.

Профілактика непланованої вагітності при дифузній доброякісній гіперплазії молочних залоз: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / С.А. Ласачко, Ін-т педіат

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
122 2541
Скачать документ

?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

EANA*EI NA?OEAIA AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 618:614.2:616-006

I?IO?EAEOEEA IAIEAIIAAII? AAA?OIINO? I?E AeEOOCI?E AeIA?IssE?NI?E
A?IA?IEAC?? IIEI*IEO CAEIC

14.01.01- Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *AEEA AIEIAeEIE? EE?EEIAE*,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Aeiiaoeeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NIEUeNUeEEE ssE?A II?OE??EIAE*,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy a?iaeieia?? ?inoeoooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa
a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OA?OO?IIA AAEA??E ?AAIIAE*,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy iooeei iiei/ii? caeice Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i I.E.Ooi?ea IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ? 3

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” ethoiai 2000 ?. i 13 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.553.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeueiinoyie “Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y” i?e ?inoeooo?
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (04050, i.Ee?a-50,
aoe. Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (04050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai,8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” a?oaeiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aeia?iye?nia a?ia?ieac?y iiei/ieo caeic (AeAIC)
— iaeia c iaeiioe?ai?oeo caoai?thaaiue na?aae no/anieo ae?iie. Aiii
cono??/a?oueny, ca aeaieie ??cieo aaoi??a, a 20-30% ae?iie, a na?aae
a?iaeieia?/ieo oai?eo — o 50-60% (Neaei?aiei E.I., 1991; Ao?ae?ia E.I.,
1996; Eaaoei A.O., I?ooo I.I., 1993).

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo, ee?i?/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
inoaii?o ?ie?a aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe, ui aeia?iye?ni? caoai?thaaiiy
iiei/ii? caeice ? ii/aoeiaith eaieith a i?ioean? ceiye?nii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oeaiei oeueiai i?aaio, a aeaye? oi?ie AeAIC — aeciaiei
ia?aae?aeiaei noaiii (Aiaei?iaea I.I., Iaaethe A.Ae., 1991;
Neaei?aiei E.I., 1991; Lee K.C., Chan J.K., Gwi E., 1996). Iaea?eueoa
/anoioa AeAIC niinoa??aa?oueny a ae?iie a?eii 25-49 ?ie?a, oiaoi a oie
ia??iae aeeooy, eiee iaea?eueo aeooaeueii iinoa? ieoaiiy ieaioaaiiy
n?i’?. Iiaaia ii?ioi?iiaai?noue i?i iaoiaee ? caniae eiio?aoeaioe??,
iaaeinoaoi? ?o aeei?enoaiiy ca?eueoo? ?ecee ianoaiiy iaieaiiaaii?
aaa?oiino? ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?inoo /enea ooo/ieo aai?o?a, ui, a naith
/a?ao, aaaea aei ?inoo a?iaeieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? ? iaie?aeiino?
(Aiaaoe?ueiaa ?.A., ??e?ia O.E., 1997; Aiae ?.A., 1997;
Nieuenueeee ss.I., Na?e?nyi A.A., Oaoa?/oe O.O., 1996).

Aaa?oi?noue o a?oe? i?ney 35 ?ie?a, iniaeeai ia?a?aaia, aaeeea /enei
aai?o?a a aiaiiac? iaeaaeaoue aei /eiiee?a ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy ?aeo
iiei/ii? caeice (?aiaii?e E.?., 1990; Oa?oo?iia A.?., 1998). sseui
aeia?iye?nia caoai?thaaiiy iiei/ii? caeice aaea ?nio?, ?ecee
i?aeaeuo?oueny a aaaaoi ?ac?a. E??i oiai, no?ao ianoaiiy iaaaaeaii?
aaa?oiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy aeeneiioi?oo a naenoaeueiiio
aeeoo? ae?iee, naenoaeuei?e iaaaeiaieaiino? ? ia?aiai-ineo?/iiio
iai?oaeaiith, ? aeeeeea? iia??oaiiy ia?aa?ao AeAIC. Ii?iae?caoe?y
naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? ? aaaeeeaith eaieith a eiiieaeni?e iaaee/i?e
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia AeAIC (Neaei?aiei E.I., 1991). Ana oea
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oe? ae?iee iio?aaothoue iaae?eieo ? aacia/ieo
iaoiae?a ? cania?a eiio?aoeaioe??. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia i?io?eaeoeee
iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c AeAIC ? aeooaeueiith.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, a e?oa?aoo?? ?niothoue eeoa ie?ai? ioae?eaoe??
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo cania?a eiio?aoeaioe?? o oai?eo ia
AeAIC. A?aenooi? aeai? i?i aoaeoeai?noue ? i?eeiyoi?noue ??cieo iaoiae?a
eiio?aoeaioe?? a oe?e a?oi? ae?iie, iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii aieea ??cieo
aeae?a eiio?aoeaioea?a ia noai iiei/ieo caeic, ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy ?
ai?iiiaeueiee aaeain oai?eo ia AeAIC, ia ?nio? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo aeey
iieieia?a, o??o?a?a ? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a noai ? aeai?eoi?a
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeiai?o iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe?? aeey oeeo ae?iie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii ca?aeii c ieaiii IAe? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, ?iaioa ?
o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? oaie “?ic?iaea iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy iaie?aeiiai oethao” IIC Oe?a?ie, ? aea?ae.
?a?no?aoe?? 0197V002125, oeo? oaie IE 950605. Aaoi? ? aeeiiaaoeai oaie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caa?aaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai caei?ia’y, cieaeaiiy
e?eueeino? iaaee/ieo aai?o?a oa a?iaeieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? na?aae
ae?iie c AeAIC caaaeyee ?ic?iaoe? ? canoinoaaiith iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo e?eoa???a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeiai?o iaoiae?a
i?io?eaeoeee iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? aeey oai?eo ia AeAIC.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? noaio ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai caei?ia’y oa aiaiiaco oai?eo
ia AeAIC, aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe?? a oe?e a?oi?
ae?iie.

Aea/eoe noai a?iio?ca?ii-y?/ieeiai? nenoaie caei?iaeo ae?iie ? oai?eo ia
AeAIC a aeeiai?oe? iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo, a oaeiae a caeaaeiino? a?ae
nooiaiy aaaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy.

Aeine?aeeoe aieea ??cieo aeae?a i?aeueieo eiio?aoeaioea?a (IE) ia
iieacieee ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono oai?eo aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC.

Aecia/eoe aieea ??cieo iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe?? ia noai iiei/ieo caeic
ae?iie c aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC ? ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy.

Aea/eoe aoaeoeai?noue ? i?eeiyoi?noue ??cieo iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe??
aeey oai?eo ia AeAIC.

?ic?iaeoe ? iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe aeai?eoi ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeiai?o iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iaieaiiaaii?
aaa?oiino? aeey oai?eo aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo,
noaio iiei/ieo caeic, iieaciee?a ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono oa noiooi?o
caoai?thaaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa aea/aii iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo
iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe?? ae?ieaie c AeAIC.

Aia?oa aecia/aii noai a?iio?ca?ii-y?/ieeiai? nenoaie o oai?eo ia AeAIC a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy aaaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi oeaee
ee?i?/ii? ioe?iee noaio iiei/ieo caeic.

Aia?oa aea/aii aieea ??cieo aeae?a IE ia ai?iiiaeueiee aaeain oai?eo
aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC. Aeiaaaeaii, ui an? aeaee IE i?e i?aaeeueiiio
aeiai?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoono iathoue iiceoeaiee aieea ia ai?iiiaeueio nenoaio oeeo ae?iie. A
iaea?eueo?e i??? oeae aoaeo i?eoaiaiiee /enoi i?iaanoeiiaei
eiio?aoeaioeaai.

Aia?oa aea/aii a ii??aiyeueiiio ieai? aieea ??cieo iaoiae?a
eiio?aoeaioe?? ia noai iiei/ieo caeic ae?iie c aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC
oa ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy. Aeiaaaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy ai?iiiaeueii?
eiio?aoeaioe?? ca oiia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeiai?o i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iie?ioaiiy ia?aa?ao AeAIC, a o?eaaea aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a
eiio?aoeaioe??, iaaiaee, ni?ey? iia??oaiith noaio iiei/ieo caeic i?e
oeueiio caoai?thaaii?.

?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo aeai?eoi ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeiai?o iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iaieaiiaaii?
aaa?oiino? aeey oai?eo ia aeeoocio AeAIC a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo, noaio
iiei/ieo caeic, iieaciee?a ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono ? iayaiino? noiooi?o
caoai?thaaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe e?ea??a
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a, o??o?a?a, iieieia?a, ye? caeiathoueny e?eoaaiiyi ?
aeeniaina?iei iaaeyaeii ca ae?ieaie c AeAIC, ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeai?eoi
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeiai?o iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee
iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? aeey oai?eo ia aeeoocio AeAIC c o?aooaaiiyi a?eo
ae?iee, noaio iiei/ieo caeic, iieaciee?a ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono ?
iayaiino? noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue, yeee aeicaiey? i?aeoe/iei e?ea?yi
oaeaeei ? i?aaeeueii ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iaoiae eiio?aoeaioe?? c
iaeneiaeueiith ei?enoth aeey caei?ia’y iaoe??ioie. I?iaaaeaii
iaoiaaiaoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiceoeaiiai aieeao IE ia ai?iiiaeueiee
aaeain, noai iiei/ieo caeic ? aeeiai?eo caoai?thaaiiy o ae?iie c
aeeoocieie oi?iaie AeAIC.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai aeai?eoio aeicaiey? cieceoe e?euee?noue ooo/ieo
aai?o?a a oe?e a?oi? ae?iie c 19,8 % aei 4,5 %, a a?iaeieia?/io
caoai?thaai?noue c 72,0 % aei 35,9 %.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeiai?o
iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? aeey ae?iie c aeeoocieie
oi?iaie AeAIC ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaioo ae?ii/eo eiinoeueoaoe?e i.
Aeiiaoeueea, a?aeae?eaiiy ieaioaaiiy n?i’? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?aa?iiaeueiiai oeaio?o ioi?iie iaoa?einoaa oa aeeoeinoaa (AeAe?OeIIAe),
iie?ee?i?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai i?ioeiooeeiiiai
oeaio?o, a ?iaioo ae?ii/i? eiinoeueoaoe?? Euea?anueei? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny ia eaeoe?yo ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo aeey
e?ea??a-?ioa?i?a, ia eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??, noaaeoaaiiy oa
?ioi?iaoe?? aeey e?ea??a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa,
a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia?? oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeaii ee?i?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy 162 ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia aeeoocio
AeAIC, ? 60 ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aea/aii noai
a?iio?ca?ii-y?/ieeiai? nenoaie ianoaaeaieo ae?iie, i?iaaaeaii
noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo aeaieo. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ??cieo aeae?a
eiio?aoeaioe?? ia aeaye? iieacieee ai?iiiaeueii? nenoaie, noai
iiei/ieo caeic ? ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy o oai?eo ia AeAIC.
?ic?iaeaii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aeai?eoi aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai
aeiai?o iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? aeey
oai?eo ia aeeoocio AeAIC a

caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo, noaio iiei/ieo caeic, iieaciee?a ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoono ? noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue. I?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o aiae?c.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia?? oaeoeueoaoo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1998); ia can?aeaii? A/aii? ?aaee Oe?IAe?
iaaee/ieo i?iaeai n?i’? (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1999); aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia
i?aeiaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a,
i?enay/ai?e 30-??/iiio tha?eath eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia??
oaeoeueoaoo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1995); O c’?cae?
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana, 1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o, o oiio
/ene? 4 noaoo? a oeaio?aeueieo iaaee/ieo aeo?iaeao, 2 — o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 2 — a oacao.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 174
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Aiia neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a c aeeeaaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
Oaenoiao /anoeio aeeeaaeaii ia 108 noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae i?noeoue 233 ?iaioe, c ieo 138 — a?o/eciyieo ? 95 — ?iicaiieo
aaoi??a, oa caeia? 26 noi??iie. ?iaioo i?i?ethno?iaaii 29 oaaeeoeyie
? 13 ?enoieaie, ye? caeiathoue 40 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii?
iaoe iaie aoei ianoaaeaii 60 ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, a yeeo ia
aoei aeyaeaii caoai?thaaiue iiei/ieo caeic (?, aai eiio?ieueia,
a?oia), a oaeiae 162 ae?iee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia AeAIC (118
ae?iie iniiaii? (??) a?oie oa 44 ae?iee a?oie ii??aiyiiy (???)). AE?iee
iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi c iaoith caiia?aaiiy iaaaaeaii?
aaa?oiino? aeei?enoiaoaaee IE. 118 ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie aoee
iiae?eai? ia o?e i?aea?oie: i?aea?oia II.A — 38 iaoe??ioie, ye?
i?eeiaee iiiioaci? eiia?iiaai? ano?iaai-aanoaaaii? ai?iiiaeuei?
eiio?aoeaioeae oeio ia?aaeii, ei-oaiaiie; i?aea?oia II.A — 38 ae?iie, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaee o?eoaci? eiia?iiaai? ano?iaai-aanoaaaii? ai?iiiaeuei?
eiio?aoeaioeae oeio o?e-?aaie, o?eea?ea?, o?ec?noii, oa II.A i?aea?oia—
42 iaoe??ioee, ye? i?eeiaee i?i?-i?e? — aanoaaaii? eiio?aoeaioeae oeio
aenethoii, ia?ao, eiio?io?i. AE?iee ??? a?oie ia aeei?enoiaoaaee
ai?iiiaeueio eiio?aoeaioe?th. C iaoith caiia?aaiiy iaaaaeaii? aaa?oiino?
aiie aaeeaaee oae caai? “o?aaeeoe?ei?” iaoiaee: aa?’??iee, eaeaiaea?iee,
coitus interruptus oa ?o eiia?iaoe??. Eiio?ieueia a?oia oaeiae
aoea iiae?eaia ia o?e i?aea?oie: I.A — 20 ae?iie, ui aeei?enoiaoaaee
iiiioaci? eiia?iiaai? i?aeuei? eiio?aoeaioeae (EIE); i?aea?oia I.A — 20
ae?iie, ye? i?eeiaee o?eoaci? EIE, i?aea?oia I.A — 20 ae?iie, ui
i?eeiaee i?i?-i?e?.

Ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie i?iaiaeeeinue ia aac? a?aeae?eaiiy ieaioaaiiy n?i’?
AeAe?OeIIAe.

Na?aae on?o ae?iie aoei i?iaaaeaia aieaooaaiiy, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai
iaie aeaoaeueii aea/aii caaaeueiee, aeooa?nueeee oa a?iaeieia?/iee
aiaiiac, oiiae i?aoe?, aeeooy, ??aaiue ina?/aiino? uiaei cania?a
eiio?aoeaioe??, a?aeiioaiiy aei ??cieo iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe??. I?e
cae?aii? aiaiiaco oa i?iaaaeaii? eiai aiae?co iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eae?eyeanue ianooiiei aeaiei: n?iaeiee aiaiiac (n?iaeiee noai,
iayai?noue o ?iaee/?a caoai?thaaiue iiei/ieo caeic, a oaeiae
iieieia?/ieo oa aiaeie?eiieo caoai?thaaiue); ia?aianai? oa noiooi?
caoai?thaaiiy iiei/ieo caeic, ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ia/?iee oa ?io?;
a?iaeieia?/iee aiaiiac (noaiiaeaiiy ? oa?aeoa? iaino?oaeueii? ooieoe??,
ia?aianai? oa noiooi? a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy, iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy
ia i?aaiao iaeiai oaco); ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee aiaiiac (e?euee?noue
aaa?oiinoae, na?aae ieo — iieia?a oa ooo/ieo aai naiia?eueieo aai?o?a,
oneeaaeiaiiy; a?e i?e ia?o?e oa inoaii?e aaa?oiinoyo; iayai?noue
aaa?oiinoae, cie?aia ia?a?aaieo, i?ney 35 ?ie?a; o?eaae?noue oa
iniaeeaino? eaeoaoe??; iaoiaee eiio?aoeaioe??, ui canoiniaoaaeenue).

Ia’?eoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/aei aei??thaaiiy aaae, ?inoo, caaaeueia
ianoaaeaiiy, iaeyae oa iaeueiaoe?th iiei/ieo caeic oa ?aa?iia?ieo
e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a. Aeey aeyaeaiiy aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? an?
ae?iee aoee i?ieiinoeueoiaai? oa?aiaaoii, aiaeie?eiieiaii,
iaa?iiaoieiaii, ieoe?noii, o??o?aii.

An?i ae?ieai i?iaiaeeee ?aoaeueia a?iaeieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy.
Oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao? “Toshiba” a ia?oo
oaco iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo aeao/eeaie c /anoioith 3,5 oa 5 IAoe.
Aecia/aee oaeiae caaaeueiiee?i?/i? aiae?ce e?ia?, na/?, aiae?c aai
aaeoa??ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaa?iaeueieo aeae?eaiue. I?e iio?aa?
aeeiioaaee ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy /a?aio (oo?aoeueeiai n?aeea) c
iaoith aeeeth/aiiy i?aai?/ieo caoai?thaaiue a?iio?co.

Iaie aoee aeei?enoai? ianooii? iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy iiei/ieo caeic:
ee?i?/iee, oeeoieia?/iee, oeueo?acaoeiaee, iaiia?ao?y. I?ney iaeyaeo oa
iaeueiaoe?? ee?i?/iee noai iiei/ieo caeic ioe?ithaaee ca oeaeith
E.I.Neaei?aiei, 1991 ?.. ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia
niaoe?aeueiiio iaiia?ao? “Aeaeo?ii?ea” c aeei?enoaiiyi iineethth/eo
ae?ai?a c iiaeeiaiith aeicith ia iaeei ci?iie 0,1 iCa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaee a ia?oo oaco iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo a aeaio noaiaea?oieo
i?iaeoe?yo (i?yi?e oa aieia?e). Aeei?enoiaoaaee oaeiae oeeoieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ioieoaoo, aeiaooiai ca aeiiiiiaith oiiei? aieee, oa
aeae?eaiue ?c nine?a. Oeueo?acaoeiaa neaioaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao?
“Sonoscop – 20” o??ie Kranzb(hler (I?ia//eia) e?i?eiei aeao/eeii c
/anoioith 7,5 MAoe c aeei?enoaiiyi n??i? oeaee ca?aeii c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano c 7 ii 14
aeaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo.

Ioe?ieo ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono i?iaiaeeee oeyoii aecia/aiiy a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? eiioeaio?aoe?e ai?iii?a a?iio?co (oie?eoeinoeioethth/iai (ONA),
ethoa?i?coth/iai (EA), i?ieaeoeio (I?E)) oa noa?i?aeieo ai?iii?a
(ano?aae?ieo (A2), i?iaanoa?iio (I)) ia 6-8 oa 20-22 aei?
iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ?ioiioa?iaioiei
iaoiaeii c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaai??a o??ie UBI MAGIWEL oa
Clone Systems (NOA) noai?i ca ?ino?oeoe?yie, ui aoee iaaeai? o??iith
aeey eiaeiiai ai?iiio ie?aii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Neeaae ae?iie ianoaaeaieo
a?oi ca a?eii oa nioe?aeueiei noaiii aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyany,
aea o oai?eo ia AeAIC i?aoey a 1,4 ?ace /ano?oa aoea
iia’ycaia c i?ioan?eieie oe?aeeeainoyie, ? a 2,2 ?ace — c
ia?aiai-ineo?/iei iai?oaeaiiyi.

Ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ea?o iieacaa, ui a 93,7%
oai?eo ia AeAIC niinoa??aathoueny iani?eyoeea? iniaeeaino?
a?iaeieia?/iiai, n?iaeiiai oa ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aiaiiaco.

O 28,4% oai?eo ia AeAIC aeyaeany aeinoia??ii i?ci?oee a?e iaia?oa (14(15
?ie?a), i?ae na?aae ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie (8,3%). A a?oe? 11-13
?ie?a noaiiaeaiiy iaia?oa a?aecia/aii a 90,0% ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie,
a a oai?eo ia AeAIC oeae iieaciee aeinoia??ii ieae/ee: 60,5%.
Noaiiaeaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo a oai?eo ia AeAIC aoei aeinoia??ii
o?eaae?oei, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Na?aae 63,3% ae?iie eiio?ieueii?
a?oie oa 32,1% oai?eo ia AeAIC iaino?oaeueiee oeeee anoaiiaeany
iae?aco, a?aeiia?aeii na?aae 30,0% oa 21,6% — i?ioyaii 6 i?nyoe?a,
o 5,0% oa 25,9% — i?ioyaii 1 ?ieo, a 1,7% oa a 17,1% — i?ioyaii 2-o
?ie?a. O?eaae?noue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo aei 26 aei?a
a?aecia/aii o 10,0 % ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie oa 29,6% oai?eo ia
AeAIC; a?ae 27 aei 29 aei?a — o 80,0% oa 38,3%; a?ae 30 aei 35 aei?a —
o 10,0% oa 32,1% a?aeiia?aeii.

Ioaea, aeey oai?eo ia AeAIC oa?aeoa?ieie aeyaeeenue a?eueo i?ci?e a?e
iaia?oa oa noaiiaeaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo i?ioyaii a?eueo o?eaaeiai
/ano, i?ae o caei?iaeo ae?iie; aei?i/aiee (aei 26 aei?a) aai a?eueo
o?eaaeee (iiiaae 30 aei?a) iaino?oaeueiee oeeee. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iaoei
aeaiei ie ciaeoee a na?oia?e e?oa?aoo?? (Neaei?aiei E.I., 1991;
Hilakivi-Clarke L., Clarke R., Lippman M.E., 1994). Ca?aeii c oeeie
aeaieie, aei?i/aiee iaino?oaeueiee oeeee a?aeiia?aea? a?ia?ano?iaaiai??,
oeeee o?eaae?noth a?eueo i?ae 30 aei?a — a?aeo i?iaanoa?iio a ae?oa?e
oac? iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo.

Aeey ae?iie c AeAIC oa?aeoa?ieie aeyaeeenue oae? iani?eyoeea?
iniaeeaino? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aiaiiaco: a?aenooi?noue iieia?a aai o?eueee
?aeei? iieiae (72,2% aeiaaee?a, a eiio?ie? 50,0%); a 38,2% — e?euee?noue
ooo/ieo aai naiia?eueieo aai?o?a a?eueoa o?ueio (a eiio?ie? 6,7%); a
46,9% oai?eo ia AeAIC iaee i?noea ia?a?aai? aaa?oiino? aei ia?oeo
iieia?a (a eiio?ie? a 8,6%), oa a 19,1% — o a?oe? noa?oa 35 ?ie?a (a
eiio?ie? a 4,3%).

Ii?ooaiiy eaeoaoe?eii? ooieoe??, iayai?noue noiooi?o a?iaeieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue, iniaeeai caiaeueieo oa a?ia?ieanoe/ieo i?ioean?a,
iani?eyoeea? iniaeeaino? n?iaeiiai e naenoaeueiiai aiaiiaco aaaaeathoue
oaeoi?aie ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy aeia?iye?nieo oa ceiye?nieo caoai?thaaiue
iiei/ii? caeice (Oa?oo?iia A.?., 1998; Ao?ae?ia E.I., 1996; Zhang J. et.
al., 1995). A iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ii?ooaiiy eaeoaoe?eii? ooieoe??
a?aecia/aeeny a 61,1% oai?eo ia AeAIC (a eiio?ie? a 19,7%), o?eaae?
caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy iaoee ? i?eaeaoe?a a 50,6% (a eiio?ie? a 21,7%);
a 41,4% — aaeoa??aeuei? aaa?iice ? eieuei?oe (a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a
16,7%); a 27,8% — ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo (a eiio?ie? na?aae
13,3%); iooeeii? ? a?ia?ieanoe/i? i?ioeane ae?ii/eo noaoaaeo i?aai?a a
24,7% (a eiio?ie? a 6,7%); o?eaae? aai aino?? no?ania? neooaoe?? a 63,6%
(a eiio?ie? a 37,4%); iani?eyoeea? iniaeeaino? n?iaeiiai ? naenoaeueiiai
aiaiiaco a 45,5% (a eiio?ie? a 25,1%).

Caoai?thaaiiy oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo ? ia/?iee a oai?eo ia AeAIC
cono??/aeenue aeinoia??ii /ano?oa (40,7%), i?ae o caei?iaeo ae?iie
(10,0%), ueoiaeaeii? caeice a?aeiia?aeii a 16,7% oa 1,7%, oeaio?aeueii?
? aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie a 29,7% oa 10,1%.

Aiae?c n?iaeiiai aiaiiaco o ianoaaeaieo iaie ae?iie aeaco? ia ?ieue
niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? a ?icaeoeo AeAIC. A ?iaee/?a oai?eo ia AeAIC
/ano?oa cono??/aeeny iieieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy (33,3%, a eiio?ie? 6,7%),
iniaeeai ae?ii/eo noaoaaeo i?aai?a ? iiei/ieo caeic (11,7%, a eiio?ie?
3,4%), aeia?iye?ni? iiaiooai?aiiy ae?ii/eo noaoaaeo i?aai?a oa iiei/ieo
caeic (35,8%, na?aae ?iaee/?a caei?iaeo ae?iie a 6,7%), AeAIC (12,3%, a
eiio?ie? a 1,7%) oa iae?iaiaeie?eii? e iai?ii? caoai?thaaiiy (35,0% oa
6,7%).

Aiae?c aeaieo aieaooaaiiy noiniaii iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe??, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny, iieacaa, ui oai?? ia AeAIC iaaeinoaoiuei ciaeii? c
iaoiaeaie oa caniaaie eiio?aoeaioe??, ai?iiiaeueio eiio?aoeaioe?th
aeei?enoiaothoue o?eueee 6,8 % ae?iie oe??? a?oie (a eiio?ie? 20,0%).
A?eueo?noue (62,3 % ae?iie) ei?enoothoueny iaeiaoaeoeaieie
o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie eiio?aoeaioe?? (a eiio?ie? 48,4%), a 16,0 % ia
aeei?enoiaothoue cian?i i?yeeo iaoiae?a (a eiio?ie? 3,3%). O ca’yceo c
oeei ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?a?aaieo aaa?oiinoae oa iieia?a a oe?e a?oi?
ae?iie aeoaea aeniea oa neeaaea? 2,1?1, a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 0,8?1. Ana
oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ae?iee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, oai?? ia AeAIC,
iaeaaeaoue aei a?oie ?eceeo c iaieaiiaaii? aaa?oiino? e iio?aaothoue
aenieiaoaeoeaieo no/anieo iaoiae?a eiio?aoeaioe??.

Iaie aoa aea/aiee noai ooieoe?? a?iio?ca?ii-y?/ieeiai? nenoaie o 162
ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia AeAIC. Ne?ae ie?aii cacia/eoe,
ui ia aoei ciaeaeaii nooo?aeo a?aei?iiinoae a noai? ai?iiiaeueii?
nenoaie o ae?iie c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie caoai?thaaiiy. Iaoa
?iaioa, ca?aeii c iaoith, ia? oaeo iniaeea?noue, ui aei ia? oa?eoee eeoa
o? ae?iee c AeAIC, ye? iio?aaothoue eiio?aoeaioe??. Oiaoi aaeeea
e?euee?noue ?ioeo oai?eo ia AeAIC caeeoeeanue iica iaaeaie oeueiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oea ianaiia?aae o? ae?iee, a yeeo caoai?thaaiiy aeieeei
ia oii? oaeeo aiaeie?eiieo ii?ooaiue, ui ? i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino?,
cae/iiai iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?, oai??, ye? ia?aianee iia?aoeai?
ao?o/aiiy ia noaoaaeo i?aaiao, i?ney yeeo ianoaiiy aaa?oiino?
iaiiaeeeaa. Ia? cia/aiiy oaeiae oie oaeo, ui aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
oa?eoee oai?? ia AeAIC iica?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, a oaeiae o? ae?iee,
ui ia iathoue noaoaaeo noinoie?a i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano. Ca?aeii c
aeaieie ??cieo aaoi??a, oae? iaoe??ioee na?aae oai?eo ia AeAIC
noaiiaeyoue a?ey 25-40 % (Aeai?aeia N.I., 1991; Neaei?aiei E.I., 1991).

Iaie ciaeaeai? nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? a noai? a?iio?ca?ii-y?/ieeiai?
nenoaie oai?eo ia AeAIC oa ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Na?aaeiy
eiioeaio?aoe?y ONA a oie?eoe?iiao oaco iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo aei??aith?
10,52±0,30 iea/e o oai?eo ia AeAIC ? 6,22±0,18 iea/e a eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi?, oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aaeuaiiy a 1,7 ?ace (p

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Ответить

Курсовые, Дипломы, Рефераты на заказ в кратчайшие сроки
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020