OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aeaa/aa Iaenei ?ai?iae/

OAeE 338.45.001.18

I?IAIICOAAIIss NOAI?AIIss

EIIEO?AIOICAeAOII? I?IAeOEOe??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai iaoee oa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aaeaea ?aaai?e ?aaiiae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee o?ainii?oo Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia?a?aa Iao?i A?eai?iae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ei?ooiia Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oa?e?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
A.I.Ea?ac?ia, eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo, I?i?noa?noai iaoee oa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “26” ea?oiy 2000 ?. i 1430 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.050.02 a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 61002,
i.Oa?e?a-2, aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith
i.Oa?e?a, aoe. O?oica, 21, aieiaiee aoaeeoi?iee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” aa?aciy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aaa?enue I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaeeeaa i?noea na?aae i?iaeai, ui ae??oothoue
ae?iaieee, caeia? nai?/ania a?aeiiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeionea?oueny
oa iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai no/aniiai noni?euenoaa. Oea ?
aecia/aeueiith oiiaith eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ia ?eieo
oiaa??a ? iineoa. I?ioa, oni?oia inai?iiy aeioneo iiaeo ae?ia?a aeiaaa?
na?eicieo coneeue ia ia?aaei?iaeoi?e noaae?? aaeoc? i?iaiicoaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa o iaeaooiueiio. Oea iia’ycaii c
?ica’ycaiiyi eiiieaeno caaea/ ii aeyaeaiith a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o,
i?iaiicoaaiith ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a, ?o
oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a ? aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, aecia/aiith i?eionoeiiai
??aiy oe?ie ae?iaieoeoaa ? oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?
ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao ? iiaeeeaiai nooiaiy caaithaaiiy ?eieo.

Aea/aiiy ca?oa?aeiiai ? a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo a aaeoc? noai?aiiy iiaeo
ae?ia?a ? ioe?iea ?oiuei? ia?niaeoeaiino? aea? i?aenoaao c?iaeoe
aeniiaee i?i canoinoaaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ia?aaaaeii
?ioo?oeaieo iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy. Aenia?oi? iaoiaee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ioe?iee i?eioneathoue aeeaieee iiia?aaei?e aiae?c i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa
? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aecia/athoue iio?aae noni?euenoaa a oeo aai
?ioeo ae?iaao o iaeaooiueiio, i?ioa oe? iaoiaee, caniiaai? ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ni?eeiyoo? niaoe?ae?noaie ?eieiai? neooaoe?? ?
ia?niaeoea iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo noni?eueieo iio?aa. Oiio ?oi? aeniiaee
? i?iaiice a aaeoc? noai?aiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a aaaaoi a /iio iinyoue
noa’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Iaoiaee eieaeoeaii? aenia?oii? ioe?iee
aeicaieyoue cia/ii cieceoe aieea noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, aea, ia a?aei?io
a?ae iaoiae?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oii? ioe?iee, a?eueo o?oaeii?noe?
? aeiaaathoue cia/ii a?eueoeo aeo?ao /ano ? ?ano?n?a. O oaeee niin?a on?
no/ani? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a o a?eueoiio aai iaioiio
nooiai? a?aeaeaathoue noa’?eoeaio aeoieo niaoe?ae?no?a, ?, e??i oiai,
canoinoaaiiy ?ioo?oeaieo iaoiae?a ? a?aenooi?noue oi?iae?ciaaieo
iaoiae?a ae?ae iaiaaeo? iiaeeeaino? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiith ? nai?/aniith ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, ui caaacia/o? a?eueo aenieee nooi?iue
a??ia?aeiino? e ia’?eoeaiino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i noai?aiiy
ia?niaeoeaii? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo a
?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee oi?iae?ciaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa aeey iiooeo a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o
oeyoii iiaoaeiae e aiae?co ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei?. Oea
aeicaieeoue cia/ii cieceoe o?oaeii?noe?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a
? ?noioii i?enei?eoe oeae i?ioean.

Aeooaeuei?noue iaiao?aeiino? ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy i/aaeaeia, ai
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a aaaea aei
ci?oeiaiiy iiceoe?? ae?iaieea, oa ni?ey? c?inoaiith aeiiii?/ii? neee
aea?aeaae a oe?eiio, ye ia aioo??oiueiio, oae ? ia i?aeia?iaeiiio
?eieao. I?aaeeueiee aea?? oiai, ui ae?iaeyoe, c yeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie,
a oaeiae aecia/aiiy oe?ie i?iaeoeoe?? oa a?aie/iiai ??aiy aeo?ao ia
?ic?iaeo oa ae?iaieoeoai — caaea/a ae?ae aaaeeeaa aeey caaacia/aiiy
eiieo?aioino?eeino? ae?iaieea.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? iinoaiia? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie ?141/97-A?
a?ae 22.03.97. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeeny ca ni?eueiith ?i?oe?aoeaith
AO “I?iiiiioaaeaeaeo?ii?ea”, eaoaae?e “Aeiiii?ea o?ainii?oo”
Oa?e?anueei? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo oa eaoaae?e
“Ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea oa i?ia?aioaaiiy” Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?icaeoie
cania?a caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioino?eeino? ae?iaieea ia iniia?
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iiaeo eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo i?iieneiaeo ae?ia?a, ?ic?aooieo ?o oe?ie oa
aa?oiuei? iaae? aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaai? oa ae??oai? oae?
caaea/?:

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/anieo iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo
eiieo?aioicaeaoieo ae?ia?a;

cai?iiiiiaaii eiioeaioe?th i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeaooi?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iio?aa noni?euenoaa ia canaae? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo;

oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo eiieo?aioicaeaoieo ae?ia?a ia
iniia? i?eioeei?a nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae uiaei aecia/aiiy oe?ie iiaeo ae?ia?a ia
ia?aaei?iaeoi?e ? i?iaeoi?e noaae?yo i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ianyao ioiieaiiy iaaiiai naaiaioo
?eieo ia?niaeoeaiei ae?iaii;

?ic?iaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo
eiieo?aioicaeaoieo ae?ia?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iieyaathoue o oaeiio:

oaeineiiaeaii oai?aoe/ia ooi/iaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueia oyaeaiiy ?eieiai?
i?o? oa aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae iiiyooyie “ooieoe?y”, “i?aaeiao
ooieoe??” ? “can?a caaacia/aiiy ooieoe??” a iaaeao ?aeeii? nenoaie aeey
ia??oioiaaiiai anoaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?eieiaeo i?o;

aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa —
“aea?aai ooieoe?e” oa i?eioeeie ?? oi?ioaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo iio?aa noni?euenoaa;

oi?iae?ciaaii iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a o i?ioean?
oi?ioaaiiy ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a aeey aeai?o ?o oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui
caaacia/eoue io?eiaiiy a?eueo a??ia?aeiiai i?iaiico aa??aio?a iiaeo
ae?ia?a. Ia??oioiaaii caaaeuei? e?eoa??? nenoaiaoecaoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ae?ia?a;

ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaee/i? canaaee aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo
cia/aiue oe?ie iiaeo ae?ia?a ?c ?icoe?aieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie
iiaeeeainoyie, a naia: iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oe?ie ae?iaieoeoaa, oe?ie
niiaeeaaiiy, oe?ie iiaeo ooieoe?e ? aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai e
aenieoaoaoe?th ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a, ye? aacothoueny ia aiae?c?
no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiia;

oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iiaeeeai? i??e caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei
ae?iaii ia noaae?? eiai i?iaeooaaiiy, anoaiiaeaii aieea /eiiee?a, ye?
oi?iothoue ianya ioiieaiiy ?eieo;

aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia nenoaia iacaeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a, yea caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe
iiaoaeiao “aea?aaa ooieoe?e” a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? , aea??
iiooeiaiai iiey oa oi?ioaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?o
aeei?enoaiiyi a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ni?ey? ?ic?iaoe?
oaei? i?iaeoeoe??, yea aoaea ei?enooaaoeny o?eaaeei, noaeei iiieoii ia
eiieo?aioiiio ?eieo.

I?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy iathoue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ia??oioiaaiiai
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa??aioa iiaiai ae?iao aei ?ic?iaee
oa ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ni?eyoeia noai?aiith
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a o
i?iieneiaino? ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae aenia?oieo
nenoai. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ?aae?ciaaii o aeaeyae?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey aeey aecia/aiiy iacaeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o
? i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeo ae?ia?a a AO
“I?iiiiioaaeaeaeo?ii?ea” (i. Oa?e?a), IIAI “?a?ii?iaeoeo” (i. Ee?a),
IAII “Ea?no” (i. Oa?e?a) oa i?iieneia?e eiiiai?? “Neioac” (i. Oa?e?a).
Aeaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy iineoue oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? ? iiaea
canoiniaoaaoeny a ??ciiiai?oieo aaeocyo aeiiii?ee.

Iniiai? iaea?aeai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ? aacenii aeey iiaeaeueoiai
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? i?iaeoeoe??,
aeicaiey? aaeineiiaeeoe iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia
caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie: aeiiii?ea
i?aei?e?inoaa, ia?eaoeia, iaiaaeaeiaio i?aai?caoe?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A noi?ni?e ?iaio? iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo
aeioe. Aaeaoe? ?.?. iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea caaea/?, eiioeaiooaeueia
?ic?iaea oeyo?a ?? ae??oaiiy. Caeiaoaa/ ocaaaeueiea ?nioth/e iaoiaee
aecia/aiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a, ?ic?iaea iaoiae aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
iniiaieo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aiao??a iiaeo ae?ia?a c ?icoe?aieie
ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie, aaciina?aaeiuei aeeiiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?ia?a aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ia??oiooaaa aeniiaee, ?ic?iaea
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaea?aeaee noaaeaiiy ia eiioa?aioe?yo: I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea. MicroCAD-96” Oa?e?a, OAIO, o?aaaiue
1996 ?.; 58-a iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y eaoaae? aeaaeai??
niaoe?ae?no?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth, Oa?e?a,
Oa?AeACO, 1996 ?.; I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y-nai?ia? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Oa?e?a, OAeO, 1996 ?.; I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea. MicroCAD-97” Oa?e?a,
OAeIO, o?aaaiue 1997 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 7 noaoae
caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,7 ae.a. c yeeo 3 noaoo? o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, ui oa?eoee aei ia?ae?eo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oaoiaeo aeae?iue c
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie, aea? noaoo? o iaoeiaeo
ca??ieeao, noaooy o iaoeiaiio aeo?iae? oa aeaiiiiaaia noaooy, a oaeiae 4
oace aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo oa iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. O?e noaoo?
ianyaii 0,6 ae.a. iioae?eiaai? aac ni?aaaoi??a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, a oaeiae aeaio
aeiaeaoe?a. I?noeoue 214 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 7 oaaeeoeue ianyaii
8 noi??iie, 22 ?enoiee ianyaii 12,5 noi??iie, 2 aeiaeaoee ianyaii 34
noi??iee. Aeei?enoaii 138 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Noai?aiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoieo iiaeo oiaa??a”
iaaaaeaiee aiae?c caeaaeiino? eiieo?aioino?eeino? ae?iaieea a?ae
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? i?iaeoeoe??, yeo a?i ae?iaey?, oa ia iniia?
?icaeyiooeo ?ia?o Ae?eaiy A.E., Eiaaeueiaa ?.A., Ia?a?ae I.A.,
Naaeiaie/ae N.A. oa ?ioeo c?iaeaiee aeniiaie, ui iaeiei c iniiaieo
cania?a caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai iieiaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ia ?eieo ?
ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo oiaa??a c iioe?aieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie aeanoeainoyie,
ye? ei?enoothoueny iiieoii. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aoei ia??oioiaaii
iieiaeaiiy, ui i?aeaeuaiei iiieoii o niiaeeaa/a ei?enoothoueny iia?
ae?iae, ye? aeicaieyoue ae?iaieeo a?eueo aiaaiaii ?nioaaoe ia ?eieo.
Ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo ae?ia?a caniiao?oueny ia i?iaiicoaaii? naia
aeanoeainoae oeeo ae?ia?a.

Aeae? o ?icae?e? iaaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo cania?a i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
nenoaie ?o eeaneo?eaoe??, ye? iienai? o i?aoeyo Aa?aiiaa N.I.,
Aia?iaieeiaa A.I., A?aeoa Ae., Aeia?iaa A.I., Eieaaaaaa ?.I., Eene/eeia
A.A., Eueaiaa Ae.N., Iao?iaa TH.I., Na?e?nyia N.A., Oaeea A., Ye?ana ?.,
ssiiieuenueeiai N.I., ssi/a A. oa ?ioeo, ia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy
aei i?ioeano i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo oiaa??a. Oaeiae ?icaeyiooe iaoiaee
i?iaiicoaaiiy eiie?aoieo a?oi ae?ia?a o ?iaioao Aeooeiaa A.I.,
Aiioeinueeiai A.A., ??oiaa TH.A.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a
iaea?eueo oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny caniae aenia?oii? ioe?iee, oa ia
canoiniaothoueny i?eioeeie nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo. Oaeiae aoa c?iaeaiee
aeniiaie, ui aeioe?eueii aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?ia?a ?c iiaeie
aeanoeainoyie ?acii c iaoiaeaie aenia?oii? ioe?iee aeei?enoiaoaaoe
oi?iae?ciaai? iaoiaee, ye? iiaeeeai canoinoaaoe aeey aoaeue-yei? a?oie
ae?ia?a /e aeey onueiai ia?ae?eo ??ciiiai?oieo ae?ia?a aeey ?iaioe o
aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei?.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aecia/aiiy ?eieiaeo i?o — no?aoaa?y caaacia/aiiy
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ae?iaieea” ia??oioiaaiee aeniiaie, ui i?iaiicoaaiiy
iacaeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o iiaeiii iie?aoenue ia i?iaiicoaaii? ooieoe?e,
iio?aao a yeeo noni?euenoai iiaea caciaoe a iaeaooiueiio. Cai?iiiiiaaiee
i?aeo?ae, ca?aeii c yeei i?e i?iaiicoaaii? iacaeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o
aca?iica’ycie iiiyoue “ooieoe?y”, “i?aaeiao ooieoe??” oa “can?a
aeeiiaiiy ooieoe??” ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye ?aeeio nenoaio (IOC).

Aacoth/enue ia nenoaiiiio i?aeoiae?, cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy
?eieiaeo i?o oa ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy, ui ca’ycai? c canoinoaaiiyi oeueiai
iaoiaea: aiae?c ?eieiai? i?o?, ?ic?iaea i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy “aea?aaa
ooieoe?e”, ia??oiooaaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey aoaeoaaiiy “aea?aaa
ooieoe?e”, i?iaeooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea aenia?oii? nenoaie iiooeo ?eieiaeo
i?o.

Caoe?eaaeai?noue niiaeeaa/a o aeei?enoaii? i?iieneiaiai ae?iao
aecia/a?oueny eiai iiaeeea?noth aeeiioaaoe iaai? ooieoe??. ?eieiao i?oo
o?aaa ?icoi?oe ye iiaeeeaee iiieo ia ae?iae, ye? caeaoi? aeeiioaaoe
iaai? ooieoe?? ii caaeiaieaiith iio?aa noni?euenoaa. Aecia/aiiy iiieoo
ia? ia?oi?yaeia cia/aiiy aeey aiae?co iiaeeeainoae ae?iaieoeoaa, ianyao
iane/aiiy ?eieo. Ia?aaeaa/aiiy aoaeue-yei? iio?aae o niiaeeaa/a
noeioeth? ?ic?iaeo cania?a, ui ?aae?cothoue iaaio iio?aao. Oey iiaa
iio?aaa aecia/a? iacaeiyoo ?eieiao i?oo, i?e oeueiio aiia iiaea
c’yaeoueny a aoaeue-ye?e noa?? ae?yeueiino?. Iiaeia aecia/eoe ?eieiao
i?oo /a?ac noeoii?noue ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae ae?iao, ui
?aae?cothoue iaai? iio?aae niiaeeaa/a. Oe? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? ?
i???ioe?aie aeey ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa?o, ui caiiaieoue ?eieiao i?oo.
Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei iiooeo ?eieiaeo i?o caniiaaiee ia ?iciiae?e?
aeayeeo aeiaaeueieo iiiyoue ia eieaeuei?. Eiaeia c eieaeueieo iiiyoue
iiaea o naith /a?ao, i?aaenoaaeyoe oaeiae iaaeoi ia’?iia cia/aiiy, yea
aeeth/a? a naaa noeoii?noue eiie?aoieo cia/aiue ? oae aeae?, eaeooue
a?ae caaaeueiiai aei ie?aiiai. Iaaeath, aei yei? o?aaa cae?enithaaoe
aeaoae?caoe?th, ? ?eieiaa i?oa.

Caaaeueiee i?eioeei iiaoaeiae “aea?aaa ooieoe?e” caniiaaiee ia noai?aii?
ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a iiaeeeaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa a
i?iieneiaeo oiaa?ao. Aeey caaaeueiiai oyaeaiiy anueiai niaeo?a ?eieiaeo
i?o iaiao?aeii caoaeoaaoe «aea?aai ooieoe?e», yea aecia/a? an? iio?aae
?nioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. Iiaoaeiaa “aea?aaa” iieyaa? o
aeyaeaii? ocaaaeueiaii? ooieoe??, a iio?i aeeiio?oueny ?icae?eaiiy oe???
ooieoe?? ia i?aeooieoe??. Oaea ?icae?eaiiy ooieoe?e i?iaiaeeoueny aei
iaaiiai ??aiy, aeeaeia yeiai aecia/a?oueny iayai?noth ae?iao, yeee
caaacia/o? a iiai?e i??? iaaio ooieoe?th, aai eiee iiaeaeueoa
aeaoae?caoe?y ia ia? naino c i?e/eie iaeicia/iino? ooieoe??. Oaeei /eiii
aoaeo?oueny anacaaaeueia «aea?aai ooieoe?e», ui ca’yco? i?ioean
caaacia/aiiy noni?euenoaa.

Aeey nenoaiiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, ii??aiyiiy ? aiae?co ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iio?aa noni?euenoaa, ui neeaaeathoue «aea?aai» cai?iiiiiaaii
oi?aa?naeueio noeoii?noue ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy iio?aa a iaeaooiueiio, ye? a no/aniiio ia
aeieeathoue. Oaea noeoii?noue e?eoa???a aeeth/a? i’youe iniiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee: 1) ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea — yea a?aeiia?aea? ia ieoaiiy
“yeee?”, “yea?” oa iiae?ai? ieoaiiy oa iieaco? ye?niee noai i?aaeiaoa
ooieoe??, oiaoi ia’?eoa, ia yeee ni?yiiaaia ae?y (ooieoe?y); 2)
e?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea — yea a?aeiia?aea? ia ieoaiiy “ne?eueee?” oa
iiae?ai? ieoaiiy oa iia?aeiiey? i?i e?euee?niee noai i?aaeiaoa ooieoe??,
oiaoi ia’?eoa, ia yeee ni?yiiaaia ooieoe?y, a oaeiae e?euee?ni?
iiaeeeaino? caniao cae?eniaiiy ooieoe??; 3) eii?aeeiaoia oa?aeoa?enoeea
— yea a?aeiia?aea? ia ieoaiiy “aea?”, “eoaee?” oa iiae?ai? ieoaiiy oa
oa?aeoa?eco? a?aenoaiue, ieiuo, i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy, ia yeiio
cae?enith?oueny ooieoe?y; 4) /aniaa oa?aeoa?enoeea — yea a?aeiia?aea? ia
ieoaiiy “eiee?” oa iiae?ai? ieoaiiy oa aeaco? /an aeeiiaiiy ooieoe??
(?ioa?aae /ano, /an ae?a, /an ?ieo ? oiio iiae?aia), oiaoi eiee iaaeaia
ooieoe?y cae?enith?oueny, ae?aiacii oeeo oiia; 5) oa?aeoa?enoeea oiia
aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?? /e caniao cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?? iia?aeiiey? o yeeo
oiiaao iaaea?oueny ooieoe?y, oa aecia/a? iaae? oeeo oiia.

Nooue iiooeo ?eieiaeo i?o iieyaa? o aecia/aii? iiooeiaiai iiey ?
ii??aiyii? oa?aeoa?enoee ?eieiaeo i?o, ui i?iaiicothoueny, c oeie, ui
aaea caiiaiai?. I?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ?eieiaeo i?o cae?enith?oueny ia
iniia? oi?iaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo oa aenia?oii? ioe?iee oeyoii iiaoaeiae
ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a ii eiaei?e c ia?aieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaaeao
iiooeiaiai iiey. I?ney oeueiai iaiao?aeii ii??aiyoe ia?aiao?e ?eieiaeo
i?o, ui i?iaiicothoueny, c oeie, ui aaea ?niothoue, aeei?enoiaoth/e
i’youe a?oi oa?aeoa?enoee ? anoaiiaeoe eiie?aoi? iio?aae noni?euenoaa,
ui iiaeooue iaoe i?noea a iaeaooiueiio. Aeya iiaeeeaeo iio?aa, ye? ua ia
caaacia/ai? ?nioth/eie caniaaie cae?eniaiiy ooieoe??, neoaeeoue
i?aenoaaith aeey ii?aoethaaiiy oaoi?/ii? i?iiiceoe?? ia ooai?aiiy iiaeo
cania?a ?aae?caoe?? ooieoe??, oiaoi ae?ia?a c iiaeie ooieoe?iiaeueieie
iiaeeeainoyie.

Aeey aiae?co ie?aii? a?eee «aea?aaa ooieoe?e», aeioe?eueii i?aaenoaaeoe
?? o aeaeyae? n-i??ii? iao?eoe?, iaiaaeaii? ?aieaie iiey, yea
aeine?aeaeo?oueny. Noiaioe? iao?eoe? noaiiaeyoue ia?aiao?e/i? ?yaee ii
i’yoe a?oiai ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee. ?yaee iao?eoe?
a?aeia?aaeathoue ia?aiao?e/i? ?yaee ooieoe?e, ui aeanoea? i?aaeiaoo.
A?oie ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiey aeioe?eueii ?icoe?thaaoe aai
caoaeoaaoe. Oea ?iaeoue aeine?aeiee aeey ooi/iaiiy aai a?oioaaiiy
aeayeeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae. ?ici??i?noue iao?eoe? n
aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
iieno ooieoe?e iaeaooiueiai ae?iao. *enei ?icae?eaiue aai a?aaeaoe?e
aoaeue-yei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iieno?oueny ia?aiao?e/iei ?yaeii. Aea??
cia/aiue ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a oa?aeoa?enoee iaeaooiueiai ae?iao
cae?enith?oueny oeyoii ii??aiyiiy c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ae?ia?a-aiaeia?a.

Eiaeiee aeaiaio n-i??ii? iao?eoe? ooieoe?e ? ? ?eieiaith i?oath.
Caiiaiaiee aeaiaio na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ?nio? ae??a, yeee ia? aeaio
eiia?iaoe?th cia/aiue ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee. sseui a?i
ii?iaei?e, oi oea na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy a?eueii?
?eieiai? i?o?, a oaeiae aecia/a? iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a. I?e caiiaiaii? an?o ii?iaei?o aeaiaio?a, aai
c’ynoaaii?, ui iacaiiaiai? iiee ui aeaiaioe ia i?aaenoaaeythoue
caoe?eaaeaiino? aeey niiaeeaa/a, aeey aecia/aiiy iiaiai iai?yieo iiooeo
iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe iaeei c ianooiieo cania?a: iioe?aiiy ia?aiao?e/iiai
?yaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee; ia’?aeiaiiy aeaio ? a?eueoa
ooieoe?e iaeiiai ??aiy “aea?aaa ooieoe?e”; aecia/aiiy iiai? ?eieiai?
i?o? iiaeeeai i?e ia?aoiae? ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ii “aea?aao
ooieoe?e”. O ?icae?e? oaeiae iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee noai?thaaiiy “aea?aaa
ooieoe?e”, nenoai IOC oa aeeiiaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ae?iao-aiaeiao c
iiaei i?iaiiciei ae?iaii. Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeaia ooieoe?iiaeueia noaia
nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy noai?aiiy iiaeo i?iieneiaeo oiaa??a.

I?ioean aaia?aoe?? ?aeae iiaeo oiaa??a oa iineoa o?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe ye
nenoaio c? cai?ioiei ca’yceii. Nii/aoeo oi?io?oueny e?ioeaaa oe?eue
“aeo?ae” oe??? nenoaie, oiaoi i?iaiicothoue iio?aae o ae?iaao, ui
iiaeooue c’yaeoenue a iaeaooiueiio, a ia iniia? ia?aieo iio?aa
ie?aneththoue ooieoe??, ye? ionyoue aooe aeanoea? aeey iaeaooiueiai
ae?iao, a iio?i aecia/athoueny a?aie/i? ??ai? oe?ie. Aeae?
anoaiiaeththoueny ia?aiao?e “aoiaeo” nenoaie, ye? aecia/athoueny
?ano?naie, iaiao?aeieie aeey ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia?aiao?e “ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua” nenoaie oa?aeoa?ecothoue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua,
??aaiue ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?e, eoeueoo?iee ??aaiue noni?euenoaa ? oaea
?ioa. Ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua iaeeaaea? caaaeuei? oiiae ia i?aai?caoe?th
i?ioeano, ai cia/aiiy aieeao na?aaeiaeua ia ia?aiao?e nenoaie
i?aaenoaaeoe a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? iaaeoi aaaeei ? oea ?iaeoue
aeine?aeiee. Cae?eniaiiy cai?ioiiai ca’yceo aeyaey?oueny o aeiaaeeao,
eiee iaiiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe a iiai?e i??? cia/aiiy e?ioeaaeo
ia?aiao??a iiaiai ae?iao, oiaoi o?aaa aieeaaoe ia i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa
(?icaeoie ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?e, oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ? oiio
iiae?aia), aai ci?ieoe ao?aei? ia?aiao?e (iaaoaaoe iia? oaoiieia??,
aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?eueo aeiiii?/i? ?ano?ne ? oaea ?ioa).

?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia nenoaia aeiiiiaaa? aeine?aeieeo aeeiioaaoe a
aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? iiooe a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o. Aiia neeaaea?oueny
c aeayeeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeie?a, ye? cae?eniththoue oeae i?ioean
iiooeo. O aeioe? aenia?oii? nenoaie, yeee ca’ycaiee c ia?iaeith “aea?aaa
ooieoe?e”, noai?aia ???a?o?/ia nenoaia, ui aecia/a? aca?iica’ycie
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa. Ianooiiee aeie aeeiio? aeya
iaiao?aeii? a?eee aea?aaa, yea caaacia/o? aeaa ianooii? i?ioeane:
ooai?aiiy aace ooieoe?e ? aace caeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o. Aeey ooai?aiiy
aace ooieoe?e ei?enooaa/ aenia?oii? nenoaie ie?aneeoue eiei
ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aoaeooue aecia/aoe oea iiooeiaa iiea.
I?ney /iai aeey eiaeii? aeae?eaii? ooieoe?? noai?th?oueny ia?aiao?e/iee
?yae cia/aiue, ye? aiia iiaea i?eeiaoe. Aaca caeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o
i?aaenoaaey? niaith ia?ae?e ae?ia?a, ui ?niothoue ia iioi/iee iiiaio
/ano. Ia i?aenoaa? noai?aieo aac aeeiio?oueny aiae?c iiooeiaiai iiey c
iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?nioth/eo cania?a, ui aeeiiothoue cai?iiiiiaai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aai yeui ia ciaeaeaii oaeiai ae?iao, oi anoaiiaeaia iiaa
?eieiaa i?oa na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy iiaiai ae?iao. Aiae?c
iiaeeeai aeeiioaaoe ? a ?aaeei? aecia/aiiy iayaiino? a?eueieo ?eieiaeo
i?o.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aecia/aiiy ??aiy oe?ie ia iia? ae?iae, ye?
ni?iaiiciaai?” i?iiiio?oueny iaoiae anoaiiaeaiiy oe?ie ae?iaieoeoaa oa
oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ia iia? i?iieneia? oiaa?e, can?a aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo
?ici???a iioi/ieo aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?e anoaiiaeai?e oe?i?
niiaeeaaiiy oa ianya caaithaaiiy ?eieo. ?icaeyiooee ca’ycie i?ae oe?iith
ae?iao oa ianyaii caaithaaiiy ?eieo.

*eiieeaie aeey i?eaeaaiiy ae?iao niiaeeaa/ai ? ooieoe?iiaeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, oiaoi oa, ui aeeiiothoue iaaeai? oiaa?e, a oaeiae ?ici??
aeo?ao niiaeeaa/a ia i?eaeaaiiy oiaa?o oa eiai aenieoaoaoe?th. Aiae?c
i?aeoiae?a oe?iiooai?aiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui an? aiie
iiaeooue aooe caaaeai? aei aeaio iniiaieo. I?e ia?oiio i?aeoiae? oe?ia
aecia/a?oueny aeo?aoaie ia ae?iaieoeoai oiaa?o oa aaee/eiith i?eaooeo.
Ae?oaee i?aeo?ae i?eionea?, ui i?e anoaiiaeaii? oe?ie ae?iaiee
i???ioo?oueny ia oe?ie eiieo?aio?a.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? ? i?aeaioiaoe? aei ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aai iie?ioaieo
ae?ia?a (?c ?icoe?aieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie) ae?iaiee,
i?iaiicoth/e aa?oith a?aieoeth oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy iaeaooiueiai ae?iao,
ciooaiee ianaiia?aae i???iooaaoeny ia oe?ie ae?ia?a-eiieo?aio?a, ui aaea
aeioneathoueny oa aiaeia?/i? ii nai?io i?ecia/aiith, ?, aeoiaey/e c ??
iiaeeeaiai ??aiy, aecia/aoe iaeneiaeueii-i?eeiyoio oe?io niiaeeaaiiy ?
aaee/eio aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai.

I?e i?iaeooaaii? ae?iaiee aeey aecia/aiiy ieaeiuei? a?aieoe? oe?ie
niiaeeaaiiy iiaiai ae?iao i???ioo?oueny ia oe?io niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai
ae?iao. Aa?oiy a?aieoey aa?oino? iiaeo ooieoe?e aecia/a?oueny c oiiae
??aiino? iaea?aeoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? iaeiaioeo aeo?ao niiaeeaa/a ia
?aae?caoe?th aeaii? ooieoe?? i?e aeei?enoaii? aoaeue-yeiai ?ioiai
caniao. Aecia/a?oueny iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy iiaeo ooieoe?e ae?iao
?ioeie caniaaie. C ?nioth/eo cania?a, ye? caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy
iaeiaeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, iaiao?aeii aea?aoe can?a ?c iaeiaioith oe?iith
niiaeeaaiiy. C?noaaeaiiy aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei? a?aieoeue oe?ie
niiaeeaaiiy aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe «oe?iiaee ei?eaei?» ? aeaoe i?iaiicio
ioe?ieo nooiaiy iaieiae?iiy ?eieii oe?i iiaei ae?iaii.

Aa?oiy a?aieoey oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ? ae?iaieoeoaa (i?eaeaaiiy) iiaiai
ae?iao c ?icoe?aieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie aecia/a?oueny c
oiiae ??aiino? aeiiii?/ieo aoaeo?a, ui iaea?aeai? niiaeeaa/ai i?e
aeei?enoaii? aaciaiai aai ia?niaeoeaiiai ae?iao ca iaeiaeiaee
?ic?aooieiaee ia??iae. On? aniaeoe iioe?aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae ia?niaeoeaiiai ae?iao yaeythoue niaith aea?aaeaio
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aai ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?ia neoaeae aaciaiai
ae?iao, aai eiia?iiaaiee aa??aio oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aeoiaey/e c oiiae
??aiiaea?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy ia?niaeoeaiiai ? aaciaiai ae?ia?a
aecia/a?oueny aa?oiy a?aieoey oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy iiaiai ae?iao,

), ui a?ae??ciy?oueny a?eueoith i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa/aai oa?i?iii
neoaeae aeei?enoiao?oueny ianooiio oi?ioeo:

) ?c i?iaeoeoeai?noth qA ? oa?i?iii neoaeae TA

I?e oeueiio ??ai? oe?ie, ui a?aeiia?aea? oiiaai ??aiiaea?aeiino?
canoinoaaiiy aeey niiaeeaa/a iiai? iiaeae? ae?iao /e aaciai? c
aeiaeaoeiaeie aeo?aoaie, iiaeia c iaaiith i??ith a??ia?aeiino?
i?iaiicoaaoe caaithaaiiy iieiaeie ianyao ?eieo iiaei ae?iaii, oiaoi
50 %-ee ??aaiue aeoeniaiiy c ?eieo aaciaiai ae?iao. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ae?aiacii oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ia iiaee ae??a, ui
caaacia/eoue aecia/iee aa?aioiaaiee ??aaiue i?iieeiaiiy iiaiai ae?iao ia
?eiie, oiaoi aeicaieeoue aeaoe i/?eoaaio ioe?ieo i??e aeoeniaiiy c ?eieo
aaciaiai ae?iao.

Aa?aioiaaia iiaia aeoeniaiiy aaciaiai ae?iao c ?eieo iiaea aooe
aeinyaiooi eeoa ca oiiae, ui oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy ia iiaee ae??a OeIIA ia
ia?aaeuo? oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai ae?iao OeAAC, oiaoi ieaei?e
a?aie/iee ??aaiue oe?i OeIEAE

OeIEAE = OeIIA ( OeAAC.

Oea iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi, yeui aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiiy
iiaiai ae?iao ia ia?aaeuaoue ?ici?? oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ia aaciaee ae??a.
Oaeei /eiii, ca oiiae, eiee aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiiy
iiaiai ae?iao ia aoaeooue ia?aaeuoaaoe oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai
ae?iao, ae?iaieeo iiaiai ae?iao aoaea caaacia/aiee 100 %-ee ??aaiue
caooo ? aa?aioiaaii caaithaaiiy ?eieo. Ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao ia
ae?iaieoeoai iiaiai ae?iao, ye? ia?aaeuothoue ??aaiue oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy
ia aaciaee ae??a, i?e?iaeii i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy oe?ie
niiaeeaaiiy ia iia?e ae??a, oa a?aeiia?aeii, aei cieaeaiiy eiai
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? oa /anoee caaithaaiiy ?eieo.

?ioa?aae oe?i i?ae aa?oiueith oa ieaeiueith iaaeaie i?aaenoaaey? niaith
ei?eaei? oe?i ae?iao. Caeiiii??i?noue aeoeniaiiy c ?eieo aaciaiai ae?iao
iiaei oa a?aeiia?aeiei ??aiai oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ia iueiai cia?aaeaii ia
a?ao?eo (?en.2).

sse aeaeii ?c a?ao?ea, aeiey caaithaaiiy ?eieo caeaaeeoue a?ae oe?ie
ae?iao. Aeey aecia/aiiy /anoee caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei ae?iaii caeaaeii
a?ae eiai oe?ie iaea?aeo?ii oi?ioeo

aea AeIIA.AE? — aeiey caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei ae?iaii, OeIIA.AE? — oe?ia
iiaiai ae?iao.

A ?ac? ia?aaeuaiiy oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy iiaiai ae?iao iaae aa?oi?i
a?aie/iei cia/aiiyi, aeiey ioiieaiiy ?eieo aoaea iaio 50% ca i?e/eiith
a?aenooiino? yaii? i?eaaaeeaino? aeey iieoioey ? aoaea ciaoiaeeoeny a
iaeano? A (aeea. ?en. 2). A oiio ?ac?, yeui oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy iiaiai
ae?iao noaia iaioith a?ae cia/aiiy ?? ieaeiuei? a?aie/iiai iaae?, oi oea
aiai?eoue i?i nooo?a?e caian eiieo?aioicae?aiino? iiaiai ae?iao,
iaa?oue ca oiiaith ciaioaiiy oe?ie aaciaiai ae?iao (a?ae??cie A ia
?en.2).

Caeaaei?noue oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy oa ianyao caaithaaiiy ?eiea iiaei ae?iaii
a?ae ci?ie ?eieiaeo oiia, a iane?aeie cieaeaiiy oe?ie aaciaiai ae?iao
aai aeo?ao ei?enooaa/a ia caaacia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e oaeiae
cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 2. A ?ac? cieaeaiiy oe?ie aaciaiai ae?iao ia? i?noea
ciaioaiiy ianyao caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei ae?iaii. Oea a?aeia?aaeaii
ia?ai?uaiiyi e?i?? caeaaeiino? ianyao caaithaaiiy ?eieo a?ae oe?ie
iiaiai ae?iao acaeiaae in? oe?ie (a?ae??cie N ia ?en. 2). Ci?ia
caeaaeiino? aeo?ao niiaeeaa/a aaciaiai ae?iao a iane?aeie ci?ie aa?oino?
aeiaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e yeeienue ?ioeie caniaaie iaoiiaeth? ci?io aeie?
?eieo, ui caeia? iiaee ae??a. Oea iieacaii ia ?en.2 ci?iith eooa iaoeeo
a?ao?eo caeaaeiino? aeie? ioiieaiiy ?eieo a?ae oe?ie ae?iao (a?ae??cie
D).

Aeinoia??i?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo oe?iiooai?aiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?ic?aooieaie oe?i ia i?ioeani?e o??ie Intel ?
ii??aiyiiy ?o c oaeoe/ieie oe?iaie (?en.3). Aiae?c iieaco?, ui
?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy oe?i ia ia?aaeuothoue 20% (aeey iiaiai i?ioeani?a
Pentium 400 oe?ia ia ?eieo ia noaa?e?coaaeany).

?en. 3. ?aaeueia oa ?ic?aooieiaa oe?ia i?eaeaaiiy i?ioeani??a.

Aecia/aiiy ei?eaei?o oe?i aea? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe a?aie/i? ??ai?
aeo?ao i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai
ia??oiooaaiiy ia ia?aaei?iaeoi?e noaae?? ooai?aiiy iiaiai ae?iao.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?eaoeiaiaa neoaeaa ia? iiaeeea?noue ua ia aoai?
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a aecia/eoe oe?iiaee ei?eaei? aeey iiaiai
ae?iao ?, aeoiaey/e c i?eaeaoiiai ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino?, ia??oiooaaoe
a?aie/i? ??ai? aeo?ao ia eiai ae?iaieoeoai iiaiai ae?iao. Oey
?ioi?iaoe?y ? i???ioe?ii aeey ?ic?iaiee?a ae?iao — eiino?oeoi??a,
aeecaeia??a, oaoiieia?a i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy ia
?ic?iaeo ae?iao ia??ai? c oaoi?/ieie ia?aiao?aie. Iaaeae? oea
aeicaieeoue c?iaeoe iiaoceiaa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao ? aeiaanoe ?o a
aeaeyae? i???ioe?a aei ie?aieo ?ic?iaiee?a ae?iao.

I?ney aecia/aiiy a?aie/iiai ??aiy oe?ie ia iiaee ae??a, aecia/a?oueny
a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue iiaeeeaiai i?eaooeo oa i???ioiaaia nia?aa?o?noue
iaeaooiueiai ae?iao. Oey ioe?iea aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe ni?iiiaei?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa cae?enieoe ?ic?iaeo oa ae?iaieoeoai iiaiai ae?iao.

AENIIAEE

?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia aaeineiiaethaaiiy iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy i?eioeei?a nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy oi?iae?ciaaieo
iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii ? aaeineiiaethaaiiyi
iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy iiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?aaenoaaey? niaith
oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/io ?aae?caoe?th canoinoaaiiy
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?ia?a oeyoii aecia/aiiy ?o
iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae ? aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.
I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo
ae?ia?a, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aenia?oi? ioe?iee,
aeicaieea ia??oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy oi?iae?ciaaieo
iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae, a?aeiia?aeii aei yeiai ooieoe?iiaeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeo ae?ia?a aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
nenoaie eaoaai??e “ooieoe?y”, “i?aaeiao ooieoe??”, “can?a cae?eniaiiy
ooieoe??” (nenoaia IOC), yeee aeicaieea ooi/ieoe ?o aecia/aiiy ?
aca?iica’ycie. Aeine?aeaeaii caaaeueio caeiiii??i?noue oi?ioaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa noni?euenoaa ? aeei?enoaiee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae
aeey aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo iio?aa oeyoii iiaoaeiae “aea?aaa
ooieoe?e”.

?ic?iaeaiee oi?iae?ciaaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a
ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a oa oeo ye?
aeioneathoueny, aeicaiey? aeyaeoe a?euei? ?eieia? i?o? ? aecia/eoe
iniiai? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ia?aiao?e ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a a
aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei?. Aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo
aeicaiey? ii?aeiaoe o?aaeeoe?ei? i?aeoiaee i?e i?iaiicoaaii? iiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? c oi?iae?ciaaieie iaoiaeaie i?iaiicoaaiiy, oea aeicaiey?
?aae?coaaoe aaoiiaoeciaaio iia?aoeaio ia?iaeo aeaieo ? ?o i?aeaioiaeo
aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo cia/aiue oe?ie ae?iaieoeoaa,
oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, oe?ie iiaeo ooieoe?e, aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai ?
aeei?enoaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a, aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c aaee/ei noeoiieo aeiiii?/ieo aoaeo?a, ui io?eiai? niiaeeaa/ai i?e
aeei?enoaii? ia?niaeoeaiiai aai aaciaiai ae?iao. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee
oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, oe?ie ae?iaieoeoaa cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee,
aeeiiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo, iieacothoue, ui
a?aeoeeaiiy aeaieo io?eiaieo oai?aoe/iei oeyoii a?ae, oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue
ia ia?aaeuothoue o na?aaeiueiio 20%.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaiai nooiaiy caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei
ae?iaii o caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy ia ia?aaei?iaeoi?e oa
i?iaeoi?e noaae?yo noai?aiiy ae?iao, aeicaiey? ae?iaieeo anoaiiaeoe
iio??ai? ae?iaie/? iiooaeiino? oa aecia/eoe ianya aeioneo oeeo iiaeo
ae?ia?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe an? ?iaioe
uiaei oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aac ?nioth/eo ae?ia?a ? iiaeeeaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a, ia?iaee oeeo aac ? anoaiiaeaiiy
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?iaiiciaaiiai ae?iao. ?ic?iaeaia
nenoaia aeicaiey? cieceoe nooi?iue aeiiii?/iiai ?eceeo i?e i?eeiyoo?
??oaiue i?i ?ic?iaeo iiaeo ae?ia?a, i?aai?caoe?th ?o ae?iaieoeoaa
caaaeyee aiae?co aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iniiai?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? e aeiiii?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?nioth/eo ? eiia??ieo
ae?ia?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ia aac? iaeiiai
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey aeicaiey? ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aeo?ao
ia ?ic?iaeo iiaiai ae?iao iaea?aeaoe aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca ia??iae
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oe??? nenoaie a ?ici??? 62 oen. a?i.

I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ni?ey?
nei?i/aiith ia?aaei?iaeoii? noaae?? noai?aiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a, cieaeaiith
o?oaeii?noeino? ? ciaioaiith aeo?ao ia ?o ?ic?iaeo. Iaoiaee
i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a iinyoue oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? ?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? e ?ioeo aaeocae
aeiiii?ee.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Aaeaea A.E., Aeaa/aa I.E., Aeiiiei O.A. Nenoaiiue iiaeoiae e iieneo
?uii/iuo ieo. Aanoiee OAIO ? 20. Auione 17. a. Oa?ueeia, 1996a. n.
57-60. Aaoi?ii cae?eniaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo
ae?ia?a oa aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Aeaa/aa I.E. Iaoiae oi?ie?iaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee iiauo ecaeaeee. Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. ? 27, a. Oa?ueeia, 1999a., n.157-160.
Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy oe?ie
iiaiai ae?iao.

Aeaa/aa I.E. I?iaiice?iaaiea aeiee caaiaaaiey ?uiea ia iniiaa
“oeaiiaiai ei?eaei?a”. A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?90. Oaoi?/iee i?ia?an oa aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa.
Oa?e?a, OAeIO,1999?. n.88-91. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaia caeaaei?noue aeie?
caaithaaiiy ?eieo iiaei ae?iaii, eiai oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai?
aeniiaee.

Aaeaea A.E., Aeaa/aa I.E. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay iiaenenoaia ea?a?oe/aneiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie eioi?iaoeee. A?niee OAeIO ? 21. Aeione 2.
i. Oa?e?a. 1997 ?. n. 3-4. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiee ???a?o?/iee i?eioeei
iiaoaeiae iiaeae? aeey nenoaiiiai iiooeo a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o.

Aeaa/aa I.E. Yenia?oiay nenoaia aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaie oaoieee.
A?niee OAeIO ? 21. Aeione 2. Oa?e?a. 1997 ?. n. 12-14. Aaoi?ii aeeiiaia
?ic?iaea oa iien aenia?oii? nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy iiai? oaoi?ee.

Iniiau i?aaiecaoeee, yeiiiieee e i?iaiice?iaaiey i?iecaiaenoaa. Iiae
?aae. Aeeeaiue A.E. /Aieei E.A., Aaeaea A.E., Eiaaeaa Ae.E., sseiaeaa
A.E., Aaeaea E.A., Aeaa/aa I.E./ a. Oa?ueeia, “Iniiaa”, 1995 a. — 160 n.
Aaoi?ii ?icaeyiooi aaoiiaoeciaai? caniae i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee.

Aeaa/aa I.E. Eiiiuethoa?ece?iaaiiay nenoaia auyaeaiey naiaiaeiuo
?uii/iuo ieo. Iao/ii-eioi?iaoeeiiiue aeo?iae “Aecian-eioi?i” ? 3-4
(247-248), oaa?aeue 1999a., n.54-57. Aaoi?ii aeeiiaiee iien iiaeae?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iiooeo a?eueieo ?eieiaeo i?o oa ?ic?iaea
i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

Aaeaea A.E., Aeaa/aa I.E. I?iaiice?iaaiea yeiiiie/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai
?acaeoey n eniieueciaaieai IYAI. I?eiyoa a Oe?IEEIOE 27.12.95 ? 171-Oe96
OAeE-338.2 AANIOE 06.75.13 — 10 n. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/eo i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey aeiiii?/iiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, c?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?ic?aooiee.

Aeaa/aa I.E., Aaeaea A.E. E aii?ino ia eniieueciaaiee eiiiuethoa?iie
oaoieee a ii?aaeaeaiee ooieoeeiiaeueiuo naienoa iiauo oiaa?ia. Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “MicroCAD-96” *.2 30-31
iay 1996 a. Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: OAIO, IO, IAO, 1996, n.
15. Aaoi?ii ia??oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee
aeey aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo ae?ia?a.

Aaeaea ?.?., Aeaa/aa I.?. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy iacaeiyoeo
?eieiaeo i?o ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo. 58 iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y eaoaae? aeaaeai?? oa niaoe?ae?no?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo
ca i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth. Oac. aeiiia?ae. i. Oa?e?a, 1996 ?. n. 14.
Aaoi?ii c?iaeaii eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy caniao iiooeo a?eueieo
?eieiaeo i?o.

Aaeaea A.E., Aeaa/aa I.E. E aii?ino i nicaeaiee nenoaiu ii ii?aaeaeaieth
oa?aeoa?enoee iiauo ecaeaeee a a?aieoeao ii?aaeaeaiiiai iieneiaiai iiey.
Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee-naieia?a OAO.
Oa?ueeia, 1996 a., 19-21 iiya?y. *anoue 3 — O. Iniiaa, 1996. n. 103 —
105. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiee oa ia??oioiaaiee iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy
iiooeiaiai iiey aeey aeyaeaiiy iacaeiyoeo ?eieiaeo i?o.

Aaeaea A.E., Aeaa/aa I.E., Eieuaei TH.I. Yenia?oiay nenoaia aeey
aaoiiaoecaoeee i?iaiice?iaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee iiauo
ecaeaeee. Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. 12-14 iay 1997 a.
“MicroCAD-97” A iyoe /anoyo. *.2. Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a:
OAIO ,IO, IAO, 1997, n. 5-7. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia
i?iaiicoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeo ae?ia?a oa io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

AIIOAOe??

Aeaa/aa I. ?. I?iaiicoaaiiy noai?aiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoii? i?iaeoeoe??. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.01 — aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. — Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioino?eeino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ca ?aooiie i?iaiicoaaiiy noai?aiiy iiaeo i?iieneiaeo
oiaa??a ? iineoa. O ?iaio? oey caaea/a ae??oo?oueny ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy ?eieiai? i?o?, canoinoaaiiy i?eioeei?a
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a ? iiaoaeiae
“aea?aaa ooieoe?e”, aecia/aiiy ei?eaei?o oe?i aeey iiaiai ae?iao, a
oaeiae nooiaiy caaithaaiiy ?eieo. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe iai?yiee ?ic?iaie ? aa??aioe ae?ia?a, ia ?aii?o
noaae?yo i?iaeooaaiiy iiaiai ae?iao aecia/eoe eiai ooieoe?iiaeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aeeiiaoe ?ic?aooiie oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, oe?ie
ae?iaieoeoaa, oe?ie iiaeo ooieoe?e i?iaiiciaaiiai ae?iao aei ii/aoeo
i?ioeano ?ic?iaeaiiy, a oaeiae cacia/eoe ?ic?iaethaa/ai a?aie/iee ?ici??
aa?oino? oeueiai ae?iao oa ianyao caaithaaiiy ?eieo. Cai?iiiiiaai? o
?iaio? caniae aeei?enoai? aeey iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
i?iaiicoaaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, yea iiaea
canoiniaoaaoeny o ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiii?/ia i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?eieiaa i?oa, iiaa
i?iaeoeoe?y, oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy

Glavchev M.I. Creations forecast of competitive products. — Manuscript.

Thesis for an economical sciences candidate’s degree by specialty
08.07.01 — Industrial economy. — Kharkov State Politechnical
University, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to solving the problem of enterprise
competition stability due to new industrial products and services
creation. In the work given task is solved on the basis of functional
purpose consideration of a market niche, principles application of the
system approach for formation of parametrical series and construction
“tree function”, definition of a prices corridor for a new product, and
also degree of a market gain. The use of suggested methods allows to
predict developments the directions and variants of products, at early
designing stages of a new product to determine its functional
characteristics, to execute account of the prices consumption, cost
price, price of new functions forecast of an item to the beginning of
process of development, and also to indicate to the developers a
limiting size of cost of this item and volume of a gain of the market.
The methods, offered in the robot, are used for construction of the
automated system of forecasting of the technological characteristics,
that can be applied in various areas of an industry.

Key words: economic forecast, market recess, new product, consumption
price.

Aeaa/aa I. E. I?iaiice?iaaiea nicaeaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiie i?iaeoeoeee.
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iai?aaeaia ia ?aoaiea i?iaeai iiauoaiey
eiieo?aioionoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey iooai iaiiaeaiey i?iecaiaeeiie
i?iaeoeoeee. ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oai?aoe/aneoth i?i?aaioeo e
i?aeoe/aneoth ?aaeecaoeeth nicaeaiey iaoiaea i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaie
i?iaeoeoeee ia iniiaa nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea, iicaieythuaai ii?aaeaeeoue
ooieoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u e yeiiiie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?niaeoeaiuo
ecaeaeee.

N yoie oeaeueth a ?aaioa ?aoaiu neaaeothuea caaea/e: i?iaaaeai aiaeec
nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee a iniiaa
eioi?uo eaaeao eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua yenia?oiua ioeaiee e iainiiaaia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea i?e i?iaiice?iaaiee iiauo ecaeaeee,
iicaieythuaai i?eiaiyoue oi?iaeeciaaiiua iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee ia i?aaei?iaeoiie
noaaeee; enneaaeiaaia iauay caeiiiia?iinoue oi?ie?iaaiey
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae iauanoaa e eniieueciaai nenoaiiue iiaeoiae
aeey ii?aaeaeaiey i?eioeeiia iino?iaiey “aea?aaa ooieoeee”
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae; i?aeiaeai iiaeoiae a niioaaonoaee n
eioi?ui ooieoeeiiaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee iiauo ecaeaeee oeaeaniia?acii
ii?aaeaeyoue iooai enneaaeiaaiey nenoaiu eaoaai?ee “ooieoeey”, “i?aaeiao
ooieoeee”, “n?aaenoai inouanoaeaiey ooieoeee” (nenoaia IOC) e ooi/iaiu
ii?aaeaeaiey e acaeiinayce yoeo eaoaai?ee; ?ac?aaioai oi?iaeeciaaiiue
iaoiae iino?iaiey ia?aiao?e/aneeo ?yaeia ooieoeeiiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
auioneaaiuo e ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee, iicaieythuee auyaeoue naiaiaeiua
?uii/iua ieoe e ii?aaeaeeoue iniiaiua oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea ia?aiao?u
ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee a aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii ?aaeeia; i?aaeeiaeai iaoiae
ii?aaeaeaiey a?aie/iuo cia/aiee oeaiu i?iecaiaenoaa, oeaiu iio?aaeaiey,
oeaiu iiauo ooieoeee, cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai e eniieueciaaiea
i?iaiice?oaiuo ecaeaeee, iniiaaiiue ia niiinoaaeaiee aaee/ei niaieoiiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo yooaeoia iieo/aiiuo iio?aaeoaeai i?e eniieueciaaiee
ia?niaeoeaiiai eee aaciaiai ecaeaeey, eeai aeinoeaeaieai ?acoeueoaoia
ethaui ae?oaei niiniaii; ?ac?aaioai iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey aiciiaeiie
noaiaie caaiaaaiey ?uiea iiaui ecaeaeeai a caaeneiinoe io aai oeaiu
iio?aaeaiey; auiieiaia ?ac?aaioea i?ia?aiiiiai i?iaeoeoa, iicaieythuaai
auiieiyoue ana ?aaiou ii oi?ie?iaaieth eioi?iaoeeiiiuo aac nouanoaothueo
ecaeaeee e aiciiaeiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee, ia?aaioea
yoeo aac e onoaiiaeaiee oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?iaiice?oaiiai ecaeaeey.

?aaioa yaeyaony aeaeueiaeoei ?acaeoeai e niaa?oainoaiaaieai
nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaie i?iaeoeoeee ia iniiaa
i?eiaiaiey nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea. I?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey iaoiaeia
iaania/eaaao nie?auaiea i?aaei?iaeoiie noaaeee nicaeaiey iiaiai
ecaeaeey, nieaeaiea o?oaeiaieinoe e oiaiueoaiea cao?ao ia ?ac?aaioeo.
Eniieueciaaiea nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea iicaieyao ni/aoaoue o?aaeeoeeiiiua
iiaeoiaeu i?e nicaeaiee iiaie i?iaeoeoeee, iniiaaiiua ia iaoiaeao
yenia?oiie ioeaiee, n eniieueciaaieai oi?iaeeciaaiiuo iaoiaeia
?aaeeciaaiiuo a aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii ?aaeeia n iia?aoeaiie ia?aaioeie
aeaiiuo e eo iiaeaioiaea aeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiee. Nicaeaiiay nenoaia
iicaieyao nieceoue noaiaiue yeiiiie/aneiai ?enea i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee i
nicaeaiee iiauo ecaeaeee e i?aaiecaoeee eo i?iecaiaenoaa, oae eae i?e
ieii/aoaeueiii auai?a aa?eaioa ia?niaeoeaiiai ecaeaeey aiaeece?oaony
iaoe?iay eioi?iaoeey ia iniiaiuo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo e yeiiiie/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoeeao nouanoaothueo e aa?iyoiuo ecaeaeee. I?iaaaeaiiua ?an/aou
oeaiu iio?aaeaiey e oeaiu i?iecaiaenoaa, auiieiaiiua n eniieueciaaieai
?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu, iieacuaatho aunieoth noaiaiue aeinoiaa?iinoe
iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia. I?aaeeiaeaiiua iaoiaeu i?iaiice?iaaiey
ia?niaeoeaiuo ecaeaeee iinyo oieaa?naeueiue oa?aeoa? e iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu a ?acee/iuo io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe e ae?oaeo io?aneyo
yeiiiieee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneia i?iaiice?iaaiea, ?uii/iay ieoa, iiaay
i?iaeoeoeey, oeaia iio?aaeaiey.

PAGE

PAGE 19

PAGE

Iio?aae noni?euenoaa

Aea/aiiy iio?aa

Aeya aecia/aeueieo ooieoe?e

Iiaoaeoaaiiy a?eee “aea?aaa ooieoe?e”

Aecia/aiiy a?oi ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee

Ei?aeoe?y cia/aiue aecia/aeueieo ooieoe?e

Iiaoaeiaa ia?aiao?e/ieo ?yae?a ooieoe?e

I?iaiicoaaiiy ?aeae iiaeo i?iieneiaeo oiaa??a

Ei?aeoe?y ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano

Ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo i?iieneiaeo oiaa??a

Ioe?iea iiaeeeaino? ae?iaieoeoaa

Aecia/aiiy oe?iiaiai ei?eaei?o oa ianyao caaithaaiiy ?eieo

Aea?? ia?niaeoeaieo iiaeaeae

I?e iaiiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?e

I?e iaiiaeeeaino? cae?eniaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa

?en. 1. Noaia i?ioeano noai?aiiy iiaeo oiaa??a ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
“aea?aaa ooieoe?e”.

A

??aaiue caoaaoo ?eieo 50% (AeAA?O)

OeAA?O

AeIEAE

AeAA?O(iaeneiaeueia aeiey ?eieo)

OeIEAE

AeIIA

AeD

AeC

Aeiey ?eieo,

a %

Oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy ae?iao

Aeo?aoe niiaeeaa/a

ia aeiaeaoeia? ooieoe??

Oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai ae?iao

Oe?ia niiaeeaaiiy

iiaiai ae?iao

aea AeIEAE , AeAA?O — aaee/eia caaithaaiiy ?eieo i?e ieaeiueiio ?
aa?oiueiio a?aie/iiio cia/aii? oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy, AeIIA — aeiey ?eieo
aei ci?ie cia/aiue, ui aecia/athoue a?aieoe? oe?iiaiai ei?eaei?o; AeC —
aeiey ?eieo i?e ci?i? oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai ae?iao; AeD — aeiey
?eieo i?e ci?i? ?ici??o aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao niiaeeaa/a.

Iae. 2. Caeaaei?noue iiieoo ia iiaee ae??a a?ae eiai oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy
i?e ci?i? a?aie/ieo cia/aiue ei?eaei?o oe?i

10

0

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

D

C

Ci?ia ?ici??o aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao niiaeeaa/a

Ci?ia oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy aaciaiai ae?iao

B

Caeaaei?noue ianyao caoaaoo ?eieo a?ae oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy iiaiai ae?iao

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