IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IAOAI?EE ?IAI? N.I.OEIIOAIEA

AANEEUe?A ?AI? TH??EIAE*

OAeE 629.19

I?IAEAIE IIOEI?CAOe?? AeIAAIO?EAAEEO I?EIOIAAIEO EINI?*IEO IIEUeIO?A

01.02.01 — oai?aoe/ia iaoai?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1998 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?aaioa aeeiiaia ia iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiio oaeoeueoao? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?oi?aiei Ai?en Ieeeoiae/,
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iaoai?ee nooe?eueieo na?aaeiaeu.

Io?oe?eie iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ea??i Aieiaeeie? Ai?eniae/,
?inoeooo iaoai?ee ?i. N.I.Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
aeeiai?ee neeaaeieo nenoai.

Eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Naiaiia Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/, ?inoeooo eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI ?
IEA Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo aiae?co
ia?niaeoeaieo eini?/ieo i?iaeai.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo iaoaiaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aeeiai?ee e no?eeino?
aaaaoiaei??ieo nenoai

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.166.01 a ?inoeooo?
iaoai?ee ?i. N.I.Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith 252057, Ee?a, aoe.
I.Ianoa?iaa, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaoai?ee ?i.N.I.Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 27 ” eenoiiaaea
1998?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *a?ieoaiei ?.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii? iaoai?ee
eini?/iiai iieueioo ? aecia/aiiy ia aeaye?e cacia/ai?e iiiaeei? oaeeo
o?a?eoi??e oa niinia?a ea?oaaiiy ?ooii eini?/iiai aia?aoo oa oaeeo
cia/aiue eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a oeueiai aia?aoo ? eiai iniiaieo
nenoai, ye? a caaacia/oaaee aeeiiaiiy caaeaiiiai iaiaa?o iaee?auei o
cacia/aiiiio nain? /eiii. Iaeia c iniiaieo i?iaeai iaoai?ee iieueioo —
iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a, ea?oaaiue oa o?a?eoi??e iieueioo eini?/ieo
aia?ao?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey aeeiiaiiy aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo
i?aeieaiaoieo aeniaaeeoe?e, aeine?aeaeo?oueny o aeena?oaoe??.

Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui ooiaeaoi?e no/anii? einiiiaaoeee
E.A.Oe?ieeianueeee, O.A.Oeaiaea?, A.Iaa?o, A.Aiiai, ?.Aii-Iaeueo??,
N.I.Ei?ieueia, TH.A.Eiiae?aothe o nai?o i?aoeyo ?icaeyaeaee
aeiaaio?eaae? i?eioiaai? i?aeieaiaoi? aeniaaeeoe?? ye i?ia?aeiee
iai?yiie iaeaooiuei? eini?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ethaenoaa. A inoaii? ?iee
OO-ai noi??//y caaea/a aeeiiaiiy ia?oi? i?eioiaaii? aeniaaeeoe?? aei
iaeaeeae/i? ieaiaoe Niiy/ii? nenoaie — Ia?no iinoa? ye ia?oi/a?aiaa ?
caeeoa?oueny oaeith, iacaaaeath/e ia eii’thieoo?i? eieeaaiiy, ui
i?e?iaeiuei noi?iaiaeaeothoue i?ioeane aeai?o i?ei??oao?a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo i?ia?aeieo eini?/ieo aea?aeaa oa
ni?aoiaa?enoa.

Aeey no/anieo iaoeiaeo ioe?iie ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo
aeniaaeeoe?e oa?aeoa?ia, ii-ia?oa, ?icoi?iiy ?aaeueii? neeaaeiino?
oaoi?/ieo i?iaeai, ui aeieeathoue, yea a?oioo?oueny ia iaeiie/aiiio ca
aeanyoee?ooy ?icaeoeo i?aeoe/ii? einiiiaaoeee aeina?ae?; a, ii-ae?oaa,
ona?aeiieaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c i?aai?c?oe??th ia?n?ainueei? aeniaaeeoe??.
Ii?aeiaiiy oi?eaeueii? oaoi?ee, iaiao?aeii? aeey aeeiiaiiy aeniaaeeoe??,
c aeiiaaie aeiiii?/iino?, a?ae yeeo ?aeaoii-eini?/ia aaeocue aoea
i?aeoe/ii a?eueia ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao naiai ?icaeoeo, ?iaeoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iioeiaeueieo ?ica’yce?a anueiai eiiieaeno
i?iaeai, ui aeieeathoue, aino?i aeooaeueiith.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? oaie. I?iaeaia iioei?caoe?? aeiaaio?eaaeeo
i?aeieaiaoieo aeniaaeeoe?e i?ioyaii o?ueio inoaii?o aeanyoe??/ aoea
iaeiith c oeaio?aeueieo a iaoai?oe? eini?/iiai iieueioo.
Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? aeey eini?/ieo aia?ao?a (EA) c
no/anieie oa ia?niaeoeaieie ?aeaoieie aeaeaoiaie, ocaaaeueiai? a
aaaaoueio a?aeiieo iiiia?ao?yo, na?aae yeeo a ia?oo /a?ao iaiao?aeii
a?aei?oeoe ?iaioe A.A.Aaeaoeueeiai, A.E.A?iaecianueeiai, TH.I.?aaiiaa,
A.A.Oiea?aaa, A.A.?eue?ia, A.A.Eocueiaea, A.A.Aai?iaa, E.?.Aon?aa,
A.A.?aaoe?ia, A.N.Iiainueieiaa, Ae.?.Ioioeeinueeiai, Ae.Eioaeaia,
O.Aaeaeueaaoia, O.Aiaaoea, Ae.Aeieea. ?acii c oei, aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioei?caoe?eieo caaea/ iaoai?ee i?eioiaaieo eii?/ieo iieueio?a ia
no/aniiio iaoeiaiio ??ai? eeoa ii/eia?oueny. A aaniethoi?e a?eueoino?
ioae?eaoe?e ia?aiao?e iaeiiai c iniiaieo aeaiaio?a i?eioiaaiiai EA —
nenoaie caaacia/aiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (NCAE) ae?iaaeo — ia
aeeth/athoueny aei /enea oeo, ui iioei?cothoueny, oi/a aeey
aeiaaio?eaaeeo aeniaaeeoe?e iania? aeo?aoe ia caaacia/aiiy
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noathoue ni?ai??ieie c ianith ?ioeo aeaiaio?a EA.
Iaeia c ia?oeo ni?ia eiiieaeniiai aiae?co i?iaeaie iioei?caoe??
i?eioiaaiiai EA aeicaieeea A.I.E?oi?aieo a 1975?. aenoiooe ?aeath
aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a NCAE o aeaeyae? ?ia?oii? iane c iaoith
aeiiii?? iaeeaa. Iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee naia oe??? ?aea? aeey
eiie?aoieo oiia aeniaaeeoe?? ia Ia?n coiiaeea iiyao oe??? aeena?oaoe??.

Naia/ani?noue oi?ioethaaiiy iniiaii? i?iaeaie aeena?oaoe?? aaco?oueny ia
aeinyaiooiio ??ai? aeine?aeaeaiino? i?aeieaiaoieo ia?aeueio?a a oa?i?iao
iioei?caoe?eieo caaea/ iaoai?ee iieueioo, ia iiaeeeaino? ocaaaeueiaiiy
iayaii? iaoeiai-oaoie/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae eini?/ieo NCAE oa ia iioei?noe/ieo iiia?aaei?o ioe?ieao
aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ?ia?oii? iane aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oyae ?aeaoieo
aeaeaoi?a, ye? aoee iaea?aeai? a iiaeaeueieo caaea/ao.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaaa a aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeaie no/anii? oai???
iioeiaeueieo i?ioean?a caaea/ aeai?o ia?aiao??a eini?/iiai aia?aoo,
iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo nenoai caaacia/aiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa ?o
ia?aiao??a, a oaeiae iioeiaeueieo o?a?eoi??e aeeiiaiiy aeiaaio?eaaeeo
i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo aeniaaeeoe?e. Iniiaiei ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
? eini?/iee aia?ao c ia?niaeoeaiith nenoaiith aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy, yea
aeeth/a? nenoaio /anoeiai? ?aaaia?aoe?? ?iai/eo ?a/iaei, ui aeo?a/ai?,
?c a?aeoiae?a aeey ?o iiaeaeueoiai iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy, iaeaaeiaiee
ia?niaeoeaiith ?aeaoiith ?oo?eiith onoaiiaeith, yea aeiionea?
i?enei?aiiy o??? /anoeie a?aeoiae?a NCAE, ui ia ?aaaia?othoueny, o
aeaeyae? ?ia?oii? iane o aeaeaoi? ca ?aooiie aia?a?? ?aaeoeaiiai
no?oiaith.

I?aaeiaoii caoenoo ?:

1. Ocaaaeueiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue EA, i?ecia/aiiai aeey aeeiiaiiy
aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?aeieaiaoieo ?eniaaeeoe?e, c ia?niaeoeaiei ?aeaoiei
aeaeaoiii, caeaoiei aeei?enoiaoaaoe /anoeio a?aeoiae?a NCAE ye ?ia?oio
iano, ui aeoeaii a?aeeeaea?oueny ca ?aooiie aia?a?? ?aaeoeaiiai
no?oiaiy.

2. ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/ia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iioeiaeueii ea?iaaiiai
?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia c iacaeaaeiei oi?aae?iiyi aeo?aoaie eiiiiiaio?a
iaeeaii? noi?o? oa ?ia?oii? iane.

3. Caaaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ?iaioith NCAE
oa ia?niaeoeaieo ??aeeiiiai aai yaea?iiai ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a,
noi?ioeueiaai? o Aeniiaeao.

4. Ocaaaeueiaiiy eeane/ii? oi?ioee Oe?ieeianueeiai ia aeiaaeie
ia?niaeoeaieo ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a c iacaeaaeiei ea?oaaiiyi aeo?aoaie
eiiiiiaio?a iniiaiiai ?iai/iai o?ea oa aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi ?ia?oii?
iane.

5. ?acoeueoaoe ia?aiao?e/iiai aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy
a?aeoiae?a NCAE, iaaaaeai? o Aeniiaeao.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaii? a aeena?oaoe??,
aacothoueny ia iaoiaeao iaoai?ee eini?/iiai iieueioo, iiaeaethaaiiy
neeaaeieo nenoai, oai??? iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy oa ia/enethaaeueii?
iaoaiaoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? a oa?i?iao oai??? ea?iaaieo
aeeiai?/ieo nenoai eiiieaenii? ocaaaeueiaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? EA,
i?ecia/aiiai aeey aeeiiaiiy aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo
aeniaaeeoe?e, o ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ia?niaeoeaieo
?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a c aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi ?ia?oii? iane, o aecia/aii?
oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ?iaioith NCAE oa ?oo?eiith nenoaiith,
a oaeiae iiaeeeaiai neeaaeo iioeiaeueii? o?a?eoi??? EA i?e aeeiiaii?
aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo aeniaaeeoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo a ?iaio? ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a
io?eiaii? iiaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae no/anieo oa ia?niaeoeaieo ?aeaoieo
aeaeaoi?a oa nenoai caaacia/aiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ui iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie
c?ace?a iiai? eini?/ii? oaoi?ee; a aeiaaaeaii? iiaeeeaino? aeeiiaiiy
aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo aeniaaeeoe?e ua aei noai?aiiy
a?i?aaaia?aoeaieo NCAE, a oaeiae iiaeeeaino? cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia
caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eioiaaieo i?a?oaeueieo noaioe?e; a
?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aeey ?ic?aooieo oa iioeiaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy EA c o?i?/iei oaieiaei aai yaea?iei ?aeaoiei aeaeaoiii c
aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi a?aeoiae?a NCAE.

??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? o aeena?oaoe??,
aeeiioaaeeny a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea o ?aieao
?ia?o, ia?aaeaa/aieo i?ia?aiaie ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?ia?o I?iaoco Oe?a?ie
? 85 (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193U040771), ?69 (0195U030532) oa AeEIO ? 601
(0193U040762), oa oa?eoee aei ca?o?a ii oeeo oaiao. Iia? iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? EA oa ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a, ?ic?iaeai? i?e aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, a
oaeiae oai?aoe/i? aeai? i?i oa?aeoa? iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy oa neeaae
iioeiaeueieo o?a?eoi??e EA i?e aeeiiaii? aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?aeieaiaoieo
aeniaaeeoe?e aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? ia
iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiio oaeoeueoao? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?aaiou. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 4-io i?aeia?iaeiiio
oe?a?ii-eeoaenei-?in?enueeiio iaoeiaiio neiiic?oi? c eini?/ii? iaoee oa
oaoiieia?? (Ee?a, 1996), ia 46-io i?aeia?iaeiiio ano?iiaaoe/iiio
eiia?an? IAC-95 (Inei, Ii?aaa?y, 1995), ia 2 ? 3 i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aaciaeeiai?ea o ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?”, (Naaanoiiieue,
1993, 1994), ia 27-o iaoeiaeo *eoaiiyo iai’yo? E.A.Oe?ieeianueeiai (
Eaeoaa,1992), ia I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? IFAC ii iaaeaaeeei oa ?ic?eaiei
ea?oaaiiyi ? iioei?caoe?eiei i?iaeaiai ( Aeaaeeainoie, 1991).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao [1-
9].

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A i?aoeyo, iaienaieo a ni?aaaoi?noa?
iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo i?io. E?oi?aieo A.I. iaeaaeeoue caaaeueia iinoaiiaea
caaea/, iaaiai?aiiy iaoiae?a aiae?co oa iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?e
iaienaii? ?iaioe [8] c aeioeaioii Ceaoeueeei A.O. iaaiai?thaaeeny
i?iaeaie /enaeueii? ?aae?caoe?? aeai?eoi?a ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/
iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe . Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoeo. Ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 112 noi??iie, a?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 114
iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoie neeaaea?oueny c 34 ?ethno?aoe?e.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?iaioe,
iaoeiaa iiaecia, aeinoia??i?noue, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, ei?ioei
aeeeaaeaii ci?no ?iaioe ii ?icae?eao.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaiee ei?ioeee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio i?iaeaie
iioei?caoe?? aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo eini?/ieo
aeniaaeeoe?e, i?eaaaeaiee e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo
c oaiith ?iaioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaiaeeoueny iinoaiiaea ? aiae?c iniiaii? caaea/?
iaoai?ee eini?/iiai iieueioo i?eioiaaiiai EA ye aa??aoe?eii? i?iaeaie. C
oe??th iaoith iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue EA c o?aooaaiiyi ianiaeo
aeo?ao ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy NCAE, noi?ioeueiaai? nenoaia ??aiyiue ?ooo
aia?aoo ye iaoa??aeueii? oi/ee ci?iii? ianne ? aeeiai?ee ci?ie caian?a
eiiiiiaio?a iaeeaa, ?iai/eo ?a/iaei NCAE oa ?ia?oii? ianne. Oe?eueiaee
ooieoe?iiae oa e?aeia? oiiae caaeaii o aeaeyae?, ui a?aeiia?aea? caaea/?
Iae??a iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iioeiaeueieo ea?oaaiue
nenoaiith ?aaaia?aoe?? NCAE. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co, ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
aeeiai?ea ci?ie caian?a ?iai/eo ?a/iaei NCAE acaeiaae iioeiaeueii?
o?aaeoi??? ?iaa??aioi? ii a?aeiioaiith aei oeio ?oo?eiie onoaiiaee EA.
Iiaoaeiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ia?niaeoeaieo ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a aaeeei?
oyae: ??aeeiiiai ?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia (??Ae) oa yaea?iiai oaieiaiai
?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia (ssO?Ae) — c aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi ?ia?oii? iane. C
aeei?enoaiiyi oeeo iiaeaeae i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy
aeo?aoaie eiiiiiaio?a iaeeaii? noi?o? oa ?ia?oii? ianne.

Iniiaia caaea/a iaoai?ee eini?/iiai iieueioo i?eioiaaiiai EA
oi?ioeth?oueny oaeei /eiii.

:

(1)

neeaaea(oueny c iane ii/aoeiaeo caian(a eiiiiiaio(a iaeeaa oa iaeeaieo
aae(a aeey ?o o?ainii?ooaaiiy :

, (2)

.

:

I?e oeueiio iana nenoaie ?aaaia?aoe(? NCAE ia/eneth(oueny ca oi?ioeith :

(3)

— ocaaaeueiaia ?iaioa N?.

, aeeoa?aioe(aeuei? ?(aiyiiy aaeaino aaee/ei caian(a (ia?oii? iane (
?iai/eo ?a/iaei N? iiaeaii caienaoe o aeaeyae(:

(4)

-ea?oth/? ooieoe(? N? (c cia/aiiyie c a(ae?(ceo [0,1].

, a oaeiae iane eiino?oeoe(? EA a(ae ian neeaaeiaeo eiai /anoei

aaaaeathoueny a(aeiieie i?e oi?ioethaaii( caaea/(.

Aeine(aeaeaiiy aeeiai(ee iieueioo EA, ui cae?enith? aeiaaio?eaaeo
i(eioiaaio aeniaaeeoe(th, i?iaiaeeoueny c aeei?enoaiiyi ?(aiyiue ?ooo
oeaio?o ian aia?aoo a oa?i(iao iaoai(ee iaoa?(aeueii? oi/ee ci(iii?
iane. Nenoaia aeeoa?aioe(eieo ?(aiyiue, ui iieno( ?oo EA oa ci(io eiai
ianiaeo eiiiiiaio(a caieno(oueny o aeaeyae(:

(5)

(6)

:

(7)

. *an aeeiiaiiy iaiaa?o ia o(eno(oueny i?e iinoaiiaoe( caaea/?.

.

, a oaeiae ea?oth/eo ooieoe(e oa o?aaeoi?(? iieueioo, ye(
caaacia/othoue aeeiiaiiy a?aie/ieo oiia iaiaa?o c i(i(iaeueiei cia/aiiyi
ooieoe(iiaeo:

(8)

caieiaia ( e?aeia( oiiae iaiaa?o caaeai( a oi?i(, ui a(aeiia(aea(
caaea/( Iae(?a.

Aiae(c ea?oth/eo ooieoe(e noi?ioeueiaaii? aeua caaea/( iioei?caoe??
i?iaiaeeoueny c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeeio iaeneioio Iiio?ya(ia. Aeey
ea?oth/eo ooieoe?e N? NCAE aeiaaaeaii ianooiia

acaeiaae ?aaoey?ieo aeoa o?aaeoi?(? a iioei(caoe(ei(e caaea/( (6)-(8)
iaeaaeaoue a?aieoe? iaeano( aeiionoeieo ea?oaaiue.

Aiae(c iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy aeo?aoaie eiiiiiaio(a iaeeaii? noi(o( oa
(ia?oii? iane /a?ac aeaeaoi EA o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy ??Ae i?iaiaeeony
i?e oaeeo ia?aaeaa/aiiyo:

1. ??Ae aeei?enoiao( ye iniiaia ?iai/a o(ei aeaieiiiiiaioia iaeeai (
iaeueia + ieenethaa/), nenoaia ea?oaaiiy aeaeaoia aeiionea? iacaeaaeia
ea?oaaiiy aeo?aoaie eiiiiiaio?a.

caaeathoueny oi?ioeaie iaeiii??ii? aaciaeeiai?ee aaoa?iaaiieo iioie?a:

(9)

a(ae ianiaeo aeo?ao eiiiiiaio(a iaeeaa aaaaea(oueny caaeaiith i?e
oi?ioethaaii? caaea/(.

, oaei?, ui:

;

), aai iiai?noth iaeaaeeoue a?aie/i?e iiaa?oi?.

I?e c?iaeaieo aeua i?eiouaiiyo ni?aaaaeeeaa ianooiia

.

noi?ioeueiaai? iaiao?aei? oiiae iioeiaeueiino? 1-ai oa 2-ai ii?yaeeo e
oeacaii aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy aaee/ei iioeiaeueieo ea?oth/eo ooieoe?e
??Ae.

Aiae?c ooieoe?e ea?oaaiiy yaea?iiai oaieiaiai ?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia
i?iaiaeeoueny c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ssO?Ae c aeoeaiei
neeaeaiiyi ?ia?oii? iane, iiaoaeiaaii? a(aeiia(aeii aei iaeiiaei(?ii?
oai?(? aaciaeo no?oiai(a o iaaecaoeiaeo niieao ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi(a.
Aiae?c iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ca i?eioeeiii iaeneioia Iiio?ya?ia
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui aeoeaia ae(eyiea iioeiaeueii? o?aaeoi?(?
neeaaea(oueny c ne?i/aiiiai iaai?o ?aaoey?ieo aeoa, ia eiaei(e c yeeo
aeei?enoiao(oueny aai iniiaia iaeiieiiiiiaioia ?iai/a o(ei, aai (ia?oia
iana, i?e iaeneiaeueieo aeiionoeieo cia/aiiyo oaiia?aoo?e oa oeneo a
?iai/?e cii? ?aaeoi?a, i?e/iio nii/aoeo aeei?enoiao?oueny iayaiee caian
?ia?oii? iane.

Ine?eueee iiai?noth ?icae?eeoe iioei?caoe?eio caaea/o iaoai?ee
eini?/iiai iieueioo ia aeeiai?/io oa ia?aiao?e/io /anoeie aaea?oueny
eeoa aeey iaea?eueo ni?iuaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?oo?eieo nenoai, ui
?aeaaeueii ?aaoeththoueny, o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? c aeei?enoaiiyi
caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? a iaoai?oe? eini?/iiai iieueioo c aeaeaoiaie aaeeei?
oyae ai?ieneiaoe?? i?aeieaiaoieo o?aaeoi??e EA aaeaeiny cai?ieoe
aeo?aeio aa??aoe?eio caaea/o ???a?o?/iith no?oeoo?ith o?ueio i?aecaaea/:
1) caaea/? aeeiiaiiy iaeeie/iiai ?iioeueno c i?i?iaeueieie ianiaeie
aeo?aoaie i?e caaeaieo aaee/eiao ei?eniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, aaee/eie
e?ioeaai? oaeaeeino? aia?aoo oa iaeiie/aiiai aei iiiaioo i?eeeaaeaiiy
?iioeuena caiano ?ia?oii? iane (iioei?caoe?y iaeeie/iiai ?iioeueno); 2)
iiooeo i?i?ioio oe?eueiaiai ooieoe?iiaeo a i?inoi?? ia?aiao??a, ui
aecia/athoue o?aaeoi?io ?iioeuenio noaio i?aeieaiaoiiai ia?aeueioo c
o?eniaaiith e?euee?noth ?iioeuen?a (iioei?caoe?y noaie ia?aeueioo); oa
3) iiooeo i?i?ioia oe?eueiaiai ooieoe?iiaea a ne?i/aiiiaei??iiio
i?inoi?? ianiaeo ia?aiao??a NCAE aia?aoo. Aoee noi?ioeueiaai? e
?ica(ycai? caaea/? iioei?caoe?? iaeeie/ieo ?iioeuen?a aeey aeiaaee?a
aeei?enoaiiy ??Ae oa ssO?Ae ye ?oo?eii? onoaiiaee.

caaea?oueny o aeaeyae?:

(10)

.

Ciaioaiiy ?ici??iino? iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo ea?oaaiue o noeoiiino? c
eaaae?aoe/iith ai?ieneiaoe??th aaee/eie oyae cia/ii ni?iuo? io?eiaiiy
ae?ac?a aeey iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue ooieoe?e ea?oaaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy
i?eioeeio iaeneioia aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe, ui iiaeeeaeie ? eeoa oae?
niieo/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ea?oaaiue:

1)

(11)

2)

, ui ? ei?aiai ??aiyiiy

, (12)

;

.

3)

(13)

.

eiiiiiaio?a iaeeaii? noi?o? :

(14)

icia/a? iano EA ia iiiaio iiaii? aeo?aoe caiano ?ia?oii? iane.

sseui iioeiaeueia o?aaeoi??y neeaaea?oueny c eiia?iaoe?? aeoae 2-ai oeio
c aeoaith 3-ai oeio, oi ocaaaeueiaiiy eeane/ii? oi?ioee Oe?ieeianeiai
aeey e?ioeaai? oaeaeeino? EA ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

(15)

icia/a? e?ioeaao iano EA.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ??Ae, ?iai/a o?ei ia ? aeaea?aeii iiooaeiino? ssO?Ae,
ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey noai?aiiy oyae ?ia?oio iano aac
iniiaiiai ?iai/iai o?ea. Iioeiaeuei? ea?oaaiiy ssO?Ae ? a?aie/ieie, aeey
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ianiaeo aeo?ao iniiaiiai ?iai/iai o?ea, iaiao?aeieo aeey
aeinyaiaiiy caaeaii? e?ioeaai? oaeaeeino? EA, iiaeia nei?enoaoeny
eeane/iith oi?ioeith Oe?ieeianueeiai.

).

?en.1 Aoaeoeai?noue aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a NCAE aeey ??Ae oa
ssO?Ae.

?en.2 A?aeiiniee i?e??no ooieoe?iiaeo i?e aeoeaiiio neeaeaii? ?ia?oii?
iane

.

Ia?aiao?e/iee aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee o oe?ieeo ae?aiaciiao ci?ie ia?aiao??a
NCAE, i?aeoaa?aeea iniiaiee aeniiaie aeena?oaoe?? oa aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?iaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? NCAE i?iaeai?,
ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Aiae?c o?aaeoi?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iioeiaeueieo noai iieacaa, ui
canoinoaaiiy aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy caaaeueii?
o?eaaeino? i?aeieaiaoieo ia?aeueio?a i?e ciaioaii? noia?ii? aaee/eie
aeo?aoe oa?aeoa?enoe/ii? oaeaeeino? ?iioeuen?a oyae. Oey oaiaeaioe?y
ni?aaaaeeeaa ye aeey ??Ae, oae ? ssO?Ae. I?e oeueiio aeacai? ci?ie
o?aaeoi?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaeueie iacia/i? ( ( 1 % ), ui aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui, ii-ia?oa: ciaioaiiy ii/aoeiai? iane EA i?e
aeei?enoaii? a?aeoiae?a NCAE ye ?ia?oii? iane aeinyaa?oueny a iniiaiiio
ca ?aooiie i?i?i?caoe?? iaeeaieo aeo?ao ia aeeiiaiiy ?iioeuen?a;
ii-ae?oaa: c iaoith aeni?an-ii??aiyiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy
a?aeoiae?a c aeei?enoaiiyi o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo oe?eeii i?eionoeii
ei?enooaaoeny aeey ?ic?aooie?a e?iaiaoe/ieie noaiaie aeniaaeeoe?e, ye? ?
iioeiaeueieie c o?aaeeoe?eieo iiceoe?e, aeeiioth/e i?e oeueiio eeoa
iioei?caoe?th a i?inoi?? ia?aiao??a NCAE oa ii/aoeiaeo caian?a
eiiiiiaio?a iaeeaa.

. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui ?ic?iaea ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a c aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi
?ia?oii? iane ? aeineoue ?ooeiiith i?iaeaiith, ui ia iio?aao? ae??oaiiy
neeaaeieo ieoaiue aai ?ic?iaee i?eioeeiiai iiaeo oaoiieia?e, oiae? ye
noai?aiiy a?i?aaaia?aoeaieo NCAE a?aeiineoueny aei iaeneeaaei?oeo
caaaeaiue eini?/ii? aaeoc? ? aeiaaaoeia iaaaeyeeo cao?ao /ano ?
?ano?n?a.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

1. Eiiieaenia aaciaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?niaeoeaiiai eini?/iiai
aia?aoo, ui ?ic?iaeaia a ?iaio?, a?aeoai?th? ye iniiai? aeanoeaino? eiai
ie?aieo aeaiaio?a, oae ? iaeaaaeeea?o? nenoaiinoai?thth/?
aeo?aoii-iania? oa aia?aaoe/i? ca’ycee i?ae ieie.

2. Iaoiae ?iaa??aioiiai caoaeaiiy iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo ea?oaaiue
aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeoe ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/io iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
?oo?eii? nenoaie ia?niaeoeaiiai EA, aaeaeaaoio iniiai?e i?iaeai?, i?ioa
aeineoue i?inoi noi?ioeueiaaio, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
ye?niiai aiae?co iioeiaeueieo ea?oaaiue a oa?i?iao i?eioeeio iaeneioia.

3. Iioeiaeueia ea?oaaiiy ?iaioith nenoaie ?aaaia?aoe?? NCAE, ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, aeeiai?ea ci?ie caian?a ?iai/eo ?a/iaei NCAE acaeiaae
iioeiaeueii? o?aaeoi??? ?iaa??aioi? ii a?aeiioaiith aei oeio ?oo?eiie
onoaiiaee. Iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy ooieoe?e ea?oaaiiy nenoaie ?aaaia?aoe??
NCAE EA acaeiaae ?aaoey?ieo o?a?eoi??e iaeaaeaoue a?ai?oe? iaeano?
aeiionoeieo ea?oaaiue.

4. E?iaoeue aaeoi?a iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue ooieoe?e ea?oaaiiy
ia?niaeoeaiiai ??aeeiiiai ?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia, caeaoiiai i?enei?thaaoe
?ia?oio iano, iaeaaeeoue a?aieoe? iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo ea?oaaiue.

Iaiao?aei? oiiae iioeiaeueiino? i?ii?aeieo aeo?ao iaeeaa oa ieenethaa/a
i?e a?aie/iiio cia/aii? aeo?aoe ?ia?oii? iane ?iaa??aioi? a?aeiinii
e?aeiaeo oiia oa ooieoe?iiaeo aa??aoe?eieo i?iaeai iaoai?ee iieueioo c
aeoeaiei neeaeaiiyi ?ia?oii? iane. Caaaeaee iiaeia aeacaoe ae?aiacii
aeo?ao iaeeaa oa ieenethaa/a, aeey yeeo oe? oiiae aeeiiothoueny.

Iioeiaeueiee aea?? aaee/eie aeo?aoe ?ia?oii? iane aeicaiey? iie?ioeoe
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aia?a?? iniiaiiai ?iai/iai o?ea ??Ae.
Acaeiaae a?aeiia?aeieo aeoa iioeiaeueii? o?aaeoi??? aeeiio?oueny
a?aeiiee a iaoai?oe? iieueioo c ?aeaaeueii-?aaoeueiaaiei aeaeaoiii
iaiaaeaii? iiooaeiino? ia?oee ?ioaa?ae ??aiyiue ?ooo.

.

6. Aiae?c o?aaeoi?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iioeiaeueiuo noai iieacaa, ui
aeei?enoaiiy aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy ?ia?oii? iane ca?eueoo? caaaeueio
o?eaae?noue i?aeieaiaoieo ia?aeueio?a i?e ciaioaii? noia?ii?
oa?aeoa?enoe/ii? oaeaeeino?. Oea ni?aaaaeeeai ye aeey ??Ae, oae ? aeey
ssO?Ae. Ine?eueee aeacai? ci?ie o?aaeoi?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iacia/i? ( ( 1
% ), iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui, ii-ia?oa, ciaioaiiy ii/aoeiai?
iane EA i?e aeei?enoaii? a?aeoiae?a NCAE ye ?ia?oii? iane
ni?e/eiy?oueny, a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie i?i?i?caoe?? aeo?ao iniiaiiai
?iai/iai o?ea ?aeaoiiai aeaeaoia i?e aeeiiaii? ?iioeuen?a oyae,
ii-ae?oaa: iniiai? caeiiii??iino?, anoaiiaeai? a i?ioean? ia?aiao?e/iiai
aiae?co o?eniaaieo noai ia?aeueioo, caeeoathoueny ni?aaaaeeeaeie aeey
noai iioeiaeueieo.

7. Ia?aiao?e/iee aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee a aaeueie oe?ieeo ae?aiaciiao ci?ie
ieoiieo ia?aiao??a NCAE i?aeoaa?aeea iniiaiee aeniiaie aeena?oaoe?? i?i
iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy ia?oeo i?eioiaaieo aeniaaeeoe?e aei ieaiaoe Ia?n
ua aei ?ic?iaee a?i?aaaia?aoeaieo nenoai oa ? na?ae/aiiyi aaeaeaaoiino?
aeei?enoaii? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? NCAE.

IIOAE?EIAAI? I?AOe? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aaneeue?a ?.TH. Optimal Control of a Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engine
with Inert Mass Active Jettisonning // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.-1998. — ? 1. N.22-28.

2. Aaneeueaa E.TH. Ia?aiao?e/aneee aiaeec yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey
eia?oiie iannu aeey aeeeoaeueiuo ieeioe?oaiuo einie/aneeo iieaoia //
I?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey e eioi?iaoeee. — 1998.- ? 1. — N. 87-90.

3. Eeoi?aiei A.I., Aaneeueaa E.TH. Iaeioi?ua i?iaeaiu iioeiecaoeee
aeeeoaeueiuo ieeioe?oaiuo einie/aneeo iieaoia//I?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey e
eioi?iaoeee.-1997.-?1.-N.1-12.

4. E?oi?aiei A.I., Aaneeue?a ?.TH. LSS wastes utilization as inert mass
efficiency investigation// O?oaeu 4-ai Oe?aeinei-Eeoaenei-?inneeneiai
Iaaeaeoia?. neii. ii einie/aneie iaoea e oaoiieiaee.- Oii 1.- Eeaa.-
1996.-N. 433-435.

5. Kiforenko B.N., Vasiliev I.Yu. How Shall We Do Go to Mars// Proc. of
46-th International Astronautical Congress (IAN-95) .- Oslo
(Norway).-1995.- IAF Pap. 95-A.6.09, 8p.

6. Aaneeueaa E.TH. Optimization of mars manned mission with active
jettisoning of life support system wastes.-E.:1994.-15n. (I?ai?./ IAI
Oe?aeiu.- Ei-o iaoaiaoeee).

7. Eeoi?aiei A.I., Aaneeueaa E.TH., Oa?eoiiia A.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue iioeiaeueii oi?aaeyaiiai AE?Ae // O?oaeu 3-e Iaaeaeoia?. eiio.
«I?eeeaaeiua caaea/e iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca».- Naaanoiiieue.- 1994.-
C. 8.

8. Eeoi?aiei A.I., Aaneeueaa E.TH., Ceaoeeee A.O. Enneaaeiaaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe aeoeaiiai na?ina eia?oiie iannu ca n/ao yia?aee ?aaeoeaiie
no?oe// O?oaeu 2-ie Iaaeae. eiio. «Aaciaeeiaieea a ia?iaeiii
oicyenoaa».- Naaanoiiieue.-1993.- N. 3.

9. Eeoi?aiei A.I, Aaneeueaa E.TH. ?ac?uaiua caaea/e iioeiecaoeee
aeaeaeaiey n aeoeaiui na?inii iooiaeia nenoaiu aeeciaiaania/aiey //
O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?. naiei. «Iaaeaaeeea e ?ac?uaiua caaea/e oi?aaeaiey e
iioeiecaoeee».- Ieine (Aaea?onue).- 1991.- N.56.

Aaneeue?a ?.TH. I?iaeaie iioei?caoe?? aeiaaio?eaaeeo i?eioiaaieo
eini?/ieo iieueio?a.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.01 — oai?aoe/ia
iaoai?ea. — ?inoeooo iaoai?ee ?i.N.I.Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

A iaaeao ?aeeii? aa??aoe?eii? i?iaeaie ?icaeyioo? caaea/? iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a, aeai?o o?aaeoi??e iieueioo ? iioeiaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii ?
?iaioith nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ae?oo?ae?yeueiino? (NCAE) eini?/ieo
aia?ao?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey cae?eniaiiy i?eioiaaieo i?aeieaiaoieo
aeniaaeeoe?e. Aeine?aeaeo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue aeoeaiiai neeaeaiiy
a?aeoiae?a NCAE ca ?aooiie aia?a?? ?aaeoeaiiai no?oiaiy ?aeaoieo
aeaeaoi?a aaeeei? oyae o ii??aiyii? c /anoeiaith ?aaaia?aoe??th ?iai/eo
?a/iaei NCAE. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy
ia?oeo i?eioiaaieo aeniaaeeoe?e ia Ia?n aei ?ic?iaee ia?niaeoeaieo
a?i?aaaia?aoeaieo NCAE.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoai?ea o?ea ci?iii? iane, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy,
iioeiaeueia ea?oaaiiy, nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ae?oo?ae?yeueiinoe eini?/ieo
aia?ao?a.

Aaneeueaa E.TH. I?iaeaiu iioeiecaoeee aeeeoaeueiuo ieeioe?oaiuo
einie/aneeo iieaoia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.01- oai?aoe/aneay
iaoaieea.- Einoeooo iaoaieee ei.N.I.Oeiioaiei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A ?aieao aaeeiie aa?eaoeeiiiie i?iaeaiu ?anniio?aiu caaea/e
iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?ia, auai?a o?aaeoi?ee iieaoa e iioeiaeueiiai
oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai e ?aaioie nenoaiu iaania/aiey
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe (NIAE) einie/aneeo aiia?aoia, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
auiieiaiey ieeioe?oaiuo iaaeieaiaoiuo yeniaaeeoeee. Enneaaeoaony
yooaeoeaiinoue aeoeaiiai na?ina iooiaeia NIAE ca n/ao yia?aee ?aaeoeaiie
no?oe ?aeaoiuo aeaeaaoaeae aieueoie oyae a n?aaiaiee n /anoe/iie
?aaaia?aoeeae ?aai/eo aauanoa NIAE. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?eioeeieaeueiay
aiciiaeiinoue inouanoaeaiey ia?auo ieeioe?oaiuo yeniaaeeoeee ia Ia?n aei
?ac?aaioee ia?niaeoeaiuo aei?aaaia?aoeaiuo NIAE.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoaieea oaea ia?aiaiiie iannu, iaoaiaoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea, iioeiaeueiia oi?aaeaiea, nenoaiu iaania/aiey
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe einie/aneeo aiia?aoia.

Vasiliev I.Yu. Long-term manned spaceflights optimization problems.-
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 01.02.01 — theoretical
mechanics. — S.P.Timoshenko Institute of Mechanics of National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The problems of parameter optimization, trajectory choice and optimal
control of both the motion and life support system (LSS) work of a space
vehicle to carry out the long-term manned interplanetary mission are
under consideration as a single variational problem. The efficiency of
LSS wastes active jettisoning at the expence of high thrust engines jet
flow energy is investigated comparing with that of LSS working
substances partial regeneration. The principal possibility is approved
to carry out the first Mars Manned Missions before the development of
perspective biological LSS.

Keywords: mechanics of the variable mass body, mathematical modeling,
optimal control, space vehicle’s life support system.

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