16

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IAss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE ?i.I.E.OOIEEA

AANTHE ?ONEAIA AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 612.664 : 616 – 076.5 : 618.73

I?IO?EAEOEEA A?IIAAEAEO?? O

AE?IIE C AIAI??TH AAA?OIEO

14.01.01 — aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a– 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

/eai-ei?.AII Oe?a?ie oa ?in??, IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oeiioaiei Eaii?ae Aaneeueiae/

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Nai/oe Aiaoie?e sseiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo Oe?a?inueei? anioe?aoe??
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, AEoe Na?oeaia ?aai?aia, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.aeaae.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 11 ” _aeiaoiy_ 1999 ?ieo

i _11_ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee (Ae
26.613.02) i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea ca aae?anith: 254112, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea (i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_6_” _aa?aniy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaicaeye I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae i??i??oaoieo iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a aenia?oe
AIIC (1996) aeae?eythoue aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaycai? c ioi?iiith caei?iay
ae?iie a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?, aaaeeea?oith i?iaeaiith yeiai ?
a?iiaaeaeo?y, yea cono??/a?oueny a?ae 30% aei 70% a?ae /enea an?o
iaoa??a, ye? aiaeothoue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (N.I.Aaeaeoeia,1996;
E.?.Ooo/aiei oa ni?aaao.,1996; O.D.Almedia,1991). A?oaeia aiaeoaaiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaa?ae?iia /anoeia ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai i?ioeano, yeee ?
?aeaaeueiei niiniaii aiaeoaaiiy aeeoeie. A iao /an a aeiiii?/ii ?
nioe?aeueii ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao a?aei?/a?oueny no?eea oaiaeaioe?y aei
ca?eueoaiiy a?oaeiiai aiaeoaaiiy, a oaeiae i?eae?ey?oueny aaeeea oaaaa
eiai ioi?ii? (A.I.Naaaeue?aa oa ni?aaao.,1991; I.ss.Nooaeaieeei oa
ni?aaao.,1991).

Iaei??th c aieiaieo i?e/ei a?aeiiae a?ae a?oaeiiai aiaeoaaiiy ?
iaaeinoaoiy nae?aoe?y iieiea (A.E.Aeeiia oa ni?aaao.,1988). A?iiaaeaeo?y
? aeeeeeaiee iath ?aii?e ia?ao?ae ia ooo/ia aiaeoaaiiy iani?eyoeeai
a?aeia?aaeo?oueny ia ?icaeoeo ? caei?ia? aeeoeie, a oaeiae ia yeino?
eiai aeeooy (E.I.Ai?iioeia oa ni?aaao., 1993; I.E.A?yaa oa
ni?aaao.,1994). Ca inoaii? aeanyoe??//y a?eueo?noue
ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaycaii c ?ic?iaeith
aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a aeaii? i?iaeaie (O.A.E?aaoeiaa, 1992;1995).
Iaeiae, aoaeoeai?noue aaeaeaaoieo iaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiaeee ?
aeinoaoiuei aeeneon?eiith, ui iiaycaii ?c neeaaei?noth iae?iaoii?aeueii?
?aaoeyoe??, iaiaeiicia/i?noth o?aeoiaee ?yaeo ieoaiue, ye? noinothoueny
iaoiaaiaco a?iiaaeaeo??, a oaeiae /anoi iao?eaaeei iiceoeaiei aoaeoii
(N.I.Aaeaeoeia, 1990;1996).

Ca inoaii? ?iee o a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? cyaeeeny aeai?
i?i aieea aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? ia ee?i?/iee
ia?aa?a i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo, a oiio /ene? ? eaeoiaaiac
(A.I.Aaeno?oe oa ni?aaao.,1996; A.ss.Nai/oe,1996). I?e oeueiio, naiei
?iciianthaeaeaiei oneeaaeiaiiyi aaa?oiino? a iao /an ? aiai?y, /anoioa
yei? neeaaea? aei 70% (O.A.E?aaoeiaa, 1992;1995). Caaaeueiia?aeiiei ? o?
oaeoe, ui aiai?y aaa?oieo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? c oi?ioaaiiyi neiae?iio cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai
?icaeoeo ieiaea. E??i oiai, o ae?iie oe??? a?oie i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ecee
aeieeiaiiy ??cieo aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ? i?neyiieiaiaeo
ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue (I.I.Oaooiai oa ni?aaao.,1994;
I.I.Eoiiiaeoeueeee,1996). Ii?yae c oeei, iaeiei ?c iaeiaio aea/aieo
ieoaiue aeaii? i?iaeaie ? noaiiaeaiiy eaeoaoe?? i?e oe?e iaoieia??.
Iiiaeeiie? ioae?eaoe?y, c oeueiai i?eaiaeo, iinyoue noia?a/eeaee
oa?aeoa?. Ana oea, aacoiiaii, na?ae/eoue i?i aeooaeuei?noue ia?aiiai
iaoeiaiai iai?yieo.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia
iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea, ? ae.?. 0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Iaoa ?iaioe: cieaeaiiy /anoioe a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo
ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoiaaiaco ? ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno
i?io?eaeoe/ii- e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iaaeeeaiaioicieo ?
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy eaeoaoe?? o ae?iie c aiai??th
aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy oyaeeino?.

2. Cynoaaoe aca?iicaycie i?ae nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? ? iniaeeainoyie eaeoaoe?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo.

3. Cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? i?e
aiai?? aaa?oieo c o?aooaaiiyi nooiaiy ?? oyaeeino? ? noaio
oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno.

4. ?ic?iaeoe e ai?iaaaeeoe a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo eiiieaen
i?io?eaeoe/ii-e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a uiaei cieaeaiiy a?iiaaeaeo?? o
ae?iie c aiai??th ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaaeeeaiaioicii? ei?aeoe?? oa
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aea/aii iniaeeaino?
noaiiaeaiiy eaeoaoe?? oa ?? noai o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy ?? oyaeeino?, iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?,
iieia?a, i?neyiieiaiaiai oa iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iae?a, a oaeiae noaio
eaeoaoe?? i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy oyaeeino?. Aia?oa
onoaiiaeaiee aca?iicaycie i?ae nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? a?iiaaeaeo?? oa
noaiii oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o ae?iie c ??cieie nooiaiyie
oyaeeino? aiai?? c canoinoaaiiyi aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieo ?
?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe aeai? i?i
iaoiaaiac ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ia?ai?iaeyueo ae?iie.

Aia?oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea eiiieaenii? iiaoaiii? i?io?eaeoeee
ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy
oyaeeino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea
ei?aeoe?? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie c aiai??th ??ciiai
nooiaiy oyaeeino?, yeo iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe i?ae eiio?ieai ee?i?/ieo,
aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieo ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a.

?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy
/anoioe ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy
oyaeeino? ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeniiai aeei?enoaiiy ei?aeoe??
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ? i?noeaai? aicae?? ia iiei/i? caeice
iiey?eciaaiiai na?oea iecueei? aia?a??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii ca ia??iae c 1997 ii 1999 ?.?.
Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ? ooieoe?iiaeueia ianoaaeaiiy 120
ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino?. Naiino?eii
i?iaaaeaii caai? ? i?aeaioiaea a?ieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo. An? eaai?aoi?i? ?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iiaoaiii? i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii?
a?iiaaeaeo?? i?e aiai?? aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy oyaeeino? ia i?aenoaa?
aeei?enoaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo ? iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a. Noaoenoe/ia
iai?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaia aeeeth/ii aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? ??? ieaioia anioe?aoe??
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (aa?anaiue 1999, Oaeai?iae); ia can?aeaii?
anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (a?oaeaiue, 1998) oa
ia can?aeaii? i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea (aa?acaiue,
1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 123 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a ? iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 98
a?o/eciyieo ? 82 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?aea. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 30
oaaeeoeyie ? 16 iaethieaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Ia?eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe ? caaea/ ie ianoaaeeee 150 aaa?oieo ? ii?iae?eue. 30 –
neeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio, ye? aoee ?ic?iaeaeai? /a?ac i?e?iaei? iieiaia?
oeyoe ? ia iaee aeooa?nueei? aai niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??. 120 ae?iie ?c
cae?ciaeao?oeeoiith aiai??th aaa?oieo, ?ic?iaeaeai? /a?ac i?e?iaei?
iieiaia? oeyoe, aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia aea? aaeee? a?oie (ii 60 ae?iie) a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy oyaeeino?: ?-?? no. – 50,0% ? ???-?V no. –
50,0%. E??i oiai, ie ?iciiae?eeee ?o ia aea? i?aea?oie ii 30 ae?iie a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeei?enoiaaii? iaoiaeeee aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino?, a aieiaia
– a?ae eiiieaeno i?io?eaeoe/ii-e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a c iaoith
noeioeyoe?? eaeoaoe?? a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?. Ioaea, ie i?iaiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy a 5 a?oiao ii 30 ae?iie a eiaei?e: eiio?ieueia; aiai?y
?-?? no. – caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aaaeaiiy; aiai?y ?-?? no. — ca iaoith
iaoiaeeeith; aiai?y ???-?V no. — caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aaaeaiiy; aiai?y
???-?V no. – ca iaoith iaoiaeeeith.

Na?aae iniiaieo iiiaio?a aeei?enoiaaii? iaie e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii?
iaoiaeeee iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe eiiieaenio i?io?eaeoeeo ? e?eoaaiiy
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? aiaeii/an ?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoei
e?eoaaiiyi aiai?? aaa?oieo (A.ss.Nai/oe,1996). A eiiieaen
i?io?eaeoe/ii-e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?ae /an aaa?oiino? aeeth/aee
?aoe?iiaeueio ae??oioa?ai?th; eaa?oeaoei – i?aia?ao, ui ia?
aioeieneaeaioi? ? ?ioiiei?eaoth/? aeanoeaino?; oeeoio?ii N /e aaia-ia?oe
– caniae, ui iie?auothoue a?ineioac a?eea a ieaoeaio?; ?aiiie?aethe?i a
eiiieaen? c eo?aioeeii – aeey iie?auaiiy iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai
e?iaiia?ao. O?eaae?noue ? ye?noue i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a caeaaeaea, a ia?oo /a?ao, a?ae nooiaiy oyaeeino? aiai??, a
oaeiae a?ae ?acoeueoao?a aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:
aaiaoieia?/iiai ? aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono, aoia?ao?? ?
aeiiiea?iiao???, ui aeeiai?/ii aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oi?iaeiaae an???
aaa?oiino?. Caaaeueiii?eeiyoa iaoiaeeea i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii?
a?iiaaeaeo?? iieyaaea o aeei?enoaii? ae??oioa?ai??, e?ii?ai? eeneioe,
eiea?aien?eace, a?oai?i?a a?oie ? oa A, a oaeiae ae?y oeueo?acaoeo ia
iiei/i? caeice. C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? a
i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? canoiniaoaaee eaa?oeaoei oi?iaeiaae 10-14 aei?a
o oa?aiaaoe/iiio aeicoaaii? ? i?noeaao ae?th ia iiei/i? caeice eaiie
“Bioptron 2” o niieo/aii? c Oxy Spray (o??ia “Zepter”) ii 5 oaeeei
/a?ac 12 aiaeei i?ioyaii 5-7 ae?a. “Bioptron 2” aei?ii?ith?
iiey?eciaaia na?oei iecueei? aia?a?? ? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? (400-2000
iaiiiao??a), ui ae?? ia iaia?aie ee?oei ? ca?eueoo? e?euee?noue
?ioii?aaoeyoi?ieo ee?oei. E??i oiai, iie?auo?oueny i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?y a
oeaieiao oa i?aeneeth?oueny ?iciiiaeaiiy o?a?iaeano?a. Niieo/aia
aeei?enoaiiy Oxy Spray ni?ey? ianeuaiith oeaiei eeniai ? iie?auo?
i?iieei?noue noaeeiii? no?iee. Eaiia “Bioptron 2” io?oe?eii
ca?a?no?iaaia ? aeicaieaia aei canoinoaaiiy IIC Oe?a?ie.

Oeueo?acaoeiaa ieaoeaioia?ao?y i?iaiaeeeany ia aia?ao? “Toshiba”
(ssiii?y).

Aeey ioe?iee iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai oa ieiaeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai
e?iaiia?ao i?iaaaeaia ?a?no?aoe?y e?eaeo oaeaeeinoae e?iaioieo a a?oa???
ioiiaeie oa ai?o? ieiaea ia aia?ao? neeaaeiiai neaioaaiiy “Combizon-250”
(Aano??y), yeee iniauaiee aeoieaeniei ?iioeueniei aeiiea?ianeei aeieii
“Doppler-300”. Aeey ioe?iee ia?eoa??eiiai noaeeiiiai iii?o aecia/aee
nenoiei-ae?anoiee/ia a?aeiioaiiy (N/Ae) ca iaoiaeeeith D.Stuart
et.al.(1990); ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? (?I) ca iaoiaeeeith R.Gosliug, D.King
(1988) oa ?iaeaen ?acenoaioiino? (??) ca iaoiaeeeith L.Pourcelot et.al.
(1987).

I?e aea/aii? ai?iiiaeueieo aca?iia?aeiioaiue a nenoai?
iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae aecia/aee a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei
iaoiaeii ??aaiue ianooiieo ai?iii?a: ano?aae?ieo, i?iaanoa?iio,
i?ieaeoeio, oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io oa ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio
(A.A.?aci?eiaa, 1990).

Aeey a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy noaio eaeoaoe?? ie aaaaeaee ca
aeioe?eueia aea/aoe a aeeiai?oe? i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo (1, 3, 7 ? 14
aeiaa) ?yae iieaciee?a, a?aeia?aaeoth/eo i?noeaa? ci?ie aaciina?aaeiuei
a iaoa?einueeiio iieioe?.

Aea/aiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea oa e?i?ae?a i?iaiaeeeiny ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith (E.A.A?oaaneee, 1989). Aecia/aiiy
iiei/iiai oeoe?o (eaeoice) i?iaiaeeee eiaeiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii
(A.I.Oaeea?ia oa ni?aaao., 1988), eaca?io – iaoiaeii iaeo?ae?caoe??
(Ae.I.Oa?aeiai oa ni?aaao., 1987).

Aecia/aiiy a?oai?i?a N oa ? a iieioe? i?iaiaeeeiny ca iaoiaeeeith
S.J.Omage et.al (1989) oa ?.A.Eocueiaiei oa ni?aaao. (1993)
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii. Eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eean?a G,
A, M oa nae?aoi?iiai IgA a iieioe? aecia/aee iaoiaeii ?ioiioa?iaioiiai
aiae?co (E.I.I?ici?ianueea oa ni?aaao.,1993), a eiioeaio?aoe??
eaeoioa?eio aecia/aee iaoiaeii ?aae?aeueii? ?ioiiaeeooc?? a aae? ca
iaoiaeeeith V.Mancini et.al. (1988). ?acoeueoaoe ?aaeoe?e a?aoiaoaaee
aei??thaaiiyi ae?aiao?o e?eaoeue i?aoeei?oaoe?? oa ia/enethaaee ia
eiiithoa?? a i?ia?ai? “Tetrasoft”.

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e I.I.I?ioea?a oa ni?aaao. (1997). I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiithoa? “Pentium-150” c i?ia?aiith “Microsoft Word
7.0”. A?ao?ee aoaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Microsoft Excel 7.0”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?io?eaeoe/ii- e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a o ae?iie c aenieei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo
a?iiaaeaeo?? ? aaaeeea?eoith i?iaeaiith no/anii? ia?eiaoieia??
(O.A.E?aaoeiaa, 1995; N.I.Aaeaeoeia,1996; J.J.Thorpe-Beeston
et.al.,1992). Oea coiiaeaii, a ia?oo /a?ao, oei iiiaioii, ui ye?noue
aeeooy aeeoeie caeaaeeoue a?ae aaeaeaaoiino? i?ioean?a iinoiaoaeueii?
aaeaioaoe??, na?aae yeeo i?ia?aeia i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny a?oaeiiio
aiaeoaaiith, a oaeiae ye?niei oa?aeoa?enoeeai a?oaeiiai iieiea
(A.E.Aeeiia oa ni?aaao., 1988; I.I.Aeaena?a oa ni?aaao.,1994).

I?iaeaia aiai?? aaa?oieo ? oe?iei aea/aiith a no/aniiio aeooa?noa?
(A.ss.Nai/oe,1996; O.D.Almedia,1991). Aaaaoi iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a ye o
ian a e?a?i?, oae ? ca ei?aeiiii iino?eii i?aoeththoue iaae ??
ae??oaiiyi. A iaoo ? caaea/? iaoiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aoiaeeei
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy aeaii? iaoieia??. I?e ae??oaii?
ieoaiiy i?io?eaeoeee a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie oe??? a?oie ie aaaaeaee
iiaeeeaei i?ae?eoe aei aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe /a?ac aaeaeaaoio
i?io?eaeoeeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? c ianooiiei ia?aoiaeii ia
i?neyiieiaiaee ia??iae c aeei?enoaiiyi iaaeeeaiaioicieo ?
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a, oei a?eueoa, ui aia?oa aoee aea/ai?
iiaeeea?noue i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy iiey?eciaaiiai na?oea iecueei?
aia?a??.

Oi?eath/enue ieoaiue ee?i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianoaaeaieo ae?iie
iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe oo iniaeea?noue, ui ?icaeoie aiai?? aaa?oieo
aoaeue-yeiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? a?aeaoaa?oueny /ano?oa o thieo ? a?eiaeo
ia?ai?iaeyueo (a?ae 23,3% aei 33,3%), a oaeiae ia oii? cia/iiai /enea
aioo??oiueiiaoeiaeo ao?o/aiue c i?eaiaeo a?oeo?oe?eieo, ieiia?eueieo oa
i?ci?o aai?o?a (a?ae 63,3% aei 76,7%). E??i oiai, iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe
? nooo?aee ??aaiue oiiiai? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, a?ae /anoioe
yei? caeaaeaea nooi?iue aaaeeino? ianooiii? aiai??. Oae, yeui o ae?iie c
aiai??th ?-?? no. /anoioa aaaaoinoaeeiii? aeenoii?? neeaea 30,0%;
o??aioieneeico ? i??eiiao?eoo – ii 13,3%, oi i?e aiai?? ???-?V no.
ii?yae c ieie iaee i?noea ?aaiaoeci, oeoe?iaee ae?aaao oa aa?eeicia
oai?iaa (ii 13,3%). I?e oeueiio, noia?iee iieaciee c??n c 46,7% aei
70,0% i?e oyaeeeo oi?iao aiai??. Anoaiiaeai? iaie iniaeeaino? aoee ?
?ai?oa a?aei?/ai? a e?oa?aoo?? (I.I.Oaooiai oa ni?aaao.,1991; B.Abramis
et.al.,1989). sse nioe?aeueiee oaeoi?, oae ? iayai?noue iani?eyoeeaiai
i?aii?a?aeiiai oiio ? nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo aiai?? aaa?oieo.
Ooo oaeiae iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe oie oaeo, ui i?e ?iciiae?eaii? ae?iie
ca a?oieie aoa iiai?noth aeiaea?aeaiee i?eioeei ?aiaeii?i?caoe??, yeee ?
iaiayceiaith oiiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
(I.I.I?ioea? oa ni?aaao.,1992).

I?e aiae?c? iniaeeainoae ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? ie
aaaaeaee ca iaiao?aeia oaeiae aeaoaeueii coieieoeny ia noai?
oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno, a?ae nooiaith eiiiainaoe?? yeiai
caeaaeeoue ? ??aaiue ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? (I.I.Eoiiiaeoeueeee,1996;
?.I.Ia?aieiaa,1998). E??i oiai, ian ooo, aacoiiaii, oe?eaaeei ieoaiiy
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oaeineiiaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee i?io?eaeoeee
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ??ciiai
nooiaiy oyaeeino?.

Na?aae an?o 120 oai?eo c aiai??th aaa?oieo, ?? ? no. iaea i?noea a
30,8% aeiaaee?a; ?? no. – a 19,2%; ??? no. – a 37,5% ? ?V no. – a 12,5%
niinoa?aaeaiue. I?e ioe?ioe? /anoioe aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue a ?? iieiaei? aaa?oiino?, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?, aoei
anoaiiaeaii ?yae iniaeeainoae, iiaycaieo c iaoiaeeeith ?? aaaeaiiy. Oae,
o ae?iie c eaaeith oi?iith aiai?? (?-?? no.) iaea?eueo ae?aaeai?
a?aei?ie a?aei?/ai? a /anoio? ?icaeoeo i?iya?a oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? (63,3% i?ioe 33,3%; ?<0,01). I?e/iio, yeui iieacieee iaei- ? aaaaoiaiaeaey i?ae niaith aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeenue (?>0,05), oi ??aaiue cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea aoa
ia ii?yaeie aeua i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e iaoiaeeoe? aaaeaiiy (43,3%
ii??aiyii c 16,7%; ?<0,01). I?e?iaeiuei, ui ia oeueiio oii? aoea ? ??cia ieoiia aaaa caa?ice ia?aae/anieo iieia?a (26,7% i?ioe 10,0%; ?<0,01) oa i?ci?o oieneeic?a (20,0% ii??aiyii c 10,0%; ?<0,05). O ae?iie c aiai??th ???-?V no. oneeaaeiaiiy ?? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? iaee i?noea ia ii?yaeie aeua, aea ie oaeiae niinoa??aaee ??cieoe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeei?enoiaoaaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. *anoioa oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? neeaea a ??? a?oi? 83,3%, a oie /an ye a ?V – 50,0%, ui aeinoia??ii iaioa (?<0,05). No?oeoo?iee aiae?c oeueiai iieacieea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o?eueee ??aaiue iaeiaiaeaey aoa aac aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue (13,3% ? 10,0%; ?>0,05), a oie /an ye cao?eiea
aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea (53,3% i?ioe 33,3%; ?<0,05) ? aaaaoiaiaeaey (16,7% ii??aiyii c 6,7%; ?<0,05) iaee i?noea iaaaaaoi /ano?oa i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyoiio aaaeaii? aaa?oiino?. E??i iienaieo aeua, a ?V a?oi? aeinoia??ii ieae/a aoee ? ieoiia aaaa caa?ice ia?aae/anieo iieia?a (36,7% i?ioe 23,3%; ?<0,05), a oaeiae iao?iiao?? ?-?? no. (26,7% ii??aiyii c 13,3%; ?<0,05). Iacaaaeath/e ia iayai?noue cia/iiai /enea e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaoiaeee o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo (N.A.Ia?e?i oa ni?aaao.,1998;A.N.Ii?aeooiae/,1990;A.I.Naaaeue?aa oa ni?aaao.,1991), iai aaeaeiny a iaaiiio nooiaith cieceoe /anoioo aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue. Oea iiaeia iiaycaoe c eiiieaeniei i?aeoiaeii, a oaeiae c oei oaeoii, ui aeei?enoai? caniae canoiniaoaaee i?ae eiio?ieai ee?i?/ieo, aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieo ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo oeueo?acaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aei iiiaioa ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iai aaeaeiny i?e aiai?? ?-?? no. aeinoia??ii cieceoe /anoioo aa?eeiciiai ?icoe?aiiy noaeei (26,7% i?ioe 16,7%; ?<0,05); a?ia?aoiaaiieo aeeth/aiue (23,3% ii??aiyii c 13,3%; ?<0,05); a?ia?o?io?? ieaoeaioe (16,7% i?ioe 3,3%; ?<0,01) ? eiio?anooaaiiy aacaeueii? ieanoeie (13,3% ii??aiyii c 6,7%; ?<0,05). O ae?iie c aiai??th ???-?V no. iaea i?noea aiaeia?/ia caeiiii??i?noue, ui ae?aaeaeinue o aeinoia??iiio ciaioaii? ieoiii? aaae aa?eeiciiai ?icoe?aiiy noaeei (33,3% i?ioe 20,0%; ?<0,05); a?ia?aoiaaiieo aeeth/aiue (30,0% ii??aiyii c 13,3%; ?<0,05) ? eiio?anooaaiiy aacaeueii? ieanoeie (20,0% i?ioe 10,0%; ?<0,05). Aeey a?eueo aaeaeaaoii? ioe?iee noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno aoee aea/ai? aeiiiea?iiao?e/i? iieacieee a a?oa??yo ioiiaeie ? a ai?o? ieiaea, ia aenieo ?ioi?iaoeai?noue yeeo aeacothoue aaaaoi aaoi??a (A.ss.Nai/oe,1996; A.A.AEaaoeiae/,1998) Iaia?aaeiaei? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o ae?iie c aiai??th ?-?? no. i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyoiio aaaeaii? aaa?oiino? iaee i?noea a?eueo iecuee? cia/aiiy nenoiei-ae?anoiee/iiai a?aeiioaiiy – aei 4,50,11 (?<0,05), a oaeiae ?iaeaen?a ?acenoaioiino? – aei 1,420,05 (?<0,05) ? ioeuenaoe?? – aei 0,610,04 (?<0,05). Oe? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaa?oue iacaaaeath/e ia eaae? oi?ie aiai?? (?-?? no.) ci?ie iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiia?ao iinyoue aeinoaoiuei ae?aaeaiee oa?aeoa?. O ae?iie c aiai??th ???-?V co. iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ci?ie a?aei?/aee a 37-38 oeaei?a. I?e oeueiio, ia oii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? iaei i?noea aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy an?o aea/oaaieo iieaciee?a: nenoiei-ae?anoiee/iiai a?aeiioaiiy (aei 1,920,03; ?<0,05); ?iaeaen?a ?acenoaioiino? (aei 0,650,02; ?<0,05) ? ioeuenaoe?? (aei 0,400,02; ?<0,05). Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, a IV a?oi? iiaeia aoei eiinoaooaaoe o?eueee aeinoia??ia ciaioaiiy ?iaeaen?a ?acenoaioiino? (aei 0,640,02; ?<0,05), a aeaa ?ioeo iieacieee ia caciaaaee aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue (?>0,05).

A?aoiaoth/e iayai?noue ae?aaeaiiai aca?iicayceo i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei
noaiii a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii? iaeano? ? oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno c
iaeiiai aieo ? eaeoiaaiacii c ?ioiai (O.Ae.O?aayiei oa ni?aaao.,1991;
E.?.Ooo/aiei oa ni?aaao.,1996) ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e oeueiio,
o ae?iie c aiai??th ?-?? no. a 27-28 oeaei?a iai ia aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe
aeinoia??ieo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae eiio?ieueiith ? aeaiia iniiaieie a?oiaie
(?>0,05). A ianooiiee aeine?aeaeoaaiee oa?i?i (32-33 oeae.) iiaeia aoei
a?aei?oeoe aeinoia??i? ci?ie c aieo aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono, ye?
ae?aaeaeeny a a?eueo iecueeiio ai?no? ano?aae?ieo (aei 63,712,18
iiieue/e; ?<0,05); oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io (aei 212,4318,43 iiieue/e; ?<0,05) ? ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (aei 201,4212,78 iiieue/e; ?<0,05), i?e/iio a?aeiinii ye eiio?ieueii?, oae ? ?? a?oie ae?iie c aiai??th ?-?? no. Iaia?aaeiaei? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy oe? ii?ooaiiy noaaaee a?eueo ae?aaeaieie ? a aeiaeaoie aei iienaieo aeua ci?i aeinoia??ii cieaeoaaany ??aaiue i?ieaeoeio (aei 4283,14304,27 iIA/e; ?<0,05), i?e/iio o?eueee a ? a?oi?, a ai?no i?iaanoa?iio a iaio (aei 518,4510,72 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 514,5311,83 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). Ii??aiyii c aeacaieie aeua ?acoeueoaoaie, o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ???-?V no., aiaeie?eiieia?/iee noaoon aeinoia??ii ci?ithaaany aaea a 27-28 oeae. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio ? cieaeaiiy ??aiy ano?aae?ieo a iaio a?oiao (aei 39,712,03 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 ? aei 46,312,01 iiieue/e; ?<0,05), a ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio o?eueee a ??? a?oi? (aei 142,1410,03 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). I?e aeei?enoaii? oaeineiiaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee i?io?eaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? a 32-33 oeae. aaa?oiino? aeinoia??i? ci?ie aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono aoee a?aenooi?ie (?>0,05),
a oie /an ye ia oii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai?? aiie iineee ae?aaeaiee
oa?aeoa?: ano?aae?ie – aei 62,432,12 iiieue/e; (?<0,05); i?ieaeoei – aei 3171,21287,81 iIA/e (?<0,05); oi??ii?/iee aiiaaeio?ii?i – aei 215,4319,73 iiieue/e (?<0,05) ? ieaoeaioa?iee eaeoiaai - aei 181,2716,1 iiieue/e (?<0,05). Aiaeia?/io neooaoe?th iiaeia aoei niinoa??aaoe a oe?e a?oi? oai?eo ? iaia?aaeiaei? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia canoinoaaiiy oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee a 37-38 oeae. iaei i?noea aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy i?iaanoa?iio – aei 520,8110,77 iiieue/e (?<0,05); i?ieaeoeio – aei 4121,33309,31 iIA/e (?<0,05); oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io – aei 285,7221,63 iiieue/e (?<0,05) ? ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio – aei 202,1418,31 iiieue/e (?<0,05). Ioaea, nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, iniaeeai o ae?iie c aiai??th ???-?V no., ? aeinoaoiuei aenieith. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie ye ee?i?/ieo, oae ? aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia aeei?enoaiiy oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee i?io?eaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? i?e aeai?e iaoieia?? aei oa?i?io ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ia aaeaeiny aeiaeoeny ii?iae?caoe?? ?yaeo iieaciee?a, aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeoth/eo noai oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno. Aea ii?yae c oeei, nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? oeeo ii?ooaiue noaaaea ia ii?yaeie ieae/a, ui, aacoiiaii, iiceoeaii neacoaaeiny ia ee?i?/iiio ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? ? iieia?a. ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oiino? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei ??aiai ??cieo aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue (A.I.Aaeno?oe oa ni?aaao.,1996;A.ss.Nai/oe,1996). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o ae?iie ? ? ?? a?oi aoee a?aenooi?ie aeinoia??i? ??cieoe? c aieo oaeeo oneeaaeiaiue, ye aiiiae?? iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (20,0% ? 16,7%; ?>0,05); a?iioii?/i? e?iaioa/? (16,7% ? 13,3%; ?>0,05) ? o?aaie iyeeo
oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a (40,0% ? 36,7%; ?>0,05). Ii??aiyii c oeei,
/anoioa ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie iaea i?noea i?e
caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e iaoiaeeoe? aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? (33,3% i?ioe 23,3%;
?<0,05), oaeiae ye ? ??aaiue iaoieia?/iiai i?ae?i?ia?iiai ia??iaeo (23,3% ii??aiyii c 16,7%; ?<0,05). A i?iaeiaaeaii? oeueiio, aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? i?ae ??? ? ?V a?oiaie aoee eeoa ca aeaiia iieacieeaie: iaoieia?/iee i?ae?i?ia?iee ia??iae (26,7% ii??aiyii c 13,3%; ?<0,05). *anoioa ?aooe iaoieia?? aoea aeinoaoiuei aenieith, iaeiae aac aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? i?ae niaith (?>0,05). Aacoiiaii, ia an? aeiaaeee
oneeaaeiaiue, ui ?icaeioeeny, iiaeia iaeiinoaeii caycaoe c
oaoiieaoeaioa?iith iaaeinoaoi?noth, iaeiae anoaiiaeai? ee?i?/i?
a?aei?iiino? ? aeinoia??ieie, ui aeaco? ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iiiiiaaii?
oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee.

Na?aae ??cieo aeae?a iaoieia?? aaa?oiino?, iaea?eueo iani?eyoeeaith c
ia?eiaoaeueii? iiceoe?? ? aiai?y aaa?oieo (E.?.Ooo/aiei oa
ni?aaao.,1991;1996). Iienai? aeua a?aei?iiino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao
iieia?a, i?e?iaeiuei a?aeia?aaeoaaeenue ? ia noai? ? caoai?thaaiino?
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Oae, i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio ? ??cieoey ano?en??
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?e ?ic?iaeaeaii? ae?iie c aiai??th ?-?? no. (56,7%
ii??aiyii c 26,7%; ?<0,05) ? i?e ???-?V no. (66,7% i?ioe 46,7%; ?<0,05), oaeiae ye ? iinoa?iiene/ii? aioeaoaeiiao?? (23,3% ii??aiyii c 13,3%; ?<0,05) - i?e aiai?? ?-?? no. ? (36,7% i?ioe 23,3%; ?<0,05) – i?e ???-?V no. Ioaea, ?ic?iaeaeaiiy /a?ac i?e?iaei? iieiaia? oeyoe ae?iie c ??ciei nooiaiai aiai?? aaa?oieo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeinoaoiuei aenieei ??aiai aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue. A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo, ui a iaoo ? caaea/? iaoiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aoiaeeea ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei cieaeaiiy /anoioe aeaii? iaoieia??, iaiiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ye iaaaoeai?, oei a?eueoa, ui nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? aoea a?eueo eiiiainiaaiith i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeineiiaeaii? iaie i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaoiaeeee. Aieiaiee i?eioeei AIIC, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? ioi?iie iaoa?einoaa ? aeeoeinoaa, iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy aeaeeaaiiy ? iiaiioe?iiiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeie iaiao?aeii aaeaeaaoii caaeiaieueiyoe niaoeeo?/i?, a?ieia?/i? ? ineoieia?/i? iio?aae, aeanoea? i?ioeano ?inoo ethaenueeiai i?aai?cio (I.N.Naeaoiaa,1988). Oa, ui aiai?y aaa?oieo ? nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo a?iiaaeaeo?? ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoei oaeoii (O.A.E?aaoeiaa,1992;1995; A.ss.Nai/oe,1996), aea ye? iniiai? iniaeeaino? eaeoaoe?? i?e ??ciiio nooiaith aaaeeino? aiai?? ? ye i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ? aeinoaoiuei a?aee?eoeie ? aeeneon?eieie ieoaiiyie. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e iniaeeaino? eaeoaoe?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ?-?? no. ia oii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo caoiae?a iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe iayai?noue ye e?euee?nieo, oae ? ye?nieo ci?i. Oi?eath/enue ia?oiai iiiaioo ne?ae aeacaoe, ui ia?i iieiea o ae?iie aeaii? a?oie aoa aeinoia??ii cieaeaiei ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith c 1 aeiae (aei 40,314,24 ie; ?<0,05) ? aei 21 aeiy (aei 640,9162,51 ie; ?<0,05) i?ney iieia?a. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ye?ni? ci?ie a?oaeiiai iieiea iaee i?noea ia 3 aeiao, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeinoia??iei ciaioaiiyi, oaeiae ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, caaaeueiiai a?eea (aei 13,121,02 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoice (aei 28,622,20 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoioa?eio (aei 2,600,24 a/e; ?<0,05) Ig M (aei 0,310,01 a/e; ?<0,05); a oaeiae a?oai?i?a “N” (aei 47,924,21 ieiieue/e; ?<0,01) ? “?” (aei 1,460,11 ieiieue/e; ?<0,05). E??i oiai, a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ??aaiue i?ieaeoeio aoa oaeiae aeinoia??ii ieae/a (aei 3372,81278,41 iIA/e; ?<0,05). Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? caa??aaeenue ai?iaeiaae anueiai aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo – aei 10 ae?a. I?e aiai?? ???-?V no. nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? iinea a?eueo cia/iee oa?aeoa?. C e?euee?nieo ci?i ne?ae aeacaoe ia oie iiiaio, ui ii/eiath/e c 7 aeiy i?ney iieia?a ia?i iieiea aoa iaaaaaoi ieae/a (aei 228,7321,92 ie; ?<0,01), ui caa??aaeiny aei 21 aeiae (aei 512,7342,91 ie; ?<0,01). Oaeiae, ye ? a iiia?aaeiueiio aeiaaeeo iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ye?ni? ci?ie a?aeaoaaeeny a?ae 3 aei 7 aeiy i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo. E??i ia?a?aoiaaieo aeua iniaeeainoae iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia aeinoia??ia ciaioaiiy eaca?io (aei 1,210,11 a/e; ?<0,05); e?i?ae?a (aei 33,241,27 a/e; ?<0,05) ? SigA (aei 7,030,51 a/e; ?<0,05). Oea aeicaiey? iai c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aca?iicaycie i?ae nooiaiai aaaeeino? aiai?? aaa?oieo ? nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo??. Na?aae ye?nieo ci?i a?oaeiiai iieiea iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe cieaeaiiy ye oa?/iaeo aeanoeainoae, oae ? caoenieo oaeoi??a, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai aeey i?ioean?a iinoiaoaeueii? aaeaioaoe??. E??i oiai, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ei?aeththoue c? nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ? ci?iaie aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono ianoaaeaieo oai?eo. Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? aeicaieythoue iai ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy nooiaiy aaaeeino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiiiae?yie aaa?oiino? iniiai? iieacieee, ye? a?aeia?aaeoththoue noai oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno: aoia?ao?/i?, aeiiiea?iiao?e/i? ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i?. Aacoiiaii, iaeneeaaei?oei ieoaiiyi o ae??oaii? i?iaeaie a?iiaaeaeo?? ? aaeaeaaoia i?io?eaeoeea (N.I.Aaeaeoeia,1991;1996). Ca?aeii io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ae??oaiiy aeaiiai ieoaiiy iiaeiii aooe eiiieaeniei ? iiaoaiiei. Iaeiei c iniiaiiieaaath/eo iiiaio?a ooo ? aaeaeaaoia i?io?eaeoeea ? e?eoaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, i?e/iio i?ae eiio?ieai aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieo ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a. Oea aeicaiey? c?iaeoe iioeiaeueiee aea?? c oe?ieiai niaeo?o e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, aeei?enoiaoaaieo a iao /an. A i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae?, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaiao?aeii aeiaeaoeiao i?noeaao iaiaaeeeaiaioicio aicae?th, ui aeicaiey? nooo?ai iie?ioeoe i?ioeane i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? ? ?aaaia?aoe??. Oaeei aeiiaai ? a?aeiia?aea? iiey?eciaaia na?oei iecueei? aia?a?? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? (400-2000 iaiiiao??a). I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii? i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaoiaeeee ? oie oaeo, ui c 7 aeiae o ae?iie c ?-?? no. aaeaeiny a?aeiiaeoe ia?i iieiea aei iieaciee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (aei 452,5328,38 ie; ?>0,05), a
i?e aiai?? ???-?V no., aeinoia??ii i?aeaeueoe a?aeiinii
caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? iaoiaeeee (aei 354,7131,22 ie; ?<0,05). An? ianooii? iieacieee na?ae/aoue i?i caa?aaeaiiy aeaii? caeiiii??iino? aei 21 aeiy i?ney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Na?aae ye?nieo ci?i o ae?iie c aiai??th ?-?? no. iiaeia a?aei?oeoe ii?iae?caoe?th a?aeiinii eiio?ieueii? a?oie aaea c 3 aeiae ai?noo a?eea (aei 20,811,42 a/e; ?>0,05); eaeoioa?eio (aei
3,310,21 a/e; ?>0,05) ? IgM (aei 0,510,05 a/e; ?>0,05). Ia 7 aeaiue iaei
i?noea a?aeiiaeaiiy ??aiy a?oai?i?a “N” (aei 76,797,23 ieiieue/e;
?>0,05) ? “?” (aei 3,010,23 a/e; ?>0,05), a oaeiae, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai ?
ai?noo i?ieaeoeio a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aei 4873,83352,75 iIA/e; ?<0,05). O ae?iie c a?eueo oyaeeeie oi?iaie aiai?? aaeaeiny aeinoia??ii i?aeaeueoe a?aeiinii caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? i?io?eaeoeee c 3 aeiy ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea (aei 16,121,34 a/e; ?<0,05); eaca?io (aei 1,540,12 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoice (aei 40,893,43 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoioa?eio (aei 3,690,35 a/e; ?<0,05); a?oai?i?a “N” (aei 73,046,41 ieiieue/e; ?<0,05) ? “?” (aei 1,930,14 ieiieue/e; ?<0,05), a oaeiae SIgA (aei 10,420,88 a/e; ?<0,05). Aeiaeaoeiai aei oeueiai, c 7 aeiy aeinoia??ii ca?eueoeany ai?no e?i?ae?a (aei 38,812,41 a/e; ?<0,05) ? i?ieaeoeio a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aei 4779,32358,99 iIA/e; ?<0,05), a c 14 aeiae ? IgM (aei 0,290,01 a/e; ?<0,05). Ana oea aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ?-?? no. c 56,7% aei 20,0%; (?<0,01), a i?e ???-?V no. c 73,3% aei 26,7% (?<0,01). Oaeei /eiii, ye na?ae/aoue io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? iiai?noth ei?aeth? c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? aiai??. Oea i?iyaey?oueny e?euee?nieie ? ye?nieie ci?iaie a a?oaeiiio iieioe?, a oaeiae o ooieoe?? a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii? iaeano?. Aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeniiai iiaoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?io?eaeoeee a?iiaaeaeo??, ii/eiath/e c aaeaeaaoii? ei?aeyoe?? noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno, a iio?i a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? c i?noeaaei aeei?enoaiiyi iiey?eciaaiiai na?oea iecueei? aia?a?? ? aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei. Oea aea? iai i?aenoaao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeaio iaoiaeeeo aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/io ioi?iio caei?iay. AENIIAEE: 1. Nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ei?aeth? c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? aiai??. 2. C iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieacieee noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno: aoia?ao?/i?, aeiiiea?iiao?e/i? ? ?aae?iioiieia?/i?. 3. Ii?ooaiiy eaeoaoe?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ?-?? no. iiai?noth aeyaeythoueny i?ney 3 aeiae i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo o aeaeyae? e?euee?nieo (ciaioaiiy ia?io iieiea aei 210,4115,24 ie; ?<0,05) ? ye?nieo ci?i: aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea (aei 13,121,02 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoice (aei 28,622,20 a/e; ?<0,05); a?oai?i?a “N” (aei 47,924,21 iiieue/e; ?<0,01) ? “?” (aei 1,460,11 iiieue/e; ?<0,05), a oaeiae ??aiy i?ieaeoeio a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aei 3372,81278,41 iIA/e; ?<0,05). 4. I?e aiai?? ???-?V no. nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? iineoue a?eueo cia/iee oa?aeoa?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny cia/i?oei cieaeaiiyi ia?io iieiea i?ney 1 aeiae (aei 204,3113,73 ie; ?<0,01), a oaeiae na?eicieie ye?nieie ci?iaie: aeinoia??ia ciaioaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea (aei 10,120,91 a/e; ?<0,01); eaca?io (aei 1,210,11 a/e; ?<0,05); e?i?ae?a (aei 33,241,27 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoice (aei 27,42,12 a/e; ?<0,01); eaeoioa?eio (aei 2,650,22 a/e; ?<0,05) ? S?gA (aei 7,030,51 a/e; ?<0,05). 5. I?io?eaeoeea ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o aaa?oieo c aiai??th iiaeiia aooe iiaoaiiith ? eiiieaeniith. - i?ae /an aaa?oiino? i?io?eaeoeea ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenii? oa?ai??, eaa?oeaoeio, oeeoio?iio N, aaia-ia?oeo ? ?aiie?aethe?ieo?aioeeiai? noi?o? i?ae eiio?ieai aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieo ? ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a; - a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? canoinoaaiiy eaa?oeaoeio o niieo/aii? c i?noeaaei aeei?enoaiiyi ia iiei/i? caeice iiey?eciaaiiai na?oea c iecueeith aia?a??th ? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? (400-2000 iaiiiao??a) ii 5 oaeeei /a?ac 12 aiaeei ai?iaeiaae 5-7 aei?a, a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eoaaeueiiai aoaeoo. 6. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?io?eaeoeee a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ?-?? no. c 7 aeiae i?ney iieia?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?aeiiaeaiiy ia?io iieiea (aei 452,5328,38 ie; ?>0,05); ii?iae?caoe?? a
iueiio ai?noo a?eea (aei 20,811,42 a/e; ?>0,05); eaeoioa?eio (aei
3,310,21 a/e; ?>0,05); IgM (aei 0,510,05 a/e; ?>0,05); a?oai?i?a “N”
(aei 76,797,23 ieiieue/e; ?>0,05) ? “?” (aei 3,010,23 a/e; ?>0,05), a
oaeiae ??aith i?ieaeoeio a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aei 4873,83352,75 iIA/e;
?>0,05).

7. Ia oii? canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenii? i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo??
o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ???-?V no. aeinoia??ii i?aeaeuo?oueny c 3
aeiy i?ney iieia?a ai?no a iieioe? caaaeueiiai a?eea (aei 16,121,34 a/e;
?<0,05); eaca?io (aei 1,540,12 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoice (aei 40,893,43 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoioa?eio (aei 3,690,35 a/e; ?<0,05); a?oai?i?a “N” (aei 73,046,41 ieiieue/e; ?<0,05) ? “?” (aei 1,930,14 ieiieue/e; ?<0,05); SIgA (aei 10,420,88 a/e; ?<0,05); c 7 aeiy – ??aaiue e?i?ae?a (aei 38,812,41 a/e; ?<0,05) ? i?ieaeoeio a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (aei 4779,32358,99 iIA/e; ?<0,05), a c 14 aeiae ? IgM a iieioe? (aei 0,290,01 a/e; ?<0,05). 8. Aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenii? iiaoaiii? i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo aeicaiey? cieceoe /anoioo ?? ?icaeoeo i?e ?-?? no. c 56,7% aei 20,0% (?<0,01), a i?e aiai?? ???-?V no. c 73,3% aei 26,7% (?<0,01). NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??: 1. Aanthe ?.A., Aiaeiaa I.A., Ae?aeoo O.A. Iniaeeaino? eaeoaoe?? o ii?iae?eue c aiai??th //Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai- iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1997. - ?4. – N.53-55. 2. Aiaeiaa I.A., Aanthe ?.A., Ae?aeoo O.A. Iniaeeaino? caoenieo oaeoi??a a?oaeiiai iieiea //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1998. - ?1. – N.108-111. 3. Eiiae?aoaiei ?.A., ?iiaiaiei O.A., Aanthe ?.A., Iiaea?aa I.A., Ae?aeoo O.A. Aieea iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN ia eaeoaoe?th // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1998. - ?2-3. – N.92-93. 4. Aanthe ?.A. Aieea aiai?? aaa?oieo ia noai eaeoaoe?? //Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y “Iaaeeoeeia”.– 1999. – aei.8. – N.172-174. 5. Aanthe ?.A. I?io?eaeoeea ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai- iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1999. - ?1-2. – N.79-81. 6. Aanthe ?.A., ?iiaiaiei O.A., Eiiae?aoaiei ?.A., Iiaea?aa I.A., Ae?aeoo O.A. Iniaaiiinoe eaeoaoeee o aeaiuei, i?iaeeaathueo a ciia aaa?ee *AYN //Na.o?.E?uineiai iaaeoieaa?neoaoa ei.N.E.Aai?aeaaneiai “I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey”. – Neioa?iiieue. – 1997. – o.133. – /anoue 1. – N.198-203. 7. Aiaeiaa I.A., *iaae I.I., Aanthe ?.A., sseei A.N., A?aiaeae E.I. Iniaeeaino? eaeoaoe?? o thieo ia?ai?iaeyueo //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ??? ieaioio anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie. – Oaeai?iae. – 1999.-N. AIIOAOe?ss Aanthe ?.A. I?io?eaeoeea a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. - Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaoiae?a ee?i?/ii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?io?eaeoeee ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo ? iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a. E??i oiai, oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. Ana oea a noeoiiino? aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo ia?aeiii? a?iiaaeaeo?? o ae?iie c aiai??th aaa?oieo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?iiaaeaeo?y, aiai?y, aaa?oi?noue, i?io?eaeoeea, oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue. ANNOTATION Vasyuk R.A. Prophylaxis of hypogalactia in pregnant women with anemia of pregnancy. - Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of candidate of medical sciences on specialty 14.01.01 – obstetric and gynecology. P.L.Shupik Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education MH of Ukraine. Kyiv, 1999. On the basis of clinicolaboratory and functional methods the necessity of primary hypogalactia prophylaxis in women with anemia of pregnancy of various severity degree by using drug and nondrug means is clinically and scientifically substantiated. Besides the method of prophylaxis and treatment of fetoplacental insufficiency im women with anemia of pregnancy was improved. All this on the whole permitted to reduce the frequency of primary hypogalactia im women with anemia of pregnancy. Key words: hypogalactia, anemia, pregnancy, prophylaxis, fetoplacental insufficiency. AIIIOAOeEss Aanthe ?.A. I?ioeeaeoeea aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ca niaoeeaeueiinoueth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei.I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Auiieaiiay iao/iay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiiai aii?ina nia?aiaiiiai aeooa?noaa. Oeaeueth aeaiiie iao/iie ?aaiou yaeyaony nieaeaiea /anoiou ?acaeoey aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo ia iniiaa eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae iaoiaaiaca e ?ac?aaioee eiiieaena ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee n eniieueciaaieai iaaeeeaiaioiciuo e iaiaaeeeaiaioiciuo n?aaenoa. Aeey ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiiie oeaee aaoi?ii auei ianeaaeiaaii 120 aeaiuei a aiaieae, ?iaei?ac?aoaiiuo /a?ac anoanoaaiiua ?iaeiaua iooe. I?e yoii eniieueciaaiu nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu: eeeie/aneea, aeioeie/aneea, eiioiieiae/aneea, yoia?aoe/aneea, aeiiiea?iiao-?e/aneea e ?aaeeieiioiieiae/aneea. Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii eco/aiea iniaaiiinoae noaiiaeaiey eaeoaoeee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie aa oyaeanoe e ninoiyiey oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena. Ooi/iaiu iniaaiiinoe oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe, ?iaeia, iinea?iaeiaiai e iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaeia, a oaeaea ninoiyiey eaeoaoeee i?e aiaiee aa?aiaiiuo ?aciie noaiaie oyaeanoe. Yoi iicaieeei ?anoe?eoue eiathueany aeaiiua i iaoiaaiaca ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o ia?ai?iaeyueo aeaiuei. Aia?aua iao/ii iainiiaaia iaoiaeeea eiiieaeniie iiyoaiiie i?ioeeaeoeee ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo ?acee/iie noaiaie oyaeanoe. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iieacaii, /oi noaiaiue au?aaeaiiinoe ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo ei??aee?oao ni noaiaiueth oyaeanoe aiaiee. N oeaeueth i?iaiice?iaaiey ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue iieacaoaee ninoiyiey oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena: yoia?aoe/aneea, aeiiiea?iiao-?e/aneea e ?aaeeieiioiieiae/aneea. Ia?ooaiey eaeoaoeee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo ?-?? no. iieiinoueth i?iyaeythony n 3 nooie iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea a aeaea eiee/anoaaiiuo (oiaiueoaiey iauaia iieiea aei 210,4115,24 ie; ?<0,05) e ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee: aeinoiaa?iia nieaeaiea iauaai aaeea (aei 13,121,02 a/e; ?<0,05); eaeoicu (aei 28,622,20 a/e; ?<0,05); aeoaieiia “N” (aei 47,924,21 iiieue/e; ?<0,01) e “A” (aei 1,460,11 iiieue/e; ?<0,05), a oaeaea o?iaiy i?ieaeoeia a nuai?ioea e?iae (aei 3372,81278,41 iIA/e; ?<0,05). I?e aiaiee ???-?V no. noaiaiue au?aaeaiiinoe ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee iineo aieaa cia/eoaeueiue oa?aeoa?, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aieaa cia/eoaeueiui nieaeaieai iauaia iieiea n 7 nooie (aei 228,7321,92 ie; ?<0,01), a oaeaea na?ueaciuie ea/anoaaiiuie eciaiaieyie: aeinoiaa?iia oiaiueoaiea niaea?aeaiey eacaeia (aei 1,210,11 a/e; ?<0,05); eeieaeia (aei 33,241,27 a/e; ?<0,05) e S?gA (aei 7,030,51 a/e; ?<0,05). I?ioeeaeoeea ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo aeieaeia auoue iiyoaiiie e eiiieaeniie: ai a?aiy aa?aiaiiinoe i?ioeeaeoeea oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey eaa?oeaoeia, oeeoio?iia N, aaia-ia?oea e ?aiiieeaetheei-eo?aioeeiaie niane iiae eiio?ieai yoia?aoe/aneeo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/aneeo e ?aaeeieiioiieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae; a iinea?iaeiaii ia?eiaea i?eiaiaiea eaa?oeaoeia a ni/aoaiea n ianoiui eniieueciaaieai ia iiei/iua aeaeacu iiey?eciaaiiiai naaoa n ieceie yia?aeae e a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia (400-2000 iaiiiao?ia) ii 5 ieioo /a?ac 12 /ania a oa/aiea 5-7 aeae, a caaeneiinoe io ea/aaiiai yooaeoa. Eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiie i?ioeeaeoeee aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo ?-?? no. n 7 nooie ainnoaiiaeoue iauai iieiea, a oaeaea ii?iaeeciaaeny a iai niaea?aeaiea aaeea, eaeoioa??eia, IgM, aeoaieiia “N” e “A”, a oaeaea o?iaaiue i?ieaeoeia a nuai?ioea e?iae. Ia oiia i?eiaiaiey eiiieaeniie i?ioeeaeoeee ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo III-IV no. aeinoiaa?ii iiauoaaony n 3 aeiy iinea ?iaeia niaea?aeaiea a iieiea iauaai aaeea, eacaeia, eaeoicu, eaeoioa??eia, aeoaieiia “N” e “A”, SigA; n 7 aeiy – o?iaaiue eeieaeia e i?ieaeoeia a nuai?ioea e?iae, a n 14 nooie e IgM a iieiea. Eniieueciaaiea eiiieaeniie iiyoaiiie i?ioeeaeoeee ia?ae/iie aeiiaaeaeoee o aeaiuei n aiaieae aa?aiaiiuo iicaieeei nieceoue /anoioo aa ?acaeoey i?e I-II no. n 56,7% aei 20,0% ( ?<0,01), a i?e III-IVno. N 73,3% aei 26,7% ( ?<0,01). Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiiaaeaeoey, aiaiey, aa?aiaiiinoue, i?ioeeaeoeea, oaoiieaoeaioa?iay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue.

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