IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

OIIAUOE Ieaen?e Iao?iae/

OAeE 517(07):371.13

I?IOAN?EIA NI?ssIIAAI?NOUe

AEEEAAeAIIss IAOAIAOE*IIAI AIAE?CO

A OIIAAO AeEOA?AIOe?EIAAII? I?AeAIOIAEE

A*EOAEss IAOAIAOEEE

13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoeee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a–1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe‚
aeioeaio

Ieoae?i Aaiiaae?e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai

aiae?co, aeioeaio.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ao?aea Ieoaeei ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

O?eon TH??e Aaneeueiae/,

*a?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, i?i?aeoi? oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?a?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia?? ? iaoiaeeee

aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee, I?i?noa?noai

ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.*a?i?a?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ”2” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 1345 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.03 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601‚ i.Ee?a‚
aoe.Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601‚ i.Ee?a‚
aoe.Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ”27” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?.A.Ei?oae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iai?ee?ioe? OO noie?ooy na?aaeiy
caaaeueiiina?oiy oa i?ioan?eia oeiee anooieee a i?eioeeiiai iiaee aoai
naiai ?icaeoeo, oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie yeiai ? ?icaoaeiaa ina?oe ia iiaeo
i?ia?aneaieo eiioeaioe?yo, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean
no/anieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
aeinyaiaiue. Ii?yae ?c caa?aaeaiiyi oe?e caaaeueiiai i?io?eth, cia/iiai
iioe?aiiy a Oe?a?i? iaaoaa? i?ioean noai?aiiy oe?e iiaiai oeio
(i?io?euei? oeiee, a?iiac??, e?oea?), oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoee
i?io?euei? eeane ??ciiai ni?yioaaiiy. O ca’yceo ?c ci?iaie, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny ia iea? oe?eueieoeoaa, iniaeeai aeooaeueiith iinoa?
i?iaeaia aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.
Aaeaea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo i?ia?aneaieo oaiaeaioe?e a oe?eueiee
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean, aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee o oeieao ? eeanao ??ciiai
i?io?eth iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

Aeua iaaeaaia?/ia oeiea iaeiie/eea cia/iee aeina?ae o ni?aa? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a. Iaeiae ia nueiaiaei? ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee,
ia aeaeue, ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai no/anii? na?aaeiuei? oeiee.

Aiae?c a?aea?aeaieo o?ie?a iaoaiaoeee, aan?aee c o/eoaeyie, aea/aiiy
iaoa??ae?a ??cieo ia?aae c i?iaeai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee,
?acoeueoaoe aea?aeaaieo aecaiai?a aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui aeioneieee o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a
iathoue ?yae ?noioieo iaaeie?e?a o i?ioan?ei?e i?aeaioiaoe?:

– iaa?aeiia?aei?noue aeiiaai no/anii? oeiee ciaiue
nooaeaioaie-aeioneieeaie oe?eueiiai eo?no iaoaiaoeee (OEI), iaoiae?a
eiai aeeeaaeaiiy, eiai ca’yce?a ?c aoc?anueeeie iaoaiaoe/ieie eo?naie;

– oi?iaeuei?noue iaoaiaoe/ieo ciaiue, iaaenieee ??aaiue iaoaiaoe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? iaoaiaoe/iiai ieneaiiy;

– ?aoeaioo?i?noue iaoiaee/ieo ciaiue, iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino?
iaoiaee/ieo oa caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue;

– iaai?iiy naiino?eii i?aoethaaoe a iiaeo oiiaao iaa/aiiy oiui.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei ?nioaaiiy aeacaieo iaaeie?e?a o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ? iaaeinoaoiy i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?yiiaai?noue iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i o
iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao. Oeei ? iiynith?oueny cia/iee ?ioa?an iaoeiaoe?a aei
i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
aoc?a niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Ieoaiiy iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i ?c o?aooaaiiyi
?o i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? ?icaeyaeaeiny a i?aoeyo ?.N.Aeaea?iai?,
E.ss.Aiiaea?aiei, A.A.Aaeoa, A.A.Ooao?ai?, I.A.Ai?iae?ii?,
A.E.A?aeo?aaia, A.?.Aaeoea, I.ss.A?eaie?ia, N.N.Ae?aae?ii?,
E.A.Ea??iiaa, N.A.Ei?aeaeiai?, A.?.Eaa?ia, A.A.Ii?aeeiae/a,
A.?.Ia?aaaeiaa, I.A.Iioioeueeiai, A.?.?aa?iiae/a, A.?.Na?aioeaaa,
C.A.Neiiaoey, C.O.Oeaaniai? ? E.I.Oeaaniaa, ?.?.Oeiainueeiai,
?.N.*a?eaniaa, ?.I.ssaeiia oa ?ioeo.

I?iaeai? i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i
i?enay/aii ie?ai? aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?oioiaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie cae?eniaia a aeieoi?nuee?e aeena?oaoe??
A.A.Ii?aeeiae/a. Iei ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i, yea
a?oioo?oueny ia /ioe?ueio i?eioeeiao: ?aoe?iiaeueii?
ooiaeaiaioaeueiino?, a?ia?iino?, i?ia?aeii? ?aea?, iaia?a?aiino?. Ia
iniia? oe??? eiioeaioe?? noai?aia iaoiaee/ia iiaeaeue iaoaiaoe/iiai
eo?no iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco. O aeieoi?nuee?e aeena?oaoe?? O.?.Oaeaaaiiaa
?ic?iaeai? aeeaeaeoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aca?iica’yceo ? ianooiiino?
no?oeoo? iaoaiaoe/ii? ina?oe a iaaeaoc? ? a caaaeueiiina?oi?e oa
i?ioan?ei?e oeieao.

I?iaeaia i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy a?oioiaii aeine?aeaeoaaeany
? c ie?aieo niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i. Ooo aei?a/ii
a?aecia/eoe aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy: I.?.Eeaaeea (aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co), A.I.Naciiiai? (aeeeaaeaiiy aaiiao???),
A.N.Aeoaaiiai? (i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue i?aeoeeoio c ?ica’ycoaaiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo caaea/).

Aaaeeeaa i?noea o i?ioan?ei? i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee
a?aeaiaeeoueny eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Ie?ai? aeena?oaoe?ei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/ai? i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaiiio aeeeaaeaiith aeayeeo
oai c oeueiai eo?no. Oae, iai?eeeaae, O.A.Ei??oeiaa aeine?aeaeo? oeyoe
oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii cia/oueo ciaiue ? ai?iue o a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee i?e
aeeeaaeaii? ?icae?eo “?ioaa?aeueia /eneaiiy ooieoe?? iaei??? ci?iii?”. O
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? O.A.Aa?aaeiaa aeyaeai? iiaeeeaino? ?
?aca?ae eo?no aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue o cae?eniaii? i?ioan?eii
ni?yiiaaiiai iaa/aiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ? ia ?o iniia?
?ic?iaeai? eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeeeaaeaiiy oeueiai eo?no.

A.?.Ioo?i aeine?aeaeo? i?iaeaio ?aae?caoe?? i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaiiai
iaa/aiiy oeyoii ?ic?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo c
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co nenoaie ai?aa ?c oeo ?icae?e?a oeueiai eo?no, ye?
aea/athoueny a oeie?.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? ioae?eaoe?e, ie?aieo
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a yeeo o o?e /e ?io?e i??? ?icaeyaeaeany
i?iaeaia i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui ?yae aniaeo?a
oe??? i?iaeaie aeyaeeeny ia iiai?noth ?ice?eoeie, ie?ai? aniaeoe
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a no/ani?e oeie?, oa a?eueo aenieeo aeiia aei
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a. Oae, iai?eeeaae, ia ?ice?eo? ua a
iiai?e i??? iiaeeeaino? eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o oi?ioaaii? a
nooaeaio?a iaoiaee/ieo oa caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue, ia
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?o oi?ioaaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy oe???
aeenoeeie?ie; ia noai?ai? i?ae?o/ieee ? iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee c
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ye? a a?aecia/aeeny i?ioan?eiith i???ioaoe??th
aeeeaaeaieo a ieo oai. Ia no/aniiio aoai? iaa/aiiy o aeu?e iaaeaaia?/i?e
oeie? cae?enith?oueny a oiiaao i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee aei
aeeeaaeaiiy a ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, o eeanao ??ciiai
ni?yioaaiiy, oiaoi a oiiaao aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? i?aeaioiaee. Oiio aeieea?
oaeiae iio?aaa a ?ice?eoo? iiaeeeainoae iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o
i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a aei aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee a ??cieo oeiao
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, o eeanao ??ciiai i?io?eth. Ia?ae?e iaae??oaieo ?
iaaeinoaoiuei ae??oaieo ieoaiue iiaeia aoei a i?iaeiaaeoaaoe c iaeyaeo
ia oa, ui i?iaeaia i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ? aaaaoianiaeoiith. Oiio iaeia ?c
aeooaeueieo ia nueiaiaei? i?iaeai – /a?ac i?ecio
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy, aeoiaey/e ?c niaoeeo?ee
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ye ?icae?eo iaoee oa iaa/aeueii? aeenoeeie?ie,
?ice?eoe eiai iiaeeeaino? a ni?aa? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee. Iaeiae oni?oia ?aae?caoe?y oeeo
iiaeeeainoae a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iiaeeeaa eeoa
ca oiia /?oeiai aecia/aiiy oe?eae iaa/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie.
Aecia/eaoe oe?e?, iinoa? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy ci?noo, iaoiae?a, oi?i ?
cania?a iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, aaeaeaaoieo oeei oe?eyi. On? oe?
i?iaeaie caiaeyoueny aei iaei??? – noai?aiiy iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie
iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai
no/anii? na?aaeiuei? oeiee aei i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

Aeua iacaai? /eiieee coiiaeee aea?? oaie iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
“I?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co a oiiaao
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee”.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoe/iiai
ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, uia ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/io nenoaio
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ni?yiiaaio ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoeee o ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea aenoiooa a?iioaca, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, yea a?oioo?oueny ia
eiioeaioe?? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy
niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i, caaacia/oaaoeia i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

– aecia/eoe caaaeuei? oe?e? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee a
iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao oa eiino?oeoeai? oe?e? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee aeiiaai no/anii? na?aaeiuei? oeiee;

– ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith iei? /eiii? iaa/aeueii?
i?ia?aie c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co; ?ice?eoe iiaeeeaino? ci?noo
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oa iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy
oe??? aeenoeeie?ie o oi?ioaaii? a nooaeaio?a aeayeeo iaoaiaoe/ieo,
iaoiaee/ieo ? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue, ?ic?iaeoe
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? oeeo iiaeeeainoae
o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co;

– ?ice?eoe iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo oi?iue, ia iniia? yeiai
?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a ocaaaeueiaiiai
ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe iaoaiaoe/i? caaea/?;

– aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o ? ci?no iniiaieo oai eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co,
ye? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? ?c OEI, ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaeeeo
aeeeaaeaiiy oeeo oai, i???ioiaaio ia i?aeaioiaeo a/eoae?a aei
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee a ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;

– aeine?aeeoe iiaeeeaee aianie ??cieo oi?i iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co o i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee, ?ie?eoe
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeaiieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii?
eaeoe?e ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co;

– c’ynoaaoe iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?a, ye iaeiiai ?c
aaaeeeaeo cania?a iaa/aiiy, a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
oa ?ice?eoe eiai ?ieue o i?ioan?ei?e i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee;

– aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaee/ii?
nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.

Aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? ia?aa??ee a?iioace
aeei?enoiaoaaany eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a:
aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?, iaoaiaoe/ii? ? iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e,
oe?eueieo ? aoc?anueeeo i?ia?ai c iaoaiaoeee, oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a ?
iin?aiee?a c iaoaiaoeee, i?ecia/aieo aeey ??cieo oei?a oe?e ? eean?a,
i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aeey iaaeaoc?a; aiae?c
eaae?o?eaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa i?ioan?ia?ai o/eoaey iaoaiaoeee;
aiae?c o?ie?a a/eoae?a, eaeoe?eieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue aeeeaaea/?a
iaaeaoc?a oa aan?aee c ieie, aea/aiiy ?o aeina?aeo; i?iaaaeaiiy
aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy ? eiio?ieueieo ?ia?o; iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio
(eiinoaooth/ee, iiooeiaee, oi?ioth/ee), ii?aoethaaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a
c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue: oai??y ae?yeueiino? ?
oai??y iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino?; oai??y iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? ? oai??y
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?; oai??y ?icaeaath/iai iaa/aiiy;
oai??y i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy; iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? iaa/aiiy,
?ic?iaeai? a iaaeaaia?oe?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui ?ic?iaeaia
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee, yea ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoeee o ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aeae?eaii? i?ioan?eii
cia/oueo ciaiue, oi?iue ? yeinoae iniaenoino?, yeeie iiaeiai aieiae?oe
no/aniee o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee, a iaa?oiooaaii? ia iniia? oai???
iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino? iaiao?aeiino? cae?eniaiiy i?ioan?eii
ni?yiiaaiiai iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
iaoaiaoeee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ii?
nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe??? nenoaie a
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a, ? oiio aiia iiaea aooe iieeaaeaia a iniiao iaa/aiiy
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.

Noai?ai? iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee [1, 2] c aaaaoueio oai eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co, ye? o?nii iia’ycai? ?c oe?eueiei eo?nii iaoaiaoeee, oa
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy oeeo oai iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee.
Oe? iin?aieee iiaeooue aooe aoaeoeaii aeei?enoai? ye aeeeaaea/aie
iaaeaoc?a, oae ? nooaeaioaie, a/eoaeyie iaoaiaoeee. ?ice?eoi iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo oi?iue, ia iniia? yeiai ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a ocaaaeueiaiiai ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe iaoaiaoe/i?
caaea/?. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a ia caiyooyo c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oe?ieiai niaeo?o
i?ioan?eii aaaeeeaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo oa caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo
ciaiue ? ai?iue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeia aeei?enoaoe a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co c iaoith
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?ioean iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiio oaeoeueoao? IIO ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? o i?aoe?, iioae?eiaai? a
ni?aaaoi?noa?, ? oaeei: o iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo [1] iaienai?
i?ae?icae?ee 2.1.–2.3 ? 3.1-3.3 (ianya 39 noi??iie); o
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo [2] iaienai? i?ae?icae?ee 1.3,
2.1–2.4, 2.7 (ianya 43 noi??iee); ?aeay iiaoaeiae noaoo? [5]
cai?iiiiiaaia A.I.Ieoae?iei, a ?? ?aae?caoe?y cae?eniaia iniaenoi
aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe??.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? iaa?oioiaai?noue aeniiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny: ??ciia?/iei oai?aoe/iei aiae?cii aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie; aeei?enoaiiyi iniiaieo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo eiioeaioe?e
iaa/aiiy; canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno aii??e/ieo ? oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a,
aaeaeaaoieo i?aaeiaoo, iao? ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy; ye?niei ?
e?euee?niei ii?aoethaaiiyi iaea?aeaiiai aii??e/iiai iaoa??aeo c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeanue o oiae? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ia aac?
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny oa io?eiaee noaaeaiiy ia ca?oieo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae?e iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co IIO ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
(Ee?a, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
”Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueieo oi?iue o/i?a a i?ioean? aea/aiiy iaoaiaoeee
oa ?ioi?iaoeee” (Noie, 1995), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ?iai?
aeaaeai?ea I.E?aa/oea (Ee?a, 1996).

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1. Aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaeiei ?c aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ? i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao.

2. Iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, yea ni?yiiaaia ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee a ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

3. Iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy iniiaieo oai eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ye?
aea/athoueny a oeie?; iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
iaoaiaoeee ocaaaeueiaiiai ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/?; iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith a nooaeaio?a iaoaiaoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo oa
caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (226 iaeiaioaaiue
ianyaii 19 noi??iie), aeiaeaoe?a (8 aeiaeaoe?a ianyaii 55 noi??iie).
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 172 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao
iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iiaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaia i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oa iniaeeaino? ?? ?ica’ycaiiy a oiiaao
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee” c?iaeaii aiae?c
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ? iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy;
aecia/ai? iniiai? i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? ?c i?ioan?eiith i?aeaioiaeith
a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co,
iai?/ai? eiie?aoi? oeyoe ?ica’ycaiiy oeeo i?iaeai.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. c?iaeaii iaeyae iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e ?
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo i?iaeai? i?ioan?eii?
ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i o
iaaeaocao. Cie?aia, ?ice?eoi aeeiai?eo iiaeyae?a iaoeiaoe?a ia ci?no
i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy oeeo aeenoeeie?i: a?ae o?aeooaaiiy ??
o aocueeiio, ci?noiaiiio ieai? (i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue caiaeeeany
eeoa aei a?oioiaiiai ? anaa?/iiai aena?oeaiiy a i?ioean? aoc?anueeiai
iaa/aiiy iniia OEI) aei a?eueo oe?ieiai ?icoi?iiy i?ioan?eii?
ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy ye eiioeaioe??, ui ae?aaea? iaiao?aei?noue
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ? iaia?a?aiiai oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iniia
i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?, ye? aacothoueny ia aeeaieeo ciaiiyo oe?eueiiai
eo?no iaoaiaoeee, iaoeiaeo iniia ? iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Aiae?c iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo i?ioan?ei?e ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co nooaeaio?a iaaeaoco, aeicaieea ?o oiiaii iiae?eeoe
ia aea? caaaeuei? a?oie. Aaoi?e ia?oi? a?oie ?ice?eaathoue ieoaiiy
i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c eo?no
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Ae?oao a?oio noaiiaeyoue i?aoe?, i?enay/ai?
i?ioan?ei?e ni?yiiaaiino? i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co, ieoaiith oi?ioaaiiy ie?aieo iaoiaee/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue o
nooaeaio?a a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie. A aeena?oaoe??
c?iaeaiee ei?ioeee iaeyae oaeeo i?aoeue.

Aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, a yeeo ?icaeyaeaeany i?iaeaia
i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?i
o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee, aeicaieeei c’ynoaaoe, ui ?yae aniaeo?a oe???
i?iaeaie iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a no/ani?e na?aaei?e oeie?. Oe? ci?ie iia’ycai? ?c
noai?aiiyi aoaeoeaii? nenoaie oe?eueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? ina?oe, yea
a?oioo?oueny ia oe?ieiio aeei?enoaii? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, iia?oi?o i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e, ?c noai?aiiyi oe?e iiaiai oeio. Aaaiiee aianie o i?aeaioiaeo
a/eoae?a, caeaoieo oni?oii ae??ooaaoe iinoaaeai? ia?aae no/aniith
na?aaeiueith oeieith caaaeaiiy, iieeeeaiee cae?enieoe eo?n iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co. Iaeiae aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii noai?eoe oaeo iaoiaee/io nenoaio
iaa/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea iio?aaai no/anii?
na?aaeiuei? oeiee. Noai?aiiy oaei? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iio?aao?
?ica’ycaiiy ?yaeo i?iaeai. Ci?no oaeeo i?iaeai ?ice?eoi a i?ae?icae?e?
1.2.

Ia?oa i?iaeaia – oea i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo oe?eae i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee a iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao oa oe?eae iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co (eiino?oeoeaieo oe?eae).

Caaaeuei? oe?e? ciaoiaeyoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a eaae?o?eaoe?ei?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei,
ui ca?ac, ia aeaeue, ua ia noai?aia eaae?o?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea
a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea no/aniei aeiiaai. Oiio iaei??th
c iniiaieo i?iaeai ? noai?aiiy eaae?o?eaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
no/aniiai a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee.

C’yniaaii, ui ia nueiaiaei? ?niothoue ?yae iaae??oaieo i?iaeai,
iia’ycaieo ?c aecia/aiiyi oa eiie?aoecaoe??th eiino?oeoeaieo oe?eae
iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i, cie?aia iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co.

Iaeia c oaeeo i?iaeai iieyaa? a oiio, uia ?c onueiai ia?ae?eo
i?ioan?eieo ciaiue, oi?iue ? yeinoae a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee,
a?aeia?aaeaieo o eaae?o?eaoe?ei?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe?, a?ae?a?aoe o?, ye?
iiaeooue aooe noi?iiaai? a nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ?o
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. A ?o oi?ioaaii? ye?ac ? iieyaathoue eiino?oeoeai?
oe?e? iaa/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie.

?ioa i?iaeaia iieyaa? o eiie?aoecaoe?? eiino?oeoeaieo oe?eae, oiaoi
ia?aaaaeaii? ?o ia iia?aoe?eiee ??aaiue. ??/ o o?i, ui eiino?oeoeai?
oe?e?, ye i?aaeei, oi?ioeththoueny aeineoue caaaeueii. Iai?eeeaae,
“iaa/eoe nooaeaio?a ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/?”. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio ia
?ice?eaa?oueny no?oeoo?a a?aeiia?aeieo oi?iue, oiaoi niiniae ae?e,
yeeie iiaeii? iaieiae?oe nooaeaioe.

Ae?oaa i?iaeaia – oea i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy ci?noo, iaoiae?a, oi?i ?
cania?a iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, oaeeo, ye? a caaacia/oaaee
aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aieo eiino?oeoeaieo oe?eae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?niothoue
cia/i? ia?iaee o ae??oaii? oe??? i?iaeaie. Iaeiae ?yae ?? aniaeo?a
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee. Oae, iai?eeeaae, ia?aae
iaaeaaia?/ieie aocaie ca?ac iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
iaoaiaoeee aei aeeeaaeaiiy a ??cieo oeiao na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a. A oea coiiaeth? aianaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ci?i a i?aai?caoe?th
? i?iaaaeaiiy iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.

O iiaeaeueoiio aeeeaae? iaoa??aeo o aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaia ni?iaa
?ica’ycaoe aeacai? i?iaeaie.

Ia?oi/a?aiaei iinoaei caaaeaiiy aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo oe?eae i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao. O i?ae?icae?e?
1.3. “Iniiai? aeiiae aei i?aeaioiaee no/aniiai a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee” ia
iniia? aiae?co oe?eae ? caaaeaiue iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoeee a ??cieo oeiao
na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ia no/aniiio aoai?, no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo
i?aaeiaoii? ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee c?iaeaii a?aea?? i?ioan?eieo
ciaiue, oi?iue oa yeinoae iniaenoino?, yeeie iiaeiai aieiae?oe no/aniee
o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee. O oi?ioaaii? a nooaeaio?a oaeeo ciaiue, oi?iue oa
yeinoae iniaenoino? ? iieyaathoue caaaeuei? oe?e? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao.

I?ioan?ei? ciaiiy, ai?iiy oa yeino? iniaenoino?, yeeie iiaeiai
aieiae?oe no/aniee o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee, caaeaii ia?ae?eii
eaae?o?eaoe?eieo aeiia. Na?aae oaeeo aeiia – /?oea ciaiiy oe?eae ?
caaaeaiue iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoeee a ??cieo oeiao na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a; aeeaiea ? anaa?/ia ciaiiy OEI; ciaiiy eia?/ieo i?iaaeei OEI
oa iiaeeeaeo niinia?a ?o onoiaiiy; anaa?/ia ? aeeaiea ciaiiy aeui?
iaoaiaoeee (iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, aaiiao???, aeaaa?e ? oai??? /enae);
aeineiiaea aieiae?iy iaoiaeeeith aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee o ??cieo oeiao
na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a; iayai?noue aenieiai ??aiy iaoaiaoe/ii?
e ?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e; ethaia aei ae?oae ? aei nai?? i?ioan??,
aeeaiea ciaiiy a?eiaeo ? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniaeeainoae o/i?a
oiui.

Aeey iiaoaeiae iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
iaiao?aeii aoei aecia/eoe i?eioeeie, ia yeeo aiia aoaea a?oiooaaoeny.

Aeey oiai uia “i?aaeeueii” aecia/eoe oe? i?eioeeie, ie caa?ioeeny aei
oai??? iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino?, ine?eueee oni?oi?noue iaieiae?iiy
nooaeaioaie i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie, a, ioaea, ? aeinyaiaiiy
eiino?oeoeaieo oe?eae iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, aaeeeith i??ith
aecia/a?oueny noaaeaiiyi nooaeaio?a aei oeeo ciaiue ? ai?iue, aei
aea/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, oiaoi iioeaaie.

Aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, i?enay/aieo caaaeueiei ieoaiiyi
iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino?, aeicaieeei a aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoe ci?no oa
no?oeoo?o iioeao, aeine?aeeoe i?ioean eiai oi?ioaaiiy. Iniaeeaee
iaaiein c?iaeaii ia aiae?c? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a, ni?e/eiaieo
ae??th ciai?oi?o noeioe?a. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a?eueo?noue
iioea?a, ye? oi?iothoueny (aeooae?cothoueny) a nooaeaio?a o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy iaeaaeaoue naia aei oe??? a?oie iioea?a.

*?eueia i?noea a aeena?oaoe?? caeia? iaoa??ae, i?enay/aiee iioeaai
o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a. Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e iieacaa, ui ?niothoue ??ci? eeaneo?eaoe?? iioea?a o/aiai?
ae?yeueiinoo nooaeaio?a o aocao. O aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaia iaea?eueo
aeaoaeueia eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo iioea?a o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaio?a o aoc?. A /enei oaeeo iioea?a, cie?aia, oa?eoee i?ioan?ei? ?
o/aiai-i?ciaaaeuei? iioeae. Aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie iioeaaoe??
o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? o aocao aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui oni?o a
iaieiae?ii? nooaeaioaie i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie a i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy caaacia/o?oueny aeii?ioaaiiyi a ?o iioeaaoe?eieo noa?ao naia
oeeo iioea?a o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?. ?ice?eaoe o ?iaio? ci?no i?ioan?eieo
? o/aiai-i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a, aaeaeiny aecia/eoe iniiai? i?eioeeie, ia
yeeo iiaeiii aacoaaoeny iaa/aiiy o iaaeaoc?, uia ni?eyoe oni?oiiio
oi?ioaaiith o nooaeaio?a oeeo iioea?a. Oea – i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue
iaa/aiiy, aeei?enoaiiy aeeeaaea/aie iaoiae?a aeoeaiiai iaa/aiiy.

Ii?yae ?c aea/aiiyi iioeaaoe?? o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? cia/ia oaaaa iaaeaia
a ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiith iioea?a aea/aiiy nooaeaioaie iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co.

I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiio
oaeoeueoao? IIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iniiai? iioeae
aea/aiiy nooaeaioaie iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, i?inoaaeeoe ?o aeeiai?eo ?
oaiaeaioe?? ai?iaeiaae ia?oeo o?ueio ?ie?a iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a o
iaaeaoc?. Iioeae aea/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oiiaii ?icaeoi ia o?e
a?oie: i?ioan?ei? (aea/aiiy nooaeaioaie iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
niiioea?oueny ?icoi?iiyi oa aioo??oi?i i?eeiyooyi aaaeeeaino? oeueiai
i?aaeiaoo aeey i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee); o/aiai-i?ciaaaeuei?, iniiaiei
na?aae yeeo ? i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an aei iaoaiaoeee acaaae? ? aei
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co cie?aia; iioeae ciai?oiueiai oa?aeoa?o ii
a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioeano o/?iiy (“iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c aea/ath oiio, ui
oeae i?aaeiao ia?aaeaa/aiee aeey aea/aiiy i?ia?aiith”, “oiio, ui
iaiao?aeii neeaaeaoe cae?e, ?nieo” oiui).

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo iieacaee, ui o ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino?
nooaeaio?a aeii?ioth/eie i?e aea/aii? iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aeyaeeeny
iioeae ciai?oiueiai oa?aeoa?o (? eo?n – 58,1%, ?? eo?n – 64,4%, ??? eo?n
– 66,3%). O oie aea /an, ia ii/aoeo o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? o iaaeaoc?
oa?aeoa?iei aeey a?eueoino? nooaeaio?a aoei iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ui aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiyi iioea?a
aeai?o nooaeaioaie i?ioan?? a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee. O aeine?aeaeaii?
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oaeiai noaiiaeua, yeee aeicaieea aeyaeoe iniiai?
/eiieee, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeioee ia ci?io noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei
aea/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, coiiaeaoe aeii?ioaaiiy a iioeaaoe?eieo
noa?ao a?eueoino? nooaeaio?a iioea?a ciai?oiueiai oa?aeoa?o. Oea –
iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? aeeeaaeaiiy oe???
aeenoeeie?ie, iaaeinoaoi? aeei?enoaiiy aeeeaaea/aie iaoiae?a aeoeaiiai
iaa/aiiy.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe caaaeueiee aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeey caaacia/aiiy aeii?ioaaiiy a iioeaaoe?ei?e
noa?? nooaeaio?a i?ioan?eieo oa o/aiai-i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a aea/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, a ioaea e oiiaith oni?oiiai iaieiae?iiy
i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie oa ai?iiyie a i?ioean? aea/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie
? i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Oiio
noai?thaaia iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iiaeiia
a?oiooaaoeny naia ia i?eoeei? i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy.

A iniiao noai?thaaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iieeaaeaii /ioe?e i?eioeeie:
?aoe?iiaeueii? ooiaeaiaioaeueiino?, a?ia?iino?, i?ia?aeii? ?aea?,
iaia?a?aiino?, ye? neeaaeathoue iniiao eiioeaioe??
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo
iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Noai?aiiy iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiio aiae?co
ia?aaeaa/aei aecia/aiiy ?? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a: oe?eae iaa/aiiy, ci?noo
iaa/aiiy, iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, oi?i ? cania?a iaa/aiiy. ?icii/eiaoe
iaiao?aeii aoei ?c aecia/aiiy oe?eae iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co,
ine?eueee ia iniia? ieo aecia/a?oueny ci?no ?ioeo eiiiiiaio?a
iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie.

A?aeiia?aeii ?c caaaeueieie oe?eyie i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee o
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?, aeoiaey/e ?c niaoeeo?ee iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ye
iaoee ? iaa/aeueii? aeenoeeie?ie, iniaeeainoae eiai aeeeaaeaiiy o
iaaeaoc?, ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i o ?iaio? aecia/aii ianya i?ioan?eieo
ciaiue ? oi?iue, ye? i?aeeyaathoue oi?ioaaiith a nooaeaio?a o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Na?aae ieo cia/io /anoeio neeaee
iaoiaee/i? ? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/i? ciaiiy ? ai?iiy. Oea coiiaeaii oei,
ui a?eueo?noue ?c aecia/aieo ciaiue ? oi?iue aaciina?aaeiuei
noinothoueny cae?eniaiiy ae?yeueiino? c iaa/aiiy o/i?a iaoaiaoeee.
Iaieiae?aaoe ae oni?oii oe??th ae?yeueiino? iiaeia eeoa ia i?eeeaae?
eiie?aoii? iaoaiaoe/ii? aeenoeeie?ie. O iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? oaeeie
aeenoeeie?iaie ? niaoe?aeuei? iaoaiaoe/i? aeenoeeie?ie, cie?aia
iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c.

I?ney aecia/aiiy oe?eae iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co i?e?iaeii aoei
caa?iooeny aei aecia/aiiy ?ioeo eiiiiiaio?a iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie: ci?noo,
iaoiae?a, oi?i ? cania?a iaa/aiiy, aaeaeaaoieo oeei oe?eyi. O ?iaio?
iiia?aaeiuei ?ice?eo? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ciaiue oa
oi?iue, ine?eueee oe?e? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iieyaathoue naia
o oi?ioaaii? a nooaeaio?a eiiieaeno i?ioan?eieo ciaiue oa ai?iue. Ci?no
oeeo iniia ?ice?eoi o i?ae?icae?e? 1.6.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? i?e
aeeeaaeaii? iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee”
?ice?eoi caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co – ci?noo, iaoiae?a,
oi?i ? cania?a iaa/aiiy a iai?yieo ?o yeiaeoe?oi? i?ioan?eii?
ni?yiiaaiino?, aena?oeaii iniiai? aoaie cae?eniaiiy aenia?aiaioaeueii?
ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie oa ??
?acoeueoaoe.

O ioieo? 2.1.1. “Ci?no niaoe?aeueii? (iaoaiaoe/ii?) i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co” iiaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ia?aie c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.
Iaaieioo?oueny ia iaiao?aeiino? a?eueo aeaoaeueii aena?oethaaoe a
i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o? oaie, ye? aea/athoueny o
OEI. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e neeaaeaia i?ia?aia ?icae?eo
“Anooi aei aiae?co”. O oeueiio ae ioieo? ?ice?eoi ?ieue iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo eo?no iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o oi?ioaaii? a nooaeaio?a
i?ioan?eieo ciaiue ? ai?iue.

O ioieo? 2.1.2. ?ice?eoi ci?no i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, ni?yiiaaieo
ia oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a aeayeeo iaoaiaoe/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue.
Cie?aia, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ?icaeyaeaoe a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei aaaaeaiiy oeo iiiyoue, ye?
aea/athoueny a oeie?, iaaeath/e i?e oeueiio nooaeaioai ?ioi?iaoe?th
uiaei ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai ?c i?aeoiae?a o i?ae?o/ieeao, i?ecia/aieo
aeey ??cieo oei?a oe?e ? eean?a, cae?enithaaoe aiae?c eia?/ii? no?iaino?
aaaaeaiiy iiiyoue o oeeo i?ae?o/ieeao, ii??aithaaoe oe?euei? ?
aoc?anuee? aa??aioe aaaaeaiiy iiiyoue, iaaeaaaoe nooaeaioai iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iaoiae?a aaaaeaiiy aeayeeo iiiyoue o OEI.
I?iiiio?oueny aa??thaaoe ??aaiue no?iaino? aeeeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo. Iaaiaeyoueny oaeiae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei niinia?a
aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iie?oaoi?/iiai oa ?noi?e/iiai
iaoa??ae?a, oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c iaoaiaoeee aeey ??cieo
oei?a oe?e ? eean?a oa ?ice?eaa?oueny ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? o
nooaeaio?a aeayeeo niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue oa ai?iue.

Ia iniia? aiae?co i?ioeano aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aaeaeiny
anoaiiaeoe, ui i?e iaa/aii? oe??? aeenoeeie?ie iiaeeeaei ? oi?ioaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a ia eeoa iaoaiaoe/ieo, a e oe?ieiai niaeo?o iaoiaee/ieo ?
caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue, ye? noinothoueny ci?noo,
iaoiae?a, oi?i oa cania?a iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoeee. O ioieo? 2.1.3 “Ci?no
iaoiaee/ii? oa caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a a i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co” iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
a nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aeayeeo ?c ciaiue
? ai?iue aeacaiiai oa?aeoa?o, iiaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a aeayeeo ciaiue ?c caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee.

O ioieo? 2.1.4. iaaieioo?oueny, ui aeey aeinyaiaiiy aaaiieo ?acoeueoao?a
o i?ioan?ei?e i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee eiaeai i?eeii ? iaoiae,
aeei?enoaiee aeeeaaea/ai o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co,
iiaeiai iinoaaaoe ia eeoa ye niin?a aeeeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo,
niin?a aca?iiiia’ycaii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/a ? nooaeaio?a,
ni?yiiaaiee ia aeinyaiaiiy iaaieo oe?eae ina?oe, aea e aooe ia’?eoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aea/aiiy, iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy
eiai a iaeaooi?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?. O ca’yceo c oeei o
aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy a nooaeaio?a o
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ciaiue ? ai?iue, iia’ycaieo ?c
ci?noii ??cieo i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy oa ?o aeei?enoaiiyi o
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoeee. Cie?aia, iiaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a ciaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c iaoiaeaie aaaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiiyoue, ?c cae?eniaiiyi iioeaoaaiiy i?e ?icaeyae? oai ?
aaaaeaii? iiiyoue, ?c caaaeueieie iaoiaeaie iaa/aiiy, ?c iaoiaeeeith
iaa/aiiy o/i?a ?ica’ycoaaiith caaea/, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy
aeayeeo caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ? ai?iue (ai?iiy aeneiaethaaoe
aeoiee /?oei, oi/ii, ca’ycii ? c?icoi?ei, ai?iiy cae?enithaaoe
iaoaiaoe/i? caiene ia aeiooe?, ai?iiy iiynithaaoe iaoa??ae a?ey aeioee
oiui).

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeaeiny c’ynoaaoe, ui aeey aaaaoueio nooaeaio?a
oa?aeoa?iei ? iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? aeayeeo iaoaiaoe/ieo
oi?iue (iai?eeeaae, ai?iiy eia?/ii ieneeoe, ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/?
oiui). Iaeia c iniiaieo i?e/ei oeueiai iieyaa? o oiio, ui a iaaeaoc? ia
i?iaiaeeoueny oe?eani?yiiaaia, ieaiii??ia ?iaioa ii oi?ioaaiith oaeeo
ai?iue, yea a?oiooaaeany a ia ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniiaao oi?ioaaiiy
ai?iue o ethaeeie. Oiio ia i?eeeaae? oaeiai niaoe?aeueiiai ai?iiy, ye
ocaaaeueiaia ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/?, o ?iaio? i?i?ethno?iaaii
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
i?ioan?eieo oi?iue, o oiio /ene? ? iaoaiaoe/ieo.

Aiae?c ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo oi?ioaaiith ai?iue,
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui aieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie ocaaaeueiaiei oi?iiyi
?ica(ycoaaoe iaoaiaoe/i? caaea/? ia?aaeaa/a?: 1) iayai?noue o ieo
/?oeiai oyaeaiiy i?i ia(?eoe oa nooi?noue ae?yeueiino? ii ?ica(ycoaaiith
caaea/; 2) aieiae?iiy ieie niiniaaie aeeiiaiiy ae?e, ye? aoiaeyoue a
neeaae oe??? ae?yeueiino?; ciaiiy ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?ica(ycoaaii? caaea/, ? ocaaaeueiaieo iaoiae?a
?ica(ycoaaiiy caaea/ oa ai?iiy ?o canoiniaoaaoe ia i?aeoeoe?. Oe? aeaa
ioieoe noaiiaeyoue o? iniiae, ia aac? yeeo o?eueee ? iiaeia noi?ioaaoe o
nooaeaio?a ocaaaeueiaia ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe iaoaiaoe/i? caaea/?. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c oeeie iniiaaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a ocaaaeueiaiiai ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/? a i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ci?no yei? ?ice?eoee o i?ae?icae?e? 2.2.

Aaaeeeaei aoaiii i?e noai?aii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy oeo oai oe??? aeenoeeie?ie, ye? aea/athoueny a OEI. Ia
iniia? aena?oeaieo o ?iaio? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ci?noo ?
iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy nooaeaioai oaeeo oai:
“?icaeoie iiiyooy ae?eniiai /enea”, “?icaeoie iiiyooy noaiaiy”,
“Iiiyooy ooieoe??”, “Iniiai? aeanoeaino? ooieoe??”, “Iniiai?
aeaiaioa?i? ooieoe??”, “A?aieoey iine?aeiaiino?”, “A?aieoey ?
iaia?a?ai?noue ooieoe??” (i?ae?icae?e 2.3).

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.4 “I?ioan?eii i???ioiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei i?aai?caoe?? oa
i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo oi?i iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co” ?ice?eoi ?ieue
eaeoe?e ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue ?c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee, iiaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aei
i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo oi?i iaa/aiiy o oeie?, ?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? i?iaeaiii?
i?aai?caoe?? eaeoe?e ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oa
aena?oeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?o i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.5. “I?ioan?eia i???ioaoe?y cania?a iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co” ?ice?eoi iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?a a
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oa eiai ?ieue o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe?.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co o ni?aa? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ia?aa??yeany oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo,
iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe yeiai aeeeaaeai? a i?ae?icae?e? 2.6. “I?aai?caoe?y,
i?iaaaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny ai?iaeiaae 1993–1998 ?ie?a ? aeeth/aei a
naaa /ioe?e aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1993–1994 ??.) aoa c?iaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/aany aeina?ae ?iaioe aeeeaaea/?a
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Aoa i?iaaaeaiee eiinoaooth/ee ania?eiaio,
ni?yiiaaiee ia aeyaeaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
iaoaiaoe/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae iaaeaoco. Eiai ?acoeueoaoe aeaee ciiao
c?iaeoe oaeee aeniiaie:

– nooaeaioe iathoue iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ciaiue c iniiaieo oai eo?no
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny a oeie?;

– ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe iaoaiaoe/i? caaea/? o a?eueoino? nooaeaio?a
noi?iiaaii ia ??ai? ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe noaiaea?oi? caaea/?;

– iaiao?aeia oe?eani?yiiaaia i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a o
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.

Ae?oaee aoai (1994 ?.) iinea iiooeiaee oa?aeoa?. ?acoeueoaoe
eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo, oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
oa iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee o
iaaeaocao aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui iaei??th c i?e/ei iaaeinoaoiueiai
??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ? iaaeineiiae?noue iaoiaee/ii?
nenoaie iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Ia iniia? oeueiai aoee aecia/ai?
ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aenoiooa caaaeueia a?iioaca, iai?/aia i?ia?aia ??
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee.

Ia oeueiio aoai? aoea i?iaaaeaia ?iaioa, ni?yiiaaia ia iiooe oeyo?a ?
niinia?a oaeineiiaeaiiy an?o eiiiiiaio?a iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co (oe?eae, ci?noo, iaoiae?a, oi?i ? cania?a
iaa/aiiy) a iai?yieo ?o yeiaeoe?oi? i?ioan?eii? i???ioaoe??.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a iiooeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaioaaany ?
i?iaiaeeany iaa/ath/ee aenia?eiaio, yeee noaiiaea o?ao?e aoai
aeine?aeaeaiiy (1994–1998 ??.).

Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa/aiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaieie
iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? iaoiaeeeaie. Aiii iineei aaaaoioe?eueiaee
oa?aeoa? ? aoei ni?yiiaaia ia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a c oeo oai iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny a
oeie?; ia oi?ioaaiiy o ieo ocaaaeueiaiiai ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/?;
ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?o iaoiaee/ii? oa caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee.

*aoaa?oee aoai aeeth/aa a naaa ia?iaeo ? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iaa/ath/iai
aenia?eiaioo. Ii??aiyiiy ?iciiae?e?a nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
eiio?ieueieo a?oi ca ??aiyie iaieiae?iiy i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie oa
oi?iiyie cae?enithaaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/iiai e?eoa??th (2.
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co a?aecia/a?oueny, o
ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiith, a?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee.

O caaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo aoiaeeei oaeiae c’ynoaaoe ia o?eueee
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie, aea e ioe?ieoe aieea
i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ia oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii cia/oueo
iioea?a aea/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co. Aeey oeueiai na?aae nooaeaio?a
eiio?ieueieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi iai?ee?ioe? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaa/aiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii aieaooaaiiy. Eiai ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee, ui a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao, ii??aiyii ?c eiio?ieueieie, ia?aaaaea?
/anoeia nooaeaio?a, a yeeo aeii?ioth/eie ? i?ioan?ei? oa
o/aiai-i?ciaaaeuei? iioeae, iioeae, yeeie aecia/a?oueny oni?oi?noue
iaieiae?iiy i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie (AA – 72%, EA – 46%).

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ?ica’ycai? an? eiai iniiai? caaaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai oai?aoe/iiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Iaeiei ?c aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ? i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao.

2. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy ?noioiiai i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaiao?aeii uia
any iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie (oe?e?, ci?no,
iaoiaee, oi?ie, caniae iaa/aiiy), a ia eeoa aeaye? ?? eiiiiiaioe,
a?oiooaaeeny ia eiioeaioe?? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao.

3. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie a i?ioean
iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co coiiaeth? oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a
aeineoue oe?ieiai niaeo?o i?ioan?eieo ciaiue ? ai?iue, o oiio /ene?
iaoiaee/ieo ? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo. Iaei??th ?c aaaeeeaeo oiia
oni?oiiai iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie ?
i?iaaaeaiiy iaa/aiiy, ui nie?a?oueny ia ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae
oi?ioaaiiy ciaiue ? ai?iue.

4. I?ioan?eia i???ioaoe?y iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ia eeoa ni?ey?
aaeineiiaeaiith i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a, aea e ?noioii
aieeaa? ia ?o iioeaaoe?eio noa?o, coiiaethth/e oi?ioaaiiy ? ia?aaaaeaiiy
a ?aia aeii?ioth/eo i?ioan?eieo ? o/aiai-i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a aea/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, iioea?a, yeeie caaacia/o?oueny oni?oi?noue
iaieiae?iiy i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie.

Iiaeaeueo? ia?niaeoeae aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino?
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee aaa/a?ii
o i?iaaaeaii? aeaoaeueiiai aiae?c i?ioeano iaa/aiiy oe??? aeenoeeie?ie c
iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?? iiaeeeainoae o oi?ioaaii? a nooaeaio?a ?ioeo
iaoiaee/ieo ? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue oa ai?iue, ye? ia ?ice?eo? o
iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii?; ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a oeeo
ciaiue oa oi?iue a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co; noai?aii?
iiaeo i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, i?ecia/aieo
nooi aeey nooaeaio?a-iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee (aeey oaeeo
i?ae?o/iee?a, ii?yae ?c aeeeaaeaiiyi iniiaieo oaeo?a iaoaiaoe/ieo
oai??e, oa?aeoa?iei iiaeiii aooe i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co eia?/ii? no?iaino?
aeeeaaeaiiy aeayeeo oai o oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a ? iaa/aeueieo
iin?aieeao c iaoaiaoeee aeey ??cieo oei?a iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a,
?icaeyae ??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei aaaaeaiiy aeayeeo iiiyoue iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co, ye? aea/athoueny a oeie?); ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ieoae?i A.I., Oiiauoe I.I. Onoiaiiy aeayeeo eia?/ieo i?iaaeei
oe?eueiiai eo?no iaoaiaoeee caniaaie iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co:
Iaa/.-iaoiae. iin?aiee. – E.: OAeIO, 1995. – 96 n.

2. Ieoae?i A.I., Oiiauoe I.I. Ui iiaeiai ciaoe a/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee i?i
aeaiaioa?i? ooieoe??: Iaa/.-iaoiae. iin?aiee. – E.: OAeIO, 1995. – 101
n.

3. Oiiauoe I.I. Iioee? ooieoe??: Iaoiaee/ia ?ic?iaea aeey nooaeaio?a
aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/. caeeaae?a ? a/eo. iaoaiaoeee. – E.: OAeIO,
1996. – 27 n.

4. Oiiauoe I.I. I?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co // ??aeia oeiea. – 1997. – ?11. – N.55–56.

5. Ieoae?i A.I., Oiiauoe I.I. I?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i // Iaoaiaoeea a oeie?. – 1998. –
?2. – N.9-13.

6. Oiiauoe I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ocaaaeueiaiiai ai?iiy ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/? o
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee ia caiyooyo ?c iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co //
Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. – ?4(3). – N.65-71.

7. Oiiauoe I.I. ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? i?e
aeeeaaeaii? oaie “O?eaiiiiao?e/i? ooieoe??” iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi
iaoaiaoeee // Aa?enoeea oa aeeaeaeoeea oi/ieo iaoe: I?aeia?. ca. iaoe.
?ia?o. Aei.9. – Aeiiaoeuee, 1998. – N.30-36.

Oiiauoe I.I. I?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co a oiiaao aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey iaoaiaoeee. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy
iaoaiaoeee. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aia i?iaeai? aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee a i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? caaaeuei? oe?e? i?aeaioiaee no/aniiai a/eoaey
iaoaiaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?; nie?ath/enue ia oai??th iioeaaoe??
ae?yeueiino?, iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue o i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaiiio
iaa/aii? iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoaiaoeee; ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaa/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, yea ni?yiiaaia ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei
aeeeaaeaiiy iaoaiaoeee o ??cieo oeiao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue iaa/aiiy, iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c,
iaeaooi?e o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee, iaoiaee/ia nenoaia.

Oiiauoe A.I. I?ioanneiiaeueiay iai?aaeaiiinoue i?aiiaeaaaiey
iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca a oneiaeyo aeeooa?aioee?oaiie iiaeaioiaee
o/eoaey iaoaiaoeee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 – oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey
iaoaiaoeea. – Iaoeeiiaeuei(e iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii i?iaeaia oniaa?oainoaiaaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo o/eoaeae iaoaiaoeee a i?ioeanna
eo iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco a iaaeaaiae/aneii aoca.

Iniiai(a ?acoeueoao( enneaaeiaaiey:

1. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca oeaeae e caaea/ iao/aiey iaoaiaoeea a ?aci(o
oeiao n?aaeieo o/aai(o caaaaeaiee ia nia?aiaiiii (oaia, no?oeoo?( e
niaea?aeaiey i?aaeiaoiie aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey iaoaiaoeee ii?aaeaeai(
iauea oeaee iiaeaioiaee nia?aiaiiiai o/eoaey iaoaiaoeee a
iaaeaaiae/aneii aoca.

2. Iie?aynue ia oai?eth iioeaaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe, oai?aoe/anee
iainiiaaia e (enia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue nicaeaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueii iai?aaeaiiie iaoiaee/aneie nenoai( iao/aiey
iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco.

3. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaee/aneay nenoaia iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeca,
iai?aaeaiiay ia iia(oaiea o?iaiy iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe nooaeaioia e
i?aiiaeaaaieth iaoaiaoeee a ?aci(o oeiao o/aai(o caaaaeaiee.

Nicaeaiea iaoiaee/aneie nenoai( iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco
niaa?oaeiny iooai ?aoaiey oaeeo caaea/:

– niioaaonoaaiii n iaueie oeaeyie iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae iaoaiaoeee a
iaaeaaiae/aneeo aocao ii?aaeaeai( eiino?oeoeai(a oeaee iao/aiey
iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco;

– ?ac?aaioai( ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth o/aaiie i?ia?aii( n
iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca a iai?aaeaiee iia(oaiey o?iaiy aa
i?ioannneiiaeueiie iai?aaeaiiinoe;

– ?ane?(o( aiciiaeiinoe niaea?aeaiey o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea n
iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca oa iaoiaeia iao/aiey (oie aeenoeeieeia ii
oi?ie?iaaieth o nooaeaioia i?ioanneiiaeueii cia/ei(o niaoeeaeuei(o
(iaoaiaoe/aneeo), iaoiaee/aneeo e iauaiaaeaaiae/aneeo ciaiee e oiaiee;
?ac?aaioai( iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee
a i?ioeanna iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco;

– ?ane?(o iaoaieci oi?ie?iaaiey i?ioanneiiaeuei(o oiaiee, ia iniiaa
eioi?iai ?ac?aaioaia e ai?iae?iaaia iaoiaeeea oi?ie?iaaiey o nooaeaioia
iaiauaiiiai oiaiey ?aoaoue iaoaiaoe/aneea caaea/e;

– ii?aaeaeai( no?oeoo?a e niaea?aeaiea iniiai(o oai eo?na
iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca, eioi?(a iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycai( ni oeieueiie
iaoaiaoeeie, ?ac?aaioaia e ai?iae?iaaia iaoiaeeea i?aiiaeaaaiey (oeo
oai, i?eaioe?iaaiiay ia iiaeaioiaeo o/eoaeae e i?aiiaeaaaieth iaoaiaoeee
a ?aci(o oeiao o/aai(o caaaaeaiee;

– ?ac?aaioai( o/aaii-iaoiaee/aneea iiniaey “Ono?aiaiea eiae/aneeo
i?iaaeia oeieueiiai eo?na iaoaiaoeee n?aaenoaaie iaoaiaoe/aneiai
aiaeeca” e “*oi aeieaeai ciaoue o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee ia (eaiaioa?i(o
ooieoeeyo”, iaoiaee/aneay ?ac?aaioea “A(ioee(a ooieoeee”,
i?aaeiacia/aii(a aeey nooaeaioia iaaeaaiae/aneeo aocia e o/eoaeae
iaoaiaoeee;

– enneaaeiaai aiciiaei(e aeeaae eaeoeeiii(o, i?aeoe/aneeo e naieia?neeo
caiyoee n iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca o i?ioanneiiaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo
aoaeoueo o/eoaeae iaoaiaoeee; ?ane?(o( aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey
i?iaeaii(o iaoiaeia iao/aiey i?e i?iaaaeaiee eaeoeee e i?aeoe/aneeo
caiyoee ii iaoaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco;

– a(yaeai( aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey eiiiuethoa?a, eae iaeiiai ec
aaaeiaeoeo n?aaenoa iao/aiey, a i?ioeanna i?aiiaeaaaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai
aiaeeca e ?ane?(oa aai ?ieue a i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaea o/eoaeae
iaoaiaoeee.

4. I?iaaaeaia (enia?eiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea (ooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiie
iaoiaee/aneie nenoai( a i?ioeanna i?aiiaeaaaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiaeeca
aoaeouei o/eoaeyi iaoaiaoeee a IIO eiaie I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

?acoeueoao( iao/athuaai (enia?eiaioa iiaeoaa?aeeee iaoa aeiiouaiea i
oii, /oi aiaae?aiea iaoiaee/aneie nenoai( iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai
aiaeeca, eioi?ay iniia(aaaony ia eiioeaioeee
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iai?aaeaiiiai iao/aiey iaoaiaoe/aneei aeenoeeieeiai,
iaania/eaaao iia(oaiea o?iaiy i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae iaoaiaoeee.

Eeth/aa(a neiaa: i?ioanneiiaeueiay iai?aaeaiiinoue iao/aiey,
iaoaiaoe/aneee aiaeec, aoaeouee o/eoaeue iaoaiaoeee, iaoiaee/aneay
nenoaia.

O.P.Tomashchuk. Sense of professional purpose when teaching mathematical
analysis in conditions of individual training of mathematic teacher. –
Manuscript.

The thesis for the degree of candidate of pedagogical sciences on
speciality 13.00.02 – theory and methods of teaching mathematics. –
National Pedagogical University named after M.P.Dragomanov, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the problem of improvement of professional
training of future mathematics teachers during their training the
mathematical analysis at pedagogical institute.

In the thesis some general purposes for preparation of young mathematics
teachers of today at pedagogical institute are determined; basing on the
theory of activity motivation, the necessity of professionally aimed
training of future mathematics teachers in mathematical analysis is
substantiated; a methodical system of mathematical analysis directed to
increasing of future teachers professional grounding level necessary for
their work at differend types of educational establishments is carried
out.

Key words: professionally aimed training, mathematical analysis, future
mathematic teacher, methodical system.

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