?INOEOOO IAAe?AO??? AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

IssIUeEIANUeEEE NA?A?E EAII?AeIAE*

OAeE: 616-053.3/.6-036-084:362.121

I?IAIICOAAIIss ?IAeEA?AeOAEUeIIAI ?ECEEO ?ICAEOEO OAI?IA ? I?IO?EAEOEEA
II?OOAIUe NOAIO CAeI?IA(ss Ae?OAE A OIIAAO AeEOss*I? IIE?EE?I?EE

14.01.10 – IAAe?AO??ss

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oe??ye–Ieaeiee Ci?aneaaa Aioii?aia
caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith iaaeeei–nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai ioi?iie caei?ia’y
iaoa?? oa aeeoeie Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiae?ouoe Ae?na Iiaian?aia,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e iaae?ao???;

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaai?ia Aioii?ia Iaenei?aia,
Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo A?iiaaenueeiai Caei?ia(y, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c
iaoeiai? ?iaioe;

– /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ni?yi
?aai Naiaiiae/, Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aeeoy/eo oai?ia
iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oe?a?inueeee IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia(y ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a IIC Oe?a?ie (i. Oa?e?a).

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «__18__»___/a?aiy_______ 1999 ?ieo
i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.553.01 ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca
niaoe?aeueiinoyie “Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y” i?e ?inoeooo?
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_14___» _______05______1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Cia/ia iiai?oaiiy aeaiia?aoi/ii? neooaoei?, yaia
oaiaeaioeiy aei cieaeaiiy ?iaiy caei?ia’y iaiiaeyo oa aeioae iioeo
aieiaeo a?oi, iacaaeiaieueiee noai caei?ia’y no/anii? iiioeyoei? aeioae
caaino?eee i?iaeaio caa?aaeaiiy ?o caei?ia’y oa iaoiiaeee aeooaeueiinoue
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie c oeeo ieoaiue (I.O. Aic?aiia, 1996; I.I. Eoe’yiiaa,
1996; C.A. Oe??ye–Ieaeiee, 1996; A.E. Aiaianaiei, E.A. Iiiiaa, 1997;
I.A. Aieaea, 1997; ?.N. Ni?yi, 1997).

Aiaeic no/anieo iiaeoiaeia aei ioipiie caei?ia’y a ?icaeiaieo epa?iao
iieacaa, ui oniioe naioiai? iaaeeoeeie a aaeeeie iipi aecia/athoueny
iiaeie yeinieie iiaeoiaeaie aei i?ioieaeoeee, aeiaaiinoeee i eieoaaiiy,
yei caniiaaii ia oe?ieiio aeeipenoaiii eiii’thoa?ieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
nenoai, a oaeiae noaipaiii ?icaaeoaeaieo eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aae,
?aaiiiaeueieo, caaaeueiiaeapaeaaieo i iiaeiaoeiiiaeueieo aac iaaee/ieo
aeaieo i aac ciaiue aaeeei? ?iiinoi (A.A. Eia?einuee?e, 1993;
TH.?.Aaeueo?uaa, 1994; A.I. Iiiiia?aiei, I.TH. Iaei?ia, 1996;
Haggerty R., 1995). Iniaeeaa aeooaeueiinoue aeeipenoaiiy no/anieo
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieiaie a cia/iie ii?i iia’ycaia ci oaeaeeith oa
iioaineaiith ciiiith i?e?iaeieo oa nioe?aeueieo oiia, ia?aaoaeiaith
nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y, c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi aeaiaio?a n?iaeii? oa
no?aoiai? iaaeeoeeie, nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie, iaiao?aei?noth o?aooaaiiy
noeoiii? ae?? /eneaiieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa oaeoi??a caoenoo ia i?aai?ci
aeeoeie ? an??? n?i’? (A.A. Eia?einuee?e, 1993, A.E. Aiaianaiei,
E.A. Iiiiaa 1997). Ca?aeii c ?a?iiaenueeith eiioeaioe??th “Caei?ia’y
aeey on?o aei 2000 ?ieo” aea?aeaae ionyoue iaoe ae?yeuei? iaoai?cie,
iaiao?aei? aeey iii?oi?eiao, ioe?iee oa ai?ioueae c iaaacia/ieie aeey
caei?ia’y oaeoi?aie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua (AEaiaaa, 1986). Oea
aeicaieeoue ia o?eueee aeyaeyoe nai? caoai?thaaiiy, a e cina?aaeeoe
coneeey ia iiooeo ?eceeo caoai?thaaiue o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae,
caaacia/eoe “?iaeaia??th na?aaeiaeua”, ui aeicaieeoue caanoe aei
i?i?ioio ia?ao?ae noai?a ?eceeo o ee?i?/io iaoieia?th, iiia?aaeeoe
caoai?thaaiiy ia ??ai? on??? aeeoy/i? iiioeyoe?? (e?a?ie, ?aa?iio,
i?noa, ?aeiio), ia ??ai? n?i’? ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ??ai?, iaaeanoue
iiaeeea?noue ae?aaiinooaaoe ??aaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai caei?ia’y,
ao?o/aoeny ia aoai? cieaeaiiy eiai ??aiy, i?iaiicoaaoe noai iaoe??ioa ia
iaeaeeae/? ?iee (TH.?. Aaeueo?uaa, 1994; A.A. Aiaianaiei, E.A. Iiiiaa,
1997).

Ia i?aeoeoei eiea?–iaaeiao? ia ia? iiaeeeainoi a?aoiaoaaoe o noeoiiinoi
aaeeeo eieueeinoue oaeoi?ia: aiieiai/ieo, aoii/ieo,
nioeiaeueii–aiai?ii/ieo, nioeiaeueii–aeiiiii/ieo, aeieiai/ieo,
ineoieia?/ieo oa iioeo, yei iathoue aieea ia i?aaiici aeeoeie, ?
a?aeiia?aeii, i?aai?coaaoe nenoaio aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee
ca?aeii iniiaieo i?eioeei?a aaeaieia??. Oea coiiaeth? iaiaoiaeiinoue
noai?aiiy iaaeeei–oaoiieiai/ii? nenoaie iino?eiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ae?oae
oa ?o n?iae. Oaeoe/ii iiaa ia? eoe i?i aeeiai?/io aaaaoioaeoi?io ioe?ieo
aeci– oa aiaeiaaiieo aieea?a, c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioa?oa?aioe?? iiceoeaieo ?
iaaaoeaieo aieea?a a i?ioean? ae?? oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia i?aai?ci, yeee
oi?io?oueny e ?icaeaa?oueny, ui iiaeeeai o?eueee i?e i?aai?caoe??
eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao.

Aei inoaiiueiai /ano aea/aiiy oa ae?ioaiiy oeeo ieoaiue iineei
o?aaiaioa?iee oa?aeoa? /a?ac aiaenooiinoue ?aeeii? eiioeaiooaeueii?
iiaeaei oa aaeaeaaoieo aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii aeaio IAe? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo: (Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae noaiiaeaiiy ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo
aeeooy, ye? ia?iaeeeeny a?ae iaoa??a, ui ia?aianee iaoieia?/io
aaa?oi?noue oa iieiae, c iaoith noai?aiiy nenoaie aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? e?eoaaeueieo
caoiae?a( (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 79003040) ? (Iaaeeei-nai?oa?ia
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ii i?eioeeio n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01930009045).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio i?io?eaeoe/ii? oa i?aaaioeaii?
iaae?ao??? ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee nioe?aeueieo, i?e?iaeieo oa
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi o ?iaioo
iie?ee?i?e aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie, iaoiae?a
eiii(thoa?iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia oa iaoiae?a aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
ae?oueie c a?oi ?eceeo ca?aeii no/anieo iaoiae?a aaeaieia??.

Iniiaii caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe aaoiiaoeciaaio ?ioi?iaoe?eio nenoaio (A?N)
oa?eoi?iaeueii? aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee aeey iii?oi?eiao noaio caei?ia’y
aeioae oa iaaeaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, c o?aooaaiiyi iniiaieo oaeoi?ia
?eceeo, ye iiaeeeaiai iiaeoey iaoeiiiaeueii? iaaeeei-iioi?iaoeieii?
ia?aae?, yea a caaacia/oaaea iaeiie/aiiy ? caa??aaiiy o nai?o aacao
iniiaii? iaaee/ii?, i?aai?caoe?eii? ? nioe?aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii
ae?oae oa ?o n?iae, iaaeaii? iaaeeei–i?io?eaeoe/ii? aeiiiiiae,
aaoiiaoecoaaea i ia’?eoeaicoaaea io?eiaiiy iaaeeei-nioeiaeueii?
iioi?iaoei? c ia?aeiii? eaiee nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y aeioae.

I?iaanoe aiae?c ia i?aenoaa? aeiaaio?eaaeiai eiii(thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao
noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae, aecia/eoe i?ia?aei? eeane oai?ia oa ?o
iicieia?/io no?oeoo?o o aeaio aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?eao, aecia/eoe
iioe?ai?noue caoai?thaaiue na?aae ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

Ca aeaieie A?N i?iaanoe aiae?c iayaiino? oaeoi??a ?eceeo o caei?iaeo
ae?oae ? a a?oiao c ?iciiiai?oieie eeanaie oai?ia, aecia/eoe
iioe?ai?noue ie?aieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo a a?oiao ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie
oai?ia.

?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiiieaenii? aei? oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ia
caei?ia’y aeioae aeey eiii’thoa?iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio ?o caei?ia’y i
aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue.

Canoinoaaoe aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?eceeo ?iia??iiai
?icaeoeo oai?ia aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaeaiiy oaeoeee iiaeaeueoi? i?io?eaeoeee caoai?thaaiue, c iiiaioo
iinooieaiiy ae?oae i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiy aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee.

Aaeaiooaaoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe i?ioieaeoe/ii-icaei?ia/? eiiieaene aeey ae?oae
a?oi ?eceeo aeey canoinoaaiiy a aeiiaoiio oiiaao, iiae niinoa?aaeaiiyi
aeieueie/iiai iaaeiao?a aai niiaeiiai eiea?y, ye? a aacoaaeeny ia
iniiaieo i?eioeeiao aaeaieia??.

Oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ae?oae ia i?aenoaa?
no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oeyoii aecia/aiiy eiiieaenii? aei?
oaeoi?ia ?eceeo oa oaeoi??a caoenoo, aaee/eie ?iia??iino? ?eceeo
?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue, canoinoaaiiy no/anieo i?eioeei?a aaeaieia??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia
aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie oa ?o n?i(yie, c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ui aeicaieeei aecia/eoe no/ani? oaiaeaioe??
oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia(y ae?oae.

Aia?oa io?eiai? eiiieaeni? aeai?, ye? aecia/athoue ??aaiue caa?ice
caei?ia(th cia/ieo eiioeiaaio?a ae?oae.

Aia?oa, ia iniia? ?iaioe aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai,
i?iaaaeaii aeiaaio?eaaea i?iniaeoeaia aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee noaio caei?ia’y
ae?oae Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie (ia iiaeae? i. Eueaiaa oa
i. *a?aiiia?aaea) ia aoai? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?.

Aia?oa, ia iniiai aeaieo, ui iaeiie/oaaeeny o aacao aeaieo A?N aeaio
aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e i?ioyaii 1993-1997 ?ie?a, aea/aia
?iciianthaeaeai?noue oaeoi??a ?eceeo na?aae caei?iaeo ? oai?eo ae?oae oa
?o n?iae, aecia/aia eiiieaenia aeiy iniiaieo oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ia
caei?ia’y aeioae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, aeeiai?ea ?o aieeao ia
?acenoaioi?noue ae?oae ? oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo eean?a oai?ia.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?y ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia ?acenoaioi?noue
ae?oae a i?ioean? ?o ?icaeoeo ? c?inoaiiy c aeinoia??i?noth o?eaa? aei
9-12 ?ie?a.

?ic?iaeaia i ai?iaaaeaeaia a ?iaioo aeeoy/eo iieieeiiie iiaeaeue
i?iaiicoaaiiy aaee/eie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
caoai?thaaiue ia i?aenoaa? aaaaoiaei??iiai ?iia??i?niiai iiaeaethaaiiy
aieeao 51 oaeoi?a, io?eiaieo ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai iiiioi?eiao,
yea iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny c /ano iinooieaiiy aeeoeie i?ae iaaeyae
aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee.

Aeiaaaeaia iaiao?aei?noue ?aaoey?ii? ia?aioe?iee ni?aa?aeiinii? ?ie? oa
aieeao ie?aieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa ?o noeoiiinoae ia oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia(y
ae?oae oa aaee/eio ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aae ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia cia/iee a?aenioie
neeaaeathoue ae?oe, ye? /anoi oai??thoue.

Noi?ioeueiaai? iia? iiaeoiaee aei aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
aeioueie a?oi ?eceeo ia iniia? oi?ioaaiiy a?oi c o?aooaaiiyi aaee/eie
iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue, ui ae?aoiao?oueny
ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo, ye? caa??aathoueny o aacao aeaieo A?N.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy aaeaioiaaieo
i?ioieaeoe/ii-icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a aeey ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee o ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue, ?o
i?ia?anoaaiiy ? o?iiicaoei? o aeioae a?oi ?eceeo, c iaaieinii ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ? n?iaeiee ??aaiue i?io?eaeoeee, ca?aeii iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aaeaieia??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?ia?aei? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy
oa aeena?oaoe?ei? aeniiaee aaeaioiaaii aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa
canoinoaaiiy a ?aaeueieo oiiaao i?aeoe/ii? eaiee ioi?iie caei?ia(y
ae?oae.

?ic?iaeaia i ai?iaaaeaeaia o ?iaioo aeeoy/eo iieieeiiie A?N (Eaaaiy(,
yea ia ia? aiaeiaia a Oe?a?i?, iiaea i?aoethaaoe a nenoaii no?aoiai? oa
n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie, caaacia/o? aeeoy/i iieieeiiiee no/aniith
oaoiieiai?th niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeioueie i oi?aaeiiiy
iaaeeei-oaoiieiai/ieie i?ioeanaie, ca?eueith? e?ea??a a?ae iaaei??ii?
(iaia?iai?( ?iaioe i iiaea aooe iiaeoeai caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
iioi?iaoeieii? ia?aae?. Nenoaia na?oeoieiaaia IIC Oe?a?ie ca ? 2 aiae
01.10.1993 ?.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? A?N caaacia/eei ia(?eoeaia a?aeoai?aiiy
neooaoe?? a iaaeao aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee, ae?eueieoe?, eiaeiiai e?ea?y,
aeeoy/i? onoaiiae, iaaieo eiioeiaaio?a ae?oae, ie?aii? aeeoeie c
o?aooaaiiyi noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae, no?oeoo?e caoai?thaaiino?,
nioe?aeueieo iniaeeainoae ?iaeei ? i?aai?caoe?? iie?ee?i?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?oae, ui aeicaieeei iia?aoeaii ?aaaoaaoe ia
??ciiiai?oi? ci?ie ? i?iaiaeeoe iaiao?aei? iaaeeei–i?aai?caoe?ei? ?
iaaeeei–nioe?aeuei? caoiaee, aecia/aoe i??i?eoaoe o ?iaio? e?ea??a
aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee.

Eiiieaenia ioe?iea ??ciiiai?oii? iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
iaeiie/oaaeanue a aacao aeaieo nenoaie, aeicaieeea canoinoaaoe no/ani?
iaoiaee aiae?co ? i?aeoe/ii ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noaio caei?ia’y aeeoeie oa ?iia??iino? ?icaeoeo
caoai?thaaiue ca aeiiiiiaith aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a
?eceeo, ii/eiath/e c ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino?.

Aecia/aiiy o ae?oae, ii/eiath/e c ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino?, aaee/eie
iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo aeicaieeei nai?/anii aeyaeoe ae?oae ?c
caa?icith oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo caoai?thaaiue, ii-iiaiio i?ae?eoe aei
oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo ? canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
i?ioieaeoe/ii-icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a aeey i?ioieaeoeee aeieeiaiiy
caoai?thaaiue i ?o o?iiicaoei?.

Canoinoaaiiy aeeiaii/iiai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iiaeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy
a?oi ?eceeo ia i?aenoaa? eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao ? aecia/aiiy
aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?o ?eceeo aeicaieeei cia/ii iiaeaeueoe
aoaeoeaiinoue aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy a aeeoy/eo iieieeiiieao,
ciaioeoe caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae a?oi ?eceeo, iiia?aaeeoe o?ii?caoe?th
caoai?thaaiue.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo niinoa?aaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaia
i?aaiicaoeieii-oaoiieiai/ia nenoaia iii?oi?eiao noaio caei?ia’y aeioae
?c canoinoaaiiyi eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieiaie.

Aeei?enoaiiy A?N o ?iaio? aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e aeicaieeei i?iaanoe aiae?c
iieaciee?a noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae oa iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino?
iie?ee?i?e c a?aooaaiiyi ae?oae, ye? caa?oathoueny aei e?ea??a
iie?ee?i?e, aea ia i?iaeeaathoue o ?aeii? ?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo 16 aeeoy/eo
iie?ee?i?e Euea?anueei?, Aieeinueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei?, Caea?iaonueei?
iaeanoae. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaiai/iiio i?ioeani ia iaaeiao?e/iiio, iaaee/iiio
oaeoeueoaoao oa a iioa?iaoo?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, a oaeiae aenaioeththoueny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioeiyo iaaeiao??a Caoiaeiiai ?aaiiio Oe?a?ie oa eiea??a
caaaeueii? iaaee/ii? ia?aaei Eueaianueei? iaeanoi. Ca iaoa??aeaie
aeena?oaoe?? aeaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno IIC Oe?a?ie «Eiii’thoa?ia
nenoaia oi?aaeiiiy aeeoy/ith iieieeiiieith (EAAAIss» (E., 1995),
io?eiaiee Na?oeo?eao IIC Oe?a?ie ca ? 2 a?ae 1 aeiaoiy 1993 ?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aecia/ea iaoo oa caaaeaiiy iaoeiai? ?iaioe,
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue, noi?ioaaa
a?oie ae?oae oa ?o n?iae, ui i?aeeyaaee aeine?aeaeaiith. ?ic?iaea
i?ea?iaeueio aeie-noaio A?N “Eaaaiy”, aecia/ea caaaeaiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe?
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a A?N ? iniiaieo aeai?eoi?a ?? ?iaioe, ?ic?iaea
c?acee ?a?no?aoe?eieo oa aiaoeaoi?ieo oaeii?a, oaeii?a aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy ? oaeii?a i?io?eaeoe/ieo uaieaiue aeey ?iaioe c A?N, 169
i?ea?iaeueieo oi?i io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, i?iaiaeea ?iaioe ii
ai?iaaaeaeaiith A?N oa ?? iiaea?i?caoe?? a iie?ee?i?eao (noai?aiiy
?a?no?aoe?eieo aac aeaieo, iaa/aiiy e?ea??a oa iia?aoi??a eiii(thoa??a,
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ieo nai?ia??a c iaaee/ieie i?aoe?aieeaie oa
ea??aieeaie iie?ee?i?e, ?ic?iaea a?aeiia?aeieo ?ino?oeoe?e aeey
iaaee/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a oa iia?aoi??a ca an?ia aniaeoaie ?iaioe A?N,
iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a io?eioaaiith ??ciiiai?oii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o aeaeyae?
a?aeiia?aeieo ca?o?a, i?iaaaeaiiy eaa?oaeueieo ? ??/ieo ?ia?o,
a?o?aaoe?y aeaieo, i/enoea aac aeaieo nenoaie), ?ic?iaea eiioeaiooaeuei?
iai?yiee iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ae?? oaeoi??a ?eceeo. A i?ioean?
?iaioe i?aai?coaaa oa ?ic?iaea i?ia?aie ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aea/aiiy
noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Aecia/ea ? ioe?iea
iniiai? oaeoi?e ?eceeo o ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie caoai?thaaiue ca
I?aeia?iaeiith eeaneo?eaoe??th oai?ia (IEO), ?o aieea ia ?acenoaioi?noue
aeeoeie o ??cieo a?eiaeo ia??iaeao. Aaeaiooaaa i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/?
eiiieaene aeey ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee caoai?thaaiue o
ae?oae c iaaieinii ia n?iaeiee oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ??aaiue
i?io?eaeoeee. Aecia/ea iniiai? i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?eii–oaoiieia?/iiai
iii?oi?eiao noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae c aeei?enoaiiyi eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e. Nenoaiaoe/ii i?iaiaeea aoaeeo ?iaioe e?ea??a aeeoy/eo
iie?ee?i?e oa ?iaioe A?N. I?ia?a aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aeaieo
noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee. Aeeeaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? ?aea?, a?iioace, iaoeia?
aeniiaee ? i?eioeeiia? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaai? aaoi?ii
naiino?eii. Aeiyoie neeaaea? eeoa aaeaioaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a aeey ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy
(aeey aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee i. *a?aiiia?aaea) oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iciianthaeaeaiinoi oai?ia o ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy oe???
iie?ee?i?ee, ye? cae?eniai? ni?eueii c ani??aioii I. Eiaaeuenueeei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aenaioeaii
oa iaaiai?aii ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo Eueaianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai iinoeoooo (Eueaia, 1992-1998), eiioa?aioeiyo Eueaianueeiai
oiaa?enoaa iaaeiao?ia (Eueaia, 1994-1998 ?.), I C’?caei iaaee/ieo
aaiaoeeia ONN? (Eueaia, 1988), I Ananithciiio c’?caei iioiieiaia (Ni/i,
1989), Ananithciie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? «Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy
i?ioieaeoeee iaiioaeoeieieo caoai?thaaiue» (Iineaa, 1990), iaoeiaie
eiioa?aioei? «Iaaeeoeeia i oa?iaoeiy — aeinyaiaiiy i ia?niaeoeae»
(Eueaia, 1990), ?anioaeieainueeiio ieaioii iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aeeoy/eo
eiea?ia Oe?a?ie «Iaaeeei-nioeiaeueii oa i?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe i?iaeaie
cieaeaiiy aeeoy/i? nia?oiinoi oa caoai?thaaiinoi aeioae» (Ee?a, 1991),
aenoaaoei-naiiia?i «Iioi?iaoeea i caei?ia’y — 92» (Ee?a, 1992),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Iaaee/ia aeiaaiinoeea. I?aaiicaoeiy oa
oi?aaeiiiy, iaoiaee i caniae, aeai?eoie i iaa/aiiy, oaoiieiai? i
eiii’thoa?ecaoeiy» (Eueaia, 1992), eiioa?aioei? «Oai?aoe/ii i eeiii/ii
ieoaiiy aeeoy/i? ea?aeiieiai?» (Oa?eia, 1993), XXXYI iiaenoieiaie
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioei? c o/anoth iieiaeeo a/aieo (Oa?iiiieue, 1993),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Eiii’thoa?ia oaoiiea i i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy a iaaeeoeeii» (Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1993), IX C’?caei
aeeoy/eo eiea?ia Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1993), aenoaaoei-naiiia?i
«Eiii’thoa?ii oaoiieiai?: canoinoaaiiy aei oaoii/ieo, eiia?oeieieo,
eaaeano?iaeo, aeaeaaie/eo oa iaa/aeueieo i?iaeai» (Eueaia, 1994), ia?oie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei? «Iaoeiiiaeueia no?aoiaa iaaee/ia
caaacia/aiiy Oe?a?ie» (Eueaia, 1995), ieaioii iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai
oiaa?enoaa aeeoy/eo eiea?ia (Ee?a-Oa?iiiieue, 1995), C’?caei iaaeiao?ia
Iieueui (Iieueua, Ethaeii, 1992).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaaeai? o 1 iiiia?ao??, 14
noaooyo o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 7 noaooyo o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, 4 aeaiiiiaaieo ?oeiienao, 10 iaoa??aeao ? oacao eiioa?aioe?e,
iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo a?ioo?ao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa (ianya 326 noi??iie i?eioa?iiai
oaenoo) neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, i`yoe ?icae?e?a
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (472
aeaea?aea: 313 oe?a?inueeith oa ?in?enueeith iiaaie, 159 – ?iicaiieie),
aeiaeaoeo c oaaeeoeyie ? c?aceaie oaeii?a aeey ?iaioe c A?N. ?iaioa
i?noeoue 22 oaaeeoe? ? 58 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Niinoa??aaeeny aeioe oa ?o n?i(? aeaio oa?eoi??aeueieo iieieeiiie: 10000
aeioae 1 iinueei? aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee iinoa Eueaiaa i 19000 aeioae
iinueei? aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee i. *a?aiiia?aaea Eueaianueei? iaeanoi, aea
aoee ai?iaaaeaeaii A?N «Eaaaiy» aeanii? ?ic?iaee. Niinoa?aaeaiiy o
i. Eueaiai i?iaiaeeeiny c 1992 ?. ? i?eieieeiny o /a?ai? 1995 ?., /a?ac
?ai?aaiicaoeith aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee; niinoa?aaeaiiy o iieieeiiioei i.
*a?aiiia?aaea i?iaiaeeoueny c 1993 ?. ii nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue. Aeey
aiaeico iaoa?iaeo ie aeei?enoiaoaaee aecia/aiiy caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
iieacieeia aeiyeueiinoi aeeoy/eo iieieeiiie ? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo,
aecia/aiiy ei?aeyoeieii? caeaaeiinoi iiae aeaeieueeiia yeinieie iciaeaie
ca aeiiiiiaith eiaoioei?ioa aca?iii? niieo/aiino? (iie?oi?e/iee iieaciee
ca’yceo). Iiaeaethaaiiy noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae i aecia/aiiy ?eceeo
?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae i?iaiaeeee ia i?aenoaa? aaaaoiaeii?ii?
iiiai?i?nii? iiaeae? ?iciiaeieo iciae o N–aeii?iiio i?inoi?i c /eneii
eii?aeeiao N=51. Iniaeea?noue ?iaioe c aacaie aeaieo A?N coiiaeea
iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy niaoeiaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai ia?iaee
iioi?iaoei?, yei aoee iaienaii ia iiaao i?ia?aioaaiiy Klipper–5.1 i
Fox–pro. Aeey noai?aiiy oaaeeoeue i aiaeoai?aiiy a?aoi/iiai cia?aaeaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eiii’thoa?ii nenoaie Graffer,
Surfer a oaeiae aeaeo?iiii oaaeeoei Exnel i iiaeeeainoi ?aaeaeoi?o
Microsoft Word. Aiaeic i?iaiaeeany ca aeiiiiiaith IBM–noiinieo
eiii’thoa?ia, yei iinoeee ?iai/i aace aeeoy/eo iieieeiiie i i?ia?aie
ia?iaee iioi?iaoei?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeey iii?oi?eiao ae?oae o iie?ee?i?oe? oa ioe?iee ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a
?? ?iaioe iaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia nenoaia «Eaaaiy» – aeey
niinoa?aaeaiiy aeioae o aeeoy/ie iieieeiiioei, yea iiaea aooe iiaeoeai
aea?aeaaii? ia?aae? (aeiii/a eiinoeueoaoeiy, iieiaiaee aoaeeiie, aeeoy/a
iieieeiiiea, aeipinea iieieeiiiea, noaoeiiiap) i caaacia/o? iii?oi?eia
aeeoeie oa ?? n?i’? aiae iiiaioo ieaioaaiiy aaaioiinoi aei ia?aaea/i
aeaieo o AIN aei?inei? iieieeiiiee, c iaeiie/aiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
?icaeoie, caoai?thaai?noue, i?ioieaeoe/ii oa eieoaaeueii caoiaee, ui
iaaeaaaeenue eiaeiie aeeoeii, c o?aooaaiiyi ?? aeieiai–aeaiia?aoi/ieo oa
nioeiaeueieo iniaeeainoae. A?N «Eaaaiy» a?aecia/a?oueny
oi?aa?naeuei?noth, oei, ui i?e caeaoiino? iaeiie/oaaoe o nai?o aacao
aeaieo cia/io e?euee?noue anaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aiia ia iiopaao?
aaeeei? eieueeinoi eiii’thoapia (aeinoaoiuei 2–3 eiii’thoape), ia
iiopaao? eapaeeiaeueii? iapaaoaeiae ieneaiiy eieapia, i?inoa oa iaaeieia
a piaioi, aeicaiey? eieapyi i nopoeoopai oipaaeiiiy aio/ei ? oaeaeei
iopeioaaoe ??ciiiai?oio iioipiaoeith, iiaea i?aoethaaoe ca aoaeue–yeeo
oiia aeiiiii/iiai picpaooieo, nopaoiai? iaaeeoeeie. Nenoaia ?aaeiciaaia
o na?aaeiaeui CLIPPER–5.01.

I?e aiaeici aeaiia?aoi/ii? neooaoei? aeaio iieieeiiie ie aecia/eee
ciaioaiiy ai?iaeiaae 1993–1996 ?ieia eieueeinoi iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?
aeioae aei ?ieo ia 11,4-17,3%, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e
(C.A. Oe??ye-Ieaeiee, 1996; I.A. Aieaea, 1997; ?.N. Ni?yi, 1997). ?ioa
oaiaeaioeiy, yea ia? ye iiceoeai?, oae ? iaaaoeai? ?ene, ? yeo ie
niinoa??aaee – ciaioaiiy eieueeinoi aeioae, ye? aiaeaiaeothoue
aeioeieueii onoaiiae (aeeoy/i naaei/ee). Oae ?o eieueeinoue ca oeae
i?iiiaeie /ano ciaioeeanue o Eueaiai a 2,4, o *a?aiiia?aaei – a 1,7
?ace.

I?e aiaeici no?oeoo?e caoai?thaaiue o iieieeiiieao, aea i?iaiaeeeeny
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie aecia/eee, ui caaaeueia no?oeoo?a oai?ia iaio
iie?ee?i?e ? iiae?aiith, i?ioa ieoiia aaaa ??cieo eean?a oai?ia
?icieoueny ye a /an?, oae ? ca oa?eoi?iaeueiith iciaeith (oaae. 1).
I?ia?aeieie caoai?thaaiiyie a iaio iie?ee?i?eao (ae?oe a?ae 0 aei 15
?ie?a) aeyaeeeny oai?iae i?aaiia aeeoaiiy (VIII eean ca IEO). Oae, o
eueaianueeee iieieeiiioei aiie neeaaeaee i?ioyaii 1993–1994 ?ieia 61,5 i
49,9% onio caoai?thaaiue. O iieieeiiioei *a?aiiia?aaea aiaenioie oeeo
oai?ia aoa iiae?aiei: o 1994 ?ioei – 61,3%, o 1995 – 62,6%, o 1996 –
60,7%. Ae?oaa iinoea a iaio iieieeiiieao caeiaee oai?iae ia?aiai?
nenoaie i i?aaiia /oooy (VI eean ca IEO): 16,8–19,4% i 14,9–14,3–10,9%
aiaeiiaiaeii. Oe? aeai? ni?aiaaeathoue c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e
(O.ss.*a?oie, A.I?ao, 1987; I.E. Ee?eeaiei, 1989; A.TH. Aeuea?oeueeee,
A.A. Ni?ie?i, N.A. Aiaiue?i, 1993), oi/a ?.Ae. Aeoa?inueea, O.ss. *a?oie
(1975), I.I. Aaeea?i (1990) ia ae?oaa iinoea a no?oeoo?i oai?ia
noaaeyoue iioaeoeieii i ia?aceoa?ii oai?iae.

Ieoiia aaaa ?ioeo eean?a oai?ia aoea aa??aaaeueiith a ??cieo
iie?ee?i?eao ? a ??ci? ?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy. sseui o eueaianueeie
iieieeiiioei a 1993–1994–o ?ieao ia o?aoueiio ?aiaiaiio iinoei
ciaoiaeeeeny iioaeoeieii i ia?aceoa?ii oai?iae: 5,5 i 10,7%
aiaeiiaiaeii, oi a /a?aiiia?aaenueeie iieieeiiioei i?ioyaii 1994–1996
?ieia o?ao? iinoea noieei caeiaee o?aaie i io?o?iiy: 6,8 – 6,4 – 7,9%, a
iioaeoeieii i ia?aceoa?ii oai?iae o 1994–1995 ?ieao aoee ia /aoaa?oiio –
3,2–3,0%, a 1996 ?ioe? ia 6 i?noe? – 2,8%. Ia /aoaa?oiio iinoei a
iieieeiiioei i.Eueaiaa o 1993 ?ioei aoee oai?iae aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie,
?iceaaee oa?/oaaiiy, ii?ooaiiy iaiiio ?a/iaei i iioiioaoo – 3,1%; ia
i’yoiio iinoei – oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy – 2,7%. O 1994 ?ioei ia
/aoaa?oiio iinoei o euea?anuee?e iie?ee?i?oe? aoee oai?iae i?aaiia
o?aaeaiiy – 3,9% ia i’yoiio – oai?iae oei?e i iiaeoei?ii? iniiae – 3,2%.
O iieieeiiioei *a?aiiia?aaea i’yoa iinoea oi?iaeiaae o?ueio ?ieia
caeiaee oai?iae oe??e i iiaeoei?ii? iniiae – 2,6–2,5–3,0%, oinoa –
oai?iae einoeiai–i’ycaai? nenoaie oa niieo/ii? oeaieie – 2,5–2,5–3,6% .
C?inoaiiy a oe?e iie?ee?i?oe? ieoiii? aaae XIII eeano oai?ia i?ioyaii
1996 ?ieo aeaaei ?o ia /aoaa?oa i?noea o no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiino?.
Iii??i? eieeaaiiy niinoa?iaaeeny i na?aae iioeo eean?a oai?ia, i?ioa
aiie, ye i?aaeei, aoee iacia/i?.

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a caoai?thaaiue ae?oae an?o a?eiaeo a?oi a iieieeiiieao
i.Eueaiaa oa i.*a?aiiia?aaea o 1993-1996 ??.

Nei?i/ai? iacae eean?a ? Eeane Oeo?e i.Euea?a, % i.*a?aiiia?aae, %

ie?aieo oai?ia IEO ca IEO 1993 1994 1994 1995 1996

?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? I 001-139 5,5 10,7 3,2 3,0 2,8

Iiaiooai?aiiy II 140-239 0,2 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,5

Aiaeie?eii?, iai?ii?, ?ioii? III 240-279 3,1 3,0 0,2 0,2 0,4

Oai?iae e?ia? IV 280-289 0,2 0,5 0,5 0,5 1,3

Ineo?/i? ?iceaaee V 290-319 1,0 0,2 1,4 1,6 1,5

Oa. ia?a. neno. ? i?a. /oooy VI 320-389 16,8 19,4 14,9 14,3 10,9

Oa. nenoaie e?iaiia?ao VII 390-459 1,5 1,0 0,3 0,3 0,3

Oa. i?aai?a aeeoaiiy VIII 460-519 61,5 49,9 61,3 62,6 60,7

Oa. i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy IX 520-579 2,7 3,9 2,2 2,1 2,8

Oa. na/inoaoaai? nenoaie X 580-629 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,5 2,6

Oa. oe??e ? i?aeoe. iniiae XII 680-709 2,3 3,2 2,6 2,5 3,0

Oa. e?noie ? niie. oeaieie XIII 710-739 0,8 1,4 2,5 2,5 3,6

A?iaeaeai? aiiiae?? XIV 740-759 0,3 0,4 1,2 1,2 0,4

Ie?ai? ia?eiaoaeuei? noaie XV 760-779 0,4 1,2 0,6 0,5 0,8

Ia oi/ii aecia/ai? noaie XVI 780-799 0,9 0,6 0,4 0,4 0,4

O?aaie, io?o?iiy XVII 800-999 1,6 2,9 6,8 6,4 7,9

Ii??aithth/e no?oeoo?o caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, ie
aecia/eee, ui i?ia?aeieie caoai?thaaiiyie o an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao ae?oae,
ye ? o iie?ee?i?oe? a oe?eiio, aoee oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy oa oai?iae
ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy. Ieoiia aaaa oai?ia i?aai?a aeeoaiiy
iii??ii eieeaaeany a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao ae?oae, caeaaeaea a?ae
oa?eoi??? ? ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy ?, a iniiaiiio, ci?ithaaeany a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? neooaoe??, c?inoath/e i?ae /an
ai?aeai?e ?ani??aoi?ieo ?ioaeoe?e. Ieoiia aaaa oai?ia ia?aiai? nenoaie ?
i?aai?a /oooy iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy c a?eii ae?oae, ui
a?eueo /?oei i?ine?aeeiao?oueny ca aeaieie iie?ee?i?ee i.Eueaiaa, ?
??cieeany ca oa?eoi???th ? ia??iaeii niinoa?aaeaiiy. O ae?oae ia?oeo
?ie?a aeeooy iniiaia e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue oeueiai eeano oai?ia
i?eiaaeaea ia caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy i/ae oa ioeoe, aiiiene/ii
o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie (OeIN) i aioeaoaeiiaoi?. O
noa?oeo ae?oae oa ae?oae oe?eueiiai a?eo nooo?ai ca?eueooaaeanue
e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue, iia(ycaieo c ii?ooaiiyie ?ao?aeoe??,
aeiiiaeaoe?? ? ?ioeie ?iceaaeaie ci?o.

I?aeoe/ii a on? a?eia? ia??iaee aeinoaoiuei nooo?aith aoea e?euee?noue
?ioaeoe?eieo oa ia?aceoa?ieo oai?ia. No?oeoo?a oeueiai eeano oai?ia
a?ae??ciyeany o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee. O ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy
a?eueoa o?aoeie caoai?thaaiue i?eiaaeaei ia ??ciiiai?oi? eeoeia?
?ioaeoe??, ye? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny i?iiinii. O noa?oeo ae?oae i?ia?aneaii
ca?eueooaaeanue e?euee?noue aeeoy/eo ?ioaeoe?e, a??oniiai aaiaoeoo,
no?aioieieiaeo ?ioaeoe?e, ?ioaeoe?eiiai iiiiioeeaico ? aaeuei?io?a.

A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie niinoa??aaee eieeaaiiy ieoiii? aaae ?ioeo
eean?a oai?ia ye a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao, oae ? ia ??cieo oa?eoi??yo
i?ioyaii ??cieo ia??iae?a niinoa?aaeaiiy. Neeaaea?oueny a?aaeaiiy, ui
aeeiai?/ia ci?ia oa?aeoa?enoee ioi/aiiy ae?oae aeeeeea? aeiaie? nooo?a?
ci?ie caaaeueii? no?oeoo?e oai?ia ? ie?aieo eean?a oai?ia ? aeiaaa?
iino?eiiai iii?oi?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Aeey ii?iaiyiiy iicieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e aeaio i?ia?aeieo eeania
caoai?thaaiue, o ?icieo iieieeiiieao, ie i?iaaee iaiaoiaeiee aiae?c ca
?acoeueoaoaie 1994 ?ieo. A oeieiio ea?oeia no?oeoo?e oai?ia i?aaiia
aeeoaiiy a aeaio ?icieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iieieeiiieao ? iiaeiaiith ca
iniiaieie caoai?thaaiiyie. Ia?aaaaeaee aino?i ?anii?aoi?ii ai?onii
iioaeoei? i ?o oneeaaeiaiiy. I?ioa i?e oaaaeiiio ?icaeyaei ie
canaiae/eee c?inoaiiy a 2 ?ace ieoiii? aaae aea?ai/ieo ?eiioia,
o?iii/ieo a?iioioia i a?iioiaeueii? anoie a /a?aiiia?aaenueeie
iieieeiiioei, ui iiaea naiae/eoe i?i aeieiai/ia iaaeaaiiieo//y oei??
oa?eoi???, ia yeie ?iciiuaia cia/ia eieueeinoue aoaeaaeiaoaieo oaoo oa
caaiae?a o?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee.

I?e aiaeici iioeo eeania oai?ia ie aecia/eee, a iniiaiiio, iiaeiaiinoue
ieoiii? aaae iicieiai/ieo iaeeieoeue a ?icieo iieieeiiieao, i?ioa i?e
aeaoaeueiiio aiaeici, iniaeeai a eiie?aoieo aieiaeo a?oiao, c’yaeyeeny
?icaiaeiinoi, ui i?eoaiaiii iieieeiiieai.

I?e aiaeici aaniethoii? eieueeinoi aeiaaeeia caoai?thaaiue, ui aoee
ca?a?no?iaaii o iieieeiiieao i?ioyaii eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo, i eieueeinoi
aeiaaeeia caiaeii iniiaieo eeania ca IEO ie caoaaaeeee, ui iaeaieueoi
eieeaaiiy eieueeinoi ca?a?no?iaaieo i?ioyaii eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo
aeiaaeeia oai?ia aiaeii/ai? na?aae o?ueio eeania: oai?iae i?aaiia
aeeoaiiy, oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie i i?aaiia /oooy (ia?aaaaeii ye
iane?aeie ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue), iioaeoeieii i ia?aceoa?ii
oai?iae. Oei oai?iae cia/iith ii?ith iaeaaeaoue aei oae caaieo
«a?aeiinii ea?iaaieo caoai?thaaiue», ia e?euee?noue yeeo iiaeia aieeaaoe
/a?ac aiaeiiaiaeii iaaeeei–i?aaiicaoeieii i iaaeeei–nioeiaeueii caoiaee.

Iii?oi?eia ae?oae o aeaio iie?ee?i?eao iaaeaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe
aaniethoio e?euee?noue ? iioe?ai?noue caoai?thaaiue a ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oiao ae?oae. I?e aiaeici iieacieea iioe?aiino? caoai?thaaiue /ioei
oieno?oueny oieueee iaeia caeiiiii?iinoue, ui iaea iinoea a iaio
iieieeiiieao a oni ?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy. Oea aenieee ?iaaiue iieacieea
i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy i ciaioaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiinoi oai?ia
i?ioyaii ae?oaiai ?ieo aeeooy aeioae. O iiaeaeueoiio iaeiicia/ia aieiaa
caeaaei?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiinoi oai?ia aoea aiaenooiy. A ?icii ?iee i a
?icieo iieieeiiieao aoee nai? iiee i iaaeiiiy ?iaiy oeueiai iieacieea o
ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aa?iio i?iaeeaaiiy.
Eiii’thoa?iee iii?oi?eia, ui oieno? i, aiaeiiaiaeii, eeaneoieo? eiaeai
eiioaeo aeeoeie i iaaee/ii? onoaiiae, caaacia/o? ia’?eoeaia aiaeoai?aiiy
neooaoei? a iaaeao iieieeiiiee, ie?aii? aeieueieoei, e?ea?y oiui. Aeaii,
ui io?eiothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith AIN, aeicaieythoue nai?/anii aecia/eoe
i?ia?aei? eeane caoai?thaaiue i ie?aii iicieiai/ii iaeeieoei na?aae
aeioae ??cieo aieiaeo ia?iiaeia, ioeiieoe ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue
??ciiiai?oieo caoai?thaaiue, a oiio /ene? aeieia?/ii caeaaeieo, a/anii
nei?aaoaaoe ?iaioo a?aeiia?aeieo iaaee/ieo oa oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo neoaea a
caeaaeiinoi aiae iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

A?aoiaoth/e /anoioo, aeooaeuei?noue i i?iaiinoe/io oeiiiinoue
?iciiiaiioieo caoai?thaaiue, aeey iiaeaeueoiai aiaeico c caaaeueii?
aea??ee o 19 000 ae?oae aoee aiaeia?aii a?oie ae?oae ?c caoai?thaaiiyie
a 9 eeanao oai?ia caiaeii c IEO (IX ia?aaeyaeo). Ie?aii ie aeaeieeee
a?oio aeioae, yei /anoi oai?iee (Ae*O). Eiio?ieai aoee aeioe, ui
aaaaeaeeny caei?iaeie (1–2 a?oia caei?ia’y) i ia iaee aeiaaeeia aino?eo
caoai?thaaiue i?ioyaii eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo (oaae. 2).

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia eiioeiaaioi aeioae aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee
i.*a?aiiia?aaea i?ioyaii 1994–1996 ?ieia. Eieueeinoue aeioae a a?oiao
aoea a?aei?iiith, ui ia?aaeon?i iia(ycaii c ??ciith ?iciianthaeaeaiinoth
ie?aieo caoai?thaaiue na?aae aeioae. A?oie oi?ioaaeeny oaeei /eiii, uia
aeeeth/eoe iiaeeea?noue ii?aeiaiiy aeae?eueeio caoai?thaaiue ??cieo
eean?a oai?ia o iaeiiai oai?iai. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? oeii/eeia i
aeia/ao a a?oiao aoei aac ?noioii? ??cieoe?. A?eiaee neeaae a?oi aoa
iiae?aiee.

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiaeie aeioae ca a?oiaie aeineiaeaeaiiy

Eean ca IEO Eiaee ae?aaiic?a ? a?oie E?euee?noue ae?oae

Eiio?ieue Caei?ia? 1 1546

I 001-009 2 85

II 140-239 3 106

III 240-270 4 58

IV 280-289 5 176

VI 380-389 6 1238

VIII 466, 480-486 7 2912

IX 520-579 8 599

X 580-599 9 346

XI 690-687 10 251

Ae*O

11 1500

I?e iiia?aaeiueiio aiaeici iayaieo oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ie ei?enooaaeeny ?o
aaeueieie ioeiieaie. Aieueo aeaoaeueiee aiaeic i?iaiaeeany ia iniiai
niaoeiaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai.

O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? caei?iaeo ae?oae ia?aaaaeia eieueeinoue iaoa?ia
(94%) aoee caei?iai, ?o aaaioiinoue ia?aaiaaea ii?iaeueii (91,8%),
iieiae i?ioiaeeee aac oneeaaeiaiue (90,9%), ui, iiaeeeai, coiiaeei
iecueeee aiaenioie iaoieiai/ieo noai?a i oai?ia o iaiiaeyo i?ney ?o
ia?iaeaeaiiy (8%). 84% iaoa?ia ciaoiaeeeeny a iioeiaeueiiio
aeioi?iaeiiio aioei, na?aaeiie aie iaoa?ia aoa 24,9±0,1 ?ie. O 7,6%
iaoa?ia ?aiioa aoee aeeeaeii aai aai?oe, 1,9% iaoa?ia iaee eiioaeo c?
oeiaeeeainoyie ia ?iaioi aei aaaioiinoi i 0,2% – iiae /an aaaioiinoi,
nioeiaeueii oaeoi?e ?eceeo aiaeii/aeeny a 6% iaoa?ia. Na?aae inoaiiio
ia?aaaaeaee iaeicaaacia/aii iaoa?i oa oaei, ui i?iaeeaaee a ao?oiaeeoeo.
Ani ?iaeeie aoee iiaieie, oieueee iaeeieoei aaeeaaee aeeiaieue /e
iaeeee. Na?aae aaoueeia iaee eiioaeo c? oeiaeeeainoyie ia ae?iaieoeoa?
3,5%, nioeiaeueii oaeoi?e ?eceeo ? iiaai? cae/ee – 30,4% (na?aae yeeo
88% i?eiaaeaei ia eo?iiiy i 11,5% ia noeeuei?noue aei aaeeaaiiy
aeeiaieth).

84,9% aeioae oei?? a?oie ia?iaeeeeny c aeiaaeeiith 50–53 ni ? 74,2% c
ianith a?ae 3000 aei 3700 a, ui o iiaeaeueoiio ie aaaaeaee iioeiaeueiei.
Ioeiieo ca oeaeith Aiaa? a 8–10 aaeia ia 5 oaeeei? aeeooy io?eiaee 93,5%
aeioae. Aieueoa iiae o?aoeia aeioae aoee i?eeeaaeaii aei a?oaeae o ia?oi
aeai aiaeeie iiney ia?iaeaeaiiy (33,6%), o oa?iii iiney 24 aiaeei
oieueee 5,6%. Na?aaeiie oa?iii ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aeioae a a?oiao –
11,21±0,31 aiaeeie. I?aeoe/ii ani aeioe (99,1%) iinooieee iiae iaaeyae
iieieeiiiee c nooith ioieiaith ?aieith, 98,4% ciaoiaeeeeny ia
i?e?iaeiiio aeaiaeiaoaaiii o ia?oee iinyoeue aeeooy, 92,4% caa??aaee
eiai i?ioyaii 2 oa 3 i?nyoe?a aeeooy.

Oaeei /eiii, iniiaia iana aeioae c aenieith ?acenoaioiinoth iaee
caei?iaeo aaoueeia, iaoneeaaeiaiee ia?aaia aaaioiinoi i iieiaia o
iaoa??a, ia?iaeeeeny c iioeiaeueieie iieacieeaie ?inoo oa iane oiea,
aoee i?eeeaaeaii aei a?oaeae o ia?oo aeiao, ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?e?iaeiiio
aeaiaeiaoaaiii, iaee ia?oo a?oio caei?ia’y iaiiaeyo. Iao? niinoa?aaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeoieo TH.?.Aaeueo?uaaa (1994), C.A.Oe??ye–Ieaeiee
(1996), ?.N. Ni?yia (1997), ui caei?iaa aeeoeia ia?iaeaeo?oueny o
caei?iaeo aaouee?a, i?e ii?iaeueiiio ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a.

Ca aecia/aieie ia?aiao?aie ie ii?iaiyee a?oie aeioae, ui oai?iee, c
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith caei?iaeo aeioae. A?eueo?noue iieaciee?a o an?o
a?oiao oai?eo ae?oae nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ca
a?aeii i?noey ie iaaiaeeii iniiai? ii??aiyeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaea?eueoi? a?oie ae?oae c aecia/aiei eeanii oai?ia ca IEO.

O nueii?e a?oi? (2912 aeioae, ye? ia?aoai?iee a?iioioii aai iiaaiiii?th)
o?aoeia iaoa?ia (31,8%) iaea ?iciiiaiioii niiaoe/i? caoai?thaaiiy, 34,8%
– oneeaaeiaiee ia?aaia aaaioiinoi, 35,4% – ii?ooaiiy ii?iaeueiiai
ia?aaiao iieiaia, aaeai/i /anoioa cono?i/aeeny iiia?aaeii aeeeaeii i
aai?oe, ?noioii /ano?oa oeiaeeeainoi ia ae?iaieoeoa? aei aaaioiinoi
(16,5%) i iiae /an aaaioiinoi (8,7%), nioeiaeueii oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?
oe?aeeea? cae/ee (23,0%). O aaoueeia a /ioe?e ?ace /anoioa cono?i/aeeny
oeiaeeeainoi ia ae?iaieoeoa? (16,4%), iaeaea eiaeai ae?oaee iaa
nioeiaeueii oaeoi?e ?eceeo aai oe?aeeea? cae/ee (47,1%).

I?e ?ao?iniaeoeaiiio aecia/aii? o 50,6% ae?oae oe??? a?oie aaea a
iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo aoee aeiaaiinoiaaii ??ciiiai?oi? iaoieiai/ii noaie
aai caoai?thaaiiy, 15,4% ae?oae i?e ia?iaeaeaii? iaee iaaeinoaoith ?
22,3% – iaaei??io iano, aeinoia??ii iaioeie aoee na?aaeii iieacieee
c?inoo – 51,38±0,05 ni (?<0,01) i iane o?ea – 3387,16± 10,22 a (?<0,01) iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, a??oith ioeiiea ca oeaeith Aiaa? – 7,18± 0,03 aaee (?<0,001), aeiaoei oa?i?i ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae iaoa?? – 37,91±0,42 aiae. (?<0,001). A ia?o? 2 aiaeeie c oe??? a?oie aei a?oaeae iaoa?? aoei i?eeeaaeaii anueiai 4,1% iaiiaeyo, a oa?i?i a?ae 2 aei 24 aiaeei – 43,2%, i?ney ia?oi? aeiae – 52,7%, ui, iiaeeeai, ? coiiaeei a?eueoo ieoiio aaao ae?oae ia ooo/iiio aeaiaeiaoaaii? ia ae?oaiio (26,8%) ? o?aoueiio (31,6%) i?nyoe? aeeooy. ?noioii a?eueoa ae?oae oe??? a?oie aeienoaaeeny c iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo c ae?oaith (49,8%) aai iaa?oue c o?aoueith (3,3%) a?oiith caei?ia'y, /anoioa cono?i/aeeny yaeua iioae?oo (10,3%). I?e aaeuei?e ioe?ioe? i?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie ?eceeo aenooiaee: ia?eiaoaeueii oaeoi?e i iayaiinoue caoai?thaaiue o ?aiiie iaiiaoaeueiee ia?iiae, cai?ci?ea i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae, ?aii?e ia?ao?ae ia ooo/ia aeaiaeiaoaaiiy, oe?aeeea? oiiae i?aoe? iaoa??a. ?io? a?oie oai?eo ae?oae c aecia/aieie eeanaie oai?ia oaae nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeenue ca nai?ie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie caei?iaeo ae?oae ?, ii ?yaeo ia?aiao??a, i?ae niaith. Io?eiaii iaie ?acoeueoaoe naiae/aoue, ui eiaeia a?oia aeioae, c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia, iaea nai? iniaeeainoi ii no?oeoo?? oaeoi?ia ?eceeo, ioe?ieoe noia?iee aieea yeeo canoiniaoth/e cae/aei? iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, aoei aeiaie? aaaeei. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ia?aaaaeaee ia?eiaoaeuei? oaeoi?e ?eceeo, a ?ioeo iinoiaoaeuei?, nioe?aeuei?. Ia?aianai? iao??(th i?ae /an aaa?oiino? caoai?thaaiiy ye oaeoi? ?eceeo o ae?oae ??cieo a?oi iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa nooo?ai a?aei?iiei. Iaeieae/? eiai iieacieee iaee i?noea o a?oi? caei?iaeo ae?oae (6,0%) ? a a?oiao ae?oae, oai?eo ia aea?iaoeoe (8,7%), caoai?thaaiiy na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a ? ie?ie (12,7%), oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (12,7%), aeia?iye?ni? iiaiooai?aiiy (17,0%), aino?? eeoeia? ?ioaeoe?? (18,8%). ?noioii a?eueo? iieacieee oeueiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo niinoa??aaeeny a a?oiao ae?oae, ye? iaee caoai?thaaiiy c IV, VI, VIII eean?a oai?ia, oa na?aae ae?oae ye? /anoi oai?iee (Ae*O), aea ieoiia aaaa oeueiai oaeoi?a eieeaaeany a iaaeao 32,3–38,4%. Oneeaaeiaiiy aaa?oiino? iae/ano?oa cono??/aeiny na?aae iaoa??a ae?oae c VI (42,7%), IV (42,1%), VIII (34,8%) eeanii oai?ia ? na?aae Ae*O (34,3%). Oneeaaeiaiiy iieia?a – a a?oii aeioae c VI (41,1%), IV (38,6%), I eeanii oai?ia (37,6%), i Ae*O (36,2%). I?aeoe/ii a onio a?oiao oai?eo aeioae, a ii?iaiyiii c eiio?ieai, ?ao?iniaeoeaii ie aecia/eee cia/iee aiaenioie aeioae, ui iaee iaoieia?th iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Iaeaieueoei aii aoa a a?oi? ae?oae c IY (59,1%), III (58,6%), IX (51,0%) ? YIII (50,6%) eeanii oai?ia ca IEO. A a?eueoino? a?oi o nooo?ai? eieueeinoi ae?oae niinoa??aaany aeenaa?iii?eiee aioo?eoiueioo?iaiee ?icaeoie, cieaeaiiy ioe?iee ca oeaeith Aiaa?. Iaoi aeineiaeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee iaaecae/aeio aaaeeeainoue ye ?aiiueiai, a ia?oi aeai aiaeeie, i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae, oae i iiaeaeueoiai i?e?iaeiiai aeaiaeiaoaaiiy a ia?oi iinyoei aeeooy, ui ni?aiaaea? c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e. Na?aae a?oi oai?eo aeioae oa?i?i ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae iaoa??, aecia/aiee ?ao?iniaeoeaii, aoa ?noioii a?eueoei, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? caei?iaeo ae?oae, aeinyaath/e iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue na?aae aeioae, ui iaee aea?ai/ii aea?iaoeoe. E??i oiai, yeui 98,4–92,4% caei?iaeo aeioae ciaoiaeeeeny a ia?oi o?e iinyoei ia i?e?iaeiiio aeaiaeiaoaaiii, oi aeioe c aea?ai/ieie aea?iaoeoaie o 61% ciaoiaeeeeny ia ?aiiueiio ooo/iiio aai ciioaiiio aeaiaeiaoaaiii. A ?ioeo a?oiao oai?eo ae?oae ie oaae caoaaaeeee no??iea ciaioaiiy ieoiii? aaae i?e?iaeiiai aiaeoaaiiy i?ioyaii 2 ? 3 i?nyoe?a aeeooy. Eaoaiianoe/iee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae ? ni?anoaaeaiiy eiai ?c oa?aeoa?ii aeaiaeiaoaaiiy a ia?o? i?nyoe? aeeooy cana?ae/ea aaaeeea?noue caa?aaeaiiy i?e?iaeiiai aeaiaeiaoaaiiy i iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo oeyoia iiaeieaiiy aiiiaaeaeoi?. sseui na?aae caei?iaeo ae?oae o ia??iae? iiaiia?iaeaeaiino? 1 a?oio caei?ia(y iaee 95,6%, oi a iioeo a?oiao oai?eo ae?oae – 46–70% iaiiaeyo. Iaeaieueoa aiaeoeeaiue aoei a a?oi? aeioae c !V, VIII, XII eeanii oai?ia i na?aae Ae*O. A onio a?oiao aeioae c aecia/aieie eeanaie oai?ia, ye? iiaeeyaaee aeineiaeaeaiith, ie caoaaaeeee cieaeaio ?acenoaioiinoue (yea aecia/aeanue e?euee?noth ca?a?no?iaaieo oai?ia i?ioyaii eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo) ? nooo?aee aiaenioie aeioae, yei /anoi oai?iee. A a?oiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o eieueeinoue eieeaaeany aiae 6,9% (III eean ca IEO), aei 31,6% (YII? eean ca IEO). A Oe?a?i?, ca aeaieie C.A.Oe??ye–Ieaeiee (1996), na?aae oeo, ooi aeeiio? aaaee? e aeiiii?aei? iaeaae?o?eiaai? ?iaioe, – 70% ae?iie; o 70% ?ia?oieoeue n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? 40% ae?iie ia i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao oa?aeoa? ?iaioe eaae?o?eo?oueny ye aaaeeee ? aeniaaeeeaee. Ia i?eeeaaei /a?aiiia?aaenueei? iieieeiiiee ie aecia/eee, ui a a?oii caei?iaeo aeioae oieueee 1,8% iaoa?ia iaee oeiaeeeainoi ia ae?iaieoeoa? aei aaaioiinoi, oiaei ye a a?oii aeioae c aeia?iye?nieie iiaiooai?aiiyie ?o eieueeinoue nyaaea 33,3%, a a?oii c aea?ai/ieie aea?iaoeoaie – 29,0%, a a?oii c aiaiiyie – 27,3%. Iiae /an aaaioiinoi aiaenioie iaoa?ia, ui iaee eiioaeo c? oeiaeeeainoyie ia ae?iaieoeoa?, ciaiooaaany, i?ioa caeeoaany iai?eionoeii aenieei. Oae, yeui na?aae a?oie caei?iaeo aeioae oaeeo iaoa?ia aoei anueiai 0,2%, oi na?aae iaoa?ia aeioae, ui oai?iee aeia?iye?nieie iiaiooai?aiiyie – 29%, aiaiiyie – 26,1%, aea?ai/ieie aea?iaoeoaie – 22,9%. A inoaii? ?iee, a ca'yceo c ianiaith coieieith ae?iaieoeoaa, eieueeinoue iaoa?ia, ye? iaee oeiaeeeainoi ia ae?iaieoeoa?, ciaioo?oueny, i?ioa caa?oa? oaaao no?iiea c?inoaiiy nioeiaeueieo oaeoi?ia ?eceeo oa oe?aeeeaeo cae/ie. Na?aae iaoa?ia caei?iaeo aeioae aiie cono??/aeeny oieueee o 0,2%, oiaei ye na?aae iaoa??a aeioae c I eeanii oai?ia ca IEO – o 58%, III – o 50%, IV – o 47,2%. ?o eieueeinoue aoea nooo?aith na?aae Ae*O i a iioeo a?oiao oai?eo ae?oae. I?e aiae?c? no?oeoo?e nioeiaeueieo oeiaeeeainoae a iaoa?ia ?icieo a?oi oai?eo aeioae ie aecia/eee, ui iae/ano?oa cono?i/athoueny iaeicaaacia/aii n?i(?. ?o aiaenioie a no?oeoo?? nioe?aeueieo ?ecee–oaeoi??a o a?oiao neeaaeaa aiae 16,7% aei 65%. I?iaeeaaiiy a ao?oiaeeoeo, ye oaeoi? nioe?aeueiiai ?eceeo, iaa ?icio ieoiio aaao na?aae iaoa?ia ?icieo a?oi oai?eo aeioae. Oae, ?o ieoiia aaaa na?aae nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo a a?oi? ae?oae c a?iioieaaaiaaeie caoai?thaaiiyie aoea 30,7%, a a?oi? ae?oae c caoai?thaaiiyie na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie – 22,5%. Eo?iiiy iaoa?ia oaae cono?i/a?oueny /anoi ye aaaiiee oaeoi? ?eceeo a ?icieo a?oiao oai?eo ae?oae. Ianooiiei oaeoi?ii nioeiaeueiiai ?eceeo aoee naiioii iaoa??. Iaeaieueoa ieoiia aaaa iaiiaii? n?i’? a no?oeoo?? nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo aoea na?aae aeioae c ? – 22,4%, VI – 18,7%, VIII eeanii oai?ia – 14,2% ? na?aae Ae*O. Aieea oe?aeeeainoae ia ae?iaieoeoa? o aaouee?a ia caei?ia’y ae?oae aea/aiee iaioa. A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aaoueee oai?eo aeioae aeiaiei /anoi i?aoethaaee a oiiaao oe?aeeeaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. sseui na?aae caei?iaeo aeioae aiaenioie aaoueeia, yei iaee oeiaeeeainoi ia ae?iaieoeoa?, aoa 4%, oi na?aae oai?eo aeioae – 16–27%. Iaeaieueoei aii aoa a a?oii aeioae c IY (27,3%), X (26,0%), III (25,9%) i II (21,7%) eeanii oai?ia ca IEO. A e?oa?aoo?? cono??/athoueny aeiaie? noia?a/eea? aeai? uiaei aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia caei?ia’y ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo ia??iae?a. Aieea oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ia ?acenoaioi?noue aeeoeie ie aecia/aee ia iniiai aeii?thaaiiy eiaoioei?ioa aca?iii? nii??aeiaiino? E (iieioi?e/iiai iieacieea ca'yceo) iiae oaeoi?aie ?eceeo i ?acenoaioiinoth aeeoeie ? io?eiaee aeai?, ye? aeaui a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae e?oa?aoo?ieo. Aaniethoii aeinoiai?iith aoea nii??aeiai?noue ?acenoaioiinoi aeioae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy i caoai?thaaiue o iaoa?i (E=0,260; ?<0,001), oneeaaeiaiue aaaioiinoi (E=0,219; ?<0,001), oneeaaeiaiue ia?aa?ao iieiaia (E=0,320; ?<0,001), iaoieiai/ieo noaiia i caoai?thaaiue o aeeoeie a iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo (E=0,233; ?<0,001). Oei aaee/eie i ?o aeinoiai?iinoue i?ia?aneaii ciaiooaaeeny, noaaaee iaei aeinoiai?ieie aai ia aeinoiai?ieie o aioei 9–10 ?ieia. ?ino ae?oae i?e ia?iaeaeaiii ia iaa aeinoiai?ii? nii??aeiaiino? c ?acenoaioiinoth o anio aieiaeo a?oiao. Aaaa aeioae iaea neaaeee, i?ioa oaae aeinoiai?iee ca'ycie c ?acenoaioiinoth o aeioae ia?oiai (E=0,105, ?<0,005) i ae?oaiai (E=0,091, ?<0,05) ?ieia aeeooy i iaaeinoiai?iee a iioi aieiai ia?iiaee. Aeinoiai?iee eiaoioei?io ca'yceo c ?acenoaioi?noth ie aecia/eee o aeioae ia?oiai ?ieo c aaee/eiith ioeiiee ca oeaeith Aiaa? (E=0,081, ?<0,05). Eiai aaee/eia i aeinoiai?iinoue iaeaea aaeai/i caieueooaaeeny i?ioyaii ae?oaiai (E=0,158, ?<0,001) i o?aoueiai ?ieo aeeooy (E=0,204, ?<0,001), ?icei ciaiooth/enue i noath/e iaaeinoiai?iei a iioi aieiai ia?iiaee aeioae. Iaea?eueo nooo?aee ca'ycie ie aecia/eee iiae ?acenoaioiinoth i /anii i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae. Ia ia?oiio ?ioei aeeooy E noaiiaea 0,387 (?<0,001), i?aeoe/ii ia ciiithth/enue i?ioyaii ae?oaiai (E=0,338; ?<0,001) i o?aoueiai (E=0,382; ?<0,001), iinooiiai ciaiooth/enue, aea caeeoath/enue aeinoiai?iei i?ioyaii ianooiieo aieiaeo ia?iiaeia. Aeaui iaioei aoa eiaoioei?io nii??aeiaiino? ?acenoaioiinoi c a?oiith caei?ia'y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Ia ia?oiio ?ioei aeeooy aii neeaaeaa 0,214 (?<0,001), ao?eioaaany ia noaaieueieo aaee/eiao i?ioyaii ae?oaiai (E=0,216; ?<0,001) i o?aoueiai ?ieia aeeooy (E=0,263; ?<0,001), noath/e o ianooiiiio iaaeinoiai?iei. Aeinoiai?ia nii??aeiai?noue aoea aecia/aia iiae ?acenoaioiinoth aeioae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy i iayaiinoth oeiaeeeainoae ia ae?iaieoeoa? aei ca/aooy (E=0,264; ?<0,001) oa iiae /an aaaioiinoi (E=0,246; ?<0,001) o iaoa?i i a iaio?e ii?i o aaoueea (E=0,142; ?<0,001). Oei iieacieee i?ia?aneaii ciaiooaaeeny a ianooiii aieiai ia?iiaee, aea caeeoaeeny aeinoiai?ieie. Cai?ioia ea?oeia niinoa?iaaeany iiae ?acenoaioiinoth i nioeiaeueieie oaeoi?aie ?eceeo. sseui ia ia?oiio ?ioei aeeooy eiaoioei?io nii??aeiaiino? aoa a iaaeao 0,131 (?<0,001) aeey iaoa?i i 0,135 (?<0,001) aeey aaoueea, oi a ianooiii ?iee aeeooy aeioae ie aecia/eee eiai iia?eueia c?inoaiiy o iaoa?i i aeiaiei noaei oeeo?e o aaoueea. Oaeei /eiii, aeeiai?ea aieeao eiaeiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo ia ?acenoaioi?noue aeeoeie iaea nai? iniaeeaino?. No/aniee ?icaeoie iioi?iaoeee aeicaiey? ae?iooaaoe ieoaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio caei?ia'y aeioae ia iniiai iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue (I.I.I?ioea?, A.I.Oaa?ia, A.A. Aeania, 1982; N.A.Aeaacyi, I.A.Caai?oeei, 1986; ?.A. Aoaea?, 1990; A.A. Eia?einueeee, 1993). Ca ?.A.Aoaea?ii (1990) i?aai?ci ethaeeie a?aeiinyoue aei aeoaea neeaaeieo, ?iia??i?nieo ca nai?th noooth nenoai, o yeeo a iniia? iioi?iaoeieii? eiioeaioei? iaoieiai? ye ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee i?i iaoieiai/ii i?ioeane iiaea eaaeaoe iiaeaeue N–aeii?iiai i?inoi?o. A iaoie ?iaioi aeei?enoiaoaaeany iiaeaeue i?inoi?o iciae c /eneii eii?aeeiao N=51. Eii?aeeiaoaie a oeueiio i?inoi?i aoee aeaii, io?eiaii c noaiaea?oii? aeiaiaeee i?i ia?iaeaeaiiy aeeoeie, iaaee/ii? aeieoiaioaoei? iieieeiiiee ? aeai? iii?oi?eiao c aac aeaieo A?N. Iaioa e?euee?noue iciae ia aeicaieyea aeinoaoiuei /ioei io?eiaoe i?inoi?iaee ?iciiaeie a?oi aeioae. Eiaeia aeeoeia, a oiio /enei iiaiia?iaeaeaia, iaea naie iaai? oaeoi?ia ?eceeo i oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany niaoeeoi/iei aaeoi?ii iaoei?ioa a i?inoi?i iciae. A yeinoi oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeii? oai?iae aai nii?iaeiaieo a?oi oai?ia ie aeei?enoiaoaaee na?aaeiie aaeoi? oai?iae, yeee c'?aeio? ii/aoie eii?aeeiao c oeaio?ii aaaeeinoi ?iciiaeieo oai?eo aeioae oei?? a?oie. Iai/ia oyaeaiiy i?i ?iciiae?e caei?iaeo ? oai?eo ??cieie caoai?thaaiiyie a i?inoi?? iciae aeaaaee i?iaeoe?? ?iciiae?eo a oeueiio i?inoi?? ae?oae ia ieiueio. Aeey e?auiai aiaeie?aieaiiy oai?ia aoee aea?ai? ieiueie, ye? i?ioiaeeee /a?ac oeaio?e aaaeeino? ?iciiaeieo iaeii? oai?iae i a?oie caei?iaeo, aai /a?ac aeai /e o?e a?oie oai?ia, ye? ie aeine?aeaeoaaee. A ?acoeueoaoi ie io?eiaee /ioeee i?inoi?iaee ?iciiaeie iiae caei?iaeie i a?oiaie oai?eo aeioae, ca aeiyoeii aeioae c iiaiooai?aiiyie. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea naiae/eoue i?i oa, ui a aaiaci inoaiiio caae?yi? oaeoi?e, ui ia a?aoiaoaaeeny a iaaaaeaiiio aiaeici. Ae?oe c oaeeie a?oiaie oai?ia ye caoai?thaaiiy na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie, caoai?thaaiiy oe??e caeiaee a i?inoi?? /?oei a?aeie?aieai? eieaeuei? oa?oioaaiiy (?en. 1, 2), ?io? i?inoi?iai aoee a?eueo iaaeeaeai? aei caei?iaeo ae?oae ? iaee aeineoue oeia?io oi?io i?e i?iaeoe?? ?o ia ieiueio. Oe? ae a?oie /?oei a?aeie?aiethaaeeny ia o?eueee a?ae caei?iaeo ae?oae, aea e a?ae ae?oae c ?ioeie a?oiaie oai?ia. Ae?oe c ?ioeie a?oiaie oai?ia a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia iaee /?oei? iaae? i?ae niaith ? a?ia?oia?e aaeoi??a iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei aca?iii?iieeiaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ia?aiao??a, ye? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aeine?aeaeaii?. *ei aieueoee iaai? oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ie a?aee i /ei aieueoa a ieo aoei a?aaeaoeie, oei e?aua ?icaeieyeeny a?oie caoai?thaaiue. Na?aae aeayeeo nii??aeiaieo a?oi caoai?thaaiue ie io?eiaee aeinoaoiuei /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei i?inoi?iaiai a?oioaaiiy oai?ia ca ie?aieie iicieia?/ieie iaeeieoeyie. A ?ioeo aeiaaeeao na?aae ae?oae c iaeiaeiaei ae?aaiicii ie a?aei?/aee i?inoi?ia? neoi/aiiy ae?oae, ui iaee nooo?ai cieaeaio ?acenoaioi?noue, oiaoi iaeaaeaee aei a?oie ae?oae, ui /anoi oai??thoue. Oea ua ?ac na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeae?eaiiy ae?oae, ye? /anoi oai??thoue, a ie?aio a?oio niinoa?aaeaiiy, iaa?oue i?e iayaiino? o ieo ?ioiai i?ia?aeiiai caoai?thaaiiy. ?en. 1. U?euei?noue ?iciiae?eo o?ueio a?oi oai?eo ae?oae: c caoai?thaaiiyie na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie (1), c caoai?thaaiiyie oe??e (2), c caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (3) a i?iaeoe?? ia ieiueio ?en. 2. E?i?? ??ai?a u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo o?ueio a?oi oai?eo ae?oae: c caoai?thaaiiyie na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie (1), c caoai?thaaiiyie oe??e (2), c caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (3) a i?iaeoe?? ia ieiueio I?inoi?iaee ?iciiae?e cia?aaeoth/eo oi/ie caei?iaeo ae?oae ? ae?oae c ??ciiiai?oieie eeanaie oai?ia, a oaeiae i?inoi?iaa a?aeie?aieaiiy cia?aaeoth/eo oi/ie ae?oae c oai?iaaie na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie ? oai?iaaie oe??e a?ae ?ioeo eean?a oai?ia na?ae/eoue i?i nooo?ao ??cieoeth ia?aiao??a, ui aecia/aee ?o i?inoi?iaa ?ici?uaiiy o 51-aei??iiio i?inoi??. Iayai?noue oaeeo a?aei?i ?iaeoue ia?niaeoeaiei aecia/aiiy i?inoi?iaeo eii?aeeiao cia?aaeoth/i? oi/ee aeeoeie (ca noiith 51 ia?aiao?o) aaea o ia??iae? iiaiia?iaeaeaiino? aai ?aiiueiio a?oe?. sseui cia?aaeoth/a oi/ea aeeoeie iiiaaea? o eii?aeeiaoe i?inoi?o c aenieith u?euei?noth oi/ie caei?iaeo ae?oae, oi eiia??ii oaea aeeoeia aoaea caei?iaith, yeui o ciio ia?aaaaeii? u?eueiino? cia?aaeoth/eo oi/ie oai?eo ae?oae – oai?ith. I?e iiiaaeaii? cia?aaeoth/i? oi/ee aeeoeie o eii?aeeiaoe 51-aei??iiai i?inoi?o c aenieith u?euei?noth oai?eo ae?oae c aecia/aiei eeanii oai?ia iiaeia i/?eoaaoe, ui aiia ia? ?ecee ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue naia oeueiai eeano oai?ia. sseui o iiaeaeueoiio, ca?eueooth/e ?ici??i?noue N-aei??iiai i?inoi?o, ie aeia’?iiny /?oeiai i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia, oi iiaeia aoaea ioe?ithaaoe ia o?eueee ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue acaaae?, aea e aecia/aoe iicieia?/io i?eiaeaaei?noue ?iia??iiai caoai?thaaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii uieueiinoi ?iciiaeieo caei?iaeo i oai?eo a i?inoi?i iciae a i?iaeoei? ia ieiueio aoea aecia/aia a?aieoey ia?aoiaeo, yea a aeieyioei aeinoaoiuei aeniei? uieueiinoi ye oai?eo, oae i caei?iaeo iaea aeaeyae aiia?ieiueie ?icii?iinoi N–1, ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii? aei aaeoi?a oai?iae. Ia iniiai 51 oaeoi?a ie io?eiaee iioaa?aeueiee oaeoi? ?eceeo (, ca aaee/eiith yeiai iiaeia aoei aecia/eoe ?iia??i?noue caoai?thaaiiy aeeoeie. Iiae /an aeineiaeaeaiue aecia/eeany caeiiiii?iinoue: /ei aieueoa aoea aaee/eia iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo, oei ?aiioa ii/eiaee oai?ioe aeioe. O noa?oeo aeioae c aenieei iioaa?aeueiei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo niinoa??aaeanue /?oea oaiaeaioeiy aei caoyaeiiai ia?aaiao caoai?thaaiiy, eiai o?iiicaoei?. Oea aeicaiey? c?iaeoe i?eiouaiiy, ui i?e ia?iaoei aieueoi? /enaeueiinoi oaeoi?ia iiaeia aoaea, c aeinoaoiii iaaeeaeaiiyi, i?iaiicoaaoe aie aeeoeie ia iiiaio ii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aia iioeaea a iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo neeaaeaea aei 5,5%. Aeey ia?aa??ee iaoeo ?ic?iaie ie a?ae?a?aee 3 a?oie iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae c aecia/aiei ?ioaa?aeueiei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ( ? i?ine?aeeoaaee ca ieie i?ioyaii 1995-1997 ?ie?a. A ia?o?e a?oi?, yea neeaaeaeany c 78 ae?oae, oaeoi? ( aoa a iaaeao 0,0377-0,5248, eiai na?aaei? cia/aiiy aoei 0,2773(0,0124, ui coiiaethaaei ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae a iaaeao 0,0030-0,4041 (na?aaei? cia/aiiy – 0,0818(0,0098). A ae?oa?e a?oi?, yea neeaaeaeany c 150 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae, aaee/eia ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo, aecia/aia i?e iinooieaii? a iie?ee?i?eo, aoea a iaaeao 0,6005–1,4885 (na?aaei? cia/aiiy – 1,0252(0,0195), ui coiiaethaaei iii??ii–aenieo ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae a iaaeao 0,5878–0,9999 (na?aaei? cia/aiiy – 0,9439(0,0071). A o?ao?e a?oi?, yea neeaaeaeany c 150 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae, aaee/eia ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo, aecia/aia i?e iinooieaii? a iie?ee?i?eo, aoea a iaaeao 1,5200–3,2695 (na?aaei? cia/aiiy – 1,9714(0,0283), ui coiiaethaaei aenieo ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae, yea aei??aithaaea 1,0000. Ca aeaieie A?N na?aae ae?oae ia?oi? a?oie i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy 74 aeeoeie (94,87%) ia iaee ca?a?no?iaaieo aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue. 4 ae?oae (5,13%) ia?aianee ii 1 aino?iio caoai?thaaiith. Na?aaeiy e?aoi?noue caoai?thaaiue ae?oae oe??? a?oie i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo neeaaeaea 0,051(0,025. Na?aae ae?oae ae?oai? a?oie ia oai??ee i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo niinoa?aaeaiiy 49 ae?oae (32,67%), ii 1 caoai?thaaiith iaee 48 ae?oae (32%), ii 2 caoai?thaaiiy – 21 aeeoeia (14%), ii 3 caoai?thaaiiy – 9 ae?oae (6,0%), ii 4 caoai?thaaiiy – 12 ae?oae (8%), ii 5 ? a?eueoa caoai?thaaiue – 10 ae?oae (6,67%). Na?aaeiy e?aoi?noue caoai?thaaiue ae?oae 2 a?oie i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo neeaaeaea 1,547(0,147, ui aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeinue (? < 0,001) a?ae aiaeia?/iiai iieacieea 1 a?oie. Na?aae ae?oae o?aouei? a?oie an? oai??ee i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo niinoa?aaeaiiy. Ii 1 caoai?thaaiith iaee 34 aeeoeie (22,67%), ii 2 caoai?thaaiiy – 32 aeeoeie (21,33%), ii 3 caoai?thaaiiy – 18 ae?oae (12,0%), ii 4 caoai?thaaiiy – 32 aeeoeie (21,33%), ii 5 ? a?eueoa caoai?thaaiue – 34 aeeoeie (22,68%). Na?aaeiy e?aoi?noue caoai?thaaiue ae?oae 3 a?oie i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo neeaaeaea 3,187(0,151, ui aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeinue (? < 0,001) a?ae aiaeia?/iiai iieacieea 1 oa 2 a?oie. Oe? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ee?i?/io aoaeoeai?noue aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ?iia??iino? ?icaeoeo oai?ia o ae?oae, ii/eiath/e c iiiaioo iinooieaiiy aeeoeie i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiy iie?ee?i?ee. I?ioyaii ae?oaiai ? o?aoueiai ?ieo niinoa?aaeaiiy ??cieoey i?ae e?euee?noth caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae a a?oiao ciaiooaaeanue, i?ioa caeeoaeanue aeinoia??iith o ii??aiyii? c 3 a?oiith. Na?aaei?e iieaciee a?oie caei?ia(y ae?oae a oeeo a?oiao aoa aeinoia??ii a?aei?iiei i?ioyaii o?ueio ?ie?a niinoa?aaeaiiy ? iaa ei?aeyoeaiee ca(ycie (r = 0,6424) c aaee/eiith ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia. Oeaio?aeueiith eaieith a i?aai?caoe?? on?o i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa iaaeeei–icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a ia? aooe aeeoy/a iie?ee?i?ea ? ?iaeeia (TH.?.Aaeueo?uaa, 1994; A.E.Aiaianaiei, E.A.Iiiiaa, 1997). Iao aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a, ye? canoiniaoaaeeny a aeiiaoiio oiiaao o aeioae a?oi ?eceeo, c iaoith ciaioaiiy ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue, iineeaiiy ae?? oaeoi??a caoenoo, cana?ae/ea ?o aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ia ?iaeeiiiio ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ??ai?. I?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/? eiiieaene aoee iienai? a a?ioo?ao, yei aaceiooiaii ?iciianthaeaeoaaeeny na?aae iaoa??a iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae ? ae?oae c aiaeiiaiaeieo a?oi ?eceeo. I?e ?o ?ic?iaoe? ie iaiaaaeeny yeiiiaa i?ino?oa ? aeinooii?oa aeeeanoe iaoa??ae; ni?inoeoe naiino?eia aeeiiaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a aeiiaoi?o oiiaao; iaeneiaeueii aeei?enoaoe i?e?iaei?, iaiaaeeeaiaioici? caniae i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy, iino?eii iaaieiooth/e ia iaiao?aeiino? nenoaiaoe/iiai e?ea?nueeiai eiio?ieth. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, aei 25–30% n?iae i?iyaeythoue iecueeo iaaee/io aeoeai?noue, ooeeythoueny a?ae nenoaiaoe/ieo iaeyae?a, c cai?ciaiiyi caa?oathoueny aei e?ea??a iie?ee?i?ee o aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiue ae?oae, ia aeeiiothoue an?o i?ecia/aiue e?ea??a, naiia?eueii i?eieiythoue e?eoaaiiy, ui nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae. I?aaaioeaia ? n?iaeia iaaeeoeeia, ui nie?a?oueny ia canaaee aaeaieia??, aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? iaaeeei–i?io?eaeoe/ii? aeiiiiiae, iaaee/ii? a?aiioiino? eiaeiiai /eaia n?i’?, oaeineiiaeaiiy ciaiue iniia ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee. Iniaeeai a?ae/ooia ianoa/a eiea oa aeia?aeeiaeo iaoa??ae?a c i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie, ye? aoee a i???ioiaai? ye ia e?ea??a, oae ? ia aaouee?a, i?aoe?aiee?a aeeoy/eo naaei/e?a oa oe?e. Iaoei caaaeaiiyi aoei aeiaeoeny, a iaaeao eiie?aoieo iie?ee?i?e, aeaeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a aeey ae?oae ? iaoa??a c a?oi ?eceeo, aaeaioiaaieo aei ?aaeueieo oiia iie?ee?i?ee ? i?e?inioe?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iaeeie. Oei ii?aaee aeaaaee iiaeeea?noue i?aoethaaoe iaae?ao?ai ia canaaeao aaeaieia??, aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia o?eueee ia e?eoaaii? aeeoeie, yea aaea caoai??ea, a e ia i?iaeaiao caei?iai? aeeoeie c ??ciei nooiaiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue, aaee/eia yeiai aecia/aeany o eiaeii? aeeoeie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii. Ii?aaee neeaaeaeeny c eiiieaeno aeey iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeioae c aenieei ?eceeii caoai?thaaiue, aeey aeioae c aino?eie caoai?thaaiiyie, o yeeo iayaiinoue aenieiai iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo naiae/eea i?i iiaeeeainoue o?iiicaoei? i?ioeano i aeey aeioae c aaea noi?iiaaiith o?iii/iith iaoieiai?th. Ie?aii ie aeaeieeee i?ioieaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/ee eiiieaen aeey aeioae, yei /anoi oai?iee. a?eueoa ca 1,1000, ui coiiaethaaei ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?ia a iaaeao 0,999-1,000 oiaoi aeicaieyei ?aooaaoe, ui a ieo ? cia/iee ?ecee ?icaeoeo oai?ia ? aiie iiaeooue neeanoe a?oio ae?oae, ye? /anoi oai??thoue. Ae?oe ia?oi? a?oie, c iaioith aaee/eiith oaeoi?a ?eceeo, ciaoiaeeeeny i?ae noaiaea?oiei niinoa?aaeaiiyi iie?ee?i?ee. Ae?oyi ae?oai? a?oie canoiniaoaaee caoiaee ia iniia? aaeaioiaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny a iie?ee?i?/ieo ? aeiiaoi?o oiiaao. I?e iiaeaeueoiio niinoa?aaeaii? ca ae?oueie aoee io?eiai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe. 0,0878. 0,0959; ?<0,001), i?ae a a?oi? ae?oae, yeei canoiniaoaaee noaiaea?oi? caoiaee iie?ee?i?/ii? aeeniaina?ecaoe?? (?en. 3). Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaie i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ii-icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ia 1 aeeoeio c a?oie ?eceeo ia ??e noaiiaeoue 215,4 a?eai?. O noa?oeo aeioae c aenieei iioaa?aeueiei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ?iaioa c aaoueeaie i aeioueie, ia iniiai ?ic?iaeaieo eiiieaenia, aeicaieeea a 1,4-1,7 ?ace ciaioeoe eieueeinoue aeiaaeeia caa?oaiue ca aino?eie caoai?thaaiiyie i ?noioii ciaioeoe eieueeinoue caa?oaiue aei eiea?ia ca aeiaaeeaie caaino?aiue o?iii/ieo oai?ia. A?eueo?noue aaoueeia aiaeiioeee iie?auaiiy naiiii/oooy aeioae, iineeaiiy aaeaioaoei? aei oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. ?en. 3. Ieoiia aaaa ae?oae c ??ciith e?euee?noth aino?eo caoai?thaaiue (i?ioyaii ?ieo) a a?oiao niinoa?aaeaiiy. 1 a?oia –– ae?oe c iii??iei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo oai?ia; 2 a?oia – ae?oe c aenieei ?iia??iei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo oai?ia, aeey yeeo canoiniaoaaeeny i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/? eiiieaene. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaia iaie A?N (Eaaaiy( aeiaaea naith aoaeoeai?noue o ?iaio? aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e, ui aeicaiey? cai?iiiioaaoe ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o yeino? iiaeoey iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ia?aae? Oe?a?ie. ?iaioa A?N caaacia/o? aoaeoeaiee iii?oi?eia ae?oae oa ?o n?iae ai?iaeiaae anueiai /ano niinoa?aaeaiiy ae?oae o aeeoy/?e iie?ee?i?oe?, c iaeiie/aiiyi an??? iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaieao aeaieo ? oi?ioaaiiyi “Ianii?oa caei?ia’y” aeeoeie. Aeeiai?/ia iaeiie/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? o aaieao aeaieo nenoaie aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ??ciiiai?oiee aiae?c, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue. Ca ?? aeiiiiiaith iiaeia aecia/aoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae oa ?o iie?ee?i?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?? aeicaiey? aea/eoe i?ia?aei? oaeoi?e ?eceeo, ioe?ieoe ?o aeeaae o oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae ?, ia iniia? aaaaoiaei??iiai ?iia??i?niiai iiaeaethaaiiy, i?iaiicoaaoe ?ecee aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae, ii/eiath/e c ?aiiueiai a?eo. Aecia/aiiy aaee/eie oaeoi?a ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue aeicaiey? ii iiaiio i?ae?eoe aei oi?ioaaiiy a?oi aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a. Canoinoaaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a o ae?oae a?oi ?eceeo, noi?iiaaieo ia i?aenoaa? eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao, aeicaiey? iiia?aaeeoe ?icaeoie caoai?thaaiue o nooo?ai? e?eueeino? ae?oae, cia/ii ciaioeoe eieueeinoue caa?oaiue aei eiea?ia ca aeiaaeeaie caaino?aiue o?iii/ieo oai?ia, iie?aueoe naiiii/oooy aeioae, iineeeoe aaeaioaoeith aei oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, iie?aueoe i?e?iee?iao o n?i’?, cai?iaaaeeoe aeaiaioe aaeaieia??, nioe?aeueii? iaae?ao???. AENIIAEE Canoinoaaiiy nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio caei?ia(y aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ??aaiue caa?ice caei?ia(th aaeeeeo eiioeiaaio?a ae?oae, aeae?eeoe iniiai? oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia, caiia?aoe aeieeiaiith caoai?thaaiue, ?o o?ii?caoe?? oa ?iaae?aeecaoe?? ae?oae. Aecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia o ae?oae ci?uo? i??i?eoaoe ?iaioe aeeoy/iai e?ea?y a iai?yieo i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie, ia iiceoe?? iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo oai?ia. Canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iieacieea o ?iaio? aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee, c ianooiiith ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith ?iaioith c ae?oueie oa ?o n?i(yie, ciaioo? aino?o caoai?thaai?noue na?aae ae?oae a?oi ?eceeo ia 20-25% oa cieaeo? /anoioo caaino?aiue o?ii?/ieo oai?ia ia 30%. Ca aeaieie aea??eiai? noeoiiino? ae?oae a?eii a?ae 0 aei 15 ?ie?a, yea ? ?ai?acaioaoeaiith aeey Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie, iaeiioe?ai?oeie ? oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy ? oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie oa i?aai?a /oooy, ye? caeiathoue a no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiino? ia?oa oa ae?oaa ?aiaiaa i?noea (49,9-62,6% ? 10,9-19,4% a?aeiia?aeii). Ieoiia aaaa ?ioeo eean?a oai?ia ? no?oeoo?a ie?aieo iicieia?/ieo oi?i iino?eii ci?ith?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae aca?iiae?? aaeeei? e?eueeino? oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua. Na?aae ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia iniaeeaa i?noea caeiathoue ae?oe, ye? /anoi oai??thoue. *anoioa ae?oae, ye? /anoi oai??thoue, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eeano oai?ia ca IEO eieeaa?oueny a?ae 6,9% (III eean ca IEO) aei 31,6% (YIII eean ca IEO) a?ae on?o oai?eo ae?oae. Aenieee ??aaiue iioe?aiino? caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy (2004–3297i/ii), aeniea /anoioa ia?iaeaeaiue iaiiaeyo ?c ??ciiiai?oiith iaoieia??th iaa?oioiao? iaiao?aei?noue cia/ii? aeoea?caoe?? i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e caaeiaai aei ia?iaeaeaiiy aeeoeie, iiooeo iiaeo oi?i caeo/aiiy ae?eueie/iiai iaae?ao?a /e n?iaeiiai e?ea?y aei ?iaioe o ae?ii/?e eiinoeueoaoe??. Ni?aa?aeiinia neea oaeoi??a, ye? ae?yee ia aeeoeio a aioaiaoaeueiiio, iio?aiaoaeueiiio oa iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iaeao ?? aeeooy, ci?ith?oueny c a?eii. Aieea ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia caoai?thaai?noue c a?eii ciaioo?oueny, aieea nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo c ia?inoaiiyi a?eo ae?oae i?ia?aneaii ca?eueoo?oueny. Na?aae ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia ?acenoaioi?noue ae?oae a i?ioean? ?o ?icaeoeo ? c?inoaiiy iaea?eueoee ? iaeo?eaae?oee aieea iathoue: /an ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aeeoeie aei a?oaeae iaoa?? (E=0,387; ?<0,001); oneeaaeiaiiy i?ae /an iieia?a (E=0,320; ? <0,001); caoai?thaaiiy iaoa?? (E=0,260; ? <0,001); oneeaaeiaiiy ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? (E=0,219; ? <0,001), aieea yeeo o?eaa? c aeinoia??i?noth aei 9-12 ?ie?a. Na?aae nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo iaea?eueoee aieea ia noai caei?ia‘y ae?oae iathoue: eiioaeo c? oe?aeeeainoyie ia ae?iaieoeoa? o iaoa?? aei ca/aooy oa i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, ??aaiue iaoa??aeueii? caaacia/aiino? ?iaeeie oa oe?aeeea? cae/ee aaouee?a. Eiia?iaoe?y oa e?euee?noue oaeoi??a ?eceeo ? a?aei?iiith ia o?eueee i?ae (caei?iaeie–oai?eie(, aea e i?ae a?oiaie ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia. Cia/ia /anoea ?ecee–oaeoi??a (a?e iaoa?? ia /an iieia?a, ?yae caoai?thaaiue iaoa??, aeaye? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a, /an ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aeeoeie aei a?oaeae iaoa?? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa? aeaiaeiaoaaiiy aeeoeie o ia?o? i?nyoe? ?? aeeooy, eiioaeo aaouee?a c? oe?aeeeainoyie ia ae?iaieoeoa?, oe?aeeea? cae/ee aaouee?a) iiaea aooe a?aeianaia aei ea?iaaieo aai a?aeiinii ea?iaaieo, aieea yeeo iiaeia ciaioeoe, a ?aae?caoe?th iiia?aaeeoe. Canoinoaaiiy aaaaoiaei??iiai ?iia??i?niiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniia? aecia/aieo ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao oaeoi??a ?eceeo aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe noai caei?ia(y ae?oae ? aecia/eoe aaee/eio ?iia??iiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue eiaeii? ie?aii? aeeoeie c iiiaioo acyooy ?? i?ae iaaeyae o aeeoy/?e iie?ee?i?oe?. Iieaciee aaee/eie ?iia??iiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia ? aaaeeeaei e?eoa???i o oi?ioaaii? a?oi aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. A?oio iii??iiai ?eceeo oi?iothoue ae?oe c iieacieeaie aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo a iaaeao 0,6005–1,4885, ui coiiaeth? ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae a iaaeao 0,5878–0,9999; a?oio aenieiai ?eceeo – ae?oe c iieacieeaie aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo a?eueoa ca 1,5200, ui coiiaeth? aenieo ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae, yea aei??aith? 1,0000. Aaoiiaoeciaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia nenoaia aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe i?e aiae?c? iieaciee?a ?iaioe iie?ee?i?ee ? oie ia‘?i iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, yeee iaaea?oueny ae?oyi, ui ia i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy (6–9% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a?aea?aeoaaiue) ? oeei ia‘?eoea?coaaoe aeo?aei? iieacieee aeey ?ic?iaee aaeaeaaoieo eiie?aoi?e neooaoe?? caoiae?a ii oaeineiiaeaiith ioi?iie caei?ia‘y ae?oae. Aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie caaacia/o? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeeii? nenoaie i?aaiicaoeieieo oa i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo caoiaeia aeey ae?oae c a?oi ?eceeo, i???ioo? iaae?ao??a ia n?iaeiee ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ??aaiue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, caaacia/o? aioiai?noue ?iaioe iie?ee?i?ee o nenoai? no?aoiai? ? n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie. I?AEOE*II ?AEIIAIAeAOeI? Aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia'y ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny: Canoinoaaiiy a aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?eao aaoiiaoeciaaii? iioi?iaoeieii? nenoaie "Eaaaiy", yea aeicaiey? caeienieoe aoaeoeaiee iii?oi?eia ae?oae an?o a?eiaeo a?oi, caaacia/o? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee iiaeoiae aei oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo, iioeiico? iaaeeei–i?ioieaeoe/io ?iaioo eiea?ia. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy AIN caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue ?iaioe iaaee/ieo onoaiia a oiiaao no?aoiai? ? n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie aai aeiiiii/ieo iaoiaeia ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Cae?enithaaoe aeeniaina?ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeioueie ca aeiiiiiaith eiii'thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao ia iniiai iioi?iaoei?, ui iaeiie/o?oueny a aacao aeaieo A?N. Ia i?aenoaa? ?ioi?iaoe?? A?N aeei?enoiaoaaoe aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo iaoiaeaie aaaaoiaei??iiai ?iia??i?niiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeey ioeiiee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?iia??iino? ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae c iiiaioo ?o iinooieaiiy i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiy aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee i, ia oe?e i?aenoaa?, oi?ioaaoe a?oie ?eceeo aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. Ca?aoiaoaaoe a a?oio iii??iiai ?eceeo i?e aaee/ei? ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo a iaaeao 0,6005–1,4885, ui coiiaeth? ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae a iaaeao 0,5878–0,9999, a a?oio aenieiai ?eceeo – i?e aaee/ei? ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo a?eueoa ca 1,5200, ui coiiaeth? aenieo ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo oai?iae, yea aei??aith? 1,0000. Iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? e?eoaaeueii–i?io?eaeoe/ii? aeiiiiiae ae?oyi aeoeaii canoiniaoaaoe i?eioeeie n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie: eiio?ieue ca noaiii ?icaeoeo aeeoeie ? ia?aa?aii aaa?oiino? c iiiaioo ieaioaaiiy aaa?oiino?, iaeneiaeueio i?ina?oith ?iaioo c n?i(?th, eiio?ieue ia?aa?ao iieia?a, /ano ia?oiai i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae iaoa?? o iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo, ai?ioueao ca i?e?iaeia aeaiaeiaoaaiiy ae?oae, ai?ioueao c? oe?aeeeaeie cae/eaie iaoa??a ? aaouee?a. Aeae?eyoe ae?oae, ye? /anoi oai??thoue, a ie?aio a?oio aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, iaa?oue i?e iayaiino? ?ioiai i?ia?aeiiai caoai?thaaiiy, aeey canoinoaaiiy aaeaiooth/eo ? ei?eaoth/eo caoiae?a. Cae?enithaaoe caoiaee ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee aeioyi c a?oi ?eceeo c aeei?enoaiiyi aaeaioiaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ii–icaei?ia/eo eiiieaenia, ye? iathoue ?icaeaaaoeny iaoa?yi ae?oae a?oi ?eceeo, i???iooth/enue ia n?iaeiee oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ??aaiue i?io?eaeoeee. Ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe iaaee/ii AIN ii iiaeoeueiiio oeio, c iiaeeeainoth ia'?aeiaiiy ie?aieo iiaeoeia o ?aaiiiaeueio oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaaio ia?aaeo. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??: Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae ? i?io?eaeoeea eiai ii?ooaiue ia i?aenoaa? eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao.– Euea?a.: Aaa?n, 1997.- 192 n. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Iniiai? i?eioeeie ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee caoai?aaaiue o ae?oae ?aiiueiai a?eo a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee oa n?i(? // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia.– 1999.–? 1-2.– N. 14-18. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aeinaiae aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie a aeeoy/?e iie?ee?i?oe? // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.- 1999.– ? 2.– N.65-67. I?io?eaeoeea caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae a?oi ?eceeo a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee // Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee.-1999.- ? 1.- N.87-92. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Ae?oe, ye? /anoi oai??thoue: iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie // Acta Medica Leopoliensia.- 1999.– ? 1.– N.39–43. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A. I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio caei?ia(y oa ?eceeo caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae ?aiiueiai a?eo ?c canoinoaaiiyi eiii(thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao //Oe?. iaaee/iee /aniien.– 1998.– ? 1(3).–N. 121–124. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. ?iciianthaeaeai?noue oaeoi??a ?eceeo a a?oiao ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia ca aeaieie aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. – 1998.– O. 5, ? 4. – N. 66–68. Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Oaeoi?e ?eceeo ii?ooaiiy noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy ca aeaieie eiii(thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao// A?niee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.–1998.–? 3-4.–N.25-28. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aoi?eiia i?io?eaeoeea ? icaei?iaeaiiy ae?oae ?c caoai?thaaiiyie aeia/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. – 1998. – ? 5-6.– N. 27-30. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. No?oeoo?a iie?ee?i?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? ? a?eiaa ?iciianthaeaeai?noue oai?ia ca aeaieie eiii(thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao// A?niee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.–1998.–? 5-6.–N.91-95. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aiae?c oaeoi??a ?eceeo o ae?oae ?c caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a aeeoaiiy // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. – 1997.– O. 4, ? 4. – N. 42–44. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A. I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio caei?ia(y ? caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia.– 1997.– ? 7–8.– N. 30–36. Iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe iie?ee?i?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae, ye? /anoi oai??thoue / Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Oea/aiei N.E., Oeii/ei I.O., Aaeoi ?.A. // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. - 1997. - ?1-2. - N. 12- 17. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Oea/aiei N.E. Iioi?iaoeieia caaacia/aiiy nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia'y aeioae Oe?a?ie // Iaaeiao?iy, aeooa?noai i aiiaeieiaiy.- 1995.- ? 6. – N. 3-5. Eiii'thoa?ia nenoaia oi?aaeiiiy aeeoy/i? iieieeiiieith a oaeineiiaeaiii nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia'y aeioae / Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Oea/aiei N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., A?aeiai?n Ae.O., Ii?ioianueeee A.A. // Iaaeiao?iy, aeooa?noai oa aiiaeieiaiy.- 1993.- ? 1.- N. 5-6. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aeayei oaiaeaioei? o aeeiai?oei noaio caei?ia'y aeioae oa ?o iieieeiii/iiio ianeoaiaoaaiii//Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.-Eueaia,1995.-Aei. I- N.18-20. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Aanthoa A.A., A?aeiai?n Ae.O. ?ieue oa iinoea oai?ia i?aaiia aeeoaiiy o no?oeoo?i aeeoy/i? iieieeiii/ii? caoai?thaaiinoi // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.- Eueaia, 1995.-Aei. I. - N. 20-22. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo na?aae i?aaiiciaaieo aeioae aeioeieueiiai aieo c iaoith i?ioieaeoeee, eieoaaiiy, icaei?iaeaiiy // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.- Eueaia, 1995.- Aei. II. - N. 26-28. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. 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Aeaae. iaae. oa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe.– Euea?a: Aneoeai, 1995.– N. 21–25. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A. I?io?eaeoe/ia ?iaioa c ae?oueie a?oi ?eceeo a iie?ee?i?/ieo oiiaao / Euea?a. iaae. ?i-o. - Euea?a, 1996.- 35 n.- Oe?. - Aeai. A AeIOA Oe?a?ie 25.09.96, ?1283-Oe96.- aiioia. ?AE (Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe(.- 1997.- ?1(647). Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., Oea/aiei N.E., Iyiueeianueeee N.E.. Aieea iaaeeei-aiieiai/ieo, nioeiaeueieo oa aeieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ia oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia'y aeeoeie ?aiiueiai aieo //Aeaiiiiaaia a AeIOA Oe?a?ie:- 1994.- ? 1537-Oe94. -33 c.- Oe?. aiio. a AEIEOE ?AI (Aeaiiie?iaaiiua iao/iua ?aaiou(, 1994.- ? 11 (276).- N.- 35 (?106). Iyiueeianeee N.E., Y?aeiaien Ae.O., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A. Iiaeoiaeu e i?iaeoe?iaaieth eiiiuethoa?iuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo nenoai aeey iiiaioaeoi?iiai aiaeeca aeayoaeueiinoe iaaeeoeeineeo o/?aaeaeaiee e iiaeaee?iaaiey aicaeaenoaey oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ia caei?iauea ?aaaiea //?oeiienue aeaiii. a III Nithciaaeeioi?i.- 05. 04.91.- ? Ae-21208.- 12 n.- ?on. aiio. a I?AE. ?acaeae 5.- 1993.- ? 1-3 (246). Eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e ioeaiea caei?iauey aeaoae a aeaoneeo aeioeieueiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo / Iyiueeianueeee N.E, Oea/aiei N.E., Eiooa A.N., Oeaiie A.A., Aeoa?iaa I.I., Aeia?yineee Ae.A., Eiaaeueneee I.A. // ?oeiienue aeaiii. a III Nithciaaeeioi?i.- 1991.- ? Ae-21576.- 51 n.- ?on. aiio. a I?AE ?acaeae 5.- 1993.- ? 4-6 (583). Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Aao E.A. Uia Aaoa aeeoeia aoea caei?iaith. – Euea?a, 1994.– 47 n. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeueneee I.A. sse caa?aaoe caei?ia(y Aaoi? iiaiia?iaeaeaii? aeeoeie. – Euea?a, 1997. – 28 n. A?aeiai?nAe.O., Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Ii?ioianueeee A.A. Aeinaiae noai?aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiii'thoa?ieo iioi?iaoeieieo nenoai aeey caaacia/aiiy ia?aoiaeo aei aeiiiii/ieo iaoiaeia oi?aaeiiiy // Iaoeiiiaeueia no?aoiaa iaaee/ia caaacia/aiiy Oe?a?ie: Iao. Ia?oi? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiio. - Eueaia, 1995. - N. 50. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aeinaiae eiii'thoa?iiai iiiioi?iiao noaio caei?ia'y aeioae aeioeieueiiai aieo a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee // ?aaaieioaoeiy a iaaeiao?i?: Iao. Ieaioio iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai oia-aa aeeoy/eo eiea?ia.- Ee?a-Oa?iiiieue, 1995.- N. 73-74. Iyiueeianueeee N.E. Aeaaeeoei E.I., Aanthoa A.A. Niinoa?aaeaiiy i ?aaaieioaoeiy a aeeoy/eo aeioeieueieo caeeaaeao aeioae, yei i?iaeeaathoue a iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao // ?aaaie. a iaaeiao?i?: Iao. ieaioio iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai oia-aa aeeoy/eo eiea?ia.- Ee?a-Oa?iiiieue, 1995.- N. 20. Eiii'thoa?iee iiiioi?eia caoai?thaaiue na?aeoeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o aeioae aeioeieueiiai aieo/Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., Oea/aiei N.E., Aeaaeeoei E.I.// Iao. Eiio.:(Oai?aoe/aneea e eeeie/aneea aii?inu aeaoneie ea?aeeieiaee(.- Oa?ueeia, 1993.- N. 112-113. Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., Iyiueeianueeee N.E. I?iaiicoaaiiy caei?ia'y oa ?icaeoeo aeioae ?aiiueiai aieo ?icieo iaaeeei-nioeiaeueieo a?oi ia iniiai eiii'thoa?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy o aeeoy/ie iieieeiiioei // XXXYI iaoeiaa eiio. c o/anoth iieiaeeo a/aieo: Oace aeiiiaiaeae. – Oa?iiiieue, 1993. – N. 29. Iiuo ?aaiou eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai oi?aaeaiey iieeeeeieeaie / Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Oea/aiei N.E., Eiaaeueneee I.A., Y?aeiaien Ae.O.//Iao. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. Eiio.:(Eiiiuethoa?iay oaoieea e i?ia?aiiia iaania/aiea a iaaeeoeeia(.- Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1993.- N. 48-50. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A. Eiii'thoa?iee iiiioi?eia aeioae a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iieieeiiiee // 9 C'?cae aeeoy/eo eiea?ia Oe?a?ie: Oace aeiiiaiaeae.- Iaeanna, 1993.- N. 48. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Ii?ioianeee A.A., Y?aeiaien Ae.O. Eiiiuethoa?iay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey iieeeeeieeie "Eaaaiy"// Iaoa?eaeu aunoaaee-naieia?a: Eioi?iaoeea e caei?iauea-92. - Eeaa, 1992.- N. 24. Iyiueeianueeee N.E., Oea/aiei N.E., Y?aeiaien Ae.O. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey caei?iaueai aeaoae //Aeooaeueiua aii?. i?ioee. iaeioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee: Oac.aeiee. Anan. iao/i. eiio.-Iineaa.,1990.- N. 146. Niankovskij S., Tkaczenko S., Kowalskij O. Kierowanie komputerowe szpitalem dzieciecym forma usprawnienia ochrony zdrowia dzieci // XXIII Ogolnopolski zjazd pediatrow w Lublinie:Streszczenia.-1992.-P. 085. AIIOAOe?ss N.E.Iyiueeianueeee. I?iaiicoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oai?ia ? i?io?eaeoeea ii?ooaiue noaio caei?ia(y ae?oae a oiiaao aeeoy/i? iie?ee?i?ee.– ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.10 – iaae?ao??y.– Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, Euea?a, 1998. Ia i?aenoaa? eiii’thoa?iiai iii?oi?eiao ae?oae aeaio aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e, yeee i?iaiaeeany ca aeiiiiiaith aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie “Eaaaiy”, ui ?ic?iaeaia oa ai?iaaaeaeaia ca o/anoth aaoi?a, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c no?oeoo?e caoai?thaaiino? 29 000 ae?oae, aea/aia ?iciianthaeaeai?noue oai?ia o ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, aecia/ai? i?ia?aei? oaeoi?e ?eceeo a a?oiao ae?oae c ??cieie eeanaie oai?ia. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a aaaaoiaei??iiai ?iia??i?niiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ic?iaeaia aoaeoeaia nenoaia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae ? aecia/aiiy ?iia??iino? ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue, c o?aooaaiiyi aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?eceeo, ii/eiath/e c ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino?. Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ii-icaei?ia/eo eiiieaen?a, ye? aacoaaeeny ia iniiaieo i?eioeeiao aaeaieia?? ? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o ?iaeeiao ae?oae c a?oi ?eceeo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?oe, noai caei?ia’y, oaeoi?e ?eceeo, iii?oi?eia, i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeea, aaoiiaoeciaai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie. AIIIOAOeEss N.E.Iyiueeianeee. I?iaiice?iaaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai ?enea ?acaeoey aieaciae e i?ioeeaeoeea ia?ooaiee ninoiyiey caei?iauey aeaoae a oneiaeyo aeaoneie iieeeeeieee.– ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 – iaaeeao?ey.– Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Eueaia, 1999. Ia iniiaaiee eiiiuethoa?iiai iiieoi?eiaa aeaoae aeaoo aeaoneeo iieeeeeiee, i?iaaaeaiiiai n iiiiuueth aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu “Eaaaiy”, ?ac?aaioaiiie e aiaae?aiiie n o/anoeai aaoi?a, i?iaaaeai aiaeec no?oeoo?u caaieaaaiee 29 000 aeaoae a aeaoo aeaoneeo oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iieeeeeieeao (a. Eueaia e a. *a?aiiia?aae, Eueaianeie iaeanoe), eco/aia ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue aieaciae o aeaoae ?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii niaeanii iniiaiuo eeannia IEA. Ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo auai?i/iie niaieoiiinoe aeaoae a aic?anoa io 0 aei 15 eao, eioi?ay yaeyaony ?ai?acaioaoeaiie aeey Caiaaeiiai ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu, iieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie caaieaaaieyie yaeythony aieacie i?aaiia aeuoaiey, aieacie ia?aiie nenoaiu e i?aaiia /oanoa, eioi?ua caieiatho ia?aia e aoi?ia ?aiaiaia ianoi a no?oeoo?a caaieaaaaiinoe. Oaeaeueiue aan ae?oaeo eeannia aieaciae e no?oeoo?a ioaeaeueiuo iicieiae/aneeo oi?i iinoiyiii iaiyaony, a caaeneiinoe io acaeiiaeaenoaey aieueoiai eiee/anoaa oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. I?e eco/aiee ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe caaieaaaiee o aeaoae ii?aaeaeai aai aunieee o?iaaiue o aeaoae ia?aiai aiaea aeecie n iineaaeothuei oiaiueoaiea iieacaoaey o aeaoae aoi?iai aiaea aeecie. A aeaeueiaeoai iaeiicia/iay aic?anoiay caaeneiinoue ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe caaieaaaiee ionoonoaiaaea. Ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo, eioi?ua iaeaieeaaeenue a aacao aeaiiuo aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu, ii?aaeaeaiu aaaeouea oaeoi?u ?enea a a?oiiao aeaoae n ?aciuie eeannaie aieaciae, eo eiiieaeniia aicaeaenoaea ia oi?ie?iaaiea caaieaaaiee, aeeiaieea eo aeeyiey ia ?acenoaioiinoue aeaoae ?acee/iuo aic?anoiuo a?oii. Aeieacaii, /oi niioiineoaeueiay neea oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua aeaenoaiaaee ia ?aaaiea a aioaiaoaeueiii, eio?aiaoaeueiii e iinoiaoaeueiii ia?eiaeao aai aeecie eciaiyaony n aic?anoii ?aaaiea. Anee aeeyiea ia?eiaoaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea ia caaieaaaaiinoue aeaoae oiaiueoaaony n aic?anoii ?aaaiea, oi oaaee/eaaaony aeeyiea nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea. Onoaiiaeaii i?ieiiae?iaaiiia aeeyiea ?yaea ia?eiaoaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea ia ?acenoaiinoue aeaoae, a i?ioeanna eo ?inoa e ?acaeoey aei 9-12 eao. C iiiiuueth iaoiaeia iiiaiia?iiai aa?iyoiinoiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey, n eniieueciaaieai iiiaiia?iie aa?iyoiinoiie iiaeaee ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eciaeia a N-ia?iii i?ino?ainoaa n /eneii eii?aeeiao N=51, aaea eii?aeeiaoaie auee aeaiiua, iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa iiieoi?eiaa aeaoae e eo naiae, ?ac?aaioaia yooaeoeaiay nenoaia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?iaiice?iaaiey caei?iauey aeaoae e ii?aaeaeaiey aa?iyoiinoe ?acaeoey caaieaaaiee n o/aoii aaee/eiu eioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?enea, ia/eiay n ia?eiaea iiai?iaeaeaiiinoe. Iieo/aii /aoeia i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?acaeaeaiea caei?iauo aeaoae e aeaoae n ?acee/iuie eeannaie aieaciae a 51-ia?iii i?ino?ainoaa, ca eneeth/aieai aeaoae n iiaiia?aciaaieyie, a oaeaea aeaoae n iaeioi?uie eeannaie aieaciae iaaeaeo niaie. Oaeia i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i?i nouanoaaiioth ?acieoeo ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?aciauaiea a 51-ia?iii i?ino?ainoaa caei?iauo e aieueiuo aeaoae, /oi aeaeaao ia?niaeoeaiui ii?aaeaeaiea eii?aeeiao ?acoeueoe?othuae oi/ee ?aaaiea (ii noiia 51 ia?aiao?a) ia/eiay n ?aiiaai aic?anoa. Ia iniiaa 51 oaeoi?a ?enea aue iieo/ai eioaa?aeueiue oaeoi? ?enea (aeueoa(, ii aaee/eia eioi?iai ?ann/eouaaeanue aa?iyoiinoue caaieaaaiey ?aaaiea. Eeeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoaa?aeeee aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue e aeinoiaa?iinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiiai iieacaoaey. Iieacaoaeue aaee/eiu aa?iyoiiai ?enea ?acaeoey aieacie yaeyaony aaaeiui e?eoa?eai oi?ie?iaaiey a?oii aeeniaina?iiai iaaethaeaiey. I?aaeeiaeaii a a?oiio oia?aiiiai ?enea ca/eneyoue aeaoae n aaee/eiie eioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?enea a i?aaeaeao 0,6005–1,4885, /oi iaoneaaeeaaao aa?iyoiinoue ?acaeoey caaieaaaiee a i?aaeaeao 0,5878–0,9999; a a?oiio aunieiai ?enea – i?e iieacaoaea aaee/eiu eioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?enea aieueoa /ai 1,5200, /oi iaoneaaeeaaao aunieoth aa?iyoiinoue ?acaeoey aieacie, eioi?ay ?aaiyaony 1,0000. Aeey aeaoae a?oii ?enea auee ?ac?aaioaiu eiiieaenu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, a oii /enea aeey iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e aeaoae ia?aiai aiaea aeecie, aeey aeaoae n ino?uie caaieaaaieyie, o eioi?uo iaee/ea aunieiai eioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?enea naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaei i?i aiciiaeiinoue o?iiecaoeee i?ioeanna e aeey aeaoae n oaea noi?ie?iaaiiie o?iie/aneie iaoieiaeae. Ioaeaeueii i?aaeeiaeai i?ioeeaeoe/anee-icaei?iaeoaeueiue eiiieaen ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey /anoi aieathueo aeaoae. Oi?ie?iaaiea a?oii aeeniaina?iiai iaaethaeaiey ia iniiaa aaee/eiu eioaa?aeueiiai oaeoi?a ?enea ?acaeoey caaieaaaiee e eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo eiiieaenia ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, eioi?ua aace?othony ia iniiaiuo i?eioeeiao aaeaieiaee, a naiueyo aeaoae ec a?oii ?enea nianoeei i?ei?eoaou ?aaiou aeaoneiai a?a/a a noi?iio i?ioeeaeoe/aneie iaaeeoeeiu, ia iiceoeeth i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey aiciiaeiuo caaieaaaiee o aeaoae n ?acee/iui ?eneii eo ?aaeecaoeee. Yoi iicaieeei oiaiueoeoue ino?oth caaieaaaaiinoue n?aaee aeaoae a?oii ?enea ia 20-25% e nieceoue /anoioo iaino?aiee o?iie/aneeo caaieaaaiee ia 30%, oeo/oeoue naii/oanoaea aeaoae, oneeeoue eo aaeaioaoeeth e oneiaeyi ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, oeo/oeoue iee?ieeeiao a naiuea, aiaae?eoue yeaiaiou aaeaieiaee, nioeeaeueiie iaaeeao?ee, iieo/eoue niioaaonoaothuee yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaoe, ninoiyiea caei?iauey, oaeoi?u ?enea, caaieaaaiey, iiieoi?eia, i?iaiice?iaaiea, i?ioeeaeoeea, aaoiiaoece?iaaiiua eioi?iaoeeiiiua nenoaiu. SUMMARY S.L.Niankovsky Forecasting of individual risk for diseases contraction and preventive maintenance of children health violations in children`s polyclinic- the Manuscript. Thesis for the medical Doctor`s degree on a speciality 14.01.10 - Pediatrics - Lviv state medical University, Lviv, 1998. Because of computer monitoring of children in two children's polyclinics, which was conducted with the help of automated information “Levenja” system, having been developed and introduced including the author, the analysis of a diseases structure among 29 000 children was conducted, the prevalence of illnesses among children of different age groups has been investigated, the leading factors of risk in children`s groups with different classes of illnesses have been determined. With the help of methods for many-dimensional probability simulation the effective system for individual forecasting of children`s health and definition of probability for diseases contraction, taking into account the integrated factor of risk since new-birth period has been developed. The efficiency of offered preventive and improving complexes, which are based on main principles of preventive maintenance and are used in families from children`s groups of risk, has been proved. Key words: children, state of health, factors of risk, diseases, monitoring, forecasting, preventive maintenance, automated information systems. PAGE 1

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