I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

OAeE 618.36 : 618.14 — 003.92

Oaeaeaiei Na?aie Ieaenaiae?iae/

I?ioieaeoeea oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia
iaooei.

14.01.01 — aeooa?noai oa aiiaeieiaiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,i?ioani?, Aaeiae/aiei TH??e
Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ooiaiiaa Ea?ena
?aaai?aia – ea??aiee a?aeae?eaiiy i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy
ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue a aeooa?noa? ?inoeoooo iaae?ao??? ,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Nai/oe Aiaoie?e sseiae/- aieiaiee
aeooa?-a?iaeieia AOIC i. Ee?aa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a iaaee/ii? ia?eioieia??, aeeoy/i? oa i?aee?oeiai? a?iaeieia??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «_1__»_____04____1999?. i13;30
___aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.03
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey 252004,
Oe?a?ia, i.Ee?a, aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 17.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (i.Ee?a, aoe.Ciieia?/ia,1)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «_11__»_______02_____1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ss.I.
A?oianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. I?iaeaia iia?aoei? eana?aaa ?icoeio ? iaeii?th c
iaeaieueo aeooaeueieo o no/aniiio aeooa?noai. Oea iaoiiaeaii iinoieii
c?inoath/ith /anoioith aeaii? iia?aoei? i cia/iei ?iaiai
iineyiia?aoeieieo oneeaaeiaiue (E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao., 1993;
A.I.Aaioeueeianueeee oa niiaaao., 1994; A.E.Noaiaieianeay e niaao.,
1994). Aaaaoi/enaeueii aeaii aio/eciyii? oa ca?oaiaeii? eioa?aoo?e uiaei
oei?? i?iaeaie oi?eathoueny, a iniiaiiio, iaoa?einueei? iaoieiai?:
aiieiinaioe/ii oneeaaeiaiiy, e?iaioa/i, aiiiaaeaeoiy oiui
(E.N.Eiaooiaa,1996; A.E.E?aniiiieueneee,1997; P.W.Howie et.al.,1990;
R.C.Pattinson et.al.,1993). Ia?yaeo c oeei, ia aeeeeea? noiiiaia oie
oaeo, ui cia/ia ?icoe?aiiy /anoioe aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy
aiaeaoeiny a iioa?anao ieiaea i ia aeaiee iiiaio ca noeoiiinoth
aiaeiinieo iieacaiue iia?othoue eiaeio /aoaa?oo-i?yoo aeiieo: 20-25%
(N.I.Aaia?aeia oa niiaaao.,1994; I.I.Aiiieoeueeee oa niiaaao.,1996;
A.I.Iiuaiei, 1998).

Ianooiiee eana?ia ?icoei ? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeeaioeo ieoaiue i?iaeaie
aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Oae, ca aeaieie aeineiaeaeaiue iaoi?
eaoaae?e (E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao.,1991; 1993) 10 ?ieia oiio c i?eaiaeo
?oaoey ia iaooei iia?iaaii oieueee 5% aeiiie, a ca?ac oeae iieaciee a
no?oeoo?i anio iieacaiue noaiiaeoue 30-35%.

Ia?aaia aaaioiinoi o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
?yaeii na?eicieo oneeaaeiaiue: caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy, iai?aaeeueia
iieiaeaiiy ieiaea (A.A.Aa?ai/aiei e niaao.,1994; D.James,1990), iecueea
?icoaooaaiiy ieaoeaioe oiui (E.A.Aaoooaiei e niaao.,1991;
A.E.E?aniiiieueneee e niaao.,1994; Ae.Y.Aa?eianueeee,1995). E?ii oiai,
iaeiei c na?eicieo ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia
iaooei ? iiyaa neiae?iio cao?eiee aioo?ioiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea.
Aeieea? aeoaea iani?eyoeeaa neooaoeiy — iia?aoeaii ?ic?iaeaeothoue
aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei aiiio?ioi/ieie ieiaeaie c iecueeith
aaeaioaoeieiith iiaeeeainoth. Aacoiiaii, iniiaiith i?e/eiith ?icaeoeo
oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy ? oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoiinoue.

Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/io eieueeinoue ioaeieaoeie c oei?? i?iaeaie,
ieoaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei
aea/aii iaaeinoaoiuei i ia a iiaiiio ia??ii, oi/ ia aeeeeea? noiiiaia
oie oaeo, ui ?oaoeaai o?ioi/ii ciiie ia?aaeiuei? noiiee iaoee
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy iaoeiaiieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiiaiao, i?e/iio
aeineoue aaaeeeaei ooo ? i aa?iaio eieaeicaoei? ieaoeaioe. A eioa?aoo?i
ie ia cono?i/aee iiaiaeiieaiue i?i iayaiinoue aoaiieo aeineiaeaeaiue c
ieoaiue i?ioieaeoeee oa eieoaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o
aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei. Ana aeeeaaeaia aeua naiae/eoue i?i
iaiaoiaeiinoue i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo
aea/aiith noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno oa ?ic?iaoei
eieoaaeueiii?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei.

Ca?ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeineiaeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa aiiaeieiai? ue1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeaii?
iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe, ue ae.?. 0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe: cieceoe /anoioo
ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei ia iiaenoaai
oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaenii? ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi.

Caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o
aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei.

2. C?ynoaaoe iniaeeainoi ia?aaiao aaaioiinoi, iieiaia, iineyiieiaiaiai
ia?iiaeo a oaeiae noaio eaeoaoei? o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai
eiiieaeno o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei. 4. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe oa
oaeineiiaeeoe eiiieaen aeiaaiinoe/ieo oa eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo
caoiaeia o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei aeey ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiinoi.

5. Ioeiieoe aoaeoeaiinoue i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei aaaeaiiy
aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei ia aoaii aeiii/i? eiinoeueoaoei? oa
aeooa?nueeiai noaoeiiia?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy noaio
oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei caeaaeii
aiae iinoey eieaeicaoei? ieaoeaioe, ii?oieiai/iiai noaio ?oaoey oa
iineyiia?aoeieieo oneeaaeiaiue i?e ia?oie iia?aoei?. Ooi/iaii
iniaeeainoi ia?aaiao aaaioiinoi, iieiaia, iineyiieiaiaiai oa
iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?iiaeia, noaio eaeoaoei? i?e iiaoi?iiio
aaaeiiiiaeueiiio ?ic?iaeaeaiii. Oea aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe aeaii i?i
iaoiaaiac oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi.

Aia?oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea iiaoaiii? iaaeeeaiaioicii?
ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia
iaooei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e ?eceeo
?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia
iaooei. Oaeineiiaeaii i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei eiiieaenii?
iaaeeeaiaioicii? ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aeiiie c
?oaoeai ia iaooei. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeey oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
iaoiaee eiio?ieth ca noaiii oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno ia?aae
iiaoi?iei aaaeiiiiaeueiei ?ic?iaeaeaiiyi, yei aeeth/athoue a naaa
eeiii/ii, aoia?aoi/ii, aeiiea?iiao?e/ii oa aiaeie?eiieiai/ii iieacieee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaii i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei aaaeaiiy aaaioieo c ?oaoeai
ia iaooei ia aoaiao aeiii/i? eiinoeueoaoei? oa aeooa?nueeiai
noaoeiiia?o, ui aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy i i?iaaaeaiiy anio
aeineiaeaeaiue aeeiiaia aeena?oaioii ca ia?iiae c 1996 ii 1998 ?.?.
Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ia oa ii?oieiai/ia ianoaaeaiiy 90
aeiiie iiney ia?oiai oa iiaoi?iiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.
Naiinoieii i?iaaaeaii caai? oa iiaeaioiaeo aiieiai/iiai iaoa?iaeo. Ani
eaai?aoi?ii oa ooieoeiiiaeueii iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeiiaii
aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii.

Aaoi?ii oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei, ui aeicaieeei cieceoe
/anoioo ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue i?e aaaeiiiiaeueiiio ?ic?iaeaeaiii.
Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaia aeeeth/ii aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei?
aeiiiaiaeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia caniaeaiii anioeiaoei?
aeooa?iaaiiaeieiaia Ee?anueei? iaeanoi (/a?aaiue, 1998); ia caniaeaiii
anioeiaoei? aeooa?ia-aiiaeieiaia i.Ee?aa (aa?anaiue, 1998); ia
caniaeaiii i?iaeaiii? eiiini? «Aeooa?noai oa aiiaeieiaiy» Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeaii? iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe ii.I.E.Ooieea (aa?anaiue,
1998).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii /ioe?e
iaoeiai noaooi o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 143 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e, ?icaeieo
iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icaeieia aeanieo aeineiaeaeaiue,
aiaeico i ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy, aeniiaeia oa
iieaae/eea eioa?aoo?e, yeee iinoeoue 100 aio/eciyieo i 84 ca?oaiaeieo
aeaea?aea. ?iaioa iethno?iaaia 31 oaaeeoeyie i 26 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

Ia??eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieiaiy aeineiaeaeaiue. Aeey ae?ioaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe oa caaea/ ie ianoaaeeee a aeeiaiioei aaaioiinoi i
iineyiieiaiaiai ia?iiaeo 90 aeiiie, yei ?ic?iaeaeaii oeyoii iia?aoei?
eana?aaa ?icoeio, eio?i aoee ?iciiaeieaii ia o?e a?oie: I — 30
ia?ai?iaeyueo, yei ?ic?iaeaeaii aaaeiiiiaeueiei oeyoii c i?eaiaeo
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o niieo/aiii c iioeie aiaeiinieie
iieacieeaie: aie aieueoa 30 ?ieia, e?oiiee ieiae, oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy,
eina aai iiia?a/ia iieiaeaiiy, iaieiaeiinoue /e iaaeiiooaaiiy a aiaiiaci
oa iioi; II — 30 aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei iiney eana?aaa ?icoeio c
oaeoi?aie ?eceeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi, aaaeaiiy yeeo
caeienithaaeiny ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith noaiith: aeei?enoaiiy aioaiiiia i
caniaia, yei iieiioothoue iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iee e?iaiiaia oieueee iiney
aeiaaiinooaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi; III — 30 aeiiie c
?oaoeai ia iaooei iiney aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy i oaeeie ae
oaeoi?aie ?eceeo oa i?iaaaeaieo ca iaoith iaoiaeeeith. sse eiio?ieueio
a?oio aoei ianoaaeaii 30 caei?iaeo aeiiie c oiciieiai/iei ia?aaiaii
aaaioiinoi, yei ?ic?iaeaeaii /a?ac i?e?iaeii iieiaiai oeyoe.

E?ii caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo eeiii/ieo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, ie aea/aee
nei?ioeeao aeiyeueiinoue iaoee ca aeiiiiiaith ea?aeiioieia?aoa
«Aiiiaaeeea» (Ioaeiy) iaoiaeii ciaiioiuei? ainoa?ia?aoi?. Aeey
?icoeo?oaaiiy ea?aeiioieia?ai ieiaea aeei?enoiaoaaee aaeueio ioeiieo ca
oeaeith A.N.Aioue? (1988).

Oeueo?acaoeiaa ieaoeaioia?aoiy i oaoiiao?iy i?iaiaeeeany ia aia?aoi
«Toshiba» (ssiiiiy).

Aeey ioeiiee iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai oa ieiaeiaiieaoeaioa?iiai
e?iaiiaiao i?iaaaeaia ?a?no?aoeiy e?eaeo oaeaeeinoae e?iaioieo a a?oa?i?
ioiiaeie i ai?oi ieiaea ia aia?aoi neeaaeiiai neaioaaiiy «Combizon-250»
(Aano?iy), yeee iniauaiee aeoieaeniei iiioeueniei aeiiea?ianueeei aeieii
«Doppler-300». Aeey ioeiiee ia?eoa?ieiiai noaeeiiiai iii?o aecia/aee
nenoiei-aeianoiee/ia aiaeiioaiiy (N/Ae) ca iaoiaeeeith D.Stuart oa
niiaaao. (1990); iiaeaen ioeuenaoei? (II) ca iaoiaeeeith R.Gosling,
D.King (1988)oa iiaeaen ?acenoaioiinoi (I?) ca iaoiaeeeith L.Pourcelot
oa niiaaao. (1987).

I?e aea/aiii ai?iiiaeueieo aca?iiaiaeiioaiue a nenoaii
iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ieiae aecia/aee a ne?iaaooei e?iai ?aaeiiiioiieiai/iei
iaoiaeii ?iaaiue ianooiieo ai?iiiia: ano?iieo, ano?aaeiieo,
i?iaanoa?iio, i?ieaeoeio, oi?iiii/iiai aiiaaeio?iiiio oa ieaoeaioa?iiai
eaeoiaaio (A.A.?aciieiaa, 1990).

Ii?oieiai/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy ?oaoey ia iaooei i?iaiaeeeiny oeyoii caai?o
eiai oa?iaioia iiae /an aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Aeey ioeiiee
niieo/ii? oeaieie, yea noaiiaeoue iniiao oeieueii? ?oaoeaai? oeaieie,
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee naioiai? iie?ineiii?. Io?eiaii oiaoi/ee
?oaoeaai? oeaieie iiaeeyaaee ainoieiai/iie ia?iaoei c ianooiiei
aeei?enoaiiyi ?yaeo niaoeiaeueieo iaoiaeia oa?aoaaiiy. Cie?aia, io?eiaii
ainoieiai/ii c?ice ?oaoeaai? oeaieie oa?aoaaee ia oieueee
aaiaoieneeii-aiciiii, aea oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaee iie?iooenii a
oa?aoaaiii ii Aai-Aiciio, ?ic/ei acioieeneiai n?iaea a iii?aaiaoeieiie
iaoiaeeoei, a oaeiae ?aaeoea Oioa (a OEE-?aaeoei?) oa aaeioeiaiiaee
neiie — aeey ooieoeiiiaeueii-ii?oieiai/ii? ioeiiee noaio niieo/ii?
oeaieie ?oaoey i ciii, ui o?aieyeenue a iie ca iaoiaeeeith
A.A.Aaoaiaeieiaa (1994).

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia i?iaiaeeee caiaeii
?aeiiaiaeaoeie A.I.Aaeueaa/ueiaa oa A.N.E?enaae/a (1989). I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiii?thoa? c i?ia?aiith . A?aoiee aoaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie .

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Na?aae iniiaieo i?e/ei
aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue iaeia c i?iaiaeieo iinoeue a
iao /an caeia? oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoiinoue (A.I.Naaaeueaaa e
niaao.,1991; A.I.Iiuaiei,1998; G.Bonatz et.al.,1996). Iacaaaeath/e ia
cia/ia /enei iaoeiaeo iiooeia a oeueiio iai?yieo ieoaiiy aoiiiaoiaaiaco,
aeiaaiinoeee oa eieoaaiiy aeaii? iaoieiai? caeeoathoueny
aeeneooaaaeueieie. I?e oeueiio, nooo?aa ?ieue aiaeaiaeeoueny
i?aii?aiaeiiio oiio aeiiie, oiaoi iayaiinoi noiooiio oaeoi?ia ?eceeo
?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi. Aacoiiaii, aei
nueiaiaeiyoiueiai aeiy aeaeieaii cia/ia /enei ?icieo aeaeia aaiioaeueii?
oa niiaoe/ii? iaoieiai?, yei ni?eythoue ii?ooaiith iaoeiaiieaoeaioa?iiai
e?iaiiaiao, ui ? ii/aoeiaith eaieith a iaoiaaiaci oei?? iaoieiai?
(I.A.Oaaei?iaa e niaao.,1989; A.E.Noaiaieianueea oa niiaaao.,1994).
Iaeiei c iaeiaea/aieo oaeoi?ia ?eceeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi ?
iayaiinoue ?oaoey ia iaooei iiney iiia?aaeiueiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai
?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Ia?yaeo c oeei, ia aeeeeea? noiiiaia oie oaeo, ui /anoioa
?icieo oneeaaeiaiue aaaioiinoi: caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy, cao?eiea
aioo?ioiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea, iai?aaeeueia iieiaeaiiy ieiaea
oiui a aeaiie a?oii aeua (E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao.,1991;
A.E.E?aniiiieueneee e niaao.,1994; A.A.Aa?ai/aiei, 1996). Ae?ioaiith
oeueiai ieoaiiy a i?ioieaeoe/iiio aniaeoi i i?enay/aii i?iaaaeaia iaie
iaoeiaa aeineiaeaeaiiy.

I?e aiaeici eeiii/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianoaaeaieo aeiiie ie aaaaeaee ca
aeioeieueia i?iaiaeeoe ii?iaiyeueii iiiaioe o ia?ai?iaeyueo,
i?iiia?iaaieo, a iniiaiiio, c i?eaiaeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi
(o?iii/ia aioo?ioiueioo?iaia aiiieniy ieiaea c cao?eieith eiai
aioo?ioiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo, ia?aiioaia aaaioiinoue, iaoyaeaiee
aeooa?nueeee aiaiiac, oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy i ii.) oa iiaoi?iiiia?iaaieo
c i?eaiaeo ?oaoey ia iaooei, iaeiae c ?iciith iaoiaeeeith aaaeaiiy
aaaioiinoi.

Na?aaeiie aie ianoaaeaieo aeiiie neeaa 27,2?2,4 ?ieia i a I-III a?oiao
aeinoiai?ii ia aiae?iciyany (?>0,05). Oeth iniaeeainoue ie ca?ycaee c
oei iiiaioii, ui ?ecee ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi cia/ii
iiaeaeuo?oueny o aieiaeo ia?ai?iaeyueo (A.I.Naaaeueaaa e niaao.,1991;
A.I.Iiuaiei,1998;), ui ie ia?iaeei aiaeii/aee a iaoeo niinoa?aaeaiiyo.

Iniaeeaee iioa?an noaiiaeyoue aeaii i?i iniaeeainoi iieacaiue aei
ia?oiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei
(II-III a?oie). Oae, io?eiaii iaie ?acoeueoaoe naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui
iae/anoioa iaee iinoea aiiiaei? iieiaiai? aeiyeueiinoi ia oiii
ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie (33,3% i 36,7%). E?ii oiai,
caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao i aeniea /anoioa oaeiai iieacaiiy ye i?ia?anoth/a
aioo?ioiueioo?iaia aiiieniy ieiaea (26,7% i 23,3%), a oaeiae noeoiiinoue
aiaeiinieo iieacaiue a iioa?anao ieiaea (20,0% i 23,3%). Iaaaaaoi ?iaeoa
ie aiaeii/aee na?aae iieacaiue ia?aae/ania aiaeoa?oaaiiy
ii?iaeueii?icoaoiaaii? ieaoeaioe (9,9% i 6,6%), ?? ia?aaeeaaeaiiy (ii
6,6%) oa iai?aaeeueia iieiaeaiiy ieiaea (ii 3,3%). Aeinoiai?ieo
?icieoeue iiae iieacieeaie a II i III a?oiao ie ia aiaeii/aee (?>0,05).
I?aaenoaaeaia no?oeoo?a iieacaiue aei ia?oiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai
?ic?iaeaeaiiy naiae/eoue i?i nooo?ao ?ieue ii?ooaiue
iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiiaiao na?aae oneeaaeiaiue, yei i?ecaiaeyoue
aei o?iii/ii? oa aino?i? iaoieiai? ieiaea, i?i ui oaeiae aiaeii/a?oueny
o aio/eciyiie oa ca?oaiaeiie eioa?aoo?i (E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao.,1993;
A.A.Aa?ai/aiei, 1996; T.Burnog et.al.,1993).

?iaaiue aaiioaeueii? iaoieiai? ieaco? nooo?aee aieea ia /anoioo
aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo oneaaeiaiue (N.I.Aaia?aeia oa
niiaaao.,1994; A.E.E?aniiiieueneee,1997; E.Jauniaux et.al.,1996). Ca
iaoeie aeaieie o aeiiie I-III a?oi /anoioa caiaeueieo i?ioeania iaoee oa
aeiaeaoeia aoea aiae 43,3% aei 46,7%, iaoieiai/ieo ciii oeeee iaoee —
33,3%, ii?ooaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo i ooieoei? y?/ieeia aoea aiae
20,0% aei 23,3% aeiiie.

Na?aae ?icieo aeaeia aeno?aaaiioaeueii? iaoieiai? a aaiaci
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi iaeaieueo cia/io ?ieue aiaeia?athoue
na?oeaai-noaeeiii oa aiaeie?eiii caoai?thaaiiy (I.A.Oaaei?iaa e
niaao.,1989; A.I.No?eaeaeia e niaao.,1990; A.I.Naaaeueaaa e
niaao.,1991). Aaoi?e iia?ycothoue oea c aeieeath/eie ia oaeiio
iani?eyoeeaiio oiii ii?ooaiiyie iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiiaiao, a
oaeiae c iaaeinoaoiueith aiaeie?eiiith ooieoei?th ieaoeaioe. Ca iaoeie
aeaieie, /anoioa na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o aeiiie I-III a?oi
neeaea aiae 26,7% aei 30,0%, a aiaeie?eiii? iaoieiai? — aiae 23,3% aei
26,7% aeiaaeeia. I?e oeueiio, aeinoiai?ieo ?icieoeue ie ia niinoa?iaaee
(?>0,05). Aeey ae?ioaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe i caaea/ ie aaaaeaee ca
aeioeieueia ia ii/aoeiaiio aoaii aea/eoe iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiiaeueiiai
noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei, a a
iiaeaeueoiio — ioeiieoe aoaeoeaiinoue oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee
i?ioieaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi i?e iiaoi?iiio
aaaeiiiiaeueiiio ?ic?iaeaeaiii.

Aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoaoia aoia?aoi/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue iaiaoiaeii aeacaoe
ia oie oaeo, ui a I a?oii aeiiie ieaoeaioa iae/anoioa eieacieoaaeany ii
caaeiie noiioei (46,7%) i a iaeanoi aeia (33,3%), a oie /an ye o
aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei (II a?oia) — ii ia?aaeiie noiioei, (46,7%,
aiaeiiaiaeii a I a?oii 10%; ?<0,02) i o oiio /enei aaciina?aaeiuei a eiai iaeanoi (23,3%). Ioaea, iayaiinoue ?oaoey ia iaooei i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui ieaoeaioa /anoioa eieaeico?oueny ii ia?aaeiie noiioei, i?e/iio ye a iaeanoi eiai, oae i iica iueiai. I?e oeueo?acaoeiaie ioeiioei noaio ieaoeaioe a 28-29 oeaeiia ?? iaoieiai/ii ciiie iaee iinoea a iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao, i?e/iio ye a I, oae i a II a?oiao. Iiaeaeueoi aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii a 3233 oeae. aeacothoue ia aieueo ae?aaeaii aoia?aoi/ii ciiie o aeiiie i?e iayaiinoi ?oaoey ia iaooei. Aiie iieyaaee o caieueoaiii /anoioe aa?eeiciiai ?icoe?aiiy noaeei ieaoeaioe (aei 20,0%; aiaeiiaiaeii a I a?oii 13,3%; ?<0,05). Ia caeeth/iiio aoaii, a 3738 oeae., i?aeoe/ii, a eiaeiiio o?aoueiio aeiaaeeo o aeiiie II a?oie aoei aeiaaiinoiaaii aa?eeicia ?icoe?aiiy noaeei ieaoeaioe (aei 36,7%; I a?oia - 23,3%; ?<0,05) oa aiia?aoiaaiii aeeth/aiiy a ?? no?oeoo?i (aei 33,3%; I a?oia - 10,0%; ?<0,01). Io?eiaii iaie aeaii naiae/aoue i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue aeeth/aiiy aeeiaii/iiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ye c i?iaiinoe/iith iaoith, oae i aeey ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia, ia ui oaeiae aeacothoue aio/eciyii i ca?oaiaeii aaoi?e (A.I.Aaioeeianueeee oa niiaaao.,1994; A.I.Iiuaiei,1998; J.B.Bruner et.al.,1993; R.Leiser et.al.,1997). ?acthioth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeeiaii/ieo aiiiao?e/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue iaiaoiaeii aiaeiioeoe oie oaeo, ui iayaiinoue ?oaoey ia iaooei ? nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi c cao?eieith aioo?ioiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea, i?e/iio ca neiao?e/iei aa?iaioii (aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy anio aea/a?ieo ?icii?ia). E?ii oiai, ooo iaiaoiaeii aiaeiioeoe iaaeinoaoith aoaeoeaiinoue aeei?enoiao?ieo eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo iaoiaeee aaaeaiiy aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei, ui, aacoiiaii, aeaco? ia iaiaoiaeiinoue ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy. Ca inoaiii ?iee, iaeiioi?iiaaiioei iaoiaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno ? aeiiea?iiao?iy noaeei ioiiaeie oa ieiaea (I.A.Aacacyi e niaao.,1987; N.I.Aaia?aeia oa niiaaao.,1994; A.Barbera et.al.,1995). sse neiaeo? c io?eiaieo iaie aeaieo, iieacieee e?iaioieo a a?oa?i? ioiiaeie i a ai?oi ieiaea a 28-29 oeaeiia o aeiiie I i II a?oie aeinoiai?ii ia aiae?iciyeenue aiae oaeeo o aeiiie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A 32-33 oeaeii aaaioiinoi iieacieee e?iaiiaiao o aeiiie I i II a?oie aoee aeinoiai?ii ieae/a, iiae iieacieee eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea ia aiae?iciyeeny iiae niaith. A ianooiiee aeiaaiinoe/iee oa?iii - 37-38 oeaeiia, ie aiaeii/aee o aeiiie II a?oie aeinoiai?ia cieaeaiiy (ii?iaiyii c aeaieie I a?oie) a noaeeiao ioiiaeie i ai?oi ieiaea nenoieiaeianoiee/iiai aiaeiioaiiy (c 2,01?0,03 aei 1,85?0,05; ?<0,01 i c 4,81?0,14 aei 4,51?0,10; ? <0,05); iiaeaen ioeuenaoei? (c 0,70?0,02 aei 0,63?0,01; ?<0,05 i c 1,54?0,03 aei 1,40?0,02; ?<0,05), a oaeiae iiaeaen ?acenoaioiinoi (c 0,46?0,02 aei 0,40?0,01; ?<0,05 i c 0,71?0,02 aei 0,60?0,02; ?<0,05). Oea, aacoiiaii, naiae/eoue i?i aieueo ae?aaeaia ii?ooaiiy iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai i ieiaeiaiai e?iaiiaiao o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei. Ie aaaaeaee ca aeioeieueia i?iaanoe aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaioieo a caeaaeiinoi aiae iayaiinoi a aiaiiaci oneeaaeiaiue iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo, a naia iineyiia?aoeieieo aiieii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue. A iniiaiiio oea aoee aiaeiiao?eo (40,0%) oa ii?ooaiiy eiio?aeoeeueii? caeaoiinoi iaoee (noaiiaiethoeiy i eioiiiao?a) - 33,3%. Oae, a 32-33 oeae. iniiaii iieacieee e?iaioieo a a?oa?i? ioiiaeie a I i II a?oiao iiae niaith ia aiae?iciyeenue (?>0,05).
Iaeiae, i?e aieueo aeaoaeueiiio aiaeici o aeiiie, yei ia?aianee iiney
ia?oi? iia?aoei? aiaeiiao?eo i noaiiaiethoeith /e eioiiiao?o, ie
niinoa?iaaee aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy iiaeaenia ioeuenaoei? — aei 0,62?0,03
(?<0,05) i aei 0,60?0,02 (?<0,05), a iiaeaen ?acenoaioiinoi oa nenoiei-aeianoiei/ia aiaeiioaiiy aeinoiai?ii ia ciiithaaeeny (?>0,05).
Ianooiii aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii aaea a 37-38 oeae. iieacaee, ui o
aeiiie, yei ia?aianee aiaeiiao?eo, a oaeiae noaiiaiethoeith iaoee i
eioiiiao?o cieaeaiiy nenoieiaeianoiee/iiai aiaeiioaiiy iineee aieueo
ae?aaeaiee oa?aeoa? — aei 1,61?0,03 (?<0,01) i aei 1,59?0,04 (?<0,01). Aea/aiiy iieacieeia e?iaioieo a ai?oi ieiaea c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?ia ?eceeo iieacaei ?yae niaoeeoi/ieo iniaeeainoae. Oae, i?e ianoaaeaiii aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei a 32-33 oeae. ie aiaeii/aee aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy anio iieacieeia oieueee o aeiaaeeo ia?aianaieo iiney ia?oi? iia?aoei? aiieiicaiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue i ii?ooaiue eiio?aeoeeueii? caeaoiinoi iaoee: iiaeaene ioeuenaoei? - aei 1,39?0,03 (?<0,05) i aei 1,40?0,04 (?<0,05); oa ?acenoaioiinoi - aei 0,62?0,03 (?<0,05) i aei 0,63?0,05 (?<0,05). A 37-38 oeae. ii?ooaiiy e?iaioieo a ai?oi ieiaea i noaeeiao ioiiaeie o anio aeiiie II a?oie iineee aiaeiai/iee oa?aeoa?. sse iieacaee io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo aaea c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?ia ?eceeo, iaeii?th c iniiaieo i?e/ei ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei ? ia?aianaii iiney ia?oi? iia?aoei? aiieii-caiaeueii oneeaaeiaiiy /e ii?ooaiiy eiio?aeoeeueii? caeaoiinoi iaoee. Aeaiee oaeo ia?, ia iaoo aeoieo, aaeeea i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy, a oaeiae aeaco? ia iaiaoiaeiinoue oaeineiiaeaiiy eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia, ui ?. O aeiiie I i II a?oie aaea a 28-29 oeaeiia ie aiaeii/aee aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy ano?iieo oa ano?aaeiieo o ii?iaiyiii c aiaeiiaiaeieie iieacieeaie o aeiiie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A 32-33 oeaeii ia?yaeo c aieueo iecueeei ?iaiai ano?iieo oa ano?aaeiieo o aeiiie II a?oie iaei iinoea aeinoiai?ia cieaeaiiy oi?iiii/iiai aiiaaeio?iiiio oa ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio ii?iaiyii ye c eiio?ieueiith, oae i c I a?oiith (oi?iiii/iee aiiaaeio?iiii aei 258,14?13,79 iiieue/e; ?<0,05 i ieaoeaioa?iee eaeoiaai aei 202,81?4,71 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). A 37-38 oeaeiia o aeiiie II a?oie, ii?iaiyii c ianoaaeaieie I a?oie, ie aiaeii/aee aeinoiai?ii aieueo iecueei ?iaii ano?iieo (c 46,47?2,08 iiieue/e aei 38,14?2,11 iiieue/e; ?<0,05); ano?aaeiieo ( c 68,52?2,25 iiieue/e aei 59,87?1,96 iiieue/e; ?<0,05); i?iaanoa?iio (c 601,41?17,51 iiieue/e aei 511,41?12,73 iiieue/e; ?<0,05); oi?iiii/iiai aiiaaeio?iiiio (c 334,18?17,14 iiieue/e aei 306,24?7,84 iiieue/e; ?<0,05) oa ieaoeaio?aiiai eaeoiaaio (c 231,41?16,14 iiieue/e aei 201,73?4,89 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). Aiino i?ieaeoeio o aeiiie I oa II a?oie o ani oa?iiie ia aiae?iciyany aiae eiio?ieueii?. Anoaiiaeaii iaie ciiie aiaeie?eiieiai/iiai noaoono naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei i?e iayaiinoi noiooiio oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ia? iinoea ae?aaeaia oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoiinoue c aiiiooieoei?th ieaoeaioe ye i?aaia aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeeainoth ooo ? oie oaeo, ui aiiiano?iaaiiy ia? iinoea aaea a 28 oeaeiia aaaioiinoi, a oie /an ye aoia?aoi/ii oa aeiiea?iiao?e/ii ciiie oieueee c 37-38 oeaeiia. Oea aeaco?, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia iaiaoiaeiinoue eiiieaenii? ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi a oeie a?oii oai?eo. Nooiinoue oaeineiiaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee iieyaaea a 3-4 ?aciaiio i?ioieaeoe/iiio i?ecia/aiii (18-20 oeae., 27-28 oeae., 32-33 oeae. i 36-37 oeae.) aioeieneaeaioia (aioaiii A); caniaia, yei iieiioothoue aiineioac aieea a ieaoeaioi (aaia-ia?oe; oeeoio?ii N; anaioeiaea); aaoa-aae?aiiiiiaoeeia (ia?oonenoai, a?ieaiie); iioiiei?aeoi?ia (nieaiii, ioeeaiiao iao?ith, eaa?oeaoei), a oaeiae iaoieenaioeiia (eo?aioie, o?aioae, eiiieaiii). O?eaaeinoue i?ioieaeoe/ii? oa?aii? noaiiaeea a na?aaeiueiio 10 aeiia. Aeicoaaiiy i aeae i?aia?aoo - c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae i?aaiicio. A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo, ui eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ii caoiaee ca oaeineiiaeaiith iaie iaoiaeeeith ii/eiaee c 18-20 oeaeiia aaaioiinoi, iniiaii eeiii/ii ?icieoei ie niinoa?iaaee o II iieiaeii aaaioiinoi. Oae, ?iaaiue i?iyaia oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi (aaaaoiaiaeaey, iaeiaiaeaey oa cao?eiea aioo?ioiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea) iaa iinoea a II a?oii a 56,6% niinoa?aaeaiue, a a III - oieueee a 16,7% aeiaaeeia. Oea ? naiith iai/iith aeaiiino?aoei?th aoaeoeaiinoi oaeineiiaeaii? iaie i?ioieaeoe/ii? iaoiaeeee. Oi?eath/enue oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aooe aeaeia oneeaaeiaiue aaaioiinoi neiae aeacaoe, ui /anoioa aiaii? aaaioieo ?iaaiue iiciio oieneeicia oa caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy aaaioiinoi aeinoiai?ii ia aiae?iciyany a caeaaeiinoi aiae aeei?enoiao?ii? iaoiaeeee (?>0,05),
aea i?iyaeyeeny aieueo eaaeeie oi?iaie. Io?eiaii iaie aeaii
aeicaieythoue caiaeeoenue c aeoieith A.E.Noaiaieianueei? oa
A.I.Aaioeeianueeiai (1984) i?i i?iaiaeio ?ieue oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai
eiiieaeno a aaiaci ?icieo aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue.
Ia iaoo aeoieo, nai?/ania oa aaeaeaaoia ei?aeoeiy ii?ooaiue
iaoeiaiieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiiaiao aeicaiey? cieceoe ?iaaiue ?icieo
iaoieiai/ieo noaiia, i?e/iio ia oieueee c aieo ieiaea, aea i c aieo
iaoa?i.

Aacoiiaii, oaei ?icii ooieoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno aieeioee i
ia /anoioo aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue ye i?e, oae i
iiney ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Oei aieueo, ui a eioa?aoo?i cono?i/athoueny
ioaeieaoei?, yei naiae/aoue i?i ae?aaeaiee ?o aca?iica?ycie
(A.I.Naaaeueaaa e niaao.,1991; E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao.,1993;
A.E.E?aniiiieueneee,1997). A ia?oo /a?ao, oea noino?oueny noiooiio
iieacaiue aei aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy i?e iayaiinoi ?oaoey ia
iaooei, iia?ycaieo c oaoiieaoeaioa?iith iaaeinoaoiinoth. I?e oeueiio,
/anoioa ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie neeaea a II a?oii
23,3%, a a III — 16,5% (?>0,05), a o?iii/ia aioo?ioiueioo?iaia aiiieniy
ieiaea aoea ia ii?yaeie ieae/a a III a?oii (36,7%) ii?iaiyii c II
(70,0%; p<0,01). Ia iaoo aeoieo, aaeaeaaoia i?ioieaeoeea oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei aeicaiey? nooo?ai cieceoe /anoioo aiaeiinieo iieacaiue a iioa?anao ieiaea, ui aeicaiey?, a ?yaei aeiaaeeia, ia?aaeeaeoenue oaeoeeo ?ic?iaeaeaiiy aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei. ?iaaiue ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei caaaeaee aeua, iiae a caaaeueiii?eeiyoie iiioeyoei? (Ae.A.Aaaaeaineee,1990; E.N.Eiaooiaa, 1996; A.I.Iiuaiei, 1998). Iaeiei c iiyniaiue oeueiai iiiaioo ?, ia iao iiaeyae, aeniea /anoioa ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi. ?acthioth/e noai iiaiia?iaeaieo o aeiiie c ?iciith iaoiaeeeith aaaeaiiy aaaioiinoi i?e iayaiinoi ?oaoey ia iaooei, neiae aiaeiioeoe iiceoeaiee aieea oaeineiiaeaiiai iaie eiiieaeno eieoaaeueiii?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia ia ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy (iae.1.). Iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai ? i nooo?aa ?icieoey /anoioe oaeeo iicieiai/ieo oi?i ye iinoiaoaeueia aioeaoaeiiaoiy (26,7% - II a?oia; 6,7% - III a?oia; p<0,02); aaii?aai/iee neiae?ii (20,0% - II a?oia; 6,7% - III a?oia; p<0,05) oa aeiaoyieoey (20,0% - II a?oia; 6,7% - III a?oia; p<0,05). A?aoiaoth/e nooo?aa cia/aiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi a aaiaci iaiiaoaeueii? iaoieiai? iiaeia aiaeiioeoe iiceoeaiee aieea iaoi? iaoiaeeee ia eeiii/iee ia?aaia iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?iiaeo. Iaie?ath/enue ia oie oaeo, ui eana?ia ?icoei, a oiio /enei i iiaoi?iee, ? oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo aiiiaaeaeoi? (E.A.Oeiioaiei oa niiaaao.,1991; A.E.Noaiaieianueea oa niiaaao.,1994), ie aaaaeaee ca aeioeieueia i?iaanoe aiaeic iniiaieo iieacaiue eaeoaoei? o ianoaaeaieo iaie aeiiie. I?e ii?iaiyiii iiae niaith iniiaieo iieacieeia eaeoaoei? o aeiiie iiney iiaoi?iiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iiaeia aeacaoe ia oie iiiaio, ui i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyoie iaoiaeeoei aaaeaiiy aaaioiinoi aiiiaaeaeoiy iineoue aieueo ae?aaeaiee oa?aeoa?. Oea iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aieueo iecueeeie iieacieeaie eaeoaoei? o aeiiie II a?oie ii?iaiyii c III ia 7 aeiao iineyiia?aoeieiai ia?iiaeo: ia??i iieiea - 330,5?14,8 ie i 386,7?14,2 ie (?<0,05); aiino aieea - 7,1?0,6 a/e i 11,2?1,0 a/e (?<0,05); eiiiaeia - 25,7?1,4 a/e i 31,2?1,6 a/e (?<0,05) oa eaeoice - 53,8?1,4 a/e i 61,6?2,2 a/e (?<0,05). Io?eiaii iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue i?eionoeoe cia/io ?ieue oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno a aaiaci aiiiaaeaeoi? iiney aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy aaeaeaaoii? ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi aeicaiey? cieceoe nooiiiue ae?aaeaiinoi aiiiaaeaeoi?. A ca?yceo c oei, ui o aio/eciyiie oa ca?oaiaeiie eioa?aoo?i (I.A.?iiaiaiei,1995; P.Emmrich,1993), inio? aeoiea i?i oa, ui aiae ii?oieiai/ii? no?oeoo?e ?oaoey ia iaooei caeaaeeoue i nooiiiue ae?aaeaiinoi oaoiieaoeaio?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi, ie aaaaeaee ca aeioeieueia aea/eoe oea ieoaiiy. ?acthioth/e io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe iaiaoiaeii aiaeiioeoe oie oaeo, ui ii?oino?oeoo?ii ciiie ?oaoey ia iaooei oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ae?aaeaiith aeieyoaoei?th noaeei, ciaioaiiyi ?o ioai?o i aiaenooiinoth niiaieueiaiiy e?iaioieo. Iiae aieeaii oaeineiiaeaieo iaie eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia, ia?aaeonii ii?oieiai/ii ciiie ?oaoey ia iaooei ?icaeaathoueny a eeioeiao, aea ia a iaoaaiei/ii iia?oiioeo io/eao eieaaaiiaeo aieieii. Aeiaeaoeiai anoaiiaeaia aeayea aeieyoaoeiy noaeei, caieueoaiiy ?o ioai?o i iaaioue /anoeiaa niiaieueiaiiy e?iaioieo (iiaiie?ia?y). Eieaaaiiai aieieia cae/aeii? iaioi?ieaii? niieo/ii? oeaieie ?oaoey ia iaooei, aeieeath/i iiney eana?aaa ?icoeio, caciathoue aeuaiienaii ciiie i oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiaeaeuaiiyi iaoaaieicio iiney i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenii? i?ioieaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi, iaeiae iioaineaiinoue yne?aai-/a?aiiiai ?o eieuei?o ciiith?oueny a cia/ii iaioiio nooiaith ia aiaeiiio aiae aeoeaaoei? oei?? ?aaeoei? aianeiaeie iiaeaeuaiiy iaiiio ?a/iaei oa oeeoiii?oiaaiaco o oia?ioeeoao i, iniaeeai, oia?iaeanoao. Io?eiaii aeaii naiae/aoue i?i aeioeieueiinoue aeei?enoaiiy i?iiiio?iiai eieoaaeueiii?ioieaeoe/iiai eiiieaeno o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei c ii?oieiai/ii? e?aiee ci?o. E?ii oiai, oea ieaco? iiceoeaiee aieea ia oieueee ia ieiae i ieaoeaioo, a oaeiae ia oeaieie iaoee aeey aoaeoeaiioiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?aia?aoeaieo i?ioeania a ?aiiueiio iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaeo. Oaeei /eiii, oaeineiiaeaia iaie eieoaaeueiii?ioieaeoe/ia iaoiaeeea aaaeaiiy aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei ieaco? iiceoeaiee aieea ia ?acoeueoaoe iiaoi?iiai aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/iie ioi?iii caei?ia?y. AENIIAEE: 1. Iayaiinoue ?oaoey ia iaooei o aeiiie iaoiiaeth? aenieo /anoioo aioo?ioiueioo?iaii? aiiieni? ieiaea (70,0%), aa?eeiciiai ?icoe?aiiy noaeei ieaoeaioe (36,7%) oa aiia?aoiaaiieo aeeth/aiue a no?oeoo?i ieaoeaioe (33,3%). 2. Ii?ooaiiy iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai oa ieiaeiaiai e?iaioieo o aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei ae?aaeathoueny cieaeaiiyi iiaeaenia ioeuenaoei? oa ?acenoaioiinoi c 32-33 oeaeiia aaaioiinoi, yei oaeaeei i?ia?anothoue, i?e/iio aieueo ae?aaeaii o aeiiie c oneeaaeiaiiyie iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo. 3. Aiiiano?iaaiiy ia oiii cieaeaiiy aiinoo ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio i oi?iiii/iiai aiiaaeio?iiiio ? oa?aeoa?iith iniaeeainoth oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei, ui ?icaeaa?oueny aaea c 28 oeaeiia aaaioiinoi. 4. O aeiiie c ?oaoeai ia iaooei i iayaiinoth oaeoi?ia ?eceeo i?ioieaeoeea oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi iieyaa? a 3-4 ?aciaiio iacia/aiii (18-20 oeae., 27-28 oeae., 32-33 oeae. i 3637 oeae.) aioeieneaeaioia; caniaia, yei iieiioothoue aiineioac aieea a ieaoeaioi; aaoa-i aae?aiiiiiaoeeia; iioiiei?aeoi?ia oa iaoieenaioeiia. 5. C iaoith aeiaaiinoeee oa eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeaiinoth eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei iaiaoiaeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eeiii/ii, aoia?aoi/ii, aeiiea?iiao?e/ii oa aiaeie?eiieiai/ii iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy. 6. Oaeineiiaeaiee eiiieaen eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia uiaei ei?aeoei? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei aeicaieea cieceoe /anoioo aaaeeiai oa na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy anoieni? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (c 33,3% aei 10,0%; ?<0,01) oa ?iaiy iinoaiiiene/ii? aioeaoaeiiaoi? (c 26,7% aei 6,7%; ?<0,01). NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI? 1. Oaeaeaiei N.I.Iniaeeainoi noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei // Iaaeiao?iy, aeooa?noai oa aiiaeieiaiy. - 1997. - ue6. - N.88-89. 2. Aiaeiaa I.A., Oaeaeaiei N.I., Aanthe ?.A., Aeiaeoo O.A. Eana?ia ?icoei ye oaeoi? ?eceeo aeey ?icaeoeo aiiiaaeaeoi? // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiaeiaeiee aeo?iae. - 1997. - ue4. - N.52-53. 3. Oaeaeaiei N.I. Ei?aeoeiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi o aaaioieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooei // Iaaeiao?iy, aeooa?noai oa aiiaeieiaiy. - 1998. - ue1. - N.78-79. 4. Aii/a?oe N.I., Ie?ey I.E., Oaeaeaiei N.I., Iaeaoaanueea N.A., Nieieianueea O.A. Iniaeeainoi aaaeiiiiaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o aeiiie c iaoieiai?th eaaaiue // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiaeiaeiee aeo?iae. - 1998. - ue2. - N.8889.

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