Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa

ssOeEOEI Iaoae?y Ieeei?aia

OAeE 371.126 (410)«19»

I?IOAN?EII-IAAeAAIA?*IA I?AeAIOIAEA A*EOAE?A O AAEEE?E A?EOAI??

(90-? ?IEE OO NOIE?OOss)

13.00.01- Oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A -1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?iicaiieo iia aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeo?ei
?aai ?aaiiae/,

Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae??a ina?oe, i?i?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ee/oe Iaae?y Aanee?aia,

?cia?enueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo, aeaeai
oaeoeueoaoo i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a;

— eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Iooianueea Ethaeieea I?ieii?aia,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII
Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaai?aoi??? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 1430 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa,9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa,9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “8” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?oaeieoeueea I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy

Oe?a?ia nueiaiaei? aeeoea ia iiaee aoai ooaa?aeaeaiiy iacaeaaeiino? —
aoai eiino?oeoeaii? ?iaioe. O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiino? iaaoaathoue
ieoaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe, ?, cie?aia, i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo
eaae??a. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ?
iie?ioaiiy yeino? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a, caaacia/aiiy ??
anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo, ?aeiino? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai
eiiiiiaio?a. O ca’yceo c oeei ?noioia cia/aiiy iathoue a?ae?iaeaeaiiy,
iiiaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ? aeeeaaea/?a,
o?aooaaiiy ? aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai niaaeeo
e aeina?aeo, a oaeiae ?iiiaaoe?eii? i?aeoeee iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe
?icaeiaieo e?a?i na?oo. Cia/iee ?ioa?an, a?aeiia?aeii, noaiiaeoue ?
i?aai?caoe?y iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? c ??
aaaaoia?eiaeie o?aaeeoe?yie.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oe?eei
?yaeii ianoaaei. Ia?aae iaaeaaia?/iith nenoaiith Oe?a?ie aino?i
iinoaei ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a. Ii?yae
c aeei?enoaiiyi onueiai e?auiai c a?o/eciyii? iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie,
aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ? caiice/aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo
ia?aaeiaeo ca?oa?aeieo ?iiiaaoe?eieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e, cie?aia
a?eoainueeeo. Ii?aeiaiiy iaaeaaiue iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ? caei?aeiiiiai
aeina?aeo, oaeineiiaeaiiy aeanieo ciao?aeie ? caiice/aiiy aaeaeeo
?iiiaaoe?e ie aaaaea?ii ia?niaeoeaiei oeyoii aeey oni?oiiai iiiaeaiiy
on??? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a Oe?a?ie. Niaoe?aeueia
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaia ca
aecia/aieie e?eoa??yie oa iaoiaeeeith, aeanoue a?aeiia?aeue ia eiie?aoi?
ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe??, ci?noo ? iiaoaeiae iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai??
o 90-? ?iee OO noie?ooy. I?iaiae?ciaaii noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie nenoaie
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Aaeeei? A?eoai?? c iiiaioo ??
ca?iaeaeaiiy aei nueiaiaeaiiy; aena?oeaii ?ieue aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a; iieacaii ?iiiaaoe?ei? oi?ie
ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? ia no/aniiio aoai? ?? ?icaeoeo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii ?icaeoie ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? ( 90-?
?iee OO noie?ooy).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — eiiieaenia iaoeiaa ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? (90-?
?iee OO noie?ooy).

Aaaeeea?noue i?iaeaie ia aeaiiio aoai? aeey a?o/eciyii? iaaeaaia?ee
niiioea? aei nenoaiaoecaoe?? aeina?aeo i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e
A?eoai?? (ye ? ?ioeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i) c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ? ye?nieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy a i?aeoeoe? aeui? oeiee
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa aeinyaaeany ia aeaio ??aiyo :

— oai?aoe/ia iiaeeaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeaie nooiino?
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ia aac? iiaeo aeaea?ae ?
no/anii? ca?oa?aeii? oa a?o/eciyii? e?oa?aoo?e;

— iiiiaiaiiy i?aeoeee i?aeaioiaee iaoe?iiaeueieo a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a
Oe?a?ie iiceoeaiei ? aenieiaoaeoeaiei aeina?aeii ca ?aooiie i?ia?aiiiai
? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo aoc?a Aaeeei? A?eoai??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? ae??ooaaeeny caaaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeeoe aaiaco, ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei?
A?eoai?? oa no/aniee noai ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeeo o/eoae?a;

— aena?oeeoe ci?no ? iniiai? iai?yiee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, ae?yeuei?noue ina?oi?o caeeaae?a ? onoaiia ii
i?aeaioiaoe? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, ci?no ?iiiaaoe?eieo oi?i
a?eoainueei? nenoaie ina?oe;

— ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy a?eoainueeeo o/eoae?a, i?ioean ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeeo ina?oi?o ca’yce?a ia no/aniiio aoai?;

— cai?iiiioaaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy
a?eoainueeiai aeina?aeo a i?aeoeoe? i?aeaioiaee ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee
a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Oe?a?ie.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue 90-? ?iee OO no. Oaea
o?iiieia?y coiiaeaia /anii i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?ie aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe oa ?? noaiii ia no/aniiio aoai?. Aeey eia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
noaio ? ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? a aeena?oaoe??
i?iaaaeaii ?ao?iniaeoe?th, ii/eiath/e c XVI noie?ooy.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue Aaeeeo A?eoai?th
(Ia’?aeiaia Ei?ie?anoai Aaeeeia?eoai?? oa I?ai?/ii? ??eaiae??) oa
Oe?a?io.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? no/ania nenoaia
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iiae?e ? yaeu o noa?? ina?oe a aeeiai?oe? ??
?icaeoeo. Canoinoaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo
aeicaieeei iieacaoe iniaeeaino? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeiai
a/eoaey ii aa?oeeae?: caa?oo (oiaoi a?ae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioeanii ina?oe) — aeiieco (o/ano? a iueiio ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a
aeaaee, iaoeiaoe?a, ie?aieo i?aaenoaaiee?a ina?oe oiui). Caniaaie
eiiia?aoeaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaaaeaii c?noaaeaiiy c iaoith aeyaeaiiy e?aueo
c?ace?a ? aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?? oe??? aaaeeeai? ?iaioe.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaaii iaoiaee: i?aaeiaoii-o?iiieia?/iee,
?ao?iniaeoe??, oai?aoe/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy, aiae?co iaoeiaeo oa
iaoiaee/ieo aeaea?ae.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe??. I?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?? aoee aea/ai?
? aeei?enoai? ??ciiiai?oi? ca oa?aeoa?ii, iioiaeaeaiiyi, ii?iith oa
ci?noii iioae?eiaai? e iaiioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee ye ca?oa?aeii?, oae ?
a?o/eciyii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Na?aae iioae?eiaaieo aeieoiaio?a o ?iaio? aeei?enoai?: Caeii i?i
?aoi?io ina?oe 1988 ?ieo1, Caeii i?i iiaeaeueoo oa aeuo ina?oo 2 ,
Caeiie i?i ina?oo 1993 3 ? 1994 4 ??., ?yae aeaeaiue o?yaeiai? A?ei?
eieae5.

Cia/iee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue aeiiia?ae? eii?oao?a, ca?oe oa
aeac?aee o?yaeiaeo eii?n?e, ?iniaeoi?aoo ?? Aaee/iino? 6 , a oaeiae
oee?eoey?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe oa i?aoe? noiniaii ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a
aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie 7 .

Aaeeeo e?euee?noue aaaeeeai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ii/a?iiooi c iaoa??ae?a
A?eoainueei? ?aaee, ?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oeaio?o oa a?ae?ioae.

Aeey iiaiiai ? a?oioiaiiai aena?oeaiiy i?iaeai, i?aeiyoeo a
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, aaoi?ii iaeaaiaeaeaii ae?eiaa
eenooaaiiy c Aaaionoaii i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a oa Aeaia?oaiaioii ina?oe ?
i?aoe? Aaeeei? A?eoai??, ca?aeee iaae?neaii aaaaoi oe?iieo aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii ? iioi/i? iaoa??aee ?aaee ?a?iie. Oea, aieiaiei
/eiii, aeiiia?ae? oa ca?oe eiioa?aioe?e.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee iioi/iiai a?o?ao
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (Oi?aae?iiy i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a), ui
i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noinoiee iaoeiaeo onoaiia, aca?ii? noaaeoaaiiy
i?ae ina?oyiaie aeaio e?a?i.

__________________________________

1 Education Reform Act 1988.- HMSO, 1988.

 2 The Further and Higher Education Act.- L., 1992.

 3 The Education Act.- L., 1993.

 4 The Education Act.- L., 1994.

5 White Paper : Choice and Diversity. A New Framework for Schools, HMSO,
1992.

 6 Policy to Practice.- Department of Education and Science, 1989;
Education Observed, Special Needs Issued HMI, HMSO, 1990; Policy Model.
A Guide to Developing and Implementing European Dimension Policies in
LEAs, Schools and Colleges.- Department for Education , 1992; DES.
Teacher Education and Training. A Report by a Committee of Inquiry
Appointed by the Secretary of State for Education and Science under the
chairmanship of Lord James of Rusholme.- L.: HMSO , 1970; DES.
School-Based Initial Teacher Training. A Report by HMI.- L.: HMSO,
1991; Learning to Succeed. A Radical Look at Education Today and a
Strategy for the Future. Report of the National Commission on
Education.- L., 1993 oa ?i.

 7 Initial Teacher Training. Approval of Courses.Circular
24/89.-L.:DES,1989; DES. Initial Teacher Training. Circular 9/92.- L.:
HMSO, 1992; Teaching:High Status.High Standards.Circular
10/97.-L.:DfEE,1997 oa ?i.

Aeey iiaiioe ?ice?eooy oaie oe?iei aeei?enoai? ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy :
iaoa??aee 22 iaeiaioaaiue iaoeiaeo aeo?iae?a ? 10 aacao, ui aeaeathoueny
a Oe?a?i?, Aaeee?e A?eoai??, NOA, ?in??.

Oaea aeaea?aeueia aaca aeaea iiaeeea?noue aaoi?o ?ica’ycaoe iinoaaeai?
caaaeaiiy, anaa?/ii aena?oeeoe ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? o 90-?
?iee OO noie?ooy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o eiiieaeniiio
nenoaiiiio i?aeoiae? aei i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey o Aaeee?e A?eoai??. Aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co
iniaeeainoae nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a o Aaeee?e
A?eoai??, aeae?eaii eeth/ia? iiiaioe i?aeaioiaee c iaoith ?o iiaeeeaiai
caeo/aiiy o i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie. Aecia/aii
iniiaiee ci?no oa i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ?iiiaaoe?ei? oi?ie ina?oe
(“iaae?a”, iaoeiaa, aeieia?/ia,”i?n”, ?ioa?eoeueoo?ia).

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe. I?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? iai?yiee
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? o 90-?
?iee OO noie?ooy, aena?oeaii ?? ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?
oi?ie ina?oe, ui ni?ey? iiaeaeueoiio aea/aiith icia/aii? i?iaeaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe:

— iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? oa aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co caaaeueieo ? eieaeueieo i?iaeai aeui? oeiee
Oe?a?ie oa ?o ae??oaiiy o ia?niaeoea? c iaoith iaaeeaeaiiy aei
?a?iiaenueeeo ? na?oiaeo ina?oi?o noaiaea?o?a;

— aea/aiiy ooieoe?e aeui? oeiee A?eoai?? aeicaiey? ooi/ieoe iniiai?
eiiiiiaioe ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie, ia?aoe iioeiaeueiee aa??aio
aaeaioaoe?? oe??? ?aoi?ie aei o?aaeeoe?eieo cao?aeieo nenoai i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey (ia i?eeeaae? Aaeeei? A?eoai??);

— iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o aocao
aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth i?e aea/aii? a?aeiia?aeieo oai, ?ic?iaoe?
niaoeeo?n?a, i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaiaaeaea??a- e?a?iiciaaoe?a, iaiaaeaea??a
ina?oe, a oaeiae aeeeaaea/aie aoc?a, nooaeaioaie, a/eoaeyie, on?ia, ooi
caoe?eaaeaiee o i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a
Oe?a?i?, i?aeaioiaoe? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa.

Aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a c i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a Aaeeei?
A?eoai?? (90-? ?iee OO noie?ooy) c iaoith ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaeaoaeoeai?oeo
oa iaeiioeiaeuei?oeo aeaiaio?a a i?aeoeeo iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie a
ia??iae ?? oi?ioaaiiy oa aaeaioaoe?? aei e?aueo o?aaeeoe?e cao?aeieo
nenoai iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ? noaaeaia ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? a iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, a oaeiae o aeiiia?aeyo ia i?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “Eaeneeia?ao?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? eiioeaioe?? aeeeaaeaiiy
/oaeicaiieo iia o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?” (Euea?a, 1994 ?., 1996
?.), “Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anieo nenoai aeui? ina?oe a ?aoi?ioaaii?
aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie” (Ee?a, 1996 ?.), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?einio?y no/anii? ina?oe oa noai ??
?ic?iaee a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a,1996 ?.), ia ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? nooaeaio?a Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Ean? Oe?a?iee (Eooeuee, 1994?.,1995?.,1996
?.) oa ia ca?oi?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?neyaeeieiiia ina?oa ea??aieo
? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo”(Ee?a,1996 ?.).

C oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 14 i?aoeue.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaoeiaa iaa?oioiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny /?oeeie iaoiaeieiai-oai?aoe/ieie
iiceoe?yie, aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a, ui ?
aaeaeaaoieie i?aaeiaoo, iao? e caaaeaiiyi ?iaioe, nenoaiiei aiae?cii
oai?aoe/iiai e aii??e/iiai iaoa??ae?a.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

No/ania nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? neeaeanue a
i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae. A ??ci? ?noi?e/i? i?ii?aeee
/ano aiia a iniiaiiio a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai, ye? noaaeei aei ia?
aiae?enueea noni?euenoai.

Ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie no/anii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei?
A?eoai?? aaciina?aaei?e aieea ni?aaey? noaa?eueia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia
? iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua e?a?ie.

A?ae/ooia na?eicia caoe?eaaeai?noue aeaaeieo no?oeoo? Aaeeei? A?eoai?? o
anaa?/i?e i?aeo?eioe? ina?oe ? ina?oyinueeeo eaae??a a ?ioa?anao
aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio.

O i?ioean? ?icaeoeo a nenoai? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a
aecia/eeenue i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei
cae?eniththoue oeae i?ioean. ?o ?iaioa ? ae??aith, aoaeoeaiith ?
oe?eani?yiiaaiith.

Nenoaia aiae?enueeeo aeueo ? niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a a
oe?eiio caaacia/o? iio?aae ? a?aeiia?aeiee eaae?o?eaoe?eiee ??aaiue
i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa Aaeeeia?eoai?? o 90-? ?iee oaeaeei ?ioaa?o?oueny o
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeee ina?oi?e i?ino??, oi?o?eoth/e i?ia?aie
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a.

I?aeaioiaea niaoe?ae?no?a o aaeoc? ina?oe ? iaaeaaia?ee o Aaeee?e
A?eoai?? ia? aaeeeee iiceoeaiee aeina?ae, no/aniee i?eaaaeeaee ?i?aeae
oa iioei?noe/i? ia?niaeoeae, oiio iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a i?aeoeoe?
?aoi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a Oe?a?ie a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeo iio?aa
/ano.

Ca no?oeoo?ith aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e (296 iiceoe?e), aeiaeaoe?a
(9). Ianya ?oeiieno 180 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue oaie, aecia/ai?
i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?iiieia?/i? iaae?, noi?ioeueiaai?
iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii aeaea?aeueio aaco, aeacaii ia
iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/ia ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?ao?iniaeoeaa iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei?
A?eoai??”, yeee neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ia?aa?ao?a, ?icaeyiooi ?noi?e/i?
o?aaeeoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? c iiiaioo ??
ca?iaeaeaiiy (c XVI noie?ooy). Aiae?coth/e ?ao?iniaeoeao i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a o Aaeee?e A?eoai??, a?aecia/aii, ui ia noaae??
naiai noaiiaeaiiy aieiaiei iioeaii ina?oe aoa ?ae?a?eiee. Aeooiaainoai
aecia/aei ianya, ci?no ? oi?ie iaa/aiiy. Oea aeaui caoaeoaaei ?aiee
ina?oe, ?iaeei ?? aeiaiaoe/iith, ? a iaai?e i???, a?ae??aaiith a?ae
aeeooy.

sse?ni? c?ooaiiy o i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Aaeeei? A?eoai??
noaeeny i?ioyaii XVII-XVIII noie?ooy. sse aeueoa?iaoeaa ?ae?a?ei?e
ina?o? c’yaey?oueny ? aeiaiaeeoue ana a?eueoo iaiao?aei?noue na?onueea
ina?oa. A oea, a naith /a?ao, aeiaaaei i?aeaioiaeaieo ethaeae, caeaoieo
ieneeoe ? i?aoethaaoe a?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaiiaee iiaeo caaaeaiue. Aieea
?ae?a?? ia ina?oo ciaioo?oueny, i?ioa i?iaeiaaeo? ?nioaaoe.

sse na?ae/eoue aiae?c, oe?eani?yiiaaia i?aeaioiaea a/eoaeuenueeeo
eaae??a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? ?icii/aeanue aeaui i?ci?oa, i?ae o ?ioeo
?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao. Iia’ycaii oea c iaaaeaeeie aenia?eiaioaie oae
caaieo “iii?oi?ieo oe?e”, ye? aeiaaee ia i?aeoeoe? naith
iaaoaeoeai?noue.

C i?eeiyooyi o 1870 ?ioe? ia?oiai caeiio i?i ina?oo ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a noaei caaaeaiiyi iaaeaaia?/ieo eieaaeae?a, ye? iaee
aaeeeee aieea ia ?icaeoie nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a.

Aeo Aaoea?a (1944 ?.) ni?eya ia’?aeiaiith an?o caeeaae?a ii i?aeaioiaoe?
a/eoae?a oa anoaiiaeaiith i?ae oeeie caeeaaeaie o?nieo aca?iica’yce?a.
Oea cia/ii iie?aueei ??aaiue oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee aiae?enueeiai a/eoaey.

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia ?aaiethoe?y aianea aei nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Aaeeei? A?eoai?? a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie o aeaeyae?
nooiaiaai? i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a, ui iaea aeaa iine?aeiaieo aoaie: ?
— caaaeueia oa niaoe?aeueia ina?oa, ?? — iaaeaaia?/ii-i?ioan?eia.

Aieiaiith eaieith ?aoi?ioaaiiy oe?eueii? ina?oe o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 80-o
?ie?a noaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ??aiy na?aaeiuei? ina?oe oeyoii
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ina?oi?o noaiaea?o?a. Ia ci?io aeaoeaio?ae?caoe??
i?eeoea /?oea ???a?o?/ia iiaoaeiaa i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ? o/i?a.

A oe?eiio ae, ?noi?e/ia ?ao?iniaeoe?y iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe
Aaeeeia?eoai?? aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe, ui oey aaaeeeaa noni?eueia noa?a,
a iniiaiiio, a?aeiia?aeaea caieoai aiae?enueeiai noni?euenoaa a ??ci?
i?ii?aeee /ano. Iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa iino?eii oaeineiiaethaaeanue,
aaeaeaaoii ?aaaoth/e ia iie?oe/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa
eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?ei? ci?ie a aeeoo? Aaeeeia?eoai??. Nenoaia i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a o e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo caaacia/eea oie eiioeiaaio iaaeaaia?a,
ye? aeaaee aiae?enueeo ina?oo ia ?a?iiaenueeee ? na?oiaee ??aaiue.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? c?iaeaii ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e
c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie. Cie?aia, a?aecia/a?oueny, ui aeinyaiaiiy o
noa?? a?eoainueei? ina?oe i?eaa?oaee oaaao aaaaoueio iaoeiaoe?a. Aiae?c
ca?oa?aeii? oa a?o/eciyii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui
oao?aoe?a-aeine?aeiee?a iaea?eueo oe?eaaeee i?iaeaie
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeiai
a/eoaey, yea iino?eii aaeineiiaethaaeany a caeaaeiino? a?ae iio?aa oa
ci?i o noni?euenoa?. Naia oeae iai?yiie ie?aeii aeine?aeaeoaaee aeaeaoi?
aiae?enuee? a/ai?-iaaeaaiae A. Noaoaic oa Ae. A?inaio, Ae.Io?a?c ,
N.Ia??io, A. N?iii, N.Oa?ii1. O.Eaee? ? aaoi?ii ia’?iii? i?aoe? “?noi??y
ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai??: a?ae na?aaei?o a?e?a aei OO noie?ooy”2.

Noai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? aea/aee aeaeaoi? iaaeaaiae
A.Aae, ?.Aeaenaiaea?.

I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a-i?aaeiaoiee?a (aiae?enueei? iiae)
aeine?aeaeoaaee A.Oiaao, ?.I?ioa?io oa Ae. Aoe?inii 3 .

__________________________________________________

1 Stefens W. B. Education, Literacy and Society, 1830-70. The geography
of diversity in provincial England.- Manchester University Press, 1987
oa ?i.

2 Eelly T. A History of Adult Education in Great Britain. From the
Middle ages to the twentieth century.- Liverpool University Press,
1992.- 425 p.

3 Howatt A.P. A History of English Language Teaching.- Oxford University
Press, 1994; Proterough R., Atkinson J. The making of English Teachers.-
Open University Press, 1991.

Oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie, oe?e?, no?oeoo?o iaa/aeueiiai ieaio ?ic?iaeyee
O.Oie?ic, I.?aioio,A.Aa?iooaei, Ae.E?i/, I.Oa?no, ?.I?eia, Ae.Ooeoii,
?.A?oen, Ae.Ai?aoo. 1

O?einio?th iaaeaaia?ee aea/aee ?.Ae?a?aeai, ?.I?oa?n, I.Oa?no. 2

I?iaeaiai ci?noo ina?oe oa i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? oi?aa?neoaonueeeo eo?n?a i?enayoeee nai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?.Aeaenaiae? oa Ae.A?ooaeea?, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ieie o
1980-o ?ieao. ?acoeueoaoe aoee i?aaenoaaeai? a ocaaaeueithth/?e i?aoe?
“?icaeoie iaeii??aeieo eo?n?a aaeineiiaeaiiy”. 3

?yae aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue i?aai?caoe?? oa ci?noo iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeoeee i?iaaaeaii a?aeiiei aiae?enueeei iaaeaaiaii A.Eioi. O nai?e
i?aoe? “Oe?eueia i?aeoeea ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe” 4
A.Eioi noi?ioethaaea iniiai? caaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee.
Caaaeaiiyi i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy iaaei?aeoeee a oeieao i?enayoeee
nai? i?aoe? A.Iieea?ae oa N.Oai, O.Aaei?a? oa A.Iiiieoii, Ae.E?i/,
A.?aaa, A. Noioic oa N. Ii??n. 5

I?iaeaia i?ioan?iiae?cio a/eoaey, iaoeia? aeinyaiaiiy a aaeoc?
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
?iaioao ?.E?e?, ?.Ae?aeaa?a, Aeae.E?aa, ?.I?ea?a oa I.Neioa. 6

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aiae?enueeee o?yae i?eiee ia caeeoaany inoi?iiue
a?ae ae??oaiiy i?iaeai i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a. I?i oea
na?ae/aoue /eneaii? o?yaeia? aeieoiaioe, aeiiia?ae? aea?aeaaieo
eii?oao?a ii ia?aa??oe? /e aaeineiiaeaiith nenoaie ina?oe iaaeaaia?a,
oee?eoey?e, iinoaiiae, ??oaiiy aeine?aeieoeueeeo a?oi, aeine?aeaeaiiy
eii?n??, noai?aii? ?iniaeoi?aoii ?? Aaee/iino? ii ia?aa??oe? oe?e oa
aeyaeaii? ??aiy i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

A?aecia/ath/e aei?iaie aiae?enueeeo iaaeaaia?a, ne?ae neacaoe ? i?i
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo o/aieo ?c ??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeai
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao,
cie?aia, o Aaeeeia?eoai??.

Oae, i?iaeaie aeeaeaeoeee aeui? oeiee ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i o ieai?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a, iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
oi?aa?neoaonueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe aena?oeai? a i?aoeyo ?in?enueeeo

_______________________________________

1 Hollins T.X. Another Look at Teacher Training.- Leeds, 1969; Renshaw
P.A. Flexible Curriculum for Teacher Education //The Education of
Teachers in Britain.- London, 1973; Bernstein B. On the Classification
and Framing of Education Knowledge //Readings in the Theory of
Education.- London, 1971; Hirst P. Knowledge and the Curriculum.-
London, 1975 oa ?i.

 2 Dearden R.F. Philosophy of Education, 1952-1982 //British Journal of
Education Studies, 1983.- Vol. 30.- ? 1 oa ?i.

3 Alexander R.J.,Whittaker J. Development in PGCE Cources.-Guildford:
SRHE, 1980.

 4 Cope E.School Experience in Teacher Education.- Bristol, 1971.

5 Gallm?er F., Poppleton P. A Study of Aarly School Experience in the
PGCE //British Journal of Teacher Education.- 1978.- Vol. 4.- ? 2;
Stones E., Morris S. Teaching Practice: Problems and Perspectives.-
London, 1972 oa ?i.

 6 Driver R., Leach J., Millar R., Scott P.Young People’s Images of
Science.- London, 1996.

aeine?aeiee?a ?.A. Ia?oeeieianueeiai, I.Ae.I?eaiae?iaa. 1 Aeeaeaeoe/i?
i?iaeaie aeui? ina?oe Aaeeeia?eoai?? o 80-o ?ieao ?icaeyioo? a
aeine?aeaeaii? E.A.Oi?yieea. 2

?yae aaaeeeaeo iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue i?aeaioiaee aiae?enueeeo a/eoae?a
aena?oeaii a aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo TH.N.Aeoa?iaa,
I.A.Oaaei?iai?, A.A.Aiae?a?ai?, I.ss.Eo?ee?ii?. 3

Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ia Caoiae?, ? a Aiae??, cie?aia,
?icaeyaeaee o nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?.A.Eeniaa, A.Eai/eineay oa
?.Aieinaoiaa, I.I.Iicaea?a, A.A.?iaiaa, E.I.Oeeaia, A.I.O?ieiaa oa
?io?. 4

________________________________________________________

1 Ia?oeeieianeee E.A. Oieaa?neoaoneia ia?aciaaiea a eaieoaeenoe/aneeo
no?aiao: iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey, i?iaeaiu, i?ioeai?a/ey.-
Oaoeaio, 1981; Ieeaiae?ia I.Ae. Iaeioi?ua i?iaeaiu aeeaeaeoeee aunoae
oeieu a ca?oaaaeiuo no?aiao.- I., 1972.

 2 Oi?yiee E.A. Aeeaeaeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
Aaeeeia?eoaiee ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia: Aeen. … eaiae. iaae. iaoe.- I.,
1985.

 3 Aeoa?ia TH.N. Nenoaia iaaeaaiae/aneiai ia?aciaaiey a Aiaeee.: Aeen.
… eaiae. iaae. iaoe.- I., 1965; Oaaei?iaa I.A. Oieaa?neoaoneia
ia?aciaaiea a Aaeeeia?eoaiee ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia.: Aeen. … eaiae.
iaae. iaoe.- I., 1972 oa ?i.

4 Euniaa A.A. Iiaua oaiaeaioeee a iiaeaioiaea o/eoaeae ia Caiaaea
//Iaaeaaiaeea.- 1994.- ? 3.- N. 94-100; Iicaeaaa I.I. Iaci?
enneaaeiaaiee ii iaaeaaiae/aneiio ia?aciaaieth a Aaeeeia?eoaiee
//Iaaeaaiaeea.- 1994.- ? 1.- N. 113-117 oa ?i.

 5 Ao?ye A.E., Ao?ye I.A. Naiiina?oa a nenoai? oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?iiae?cio iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey //Oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio
iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a a oiiaao iaae. aoco.- E?eaee ??a, 1992; Aiethaao
ss.ss., Iooianueea E.I. Ina?oa a e?a?iao Caoiaeo //??aeia oeiea.- 1994.-
? 9; Ee/oe I.A. Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? a/eoaey a i?ioean?
aoc?anueei? i?ioan?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaee: Aaoi?. … aeen. aeieo. iaae.
iaoe.- E., 1993.- 31 n.; Cycthi ?.A. I?ioan?eia ina?oa iaaeaaiaa: iiaee
??aaiue //Ina?oa.- 1994.- ? 21; Iooianueea E.I. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
nenoai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o ?a?ii? //Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- 1994.-
? 3/4; ?aooo I.A. I?iaeaia ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey a ca?oa?aei?e iaaeaaia?oe? //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeeaeaeoeee
na?aaeiuei? oa aeui? oeiee.- Oa?e?a, 1996; Nooiieeineay I.A. O/eoaeue a
nia?aiaiiii ie?a e aai ?ieue a aeaiie?aoecaoeee ia?aciaaiey.- E., 1990;
Oe?eue I.?., A?euaiei A.I. I?aeaioiaea iaaeaaia?/ieo
eaae??a ca nooiaiaaith nenoaiith //Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- 1994.- ?2
oa ?i.

Cia/iei ? aei?iaie oe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaoe?a o aea/aii? aeina?aeo
ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo-iaaeaaia?a o ieai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a. Na?aae ieo:
A.I.Aeaenthe, A.?.A?oai/oe, A.E.Ao?ye, I.A. Ao?ye, ss.ss.Aiethaao,
?.I.Aaeica?oeaa, A.I.A?euaiei, N.A.Aeiia?ianueeee, I.A.?aooo,
?.A.Cycthi, I.A.Ee/oe, A.E.Iaeai?iaea, E.N.Ia/eii?aiei, I.A.Ie/eaei,
E.I.Iooianueea, I.A.Nooiieeinueea, ?.I.Neoeuenueeee, A.I.Oaa/aiei,
I.?.Oe?eue, I.Ae.ss?ia/aiei5 oa aaaaoi ?ioeo, ye? a nai?o i?aoeyo
i?iaiae?coaaee ? aena?oeeee ie?ai? aniaeoe noni?eueiiai noaoono
a/eoaeuenueei? i?ioan??, iniaeeaino? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i? oa a
e?a?iao Caoiaeo, ci?no iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, a
oaeiae i?iaeaie ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o
ca?oa?aei?e iaaeaaia?oe?.

I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a, i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ia
Caoiae? oa a Oe?a?i? aea/athoue A.Aa?aae, N.E?enthe. 1

Cia/iei aei?iaeii oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee a aaeoc? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ? i?aoe? E.I.Iooianueei?. Iiaeciith iaoeiaeo
i?aeoiae?a a?aecia/a?oueny ?? iiiia?ao?y, i?enay/aia ii??aiyeueiiio
aiae?co nenoai i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o e?a?iao Cao?aeii?
?a?iie.2 O i?e ?icaeyaeathoueny aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo no/anii?
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? oa niaoeeo?/i? ?ene
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueieo nenoai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ia ii?ic? OOI
noie?ooy.

I?iaeaie o?ainoi?iaoe?? aiae?enueei? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a a
oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai ina?oiueiai i?inoi?o ciaeoee
aeaoaeueia aena?oeaiiy o aeine?aeaeaii? A.A.Ia??iiaa. 3

?ioaa?iaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee eo?n aeey nooaeaio?a i?iaiae?ciaaii
I.TH.Eaiioue?aith. 4

sse aa/eii, ??ciiiai?oi? i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? aena?oeththoueny o ca?oa?aei?e oa
a?o/eciyi?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. Iaeiae nueiaiaei? ua ia noai?aii
ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe?, yea a nenoaiaoecoaaea a?eoainueeee aeina?ae
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a i?ae eooii ci?o eiai i?aeoe/ii?
oe?iiino? ? ia?niaeoeaiino?.

Aaoi? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ea?oth/enue no?oeoo?ii-eia?/iei i?eioeeiii
oa ia iniia? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo i?aaia aei oe?e?niiai

____________________________________________

 1 Aa?aae A. I iiauoaiee eaaeeoeeaoeee o/eoaeae ia Caiaaea
//Iaaeaaiaeea.- 1992.- ? 5-6; E?enthe N. I?neyaeeieiiia ina?oa
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a: ?aae?? ? ia?niaeoeae //Ina?oa ? oi?aae?iiy.-
1997.- O. 1.

 2 Iooianueea E.I. I?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea a/eoae?a o Cao?aei?e ?a?ii?:
ni?euei?noue ? ?ica?aeiino?.- E., 1997.- 180 n.

 3 Ia??iia A.A. ?aoi?ia aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a Aiae??: ia?aaeoiiae
? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo (e?iaoeue 80-o — ii/aoie 90-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy):
Aeen. … eaiae. iaae. iaoe.- E., 1995.-170 n.

 4 Eaiioueaaa I.TH. Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iao/aiey nooaeaioia a
iaaeaaiae/aneeo eieaaeaeao Aiaeee (70-80 aa.): Aeen. … eaiae. iaae.
iaoe.- Oa?ueeia, 1995.- 151 n.

a?aeoai?aiiy on??? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeiai a/eoaey, yea
aeiaaea naith ni?iiiaei?noue, aei?iaoaaio /anii. Oai?/ee aiae?c ??
iniia, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeiiiiiaea e?aua ?ic?a?aoenue o oeyoao ?
iaoai?ciao ?aae?caoe?? oe?a?inueei? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo
eaae??a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeeo o/eoae?a o 90-? ?iee
OO noie?ooy” aena?oeaii no/aniee noai ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe o Aaeee?e A?eoai??. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c 4
ia?aa?ao?a.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “ Ci?no ? i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a Aaeeei? A?eoai??”
cacia/a?oueny, ui nueiaiaei? o A?eoai?? noai?aia aio/ea nenoaia
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, yea ciaoiaeeoue iino?eio i?aeo?eieo c aieo o?yaeo.
Oe?e? oa ?ic’yniaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a aaeoc? aeui? ina?oe Aaeeei?
A?eoai?? i?noyoueny o aeieoiaioao o?yaeo, ui ia??iaee/ii iiiaeththoueny
oa ii?eethaeiththoueny o niaoe?aeueiiio aeaeaii? “A?ea eieaa”, o
oee?eoey?ao Aeaia?oaiaioo ina?oe oa i?aoe?.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe aeieoiaioe c i?iaeai ina?oe, a?aecia/a?ii, ui iniiai?
coneeey o?yaeiai? ina?oiuei? iie?oeee a 90-? ?iee ni?yiiaoaaeenue ia oa,
uia i?aeiyoe noaiaea?oe ina?oe ia an?o ??aiyo; iineeeoe ?ieue aaouee?a o
i?ioean? ina?oe; io?eiaoe a?eueoo a?aeaea/o a?ae eioo?a, ?iaanoiaaieo o
ina?oi? neoaeae; iaaeaoe iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeai a?eueoo aaoiiii?th,
oaeineiiaeeoe i?aeca?oi?noue; i?aeiyoe ??aaiue ciaiue. Aieiaiith iaoith
ina?oi?o neoaea ia an?o ??aiyo ? aeey an?o oi?i ? iie?ioaiiy
o?iainoaaiiy ina?oi?o caeeaae?a. C oe??th iaoith Aeaia?oaiaio ina?oe oa
i?aoe? eiie?aoecoaaa naith i?ia?aio ae?e ? aecia/ea iniiai? oaeoi?e
iie?oeee o?yaeo a aaeoc? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Iniiaiei ci?noii i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o 90-?
?iee ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa noaiaea?o?a ina?oe. Oey iaoa aeinyaa?oueny
aieiaiei /eiii /a?ac aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?th ina?oe oa aaaaeaiiy iiai?
no?oeoo?e o?iainoaaiiy i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? ina?oi?o caeeaae?a ? onoaiia
ii i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a o Aiae??” cacia/a?oueny, ui o no/ani?e Aaeee?e
A?eoai?? i?aeaioiaeo a/eoae?a i?iaiaeyoue oae? oeie iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a:

— /ioe?e??/i? ?inoeoooe ? eieaaeae? aeui? ina?oe;

— iaeii??/i? ?inoeoooe iaaeaaia?ee i?e oi?aa?neoaoao;

— aeai??/i? oaeoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?ee iie?oaoi?/ieo ?inoeooo?a;

— /ioe?e??/i? oeiee noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa;

— aeai??/i? oaoi?/i? eieaaeae?.

Aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a o
Aaeee?e A?eoai?? aeecueei o?aoeie iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaa/aeeny a
oi?aa?neoaoao, a ?aooa — a eieaaeaeao oa ?inoeoooao aeui? ina?oe.

Aieiaiith a?aei?ii?noth oi?aa?neoaonueei? ina?oe ? ia?aaaaa oai?aoe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee, iiaeeea?noue i?iaiaeeoe iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, caeiaooe
nooi?iue aaeaeaa?a iaaeaaia?ee. Iaa/aiiy ae o iaoi?aa?ne-oaonueeiio
naeoi??, aieiaiei /eiii, iai?aaeaia ia iaaoooy i?ioan?eii-aaaeeeaeo
iaae/ie, ai?iue i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe a oeie?. Ia??iaee/i? aeeneon?? i?i
ia?aaaao o??? /e ?ioi? nenoaie iaeiicia/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia oea ieoaiiy
ia aeathoue. O aeioneiee?a oi?aa?neoaoo, ye na?ae/eoue aiae?c,
iaaeinoaoiy iaoiaee/ia oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea. I?ioa
aiie, ye i?aaeei, aeia?a aieiae?thoue ciaiiyie c aieiaiiai i?aaeiaoo.

Iaaeie?eii aea aeoiaaioe?a iaaeaaia?/ieo oe?e ? ?o iaio aeeaiea
caaaeueiiiaoeiaa i?aeaioiaea. Aea aaaeeeai, ui ? a oeo, ? a ?ioeo aocao
eaeooue iiooee oeyo?a ae??oaiiy aeaieo i?iaeai. Oea a?aeiia?aea?
i?aaiaiith iaaeeceoe i?aeaioiaeo eaae??a o/eoae?a aei ?aaeueii?
neooaoe?? i?ioan?eiiai aeeooy.

Iniiao nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aiae?enueeeo o/eoae?a
noaiiaeyoue, a iniiaiiio, o?e aeaiaioe: caaaeueiiina?oi?e,
niaoe?aeueii-i?aaeiaoiee, niaoe?aeueii-i?ioan?eiee
(ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee). Oeie? a?aeaiaeeoueny ?ieue iiaiioe?iiiai
ia?oia?a aoco, oi?aa?neoaoo a i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a. Iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
iaia’yceiaee eiiiiiaio nenoaie i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Iniiaieie aeaeaie caiyoue o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao Aaeeeia?eoai?? ?
eaeoe??, nai?ia?nuee? caiyooy, eaai?aoi?i? ?iaioe, ouethoi??aee,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caiyooy. Ui noino?oueny oi?i eiio?ieth ciaiue
nooaeaio?a, oi oea ienueiiaa e onia, aea ia?aaaaeathoue ienueiia?
?nieoe, cae?ee, iioi/i? aai i?aenoieia? eiio?ieuei? ?iaioe.

Oaeei /eiii, no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o
Aaeee?e A?eoai?? ni?yiiaaia ia iiaea?i?caoe?th o?aaeeoe?eieo
iaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a. Iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa e?a?ie
i???ioo?oueny ia i?aeaioiaeo a/eoaey oe?ieiai i?io?eth.

O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? “?iiiaaoe?ei? oi?ie ina?oe o i?aeaioiaoe?
a?eoainueeeo a/eoae?a” cacia/a?oueny, ui oe?eueia oa aoc?anueea i?aeoeea
a?ae/oaa? aaeeeo iio?aao o na?aeeo ?aeayo — ?iiiaaoe?eieo oi?iao oa
oaoiieia?yo iaa/aiiy.

sse oi?ia ina?oe, aeiina?oa, c oi/ee ci?o a?eoainueeeo aeine?aeiee?a,
yeo ie iiae?ey?ii, ia? ca iaoo aaeineiiaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai na?oo naii?
ethaeeie ia canaaeao ii/oooy ethaenueei? a?aeiino?, aoiai?cio,
aca?iiaeiiiiiae. Ci?no aeieia?/ii? ina?oe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo aeania
nenoaie iaoeiaeo ciaiue, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue o?einionuee?,
i?e?iaeie/i-iaoeia?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?, oaoi?/i? ? i?aaia? aniaeoe
eiiieaenii? aeieia??, ?icaeoie oe??? nenoaie.

A?eoainueeeie iaaeaaiaaie oe?e? iaoeiai? ina?oe oi?ioeththoueny oae:
i?iaeiaaeoaaoe caeo/aoe nooaeaio?a aei i?ioeano iaoeiaiai iiooeo ye
caniao aaia?oaaiiy ciaiue.

Iniiaia iaoa iaae?a ina?oe – “aeaiaoo?ae?caoe?y” yaeu, ia’?eo?a.
Aieiaieie i?eioeeiaie iaae?a-ina?oe ? i?aaenoaaeaiiy (iaae?a ia
a?aeia?aaea? ?aaeuei?noue, aea i?aaenoaaey? ??); iaae?a caii/aoeiao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie; aacia?aaiee i?ioean; iaoe?eaia ia o?eueee ia
e?eoe/ia ?icoi?iiy, aea e e?eoe/iee aiae?c. Aoaeoeai?noue iaae?a-ina?oe
iiaea aooe ioe?iaia ca aeaiia iniiaieie e?eoa??yie: caeaoi?noue
nooaeaio?a canoiniaoaaoe oa, ui aiie ciathoue, a iiaeo neooaoe?yo;
ai?iiy iioeaoaaoe. Iaae?a-ina?oa ? oaeith, ui ia?aaeaa/a? oai?/o ?
i?aeoe/io ?iaioo c iaoith noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey aeeaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy ? oaioac??.

Ui noino?oueny ?ioa?eoeueoo?ii? oa “ i?n” ina?oe, oi aiie ? iaeiia?oeie
oi?iaie. Iiee ui ia aecia/aii inoaoi/ii ?o noaoon, ia neeaaeaii i?ia?ai
aeeeaaeaiiy i?aaeiaoo, oi/a nueiaiaei? aaaeaoueny aeoeaia ?iaioa ii
ai?iaaaeaeaiith iiai?ic?iaeaieo eo?n?a (“Caoeno aeia?eo ii/ooo?a”,
“Iie?oe/iee aniaeo ina?oe ca ie?”). A?eoainuee? aeine?aeieee
aaaaeathoue, ui “i?n” ina?oa iieeeeaia a?ae?a?aoe iaaaeyeo ?ieue o
oeieao e?a?ie, a oiio i?iiiio?oueny ?yae i?aeoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a, eaea i?aeaioiaea
niaoe?ae?no?a aeey aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no, i?iaiaeyoueny oaiaoe/i? nai?ia?e ?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? eiioa?aioe??.

O /aoaa?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Nenoaia i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy ?
ia?ai?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeeo o/eoae?a” cacia/a?oueny, ui i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? a?eoainueeiai iaaeaaiaa- oea i?ioean eiai iinooiiaiai
?inoo ye iniaenoino?, oae ? i?ioan?iiaea a oiae? an??? eiai i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. Nenoaia i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a oa
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, ui ae?? o Aaeee?e A?eoai??, a oe?eiio
a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai, iae?aneaiei ?aoi?iaie ina?oe, oa caaeiaieueiy?
iio?aae ? i?ioan?ei? caieoe a/eoaeuenoaa Aaeeei? A?eoai??.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Aeei?enoaiiy a?eoainueeiai aeina?aeo a i?aeoeoe?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Oe?a?ie” neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
ia?aa?ao?a. O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Oe?a?inueei-a?eoainuee? ina?oi? ca’ycee
? ?o i?noea a nenoai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a Oe?a?ie” cacia/a?oueny, ui
?aoi?ia ina?oe Oe?a?ie iano?eii aeiaaa? ci?i ? a noa?? i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, cie?aia, ?ioaa?aoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe o na?oiaee
ina?oi?e i?ino??.

C o?aooaaiiyi oe??? ianoaaeie aoaeothoueny oe?a?inueei-a?eoainuee?
ca’ycee a aaeoc? ina?oe oa iaoee. Aieiaiei io?oe?eiei i?aaenoaaieeii
Aaeeeia?eoai?? ca ei?aeiiii c ieoaiue eoeueoo?ieo ca’yce?a ? A?eoainueea
?aaea (British Council). O noa?? ina?oe A?eoainueea ?aaea i?aoeth? o
ia?oia?noa? c I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe ? ieceith aea?aeaaieo oa i?eaaoieo
caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie. Aieiaieie iai?yieaie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie ? A?eoai?? ? iai?i aeeeaaea/aie, nooaeaioaie, iaoeia?
noaaeoaaiiy, iai?i aeina?aeii, i?aeaoc?anueea ni?a?ia?oieoeoai,
i?aeaioiaea, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? iaaeaaia?a, iaoiaee/ia
ae?yeuei?noue, ni?eueia i?iaaaeaiiy eiioa?aioe?e. Oae? eiioaeoe
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aa?iii?eii ii?aeiaoe ei??ii? iaoe?iiaeuei?
?ioa?ane eiaeii? c e?a?i c ?a?iiaenueeeie ? na?oiaeie eoeueoo?ieie
oe?iiinoyie.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aiae?enueeiai aeina?aeo a nenoai?
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie” cacia/a?oueny, ui, noaey/e c aeina?aeo
Aaeeeia?eoai??, caaeiaieueieoe aeiiae ?eieiaiai noni?euenoaa aei
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey iiaeia eeoa ca oiiae aianaiiy na?eicieo ci?i o naio
no?oeoo?o iaaeaaia?/ii? oeiee, nenoaio i?ioi???ioaoe?eiiai a?aeai?o
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, ci?noo iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, i?eioeei?a ? iaoiae?a
aoc?anueeiai iaa/aiiy. O?aaa ?aaeeeaeueii ia?aaoaeoaaoe nenoaio
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, a ia aaeineiiaethaaoe iaeei /e e?eueea ??
i?ei??oaoieo iai?yie?a.

A oe?eiio, aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/ieo ?iiiaaoe?e a oiiaao iaoi?
iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie aeineoue aeniea. Aea eia?/ieie aoaeooue aeniiaee
i?i oa, ui nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, aacoiiaii, iio?aao?
?aoi?ioaaiiy oa aaeineiiaeaiiy ?c iaeii/aniei caa?aaeaiiyi oaea
?nioth/iai iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo. Aaeaea no/aniee ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe a Oe?a?i? ia? /eiaei aaeaeeo iaaeaaiue, oi/a o?aaa ua aeieeanoe
cia/ieo coneeue aeey cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?i, uia a?aeiia?aeaoe ii?iai
na?oiaiai ??aiy (aenieieaae?o?eiaaia ieaioaaiiy, iaae?eia i?aaiaa iniiaa
? ?aoe?iiaeueia o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy).

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeai? ocaaaeueiaiiy uiaei aieiaieo i?iaeai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aecia/a?oueny, ui:

-no/ania nenoaia i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Aaeeei? A?eoai??
neeaeanue ? ooieoe?iio? ia iniia? aeiaaio?eaaei? ?noi?e/ii? o?aaeeoe??
aiae?enueeiai a/eoaethaaiiy. Aiia oa?a?aea a naaa e?au? iaaeaaiiy
aiae?enueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo. ?icaeoie
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie iino?eii oaeineiiaethaaany, aaeaeaaoii
?aaaoth/e ia iie?oe/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa aeooiai? ci?ie a
aeeoo? Aaeeei? A?eoai??;

— a no/anieo oiiaao iieai?ea uiaei i?iaeai ina?oe i?iaeiaaeo?oueny.
Iaeiae, a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo aeaaaoe eaeooue ia no?eueee i?i caaaeuei?
oe?e? ina?oe, ne?eueee i?i caniae ?o ?aae?caoe??. Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei
? iiooe i?aaeeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oeaio?ae?caoe??th ?
aeaoeaio?ae?caoe??th, i?ae iaoe?iiaeueieie ? ?aa?iiaeueieie /e
i?noeaaeie ?ioa?anaie;

— ?ieue aea?aeaae a nenoai? ina?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee aiae?enueeiai a/eoaey
caa??aa?oueny. Oea aeicaiey? noaa?eueii a?aeiia?aeaoe iaoe?iiaeueiei
ina?oi?i noaiaea?oai, caa??aaoe ? ci?oeithaaoe ii/oooy aeooiaii? ?
eoeueoo?ii? ni?eueiino? anueiai ianaeaiiy e?a?ie;

— ina?oa Aaeeeia?eoai?? o?iaino?oueny ye ia aea?aeaaiiio, oae ?
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo, i?e/iio ?ieue inoaiiueiai iino?eii c?inoa?, ui
a?aeiia?aea? iniiaiei iai?yieai ?aoi?i 90-o ?ie?a. O oie aea /an oaea
nenoaia iineeth? aaoi?eoa?i? oaiaeaioe?? a ea??aieoeoa? ina?oith, neiao?
?i?oe?aoeao i?aoe?aiee?a oe?e ? i?noeaai? aaei?i?no?aoe??, cao?oaeith?
iiooee iiaeo oeyo?a, iaa’yco? iaeiiiai?ooy oi?i ? iaoiae?a iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aoe?. Oiio iniiaiith noooth iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aoi?i 90-o ?ie?a ?
iineeaiiy i?ioean?a aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? ina?oe. I?e oeueiio aiia ia
?icaeyaea?oueny ye can?a aeey iineaaeaiiy ?ie? aea?aeaae o oe?e ni?aa?,
a eeoa ye ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca noai ina?oe a ?aa?iiao oa
ia i?noeyo. Oea aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ina?oe, cia/ii iiai?oa
a?aoiaoaaoe i?noeaa? iniaeeaino? o ni?aa? iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy; a
oaeiae iieaaoeoue i?iaaaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo iaaeaaia?/ieo aenia?eiaio?a;

— iaeiei c iai?yie?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe ?
ca?eueoaiiy /enea aa?oo???io?a aeey caeiaoooy aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe;

— cia/ia ?ieue o i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a o 90-? ?iee
a?aeaiaeeoueny iaoi?aa?neoaonueeei oeiai iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. ?ieue
?inoeooo?a ? eieaaeae?a iino?eii c?inoa?, ?o eiiiaoaioe?y ? ??aaiue
i?aeaioiaee iaaeeaeathoueny aei oi?aa?neoaonueeeo;

— aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oeeeeo a i?aeaioiaoe?
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aecia/aii iaaeaaia?/io i?aeoeeo, yea ? iei?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaa/aeueieo ieai?a oa i?ia?ai aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo
? na?aaei?o iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;

— c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? eaae?o?eaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeo
noni?eueieo iio?aa o Aaeeeia?eoai?? oe?iei canoiniaothoueny iia? oi?ie ?
iaoiaee ina?oe, na?aae yeeo ana a?eueoiai aeciaiiy iaaoaathoue iaae?a,
aeieia?/ia, iaoeiaa, ”i?n”, ?ioa?eoeueoo?ia;

— ciaiiy i?i no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a e?a?iao Cao?aeii? ?a?iie ?, cie?aia,
Aaeeeia?eoai??, iiaeiii noaoe iaae?eiei aeaea?aeii aeey noai?aiiy iiaeo
eiioeaioe?e iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i?;

— oaeineiiaeaiiy oe?a?ii-a?eoainueeeo ina?oi?o ca’yce?a ia no/aniiio
aoai? iiaeiii ni?eyoe aoiaeaeaiith Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee ina?oi?e
i?ino??;

— aea/aiiy aiae?enueeiai aeina?aeo ? eiai cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeiii
ia?ane?aeoaaoe iniiaio iaoo — a?aeiiaeaiiy iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai noaoono
Oe?a?ie a ?a?ii?. Iaeiae ia ne?ae caaoaaoe, ui i?inoa iane?aeoaaiiy oa
eii?thaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a noa? caa?icith aeaniei ina?oi?i
o?aaeeoe?yi. Oiio eaeaoueny ia i?i iaoai?/ia ia?aianaiiy, a i?i oai?/a
aeei?enoaiiy aiae?enueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo a i?aeoeoe?
oe?a?inueei? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey a ia??iae ??
?aoi?ioaaiiy.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiee o oaeeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo:

1.ssoeeoei I.I.Nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? a XYII– XIX
no.no. //Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. ?noi??y 2. 1997.- Eooeuee, 1997.- N.
71-75.

2. ssoeeoei I.I., Oeo?ei ?.?. Iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea a nenoai?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey o Aaeee?e A?eoai?? //Iaoeiaee a?niee
AAeO. Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y .7. 1997.- Eooeuee, 1997.- N.15-17.

3. ssoeeoei I.I., Aeyoaanueea A.A., Aa?iao I.A. Ina?oa “iaae?a” — iiaa
oi?ia a?eoainueei? nenoaie ina?oe // I?iaeaie iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e:
Oaiaoe/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2.- Eooeuee, 1997.- N.6-9.

4. ssoeeoei I., Aa?iao I., Aeyoaanueea A. E?eoa??? ioe?ii/ii?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? // I?iaeaie
iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e: Oaiaoe/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione
2.- Eooeuee, 1997.- N.9-12.

5. ssoeeoei I.I. ?ieue ?iicaiii? iiae o i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a-
th?eno?a //Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. TH?eaee/i? iaoee. 10.1997.- Eooeuee,
1998.-N. 100-101.

6. ssoeeoei I.I. Aiae?c nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei? A?eoai?? o
1944-1989 ??. //Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. ?noi?e/i? iaoee 1.1998.-Eooeuee,
1998.- N. 111-115.

7. ssoeeoei I.I. No/aniee noai oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeeo ina?oi?o
ca’yce?a //Ca??iee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iaoa??ae?a ? iaoeiaeo noaoae
?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AAeO. Aeione 3.- Eooeuee, 1998.- N. 135-144.

8. ssoeeoei I.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?iaeaie oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae
o aoc? //Iaoa??aee XLI iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa nooaeaio?a Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Ean? Oe?a?iee.- *. ?.- Eooeuee, 1995.- N.
158.

9. ssoeeoei I.I. Iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa a nenoai? aeui? oeiee
Aaeeeia?eoai?? //Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
“Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anieo nenoai aeui? ina?oe a ?aoi?ioaaii? aeui?
oeiee Oe?a?ie”.- E., 1996.- N. 130-132.

10. ssoeeoei I.I., Oeo?ei ?.?. I?aeaioiaea ? ia?ai?aeaioiaea a/eoae?a o
Aaeee?e A?eoai?? //Iaoa??aee ca?oii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
“I?neyaeeieiiia ina?oa ea??aieo ? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a: i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo”.- E., 1996.- N.116-117.

11. ssoeeoei I.I., Aa?iao I.A. I?aai?caoe?y i?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo
eaae??a Aaeeei? A?eoai?? aac a?ae?eao a?ae i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
//Iaoa??aee XLII iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo ? nooaeaio?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Ean?
Oe?a?iee.- *. ??.-Eooeuee, 1996.- N. 234.

12. ssoeeoei I.I. Aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo o oi?ioaaii?
iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e //O?einio?y ina?oe a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?:
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “O?einio?y
no/anii? ina?oe oa noai ?? ?ic?iaee a Oe?a?i?”- E., 1997.- N. 389-391.

13. ssoeeoei I.I., Aa?iao I.A., Aeyoaanueea A.A. English in Topics.
?iciiai? oaie c aiae?enueei? iiae. Iaoiaee/ia ?ic?iaea.- Eooeuee, 1997.-
42 n.

14. ssoeeoei I.I., Aae I.?. Naiino?eia ?iaioa nooaeaio?a o i?ioean?
aea/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae. Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ia ?ic?iaea c
aiae?enueei? iiae aeey nooaeaio?a-cai/iee?a iaiiaieo niaoe?aeueiinoae.-
Eooeuee, 1998.- 40 n.

AIIOAOe?ss

ssoeeoei I.I.I?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea a/eoae?a o Aaeee?e
A?eoai?? (90-? ?iee OO noie?ooy).- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01-Oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee.-
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a,
1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny no/aniee noai ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee a?eoainueeeo a/eoae?a,
i?ine?aeeiaothoueny ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe Aaeeei?
A?eoai??, ?ice?eoi ci?no ? iniiai? iai?yiee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioeano i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, i?iaiae?ciaaii ae?yeuei?noue ina?oi?o
caeeaae?a ? onoaiia ii i?aeaioiaoe? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, aena?oeaii
iniiaiee ci?no ?iiiaaoe?eieo oi?i a?eoainueei? ina?oe
(“iaoeiaa”,”iaae?a”, aeieia?/ia, ”i?n”, ?ioa?eoeueoo?ia). Oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aeei?enoaiiy
a?eoainueeiai aeina?aeo a i?aeoeoe? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
? ia?ai?aeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae??a Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Oe?a?ia, Aaeeea A?eoai?y, i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia
i?aeaioiaea, ?iiiaaoe?ei? oi?ie, iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa, aeina?ae,
?aoi?ioaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

ssoeeoei I.O. I?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea o/eoaeae a
Aaeeeia?eoaiee (90-a aiaeu OO aaea).-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01- Oai?ey e enoi?ey
iaaeaaiaeee.-Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1998. A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony
nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea ?acaeoey e oniaa?oainoaiaaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee a?eoaineeo o/eoaeae,
i?ineaaeeaathony enoi?e/aneea o?aaeeoeee iaaeaaiae/aneiai ia?aciaaiey
Aaeeeia?eoaiee, ?ane?uoi niaea?aeaiea e iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae,
i?iaiaeece?iaaia aeayoaeueiinoue ia?aciaaoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee ii
iiaeaioiaea iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaae?ia, aunaaoeaii iniiaiia niaea?aeaiea
eiiiaaoeeiiiuo oi?i a?eoaineiai ia?aciaaiey (iao/iay, “iaaeea”,
yeieiae/iay, “ien”, eioa?eoeueoo?iay), a oaeaea ?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth a?eoaineiai iiuoa a i?aeoeea
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee e ia?aiiaeaioiaee
o/eoaeueneeo eaae?ia Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Oe?aeia, Aaeeeia?eoaiey,
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea, iaaeaaiae/aneia
ia?aciaaiea, i?aeoeea, iiuo, ?aoi?ie?iaaiea.

ANNOTATION

Jatchishin N.P. The professional-educational preparation of teachers in
Great Britain (90 th XXth century).- Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate’s degree by Spesiality 13.00.01.-Theory and
History of Education.-National Pedagogical M.P. Dragomanov University,
Kyiv, 1998 .

The present situation of the development and improvement of British
teachers is investigated in this thesis. Historic traditions of teacher
education in Great Britain are retraced in this work. Content and main
trends of government policies concerning British teacher education
process is analized. The functioning of teacher preparation
establishments and institutions is described. The main content of
innovative British educational forms (scientific, media, environment,
peace, intercultural) is covered in this thesis. Some practical
recommendations concerning the usage of British experience in teacher
education and in the system of Ukrainian pedagogical education are
suggested.

Key words: Ukraine, Great Britain, professional preparation, innovative
forms, pedagogic education, experience, reformation.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 1.10.98 Oi?iao 60O84/16.

Iai?? ionao. Oi.ae?oe.a?e.0.8. Oi.oa?a.- a?aea.0.8.

Oe?aae 100 aec. Oe?ia aeiaia??ia.

Aeaeaaieoeoai Aieeinueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo,i?.Aie?,13

Aae?ana ae?oea?i?: i.Eooeuee,aoe.Oiiaia 22,”Ai??oa”.

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