IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

I?EAIAe?E Ieeiea Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 372.8:621.3

I?IO?EUeIA OA II*AOEIAA I?IOAN?EIA IAA*AIIss

C AEAEO?IOAOI?EE A CAAAEUeIIINA?OI?E OEIE?

13.00.02 — oai??y oa iaoiaeeea o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?i?a?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

AAOOA Aaneeue A?eai?iae/

*a?i?a?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iniia iaoa??aeiciaanoaa oa o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IE?EIEE Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoiaeeee
iaa/aiiy

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

EIIAe?AOTHE Aai?a?e Aiae??eiae/

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: E?eai??cueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee ? iaoiaeeee o?oaeiaiai ? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. E?eaee ??a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «13» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 16-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.053.05 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 9 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I.Iaca?aiei

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae
iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ?
i?aeoeee noa? aecia/aiiy oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy i??i?eoaoieo
iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee.

Na?aae oeeo iai?yie?a iniaeeaith aeooaeuei?noth aecia/a?oueny ii/aoeiaa
i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy, yea noaaeoue ca iaoo, i?aeaioiaeo o/i?a aei
eiie?aoii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaeai? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy oeiey??a i?enay/ai? ?iaioe a?aeiieo
iaaeaaia?a oa ineoieia?a: A.?.Aaeee?ia, N.ss.Aaoeoaaa, ?.I. Aae?oiaa,
A.A.Aaenao?aa, ?.A.Aeie/aiea, A.?.Aeueii?ia, Ae.I.Caoa?aae/a,
A.Ae.Ceaoionoiaa, A.I.Eacaeaae/a, A.A.Eaeueiay, A.N.Eai?aeiai?,
A.I.Eiiae?aothea, A.?.Ei?i?eiaa, I.?.E?aaoeiaa, A.N.Eaaeiueiaa,
A.I.Eanieeiaa, I.?.Iaoiooiaa, Ae.?.Iaaeiaa, A.I.Iieyeiaa, A.O.?aoaoiyea,
E.?.Naiae?ao?nueeiai, E.A.Naiou?ii?, A.A.Neaeoia, I.I.Neaoe?ia,
A.?.Noaa?ianueeiai, I.?.Noaanueeiai, A.I.Nooiaea, Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeiai,
I.A.Oaiiiaa, A.N.Oaaaeiaa, I.A.ss?ioaiea oa ?i. Aea, cia/i? ci?ie, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny inoaii?i /anii a iaoiio noni?euenoa?, aeiaaathoue iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei ?ica’ycaiiy oa ia?aa??ee ?o ia a?aeiia?aei?noue aeiiaai
aeeooy.

Aiae?c i?aoeue a/aieo, ioae?eaoe?e ? iia?aeiieaiue cania?a ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, i?aeoeea ?iaioe caeeaae?a ina?oe, ni?eeoaaiiy c a/eoaeyie
oe?e ? i?aeoe?eueieo iaa/aeueii-ae?iaie/eo eiia?iao?a, ?ia?oieeaie e
niaoe?ae?noaie i?aei?e?inoa oa oao?aoeyie neoaeae i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy
aeacothoue ia iayai?noue i?ioe??//y i?ae caieoaie noni?euenoaa uiaei
ii/aoeiai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy ? ??
?aaeueiei noaiii.

A iao /an i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy a na?aaei?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?
cae?enith?oueny eeoa oai, aea aeey oeueiai ? iaiao?aei? oiiae, oiaoi,
a?aeiia?aeia iaoa??aeueia aaca, eaae?o?eiaai? eaae?e a/eoae?a oa
aaaeaiiy o/i?a. Iayai?noue o?oaeiiu?a c iaoa??aeueiei caaacia/aiiyi
i?ecaaea aei oiai, ui oeiee ii/aee a?aeiiaeyoeny a?ae o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy a noa?oeo eeanao. Oaeei /eiii ie iieieeeny ia?aae oaeoii, ui
a?eueo?noue na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e aioo? o/i?a eeoa aei anooio
o aeu? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee.

O oie aea /an anoaiiaeaii, ui eeoa 20% aeioneiee?a na?aaei?o oe?e
anooia? aei aea?aeaaieo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, 30% -.aei
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ieo o/eeeu, a ?aooa — iiaeiia a?ae?aco i?enooieoe aei
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.

Niinoa??aa?oueny ua ?yae iaaaoeaieo yaeu. Oae, iai?eeeaae, anoaiiaeaii,
ui o?aoeia aeioneiee?a na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e iae?a? iaeaooith
i?ioan?th aeiaaeeiai, a a?eueoa 25% in?a, ye? cae?i/eee
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/i? o/eeeua ia i?aoeththoue ca iaea?aeaiith
niaoe?aeuei?noth.

Cia/ia /anoeia thiae?a ? ae?a/ao ia i?ea/ai? aei ?ioaineaii? ?icoiiai?
oa o?ce/ii? i?aoe?, ia caeaoi? ?aae?coaaoe nai? i?e?iaei? caaeaoee e
caaeainoaaoe i?e aeai?? i?ioan?? iniaeno? ?ioa?ane c ?ioa?anaie
noni?euenoaa. Iane?aeeaie oeueiai ? iaaaeiaieai?noue aaaaoueio iieiaeeo
ethaeae aeaniith i?aoeath ? nioe?aeueiei noaoonii, /eneaii? ni?iae
ci?ieoe i?noea ?iaioe ? iaa?oue i?ioan?th.

Iiae?ai? i?i?aooiee a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, aea iiieeee
i?ioan?eiiai ieaio eiooothoue aeoaea aei?iai, iiaeooue iaa?iooeny
o?aaaae??th aeey iieiae?. Oiio c aiaaiai?noth iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui
aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy ye caaaeaiiy no/anii?
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee noa? nueiaiaei? iaiaei?iiith oiiaith
aaceiioe?eoiiai aoiaeaeaiiy i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy a aei?inea aeeooy.

sse iaeei c aa??aio?a ?ica’ycaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie ? i?aeaioiaea o/i?a
noa?oeo eean?a c ?ia?oie/eo i?ioan?e aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc?
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaaaoi a/aieo, cie?aia: A.A.Aeueoa?ia, I.A.Aeiia?aaeia,
I.Ai?aa, A.?.Aon?a, I.A.Aeaieeia, ?.I.Aeooei, A.I.Eacaeaae/,
A.N.Eiei??a, TH.A.Eonoia, E.A.Eioioeueeee, A.I.Iaaec?aii, A.O.Iaeooaaeo,
A.O.Iao??a, A.I.Iieyeia, I.A.Nieiaeia, A.I.Noaa?oeia, I.A.Noao?a,
A.I.Oae?c??a, I.A.O?ouae i?enayoeee nai? i?aoe? ?icaeyaeo aeaiiai
ieoaiiy. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai ciaeoe oaeo noa?o
ae?yeueiino? ethaenoaa, aea a ia aeei?enoiaoaaeanue aeaeo?e/ia aia?a?y.

Caaaeueia iioe?aiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee a?aeiia?aeii aeiaaa? iayaiino?
aaeeei? e?eueeino? oao?aoe?a, ye? a aeaioiaeyee, ianeoaiaoaaee oa
?aiiiooaaee aeaio oaoi?eo. Aeiiii?/i? iaaa?acaee, ye? iei? ia?aaeeaa?
iaoa aea?aeaaa, noai?ththoue neooaoe?th, a ye?e iiaeeeaino?
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy a?ae?a?athoue ae??oaeueio ?ieue i?e aeai?? i?ioan??.
A, ioaea, ca oaeeo oiia i?ioan?? aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai i?io?eth, caaaeath/e
ia ?o iioe?ai?noue, noathoue iaeiei c i??i?eoaoieo na?aae ?ia?oie/eo
i?ioan?e, ye? iae?a? iieiaeue.

Iniaeea?noue no/aniiai ?eieo i?aoe? iieyaa? a oiio, ui iae/ano?oa
ethaeeia, yea ia? oe?ieo i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo, iiaea eaaoa
i?aoeaaeaoooaaoenue, ai?ae ?ia?oiee c aocueei? niaoe?aeueiino?. Ioaea,
aeieea? iio?aaa aiooaaoe o/i?a aei iaeaooiuei? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?
oae, uia aiie a i?ioean? iaaoooy i?ioan?? io?eioaaee aacia? ciaiiy oa
oi?iiy ia iniia? yeeo, o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino?, iiaee ci?ieoe i?ioan?th ca
aeaiei i?io?eai. I?ae oei, a?eueo?noue na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e,
ye? cae?eniththoue i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy, iae?athoue aocuee? i?io?e?
i?aeaioiaee o/i?a.

Icia/ai? i?ioe??//y i?ae caieoaie noni?euenoaa aei i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee iieiae? ? ?? ?aaeueiei noaiii o oeie?, a oaeiae iia? aeiiae
aeeooy e aecia/eee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
-«I?io?eueia oa ii/aoeiaa i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee a
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?».

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeeaeaeoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe ci?no oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaioiaee o/i?a 8-11-o
eean?a c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy».

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean i?aeaioiaee noa?oieeaniee?a c i?ioan?e
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai i?io?eth.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ci?no oa iaoiaee/i? iniiae i?aeaioiaee
noa?oieeaniee?a c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy» a i?ioean? o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o i?eiouaii?, ui i?aeaioiaea
noa?oieeaniee?a c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy» aoaea aoaeoeaiith, yeui:

— i?aeaioiaea c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee aoaea neeaaeaoenue c aeaio aoai?a:

ia ia?oiio aoai? (caaaeueia i?aeaioiaea) — o/i? iaaoaaoeiooue i?i?ioio
ciaiue oa oi?iue ?aeeiiai aeey oao?aoe?a iaaii? a?oie i?ioan?e
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc?, a ia ae?oaiio aoai? (niaoe?aeueia i?aeaioiaea)
— aiie io?eiothoue ciaiiy oa oi?iiy c i?ioan?? aeaii? a?oie;

— a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy aoaea aeoea?ciaaia i?ciaaaeueia ae?yeuei?noue
o/i?a oeyoii canoinoaaiiy i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy, ?ica’ycoaaiiy oaoi?/ieo
caaea/, aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a oa iai/iino?.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe oa aeiaaaeaiiy a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?aaeaa/athoue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe i?noea ? ?ieue aeaeo?ioaoi?ee a no/ani?e i?iieneiaino?,
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, ca’yceo oa iiaoo?;

— aecia/eoe i?i?ioi ciaiue oa oi?iue ?aeeiee aeey oao?aoe?a iaaii? a?oie
i?ioan?e aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa;

— aecia/eoe ianya aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue oa oi?iue c i?ioan??
«Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy»;

— neeanoe i?ia?aio c i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??eoe aeinooii?noue ci?noo aeey canai?iiy o/iyie;

— anoaiiaeoe aeeaeaeoe/iee ca’ycie i?ae eo?nii i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
oa i?aaeiaoaie i?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/iiai oeeeeo;

— ?ic?iaeoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??eoe iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo iiiyoue oa oi?iue.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaceni? iieiaeaiiy
o?einionueei? oai??? i?ciaiiy, ineoieia?/i? eiioeaioe?? i?i ?ieue
ae?yeueiino? o ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, oai??y iioei?caoe?? oa aeoea?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? ia?aa??ee aeo?aeieo i?eiouaiue
aeei?enoiaoaaany eiiieaen iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c oa
neioac iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?,
oaoi?/ii?, aeiiii?/ii?, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e; aea/aiiy oa
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a ? iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aiee?a; iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy,
?ioa?a’thaaiiy, a?oiia? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aan?aee; iaaeaaia?/iee
aenia?eiaio oa noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea eiai ?acoeueoao?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue o na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o
oeieao ?? 2, 7, 22, 27 i. *a?i?aiaa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue o aeae?eueea aca?iiiia’ycaieo aoai?a.

Ia?oee aoai (1995-1996?.?.) — aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?,
iaoiaee/ii? oa oaoi?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy a
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?; ?ic?iaea ia?oiai aa??aioo i?ia?aie eo?no
i?aeaioiaee o/i?a c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy»; a?aea?? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, cania?a iai/iino?
oa eiio?ieth aeey i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue ? ia?aa??ee ?o ?acoeueoaoeaiino?.

Ae?oaee aoai (1996-1997?.?.) — ii/aoie aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii?
?iaioe a na?aaei?e oeie? c iaoith ooi/iaiiy i?ia?aie eo?no; aiae?c
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeey ae?iaeaiiy inoaoi/iiai ?? aa??aioo.

O?ao?e aoai (1997-1999?.?.) — aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo
oiia i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? caiyoue c i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy ca
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai; ia?iaea e ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a; ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey
a/eoae?a; ioi?ieaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— iaa?oioiaaii aeaiaoaiio nenoaio i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
o/i?a 8-11-o eean?a, yea caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue a i?ioean? o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy io?eiaoe i?ioan?th «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy»;

— aecia/aii aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaioiaee
o/i?a c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy», ye? aeicaieythoue ca ei?ioeee /an noi?ioaaoe a
o/i?a iaiao?aei? ciaiiy oa ai?iiy (oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo
ca’yce?a, nenoaiaoe/ia canoinoaaiiy i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy, ?ica’ycoaaiiy
oaoi?/ieo caaea/ oa aeei?enoaiiy iai/iino?);

— ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o, ye? ni?eythoue
oi?ioaaiith i?ioan?eieo oi?iue o/i?a ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaeaii? aeaiaoaiiiai
ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy a na?aaei?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? ia
iniia? i?eioeei?a iie?oaoi?caoe?? oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ci?noo iaa/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? ? cai?iaaaeaeaii?
o ?yae? oe?e *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? i?ia?aie i?aeaioiaee c i?ioan??
«Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy» aeey
o/i?a 8-11-o eean?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a/eoaeyi aei i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a
caaacia/ai? anaa?/iei oa?aeoa?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth
noaoenoe/ii? aea??ee, e?euee?niith ia?iaeith oa ye?niei aiae?cii
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?oeoaaeeny e aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 80-??//th *a?i?a?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea (i. *a?i?a?a, 1996?.);
Anaoe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iaaeaoc?a ?
oe?e» (i. *a?i?a?a, 1997?.); i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino? iieiae?» (i.
*a?i?a?a, 1998?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a iiaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao» (i.
*a?i?a?a, 1999?.), ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iniia iaoa??aeiciaanoaa oa
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy *a?i?a?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea.

I?ia?aie o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy o/i?a na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei?
oeiee. I?io?eue: Aeaeo?ioaoi?ea. I?ioan?y: Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy, iaae?oeiaai? ca ??oaiiyi
*a?i?a?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
O.A.Oaa/aiea o 1999 ?ioe?.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1. Aeaiaoaiia nenoaia i?aeaioiaee o/i?a noa?oeo eean?a c i?ioan??
«Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy».

2. Iaoiaeeea ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy a noa?oeo eeanao
na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee ca aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (169
iaeiaioaaiue), 5-o aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 220
noi??iie. O i?e i?noyoueny 11 oaaeeoeue, 8 ae?aa?ai, 2 noaie oa ?enoiie.
Ianya iniiaiiai oaenoo — 150 noi??iie, aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 70 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai? ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoa, a?iioaca, caaaeaiiy, aena?oeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae oa
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniiai? aoaie, iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeia?aaeai? ai?iaaoe?y oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a, noi?ioeueiaai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O i?oiio ?icae?e? — «Aecia/aiiy ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo»
aiae?co?oueny iioe?aiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee oa ?? canoinoaaiiy a ??cieo
noa?ao ae?yeueiino? ethaenoaa, aecia/athoueny ciaiiy oa oi?iiy, yeeie
iiaeii? iaieiae?oe o/i? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy c i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c
?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy», ?ic?iaey?oueny
a?aeiia?aeia i?ia?aia, i?iaiaeeoueny ?? aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ia
aeinooii?noue.

Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee ia ae?iaieoeoa?, a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? oa o?ainii?o? i?enay/ai? ?iaioe aaoi??a: I.N.Ao?eaea,
A.A.Aai?eiaa, A.I.Aooianueeiai, A.A.AEo?aaeueiaa, A.I.Iieyeiaa,
O.A.O?e?iiai? oa ?i., ?icaeoie aeaeo?e/ieo cania?a ca’yceo
?icaeyaeathoue I.N.Naia??i, I.E.Ianyii?eiaa, ?io?. Cia/ia e?euee?noue
?ia?o ?ice?eaa? cia/aiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? o iiaoo?:
N.O.Eayoeianueeiai, I.Ae.E?aaaoeueeiai, A.Ae.Ieeeiaiei, ?.A.Iooyo?ia,
I.TH.?aoeianueeiai oa ?i.

Ia iniia? aiae?co aeaieo ?ia?o ie anoaiiaeee, ui ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa a
cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, ye caaeiaieueiythoueny eiai iio?aae a
aeaeo?e/i?e aia?a??. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo aia?aaoe/iiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? ia aeooo ianaeaiiy -aaaeeeaee iieaciee
oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano. No/ania iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia ?aaiethoe?y cae?enith?
aieea ia oiiae oa niiniae ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a??, ia ??no oa
no?oeoo?o ?? niiaeeaaiiy. ?icaeoie iaoee oa oaoi?ee a?aee?ea oe?ie?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? a oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane
i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, o?ainii?oo, ca’yceo oa
iiaooo. Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee ni?ey? ?inoo i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?ae? ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a oa oaeaeeino? ae?iaieoeoaa;
aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee ye ia ae?iaieoeoa?, oae ? a iiaoo?,
iieaaoo? ?iaioo ethaeeie, ca?eueiy? ?? a?ae aaaeei? oa iiiioiiii?
i?aoe?; caaaeyee oiio, ui i?eeaaee, ye? i?aoeththoue ia aeaeo?e/i?e
aia?a?? ? aeieia?/ii /enoeie, ?o oe?iea canoinoaaiiy iie?auo? eoeueoo?o
iiaooo; canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oaoi?ee ia o?ainii?o? ni?ey?
ca?eueoaiith ianyao oa iie?auaiith oiia ia?aaacaiiy ianaaee??a oa
aaioaae?a; aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo i?eno?i?a aeicaiey? oaeaeei
ia?aaeaaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th ia ??ci? a?aenoai?, a oaeiae ia?iaeyoe oa
caa??aaoe ??; ia aac? aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? noai?ai? iia? i?ioeane
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?iaee iaoa??ae?a aeniei? yeino?; uia i???iooaaoenue a
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiio ioi/aii?, eiaeia ethaeeia iiaeiia iaoe iaaiee i?i?ioi
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue oa oi?iue.

A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie
aecia/aiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue oa oi?iue.

Ieoaiiyi a?aeai?o ci?noo oai?aoe/iiai oa i?aeoe/iiai iaa/aiiy caeiaeeny:
TH.A.Eonoia, A.I.Iaaec?aii, A.A.N?iaia/, I.?.Noaanueeee oa ?i.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii ?aeeiee ianya ciaiue oa oi?iue aeey iaaii? a?oie
i?ioan?e, yeee iiaeii? io?eiaoe o/i? ia ia?oiio aoai? ii/aoeiaiai
i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy ca aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai. Aeaia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio aoai?a:

1-e aoai. Ca oa?aeoa?ii aeeiiaieo ?ia?o anoaiiaeee a?oie i?ioan?e
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa oa aecia/eoe iaea?eueo aaeeeo c
ieo, yeo oiiaii iacaaee a?oia «Aeaeo?iiiioa?».

2-e aoai. C? anoaiiaeaii? a?oie aecia/eee i?ioan??, ye? ? iniiaieie
iin?yie aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue a aeai?e a?oi?. Oey ?iaioa aoea
i?iaaaeaia oeyoii ia/eneaiiy aeey eiaeii? i?ioan?? oiiaiiai eiao?oe??ioa
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee — E ca oi?ioeith:
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,

aea N- ia?ae?e oi?iue a aeai?e i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino?;

124 — caaaeueiee ia?ae?e oi?iue aeey anoaiiaeaii? a?oie i?ioan?e.

Aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eaaeeoue o iaaeao
a?ae 0,81% aei 25,00%. Ciaeaeaii na?aaei? a?eoiaoe/ia oiiaiiai
eiao?oe??ioa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee — Kcep. ca oi?ioeith:
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 ? io?eiaee, ui Kcep. =
5,62 (%).

An? i?ioan??, a yeeo E < Kcep. a?aeeeaea?ii. Oae, ca oiiaiei eiao?oe??ioii aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, c 25 i?ioan?e a?oie "Aeaeo?iiiioa?" a?ae?a?aee a?n?i. 3-e aoai. Anoaiiaeee ?aeeiee ianya ciaiue oa oi?iue aeey aecia/aii? a?oie i?ioan?e. A i?ioean? aecia/aiiy aoei iii?/aii, ui ii?o/ c ?aeeieie aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieie ciaiiyie oa oi?iiyie cono??/athoueny ciaiiy oa oi?iiy, ye? ia iiaoi?ththoueny a ae?yeueiino? aecia/aieo i?ioan?e. Oiio aoa aaaaeaiee oiiaiee eiao?oe??io iiaoi?thaaiiy oi?iue -Ei ? ia/eneaiee ca oi?ioeith: picscalex100010009000003f50000000300170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e00340051200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffbcffffff000500009c0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 0002bc030500000013020002f20417000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc69040000002d01010008000000 320a9003f70301000000380017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc04020010 54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc69040000002d01020004000000f001 010008000000320a6a01b20301000000d30008000000320a6002460002000000caef1000 0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01 010004000000f001020008000000320a60027602010000003d000a00000026060f000a00 ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379 7374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000 (%), aea O - e?euee?noue iiaoi?aiue oi?iiy a i?ioan?yo; 8 - e?euee?noue i?ioan?e, ye? aoee a?ae?a?ai? o oiae? ae?oaiai aoaio. Aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa iiaoi?thaaiiy oi?iue eaaeeoue o iaaeao a?ae 12,50% aei 100%. I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie na?aaeiueiai a?eoiaoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioa iiaoi?thaaiiy oi?iue - Ei.na?. ca oi?ioeith: picscalex100010009000003ae0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c006e00a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb6ffffffa00a0000760600000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 e0045006050000001302e004920a17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc67040000002d01010009000000 320a70064207030000003130320008000000320a40055404010000002e0008000000320a 4005fc01010000002e0017000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001000000cc040200105469 6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc67040000002d01020004000000f0010100 09000000320a3f014806030000003130320008000000320aab0487070100000031001000 0000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01 010004000000f001020008000000320a35037a0601000000e50010000000fb02c0fe0000 000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001 010008000000320aab04ea06010000003d0010000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000 00020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a 40050a05010000003d0017000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105469 6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc67040000002d01020004000000f0010100 08000000320aab047a0601000000690008000000320a3d03fd0901000000b30017000000 fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e20 43797200cc67040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320add024c0802000000 4bef09000000320a40054a0203000000f1e5f00008000000320a4005460002000000caef 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f001010003000000 0000 aea 102 - ia?ae?e oi?iue c i?ioan?e, ye? aoee a?ae?a?ai? o oiae? ae?oaiai aoaio. Io?eiaee, ui Ei.na?.= 48,38%. Oi?iiy c Ei.< Ei.na?. a?aeeeaea?ii, caeeoeeinue 22 c 102. Ioaea, i?ney ?ic?aooieo na?aaeiueiai a?eoiaoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioa iiaoi?thaaiiy oi?iue, iaie anoaiiaeaii ?aeei? oi?iiy oa a?aeiia?aei? ciaiiy, ye? iiaeii? io?eiaoe o/i? ia ia?oiio aoai? ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy ca aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai. A aeaiee /an o na?aaei?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? ae?? iaa/aeueia i?ia?aia c aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai i?io?eth (8-9-? eeane). Ii??aiyiiy ?? ca ianyaii ciaiue oa oi?iue c aecia/aieie iaie iieacaei, ui aiie ia oioiaei?. Aiae?c ciaiue oa oi?iue, ye? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue oioiaeiino?, aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiie a?aeiinyoueny aei "niaoe?aeueieo", oiaoi, iia'ycai? c i?ioan?yie, ye? o/i? io?eiothoue o noa?oeo eeanao. C oeueiai iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?io?eueia i?ia?aia c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee o 8-9-o eeanao iiaeiia iaoe aeae?eueea aa??aio?a. O i?ia?ai?, yea ?ic?iaeaia iaie, caaacia/o?oueny ianooii?noue i?ae ia?oei oa ae?oaei aoaiii eeoa ca oaeeie i?ioan?yie: aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy, aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo aoi?eiii? eiiooaoe?? oa ca'yceo, aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo aia?aoo?e, ?aeaeiiai caoenoo oa aaoiiaoeee, aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa iiioaaeo eaaaeueieo e?i?e, aeaeo?iiiioa? aeeniao/a?nueeiai onoaoeoaaiiy oa oaeaaaoiiaoeee, aeaeo?iiiioa?-?aeaeiee, aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo iia?o?yieo e?i?e aeaeo?iia?aaea/?, aeaeo?iiiioa? iia?aoeaii-ae?cii? a?eaaaee. C a?oie ainueie a?ae?a?aieo i?ioan?e, iaie aecia/aii i?ioan?th, yeo o/i? iiaee a io?eiaoe i?e iaa/aii? o 10-11-o eeanao caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee. Ia iniia? aiae?co ?ia?o I.?.Aoooiaa, A.I.Aooianueeiai, A.I.Eacaeaae/a, A.N.Eaaeiueiaa, I.?.Noaa?ianueeiai, I.E.Noaiaieiaa oa ?i. anoaiiaeee aeiiae aei aeai?o i?ioan?e. Ia?oa aeiiaa. Ianya ciaiue oa oi?iue c aecia/aii? i?ioan?? ? iaeneiaeueiei ii??aiyii c ianyaii ciaiue oa oi?iue ?ioeo i?ioan?e. Ae?oaa aeiiaa. I?ioan?y iiaeiia aooe iioe?aiith o ae?iaie/?e noa??. O?aoy aeiiaa. I?ioan?y, yeo o/i? io?eiothoue o oeie? iiaeiia aeaaaoe iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?. Ia iniia? cacia/aieo aeiia ie aecia/eee i?ioan?th "Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy" ? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeaiaoaiiith nenoaiith ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy iaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey 2-ai eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai ?ic?yaeo c aeaii? i?ioan??. Nei?i/aiee oaiaoe/iee ieai ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai aoaio ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy aeey 8-11-o eean?a iaaiaeeoueny o oaae. 1. Oaaeeoey 1 Aoaie ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiyEeanE?euee?noue aiaeeiOai?aoe/ia iaa/aiiyI?aeoe/ia iaa/aiiyO?oaeiaa i?aeoeeaAnueiaiIa?oee8-e2048-689-e2048-68Ae?oaee10-e6813612032411-e68136 -204 A iniiao cacia/aii? i?ia?aie aoea iieeaaeaia i?ia?aia i?aeaioiaee ?ia?oiee?a ia ae?iaieoeoa?. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui oaie "Iniiae ?ioi?iaoeee oa ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee" ? "Iie?oieia?y" aeinoaoiuei oe?iei aea/athoueny a oeie?, oi aiie aoee aeeo/ai? c i?ia?aie. Cai?noue aeiiii?/iiai iaa/aiiy iaie aoee aaaaeai? oaie "Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?", "Iniiae i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?", "Iniiae oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino?, aeiao?aeieoeoaa ? ?aoe?iiae?caoi?noaa". C o?aooaaiiyi oai?aoe/ii? oa i?aeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee, yeo io?eiaee o/i? o 8-11-o eeanao ie i?iaaee ia?a?iciiae?e iaa/aeueiiai /ano. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeinooiiino? ci?noo i?ia?aie i?aeaioiaee "Aeaeo?iiiioa?a c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy" cae?enithaaeinue o aeaa aoaie. 1-e aoai. Ai?iaaoe?y ? ia?aa??ea aeinooiiino? ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo eiaeiiai ?icae?eo i?ia?aie. 2-e aoai. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oa aeniiae?a, aeiii?aoethaaiiy ci?noo i?ia?aie, iiaoi?ia ia?aa??ea ??aiy ?? canai?iiy. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aenia?eiaioo cana?ae/ea aeinooii?noue ci?noo i?aeaioiaee o/i?a 10-11-o eean?a caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee c i?ioan?? "Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy" (a?aenioie a?aei?iieo ? aeia?eo ioe?iie c eiaeiiai ?icae?eo i?ia?aie ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao a?ae 64,8% aei 77,1%). O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? - "Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue oa oi?iue" anoaiiaeth?oueny aeeaeaeoe/iee ca'ycie i?ae ci?noii i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oa i?aaeiaoaie i?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/iiai oeeeeo ? ia?aa??y?oueny aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca'yce?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy; ?ice?eaa?oueny aieea nenoaiiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy, oaoi?/ieo caaea/ oa iai/iino? ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a; ?ic?iaey?oueny nenoaia eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??y?oueny aoaeoeai?noue ?? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaa/aiiy o/i?a c i?ioan?? "Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy" ? ica?i?iiy ?o aecia/aiei ianyaii i?ioan?eieo ciaiue oa oi?iue. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ciaiue, ia yeeo aaco?oueny aeaia i?ioan?y, iaeaaeeoue aei oaoi?/ii? iaoee "Aeaeo?ioaoi?ea". A oe?eueiiio iaa/aeueiiio ieai? oaea aeenoeeie?ia a?aenooiy, i?ioa, a ?yae? ?ioeo i?aaeiao?a ? iaoeia? iniiae aeey aea/aiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?ee. I?ney aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e iaie aoei c'yniaaii, ia aac? yeeo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, ui aea/athoueny o oeie?, iiaeia noi?ioaaoe iio??ai? ciaiiy. Aei oaeeo i?aaeiao?a, o ia?oo /a?ao, a?aeiinyoueny o?ceea, o?i?y, a?ieia?y, iaoaiaoeea, e?aneaiiy, o?oaeiaa iaa/aiiy. Aecia/aiiyi cania?a ?aae?caoe?? i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca'yce?a caeiaeeny a/ai?-iaaeaaiae (I.?.Aoooia, A.I.Iaen?iiaa, ?.Ae.Caa??a, A.I.Iieyeia, Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeee, A.I.Oaaei?iaa oa ?i.). I?ney aiae?co iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e oa i?aeoeee ie i?eeoee aei aeniiaeo, ui i?ae /an ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy o/i?a noa?oeo eean?a i?ioan?yi aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc? iaeaeioe?euei?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? caniae ?aae?caoe?? i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca'yce?a ye: ieoaiiy, caaaeaiiy oa caaea/?. C iaoith ii??aiyiiy aieeao nenoaiaoe/iiai oa ai?ciaee/iiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca'yce?a ia ?acoeueoaoe canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo o/iyie a?aeiia?aeii aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo eean?a aoa i?iaaaeaiee aenia?eiaio. Aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoiaoaaany e?eoa??e Eieiiai?iaa-Nie?iiaa, i?ecia/aiee aeey ii??aiyiiy aeaio iacaeaaeieo aea??ie, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo aei??yi? ca ?ioa?aaeueiith oeaeith. Ine?eueee, io?eiaia a aenia?eiaio? cia/aiiy noaoenoeee Oniino.= 0,190 ia?aaeuoaaei oaaee/ia cia/aiiy Oe?eo.= 0,179, oi ? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui c a??ia?aei?noth 0,99 o/i? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai eeano, caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca'yce?a a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy oi/i?oa a?aeiia?aeaee ia eiio?ieuei? caieoaiiy. I?i aaee/eio ?ic?eao iiaeia noaeeoe c oiai, ui 83,4% o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a aeeiiaee caaaeaiiy ia ioe?ieo "aeia?a" oa "a?aei?iii", a a eiio?ieueieo eeanao oaeeo aoei - 64,1%. ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee aeaeo?iiiioa?a a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae aeoeaiino? o/iy a i?ciaii?. Iaie i?iaiae?ciaai? iayai? caniae aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a ? aecia/eee o?, ye? iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? i?e aea/aii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee. Ia iaoo aeoieo, i?ae /an iaa/aiiy ca aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?iaeaii?noue, iaa/aeuei? iai/i? iin?aieee oa ?ica'ycoaaoe oaoi?/i? caaea/?. No/ania iaaeaaia?ea aieiae?? cia/iei a?naiaeii cania?a ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae oa i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino? o/i?a. Aaaeeeaa i?noea na?aae ieo caeia? i?iaeaiia iaa/aiiy. Aeina?ae iieaco?, ui i?aaenoaaeyoe i?iaeaiia caaaeaiiy aeioe?eueii o oi?i? i?iaeaiiiai caieoaiiy, i?iaeaiii? caaea/? /e i?iaeaiiiai i?aeoe/iiai caaaeaiiy. Aiae?c niinia?a noai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e aeicaieea aecia/eoe o? c ieo, ye? ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ca aeaeo?ioaoi?/iei i?io?eai. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy na?aae cania?a aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a caeia? ?ica'ycoaaiiy oaoi?/ieo caaea/. ?ic?iaeith oai??? aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a, i?e ?ica'ycoaaii? oaoi?/ieo caaea/, caeiaeeny ineoieiae (O.A.Eoae?yaoeaa, A.I.Iieyei, ?.I.ss?iaee oa ?i.) oa iaaeaaiae (A.A.Aaooa, I.I.Aeae?e, I.O.Iaethoa, A.I.?ea?ioeaa, A.A.N?iaia/, I.I.Neaoe?i, Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeee, N.I.Oaaaeia oa ?i.) A nai?o ?iaioao a/ai? aecia/athoue oae? oeie oaoi?/ieo caaea/: eiino?oeoi?nuee?, oaoiieia?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aenieoaoaoe?ei?. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co ?iaioe oao?aoe?a aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa ie anoaiiaeee, ui iniaeeaa i?noea o i?ioan?ei?e i?aeaioiaoe? o/i?a c i?ioan?? aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aaeoc? caeiathoue i?aai?caoe?eii-aenieoaoaoe?ei? caaea/?. Ia?o ca ana aiie ei?eni? oei, ui oi?iothoue a o/i?a cae?aiino? i?iaiicoaaoe ? anoaiiaethaaoe ae?aaiic. Oea aeoaea aaaeeea? yeino? oao?aoey, yeee ianeoaiao? aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy. A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aea/eee eeaneo?eaoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo caaea/. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?io?eai iaa/aiiy iaie cai?iiiiiaaii aeanio eeaneo?eaoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo caaea/. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny caaea/?: ia iiyniaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano; ia aea?? i?iaiae?a, eaaae?a, oio??a oiui oa niiniao ?o iiioaaeo; ia aea?? aeaeo?e/ieo aia?ao?a (caoenoo ? ea?oaaiiy) oa niiniao ?o iiioaaeo; ia ?ic?iaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Aaaeeeaa i?noea o oi?ioaaii? a oeiey??a ciaiue oa oi?iue c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee ia caiyooyo a noa?oeo eeanao caeiathoue caniae iai/iino?. I?iaeaiith aea/aiiy i?noey oiai/iaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? caeiaeeny iaaeaaiae-a/ai? oae? ye: I.?.Aaaeaeeei, A.?.Aeueii?i, A.I.Aeiaeoaa, A.I.Eacaeaae/, ?.E.Ei?/einueeee, A.N.Eeiaea, A.I.Iieyeia, Ae.A.Niaoai?i, Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeee, A.O.O?aieaeue oa ?i. Oiai/iaiiy a o?oaeiaiio iaa/aii? ? iaei??th c aieiaieo oiia i?aaeeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, ai ci?no inoaiiueiai aanue /an iia'ycaiee c ?aaeueieie oaoi?/ieie ia'?eoaie oa i?ioeanaie. Aea/aiiy oeeo ia'?eo?a ? i?ioean?a iaiiaeeeai aac iciaeiieaiiy c ?o aoaeiaith aai oiiaaie, a yeeo aiie i?io?eathoue. Oiaoi, iai/i?noue o o?oaeiaiio iaa/aii?, ye i?aaeei, ? ia i?inoi ?ethno?aoe??th aei iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, a ia'?eoii aea/aiiy, aeaea?aeii ciaiue, caniaii oi?ioaaiiy ai?iue. Aiae?c iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo oa i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe i??i?eoaoi?noue eiaeiiai ?c cacia/aieo cania?a aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a i?e aea/aii? ieoaiue i?ia?aie. A aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao cacia/ai? caniae aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a canoiniaoaaee nenoaiaoe/ii, a eiio?ieueieo ?ic??ciaii oa ai?ciaee/ii. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy eiio?ieueieo ?ia?o oa ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo, ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa??th O - eaaae?ao. Ie io?eiaee, ui Oniino.= 12,752 > Oe?eo.= 11,340. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe c a??ia?aei?noth 0,99, ui
nenoaiaoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy oa iai/iino?, a oaeiae
?ica’ycoaaiiy oaoi?/ieo caaea/ iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia c?inoaiiy ??aiy
canai?iiy ciaiue.

I?aee?anethth/e cia/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue, iaiao?aeii iaaieineoe ? ia
oi?ioaaii? a?aeiia?aeieo i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue a o/i?a. sse can?a
?aae?caoe?? aeaii? iaoe aoee ia?ai? eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/i? ?iaioe.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi??a: TH.E.Aaaainueeiai, I.I.Ai?ei,
I.A.Ca?aaa, A.?.Ea/i?aa, A.?.E?an?eiaa, A.A.Ei?aa, A.I.Ia?iaa,
Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeiai ie c’ynoaaee, ui i?e i?iaaaeaii?
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o iiaeia ae??ooaaoe oae? aeeaeaeoe/i?
caaaeaiiy: iaieiae?iiy oa cae??ieaiiy ciaiue; oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue;
cae?eniaiiy ca’yceo oai??? c i?aeoeeith; anoaiiaeaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo
ca’yce?a; ?icaeoie o/i?a.

Na?aae caaea/, ye? ?ica’ycothoueny a oiae? aeeiiaiiy
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o aeey ian aieiaia — oea oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue a
o/i?a.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie anoaiiaeee iioeiaeueiee ia?ae?e
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o, nenoaiia aeeiiaiiy yeeo ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith
a o/i?a ciaiue oa oi?iue, yeeie iiaeiai aieiae?oe aeaeo?iiiioa?.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy ye aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue a
o/i?a nenoaiia aeeiiaiiy eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o, aoee ?ic?iaeai?
oa cai?iiiiiaai? o/iyi aeey aeeiiaiiy i?aeoe/i? caaaeaiiy.

Ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeeanue iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee ca e?eoa???i Eieiiai?iaa-Nie?iiaa. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
Oniino.=0,350 > Oe?eo.=0,231, oiaoi c a??ia?aei?noth 0,99 o/i?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie eean?a, ye? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy aeeiioaaee
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/i? ?iaioe, c?iaeee caaaeaiiy ia a?eueo aenieiio
??ai?. Oea iiaeia iiaa/eoe c oiai, ui 81% o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
eean?a aeeiiaee caaaeaiiy ia ioe?ieo «aeia?a» oa «a?aei?iii», a
eiio?ieueieo eeanao oaeeo aoei — 69%.

AENIIAEE

1. A no/anieo oiiaao aeieea? iaaaeueia iio?aaa a i?aai?caoe??
ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy a na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao.

2. Ci?no i?ioan?eii? ina?oe a na?aaei?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? iiaeiai
aacoaaoenue ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iie?oaoi?/iiai iaa/aiiy.

Iniiaiei oeyoii ? noai?aiiy eia?/ii caaa?oaii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy, yea
iiaeiia neeaaeaoenue c aeaio aoai?a.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (caaaeueia i?aeaioiaea 8-9-? eeane) — iciaeiieaiiy
o/i?a c ?aeeieie ciaiiyie oa oi?iiyie iaaii? a?oie i?ioan?e, a ia
ae?oaiio aoai? (niaoe?aeueia i?aeaioiaea 10-11-? eeane) — iaa/aiiy o/i?a
iaai?e i?ioan?? c aeaii? a?oie i?ioan?e.

3. Aeaiaoaiia nenoaia ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy i?aeoiaeeoue
on?i ?ia?oie/ei i?ioan?yi. ?? oe?ii?noue c?inoa? a ?eieiaeo oiiaao
nueiaiaeaiiy, ine?eueee ethaeeia, caaaeyee oae?e i?aeaioiaoe? ciiaea, o
?ac? iaiao?aeiino?, ia?aeeth/eoenue c iaei??? i?ioan?? aeaiiai i?io?eth
ia ?ioo.

4. ?acoeueoaoe iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/othoue, ui aeineoue
aoaeoeaieie caniaaie aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a i?e
iaieiae?ii? i?ioan??th «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy» iiaeooue aooe i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca’ycee, nenoaiaoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy iai/iino?, i?iaeaiiino?, oaoi?/ieo caaea/. Oaeiae,
iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ??aaiue canai?iiy ciaiue oa oi?iue o/iyie
i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?ioi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o.

5. Oaa?aeaeaiiy, ye? iaaaaeai? o iiia?aaei?o ioieoao iiaeooue aooe
iioe?ai? ? ia ?io? i?io?e?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. I?eaiae?e I.A. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a (ia i?eeeaae?
oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue ? oi?iue) //O?oaeiaa i?aeaioiaea a
caeeaaeao ina?oe.-1998.-? 1.- N.40-43.

2. I?eaiae?e I.A. Aeyaeaiiy ciaiue c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee, iaiao?aeieo aeey
oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino? o/i?a //Iaoeia? caienee IAeI?.- I?aeei,
1998.-N.32-34.

3. I?eaiae?e I.A. Aeaeo?ioaoi?/ia i?aeaioiaea o/i?a aei caiyoue a
ao?oeao oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino? //Iaoeia? caienee IAeI?.- I?aeei,
1998.-N.35-37.

4. I?eaiae?e I.A. Eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/i? ?iaioe c aeaeo?ioaoi?ee o 10-11
eeanao //O?oaeiaa i?aeaioiaea a caeeaaeao ina?oe.- 1999.-? 3.- N.12-15.

5. I?ia?aia na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee c o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.
I?ioan?y: Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy
/Oeeaae. I.A.I?eaiae?e.- *a?i?a?a, 1999.- 29n.

6. I?ia?aia na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee c o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.
I?io?eue: Aeaeo?ioaoi?ea /Oeeaae. I.A.I?eaiae?e.- *a?i?a?a, 1999.-19n.

7. I?eaiae?e I.A. ?noi?e/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
ciaiue oa oi?iue a i?ioean? o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy //Iaaeaaia?/i? ?
ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??. *a?i?a?a, 1996.- N.119-121.

8. I?eaiae?e I.A. Aiae?c noaio oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ciaiue oa
oi?iue a o/i?a //Iaaeaaia?/i? ? ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. *a?i?a?a, 1996.-N.121-123.

9. I?eaiae?e I.A. Aeei?enoaiiy oaoi?/ieo caaea/ i?e aea/aii?
aeaeo?ioaoi?ee a noa?oeo eeanao //Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy
oa aeoiaaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a ? oe?e: Ca??iee
noaoae. -*a?i?a?a, 1997.- N.54-58.

10. I?eaiae?e I.A. I?i ci?no aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a noa?oeo
eean?a //Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a ? oe?e: Ca??iee
noaoae.-*a?i?a?a, 1997.- N.58-61.

AIIOAOe?ss

I?eaiae?e I.A. «I?io?eueia oa ii/aoeiaa i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy c
aeaeo?ioaoi?ee a caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?». — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 — oai??y oa iaoiaeeea o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny aeaiaoaiia nenoaia i?aeaioiaee o/i?a 8-11-o eean?a c
i?ioan?? «Aeaeo?iiiioa? c ?aiiioo oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy»
oa iaoiaeeea ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy a noa?oeo eeanao
na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee.

Aaoi?ii aecia/athoueny caniae aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
o/i?a, nenoaiia aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aieeaa? ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a 8-11-o eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e.
I?iaiaeeoueny aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee
oi?ioaaiiy ciaiue oa oi?iue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea, ??aaiue ciaiue ? ai?iue,
i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca’ycee, i?iaeaiia iaa/aiiy, oaoi?/i? caaea/?, iai/i?
iin?aieee, eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/i? ?iaioe.

AIIIOAOeEss

I?eaiaeae I.A. «I?ioeeueiia e ia/aeueiia i?ioanneiiaeueiia iao/aiea ii
yeaeo?ioaoieea a iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeiea». — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 — oai?ey e iaoiaeeea o?oaeiaiai
iao/aiey, Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony aeaooyoaiiay nenoaia iiaeaioiaee o/aieeia 8-11-o eeannia e
i?ioannee «Yeaeo?iiiioa? ii ?aiiioo e ianeoaeeaaieth
yeaeo?iiai?oaeiaaiey» e iaoiaeeea ia/aeueiiai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
iao/aiey a noa?oeo eeannao n?aaeiae iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeieu.

Aaoi? ii?aaeaeyao, /oi niaea?aeaiea i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey a
n?aaeiae iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeiea aeieaeii iniiauaaoueny ia
aeeooa?aioeeaoeee iieeoaoie/aneiai iao/aiey. Iniiaiui iooai ?aoaiey
aeaiiie caaea/e anoue nicaeaiea eiae/ii caaa?oaiiie nenoaiu iao/aiey,
eioi?ay aeieaeia ninoiyoue ec aeaoo yoaiia.

Ia ia?aii yoaia iao/aiey (8-9-a eeannu) o/aueany onaaeaatho aaeeiua
ciaiey e oiaiey aeey ii?aaeaeaiiie a?oiiu ?iaenoaaiiuo i?ioannee.

Ia aoi?ii yoaia (10-11-a eeannu) o/aueany iao/athony eiie?aoiie
i?ioannee ec a?oiiu ?iaenoaaiiuo i?ioannee.

?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiie ?aaiou iiaeoaa?aeaeatho, /oi
eniieueciaaiea aeaooyoaiiie nenoaiu iicaieyao a n?aaeiae
iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeiea aioiaeoue o/aieeia 8-11-o eeannia e i?ioannee
«Yeaeo?iiiioa? ii ?aiiioo e ianeoaeeaaieth yeaeo?iiai?oaeiaaiey»

Ciaiey, ia eioi?uo aace?oaony aeaiiay i?ioanney, i?eiaaeeaaeao e
oaoie/aneie iaoea «Yeaeo?ioaoieea». A oeieueiii o/aaiii ieaia oaeay
aeenoeeieeia ionoonoaoao, ii a ?yaea ae?oaeo i?aaeiaoia anoue iao/iua
iniiau aeey eco/aiey yeaeo?ioaoieee. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?u
ii?aaeaeaii, ia aaca eaeeo o/aaiuo i?aaeiaoia, eioi?ua eco/athony a
oeiea, iiaeii oi?ie?iaaoue iaiaoiaeeiua ciaiey. E oaeei i?aaeiaoai
ioiinyony: oeceea, oeiey, aeieiaey, /a?/aiea, o?oaeiaia iao/aiea e
iaoaiaoeea.

O?iaaiue iiaeaioiaee yeaeo?iiiioa?a a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo io
aeoeaiinoe o/aueony a iiciaiee. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeece?iaaiu n?aaenoaa
aeoeaecaoeee iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony e ii?aaeaeaiu oa,
eioi?ua iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiu i?e eco/aiee yeaeo?ioaoieee. Oae,
oeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue i?iaeaiiinoue, o/aaiua iaaeyaeiua iiniaey,
a oaeaea ?aoaoue oaoie/aneea caaea/e.

Aaaeiui yoaiii a iiaeaioiaea o/aueony e i?ioannee yaeyaony oi?ie?iaaiea
i?aeoe/aneeo oiaiee. N?aaenoaii ?aaeecaoeee aeaiiie oeaee auee aua?aiu
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/aneea ?aaiou, iioeiaeueiue ia?a/aiue eioi?uo
ii?aaeaeai a oiaea enneaaeiaaiey.

Oeaeaniia?aciinoue ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeee oi?ie?iaaiey ciaiee e oiaiee
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia yenia?eiaioaeueiuie aeaiiuie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioanneiiaeueiay iiaeaioiaea, o?iaaiue ciaiee e
oiaiee, iaaei?aaeiaoiua nayce, i?iaeaiiia iao/aiea, oaoie/aneea caaea/e,
iaaeyaeiua iiniaey, eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/aneea ?aaiou.

SUMMARY

Prigodey N.N. «Electrical Engineering Bias and Primary Professional
Education in secondary school». — Manuscript.

A thesis is submitted for a candidate’s degree on pedagogical specialty
13.00.02 — theory and methods of labor training teaching,
Dragomanov State Pedagogical University, Kiev, 1999.

There’s defended two-staged system of 8-11 forms training for a trade of
electrical equipment repairs and maintenance electrician training in
upper grades of a secondary school.

The author determines the means of stimulation to stur up cognitive
activities of pupils. Being used in system these methods effect
improvement of professional qualifications of 8-11 secondary school
formers. Experimental work check-up of devised methods of
acquiring knowledge and developing skills is carryout.

Key-words: professional training, level of knowledge and
abilities, inter-subject links (relationship), problem-solving
teaching, technical tasks, visual aids, practical laboratory research.

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