IAOeIIIAEUeIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAIIss OE?A?IE

IIAII ss?INEAAA IOAe?IAI

Eo?eei Ieeiea Iao?iae/

OAeE 347.963

I?IEO?I?NUeEEE IAAEssAe CA AeIAeA?AEAIIssI I?AA OA CAEIIIEO IIOA?AN?A
CANOAeAEAIEO AeI IICAAAEAIIss AIEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 12.00.10 — noaeiono?ie; i?ieo?aoo?a oa aaeaieaoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy. No/ania

Oe?a?ia ciaoiaeeoueny ia oeyoo aei noai?aiiy iacaeaaeii?

i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, yea iiaeiia noaoe iino?oiaioii

caaacia/aiiy i?aa i naiaiae ethaeeie, aa?aioii ?aaeueiiai

caoenoo ?? caeiiieo iioa?ania. Naia ethaeeia, ?? aeeooy oa

caei?ia’y, /anoue i aiaeiinoue, iaaeioi?eaiinoue oa aaciaea ?

iaeaeuith nioeiaeueiith oeiiiinoth a Oe?a?ii (no. C Eiinoeoooei?).

I?iaaaeaiiy noaeiai-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie, iioaa?aoeiy aei ii?i

iiaeia?iaeiiai i?aaa iio?aao? i?eaaaeaiiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai

caeiiiaeaanoaa o aiaeiiaiaeiinoue c iiaeia?iaeieie noaiaea?oaie a

aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie, aaeineiiaeaiiy aeith/eo oa noai?aiiy iiaeo

i?ioeaaeo? caoenoo i?aa i naiaiae a?iiaaeyi, a oiio /enei oeo,

yei ia?aaoaathoue o iinoeyo iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

C?inoaiiy cei/eiiinoi a Oe?a?ii i?ecaaei aei oiai, ui

ii?iaiyii c 1990 ?ieii /enei caa?aooiaaieo i canoaeaeaieo

caieueoeeiny iaeaea oaeai/i, a eieueeinoue onoaiia aeeiiaiiy

iiea?aiue oa neiae/eo icieyoi?ia caeeoeeany iaeaea oaeith ae.

Iiiaae anoaiiaeaii naiioa?ii ii?ie oo?eio?oueny aieueoa 30,1

oen. inia, i ca?ac iaia? aiaeiiaiaeieo iaoa?iaeueieo

iiaeeeainoae aeey iieiioaiiy ?oiueiai noaiiaeua. Iaeiei ic

caniaia caaacia/aiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo

aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei ? i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao,

a oaeiae i?e canoinoaaiii iioeo caoiaeia i?eioniaiai

oa?aeoa?o, iia’ycaieo c iaiaaeaiiyi iniaenoi? naiaiaee

a?iiaaeyi (no. 121 i.4 Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie).

?aoi?ioaaiiy i?ieo?aoo?e, yea ca?ac aiaeaoaa?oueny,

iiaeiia ia?aoai?eoe ?? a i?aai, caeaoiee caaacia/eoe aenieee

?iaaiue caoenoo eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa i naiaiae a?iiaaeyi, o oiio

/enei e oeo, yei aiaeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy a iinoeyo iicaaaeaiiy

aiei. O ca’yceo c oeei c?inoa? aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy

oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo,

iia’ycaieo c ?ic?iaeith iaaieo i?aaiaeo iaoaiiciia

caaacia/aiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Iioa?an aei aeaii? i?iaeaie iia’yco?oueny oaeiae c

iiaeaioiaeith aei i?eeiyooy iiaiai Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i

i?ieo?aoo?o», E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai oa E?eiiiaeueii-

aeeiiaa/iai eiaeaenia Oe?a?ie, a yeeo aoaeooue aiaeia?aaeaii i

eiie?aoeciaaii aiaeiiaiaeii iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie oa

ii?ie iiaeia?iaeiiai i?aaa.

Nooiiiue aeineiaeaeaiiy oaie aeena?oaoei?. I?iaeaie

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia a onoaiiaao

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, o oiio /enei i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, aeineiaeaeoaaeenue o ?iaioao:

A.I.Aaneiaa, I.I.A?eyeiia, A.I.A?iaiia, A.I.Aeaceiai?,

I.I.Aeaiueoeia, O.I.Aeia?iaieuenueei?, A.E.Cai?aoey, I.I.Eieina,

A.A.Eiyc?aa, A.O.Ieoaeeiaa, A.N.Iieoeiia, Ae.I.Ieoiueiaa,

TH.I.?aaiinueeiai, A.E.?aiainiia, A.E.?iaeiia, A.I.Naaeoeueeiai,

A.C. Nainiiiaa, A.I. Naoiiiaa, A.I. Naeiaa?noiaa,

A.I.Nie?eaeiiiaa, A.N.Oaaeaainyia, O.A.Oiianaae/a, A.I.O?oaie

eiaa, A.Ae.Oiiueea, I.O.Oaiiaeoeeiia, TH.E.sseeiiae/a oa aeayeeo

3mxhu o/aieo.

Iiceoeaii ioeiithth/e i?aoei oeeo o/aieo, yei aianee cia/iee

aianie o ?ic?iaeo oai?i? i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, neiae

aiaecia/eoe, ui, ii-ia?oa, iaoeiai i?aoei aeacaieo aaoi?ia

aoee iioaeieiaaii aei i?eeiyooy Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie 1996

?ieo, oiio aaaaoi oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue aeineiaeaeoaaii?

aeiyeueiinoi i?ieo?aoo?e iio?aaothoue ia?ainieneaiiy; ii-ae?oaa,

i?iaeaie i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei ia

io?eiaee iaeaaeiiai oai?aoe/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy: iaia?

iiiia?aoi/ieo ?iaio, i?enay/aieo oeei i?iaeaiai

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo; ii-o?ao?, i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?ie

e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ni?yiiaaii? ia

nioeiaeueio ia?ai?i?ioaoeith aeeiiaiiy e?eiiiaeueieo iiea?aiue c

o?aooaaiiyi iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeoia c i?aa ethaeeie,

i?eioeeiia caeiiiinoi, aoiaiicio, aeaiie?aoecio,

ni?aaaaeeeainoi, aeeoa?aioeiaoei? e iiaeeaiaeoaeicaoei? aeoiaiiai

aieeao ia canoaeaeaieo iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeith/eo oa

noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoaiiciia caoenoo i?aa inia, iicaaaeaieo

aiei, iiaeaeuaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eo aa?aioie ?o aeiaea?aeaiiy; ii-

/aoaa?oa, aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia a onoaiiaao

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy oeyoia iioeiicaoei?

aeiyeueiinoi i?ieo?i?ia o cacia/aiie noa?i.

Aecia/aii ianoaaeie iaoiiaeee aeai? oaie aeena?oaoeieiiai

aeineiaeaeaiiy oa naiae/aoue i?i eiai aeooaeueiinoue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoeiy

aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?i i?aaiicaoei? noaeiaeo oa i?aaiioi?iiieo

i?aaiia Iaoeiiiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie iiaii

ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai caiaeii c eiiieaeniith oeieueiaith i?ia?aiith:

«I?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiicaoei? i aeiyeueiinoi noaeo i

i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiia a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy nioeiaeueii?

i?aaiai? aea?aeaae» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoei?

0186.0.099031).

Ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy. Ia’?eo aeena?oaoeieiiai

aeineiaeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue ii?ie /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie o

aaeoci i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, a oaeiae

i?ieo?i?nueea i?aeoeea i i?aaiaa aeieo?eia.

I?aaeiaoii iaoeiai? ?iaioe ? i?aaiai i i?aaiicaoeieii

aniaeoe caeieniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy

aeiaeaeoeei-iaoa?iaeinoe/iiai iaoiaeo iiciaiiy nioeiaeueieo yaeu

oa eiai eiie?aoecaoeiy — nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee iiaeoiae.

Canoiniaoaaeeny oaeiae iaoiaee: noaoenoe/iee, ii?iaiyeueii-

i?aaiaee. eiai/iee, eiie?aoieo nioeiieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue,

noaiaea?oeciaaiiai iioa?a’th oa iioi no/anii iaoiaee iaoeiaiai

iiciaiiy.

Iioi?iaoeieia aaca aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeth/a? ii?ie Eiinoeoooei?

Oe?a?ie, e?eiiiaeueiiai, e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai oa

e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa, Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i

i?ieo?aoo?o» oa iioeo caeiiia Oe?a?ie i e?a?i NIAe,

iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie,

ii?iaoeaieo aeoia, yei ?aaoeththoue i?aaiaa noaiiaeua

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, iinoaiiae Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai

Noaeo Oe?a?ie, iaeace Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a Oe?a?ie oa

iiiino?a aioo?ioiio ni?aa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae i?aoei aio/eciyieo

i ca?oaiaeieo aaoi?ia o aaeoci e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano,

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, oai?i? aea?aeaae i i?aaa, oeeaieueiiai

i?aaa oa iioeo iaoe.

O aeena?oaoei? aeei?enoaii aiii?e/iee iaoa?iae, cia?aiee

aaoi?ii oeyoii aea/aiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi e?eiiiaeueii-

aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie, a

oaeiae a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue Oa?eianueei?, Noinueei?,

Ei?iaia?aaenueei?, *a?eanueei?, Aieeinueei? iaeanoae ca inoaiii

5 ?ieia. O oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaieaoiaaii 125 i?ieo?i?ia c

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue

o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao oa iiiaae 1000 canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Aaoi? aeei?enoaa oaeiae aeaniee aeinaiae ?iaioe i?ieo?i?ii

aieueoa 20 ?ieia.

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ?

eiiieaenia anaai/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo

i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c caaacia/aiiyi aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei caniaaie

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo; iiiaeaiiy ciinoo i?aaiaiai noaoono

oeeo inia; noai?aiiy iaiaoiaeiiai aei?aiai iaoaiicio ?aaeicaoei?

?o i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeia?iaeii-

i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia i?i i?aaa ethaeeie, aeinyaiaiue iaoee

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa aei?aaii-

o?oaeiaiai i?aaa.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei oei?? iaoe iaiaoiaeii aoei ae?ioeoe oaei

caaaeaiiy:

— aecia/eoe ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei;

— c’ynoaaoe nooiinoue i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei, eiai caaaeaiiy oa iinoea o caaaeueiie nenoaii

aa?aioiaaiinoi i?aa inia, iicaaaeaieo aiei;

— ?ic?iaeoe aeiaeaoeiao nenoaio iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a,

ni?yiiaaieo ia ciioeiaiiy aa?aioie aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, iaaii

iaoaiicie ?aaeicaoei? oeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue;

— aeineiaeeoe iniaeeainoi i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua inia,

iicaaaeaieo aiei, iaaeieiee a eiai i?aaiaiio ?aaoethaaiii c

o?aooaaiiyi iieiaeaiue iiai? Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie oa iiaeia?iaeii-

i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie;

— c’ynoaaoe oaiaeaioei? oa caeiiiii?iinoi ?icaeoeo

i?ieo?i?nueei? i?aeoeee c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania inia, iicaaaeaieo aiei, i ia oeie iniiai

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue;

— noai?eoe oai?aoe/ii iniiae oaeineiiaeaiiy

caeiiiaeaanoaa a /anoeii i?aaiai? ?aaeaiaioaoei?

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo

iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Aeacaii iaoa oa caaaeaiiy iaoiiaeththoueny iio?aaaie

i?ieo?i?nueei? i?aeoeee, no/aniei noaiii oai?i?

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo oa ?iaiai ?ic?iaeaiinoi i?iaeai

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo

aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aecia/a?oueny oei,

ui aia?oa caeieniaii eiiieaenia iiiia?aoi/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy

i?iaeai i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, yei

?icaeyiooi iiae eooii ci?o i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iieiaeaiue

Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie, iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia o aaeoci

i?aa ethaeeie a naioei ?aoi?ie e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai

caeiiiaeaanoaa a Oe?a?ii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aecia/a?oueny oaeiae oeie eiie?aoieie

?acoeueoaoaie, yei aoee iaea?aeaii a i?ioeani i?iaaaeaiiy

aeineiaeaeaiiy i ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy a iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo, ui

aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— eiie?aoecothoueny ia’?eo, i?aaeiao i caaaeaiiy

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo

iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei;

— aeineiaeaeo?oueny nenoaia iiaiiaaaeaiue, yei caaacia/othoue

aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania inia, iicaaaeaieo

aiei, i?iiiiothoueny iaaii iaoaiicie iiaeaeuaiiy aei?ainoi

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo;

— aeiaiaeeoueny aeioeieueiinoue cae?iieaiiy o iiaiio Caeiii

Oe?a?ie «I?i i?ieo?aoo?o» iaia’yceo i?ieo?i?a c iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o

e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao (aeaei — aaeocaaiai i?ieo?i?a) aiineoe

iiaeaiiy aeuanoiyuiio i?ieo?i?o a ca’yceo c iacaeiiiei oa

iaiaa?oioiaaiei noaeiaei ?ioaiiyi;

— aia?oa i?iiiio?oueny caeiiiaeaa/i iaaeaoe i?ieo?i?o c

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue

o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao i?aai aaciina?aaeiuei caa?oaoeny c

i?ioanoii aei noaeo o aeiaaeeao aeyaeaiiy iacaeiiiiai oa

iaiaa?oioiaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy canoaeaeaiiio aeaeo aei?aaii-

o?oaeiai? eieiii? (ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy iniaiai? ni?aae

canoaeaeaiiai);

— noaooy 411 EIE Oe?a?ie anoaiiaeth?, ui ieoaiiy,

ca’ycaii c aeeiiaiiyi ae?ieo, ae?ioothoueny o noaeiaiio

caniaeaiii c o/anoth i?ieo?i?a. ?acii c oei iayaea a noaeiaa

caniaeaiiy inoaiiueiai ia coieiy? ?icaeyaeo noaeii iaaieo ieoaiue

oa eeiiioaiue (no. no. 4111, 414 EIE). Iaa?oioiao?oueny

iaiaoiaeiinoue anoaiiaeaiiy o iiaiio EIE Oe?a?ie iaia’yceiai?

o/anoi i?ieo?i?a o noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c

aeeiiaiiyi ae?ieo (no. no. 407-411 EIE Oe?a?ie);

— ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i aeioeieueiinoue iaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?o

i?aaa ia aianaiiy eanaoeieiiai iiaeaiiy ia noaeiai ?ioaiiy o

aeiaaeeao, eiee i?ecia/aii canoaeaeaiiio ii?a oa oiiae

aiaeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy ciiiththoueny ia aieueo noai?i ( no. no.

407-410 EIE; no. no. 45 /.5; 461; 462 EE Oe?a?ie);

— aeneiaeth?oueny i?iiiceoeiy i?i cae?iieaiiy o no. 110

AOE Oe?a?ie: 1) iaia’yceo aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia aeeiiaiiy

iiea?aiue o anio aeiaaeeao ?icaeyaeaoe eeiiioaiiy i?i

i?aaenoaaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai aei oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai caieueiaiiy

aai caiiio iaaiaeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy aieueo i’yeei

i?ioyaii iaeiiai iinyoey iiney aiaeaoooy anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii

/anoeie no?ieo iiea?aiiy, a o ?aci aiaeiiae a iaaeaiii oaeiai

i?aaa — iioeaoaaoe oea ?ioaiiy oa iciaeiiethaaoe c iei

canoaeaeaiiai; 2) iaia’yceo iiaiaeaeaiiy ?ioaiue eiiinie onoaiia

c oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai caieueiaiiy c i?ieo?i?ii;

— o iiaee EAE Oe?a?ie i?iiiio?oueny aaanoe ii?io

ianooiiiai ciinoo: «Ia?aaaaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo aei IEO, a

eieiiiyo iniaeeaiai ?aaeeio c IEO — a iaeeii/ii eaia?e, a a

oth?iao — ia noai?ee ?aaeei, iiaa?iaiiy ci cae/aeieo aeeeeo

i?eiiuaiue aei IEO o AOE iniaeeaiai ?aaeeio iiaeiii

caeienithaaoeny ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi ci niinoa?aaeiith eiiini?th — c

naieoei? i?ieo?i?a c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e

aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao»;

— aecia/a?oueny ciino i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei oa aeineiaeaeothoueny neeaaeiai aeaiaioe, yei

oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai nooiinoue: noa’?eoeaii i?aaa canoaeaeaieo,

?o caeiiii iioa?ane oa iaia’ycee oeeo inia;

— c iaoith iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei oa ciioeiaiiy i?aaiaeo

aa?aioie aeiaea?aeaiiy ?o i?aa i?iiiio?oueny: o iiaiio EAE

Oe?a?ie /ioei aecia/eoe i?aaa, caeiiii iioa?ane oa iaia’ycee

aeacaieo inia, o oiio /enei aia?oa cae?iieoe ?o i?aai ia

iniaenoo aaciaeo, ia ui?i/io aiaeionoeo, ia naiaiaeo

naioiaeyaeo oa ai?iniiaiaeaiiy, ia aeinooi aei iioi?iaoei? oa

aiaeico?oueny niaoeeoiea i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

oeeo i?aa; iaaiaeeoueny eeaneoieaoeiy aeenoeeieiia?ieo noyaiaiue

canoaeaeaieo ia iiaenoaai iciaee ?o i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua oa

iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiaoiaeiinoue cae?iieaiiy o caeiii ia?aeieo

i?aaiii?ooaiue, ca yei ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeenoeeieiia?ia

aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoue canoaeaeaieo, a oaeiae aeaee aeenoeeieiia?ieo

noyaiaiue ca aiaeiiaiaeii i?aaiii?ooaiiy; oi?ioeth?oueny caaaeaiiy

iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? aeiyeueiinoi a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy

iiea?aiue; aeneiaeththoueny aeiaeaoeiai a?aoiaioe uiaei ia?aaoaeiae

aeiyeueiinoi niinoa?aaeieo eiiinie, cie?aia, oeyoii

ci?i?iooaaiiy ?oiuei? aeiyeueiinoi ia caoeno i?aa oa caeiiieo

iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei; ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia

ciiie oiia o?eiaiiy canoaeaeaieo a iaaeao iaeii?? onoaiiae

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiiy, oi?ioeththoueny iioi i?iiiceoei?,

ni?yiiaaii ia i?eaaaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa aiaeii/eo

ii?iaoeaieo aeoia o aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aei Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie oa

iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeoia o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie;

— iaa?oioiao?oueny aeioeieueiinoue aeeeth/aiiy c iiaiai

E?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie ii?i, yei

ia?aaeaa/athoue iiaiaeaeaiiy aiaeii/eo ii?iaoeaieo aeoia IAN

Oe?a?ie c Aaia?aeueiith i?ieo?aoo?ith Oe?a?ie a aaeoci

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, cie?aia, c iaoith caieueiaiiy i?ieo?aoo?e

aiae iai?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoeie;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/ii

?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei caeieniaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeeo ia?aai?ie

aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiia a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue;

— c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie noaoenoe/ii? caioiinoi

Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie i?iiiio?oueny aeiiiaieoe

?icaeie 5 oi?ie ?»II», a oaeiae oi?io «I» iaaieie iieacieeaie,

yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeaiinoue i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia

aeaiiai oai?aoe/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui

noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoei? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa,

iaoiaeeea i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaaii ye o

i?ioeani iioi/ii? ii?iioai?/inoi, oae i i?e ?ic?iaoei iiaiai

Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i i?ieo?aoo?o», E?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai oa

E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaenia Oe?a?ie, iaeacia

Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o i?aeoe/iie

aeiyeueiinoi i?aaiia i?ieo?aoo?e.

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoei? aaoi?a iathoue iaaia cia/aiiy aeey

?icaeoeo oai?i? oa i?aeoeee i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo,

ni?yiiaaii ia iiaeeaeaiiy i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?aaeicaoei?

i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei i

iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii a o/aiaiio i?ioeani th?eaee/ieo aocia

oa oaeoeueoaoia, a oaeiae o nenoaii iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei?

i?ieo?i?ia.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoeiy ? naiinoieii

caaa?oaiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith. ?acii c oei o oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy

aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeayei iieiaeaiiy, yei aoee iaea?aeaii o

niiaaaoi?noai, ui noinothoueny eeoa caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee

i?aaiaeo caniaia i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, aea iniiaii

?acoeueoaoe, yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaoeiao iiaecio, iia’ycaii c

?ic?iaeith iaaieo iaoaiiciia iiaeaeuaiiy aei?ainoi

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo

iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, io?eiaii ia aaci

iniaenoeo aeineiaeaeaiue, e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy aeena?oaioii

aeecueei noa i’yoaeanyoe iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae,

c o?aooaaiiyi aeinaiaeo ?iaioe aeena?oaioa i?ieo?i?ii oa iathoue

iaoeiaa i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iiaenoiee aeena?oaoeieiiai

aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia niaoeiaeueiiio caniaeaiii eaoaae?e

i?aaiicaoei? noaeiaeo oa i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiia Iaoeiiiaeueii?

th?eaee/ii? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie iiaii ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai. Iniiaii

iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee ?iaioe aoee aeeeaaeaii ia iaoeiai-

i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo oa naiiia?ao, na?aae yeeo:

«Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiyeueiinoi i?ieo?aoo?e ia canaaeao

aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?eioeeiia i?aaa» (Iiaeia?iaeiee naiiia? o Ee?ai,

1996 ?.), «I?aaiicaoeiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa» (Ee?a, Aaia?aeueia

i?ieo?aoo?a Oe?a?ie,1996 ?.), Naiiia? Iiiinoa?noaa thnoeoei?

Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue Iiieaiaioaoei? ?a?iiaenueei? Eiiaaioei? i?i

caiiaiaaiiy eaooaaiiyi /e iaethaenueeiio aai oaeiio, ui

i?eieaeo? aiaeiinoue iiaiaeaeaiith /e iiea?aiith (Ee?a, 1997 ?.),

«I?iaeaie i?aaiicaoei? iiaeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o

naioei aeiia Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie» (Ee?a, 1998).

Iaa/aeueiee iiniaiee «I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia a onoaiiaao aeey iiia?aaeiueiai oa’yciaiiy» aiaeiiaiaeii

aei ?icii?yaeaeaiiy canooiieea Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a Oe?a?ie

iaaeineaii i?ieo?i?ai Aaoiiiiii? ?anioaeiee E?ei, iaeanoae,

iino Ee?aa i Naaanoiiiey oa i?e?iaiyiei aei ieo i?ieo?i?ai

aeey iciaeiieaiiy i aeei?enoaiiy o i?aeoe/iie ?iaioi.

Ii/eiath/e c 1993 ?ieo, aaoi? aeei?enoiao? iaoa?iaee

i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani Iinoeoooo

iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei? Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie.

Ioaeieaoei?. Iniiaii oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee

aeena?oaoei? ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy o /ioe?ueio iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo

(aeaio iaa/aeueieo iiniaieeao oa aeaio noaooyo).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei? aecia/aia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie

aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 173 noi?iieao

iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia,

ui aeeth/athoue oinoue iiae?icaeieia, aeniiaeo oa nieneo

aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (135 iaeiaioaaiue).

Iniiaiee ciino ?iaioe

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue ia?aii? oaie,

aecia/athoueny oeiei oa caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ?ice?eaathoueny a

ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyaei iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe, ui io?eiaii

aianeiaeie i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy i aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,

aeeeaaea?oueny iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoei?.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei «Nooiinoue i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei» aeineiaeaeothoueny ieoaiiy nioeiaeueiiai

i?ecia/aiiy oa ooieoeie i?ieo?aoo?e ia no/aniiio aoaii

iiaoaeiae i?aaiaeo canaae i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, aecia/a?oueny

ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo, c’yniao?oueny ?o

niiaaiaeiioaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny nooiinoue iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei, eiai caaaeaiiy oa iinoea o caaaeueiie nenoaii

aa?aioiaaiinoi i?aa inia, iicaaaeaieo aiei.

Aaoi? iiaeiey? iiceoeith a/aieo, yei aaaaeathoue, ui

i?ieo?aoo?a caeienith? naiinoieiee aeae aea?aeaaii? aeiyeueiinoi i

? aeaiaioii caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nenoaie i?aaiioi?iie

(A.A.Aeaen?a, Ae.I.Aaea?a, TH.I.A?ioaaie, A.A.Aeieaaeai,

A.A.E?eaiaie, I.I.Ia?ooiia, A.ss.Oaoeie oa iioi). Iiaia

?aaeicaoeiy i?eioeeiia i?aaiai? aea?aeaae a iiaeaeueoiio iioyaia

ca niaith ciiie ooieoeiiiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy aieueoinoi

aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo iinoeoooia, ui aeithoue ieii a Oe?a?ii, a

oiio /enei i i?ieo?aoo?e. Iaeiae ia no/aniiio aoaii, yeee

iia’ycaiee c oi?ioaaiiyi i?aaiaeo canaae i?aaiai? aea?aeaae,

aiaenooii aoaeue-yei nioeiaeueii i?e/eie, uia aei?aaaeiaoaaee

caoaeaiiy ooieoeie i?ieo?aoo?e. O i?ioeani i?iaaaeaiiy i?aaiai?

?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii i?ieo?aoo?a iieeeeaia aeanoeaeie ?e

caniaaie caaacia/eoe aa?oiaainoai caeiio a onio aaeocyo

i?aaicanoinia/i? aeiyeueiinoi, caoeno eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa i

naiaiae ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia.

Aiaeic aeneiaeaieo o eioa?aoo?i oi/ie ci?o c ieoaiue

ciinoo ia’?eoa oa i?aaeiaoa i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo i?eaia

aeena?oaioa aei aeniiaeo, ui iiae ia’?eoii i?ieo?i?nueeiai

iaaeyaeo neiae ?icoiioe caaacia/aiiy caniaaie i?ieo?i?nueeiai

iaaeyaeo aa?oiaainoaa caeiio a i?aaicanoinia/ie aeiyeueiinoi c

oei, uia oni i?aaiaiaeiineie, yei aeieeathoue o aeiyeueiinoi

iiaeiaaeyaeiaeo i?aaiia, i?aaiicaoeie, inia, neeaaeaeeny ia

iiaenoaai caeiio. Iiiyooy i?aaeiaoa aeecueea ca nai?i

i?ecia/aiiyi aei iiiyooy ia’?eoa. Oea iiiyooy aeioeieueii

aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye eiie?aoecoth/a ia’?eo iaaeyaeo noiniaii aei

aaeocae iaaeyaeo, cae?iieaieo o Caeiii Oe?a?ie «I?i

i?ieo?aoo?o». I?aaeiao aeanoeaee ia eeoa aaeocyi iaaeyaeo, aea

e aoaeue-yeiio iai?yieo i?ieo?i?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi (iiae — /e

aioo?ioiueiaaeocaai?). Noiniaii aei oaie aeena?oaoeieiiai

aeineiaeaeaiiy i?aaeiaoii i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii e?eiiiaeueieo iiea?aiue, iia’ycaieo c

iicaaaeaiiyi aiei ?: 1) aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiinoi iiae /an

ia?aaoaaiiy canoaeaeaieo o iinoeyo iicaaaeaiiy aiei; 2)

aeiaea?aeaiiy anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii ii?yaeeo oa oiia aiaeaoaaiiy

iiea?aiiy; 3) aeiaea?aeaiiy anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, aeeiiaiiy

ieie nai?o iaia’yceia.

Ia iiaenoaai aiaeico iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie uiaei

ooaa?aeaeaiiy i caaacia/aiiy i?aa ethaeeie, aeena?oaio aeieoia

aeniiaeo, ui iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a, iia’ycaii c caoenoii

i?aa i caeiiieo iioa?ania a?iiaaeyi, o iiaiio caeiiiaeaanoai

Oe?a?ie i?i aeiyeueiinoue i?ieo?aoo?e iio?aaothoue naiai

aaeineiiaeaiiy. Iaaeyae i?ieo?aoo?e ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania a?iiaaeyi, oei aieueo eiinoeoooeieieo,

iiaeiai aecia/aoeny ye iaeaaaeeeaioee (i?ii?eoaoiee iai?yiie)

?? aeiyeueiinoi, a caeieniaiiy i?ieo?i?aie nai?o i?aaenoaa

ieoeueeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue — ?iciianthaeaeoaaoeny ia ani aeiaaeee, eiee

o?aaa caoenoeoe ii?ooaii eiinoeoooeieii i?aaa a?iiaaeyi.

O aeena?oaoei? c’yniao?oueny iinoea i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo

o caaaeueiie nenoaii caaacia/aiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, aei yei? aaoi? aiaeiineoue:

i?aaie aiaeii/iai eiio?ieth IAN Oe?a?ie, a?iiaaenueeiai eiio?ieth

(niinoa?aaeii eiiini?, neoaeae o ni?aaao iaiiaiieioiio),

iicaaiaeii/iai eiio?ieth (ioi?iie caei?ia’y oa inaioe), a oaeiae

— noaeiaiai, ia?eaiaionueeiai oa iiaeia?iaeiiai eiio?ieth.

I?e oeueiio i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae caeia? iniaeeaa iinoea o

nenoaii eiio?ieueii-iaaeyaeiaeo caoiaeia ioi?iie i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei. Oea

iaoiiaeth?oueny niaoeeoieith eiai nioeiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy,

ianyaii oa oa?aeoa?ii iiaiiaaaeaiue c iiaeeeainoth iaaaeiiai i

aoaeoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ii?ooaiiy caeiio.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o noaaei? noaiiaeaiiy

oaea iiaa oi?ia eiio?ieth, ye ia?eaiaionueeee eiio?ieue ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa i naiaiae ethaeeie, caeieniaiiy yeiai

iieeaaea?oueny ia Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c i?aa

ethaeeie. O iaeaooiueiio iaaio ?ieue o aa?aiooaaiii i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei aoaeooue

aiaeia?aaaoe e iiaeia?iaeii i?aaiicaoei?, oaei ye Eiiioao

I?aaiicaoei? Ia’?aeiaieo Iaoeie c iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/eiiinoi oa

ai?ioueae c iath, i?aaie III, ui caeiathoueny i?iaeaiaie i?aa

ethaeeie, ?a?iiaenueeee Eiiioao ii caiiaiaaiith oi?oo?ai,

iaethaenueeiio aai oaeiio, ui i?eieaeo? aiaeiinoue iiaiaeaeaiith /e

iiea?aiith oa iioi.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei — «I?iaeaie i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei» aiaeicothoueny ooieoei?, i?ioeanoaeueia

noaiiaeua oa iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a i?e caeieniaiii iaaeyaeo

ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei, i?iiiiothoueny iaaii iaoaiicie iiaeaeuaiiy

eiai aei?ainoi, ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy caeiiiaeaa/iai

a?aaoethaaiiy i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy

aiei a naioei iiai? Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie, i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?ie

iaiioaioeia?ii? nenoaie, ni?yiiaaii? ia nioeiaeueio

ia?ai?i?ioaoeith aeeiiaiiy e?eiiiaeueieo iiea?aiue c o?aooaaiiyi

iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo noaiaea?oia o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie.

O iiae?icaeiei ia?oiio «I?iaeaie iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a

i?e caeieniaiii iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo

iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei» aeineiaeaeothoueny

i?aaiai caniae i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei,

iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a a oeie noa?i aeiyeueiinoi.

Iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a i?e caeieniaiii iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue, iia’ycaieo

c iicaaaeaiiyi aiei, — oea aecia/aii caeiiii eiai i?aaa i

iaia’ycee, ni?yiiaaii ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy, aeyaeaiiy oa onoiaiiy

anieyeeo ii?ooaiue caeiio, yei iiaeooue aeoiaeeoe ye aiae

aaeiiiino?aoei?, iinaaeiaeo inia onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue,

oae i aiae canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, iiiiaeaiiy

ii?ooaieo i?aa oa aaeeooy caoiaeia uiaei i?eoyaiaiiy aeiieo aei

aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi.

O ?iaioi aeineiaeaeaia niaoeeoiea iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a,

yea iaoiiaeaia, ia?o ca ana, oei, ui: 1) aiie aecia/athoueny

ye Caeiiii Oe?a?ie «I?i i?ieo?aoo?o», oae i aei?aaii-

o?oaeiaei, e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiei oa iioei caeiiiaeaanoaii,

iaeacaie Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a Oe?a?ie, iioeie ii?iaoeaieie

aeoaie aiaeii/iai oa?aeoa?o; 2) aeayei c ieo iinyoue aeaaeii-

?icii?yae/ee oa?aeoa? (iaia’yceiai aeey aeeiiaiiy), iioi —

aeieeaathoue ic caaaeueiiiaaeyaeiaeo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a

(iaia’yceiai aeey ?icaeyaeo), aeayei — iia’ycaii c oaeith

aaeoccth aeiyeueiinoi i?ieo?i?a, ye o/anoue o ?icaeyaei ni?aa o

noaeao, a oaeiae — c iaaeyaeii ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e

i?iaaaeaiii aeiciaiiy oa iiia?aaeiueiai neiaenoaa (o e?eiiiaeueieo

ni?aaao i?i cei/eie, a/eiaii a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy

iiea?aiue); 3) aiie ni?yiiaaii ia caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy

caeiiiaeaanoaa ye iinaaeiaeie iniaaie aeacaieo onoaiia, oae i

iniaaie, yei a ieo o?eiathoueny (ineieueee aac inoaiiueiai

iaiiaeeeaa aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa iioeo inia, iicaaaeaieo aiei).

Aiaeic nooiinoi iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a, ui caaacia/othoue

aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei, a oaeiae aea/aiiy i?ieo?i?nueei? i?aeoeee

aeicaieeee aeena?oaioo ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio aeiaeaoeiaeo

iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iiaeaeuaiiy aei?ainoi

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo o oeie aaeoci i cai?iiiioaaoe iaaii

iaoaiicie ?aaeicaoei? oeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue. Cie?aia, aeineiaeiee

aaaaea?, ui aecia/aiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ieo?i?a o iiaiio

e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iio caeiiiaeaanoai iiaeiii iaoiiaethaaoeny

iaiaoiaeiinoth iiaeaeueoiai ?o iioe?aiiy, a oiio /enei

iia’ycaieo ic naieoeithaaiiyi oa aea/ath caiaee ia aei? oa ?ioaiiy

aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, ui nooo?ai

iaiaaeothoue i?aaa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei. Ia?aaaaeaiiy

canoaeaeaieo aei IEO o ii?yaeeo no.67 AOE Oe?a?ie, a eieiiiyo

iniaeeaiai ?aaeeio — c IEO aei iaeeii/ii? eaia?e, a o oth?iao —

ia noai?ee ?aaeei, ia?aaaaeaiiy ci cae/aeieo aeeeeo i?eiiuaiue

aei IEO o eieiiiyo iniaeeaiai ?aaeeio — iiaeiii caeienithaaoenue

e?ii iiaiaeaeaiiy ci niinoa?aaeiith eiiini?th oieueee c naieoei?

i?ieo?i?a c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii

noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii

c aeeiiaiiyi ae?ieo, ae?ioothoueny o noaeiaiio caniaeaiii c

o/anoth i?ieo?i?a (no.411 EIE Oe?a?ie). ?acii c oei iayaea a

noaeiaa caniaeaiiy inoaiiueiai ia coieiy? ?icaeyaeo noaeii iaaieo

ieoaiue oa eeiiioaiue (no.no. 4111, 414 EIE Oe?a?ie). Aaoi?

iaa?oioiao? aeioeieueiinoue caeiiiaeaa/iai cae?iieaiiy

iaia’yceiai? o/anoi i?ieo?i?a o noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei ieoaiue,

ia?aaeaa/aieo no. no. 407-411 EIE Oe?a?ie, ui aeiaeaoeiai

aa?aiooaaoeia aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa canoaeaeaieo.

Aeena?oaio iiaee?aneth?, ui a no/anieo oiiaao, iia’ycaieo

c iiaeaeuaiith oaaaith aei caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi, iaai?ieie ?

iieiaeaiiy caeiio, a neeo yeeo aeayei ?ioaiiy noaeo, aeianaii o

ii?yaeeo aeeiiaiiy ae?ieo, ? inoaoi/ieie i ia iiaeeyaathoue

eanaoeieiiio inea?aeaiith aai ia ieo ia iiaea aooe aianaia

eanaoeieia (ie?aia) iiaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a. Cae?iieaiiy o caeiii

iiaeeeainoi aianaiiy i?ieo?i?aie eanaoeieieo (ie?aieo) iiaeaiue

ia ani ooaaee noaeia, yei aeiinyoueny o e?eiiiaeueii-

aeeiiaa/iio i?iaaaeaeaiii, aeyaeoue aeiaeaoeiao aa?aioith caoenoo

i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei. O

anyeiio ?aci (yeui caeiiiaeaaaoeue iiaea oeyoii eeoa iioe?aiiy

aeacaieo iiaiiaaaeaiue) iaiaoiaeii iaia’yceiai cae?iieoe o

caeiii i?aai i?ieo?i?ia ia aianaiiy eanaoeieiiai (ie?aiiai)

iiaeaiiy o anio aeiaaeeao, eiee i?ecia/aia canoaeaeaiiio ii?a

e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai aieeao ciiith?oueny noaeii ia aieueo

noai?o (no. no. 45 /.5; 461 /.6; 462 /.4,5 EE Oe?a?ie, no.

no. 4082, 4091 EIE Oe?a?ie).

I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic iaoa?iaeia i?aeoeee naiae/eoue i?i oa,

ui iiiaei aaeocaai i?ieo?i?e i?e iaiaoiaeiinoi ii?ioanooaaiiy

noaeiaiai ?ioaiiy caa?oathoueny aei aiaeiiaiaeieo aeuanoiyueo

i?ieo?i?ia ia c iiaeaiiyie, a c «eenoaie», «caa?iaiiyie» oa

iioeie «aeoaie». Oaeiae inio? cia/ia eieueeinoue caa?iaiue

ia/aeueieeia onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue c eenoaie

aaciina?aaeiuei aei noaeo a ca’yceo c aeyaeaiiyi ieie iacaeiiieo

oa iaiaa?oioiaaieo noaeiaeo ?ioaiue, ia iiaenoaai yeeo aieiae

noaeia aiinyoue i?ioanoe. O ca’yceo c oeei aaoi? i?iiiio? /ioei

aecia/eoe a Caeiii «I?i i?ieo?aoo?o» iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a

c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo

?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao uiaei ?aaaoaaiiy ia iacaeiiii

oa iaiaa?oioiaaii noaeiai aeoe, ia?aaeaa/eaoe eiai iaia’ycie

aiineoe iiaeaiiy aei aeuanoiyuiai i?ieo?i?a.

Aeineiaeiee iaa?oioiao? aeioeieueiinoue iaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?o c

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue

o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao i?aaa aaciina?aaeiuei caa?oaoeny c

i?ioanoii aei noaeo o aeiaaeeao aeyaeaiiy iacaeiiiiai oa

iaiaa?oioiaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy canoaeaeaiiio aeaeo aei?aaii-

o?oaeiai? eieiii? (ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy iaoa?iaeia iniaiai?

ni?aae canoaeaeaiiai), ui cia/ii nei?ioeoue oa?iii ae?ioaiiy

aeaiiai ieoaiiy noaeii, o oiio /enei e o aeiaaeeao iacaeiiiiai

o?eiaiiy canoaeaeaieo o eieiiiyo c aieueo noai?ei ?aaeeiii.

O iiae?icaeiei ae?oaiio «I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy

aiei» aeineiaeaeothoueny neeaaeiai aeaiaioe, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue

nooiinoue i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua canoaeaeaieo: 1) noa’?eoeaii

i?aaa; 2) caeiiii iioa?ane; oa 3) iaia’ycee canoaeaeaieo.

Iaaiaeeoueny eeaneoieaoeiy noa’?eoeaieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo, yei

iiaeieythoueny ia caaaeueii oa niaoeiaeueii. O naith /a?ao aei

caaaeueieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo aiaeiinyoueny eiinoeoooeieii i?aaa, a

oaeiae i?aaa, ui cae?iieaii o aaeocaaiio caeiiiaeaanoai,

aieiaeiiiy yeeie ia iia’ycaia ic niaoeiaeueiei i?aaiaei

noaoonii canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei. Aeena?oaio aaaaea?,

ui aoaeoeaiinoue, aei?ainoue i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo iaiiaeeeaa

aac /ioeiai aecia/aiiy i?aa, caeiiieo iioa?ania oa iaia’yc

eia canoaeaeaieo o /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoai, i?eaaaeaiiy aeith/eo

ii?i o aiaeiiaiaeiinoue c Eiinoeoooei?th Oe?a?ie oa iiaeia?iaeii-

i?aaiaeie aeoaie o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie.

I?aai canoaeaeaieo ia o/anoue o aeai?ao o ?iaioi

?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaaeeeaee aeaiaio ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono.

Aeineiaeaeoth/e niaoeeoieo i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

i?aa canoaeaeaieo ia iniaenoo iaaeioi?eaiinoue, aaoi? i?iiiio?:

cae?iieoe o e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iio caeiiiaeaanoai ia?aeie

i?aaiii?ooaiue, ca yei ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeenoeeieiia?ia

aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoue canoaeaeaieo, a oaeiae aeaee aeenoeeieiia?ieo

noyaiaiue ca aiaeiiaiaeii i?aaiii?ooaiiy; iaia’yceiainoue

aiaeaiaeoaaiiy eiea?yie i?eiiuaiue, a yeeo canoaeaeaii aiaeaoaathoue

aeenoeeieiia?ii noyaiaiiy; aeeo/eoe ic no. 67 AOE Oe?a?ie

canoinoaaiiy aei canoaeaeaieo noyaiaiiy o aeaeyaei iica/a?aiaiai

/a?aoaaiiy ii i?eae?aiith i?eiiuaiue ia oa?eoi?i? iinoey

iicaaaeaiiy aiei, ye oaeiai, ui noia?a/eoue no. 43

Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie, yea caai?iiy? i?eioniao i?aoeth, a oaeiae

i. 28 Iiiiiaeueieo noaiaea?oieo I?aaee iiaiaeaeaiiy c

oa’yciaieie.

Aia?oa i?iiiio?oueny ia?aaeaa/eoe o iiaiio EAE Oe?a?ie

i?aai canoaeaeaieo ia iniaenoo aaciaeo oa anoaiiaeoe iaaii

iaia’ycee iinaaeiaeo inia onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue uiaei

eiai ?aaeicaoei?, a o aaeocaaiio iaeaci Aaia?aeueiiai

i?ieo?i?a Oe?a?ie — caa?iooe oaaao ia iaiaoiaeiinoue

caeieniaiiy iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi oeueiai i?aaa. Aeineiaeiee

oi?ioeth? caaaeaiiy iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? aeiyeueiinoi a

onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, aei yeeo, cie?aia, aiaeiineoue

caaacia/aiiy iniaenoi? aaciaee canoaeaeaieo oa ia?niiaeo

onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue.

I?aai canoaeaeaieo ia caa?iaiiy, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,

iio?aao? aieueo aeaoaeueii? ?aaeaiaioaoei? o caeiii. Oae,

aiaeiiaiaeii aei no. no. 55, 124 Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie o iiaiio

EAE Oe?a?ie iiaeiii aooe ia?aaeaa/aii: iaaii iaoaiicie

inea?aeaiiy canoaeaeaieie aeie oa ?ioaiue aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, ui iaiaaeothoue i?aaa oa caeiiii iioa?ane

oeeo inia, aei noaeiaeo i?aaiia, a o iiaiio EIE Oe?a?ie —

i?ioeaaeo?a ?icaeyaeo oaeeo ni?aa noaeii; cae?iieaii i?aai

canoaeaeaieo ia caa?iaiiy ca caoenoii nai?o i?aa i naiaiae aei

aiaeiiaiaeieo iiaeia?iaeieo onoaiia /e i?aaiicaoeie, /eaiii aai

o/anieeii yeeo ? Oe?a?ia. C I?aaee aioo?ioiueiai ?icii?yaeeo

aei?aaii-o?oaeiaeo onoaiia (§33) iaiaoiaeii aeeo/eoe iaiaaeaiiy

i?aaa canoaeaeaieo ia caa?iaiiy, ye oaei, ui ia aiaeiiaiaeathoue

aeiiaai iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeoia, ia?o ca ana — Eiiaaioei?

i?i caiiaiaaiiy eaooaaiiyi /e iaethaenueeiio aai oaeiio, ui

i?eieaeo? aiaeiinoue iiaiaeaeaiith /e iiea?aiith.

?icaeyaeath/e i?iaeaie ?aaeicaoei? i?aaa canoaeaeaieo ia

aeinooi aei iioi?iaoei?, aeineiaeiee i?iiiio? anoaiiaeoe a caeiii

iaia’ycie aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue iaaeaaaoe

canoaeaeaiei iioi?iaoeith i?i ?o i?aaa i iaia’ycee, ciaeiieoe ?o

ci ciiiaie ii?yaeeo oa oiia aiaeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy. O eiaeiie

iniaiaie ni?aai canoaeaeaieo iiaeiia ciaoiaeeoeny Iai’yoea i?i

i?aaa oa iaia’ycee, c yeith ciaeiieyoueny canoaeaeaii iiae

iniaenoee iiaeien. Aaoi? i?iiiio? cae?iieoe o iiaiio EAE

Oe?a?ie i?aaa canoaeaeaieo ia naiaiaeo naioiaeyaeo oa

ai?iniiaiaeaiiy. I?e oeueiio aei i?aaeiaoa iaaeyaeo i?ieo?i?a

iiaeiii aoiaeeoe: 1) caeiiiinoue iaaeaiiy aaeiiiino?aoei?th

onoaiia aeicaieo ia caeieniaiiy iaaieo aeie, iia’ycaieo c

?aaeicaoei?th aeaiiai i?aaa; 2) caeiiiinoue aiaeiiae o i?iaaaeaiii

aeacaieo aeie; 3) aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa iioeo inia i?e caeieniaiii

oaeeo aeie; 4) aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aaee aioo?ioiueiai ?icii?yaeeo.

Caeiaoaa/ aiaecia/a?, ui ia oaia?ioiie /an nooo?ai

ii?ooo?oueny cae?iieaiee o caeiii iaia’ycie aaeiiiino?aoei?

onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue caaacia/eoe canoaeaeaieo i?aoeath

(no. 49 AOE Oe?a?ie), ui a naith /a?ao oneeaaeith?

i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae, ineieueee a oiiaao aeeaiei? aeiiiii/ii?

e?ece oa aac?iaiooy aeoaea aaaeei ciaeoe ?iai/i iinoey aeey

canoaeaeaieo. ?acii c oei i?iaeaia ?aaeicaoei? i?aaa canoaeaeaieo

ia i?aoeth iiaeiia ae?iooaaoeny ia oieueee ia ?iaii onoaiia

aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, aea e ia aea?aeaaiiio ?iaii.

Aiaeicoth/e i?aai canoaeaeaieo ia aiaeii/eiie, aeena?oaio

i?iiiio?: 1) caeiiiaeaa/i cae?iieoe i?aai canoaeaeaieo ia

ui?i/io aiaeionoeo, aeicaie ia yeo iiaeiai iaaeaaaoeny

ia/aeueieeii onoaiiae aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi c

i?ieo?i?ii; 2) aianoe ciiie aei no. 50 AOE Oe?a?ie uiaei

nei?i/aiiy ?iai/iai /ano canoaeaeaieo ia ?iaioi ci oeiaeeeaeie

oiiaaie i?aoei.

?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeoiea i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi iaeiiaeo i?aa oa iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo, i?aaa ia

ioi?iio caei?ia’y oa iioeo. Aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui iinoeooo

aiaeoeiaeoaaiiy iaoa?iaeueii? oa ii?aeueii? oeiaee, caiiaeiyii?

iacaeiiieie aeiyie i?aaiia aeiciaiiy, iiia?aaeiueiai

?icneiaeoaaiiy, i?ieo?aoo?e oa noaeo, iiaeiai

?iciianthaeaeoaaoeny i ia canoaeaeaieo.

Aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia iaaeinoaoi? caeiiiaeaa/a

aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua inia, canoaeaeaieo aei

aeiyoeiai? ii?e iiea?aiiy — nia?oii? ea?e, a oiiaao

aiaenooiinoi ioioeieii anoaiiaeaiiai ii?aoi?ith ia ?? aeeiiaiiy

aai coieiaiiy aei? no.24 EE Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae canoaeaeaieo, yei

nei?ee cei/ei iiae /an aiaeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy.

O iiae?icaeiei o?aoueiio «I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi niaoeiaeueieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei»

aiaecia/a?oueny, ui /eiia e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/a caeiiiaeaanoai

iinoeoue ia oieueee ii?ie, yei iaiaaeothoue i?aaa canoaeaeaieo ye

a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, aea e oaei, ui iieeaaeathoue ia ieo aeiaeaoeiai

iaia’ycee oa iaaeathoue ?i niaoeiaeueii (niaoeeoi/ii) i?aaa, ui

aeoiaeyoue ca iaaei caaaeueiiai i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua a?iiaaeyieia.

Oae, a yeinoi niaoeiaeueiiai i?aaa canoaeaeaieo ?icaeyaea?oueny

iiaeeeainoue oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai caieueiaiiy aiae iiea?aiiy i

caiiie iaaiaeaooi? /anoeie iiea?aiiy aieueo i’yeei. Caeienithth/e

iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi aeacaieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo, i?ieo?i?o

iaiaoiaeii c’ynoaaoe: 1) /e ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ia aeaiiai

canoaeaeaiiai caeiiiaeaanoai i?i oiiaii-aeino?ieiaa caieueiaiiy

aiae iiea?aiiy oa caiiio eiai aieueo i’yeei; 2) /e aiaeaooa

canoaeaeaiei ia?aaeaa/aia caeiiii /anoeia iiea?aiiy; 3) /e

aeiaia aeaiee canoaeaeaiee oa ye naia nai? aei?aaeaiiy. Caeiaoaa/

a?aoiaioo? iaiaoiaeiinoue cae?iieaiiy o no. 110 AOE Oe?a?ie:

1) iaia’yceo aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue o anio

aeiaaeeao ?icaeyaeaoe eeiiioaiiy i?i i?aaenoaaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai

aei oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai caieueiaiiy aai caiiio iaaiaeaooi?

/anoeie iiea?aiiy aieueo i’yeei i?ioyaii iaeiiai iinyoey iiney

aiaeaoooy anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii /anoeie no?ieo iiea?aiiy, a o

?aci aiaeiiae o iaaeaiii oaeiai i?aaa — iioeaoaaoe oea ?ioaiiy

oa iciaeiiethaaoe c iei canoaeaeaiiai; 2) iaia’ycie iiaiaeaeaiiy

c i?ieo?i?ii ?ioaiue eiiinie onoaiia c oiiaii-aeino?ieiaiai

caieueiaiiy.

Aeineiaeaeoth/e i?aai canoaeaeaieo ia nioeiaeueio ?aaaieioaoeith

iiney caieueiaiiy aiae iiea?aiiy, aaoi? i?iiiio? aaanoe o

iiaee EAE Oe?a?ie ii?io, caiaeii c yeith ca canoaeaeaieie

iiaeiii caa?iaaoeny i?aai ia aeeoei aiaeiiaiaeii aei no.47

Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeoiea i?ieo?i?nueeiai

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa canoaeaeaieo ia iiaa/aiiy c

?iaee/aie oa iioeie iniaaie, ia aaceiiaieia ia?anoaaiiy ca

iaaeaie eieiii? oa iioi i aeneiaeththoueny i?iiiceoei? noiniaii

aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa a /anoeii ?aaeaiaioaoei? oeeo

i?aa. Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ciiie oiia o?eiaiiy canoaeaeaieo o

iaaeao iaeii?? onoaiiae aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, aiaeiiaiaeii aei

yei?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ia?aaaaeaiiy c iaeiiai aeaeo oiia

o?eiaiiy ia iioi iiaeiii caeienithaaoeny eieaaiaeueiei i?aaiii,

aei yeiai aoiaeyoue i?aaenoaaieee aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiiae, iioeo

neoaea oa ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi c i?ieo?i?ii.

O ?icaeiei o?aoueiio «Oeyoe iioeiicaoei? i?ieo?i?nueeiai

iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo

aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei» aiaecia/a?oueny, ui aoaeoeaiinoue

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo a cia/iie ii?i aecia/a?oueny

aeineiiaeinoth iaoiaeeee eiai caeieniaiiy, aea aei oeueiai /ano, ye

iiaeoaa?aeeei i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii iieooaaiiy, i?ieo?i?e

ei?enoothoueny «Iaoiaee/aneei ienueiii i i?iaa?ea niaethaeaiey

caeiiiinoe a eni?aaeoaeueii-o?oaeiauo eieiieyo, oth?ueiao e

neaaenoaaiiuo ecieyoi?ao» ?17/I-209-70, caoaa?aeaeaiei ua

Aaia?aeueiith i?ieo?aoo?ith eieeoiueiai N?N? o 1970 ?ioei. O

ca’yceo c oeei aaoi? aaaaea? ca iaiaoiaeia aeaeaiiy Aaia?aeueiith

i?ieo?aoo?ith Oe?a?ie iaoiaee/iiai iiniaieea i i?iiiio?

aiaeiiaiaeio iaoiaeeeo iaaeyaeo.

Aeineiaeaeoth/e ia’?eoeaii i noa’?eoeaii i?e/eie, ui

iaoiiaeththoue cieaeaiiy aaoi?eoaoo i?ieo?aoo?e na?aae canoaeaeaieo

aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei a no/anieo oiiaao (caiaeii c i?iaaaeaiei

aeineiaeaeaiiyi oieueee 25% canoaeaeaieo aeacaee ia i?ieo?aoo?o ye

i?aai, c yeei aiie iia’ycothoue iaaeith ia caoeno nai?o i?aa oa

caeiiieo iioa?ania), aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i

iaiaoiaeiinoue aeeeth/aiiy c e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai

caeiiiaeaanoaa ii?i, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue iiaiaeaeaiiy aiaeii/eo

ii?iaoeaieo aeoia IAN Oe?a?ie c Aaia?aeueiith i?ieo?aoo?ith

Oe?a?ie. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, oea aeicaieeoue, c iaeiiai aieo,

Iiiinoa?noao aioo?ioiio ni?aa aieueo noai?i noaaeoeny aei

aiaeiiaiaeiinoi caeiio iieiaeaiue, ui aeeth/athoueny aei aiaeii/eo

ii?iaoeaieo aeoia, c ae?oaiai — caieueieoe i?ieo?aoo?o aiae

iai?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoeie, ui, a naith /a?ao, ni?eyoeia

aeoeaicaoei? ?o aeiyeueiinoi.

Aaoi? i?iiiio? aeiiiaieoe noaoenoe/io caioiinoue

Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie (?icaeie 5 oi?ie «II», a

oaeiae oi?io «I») iieacieeaie, yei a aecia/aee ?iaaiue

aoaeoeaiinoi ?aaaoaaiiy i?ieo?i?ia c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao

ia iacaeiiii oa iaiaa?oioiaaii noaeiai ?ioaiiy uiaei

eieueeinoi: 1) aeyaeaieo aaeocaaeie i?ieo?i?aie iacaeiiieo oa

iaiaa?oioiaaieo noaeiaeo ?ioaiue; 2) aianaieo oeeie i?ieo?i?aie

iiaeaiue aei aiaeiiaiaeieo aeuanoiyueo i?ieo?i?ia c iaoith

aianaiiy i?ioanoia; 3) neaniaaieo oa ciiiaieo noaeiaeo ?ioaiue

(uiaei eieueeinoi canoaeaeaieo) o ca’yceo c i?eianaiiyi

i?ioanoia.

Aeniiaee. O caeeth/iie /anoeii noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii

?acoeueoaoe, io?eiaii aaoi?ii o i?ioeani aeena?oaoeieiiai

aeineiaeaeaiiy: iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a c iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

caeiiia i?e aeeiiaiii noaeiaeo ?ioaiue o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao

iio?aaothoue naiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icoe?aiiy o iiaiio e?eiiiaeueii-

aeeiiaa/iio caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie, a oiio /enei iia’ycaii c

naieoeiiioaaiiyi oa aea/ath caiaee ia oaei aei? oa ?ioaiiy

aaeiiiino?aoei? onoaiia aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, ui nooo?ai

iaiaaeothoue i?aaa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei; iiaeaeuaiith

?iaiy aa?aioiaaiinoi aeiaea?aeaiiy i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei ni?eyoeia caeiiiaeaa/a

cae?iieaiiy: 1) i?aaa i?ieo?i?a ia aianaiiy eanaoeieiiai

iiaeaiiy ia ani noaeiai ?ioaiiy, eiee i?ecia/aii canoaeaeaiiio

ii?a oa oiiae aiaeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy ciiiththoueny ia aieueo

noai?i; 2) iaia’yceo aaeocaaiai i?ieo?i?a aiineoe iiaeaiiy

aeuanoiyuiio i?ieo?i?o a ca’yceo c iacaeiiiei oa

iaiaa?oioiaaiei noaeiaei ?ioaiiyi; 3) iaia’yceiai? o/anoi

i?ieo?i?a o noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c

aeeiiaiiyi ae?ieo; 4) oieniaaiiai ia?aeieo i?aa, caeiiieo

iioa?ania oa iaia’yceia canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei, a

oiio /enei — ?o i?aa ia iniaenoo aaciaeo, naiaiaeo naioiaeyaeo

i ai?iniiaiaeaiiy, ia ui?i/io aiaeionoeo ia caa?iaiiy oa

aeayeeo iioeo. Aeneiaeaii eiie?aoii i?iiiceoei?, ni?yiiaaii ia

i?eaaaeaiiy /eiiiai e?eiiiaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa

aiaeii/eo ii?iaoeaieo aeoia aiaeiiaiaeii aei Eiinoeoooei?

Oe?a?ie oa iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeoia a aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii oaei ?iaioe:

1. Eo?eei I.I., Oiiueei A.Ae. I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia a onoaiiaao aeey iiia?aaeiueiai oa’yciaiiy:

Iaa/aeueiee iiniaiee. — Oa?eia, Iinoeooo iiaeaeuaiiy

eaaeioieaoei? Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie, 1998 (4,19/4

ae?oe. a?e.).

2. Eo?eei I.I., Iiaiaiei A.I. O/anoue i?ieo?i?a a

neiae/eo aeiyo: Iaa/aeueiee iiniaiee. — Oa?eia, Iinoeooo

iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei? Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie,

1998 (1,4/1 ae?oe. a?e.).

3. Eo?eei I.I. Aaeineiiaethaaoe i?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca

aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo iioa?ania canoaeaeaieo aei

iicaaaeaiiy aiei: I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1998. ?11, N.59-61. (0,5

ae?oe. a?e.)

4. Eo?eei I.I. I?ieo?i?nueeee iaaeyae ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi

aeiiiii/ieo i?aa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei: I?aai

Oe?a?ie. — 1998. ?12, N.70-74. (0,8 ae?oe. a?e.)

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia aeineiaeaeaiith oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo
i?iaeai

i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa oa caeiiieo
iioa?ania

canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aiei. ?icaeyaeathoueny ooieoei? oa
i?aaiaa

noaiiaeua i?ieo?i?a, i?aaiai caniae i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo,

i?aaiaiaeiineie, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioeani eiai caeieniaiiy.
Noi?ioeueiaaii

i?iiiceoei? ii oaeineiiaeaiith caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie oa i?aeoeee
eiai

canoinoaaiiy. Iniaeeao oaaao aaoi? i?eaeiey? caeiiiaeaa/iio
a?aaoethaaiith

i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua inia, yei ia?aaoaathoue a iinoeyo iicaaaeaiiy
aiei,

a naioei aeiia iiai? Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie oa iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo
aeoia

a aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oai?aoe/aneeo e i?aeoe/aneeo
i?iaeai

i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a ca niaethaeaieai i?aa e caeiiiuo eioa?ania
inoaeaeaiiuo

e eeoaieth naiaiaeu. ?anniao?eaathony ooieoeee e i?aaiaia
iieiaeaiea

i?ieo?i?a, i?aaiaua n?aaenoaa i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a,
i?aaiioiioaiey,

aicieeathuea a i?ioeanna aai inouanoaeaiey. Noi?ioee?iaaiu
i?aaeeiaeaiey

ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu e i?aeoeee aai
i?eiaiaiey.

Iniaia aieiaiea aaoi? oaeaeyao caeiiiaeaoaeueiiio o?aaoee?iaaieth
i?aaiaiai

iieiaeaiey eeoe, iaoiaeyueony a ianoao eeoaiey naiaiaeu, a naaoa
o?aaiaaiee

iiaie Eiinoeoooeee Oe?aeiu e iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiauo aeoia a
iaeanoe i?aa

/aeiaaea.

.The dissertation is dedicated to the research of theoretical and

practical problems of procuratorial supervision over observance of
rights

and legal interests of convicted persons. The author deals with
the

functions and legal status of a procurator, legal instruments of

procuratorial supervision, legal relations, which take place in
the

process of it. The suggestions concerning the improvement of the

Ukrainian legislation and the practice of its applica-tion are
presented.

The author pays special attention to legislative regulation of
legal

status of convicted persons according to the requirements of the
new

Constitution of Ukraine and international legal acts in the field
of

human rights.

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