16

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IAss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE ?i.I.E.OOIEEA

IAEUeIEE IENAIA AANEE?AIA

OAeE 618.346 – 007.251 – 06 : 616.9

I?IO?EAEOEEA ?IO?AAII?AEUeII? OA IOA?IA?AEUeII? ?IOAEOe?? I?E
IA?AAe*ANIIIO ?IC?EA? IEIAeIAEO IAIEIIIE IA OII? IAAeIIIOAII? AAA?OIINO?

14.01.01 — Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a– 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeiae/aiei TH??e Iao?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia?? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Nai/oe Aiaoie?e sseiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? Ee?anueeiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo anioe?aoe??
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?oaiiiia Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?2 Iaoe?i-iaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.aeaae.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Ae.Aaeeoeueeiai IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?2

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 8 ” _aeiaoiy__ 1999 ?ieo

i _11_ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.02
i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea
IIC Oe?a?ie (254112, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_15__” _eeiiy _ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaicaeye I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia ?ioaeoe?? ? iaei??th c iaeaeooaeuei?oeo o
no/aniiio aeooa?noa?, ine?eueee oey iaoieia?y iin?aea? iaeia c
i?ia?aeieo i?noeue o no?oeoo?? iaoa?einueei? ? ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?
oa caoai?thaaiino? (E.A.Ia?e?i,1995; I.N.Aa?aeainueeee oa ni?aaao.,1996;
K.Haram et.al.,1994). A inoaii? ?iee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei?
aeine?aeieee, ye? i?aoeththoue iaae oe??th i?iaeaiith, cai?iiiioaaee
aeinoaoith e?euee?noue iaoiaeee uiaei cieaeaiiy ?ioaeoe?eii?
caoai?thaaiino? o ae?iie ? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, o ian
a e?a?i? a 1998 ?ioe? a no?oeoo?? iaoa?einueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii?
iaoieia?? iniiaia i?noea caeiathoue ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy
(?.A.Aiaaoe?ueiaa, 1998; A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa ni?aaao.,1998).

Ca aeaieie a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, c?inoaiiy ?ioaeoe?? a
aeooa?noa? iiaycothoue c aenieei ??aiai caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue iaoee ?
aeiaeaoe?a, ii/eiath/e c i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo, iani?eyoeeaei ia?aa?aii
aaa?oiino?, iia??oaiiyi aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??, ye?nieie ? e?euee?nieie
ci?iaie c aieo iaoiaaiii? ? oiiaiiiaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e, a oaeiae
cieaeaiiyi ?ioiieia?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?i. (A.E.Noaiaie?anueea oa
ni?aaao.,1994; I.O.Ieoaeeaiei,1995; L.Avila et.al.,1991; A.L.Borrelly
et.al.,1994).

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iiiaio?a o ae??oaii? i?iaeaie aeooa?nueei?
?ioaeoe?? ? aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. Ia iaoo
aeoieo, i?iaeaia ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? iieyaa? ia o?eueee o
ieoaiiyo aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy ieiaea, a oaeiae o?nii
aca?iiiiaycaia ? c ianooiieie ai?eii-caiaeueieie caoai?thaaiiyie. Na?aae
aaaaoi/enaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo aeaii? iaoieia?? i?ia?aeia i?noea
a?aeaiaeeoueny ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?eaia? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, iniaeeai ia
oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? (C.I.Aeoaina?nueea oa ni?aaao.,1995;
I.A.Anaoeiaa,1995; I.I.THcueei oa ni?aaao.,1995). sse na?ae/aoue aeai?
e?oa?aoo?e oea oneeaaeiaiiy iae/ano?oa ?icaeaa?oueny ia oii?
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ? aenieiai i?e?iaiiai ian?iai?iiy
iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae, ui i?ecaiaeeoue nii/aoeo aei noiioaiiy, a iio?i ?
aei ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie (TH.A.Oeaaeaa oa
ni?aaao.,1994; A.A.Aeo?iaa oa ni?aaao.,1995; W.R.Burrows et.al.,1995).

C aaeeei? e?eueeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo aeey
i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy ?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia?? aoaeue-yei?
eieae?caoe??, ie coieieee na?e aea?? ia a?o/eciyiiio i?aia?ao? aeey
i?noeaaiai canoinoaaiiy – i??ai?noei?. Oea i?aia?ao c a?oie
iiaa?oiaaiaeoeaieo niieoe, ye? iathoue ae?aaeai? aioei?e?iai?
aeanoeaino? ii a?aeiioaiith aei a?aiiiceoeaieo ? a?aiiaaaoeaieo
aaeoa??e, a?ea?a, i?eiieaci, a??on?a ? iaei?ino?oeo. Aeniea
aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue i??ai?noeio niieo/a?oueny c ae?aaeaiei
?ioiiiiaeoethaaeueiei aoaeoii. ?ioiiaaethaaioi? aeanoeaino? i?aia?aoo
caiaeyoueny aei iiaeoeyoe??, a ia?oo /a?ao, oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiee
?ioi?oaoo, yea a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio ?ieue a iaoiaaiac? ?ioaeoe?eieo
oneeaaeiaiue (TH.I.Aaeiae/aiei,1991).

Ana aeuaaeeeaaeaia noaei aeey ian i?aenoaaith aeey aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino?
i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee
?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia?? o iaoa?? oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, ? ae.?. 0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa ?iaioe: cieceoe /anoioo ?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie ?
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii?
iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ca aeiiiiiaith i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy
i??ai?noeio.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaanoe ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a,
i?neyiieiaiaiai ? iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei
?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a ??ci? oa?i?ie iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

2. Aea/eoe ?ieue i?e?ia?ioeaiico iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae ? i?noeaaiai
?ioi?oaoo a ?icaeoeo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii?
iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

3. Anoaiiaeoe aca?iicaycie i?ae ee?i?/ieie, aoia?ao?/ieie,
aaeoa??ieia?/ieie, ?ioiieia?/ieie ? ii?oieia?/ieie iieacieeaie i?e
ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii?
aaa?oiino?.

4. ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy ?ioaeoe?eii?
iaoieia?? o iaoa?? ? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea?
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ca aeiiiiiaith
i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio.

5. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ee?i?/ieo, aoia?ao?/ieo, aaeoa??ieia?/ieo ?
?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith eiio?ieth ca
aoaeoeai?noth aeei?enoaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a i?e
ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii?
aaa?oiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeai?
ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei
?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e ??cieo oa?i?iao iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.
Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii aca?iicaycie i?ae ee?i?/ieie, aoia?ao?/ieie,
aaeoa??ieia?/ieie, ?ioiieia?/ieie ? ii?oi-eia?/ieie ci?iaie. Oea
aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe aeai? i?i iaoiaaiac ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue o
iaoa??a ? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

Aia?oa aea/aia iiaeeea?noue i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio c iaoith
i?io?eaeoeee ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e ?eceeo,
iniiai? i?e/eie ? oa?i?ie ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia
oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo
ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
i?aeoeeo iaoiaee eiio?ieth uiaei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a i?e aeai?e iaoieia??.

Ai?iaaaeaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey cieaeaiiy /anoioe
?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue c aieo iaoa?? ? ieiaea i?e ia?aae/aniiio
?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ca
aeiiiiiaith i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii ca ia??iae c 1996 aei 1999 ?.?.
Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c 159 ?noi??e iieia?a ?
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy 90 ae?iie aei ? i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.
Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaiee caa?? ? i?aeaioiaea a?ieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo.
Cia/ia /anoeia eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaia aaciina?aaeiuei
aaoi?ii oa ca eiai o/anoth.

Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo i?io?eaeoeee ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue o iaoa??
? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e
iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?, ui aeicaieeei iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaia iniaenoi
aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia can?aeaii? anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Ee?anueei?
iaeano? (/a?aaiue, 1998); ia can?aeaii? anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a
i.Ee?aa (aa?anaiue, 1998); ia can?aeaii? i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Aeooa?noai
oa a?iaeieia?y” Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooi?ea.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii iyoue
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue a oeaio?aeueieo aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 123 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a oa iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 104
a?o/eciyieo oa 84 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?aea. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 28
oaaeeoeyie ? 22 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia?eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? a aeaa
aoaie. Ia ? – ie aeei?enoaee ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ia?aa?ao
aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo, a oaeiae noaio
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo o 159 ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?? oa?i?io: 28-32 oeae. –
? a?oia (92 ae?iee) ? 33-36 oeae. – ?? a?oia (67 ae?iie). Oe?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ?noi??e iieia?a, ye?
iaee i?noea o Oeaio?? ioi?iie caei?iay iaoa?? oa aeeoeie Ee?anueei?
iaeano? ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a (1994-1998 ?.?.). Ia ?? aoai? ie ioe?ithaaee
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee i?io?eaeoeee ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?
ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi a?o/eciyiiai i?aia?aoo
i??ai?noeio. Aiia iieyaaea a ?io?aaaa?iaeueiiio aaaaeaii? 15 ie 0,5%
iac? i??ai?noeio eiaei? 12 aiaeei c iiiaioo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie aei ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae oi?iaeiaae 3 ae?a
i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo. An? oai?? aoee oaeiae ?iciiae?eai? ia o?e
a?oie: eiio?ieueia – 30 ae?iie c? nai?/aniei aeeeaii iaaeieiie?aeieo
aiae, aac aeooa?nueei? ? niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??, a oa?i?i? aaa?oiino? a?ae
38 aei 40 oeaei?a; ? a?oia – 30 ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?, ye? i?io?eaeoe/ii io?eioaaee
aioea?ioeee ? i?noeaai aioenaioe/i? ?ic/eie: oo?aoeee?i /e
oei?aaeneaeei; ?? a?oia – 30 ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?, o yeeo aeei?enoiaoaaee ?ic?iaeaio
iaie iaoiaeeeo o?eueee c i?noeaaei canoinoaaiiyi i??ai?noeio, aac
aioea?ioeeioa?ai??. E??i caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaiaeeee aoia?ao?th ia aia?aoao “Toshiba” oa “Aloka” (ssiii?y) ?
aea/aee iniiai? oaoiiao?e/i? iieacieee, a oaeiae ieaoeaioia?ao?th. I?e
aea/aii? ai?iiiaeueieo aca?iia?aeiioaiue a nenoai? iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae
aecia/aee a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei iaoiaeii ai?no
ano??ieo, ano?aae?ieo, i?iaanoa?iio, i?ieaeoeio, oi??ii?/iiai
aiiaaeio?ii?io ? ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (A.A.?aci?eiaa, 1990).

Aaeoa??ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noeee aecia/aiiy ianooiieo
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a: cieioenoee ? ai?aea?iaeueiee noao?eieie, aaiie?oe/iee
no?aioieie a?oie A, aoa?eo??, i?ioae, eeaan??ea, eeoeiaa iaee/ea,
aioa?ieie, oeai?ae??, o?aaieacia ? i?eiieacia (A.A.Iaiueoeeia,1993).
Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiue neoaeeee iaaeieiie?aei? aiaee, ieaoeaioa,
ioieiaa a?aeae?ethaaia iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, eio??.

C iaoith ioe?iee nenoaiiiai ? i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo i?iaiaeeee aea/aiiy
eiai oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiee na?aae iaeo?io?e?a o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia?,
iaaeieiie?aeieo aiaeao ? eio?yo. INO-oano aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith
N.I.A?eioeueeiai oa ni?aaao. (1991), i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaee INO
o??ie “Oaiaiie” (*ao?y). Aeey aea/aiiy oaaioeeoa?iiai /enea ? ?iaeaeno
canoiniaoaaee iie?noa?ieia? /anoeiee eaoaeno ae?aiao?ii 1,3-1,6 iei
(caaiae “Iie?ia?”, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a).

Aecia/aiiy aeoeaiino? eenei? oa eoaeii? oinoaoace i?iaiaeeeinue ca
iaoiaeeeith Aiaeainueeiai, yea a?oioo?oueny ia oa?iaioaoeaiiio
a?ae?ie?c? ?-Natrium—glycerophosphat o??ie “Merk” (I?ia//eia) (A.A.Eiea
oa ni?aaao.,1986).

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e I.I.I?ioea?a oa ni?aaao. (1997). I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiithoa? “Pentium-150” c i?ia?aiith “Microsoft Word
7.0”. A?ao?ee aoaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Microsoft Excel 7.0”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Na?aae iaeaeooaeuei?oeo
i?iaeai no/aniiai aeooa?noaa i?ia?aeia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue ?ioaeoe?eiei
oneeaaeiaiiyi, ye? ?icaeaathoueny ye i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, oae ? a
i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? (A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa ni?aaao.,1995;
E.A.Ia?e?i,1995; O.A.Aeiiyi,1996). O cayceo c oeei aaeeea cia/aiiy ia?
i?io?eaeoeea aeooa?nueeeo ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue (A.N.A?oaiiiia
oa ni?aaao.,1997, 1998; I.I.THcueei oa ni?aaao.,1995). Iacaaaeath/e ia
oa, ui iaae oe??th i?iaeaiith i?aoeththoue aaaaoi iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a
e?a?ie, aoaeoeai?noue caeeoa?oueny ua iaaeinoaoiueith, ? a no?oeoo??
iaoa?einueei? nia?oiino? aeaia iaoieia?y caeia? iaeia c i?ia?aeieo
i?noeue ai?iaeiaae inoaii?o ?ie?a ? aein? ua iaia? oaiaeaioe?? aei
cieaeaiiy (A.E.Noaiaie?anueea oa ni?aaao.,1984; A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa
ni?aaao.,1995).

?icaeyaeath/e ieoaiiy i?io?eaeoeee ?io?aaii?aeueii? ? ioa?ia?aeueii?
?ioaeoe?? o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii?
iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ie aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia aeio?eioaaoenue
aoaiiino? aeine?aeaeaiue. Nii/aoeo ie aea/eee ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i?
iniaeeaino? aiaiianoe/ieo aeaieo, a oaeiae ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a,
i?neyiieiaiaiai ? iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo o ae?iie c aeaiei
oneeaaeiaiiyi ia oii? ??cieo oa?i?i?a iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

Na?aaei?e a?e ianoaaeaieo ae?iie aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyany (?>0,05)
ca a?oiaie ? neeaa 23,12,2 ?ie?a.

Ca?aeii iaoeo aeaieo, /enei ia?ai?iaeyueo aoei 44,5% ? 47,7%, a
ia?aiaaa?oieo – 31,6% ? 34,3% a?aeiia?aeii. *anoioa a?oeo?oe?eieo
aai?o?a aeyaeeanue aeineoue aenieith (50,0% ? 46,3%), oaeiae ye ?
a?aeiiniee ??aaiue ?aii?o ieiia?eueieo (13,0% ? 13,4%) ? i?ci?o (5,4% ?
6,0%). sseui oa?i?iia? iieiae a aiaiiac? a?aei?/aee 41,3% ? 40,3%
ae?iie, oi ia?aae/ani? a?aeiia?aeii 10,9% ? 9,0% ianoaaeaieo. Aacoiiaii,
oaeee iani?eyoeeaee i?aii?a?aeiee oii ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe?
ieaio aaaeaiiy ae?iie ua ia aoai? ae?ii/i? eiinoeueoaoe??. Aenieee
??aaiue aioo??oiueiiaoeiaeo ao?o/aiue ? nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo
ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, a oiio /ene? ? ia oii?
iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? (I.I.THcueei oa ni?aaao.,1995; A.N.A?oaiiiia oa
ni?aaao., 1997,1998).

??aaiue ia?aianaii? aai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? aei aaa?oiino? aoa aeineoue
aenieei. Oae, caiaeuei? i?ioeane iaoee ? aeiaeaoe?a iaee i?noea a 34,9%
? 28,4% aeiaaee?a; iaoieia?/i? ci?ie oeeee iaoee – a 29,4% ? 32,9%;
ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo – a 14,2% ? 14,9% niinoa?aaeaiue. I?e
?o aiae?c? ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a 28-32 oeae., /anoioa ia?aianaii? aai?oaeueii?
iaoieia?? caiaeueiiai aaiaco aoea ia ii?yaeie aeuith. Oe? aeai?
aeicaieythoue iai iiaiaeeoeny c aeoieith ?yaeo a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a
(A.I.?eaaeei oa ni?aaao.,1993; C.I.Aeoaina?nueea oa ni?aaao.,1995) i?i
oa, ui iayai?noue o?ii?/iiai aeaea?aea caiaeaiiy aai?oaeueii?
eieae?caoe?? ? aeineoue iani?eyoeeaei i?iaiinoe/iei oaeoi?ii a ieai?
ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie.

A no?oeoo?? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? o ianoaaeaieo iaie ae?iie
ia?aaaaeaee aiaeie?eii? (22,8% ? 23,9%) ? na?oeaai-noaeeii?
caoai?thaaiiy (20,7% ? 20,9% a?aeiia?aeii). Na?aae ?aooe aeae?a
niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino? iiaeia aeae?eeoe oai?iae ie?ie (13,0% ?
11,9%); oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo (9,8% ? 9,0%) oa i?aai?a aeeoaiiy
(6,5% ? 4,5% a?aeiia?aeii). Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ooo ? oa
ianoaaeia, ui ie ia niinoa??aaee aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue (?>0,05)
caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie. O ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith /anoioa an?o aeae?a
niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino? aoea aeinoia??ii aeua (?<0,001). Ee?i?/ia ioe?iea ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei i?iaiinoe/iei oaeoi?ii ?icaeoeo ia o?eueee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, aea ? ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue (A.I.Na?ia e niaao.,1989; A.E.Noaiaie?anueea oa ni?aaao.,1994). Na?aae iniaeeainoae ? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? ie iiaeaii aeae?eeoe aenieo /anoioo ?aii?o oieneeic?a (a?ae 21,7% aei 22,4%) oa caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy (a?ae 16,7% aei 16,4%). O ?? iieiaei? aaa?oiino? ??aaiue ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue aoa iaaaaaoi aeuei. Oae, a?eueo i?ae o iieiaeie ae?iie niinoa??aaeanue aiai?y aaa?oieo (a?ae 52,2% aei 53,3%), a a eiaeiiio o?aoueiio aeiaaeeo – ??ci? i?iyae oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (iaei- ? aaaaoiaiaeaey, cao?eiea aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea ? ?i.) – 33,7% ? 35,8% a?aeiia?aeii. Ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?eaia? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, ye a 28-32 oeae., oae ? a 33-36 oeae. ia?aaeoaaee neiioiie caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino? (22,8% ? 25,4% a?aeiia?aeii). Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino? na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue (?>0,05).

Ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ? ii/aoeiaith eaieith ianooiieo
aeooa?nueeeo oneeaaeiaiue (I.I.THcueei oa ni?aaao.,1995). Aiae?coth/e
noiooi? oneeaaeiaiiy ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao iieia?a a ianoaaeaieo iaie
ae?iie, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui /anoioa ?icaeoeo oi??iiaii?ii?oo aoea
?aeaioe/iith a iaio a?oiao (ii 52,2%), ? a?aecia/aeanue a?eueo i?ae o
iieiaei? niinoa?aaeaiue. Ii??aiyii c oei, ??aaiue ??cieo aiiiae?e
iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aoa aeae?eueea aeuei a ?? a?oi? (40,3% i?ioe
35,9%). A?aeiinii aenieeie ? ??ai? iaoieia?? a?aeae?eaiiy ieaoeaioe ?
aeae?eaiiy iine?aeo (20,7% ? 19,4%), a oaeiae a?ii-? aoii?/ieo e?iaioa/
(17,4% ? 17,9%). O?aaie iyeeo oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a iaee i?noea a
38,0% ? 41,8% niinoa?aaeaiue. Ioaea, iai ia aaeaeiny eiinoaooaaoe
aoaeue-yei? ??cieoe? a ee?i?/iiio ia?aa?aia? iieia?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?i?io aaa?oiino? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie – 28-32
oeae. ? 33-36 oeae.

Ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?ie aeaieie, o?eaae?noue aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo aei
12 aiaeei aoea a 2,5 ?ace /ano?oith o ae?iie ?? a?oie – 47,8% ii??aiyii
c 19,6% a ?. *anoioa ianooiiiai aeine?aeaeoaaiiai oa?i?io “a?ae 13 aei
24 aiaeei” aoea, i?aeoe/ii, ?aeaioe/iith a iaio a?oiao (28,3% ? 31,3%
a?aeiia?aeii). I?e?iaeiuei, ui a aeai?e neooaoe?? ??aaiue o?eaaeiai
aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo (a?eueo 24 aiaeei) aoa aeuei a ? a?oi? (52,1%
ii??aiyii c 20,9%). Oe? aeai? aeicaieythoue noi?ioethaaoe ianooiio
caeiiii??i?noue: ii i??? ia?inoaiiy oa?i?io aaa?oiino? cieaeo?oueny
o?eaae?noue aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?eaia? ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie.

Io?eiai? iaie aeai? i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae
i?e ?o ia?aae/aniiio aeeea? na?ae/aoue i?i aenieee ??aaiue i?e?iaiiai
ian?iai?iiy ye a ? (78,3%), oae ? a ?? a?oi? (70,1%). I?e oeueiio,
na?aae ??cieo aeae?a iaoiaaiii? ? oiiaii-iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e
ia?aaaaeaee ooaie noao?eieieo (25,4% oa 32,7%); eeoeiaa iaee/ea (10,4%
oa 12,0%); oeai?ae?? (10,9% oa 13,0%) ? i?eiieacie (10,4% oa 10,9%).
*enei anioe?aoe?e ia iaeio aaeoa??iiin?eeo aoei, i?aeoe/ii, ?aeaioe/iei
a iaio a?oiao – 1,3 ? 1,2 a?aeiia?aeii. Iaeiei c iae?ioi?iaoeai?oeo
iieaciee?a nooiaith ae?aaeaiino? ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? ?
?acoeueoaoe aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (A.A.Aaaaeaeaiiaa,1990;
A.A.Aeo?iaa e niaao.,1995).

Na?aaeiy iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo neeaea o ? a?oi? 1283,793,8 a, a o ?? –
2073,8143,5 a. I?e ioe?ioe? noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ie a?aei?/aee, ui
a?iio?io?y ??ciiai nooiaith ae?aaeaiino? (67,4% i?ioe 58,2%) oa ano?en?y
??cii? aaaeeino? (69,6% ii??aiyii c 61,2%) /ano?oa iaee i?noea i?e
ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a 28-32 oeae. Iacaaaeath/e ia
oea, iieaciee ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? aoa ?aeaioe/iei a iaio a?oiao –
86,9‰ ? 89,6‰, i?e oeueiio a ?? no?oeoo?? ia?aaaaeaea iinoiaoaeueia
caaeaaeue a?ae ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue oa aeeno?an-neiae?iio –
53,3‰ ? 59,7‰ a?aeiia?aeii. Na?aae ??cieo caoai?thaaiue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
ia?aaaaeaea iinoa?iiene/ia aioeaoaeiiao?y (45,7% ? 47,8%). C
iinoiaoaeueieo ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ie iiaeaii aeae?eeoe
eii?thieoea?o (21,7% ? 25,4%); aeiaoyieoeth (17,4% ? 21,0%) oa
aioa?ieie?o (12,0% ? 10,4%). Na?aae ??cieo i?iya?a ?io?aaii?aeueiiai
?io?eoaaiiy caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao cia/ia ieoiia aaaa a?iaeaeaii?
iiaaiii?? (17,4% ? 14,9%). Noia?ia /anoioa iinoiaoaeueii? ?ioaeoe??
aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino? i?e
ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?
– 46,8% ? 49,3% a?aeiia?aeii (?>0,05). I?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea?
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? ??aaiue ia?eiaoaeueii?
iaoieia?? ? aeoaea cia/iei (C.A.Iooeoaeeiiaa,1991; E.A.Ia?e?i,1995).

O ae?iie a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? ia?aaaaeaee aeaa aeaee
oneeaaeiaiue: ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy, ia?aaaaeii aiaeiiao?eo
(21,8% ? 22,3%), a oaeiae ii?ooaiiy eiio?aeoeeueii? aeoeaiino? iaoee
i?ney iieia?a o aeaeyae? ?? noa?iaiethoe?? ? eio?iiao?e – 21,7% ? 23,9%
a?aeiia?aeii. E??i oiai, caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao aeniea ieoiia aaaa
i?neyiieiaiai? aiai?? (53,3% ? 55,2%) oa ii?ooaiiy eaeoaoe??, ui
i?iyaeyeinue eaeoinoacii ? ianoeoii (22,8% ? 22,4%). Aacoiiaii, oe?
aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i aenieee nooi?iue ?eceeo i?neyiieiaiaeo oneeaaeiaiue
o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii?
aaa?oiino?, ia ui aeaco? aaaaoi a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a
(A.A.Eieii?eoeaaa,1985; E.A.Ai?ii?i,1995; A.N.A?oaiiiia oa ni?aaao.,
1997,1998; N.Linder et.al. 1995, oa ?io?).

Ioaea, ye iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ?
aeoaea a??ciei oneeaaeiaiiyi ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei ??aiai
?io?aaii?aeueii? ? ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe??. O?aaeeoe?ei?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ? iaeiaoaeoeaieie,
ui ae?eoo? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo iiaeo cania?a aeey cieaeaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ye o iaoa??a, oae ? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith oa caaea/aie iaoi? iaoeiai? ?iaioe ie
i?iaaee ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiai? i?io?eaeoe/ii?
iaoiaeeee c i?noeaaei aeei?enoaiiyi i??ai?noeio.

Na?aaei?e a?e ianoaaeaieo ae?iie noaiiaea 22,32,1 ?iee ? aeinoia??ii ia
a?ae??ciyany ca a?oiaie (?>0,05).

Aiae?coth/e iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? iaiao?aeii
a?aei?oeoe nooo?aee ??aaiue caa?ice ?? ia?a?eaaiiy, i?e/iio ye a ?
(16,7% ? 20,0%), oae ? a ?? iieiaei? (23,3% ? 26,7%). Na?aae ?aooe
iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
ne?ae aeacaoe ia aenieo /anoioo i?iya?a oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?
(iaei- ? aaaaoiaiaeaey, a oaeiae cao?eiea aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo
ieiaea) – 36,7% ? 40,0%. Ieoiia aaaa ?aii?o oieneeic?a (23,3% ? 26,7%)
aoea aeuith ii??aiyii c i?ci?ie (13,3% ? 16,7%). E??i oiai, ooo
iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe ? aenieee ??aaiue aiai?? aaa?oieo a iaio a?oiao
(53,3% ? 50,0%). Io?eiai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue, a ia?oo /a?ao, i?i
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ee?i?/ieo aeaieo c i?iaiinoe/iith iaoith, a
oaeiae i?i aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio ?aiaeii?i?caoe?? i?e ?iciiae?eaii?
oai?eo ia a?oie aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee.

Ieoaiiy /anoioe ? no?oeoo?e ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ?
aeoaea aeeneon?eieie o a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? (I.I.THcueei
oa ni?aaao.,1995; T.B.Lebhers et.al.,1993). O cayceo c oeei, iniaeeaee
?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeythoue aeai? i?i oa?i?ie ?icaeoeo oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy
i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?. Oae, iae/ano?oa ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie iaa i?noea a oa?i?i? 28-29 oeae. (40,0% ? 43,0%), a
oaeiae a 30-31 oeae. (33,0% ? 30,0%). A ?aoo? aeiaaee?a (ii 27,0%) oea
a?aeaoaaeiny aaea a?ae 32 aei 36 oeae. aaa?oiino?. Io?eiai? aeai?
aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe e?eoe/iee oa?i?i – 28-32 oeae. ? na?ae/aoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaethaaieo
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a naia a oeae ia??iae.

Ana aeuaaeeeaaeaia ?, aacoiiaii, i?aenoaaith aeey a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai
aea/aiiy noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei
?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, oei a?eueoa ui ia aca?iicaycie oeeo
iiiaio?a iaiaeii?aciai aeacoaaeinue a e?oa?aoo?? (S.W.Colgin
et.al.,1993; G.E.Font et.al.,1995).

?acoeueoaoe aoia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo i?e ia?aae/aniiio
?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, na?ae/aoue, ui iae/ano?oa a?aei?/ai?
a?ia?aoiaaii? aeeth/aiiy a no?oeoo?? ieaoeaioe (ii 23,3%). E??i oiai,
ooo iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? iniaeeaino?, ye aa?eeicia ?icoe?aiiy noaeei
ieaoeaioe (16,7% ? 13,3%), ?? iaa?ye (13,3% ? 16,7%) oa a?ia?o?io?th
(16,7% ? 13,3%). Oea aeicaiey? iai ?icaeyaeaoe aeacai? aeua aoia?ao?/i?
ci?ie ye i?iaiinoe/iee iiiaio ia o?eueee a ieai? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino?, aea ? iiaeeeaino? ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie.

I?e aea/aii? ai?noo ai?iii?a i?e oneeaaeiai?e aaa?oiino? anoaiiaeaii,
ui iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei iaoiaeii iinoaiiaee ae?aaiico
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iee eiio?ieue
(A.I.Na?ia e niaao.,1989; A.E.Noaiaie?anueea oa ni?aaao.,1994). sse
na?ae/aoue io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe, aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue ai?noo
i?iaanoa?iio ? i?ieaeoeio o an?o aeiaaeeao ia aeyaeaii (?>0,05). Ia
a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, o ianoaaeaieo ae?iie iaei i?noea aeinoia??ia
cieaeaiiy ano??ieo (aei 27,141,63 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 26,831,52 iiieue/e; ?<0,05); ano?aae?ieo (aei 52,732,04 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 52,911,93 iiieue/e; ?<0,05); oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io (aei 212,1415,77 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 210,1316,83 iiieue/e; ?<0,05) ? ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (aei 183,5113,71 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 184,6214,54 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). Oe? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai?noue ae?aaeaii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie. Aiae?coth/e ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui iaeneiaeueia o?eaae?noue aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo neeaaeaea 72 aiaeeie. I?e oeueiio, iae/ano?oa oeae iieaciee noaiiaea “13-24 aiaeeie” (23,3% ? 26,7%); “aei 12 aiaeei” (20,0% ? 16,7%) ? “a?ae 25 aei 36 aiaeei” (13,3% ? 16,7%). Oa?aeoa?iith caeiiii??i?noth ooo ? a?aenooi?noue aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue a iaio a?oiao ianoaaeaieo ae?iie (?>0,05). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui ?ic?iaeaia iaie i?io?eaeoe/ia iaoiaeeea nooo?ai ia aieeaa? ia
o?eaae?noue aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo. I?e oeueiio, i?e ae?iaeaii? ieaio
aaaeaiiy a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo ie nie?aeeny ia ?acoeueoaoe
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeacothoue ia noai
no?oaeoaioii? nenoaie ieiaea, a oaeiae ia nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino?
?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe??.

Oaeoeea aaaeaiiy ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a
iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aoea ?aeaioe/iith, ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
E.A.Oeiioaiei oa ni?aaao.(1996)oa A.N.A?oaiiiiaa oa ni?aaao. (1998).
Iniiai? a?aei?iiino? i?ae ? ? ?? a?oiaie ianoaaeaieo ae?iie ie
niinoa??aaee i?e ioe?ioe? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao an?o ia??iae?a iieia?a, a
oaeiae ?aiiueiai i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo. Oae, yeui i?e
caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e i?io?eaeoeoe? /anoioa oi??iiaii?ii?oo a iieiaao (i?e
iayaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a) noaiiaeea 53,3%; oi i?noeaaa aeei?enoaiiy
i??ai?noeio aeicaieeei cieceoe oeae iieaciee aei 30,0%. Aiaeia?/io
caeiiii??i?noue ie niinoa??aaee ? a ?icaeoeo ??cieo aiiiae?e iieiaiai?
ae?yeueiino? – 40,0% ? 26,7% a?aeiia?aeii. ?aooa oneeaaeiaiue
cono??/aeenue aeineoue /anoi: iaoieia?y a?aeae?eaiiy ieaoeaioe ?
aeae?eaiiy iine?aeo – 20,0% ? 16,7%; a?ii- a aoii?/i? e?iaioa/? – ii
16,7% ? o?aaie iyeeo oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a – 40,0% ? 36,7%
a?aeiia?aeii; aea ca a?oiaie aiie aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeenue
(?>0,05). Ioaea, i?noeaaa canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio aeicaiey? nooo?ai
cieceoe i?iyae ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe??, ui, aacoiiaii, iiceoeaii
aieeaa? ia /anoioo iniiaieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Aiae?coth/e ia?eiaoaeuei? iane?aeee ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, ne?ae aeacaoe, ui
iana o?ea iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeanue a iaio a?oiao
(?>0,05), oa a na?aaeiueiio neeaea 2052,4143,8 a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
oeueiai, i?e ioe?ioe? noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ie caa?ioee oaaao ia ?yae
iniaeeainoae. Oae, yeui iieaciee a?iio?io??, i?aeoe/ii, ia a?ae??ciyany
a iaio a?oiao (73,3% ? 70,0% a?aeiia?aeii), oi ano?en?y iaea i?noea
/ano?oa a ? a?oi? – 70,0% i?ioe 60,0% a ??, ui, ia iaoo aeoieo,
iiynith?oueny a?aei?/aiith aeua ??cieoeath ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao iieia?a
i?e ??ci?e i?io?eaeoe/i?e iaoiaeeoe?. Oey iniaeea?noue aeicaieeea iai
cieceoe ? iieaciee ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? c 100‰ a ? a?oi? aei 66,7‰
– a ??. I?e oeueiio, cieceeanue iinoiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue a?ae
ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue (c 66,7‰ aei 33,3‰). Iaaaaeai? aeai?
aeicaieythoue iai iiceoeaii ioe?ithaaoe ?ic?iaeaio i?io?eaeoe/io
iaoiaeeeo c i?noeaaei canoinoaaiiyi i??ai?noeio.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aeacaieo aeua ??cieoeue ? e iniaeeaino?
caoai?thaaiino? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Oae, yeui iinoiaoaeuei?
ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy aeyaeai? a ? a?oi? a 46,7%, oi a ?? –
o?eueee a 16,7% niinoa?aaeaiue. Iiae?aio neooaoe?th ie a?aei?/aee ? i?e
ioe?ioe? /anoioe oaeeo iicieia?/ieo oi?i, ye iinoa?iiene/ia
aioeaoaeiiao?y (46,7% i?ioe 40,0%) oa aeiaoyieoey (16,7% ii??aiyii c
10,0%). Oe? aeai?, aacoiiaii, na?ae/aoue i?i iiceoeaiee aieea i?noeaaiai
aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?.

A inoaii? ?iee o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo?? cyaeeenue iia?aeiieaiiy i?i
aca?iica?ycie i?ae ?io?aaii?aeueiith ? ioa?ia?aeueiith ?ioaeoe??th
(TH.I.Aaeiae/aiei,1991; A.I.Aaioee?anueeee oa ni?aaao.,1995; E.A.Ai?ii?i
oa ni?aaao.,1995). Ie i?aeo?eio?ii oeth aeoieo ? aaaaea?ii, ui
i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee iiaeii? aooe aoaiieie ? ia?aoiaeeoe a?ae iaeiiai
aei ae?oaiai. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai ? oie oaeo, ui /anoioa
ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? aoea ieae/ith o oai?eo ?? a?oie – 10,0% i?ioe
26,7% a ?. I?e oeueiio, iniiaieie ?? i?iyaaie aoea ?aiueiaa ?ioaeoe?y ?
aiaeiiao?eo. E??i oiai, ie niinoa??aaee ? nooo?ao ??cieoeth a ??ai?
oneeaaeiaiue, iia?ycaieo c ii?ooaiiyi eiio?aeoeeueii? aeoeaiino? iaoee a
i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?, yeeie ? noa?iaiethoe?y ? eio?iiao?a. Oae,
yeui i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oeae iieaciee noaiiaea 23,3%,
oi i?e ?ic?iaeai?e iaie iaoiaeeoe? – o?eueee 10,0%. Oi/ oea iiaeia
iia?ycaoe ia eeoa c ??cieoeath a /anoio? i?neyiieiaiai? ?ioaeoe??, aea ?
c ??ciith ieoiiith aaaith aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino?, ia ui ie
aeacoaaee aeua.

Ia ianooiiiio aoai? iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ie aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia
i?aaenoaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i ieaoeaioe, ye? iaea?eueo
ia??eoeaii na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue caiaeaiiy a oeueiio i?aai?
(I.A.Aeania e niaao.,1990; I.A.Ai?ae??iei oa ni?aaao.,1995). I?e
oeueiio, iaea?eueo ae?aaeaio ??cieoeth ie niinoa??aaee c aieo oaeiai
iieacieea, ye ?io?eueo?aoe?y eaeeioeeoaie ieaoeaioa?ii? oeaieie – 23,3%
? 10,0% a?aeiia?aeii. ?io? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie niinoa??aaeeny ia oae
/anoi, ye iai?eeeaae aiaei- ? ia?eaaneoey?ia ?io?eueo?aoe?y a noaeeiao
ai?neiie (16,7% ? 13,3%) ? ca a?oiaie aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue ie ia
aeyaeee (?>0,05).

Aeey iaoeiaiai iiyniaiiy aeacaieo aeua ??cieoeue ie aaaaeaee ca
aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaoe ?acoeueoaoe aaeoa??ieia?/ieo ? ?ioiieia?/ieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie aeyaeaia aeniea /anoioa
i?e?iaiiai ian?iai?iiy iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae a iaio a?oiao (ii 80,0%),
i?e iaeiaeiaiio /ene? anioe?aoe?e ia iaeio aaeoa??iiin?eeo – 1,3. Na?aae
??cieo aeae?a oiiaii-iaoiaaiii? ? iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e ia?aaaaeaee
ooaie noao?eieieo (cieioenoee ? ai?aea?iaeueiee) – ii 40,0% o eiaei?e
a?oi?, a oaeiae eeoeiaa iaee/ea (13,3% ? 16,7%) ? oeai?ae?? (13,3% ?
16,7%). Oe? aeai?, aacoiiaii, i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?ia?aeio ?ieue
i?e?iaiiai oaeoi?o a iaoiaaiac? ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie
(A.E.E?aniiiieueneee, 1994; I.I.Einothe,1995; A.E.Eoeaeia e niaao.,
1995). I?e aaeoa??ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? ieaoeaioe anoaiiaeai?
a?aei?iiino? o ae?iie ? ? ?? a?oi. sseui i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e
i?io?eaeoeoe? ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? /anoioa aeyaeaiiy ??cii?
i?e?ioei?e noaiiaeea 93,3%, oi i?noeaaa canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio
aeicaieeei nooo?ai cieceoe oeae iieaciee – aei 56,7%. E??i oiai, caa?oa?
ia naaa oaaao, ui /enei anioe?aoe?e ia iaeio aaeoa??iiin?eeo cieceeiny a
2 ?ace – c 2,2 aei 1,1. ?acoeueoaoe aaeoa??ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo anoaiiaeee, ui i?noeaaa canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio c
iiiaioo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie aeicaieeei a 2 ?ace
cieceoe /enei iiaiia?iaeaeaieo – aaeoa??iiin??a – c 93,3% a ? a?oi? aei
46,7% — a ??.

A ca?yceo c oei, ui ie i?iaeiaaeeee i?noeaaa canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio ?
a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?, io?eiaaoe i?e oeueiio aeia?ee ee?i?/iee
aoaeo, aaeoa??ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy eio?e aoee i?iaaaeai? a aeeiai?oe?
ioa?ia?aeueiiai ia??iaeo. I?e oeueiio, ie niinoa??aaee ae?aaeaio
??cieoeth io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaea ia 1 aeiao. Oae, yeui i?e
caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e i?io?eaeoeoe? ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue iieaciee
aaeoa??iiin?enoaa noaiiaea 80,0%, oi i?e i?noeaaiio aeei?enoaii?
i??ai?noeio – o?eueee 43,3%, i?e/iio /enei anioe?aoe?e aoei aeinoaoiuei
aenieei – 3,3 a ? ? 2,7 – a ?? a?oi?. Caeeth/i? i?e?ia?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? ia 7 aeaiue i?ney iieia?a, na?ae/aoue i?i oa,
ui i?ae aieeaii i??ai?noeio o?eueee o 20,0% ianoaaeaieo ae?iie aoee
aeae?eai? 4 aeaee i?e?ii?aai?ci?a (cieioenoee noao?eieie, eeoeiaa
iaee/ea, oeai?ae?? ? o?aaieacia), i?e oeueiio, /enei anioe?aoe?e
noaiiaeei 1,0, ia a?aei?io a?ae ? a?oie, aea /enei
ae?iie-aaeoa??iiin?eie aoei 33,3%, a /enei anioe?aoe?e – 1,5.

?acthioth/e ?acoeueoaoe aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaiao?aeii
a?aei?oeoe oe?ieee niaeo? aioei?e?iaieo aeanoeainoae i??ai?noeio, ui
iiceoeaii aieeaa? ? ia ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c
ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?.

C oe?ieiai niaeo?o ?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ie ae??oeee
coieieoenue ia iniiaieo iieacieeao oaaioeeoico, ye? iaea?eueo iiaii
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiai? iiiaioe iaoiaaiaco caiaeaiiy (A.A.Eieii?eoeaaa
oa ni?aaao.,1985; E.A.Caoa?iaa,1987), a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe ?aaeueii
aeeiiai? ia ??ai? i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia?y.

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea?
ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a iaaeieiie?aeieo aiaeao niinoa??aa?oueny aeinoia??ia
i?aeaeuaiiy /enea INO-iiceoeaieo iaeo?io?e?a (aei 16,31,2%; ?<0,05 ? aei 16,81,3%; ?<0,05) ia oii? ca?eueoaiiy oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno oeeo aea ee?oei (aei 8,11,3 oi.iae.; ?<0,05 ? aei 8,00,4 oi.iae.; ?<0,05). Iaeii/anii ie a?aei?/aee i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo eenei? oinoaoace (?<0,05) ia oii? cieaeaiiy eoaeii? (?<0,05). Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue aeai?, io?eiai? i?e aea/aii? caaei?o iaaeieiieiaeiaeo aiae. Oae, i?e aeei?enoaii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ie a?aei?/aee aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy INO-oanoo (?<0,05), oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno (?<0,05) ? ai?noo eenei? oinoaoace (?<0,05) ia oii? cieaeaiiy eoaeii? (?<0,05), i?e/iio, iieacieee o ae?iie ?? a?oie aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae eiio?ieueii? (?>0,05).

Caeeth/i? ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? ia 3 aeiao
i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo, iieacaee iayai?noue aeinoia??ieo ci?i o?eueee
a eio?yo. I?e oeueiio, i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e i?io?eaeoeoe? caa??aaeanue
ae?aaeaia iai?oaa oaaioeeoico, ui i?iyaeyeinue aeinoia??iei ca?eueoaiiyi
INO-oanoo (?<0,05); oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno (?<0,05) ? ai?noo eenei? oinoaoace (?<0,05) ia oii? cieaeaiiy eoaeii? (?<0,05). Aeei?enoaiiy c i?io?eaeoe/iith iaoith i??ai?noeio aeicaieeei ii?iae?coaaoe an? aeacai? aeua iieacieee (?>0,05), ui, aacoiiaii, na?ae/eoue i?i ae?aaeaio
?ioiiei?eaoaaeueio ae?th aeaiiai i?aia?aoo.

Oaeei /eiii, ye iieacaee iao? ?acoeueoaoe, aeei?enoaiiy i??ai?noeio o
ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii?
aaa?oiino? aei ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ? ai?iaeiaae 3 aei?a i?ney, aeicaieeei
nooo?ai cieceoe /anoioo ?io?aaii?aeueii? ? ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe??. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie ee?i?/ieo, aaeoa??ieia?/ieo ?
?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeicaiey? iai ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
aeaio iaoiaeeeo aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e ioi?ii?
caei?iay.

AENIIAEE:

1. Ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii?
aaa?oiino? ia? i?noea a 28-29 oeaei?a – a 41,5% aeiaaee?a; a 30-31
oeaeaeaiue – a 32,5% ? a 32-36 oeaei?a – a 27,0% niinoa?aaeaiue.

2. ?icaeoie ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e
aaa?oiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia oii? aenieiai i?e?iaiiai ian?iai?iiy
iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae (80,0%) c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ooai?a noao?eieieo
(cieioenoee ? ai?aea?iaeueiee) – 40,0%; eeoeiai? iaee/ee – 15,0% ?
oeai?ae?e – 15,0%.

3. Ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?io iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c
ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie cieaeo?oueny o?eaae?noue
aacaiaeiiai ia??iaeo.

4. I?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e
aaa?oiino? /anoioa ?icaeoeo oi??iiaii?ii?oo noaiiaeoue 52,0%; aiiiae?e
iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? – 38,1%; iaoieia?? a?aeae?eaiiy ieaoeaioe ?
aeae?eaiiy iine?aeo – 20,5%, a oaeiae a?ii-? aoii?/ieo e?iaioa/ – 17,7%.

5. O ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e
aaa?oiino? a?iio?io?y ieiaea ia? i?noea a 62,8% aeiaaee?a, a ano?en?y
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo – a 65,4% niinoa?aaeaiue, i?e/iio aeaia ia?eiaoaeueia
iaoieia?y ia?aaaaea? a a?eueo ?aii? oa?i?ie – 28-32 oeae.

6. A i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo
iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? ia?aaaaeathoue aeaa aeaee
oneeaaeiaiue: ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy (?aiueiaa ?ioaeoe?y ?
aiaeiiao?eo) – 22,1% ? ii?ooaiiy eiio?aeoeeueii? aeoeaiino? iaoee
(noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee ? eio?iiao?a) – 22,5%.

7. I?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e
aaa?oiino? a iaaeieiie?aeieo aiaeao ia? i?noea aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy
/enea INO-iiceoeaieo iaeo?io?e?a (aei 16,51,3%; ?<0,05); ?o oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno (aei 8,10,8 oi.iae.; ?<0,05) oa ai?noo eenei? oinoaoace (aei 0,1350,11 iiieue //e; ?<0,05) ia oii? cieaeaiiy eoaeii? (aei 0,920,07 iiieue //e; ?<0,05). 8. Aeei?enoaiiy 0,5% iac? i??ai?noeio ii 15 ie ?io?aaaa?iaeueii eiaei? 12 aiaeei c iiiaioo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ? aei ?ic?iaeaeaiiy, a iio?i ai?iaeiaae 3 ae?a i?ney iieia?a aeicaiey? cieceoe /anoioo oi??iiaii?ii?oo c 53,3% aei 30,0%; aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? c 40,0% aei 26,7%; iinoiaoaeueieo ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue – c 46,7% aei 16,7%; ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? c 26,7% aei 10,0% ? ii?ooaiue ?iaiethoe?? iaoee i?ney iieia?a – c 23,3% aei 10,0%. 9. C iaoith eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth i?iaaaeaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a o ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ee?i?/i?, aoia?ao?/i?, aaeoa??ieia?/i? ? ?ioiieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. *aaaoa?e? I.O., Aaeiae/aiei A.I., Iaeueiee I.A., Oa?aoa?e? I.A. Ao?iiaoiaaiac oa ae?aaiinoeea ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? a no/aniiio aeooa?noa? // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1997. - ?4. – N.90-92. 2. Oa?aoa?e? I.A., ssuoeaae/ I.?., E?yoei A.I., Naiyi?a I.A., Iaeueiee I.A. Iniaeeaino? noaio i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo i?e iaaii?ii? o?aaie iyeeo oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1997. - ?6. – N.93-95. 3. Iaeueiee I.A. I?io?eaeoeea ?io?aaii?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1998. - ?2-3. – N.110-112. 4. Iaeueiee I.A. Ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ia?aae/aniei ?ic?eaii ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1999. - ?1-2. – N.85-87. 5. Iaeueiee I.A. Canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee ?io?aaii?aeueii? oa ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1999. - ?3. – N.91-93. AIIOAOe?ss Iaeueiee I.A. I?io?eaeoeea ?io?aaii?aeueii? ? ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino?. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie. Ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo, aoia?ao?/ieo, aaeoa??ieia?/ieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo iaoiae?a ee?i?/ii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?io?eaeoeee ?io?aaii?aeueii? ? ioa?ia?aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? i?e ia?aae/aniiio ?ic?ea? ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie ia oii? iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? ia i?aenoaa? i?noeaaiai canoinoaaiiy i??ai?noeio. E??i oiai, anoaiiaeai? /anoioa, oa?i?ie ? oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?. Ana oea a noeoiiino? aeicaiey? iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy oeeo ae?iie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?io?eaeoeea, ?ioaeoe?y, ?io?aaii?aeueia, ioa?ia?aeueia, ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie, ia?aae/ani? iieiae. ANNOTATION Melnik O.V. Prophylaxis of intraamnial and puerperal infection in premature fetal membranes rupture on the background of incomplete pregancy. – Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of candidate of medical sciences on specialty 14.01.01 – obstetric and gynecology. P.L.Shupik Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education. Kyiv, 1999. In the basis of clinicostatistical, echographic, bacteriological, immunologic and morphologic methods the necessity of prophylaxis of intraamnial and puerperal infection by local application of miramistine in premature fetal membranes rupture on the background of imcomplite pregnancy has been clinically and scientiffically substantiated. Besides the frequebcy, terms and risk factors of developing premature fetal membranes rupture in incomplete pregnancy have been established. All this on the whole permits to improve the results of delivery in these women. Key words: prophylaxis, infection, intraamnial, puerperal, premature fetal membranes rupture, preterm labor. AIIIOAOeEss Iaeueiee I.A. I?ioeeaeoeea eio?aaiieaeueiie e ioa?ia?aeueiie eioaeoeee i?e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiii ?ac?uaa ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiie aa?aiaiiinoe. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. – Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei.I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu. - Eeaa, 1999. I?aaenoaaeaiiay iao/iay ?aaioa iinayuaia i?iaeaia eio?aaiieaeueiie e iinea?iaeiaie eioaeoeee. Ia iniiaa eeeieei-noaoenoe/aneeo, yoia?aoe/aneeo, aaeoa?eieiae/aneeo, eiioiieiae/aneeo e ii?oieiae/aneeo iaoiaeia eeeie/anee e iao/ii iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?ioeeaeoeee eio?aaiieaeueiie e ioa?ia?aeueiie eioaeoeee i?e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiii ?ac?uaa ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe ia iniiaa ianoiiai i?eiaiaiey ie?aienoeia. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiii ?ac?uaa ieiaeiauo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe /anoioa ?acaeoey oi?eiiaiieiieoa ninoaaeyao 52,0%; aiiiaeee ?iaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe – 38,1%; iaoieiaee ioaeaeaiey ieaoeaiou e auaeaeaiey iineaaea – 20,5%, a oaeaea aeii-e aoiie/aneeo e?iaioa/aiee – 17,7%. Ii ia?a oaaee/aiey n?iea iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe o aeaiuei n i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiui ?ac?uaii ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe nieaeaaony aeeeoaeueiinoue aacaiaeiiai ia?eiaea. O aeaiuei n i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiui ?ac?uaii ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe aeiio?ioey ieiaea eiaao ianoi a 62,8% neo/aaa, a anoeeney iiai?iaeaeaiiuo– a 65,4% iaaethaeaiee, i?e/ai aeaiiay ia?eiaoaeueiay iaoieiaey i?aiaeaaeaao a aieaa ?aiiea n?iee– 28-32 iaaeaee. A iinea?iaeiaii ia?eiaea o aeaiuei n i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiui ?ac?uaii ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe i?aiaeaaeatho aeaa aeaea ineiaeiaiee: aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiua caaieaaaiey (?aiaaay eioaeoeey e yiaeiiao?eo) – 22,1% e ia?ooaiey eiio?aeoeeueiie aeoeaiinoe iaoee (noaeiaiethoeey iaoee e eioeiiao?a) – 22,5%. I?aaeaeaa?aiaiiue ?ac?ua ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe eiaao ianoi a 28-29 iaaeaeue– a 41,5% neo/aaa; a 30-31 iaaeaeth– a 32,5% e a 32-36 iaaeaeue– a 27,0% iaaethaeaiee. ?acaeoea i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiiai ?ac?uaa ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe i?ienoiaeeo ia oiia aunieiai iee?iaiiai ianaiaiey ieieiieiaeiuo aiae (80,0%) n i?aiaeaaeaieai ooaiiia noaoeeieieea (cieioenoue e yieaea?iaeueiue) – 40,0%; eeoa/iie iaei/ee – 15,0% e oeaieaeee – 15,0%. I?e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiii ?ac?uaa ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe a ieieiieiaeiuo aiaeao eiaao ianoi aeinoiaa?iia iiauoaiea /enea INO-iieiaeeoaeueiuo iaeo?ioeeia (aei 16,51,3%; ?<0,05); eo oaaioeeoa?iiai eiaeaena (aei 8,10,8 one.aae.; ?<0,05) e niaea?aeaiey eeneie oinoaoacu (aei 0,1350,11 iiieue //e; ?<0,05) ia oiia nieaeaiey uaei/iie (aei 0,920,07 iiieue //e; ?<0,05). Eniieueciaaiea 0,5% iace ie?aienoeia ii 15 ie eio?aaaaeiaeueii eaaeaeua 12 /ania n iiiaioa i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiiai ?ac?uaa ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae e aei ?iaei?ac?aoaiey, a iioii a oa/aiea 3 nooie iinea ?iaeia iicaieyao nieceoue /anoioo oi?eiiaiieiieoa n 53,3% aei 30,0%; aiiiaeee ?iaeiaie aeayeueiinoe n 40,0% aei 26,7%; iinoiaoaeueiuo eioaeoeeiiiuo ineiaeiaiee – n 46,7% aei 16,7%; ioy?ia?aeueiie eioaeoeee n 26,7% aei 10,0% e ia?ooaiee eiaiethoeee iaoee iinea ?iaeia – n 23,3% aei 10,0%. N oeaeueth eiio?iey ca yooaeoeaiinoueth i?iaiaeeiuo ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee o aeaiuei n i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiui ?ac?uaii ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae ia oiia iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue eeeie/aneea, yoia?aoe/aneea, aaeoa?eieiae/aneea e eiioiieiae/aneea iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioeeaeoeea, eioaeoeey, eio?aaiieaeueiay, ioy?ia?aeueiay, i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiue ?ac?ua ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae, i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiua ?iaeu.

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