15

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

A?IIEOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.?.IE?IAIAA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

AEUe-?EAO AEUe-OAEO IIOAIAAe

OAeE 618.36;618-3-16,155.194.5.021

I?IO?EAEOEEA IAOEIAEO E?IAIOA*

O AE?IIE C AIAI??TH AAA?OIEO

14.01.01. Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ? 2 A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeno?oe Aiaoie?e Ieeeoi?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

?2 Aeiieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia?e?i Eaii?ae Ai?eniae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

IIC Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?ai/oe Aiaoie?e THoeiiae/

eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. I.ss. Ai?aa/aanaueeiai IIC
Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo iaae?ao??? aeooa?noaa

oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23.02.1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee E.05.600.01 i?e A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (286018, i. A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa 56).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (286018, i. A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa
56).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19.01.1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

e.i.i., aeioeaio Iieeaeueei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie.

Na?aae ??cieo aeae?a aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, iieia?a
? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? aeooa?nuee? e?iaioa/? caeiathoue iaeia ?c
ia?oeo i?noeue. *anoioa e?iaioa/ a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei an?o iieia?a neeaaea? 4,8-36,2% (N??ia A.I., Iaeaoea??y
A.Ae., 1987, Nai/oe A.ss., Aaioeeianueeee A.I., Eoi/ee E.I., Ae/eiaa
I.A., 1994, Nai/oe A.ss., 1995, No?eaeaeia A.I., A?eai?yi A.A., 1995,
Caii?iaeai A.I., 1996, Oeiioaiei E.A., 1996, Comeglio P., Fedis, Liotta
A.A. oa ?io? 1996, Hellgren I.,1996). Ca inoaii? ?iee e?euee?noue
aeiaaee?a e?iaioa/ a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? ia o?eueee ia cieceeanue,
a ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy. A i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?,
ia?aeaeueii c oeei, ca?eueoeany a?aenioie a no?oeoo?? iaoa?einueei?
nia?oiino?, yeee eieeaa?oueny a?ae 15 aei 50% (?ai?ia I.A., Oaaei?iaa
A.Ae., Eiie/aaa A.A. oa ?io?, 1991, Naao?ia O.N., 1990, Naaaeue?aa A.I.
oa ?io?, 1989, Neaei?iaa ?.N., Eiceiaoeue A.?., Ac?ciaa Ae.A., 1989,
O?ai/oe A.TH., 1996, Mercelina-Roumans P.E. oa ?io?, 1996).

sse a?aeiii, aei inoaii?o ?ie?a iniiaieie i?e/eiaie aeooa?nueeeo
e?iaioa/ aaaaeaeenue a?iioii?y iaoee, ?iaeiaee o?aaiaoeci oa iaoieia?y
ieaoeaioe. A iao /an caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia ii?ooaiiy aaiinoaoe/ieo
iaoai?ci?a oa i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? a iaoiaaiac? aaii?aa?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue,
ye? cono??/athoueny i?e iaoieia?/i?e aaa?oiino? (Muszbek L., Adany R.,
Mikkola H., 1996).

Aea/aiiy ii?ooaiue cn?aeaiiy e?ia? i?e aaa?oiino? oa i?ae /an iieia?a
ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy: oyaee?noue, ianeai?noue aeooa?nueeeo e?iaioa/,
aaeeea aaaee?noue ?o oa?ai?? oa aaeeeee a?aenioie iaoa?einueei?
nia?oiino? niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny
ii?ooaiiy a nenoaiao cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? (?aoiaooea?aa
A.?., Naao?ia O.N., 1990, Naao?ia O.N., Oaiaeaiiaa O.E., 1990, N?e?i?e
ss.Ae., 1992, ?ic??aa ?.Ae., ?aaec?inueeee A.?., Eieii?eoeaaa A.A.,
1991, Ia?e?i E.A., N?e?i?e ss.Ae., 1991, AEanoeiaa ?.A., A?oaiiiia A.N.,
1994, Ieciaa I.I., 1996, Komatsu V., Nippon oa ?io?,1995).

Aiae?c i?e/ei eiaaoeiiaoe/ieo e?iaioa/ i?ae /an iieia?a ? a
i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? na?ae/eoue i?i niaoeeo?/iee aieea ia noai
nenoaie aaiinoaco ??cii? aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??. I?e iaoieia?? iieia?a
?ecee aeieeiaiiy iaoeiaeo e?iaioa/ c?inoa? a 10-15 ?ac?a (Aeaoeaae/
A.A., Aooiai E.A. oa ?io?, 1994, Aeaeaaaa?iaa TH.E., Eaaee?iaa A.A.,
1990, Aaioeeianueeee A.I., Aoaeaanueea ?.A., *a?iiaa A.I., 1986,
Aaioeeianueeee A.I. oa ?io?, 1990).

A ?acoeueoao? iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ca inoaii? 4 ?iee (aiae?c 1000
?noi??e iieia?a ca 1995-1998 ?iee) anoaiiaeaii, ui /anoioa aiai??
aaa?oieo c?inea aei 60%. Aiai?y aaa?oieo ? oaeoi?ii ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??, aiia aecia/a? no?oeoo?o
iaoa?einueei? ? ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? (Nai/oe A.ss., 1996,
Aaioeeianueeee A.I., 1989, Ia?e?i E.A., N?e?i?e ss.Ae. oa ?io?, 1992).

Aiai?y aaa?oieo – oea ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe aanoic?a, caa?ice ia?aae/anieo
iieia?a. O aaa?oieo c aiai??th niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy iaoieia?/ieo
iieia?a, ye ii /anoio?, oae ? ii oyaeeino?. Iniaeeai /anoi o oaeeo
ae?iie niinoa??aathoueny e?iaioa/? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. *anoioa
oneeaaeiaiue a i?ioean? aaa?oiino? ? a iieiaao caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith
aiai?? aaa?oieo. I?ae /an iieia?a aeieeaa neaae?noue iieiaiai?
ae?yeueiino?, ia?aae/ania a?aeoiaeaeaiiy iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae, a?ii- oa
aoii?/i? e?iaioa/?, ca?eueooaoueny /anoioa aeooa?nueeiai o?aaiaoecio oa
iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Ia i?aeaeuaio e?iaiao?aoo a iieiaao i?e aiai??
aaa?oieo, ii??aiyii c ii?iaeueieie iieiaaie, caa?oaee oaaao aaaaoi
aaoi??a (E?eai?o/ei ?.A., 1997, Eaciae/ I., ?aiaeaeaeiae/ 3., 1997,
Eaoo N.N., Aaia/ae ?.E., Ai?iaaoeue A.A. oa ?io?, 1989, Eec?eia I.O.,
1989, Ia?e?i E.A., 1991, Ramires-Mateos N., Laa?a A., N?ati-Nimez, 1998,
Halldetg L.oa ?io?, 1998).

I?ney iieia?a niinoa??aathoueny caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy, noa?iaiethoe?y
iaoee, iao?iaiaeiiao?eoe. C aieo ieiaea niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
/anoioe a?iio?io?? ieiae?a, aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien?? ieiaea oa
ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (Noaiaie?anueea A.E., Nai/oe A.ss., 1992).

Ca?aeii c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e, iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiei ? ieoaiiy i?i
caeaaei?noue oyaeeino? oa /anoioe oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino?, iieia?a aeey
iaoa?? ? ieiaea a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? aiai?? aaa?oieo.
Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai cn?aeaiiy e?ia? i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo aei
oaia?aoiueiai /ano aea/aii iaaeinoaoiuei. A e?oa?aoo?? i?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi? ?iaioe, i?enay/ai? eiiieaeniiio aea/aiith an?o eaiie aaiinoaco
(o?iiaioeeoa?iee aaiinoac, nenoaia cn?aeaiiy oa o?a?eiie?co) i?e aiai??
aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaith oyaeeino? ? o?eaaeino?.

3 iiaeyaeo ia aiai?th aaa?oieo, ye ia nai???aeiee aanoic, a?eueo?noue
aeine?aeiee?a aeey c’ynoaaiiy iaoiaaiaco cina?aaeaeothoue oaaao
ia?aaaaeii ia aaiaoieia?/iiio aai ?ioiiiio aniaeoao. Iieacieee ae
cn?aeaiiy e?ia? i?ioyaii aaa?oiino? ia oii? i?e?aeiaii? aiai?? aea/ai?
iaaeinoaoiuei.

E??i oiai, caaaeueii i?eeiyo? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo ?
iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaieie, aeiaaathoue o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a. Oiio aeioe?eueii ?ic?iaeyoe ?ioee iai?yiie o
e?eoaaii? aiai?? aaa?oieo, iniaeeai c iiceoe??, ui aiai?y aaa?oieo —
oea aanoic. Iacaaaeath/e ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue e?ea?nueeeo cania?a oa
i?aeoiae?a aei i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo, aei oeueiai
/ano a?aenooi? /?oe? e?eoa??? aeey i?ecia/aiiy
e?eoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i
aiiainoaco, aioeaiai?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy aanoico, ye i?iyao
aiai?? aaa?oieo.

Ana aeeeaaeaia aeua niiioea? ian aei i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?iaaaeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy, ii/eiath/e c
ae?ii/i? eiinoeueoaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeaia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? oaie, caoaa?aeaeaii? I?i?noa?noaii
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie ye i?ei?eoaoi? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy:
“Ee?i?/ia ioe?iea oaoi-ieaoeaioa?ii? nenoaie oa i?io?eaeoeea
aeooa?nueeeo oneeaaeiaiue o ae?iie c i?ci?i aanoicii ? aiai??th
aaa?oieo”, ? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196V004914.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aecia/aiiy oeyo?a cieaeaiiy /anoioe aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii?
iaoieia?? oa nia?oiino? i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo ca ?aooiie nai?/aniiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee oe??? iaoieia??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe 6oee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1.I?iaiae?coaaoe ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao aiai?? aaa?oieo ?
oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaeueieo oa
i?io?eaeoe/ieo i??ii?e?inoa o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.

2. Aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio nenoai
cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? aea/eoe oe? iieacieee ye iiaeeea?
i?e/eie e?iaioa/? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo aei iieia?a, i?ae /an
iieia?a, a oaeiae a ie?ai? aei? i?ney iieia?a:

a) c ii?iaeueiei ia?aa?aii iieia?a (eiio?ieueia a?oia);

6) i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo.

3. Aea/eoe ca’ycie i?ae iieacieeaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia? (/enei o?iiaioeeo?a,
oaeaee?noue aa?aaaoe?? o?iiaioeeo?a, ??aaiue o?a?eiiaaio,
a?eo?ioeeo?a).

4. Ia iniia? aiae?co ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, iieaciee?a
a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith AII neeanoe oaaeeoe?
i?iaiicoaaiiy e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee, iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee, eiiieaeniee niin?a
e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo.

6. I?ney aea/aiiy aeecueeeo ? a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy ioe?ieoe
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo i?iaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ? eiiieaeno
e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeey iaoa?? ? ieiaea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa cae?eniaii eiiieaenia aea/aiiy noaio nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe
cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo (ye iieaciee i?e/eie
e?iaioa/? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?). Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ie?aieo
oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa ?o ii?aeiaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith AII ?ic?iaeai? oaaeeoe?
i?iaiicoaaiiy e?iaioa/? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.

Cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaeniee niin?a e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo, yeee
ii?aeio? i?aia?aoe cae?ca, aioeieneaeaioe, i?aia?aoe, ye? i?aeaeuothoue
cn?aeaiiy e?ia? (eiio?eeae, a?eanie oa ?i.).

C’yniaai? aeaye? caeiiii??iino? i?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy aaa?oieo,
cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueieo i??ii?e?inoa aeey
onoiaiiy iiaeeeaeo oneeaaeiaiue i?e aaa?oiino?, i?ae /an iieia?a o
ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa ca aeiiiiiaith a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ae /an aaa?oiino?,
iieia?a oa a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? i?inoaaeaia iine?aeiai?noue
?icaeoeo ii?ooaiue nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aaaeeeao ?ieue aeieeath/iai ii?ooaiiy a nenoai?
cn?aeaiiy e?ia? i?e aiai??, yea iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeii? ei?aeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

C’yniaai? ii?ooaiiy cn?aeaiiy e?ia? oa ?o ee?i?/i? aaee/eie i?e ??cieo
nooiaiyo oyaeeino? aiai?? aaa?oieo. Aecia/aia ae?aaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue
oeueiai ianoaaeaiiy o aaa?oieo c aiai??th i?ae /an ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? ?
a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?.

Iane?aeee aea/aiiy iieacaee, ui oneeaaeiaiiy aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a, noai
iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo iaoiiaeai? ii?ooaiiyi
oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno, ii?ooaiiyi nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, ye?
iaoiiaeai? e?iaioa/ath a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?.

?ic?iaeaia ia AII ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy e?iaioa/ o
ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo i?ae /an iieia?a.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii iiaee, iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee
eiiieaeniee niin?a e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia io?oe?eiee caoeno.

1. *anoioa oa nooi?iue aeyao oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a aeey
iaoa?? ? ieiaea i?yii caeaaeaoue a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? ? o?eaaeino?
ia?aa?ao aiai?? aaa?oieo.

2, O ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo a?aei?/a?oueny ii?ooaiiy noaio
oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno, ca?eueoaiiy e?iaioa/? a i?neyiieiaiaiio
ia??iae? ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?.

3. O aaa?oieo c aiai??th a?aei?/a?oueny cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a nenoai
cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?.Niinoa??aa?oueny o?niee ca’ycie i?ae
ci?iaie o?iiaioeeo?a, o?a?eiiaaio oa ii?ooaiiyie nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa
i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?.

4. O ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo aei e?eoaaiiy /anoi niinoa??aa?oueny
a?iien?y aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ieiaeo ? ano?en?y iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. I?ney
eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy oey iaoieia?y ciaiueoo?oueny a aeaa ?ace.

5. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaeniee niin?a e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo
aenieiaoaeoeaiee aeey iaoa?? ? ieiaea.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo a aeooa?nuee?
a?aeae?eaiiy AEeoiie?nueei?, Oiaeueieoeueei? oa A?iieoeueei? iaeanoae.
Ca iaoa??aeaie ?iaioe aeaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??: «I?io?eaeoe/ia
e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo». A i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy

iioae?eiaaii 6 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoiaothoueny o aeeeaaeaii? nooaeaioai 4-ai, 5-ai, 6-ai eo?n?a,
e?ea?yi-?ioa?iai ? eo?naioai oaeoeueoaoo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aoee iia?aeiieaii? ia O c’?cae?
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1996), ia Ieaioi? i?aae?iiy
iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (*a?i?aoe?, 1997), ia
Ieaioi? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (?aiaoi??y, 1998), ia can?aeaii?
iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a (A?iieoey, 1997), ia
?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo (A?iieoey, 1996).

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeo
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? aeianai? aei caoenoo.

Aaoi? iniaenoi i?ia?a ee?i?/io /anoeio aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c aeaieo,
noi?ioethaaa aeniiaee oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeianai? aei caoenoo,
i?aeaiooaaa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iaiicoaaiith, i?io?eaeoeoe?
oneeaaeiaiue i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo, ye? aeieeaathoue ?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 245 a?o/eciyieo oa 53 ?iicaiieo
aeaea?ae. ?ethno?iaaia 4 iaethieaie, 18 oaaeeoeyie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ a ??ci? oa?i?ie aaa?oiino? oa a

i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? ianoaaeaii 130 ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo oa ?o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, 45 ae?iie (eiio?ieue) c ii?iaeueiei aaiiaeia?iii. Aeey
iinoaiiaee oa iiaeaeueoiai ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ie
cae?enieee aiae?c 1000 ?noi??e iieia?a ca 4 ?iee c aeooa?nueeiai
a?aeae?eaiiy iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo ? 2 i. A?iieoe?, ?c ieo 500 ?noi??e
iieia?a c aiai??th aaa?oieo ? ii??aithaaee c ?noi??yie iieia?a 500
ae?iie c ii?iaeueiei aaiiaeia?iii. An?i ae?ieai c aiai??th aaa?oieo (130
ae?iie) aeey c’ynoaaiiy oa?aeoa?o ? nooiaith oyaeeino? aiai??
aeine?aeaeoaaee eiioeaio?aoe?th caaaeueiiai aaiiaeia?io, e?euee?noue
a?eo?ioeeo?a i?ae?aoiaoaaee i?e ?icaaaeaii? e?ia? ? aecia/aiiio ianyao
e?/eeueii? eaia?e, aecia/aee eieuei?iaee iieaciee oa aaiaoie?eo. Ai?no
ne?iaaoeiaiai cae?ca (NC) aecia/aany ca aeiiiiiaith iaai??a A?iea-Oano
«Cae?ci» (*ao?y). E??i oiai, ae?ieai c aiai??th aaa?oieo i?iaiaeeee
aiae?ce ia cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, aea/aee noai aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ieiaeo ca
iaoiaeii iai?yii? oiiiaeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?? ? ea?ae?ioieia?ao??. I?e
aiae?c? oiiiaeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?? a?aoiaoaaee ?eoi, /anoioo na?oeaaeooy
ca 1 oaeeeio, aioo??oiueioaeeeii? eieeaaiiy, ?aaeoe?th ieiaeo ia
ooieoe?iiaeuei? i?iae.

Aoia?ao?/i? ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aia?aoo «Aeiea» Ae-50 c o?ainaaaeii?iaeueiei eiiieaeniei aeao/eeii 3,5
Iaoe.

A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee a eaai?aoi??? aace Oeaio?o
iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoaiaoe/ia i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaciaee e?iaioa/ i?ae /an iieia?a o ae?iie c
aiai??th aaa?oieo neeaaeaee i?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?ioani?a ?iaeooaeia
A.I., aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe, caa?aeoaa/a eaoaae?ith eiii’thoa?ieo
nenoai oi?aae?iiy A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeey aecia/aiiy aeayeeo iieaciee?a ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee eiaaoeia?aie, a
neeaae yeeo aoiaeeei aecia/aiiy ye caaaeueii? nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?,
oae ? iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiaeio oaco cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Ie
aea/aee oae? iieacieee: /an ?aeaeueoe?o?eaoe??, oiea?aioi?noue ieacie
aei aaia?eio, aecia/aiiy i?io?iia?io oa aiaeiaaiiiai o?iiaiieanoeio,
aecia/aiiy o?iiaioeeo?a, /ano ?aeaeueoe?o?eaoe??, aecia/aiiy
o?a?eiiaaio.

Caeaaeii a?ae nooiaith ? o?eaaeino? ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy an?o
ianoaaeaieo aoei ?iciiae?eaii ia aea? a?oie. Aei ia?oi? a?oie oa?eoei 83
ae?iee, a yeeo aiai?y c’yaeeany i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, oa 47 ae?iie, a
yeeo aiai?y c’yaeeany aei aaa?oiino?. A?eueo?noue aaa?oieo ia?oi? a?oie
i?eeiaea eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? (iaeaoa iaoieia??). E??i
oiai, ie an?o ianoaaeaieo ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo a caeaaeiino? a?ae
nooiaith oyaeeino? aiai?? ?icae?eeee ia o?e a?oie: aiai?y eaaeiai
nooiaith (aaiiaeia?i 110-91 a/e), aiai?y na?aaeiueiai nooiaith
(aaiiaeia?i 90-81 a/e), aiai?y oyaeeiai nooiaith (aaiiaeia?i 80 a/e oa
ieae/a).

Iae/ano?oa aaa?oi? c aiai??th nea?aeeeeny ia caaaeueio neaae?noue,
oaeaeeo aoiiethaai?noue, caaeeoeo i?e o?ce/iiio iaaaioaaeaii?,
niinoa??aaeany ae?ae?noue oe??e oa aeaeeieo neeciaeo iaieiiie.

An? aaa?oi?, ye? no?aaeaeaee aiai??th, io?eioaaee iaaeeeaiaioicia
e?eoaaiiy, yea a?aeiia?aeaei iniiaiei i?eioeeiiaei iieiaeaiiyi:
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeao?oeeoo oa noai?aiiy aeaii cae?ca, iane/aiiy i?aai?cio
a?oai?iaie, i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, ii?iae?caoe?y
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. 3 oe??th iaoith
aaa?oiei ia i?ioyc? o?ueio oeaei?a i?ecia/aee i?eeiaoe i?iaeoeoe
e?eoaaeueiiai oa?/oaaiiy, cae?cii?noe? (noeueoao cae?ca, oa?ai?ae,
oa?iieaen, oa??oi-eae, oa?eiaai oa ?io?) oa aeanainea?e?coth/?
i?aia?aoe, a?oai?ie o eiiieaen? c i?e?iaeaiaioaie.

Aea/aii an? o?e eaiee aaiinoaco: o?iiaioeeoa?iee, nenoaia cn?aeaiiy
e?ia? oa nenoaia o?a?eiie?co (ieaciaiee e?cen, ??aaiue a?eueiiai
aaia?eio, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ic/eiaiiai o?a?eio o ieaci? e?ia?). Io?eiai?
oeeo?ia? aeai? i?aeaeaaaee aa??aoe?ei?e noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? c
aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th Nouethaeaioa. An? ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeenue c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?ai aeey

?ic?aooieo na?aaeiueiai a?eoiaoe/iiai (I), na?aaeiuei? iiieeee (s),
na?aaeiueiai eaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy (m), aeia??/iai eiao?oe??ioo
(t).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiai?y
aaa?oieo ? iaeiei ?c /anoeo oneeaaeiaiue i?ioeano aaa?oiino? aeey iaoa??
? ieiaea. Oae, aiae?c 1000 ?noi??e iieia?a ca 1995-1998 ?iee iieacaa,
ui /anoioa aiai?? c?inea c 8,9 aei 62%. Iae/ano?oa aiai?th
ae?aaiinoiaaii a eaae?e oi?i? (48,4%), na?aaei?e aaaeeino? 34,3% ? a
oyaee?e oi?i? 18,1%.

Aiai?y aaa?oieo ae?aaiinoiaaia o ae?iie a?ae 28 ?ie?a aei 42 ?ie?a,’
/ano?oa aiai?y aaa?oieo aeieea? o ia?oiaaa?oieo.

Ca aeaieie aeooa?nueei-a?iaeieia?/iiai aiaiiaco oaeoi?aie ?eceeo ne?ae
aaaaeaoe: ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo, caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoe?a iaoee. Aaaeeeao ?ieue a ao?ieia?/ieo iiiaioao aiai??
a?ae?a?athoue ia?aianai? a aeeoeinoa? ?ioaeoe?ei? caoai?thaaiiy,
aeno?aaai?oaeueia iaoieia?y.

Aaaaoi a/aieo (A?euaiei A.?., Ua?a?ia I.I., 1990, A?iiiaa A.I., 1994,
O?ai/oe A.TH., 1992, Ia?e?i E.A., Nne?i?e Ae.ss., 1992, Eieii?eoeaaa
A.A., 1987, Aaioeeianueeee A.I., Nai/oe A.ss., 1996, Aga1? A.E.,
Framstad O., Nainn?ngan oa ?io?, 1998) aeacothoue, ui o ae?iie c
aiai??th aaa?oieo /anoi niinoa??aathoueny ??ci? oneeaaeiaiiy i?ae /an
aaa?oiino?, iieia?a ? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. A oeueiio ieai? iao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca?aathoueny c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e. Iae/ano?oa
o?aieythoueny aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? ?ioaeoe?? (a?ae 38,3 aei 42,4%),
iaa?yee aaa?oieo (a?ae 14,3 aei 18,1%), ?aii? oa i?ci? aanoice (a?ae
10,1 aei 25,6%), aioo??oiueioo?iaia a?iien?y ieiaea (48,4%).

*anoioa ? oyaee?noue oneeaaeiaiue i?ae /an iieia?a ? a ?aiiueiio
i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? i?yii caeaaeaoue a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? ?
o?eaaeino? aiai?? aaa?oieo. Ie aea/aee iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao iieia?a oa
i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo o 130 ae?iie c aiai??th, yeeo ?icae?eeee ia 2
a?oie. A ia?oo a?oio aa?eoee 83 ae?iee, o yeeo aiai?y aeieeea i?e
aaa?oiino?, a ae?oao a?oio aa?eoei 47 ae?iie, aaa?oi?noue yeeo
?icaeaaeanue ia oii? aiai??. Oae, /anoioa ia?aae/anieo iieia?a o ?ac?
o?eaae?oiai ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy a?eueoa o 3 ?ace, i?ae oeae iieaciee
o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?, a e?euee?noue iaoieia?/ieo iieia?a aeinyaa? 68,3%.
Cia/ii iaiueoa oeae iieaciee cono??/a?oueny o aaa?oieo ae?oai? a?oie
ianoaaeaiiy. O?eaaeee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy, iniaeeai o ae?iie, ye?
iaaeinoaoiuei e?eoaaeenue a noaoe?iia?? aei iieia?a, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi a 5 ?ac?a neaaeino? iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ii??aiyii c
eiio?ieai. *ano?oa a 2 ?ace, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, ca?a?no?iaaii
iaa/ania aeeeooy iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae.

A iieiaao iniaeeao iaaaciaeo o aaa?oieo c aiai??th noaiiaeyoue
e?iaioa/?, i?e/eiaie yeeo ? ii?ooaiiy nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, iaoieia?y
aeae?eaiiy iine?aeo, a?iioii?y iaoee, aeooa?nueeee o?aaiaoeci
(Naaaeue?aa A.I. oa ni?aaaoi?e, 1989, Nai/oe A.ss., Aaioeeianueeee A.I.,
1996, N?e?i?e ss.Ae., Ia?e?i E.A., 1992, A?euaiei A.?., 1990, No?eaeaeia
A.I., A?eai?yi A.I., 1995, Bokayevin, Kabaeva E.V., 1998).

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui iaaeaaa e?iaiao?aoa (200-350 ie) /ano?oa
aoaa? a ?ac? iao?eaaeiai ia?aa?ao aiai?? ? oae? ae?iee i?eeiaee
e?eoaaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. *anoioa
iaoieia?/ii? e?iaiao?aoe (a?eueoa 400 ie) aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue
a?ae oyaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa o?eaaeino? eiai ia?aa?ao, a oaeiae
a?aenooiino? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy
e?ia?.

Iniiaiith i?e/eiith ianeaieo aeooa?nueeeo e?iaiao?ao o ae?iie c aiai??th
aaa?oieo ia iaoo aeoieo ? ii?ooaiiy nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, eiee
?icaeaa?oueny o?ii?/iee AeAC-neiae?ii.

Ca iaoeie aeaieie i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo e?euee?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c
a?iien??th caeaaeeoue a?ae oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao aiai?? aaa?oieo. Ia?aa?a
aaa?oiino? ia oii? aiai??, ia iaoo aeoieo, ui ca?aa?oueny c aeaieie
Aieioe A.ss. oa ?ioeo (1992), aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy aioo??oiueioo?iaii?
a?iien?? ieiaea. O?eaaeee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy /anoi ni?e/eiy?
ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae ianith a?ae 2000 aei 2450 a (3,4±2,1%).

Iani?eyoeea? oiiae ?icaeoeo ieiaea aieeaathoue ia caoai?thaaiiy
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, /anoi niinoa??aathoueny iiaaiii??, ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai
e?iaiia?ao oa ?io? caoai?thaaiiy. Aiai?y aaa?oieo aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy
/anoioe ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?. *anoioa ?aiiuei? iaiiaoaeueii?
nia?oiino? oaeiae a?eueoa, yeui aaa?oi?noue c aiai??th cono??/a?oueny c
i?ci?ie aanoicaie.

Ia iniia? aiae?co ee?i?/ieo aeaieo ie aaaaea?ii, ui aaa?oieo c aiai??th
ne?ae a?aeiineoe aei a?oi ?eceeo uiaei iaaeiiooaaiiy, neaaeino?
iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ? iniaeeai e?iaioa/ a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. O
ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy oaeeo
aaa?oieo a ae?ii/eo eiinoeueoaoe?yo aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?aiiuei?
ae?aaiinoeee iiaeeeaeo oneeaaeiaiue, ui aeiiiiiaea ciaioeoe /anoioo
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?. Aei eiiieaeno
ianoaaeaiiy aaa?oieo c aiai??th, ia iaoo aeoieo, aa?oi aaanoe aecia/aiiy
ii?ooaiue ooieoe?e nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. sse
a?aeiii, e?iaioa/a i?ney iieia?a ? iaei??th ?c i?e/ei iaoa?einueei?
nia?oiino? (AEanoeiaa?.A., A?oaiiiia A.N., 1994, Eai?eiaa E.E. oa
ni?aaaoi?e, 1990, *aeea A.E., 1989, 1990, 1997, Eiie/aaa I.A., Noinueea
A.O., 1990, Eoeaeia A.?. oa ni?aaaoi?e, 1985, Iaeaoea??y A.Ae., 1987,
Ieoaeeaiei I.O. oa ?io?, 1988). Aeey i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy iaoeiaeo
e?iaioa/ a o?aoueiio ia??iae? iieia?a o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo
iio??aii ciaoe iaoiaaiac ii?ooaiue aaiioaco. I?e iaoieia?/i?e
e?iaiao?ao? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy
o?a?eiiaaio ? iineeaiiy o?a?eiie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?. E?eoaaiiy
aeooa?nueeeo e?iaioa/ i?e ii?ooaii? nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia? iiaeiii
noaaeoe ieoaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oaeoi??a cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Ia iniia?
oaeeo ianoaaei c’yaeeanue iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa
i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? aeey aeyaeaiiy iaoiaaiaco e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c
aiai??th aaa?oieo.

Aeey ii??aiyiiy iieaciee?a ie ianoaaeeee 45 ae?iie (eiio?ieue) c
ii?iaeueiei aaiiaeia?iii i?e aaa?oiino? 40 oeaei?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a nenoaie aaiinoaco ae?iie c
ii?iaeueiei aaiiaeia?iii oa c aiai??th i?aaenoaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1, 2.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee cn?aeaiiy e?ia?

o ae?iie i?e ii?iaeueiiio i?aa?ao aaa?oiino?,

iieiaao oa a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?

Iieacieee cn?aeaiiy e?ia?Noaoeno. iieacieeAei iieia?a 40 oeae.

aaa-o?Ia??iaee iieia?aI?neyiieiaiaee ia??iaeIIIIII3

aeaiue6

aeaiue*an cn?aeaiiy e?ia? (ca E?-Oaeoii)n

M

s

m±25

6,4

0,9

0,424

5,8

0,5

0,223

5,7

0,3

0,123

5,6

0,3

0,223

4,8

0,2

0,121

5,0

0,4

0,2*an ?aeaeueoeeo?eaoe?? (a nae.)n

M

s

m±25

98,2

12,1

3,224

91,4

11,3

3,123

84

10,5

1,923

92

13,1

4,123

90

12,3

3,921

76,8

10,7

1,9Aaia?eiiaee /an In

M

s

m±25

256,1

46,4

7,724

243,2

45,3

7,623

220,3

42,1

6,923

205,4

40,1

6,723

250,0

45,3

6,221

210,2

40,1

5,6Aaia?eiiaee /an IIn

M

s

m±25

510

92,1

14,624

491

83,1

12,423

452

80,2

11,623

415

79,6

10,423

498

86,3

13,621

435

79,7

10,7O?iiaioeeoe
(picscalex10001000900000397000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02800280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffb2ffffff40020000320200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e6
57720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040000002d01000008000000320a74018c010100000
0390008000000320a200210000200000031300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000
0000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040
000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000/e)n

M

s

m±22

283,1

91,5

22,323

292,6

86,7

21,523

283,6

82,3

20,423

293,6

91,4

22,121

294,7

84,6

21,420

253,1

59,4

14,2Ooai?aiiy aiaeiaaiiiai o?iiaiieanoeion

M

s

m±25

4,1

0,4

0,224

3,7

0,5

0,2723

3,1

0,3

0,4123

3,7

0,5

0,423

2,9

0,5

0,2621

3,4

0,6

0,3I?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen

a %n

M

s

m±25

108,2

9,2

2,324

110,3

9,6

2,623

115,6

9,7

2,823

104,2

9,1

2,223

94,41

9,0

2,121

106,4

11

1,4O?a?eiiaai

a ieiieue/en

M

s

m±25

8,5

0,9

0,2824

6,8

1,1

0,323

6,9

1,1

0,323

6,5

1,3

0,523

6,1

0,9

0,2721

6,0

0,8

0,25*an o?a?eiie?co a %n

M

s

m±25

12,6

4,2

2,024

22,0

1,8

0,923

22,3

2,1

1,023

26,0

2,3

1,222

23,5

2,1

1,021

23,0

2,0

1,0o) Aeinoia??i?noue an?o na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo (?) a?eueoa 95%

3 i?eaaaeaieo a oaaeeoe? aeaieo aeaeii, ui a e?ioe? aaa?oiino?
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy cn?aeath/i? caeaoiino? e?ia?. A?aei?/a?oueny
aeayea nei?i/aiiy /ano cn?aeaiiy e?ia? oa /ano ?aeaeueoe?o?eaoe??,
i?aeaeuaiiy i?io?iia?iiai? aeoeaiino? aei 106,3%, cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy
e?eueeino? o?a?eiiaaio aei 5 ia/ie% (i?e ?<0,001), iacia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy oiea?aioiino? ieacie aei aaia?eio. Anoaiiaeaii ??cea iineaaeaiiy o?a?eiie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? iai??e?ioe? aaa?oiino? (aei 526,4 oa.). Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy cn?aeaiiy e?ia? a cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeaii cieaeaiiyi aioeeiaaoeyioii? aeoeaiino? (a ia?oo /a?ao o?a?eiie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?). I?aeaeuaiiy cn?aeaiiy e?ia? iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino? ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe, i/aaeaeii, ye caoenio ?aaeoe?th i?aai?cio. Ci?ie iieaciee?a nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ?iae?eue a ??ci? ia??iaee iieia?a oa o ii?iae?eue a aeeiai?oe? iieacaea, ui a i?ioean? iieia?a a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy cn?aeath/i? caeaoiino? e?ia?. Iieacieee nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? aei iieia?a i?e ii?iaeueiiio ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? aeacothoue ia aeayea i?aeaeuaiiy cn?aeaiiy e?ia? a oe?eiio. I?i oea na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? o?a?eiiaaio, i?io?iiaeiiai? aeoeaiino?, oiea?aioiino? ieacie aei aaia?eio oa nei?i/aiiy /ano cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. O ae?iie iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino? a?aei?/a?oueny oaeiae cieaeaiiy o?a?eiie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?. Ieae/a i?eaaaeaia ae?aa?aia aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a noaio nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo ii?iaeueiei aaiiaeia?iii. Iaie i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? a aeeiai?oe? o 105 ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. Iieacieee nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino?, a i?ioean? iieia?a oa a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? i?aaenoaaeai? ia oaaeeoe? 2. Oaaeeoey 2. Iieacieee nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino?,a i?ioean? iieia?a oa a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? Iieacieee nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?Noaoeno. iieacieeeAaa-oue 39-40 oeaei?aIieiaeI?neyiieiaiaee ia??iaeI ia??iaeII ia??iaeIII ia??iae3 aeaiue6 aeaiue*an cn?aeaiiy e?ia? (ca E?-Oaeoii)n M s m±103 6,26 1,38 0,69100 8,1 1,47 0,71102 8,2 1,48 0,74103 8,3 1,5 0,7595 6,5 1,2 0,697 5,4 1,1 0,7*an ?aeaeueoeeo?eaoe?? (a nae.)n M s m±103 113,1 11,2 3,2102 120,0 12,3 4,1100 122,1 12,4 4,1103 125,1 13,1 4,595 97,1 11,7 3,297 95,1 11,5 3,3O?iiaioeeoe (picscalex10001000900000397000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02800280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffb2ffffff40020000320200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000300017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e6 57720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040000002d01000008000000320a74018c010100000 0390008000000320a200210000200000031300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000 0000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040 000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ff00000000/e)n M s m±100 198,2 56,3 5,8100 199,3 58,3 6,397 188,2 44,1 4,796 186,3 43,2 4,6101 202,2 58,8 6,895 208,4 59,9 7,1Oiea?aioi?noue ieacie aei aaia?eio (a nae)n M s m±103 557 104,2 12,1100 615,2 109,1 14,397 605,1 103,2 13,796 620,3 110,2 14,3101 550,2 103,1 12,195 486,3 94,2 12,1I?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen (a %)n M s m±103 91,1 11,3 1,4100 100,1 9,4 1,397 102,2 9,5 1,496 90,1 9,3 1,3101 86,2 6,7 0,895 88,1 6,5 0,9Ai?no o?a?eiiaaia (a ieiieue/e)n M s m±103 4,8 0,6 0,2100 4,7 0,5 0,397 4,6 0,4 0,296 4,3 0,3 0,1101 5,2 0,6 0,295 5,6 0,7 0,3*an o?a?eiie?co (a %)n M s m±103 22,0 2,1 0,64100 18,0 1,4 0,6297 19,0 2,0 0,6296 19,2 2,0 0,94101 15,0 2,5 0,195 12,0 2,1 0,12o) Aeinoia??i?noue an?o na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo (?) a?eueoa 95% Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a nenoaie aaiinoaco na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui nooi?iue iaoieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue o nenoai? aaiinoaco i?yii caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? ? o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy. Aeey iaaeyaeiino? i?eaiaeeii ii??aiyiiy aeayeeo iieaciee?a nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia? o ae?iie c aiai??th ? ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. I?e aaaeaii? aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo o ae?iie c aiai??th iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe, ui ii?ooaiiy aaiinoaco a ieo a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?o?e oac?, a a ?ac? o?eaaeiai ia?aa?ao oyaeeeo aiai?e – ae?oa?e oac? o?ii?/iiai AeAC-neiae?iio. A?aeiiaeaiiy iieaciee?a aaiinoaco ? o?a?eiie?co a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? o ii?iae?eue c aiai??th a?aeaoaa?oueny iia?eueii, ui noai?th? caa?ico e?iaioa/. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e ? cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie c iiceoe?e iaoeo oyaeaiue i?i iaoiaaiac e?iaioa/ a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? o ae?iie c aiai??th, ie cai?iiiioaaee eiiieaeniee i?io?eaeoe/iee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy, ui aeeth/a? o?e eo?ne oaeiai e?eoaaiiy (i?e iiya? aiai?? aaa?oieo, a 28 oeaei?a oa a 38 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?). Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai ? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie niinia?a e?eoaaiiy aiai?e aaa?oieo iieacaea aacnoii?ai? ia?aaaae inoaiiueiai. Oea i?aeoaa?aeeeiny aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a aaiiaeia?io, aaiaoie?eoo. Iieacieee nenoaie aaiinoaco o aaa?oieo, yeeo e?eoaaee ca iaoei i?io?eaeoe/iei niiniaii, aeiaiaeyoue, ui o?iiaioeeoa?iee aaiinoac ii?iae?coaaany ? a?aeiiaeeany ??aiiaaaa i?ae nenoaiaie o?a?eiie?co oa cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Aeyaeaia iaie iiceoeaia noi?iia e?eoaaiiy a?aeia?aceeany ? ia noai? ieiae?a, iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ia?aa?ao iieia?a ? i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaie oa?ai?? ae?oe a noai? ano?en?? ia?iaeaeoaaeeny a aeaa ?ace ??aeoa, i?ae i?ney caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai??. Cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen e?eoaaiiy ia? ii??aiyii a?eueo ae?aaeaiee iiceoeaiee aieea ia o?eueee ia ae?iie c aiai??th, aea ? ia iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Oae a 3 ?ace ??aeoa ia?iaeaeothoueny a?iio?io?/i? ae?oe, cia/ii ciaiueoo?oueny ?o caoai?thaai?noue. Oaeei /eiii, ni?euei?noue iaoiaaiaco aiai?? aaa?oieo iaoiiaeth? iaeiini?yiiaai?noue ii?ooaiue o nenoai? iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae ? ii?ooaiue a nenoaiao cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Aaee/eia ii?ooaiue caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? ? a?ae o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e aeua neacaia, ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe e?eoaaiiy, yea ni?yiiaaia ia e?ea?aeaoe?th ii?ooaiue a nenoai? cn?aeaiiy e?ia? ? ii?ooaiue a nenoai? iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae. AENIIAEE 1. Aei a?oie ?eceeo uiaei aeieeiaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo, ye oi?ie aanoico, ne?ae a?aeiineoe ae?iie noa?oa 30 ?ie?a, ui ia?iaeaeothoue aia?oa, o yeeo a aiaiiac? niinoa??aaeeny ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo, caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy noaoaaeo i?aai?a, a oaeiae aaa?oieo, ye? oai??ee aino?eie ?ani??aoi?ieie caoai?thaaiiyie i?ae /an oe??? aaa?oiino?. 2. Aaa?oi?noue ? iieiae o ae?iie c aiai??th noi?iaiaeaeothoueny c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? oneeaaeiaiue: ?aii?o oa i?ci?o aanoic?a, caa?ice aai?oo ? ia?aae/anieo iieia?a, cia/ii c?inoa? e?euee?noue iaoieia?/ieo ? ia?aae/anieo iieia?a, eana?aaiai ?icoeio ? aeooa?nueeiai o?aaioaaiiy, /anoioa a?iien?? ieiaea ? ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. 3. O ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo, ye oi?ie aanoico, i?ae /an iieia?a ? a ?aiiueiio i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? /ano?oa cono??/athoueny ??ci? oneeaaeiaiiy ? iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy: neaae?noue iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (15,8%), ia?aae/ania a?aeoiaeaeaiiy iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae (21,2%), e?iaioa/a a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? (28,3%). 4. Aiai?y aaa?oieo aeeeeea? cia/i? ci?ie o nenoai? cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, ye? i?iyaeythoueny o ii?ooaii? nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. O ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo e?iaioa/a a iieiaao ? a i?neyeieiaiaiio ia??iae? caeaaeeoue a?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio cn?aeath/i? ? o?a??iie?oe/ii? nenoai e?ia?. A i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy eiaaoeyioii? caeaoiino? e?ia? ? i?aeaeuo?oueny aioeeiaaoeyioia aeoeai?noue e?ia? (c6?eueoo?oueny /an cn?aeaiiy, cieaeo?oueny oiea?aioi?noue ieacie aei aaia?eio, ciaiueoo?oueny e?euee?noue o?iiaioeeo?a ? o?a?eiiaaio, ca?eueoo?oueny o?a?eiie?oe/ia aeoeai?noue). 5. Aiai?y aaa?oieo iani?eyoeeai aieeaa? ea ie?ae, ni?e/eiy? c?inoaiiy /anoioe ia?iaeaeaiiy a?iio?io?/ieo ieiae?a, o?aaioaaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ui ia?iaeeeeny a?ae ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo, ii?ooaia aaeaioaoe?y aei iicaoo?iaiiai aeeooy aiane?aeie /iai, niinoa??aa?oueny iia?eueia a?aeiiaeaiiy ii/aoeiai? aaae, aeniea caoai?thaai?noue a ia??iae iiaiia?iaeaeaiino?. 6. Eiiieaeniee i?io?eaeoe/iee niin?a e?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo, yeee ii?aeio? i?aia?aoe cae?ca, aioeieneaeaioe, i?aia?aoe, ye? i?aeaeuoththoue nenoaio cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, aeicaiey? i?ney cae?i/aiiy eo?no e?eoaaiiy ii?iae?coaaoe iieacieee ii?ooaiiy cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, i?eaanoe nenoaio aaiinoaco aei noaio no?eei? ??aiiaaae. 7. E?eoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo cai?iiiiiaaiei niiniaii aeicaiey? cieceoe /anoioo a?iien?? ieiaea a 2 ?ace, a?iio?io?th ieiaea oa ano?en?th iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai a 3 ?ace, e?iaioa/ a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? a 4 ?ace. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. Aaa?oi? c aiai??th iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoenue i?ae iniaeeaei iaaeyaeii a ae?ii/?e eiinoeueoaoe??, aea ?i iiaeiii i?iaiaeeoenue eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy, yea ni?yiiaaia ia ii?iae?caoe?th nenoaie cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, i?aeaeuaiiy aaiiaeia?io oa e?ea?aeaoe?th oiio, ia yeiio ?icaeioeanue aiai?y (oieneeic ia?oi? oa ae?oai? iieiaeie aaa?oiino?). 2. 3 iaoith i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue i?ae /an aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a ae?iee c aiai??th aaa?oieo i?aeeyaathoue noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaiith. I?e ?ic?iaoe? ieaio aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c aiai??th, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe nooi?iue ii?ooaiiy oaoi-ieaoeaioa?ii? nenoaie. 3. 3 iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy aiai?? aaa?oieo iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? ia cn?aeaiiy, e?euee?noue o?iiaioeeo?a oa o?a?eiiaaio, i?ney /iai canoiniaoaaoe iaeaaeia e?eoaaiiy. 4. Aeey eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy a 38 oeaei?a aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe eiio?eeae ii 10000 IAe iaeei ?ac ia aeiao, a?eanie ii 5 ie a/i, iieiae aanoe noai?i i/?eoaaeueii, ia aeiioneaoe aaeeei? e?iaiao?aoe, a ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i o??o?a?/io coieieo e?iaioa/?. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAI0TH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aaeno?oe A.I., Aano?oe I.A., Aeue-?eao Aeue-Oaeo Iioaiaae. I?io?eaeoeea ii?ooaiue oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo// O c'?cae aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (Oace aeiiia?aeae), Iaeana. - 1996. – N. 64-65. 2. Aaeno?oe I.A., Aeue-?eao Aeue-Oaeo Iioaiaae. Aieea aiai?? ia noai ieiaea oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai// O c’?cae aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (Oace aeiiia?aeae), Iaeana. – 1996. – N. 65-66. 3. Yeue-Eeao Yeue-Oaeo Iioaiiaae. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe naa?ouaathuae nenoaiu e?iae o aa?aiaiiuo n aiaieae// A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.-1997, ? 1. – N. 50-51. 4. Yeue-Eeao Yeue-Oaeo Iioaiiaae. I?ioeeaeoeea e oa?aiey eiaaoeiiaoee i?e aiaiee aa?aiaiiuo // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. - 1998, ? 1-2. – N. 276-277. 5. Yeue-Eeao Yeue-Oaeo Iioaiiaae, Aaeno?oe I.A. I?ioeeaeoeea ia?ooaiee ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aaiieiaaoeyoeee e oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998, ? 1-2. – N. 278-279. AIIOAOe?ss Aeue-?eao Aeue-Oaeo Iioaiaae. I?io?eaeoeea iaoeiaeo e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01. – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie, A?iieoey. – 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aea/aiiy i?io?eaeoeee e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo c ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe?e nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. I?e aiai?? aaa?oieo a cia/i?e i??? ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue a iieiaao oa a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. Iaea?eueo oyaeeei oneeaaeiaiiyi ? e?iaioa/? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. Ae?aaeai? ii?ooaiiy ciaoiaeyoueny a i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae oyaeeino? oa o?eaaeino? ia?aa?ao aiai??. Caaaeueiiee?i?/i? oa niaoe?aeuei? iaoiae? ianoaaeaiiy aaa?oieo ae?iie, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue i?ae iaaeyaeii, i?iaiaeeee aei oa i?ney e?eoaaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo niinoa??aa?oueny oe?eee ?yae oyaeeeo oneeaaeiaiue, iaaacia/ieo aeey aeeooy iaoa?? ? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai, aeyaeaii aeaye? /eiieee ao?iiaoiaaiaco aiai?? aaa?oieo. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ie?aieo /eiiee?a ?eceeo oa ?o ii?aeiaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith AII ?ic?iaeai? oaaeeoe? i?iaiicoaaiiy e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia ia AII ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy e?iaioa/ o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. O aaa?oieo c aiai??th aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? nenoaie cn?aeaiiy oa aeoeaaoe?y nenoaie i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Anoaiiaeaii o?niee ca’ycie i?ae ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? o?iiaioeeo?a, o?a?eiiaaia oa ii?ooaiiyi nenoai cn?aeaiiy oa i?ioe cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Cai?iiiiiaaia, iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaoiiaeaia, eiiieaenia oa?ai?y aiai?? aaa?oieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?aia?ao?a, ye? ii?iae?cothoue nenoaio cn?aeaiiy e?ia?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaa?oi?noue, aiai?y, cn?aeaiiy e?ia?, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ae?aaiinoeea, e?eoaaiiy. AIIIOAOeEss Yeue-Eeao Yeue-Oaeo Iioaiaae. I?ioeeaeoeea iaoi/iuo e?iaioa/aiee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01. – aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. I.E.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?aeiu, Aeiieoea. – 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eco/aiey i?ioeeaeoeee e?iaioa/aiee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo n ia?ooaieai ooieoeee naa?ouaathuae e i?ioeainaa?ouaathuae nenoai e?iae. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe, ?iaeia e iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo. I?e aiaiee aa?aiaiiuo a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a oaaee/eaaaony eiee/anoai ineiaeiaiee a ?iaeao e a iinea?iaeiaii ia?eiaea. Naiuie oyaeaeuie ineiaeiaieyie yaeythony ineiaeiaiey a iinea?iaeiaii ia?eiaea. Au?aaeaiiua ia?ooaiey iaoiaeyony a i?yiie caaeneiinoe io oyaeanoe e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe oa/aiey aiaiee. Iauaeeeie/aneea e niaoeeaeueiua iaoiaeu ianeaaeiaaiey aa?aiaiiuo aeaiuei, eioi?ua iaoiaeeeenue iiae iaaethaeaieai, i?iaiaeeeenue aei e iinea ea/aiey. O/eouaay oi, /oi o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo iaaethaeaaony oeaeue ?yae oyaeaeuo ineiaeiaiee, iianiuo aeey aeecie iaoa?e e iiai?iaeaeaiiiai, auyaeaiu iaeioi?ua oaeoi?u yoeiiaoiaaiaca aiaiee aa?aiaiiuo. Ia iniiaaiee eco/aiey ioaeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea e eo ni/aoaiey n iiiiuueth YAI ?ac?aaioaiu oaaeeoeu i?iaiice?iaaiey e?iaioa/aiee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo. ?ac?aaioaia ia YAI eeeieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue i?iaiice?iaaiey e?iaioa/aiey o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo. O aa?aiaiiuo n aiaieae iaia?oaeaii iiieaeaiea aeoeaiinoe naa?ouaathuae nenoaiu e aeoeaaoeey aioenaa?ouaathuae nenoaiu e?iae. Onoaiiaeaia oaniay naycue iaaeaeo oiaiueoaieai o?iiaioeeoia, oea?eiiaaia e ia?ooaieai naa?ouaathuae e aioenaa?ouaathuae nenoai e?iae. I?aaeeiaeaia, iaoiaaiaoe/anee iaoneiaeaiiay, eiiieaeniay oa?aiey aiaiee aa?aiaiiuo n i?eiaiaieai i?aia?aoia, eioi?ua ii?iaeecotho nenoaio naa?ouaaiey e?iae. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?aiaiiinoue, aiaiey, naa?ouaaiea e?iae, i?iaiice?iaaiea, aeeaaiinoeea, ea/aiea. ANNOTATION El - Ileish El - Sheikh Mohamed. Prophilaxis of uterinal bleeding of women with anaemia of pregnancy - manuscript. The dissertation for scientific degree of the Candidate of medical sciences in speciality 14.01.01 - Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Vinnitsa State Pirogov Memorial Medical - University, Vinnitsa 1999. The dissertation deals with the investigation of uterinal bleeding prophilaxis in women with anaemia of pregnancy with disorders of functions of coagulation and anti-coagulation systems of the blood. The peculiarities of pregnancy course, delivery and postpartum period in women with anaemia of pregnancy were determined. It was obtained that in the case of anaemia of pregnancy the significant disorders complicate delivery and postpartum period. The most heavy disorders in bleeding in postpartum period. The marked disorders are in direct dependence of degree and duration of anaemia. General clinical and special methods of examination of pregnant women under observation were used before and after the treatment. Taking into account the fact that a number of serious complications dangerous for mother’s and infant’s life are observed in women with anaemia of pregnancy, same etiopathogenetic factors of anaemia of pregnancy are revealed. On the basis of study of separate risk factors and theire combination bleeding prognosis tables for women with anaemia of pregnancu are worked out with the help of computer. The method of preventive treatment is elaborated. The clinico-mathematic model of bleeding prognosis in women with anaemia of pregnancy is worked out on computer. In pregnant women with anaemia decrease of coagulation system activity and activation of anti-coagulation system of blood are detected. Close relationship between trombocyte and fibrinogen reduction and disoders of coagulation and anti-coagulation systems of blood is esteblished. Pathogenetic complex therapy of anaemia of pregnancy including preparations which normalize coagulation system of blood is proposed. Key words: pregnancy, anaemia, coagulation of blood, prognosis, diagnosis, treatment.

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