1

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Aeai?/aaa Aeea Aaea???aia

316.624-053.81

I?iaeaie aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe???
no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 22.00.06. — Nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e,

iaoee oa ina?oe

Aaoi?aoa?ao eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a

1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?aaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?iaeyiaiei A?eoi? Aai?a?eiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Niaie?a Aaneeue Ieaenaiae?iae/,

ia/aeueiee nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?iiai oaeoeueoaoo

Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa , i.Oa?e?a.

Eaiaeeaeao nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Na?aethe Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueii?

TH?eaee/ii? Aeaaeai?? ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
nioe?ieia??

eoeueoo?e oa ianiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 9 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 02.00.06.i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, .Oa?e?a, aoe.
Ie?iiineoeueea, 1, aoae.2-29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e
iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca
aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 9 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio
?.?.Oa?aiao

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoe??, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? oa
icia/athoue ia?ao?ae aei iiai? iiaeae? ?icaeoeo, noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
aeeaieith e?ecith, yea ioiieea on? noa?e noni?euenoaa. Oaeoe/ii,
oe?a?inueeee nioe?oi ciaoiaeeoueny nueiaiaei? o noai?
oe?ii?nii–ii?iaoeaii? aeac?ioaa?aoe??, oiaoi nioe?aeueii? aiii??, yea
aeyaey?oueny ye ia iae?i-, oae ? ia i?e?inioe?aeueiiio ??aiyo
i?aai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny caiiaiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ia?aae- oa aeaa?aioieie oe?iiinoyie, ii?ooaiiy
aai ?aii?oaaiiy cia/iith /anoeiith ?iaeea?ae?a ?nioth/eo ii?i i?aaa oa
ii?ae?. A oiiaao e?eciaiai noaio noni?euenoaa iniaeno?noue iieieeany a
neeaaei?e neooaoe?? aeai?o oe?iiinoae, i??i?eoao?a, cania?a aaeaioaoe??,
? iaea?eueo aino?i oey i?iaeaia i?iyaey?oueny o iieiae?aeiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.

I?ioean o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai nioe?oio noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
aeeiai?/ieie ci?iaie nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e oa ianiaith
ia?a?iae?caoe??th noni?euenoaa, a ?aaeeeae?ci ?oeioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaii? aeaaee iaoiiaea i?ioean e?ei?iae?caoe?? noni?eueiiai aeeooy.
sse ?acoeueoao oaeiai noaiiaeua, i?ioeaii?aaia oa anioe?aeueia
iiaaae?iea iaaoaa? ianiaiai oa?aeoa?o ? /anoi ni?eeia?oueny ye
?aoe?iiaeueiee oa caaaeueiii?eeiyoee noeeue aeeooy. Ia aeiaaeeiai, ui ca
inoaii? aeanyoe??//y noaoenoeea o?eno? eaoano?io?/ia c?inoaiiy
iieiae?aeii? cei/eiiino?, ia?eioecaoe?? oa aeeiaie?caoe??,
no?oeeaeaeueii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?. Aea ae naia iiceoe?y iieiaeiai
iieie?iiy ia?aaeaa/a? iai?yiie ? oaii i?ioean?a iiaea?i?caoe??
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, oiio iaoeiaee aiae?c nioe?aeueieo
a?aeoeeaiue iieiae? iaaoaa? aeey no/anii? Oe?a?ie iniaeeao
aeooaeuei?noue, oiio ui o aeeiai?oe? inoaii?o ?ie?a ianooaae
iieiae?aeii? aeaa?aoe?? iaaoee ?ici???a, ye? caa?iaeothoue nioe?aeuei?e
aaciaoe? o oe?eiio.

O oai?aoe/iiio ieai? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia oei,
ui i?ae aieeaii ea?ii-i?aaiai? oai??? oa i?aeoeee a?eueoa /anoeia
aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aieao nioe?ieia?? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee i???ioiaaia
ia aea/aiiy aeae?ieaaioii? iiaaae?iee, a aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea ye
nioe?aeueia yaeua /anoi o?aeoo?oueny o ea?ii-i?aaiaiio nain?.
Iaaecia/aiei ? eiiieaen i?e/ei oa oaeoi??a, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue
nioe?aeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?oio, iniaeeaino?
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee o iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?. Oe? ianoaaeie
?noioii aeooae?cothoue iaiao?aei?noue anaa?/iiai iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai oaiiiaia aeaa?aoe??, i?e/iio, a ocaaaeueiaiiio oa
nenoaiaoeciaaiiio aca?iica`yceo an?o aeae?a aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. I?iaeaie i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe??
oa nioe?aeueieo ci?i ?icaeyaeathoueny a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo I.Aa?aa?a,
. Aaea?noaeia, O.Eoeiaia, I.Ooiiiee. Na?aae oe?a?inueeeo nioe?ieia?a
?ic?iaeith oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee caeiathoueny ?.Aaeaoe?ia, ?.Aieiaaoa,
A.Iaaiaeaiei, I.Iai?ia, E.Nioaiue, A.Oeiea?oe.

Aaciina?aaeiuei aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea a cao?aei?e nioe?ieia??
aeine?aeaeo?oueny a aaaaoueio nioe?ieia?/ieo oai??yo. O ?aieao
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co A.Aeth?eaaei ?icoi?a i?ae
aeaa?aioiith iiaaae?ieith oaeo iiaaae?ieo, yea ia ni?aiaaea? c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoieie a noni?euenoa? oe?iiinoyie oa ii?iaie. ?.Ia?oii
aieiaiei /eiieeii a?aeoeeaiue aaaaeaa ?ica?aei?noue i?ae oe?eyie, ye?
aenoaa? noni?euenoai oa caniaaie, ye? aiii i?iiiio? aeey aeinyaiaiiy
oe?eae. O oeueiio iaoeiaiio iai?yieo a?aeoeeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee
O.Ia?niin, ?.Aeoa?i oa ?io?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaia aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee oaeiae io?eiaei ?icaeoie o ?aieao neiaie?/iiai
?ioa?aeoe?ii?cio, ui aecia/a? aeaa?aoe?th ye ae?th ?iaeea?aea, yea ?
?acoeueoaoii ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? neooaoe??, a ia ae?? ciai?oi?o nee (*.Eoe?,
Aeae.I?ae oa ?io?). A.Aaeea?, ?.Eaiia?o, O.Oaiiaiaaoi aaaaeaee, ui
aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea ? ?acoeueoaoii nioe?aeueii? ioe?iee. A?aeoeeaiiy
iiyniththoueny oaeiae eoeueoo?ieia?/ieie oai??yie, ye? iaaieioothoue ia
aiae?c? eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae, ye? ni?eythoue a?aeoeeaiiyi (A.Eiai,
I.I?eea?, A.Naoa?eaiae, I.Naee?i). Eiioe?eoieia?/ia ia?aaeeaia a?aeoeey?
on? oai??? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, aaaaeath/e aieiaiei /eiieeii
aeaa?aoe?? i?e?iaeo no/aniiai noni?euenoaa. Oaeiae i?e ?icaeyae?
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee o?aaa caa?iooe oaaao ia ?iaioe *.Aa?ia?aea,
I.Aeaiaa?aa, I.Aaaa?a, ?.Eaeea?oa, A.Ianeio, I.Aeae. Niaeca?a,
O.Oaeoaocaia, a yeeo aiae?co?oueny iiaaae?iea ethaeae o ??cieo noa?ao
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Aea ae o?aaa caoaaaeeoe, ui ??ciiiai?oi?noue iaoeiaeo oe?e oa oa/?e
cia/ii oneeaaeieea no?oeoo?o no/anii? cao?aeii?
aeaa?aioieia??, ine?eueee i?aaiaiiy ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a aei
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiai iaoeiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai
iiaaae?iee, ui a?aeoeey?oueny, aianei iaaia eiioeaiooaeueia
“caa?oaeiaiiy” aei nioe?ieia?? aeaa?aioii?? iiaaae?iee. Oea yaeeiny
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii a?aenooiino? ?aeiino? o aecia/aii? eaoaai???
“aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea”, i?aaeiaoo aeaii? iaoeia? aeenoeeie?ie.

O ?aaeyinuee?e nioe?ieia?? ?ioaineai? aeine?aeaeaiiy cei/eiiino?,
i?inoeoooe??, aaci?eooeueiino?, aeeiaie?cio oa no?oeeae?a
?icai?ioeeny ua o 20-o ?ieao (A.Aieeia, I.Aa?iao, A.Aa?oeaicii, I.?na?a,
I.Ei?/aaeeinueeee, N.Iicieoaa oa ?io?). I?iaiae?coaaaoe ?aaeyinueeo
nioe?ieia?/io e?oa?aoo?o uiaei i?iaeaie aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, iiaeia
aeae?eeoe aea? iniiai? a?oie ?ia?o. Aei ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny
?noi?eei-e?eoe/i? iaeyaee caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaa?aoe??. Na?aae
ieo e?ei?iieia?/i? i?aoe? I.Aaaa?aa, I.Aeoa?i?ia, A.Eoae?yaoeaaa,
I.Eociaoeiai?, ?.Nea??yeiaa, A.?ao?iiaa, a oaeiae nioe?ieia?/i?
?iaioe A. Aoaianue?aa, E.?ii?ia, ?.Eiia, O.Ineiiaa, ?.Ineiiai? oa
?ioeo. Oe? ?iaioe aeicaieythoue neeanoe oyaeaiiy i?i oai?aoe/i?
caeiaooee ca?oa?aeieo nioe?ieia?a oa ni?anoaaeoe ?o c? noaiii oa
iai?yieaie a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ae?oao a?oio noaiiaeyoue
i?aoe?, o yeeo ?iaeeeny ni?iae nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co a?aeoeeaiue a
?aaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa?. Oea ?iaioe ss. A?eeinueeiai,
A.Eoae?yaoeaaa, A.Ia?nanyia, I.sseiae?aa. Cia/io /anoeio ?ia?o
noaiiaeyoue aeine?aeaeaiiy eiie?aoieo aeae?a aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee.
??ci? aniaeoe cei/eiiino? aea/aee TH.Aioiyi, E.?aioaa, ?.Ea?iaoeue,
A.I?ieianueeee, ia?eiiai?th aeine?aeaeoaaee A.Aaa?ai?, O.?aaiiaa,
A.E?a?i oa I.E?a?i, A.Iae?iyi, A.N?eeanoa, i?iaeaiai i?inoeoooe??
i?enay/ai? i?aoe? I.Aaa??ii?, A.Aaa?ai?, ss.A?eeinueeiai, ?.Oia?iaa,
no?oeeaeaeueia iiaaae?iea aeine?aeaeoaaeany ?.Ae??aei, ss.A?eeinueeei,
N.Ni?aeiae/ oa ?ioeie.

Aaciina?aaeiuei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?
caeiaeeny A.E?nianueeee, ?.?eue?inueeee, A.Eaa?/aaa, A.*oi?ia, iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaiiaiie?oiueiai ii?ooieea aea/aee N.Ee?iiaa,
?.Iaeoaioeaaa, aieea ioi/aiiy oa ?iaeeie ia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?
iieiaeiai aeaa?aioa – N.Aaa?eia, N.??cieeia, A.Nieiaei?eia, A.Iiiia,
i?io?eaeoeoe? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? i?enay/ai? i?aoe?
E.Aieioeii?, ?.Iaeneiiai?, A.Eaa?ia oa I.Eaa?ia, I.Iiciyeiaie,
?.No?aeue/oea.

A inoaii? ?iee oe?a?inuee? nioe?ieiae aeyaeythoue aaciina?aaei?e
?ioa?an aei i?iaeai iieiae?, aea/ath/e iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
o?oaeiaeo i???ioaoe?e oa aeeoo?aeo ieai?a iieiae? (A.Aeoiye,
I.?o/ea, A.Innianueeee, N.Iae??a, N.Nooeaei oa ?io?), aaeaioaoe?th
aei nueiaiaeaiiy (I. Ceia?ia, N.Iae??a, N.Ienaieoia, A.Ieeeiaiei,
A.Oeoiiiae/, I.Oea/ei), ??ci? aeaee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?
(I.Aaiaeo?ea oa A.Niaie?a, A.Aiaeiee, I.Cae?inueeee, TH.Cieioa?ueiaa,
A.?aaiiaa, I.Iia?aea, ?.Noaaeoeueea oa ?io?).

A oe?eiio, a?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia iaoeia?e ? i?aeoe/i?e cia/ouino? ?ia?o,
a yeeo ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, iaiao?aeii
cacia/eoe, ui a oe?a?inuee?e nioe?ieia?? ua ia noi?ioaaany
eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy aeaa?aoe??, ia ?icaeyiooi
noeoii?noue oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueieo a?aeoeeaiue o ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa, ia
aecia/aii iniaeeaino? aeaa?aoe?e na?aae iieiae?aeii? ni?eueiioe, on?
aacia? iiiyooy ? aeeneon?eieie.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie ia aoai? o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?euenoaa, i?aeoe/i? iio?aae oa iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue
oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue aea/aiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? aecia/eee
iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aaoi?a aei oe??? oaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee
iai?yiie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei iiaycaiee c
aea?aeathaeaeaoieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo, a ani??aioo?? yei? i?ioiaeeea
iaa/aiiy caeiaoaa/ea:

· I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eueiiai /ano nooaeaio?a AeAeO (1993 ?.);

· I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? iieiae? Oe?a?ie
(1993-1995 ??.);

· Aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae oa nioe?aeueieo i???ioaoe?e
iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny, I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio (1996-1997 ??.).

An? oaie caoaa?aeaeai? I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
oai?aoe/iee aiae?c nooiino? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee nooaeaio?a oa
iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny a na?aaei?o oa na?aaeiueiniaoe?aeueieo o/aiaeo
caeeaaeao, a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa, i?e/ei oa oaeoi??a, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue oeae aeae
iiaaae?iee.

O ca`yceo c iinoaaeaiith iaoith a aeena?oaoe?? ia?aaeaa/aii ae??oeoe
oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aeyaeoe oa iicia/eoe iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? oa oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee
aei aecia/aiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee;

— c iiceoe?? nioe?ieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo ?icaeyiooe nooi?noue oa ci?no
iiaaae?iee, ui a?aeoeey?oueny, ye nioe?aeueiiai yaeua;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ci?ie a no/ani?e nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e ?aaeueiino? Oe?a?ie,
?ice?eoe ?o aieea ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee iieiae?;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iaaaoeaio aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo iieiae?, ui
iaa/a?oueny, ia i?eeeaae? I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?oio;

— ii??aiyoe aeaee oa iniaeeaino? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?
I?eaei?i?ia`y c aeyaaie iiaaae?iee, yea a?aeoeey?oueny a?ae ii?i,
oe?a?inueei? iieiae? o oe?eiio;

— aie?eoaaoe oai?aoe/i? ?ica?aeee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee aei no/anieo
oe?a?inueeeo ?aae?e;

— ?ic?iaeoe oeyoe cieaeaiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa.

A oe?eiio, iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aecia/athoueny naiith
no?aoaa??th i?iaeaie eiiieaeniiai nioe?ieia?/iiai inieneaiiy nenoaie
aca?iiaieeaiaeo oa aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo /eiiee?a oa oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia iiaaae?ieo iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny.

Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaio aecia/a? iieiaeue na?aaei?o oa
na?aaeiueiniaoe?aeueieo o/aiaeo caeeaae?a oa nooaeaionoai o nenoai?
nioe?aeueieo ci?i.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?e/eie, oaeoi?e, ianoaaeie, iaoai?cie, ye?
aeaoa?i?iothoue aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo iieiae? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
oe?a?inueeiai nioe?oio; iniaeeaino? aeyao ??cieo aeae?a iiaaae?iee, ui
a?aeoeey?oueny, iieiaeiai iieie?iiy.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeyoue o?einionuee? i?eioeeie
nioe?aeueiiai aeaoa?i?i?cio, caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo. Inoaii?e ia? aeeeth/ii aaaeeeaa oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, ine?eueee aeicaiey? c?icoi?oe iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? nioe?aeueieo
aeaoa?i?iaio?a onueiai niaeo?o oi?i aeaa?aioieo i?iya?a, ciaeoe oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy oeo ia`?eoeaieo oa noa`?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, ca`yce?a oa
a?aeiinei, /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai yeeo iieiaeue canaith?, ona?aeiieth? oa
a?aeoai?th? nioe?aeueii aaaeai? oi?ie iiaaae?iee.

E??i oiai, cae?eniaia o aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaaae?iee, ui
a?aeoeey?oueny, oa oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue ?? aaiaco, aaco?oueny ia
iaoiaeieia?? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? i?aoe? ?.Ia?oiia (oai??y
aiii??), I.Aaaa?a (oai??y nioe?aeueii? ae??), A.Aeth?eaaeia (oai??y
aiii??). Oai?aoe/iei aeaea?aeii ? ?aea? cao?aeieo
nioe?ieia?a, o ia?oo /a?ao A.Eiaia, ?.Ia?ea, I.Aeae.Niaeca?a,
A.Oo?a; ?in?enueeeo aeine?aeiee?a ss.A?eeinueeiai, A.Eoae?yaoeaaa,
A.E?nianueeiai, ?.Eiia; oe?a?inueeeo nioe?ieia?a I.Iia?aee,
A.Niaie?aa, A.Ieeeiaiei.

Nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai iieiae? iniaeeai aeooaeueia aeey
inieneaiiy aeaa?aoe?e o iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu? o eiioaeno?
nioe?aeueieo ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?.
Oiio iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aiae?co
i?iaeai iieiae? ? i/aaeaeiith ia o?eueee c aeine?aeieoeueei?
ia?niaeoeae, aea e c iiceoe?? caaaeaiue nioe?aeueii? i?aeoeee. Oaeei
/eiii, ooieoe?iiae?nonueea iiyniaiiy ii?ie oa aeaa?aoe?? aeioe?eueii
aeiiiaieoe ia?niaeoeaith nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aiae?co.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeeny o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee
nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co: ii??aiyeueiee oa oeiieia?/iee iaoiaee, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo aeyaey?oueny caaaeueia oa iniaeeaa o yaeu?, yea
aea/a?oueny, aeyaeythoueny ??ci? aeaee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee; a oaeiae
?noi?e/iee iaoiae, i?eioeeie ia`?eoeaiino? oa eiie?aoiino? ?icaeyaeo.

Aii??e/io aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaee iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
i?iaiaeeeenue ca o/anoth aaoi?a a ia??iae 1993-1998 ?ie?a ? aoee
ni?yiiaai? ia aea/aiiy oaeeo i?iaeai:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eueiiai /ano nooaeaio?a AeAeO, yea aoei i?iaaaeaia o
1993 ?ioe? eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? AeAeO ca o/anoth aaoi?a;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?
iieiae? Oe?a?ie, yea aoei cae?eniaia eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? ca o/anoth
aaoi?a o 1993-1995 ?ieao;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae oa
nioe?aeueieo i???ioaoe?e iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny, I?eaei?i?ianueeiai
?aa?iio, yea aoei i?iaaaeaia eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? AeAeO o 1996-1997
?ieao ca o/anoth aaoi?a;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae oa
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo i???ioaoe?e nooaeaionueei? iieiae?
i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea, ui cae?eniaia eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? ca o/anoth
aaoi?a o 1998 ?ioe?;

— aenia?oia iieooaaiiy caao/?a oa aee?aeoi??a oe?e Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeano?, yea aoei i?iaaaeaia aaoi?eith o 1997 ?ioe?;

— i?eioaaeia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee na?aae iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny o oaoi?eoiao i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea, yea cae?eniaia aaoi?eith o 1997 ?ioe?.

E??i oiai, o aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoa??aee
caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai iieiae?, a oaeiae
io?oe?ei? noaoenoe/i? aeai?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? ?
oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia ia?aiith oaiith,
oa?aeoa?ii iaoe oa aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue oa iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— ocaaaeueiai? iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy oaiiiaia
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, aecia/aii /ioe?e a?oie oai??e a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aieiaiiai /eiieea aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee;

— eeaneo?eiaai? oi?ie iaaaoeaii? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee ia i?ioeaii?aai?
(cei/eie oa i?aaia? i?iaeie) oa aii?aeuei? (anioe?aeuei? ?
aeano?oeoeai?);

— c?iaeaia ni?iaa eeaneo?eaoe?? nioe?aeueieo ii?i ia aacoiiai?-oiiai?,
io?oe?ei?-iaio?oe?ei?, ?noeii?-oeai?, ui aeicaiey? aeeoe ca ?aiee
i?aaiai? oi/ee ci?o ia ?o nooi?noue ? ioiieoe onth noeoii?noue ae?th/eo
ii?i;

— aeyaeaiee eiiieaen iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia
?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?, eeaneo?eiaaiee iaie ia
ciai?oi? (nioe?aeueia aeaoa?i?iaioa) oa aioo??oi? (iniaenoia
aeaoa?i?iaioa);

— c?iaeaia ni?iaa aecia/eoe ooieoe?? aeaa?aoe??;

— ?icaeyioo? iniiai? aeaee iiaaae?iee, ui a?aeoeey?oueny, iieiae?, yea
iaa/a?oueny o na?aaei?o, na?aaeiueiniaoe?aeueieo oa aeueo o/aiaeo
caeeaaeao I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio o ii??aiyii? c iniiaieie aeaeaie
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee oe?a?inueei? iieiae? a oe?eiio, c?iaeaiee
aeniiaie i?i iaea?eueoo ?iciianthaeaeai?noue aa?aoe?e o i?iieneiaeo
?aa?iiao oa no/anieo iaaaiie?nao;

— aeaoae?ciaaii iniiai? ?ene aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?, ui
iaa/a?oueny, oa aeiaaaeaii, ui a oiiaao nioe?aeueii? aiii??
niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia c?inoaiiy e?aei?o oi?i oa aeae?a nioe?aeueieo
a?aeoeeaiue, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaa?aoe?? ye ianiaiai noni?eueiiai
yaeua.

— i?iaiae?ciaaia ?iaioa iniiaieo ?inoeoooe?e I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio,
ui iiaeii? ni?eyoe i?io?eaeoeoe? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee.

Iaoeiai–i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aecia?oueny aeooaeuei?noth oaie,
iaaeinoaoi?i ??aiai ?? ?ic?iaeaiino? a iaoeiaiio ieai?, a oaeiae o oiio,
ui ?? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ?icoe?eoe iaoeiaa
?icoi?iiy i?iaeaie aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? a ia??iae
o?ainoi?iaoe?? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e nioe?ieia?/iiio
i?iaiicoaaii? e?ei?iiaaiii? oa nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a
Oe?a?i?, i?e ?ic?iaoe? nioe?aeueii? oa i?aaiioi?iiii? iie?oeee,
i?io?eaeoe/ieo i?ia?ai ai?ioueae c iieiae?aeiith cei/eii?noth,
ia?eiiai??th, aeeiaie?ciii, i?inoeoooe??th. E??i oiai, iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a i?aeaioiaoe? eaeoe?eieo
eo?n?a c caaaeueii? nioe?ieia??, nioe?ieia?? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee,
nioe?ieia?? iieiae?, ui iiaea iiaeeaeoe ye?niee ??aaiue
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc?
nioe?ieia?? ina?oe.

?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? aaoi?eith o oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iioae?eiaai? o
4-o iaoeiaeo noaooyo oa 3-o oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aoei
aeeeaaeaii ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo, i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo,
i?aeaoc?anueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao: “Aea/aiiy iieiae? ia
no/aniiio aoai? (Ee?a, 1995), “Oa?e?anuee? nioe?ieia?/i? /eoaiiy – 95” (
Oa?ea, 1995 ?.), “Oa?e?anuee? nioe?ieia?/i? /eoaiiy – 97” (Oa?e?a, 1997
?.), iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? AeAeO.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee eia?eo ? no?oeoo?o ?iaioe, yea neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, aeaio aeaa (ye? i?noyoue ii aeaa ia?aa?aoe), i?aenoie?a,
aeiaeaoe?a (2 a?ao?ee oa 8 oaaeeoeue), nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
(173 iaeiaioaaiiy). Ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue ____ ae?oea?nueeeo
noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? aeeeaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iieacaiee nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaeaiino?,
noi?ioeueiaai? ia`?eo, i?aaeiao ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai?
iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaeeea ? aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeeaaeai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ?ice?eaathoue iiaecio ?iaioe, a oaeiae
aeiaaaeaia ?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, ie?aneai? oeyoe ai?iaaoe??
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?o?e aeaa? “Aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea ye nioe?ieia?/ia eaoaai??y ?
i?iaeaie ?? aea/aiiy” ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i?
iniiae aiae?co iiaaae?iee, ui a?aeoeey?oueny, o ca?oa?aei?e,
?aaeyinuee?e, a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia??, iaaea?oueny aiae?c iniiaieo
eiioeaioe?e oa oai??e; a oaeiae aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa oa oiiaao nioe?aeueii?
aiii??.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ia?oi? aeaae “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae
aiae?co aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee a ca?oa?aei?e oa a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia??”
i?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? i?aeoiaee, ye? ?niothoue a cao?aei?e nioe?ieia??
aei aiae?co nioe?aeueieo a?aeoeeaiue oa cacia/aii, ui a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iaea?eueo /?oei aeyaeythoueny a?ieia?/iee, ineoieia?/iee, nioe?ieia?/iee
i?aeoiaee. Ui noino?oueny a?ieia?/iiai iai?yieo (*.Eiia?ici, O.Oaeaeii,
*.I?aen, I.Eaee?), oi i?aaenoaaieee oeueiai iai?yieo aaaaeathoue, ui
iniiaith aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee ? /enoi a?ieia?/ia nooue ethaeeie, oa
oey iiaaae?iea ia iia`ycaia c nioe?aeueiei. Ineoieia?/iee iai?yiie
oyaey?oueny a?eueo ei?eniei aeey aiae?co aeaa?aoe?e, iniaeeai na?aae
iieiae?. Iniiaith eiai iiaeia aaaaeaoe ineoiaiae?oe/io oai??th
C.O?aeaea, aaiethoe?y yei? io?eiaea a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?aeayo E.Oi?i?,
A.O?iiia oa ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a iaio?aeaeecio. A ?aieao ineoieia?/iiai
iai?yieo aea/aany ca`ycie i?ae caieaeaiith naiiiiaaaith oa aeaa?aioiith
iiaaae?ieith (A.Eaieai), ?icaeyaeaeany e?eca ?aeaioe/iino? a
thiaoeueeiio a?oe? (A.A??enii). I?ea?/ieee ?ieueiai? oai???
(Aeae.I?ae, *.Eoe?) aaaaeaee, ui aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea oi?io?oueny o
?iaeea?aea i?ae aieeaii a?oie, aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia iaoai?ciao
“iaa/aiiy ?ie?”; aeecuee? aei oai??? ?ieae a?oaa?i?enonuee? iiyniaiiy
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee (A.Ne?iia? oa ?io?). Oaeei /eiii, o aeena?oaoe??
aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ineoieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aeoeaioo? oaaao ia oaeeo ?enao
oa iniaeeainoyo, ye? aecia/athoue iniaeno?noue, ineo?/iee iae?e
?iaeea?aea. Aecia/ath/e aeaa?aoe?? ia ??ai? iniaenoino?, ineoieia?/iee
iai?yiie ni?yiiaaiee ia iiooe iiaeeeaeo ei?aeyoe?e i?ae oeiii iniaenoeo
aiiiae?e ? aeaa?aioiith iiaaae?ieith. I?e oeueiio nioe?aeueiee aniaeo
iiaaae?iee (ni?yiiaai?noue, nioe?aeueia cia/ou?noue) aeaiaeeoueny c
ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a. Oi/a i?aaenoaaieee oeueiai i?aeoiaeo e aeciathoue
aaaeeea?noue noni?eueieo oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo oiia ye iae?i- ,
oae ? i?e?ina?aaeiaeua aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?iaeea?aea, aecia/aeueia ?ieue
iaaea?oueny ana ae oaee iniaeeainoyi ineo?/iiai noaio iniaenoino?. Aea
ae o aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny ? aa?enoe/ia ei?eni?noue
ineoieia?/iiai o?aeooaaiiy aeaa?aoe??, iniaeeai i?e ?icaeyae?
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?.

O ca`yceo c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?aaa aecia/eoe ye?nio aecia/ai?noue
nioe?ieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy a?aeoeeaiue, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny
a ?iaio? o ca`yceo c oaeeie eaoaai??yie, ye “nioe?ieoeueoo?i? ii?ie”,
“nioe?aeueia ae?y”, “nioe?aeuei? a?aeiineie”, “nioe?ieoeueoo?i? yaeua”,
“nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe”. Aieiaiith eaoaai???th nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co
aeaa?aoe?? ? eaoaai??y “nioe?aeueia”. Oe? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoue ineoieia?/iee oa nioe?ieia?/iee i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy
aeaa?aoe??.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe ?iaioe cao?aeieo nioe?ieia?a, aeena?oaioea i?eeoea aei
aeniiaeo, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, ye? ciai?oi? ianoaaeie oa /e ?ioa
nioe?ieia?/ia oai??y ?icaeyaea? ye aieiaiee /eiiee oa caaaeueio
aeaoa?i?iaioo aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, inoaii? iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe
oaeei /eiii:

a) i?e/eia aeaa?aoe?? i?noeoueny o iaiaeii??aeiino? oa i?ieeaino?
ii?iaoeaii-oe?iiinii? nenoaie noni?euenoaa (oai??y aiii?? A.Aeth?aaeia,
oai??y noaeoeueoo?, oai??y eiio?ieth oa aeecuee? aei ieo);

a) i?e/eia nioe?aeueieo a?aeoeeaiue–nioe?aeueia ia??ai?noue oa
no?aoeo?eaoe?y noni?euenoaa (oai??y aiii?? ?.Ia?oiia, oai??y eiioe?eoo
nioe?aeueieo a?oi, oai??y eiioe?eoo aeaae oa aeecuee? aei ieo);

a) caaaeueia i?e/eia aeaa?aoe?e–noeaiaoecaoe?y (eiioeaioe?y
O.Oaiiaiaaoia, nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioe/iino? A.Aiooiaia, aoi?eiii?
aeaa?aoe?? A.Eaia?oa, aeaa?aioii? ea?`??e oa aoeeaooaaiiy A.Aaeea?a);

a) caaaeueia i?e/eia aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee–aeanoaa?e?caoe?y
noni?euenoaa (oai??y nioe?aeueii? aeaci?aai?caoe??, oai??y
aeanoaa?e?caoe?? A.?aeeanna, oai??y aeaci?aai?caoe?? A.Auei?aeaeanna).

Ui noino?oueny ?aaeyinueei? nioe?ieia??, oi aea/aiiy aeaa?aoe??
cae?enithaaeiny a ?aieao ineoieia?/iiai oa nioe?ieia?/iiai i?aeoiae?a. C
iiceoe?? nioe?ieia?/iiai iai?yieo a ?aaeyinuee?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??
i?ae aeaa?aioiei ?icoi?eany iiaaae?iea ?iaeea?aea, a ?acoeueoao? yei?
eiai ae??, a/eiee ia ni?aiaaeaee c oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeaiith nenoaiith
noni?euenoaa. Aaciina?aaeiuei o nioe?ieia?/iiio iai?yieo iiaeia
aecia/eoe e?ei?iieia?/iee oa aaaaoioaeoi?iee i?aeoiaee.

O ?aieao oe?a?inueei? nioe?ieia?? ua ia neeaany eiioeaiooaeueiee
i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee ye o noni?euenoa? a
oe?eiio, oae ? o iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, oi/a aaea aecia/eeeny aeaye?
iaoiaeieia?/i? oa oai?aoe/i? iniiae oaeiai aiae?co. A aeena?oaoe??
?iaeoueny ni?iaa aie?eoaaoe oai?aoe/i? ?ica?aeee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee
aei no/anieo oe?a?inueeeo ?aae?e.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao ia?oi? aeaae “Iniaeeaino? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee a
oiiaao nioe?aeueii? aiii??” aeena?oaio aiae?co? eaoaai??th “ii?ia” oa
iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ii?i o ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe??, yeee
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny noaiii nioe?aeueii? aiii??. Aaoi?ea aiae?co?
eaoaai??th “aiii?y” oa i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy oeueiai oaiiiaia,
oa?aeoa?eco? no/ania oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai ye nioe?oi, aea ?nio?
e?eca aeia??e ii a?aeiioaiith aei noa?eo cania?a nioe?aeueii?
?ioaa?aoe??, ii?aeueia ionoioa oa oe?ii?niee aaeooi, ianiaa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia?aae– oa aeaa?aioieo oi?i iiaaae?iee, ia?ao?ae
nioe?aeueii? iaoieia?? aei ?ic?yaeo nioe?aeueii? ii?ie.

Aeena?oaioea i?iaiae?coaaea ii?ie, ye? ?niothoue o noni?euenoa?, oa
c?iaeea ni?iao eeaneo?eoaaoe ?o oaeei /eiii: aacoiiai? – oiiai?
(aacoiiai? cono??/athoueny caaaeaee ? ne??cue, oiio ui aac ieo
iaiiaeeeaa ?nioaaiiy noni?euenoaa, a ?o aeieeiaiiy iaoiiaeaii nooi?noth
ethaenueeiai aeeooy; oiiai? ii?ie – oea ii?ie, i?eeiyo? ye c?acee
iiaaae?iee ? aaaaeathoueny iaia`yceiaeie /e i?eionoeieie naia a oeueiio
noni?euenoa?); io?oe?ei? – iaio?oe?ei? (io?oe?ei? – oea oae? oiiai? /e
aacoiiai? ii?ie, ye? ioi?ieai? o aeaeyae? i?aaiaeo i?eien?a ?
eiio?ieththoueny i?aaiioi?iiieie i?aaiaie; iaio?oe?ei? — oea aacoiiai?
aai oiiai? ii?ie, aeio?eiaiiy yeeo caaacia/o?oueny aaoi?eoaoii
a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee); ?noeii? – oeai? (a iniia? oeueiai aeaeo ii?i
a?aeia?aaeaii ia`?eoeaia cia/aiiy aeaiiai oeio iiaaae?iee aeey
noni?euenoaa. ?noeiieie ? on? aacoiiai? ii?ie). A ?iaio? iaaeathoueny
i?eeeaaee ?noeiieo oa oeaieo ii?i, ui ?nioaaee o ?aaeyinuee? /ane.
Oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaiey? aeeoe ca ?aiee i?aaiai? oi/ee ci?o ia
nooi?noue ii?i.

Aaoi?ea c?iaeea ni?iao aecia/eoe ooieoe?? aeaa?aoe??: aeaia?eaoe?eio,
?iiiaaoe?eio, aeano?oeoeaio, ii?iioai?/o. Aeoiaey/e c caaaeaiue ?iaioe,
iniiaia oaaaa i?enay/aia ?icaeyaeo iaaaoeaii? aeaa?aoe??, yea
aecia/a?oueny aaoi?ii ye ae?y, ui ii?ooo? ii?aeuei?, i?aaia? oa ?io?
ii?ie (aeo ii?ooaiiy ?noeiii? ii?ie), caaaea? oeiaee noni?euenoao,
nioe?aeueiei a?oiai, iniaenoino?, oa oaea, ui canoaeaeo?oueny
a?iiaaenueeith aeoieith ? aaaea aei nioe?aeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

Ca iania?noth, ?iciianthaeaeai?noth, oi?iith nioe?aeueiiai aeyao
aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe, ia iao iiaeyae, ye:

— ?iaeea?aeoaeueio aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo (nioe?aeueiee oaeo);

— noeoii?noue iaeii??aeieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeo?a iiaaae?iee, ui
a?aeoeey?oueny (nioe?aeueiee aeae);

— aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo ye nioe?aeueia yaeua (nioe?aeueiee oei).

Aaoi?ea i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui a no/anieo oiiaao oe?a?inueeiai
nioe?oio iaaaoeaio aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo iieiae? iiaeia ioe?ithaaoe ye
nioe?aeueia yaeua, aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?i? ?iciianthaeaeai?noue o
i?inoi??, no?ee?noue o /an?, ?iciianthaeaeai?noue na?aae
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo a?oi, iiiaeeii?noue oaei? iiaaae?iee. A naith
/a?ao, iaaaoeaia aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea (aeoiaey/e c oe?e? oaei? ae??)
iiaea aeeth/aoe oae? aeaee: aeae?ieaaioia iiaaae?iea (cei/eii?noue,
i?aaiii?ooaiiy), oiaoi ii?ooaiiy io?oe?eieo ii?i, oa aii?aeueia
iiaaae?iea, ui ii?ooo? iaio?oe?ei? ii?ie. Aii?aeueia iiaaae?iea iiaea
aooe iiae?eaia ia anioe?aeueio (aeeiaie?ci, ia?eiiai?y, i?inoeoooe?y,
no?oeeaeaeueia iiaaae?iea) oa aeano?oeoeaio (aeno?ai?ci). Oaeei /eiii, o
aeena?oaoe?? ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui a oiiaao nioe?aeueii? aiii??
a?aeaoaa?oueny eaoano?io?/ia c?inoaiiy on?o aeae?a iaaaoeaii?
iiaaae?iee, ii?ooaiiy on?o nioe?aeueieo ii?i (ie??i oeaieo).
Iaaecia/ai?noue ia?i?neaiiai noaio noni?euenoaa ii?iaeaeo? ao?aoo
nioe?aeueieo i???ioe??a, nioe?aeueii? iii?e, cae/ieo aa?aio?a aacia/iiai
oa caaacia/aiiai ?nioaaiiy, ui aeeeeea? o ethaeae ?icaoaeai?noue,
?iaeoue ?o ni?eyoeeaeie aei ??cieo aeno?ai?nonueeeo i?iya?a, oiaoi
i?iaieo? aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo, ine?eueee niinoa??aa?oueny
iaaecia/ai?noue ii?iaoeaii? nenoaie, iaaecia/ai?noue o e?eoa??yo
aeicaieaiiai, a?aenooi?noue /?oeeo i?ioeaaeo? oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
nei?ia. Iiaeaeueoa iiaeeaeaiiy e?ece iaoeia ua a?eueoee ?oei?aiee aieea
ia oe?ii?niee na?o ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaaoeaii?
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, ia ua a?eueoa iineaaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
eiio?ieth, ia eaaae?caoe?th a?eueoino? aeae?a aeaa?aoe?? oa ia
i?iaeoeoaaiiy e?aei?o oi?i a?aeoeeaiue, a?ae/oaeaiiy a?ae
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae. sseui iaeiei c ?iaeeeaoi??a oni?oiino?
i?ioean?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? iiaea aenooiaoe caeiiii??i?noue aeyao
iiceoeaieo (nioe?ioai?/eo) oa iaaaoeaieo (nioe?aeueii a?aeoeeueieo) oi?i
iiaaae?iee, oi ia iniia? i?iaiae?ciaaii? noaoenoeee oa aeaieo aaaaoueio
aeine?aeaeaiue, eacaoe i?i oni?oi?noue o?ainoi?iaoe?? ie ua ia ia?ii
ciiae.

O ae?oae aeaa “I?e/eie, oaeoi?e, aeaee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee”
aeine?aeaeothoueny i?e/eie oa oaeoi?e, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue nioe?aeuei?
a?aeoeeaiiy iieiae? o no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?, iniaeeaino?
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?, yea iaa/a?oueny, a oaeiae aeaee aeaiiai
oeio iiaaae?iee iieiae? I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio o ii??aiyii? c
neooaoe??th a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ae?oai? aeaae “I?e/eie oa oaeoi?e c?inoaiiy
iaaaoeaii? aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee” aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? i?e/eie,
oaeoi?e, iniaeeaino? aeaa?aoe?? o iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?. Aieiaiith
i?e/eiith aeaa?aoe?? aaoi?ea aaaaea? nioe?aeueio iani?aaaaeeea?noue —
oaiiiai, ui a?aeaeaa? iaaea?aaeaioiee oa?aeoa? aca?iia?aeiinei oa
aca?iei o noni?euenoa?, oa i?iieco? nenoaio nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei o
oe?eiio. Iane?aeee nioe?aeueii? iani?aaaaeeeaino? ia iae?i??ai? iiaeooue
i?iyaeyoeny o aeaeyae? aiii??, nioe?aeueieo eiioe?eo?a, noaeoeueoo?ii?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? noni?euenoaa, iineaaeaiiy nioe?aeueieo ca`yce?a oa
nioe?aeueiiai eiio?ieth. Iani?aaaaeeea?noue ia iae?i??ai?
o?ainoi?io?oueny ia i?e?i??aaiue ? aeyaey?oueny o iiaaae?ieia?e oa
iaioaeuei?e ni?yiiaaiino? aca?iieo ?aaeoe?e oa a/eie?a ethaeae. Oaeei
/eiii, aaoi?ea ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui iani?aaaaeeea?noue ia iae?i??ai?
noni?eueii? i?aai?caoe?? iaoiiaeth? a?aeoeeaiiy o iiaaae?ioe?
eiie?aoieo ethaeae ia i?e?i??ai? i?aai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa. C oaiiiaiii
nioe?aeueii? iani?aaaaeeeaino? iia`ycaia a?ae/oaeaiiy, aeenaaeain i?ae
iio?aaaie oa iiaeeeainoyie ?o caaeiaieaiiy, ia`?eoeai? a?aei?iiino? a
noaiiaeu? nioe?aeueieo aa?noa oa a?oi, iani?aiaaeaiiy iio?aa oa
?ioa?an?a a?eueoino? c iio?aaaie oa ?ioa?anaie ie?aieo a?oi /e
?iaeea?ae?a. Iieiaeue o ia?oo /a?ao no?aaeaea? a?ae ia??aiino?
noaiiaeua, ia??aiino? oain?a io?eiaoe a?aeiia?aeio iio?aaai ?iaioo,
iaoa??aeueio iaai?iaeo ca naith i?aoeth, aeeoei, iaeya. Oea iieiaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny o aeena?oaoe?? aeaieie aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiue.
I?ioe??//y i?ae iio?aaaie ethaeae, ye? iino?eii c?inoathoue, oa
ia??aieie iiaeeeainoyie ?o caaeiaieaiiy iaaoaathoue na?aae iieiae?
iniaeeai aino?iai oa?aeoa?o a neeo ?ica?aeiino? i?ae i?aeaeuaiei
aia?aaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii iieiae?, ao?oeeaei ?icaeoeii ?o o?ce/ieo,
?ioaeaeooaeueieo, aiioe?eieo nee oa iaaeinoaoiueith nioe?aeueiith
c??e?noth, i?ioan?eiei oa aeeoo?aei aeina?aeii. E??i oiai, a ?iaio?
aeoeaioo?oueny ia oiio, ui a?aeiinii iieiae? aino?i noi?oue i?iaeaia
eaiae?coaaiiy aia?a??, nioe?aeueii? aeoeaiino? a iai?yieo, yeee
noni?eueii noaaeaiee, ine?eueee naia iieiaeue iniaeeai iio?aao?
nioe?aeueiiai aeciaiiy, naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy, a iacaaeiaieaia iio?aaa a
oeueiio aaaea aei ni?ia ?aae?coaaoe naaa a iaaaoeaieo a/eieao oa
iiaaae?ioe?, ui a?aeoeey?oueny.

Ie??i caaaeueii? i?e/eie aea?aaioii? iiaaae?iee oa ?? ae?? a
iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, aeena?oaioea aeae?ey? oaeoi?e, ui
aecia/athoue a?eueoo a??ia?aei?noue ?aae?caoe?? oeo /e ?ioeo oi?i
a?aeoeeaiue. Ia iiaeyae aaoi?ee, iaiao?aeii ?ic??ciyoe ciai?oi? oa
aioo??oi? oaeoi?e. Ciai?oi?ie oaeoi?aie o e?eciaiio noni?euenoa? ?:

— Aeenooieoe?? oa aeaoi?iaoe?? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeoooe?e: oea iaaaoeaii
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia ii?aeueiiio oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?; a?aeaoaa?oueny
aee?eaeaiiy nenoaie oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa iioeaaoe?e iiaaae?iee
iieiae?; iineaaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiino? ?inoeoooe?e noai?th? a?ae/oooy
a?aenooiino? iiea?aiiy oa aaca?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca nai? a/eiee, aaaea
aei iineaaeaiiy nenoaie a oe?eiio (i?e oeueiio ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
a?aeoeeaiiy noathoue ianiaeie oa iaaoaathoue aino?iai oa?aeoa?o),
iiaeeaeth?oueny aeaoi?iaoe?y ii?i oa ?ioeo neeaaeiaeo noni?eueiiai
aeeooy. O aeena?oaoe?? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iieiaeue o no/ani?e Oe?a?i?
ao?aoeea aeia??o aei an?o oi?iaeueieo ?inoeoooe?e;

— Aeaoi?iaoe?y nioe?aeueieo ii?i oa ii?iaoeaii? nenoaie: iiaea i?noeoeny
o a?ae?ea? ii?i a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, a ?o noa??ii?
aai iani?aiaaeaii? c ?aae?yie noni?eueiiai aeeooy; a ia?ae?o/aiiio /e
iaiiaiiio a?aeia?aaeaii? a na?aeiiino? ethaeae ia`?eoeaieo
caeiiii??iinoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy noni?euenoaa; a ianoaa?eueiino?,
iano?eeino?, iaaecia/aiino? ii?ie, yea aiane?aeie oeueiai ia iiaea
aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?th nioe?aeueiiai ?aaoeyoi?a; a ?oeioaaii? ca`yceo ??
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a; o iineaaeaii? /e ia canoinoaaii? naieoe?e.

— Aeaoi?iaoe?y oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e iieiae?: noia?a/i?noue ?
ianoae?noue oe?ii?niiai na?oo, i?ioe??//y i?ae oe?iiinoyie
aeaeea?iaaieie oa ?aaeueieie, i?ae oe?ii?niith i???ioaoe??th oa
?aaeuei?noth. Aeaoi?iaoe?y oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeaoi?iaoe?? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeoooe?e, aei ?aii?oaaiiy aeayeeo
nioe?aeueieo ii?i, aei aee?eaeaiiy a?aeiinei i?ae ethaeueie, aei
oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oe?iiinoae ?aoa?aioii? aeey ?iaeea?aea iaei?
a?oie. A ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny iniiai? oa?i?iaeuei? oa ?ino?oiaioaeuei?
oe?iiino? iieiae?, ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?
aia?aaeaioiino? a oe?ii?niiio na?o? iieiae? oa i?i aeii?ioaaiiy a iueiio
?iaeea?aeoae?nonueeeo oe?iiinoae;

— Ia?a?iae?caoe?y noni?euenoaa, aeacaaeaioaoe?y cia/ii? /anoeie
?iaeea?ae?a: ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui e?euee?noue aeaa?aio?a caeaaeeoue
a?ae nioe?aeueiiai neeaaeo iieiae? ? eiai no?oeoo?a aecia/a? aano?aeoio
iiaeeea?noue aeaa?aioieo ae?e iaaieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi. Iayai?noue o
neeaae? iieiae? “a?oi ?eceeo” oa ?o e?euee?noue aeicaieythoue
noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i “aeaa?aioiee iioaioe?ae” noni?euenoaa. Aeena?oaioea
cacia/a?, ui “aeaa?aioiee iioaioe?ae” iieiae? oa oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio aeineoue aenieee, ui iiynith?oueny iniaeeainoyie
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e iieiae? ye nioe?aeueii? ni?eueiino?. Neooaoe?y
iiaeeaeth?oueny oei, ui iieiaeue naia ? ia?a?iaeueiith a?oiith, oiio ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ianoae?noth oa ia?ao?aei?noth nioe?aeueiiai noaoono oa
a?ae/oaa? iiaea?eiee aieea na?aaeiaeua .

Aaoi?ea i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui aioo??oi?i oaeoi?ii aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee (iniaenoiith aeaoa?i?iaioith) ? ia?ac aeeooy ?iaeea?aea, ia
yeee aieeaathoue oei oa oa?aeoa? ?iaeeiieo a?aeiinei, caniae ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, oi?ie aeica?eey, iaeaeeae/a ioi/aiiy (ae?oc?, eiiiai?y),
caaaeueiee ??aaiue ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iieiae?, iaa/aeuei?
caeeaaee. Aieea oeeo eiiiiiaio?a aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooee o aeena?oaoe??.
Oaeei /eiii, iieiaeue nueiaiaei? ciaoiaeeoueny ia?aae i?iaeaiith
?ic?iaee aeeoo?ai? no?aoaa??, iiaeae? iaeaooiueiai aeeooy, ye?
ia?aaeaa/athoue aea?? caniao aeeooy, iai?yie?a, aecia/aiiy aieiaieo
oe?eae aeeooy. Iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aeey cia/ii? e?eueeino? iieiae?
i?ioeaii?aaia, anioe?aeueia iiaaae?iea aecia/a?oueny ii?iaeueiith aeey
nai?? a?eiai? eiai?oe. Oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny ?inoeoooe?ae?caoe?y
aeaa?aoe??, ia?aoai?aiiy ?? ia nioe?aeueii i?eeiyoee oei iiaaae?iee.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ae?oai? aeaae “Niaoeeo?ea i?iyao iniiaieo aeae?a
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?” ia aac? aaaaoueio nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaaaeai? ca o/anoth oa aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?eith,
aiae?cothoueny iniiai? aeaee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?, ui
?iciianthaeaeai? a I?eaei?i?ianueeiio ?aa?ii?: cei/eii?noue, ia?eiiai?y,
aeeiaie?ci, i?inoeoooe?y, no?oeeaee; ii??aiththoueny ?? iniaeeaino? oa
??aaiue c? noaiii iieiae?aeii? aeaa?aoe?? a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio. Aaoi?ea
?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui aieiai? iioeae iieiae?aeieo a?aeoeeaiue ?
iaeiaeiaeie aeey oe?a?inueei? iieiae?, aea aeey i?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a oa
no/anieo iaaaiie?n?a oa?aeoa?iee a?eueoee a?aenioie iieiae?aeii?
aeaa?aoe??, i?ae o n?euenueeeo ?aeiiao. O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny
ci?ie oa iniaeeaino?, oa?aeoa?i? aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo a?aeoeeaiue naia o
no/aniee ia??iae: iai?eeeaae, uiaei ia?eiiai??, niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia
c?inoaiiy ?iaeea?ae?a, ui aaeeaathoue aeae?eueea ?a/iaei a?ae?aco,
a?eueo?noue ia?eiiai?a aaeeaa? naiino?eii aeaioiaeai? ia?eioeee,
a?aeaoaa?oueny iioe?aiiy nioe?aeueii? aace ia?eiiai?a ca ?aooiie
caaacia/aieo ethaeae.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe noaoenoe/iee iaoa??ae, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui a
ia??iae e?ece, yeo ia?aaeeaa? oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai,
niinoa??aathoueny eaoano?io?/i? oaiie c?inoaiiy on?o aeae?a iieiae?aeii?
aeaa?aoe?? oa cia/ia ?? iiieiaeaeaiiy, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aa?aneaiiai
noeeth iiaaae?iee na?aae iieiae?.

Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia oiio, ui on? aeaee aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee
aca?iiiia`ycai? oa cae?eniththoue iaeei ia iaeiiai aca?iiee aieea,
iathoue caaaeueio i?e?iaeo aeieeiaiiy. Aca?iiaieea oa aca?iicaeaaei?noue
? a?aeiinii no?eeeie oa iiaeooue iaoe aeae ?iaeoeoe?? aeae?eueea oi?i
nioe?aeueii? iaoieia??, eiee iaeia yaeua i?aeneeth? ?ioa.

Oaeei /eiii, ia i?aenoaa? i?iaiae?ciaaiiai iaoa??aeo, aaoi?ea ae?eoea
aeniiaeo, ui a noni?euenoa? niinoa??aa?oueny noia?a/eea?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ii?aeueieo ? i?aaiaeo ii?i, yea aeeeeea? ?icieo?noue
iaae aeicaieaii? oa aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee, ? ye iane?aeie —
?iciianthaeaeaiiy on?o aeae?a a?aeoeeaiue na?aae oe?a?inueei? iieiae?
(iniaeeai o i?iieneiaeo ?aa?iiao), ?o aca?iica`ycie oa iaaoaaiiy ieie
iaaecae/aeieo oi?i.

O I?aenoieao noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui no/ania oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai
ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? o?ainoi?iaoe??, yeee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
nioe?aeueiith aiii??th, i?ei?oea?caoe??th oa ia?a?iae?caoe??th aeeooy.
Noni?euenoai, yea o?ainoi?io?oueny, yaey? niaith iniaeeaee ??ciiaeae
ianoaa?eueieo nenoai, yeee ii?aeio? eiai noa?ee oa iiaee noai ca iiaeie
canaaeaie, oiaoi no/ania oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai – oea aeaa i?eioeeiiai
??cieo ii nooiino? nioe?oie (oioae?oa?iee oa iinooioae?oa?iee), ye?
i?aaenoaaeai? nai?ie ?inoeoooe?yie oa oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeaieie nenoaiaie.
O oaeeo oiiaao ? an? ia`?eoeai? /eiieee aeey c?inoaiiy oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee. Oaeei /eiii, o aeena?oaoe??
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui ianoaa?eueia noni?euenoai, yea o?ainoi?io?oueny,
ii?iaeaeo? ciai?oi? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia ?ai?iaeoeoaaiiy
a?aeoeeaiue: aeaoi?iaoe?y nioe?aeueieo ii?i, aeaoi?iaoe?y nioe?aeueieo
?inoeoooe?e, aeaoi?iaoe?y oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ia?a?iae?caoe?y oa
aeacaaeaioaoe?y cia/ii? e?eueeino? ?iaeea?ae?a. Aea iaiao?aeii
cacia/eoe, ui aea?? cania?a ae?yeueiino? caeaaeeoue a?ae naii?
iniaenoino?, a?ae nenoaie ?? aeeniiceoe?e, /a?ac ye? iiina?aaeeiao?oueny
ciai?oi?e aieea. Oiio aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea iaoiiaeaia ? aioo??oi?i
oaeoi?ii, yeei aenooia? niin?a aeeooy iieiaei? ethaeeie, ia oi?ioaaiiy
yeiai aieeaathoue oei oa oa?aeoa? ?iaeeiieo a?aeiinei, nenoaia ina?oe,
a?oia ae?oc?a, caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Niin?a aeeooy, ia iiaeyae
aaoi?a, iiaea aooe nioe?aeueii-iiceoeaiei, aeenaa?iii?eiei, aii?aeueiei
oa i?ioeaii?aaiei (?iciiae?e cae?enith?oueny ca nioe?aeueii-ii?iaoeaiei
e?eoa???i). Oaeei /eiii, ia aeieeiaiiy oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee aieeaathoue ye ciai?oi?, oae ? aioo??oi? oaeoi?e.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, o aeena?oaoe??
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui nueiaiaei? ia ?noi?e/io a?aio aeoiaeeoue iiaee
nioe?aeueiee oei iniaenoino? iieiaei? ethaeeie: oea ethaeeia aeiiii?/ia,
aiie?oe/ia, no?eiaii aa?aneaia, aioiaa ae?yoe aeoiaey/e c neooaoe??,
aecia? cia/ei?noue ?iaeeie, ??aeio eoeueoo?o aaaaea? caiaiaaeieoeueeith,
aecia? oe?ii?noue ina?oe aeey caaacia/aiiy ia?aoiaeo aei a?eueo aeniei?
no?aoe oa ?ioa. O oe?eiio, oe?ii?nia no?oeoo?a iieiae? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
??ceei iineeaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oe?iiinoae, a?ae/oaeaiiyi a?ae
noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Ona oea cieaeo? i?aaia? oa ii?aeuei? aa?`??e,
?ica`yco? iniaenoee oa a?oiiaee aai?ci, noai?th? aoiinoa?o
onaaeicaieaiino?; a?eueo?e /anoei? iieiae? i?eoaiaiiee aeenaa?iii?eiee,
aii?aeueiee /e i?ioeaii?aaiee ia?ac aeeooy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
oa?aeoa?i?noue aeey cia/ii? /anoeie iieiae? oae caaii? aeaa?aioii?
iniaenoino?, ui iaoiiaeaii iayai?noth ia`?eoeaieo oa noa`?eoeaieo
oaeoi??a oa oiia aeaoi?iaoe?? iniaenoino? iieiae?.

Aaoi?ea aeiaiaeeoue, ui noni?euenoai, aeey cieaeaiiy aeaa?aoe?e a
iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, iiaeiii noai?i aeio?eioaaoeny caeii?a
?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, oiio ui aac oeueiai e?ea?aeoaaoe ie?ai? aeaee
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee /e aeieoaaoe ciai?oi? oaeoi?e oaeoe/ii
iaiiaeeeai. Ia cae?i/aiiy oaeiae aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? iiaeooue
cieceoe aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo na?aae iieiae?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoi

o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Oaeoi?u ?inoa aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii
nioeeoia // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee, ? 20, 1998.-
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.- 1,1 ae?.a?e.

2. I?e/eiu e oaeoi?u ?inoa iaaaoeaiiai aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey a
oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee oe?aeineiai iauanoaa // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee, ? 18, 1998. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — 0,2 ae?.a?e.

3. E aii?ino ia iniaaiiinoyo aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey e niciaiey
nia?aiaiiie iieiaeaaee // Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey- 95.
Aeieeaaeu e niiauaiey o/anoieeia. — Oa?ueeia, 1995. -0,3 ae?. a?e., o
ni?aaaoi?noa?.

4. I?iaeaia noeoeeaea a nia?aiaiiue ia?eiae // Oa?ueeianeea
nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey- 97.Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneia iaania/aiea
i?aiiaeaaaiey nioeeieiae/aneeo aeenoeeieei. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1997.
-0.3 ae?.a?e.

5. Iniaaiiinoe aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey iieiaeaaee a oneiaeyo
o?inoi?iaoeee oe?aeineiai iauanoaa // Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee, ieoya?ue 1995. — Eeaa,1995.-0,2
ae?.a?e. 6. Ninoiyiea ?aeeaeiciinoe e i?iaeaiu aai eco/aiey a
nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia // Na?oiaeyaei? i?iaeaie ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.
-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.-0,5 ae?.a?e.

7. Iaa?inee nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai ii?o?aoa aaeoo?eaioa- 96 ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe ”Nioeeieiaey” AeAO // No?oeoo?a ina?oe a ?aa?ii?:
i?iaeaie iioei?caoe?? (Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??, a?oaeaiue 1996.)- Oa?e?a: Aaanoa, 1996.- 0,3 ae?.a?e., a
ni?aaaoi?noa?.

Aiioaoe?y

Aeai?/aaa A.A. I?iaeaie aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae? a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.06- Nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e,iaoee oa
ina?oe. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoeao. Oa?e?a,1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeinae?aeaeaiith iaaaoeaii? aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee iieiae? ye iaei??? c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai no/aniiai ia??iaeo;
?iaioa i?noeoue aiae?c nooiino?, no?oeoo?e, ooieoe?e aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee, oeiieia?caoe?th aieiaieo eiioeaioe?e iiaaae?iee, ui
a?aeoeey?oueny. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaiee eiiieaen oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aeaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo iieiae?, aeyaeaia niaoeeo?ea i?iyao
iniiaieo aeae?a a?aeoeeaiue o iieiae?aeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, ie?aneaiee
aieea noaio nioe?aeueii? aiii?? ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa c?inoaiiy
aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee iieiae?. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Eeth/aa? neiaa: aeaa?aioia iiaaae?iea, aeae?ieaaioia iiaaae?iea,
anioe?aeueia iiaaae?iea, ii?ia.

Aiiioaoeey

Aeaie/aaa A.A. I?iaeaiu aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey iieiaeaaee a oneiaeyo
o?ainoi?iaoeee nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai iauanoaa.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.06- Nioeeieiaey eoeueoo?u, iaoee e
ia?aciaaiey. Oa?ueeianeee?? ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Oa?ueeia,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iaaaoeaiiai aeaaeaioiiai
iiaaaeaiey iieiaeaaee eae iaeiie ec aeooaeueiuo i?iaeai nia?aiaiiiai
ia?eiaea; ?aaioa niaea?aeeo aiaeec nouiinoe, no?oeoo?u, ooieoeee
aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey, oeiieiaecaoeeth iniiaiuo eiioeaioeee
ioeeiiythuaainy iiaaaeaiey. A aeenna?oaoeee i?iaiaeece?iaai eiiieaen
oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia aeaaeaioiia iiaaaeaiea iieiaeaaee, auyaeaia
niaoeeoeea i?iyaeaiey iniiaiuo aeaeia ioeeiiaiee a iieiaeaaeiie n?aaea,
aeaia ioeaiea aeeyieth ninoiyiey nioeeaeueiie aiiiee ia ?ino e
?ani?ino?aiaiea aeaaeaioiiai iiaaaeaiey iieiaeaaee. I?aaeeiaeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaaeaioiia iiaaaeaiea, aeaeeieaaioiia iiaaaeaiea,
anioeeaeueiia iiaaaeaiea, ii?ia.

Summary

Demicheva Alla V. The problems of deviant behaviour of youth under the
condition of the transformation modern society of the Ukraine.

The dissertation is smitted to the degree of Candidate of Sociological
science in speciality 22.00.06 — Sociology of culture, of science and
education. The Kharkiv State University. Kharkiv, 1998.

This scientific work is contains the research of essence, of structure
and function of negative deviant behaviour of youth in period of the
sistems transformation society of Ukraine. Authoress studyed the
peculiarity of deviant behaviour under the condition of social anomie,
analysed the causes and transitory factors negative of deviant behaviour
of youth; specific character gave recomendatoins what about society may
be reduce d.b.

The key words: deviant behaviour, delinkvent behaviour, asocial
behaviour, norm.

________________________________________________________________________
____________ I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 03.11.98. Oi?iao 60o90/16.
Iai?? ae?oea?nueeee.

Ae?oe ieineee. Oiia.ae?oe.a?e. 1,0. Iaeeaae 100 i?ei.
Cai.2000-100.

?ioai?eio AeAeO, aoe. Eicaeiaa, 4 a, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
320050.

Oei.AeAeO, cai. 1987-100.

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