1

OA?NIINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

OTHI?IA Iaaeiy Iao?iaia

OAeE 636.32/38-086

I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe OA I?E?IAeIA ?ACENOAIOI?NOUe III?NIEO IAAOeUe ??CII?
E?IAIINO? II IIAICAEAIAeNUeEIIO

EI?EAeAETH OA IAIE*NUeEIIO OEIO

06.02.01. — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoeiy oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, caneoaeaiee
i?aoeiaiee

ia?iaeii? inaioe Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?

Ooaa?a Aaneeue Oeoiiiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aia/aiei Ai?en Iiaeyiiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aiae?ae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Iiieooi ?aai Aiae??eiae/,

?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii ae??aiiai
oaa?eiieoeoaa ? eiiy?noaa, i. Oa?e?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo

I?i?inoa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 23 » aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10-00
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee E 74.830.02 a
Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (Oa?nii-6, aoe. ?.
Ethenaiao?a, 23, aoaeeoi??y 64)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006, i. Oa?nii-6,
aoe. ?. Ethenaiao?a, 23

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 19 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ea?aioc A.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. I?iaiaeia cia/aiiy a i?iaeoeoeii aia/a?noaa
iaeaaeeoue aiaii e aa?aieii. A no/aniee ia?iiae aino?i iinoaea iio?aaa o
eaiaieueiie aiaii, yea ca oaoii/ieie iciaeaie iaeiiaiioa aiaeiiaiaea?
no/aniei aeiiaai aei aeaioiaeaiiy oeaiei i o?eeioaaeieo ae?iaia.
E?ina?aaeio aiaio io?eiothoue aiae iaiiaoiiei?oiieo iaaoeue
aiaeiiaiaeieo ii?iae. A oiiaao iioaineaiiai nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa iaeaieueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeey oei?? iaoe ? ?icaaaeaiiy
nei?iniieiai i’yni-aiaiiaiai aia/a?noaa.

Aea, ia aeaeue, eieueeinoue iaaoeue aeaiiai iai?yio a Oe?a?ii aeineoue
iaea. Oiio a ?icieo ciiao Oe?a?ie i?iaiaeeoueny ?iaioa ii noai?aiith
ianeao nei?iniieeo i’yni-aiaiiaeo iaaoeue a oeii ei?eaeaeue. Oaea
iiiinia noaaei iaaoeue ia aaci oiiei?oiii? aneaiienueei? ii?iaee iiae
ea?iaieoeoaii i?io. A.O. Ooaa?aa noai?th?oueny a ainiiaea?noaao noaiiai?
ciie Oe?a?ie, aei yei? iaeaaeeoue i Aeiii?iiao?ianueea iaeanoue. Oei
aiaoei ua iio?aaothoue aeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ye ca ?iaiai aiaiiai? i
i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi, oae i ca ciioeiaiiyi eiinoeoooeiiiaeueieo iciae
i iieiioaiiy aeeiiaoecaoeieii? caeaoiinoi io aei iiaeo aeieiai/ieo oiia
inioaaiiy.

Iaeoaeaeoei oeyoii iieiioaiiy oiiei?oiieo iaaoeue iiaea aooe aaiaeia
no?auoaaiiy c aa?aiaie iaee?aueo ca?oaiaeieo ii?iae, ui iathoue
ia?iiiniao aiaio oeio «no?iia» aai iaiiaoiieo e?ina?aaeio a oeii
ei?eaeaeue.

Na?aae iieiiooth/eo ii?iae aaeeei? oaaae caneoaiaothoue iiaicaeaiaenueei
ei?eaeaei, yei aaeaei ii?aeiothoue aeia?o i’ynio i?iaeoeoeaiinoue c
aenieei iano?eaii e?ina?aaeii? aiaie. A Oe?a?io c iaoith iieiioaiiy
aneaiienueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee aiie aoee caaacaii a 1983 ?ioei i
?iciiuaii ia Aeiii?iiao?iaueii a ieaicaaiaei «?oii». Aiae no?auoaaiiy
iiaicaeaiaenueeeo ei?eaeaeia c aneaiienueeeie oiiiei?oiieie iaoeaie aaea
iaea?aeaii aaeeeo eieueeinoue iiiinae I-III iieieiiue. Iiaeaeueoa ?o
aeei?enoaiiy o iiaeeiaeueiiio oa aaiaeiiio no?auoaaiii iaaoaa? aaeeeiai
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoeieia
?iaioa aeeiiaia caiaeii c caaaeaiiyi INA N?N? ?19/24 aiae 9 ethoiai 1981
?. i yaey?oueny iaeii?th c neeaaeiaeo /anoei eiiieaenii? oeieueiai?
i?ia?aie 0.51.28 oe. IV «Oaeineiiaeeoe inioth/i ii?iaee, oeie i eiii?
ieaiiiieo oiiei?oiieo iaaoeue c iaoith iiaeaeuaiiy ?o i?iaeoeoeaiinoi ia
15-20%». ?aaino?aoeieiee ? 018120001554.

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei aea/aiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae i i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi iiiinieo 1/4- i
3/8-e?iaieo iaaoeue, iaea?aeaieo aiae no?auoaaiiy iaoie aneaiienueei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee c aa?aiaie I i II iieieiiue ii iiaicaeaiaenueeiio
ei?eaeaeth oa iaiiae?iaieo ii iaie/nueeiio oeio, yei ae?iuoaaeenue a
aeieiai/ieo oiiaao oiaa?iiai ainiiaea?noaa noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie.

A caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue aoiaeeei aea/aiiy o iiiinieo oaa?ei (o
niianoaaeaiii c /enoiii?iaeieie aneaiienueeeie oiiei?oiieie aiaeiaaie)
?inoo i ?icaeoeo iieiaeiyea, i’ynii? i aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi,
oiceei-oaoii/ieo aeanoeainoae aiaie, aaiaoieiai/ieo iieacieeia
i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi o aieiaiio aniaeoi oa ii naciiao ?ieo;
anoaiiaeaiiy ei?aeyoeieieo ca’yceia iciae i?iaeoeoeaiinoi c aeayeeie
iieacieeaie e?iai, iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoeie c iaoith io?eiaiiy
iiiinae, iioeiaeueii ii?aeioth/eo aeniei i?iaeoeoeaii yeinoi c aenieith
i?e?iaeiith ?acenoaioiinoth i?e ae?iuoaaiii a oiaa?iiio ainiiaea?noai
noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeineiaeaeaiue. Aia?oa a Oe?a?ii aoee iaea?aeaii iiiini
1/4- i 3/8-e?iaii IEoAN, 1/4-e?iaii IIoAN, o yeeo o ii?iaithaaeueiiio
aniaeoi aea/aii oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae,
i?e?iaeio ?acenoaioiinoue oa anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie aaiaoieiai/ieo
iieacieeia c aeeaith ianith oa aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeaiinoth. ?ic?iaeaii
aiieiai/ii iaa?oioiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? aeey io?eiaiiy i ?icaaaeaiiy
iiiinieo iaaoeue a oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
naiae/aoue i?i aeioeieueiinoue aeei?enoaiiy iiiinae 1/4IEoAN, 3/8IEoAN
ca i?iaeoeoeaieie yeinoyie i i?e?iaeiith noieeinoth i?aaiicio o oiaa?ieo
ainiiaea?noaao noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie. Ii?iaiyeueia aea/aiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi i i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoe iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi iaaoeue
iieacaei inoioio ia?aaaao iiiinae 1/4- i 3/8-e?iaieo ii
iiaicaeaiaenueeiio ei?eaeaeth iaae aiaeiaaie iinoeaai? aneaiienueei?
ii?iaee i aeioeieueiinoue ?o aeei?enoaiiy o oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao
noaio Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o aeeiiaio
?iaioo iieyaa? o naiinoieiiio ii?aoethaaiii eioa?aoo?e, i?iaaaeaiii
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaio i aeeiiaiii aeineiaeaeaiiy e?iai /enoiii?iaeieo
i iiiinieo iaaoeue. O niiai?aoei c anenoaioii eaoaae?e OAIO Iianaiei
I.I. noi?iiaaii aeineiaeii a?oie iaaoeue, i?iaaaeaii eiio?ieue ?o
?icaeoeo i aea/aiiy aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi.

Aeniiaee i i?iiiceoei? a ?iaioi aeeiiaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi c iaoiaee/iith
aeiiiiiaith i?ioani??a Ooaa?aa A.O. i Aenieina I.I.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iniiaii iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aoee
iiaiaeiieaii:

– ia caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?e oaoiieiai? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoei?
oaa?eiieoeoaa a 1991-1996 ??., iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo oaeoeueoaoo
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie oa eiioa?aioeiyo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo oa anii?aioia Aeiii?iiao?ianeiai aea?aeaa?ioiiaa?neoaoo a
1992-1996 ?., iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo i niaoeiaeenoia
Oe?a?ie (Oa?eia, 1992), ia ia?aaei-naieia?i Ana?inienueeiai
iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai iinoeoooo ieaiiiii? ni?aae i Noinueeiai
nieueneiainiiaea?nueeiai iinoeoooo (Noie, 1992), ia OO eiioa?aioei?
iieiaeeo a/aieo «Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy AIE (Oa?nii, 1993), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioeii «Aaoa?eia?ii oa ciioaoii/ii i?iaeaie a
I?eaeiii?ianueeiio ?aaiiii (Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1996).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 11 ?iaio a aeo?iaeao,
oaiaoe/ieo cai?ieeao, oacao eiioa?aioeie, a o./. 6 o aeaeaiiyo
ia?aaeaa/aiieo AAEii Oe?a?ie.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeith aeeeaaeaii ia 186
noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Aiia neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo
eioa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeee aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia, i?iiiceoeie aeey
i?aeoeee oa aeiaeaoeia. ?iaioa iinoeoue 29 oaaeeoeue, 12 iaethieia. I?e
iaienaiii aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeei?enoaii 355 aeaea?ae eioa?aoo?e, a
oiio /enei 27 iiicaiiith iiaith.

IAOA?IAE I IAOIAeEEA AeINEIAeAEAIUe.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?i oaoiieiaii ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoia
oaa?eiieoeoaa Aeiii?iiao?ianeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oiiaa?neoaoo oa
ENI «*a?aiiee ia?oecai» Oiiaeianueeiai ?aeiio Aeiii?iiao?ianueei?
iaeanoi ca ia?iiae 1990-1994 ?ieo.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue ia aiaoeaoa?ii caaaeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa
aoei noi?iiaaii (ca i?eioeeiii aiaeiaia) /ioe?e a?oie aiaoeaiaoie
aneaiienueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee, ii 200 aieia o eiaeiie. Ia?oa a?oia
aiaoeaiaoie (eiio?ieueia) aoea nia?iaaia c aneaiienueeeie oiiei?oiieie
aa?aiaie, ae?oaa i o?aoy – 1/2- i 3/4-e?iaieie ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei
ei?eaeaeai oa /aoaa?oa – 1/2-e?iaieie ca iaie/nueeei oeiii
noaa?iiieuenueei? ii?iaee.

Oaaeeoey 1 – NOAIA AeINEIAeO

A?oiaIi?iaea, ii?iaei?noueNei?i/aiaAa?aiiaiaoieiicia/aiiy1Aneaiienueea
oiiei?oiiaAneaiienueea oiiei?oiia (AN)ANoAN21/2-e?iaii ca
iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai i aneaiienueeith oiiei?oiiithAneaiienueea
oiiei?oiia (AN)1/4IEoAN33/4-e?iaii ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai i
aneaiienueeith oiiei?oiiithAneaiienueea oiiei?oiia
(AN)3/8IEoAN41/2-e?iaii ca iaie/nueeei oeiii noaa?iiieuenei? ii?iaee i
aneaiienueeith oiiei?oiiithAneaiienueea oiiei?oiia (AN)1/4IIoANAiae
nia?iaaieo aiaoeaiaoie a ethoiio-aa?acii 1991 ?. aoa iaea?aeaiee
i?eieiae, yeee noaa aacith iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi. Ia i?ioyci anueiai
ia?iiaeo aeineiaeaeaiiy oaa?eie ia?aaoaaee a aiaeiai/ieo oiiaao aiaeiaei
e oo?eiaiiy, i?eeiyoeo o ainiiaea?noai.

Aiaeoai?thaaeueia caeaoiinoue iaoie aecia/aeany ca ?oiueith
caieiaeithaaiinoth, ieiaeth/inoth, a oaeiae ca eieueeinoth yaiyo,
iaea?aeaieo c ?ic?aooieo ia 100 iaoie, yei ieioeeeny. Caa?aaeaiinoue
yaiyo aecia/aee oeyoii iaeieo aiaeoiaeo ca ia?iiae aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei
aiaeeo/aiiy i aei 13-14-iiny/iiai aieo. ?ino i ?icaeoie iieiaeiyea
aea/aee oeyoii iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai caaaeoaaiiy yaiyo i?e ia?iaeaeaiii, a
3.5-4.0 oa 13-14-iiny/iiio aioei.

I?iaeoeoeaiinoue i yeinoue aiaie aea/aee ca oaeeie iieacieeaie: iano?ea
iaieoi? i ieoi? aiaie – ca iaoiaeii iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai caaaeoaaiiy ?oi
iiae /an no?eaeaiiy iaaoeue, aeoiae ieoiai aieieia – ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.
Neaei?oeiaa (1974) oa ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?aaei/iiai i?eeaaeo AIIO-2I.

C?acee aiaie aeey eaai?aoi?ieo aeineiaeaeaiue oiceei-oaoii/ieo
aeanoeainoae a?aee o 10 y?ie eiaeii? a?oie i?e aiiiooaaiii. Aonoioo
aiaie aecia/aee ?ic?aooieiai-aaaiaei iaoiaeii. Eaai?aoi?ii
aeineiaeaeaiiy oiceei-oaoii/ieo aeanoeainoae aiaie i?iaiaeeee ca
aiaeiiaiaeieie iaoiaeeeaie AIOa (1958, 1971, 1985).

Aeey aea/aiiy iioa?’??ieo iieacieeia i i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi i?iae
e?iai aiaeae?aee o iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi iaaoeue (n = 5) ?aieii, aei
aiaeiaei, c y?aiii? aaie a oaei ia?iiaee: o 1, 4, 8 iinyoeia, ii
aeinyaiaiii aieo 1 ?ie, 1.5, 2.5 ?ieo. A e?iai aecia/aee eieueeinoue
a?eo?ioeeoia, eaeeioeeoia o eaia?i Ai?y?aa, aiino aaiiaeiaiio – ca
aeiiiiiaith aaiiiao?a Naei, eaeeioeeoa?io oi?ioeo – a iaceao,
iioa?aiaaieo ca iaoiaeeeith ?iiaiianueeiai-Aiice, ?iaaiue caaaeueiiai
aieea a ne?iaaooei e?iai – ia ?ao?aeoiiao?i O?E-1. Aecia/aiiy aieeiaeo
o?aeoeie i?iaiaeeee oo?aiaeiiao?e/iei iaoaeiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (I.I.
Eiiae?aoii, I.A.Eo?eeia oa iioi, 1985). Aiino eaeueoeith aecia/aee
eiiieaeniiao?e/ii (A.A.Aaneeue?aa, 1982), iai?aaii/iiai oinoi?o – ca
N.A. Iaaiianueeei, eoaeiee ?aca?a – ca Iaaiaeiaei.

Aaeoa?eoeeaeio aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee e?iai aea/aee ca iaoiaeeeith I.A.
Nie?iiai? i O.A. Eocueiiii? (1966) a iiaeeoieaoeii OIAeIAA (1968).
Iaoiae a?oioo?oueny ia ciiii iioe/ii? aonoeie i’yni-iaioiiiiai aoeueeiio
i?e ?inoi a iueiio iie?iaii? eoeueoo?e A.coli c aeiaeaaaiiyi i aac
aeiaeaaaiiy aeineiaeii? ne?iaaoee; eicioeeiio aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee
e?iai – ca iaoiaeii Ae.A.Aei?ioie/oea (1968), yeee a?oioo?oueny ia
aenieie /ooeeainoi iaieiiie Micrococcus Zysodeicticus aei aieeao
eicioeeio. Aeey aecia/aiiy eieueeinoi iioiieo aieeia o ne?iaaooei e?iai
aeei?enoiaoaaee ?aaeoeith iiiooiiiiy c noeueoaoii oeeieo.

O iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi iaaoeue aoee aea/aii ei?aeyoeieii ca’ycee iiae
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieie iciaeaie i aeayeeie aaiaoieiai/ieie
iieacieeaie.

Ani aeaii aeineiaeia ia?iaeyee iaoiaeii aa?iaoeieii? noaoenoeee (I.I..
Ieioiinueeee, 1969; A.E. Ia?eo?’?aa, 1970).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINEIAeAEAIUe

Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeoiaeiiai iiaieia’y, acyoiai aeey aeineiaeo.

Aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii iaoee aeineiaeieo a?oi aoee aiaeiaaie ca aieii
(2.5 ?ieo). AEeaa iana io noaiiaeea a na?aaeiueiio 47.6 ea, iano?ea
aiaie – 3.7 ea, aeoiae ieoi? aiaie – 40.3%, aeiaaeeia aiaie – 6.5 ni,
oiaueia aieieia – 64-70 yeinoi.

Aa?aie-ieiaeieee, aeei?enoaii a aeineiaei, ca aeaieie aiiiooaaiiy,
aiaeianaii aei “Aeioe” i I eeano. Aeey caieiaeiaiiy iaoie aneaiienueei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee aoee aeei?enoaii aa?aie-ieiaeieee 1/2- i
3/4-e?iaiinoi ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai, 1/2-e?iaiinoi ca
iaie/nueeei oeiii i aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii.

Na?aaeii iieacieee aeeai? iane aei?iaithaaee aiaeiiaiaeii 89.6; 85.4;
84.8 i 86.5 ea; iano?eao – 7.6; 7.9; 8.1 i 8.8 ea; aeiaaeeie aiaie –
13.2; 14.4; 11.6 i 8.2 ni; aeoiaeo ieoi? aiaie – 56.7; 60.5; 52.3 i
46.8%; oiaueia aiaiiaiai aieieia – 58-60; 56-60; 58-56 i 64-60 yeinoi.
Aa?aie-ieiaeieee ca ianith oiea, aiaiiaith, i?iaeoeoeaiinoth i ??
yeinoth nooo?aeo aiaeiiiiinoae ia iaee.

Caieiaeiaiiy, ieiaeiaeoinoue iaoie i aeeoo?caeaoiinoue yaiyo.

Oaaeeoey 2 – Aiaeoai?thaaeueia caeaoiinoue iaoie

IieacieeIi?iaea, ii?iaei?noueANoAN1/2IEANoAN3/4IEANoAN1/2IIANoANIaoie
anueiai, aie.200200200200Nia?iaaii iaoie, aie.158167164151C ieo
ieioeeiny, aie.128135128123Ia?iaeeeinue yaiyo,
aie.161191156147Aai?oiaaii, ia?oaiia?iaeaeaii, aie.2554Caieiaeiaiiy,
%81.080.878.081.4Aeoiae yaiyo ia 100 iaoie, aie.125.7141.4121.8119.5I?i
aiaeoai?thaaeueii caeaoiinoi iaoie iiaeia noaeeoe c aeaieo oaae. 2.
Na?aae ii?iaithaaieo a?oi iaoie aaeeei? ?icieoei o caieiaeiaiii ia aoei,
aea ia?aaaaa iaoie IV a?oie ia?aae aa?iaioii 3/4IEoAN noaiiaeea 3.4%. Ca
ieiaeth/inoth aiaecia/aeeny iaoee II a?oie (141.4), a iaeiaioith aiia
aoea o IV a?oii (119.5 aie.). Iaeaieueo aenieith iiei/iinoth
aiaecia/aeenue iaoee c y?i/eaie, iaea?aeaii aiae aa?aiia /enoiii?iaeieo
aneaiienueeeo i 1/2-e?iaieo ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai – 22.5-21.8
ea.

ssaiyoa iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi aeeoo?caeaoiinoth nooo?ai ia aiae?iciyeeny.
Aea ui aieueoee aiaeoiae aoa o a?oii /enoiii?iaeieo aneaiienueeeo yaiyo
o 4-5 i 13-14 iinyoeia.

?ino i ?icaeoie iieiaeiyea.

I?iaaaeaieie aeineiaeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui iiaeaeineiaeii yaiyoa
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue ?iciith iioaineaiinoth ?inoo.

sse aeaeii c aeaieo (oaae. 3), iiiinii y?i/ee i aa?ai/eee ia?aaaaeaee
aiaeiaia eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Inoioia ia?aaaaa (?<0.001) caoieniaaia o 3/8-e?iaieo aa?aioeia-iaeeioeia i?e ia?iaeaeaiii, o yeeo aeeaa iana ii?iaiyii c eiio?ieueieie aoea aeuith ia 8.2%. Aa?aioei-aeaieiyoa – 1/4- oa 3/8-e?iaii ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai ia?aaeuoaaee eiio?ieueieo iaeiieioeia ia 0.9 e 4%, 1/4-e?iaii ca iaie/nueeei oeiii – ia 1.8% i?e iaai?iaiaeiie ?icieoei. Na?aae y?i/ie ai?iaiaeii? ?icieoei oaeiae ia aeyaeaii, oi/a iaeaieueoo aeeao iano iaee 3/8-e?iaii ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai. O oie aea /an aa?aioei-iaeeioei anio aaiaaeiai/ieo a?oi ia?aaeuoaaee ca aeeaith ianith iaeiieioeia-aeaieiyo ia 23.8-29.5%, y?i/ee-iaeeioei – ia 21.9-24.7% (?<0.001). Oaaeeoey 3 – AEeaa iana y?i/ie i aa?ai/eeia o ?icii aieiai ia?iiaee, ea Aie,NoaoueIi?iaea, ii?iaeiinoueiinnANoANn1/4 IEoANn3/8 IEoANn1/4 IIoANI?eIaeeioeiia?iae-ss?i/ee673.590.03673.610.05663.640.05603.550.04ae aiiiAa?ai/eee704.010.06734.130.07734.340.06754.050.06Aeaieiyoass?i/ee112 .830.07112.930.12142.950.10152.910.07Aa?ai/eee133.220.1093.250.15103.350 .12113.270.154-ss?i/ee7121.690.307021.670.277221.930.286821.750.194.5Aa? ai/eee7622.870.317222.730.247422.900.327623.070.1813-14 ss?ee6642.810.386542.200.326742.970.396342.950.40I?e aiaeeo/aiii aiae iaoa?ia oa o aioei 13-14 iinyoeia ai?iaiaeio ?icieoeth ca aeeaith ianith iiae ii?iaithaaieie a?oiaie ia caoieniaaii. Iaeaeui i?e?inoe aeeai? iane o y?i/ie i aa?ai/eeia aiaeii/aii i?ioyaii ia?oeo /ioe?ueio iinyoeia iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco. Na?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee i?e?ino aeeai? iane noaiiaea 151.2 a. O iiaeaeueoiio oaii ?inoo aeeai? iane o iieiaeiyea cia/ii ciaioeany i ca 10 iinyoeia aeinya 53% aiae aaniethoiiai. Ca aaee/eiith aaniethoieo i na?aaeiuei-aeiaiaeo i?e?inoia aeeai? iane iiaeaeineiaeieo aaiioeiiaeo a?oi iaaoeue i?ioyaii onio aieiaeo ia?iiaeia ?icieoei ia aeyaeaii. Aiaiiaa i?iaeoeoeaiinoue i oaoii/ii iciaee aiaie iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue. Aiaeic iaea?aeaieo aeaieo iieaco?, ui a iaeieo i oeo aea oiiaao aiaeiaei e oo?eiaiiy no?auoaaiiy aiaoeaiaoie aneaiienueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee c iiiinieie aa?aiaie ?icii? e?iaiinoi ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai i iaie/nueeei oeiii inoioii iie?auo? aiaiiao i?iaeoeoeaiinoue o iiiinae (oaae.4). Oaaeeoey 4 – Aiaiiaa i?iaeoeoeaiinoue oa oaoii/ii iciaee aiaie, (Im) IieacieeIi?iaea, ii?iaei?noueAnoAN1/4IEoAN3/8IEoAN1/4IIoANIano?ea iaieoi? aiaie, ea4.220.064.880.075.280.074.960.06Iano?ea ieoi? aiaie, ea1.830.022.350.012.690.032.310.01Aeoiae ieoiai aieieia, %43.40.6748.30.2351.00.5546.60.56Aeiaaeeia aiaie, ni (14 iin.)7.50.109.50.0310.80.299.10.56Oiieinoue aiaie, % 70 yeinoue 64 yeinoue 60 yeinoue 58 yeinoue 56 yeinoue 6.1 59.1 31.8 3.0 — — 24.6 53.9 21.5 — — 10.5 58.2 26.8 4.5 — 27.0 55.5 17.5 —Iioeiinoue aiaie, ei6.80.318.10.359.20.447.80.36Aiaeic aeaieo iieaco?, ui y?ee anio iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi o 13-14 iinyoeia iaee aenieo aiaiiao i?iaeoeoeaiinoue. Ca eieueeinoth iaieoi? aiaie 3/8IEoAN ia?aaeuoaaee aneaiienueeeo ia 25.1% (P<0.01), a ieoith – ia 46.9%. Iiiini 1/4-e?iaii ca ei?eaeaeai i iaie/nueeei oeiii oaeiae iaee ia?aaaao iaae aneaiienueeeie aiaeiaaie ia 15.6 i 28.4; 17.5 i 26.2% aiaeiiaiaeii (P<0.001 o anio aeiaaeeao). Na?aae iiiinieo y?ie ia?aaaao o eieueeinoi iaieoi? i ieoi? aiaie iaee 3/8-e?iaii ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai, yei ia?aaaaeaei 1/4IEoAN ia 8.1 i 14.4%; a 1/4IIoAN ia 6.4 i 16.4%. Ca aeoiaeii ieoiai aieieia y?ee iiiinieo a?oi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue aenieeie iieacieeaie, iniaeeai 3/8IEoAN – 51.0%. Aeiaaeeia aiaie o iiiinae aoea a na?aaeiueiio 9.1-10.8 ni, oiaei ye o aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo aiia noaiiaeea 7.5 ni. Nooo?aa ia?aaaaa o oeueiio iieacieeo niinoa?iaaeany o 3/8-e?iaieo ca ei?eaeaeai, aea 85% y?ie iaee aeiaaeeio aiaie aieueoa 10 ni. O 1/4-e?iaieo iiaicaeaiaenueeeo i iaie/nueeiai oeio y?ie aeiaaeeia aiaie eieeaaeany aiae 7 aei 12 ni, oiaei ye o eiio?ieueieo 29% oaa?ei iaee aiaio iaioa 7 ni. O anio a?oi iiiinieo y?ie niinoa?iaaeinue iioiauaiiy aiaie (aeea. oaae.4). Oea iniaeeai iiiioii o 3/8-e?iaieo ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai, aea 31.3% oaa?ei iaee aiaio 58 oa 56 yeinoi, 58.2% – 60 yeinoi i eeoa 10.5% – 64 yeinoi. O eiio?ieueiie a?oii 65.2% y?ie aeyaeeeny c oiieinoth 64 yeinoi. Iioeiinoue aieieii o y?ie 3/8 IEoAN noaiiaeea 9.20.44 ei ?ic?eaii? aeiaaeeie, ui aieueoa, iiae o 1/4 IIoAN, ia 17.9 i ANoAN – ia 35.2%. Aonoioa aiaie ia 1 ni2 oei?e aieo aoea iaeaieueoith o ANoAN (5184.0223.0), iaeiaioa aiaiiaeo aieieii iaee 3/8 IEoAN (3415.0209.0), ?aooa iiiinae caeiaee i?iiiaeia iieiaeaiiy. Ioaea, e?auith aiaiith aiaecia/aeeny iiiinii y?ee, yei ia?aaaaeaee aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo ca iano?eaii iaieoi? i ieoi? aiaie, aeiaaeeiith, aeoiaeii ieoiai aieieia, iaee aieueoo iioeiinoue aieieii i aieueoo oiaueio aiaie (60-58 yeinoi). Na?aae iiiinae iaiaoiaeii aeaeieeoe 3/8 IEoAN, o yeeo oei iieacieee aoee aeui, iiae o iioeo iiiinieo a?oi. Ii?iaiyeueia ioeiiea iieacieeia i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi iiiinae ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai, iaie/nueeei oeiii oa aneaiieneith oiiei?oiiith ii?iaeith. Ii?oieiai/ii iieacieee e?iai. I?iaaaeaii iaie aeineiaeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a i?ioeani ?inoo e ?icaeoeo aaiaoieiai/iee noaoon iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue cacia? inoioieo ciii caeaaeii aiae iioiaeaeaiiy i aieo. Aiaeic aeaieo oaae. 5 iieaco?, ui eieueeinoue a?eo?ioeeoia caieueooaaeanue o anio a?oi iaaoeue aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 18 iinyoeia. Oaaeeoey 5 – Ii?oieiai/iee neeaae e?iai iaaoeue A?oiaA?eo?ioe., 1012/eEaeeioeeoe, 109/eAaiiaeiaii, a/eM mM mM m1 iinyoeueANoAN8.10.266.90.2613.71.191/4 IEoAN6.90.677.91.2011.80.753/8 IEoAN7.50.317.90.3812.61.451/4 IIoAN7.80.626.90.609.80.834 iinyoeiANoAN9.40.807.70.9612.00.801/4 IEoAN8.90.578.30.5611.20.823/8 IEoAN8.20.529.51.1410.50.331/4 IIoAN8.20.577.92.7810.60.8612 iinyoeiaANoAN10.80.587.90.6511.91.141/4 IEoAN9.50.579.20.7410.80.863/8 IEoAN8.80.288.20.2710.80.521/4 IIoAN8.20.568.10.818.60.621.5 ?ieoANoAN10.80.378.90.4212.51.561/4 IEoAN10.40.039.00.3511.60.733/8 IEoAN9.010.508.20.7112.20.571/4 IIoAN8.60.529.80.1712.60.81I?e ii?iaiyiii eieueeinoi eaeeioeeoia o e?iai neiae cacia/aoe, ui iaeaieueoa ?o /enei aoei o iiiinieo iaaoeue ia i?ioyci anueiai ia?iiaeo aeineiaeaeaiiy. Ai?iaiaeia ?icieoey i?e oeueiio aoea a 4 iinyoei iiae 3/8IEoAN i ANoAN i?e ?<0.02; a 12 iinyoeia iiae 1/4IEoAN i ANoAN i?e ?<0.05. Caieueoaiiy eieueeinoi eaeeioeeoia o iaaoeue aiaeaoaaeiny aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei ?i/iiai aieo. Oae, o a?oii iiiinae 3/8IEoAN ca ia?iiae aiae iaeiiai iinyoey aei /ioe?ueio ?o caieueoeeinue ia 20.2%. A iiaeaeueoeo aieiaeo ia?iiaeao iiia?aaeii caeiiiii?iinoi uiaei eieueeinoi eaeeioeeoia iiae eiio?ieai i aeineiaeieie a?oiaie caa?iaaeeny. ?iaaiue aaiiaeiaiio o e?iai iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue oaeiae caciaa cia/ieo ciii. Iaeaieueoei eiai aiinoii oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue /enoiii?iaeii aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii aiaoei. Iiiinii aiaeiae iiae niaith aiae?iciyeenue ianooo?ai, i?ioa ca ?iaiai aaiiaeiaiio a?oia iiiinae 3/8IEoAN iinooiaeanue nai?i ?iaanieeai c iioeo a?oi, iniaeeai a ia?iiae aiaeeo/aiiy. Eaeeia?aia e?iai /enoiii?iaeieo i iiiinieo iaaoeue ia i?ioyci ia?iiaeo aeineiaeaeaiiy ia iaea nooo?aeo aiaeiiiiinoae. Aea, o iiny/iiio aioei o iiaeaeineiaeieo yaiyo aiaeii/aeenue c?ooaiiy oi?ioee aiei? e?iai aeiai, iiyaa iieiaeeo oi?i iaeo?ioieia: iaee/eiyaea?ieo aei 0.7 i thieo aei 0.5%. O aei?ineeo oaa?ei ciaioeeanue eieueeinoue thieo oi?i iaeo?ioieia ca ?aooiie caieueoaiiy naaiaioiyaea?ieo. Iaaaaeaii aieiai ciiie o i?ioeaioiiio niiaaiaeiioaiii eeioei aiei? e?iai aiaeiiaiaeathoue caaaeueiei aiieiai/iei caeiiiii?iinoyi, aiie ia aeoiaeeee ca iaaee oiciieiai/ii? ii?ie. Iiae iiaeaeineiaeieie a?oiaie ca oa?aeoa?ii eaeeia?aie nooo?aeo aiaeiiiiinoae ia aeyaeaii. Aiioiii/ii iieacieee e?iai Ca ciinoii aieea a ne?iaaooei e?iai iiiini ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii?iaeieo iaaoeue ia i?ioyci iinoiaoaeueiiai ?inoo. sse aeaeii c oaae. 6, o iiny/iiio aioei eiai aoei aieueoa, iiae o /enoiii?iaeieo aiaeiaia: 3/8 IEoAN – ia 9.3%, 1/4IEoAN – ia 5.7% i o 1/4IIoAN – ia 5.1% (P<0.05). Oaaeeoey 6 – Aeeiaiiea aieeiaiai neeaaeo ne?iaaoee e?iai iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue A?oiaCaaaeueiee aieie, a%Aeueaoiiie, %Aeiaoeiie, %MmMm1 iinyoeueANoAN6.40.3257.81.2015.80.528.80.5217.60.651/4 IEoAN6.80.0356.62.0516.10.709.21.2218.20.903/8 IEoAN7.00.4051.82.3319.90.609.80.6718.20.851/4IIoAN6.70.3151.21.6018.01. 5711.01.0520.00.504 iinyoeiANoAN6.80.2550.00.3015.81.7715.01.6219.40.431/4 IEoAN7.20.0846.91.1517.31.8016.52.6519.31.313/8 IEoAN7.10.2050.01.8215.82.0216.00.4818.21.701/4IIoAN7.10.1649.83.3215.82 .7016.70.9317.70.468 iinyoeiaANoAN7.00.1254.00.8312.01.3217.01.8017.21.001/4 IEoAN7.40.3247.02.8712.41.6118.21.3323.13.613/8 IEoAN7.20.5250.82.2313.80.9615.31.0520.02.611/4IIoAN7.10.2848.33.1015.81 .1917.92.4118.01.391 ?ieANoAN7.10.5050.81.1212.90.7814.81.1720.91.471/4 IEoAN7.70.6749.81.2013.61.7715.72.7620.81.163/8 IEoAN7.40.3551.21.9511.61.2214.61.1222.22.041/4IIoAN7.60.4449.21.2914.01 .3718.30.2519.41.161.5 ?ieoANoAN7.40.4049.90.9811.40.5118.62.5019.90.421/4 IEoAN7.80.1845.31.9215.01.1518.71.0722.72.233/8 IEoAN7.60.1747.72.2612.00.6217.41.8922.83.801/4IIoAN7.80.3846.92.0614.61 .6415.61.8423.30.502.5 ?ieeANoAN6.70.5049.10.8013.00.8015.50.5322.91.161/4 IEoAN7.20.1347.01.8013.81.1016.51.2222.70.773/8 IEoAN7.00.2044.81.6415.00.5515.70.7624.31.551/4IIoAN7.10.1846.61.2212.00 .4217.50.4025.21.32Aeey anio a?oi oaa?ei aoei oa?aeoa?ii caieueoaiiy aiinoo caaaeueiiai aieea aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei iiaoi?a?i/iiai aieo. Ioaea, aieueo iioaineaiee aieeiaee iaiii o iiiinieo iaaoeue ? iiceoeaiei oaeoi?ii, ui naiae/eoue i?i aeuo aia?aith ?inoo i ?ino aiaie. Aieeiai o?aeoeii ne?iaaoee e?iai iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue ciiithaaeeny caeaaeii aiae iioiaeaeaiiy i aieo. *enoiii?iaeii aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii aiaoei iaee aeayeo ia?aaaao iaae iiiinieie ca eieueeinoth aeueaoiiiia, aea nooo?aa ?icieoea aiaeii/aia eeoa iiae ANoAN i 1/4IEoAN a 8 iinyoeia (P<0.05). Oaeiae aeyaeaii oaiaeaioeith ciaioaiiy io eieueeinoi aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei aei?ineiai aieo o anio aeineiaeaeoaaieo oaa?ei. Ca eieueeinoth -aeiaoeiiiai? o?aeoei? iacia/ia ia?aaaaa aoea o iiiinieo oaa?ei. Ai?iaiaeia ?icieoey aiaeii/aeanue iiae a?oiaie ANoAN i 1/4IEoAN eeoa a 1.5 ?ieo i?e P<0.05. Oey o?aeoeiy iaea oaiaeaioeith cieaeoaaoenue aeey anio iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue aiae iiny/iiai aieo aei 18 iinyoeia. Aieiai eieeaaiiy -aeiaoeiiia o ne?iaaooei e?iai iaaoeue aiaeaoaaeeny i?e iacia/iie ia?aaaci iiiinae iaae /enoiii?iaeieie, aea ai?iaiaeii? ?icieoei i?e oeueiio ia aeyaeaii. Aiaeii/aeinue ?icea caieueoaiiy oei?? o?aeoei? aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 4 iinyoeia o an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oii (?<0.001). A ?i/iiio aioei ai?iaiaeia ?icieoey aoea iiae iiiinieie a?oiaie 1/4IIoAN i 3/8IEoAN (?<0.02) ia ei?enoue ia?oi? a?oie. Aiaeic iaea?aeaieo aeaieo oaeiae iieaco?, ui -aeiaoeiiiaa o?aeoeiy a e?iai aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue c?inoaea aiae 4 aei 8 iinyoeia o iiiinieo i ciaiooaaeanue o /enoiii?iaeieo oaa?ei. A oeae ia?iiae ai?iaiaeii aiae?iciyeenue iiae niaith a?oie 1/4IEoAN i ANoAN (?<0.05). C aieii aiaeiinia eieueeinoue aeiaoeiiia c?inoaea o anio aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue, i iiae a?oiaie inoioii? ?icieoei ia aeyaeaii. Ioaea, ui ca ani aieiai ia?iiaee aiino caaaeueiiai aieea i noia?ieo aeiaoeiiia o ne?iaaooei e?iai iiiinieo iaaoeue aoa aeuei, iiae o /enoiii?iaeieo aiaeiaia, yei a oie /an ia?aaaaeaee aeineiaeii a?oie o aiaeiiniie eiioeaio?aoei? aeueaoiiiia. Aeineiaeaeaiiyie oaeiae aeyaeaii, ui eieueeinoue eaeueoeith o ne?iaaooei e?iai ciaioo?oueny aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 8 iinyoeia o anio a?oi yaiyo, a aei 12-30 iinyoeia aiino eiai iiaeaeuo?oueny i noaaieico?oueny. Iiaeaeineiaeii a?oie oaa?ei iiae niaith ii oeueiio iieacieeo nooo?ai ia aiae?iciyeenue. Aaniethoia eieueeinoue oinoi?o o ne?iaaooei e?iai anio a?oi yaiyo aiae iiny/iiai aieo aei 4 iinyoeia ciaiooaaeanue o na?aaeiueiio ia 37.5%. A ianooiii aieiai ia?iiaee niinoa?iaaeinue iinooiiaa eiai iiaeaeuaiiy aei 5.0-5.7 ia%. Inoioii aiaeiiiiinoi iiae eiio?ieueiith i aeineiaeieie a?oiaie ia aeyaeaii. ?iaaiue eoaeiiai ?aca?ao e?iai o yaiyo iiney aiaeeo/aiiy caieueooaaany aei 480-490 ia%. Iiae niaith a?oie aeineiaeaeoaaieo oaa?ei aiae?iciyeenue iacia/ieie iieacieeaie. Iioiieiai/ii iieacieee e?iai Aeey ioeiiee ?iaiy i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi eieueeinoue iioiieo aieeia ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy. Ia i?ioyci anueiai ia?iiaeo aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?o aoei aieueoa o /enoiii?iaeieo aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo iaaoeue (oaae. 7). Oaaeeoey 7 – Iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue Aie, iin.Iioiiaeiaoeiie, ia/ieAaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee, %Eicioeeiia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee, iae/ieANoAN?lbrdrb134.10.9378.31.6529.81.90434.61.8684.01.8025.30.25835 .71.1484.82.0430.41.271236.30.6084.41.8038.81.901837.73.3982.03.0038.41. 753032.91.9779.01.0137.41.13Na?aaei?:35.21.6482.11.8833.61.361/4 IEoAN132.11.2278.01.4027.00.35433.80.3582.22.0620.52.19832.30.9280.01.50 28.81.151232.81.9982.21.6835.61.671827.02.6470.63.1331.61.163028.61.1078 .40.5030.60.53Na?aaei?:31.01.3778.161.7129.01.173/8 IEoAN133.70.6177.00.9229.11.21433.91.8276.00.8723.32.19834.42.1878.61.35 26.81.851234.81.4181.01.8736.01.011827.83.2873.22.6331.01.903029.50.8771 .50.8533.21.60Na?aaei?:32.51.6976.21.4129.51.621/4 IIoAN133.50.6276.00.7426.80.45432.22.0179.22.6022.81.32833.51.0380.81.10 30.20.701233.01.0277.01.9034.40.701826.51.1676.00.4532.80.853029.90.6173 .01.8031.81.21Na?aaei?:31.41.0777.01.9329.80.87Aeeae/a aei ieo ciaoiaeeeany a?oia 3/8IEoAN, o yeeo iioiiaeiaoeiiia aoei ia 7.6% iaioa. O iiiinieo iaaoeue c ?i/iiai aieo aei 1.5 ?ieo aiino iioiieo aieeia cieceany ia 17.4-20.1%, oiaei ye o /enoiii?iaeieo aiaeiaia ?o caieueoeeinue ia 3.8%. A oeae ia?iiae ai?iaiaeia ?icieoey aeyaeaia iiae 1/4IIoAN i ANoAN (P<0.02) ia ei?enoue inoaiiio. Aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee e?iai ia i?ioyci aeineiaeaeaiiy aoea aeuith o /enoiii?iaeieo aneaiienueeeo iaaoeue a na?aaeiueiio ia 4.7-7.2%. Ai?iaiaeia ?icieoey i?e oeueiio aeyaeyeanue o 4 i 8 iinyoeia iiae ANoAN i 3/8IEoAN (P<0.01 i P<0.05). A?oie iiiinae 1/4IEoAN i 1/4IIoAN caeiaee ii oeueiio iieacieeo i?iiiaeia iinoea. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue oaeiae iieacaee, ui aei ?i/iiai aieo aaeoa?eoeeaeiee aoaeo ne?iaaoee e?iai o aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue c?inoaa aei 77.0-84.5%. A iiaeaeueoiio oeae iieaciee aeaui cieaeoaaany. Iiiinii aiaoei 1/4IEoAN aiaecia/aeeny caieueoaiiyi aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiinoi a 2.5 ?ieo. Aiaeic aeaieo oaae. 7 iieaco?, ui eicioeeiia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee e?iai o /enoiii?iaeieo aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo iaaoeue aoea aeuith ca aanue ia?iiae aeineiaeo. O aeineiaeieo a?oiao oeae iieaciee aoa i?eaeecii ia iaeiiio ?iaii, i aiie iaai?iaiaeii aiae?iciyeeny iiae niaith. I?ioyaii onio aieiaeo ia?iiaeia eieeaaiiy eicioeeiii? aeoeaiinoi o anio iaaoeue niiaiaaeaee, aea a 1.5 i 2.5 ?ieo ANoAN ia?aaaaeaee 3/8IEoAN (?<0.05) i 1/4IEoAN (?<0.001). Neiae cacia/eoe, ui aieiai ciiie eicioeeiii? aeoeaiinoi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny cieaeaiiyi ?? aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei ia?iiaeo aiaeeo/aiiy, ia?iuoaaiiyi aei 12 iinyoeia (aei 34.4 i 38.8 iae/ie) i aiaeiiniith noaaieicaoei?th a 2.5 ?iee. Iaea?aeaii aeaii naiae/aoue ui iiiinii aiaoei aiaecia/aeenue aieueo ae?aaeaiith ?aaeoei?th ia oiiae ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua, yea i?iyaeyeanue o aenieie aa?iaaaeueiinoi iciae i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi. Naciiii ciiie iieacieeia e?iai iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue Ia naciiii ciiie iaeaieueoa ?aaao? nenoaia e?iai, ui ia? cia/aiiy i?e aea/aiii aaeaioaoei? i aeeiiaoecaoei? oaa?ei. I?iaaaeaii iaie aeineiaeaeaiiy naiae/aoue, ui oeae iieaciee ciiithaaany caeaaeii aiae ii?e ?ieo i iioiaeaeaiiy iaaoeue. Oae, eieueeinoue a?eo?ioeeoia i eaeeioeeoia o anio a?oi aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue caieueooaaeanue a iniiiuei-ceiiaee ia?iiae, i?e/iio aieueo iioaineaii oeae i?ioean aiaeaoaaany o iiiinae aiaeiinii eeioei aiei? e?iai. Eioii /enaeueiinoue a?eo?ioeeoia ciaiooaaeanue o i?aeaeine?aeieo iaaoeue ia 3.5-14.5% Aiino aaiiaeiaiio o ANoAN, 1/4IEoAN i 1/4IIoAN cieaeoaaany a ceiiaee ia?iiae. Aaniith eiai eieueeinoue caieueooaaeanue o anio aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue. Eioiie ia?iiae oa?aeoa?ecoaaany cieaeaiiyi iane/aiinoi a?eo?ioeeoia aaiiaeiaiiii o ANoAN i 1/4IEoAN ia 4.5%, a o 3/8IEoAN i 1/4IIoAN ia 14.6 oa 15.8% aiaeiiaiaeii. Aiino caaaeueiiai aieea a ne?iaaooei e?iai aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaaoeue caieueooany ceiith i aaniith. O /enoiii?iaeieo aneaiienueeeo iaaoeue iaeiie/aiiy eiai aiaeaoaaeiny iaio iiiioii, a iioaineaiioa – o iiiinae, iniaeeai o 1/4IEoAN i 1/4IIoAN, o yeeo aieie caieueoeany ia 7.5-7.8%. Aeeiaiiea noia?ieo aeiaoeiiia oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue aieueo aenieei ?o aiinoii o aaniyii-eioiie ia?iiae. Ceiith o iiiinieo oaa?ei aiaei?/aeiny cieaeaiiy aeiaoeiiiai? o?aeoei? a na?aaeiueiio ia 5.5-7.0%, iniaeeai o a?oii 1/4IEoAN, a o /enoiii?iaeieo aiaeiaia oeae iieaciee aeaa iacia/ia caieueoaiiy. Aaniyiee ?ino aiinoo noia?ieo aeiaoeiiia naiae/eoue i?i aeoeaicaoeith caoenoieo nee i?aaiicio iaaoeue, ui iniaeeai iiiioii o iiiinae. Iaeneiaeueia eieueeinoue aeiaoeiiiai? o?aeoei? niinoa?iaaeanue o a?oie 1/4IEoAN aaniith. Ca aiinoii iioiiaeiaoeiiia ii naciiao ?ieo ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii?iaeii aneaiienueei aiaoei, a yeeo c?inoaiiy aiaeaoaaeinue iinooiaeueii aiae eioa aei aanie. O iiiinae aiaeii/aeany cai?ioia oaiaeaioeiy: aaniith aiino iioiiaeiaoeiiia ciaiooaaany, a a iniiiuei-ceiiaee ia?iiae c?inoaa ia 6-7%. Aaeoa?eoeeaeiee aoaeo ne?iaaoee e?iai ii naciiao ?ieo aoa iaeaieueoa ae?aaeaiee o eiio?ieueiie a?oii. Eieeaaiiy oeueiai iieacieea noaiiaeei 2-3% ia i?ioyci ?ieo. Aaniith oeae iieaciee cieaeoaaany, iniaeeai o 1/4IEoAN – ia 16.2% i 3/8IEoAN – ia 10.7%. Eicioeeiia aeoeaiinoue aoea aieueo ae?aaeaia aceieo o anio a?oi iaaoeue. Nooo?aa cieaeaiiy ?? aiaeii/aia a eioiuei-iniiiie ia?iiae. Iiiinii a?oie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny cia/iith aa?iaaaeueiinoth oeueiai iieacieea ii naciiao ?ieo. Aeayea aneio?iiiinoue o i?iyai iieacieeia aaeoa?eoeeaeii? i eicioeeiii? aeoeaiinoi ne?iaaoee e?iai iiaeooue naiae/eoe i?i aeith nai??iaeiiai iaoaiicio eiiiainaoei? iaeiiai caoeniiai iieacieea iioei o aiaeiiaiaeue ia ciiie oiia ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aca?iica'ycie i?iaeoeoeaieo iciae o iaaoeue c aaiaoieiai/ieie iieacieeaie. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue aeiaaee, ui ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enii iciaee i aaiaoieiai/ii iieacieee o iaaoeue ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaiie ei?aeyoeaiie caeaaeiinoi (oaae. 8). Oaaeeoea 8 – Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? i?ae aeeaith ianith ? iieacieeaie e?ia? o iaaoeue IieacieeA?e,Ii?iaea, ii?iaei?nouei?n.AnoAN1/4IEoAN3/8IEoAN1/4IIoANAEeaa iana – e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a1 4 180.210 -0.501 -0.2760.483 -0.930 -0.3820.251 -0.603 -0.2880.526 -0.488 -0.561AEeaa iana – ai?no aaiiaeia?io1 4 18-0.127 0.241 0.1610.452 0.441 0.1130.769 0.487 0.4530.485 0.471 0.433AEeaa iana – ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea1 4 18-0.463 -0.241 -0.923-0.156 0.233 -0.470-0.421 -0.428 -0.476-0.355 -0.481 -0.403AEeaa iana – e?euee?noue aeiaoe?i?a1 4 180.266 0.154 0.3040.581 0.632 0.4520.810 0.468 0.2880.691 0.571 0.736AEeaa iana – aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia?1 4 18-0.471 -0.255 0.2230.866 0.431 0.5850.953 0.864 0.9180.417 0.823 0.546 Oae, iiae aeeaith ianith i eieueeinoth a?eo?ioeeoia o anio yaiyo iiny/iiai aieo aoa iiceoeaiee ca'ycie. C aieii oeae ca'ycie ia?aeoia o iaaaoeaiee, i?e/iio a aieueoie ii?i o iiiinieo iaaoeue. Eiaoioei?io ei?aeyoei? iiae aeeaith ianith i iane/aiinoth a?eo?ioeeoia aaiiaeiaiiii aoa aieueo aenieei o iiiinieo oaa?ei, iiae o /enoiii?iaeieo, iniaeeai o ia?oi iinyoei iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Iiceoeaia caeaaeiinoue ??ciiai nooiaiy anoaiiaeaia iiae aeeaith ianith i aeiaoeiiaie ne?iaaoee e?iai. Ei?aeyoeieiee ca'ycie iiae aeeaith ianith i aaeoa?eoeeaeiith aeoeaiinoth ne?iaaoee aoa aenieei o iiiinieo iaaoeue (r=0.417-0.953), a eiio?ieueia a?oia aiaecia/aeanue iaaaoeaiei ca'yceii, yeee o 18 iinyoeia ia?aoiaeea o iecueeee iiceoeaiee (r=0.223). Ei?aeyoe?ei? ca'ycee i?ae iano?eaii aiaie ? aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie iieacaii a oaae. 9. Oaaeeoea 9 – Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iano?eaii aiaie ? aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie (a?e 18 i?n) Ii?iaea, ii?iaei?noueiano?ea aiaie -a?eo?i-oeeoeiano?ea aiaie -aaiiaei-a?iiano?ea aiaie- caaaeueiee a?eieiano?ea aiaie-aeiaoe?ieiano?ea aiaie-?ioiiaei-aoe?ieiano?ea aiaie- AAN e?ia?iano?ea aiaie -EA ne?iaao-ee e?ia?AnoAN0.234-0.1300.3270.7710.561-0.711-0.9621/4IEoAN0.527-0.3380.483 0.4970.921-0.224-0.4263/8IEoAN0.461-0.4570.6320.8390.400-0.500-0.4471/4I ioAN0.567-0.441-0.2550.6870.423-0.321-0.873 Caeaaeiinoue iiae iano?eaii aiaie i eieueeinoth a?eo?ioeeoia o anio iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue aeyaeyeanue iiceoeaiith, aea oiniioith o iiiinae, iiae o /enoiii?iaeieo oaa?ei, a ca'ycie iano?eao aiaie i aiinoo aaiiaeiaiio – iaaaoeaiei. Iiceoeaii aeniea caeaaeiinoue aeyaeaia iiae iano?eaii aiaie i aeiaoe?iaie, iioiiaeiaoeiiaie ne?iaaoee e?iai o anio iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oiao. Iiae iano?eaii aiaie i aaeoa?eoeeaeiith, eicioeeiiith aeoeaiinoth ne?iaaoee e?iai ei?aeyoeieia caeaaeiinoue aeyaeeanue iaaaoeaiith noiniaii anio iiaeaeineiaeieo a?oi iaaoeue. Iayaiinoue o iiiinieo oaa?ei aenieeo ei?aeyoeie iiae ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieie oa aaiaoieiai/ieie iieacieeaie naiae/eoue i?i iiaeeeainoue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a oeieani?yiiaaiie naeaeoeieiie ?iaioi. Aeiiiii/ia aoaeoeaiinoue ae?iuoaaiiy iiiinieo y?ie I?e iaeeiaeiaeo cao?aoao ia ae?iuoaaiiy iiiinii y?ee aeaee aieueoee i?eaooie aiae ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoeoei? (oaae. 10). Oaaeeoea 10 – Aoaeoeaiinoue ?icaaaeaiiy iaaoeue ?iciiai iioiaeaeaiiy IieacieeIi?iaea, ii?iaeiinoueAnoAN1/4IEoAN3/8IEoAN1/4IIoANAEeaa iana 1 aieiae, ea42.842.243.042.9Iano?ea ieoie aiaie, ea1.822.352.692.31Aa?oinoue, a?i AEeai? iane *enoi? aiaie Ani?? i?iaeoeoei? 47.08 8.19 55.27 46.42 10.57 56.93 47.30 12.10 59.40 47.19 10.39 57.58Aeo?aoe ia ae?iuoaaiiy, a?i39.4339.4339.4339.43I?eaooie, a?i15.8417.5719.9718.15?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoi, %40.844.550.646.0Aiae y?ie 3/8IEoAN a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao aoei iaea?aeaii /enoiai i?eaooeo ia 26.0% aieueoa, /ei aiae aiaeiaia aneaiienueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee. ?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoi iaeaieueoei aoa o y?ie 3/8IEoAN (50.6%), i aeaui ieae/ei o 1/4IIoAN (46.0%). AENIIAEE 1. Aiaoei aneaiienei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee o oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao Aeiii?iiao?ianueei? iaeanoi ii?yae c aenieith i?enoiniaaiinoth aei i?e?iaeii-eeiiaoe/ieo oiia noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie iathoue a?aeiinii ei?ioeo (4-6 ni) ? iaaeinoaoiuei ae?iaiyio ca oiieinoth oa aeiaaeeiith aiaio, iecueeee iano?ea /enoi? aiaie (1.2-1.5 ea) oa iaaenieee aeoiae ieoiai aieieia (38-41 %). Iiaicaeaiaenuee? ei?eaeae?, caaacai? a Oe?a?io, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeueie iieacieeaie aeeai? iane (aa?aie 80-113ea, iaoee 55-65ea). Aiie a?aecia/athony i?oeiei e?noyeii ? oi?ioeie i'ynieie oi?iaie. Iano?ea iaieoi? aiaie aei??aith? c aa?ai?a 7-12ea, iaoie – 5.5-6ea, c aeoiaeii ieoiai aieieia – 60-65%; ?oii ooaiaeueii? aoaeiae, aiaia na?aaeiuei? oiieino? (56-58 yeino?). 2. A ?acoeueoaoi aaiaeiiai no?auoaaiiy aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo iaoie c aa?aiaie ?icii? e?iaiinoi ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai i iaie/nueeei oeiii noaa?iiieuenueei? ii?iaee iaea?aeaii aaiioeie c ?iciith aeieath e?iaiinoi, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao. I?iaaaeaieie aeineiaeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui iiiinii oaa?eie iathoue ia?aaaae iaae aneaiienueeeie oiiei?oiieie aiaoeyie o i'yniie i aiaiiaie i?iaeoeoeaiinoi, aea iinooiathoueny o aeayeeo iieacieeao i?e?iaeii? no?eeino? i?aai?cio. Iiiiniee iieiaeiye o ii??aiaii? c /enoiii?iaeiei ia?iaeaeoaaany c aieueoith aeeaith ianith ia 0.9-4%. Iniaeeai aiaecia/aeenue aa?aioei-iaeeioei 3/8IEoAN, yei ia?aaaaeaee aiaeia?a ia 8.2% (?<0.001). I?ioyaii iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco iiaeaeineiaeii aiaoei iaee ?iciee i?e?ino iane oiea. Oae, iaeaieueo iioaineaii aaaiaee ?ino y?i/ie i aa?ai/eeia niinoa??aaany aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei aiaeeo/aiiy (4 iinyoei). Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e?ino aeeai? iane i?e oeueiio noaiiaea 150-152 a. O iiaeaeueoiio oaii ?inoo niiaieueithaaany i ca 10 iinyoeia aiaeiiniee i?e?ino aeinyaaa 53.2-53.8%. Ca eiaoioei?ioii ?inoo o a?oe? 4-4.5 i 13-14 iinyoeia nooo?ai? ?icieoei iiae aeineiaeieie a?oiaie ia aeyaeaii. 3. Iiiinii a?oie y?ie ia?aaaaeaee nai?o aneaiienueeeo ?iaanieoeue ca iano?eaii aiaie o iaieoiio i ieoiio aieieii: 1/4IEoAN ia 15.6 i 28.4%; 3/8IEoAN – 25.1 i 46.9%; 1/4IIoAN – 17.6 i 26.2% (?<0.001). Iiiinii oaa?eie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue a?eueo aenieeie iieacieeaie aeoiaeo ieoiai aieieia, iniaeeai 3/8IEoAN – 51%. Iiiinii y?ee ia?aaaaeaee aneaiienueeeo oiiei?oiieo ca aeiaaeeiith aiaie. 3/8IEoAN iaee aiaio iiiaae 10 ni, 1/4-e?iaii ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai i iaie/nueeei oeiii – 9 ni, oiaei ye y?ee ANoAN anueiai 7.5 ni. O iiiinieo y?ie niinoa??aaeinue iioiauaiiy aieieii. Oea iniaeeai iiiioii o 3/8IEoAN, aea 31.3% oaa?ei iaee aiaio 58 oa 56 yeinoi, 58.2% – 60, 10.5% – 64 yeinoi. Na?aae aneaiienueeeo iaeiieioie 65.2% aeyaeeeny c oiieinoth aiaie 64 yeinoi, a y?ee 1/4IEoAN i 1/4IIoAN caeiaee i?iiiaeia iinoea. Ca iioeiinoth aiaie ani iiiinii a?oie y?ie ia?aaaaeaee eiio?ieueio ia 12-14% (?<0.001). Iaeaieueoith aonoioith aiaie aiaecia/aeenue aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii y?ee (5184.0223.0 ia 1ni2). 4. Ca eieueeinoth a?eo?ioeeoia i aiinoii aaiiaeiaiio /enoiii?iaeii aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii aiaoei ia?aaaaeaee iiiinae, oiaei ye ca eieueeinoth eaeeioeeoia ia?aaaaa aoea ia aioei iiiinieo a?oi. Aiaeii/aii c?inoaiiy c aieii eaeeioeeoia o anio aeineiaeaeoaaieo oaa?ei. O eaeeioeeoa?iiio i?ioiei aoei aeyaeaii caieueoaiiy /enaeueiinoi thieo i iaee/eiyaea?ieo oi?i iaeo?ioieia o ia?oi iinyoei iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco, eiioioeeoia i naaiaioiyaea?ieo – o noa?oiio aioei, ui aiaeiiaiaea? caaaeueiei aiieiai/iei caeiiiii?iinoyi iioiaaiaco aiei? e?iai. O niiaaiaeiioaiii ?icieo a?oi eeioei aiei? e?iai i?ae a?oiaie nooo?aeo aiaeiiiiinoae ia aeyaeaii. 5. Aiino caaaeueiiai aieea iineiaeiaii caieueooaaany o anio a?oi oaa?ei aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 1.5-?i/iiai aieo. I?e oeueiio eiai ?iaaiue aoa iii?oii aeuei o anio a?oi iiiinae, iniaeeai – 1/4IEoAN. Ca eieueeinoth aeueaoiiiiai? o?aeoei? ne?iaaoee e?iai aeaui ia?aaaaeaee aiaoei eiio?ieueii? a?oie i?e caaaeueiiio cieaeaiii ?? aiae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 1.5-?i/iiai aieo. Ca noia?iei niiaaiaeiioaiiyi aeiaoeiiia ia?aaaaa aoea ia aioei iiiinae, na?aae yeeo aeaeieyeanue a?oia 1/4IEoAN. Aeiaoeiiiai o?aeoei? (, , ) o ne?iaaooei e?iai iiaeaeineiaeieo iaaoeue ci?ithaaeenue caeaaeii aiae aieo, ?o iacia/ia ia?aaaaa aoea ia aioei aeineiaeieo a?oi oaa?ei: ii - i -aeiaoeiiao – o 1/4IIoAN, a ii -aeiaoeiiao – o 1/4IEoAN. Ca aiinoii eaeueoeith, iai?aaii/iiai oinoi?o i eoaeiiai ?aca?ao ne?iaaoee e?iai nooo?ai? ?icieoei i?ae a?oiaie ia aeyaeaii. Eeoa ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie a?aei?/aii aeayea eieeaaiiy aiinoo eaeueoeith i oinoi?o, yea, eiiai?ii, iia'ycaia c naciiieie oiiaaie. 6. Ca ?ioiieiai/ieie iieacieeaie e?iai /enoiii?iaei? aneaiienuee? oiiei?oii? a?aoe? ia?aaaaeaee iiiinae. Ca aiinoii iioiieo aieeia aei eiio?ieueieo iaaoeue iaaeeaeaeanue a?oia 3/8IEoAN. Aaeoa?eoeeaeia i eicioeeiia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee e?iai oaa?ei caciaaaea a?eueoeo eieeaaiue ii ia?iiaeao ?inoo, oi/a iiaea?oiiai? ?icieoei i?e oeueiio ia aeyaeaii. ?iaaiue aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai aoaeoo aeeae/ei aei eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoa o 1/4-e?iaieo iaaoeue ca ei?eaeaeai, a eicioeeiiiai – o 1/4-e?iaieo ca iaie/nueeei oeiii. 7. ?iaaiue i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi iiaeaeineiaeieo oaa?ei ciiithaaany caeaaeii aiae ii?e ?ieo. O /enoiii?iaeieo iaaoeue eieueeinoue a?eo?ioeeoia, eaeeioeeoia, aiino caaaeueiiai aieea, iioiieo aieeia, aaeoa?eoeeaeia oa eicioeeiia aeoeaiinoue ne?iaaoee e?iai aeaui c?inoaee a iniiiuei-ceiiaee ia?iiae, oiaei ye aiino aaiiaeiaiio i noia?ii? eieueeinoi aeiaoeiiia iaa oaiaeaioeith aei cieaeaiiy. Aiaeiai/ia caeaaeiinoue aiaeii/aeanue o iiiinae, ca aeiyoeii iioiieo aieeia, eieueeinoue yeeo o oeae ia?iiae o 3/8IEoAN i 1/4 IIoAN caieueooaaeanue. 8. Aenieee iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoeaiee ca'ycie aoaiiaeaiee iiae aeeaith ianith i aeiaoeiiaie ne?iaaoee e?ia?, a oaeiae iiae iano?eaii aiaie i eieueeinoth a?eo?ioeeoia, noia?ieo aeiaoeiiia. Aieueo oiniei oeae ca'ycie aoa o iiiinieo a?oi iaaoeue, iniaeeai o 3/8IEoAN. 9. I?e iaeiaeiaeo cao?aoao ia ae?iuoaaiiy iiiinii y?ee 3/8IEoAN aeaee i?eaooie ia 26% aieueoee, iiae /enoiii?iaeii aneaiienueei oiiei?oiii a?aoe?. Oiio aeey iie?ioaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae aneai?enueeeo oiiei?oiieo iaaoeue a oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano? aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe no?auoaaiiy c aa?aiaie ??cii? e?iaiino? ca iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai. 10. Aeey a?eueo iioeiaeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae c iieacieeaie no?eeino? i?aai?cio aei i?noeaaeo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia noaio Oe?a?ie aeioe?eueia iaea?aeaiiy oaeeo iii?nae: – 3/8IEoAN – aeey oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noa c iie?auaiei aaaeaiiyi aia/a?noaa i noaeith ei?iiaith aacith; – 1/4IEoAN – aeey oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noa i?e cae/aei?e oaoiieiai? aaaeaiiy aia/a?noaa. Uia iaea?aeaoe iiiinae caaaeaii? e?iaiinoi iaiaoiaeii aeei?enooaaoe o aiaeoai?aiii iiiinieo aa?aiia 1/2IEoAN i 3/4IEoAN. No?auoaaiiy iai?ae?iaieo aa?ai?a iaie/nueeiai oeio c aneaiienueeeie oiiei?oiieie iaoeaie ia aea? nooo?ai? ia?aaaae o iie?ioaii? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ? iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi, ? oiio aeei?enoaiiy ?o o oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao ia ? aeioe?eueiei. NIENIE ?IAIO, IIOAEIEIAAIEO II OAII AeENA?OIOeI? 1. Othieia I.I. Iaeioi?ua iieacaoaee anoanoaaiiie ?acenoaioiinoe i?aaiecia yaiyo ?aciie noaiaie e?iaiinoe ii iiaicaeaiaeneiio ei??eaeaeth a oneiaeyo thai-ainoiea Oe?aeiu // Naeaeoeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo ia onoie/eainoue e aieaciyi, iiauoaiea ?acenoaioiinoe e i?iaeoeoeaiiai aeieaieaoey. I., 1992. Aui. 9. N. 36-37. 2. Othiiia I.I. Ii?iaithaaeueia ioeiiea i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi i?aaiicio yaiyo ?icieo nooiaiia e?iaiinoi aneaiienueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee c iiaicaeaiaenueeei ei?eaeaeai // Oace aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo i niaoe?aeinoia Oe?a?ie 29 aeiaoiy 1992 ?. – Oa?eia, 1992. – N.37-38. 3. Iianaiei A.I., Othieia I.I. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea eniieueciaaiey iiianiuo aa?aiia ?aciiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey ia oiiei?oiiuo iaoeao // Oac. Aeieeaaeia e OO eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo "Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iaania/aiey AIE". Oa?nii, 1993. – N. 56. 4. Othiiia I.I. Iniaeeainoi i?e?iaeiiai caoenoo iaaoeue ?i/iiai aieo caeaaeii aiae nooiaiy e?iaiinoi ii iiaicaeaiaenueeiio ei?eaeaeth // Oace aeiiiaiaeae ?anioaeieainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei? 19-21 eaioiy 1994 ?. – Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1994. – N.7. 5. Iianaiei I.I., Othiiia I.I. Aoaeoeaiinoue aeei?enoaiiy aa?aiia ?icieo aaiioeiia ia oiiei?oiieo iaoeao // Aia/a?noai. – E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea, – 1995. –. Aei. 28. – N.56-59. 6. Othieia I.I. Iniaaiiinoe aaeaioaoeee iiianae ?aciie e?iaiinoe ii iiaicaeaiaeneiio ei??eaeaeth a caaeneniinoe io naciia aiaea // Aaoa?eia?ii oa ciioaoii/ii i?iaeaie o I?eaeiii?ianueeiio ?aaiiii / AeAeAO. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, – 1996. – N. 82. 7. Othiiia I.I. Aeei?enoaiiy iiiinieo aa?aiia ia oiiei?oiieo aiaoeaiaoeao. // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. – Ee?a, 1998. – ?6. – N. 11. 8. Othiiia I.I. Nei?inoeaei aiaoei i ?aioaaaeueiinoue aaeoci. // Aa?i-Naio Oe?a?ie. – Ee?a, 1998. – ?7-8. – N.22-23. 9. Othiiia I.I. Iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiinoi iiiinieo iaaoeue. // Ainiee Aa?a?ii? iaoee. – Ee?a, 1998. – ?10. – N.75-76. 10. Othi?ia I.I. Nii?yaeaiiinoue aaiaoieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae n i?iaeoeoeaiuie ea/anoaaie o iiianiuo iaaoe. // A?niee Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Ee?a, 1998. – ?1-2. – N.106-108. 11. Uoaaaa A.O., Ieeeothe A.A., Iioee A.E., Naaa?ia A.A., ?iaeeia A.A., Othieia I.I. I?iaeoeoeaiua iieacaoaee oe?aeineeo nei?iniaeuo iyni-oa?noiuo iaaoe a oeia ei??eaeaeue. // A?niee Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Ee?a, 1998. – ?1-2. – N.101-105. Othi?ia I.I. I?iaeoeoeai?noue oa i?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue iii?nieo iaaoeue ??cii? e?iaiino? ii iiaicaeaiaenueeiio ei?eaeaeth oa iaie/nueeiio oeio. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01 – ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999. I?iaiaeeeinue ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ? i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? iii?nieo iaaoeue, iaea?aeaieo a?ae ??cieo aa??aio?a no?auoaaiiy aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee, iiaicaeaiaenueeiai ei?eaeaey oa iaie/nueeiai oeio noaa?iiieuenueei? ii?iaee. A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui iii?ni? a?aoe? a?aecia/athoueny aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? i?e ?nioth/iio iioaioe?ae? caoenii-i?enoiniaieoeueeeo yeinoae iiaeooue oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaoueny o oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noaao noaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iii?n?, aiaiiaa i?iaeoeoeai?noue, oaoiieia?/i? iciaee aiaie, a?eo?ioeeoe, eaeeioeeoe, aaiiaeia?i, caaaeueiee a?eie, aaeoa?eoeeaeia ? e?cioeeiia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia?, ei??aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie. Othieia I.I. I?iaeoeoeaiinoue e anoanoaaiiay ?acenoaioiinoue iiianiuo iaaoe ii iiaicaeaiaeneiio ei??eaeaeth e iaiu/neiio oeio. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 – ?acaaaeaiea e naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999. I?iaaaeaii n?aaieoaeueiia eco/aiea i?iaeoeoeaiuo ea/anoa e anoanoaaiiie ?acenoaioiinoe iiianiuo iaaoe, iieo/aiiuo io ne?aueaaiey aa?aiia 1/2 – e 3/4-e?iaiuo ii iiaicaeaiaeneiio ei?eaeaeth e iieoe?iaiuo ii iaiu/neiio oeio noaa?iiieueneie ii?iaeu n iaoeaie aneaieeneie oiiei?oiiie ii?iaeu. A ?acoeueoaoa iieo/aiu iiiane: 1/4IEoAN, 3/8IEoAN, 1/4IIoAN. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiianiue iieiaeiye ?iaeaeaeny aieaa e?oiiui, oi?ioi ?acaeoui, i?aainoiaeyuei ii aeeaie ianna aneaieeneeo oiiei?oiiuo naa?noieeia. Iiianiua yaiyoa a iinoyia?eiiaeueiue ia?eiae ioee/aeenue aieueoae eioaineaiinoueth ?inoa. O iiianiuo y?ie i?iecioae naeaea oiieiu oa?noe a noi?iio aa ooieuaiey, iniaaiii o 3/8IEoAN, 31.3% eioi?uo eiaee oa?noue 58 e 56 ea/anoaa. ss?ee 1/4-e?iaiua IEoAN e IIoAN ii aonoioa e aeeeia oa?noe caieiaee i?iiaaeooi/iia iieiaeaiea, ianeieueei onooiay ii yoei ea/anoaai 3/8-e?iaiui naa?noieeai. *enoiii?iaeiua y?ee eiaee ia yoii oiia aieaa ei?ioeoth e oiieoth oa?noue, oioy e aieaa aonooth. Ii eiee/anoao y?eo?ioeeoia e niaea?aeaieth aaiiaeiaeia iiiane eae i?e ?iaeaeaiee, oae e a iineaaeothuea aic?anoiua ia?eiaeu ianeieueei onooiaee /enoiii?iaeiui naa?noieeai. Ii /eneaiiinoe eaeeioeeoia iiiane anao e?iaiinoae, iaiai?io, i?aainoiaeeee iaaoe ec eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Iniaaiii yoi auei caiaoii o iiianae 1/4- e 3/8-e?iaiuo ii iiaicaeaiaeneiio ei??eaeaeth. Niaea?aeaiea iauaai aaeea oaeaea aeinoiaa?ii (?<0.05) auei auoa o iiianiuo iaaoe eae i?e ?iaeaeaiee, oae e a iineaaeothuee ia?eiaeu iinoiaoaeueiiai ?acaeoey. A ia?aua ianyoeu aeecie a nuai?ioea e?iae enneaaeoaiuo iaaoe ioia/aeinue iiauoaiiia niaea?aeaiea eiee/anoaa aeueaoieiia, i?e n?aaieoaeueii iaaunieii o?iaia aeiaoeeiiaie o?aeoeee, eioi?ay auea iiaeaa?aeaia cia/eoaeueiui eieaaaieyi. Aeinoiaa?iua iiauoaiey niaea?aeaiey aeiaoeeiia ia yoii oiia ioia/aeinue o iiianae, iniaaiii o 1/4IEoAN. Ii niaea?aeaieth a nuai?ioea e?iae eaeueoeey e iai?aaie/aneiai oinoi?a nouanoaaiiuo ?acee/ee iaaeaeo a?oiiaie ia onoaiiaeaii. Uaei/iie ?aca?a e?iae enneaaeoaiuo iaaoe i?aeiouanoaaiii eieaaaeny neio?iiii aic?anoo e naciio aiaea, /oi oeacuaaao ia aieaa oanioth naycue yoiai iieacaoaey n aeeyieai aiaoieo oneiaee. Nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a eaeeia?aiia iaaeaeo iiaeiiuoiuie a?oiiaie aeeaioiuo ia auyaeaii. Iaaethaeaeanue eeoue iauaaeieiae/aneay aic?anoiay caeiiiia?iinoue, eiaaea a ?aiiea ia?eiaeu ?acaeoey ioia/aeinue aieueoaa eiee/anoai thiuo e iaei/eiyaea?iuo, a a iicaeiea – naaiaioiyaea?iuo oi?i iaeo?ioeeia. Ii eiee/anoao eiioiiuo aaeeia enneaaeoaiua a?oiiu iaaoe iaaeaeo niaie nouanoaaiii ia ?acee/aeenue, iaeiaei oaiaeaioeey e iiauoaieth eo auea au?aaeaia o aiaeiaia eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Aaeoa?eoeeaeiay aeoeaiinoue nuai?ioee e?iae, eae iaeei ec eioaa?aeueiuo iieacaoaeae aoii?aeueiiai eiioieoaoa i?iyaeyeinue o iaaoe iaiaeiicia/ii. Aieaa aunieei e ioiineoaeueii noaaeeueiui yoio yooaeo ia i?ioyaeaiee iinoiaoaeueiiai ?acaeoey aue o /enoiii?iaeiuo aneaieeneeo iaaoe. Eece?othuaa aeaenoaea nuai?ioee e?iae ia anao yoaiao ?inoa oaeaea aieaa iaaeyaeii i?iyaeyeinue o /enoiii?iaeiuo aneaieeneeo oiiei?oiiuo iaaoe. N?aaee iiianiuo a?oii nouanoaaiiuo ?acee/ee ii yoiio iieacaoaeth ia auyaeaii. Noaey ii iieacaoaeyi e?iae enneaaeoaiua iaoeu a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a ?aaae?iaaee e ia naciiu aiaea. Oae, niaea?aeaiea y?eo?ioeeoia e eaeeioeeoia o anao enneaaeoaiuo aeeaioiuo oaaee/eaaeinue io eaoa e ceia, oioy ianuuaiiinoue y?eo?ioeeoia aaiiaeiaeiii ianeieueei nieaeaeanue. Iaeiieaiea iauaai aaeea io eaoiaai ia?eiaea e inaie aieaa eioaineaii i?ienoiaeeei o iiianiuo iaaoe, iniaaiii o a?oiiu 1/4IEoAN. Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai eiioiiaeiaoeeiia iaaethaeaeinue o /enoiii?iaeiuo iaaoe a aanaiiee, a o iiianae – a eaoia-inaiiee ia?eiaeu aiaea. Aaeoa?eoeeaeiue yooaeo nuai?ioee e?iae aue aieaa au?aaeaiiui o /enoiii?iaeiuo iaaoe eaoii, a o iiianae ii aeoeaiaa i?iyaeyeny a ceiieo oneiaeyo. Eecioeeiiay aeoeaiinoue o anao aeeaioiuo auea caiaoiaa ceiie e nouanoaaiii iiieaeaeanue a eaoia-inaiiea ia?eiaeu (?<0.01). I?e eco/aiee ei??aeyoeeiiiuo naycae iaaeaeo i?iaeoeoeaiuie ea/anoaaie e iieacaoaeyie e?iae nouanoaaiiay i?yiieeiaeiay naycue auyaeaia iaaeaeo aeeaie iannie e aaiiaeiaeiii, noiia?iui eiee/anoaii aeiaoeeiia o anao enneaaeoaiuo a?oii iaaoe. Iano?ea oa?noe a n?aaeiae noaiaie iieiaeeoaeueii ei??aee?iaae n eiee/anoaii y?eo?ioeeoia, iauei aaeeii e eiioiiaeiaoeeiaie. Oaeei ia?acii, ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iieacuaatho, /oi iiianiua iaoeu iaeaaeatho ?yaeii i?aeiouanoa ia?aae /enoiii?iaeiuie aneaieeneeie aiaeiaaie ii aeeaie ianna, iano?eao, aeeeia e oiieia oa?noe. I?e eiathuainy iioaioeeaea caueoii-i?eniiniaeoaeueiuo naienoa iie iiaoo oniaoii aaeaioe?iaaoueny e i?e?iaeii-eeeiaoe/aneei oneiaeyi oiaa?iuo oicyenoa noaiiie ciiu Oe?aeiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiiane, oa?noiay i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, oaoiieiae/aneea i?eciaee oa?noe, y?eo?ioeeou, eaeeioeeou, aaiiaeiaei, iauee aaeie, aaeoa?eoeeaeiay e eecioeeiiay aeoeaiinoue nuai?ioee e?iae, ei??aeyoeeiiiay naycue. Tyupina N.P. The productivity and natural resistance of cross-bred of Corriedale and Manytch types. – Manuscript. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of agricultural sciences on a speciality 06.02.01. – cultivation's and selection animals. – Kherson state agrarian university, Kherson, 1999. The comparative method of inquiry has been used for the determination of productivity and natural resistance of cross-bred sheep obtained from different kinds of breeding of fine-fleece sheep, Corriedale and Manytch ones. It has been ascertained that cross-bred sheep possess high productivity and defensive-adaptive qualities and that is why they can be used with success on farms of steppe zone in Ukraine. Key words: cross-breeding, crossbreeds, wool productivity, wool technological signs, erythrocytes, leukocytes, hemoglobin, simple protein, bactericide and lisocyme action of blood serum, correlation connection.

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