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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

EAI?INUeEEE A’ss*ANEAA AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 618.3-008.6-037-084-08(616-071-054.001.5)

I?IAIICOAAIIss, I?IO?EAEOEEA

OA E?EOAAIIss I?CI?O AANOIC?A (EE?I?EI-EAAI?AOI?IA OA

AIO?III-AAIAOE*IA AeINE?AeAEAIIss)

14.01.01. aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie oa o A?iieoeueeiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaioee?anueeee Ai?en Ieoaeeiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie A?euaiei
Aaeaioei ?aaiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie (i.
Oa?e?a) caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?e?i Eaii?ae Ai?eniae/,
Euea?anueeee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ooiaiiaa Ea?ena ?aaai?aia, ?inoeooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/a
a?aeae?eii i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue a
aeooa?noa?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa
ia?eiaoieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 2 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 1330 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie “O??o?a?y”,
“Noiiaoieia?y”, “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y”, “Aeeoy/a o??o?a?y” (Ae
26.003.03) i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie (252030, i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 17)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie (252057, i.
Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 21 eeiiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

e.i.i., aeioeaio ss.I.A?oianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy

Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai aeooa?noaa i?ci? aanoice caeiathoue iaeia
c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue. Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny cia/iith
/anoioith oe??? iaoieia?? (13-15%) ? oyaeeeie oneeaaeiaiiyie, ye?
iiaeooue ?icaeiooeny o aaa?oieo i?e ianai?/ani?e ae?aaiinoeoe? oa
iaaaeaeaaoii canoiniaaiiio e?eoaaii? (A.E.Noaiaie?anueea, 1994; E.N.
Neaei?iaa, 1996).

I?e/eie aeieeiaiiy i?ciueiai aanoico aei oaia??oiueiai /ano inoaoi/ii ia
c’yniaai?, iaeiae ca aeaieie a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e iiaeia
i?eionoeoe, ui iniiaio ?ieue o ?icaeoeo oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy
a?ae?a?athoue ii?ooaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue o no?ieao noaeei i?e
i?iieeiaii? aioeaai?a ieiaea /a?ac i?e?ieaiaee ieaoeaioe a e?iaiia?a
iaoa?? (E.A.Ai?ii?i c ni?aaao., 1988; A.I.Naaaeueaaa, 1998 ).

Oai??y ii?ooaiue a i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiio ?one? oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai
eiiieaeno i?e i?ci?o aanoicao i?aeoaa?aeaeaia /anii oa ?acoeueoaoaie
cai?iiiiiaaiiai aaaaoueia a/aieie e?eoaaiiy, yea iie?auo?
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?th (A.I.Aaioee?anueeee, 1994; A.O.Aaiaeee, 1994;
A.I.Aanaae?i, 1990; A.I.Caii?iaeai c ni?aaao., 1994). Ii?yae c oeei,
aeaye? aaoi?e na?aae i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o aanoic?a, a?aecia/athoue
aaaeeeao ?ieue niaaeeiaeo oaeoi??a ?, cie?aia, aaiaoe/ii? noeeueiino?
aei iaoieia??, ui aea/a?oueny. Iiiaeeiie? ioae?eaoe?? (A.Ae.Aa?aeuoaa,
1990; A.I.Ae?aiiee, A.I.Aeecee, 1990) i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oeth a?iioaco,
aea ia aeicaieythoue neeanoe oe?e?nii? oyae i?i aeaio i?iaeaio.

Ieoaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee aoaeue-yei? iaoieia??, ? iniaeeai
aeooa?nueei?, iaaecae/aeii aeooaeuei?, aiane?aeie iiaeeeaino? aeieeiaiiy
na?eicieo oneeaaeiaiue, iia’ycaieo c aaa?oiith ? iiaiia?iaeaeaiei
(A.O.Ieoaeeaiei, I.A.AEo/aiei, 1989).

Iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy aeicaieythoue ooi/ithaaoe ae?aaiic ?
i?iaiic, a?aoiaoth/e aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?iiae? iaei cia/oueo iciae ? c
iaaenieith a??ia?aei?noth (A.E.A?euaiei, 1994). Oiio i?iaiicoaaiiy a
eiiieaen? c aeei?enoaiiyi eiinoaooth/eo (niiaoioei, iniaeeaino? aoaeiae
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, ai?iiiaeuei? oa a?io?i?/i? ia?aiao?e) ?
i?iaiinoe/ieo (aaiaoe/i? ia?ea?e e?ia?) iciae ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiei ?
iaiao?aeiei o iianyeaeaii?e ?iaio? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a.

O ca’yceo c oeei, a iiia?aaeaeaii? i?ci?o aanoic?a oa e?eoaaii? ?o ia
?aii?o aoaiao a?eueo?noue aaoi??a aeae?eythoue aeaa iniiaieo iiiaioe:
aea/aiiy a?oi aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oe??? iaoieia?? oa nai?/ania
i?io?eaeoe/ia e?eoaaiiy aaa?oieo a?oi aenieiai ?eceeo (E.A.Aeeaeaiei,
1987; I.*.Aaoeaeiaa, 1990; A.A.Ianaiei, 1996). Oe? aaaeeea? iieiaeaiiy
iaie a?aoiaai? i?e i?iaiicoaaii? oa aeeiiaii? ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
A ianooiia ?o oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aoiaoaaei oaeiae oa, ui,
iiaeeeai, iniiaiith iaoiao?ieia?/iith i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o
aanoic?a (iniaeeai iaa?yeiai-iao?ioe/ieo oi?i), ? aooi?ioii? i?ioeane oa
ii?ooaiiy ia ??ai? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a nenoai?
iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae (I.A.AEo/aiei, 1989; E.N. Neaei?iaa, 1996).

Iniiaiee iai?yiie iaoi? ?iaioe aaco?oueny ia oya? aaaaoueio no/anieo
aaoi??a i?i oa, ui aieiaiith ciiith o?aaeaiiy ? noaeeiii-o?iiaioeeoa?ia
? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia eaiea ieaoeaioe, ie?ie, ia/?iee, iiceo. Oiio
a?eueo?noue aaoi??a (A.I.Aaioeeianeee, 1984; I.A.?aieia, 1988;
A.E.Noaiaie?anueea, 1994) ?aaeyoue i?ecia/aoe i?e e?eoaaii? i?ci?o
aanoic?a aioeaa?aaaioi? oa niaciie?oe/i? i?aia?aoe. Ii?yae c oeei,
na?aae aioeaa?aaaio?a, ye? iae/ano?oa canoiniaothoue o no/ani?e
aeooa?nuee?e i?aeoeoe?, aeei?enoiao?oueny eo?aio?e, yeee a?aeiinii
i?ioeiieacaiee, oa o?aioae, yeee i?ioeiieacaiee i?e aaa?oiino?. Oiio
iiooe iiaeo i?aia?ao?a, ye? aeicaieyoue iaiaaeeoe aeei?enoaiiy
aeuaia?a?aoiaaieo e?e?a, ? aeooaeueiei.

O ca’yceo c oeei, aacoth/enue ia no/anieo aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e ?
?acoeueoaoao aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ie aeaui ci?noeee aeoeaioe a
i?io?eaeoeoe? ?icaeoeo i?ci?o aanoic?a o aa-a?oieo, a naia canoiniaoaaee
nenoaiio aiceiioa?ai?th, aeoiaey/e c iniiaieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo i?e/ei
aeieeiaiiy oe??? iaoieia??.

Ioaea, iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy
ieoaiue, ye? noinothoueny aaiaoe/ii? noeeueiinou aei aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o
aanoic?a, niaaeeiaeo iniaeeainoae aoaeiae i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea,
aeaieo ai?iiiaeueiiai oa a?io?i?/iiai noaoono aaa?oieo, aeyaeaiiy
no/anieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa i?iaaaeaiiy nai?/anii? ei?aeoe?? ci?i, ye?
iia’ycai? c aeaiith iaoieia??th, ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueieie.

C’aycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa: “Ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee
i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeee, e?eoaaiiy aeayeeo aeae?a aeooa?nueei? ?
a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? aiane?aeie ae?? oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ? ae?iaieoeoaa”, 1996-2000 IAe? A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa. Oeo? oaie:
616-099:616,621-08:547.23. ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 196U 04907, ea??aiee oaie
– caa. eaoaae?e, i?ioani? A.O.Iaci?/oe.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

Cieaeaiiy iaoa?einueei?, ia?eiaoaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? oa
ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? i?e i?ci?o aanoicao ia i?aenoaa? ?ic?iaee
eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy i?ci?o
aanoic?a ia iniia? iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy nenoaie iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae oa
noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe /anoioo i?ci?o aanoic?a a no/anieo oiiaao.

2. Aea/eoe oaeoi?e ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o aanoic?a o aaa?oieo,
iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa no?oeoo?o oneeaaeiaiue, ye?
iathoue i?noea i?e aeai?e iaoieia??.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? niiaoioeio ca O?o-Ea?oa?ii o ae?iie c oe??th
iaoieia??th.

4. Aecia/eoe iieacieee ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono aaa?oieo aeine?aeaeoaaieo
a?oi c aeeth/aiiyi aecia/aiiy ??aiy i?iaanoa?iio, ano?aae?ieo, ano??ieo,
ei?oecieo, ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio, i?ieaeoeio, o??aio?ii?io,
o?eeiaeo??ii?io, o??ien?io.

5. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo aioeaai?a e?ia? ca nenoaiaie
AAI, IN, ?, Rh ? aaioiaeia?iii ne?iaaoee o aaa?oieo c i?ci?ie aanoicaie.

6. Aecia/eoe /anoioo oa aieea aiaei- ? aeciaai?? ia aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o
aanoic?a o ae?iie.

7. Aeyaeoe ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae aeuacaaaeaieie iieacieeaie i?e
cacia/ai?e iaoieia?? c iiaeaeueoei iiaoaeoaaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?.

8. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy iaoieia??, ui aea/a?oueny.

9. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy c
canoinoaaiiyi nenoaiieo aiceiieo i?aia?ao?a o ae?iie c oaeoi?aie ?eceeo
aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o aanoic?a.

10. Ai?iaaaeeoe cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa aea/ai? iniaeeaino? niiaoioeio ae?iie c ??cieie nooiaiyie
oyaeeino? i?ci?o aanoic?a ca iiaeeo?eiaaiith iaoiaeeeith O?o-Ea?oa?a,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ciaioaiiyi L-eiiiiiaioo (e?noeiaiai) ? c?inoaiiyi
F-eiiiiiaioo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia /anoioa cono??/? anioe?aoe?e
a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo aioeaai?a e?ia? ca 5 nenoaiaie o aaa?oieo c i?ci?ie
aanoicaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth: 0(I) IN ?(+) Rh(+) I? 2-1; 0(I)
IN ?(+) Rh(+) I? 2-2; 0(I) I ?(+) Rh(+) I? 2-2.

Aia?oa aeiaaaeaii, ui na?aae ae?iie c i?ci?ie aanoicaie /ano?oa
cono??/athoueny aiaeiaaii? oethae, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aaaiiee aianie
niaaeeiaino? o ?icaeoie oe??? iaoieia??.

Aia?oa a eiiieaen? ioe?iaii eiinoeoooe?th aaa?oieo ae?iie c i?ci?ie
aanoicaie c o?aooaaiiyi niiaoioeio, iniaeeainoae i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ai?iiiaeueiiai i?io?eth, a?io?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a, aaiaoe/ieo ia?ea??a (niieo/aiiy a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo aioeaai?a
e?ia?, aieeao aiaei- oa aeciaai??) ? ia iniia? oeueiai i?iaaaeaii
?iaeea?aeoaeueia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieeiaiiy
i?ci?o aanoic?a.

Aeiiiaiaii aaaaoieaioethaiaee iaoiaaiac i?ciueiai aanoico aieeaii
aaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?e?ia?o?oaeoii?eo ? ai?iiiaeueiee i?io?eue
aaa?oieo oa ooieoe?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice ia noai ?aieia?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue i?ecia/aiiy i?i-o?eaeoe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi nenoaiii? aiceiioa?ai?? aeey ei?aeoe??
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ieo oa ?aieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue o aaa?oieo c i?ci?ie
aanoicaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa, a?eueo aoaeoeaia iaoiaeeea ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ci?o aanoic?a, yea
a?aoiao? aeai? niiaoioeio aaa?oii?, niieo/aiiy a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo aioeaai?a
e?ia?, ai?iiiaeuei? iieacieee, noai i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea,
iieacieee aiaei- oa aeciaai??.

?acoeueoaoe ai?iiiaeueieo iieaciee?a (i?iaanoa?iio, ano?aae?ieo,
ano??ieo, ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio, i?ieaeoeio, ei?oecieo, o??aio?iiiiai
ai?iiio, O3 oa O4) o aeeiai?oe? o?c?ieia?/iiai ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? oa o
ae?iie c i?ci?ie aanoicaie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye aeiiii?aei? a
ae?aaiinoeoe? , aecia/aii? nooiaiy oyaeeino? oa i?iaiicoaaii? oe???
iaoieia??.

Aeei?enoaiiy eii’theoeaaeueii? a?ii?e?ineii?? aeey i?eaeeoo?aiai
aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca noaiii i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ?
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? e?ia? o aaa?oieo c i?ci?ie aanoicaie aeicaiey?
ioe?ithaaoe nooi?iue oyaeeino? i?ciueiai aanoico, aoaeoeai?noue
i?ecia/aiiai e?eoaaiiy oa aeioe?euei?noue i?ieiiaoaaiiy (/e ia?a?eaaiiy)
aaa?oiino?.

?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiee a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo iiaee aoaeoeaiee iaoiae
i?io?eaeoe/iiai eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi nenoaiii?
aiceiioa?ai?? o aaa?oieo a?oi i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo aeicaiey? caiia?aoe
aeieeiaiith oa i?ia?anoaaiith i?ciueiai aanoico oa eiai oneeaaeiaiue ca
?aooiie ii?iae?caoe?? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? oa ?aieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Io?eiai? aeai? ? ?acoeueoaoii naiino?eii? ?iaioe aeena?oaioa. Aaoi?ii
naiino?eii i?iaiae?ciaaia iaoeiaa e?oa?aoo?a oa iaoaioia ?ioi?iaoe?y c
i?iaeaie i?ci?o aanoic?a o aaa?oieo.

?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeuei? i?ia?aie niinoa?aaeaiue, aei yeeo a?aeiineoueny
aieaoa c aeaoaeueiei aecia/aiiyi oaeoi??a ?eceeo i?ciueiai aanoico ?
niiaoioeiieia?/ia ea?oa. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy 381 aaa?oii?
c iiaeaeueoei ?iciiae?eii ?o ia a?oie, caeaaeii a?ae iayaiino? i?ciueiai
aanoico c canoinoaaiiyi ee?i?/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo oa ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeeiiaii niiaoioeiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iiaeaeueoei ia/eneaiiyi
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa iiaoaeoaaiiyi a?ao?e?a. Caaacia/aii aeeiiaiiy
ai?iiiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeeiiaia a?ii?e?ineii?y
aoeueaieii’thieoeae iea c iiaeaeueoei ?? oioia?aooaaiiyi oa
?ic?aooieaie. I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy aieeao aiaei- oa aeciaai?? o ae?iie oa
a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo aioeaai?a e?ia?.

Iniaenoi aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaienai? an? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai?
aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, caaacia/aia ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
iaaee/io i?aeoeeo oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i. A?iieoey, 1997,
1998); can?aeaiiyo Ee?anueeiai oa A?iieoeueeiai iaeanieo a?aeae?eaiue
Oe?a?inueei? anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a (1996, 1997, 1998); ia O
c’?cae? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana, 1996); ieaioiao
i?aae?iiy anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1997
oa i. ?aiaoi??y, 1998), ia II-o i?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c ?ioaa?aoeaii?
aio?iiieia?? o i. A?iieoe? (1998), ia neiiic?oi? c i?aeia?iaeiith
o/anoth “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia??” (i.A?iieoey, 1998).
Io?eiaii iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ? 98020808.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ai?iaiaaia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio?
iieiaiaeo aoaeeie?a ?1,2 i.A?iieoe?, A?iieoeuee?e iaeani?e ee?i?/i?e
e?ea?i? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa, oeaio?? iaoa?? oa aeeoeie i.A?iieoe? oa o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 oa ?2
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 24 ?iaioe.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 292 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeo iniiaieo iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, 7 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iieac/eeo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee ia?aoiao?
414 aeaea?ae, c yeeo 264 ?iicaiieo. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 48
oaaeeoeyie, 58 ?enoieaie ? a?ao?eaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue eiiieaenii a o?aoueiio o?eiano??
aaa?oiino? ianoaaeaii 381 aaa?oio, c yeeo 150 caei?iaeo ae?iie c
ii?iaeueiei ia?aa?aii aaa?oiino? (eiio?ieueia a?oia) ? 231 c ??cieie
nooiaiyie oyaeeino? i?ciueiai aanoico (iniiaia a?oia): ?c ieo 160 ae?iie
aoee c i?aaeeaiin??th eaaeiai nooiaiy – I-a?oia, 71 c i?aaeeaiin??th
na?aaeiueiai oa oyaeeiai nooiaiy – II a?oia.

O an?o ae?iie, ii?yae c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieie,
?ino?oiaioaeueieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaeyaeaie noi?aeieo
niaoe?ae?no?a (iaa?iiaoieia, oa?aiaao, ieoe?no), aeine?aeaeoaaee ai?no a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ano?aae?ieo, ano??ieo, i?iaanoa?iio, i?ieaeoeio,
ei?oecieo, ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio, o??aio?iiiiai ai?iiio,
o?e-eiaeo??ii?io, o??ien?io iaoiaeii ?aae?i?ioiiiai aiae?co c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaai??a ?aaeoea?a eaai?aoi??? o?i?? a?eeiaeo ai?iii?a
?inoeoooo a?ii?aai?/ii? o?i?? AI A?ea?on?.

Aecia/aee oaeiae ii/aoie, e?iaoeue oa /an cai?oaiiy e?ia?, aaiaoie?eo,
i?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen, /an ?aeaeueoeeo?eaoe?? ieacie, eiioeaio?aoe?th
o?a??iiaaio, e?euee?noue o?iiaioeeo?a, aa?aaaoe?th o?iiaioeeo?a,
o?a??iiaai A.

C iaoith aeae?eaiiy aiaei- ? aeciaaiieo a?oi aaa?oieo ei?enooaaeenue
iiaeaeeth, yea a?aoiaoaaea iioiaeaeaiiy i?aaee?a (A.A.Ieeeothe,
A.E.Oeeeiia, 1975). E??i oeueiai, aea/aeenue a?eo?ioeeoa?i? aioeaaie
e?ia? ca 5 nenoaiaie (AAI, ?acon oaeoi?, IN, ? ? aaioiaeia?i ne?iaaoee
e?ia?) c iiaeaeueoith ioe?ieith ?o iiaeeeaeo niieo/aiue.

Aeey aea/aiiy niiaoioeio aeei?enoiaoaaee iiaeeo?eiaaio iaoiaeeeo,
cai?iiiiiaaio A.O?o ? Ae. Ea?oa?ii (1969), yea aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe
iniaeeaino? noaoo?e ?iaeea?aeooio aeeth/ath/e aecia/aiiy o?ueio
eiiiiiaio?a neeaaeo o?ea ethaeeie (aiaei-, iaci- ? aeoiii?oiiai).

Aaiaoe/i? oa niiaoioeiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee
aiae?c i?iaiaeeeenue o iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio oeaio?? A?iieoeueeiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa (ea??aiee – ae.i.i., i?io. Eiaai
A.E.).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?inoaeei eii’thieoeae iea cae?enithaaee iaoiaeii
aoeueaii?e?iaia?ineii?? ca aeiiiiiaith oioiu?eeiii? eaiie UEO-56 a
i?ea?iaeuei?e iiaeeo?eaoe??. Ia?aiao?e i?e?inoaeei ?ic?aoiaoaaee ia
oioiiaaaoeaao.

Aeey e?euee?nii? ? ye?nii? ioe?iee cia/ouino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeoi??a
?eceeo, ee?i?/ieo aeaieo ? aaiaoe/ieo iciae oa ?o aca?iica’yceo i?e
i?ci?o aanoicao ? iiaeaeueoiai iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaee nenoaio iaoi?ioi?iaoeee (iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai) ca
?.A.Aoae??ii oa nenoaio aeenia?n?eiiai ? aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co.

O 49 ae?iie c oaeoi?aie ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o aanoic?a ? i?e
anoaiiaeai? ae?aaiico ??ciiai nooiaiy oyaeeino? oe??? iaoieia?? iaie
i?ecia/aeinue i?io?eaeoe/ia aai iaoiaaiaoe/ia e?eoaaiiy aiceiieie
i?aia?aoaie (aiaaiceiii). Ia?aeaeueii i?iaiaeeeinue niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
ae?ieaie a?oie ii??aiyiiy (30), aea ae?iee io?eioaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyoa
e?eoaaiiy (ca?aeii iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e IIC Oe?a?ie)
(a?iioaiceai?, naaeaoeai?, na/ia?ii? i?aia?aoe, i?aia?aoe, ye?
iie?auothoue ieiaeiai-ieaoeaioa?iee e?iaiia?a: eo?aio?e, anaioe?aea,
o?aioae, aoo?ee?i, aeooai?iiao eeneioo, a?oai?i A, A6).

Ioe?iea aaeaeaaoiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
i?iaiaeeeanue ca aeiiiiiaith ee?i?/iiai oa eaai?aoi?iiai iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aei ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy oa i?ney eo?no aeuacaaaeaiii?
oa?ai??.

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaea /eneiaeo aeaieo aeeiioaaee ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii’thoa?? “Pentium 233” ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oiiai i?ia?aiiiai
iaeaoo “Statistics 5,0” aeey Windows 95.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aiae?c 4800 ?noi??e iieia?a iieacaa, ui o caei?iaeo ae?iie /ano?oa
anueiai i?ci?e aanoic aeieeaa o oa?i?i? 33-37 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?, ui
a?aeiia?aea? aeaiei e?oa?aoo?e (A.A.Aa?ai/aiei, 1992; E.N.Neaei?iaa,
1996; A.E.Noaiaieianeay, 1996) ? noaiiaea 6,4-7,6% ca /an aeeiiaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. I?e aecia/aii? nooiaiy oyaeeino? i?ci?o aanoic?a
aaa?oieo oae? ee?i?/i? neiioiie, ye ??aaiue aei??thaaiiy AO ?
ae?aaeai?noue iaa?ye?a, ia caaaeaee aoee a??ia?aeieie ia a?aei?io a?ae
aaee/eie i?ioa?io???, ca ??aiai yei? ie a iniiaiiio ? anoaiiaethaaee
oyaee?noue iaoieia??.

I?e ii??aiyii? oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa iieaciee?a no?oeoo?e oneeaaeiaiue
aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a aaa?oieo iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi
anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?iee-neoaeaiaoe? a a?oi? c i?ci?ie aanoicaie
cono??/aeenue a 53,68% (i?ioe 40,0% a eiio?ieuei?e, ?0,05),
na?aaeiueith ioe?ieith ca oeaeith Aiaa? 6,4±0,4 aaee (?

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