io?. Oea aea?
ciiao anoaiiaeoe i?e eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?e/eie
?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? na?aae in?a, ye? aoee OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy. Ia? i??i?eoao aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iaoi?iaeueieo ii?i iiaaae?iee canoaeaeaieo oa aei?aaii-o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei o eiioaeno? OAeC a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy
a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy ca /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii” neeaaea?oueny c
aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “I?ioeanoaeueiee ii?yaeie canoinoaaiiy
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy”
aeine?aeaeothoueny i?iaeaie i?aaiaiai aaeineiiaeaiiy aeaiiai ?inoeoooo c
oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo,
iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?. Ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui o /eiiiio
caeiiiaeaanoa? iaiao?aeii a?eueo eiie?aoii ? aeaoaeueii aeeeanoe
e?eoa??? nooiaiy aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai, ia?aaeaa/eoe iniiai? ?
oaeoeueoaoeai? ia?aaeoiiae canoinoaaiiy OAeC. Aei /enea oaeoeueoaoeaieo
(aeiaeaoeiaeo) ia?aaeoiia iaeaaeaoue aeai? i?i aea?aia i?noea
i?iaeeaaiiy, iayai?noue n?i”?, ?iaee/?a, iiaeeeaino? iiaooiaiai ?
o?oaeiaiai aeaoooaaiiy, ia?oeyiea (aai ciaia”ycaiiy) aanoe i?aaeeueiee
niin?a aeeooy, caiaea (eeiiioaiiy, ii?oea) o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a,
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e aai ie?aieo a?iiaaeyi acyoe i?ae na?e
eiio?ieue iiaaae?ieo ca?eueiaiiai. I?iiiio?oueny iaaeaoe noaeo i?aai
iieeaaeaoe ia oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiaiiai iaai? iaiaaeaiiy, eio??
iiaeooue noinoaaoeny oa?aeoa?o iaeaooiuei? ?iaioe, niiniao aeeooy,
caai?iie ceiaaeeaaoe nie?oieie iaiiyie oiui; cai?iaaaeeoe oae? aeaee
OAeC ye aac anoaiiaeaiiy eiie?aoieo iaiaaeaiue niiniao aeeooy
ca?eueiaiiai ? eiai iiaaae?iee, oae ? c iaiaaeaiiyie, anoaiiaeaieie
uiaei eiie?aoieo in?a, c iaaeaiiyi i?e oeueiio oe?oeo iiaiiaaaeaiue
noaeo ? aaei?i?no?aoe?? OAI.

Cai?iiiiiaai? i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee uiaei iaaieo iaiaaeaiue OAeC iniaai,
ca nai?th i?aaiaith i?e?iaeith iaaeeaeaiei aei aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
iaaeyaeo ca ca?eueiaieie c OAI.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Oi?ioaaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy i?aenoaa aeey
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy”
aiae?cothoueny e?eoa??? OAeC, aecia/ai? caeiiiaeaaoeai, iaoeiaoeyie ?
aenoioo? i?aeoeeith.

Ca nai?th noooth a?ae??ciythoueny iaoa??aeuei? iciaee aei?aaeaiiy
canoaeaeaiiai a?ae oi?iaeueieo iciae — oaeoe/ia a?aeaoooy canoaeaeaiei
ia?aaeaa/aii? caeiiii iaaii? /anoeie no?ieo iiea?aiiy, anoaiiaeaiiai
ae?ieii noaeo. Uiaei oi?iaeueii? iciaee (e?eoa??th ca?eueiaiiy), oi a
iniia? ?iciaaeoaaiiy eaoaai??e in?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue OAeC caeaaeii a?ae
a?aeaooiai no?ieo iiea?aiiy, eaaeeoue oyaee?noue nei?iiai cei/eio ?
iai?oaioe?a?iee ?aoeeaeea. Caeiiii ia?aaeaa/aii, ui OAeC iiaea aooe
canoiniaaia o?eueee ca oiiae, yeui canoaeaeaiee aeia?a nai? aei?aaeaiiy
c?aceiaith iiaaae?ieith ? /aniei noaaeaiiyi aei i?aoe?. I?aeoeeith
aecia/ai? oae? nooiai? (??ai?) aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai: noaa ia oeyo
aei?aaeaiiy; oaa?aei noaa ia oeyo aei?aaeaiiy; aeia?a nai? aei?aaeaiiy.
I?e ioe?ioe? aaei?i?no?aoe??th OAI, noaeii, i?ieo?i?ii nooiaiy
aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai ianaiia?aae aa?ooueny aei oaaae iaia”yceia?
iieacieee (iciaee), /ania noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe? ? c?aceiaa iiaaae?iea;
?io? iciaee iaeaaeaoue aei oaeoeueoaoeaieo, aeiaeaoeiaeo (aeiiiaeai?noue
i?i o?oaeiaa ? iiaooiaa aeaoooaaiiy, aca?ieie c n?i”?th, ??aeieie,
iayai?noue noaeeiinoae oiui). Iaia”yceia? iieacieee aei?aaeaiiy
ioiieththoue ieceo ioe?iie. Oeae e?eoa??e neeaaea?oueny ?c noeoiiino?
oe?eani?yiiaaii cae?eniaieo canoaeaeaiei ae?e, eio?? eeoa o a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a, aea aeaeaei ia caaaeaee ? ona?aeiiethaaieie. Oa?aeoa? oeeo
ae?e caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio /eiiee?a, a oiio /ene? a?ae oeio ia?aiai?
nenoaie canoaeaeaiiai, no?oeoo?e ? ni?yioaaiiy ineo?ee, eiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?en. Aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai iia”ycaia c iniiaieie
noaiaie o eiai ineo?oe? ia iiiaio nei?iiy cei/eio: na?aeiiith
aioenioe?aeueiith iiceoe??th; oei/aniaith ao?aoith naiieiio?ieth. O
ia?oiio aeiaaeeo aei?aaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ei??iio ia?ai?io
aioenioe?aeueii? iiceoe??, a o ae?oaiio — i?aeaeuaiiy aieueiaeo yeinoae,
??aiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa aeoiaaiiy, ai?iiy aieiae?oe niaith
oiui.

I?iaeaio aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo OAeC
canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe a
eiiieaen?, oiaoi o ia?ic?eai?e ?aeiino? c i?iaeaiith ?oiuei?
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??, ui ?aaeueii ni?eyoeia iiia?aaeaeaiith
?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?.

Eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (aeine?aeaeaii 100 ?aniiiaeaio?a
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiaieo) cana?ae/eei, ui 17 a?aenioe?a ia iiiaio
ca?eueiaiiy iaee a?aeiia?aeii iaeio, aea? ? o?e noaeeiino?.
C‘ynoaaeinue, ui o a?eia?e a?oi? aeine?aeaeaieo a?ae 21 aei 29 ?ie?a ?
iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue in?a, ye? iaee iaeio noaeei?noue aaea aei
a/eiaiiy cei/eio, ca yeee a?aeaoaaee iiea?aiiy ? aoee oiiaii-aeino?ieiai
ca?eueiai?. Oeae iieaciee noaiiaeoue 47.06 a?aenioea. O oe?e aea a?eia?e
a?oi? e?euee?noue in?a, ye? iaee aea? noaeeiino? aei a/eiaiiy cei/eio,
ca yeee a?aeaoaaee iiea?aiiy ? aoee ca?eueiai?, noaiiaeoue 11.75
a?aenioea. A iniae, ui iaee o?e noaeeiino? — a?aeiia?aeii 11.75
a?aenioea. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ia?aiao??a (ia 10 ?ie?a eiaeiee) iaae? aeaio
ianooiieo a?eiaeo a?oi (a?ae 29 aei 40 ?ie?a, a?ae 40 aei 43 ?ie?a)
ciaiooaaeanue e?euee?noue noaeeiinoae, a?aeiia?aeii ae?oai? ? o?aouei?.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aaeaioaoe?y ?ai?oa noaeeieo i?ioyaii iaa?aeaooi?
/anoeie iiea?aiiy i?ioiaeeoue a?eueo oni?oii, i?ae aeey in?a, ?ai?oa ia
noaeeieo. ? oea oiio, ui iniae, ?ai?oa noaeei?, aeyaeythoueny
iaa?aaei?oeie a eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?yo. Oa?iaoeue o ieo o?eaa?oueny aaea
i?ney oiai, ye ieia? no?ie iaa?aeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiio ca?eueiaii?
a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy” neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “I?aai?caoe?y, iaoiaeeea ? ii?yaeie ae?yeueiino?
i?ieo?aoo?e uiaei caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? i?e canoinoaaii?
oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy” i?ioean
i?ieo?i?nueei? ia?aa??ee aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiino? i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo
aaoi?ii iiae?eaii ia iniiai? noaae??, eiaeia c yeeo ooai?th? nenoaio
eia?/ii-caaa?oaieo, iine?aeiaieo ae?e i?ieo?i?a, ia”?aeiaieo ni?eueieie
caaaeaiiyie, ?aeeiith i?ioeanoaeueiith iaoith ? oi?iith. Ae?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea i?ieo?i?nueei? ia?aa??ee aeiaea?aeaiiy caeii?a i?e OAeC a?ae
iiea?aiiy, yea ioiieth? aanue eiiieaen ieoaiue, ui i?aeeyaathoue
c”ynoaaiith, ? aaea iiceoeaii ca?aeiiaiaeoaaea naaa ia i?aeoeoe?.
Aeneiaeaii i?iiiceoe?th uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo OAeC canoaeaeaieo
a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy ? i?aeoeee eiai canoinoaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie ? e?eoa??? aeiaaaeaiino?
aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo” aaoi? ii-iiaiio i?ae?eoia aei aea/aiiy
neeaaeiaeo “noa”?eo — i?ioean — ia”?eo” nenoaie ae?yeueiino? OAI,
cie?aia aei ?oiueiai ineoieia?/iiai ci?noo oa iniaeeainoae. Ieoaiiy i?i
iniao canoaeaeaiiai ?icaeyaea?oueny c iiceoe?? “o?aouei? neee” a
eiioaeno? aoiai?noe/ii? ineoieia??, aea iniiaiei i?eioeeiii aenooia?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei eiaeiiai.

Ae?yeuei?noue OAI aoaea ?acoeueoaoeaiith i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?icaeiooi?
eiioeaioe?? ineoieia?/ii? ae??aino? aieeao ia iniao canoaeaeaiiai, ui
ia?aaeaa/a?, ia a?aei?io a?ae “?iia?aoeaii?” oa “iai?ioeyoeaii?”
ineoieia??, ??aiioe?iia o?aooaaiiy noa”?eoa ? ia”?eoa ineoieia?/iiai
aieeao. Oeae i?aeo?ae iio?aao? caeo/aiiy aei noa?e ae?yeueiino? OAI
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo ni?a?ia?oiee?a.

Nueiaiaeaiiy aeiaaa? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ae?eueiino? nenoaie OAI Oe?a?ie a
oaeeo iai?yieao: ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?iaioo OAI no/anieo ia?iaie
ineoieia?/ii? oai??? oa iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?ic?iaeo ia an?o aoaiao
?iaioe c canoaeaeaieie a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiaeee, iine?aeiaiiai
ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
ae?yeueiino? OAI i?eioeeio i?aeoe/ii? ineoieia?/ii? “?acoeueoaoeaiino?”
— ?aeeiiai “i?aoethth/iai” i?eioeeio aecia/aiiy yeino? ?oiuei? ?iaioe.
I?e aecia/aii? aeiaaaeaiino? aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai aei oeueiai /ano
a?aoiaothoueny oae? ciai?oi? /eiieee, ye c?aceiaa iiaaae?iea oa /ania
noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe?. I?aeoeea na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue
aeei?enoaiiy eeoa oeeo e?eoa???a. O na?aaeiueiio eiaeiee 5-e
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiaiee a?ae iiea?aiiy a ia??iae iaa?aeaooiai
no?ieo iiea?aiiy a/eith? iiaee cei/ei. Oeei iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue
?ic?iaee ineoieia?/ieo e?eoa???a aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai aei
cae?i/aiiy oa?i?io iiea?aiiy.

Aei oaeeo e?eoa???a aeena?oaio a?aeiineoue: 1) iayai?noue ci?i o
ineoieia?? canoaeaeaiiai (cie?aia, a oeo, ye? naiai /ano ni?iaieoaaee
nei?iiy cei/eio); 2) naiie?eoe/ia noaaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai aei cei/eio oa
eiai iane?aee?a, a oaeiae i??e iiea?aiiy; 3) iayai?noue aieueiaeo ?en
iniae canoaeaeaiiai, ui iiaeooue oo?eioaaoe eiai a?ae iaaaoeaieo
i?eno?anoae; 4) iaaoooy canoaeaeaiei nioe?aeueieo oe?iiinoae
no?eioth/iai oa?aeoa?o a?aeiinii iiaeeeaiai nei?iiy cei/ei?a; 5)
i???ioaoe?y ia iiceoeaio a nioe?aeueiiio ieai? a?oio canoaeaeaieo; 6)
ue??noue oa a?aee?eo?noue ia?aae ?ioeie ethaeueie.

Iaaaaeai? e?eoa???, cae/aeii, ? eeoa iniiaieie. C ?icaeoeii
ineoieia?/ii? i?aeoeee aiie aoaeooue ?icoe?thaaoeny oa
aaeineiiaethaaoenue. Ia i?ioeaaao o?aaeeoe?eii-anoaiiaeaiei caeiiii
/eiieeai aecia/aiiy aeiaaaeaiino? aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo, ?ic?iaeaii
eiiieaen ineoieia?/ieo e?eoa???a c”ynoaaiiy aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai
aei cae?i/aiiy no?ieo iiea?aiiy ? cai?iiiiiaaii aeey oeueiai ?yae
iaoiaeee. Aeiaaaeaii, ui “i?iaeoi? iaethiee” canoaeaeaieo i?noyoue o
nia? a?eueoa nooo?ai? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey aecia/aiiy ?oiueiai aei?aaeaiiy,
ai?ae aiie na?aeiii aiinyoue a ieo, ine?eueee a oaeiio ?ac? a ?oo
i?eoiaeyoue neeaaei? iaoai?cie i?aena?aeiiino?.

O Aeniiaeao, ui caaa?oothoue aeena?oaoe?th, aeaco?oueny ia
iaiao?aei?noue aeeaoiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?e oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiio ca?eueiaii?
canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy, cacia/a?oueny, yeeie
iaoiaeaie ae??ooaaeeny ii?ooai? a ?iaio? ieoaiiy, oa o noeneiio aeaeyae?
aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii oae? i?aoe?

1. Ne?eaiithe I.?. I?iaeaie nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? in?a
oiiaii-aeino?ieiai ca?eueiaieo c i?noeue iicaaaeaiiy aie? // I?aai
Oe?a?ie. — E. — 1999. — ?3. — N.76-78.

2. Ne?eaiithe I.?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai
ca?eueiaiiy canoaeaeaieo a?ae iiea?aiiy a i?ioean? i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie a
Oe?a?i?. ?inoeooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie //
Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?. — E.,1997, N.351-353.

3. Ne?eaiithe I.?. Ia oeyoo aei ?aoi?i. — E., Ee?anueeee aea?ae.
oi?a.-aeiiii. oi-o, 1997. — 3,5 ae.a.

4. Ne?eaiithe I.?. I?i aecia/aiiy i?ieo?i?ii aeiaaaeaiino? aei?aaeaiiy
canoaeaeaiiai aei cae?i/aiiy no?ieo a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy // I?iaeaie
?icaeoeo i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae. — E., 1996. N.90-93.

5. Ne?eaiithe I.?. Oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy a?ae iiea?aiiy:
iiiyooy, iciaee, oa?aeoa?enoeea. *a?eane, *a?eanueeee aea?ae.iaae. ?i-o,
1994.-2,9 ae.a.

6. Ne?eaiithe I.?. Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai
ca?eueiaiiy a Oe?a?i? ? ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo.
*a?eane, *a?eanueeee aea?ae.iaae. ?i-o, 1993.-5,5 ae.a.

7. Ne?eaiithe I.?. I?iaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-i?aeoe/iiai nai?ia?o // ?aae.
i?aai. -1987.-?4. N.89-90.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Ne?eaiithe I.?. I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a Oe?a?ie
i?e oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiio ca?eueiaii? canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai
iiea?aiiy (?oeiien).

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.10 — noaeiono??e, i?ieo?aoo?a oa aaeaieaoo?a.
— Ee?anueeee oi?aa?noeoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?e oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiio
ca?eueiaii? (OAeC) canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy ? ioiieth?
eiiieaen eiioeaiooaeueieo ciaiue i?i caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? ?
eiie?aoi? iaoiaee eiai cae?eniaiiy. Aeaii aecia/aiiy iiiyooy i?aaeiaoa,
ia’?eoa i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e OAeC
canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy. Aeine?aeaeaii: nooue ?
cia/aiiy iaaeyaeo i?ieo?aoo?e ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a i?e aeeiiaii?
noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao; noaiiaeaiiy ? i?aaiao i?e?iaeo
OAeC canoaeaeaieo a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy oa eiai i?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy ca /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii; i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?aaiaee iaoai?ci
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo i?e OAeC canoaeaeaieo
a?ae e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy. Aenoiooi ? iaa?oioiaaii ?aeath
iaiao?aeiino? i?eeiyooy ii?ie i?aaa, ni?yiiaaii? ia oa, uia ia ciyoa ?
ia iiaaoaia o anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiii ii?yaeeo noyaiaiiy, canoiniaaia ca
ae?yiiy, ui oi?iaeueii i?noyoue iciaee ii?ooaiiy canoaeaeaiei ?aaeeio,
ia aoee i?aenoaaith aeey a?aeiiae a canoinoaaii? OAeC, a oaeiae ii?ie
i?aaa, yea a iaaeaaaea noaeo iiaeeea?noue inoaoi/ii ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy
canoinoaaiiy /e ia canoinoaaiiy oeueiai aeaeo ca?eueiaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae, oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa ca?eueiaiiy,
aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ne?uaiithe I.E. I?ieo?i?neee iaaeci? ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia Oe?aeiu
i?e oneiaii-aein?i/iii inaiaiaeaeaiee io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey.
(?oeiienue). Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
th?eaee/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.10 — noaeiono?ienoai,
i?ieo?aoo?a e aaeaieaoo?a — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei,
Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ieo?i?neiai
iaaeci?a ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia Oe?aeiu i?e oneiaii-aein?i/iii
inaiaiaeaeaiee (OAeI) inoaeaeaiiuo io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey. Aeaii
ii?aaeaeaiea iiiyoey i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia i?e
OAeI io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey, enneaaeiaaiu aai nouiinoue, cia/aiea,
i?aaeiao, iauaeo.

Ia?aue ?acaeae “Nouiinoue e cia/aiea i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a ca
niaethaeaieai caeiiia i?e eniieiaiee noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee ii oaieiaiui
aeaeai” ninoieo ec /aou?ao iiae?acaeaeia. A ia?aii iiae?acaeaea “Iiiyoea
i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a, aai ?ieue e ianoi a nenoaia aeaeia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe” iieacaia neiaeiinoue iaoaiecia
inouanoaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiii-aeanoiuo iieiiii/ee, auaeaeaiu oi?iu
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie Eiinoeoooeee
Oe?aeiu. Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea “Cia/aiea i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a e
noaeaaiiai eiio?iey a caueoa i?aa inoaeaeaiiuo” enneaaeiaaiu
eiie?aoii-nioeeieiae/aneeie iaoiaeaie aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea yeaiaiou,
oa?aeoa?ecothuea i?eaiai?, e?eoa?ee eeanneoeeaoeee i?eaiai?ia. Iieacaiu
iniaaiiinoe i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a e ooieoeee noaea i?e eniieiaiee
noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee ii oaieiaiui aeaeai. A o?aoueai iiae?acaeaea “Iaaeci?
i?ieo?aoo?u ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia i?e eniieiaiee i?eaiai?ia a
o/?aaeaeaieyo ii eniieiaieth iaeacaiee (OEI)” ?ane?uaathony nouiinoue
iaaeci?a, aai caaea/e, i?aaeiao e iauaeo, eioi?ue yaeyaony aeiaieueii
neiaeiui, iiyoiio e niaea?aeaiea i?ieo?i?neie aeayoaeueiinoe — yoi, ii
nooe, ana iai?aaeaiey ?aaiou i?ieo?aoo?u a ieieaoth?a, aaea
caaeaenoaiaaiu ii nooe ana aa ooieoeee. Auaeaeiooa e iainiiaaia eaeay
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eiyoey ii?iu i?aaa, iai?aaeaiiie ia oi, /oiau ia niyoia
e ia iiaaoaiiia a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea acuneaiea, ca aeayiea,
eioi?ia oi?iaeueii niaea?aeeo i?eciaee ia?ooaiey inoaeaeaiiui ?aaeeia,
ia auei iniiaaieai aeey ioeaca a i?eiaiaiee OAeI. A /aoaa?oii
iiae?acaeaea “Niioiioaiea i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a n aeayoaeueiinoueth
oeaio?ia nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee (Oeaio?u) i?e eniieiaiee noaeaaiuo
?aoaiee ii oaieiaiui aeaeai” aaoi? oaeaeyao aieiaiea i?e/eiai,
niinianoaothuei ?aoeeaeeaiie i?anooiiinoe n?aaee eeoe OAeI io iaeacaiey,
enneaaeoao i?iaeaiu Oeaio?ia aeey eeoe, inaiaiaeaeaiiuo ec OEI.

Aoi?ie ?acaeae aeenna?oaoeee “Noaiiaeaiea e i?aaiaay i?e?iaea
oneiaii-aein?i/iiai inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” ninoieo ec
o?ao iiae?acaeaeia. A ia?aii iiae?acaeaea “Enoi?ey noaiiaeaiey e
?acaeoey einoeoooa OAeI io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” enneaaeothony:
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneia ninoiyiea a ?inneeneie eiia?ee iaeaioia
i?eiyoey 22 ethey 1909 aiaea “Caeiia ia oneiaii-aein?i/iii
inaiaiaeaeaiee”; aii?inu ?acaeoey yoiai einoeoooa a Oe?aeia,
?aca?aie/eaathony iniiaiua aai ia?eiaeu, oaeaeaii aieiaiea
aicieeiiaaieth e ?acaeoeth aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo iauanoa, iieacaia eo
acaeiinaycue n aeaenoaothueie iuia Oeaio?aie aeey eeoe, inaiaiaeaeaiiuo
ec OEI. Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea “Nouiinoue oneiaii-aein?i/iiai
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” aaoi? enneaaeoao iiiyoea,
th?eaee/aneoth i?e?iaeo, i?eciaee e eniuoaoaeueiue n?ie yoiai aeaea
inaiaiaeaeaiey. Ia?auaii aieiaiea ia ia?aoioth ineoieiae/aneoth noi?iio
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?eciaea eni?aaeaiey inoaeaeaiiiai. A o?aoueai
iiae?acaeaea “Niaea?aeaiea e i?e?iaea i?aaiioiioaiee, aicieeathueo i?e
i?eiaiaiee oneiaii-aein?i/iiai inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey”
?ac?aaioaiu e iainiiaaiu iiiyoey iieiaeeoaeueiuo e io?eoeaoaeueiuo
i?aaiioiioaiee, ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?ioeannoaeueiua noaaeee, a ?aieao
eioi?uo iiaeao ianooieoue ia?aoiae iieiaeeoaeueiuo i?aaiioiioaiee a
io?eoeaoaeueiua, ?ac?aaioaia noaia-oaaeeoea yoiai ia?aoiaea.

O?aoee ?acaeae “I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea oneiaii-aein?i/iiai
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey ca aeaenoaothuei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii” ninoieo ec aeaoo iiae?acaeaeia. A ia?aii
iiae?acaeaea “I?ioeannoaeueiue ii?yaeie i?eiaiaiey oneiaii-aein?i/iiai
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” enneaaeoaony i?aaiaia
oniaa?oainoaiaaiea aeaiiiai einoeoooa n oi/ee c?aiey yooaeoeaiinoe
nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee inaiaiaeaeaiiuo, i?aaeeiaeaii eiie?aoece?iaaoue
e?eoa?ee eni?aaeaiey e aaanoe aeaa aeaea OAeI. Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea
“Oi?ie?iaaiea e ii?aaeaeaiea iniiaaiee aeey oneiaii-aein?i/iiai
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” aiaeece?othony ii?aaeaeaiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeai, o/aiuie e i?aeoeeie e?eoa?ee yoiai aeaea inaiaiaeaeaiey.

*aoaa?oue ?acaeae “I?iaeaiu oniaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee
i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia i?e oneiaii-aein?i/iii
inaiaiaeaeaiee io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” ninoieo ec aeaoo iiae?acaeaeia.
A ia?aii iiae?acaeaea “I?aaiecaoeey, iaoiaeeea e ii?yaeie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaiia i?ieo?aoo?u ii iaania/aieth caeiiiinoe i?e i?eiaiaiee
oneiaii-aein?i/iiai inaiaiaeaeaiey io oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey” aia?aua
i?ioeann i?ieo?i?neie i?iaa?ee niaethaeaiey caeiiiinoe ?aca?aie/ai ia
o?e iniiaiua yoaia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo ia?acoao nenoaio
eiae/anee-caaa?oaiiuo, iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo aeaenoaee i?ieo?i?a, eioi?ua
iauaaeeiaiu iaueie caaea/aie, aaeeiie i?ioeannoaeueiie oeaeueth e
oi?iie, au?aaioaia iaoiaeeea oaeie i?iaa?ee. Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea
“Ineoieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu e e?eoa?ee aeieacaiiinoe eni?aaeaiey
inoaeaeaiiiai” ee/iinoue inoaeaeaiiiai ?anniao?eaaaony a eiioaenoa
aoiaienoe/aneie ineoieiaee. Aaoi? n/eoaao, /oi “i?iaeoiua ?enoiee”
inoaeaeaiiuo niaea?aeao a naaa aieueoa eioi?iaoeee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eo
eni?aaeaiey, /ai iie niciaoaeueii aiinyo a ieo. I?aaeeiaeai iaoaieci
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a i?e OAeI io oaieiaiiai
iaeacaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ieo?i?neee iaaeci?, oneiaii-aein?i/iia
inaiaiaeaeaiea, eniieiaiea noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee ii oaieiaiui aeaeai.

ANNOTATIONS

M.I. Skrygoniuk. Procurator’s Supervision for Observance of Ukrainian
Laws at the Stage of Conditional Parole-Release from Criminal Punishment
of Convicts (Manuscript).

This dissertation is aimed to obtain scientific degree of candidate of
jurisprudence within speciality 12.00.10 •- judiciary, prosecutor’s
office and advocacy. — Kyiv Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the problems of improvement of
prosecutor’s supervision for observance of Ukrainian laws at the stage
of conditional parole-release (CPR) from criminal punishment of convicts
and includes range of conceptual knowledge about general appropriates
and specific methods of its realisation. There were given definitions of
conception of subject and object for prosecutor’s supervision for
observance of Ukrainian laws at the stage of CPR from criminal
punishment of convicts. Such aspects were investigated as: the crux and
meaning of prosecutor’s supervision for law observance during
implementation of court decisions in criminal cases; formation and legal
nature of CPR from criminal punishment of convicts and its legal
regulation under current legislation in force; problems of raising
effectiveness of prosecutor’s supervision. There was suggested a legal
mechanism of raising effectiveness of prosecutor’s supervision for
observance of Ukrainian laws at the stage of CPR from criminal
punishment of convicts. There was advanced and grounded a notion of
necessity to adopt legal mie, allowing for punishment, not stroke and
not cancelled in order, determined by law, and administered for actions,
which formally contain signs of regime violation by convict not to be a
basis to refuse to use CPR. And also there was advanced and grounded a
notion of necessity to adopt legal mie, which would empower court with
the right to decide finally the questions of use or none use of this
type of release.

The key words: prosecutor’s supervision, conditional parole-release, and
implementation of court decision in criminal cases.

Похожие записи