Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

E?TH*EI TH??E ?AAIIA

OAeE 343. 16

I?IAEAIE I?AeO?EIAIIss AeA?AEAAIIAI IAAEIOAA*AIIss O NI?AAAO I?I
IAAIENI? AAEANOAA.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue. 12.00.10 — noaeiono??e; i?ieo?aoo?a oa aaeaieaoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aai?caoe?? noaeiaeo oa i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, Ia?i/e?i ?aai
?ai?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? noaeiaeo oa i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoaeeaiei Ieaenaiae? ?iiaiiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e aaeaieaonueei? iaenoa?iino? ?inoeoooo aaeaieaoo?e i?e
Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
caneoaeaiee th?eno Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, ssiiae/ TH??e Iaaeiae/, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a i?aai?caoe?? noaeiaeo oa

i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai??
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29”ea?oiy1999 ?. i 11

aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaea Ae 64.086.03 o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai ca
aae?anith: 310024 i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77.

3 aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024 i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “27” __03__ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEeaaee?i I.?.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?eeiyooy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie o 1996 ?. e io?eiaiiy aea?aeaaith
io?oe?eiiai noaoono /eaia ?aaee ?a?iie ciaiaio? niaith aaaeeeaee aoai o
oi?ioaaii? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? i?aaiaiiy Oe?a?ie
a?aeiia?aeaoe i?eioeeiai /eainoaa a ?aae? ?a?iie — aeciaaaoe i?eioeei
aa?oiaainoaa i?aaa ? i?eioeei, ca yeei on? iniae, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae
eiai (oiaoi /eaia ?aaee ?a?iie — TH. E.) th?enaeeeoe??th, iiaeii?
ei?enooaaoeny i?aaaie ethaeeie e iniiaieie naiaiaeaie, aeoeaii
ni?a?ia?oie/aoe a ?i’y aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?aaee (no. C Noaoooo ?aaee
?a?iie a?ae 5 o?aaiy 1949 ?.).

Noaooy 2 Eiiaaioe?? i?i caoeno i?aa ethaeeie oa iniiaieo naiaiae a?ae 4
eenoiiaaea 1950 ?. cae??ieth? iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui i?aai eiaeii? iniae
ia aeeooy ioi?iiy?oueny caeiiii. sse a?aeiii, iaaienia aaeanoai a on?o
e?a?iao aecia?oueny caeiiiaeaanoaii iaea?eueo oyaeeei cei/eiii.

Aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i iai?oaeaio e?ei?iiaaiio
ianoaiiaeo a Oe?a?i?, iioe?aiiy oaeeo iaaacia/ieo cei/ei?a, ye iaaieni?
aaeanoaa: a 1996 ?. ?o aoei nei?ii 4896, a 1997 ?. — 4529, a 1998 ?. —
4563. Oaeei /eiii, i?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a e?euee?noue iaaienieo oaeanoa
ia ciaioo?oueny.

O ?aieao ciaaaeueiiai i?ioeano, cae??ieaiiai Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie, aei
iaia’yceo noaeo ia aoiaeeoue aeieacoaaiiy aeie i?aenoaeiiai. Aea?aeaaia
iaaeioaa/aiiy, cae?enithaaia i?ieo?i?ii, noa? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
/eiiee?a caaacia/aiiy iaa?aeai?ioiino? iiea?aiiy ca nei?iee cei/ei,
aieiaiith eaieith a ?iaio? ii aee?eooth i?aaiii?ooieea ? i?eoyaiaiith
eiai aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

I?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? ia iaaiiio i?ioan?eiiio
??ai? caaacia/o?, c iaeiiai aieo, aeianaiiy noaeaie caeiiieo ?
iaa?oioiaaieo ae?ie?a, a c ae?oaiai — aaeeooy caoiae?a aei nai?/aniiai
ia?aaeyaeo iacaeiiieo ??oaiue o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao. Cie?aia,
c?inoaiiy o 1998 ?. a noaeao Oe?a?ie ia 27,7% ni?aa, ii yeeo aoei
i?aeo?eiaii aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy, i?ecaaei aei oiai, ui iaeaea ia
no?eueee ae (28,1%) c?inea e?euee?noue caaeiaieaieo eanaoe?eieo iiaeaiue
i?ieo?i??a.

sse iieacothoue ne?ae/a e noaeiaa i?aeoeea, aaeanoaa iaeaaeaoue aei
/enea oeo cei/ei?a, ye? iae/ano?oa ni?e/eiythoue aaeee? o?oaeiiu? i?e
?icne?aeoaaii? ? ?icaeyae? ?o a noae?, a oiio /ene? ? i?e i?aeo?eiaii?
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy. I?ae oei ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c caaacia/aiiyi
ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a a noae? ii eiie?aoi?e eaoaai???
ni?aa (o oiio /ene? ?

4

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? noeoii?noue iaoiae?a ?
i?eeii?a iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co
oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy caniiaaiee ia
i?eioeeiao ?noi?ecio oa ia’?eoea?cio.

Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? io?eiaa iaoiae
ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaiai aiae?co i?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiue i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a Oe?a?i?, ?in??, a oiio /ene? a i?iaeoao
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueieo eiaeaen?a oeeo aea?aeaa.

O i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
caaaeueii-iaoeia? iaoiaee nenoaiiiai aiae?co ? neioaco ?nioth/eo
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy oa no/aniiai
ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a, a oaeiae
ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai aecia/aiiy iniia
iaoiaee/iiai ? oaeoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy icia/aii? ae?yeueiino?.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaany oaeiae iaoiae caa?iaiiy aei
?ioeo iaoe (e?ei?iae?noeee, e?ei?iieia??, ineoieia??, e?ei?iaeueiiai
i?ioeano oa ?i.), aeei?enoiaoaaeeny caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee
iaoee e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee,
i?aaeiaoii-oai?aoe/iee, noaoenoe/iee oa ?io? iaoiaee iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy.

Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae ? aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aieo iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
aeicaieeee aaoi?ia? anaa?/ii ?icaeyiooe iniaeeaino? ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy, iaoiaeeeo i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa.

Aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeaia noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie i?i
ae?yeuei?noue i?ieo?i??a ii i?aeo?eiaiith aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a
noaeao, iaaeaieo Aaia?aeueiith i?ieo?aoo?ith Oe?a?ie, aea??eiaei
aiae?cii i?ieo?i?nueei? oa noaeiai? i?aeoeee iecee iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Caii??cueei?, E??iaia?aaenueei?,
Noinueei?, Iieoaanueei?, Oa?e?anueei?) Ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith,
caoaa?aeaeaiith ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? noaeiaeo oa
i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie
?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, aea/aii 263 e?ei?iaeuei? ni?aae i?i iaaieni?
aaeanoaa, ?icaeyioo? noaeaie ?anioae?ee. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoee
ooi/iai? oeyoii noaiaea?oeciaaiiai ?ioa?a’thaaiiy 168-ie
i?ieo?i?nueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a — neooa/?a ?inoeoooo i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie, ye? i?aeo?eioaaee
aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao.

5

?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeaee ii?ie Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie,
Caeii Oe?a?ie «I?i i?ieo?aoo?o», E?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiee eiaeaen
Oe?a?ie, E?ei?iaeueiee eiaeaen Oe?a?ie, iinoaiiae Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai
Noaeo Oe?a?ie, i?aoe? a/aieo a aaeoc? e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai oa
e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa, e?ei?iae?noeee, e?ei?iieia??, ineoieia?? oa ?ioeo
iaoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
?iaio? aia?oa ia iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai? eiiieaenii aea/aii i?iaeaie
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? — eiinoeoooe?eii?
ooieoe?? i?aai?a i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? oaeoeeo
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa;
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee, aei yeeo aaoi? ae?eoia o i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaaiiai ia iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae?.

Iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaaia — ? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, aeeeaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe??, ye? a?i io?eiaa ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/iiai
oa aii??e/iiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Aeena?oaio noi?ioethaaa ieceo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny iaaiith iiaeciith a aeine?aeaeoaai?e noa?? ? oiio
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. I?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy — ae?yeuei?noue i?ieo?i?a ii
ioae?/iiio a?aenoithaaiith ia?aae noaeii ii?ooaiiai iei iaaeioaa/aiiy.
Aeiaeaoeiai a?aoiaioiaaii iieiaeaiiy i?i iaia’yceiaa i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o an?o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, aea
cae?enithaaeiny aeinoaeiaa ne?aenoai; aeine?aeaeaii iane?aeee
iinoaiiaeaiiai noaeiaiai ??oaiiy c e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae, yea ?icaeyiooa
noaeii c ii?ooaiiyi i?eioeeio ciaaaeueiino? noi??i.

2. A?aeie?aieaiiy ooieoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a?ae ooieoe??
iaaeyaeo ca aeio?eiaiiyi caeii?a i?e ?icne?aeoaaii? e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa
iiaea aooe cae?eniaii oeyoii noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?ieo?aoo?,
?aeeiith ooieoe??th yeeo aoaea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a
noae?.

3. I?ae iaoiaeeeith i?aeo?eiaiiy i?ieo?i?ii aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy
a noae? o?aaa ?icoi?oe caniiaaio ia aeinyaiaiiyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee nenoaio
aecia/aieo i?aaee, i?eeii?a oa iaoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia eiie?aoi?
iioeiaeuei? oeyoe ? niiniae ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai
caaaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo ia iueiai caeiiii.

6

4. Oaeoeea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? -iniiaaiee ia
ii?iao e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiio, aeaieo niaoe?aeueieo iaoe
(a oiio /ene? e?ei?iae?noeee), ia aeina?ae? i?ieo?i?nueei? i?aeoeee
niin?a ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeeee o/ano? i?ieo?i?a a ?icaeyae? e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aa o noae? c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy ?noeie o ni?aa?.

5. I?aeo?eiaiith aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? o ni?aaao i?i
iaaieni? aaeanoaa ?iaiaioi? ie?ai? iaoiaee/i? ? oaeoe/i? iniaeeaino?, ui
aacothoueny ia caaaeueieo canaaeao iaoiaeeee ? oaeoeee ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a a noae?.

6. Iaoiaee/i? ? oaeoe/i? i?eeiie i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy
a noae? o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa — oea ie?aia nenoaia, yeo ?
i?iiiio? aaoi?.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia??oioiaothoueny i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?ic?iaeaii
iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, ui noi?ioeueiaai? aaoi?ii aeniiaee, ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy oa
i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?: a) o i?aaicanoinoaaeuei?e
ae?yeueiino? — i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iiaiai ? aaeineiiaeaii? /eiiiai
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa; a) o iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e
?iaio? aeena?oaoe?y iiaea noaoe iniiaith aeey iiaeaeueoiai ii?aoethaaiiy
i?iaeai i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy ii eiie?aoieo eaoaai??yo
ni?aa; a) o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? — i?e i?aeaioiaoe? a?aeiia?aeii?
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, ia caiyooyo a th?eaee/ieo aocao, o
nenoai? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aai?a i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie oiui.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a ii?aoethaaii? iniia
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a o ni?aaao
i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa, a ia??oiooaaii? aoaeoeaiino? oe??? ae?yeueiino?,
ui ni?eyoeia ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue i?aai?a i?ieo?aoo?e a e?ei?iaeueiiio
noaei/einoa?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o i?aeoeeo
?iaioe i?ieo?aoo?e. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaoi?ii aeeeaaeai? ia ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? aea?aeaaieo
iaaeioaa/?a (o?aaaiue 1997 ?., i. Oa?e?a), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 50-??//th Caaaeueii? aeaeea?aoe?? i?aa
ethaeeie (10-11

7

a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo, i. Oa?e?a, Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y
Oe?a?ie), aianaii aei Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie a?aeiia?aei?
i?iiiceoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a

noae?;

Ie?ai? ieoaiiy aeeeaaeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ia nai?ia?ao i?ieo?i?nueeeo
i?aoe?aiee?a o i?ieo?aoo?? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?, aeei?enoaii a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
nai? a?aeaeooy a 4-o iaoeiaeo noaooyo o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo oa a oacao
aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? eia?oe? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 3-o ?icae?e?a, ui iiae?eythoueny ia 7
i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yea aeei?enoiaoaaeany (398
iaeiaioaaiue), oa 3-o aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? (178) noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aena?oeaii noai ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe, ?? oai?aoe/ia
? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aecia/aii ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e ?. «Nooue aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a e?ei?iaeueiiio i?ioean?»
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iiiyooy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy oa eiai i?aeo?eiaiiy a noae?»
?icaeyaeathoueny i?e?iaea iaaeioaa/aiiy, ci?no oeueiai oaiiiaia, eiai
iciaee. Aiae?coth/e iiaeyaee N.A. Aeueia?oa, I. I. Aeaaeaeiaa, A.N.
Caeaiaoeueeiai, Ae.A. Iinoiaiai A.E. ?eae?ia, A. I. Naaeoeueeiai, I. N.
No?iaiae/a oa ?ioeo o/aieo, aaoi? ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui iaaeioaa/aiiy —
oea cao?eniaaia (a?aeia?aaeaia) a niaoe?aeueiiio i?ioeanoaeueiiio aeo?
oaa?aeaeaiiy eiiiaoaioii? iinaaeiai? iniae (ne?ae/iai, i?ieo?i?a) i?i
aeii?noue a?iiaaeyieia, yeee i?eoyaa?oueny aei e?ei?iaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca a/eiaiee iei cei/ei, a oaeiae i?ioeanoaeuei?
ae??, iia’ycai? ?c cae?eniaiiyi (o oiio /ene? i?aeo?eiaiiyi)
iaaeioaa/aiiy o a?aeiia?aeieo noaae?yo i?ioeano.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue «iaaeioaa/aiiy» oa
«e?ei?iaeueia ia?ane?aeoaaiiy», aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui, iacaaaeath/e
ia oa, ui i?ae oeeie iiiyooyie ?nio? aaaaoi ni?eueiiai, iaaeioaa/aiiy ?
iniiaiith

oi?iith cae?eniaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai ia?ane?aeoaaiiy, yea ioiieth? anth
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueio ae?yeuei?noue.

Aeoiaey/e c oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue i?i e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeuei?
ooieoe?? (N.A. Aeueia?o, A.N. Caeaiaoeueeee, E.Ae.Eiei??a,
O.I.Oaoeoee?i, I.N. Aeuee?iae oa ?i.) oa ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th, aaoi?
?aoaeueii aeine?aeaeo? iiiyooy i?aeo?eiaiiy i?ieo?i?ii aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? ? ie?aneth? iiiaio eiai aeieeiaiiy. Aeena?oaio
aecia/a?, ui aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy — oea cao?eniaaia o
i?ioeanoaeueiiio aeo? (iaaeioaaeueiiio aeniiaeo), caoaa?aeaeaiiio
i?ieo?i?ii, oaa?aeaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a i?i a/eiaiiy eiie?aoiith iniaith
e?ei?iaeueii-ea?aiiai ae?yiiy, ia?aaeaa/aiiai ii?iith e?ei?iaeueiiai
caeiio, yea ii?iaeaeo? iaia’ycie i?aai?a, ui cae?eniththoue
i?aainoaeaey, ?icaeyiooe ieoaiiy i?i aeii?noue ? iiea?aiiy aeacaii?
iniae.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iiiaioii aeieeiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy ?
caoaa?aeaeaiiy i?ieo?i?ii iaaeioaaeueiiai aeniiaeo. O ca’yceo c oeei
aiinyoueny i?iiiceoe?? i?i aeiiiaiaiiy iecee noaoae i?iaeoo EIE
iieiaeaiiyi i?i oa, ui i?ney neeaaeaiiy iaaeioaaeueiiai aeniiaeo
i?ieo?i? iiaeiai ii?ooeoe i?ioe iaaeioaa/aiiai aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy,
yea aoaea i?aaeiaoii noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «I?ieo?i? — noa’?eo aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy»
aeine?aeiee oe?eeii iiaiaeaeo?oueny ?c cai?iiiiiaaiith A.N.
Caeaiaoeueeei eeaneo?eaoe??th an?o noa’?eo?a aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy
ia in?a, ye? ii?ooothoue aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy e in?a, ye?
i?aeo?eiothoue eiai. Aei ia?oi? eaoaai??? iaeaaeaoue i?ieo?i?e an?o
?aia?a, ye? iathoue i?aai ye ii?oooaaoe aea?aeaaia iaaeioaa/aiiy, oae ?
i?aeo?eioaaoe eiai a on?o noaae?yo noaeiaiai i?ioeano. Ae?oao eaoaai??th
neeaaeathoue ?io? i?ieo?i?nuee? i?aoe?aieee, ye? iathoue i?aai eeoa
i?aeo?eioaaoe iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae?. Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui i?ae
cacia/aieie noa’?eoaie uiaei i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy
aeieeathoue a?aeiineie, ia a?aaoeueiaai? i?ioeanoaeueiei caeiiii, a oiio
aiie iathoue nooi neoaeaiaee oa?aeoa?. ?acii c oei oae? a?aeiineie
iio?aaothoue ?aoaeueii? i?aaiai? ?aaeaiaioaoe??.

Aaoi?ii a?aenoith?oueny ?aeay ?aaeueiiai caaacia/aiiy i?eioeeio
ciaaaeueiino? ‘noi??i o an?o noaae?yo e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa ?
?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ??oaiiy, iinoaiiaeai? noaeii ii
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, ye? aoee ?icaeyioo? aac o/ano? aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/a, iiaeii? aeciaaaoeny iacaeiiieie a neeo aeiia i. 4 /. 2 no.
129 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie.

Aiaeii/an aeey ?iciaaeoaaiiy iaaeyaeiai? e iaaeioaaeueii? ooieoe??
i?ieo?i?a i?iiiio?oueny canioaaoe niaoe?ae?ciaai? i?ieo?aoo?e, ?aeeiith
ooieoe??th yeeo aoaea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae?.
Oae? i?ieo?aoo?e ae?yoeiooue ca oa?eoi??aeueiith iciaeith ? aoaeooue
ni?eyoe ia’?eoeaiiio ?icaeyaeo ni?aa.

?icae?e 2. «I?iaeaie iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a aei
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni?
aaeanoaa» i?enay/aii iiiyooth oa cia/aiith iaoiaeeee ? oaeoeee
i?aeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a aei o/ano? a noaeiaiio ?icaeyae? e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aa icia/aii? eaoaai???.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iiiyooy iaoiaeeee i?aeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a aei
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa»
iniaeeao oaaao iaaieioaii ia oa, ui i?aeaioiaea aei i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o eiie?aoi?e e?ei?iaeuei?e ni?aa? ? oai?/ith
i?ciaaaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, yea neeaaea?oueny ?c noeoiiino? ae?e ii:
a) aea/aiith iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae, ?oiuei? nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?
o?enaoe??;

a) aiae?co aeieac?a, ye? ? o e?ei?iaeuei?e ni?aa?, ?oi?e ioe?ioe? oa
ia?aa??oe?; a) ieaioaaiith i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a
noae?; a) i?iaiicoaaiith neooaoe?e, ye? iiaeooue aeieeiooe i?e
?icaeyae? ni?aae a noae?. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iaoith i?aeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a
aei i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy ? iiia?aaei? ni?eeiyooy
eiie?aoii? e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy caiano ciaiue,
iaea?aeaieo i?ae /an eiai i?ciaiiy (aea/aiiy), aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ?noeie
o ni?aa?.

Cia/ia i?noea a aeaiiio ?icae?e? i?eae?ey?oueny aiae?co aeinyaiaiue
iaoee o ae?iaeaii? caaaeueieo iiiyoue iaoiaeeee ? oaeoeee, i?iaeai?
oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo oa oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, aeiia, ye? aei ieo
i?aae’yaeythoueny, iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiaiue e?ei?iae?noeee
oa ?ioeo iaoe i?e ii?aoethaaii? iaoiaeeee ? oaeoeee i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? ii eiie?aoi?e eaoaai??? ni?aa,
aieiaiei /eiii, o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aecia/a? iaoiaeeeo i?aeaioiaee
i?ieo?i?a aei i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? ye
caniiaaio ia aeinyaiaiiyo iaoee ? i?aeoeee nenoaio iaaieo iaoiaee/ieo
i?aaee, oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a ? iieiaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia iioeiaeuei?
oeyoe ? niiniae ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai iaoiae?a i?ciaiiy
eiie?aoii? e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae oeyoii eiai iiia?aaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy ?
oi?ioaaiiy

10

caiano ciaiue c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy ?noeie o ni?aa?. Ine?eueee iaoiaeeee
iiaeooue aooe ?aae?ciaai? oeyoii eiie?aoieo ae?e, inoaii? ? i?/ei ?ioei,
ye ?oi?ie oaeoe/ieie i?eeiiaie. Oaeoe/i? i?eeiie, ye? caaacia/othoue
ae?yeuei?noue aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ??oioothoueny
ia aeaieo i?aenaieia?? (i?aai?caoe?ei?), aeinyaiaiiyo iaoee eia?ee
(eia?/i?) ? ineoieia?? (ineoieia?/i?).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea i?aeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a aei
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni?
aaeanoaa», i?aaenoaaeaii nenoaio ae?e i?ieo?i?a uiaei i?aeaioiaee aei
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao i?i
iaaieni? aaeanoaa, a naia : aiae?c ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii? i?e
aea/aii? e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae; aecia/aiiy eiea ? iine?aeiaiino? ieoaiue,
ye? i?aeeyaathoue c’ynoaaiith i?e ?icaeyae? ni?aae a noae?; ieaioaaiiy
noaeiaeo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia cae?aiiy oa ia?aa??eo aeieac?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aa?n?th iaaeioaa/aiiy; ae?iaeaiiy oaeoeee
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o eiie?aoi?e e?ei?iaeuei?e
ni?aa?.

Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei ? ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i
iniao, yea o iiaeaeueoiio caaacia/o? i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae? a iiiaio caoaa?aeaeaiiy i?ieo?i?ii iaaeioaaeueiiai
aeniiaeo. Oea iiynith?oueny ianaiia?aae oei, ui i?ieo?i?, yeee
caoaa?aeaeo? iaaeioaaeueiee aeniiaie, ? i?ieo?i?, cae?enithth/ee
ooieoe?th i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae?, i?ae /an
aea/aiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae c iaaeioaaeueiei aeniiaeii iiaeii?
ia?aa??eoe iaeiaeia? ieoaiiy, ia?ae?e yeeo ia?aaeaa/aii no.228 EIE
Oe?a?ie.

I?aeaioiaea i?ieo?i?a aei noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aae ia?aaeaa/a?
ieaioaaiiy oe??? ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi cae?eniaiiy ?icoiiaiai i?ioeano,
ni?yiiaaiiai ia aea/aiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae oa iiaoaeiao i?ia?aie
nai?o ae?e o noaeiaiio can?aeaii?, a oaeiae ae?iaeaiiy niinia?a ??
cae?eniaiiy. Aaoi? i?iiiio? oaeo no?oeoo?o oeacaii? ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a : 1) aea/aiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y a?aeiiinoae, ui
i?noyoueny a iaoa??aeao ni?aae;

2) iciaeiieaiiy ?c caeiiiaeaanoaii, noaeiaith i?aeoeeith o ni?aaao,
aiaeia?/ieo o?e, yea iiaeiia ?icaeyaeaoeny; 3) ?ic?iaea ieaio o/ano?
i?ieo?i?a o ?icii?yae/iio can?aeaii?; 4) ?ic?iaea ieaio o/ano? i?ieo?i?a
o i?aeaioia/?e /anoei? noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy i?iiiceoe?e,
eeiiioaiue, aeniiae?a c ieoaiue, ui aoaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny; 5) ?ic?iaea
ieaio

11

o/ano? i?ieo?i?a o noaeiaiio ne?aenoa?; 6) iiia?aaeiy i?aeaioiaea aei
o/ano? o noaeiaeo aeaaaoao.

?icaeyaeath/e i?iiiiiaai? i?eeiie aea/aiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae (A.?.
Aaneia, I.A. Cicoeeinueeee, A.I. Ei?ae oa ?i.), aeena?oaio ?iaeoue
aeniiaie, ui iaoa??aee ni?aae iaia’yceiai iathoue aooe ii?aoeueiaai? o
iiaiiio ianyc?, uia i?ieo?i?: a) i?iaiae?coaaa aeo?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th,
iaea?aeaio i?e oeueiio; a) aecia/ea eiei oa iine?aeiai?noue ieoaiue, ye?
iio?aaothoue c’ynoaaiith i?e ?icaeyae? ni?aae a noae?; a) nieaioaaa
noaeia? ae??, ni?yiiaai? ia c?a?aiiy oa ia?aa??eo aeieac?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aa?n?th iaaeioaa/aiiy; a) ae?iaea oaeoeeo
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy

o aeai?e ni?aa?.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui aea/aiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae i?i iaaieni?
aaeanoaa i?eionea?, c iaeiiai aieo, ciaiiy aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai
iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy oaeeo cei/ei?a, a c ?ioiai — iniaeeainoae
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy ii oe?e eaoaai??? e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aa. ?aoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaaaea? a?i iio?aaothoue ?acoeueoaoe
iaeyaeo i?noey iiae?? (i?ioieie, aeiaeaoee aei iueiai), o ca’yceo c /ei
iaaiaeeoue iniaeeaino? aea/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aeieoiaio?a ia o?eueee o
ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa ia iiaooiaiio ??oio? aea e o ni?aaao i?i
aaeanoaa ia caiiaeaiiy», ?c canoinoaaiiyi aiaiaiaeueii? ca?i?, aeaooiaeo
i?eno?i?a oiui. Aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iaea?eueo oeiia? ii?ooaiiy caeiio
i?e neeaaeaii? oaeeo i?ioeanoaeueieo aeieoiaio?a.

O ?iaio? aiae?co?oueny i?aeoeea i?ecia/aiiy noaeiaeo aenia?oec o ni?aaao
i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa, aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo aea/aiiy aenia?oieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa oa?aeoa?i? iiieeee, yeeo aeiioneathoueny i?ae /an ?o
i?ecia/aiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy.

Aeeaieiio aiae?co i?aeeyaathoue ? ?io? iaoa??aee ni?aae: i?ioieiee
aeiieo?a, iaeyae?a ?a/iaeo aeieac?a, aeieoiaioe, o oiio /ene? e o?, ui
anoaiiaeththoue iniao iaaeioaa/aiiai, aeey oiai uia on? ai?ciaee
iaaeioaa/aiiy ? aeieace, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei ieo, aoee ca?oiiaai?. Aaoi?
i?iiiio? niiniae o?enaoe?? cacia/aii? ?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii ie?aieo
iaaeioaa/aieo oa i?eeiie e aiae?co, a oaeiae iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy
neooaoe?e, ui iiaeooue aeieeiooe i?ae /an noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo
e?ei?iaeueia ni?aae O ?iaio? ii?ooo?oueny ieoaiiy i?i iioe?aiiy ia ae??
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a oae caaiiai oaeoe/iiai ?eceeo, yeee iac??aeea
aeieea? o oiae? noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae aiane?aeie
iaia?aaeaa/oaaiino?

12

iiaaae?iee i?aenoaeiiai, caoenieea, na?aee?a oa ?i. I?ieo?i?, aaaaea?
aaoi?,

iiaeiai cacaeaeaa?aeue i?iaiicoaaoe oeae ?ecee, aeeth/ath/e a?aeiia?aeii
? niiniae eiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy e onoiaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? caa?iaii oaaao ia oa, ui aea/aiiy aeayeeo iaoa??ae?a
ni?aa i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa iio?aao? niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue o noa??
e?ei?iae?noeee, noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie oa ?ioeo iaoe, yeeie i?ieo?i?
-aea?aeaaiee iaaeioaa/ o iiai?e i??? iiaea ia aieiae?oe. Oiio o
caeiiiaeaa/iio ii?yaeeo, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ne?ae ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i
iiaeeeaa caeo/aiiy aei aea/aiiy iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae
a?aeiia?aeieo oao?aoe?a oeyoii aeianaiiy i?ieo?i?ii iinoaiiae.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea o/ano? i?ieo?i?a o ?icii?yae/iio
can?aeaii? noaeo o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa» aeena?oaio iaaieioo?
ia oa, ui ine?eueee oey noaae?y ? ia?aa??iith noiniaii iiia?aaeiueiai
?icne?aeoaaiiy ? ia ae??oo? ieoaiiy uiaei aeiiino? iaaeioaa/aiiai,
i?ieo?i? ia a aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai. Aa?o/e o/anoue o ?icii?yae/iio
can?aeaii? noaeo, i?ieo?i? ye noi?iia iaaeioaa/aiiy ni?ey? noaeo o
anoaiiaeaii? aeinoaoiino? i?aenoaa aeey ?icaeyaeo ni?aae ii noi o
noaeiaiio can?aeaii?.

sse aaaaea? aaoi?, noaae?th a?aeaeaiiy aei noaeo iiaeia c iaaieie
canoa?aaeaiiyie iacaaoe «iiia?aaei?i neooaiiyi ni?aae», eiee i?ieo?i?,
aeneiaethth/e aeoieo ca aeiiia?aeaeth noaeae?, ciaia’ycaiee i?aaenoaaeoe
noaeo iaa?oioiaaiee aeniiaie c on?o ieoaiue, cacia/aieo o no. 242 EIE,
oieeath/e i?e oeueiio «iaaeioaaeueiiai ooeeo». I?aaiaiiy aoaeue-ui
aeiionoeoe a noaae?th noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo e?ei?iaeueio ni?aao, a ye?e
iayaia ?noioia iaiiaiioa aai iaa??ia canoinoaaiiy caeiio ?
iai?eionoeiei. O oeueiio ca’yceo aeniiaie i?ieo?i?a a ?icii?yae/iio
can?aeaii? ia? i?noeoe aanue eiiieaen ieoaiue, ye? ae??oothoueny noaeii
i?e a?aeaeaii? iaaeioaa/aiiai aei noaeo.

O oe?e noaae??, ia aeoieo caeiaoaa/a, i?ieo?i? iiaeiai c’ynoaaoe oae?
ieoaiiy: /e iaea?aeai? aeieace c iaeaaeiiai, ia?aaeaa/aiiai caeiiii
aeaea?aea;

/e a?aeiia?aea? niin?a iaea?aeaiiy ? cae??ieaiiy aeieac?a caeiio; /e
i?noyoue aeaea?aea aeieac?a eiie?aoi? oaeoe; /e iaia noia?a/iinoae i?ae
ie?aieie aeaea?aeaie aeieac?a, ye? aeeeth/athoue iiaeeea?noue a?aeaeaiiy
aei noaeo; iane?eueee aeniiaee ne?ae/iai anaa?/ii ? iiaii iaa?oioiaai?
c?a?aieie aeieacaie; /e aeiionoei? aiie ? /e aeinoaoiuei ?o aeey
aeieacoaaiiy ianoaaei, aeacaieo o no. 64, 433 EIE Oe?a?ie.

13

Aeooaeueiei, ye aaaaea? aaoi? ? ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue aeo?aaoaaiiy
?c noaeo ni?aae aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ii i?e aeiaeaoeiaiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy o
ca’yceo c aeyaeaieie i?ieo?i?ii ii?ooaiiyie caeiio. I?ieo?i? iiaea
aeeiiaoe a?aeiia?aei? ae?? aei ?icaeyaeo noaeii ieoaiue, cacia/aieo o
no. 242 EIE. A ?ioeo aeiaaeeao ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i aeo?aaoaaiiy ni?aae
?c ?icii?yae/iai can?aeaiiy noaeo aeey iiiiaeaiiy ?icne?aeoaaiiy o
ni?aa? ? ni?iaith i?ieo?i?a i?ee?eoe a?ae o ?iaio?.

O ?icae?e? 3 «I?iaeaie iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa»
aena?oeththoueny iaoiaeeea ? oaeoeea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy o i?aeaioia/?e /anoei? noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy, a noaeiaiio
ne?aenoa? ? aeaaaoao noi??i o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy o i?aeaioia/?e /anoei? noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy o ni?aaao i?i
iaaieni? aaeanoaa» aeine?aeiee oi?ioeth? caaaeaiiy, ye? noiyoue ia?aae
aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai o oe?e /anoei? noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo, a naia:
-caaacia/eoe iine?aeiaia i?iaaaeaiiy an?o i?ioeanoaeueieo ae?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia c’ynoaaiiy ieoaiiy, ? aecia/eoe, /e ? iaiao?aei? oiiae
aeey anaa?/iiai, iiaiiai e ia’?eoeaiiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aae ii noo?.
I?ieo?i? iaaea? aeiiiiiao noaeo a oeueiio ye ca iaoa??aeaie ni?aae, oae
? oeyoii aaeeooy aeiaeaoeiaeo caoiae?a aei i?aeaioiaee iaeaaeiiai
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo aeaii? ni?aae.

I?aeoeea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ianeai? ae?? i?ieo?i?a ia oeueiio aoai?
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aa aaaeooue aei ?oiueiai iaiaa?oioiaaiiai
a?aeeeaaeaiiy, nooo?aeo ii?ooaiue aeiia no. 22 EIE , ui oyaia aacoiiaia
neanoaaiiy ae?ieo. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aeena?oaio ii?aoethaaa
iaoiaee/i? ? oaeoe/i? iniiae ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a o
i?aeaioia/?e /anoei? noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy. Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oa?oueny
ia i?iya iiceoe?? i?ieo?i?a uiaei ieoaiue, ye? aeieeathoue o oe?e
/anoei? noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy. Aaoi? i?iiiio? eiie?aoi? iaoiaee/i? ?
oaeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui aecia/athoue iiceoe?th aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/a noiniaii yaee o/aniee?a noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo oa in?a, ye?
aeeeeeaeeny, o/ano? ia?aeeaaea/a, niaoe?ae?no?a, i?i iaiao?aeiino?
ci?iaiiy caoiaeo caiia?aeiiai aieeao oa ?i.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy o noaeiaiio ne?aenoa? o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa»
caeiaoaa/ a?aecia/a?, ui noaeiaa ne?aenoai ? aaaeeeaith /anoeiith
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae, ine?eueee ooo ia?aa??y?oueny
iaa?oioiaai?noue

14

iaaeioaa/aiiy, i?aae’yaeaiiai i?aenoaeiiio, ? ?aoaeueii
aeine?aeaeothoueny an? aeieace, iayai? o ni?aa?. ?acii c oei aaaaea?
a?i, ne?aenoai ? iiaei, naiino?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeieac?a, o oiio
/ene? ? iiaeaieo ca eeiiioaiiyi o/aniee?a noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo.

Aeena?oaio aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui iaa?oioiaai?noue aeai?o i?ieo?i?ii
iaoiaeeee o/ano? a noaeiaiio ?icaeyae? o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa
aecia/a?oueny: a) ianoaaeiaie, ui i?aeeyaathoue aeieacoaaiith o
cacia/ai?e eaoaai??? ni?aa; a) iniaeeainoyie iiaoaeiae ? ia?aa??ee
oeiiaeo aeey aeaii? eaoaai??? ni?aa noaeiaeo aa?n?e; a) iniaeeainoyie
i?iaaaeaiiy noaeiaeo ae?e o oaeeo ni?aaao. I?aeoe/i? ae i?eeiie, ui
iae?athoueny aea?aeaaiei iaaeioaa/ai ia aeai?e noaae?? i?ioeano,
caeaaeaoue a?ae aaaaoueio ianoaaei, na?aae yeeo : ii?yaeie
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieac?a (o oiio /ene? o aaaaoiai?ciaeieo ni?aaao, c
aeae?eueeiia i?aenoaeieie); oa?aeoa? i?iaaaeaiiy noaeiaeo ae?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia io?eiaiiy ? ia?aa??eo aeieac?a o noaeiaiio can?aeaii?.

Uiaei ia?aiiy i?ieo?i?ii oaeoeee noaeiaiai ne?aenoaa, oi aiia caeaaeeoue
ia o?eueee a?ae aeciaiiy /e caia?a/aiiy i?aenoaeiei nai?? aeie, a oaeiae
a?ae oaeeo ianoaaei, ye oa?aeoa? cei/eio, aeieace, c?a?aii? ii ni?aa?,
iniaa i?aenoaeiiai, neeaaei?noue oa ianya e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae. Ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe ? oa?aeoa? ae?e, ui aieeaathoue ia aea?? iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaii? aeey aeaii? ni?aae oaeoeee aeaiiai ne?aenoaa. Aaoi? aaaaea?,
ui: 1) ?icii/eiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaaei ni?aae ne?ae c oaeo?a, ye? ?
aeey a?aeiia?aeiiai neeaaeo cei/eio iaea?eueo nooo?aeie ? iiaii
iaa?oioiaaieie aeieacaie, c?a?aieie i?e ?icne?aeoaaii?; 2)
aeine?aeaeoaaoe oaeoe aeioe?eueii a o?iiieia?/i?e (aai ?io?e)
iine?aeiaiino?, ui aeicaiey? iaeiiai?oa ? anaa?/ii aeine?aeeoe ianoaaeie
ni?aae ? nenoaiaoecoaaoe ?o; 3) ne?ae aeiaea?aeoaaoeny ieaiii??ii?
iine?aeiaiino? o i?iaaaeaeaii? ia o?eueee ??ciiiai?oieo aea e iaeiaeiaeo
i?ioeanoaeueieo ae?e.

O ?iaio? aeeeaaeathoueny i?ia?aia ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a
i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieac?a o ni?aa?, iaoiaeeea ? oaeoeea
i?iaaaeaiiy ie?aieo noaeiaeo ae?e, aiinyoueny i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
canoinoaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo i?eeii?a, ye?: ni?eythoue aeoea?caoe??
iai’yo? a?aeia?aaeaiiai, ni?yiiaai? ia anoaiiaeaiiy iioeaaoe??
iieacaiue, aeiiiiaaathoue aee?eoe i?aenoaeiiai, ni?eythoue anoaiiaeaiith
ineoieia?/iiai eiioaeoo c iei, onoaathoue eiioe?eoi? neooaoe??

Iniaeeao oaaao aeine?aeiee i?eae?ey? aea/aiith ieoaiue i?i

15

iiaeeea?noue aeyaeaiiy e onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue caeiio a oiae? noaeiaiai
?icaeyaeo a ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa ? ?ie? a oeueiio aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/a.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ? iaoa??ae?a i?aeoeee aaoi?ii
i?iiiiothoueny iaoiaee/i? ? oaeoe/i? i?eeiie ae?yeueiino? i?ieo?i?a ia
??cieo aoaiao noaeiaiai ne?aenoaa, aiae?cothoueny oeiia? iiieeee ?
iaaeie?ee i?ieo?i?nueei? i?aeoeee.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a noaeiaeo aeaaaoao o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa»
iaaieioo?oueny, ui o/anoue aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a o oe?e /anoei?
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aae ? i?aenoieii on??? eiai ae?yeueiino? o
noaae?? noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo.

Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia aaaeeeaino? i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy a noaeiaeo aeaaaoao, ui ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith aioo??oiueiai
ia?aeiiaiiy noaeae?a, aeianaiith caeiiiiai e iaa?oioiaaiiai ae?ieo.
Aecia/athoueny /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia no?oeoo?o, ci?no ? ianya
iaaeioaaeueii? i?iiiae. Aei ieo aaoi? a?aeiineoue: aeae nei?iiai cei/eio
? /enei in?a, i?eoyaiaieo aei e?ei?iaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?; ianya
i?aae’yaeaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy; oa?aeoa? iayaieo aeieac?a oa ?o aeaea?ae;
iniao i?aenoaeiiai, iiceoe?th e aeoeai?noue caoenoo a ni?aa?.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, c o?aooaaiiyi eiea ieoaiue, ye? i?noyoueny o no. 323,
324, 328, 330 EIE Oe?a?ie (a oaeiae no. 64, 23, 433), iaea?eueo aaeaeith
? oaea no?oeoo?a i?iiiae aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a: 1) oaeoe/i? ianoaaeie
ni?aae oa ?oiy noni?eueii-ii?aeueia ioe?iea; 2) aiae?c oa ioe?iea
aeieac?a; 3) th?eaee/ia ioe?iea anoaiiaeaieo oaeoe/ieo ianoaaei —
eaae?o?eaoe?y cei/eio; 4) oa?aeoa?enoeea iniae i?aenoaeiiai; 5) ieoaiiy,
iia’ycai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy /e ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
iueiai; 6) ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c ae??oaiiyi oeea?eueiiai iiciao, 7) ?io?
ieoaiiy, ye? i?aeeyaathoue ae??oaiith; 8) aiae?c i?e/ei oa oiia, ye?
ni?eyee cae?eniaiith cei/eio, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei caoiae?a ii ?oiueiio
onoiaiith. Cacia/ai? eiiiiiaioe neeaaeathoue i?aaeiao i?iiiae
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a ? ? iaia’yceiaeie, iaeiae ?o iine?aeiai?noue,
ci?no oa ianya iiaeooue aooe ??ciiiai?oieie c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoe/iiai
ae??oaiiy iei eiie?aoii? ni?aae.

Aeena?oaioii aeine?aeaeaii ? i?iaiae?ciaaii oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee
i?ioeanoaeueii? a?aeiiae i?ieo?i?a a?ae iaaeioaa/aiiy (?.Ae.Ia?eiaa,
A.I.Naaeoeueeiai, A. N. Caeaiaiueeiai, A. A. Aaa?eeiaa, O.0.
Eooeaanueei?,

16

?.A.Aa?ieaeoaiaa, A. O. E?theiaa oa ?i.) A ?acoeueoao? /iai a?i ae?eoia
aeniiaeo, ui no?oeoo?a ? ci?no i?iiiae i?e a?aeiia? a?ae iaaeioaa/aiiy
aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue a?ae i?aenoaa a?aeiiae, iaeiae a on?o aeiaaeeao
i?ieo?i? iiaeiai e?eoe/ii ioe?ieoe aeieace, i?aaenoaaeai? aeey
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iaaeioaa/aiiy, ? o?, ui aoee anoaiiaeai? a oiae?
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ? na?ae/aoue i?i eiai iaia??oioiaai?noue.

O Aeniiaeao o eiioeaio?iaaiiio aeaeyae? aeeeaaeathoueny iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, iaoith yeeo ? ?aaeueia
caaacia/aiiy i?eioeeio ciaaaeueiino? a e?ei?iaeueiiio noaei/einoa?.
Cie?aia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny:

— noi?ioethaaoe iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ieo?i?a — aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a,
caaaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy, cacia/eoe eiai noa’?eo?a,
aecia/eoe i?aaia? i?aenoaae a?aeiinei i?ae noa’?eoaie aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy;

— cae??ieoe iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui eiaeia e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa, ii ye?e
cae?enithaaeiny aeinoaeiaa ne?aenoai, i?aeeyaa? ?icaeyaeo a noae? c
iaia’yceiaith o/anoth aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a. A?aenooi?noue inoaiiueiai
o noaeiaiio can?aeaii? ? ianoaaeiith, yea ia?aoeiaeaea? ?icaeyaeo
ni?aae;

— ia?aaeaa/eoe iiaeeeao o/anoue o ?icii?yae/iio can?aeaii? noaeo
caoenieea, iioa?i?eiai, a ca ?icnoaeii noaeo aai eeiiioaiiyi noi??i
-iaaeioaa/aiiai aai eiai caeiiiiai i?aaenoaaieea;

— ci?ieoe ?nioth/ee ii?yaeie ?icaeyaeo ni?aae o ?icii?yae/iio can?aeaii?
noaeo, ia?aaeaa/eaoe ii/aoeii ?icaeyaeo ni?aa aeiiia?aeue i?ieo?i?a, uia
iaaeaoe inoaiiueiio iiaeeeaino? aei ii/aoeo iaaiai?aiiy ieoaiue,
cacia/aieo o no. 242 EIE Oe?a?ie, aeo?aaoaaoe ni?aao c ?icii?yae/iai
can?aeaiiy noaeo;

— aeey aeei??iaiiy «iaaeioaaeueiiai ooeeo» a ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo
iaaeioaa/?a noai?eoe niaoe?ae?ciaai? i?ieo?aoo?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy, ye? aoaeooue ae?yoe ca oa?eoi??aeueiei
i?eioeeiii.

17

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? I?NOssOUeNss A OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO
AAOI?A:

1. E?th/ei TH.?. Aeaye? ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy i?eioeeio
ciaaaeueiino? o e?ei?iaeueiiio noaei/einoa? // Iiaa Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie
? i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa: Oaiao. ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. —
Oa?e?a:

Iaoe. th?eae. aeaae. Oe?a?ie, 1997. — N. 148-152.

2. E?eaiaie A.A., E?th/ei TH.?. Aeaye? ieoaiiy aeyaeaiiy oa onoiaiiy
i?ieo?i?ii ne?ae/eo iiieeie o noaeiaiio ?icaeyae? e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa
i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa // I?aai Oe?a?ie.-1997.- ?12.-N.50-53.

3.E?th/ei TH.E. Iaeioi?ua aii?inu o/anoey i?ieo?i?a a ?anniio?aiee aeae
ia oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao // Aeooae. i?iae. ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa: Na.
iao/. o?. — Aui. 3. — Iaeanna: Iaean. ain. oi-o. -1996. — N. 57-63.

4. E?th/ei TH.E. I?iaeaiu auyaeaiey e ono?aiaiey i?ieo?i?ii
neaaenoaaiiuo ioeaie a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa oaieiaiuo aeae ia
oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao // Aeooae. i?iae. aea?aeaae ? i?aaa: 36. iaoe.
i?aoeue Iaean. aea?ae.th?eae. aeaaeai??. -Aei.4. — Iaeana, 1997.
-N.208-216.

5. Ia?i/eei E.A., E?th/ei TH.E. I iiiyoee iaoiaeeee e oaeoeee
iiaeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a e o/anoeth a noaeaaiii ?anniio?aiee oaieiaiuo aeae
// I?iae. i?aai?caoe?? i?ieo?aoo?e e iioei?caoe?? ?? ae?yeueiino? a
no/anieo oiiaao: 36. iaoe. i?aoeue. — Oa?e?a: ?i-o i?aeaeu, eaae?o. Aai.
i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie, 1998. -N. 100-105.

6. E?th/ei TH.?. I?iaeaie o/ano? i?ieo?i?a a noaeiaiio ?icaeyae?
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa // Aeooae. aii?. niaa?oainoaiaaiey
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe: E?aoeea oacenu
aeiee. e iao/. niiau. Iaae?aaeii, iao/. eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo e
nieneaoaeae. -Oa?ueeia: Iaoe. th?eae. aeaae. Oe?a?ie, 1996. -N.68-70.

E?th/ei TH.?. I?iaeaie i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy o ni?aaao
i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.10 — noaeiono??e; i?ieo?aoo?a oa aaeaieaoo?a.
Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.

Caoeuathoueny iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy c ieoaiue eiinoeoooe?eii? ooieoe??
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy, aeine?aeaeothoueny nooue ? ci?no
ae?yeueiino?

18

aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a o ni?aaao i?i iaaieni? aaeanoaa, ?? iaoiaee/ia ?
oaeoe/ia caaacia/aiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii oae? iiiyooy, ye iaoiaeeea ? oaeoeea
i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy a noae?. Noi?ioeueiaaii
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea ?aaeaiaioo?
ae?yeuei?noue aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/a, c iaoith ae?enii? ?aae?caoe??
i?eioeeio ciaaaeueiino? noi??i o e?ei?iaeueiiio noaei/einoa?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaiee iaaeioaa/, i?aeo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeioaa/aiiy, iaaienia aaeanoai, iaoiaeeea ? oaeoeea i?aeo?eiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeioaa/aiiy, i?eioeei ciaaaeueiino? noi??i.

E?th/ei TH.E. I?iaeaiu iiaeaea?aeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey ii
aeaeai ia oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.10 — noaeiono?ienoai; i?ieo?aoo?a e
aaeaieaoo?a. Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, Oa?ueeia, 1998 a.

Caueuathony iao/iua iieiaeaiey ii aii?inai eiinoeoooeeiiiie ooieoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey. A /anoiinoe, ?anniao?eaathony i?e?iaea
iaaeiaiey, niaea?aeaiea yoiai oaiiiaia, aai i?eciaee.

Ia iniiaa enneaaeiaaiey aeeneonneiiiuo i?iaeai oai?ee oaieiaiiai
i?ioeanna oi?ioee?oaony iiiyoea «ainoaea?noaaiiia iaaeiaiea» e
ii?aaeaeyaony iiiaio aai aicieeiiaaiey. ?anniao?eaathony noauaeou
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey e i?aaeeaaaaony o?aaoee?iaaoue
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiui caeiiii ioiioaiey, aicieeathuea iaaeaeo ieie.

Oi?ioee?othony caaea/e, noiyuea ia?aae ainoaea?noaaiiui iaaeieoaeai
ia ?acee/iuo yoaiao noaeaaiiai ?acae?aoaeuenoaa oaieiaiuo aeae ia
oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao.

?ac?aaioaii iiiyoea iaoiaeeee e oaeoeee iiaeaea?aeaiey i?ieo?i?ii
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey a noaea ii aeaeai ia oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao.
Eceaaathony iaoiaeeee iiaeaioiaee i?ieo?i?a e iiaeaea?aeaieth
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey a noaea, o/anoey i?ieo?i?a a
?anii?yaeeoaeueiii canaaeaiee noaea, iiaeaea?aeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iaaeiaiey a noaeaaiii neaaenoaee e a noaeaaiuo i?aieyo ii aeaeai ia
oiuoeaiiuo oaeenoaao. ?ane?uou oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia eca?aiea
niioaaonoaothuae oaeoeee

19

iiaeaea?aeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey a noaea. Enneaaeiaaiu
oai?aoe/aneea ?ac?aaioee ioeaca i?ieo?i?a io iaaeiaiey e naeaeai auaiae
, /oi no?oeoo?a e niaea?aeaiea ?a/e i?e ioeaca io iaaeiaiey ai iiiaii
caaenyo io iniiaaiee ioeaca, iaeiaei ai anao neo/ayo i?ieo?i? aeieaeai
e?eoe/anee ioeaieoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa, i?aaenoaaeaiiua a
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea iaaeiaiey, e oa eioi?ua auee onoaiiaeaiu a oiaea
noaeaaiiai ?acae?aoaeuenoaa e eioi?ua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i
iaiainiiaaiiinoe ooaa?aeaeaiey i aeiiaiinoe iiaenoaeeiiai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeieoaeue, iiaeaea?aeaiea
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey, oiuoeaiiia oaeenoai, iaoiaeeea e oaeoeea
iiaeaea?aeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeiaiey, i?eioeei ninoycaoaeueiinoe
noi?ii.

Yu.Kruchko . Problems of Support of State Prosecution in Cases on
Intended Murder. — Manuscript.

The thesis for a candidate’s of low; degree on speciality 12.00.10
-Judicial System; the Bar; Office of Pablic Prosecutor. National law
academy of the Ukraine named after Yaruslav theMudruy.Kharkiv,1998.

The author defends scientific concepts of the questions of
constitutional function of the State prosecution: he researches the
essence and contents of the activity of State prosecution in intended
murder cases, its methodical and tactical provision.

In his dissertation, the author develops such concepts as «tactics» and
«methodic» of support of the State prosecution in court. He forms some
suggestions concerning improvement of acting legislation which regulates
the activity of State prosecution for real realisation of a principal of
contraversy of parties in criminal legal procedure.

The key words: State prosecution, intended murder, methods and tactics
of support of State prosecution, principle of contraversy of the
parties.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: aeioe. Oiei/ei I.I.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19 03.99. Oi?iao 60o90.16 Iai?? ionaoiee
A?aeae?oeiaaii ia ?ecia?ao?. Oiiai.ae?oe a?e 0,6, iae.-aeae.a?e.?.I.
Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cae. ? 494.

Ae?oea?iy

Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai
310024, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77

Похожие записи