NOINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

A?AOOOEA NA?A?E IEEIEAEIAE*

. OAeE621.315.

I?IOeANE IA?AI?OOAAIIss OA IANIIA?AIINO A NENOAIAO Oa/Fe OA Mo/Fe
I?Ae Ae??TH IECUeEIAIA?AAOE*IIAI AENIEINO?OIIIAI AEAEO?IIIIAI IO*EA.

01.04.07.— o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Noie — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio ?inoeooo? iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi? oa
Oe?a?inueeee aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae (i. Noie) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iia?aaiye
Ieaenaiae? Aeieo?iae/, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Ia?oee iiiiaio — aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iai/aoa
Iao?i Ieaen?eiae/, , Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?ce/iiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa aeey aeaeo?ii?ee oa
aae?ioaoi?ee

Ae?oaee iiiiaio — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Oth??i TH??e Ieeieaeiae/, , ?inoeooo aeaeo?icaa?thaaiiy ?i.?.I.Iaoiia
IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th ?iiii-ieaciiaeo iie?eoue

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 55.051.02 i?e Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? (244007, Noie, aoe. ?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa, 2, ei?ion AO,
aoae. 216).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i. Noie, aoe. ?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 20 na?iiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ai?enaiei I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

O iei?oi?e /an o aaeoc? o?ceee aenieeo u?eueiinoae aia?a?? ?ic?iaeai?
iia? caniae iiaeeo?eaoe?? iaoaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a, ui aeicaieythoue
oi?ioaaoe iiaa?oiaa? oa?e c iiaeie no?oeoo?ieie aeanoeainoyie. Aeey
oeueiai aeei?enoiaothoue eiioeaio?iaai? iioiee aia?a?? (EIA). Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue eaca?i?, aeaeo?iii?, ?iii? io/ee, a oaeiae iioiee ieacie.

Iaaeaenie? oaeaeeino? iaa??aaiiy oa ioieiaeaeaiiy a ii?aeiaii? c
aenieeie oeneaie aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe iaoanoaa?euei? noaie ?a/iaeie,
o oiio /ene? e aii?oi?, aeanoeaino? yeeo iiaeooue nooo?ai a?ae??ciyoeny
a?ae aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo o ??aiiaaaeiiio noai?, ui aea? ciiao
noai?thaaoe oeyoii iiaa?oiaaiai eaaoaaiiy iiaa?oiaa? oa?e c iiaeie
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

I?e ?icaeyae? ae?? EIA ia ?a/iaeio iaenooo?a?oeie /eiieeaie ? oei
/anoeiie, ui aca?iiae?thoue c ?a/iaeiith, /anoea aianaii? aia?a??, oa
/an aca?iiae?? iioieo aia?a?? c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai o?ea. C oe??? oi/ee
ci?o iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ? aeaea?aea
iecueeiaia?aaoe/ieo (aei 50 eaA) aenieino?oiiieo aeaeo?iiieo io/e?a
(IAAI) c iii??iith u?euei?noth iiooaeiino? (105-108 Ao/ni2) oa
aeiaaeeiith ?iioeueno 10-7 — 10-4 n, ui iathoue oe?eee ?yae ia?aaaa
ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aeaea?aeaie aia?a??.

Ca iayaiino? ia iiaa?oi? ia?iaethaaiiai ae?iao oiieeo ie?aie c ?ioiai
iaoa??aeo oa ei?ioei/anii? ae?? oaiia?aoo?, ie??i yaeu
caaa?oiaoaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, iiaeooue niinoa??aaoeny yaeua eaaoaaiiy
i?aeeeaaeee (iniiae), ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaiaio?a ie?aee ? i?aeeeaaeee c
ooai?aiiyi noaa?eueieo oa iaoanoaa?eueieo nieaa?a ? niieoe. Iaaeaenie?
oaeaeeino? iaa??ao oa ioieiaeaeaiiy a ii?aeiaii? c aenieei oeneii
aeicaieythoue iaea?aeoaaoe aii?oi? oa?e, aeanoeaino? yeeo iiaeooue
?noioii a?ae??ciyoeny a?ae aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo o ??aiiaaaeiiio noai?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?e aca?iiae?? iiooaeieo ?iiieo io/e?a (I?I) oa
aenieino?oiieo aeaeo?iiieo io/e?a (AAI) c iiaa?oiath aecia/aeueieie
/eiieeaie, ye? aieeaathoue ia no?oeoo?i? oa oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao, ?: u?euei?noue aianaii? aia?a??;
o?eaae?noue ?iioeueno; iaa??aaiiy ? ieaaeaiiy; aaeyoe?y; aeia?iaoaaiiy;
oa?iiiaoai?/i? iai?oae, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ??ciiiai?oieo
no?oeoo?ii-oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, oa?iiaeeooc??, ianiia?aianaiiy o
??aee?e oa oaa?ae?e oacao, iaaeoaeaeeiai caaa?oiaoaaiiy.

Iaeiae, o?ce/ia noi?iia aaaaoueio i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?e
aca?iiae?? EIA c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai o?ea, aei e?ioey ia ?ice?eoa. Oea
iia’ycaii, aieiaiei /eiii, c a?aenooi?noth nenoaiaoe/ieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaciaiai neeaaeo oa i?e?ino?oeoo?e
ii?ii?iaieo c?ace?a oa iaaeinoaoiuei iiaiei oai?aoe/iei aiae?cii
i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?e aca?iiae?? IAAI c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai
o?ea.

Oiio iaoith ?iaioe aoei iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy aca?iiae?? eiioeaio?iaaieo
iioie?a aia?a?? c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai o?ea, ui yaey? niaith nenoaio
“oiiea ooaiieaaea ie?aea — cae?cia iniiaa”, aeeiai?ee oaieiaeo iie?a, a
oaeiae no?oeoo?ieo oa oaciaeo i?ioean?a, iaoiiaeaieo oaeith
aca?iiae??th.

O ?iaio? aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeaii i?ioeane ia?ai?ooaaiiy o nenoaiao
Oa/Fe oa Ii/Fe i?ae ae??th IAAI oa eiai aieea ia iiaeeo?eiaai?
aeanoeaino? iacaaieo nenoai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
o Noinueeiio ?inoeooo? iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi?, a oaeiae ia eaoaae??
?ioi?iaoecaoe?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae (i. Noie). Aiia ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith i?iaeoo AeEIO Oe?a?ie
“?aaeoaa” 75.4/73-93 oa 06.05.04/007 K- 95.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iiaeaeueoa
aea/aiiy aca?iiae?? eiioeaio?iaaieo iioie?a aia?a?? c iiaa?oiath
oaa?aeiai o?ea, i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?e oae?e aca?iiae??, a
oaeiae iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iiaeo iaoiae?a io?eiaiiy iie?eoo?a c
iaia?aae caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie c iaoith ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.
A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ?ica’ycoaaeeny ianooii?
caaea/?:

niaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a iani- ? oaieiia?aiinaiiy a
nooe?eueiiio na?aaeiaeu? c ianooiiei /enaeueiei ?ica’ycaiiyi io?eiaiiai
??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino? ca aeiiiiiaith AII (iaoiae n?oie);

neiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo ?
aoiiii-o?ce/ieo cania?a aiae?co aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo oa
no?oeoo?ii-oaciaeo ci?i nenoai Oa/Fe oa Ii/Fe;

niie?ioaiiy neoaeaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a nenoai Ta/Fe ?
Mo/Fe ca ?aooiie i?ioean?a ia?ai?ooaaiiy o ??aee?e ? oaa?ae?e oacao i?ae
aieeaii IAAI;

naecia/aiiy eiie?aoieo ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy aeey iacaaieo nenoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— aia?oa io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiaeo
i?ioean?a o nenoaiao “ooaiieaaea ie?aea — cae?cia iao?eoey” aiane?aeie
ae?? IAAI ia i?eeeaae? nenoai Ta/Fe, Mo/Fe oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy ??aiyiiy
oaieii?ia?aeiino?;

— ia/eneai? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ? oiaueie ?icieaaeaiiai
oa?o caeaaeii a?ae iioieo aia?a?? IAAI aeey nenoaie Mo/Fe;

— ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo oa aoiiii-o?ce/ieo cania?a
aiae?co aia?oa i?iaaaeaii nenoaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa io?eiaii
aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe caeiiii??i?noue
oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a i?e ia?ai?ooaaii? c aeei?enoaiiyi IAAI o
nenoaiao, ui iathoue ??ci? oaieio?ce/i? oa oa?iiaeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino?
(Ta/Fe, Mo/Fe).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe
iieyaa? a oiio, ui io?eiai? eiie?aoi? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, a naia: i?e
aeei?enoaii? nenoai ia iniia? Ta/Fe oa Mo/Fe aiane?aeie ae?? IAAI ca
?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaiaio?a o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? iiaeooue aooe
io?eiai? iiaeeo?eiaai? iiaa?oiaa? oa?e c i?aeaeuaiith i?e?ioaa?ae?noth,
ca?eueoaiith ei?ic?eiith no?ee?noth iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o o eeneeo
na?aaeiaeuao, i?aeaeuaiei iii?ii e?eoeiio ciino oa no?ee?noth aei
ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iiaeeo?eiaaiee i?eiiaa?oiaaee oa? nenoaie Oa/Fe i?ney
ii?ii?iaiiy IAAI neeaaea?oueny c oiiei? ieneaeii? ie?aee, aii?oii? oace
Ta-Fe, ?ioa?iaoae?ae?a Fe2Oa ? FeTa oa i?aeoa?o, noi?iiaaiiai Fe2Oa oa
oaa?aeei ?ic/eiii cai?uaiiy Fe(Ta), a oaeiae ianooiieo ca iei ca?ai c
a-Fe c i?aeaeuaiith aei 6.5 o 10-9 ni-2 u?euei?noth aeeneieaoe?e,
?icoaoiaaieo oaioe/ii.

Aeyaeaii ooai?aiiy ci?oeiaiiai oa?o oiaueiith 10-15 iei, ui ia? ia
iiaa?oi? i?aeaeuaia cia/aiiy i?e?ioaa?aeino?, ca?eueoaio ei?ic?eio
no?ee?noue ? i?aeaeuaiee ii?? e?eoeiio ?oeioaaiith.

Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e ii?ii?iaiiy IAAI: (2.5-3.3) Aeae/ni2,
i?e yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny ia?ai?ooaaiiy a ??aee?e oa oaa?ae?e oacao, a
eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc?? iathoue cia/aiiy 3o10-10 i2/n ? (1-5) o10-9 i2/n.

Io?eiai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aeai?o
?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy IAAI i?e oe?eani?yiiaai?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? neoaeaiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee oe?ieiai eiea eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? nenoai
“ooaiieaaea ie?aea — cae?cia iao?eoey”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a
oiio, ui a?i i?ia?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa /enaeueiee ?ic?aooiie ia IAII
oaiia?aoo?ieo i?io?e?a o i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? oiaueiith aei 15 iei o
nenoaiao Ta/Fe oa Mo/Fe, ye? iathoue aoaeiao “oiiea ie?aea — oianoa
iniiaa c cae?ca”, eiiieaeni? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia:
ia/eneaiiy eiao?oe??io?a aeeooc??, oaeaeeinoae ?ooo iaae?
?icieaa-oaa?aea o?ei [1, 3], aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?ic?eii? no?eeino?,
iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae (oaeeo, ye i?e?ioaa?ae?noue, no?ee?noue aei
e?eoeiai ceaio, no?ee?noue aei iaoai?/iiai ciiooaaiiy) ia?iaeaieo
c?ace?a [2, 3, 7]. O ?iaioao [2, 4, 6,7] aiooaaa c?acee, cae?enithaaa ?o
a?aeiia?aeio ia?iaeo; a?aa o/anoue o aeine?aeaeaii? c?ace?a oa
iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo oa aoiiii-o?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeaieo iie?eoue [2, 4-9].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue aena?oethaaeenue o aeiiia?aeyo oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 3-e Ana?in?enuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaeeo?eaoe?y
aeanoeainoae eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a io/eaie ca?yaeaeaieo /anoie”
(Oiinuee, ?in?y, 1994 ??e), Ia?oiio i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Beam”s
Technologies” (Aeoaia, 1995 ??e), 6-e I?aeia?iaei?e ELT’97 (Varna,
Bulgaria, 1997 ??e), V I?aeiaoe?iiaeuei?e ia?aae? “?aae?aoe?eia o?ceea
oaa?aeiai o?ea” (Naaanoiiieue, 1995 ??e), II I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
A?OO-97 (I?inuee, 1997 ??e).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 6 noaooyo ?
oacao o?ueio aeiiia?aeae caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,5 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa.
Nienie iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e iaaaaeaiee a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, ci?noo ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? 128 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? 33
?enoiee, 1 oaaeeoey. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 105
iaeiaioaaiue.

#INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeaie, ui ae??oo?oueny, a oaeiae noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy
i?oaeii-ieanoe/ieo oaeeue o iaoaeaaeo iaoa??aeao i?e aieea? iiooaeieo
io/e?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie.

Ie?aneaii no/aniee noai i?iaeai iiaeeo?eaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith io/e?a
/anoie, iiaeeeaino? ??cieo iaoiae?a, ?o iaiaaeaiiy, a oaeiae caaaeuei?
caeiiii??iino? a ooai?aii? iiaeeo?eiaaieo oa??a oa ia?niaeoeae
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

A?aeiii, ui a ?acoeueoao? aieeao IAAI o noaeyo ? nieaaao a?aeaoaathoueny
no?oeoo?i? oa oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy, ye? aecia/athoueny aeeiai?eith
oaieiaeo iie?a ? iie?a iai?oa, ui aeieeathoue a i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao
aiane?aeie iiaeeiaiiy aia?a?? io/ea, a oaeiae ii/aoeiaei noaiii
iaoa??aeo. Aaciina?aaeiuei aei iiaa?oi? i?eeyaa? ciia oaieiaiai aieeao
(COA), ui oi?io?oueny a iniiaiiio i?ae aieeaii aenieeo oaiia?aoo?.
Ci?ithth/e ia?aiao?e IAAI, iiaeia oe?iei aa??thaaoe oaieiaee ?aaeei COA.
?ioei /eiieeii, yeee aieeaa? ia i?e?ino?oeoo?o cae?ca, ? oaeey iai?oa,
yea oi?io?oueny a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? oiaueiith i?eaeecii 1 iei
(aeeaeia i?iieeiaiiy aeaeo?ii?a).

Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an aeey aea/aiiy yaey? niaith i?e?ino?oeoo?a
i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o oiaueiith i?eaeecii 1 iei, a yeiio aiaeii/an
ae?thoue aenie? oaiia?aoo?e oa cia/i? oa?iii?oaei? iai?oae.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? aeieeaaeii ?ice?eoi ieoaiiy i?i iiaeaeue, ui iieno?
e?iaoe/i? i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a iie? oaea?ii? oaee? (OO)
na?aaeiuei? ?ioaineaiino?, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo
OO.

Aeai?eoi aoa ?aae?ciaaiee i?e eiii’thoa?iiio iiaeaethaaii?. Ii/aoeiaee
?iciiae?e oeneo aecia/aany ?aaeeiaie ii?ii?iaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeaa
?iciiae?eo iiaeeiooi? aeice aia?a??. Iaeanoue oi?ioaaiiy o?iioo OO
aecia/aeany cia/aiiyie aeeaeie, ca yeeo a?aae??io oeneo iaaoaa?
iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy (oiaoi i?e x = z, ca oiiae ). Anoaiiaeaii, ui
aaee/eia ? aeeaeia ?? eieae?caoe?? z caeaaeaoue a?ae ?ioaineaiino?
ii?ii?iaiiy (o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno) ? iiaii? iiaeeiooi? aia?a?? ca
?iioeuen. Oe? ia?aiao?e aecia/athoue ii/aoeiaee oaea?ii-oaeeueiaee
i?io?eue oeneo ? eiai o?eaae?noue.

Ine?eueee iiooaei?noue aeice I0 i?iii?oe?eia ?ioaineaiino? ii?ii?iaiiy
(oiaoi u?eueiino? no?oio j), aeey ci?ie i?e?ioaa?aeino? ca aeeaeiith
aoei io?eiaii ae?ac

DHz=~ N j0,5Dz ~j0,5,
(1)

aea I — i?e?ioaa?ae?noue;

J — u?euei?noue no?oio;

Dz- aeeaeia;

C — eiinoaioa, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aeanoeainoae oa no?oeoo?e iaoa??aeo.

I?aeaeuaiiy i?e?ioaa?aeino? aecia/a?oueny aeanoeainoyie ? no?oeoo?ith
iaoa??aeo, oaea?ii-oaeeueiaei i?io?eai oa ?ioaineai?noth ii?ii?iaiiy
(u?euei?noth no?oio). Aaee/eia DHz i?iii?oe?eia j0,5, ui aeia?a
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c io?eiaiith aenia?eiaioaeueiith caeaaei?noth Hz~j0,43.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icaeyiooi oiiae i?eaiooaaiiy c?ace?a, aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaeeee,
?aaeeie ii?ii?iaiiy, iaoiaee aiae?co iiaa?oi? oa aeanoeainoae
iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o c?ace?a.

Iaoiaeeea i?eaiooaaiiy c?ace?a. Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee c?acee
cae?ca. C?acee aoee aeaioiaeai? c aeaeo?ie?oe/iiai a-cae?ca o oi?i?
oeee?iae??a ae?aiao?ii 12 ii, aenioith 2 ii aai o aeaeyae?
ia?aeaeai?iaae?a c ieiuath iniiae 12o12 ii i?e o?e aea aenio?.

Noia?iee ai?no aeii?oie noaiiaea 10-3 aaa. % (ai?no aoaeaoeth ia
ia?aaeuoaaa 10-4 aaa. %). Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny c?acee c
iaeei (20 iei) , a oaeiae e?oiiei ca?iii (i?eaeecii 1-2 ii).

Iaianaiiy ie?aie Oa ? Ii i?iaiaeeee a aaeooi? aeaeo?iiii-i?iiaiaaei
niiniaii, ?icieaaeyth/e i?oaiue c ooaiieaaeiai iaoa??aeo. Ii/aoeiaee
caeeoeiaee oene o eaia?? noaiiaea 10-3 Ia. Oiaueia ie?aee neeaaeaea 0,1
iei.

Ia?iaea c?ace?a IAAI cae?enithaaeany a aeaeo?iiiiio aeaea?ae?
“Iaaeaaeaea-2”, a yeiio aeei?enoiao?oueny aeaeo?iiia iooea c ieaciaiiei
aiiaeii, ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe a?eueoo o?eaae?noue ?iioeueno ii??aiyii
c ?ioeie onoaiiaeaie. Iniaeea?noth aeaea?aea ? oa, ui aia?a?y aeaeo?ii?a
? no?oi io/ea ci?iththoueny i?ioyaii ?iioeueno, oiaoi io/ie ia ?
iiiio?iiaoe/iei. Aeniea u?euei?noue aia?a?? oa iaea o?eaae?noue
?iioeueno io/ea aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe ia?iaeo a ?aaeeiao ieaaeaiiy ?
aeia?iaoaaiiy oiieiai (~ 1 iei) iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o.

Iaoiaee aiae?co c?ace?a

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo i?iaiaeeeiny ianooiieie iaoiaeaie:

Iaoiae ?aca?oi?ae?anueeiai iaa?iaiiai ?icn?thaaiiy (?I?), yeee aoa
?aae?ciaaiee ia onoaiiaoe? YNO-2,5 c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ii?a Ia+ c aia?a??th
2 IaA.

Iaoiae Iaea-aeaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??. Aeey aeaiaioiiai aiae?co eaaeeo
aeii?oie aoa canoiniaaiee iaoiae iaea-aeaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii?? (IAN) c
?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth ii aeeaei? 1 ii.

Iaoiae aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. Aeey aiae?co iiaa?oi? aoa aeei?enoaiee
?ano?iaee aeaeo?iiiee i?e?ineii “Comscan-4DU” c noi?uaiei i?e?iciiaeiaei
aiae?caoi?ii. I?iaiaeeany aiae?c ?aioaai?anueeeo i?iiai?a, ui
iaaeoiaeeee c iiaa?oi? c?acea.

Iaoiae aeaeo?iiii? i?ina?/oth/i? i?e?ineii??. Oaciaee aiae?c iiaa?oiaaeo
oa??a i?iaiaeeany ia i?ina?/oth/iio aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii? YI-125 c
?iai/ith iai?o aith 125 eA. Oieueaa aeey aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aiooaaeany c aeo?aeieo oa ii?ii?iaieo c?ace?a iaoiaeii
o?i?/iiai, aeaeo?io?i?/iiai oa ?iiiiai noii/aiiy. Aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c
iiaa?oi? oa i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, ?icoaoiaaiiai ia aeeaeiao 100, 300 ?
500 ii a?ae iiaa?oi?.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue i?e ?iii?e
?iieaioaoe?? aoa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae iannaaoa??anueei? niaeo?ineii?? c
?a?no?aoe??th eiiaa?n?eieo aeaeo?ii?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?ioaa?aeino?
iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o aoei i?iaaaeaii ia i?e?ioaa?aeii??? “Micromet” c
iaeeie iaaaioaaeaiiyie (0.1 — 5 a). O oaeiio i?e?ioaa?aeii???
?aae?ciaaii aaoiiaoe/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ?iaeaioi?a (i??ai?aea A?eea?na) ?
aeei?enoiao?oueny iioe/iee i?e?ineii c aenieith ?icae?eueiith
caeaoi?noth (a?ae o625 aei o2000 ?ac?a). ?ic?aooiie i?e?ioaa?aeino?
i?iaiaeeany ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiao?oe??ioa oa?oy ? ni?aoethaaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeany
aaiiao??y “eoeueea ia aeeneo” i?e ia?ai?uaii? eoeueee a?aeiinii c?acea.
*anoioa ?ooo eoeueee aeey aei??o eiao?oe??ioa oa?oy neeaaeaea 2 Aoe, a
aeey aei??o ni?aoethaaiiy — 7 Aoe, iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eoeueeo a iaio
aeiaaeeao aoei 2.2 I. An? aeine?aee aoee i?iaaaeai? aac ianoeea i?e
e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? ia iia?o??. Iioeaea aei???a neeaaeaea 28%. Eoeueea
aoea c?iaeaia c? noae? 100Cr6. Oe?eia i?ioiaeo eoeueee noaiiaeea 2 ii,
aeeaeia i?ioiaeo eiio?iethaaeany i?io?eiiao?ii. Cia/aiiy aeianaiiai
iaoa??aeo ona?aaeithaaeiny ca o?ueiia i?ioiaeaie (ye aeey eoeueee, oae ?
aeey aeenea). I?e noe?aii? aeene caaaeoaaany i?e?icaaaeoaaiiyi /a?ac
o?eniaai? i?ii?aeee /ano.

Aeey aiae?co oi?noeino? c?ace?a c iie?eooyi c Oa aei ? i?ney aieeao IAAI
i?iaiaeeeiny ciyooy i?io?eia?ai ia i?io?eiiao?? 205 a ?aaeei? AOo2000 ?
OO-100.

Iaoiaeii iiae?yiaiiy (neea?iiao???) ioe?ithaaeeny oa?aeoa?enoeee iii?o
ieanoe/iei aeaoi?iaoe?yi oa ii?? e?eoeiio ?oeioaaiith.

Aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?ic?eii? no?eeino? o eeneiio
na?aaeiaeu? c?ace?a, io?eiaieo i?ney ae?? IAAI.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeieeaaeii iienaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a o iaoaeaaeo iaoa??aeao i?e aieea? IAAI oa iaaaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a aeey nenoai Oa/Fe oa Ii/Fe. Aeey
iieno oaieiaiai aeaea?aea iaiao?aeii caaeaoe i?inoi?iai-aia?aaoe/iee
?iciiae?e io/ea aeaeo?ii?a o iaoa??ae?. Eiai iiaeia io?eiaoe,
?ica’ycaaoe ??aiyiiy ia?aiino Aieueoeiaia aai oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy
aaeeei? e?eueeino? o?a?eoi??e aeaeo?ii?a o ?a/iaei? (iaoiaeii
Iiioa-Ea?ei) ? ?o ona?aaeiaiiy. Iaeaeaa oe? i?aeoiaee aeineoue
o?oaeii?noe?. sseui caaea/a i?eionea? iaeiiaei??io iinoaiiaeo, oi
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioean?a o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? iiaeia iiaoaeoaaoe
i?ino?oa: nii/aoeo ca a?aeiieie aii??e/ieie ae?acaie ia/eneeoe aeeaeio
i?iieeiaiiy aeaeo?ii?a caaeaii? aia?a?? a iaoa??ae?, i?ney oeueiai,
aeei?enoiaoth/e aii??e/io ooieoe?th ao?ao aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a ii aeeaei?,
ciaeoe oeae ?iciiae?e.

?nio? aaeeea e?euee?noue oi?ioe, ui ca’ycothoue i?ia?a aeaeo?iia c eiai
ii/aoeiaith aia?a??th. Io?eiai? ca oeeie oi?ioeaie cia/aiiy i?ia?ao
a?ae??ciythoueny iaeia a?ae iaeiiai. Ioe?iee oeeo cia/aiue iieacaee, ui
oey iaiaeiicia/i?noue o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy IAAI ia ia? ?noioiiai
aieeao ia ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a. I?e oeueiio
iaiao?aeii ?icaeyiooe ianooii? i?ioeane.

Oaieiaa aei?ii?ithaaiiy. I?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e iaoa??aeo
ca?eueoo?oueny ia o?eueee u?euei?noue iiooaeiino?, ui aeiineoueny
ai?oiaaieie aeaeo?iiaie c eiai iiaa?oi?, aea e u?euei?noue iiooaeiino?,
ui aeiineoueny oiiiiaie. Inoaiiy iieno?oueny caeiiii
Noaoaia-Aieueoeiaia. E?eoa???i aeeeth/aiiy c ?icaeyaeo oa?iiaeaeo?iiii?
ai?n?? ? oaieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? ii??aiyiiy u?eueiinoae iioie?a
aia?a??, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue oeei i?ioeanai, c u?euei?noth iioieo
aia?a?? iae?oath/eo aeaeo?ii?a.

?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui a aoaeue-yeee iiiaio /ano u?eueiino? iioie?a,
ye? i?eiaaeathoue ia oaieiaa aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa oa?iiaeaeo?iiio ai?n?th,
neeaaeathoue ia a?eueoa aeae?eueeio a?aenioe?a a?ae u?eueiino?
iiooaeiino?, ui a?aeaiaeeoueny c iiaa?oi? aaeea c?ace?a ca ?aooiie
oaieii?ia?aeiino?.

Ieaaeaiiy. I?e aeinoaoi?e u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? aeaeo?iiiiai io/ea
oaiia?aoo?a oaa?aeiai o?ea aoaea aacoieiii ca?eueooaaoeny ? a aeayeee
iiiaio /ano aeinyaia oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy Oie. sseui i?iaeiaaeeoe
iaa??aaiiy, o?ei ii/eia? ieaaeoeny, oiaoi ia?aoiaeeoe c oaa?aei? oace a
??aeeo. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ocaaaeueiaii? iiaeae? ??aeeie ia ?nio?, ?
oiio ia?ao?ae “e?enoae-??aeeia”, ui ?aae?co?oueny ca oiia, aeecueeeo aei
??aiiaaaeieo (iaaenie? a?aae??ioe oaiia?aoo?e, iaaaeeea oaeaee?noue
i?aeaiaeo aia?a??, i?e/iio aia?a?y i?aeaiaeeoueny o?eueee aei iiaa?oi?
oaa?aeiai o?ea), ia ia? aaeaeaaoiiai iieno. Cie?aia, ia ae??oaia ieoaiiy
i?i no?oeoo?o iaae? ?icae?eaiiy oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oac. ? iia?/i?
aeieace oiai, ui oey iaaea ia ? ??ceith, a ?icieoa. I?e aenieeo
u?eueiinoyo iiooaeiino?, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ia?iaee iaoa??ae?a EIA, oey
iaaea ua a?eueo ?icieoa, ine?eueee cia/i? iioiee oaiea, aeeeeeai?
oaiia?aoo?ieie a?aae??ioaie (aei 109 E/i), i?ecaaaeooue aei oiai, ui a
oie /an, ye ?a/iaeia a cii? ia?aoiaeo ua ia anoeaia ?icieaaeoeny,
?icoaoiaaiee i?ae iath oa? aaea aeinyaia oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy Oie.

Ca?aene iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?a/iaeia ia?aoiaeeoue c oaa?aeiai a
??aeeee noai ia a?ae?aco, a /a?ac aeayeee ia?ao?aeiee noai, ui a
e?oa?aoo?? io?eiaa iacao slush-noai. Slush-noai oa?aeoa?ecothoue
eiao?oe??ioii ia?aoiaeo g, i?ae yeei ?icoi?thoue a?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino?
iiaeeiooi? aia?a??, ui ia?aaeuo? iaiao?aeio aia?a?th aeey ieaaeaiiy
o?ea i?e oaiia?aoo?? Oie, aei oaieioe ieaaeaiiy:

wmetafile8? ??

aea Q — ieoiia oaieiaa aia?a?y oaa?aeiai o?ea;

N? — ieoiia oaiei?ii?noue;

O — oaiia?aoo?a;

qm — ieoiia oaieioa ieaaeaiiy.

I?e ia’?iiiio aaaaeaii? aia?a?? ??ciiiai?oi? slush-ciie iiaeooue aooe
?aae?ciaai? cia/ii /ano?oa, i?ae i?e iiaa?oiaaiio ?? i?aeaaaeaii?. Oea
coiiaeaii ??ciiiai?oieie i?eioeeiaie oi?ioaaiiy slush-cii o ??cieo
aeiaaeeao. O aeiaaeeo iiaa?oiaaiai aeaea?aea aia?a?? slush-ciia
ooai?th?oueny ca ?aooiie ia?aianaiiy oaiea a?ae aeaea?aea aia?a?? a
oaa?aeo oaco oa ?? i?ae?a??aaiiy aei Tie. O aeiaaeeo ia’?iiiai aeaea?aea
aia?a?? c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue ia?ai?uoaaoe iaeanoue aeae?eaiiy
aia?a?? ca ia’?iii c?acea, aeeaaeath/e oaeei /eiii caaeaio e?euee?noue
oaieioe o cacaeaeaa?aeue aecia/ai? eieaeuei? ia’?ie oaa?aeiai o?ea.
Caaaeyee oeueiio noai?ththoueny i?ioyaei? iaeano? c oaiia?aoo?ith Tie a
ieo. Ci?ithth/e oei /anoie (?iie, aeaeo?iie, oiiiie ? o. ae.), ?oith
e?euee?noue ? aia?a?th iiaeia aa??thaaoe oeei i?io?eai o oe?ieeo iaaeao.

sseui iaeneioi aia?aiaeae?eaiiy ?icoaoiaaiee ia ia iiaa?oi?, a a aeeaei?
c?acea, oi i?iaeaia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a o
iaoa??ae? i?e aaaaeaii? a iueiai aia?a?? aeoaea oneeaaeith?oueny. Oea
ia? i?noea, iai?eeeaae, i?e ii?ii?iaii? c?acea IAAI. sseui aia?a?y
aaiaeeoueny aeinoaoiuei oaeaeei, oi oaiia?aoo?iee iaeneioi o aeeaei?
iaoa??aeo ia anoeaa? ae??aiyoeny, ? oaiia?aoo?a Oie nii/aoeo
aeinyaa?oueny ia ia iiaa?oi?, a ia aeaye?e a?aenoai? a?ae ia?, ? iiaea
ii/aoeny oae caaia aioo??oi? ieaaeaiiy. I?ioa ieaaeaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia
oa, ui oaiia?aoo?a Oie aeinyaiooa, iiaea ? ia a?aeaooeny, a oaiia?aoo?a
oe??? eieaeueii? iaeano? aoaea i?iaeiaaeoaaoe ca?eueooaaoeny. Oea
iia’ycaii c oei, ui Oie — oea oaiia?aoo?a, i?e ye?e ii/eia?oueny
ieaaeaiiy c a?eueii? iiaa?oi?.

*enaeueia ?aae?caoe?y ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?. Caaea/a ciaoiaeaeaiiy
oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey a iaaiiio ae?aiacii? u?eueiinoae iioieo EIA
caiaeeoueny aei ?ica’ycaiiy ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?:

wmetafile8? ??T??????????? ??????? *Y ???

????*Y ??????? l1/4??? ???????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a` ???
???????&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy ??•?? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-???????????U
????+????A???? ????6???u?th??????aea -ia’?iia
u?euei?noue iiooaeiino? oaieiaeo aeaea?ae;

— ?aae?on-aaeoi?;

l — oaieii?ia?aei?noue;

O- oaiia?aoo?a;

t — /an;

r, N? — eiinoaioe;

ii/aoeia? oiiae: O(r0;t0)=T0.

Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e a aeaye?e iaeano? c?ace?a ?ica’ycoaaeiny
iaeiiaei??ia ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?, ine?eueee ?ici?? iaeano?
iaeii??aeiiai aia? aiaeae?eaiiy io/ea a?eueoa ?ici??o iaeano?, iaa??oi?
aiane?aeie oaieii?ia?aeiino? ca /an niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ioeano. E?ioeaaa
??aiyiiy ia? aeaeyae

wmetafile8? ??s??????????? ??????? THE&???

????THE&??????? ?E??? ???????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@)???
???????&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy?)??)?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????coe????css???c$???ci???
c????cU
???ct???c>???cE???cy???ck???c5???c??
??cs???cy

???c® ???u?th??????aea l — const;

W(o1, t) — ia’?iia u?euei?noue iiooaeiino? oaieiaiai aeaea?aea;

o — eii?aeeiaoa.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai ??aiyiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeany /ioe?eooi/eiaa
iayaia ??cieoeaaa noaia. Oiae? aiii caiaeeoueny aei nenoaie e?i?eieo
??aiyiue c o?eae?aaiiaeueiith iao?eoeath. Oey nenoaia ?ica’yco?oueny
iaoiaeii i?iaiiee.

??aiyiiy iaei?ino?oa ?ica’ycoaaoe ia ??aiii??i?e n?ooe?. I?ioa iaeanoue
aia?aiaeae?eaiiy i?e ii?ii?iaii? iaoa??aeo IAAI ia? iae? ?ici??e
(ii?yaeeo aeanyoeo /anoie i?e?iia). Oea ciooo? aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?ioaa?oaaiiy ca ci?iiith O ua iaioeo ?ici???a ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
neeueiiai ca?eueoaiiy ia/enethaaeueiiai /ano. C?icoi?ei oaeiae, ui ia
aeeaei?, yea ia?aaeuo? ?ici?? ciie aia?aiaeae?eaiiy, oaea aeaoae?caoe?y
i?e ?ic?aooieao oaiia?aoo?e ia iio??aia. Oiio ??aiyiiy iaiao?aeii
?ica’ycoaaoe ia ia??aiii??i?e n?ooe?, ui cia/ii oneeaaeith? /enaeueio
noaio. I?ioa ??aiyiiy (4) iiaeia iiaeaoe ca aeiiiiiaith oaei? cai?ie
ci?iieo, uia io?eiaia ??aiyiiy a iiaeo ci?iieo ?ica’ycoaaeiny ia
??aiii??i?e n?ooe?, a a?aeiia?aeia ?e n?oea a noa?eo eii?aeeiaoao aoea a
ia??aiii??iith ? caouoaaeany a?ey ii?ii?ithaaii? iaae? c?acea oa
?ic??aeaeoaaeany a i??o i?inoaaiiy aaeea eiai. N?oea c oaeeie
aeanoeainoyie iaceaa?oueny eaac???aiii??iith. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aiia
iiaeaeth?oueny ianooiiith cai?iith ci?iieo:

x1= [b+(c-a) (exp (ax-1) (exp (a))-1]-1, t1= tpt ,
(5)

aea b ? n — eii?aeeiaoe a?aeiia?aeii e?aiai oa i?aaiai e?a?a iaeano?
?ioaa?oaaiiy;

a — ia?aiao?, ui ea?o? ?ic??aeaeaiiyi n?oee;

t — /an;

tp — o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena.

O ?iaio? aoa aeei?enoaiee ianooiiee i?aeo?ae. Nii/aoeo aoa ciaeaeaiee
?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e a iiiaio /ano j+1 ca a?aeiiith u?euei?noth
iiooaeiino? L j. Oeae ?iciiae?e a?aa aeiiii?aeio ?ieue: ca ciaeaeaiith
oaiia?aoo?ith iiaa?oi? ia/enethaaeany a?aeiia?aeia ?e u?euei?noue
iiooaeiino? Lj+1p. Iio?i, aeei?enoiaoth/e cia/aiiy u?eueiino?
iiooaeiino?

wmetafile8? ??TH??????????? ???????  >???

???? >??????? aea m i?eeia? cia/aiiy c ?ioa?aaeo (0: 1),

? ciath/e ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo? a j-e iiiaio /ano, aoea ia?aoiaaia
?noeiia oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi? a j+1 iiiaio /ano. Eiinoaioa m aeiae?aeany
oaeei /eiii, uia ia aeieeaei iaa??aiiaaaeaiino?, yea aeyaey?oueny o
neeueieo inoeeeyoe?yo oaiia?aoo?e ia iiaa?oi?. Aeey caiia?aaiiy oae?e
iaa??aiiaaaeaiino? aoa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae ?oa?aoe?e. O aeai?e
iaoiaeeoe? aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ia ianooiiiio oei/aniaiio
e?ioe? aeinoaoiuei c?iaeoe aea? ?oa?aoe??.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ca a?aeiiith oaiia?aoo?ith o aoceao iiai? n?oee
ciaoiaeeee (ca aeiiiiiaith e?i?eii? ?ioa?iieyoe??) oaiia?aoo?o o aoceao,
ui caeeoaeeny i?ney “aeia?iaoaaiiy” aoce?a noa?i? n?oee.

Ca iiia?aie N ? Nr oa oaiia?aoo?ith O a ieo iiaeia ciaeoe oaiia?aoo?o o
aoce? ?:

wmetafile8? ??1/2??????????? ??????? ?7 ???

?????7 ??????? ”¤??? ???????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???
???????&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy`??C?? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????CI???C
???C!???C]???u?th??????

aea O — eii?aeeiaoa aocea;

h — ia?aiao? n?oee.

O aeai?e ?iaio? ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino? ?ica’yco?oueny ia iaei?e
iaeano?, yea i?noeoue oaa?aeo ? ??aeeo oace, a oaeiae slush-oaco. I?e
i?iaaaeaii? ?ic?aooie?a ca iiaeaeue oaieiaiai aeaea?aea a?aeiny
iiaa?oiaaa aeaea?aei aia?a??.

?ic?aooiee aoee i?iaaaeai? aeey nenoaie “oiiea ie?aea Ii (150 ii) —
oianoa i?aeeeaaeea”, a oaeiae nenoaie Oa/Fe. ?c c?inoaiiyi iioieo
aia?a?? oiaueia ?icieaaeaiiai oa?o cae?ca ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 0,5 iei
aei 4,5 iei, a /an eiai ?nioaaiiy — a?ae 0,5 aei 3,2 ien a?aeiia?aeii
(aeey nenoaie Ii/Fe) i?e ci?i? iioieo aia?a?? a?ae 3,2 aei 5,2 Aeae/ni2.
Cia/aiiy oiaueie ??aeei? oace iie?eooy ? /ano aeeooy aeey oe??? nenoaie
iii?oii iaio?, i?ae o aeiaaeeo Ta/Fe (ca ?aooiie ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo?e
ieaaeaiiy iaeaea ia 330 E).

Ia ?en. 1a iaaaaeai? caeaaeiino? iieiaeaiiy i?aeoacii? iaae?
“?icieaa-oaa?aea o?ei” a?ae /ano aeey nenoaie Ii/Fe (oiaueia ie?aee Ii
100 ii) i?e ??ciiiai?oieo cia/aiiyo iioieo aia?a?? (t /t- a?aeiiniee
/an, l — aeeaeia, t — /an ?iioeueno, ui noaiiaea 0,8 ien). Ia ?en. 1a
iieacaii aieea iioieo aia?a?? ia /an ?nioaaiiy ie?aee Ii o ??aeeiio
noai?.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeaiaioiiio aiae?co nenoai Oa/Fe ? Ii/Fe
i?ney aieeao IAAI.

Nenoaia Ii/Fe. O ii/aoeiaiio noai? ia c?acie c a-Fe ae?aiao?ii 12 ii ?
oiaueiith 2 ii aoea iaianaia ie?aea c Ii oiaueiith 0.14 iei. O i?ioean?
ii?ii?iaiiy c?acea IAAI c iioieii aia?a?? W=2,3 Aeae/ni2 ii/eia?oueny
i?ioean ia?ai?ooaaiiy. Ia ?en. 2 iiaeaii aia?aaoe/i? niaeo?e ?I?,
io?eiai? aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a aei ? i?ney ae?? io/ea
aeaeo?ii?a.

?enoiie 1- Aeeiai?ea ieaaeaiiy (a) oa iieiaeaiiy i?aeoacii? iaae?
”?icieaa- oaa?aea o?ei” (a) aeey nenoaie Mo/Fe i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo
iioieo aia?a??: 1- 3.3 Aeae/ni2; 2- 4.2 Aeae/ni2; 3- 5.2 Aeae/ni2 .

?enoiie 2 — Niaeo?e ?aca?oi?ae?anueeiai iaa?iaiiai ?icn?thaaiiy (?I?/E)
aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a aei oa i?ney aieeao IAAI i?e ??cieo
cia/aiiyo iioieo aia?a??: 1-2.3 Aeae/ni2 ; 2 — 3.3 Aeae/ni2; 3- 4.2
Aeae/ni2; 4- 5.2 Aeae/ni2.

Oaeei /eiii, ii??aiyiii c ii/aoeiaei noaiii ci?ith?oueny ?ioaineai?noue
i?ea Ii, ? niinoa??aa?oueny ci?uaiiy i?ea cae?ca i?aai?o/ (o a?e
a?eueoeo iiia??a eaiae?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeii ?I?/E). Ca?eueoaiiy
iioieo aia?a?? aei 3.3 Aeae/ni2 ni?ey? a?eueo aeeaieiio ia?ai?ooaaiith
ie?aee Ii c cae?ciith iniiaith.

Ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? i?ea Ii, eiai ?icieooy, ci?uaiiy i?aaiai e?ath
i?ea e?ai?o/ (a noi?iio iaioeo iiia??a eaiae?a, ui a?aeiia?aea?
ca?eueoaiith a?aenoai? a?ae iiaa?oi? c?acea) ? ci?uaiiy e?i?? cae?ca
aeeae/a aei iiaa?oi? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ii?ii?iaiiy IAAI i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ia?ai?ooaaiiy eiiiiiaio?a i?e an?o cia/aiiyo iioieo aia?a??, o oiio
/ene? ? i?e aia?a?? W=2,3 Aeae/ni2, ui ia ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
?acoeueoaoaie /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a (ca?aeii c ?ic?aooieaie i?e oaeiio
?aaeei? ii?ii?iaiiy iaaaeeeee oa? cae?ca oiaueiith aei 0,5 iei
ieaaeoueny, a ie?aea c iie?aaeaio aai oaioaeo ia iiaa?oi? ieaaeoeny ia
iiaeiia). Oaeo ?ica?aei?noue iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui i?e i?iaaaeaii?
?ic?aooie?a ia a?aoiaoaaeiny ?nioaaiiy i?ii?aeieo aeoaaoee. E??i oiai,
ia a?aoiaoaaeany iayai?noue o ii/aoeiaeo c?aceao aeyaeaii? iaoiaeii IAN
aa?’??ii? ieenii? ie?aee, oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aei?noue yei? ieae/a, i?ae o
oai-oaea. Iaeaeaa /eiieee iiaeooue cieceoe ii??a ieaaeaiiy aei cia/aiiy
aia?a?? W=2,3 Aeae/ni2, i?e yeiio niinoa??aa?oueny aeia?a ia?ai?ooaaiiy,
i?e/iio ieaaeaiiy ii/eia?oueny ia c iiaa?oi?, a ia iaae? ?icae?eo
“ie?aea-i?aeeeaaeea”.

I?e aenieeo cia/aiiyo iioieo aia?a?? ia niaeo?ao ?aca?oi?ae?anueeiai
iaa?iaiiai ?icn?thaaiiy c’yaeythoueny ai?eciioaeuei? ae?eyiee,
iayai?noue yeeo na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeeaa ooai?aiiy oa??a oiaueiith aei
100 ii c ??aiii??iith eiioeaio?aoe??th Ii. Aaaaeath/e, ui a oa??
aeeaeiith 0.1 iei ? ??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e Ii, iiaeia aecia/eoe oaciaee
neeaae oeueiai oa?o: Fe80Mo20 (Fe4Mo) ie?aee. Eiioeaio?aoe?y iie?aaeaio
iii?oii ciaioo?oueny a aeeaeio aei 0.15 iei. I?aeaeuaiiy iioieo aia?a??
i?e ii?ii?iaii? IAAI nenoaie Ii/Fe i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeia?iaoaaiiy
(?ica?eceoaaiiy) /anoeie iane Ii ca ?aooiie aeaooiaiai neeiaiiy iiaa?oi?
? ?ica?eceoaaiiy Ii ia?aa??oeie ia?aie iaoa??aeo i?aeeeaaeee. Aiane?aeie
oeueiai oi?ia niaeo?a ci?ith?oueny ua a?eueoa ?, i?eionoeaoe, ui /anoeia
Ii, ui caeeoeeany, ?iciiae?eaia aeinoaoiuei ??aiii??ii ii oa?o oiaueiith
ii?yaeeo 0,1iei, iiaeia i?eionoeoe oaeee neeaae: Fe86Mo14. Ia iiaa?oi? ?
a aeeaei? oa?o iiiaae 0,1iei eiai neeaae cia/ii ci?ith?oueny aei
Fe98Mo2.

Nenoaia Oa/Fe. Ia ?en. 3 iaaaaeai? eiioeaio?aoe?ei? i?io?e? Oa ii
aeeaei?, ?ic?aoiaai? ca niaeo?aie ?I? c o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo IAN.

C ?enoiea 3 aeaeii, ui iaeneiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y Oa, io?eiaia a
i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioao, neeaaea? aaee/eio ii?yaeeo 3o1022 ni3, ui
a?aeiia?aea? aoiii?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 40 ao.%.

?enoiie 3 — Eiioeaio?aoe?ei? i?io?e? Oa a cae?c?, ?ic?aoiaai? ca
aeaiieie ?I? oa Iaea-aeine?aeaeaiue i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo iioieo aia?a??:

1-2.3 Aeae/ni2 , 2 — 3.3 Aeae/ni2, 3- 4.2 Aeae/ni2, 4- 5.2
Aeae/ni2

I?e iaeeo cia/aiiyo u?eueiino? aia?a?? eiioeaio?aoe?ei? i?io?e? iathoue
oa?aeoa?io “aeeoocio” oi?io (e?ea? 1, 2). Ca?eueoaiiy iioieo aia?a??
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icieooy i?io?eth Oa i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo ?I? ? ciaioai iy eiioeaio?aoe?? Oa ia iiaa?oi? ca
?aooiie aaeyoe?? (i?e aeia?iaoaaii? c ?ica?eceo-aaiiyi), i?i ui
na?ae/eoue aea/aiiy iiaa?oi? c?ace?a i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy i?e ??cieo
?aaeeiao (c ?inoii aia?a?? iaiaeii??aei?noue iiaa?oi? ca?eueoo?oueny).

C aeei?enoaiiyi ae?oaiai ??aiyiiy O?ea, aoee ?ic?aoiaai? aoaeoeai?
eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc?? Oa a ??aee?e oac?. Ioe?iee iieacaee, ui cia/aiiy
oeueiai eiao?oe??ioa ea-aeaoue o iaaeao (3-8)o10-5 ni2/n, ui ?
oa?aeoa?iei aeey aeeooc?? a ??aeeii?e oac?.

Ia ?en. 4 iieacaia ii?oieia?y iiaa?oi? c?acea aei ? i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy
IAAI. Aeaeii, ui ii/aoeiaa iie?eooy iaiaeii??aeia (a). I?ney ii?ii?iaiiy
iaiaeii??aei?noue iineeth?oueny (a). A?eueoa /anoeia iiaa?oi? ia?
no?oeoo?o, oa?aeoa?io aeey aaoaeoeee. Ia ?? oii? iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e
ae?eyiee (O1, O2, O3), ui ??ciyoueny ca eiio?anoii, i?e/iio, ia /anoeo
ae?eyiie O1 ? O2 i?eiaaea? i?eaeecii 30% ? 50% caaaeueii? ieiu?
a?aeiia?aeii.

?enoiie 4 -Ii?oieia?y iiaa?oi? c?acea Oa-Fe aei (a) oa i?ney (a)
ii?ii?iaiiy

(W= 5,5 Aeae/ni2, t ~ 0,8 ien)

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?ii?iaii? iiaa?oi? ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?iciiaeiaiai
aiae?caoi-?a iieacaei, ui oaii? ae?eyiee (O1) i?noyoue caeaa?eueoiai Fe,
o na?oeeo ae?eyieao (O3) a iniiaiiio i?enooi?e Oa, a a i?ii?aeieo (O2) —
noi?o oeeo aeaiaio?a a noi??ieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo. Ioaea, i?ioean
ia?ai?ooaaiiy i?e caaa?oiaoaaii? c ?icieaao aoaeoeaii i?io?ea? o?eueee a
ae?eyieao O2, oiaoi, ia 50% ii?ii?ithaaii? iiaa?oi?. Iaiaeii??aei?noue
ia?ai?ooaaiiy iia’ycaia c ia??aiii??i?noth naiiai iie?eooy (?en. 4a) ?
?ice?oaiiyi aeayei? /anoeie iie?eooy i?e aeaooiaiio eei?ii? i?aeeeaaeee
(i?e aia?a?? W=5,3 Aeae/ni2 oaiia?aoo?a i?aeeeaaeee aeinyaa? 4000 E).

Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an c oi/ee ci?o ??ciiiai?oiino? no?oeoo?, ui
oi?iothoueny i?e ?iioeueniiio ieaaeaii?, aeeeeeathoue ae?eyiee O2 (?en.
4a) c? ci?oaiei Oa- Fe neeaaeii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a oaeeo ae?eyieao aaciina?aaeiuei ia
iiaa?oi? i?enooi? /anoee ia?ic/eiaiiai Oa noa?e/ii? oi?ie ?ici??ii
aeecueei 0,3 iei ? /anoee ?ioa?iaoae?aeo Fe2Ta ?ici??ii 30 ii.

Ia aeeaei? i?eaeecii 0,3 iei niinoa??aa?oueny ca?ii oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio c
i?aeaeuaiith (5o109 ni-2) u?euei?noth aeeneieaoe?e (o aeayeeo c?ace?a Fe
u?euei?noue aeeneieaoe?e ci?ith?oueny a?ae 108 aei 5o109 ni-2) ? /anoee
Fe2Ta ?ici??ii 50ii. Aii?oia oaca ia oe?e aeeaei? a?aenooiy. Ia aeeaei?
a?eueo 0,5 iei niinoa??aathoueny ca?ia a-Fe c i?aeaeuaiith u?euei?noth
aeeneieaoe?e.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee

Aiae?c iiaa?oi? c?ace?a, ui ia iie??oaaeeny aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo
aeine?ae?a (o ieo oi?noe?noue a ii/aoeiaiio noai? aoea aeua) iieacaa, ui
i?ney aieeao IAAI a ?aaeei? 2,3 Aeae/ni2 oi?noe?noue c?ace?a ciaioeeany
a?ae 0,39iei aei R= 0,17±0,02 iei. Ca?eueoaiiy iioieo aia?a?? aei 4,2
Aeae/ni2 ii??aiyii c ia?oei ?aaeeiii (2,3 Aeae/ni2) ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith
cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa oi?noeino? (aei R=0,23±0,1iei) o ii??aiyii? c
ia?oei ?aaeeiii (2.3 Aeae/ni2). Oea cia/aiiy ? aeaui iaioei, i?ae o
ii/aoeiaiio noai?.

Aoei iii?/aii cia/ia ciaioaiiy ni?aoethaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o i?ioyaii
onueiai /ano aeine?aeaeaiiy (3 aiaeeie). Oaea iie?ioaiiy no?eeino? aei
ni?aoethaaiiy iia’ycaia, a ia?oo /a?ao, c ooai?aiiyi ia iiaa?oi?
iaiie?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e oa oi?ioaaiiyi aeeneieaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e (c
aenieith neaey?iith u?euei?noth aei 6.9 x109 ni-2). I?ney aieeao IAAI
i?enooi?noue ieneae?a, ea?a?ae?a oa ieneea?a?ae?a, ?nioaaiiy yeeo iiaei
a ciaioeoe ni?aoethaaiiy iiaa?oi?, ia iiaa?oi? ia aoei aeyaeaii.

Iaoiae iiae?yiaiiy (neea?iiao???). I?e aei??ao aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeiaci?
i??ai?aeee c eaaae?aoiith iniiaith ? eooii i?ae a?aiyie 1360, ui
aeicaieeei ?aae?coaaoe aea? noaie aeine?ae?a: i?e iiae?yiaii? aeiaciith
i??ai?aeeith ?aa?ii aia?aae aeii?io? ieanoe/ia aeaoi?iaoe?y
(aeaeaaethaaiiy) iaoa??aeo. A i?e iiae?yiaii? a?aiith aia?aae
iiae?yiaiiy iaaoaa? oa?aeoa?o ??caiiy, oiaoi aeii?io? aeenia?aoaaiiy
aia-ne?aeie e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??aeo.

Aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi? iaoiaeii iiae?yiaiiy
ca aeiiiiiaith aeiacii? i??ai?aeee aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui i?ney aieeao
IAAI iie?auothoueny oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi? c?ace?a, a naia: ia?ai?oaiee
oa? ia? a?eueo aenieee ii?? e?eoeiio ?oeioaaiith. Oaeiae aoea aecia/aia
aeeaeia iiaeeo?eiaaiiai oa?o i?ney aieeao IAAI c iioieii aia?a?? 3,3
Aeae/ni2 (h= 12-15 iei), a oie aea /an i?e?ioaa?ae?noue iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o ca?eueoo?oueny c 90 aei 270 eA/ii2.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

1. Ia iniia? /enaeueiiai ?ica’ycoaaiiy ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?
i?iaaaeaii iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiaeo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o
iiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao nenoai “oiiea ooaiieaaea ie?aea — cae?cia iniiaa”
aiane?aeie ae?? IAAI.

2. Ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo oa aoiiii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a
aiae?co aeyaeaii caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a i?e aieea?
IAAI ia iaoaeaa? nenoaie, ui iathoue ??ci? oaieio?ce/i? oa
oa?iiaeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino?.

3. Aiane?aeie ae?? IAAI ca iioeiaeueieo ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy nenoaie
“ooaiieaaea ie?aea Ii — oianoa i?aeeeaaeea Fe” anoaiiaeaii oi?ioaaiiy
nenoai Fe80Mo20 (Fe4Mo), Fe96Mo04.

4. Aeyaeaii oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o oiaueiith 10 —
15 iei, ui ia? ii an?e aeeaei? oa?o i?aeaeuaia cia/aiiy i?e?ioaa?aeino?,
i?aeaeuaio ei?ic?eio no?ee?noue ? i?aeaeuaiee ii?? e?eoeiio ?oeioaaiith.

5. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e ae?? IAAI (2.5 — 3.3) Aeae/ni2, ca
yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ai?ooaaiiy a ??aee?e ? oaa?ae?e oacao aac cia/ii?
aaeyoe?? iaoa??aeo ie?aee.

6. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ??ciiiai?oi?noue no?oeoo? oa iioa?iaee oa?aeoa?
?oiueiai oi?ioaaiiy (ieeniee oa?, aii?oia oaca Fe-Oa ? aeenia?ni? /anoee
?ioa?iaoae?aeo Fe2Oa, ca?ia oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio c aenieith u?euei?noth
aeeneieaoe?e aeey nenoaie Oa/Fe) coiiaeai? ia??aiii??iei ?iciiae?eii
aeaiaio?a ca aeeaeiith ? a?aei?ii?noth o oaeaeeinoyo ioieiaeaeaiiy ia
iiaa?oi? oa a a?eueo aeeaieeo oa?ao ?icieaao.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Pogrebnyak A.D, Zecca A., Bratushka S.N., Sandrik R. at al. Avolution
of vacancy defects and dislocations in surface layers of iron as a
result of pulsed electron beam treatment //Physics Letters. -1998. —
V.241(A). — ?. 357-363.

2. Pogrebnyak A.D, Bakharev O.G, Bratushka S. et all. Mixing of Ta-Fe
and Mo-Fe systems using a low-energy high-current electron beam // Surf.
and Coat. Techn. — 1998.-V. 99 (1998).- ?. 98-110.

3. Aaeyaa A.I., Iia?aaiye A.Ae., A?aoooea N.I. e ae?. Aeeyiea a?aaeeaioa
aeaaeaiey oaea?iie aieiu a a-aeaeaca, iaeo/aiiii iiuiui eiiiui io/eii,
ia i?iyaeaiea iaeneioia iee?ioaa?aeinoe// Ienueia a AEOO.- 1998. — O.24,
A.20. — N.76-79.

4. A?aoooea N.I. Ia?aiaoeaaiea nenoaiu Ta/Fe n iiiiuueth
ieceiyia?aaoe/aneiai yeaeo?iiiiai io/ea//AAIO. — 1998. — A. 2(3) —
N.23-28.

5. Pogrebnyak A.D., Shablia V.T., Pogrebnyak N.A. et al. Certain
features of high-dose and intensive implantation of aluminium ions in
iron // Surf. and Coat. Techn. — 1998.- V.110. — ?.35-39.

6. Pogrebnyak A.D, Bratushka S., Boyko V.I. et al. A review of mixing
processes in Ta/Fe and Mo/Fe systems treated by high current electron
beams //Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. — 1998. — V. 145 (B). — ?.373-390.

7. A?aoooea N.I., Iia?aaiye A.Ae. I?ioeannu ia?aiaoeaaiey e
ianniia?aiina a Oa/Fe e Ii/ Fe iiae aeaenoaeai ieceiyia?aaoe/aneiai
neeueiioi/iiai yeaeo?iiiiai io/ea //Oacenu II Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee AEOO-97. – Ieine. — 1997. — N.130.

8. A.Ae.Iia?aaiye, TH.O.Eaaiia, A.I.?ioooaei, N.I.A?aoooea.
Enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u e naienoa iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai neiy ia aeaeaca
i?e aicaeaenoaee INYI //Oacenu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “Beams
Technologies-95”. — *.3. – Aeoaia. — 1995. — N.25.

9. A.Ae.Iia?aaiye, N.I.A?aoooea. I?ioeannu aeaoaeoiia?aciaaiey a
nenoaiao Oa/ Fe e Ii/ Fe a ?acoeueoaoa iaeo/aiey neeueiioi/iui
yeaeo?iiiui io/eii //Oacenu aeieeaaeia V Iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiiai niaauaiey
“?aaeeaoeeiiiay oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea”. — Naaanoiiieue. — 1995. — N.87.

AIIOAOe?ss

A?aoooea N.I. I?ioeane ia?ai?ooaaiiy oa ianiia?aiino a nenoaiao Oa- Fe
oa Ii- Fa i?ae ae??th iecueeiaia?aaoe/iiai aenieino?oiiiai aeaeo?iiiiai
io/ea. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07- o?ceea oaa?aeiai
o?ea. — Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Noie, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy i?eiiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o nenoai “oiiea ie?aea c ooaiieaaeiai iaoaeo — oianoa cae?cia iniiaa”
aiane?aeie ae?? eiioeaio?iaaieo iioie?a aia?a?? (EIA), a oaeiae
aea/aiith aeanoeainoae io?eiaiieo nenoai. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a ?acoeueoao?
oaei? ae?? a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ooai?th?oueny neeaaeia no?oeoo?a, ui
nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ii/aoeiaiai noaio. Iaaaaeai? iaoiaeeee oa
?acoeueoaoe /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a oa iie?a iai?oa,
ui aeieeathoue aiane?aeie ae?? EIA o nenoaiao Oa- Fa oa Ii- Fa, a oaeiae
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeiae, o?ce/ieo oa iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae
io?eiaieo iie?eoo?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy i?e
iie?ioaii? neoaeaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Iecueeiaia?aaoe/i? aenieino?oii? aeaeo?iii? io/ee,
ianiia?aiin, aeeooc?y, iaa?iaia ?icn?thaaiiy, i?e?ineii?y,
i?eiiaa?oiaaee oa?, no?oeoo?a, iiaeaethaaiiy, aeeneieaoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

A?aoooea N. I. I?ioeannu ia?aiaoeaaiey e ianniia?aiina a nenoaiao Oa-Fa
e Ii- Fa iiae aicaeaenoaeai ieceiyia?aaoe/aneiai neeueiioi/iiai
yeaeo?iiiiai io/ea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 — oeceea
oaa?aeiai oaea. — Noineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Noiu, 1999 a.

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy aeaaiaea?y aeinoeaeaieyi a iaeanoe oeceee aunieeo
ieioiinoae yia?aee ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua iaoiaeu iiaeeoeeaoeee iiaa?oiinoiuo
naienoa iaoa?eaeia. Aeey yoeo oeaeae eniieuecotho eiioeaio?e?iaaiiua
iioiee yia?aee (EIY). E iei ioiinyony yeaeo?iiiua, eiiiua e eaca?iua
io/ee, a oaeaea iioiee ieaciu. I?e ioeaiea aeaenoaey oaeeo enoi/ieeia
yia?aee ia oaa?aeia oaei iniiaiuie oaeoi?aie, aeeythueie ia
i?ienoiaeyuea a i?eiiaa?oiinoiuo neiyo i?ioeannu, yaeythony: oei
/anoeoe, eo yia?aey, a?aiy aicaeaenoaey e aeiey aianaiiie yia?aee.

N oi/ee c?aiey i?aeoe/aneiai eniieueciaaiey, iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiuie
yaeythony yeaeo?iiiua io/ee n yia?aeae /anoeoe aei 50 eyA, ieioiinoueth
iiuiinoe 105 — 108 Ao/ni2 e aeeeoaeueiinoueth eiioeuena 10-4 — 10-7 n.
Aicaeaenoaea oaeeo iioieia /anoeoe ia oaa?aeia oaei i?ienoiaeeo a
oneiaeyo naa?oaunieeo nei?inoae iaa?aaa e ioeaaeaeaiey, /oi a ni/aoaiee
n aunieeie aeaaeaieyie iicaieyao iieo/aoue iaoanoaaeeueiua ninoiyiey
aauanoaa, a oii /enea e aii?oiua, naienoaa eioi?uo iiaoo nouanoaaiii
ioee/aoueny io naienoa iaoa?eaea a ?aaiiaaniii ninoiyiee.

I?e iaee/ee ia iiaa?oiinoe iaoa?eaea oiieie ieaiee ec ooaiieaaeiai
iaoaeea iiieii yaeaiee caeaei/iiai oa?aeoa?a iiaoo iaaethaeaoueny
yaeaiey eaae?iaaiey iiaeeiaeee (iniiau), ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey yeaiaioia
iie?uoey e iniiau n ia?aciaaieai noaaeeueiuo e iaoanoaaeeueiuo
niaaeeiaiee.

Iaeiaei oece/aneay noi?iia iiiaeo i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo i?e
acaeiiaeaenoaee EIY n iiaa?oiinoueth oaa?aeiai oaea, aei eiioea ia
?ane?uoa. Yoi naycaii aeaaiui ia?acii n ionoonoaeai nenoaiaoe/aneeo
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee yeaiaioiiai e oaciaiai ninoaaa
iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo neiaa, a oaeaea iaaeinoaoi/ii iieiui oai?aoe/aneei
aiaeecii i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo i?e oaeii acaeiiaeaenoaee.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth acaeiiaeaenoaey oaa?aeiai oaea n
eiioeaio?e?iaaiiuie iioieaie yia?aee, caeiiiia?iinoae oi?ie?iaaiey
i?eiiaa?oiinoiuo neiaa a nenoaiao “oiieay ieaiea ec ooaiieaaeiai iaoaeea
— aeaeaciay iniiaa” a ?acoeueoaoa oaeiai aicaeaenoaey, a oaeaea
enneaaeiaaieth no?oeoo?u e naienoa iieo/aiiuo nenoai. A ea/anoaa
iauaeoia enneaaeiaaiey auee aua?aiu nenoaiu Oa-Fa e Ii-Fa.

A ?aieao iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae enneaaeiaaiey ?aoaeenue neaaeothuea
caaea/e: iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeannia ianni- e oaieiia?aiina
a nenoaiao Oa/Fe e Ii/Fe n iineaaeothuei /eneaiiui ?aoaieai iaoiaeii
naoie iieo/aiiiai o?aaiaiey oaieii?iaiaeiinoe; enneaaeiaaiea yeaiaioiiai
e oaciaiai ninoaaa, neoaeaaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo
iiaa?oiinoiuo neiaa oeacaiiuo nenoai; ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiuo ?aaeeiia
aicaeaenoaey ieceiyia?aaoe/aneeo neeueiioi/iuo yeaeo?iiiuo io/eia (INYI)
ia nenoaiu Oa/Fe e Ii/Fe.

Iieacaii, /oi a ?acoeueoaoa oaeiai aicaeaenoaey a i?eiiaa?oiinoiii neia
i?ienoiaeeo ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea yeaiaioia iie?uoey e iniiau n
ia?aciaaieai neiaeiie no?oeoo?u, nouanoaaiii ioee/athuaeny io enoiaeiiai
ninoiyiey. I?eaaaeaiu iaoiaeeee e ?acoeueoaou /eneaiiuo ?an/aoia
oaiia?aoo?iuo iieae e iieae iai?yaeaiee, aicieeathueo a ?acoeueoaoa
aicaeaenoaey INYI ia nenoaiu Oa-Fa e Ii-Fa. I?e iiiiue nia?aiaiiuo
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiee ii?aaeaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe oi?ie?iaaiey
iiaa?oiinoiuo neiaa i?e aicaeaenoaee INYI ia iaoaeee/aneea nenoaiu,
eiathuea ?acee/iua oaieioece/aneea e oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea naienoaa.
Iieacaii oi?ie?iaaiea neiaeiie no?oeoo?u iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy a nenoaiao
Oa/Fe e Ii/Fe a ?acoeueoaoa aicaeaenoaey INYI i?e iioeiaeueiuo ?aaeeiao
iaeo/aiey. Aeieacaii, /oi ia?aiaoeaaiea yeaiaioia iie?uoey e iiaeeiaeee
i?ienoiaeeo a aeeaeeii ninoiyiee, a oaeaea ii?aaeaeaiu niioaaonoaothuea
eiyooeoeeai ou aeeooocee. Ii?aaeaeaia aeoaeia iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai
iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy (10-15 iei), eiathuaai ii anae aeoaeia iiauoaiiua
cia/aiey iee?ioaa?aeinoe, iiauoaiioth ei??iceiiioth noieeinoue e
iiauoaiiia nii?ioeaeaiea o?oieiio ?ac?ooaieth. Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua
ia?aiao?u aicaeaenoaey INYI, i?e eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo ia?aiaoeaaiea
yeaiaioia iie?uoey e iniiau a aeeaeeie e oaa?aeie oaca aac cia/eoaeueiie
aaeyoeee iaoa?eaea iie?uoey.

Aeieacaii, /oi ?aciiia?acea no?oeoo? e iineieiue oa?aeoa? eo
oi?ie?iaaiey iaoneiaeai ia?aaiiia?iui ?ani?aaeaeaieai yeaiaioia ii
aeoaeia iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai neiy e ?acee/eyie a nei?inoyo ioeaaeaeaiey
ia iiaa?oiinoe e a aieaa aeoaieeo neiyo ?anieaaa.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea i?e oeo/oaiee neoaeaaiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia e iieo/aiee iie?uoee n
iaia?aae caaeaiiuie naienoaaie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieceiyia?aaoe/aneea neeueiioi/iua yeaeo?iiiua io/ee,
ianniia?aiin, aeeooocey, ia?aoiia ?annayiea, iee?ineiiey,
i?eiiaa?oiinoiue neie, no?oeoo?a, iiaeaee?iaaiea, aeeneieaoeey.

ABSTRACT

Bratushka S.N. Processes of mixing and mass transfer in systems Ta-Fe
and Mo-Fe using a low-energy, high-current electron beam. — Manuscript.

The thesis (manuscript) for the obtaining of the scientific degree of
the candidate of science in the physics and mathematics corresponding to
the speciality 01.04.07 — a physics state solid. — Sumy State
University, Sumy, 1999.

Thesis is devoted to questions of shaping near surface systems “fine
film from refractory metal — a thick iron base” as a result of
influences of concentrate flows of energy (CFE), as well as studying the
received system characteristics. It has been proved that as a result of
such influences in near surface a complex structure, greatly distinguish
from the source condition is formed. The research gives new strategies
and results of numerical calculations of warm-up floors of voltages
with, appear as a results of using a low-energy, high-current electron
beam in systems Ta-Fe and Mo-Fe, as well as results of studies of
structure, physical and mechanical characteristics of received covering.
Main results of work have been applied in perfecting the official
features of construction materials.

Key words: Low-energy, high-current electron beam, mass transfer,
diffusion, inverse dissipation, electronic, near surface, structure,
modeling, dislocation.

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