2

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 13.2

Aii/a?iaa ??eia Ieoaee?aia

I?iaeaia i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio a eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e

Niaoe?aeuei?noue — 09.00.04 — o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y oa o?einio?y
eoeueoo?e

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? oa iaoiaeieia?? iaoee Ee?anueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Oaaoeia

A?oae?e Oaaei?iae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
aoiai?oa?ieo i?iaeai i?e Ee?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio aoiai?oa?iiio
?inoeooo?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, Aeaenaiae?iaa
Ieaenaiae?a Aanee?aia, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio?? Ee?anueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.Oaa/aiea.

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, Aiae?in ?aaai ?aaiiae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 7 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14.00 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 01.01.06 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae.
330).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 3 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Ae?aeaiei A.O.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy

? nooi?iue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio iaoiiaeaia
aeoea?caoe??th eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? ? a oe?eiio a
?a?ii?.

O o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo??, iniaeeai ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo. i?iaeaia
i?oo ?icaeyaeaeany a iniiaiiio a aniaeo? eiai noaa?e?coth/i? ooieoe?? ?
ii?iaoeaii? ?ie? o a?oa?/iiio noni?euenoa?. A ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae
aaaeeeai a?eueo aeeaiei aeine?aeeoe ooieoe?? i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio,
ui iia’ycai? c ?iiaaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie o no/ani?e aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e
eoeueoo??.

A iniia? an?eyei? eoeueoo?ioai?/ino? eaaeeoue ?aeay neiaieo, ine?eueee
iiaeaeue iiaiai eoeueoo?iiai einiino caaaeaee ia?iaeaeo?oueny ye
“i?aneiaie”, oiaoi ye “ia?ac na?oo” e “eoeueoo?a iiaeeeaa”.
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?ii? o?aaeeoe?? aeeeeea? ?ioa?an aei
yce/ieoeueeeo i?o?a Ee?anueei? ?on? ? aei o?enoeyinueeeo i?oieia?/ieo
neiaie?a. Iaeiae, o?aaeeoe?y iiaea caeeoeoeny ia?oaei niaaeeii, yeui ia
? aacia?a?aiith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th iaae/a?iiiai nieneiaiai caiano
i?oieia?/ieo neiaie?a. Ca?aene aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?oieia?/ieo neiaie?a i?e ?o
aeeth/aii? aei iiaiai eoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo.

O e?ecia? ia??iaee neiaiee, ye? iia’ycai? ?c na?oiaeyaeii, ui
a?aeoiaeeoue, ao?a/athoue naith nieneiao aeeaeio, iaaoaathoue oa?aeoa?o
oiiaii? ciaeiaino?, eaea i?ioean caiice/aiiy niene?a o ae?aeic?
eoeueoo?. Ia an? caiice/ai? nienee ? neiaiee iiaeooue aeeth/eoeny aei
naiiaooiueiai eoeueoo?iiai einiino. A?eueo oiai, aiie iiaeooue ianoe
aeano?oeoeaio aia?a?th. Oiio iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? aea/aiiy
i?ioean?a nieneiooai?aiiy ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy a ae?aeic? eoeueoo?.
Aeeaeiii-nieneia? i?aenoaae naiiaooiino? eoeueoo?e ia ia?aoeiaeaeathoue
ae?aeiao eoeueoo?. Iaeiae aaaeeeai, uia “a?aee?eo?noue” eoeueoo?e ia
iaa?ioeanue ao?a/aiiyi ?? naiina?aeiiino?.

Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao No?aeii?
?a?iie aeoea?co? oeea?e?caoe?ei? i?ioeane. I?oieia?caoe?y ye
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i?oieia?/ieo neiaie?a iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e ?
aeai?oieia?caoe?y ye aeii?ioaaiiy e?euee?nii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?
aenooiathoue aeaiia noia?a/eeaeie oaiaeaioe?yie. Aeii?ioaaiiy
oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a caa?iaeo? c?iaeoe eoeueoo?o iaeiii??iith, ui
oiia?eueieoue eoeueoo?ioai?/ee i?ioean.

I?iaeaia i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ca nai?th noooth ? i?iaeaiith neioaco
?ioae?aeaaeueiiai ? /ooeeaiai, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai e ???aoe?iiaeueiiai ?
oiio iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? a XX noie?oo? o ca’yceo c e?ecith
?aoe?iiae?noe/ii? ia?aaeeaie, yea aeii?ioaaea a aeooiaiiio o?e?
?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e i?ioyaii inoaii?o noie?oue. ?icaeyiooa a
?ioiio aniaeo?, ana oa ae naia i?iaeaia, iinoa? ye i?ioe??//y i?ae
eoeueoo?ith oa aeeooyi. An?eyea ?aoeaeneaia inyaiaiiy aeeooy ? iia’ycaia
c oeei ooai?aiiy neiaie?/ieo oi?i eoeueoo?e oyaey?oueny cieuaiiyi
niiioaiiino? na?oini?eeiyooy. Oeea?e?caoe?ei? i?ioeane ii?iaeaeothoue
/eneaii?noue ciaeiaeo oi?i, ye? iiaeooue noaoe oaioiiiei na?oii aeey
ethaeeie. O ca’yceo c oeei aeooae?co?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy
i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ye oaei? oi?ie aeooiaii? aeoeaiino?, yea
caeaoia caa?aaoe i??o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai e ???aoe?iiaeueiiai a eoeueoo??.

O iaooe? ? o?einio?? aeaia i?iaeaia iaaoea iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy /a?ac
iiooee ?aoe?iiaeueiino? iiaiai oeio. Iia? iaoeia? oai??? ?ice?eaathoue o
nai?o i?aeaaeeiao ?acth/o iiae?ai?noue aei aeaai?o i?oieiaai, oea
aeicaieeei ?iaeoa iiaeeaeoeny ia i?iaeaio a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?oii ?
?icoiii.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeaii? i?iaeaie iio??aiee aoa aii??e/iee
iaoa??ae, yeee /a?iaany c aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeathoue ia?aeiio
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ? eeaneo?eaoe?th i?o?a. ??ci? iai?yie aii??e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?o?a iia’ycai? c ?iaiaie oaeeo eoeueoo?ieia?a , ye A. O
a e e i ?, Ae ae. O?aca?, A.Iaeeiianueeee, A.Eoi, I.Itheea?, A.Oaa?oe,
A.Iaioa?aeo oa ?i.

A XX noie?oo? neeaeany o?einio?y i?oo, iniiao yei? caeeaee a XIX
noie?oo? o?einionuee? i?aoe? O.A.Oae?iaa ? A.A.O.Aaaaey.

I?o aea/aany a aaaaoueio aniaeoao: ye aeeneo?neaia iiaeaeue ?eooaeo, ye
?aaoeyoi? aeeooy a?oa?/iiai eieaeoeao, ye nioe?aeueiee oaiiiai, ye
iniaeeaee oei ?aoe?iiaeueiino?, ye i?iaeoeo ae?yeueiino? iana?aeiiiai.

I?iaeaia i?oo aeine?aeaeo?oueny a iaaeao ??cieo o?einionueeeo ia?aaeeai.
O oeueiio ?icia?oo? iai?yi?a ? oe?e iniaeeai aeae?eythoueny
neiaie?nonuee? eiioeaioe?? i?oo.

A.Ean??a? aiae?co? i?o ye iaeio c nai???aeieo neiaie?/ieo oi?i, ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? aeoo i?yio? o nai?e ia’?eoeaaoe??, oiaoi o nai?io
naiiae?aaeaii? ? eiino?oth? iniaeeao noi?iio ae?eniino?.

O.I?oeoa ?icaeyaea? i?o o noia?a/iino? aeaio eiai noi??i: aiieii?/ii? ?
aeeii?n?enueei?. Neiaie?nonueeeie ca nai?th noooth ? oai??? E.Aeeiaeueoa
? I.Oaeaeaaaa?a. Aei neiaie?nonueeeo a?aeiinea naith eiioeaioe?th
I.Ein?a.

Ineoiaiae?oe/iee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?oo iia’ycaiee ia?aaeon?i c
?iaiaie C.O?aeaea ? E.A.THiaa, oe??? i?iaeaie oae /e ?iaeoa oi?eaeeny
iaio?aeaeenoe A.O?iii, A.O?aiee oa ?io?.

O?aioeocueeee o?einio-?ioo?oea?no A.Aa?anii ?icaeyaeaa i?oioai?/o
caeaoi?noue ineo?ee a “cae?eoiio noni?euenoa?” ye ae?ac aeeoo?aiai
?inoeieoo. I.Ae?aaea noeeueiee aa/eoe a i?o? ae?ac ???aoe?iiaeueii?
aie?. ?aea? icia/aieo o?einio?a iaee iiieo i?e aiae?c? i?oo a aniaeo?
eiai nieneiooai?thth/i? ooieoe??.

Aieeaiaei iai?yiii a o?einio?? i?oo noaa no?oeoo?ae?ci, yeee ?icaeyaeaa
i?o ye neeaaeiii?aai?ciaaio ciaeiao nenoaio ? ia?aaeon?i, a
neio?ii?/iiio aniaeo?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeii no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co
iia’ycai? c ?iaiaie E.Eaa?-No?ina, ?.Aa?oa, TH.Eioiaia, A.Oiii?iaa oa
?io. Iinono?oeoo?ae?nonuee? iai?yie i?iaeiaaeothoue oeth o?aaeeoe?th.

I.?eea? caeiaany ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th i?oieia?/ieo neiaie?a ea?eaiaoe/iiai
(?aoeaeneaiiai) oeio. Eiai ?aea? aeei?enoai? i?e aiae?c? i?iaeaie
nioe?aeueiiai /ano e ?iiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a nieneiooai?aiiy o eoeueoo??.
A no/ani?e i?iaoeuee?e o?einio?? iioieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie
“i?o?/iiai” ie ciaoiaeeii o E.Othaia?a.

O ca’yceo c i?iaeaiith iiooe?a ?ioo?oeaii-aeeneo?neaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?
iiaiai oeio aaoi? caa?oaany aei aeine?aeaeaiue ana?aeeioe?a:
A.Nieiaeiaa, N.Aoeaaeiaa, E.Ea?naaeia, ??.Oei?ainueeiai,
?.O?oaaoeueeiai ? aei i?aoeue ?o iiia?aaeiee?a — I.TH?eaae/a, I.Iioaai?.

O ?aaeyinuee?e o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? aeineoue oiiaii iiaeia aeae?eeoe
oae? iai?yie o aeine?aeaeaii? i?oo: ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iee (O.Eaneae?,
A.Iaeaoeinueeee, I.Aiooaei, A.sseiae?a), nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeee
(A.Aaoaeia, I.Ao?aae/, I.Aoeeaa), iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i ii/aoie aea/aiiy
i?oo ye iniaeeaiai oeio ?aoe?iiaeueiino? (ss.Aieiniaea?, I.Ao??ca?,
I.Aaoiiiiiaa).

Ie?aii aeae?ey?oueny i?aeo?ae I.Einaaa, yeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oo
i?eaiaeeoue aei ?aea? “aaniethoii? i?oieia??”. Ein?a ?icaeyaea? i?o ye
iaiao?aeio eaoaai??th ia o?eueee aeoiee, aea e aeeooy, ui ni?eeia?oueny
iaae?eeii ia noa’?eo ? ia’?eo.

I?ioyaii inoaiiueiai aeanyoee?ooy ae??n ?ioa?an aei i?iaeaiaoeee i?oo a
Oe?a?i?. Oae, A.N.Ai?nueeee, I.A.Iiiiae/, A.A.Oaaa/eianueeee c?iaeee
iaiaeee aianie a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?o?a Ee?anueei? ?on? ? a oai??th i?oo
ye niaoeeo?/ii? neiaie?/ii? oi?ie a eoeueoo??. I?iaeaio i?oo e ?eooaeo a
ai?noaiieia?/iiio aniaeo? i?iaiae?coaaee N.A.E?einueeee,
A.I.Ia?aoiinueeee, A.I.Iaeca?nueeee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ??oioo?oueny ia ?aeayo ?a?iiaenueei?
o?einio?? eoeueoo?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeai? a ae?th/eo a Oe?a?i? iaoeiaeo ?
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?aiao.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aieiaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ni?ia? i?iaiae?coaaoe ooieoe??
i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio a eoeueoo?ioai?/ino? ye oi?ioaaii? na?oo
nieneiaeo aca?iica’yce?a.

Ca?aeii c aeaiith iaoith aecia/ai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: —
aeyaeoe niaoeeo?eo aei?aoeaeneaiiai ? ?aoeaeneaiiai oei?a i?oieia?/iiai
neiaie?cio;

—i?iaiae?coaaoe i?o ye oi?io ieneaiiy, oi?io niiaeyaeaiiy ? oi?io
aeeooy:

— aeynieoe iniaeea?noue aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeaiia noi?iiaie i?oo a
eoeueoo?ioai?/iio i?ioean?: noaa?e?coth/i? ? aeano?oeoeaii?, ii?iaoeaii?
? oai?/i?;

— ?icaeyiooe no?oeoo?oth/ee ? nieneiooai?thth/ee i?eioeeie i?oieia?/iiai
neiaie?cio;

—i?iaiae?coaaoe aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?oii ? eiainii o i?ioean?
aeai?oieia?caoe?? eoeueoo?e.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aoei a iaei?aeoii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeaa?oueny a
iaaeao /?oei aecia/aiiai iaoiaeo. Aoaeue-yea iaoiaeieia?/ia
?eai?enoe/i?noue, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaiaei?iii i?eaiaeeoue aei iaaii?
caeaoiino?, noaoe/iino? ? iaiaaeo? oai?/ee i?ioean.

Aaoi? ia i?aoaiaeo? ia ia’?eoeai?noue iaoiaeo, ine?eueee /anoi a
aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeai neiaie?cio iaiao?aeii iia?oaaoe iiiyooyi ?aeeiiai
eiioeiooio aoooy — na?aeiiino?. Oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie ?iaioe a?aoiaothoue
aaaaoii??i?noue ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai i?ioeano e ?aeaeio
aca?iiaeiiiaiai?noue ??cieo o?einionueeeo ia?aaeeai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iieyaa? o nai?e iinoaiiaoe? i?iaeaie, o ni?ia? i?aeeiioeaiooaeueiiai
neioaco aeina?aeo ae??oaiiy i?iaeai i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio. O ?iaio?
cae?eniaia ni?iaa iioieia?/iiai iiai?ioo aei aiae?co i?iaeaie.

?acoeueoaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, ui iathoue iaaio i??o iiaecie.

— I?oieia?/iee neiaie /a?ia? nienee ia o?eueee c oaea oii?yaeeiaaiiai
nioe?aeueiiai ono?ith, aea e c aacia?a?aiiai, eiioeioaeueiiai,
a?oaoeiiaiai. I?ney aeeth/aiiy iaaieo nieneiaeo oa??a a nioe?ieoeueoo?io
oeaieio /a?ac i?o o neiaie?a i?oo eeoa?oueny ua nieneiaee iioaioe?ae,
yeee iiaea ?aae?ciaoaaoeny a iane?i/aiiiio ?icia?oo? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo
no?oeoo?.

— A?oiooth/enue ia aaaaoi??aiaaino? aoooy, i?oieia?/iee neiaie?ci
?ice?eaa? iiiaeeio niene?a. I?oieia?/iee neiaie?ci iana a nia? ia
o?eueee neiaiee o?aaeeoe?e, aea e nieneiao ca?yaeai?noue aeey
cae?eniaiiy iaeaooiueiai ? oiio iia’ycaiee c ?iiaaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a
eoeueoo??. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo oei?a neiaie?cio, i?o ia? aeinoaoiuei
aio/eo nieneiao no?oeoo?o, uia ioiieoe an? aniaeoe ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano.

— Iaii?oieia?ci o aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo?? i?aaenoaaey? oaiaeaioe?th
aei neioaco ia?aciiai ? iiiyo?eiiai ieneaiiy. A ieneaia?ac? ?aei?noue
?aea? ? /ooo?aiai ia?aco aeieea? ia iniia? aaea aeae?eaieo ?c
neie?aoe/ii? oioiaeiino? i?ioeeaaeiinoae. Ooo ia?ac ? iiiyooy
ia?ao?auothoueny, aea i?eiee ia ceeaathoueny. Oaeiai oeio neiaie?ci —
ii?iaeaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?. A?i eeoa? nioe?ieoeueoo?io
nenoaio a?aee?eoith aeey ae?aeiao eoeueoo?, caa??aa? ?ooeeao no?ee?noue
? aaaaoii??i?noue eoeueoo?e.

— I?oieia?/i? neiaiee, iia’ycai? c ?iiaaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, ia iiaeia
aaaaeaoe “?ethc?yie” ? “o?eoe?yie”. ?noeii?noue o?ainoeaiaeoth/i?
iiaeae? na?oo caeaaeeoue a?ae ?noeiiino? ?aae?ciaaii? aaea, a ioaea
o?a/aaeaii? eoeueoo?e. Aeai?oieia?caoe?y, ye aeii?ioaaiiy e?euee?nii?
?aoe?iiaeueiino? oi?iaeueii-oaoi?/iiai oeio, nei?i/o? i?ino?? oyae a
eoeueoo?? ? oeei iaiaaeo? ?? oai?/ee iioaioe?ae.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie a iaaeao o?einio?? eoeueoo?e, iaeiae
? ?iaeyoue iiaeeeaei cae?eniaiiy i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iiooeao
iiaeo aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae, i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?e i?aeaoi?/iiai
ae?aeiao, i?e ae?iaeaii? oe?ii?nieo i???ioe??a o i?ioean?
aea?aeaaioai?/ino? ? noai?aii? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo iiaeaeae.

I?iaeaia i?o?/iiai ? aeai?oieia?ciaaiiai ?icoi?iiy iaoe??, yea
iinoaaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? iio?aao? naiai i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy a
eoeueoo?ioai?/?e ?iaio?, yea ioneoue aeoioethaaoe aeina?ae iiia?aaei?o
iieie?iue o i?ioean? inieneaiiy oeyo?a aeooiaii-i?aeoe/iiai iiaioaaiiy
iaeaooiueiai.

Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?
o aeu?e oeie? i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e c o?einio?? eoeueoo?e, anoaoeee,
?ae?a??ciaanoaa, oiui.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii aaoi?ii naiino?eii. I?iaiae?ciaaii ??aaiue
?ic?iaee ? inieneaiiy i?iaeaie i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio. Aeena?oaio
oai?/i ocaaaeueiea iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ? c?iaea aeniiaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oethaaeeny ia
i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aoiai?caoe?y
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei” (Aeia-Aoa, /a?aaiue, 1991), iino?eiiae?th/iio
o?einionueeiio nai?ia?? “Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. Eoeueoo?a”, Ethaeeiiciaa/eo
o?einionueeeo /eoaiiyo (Ae?iaiae/, aeiaoaiue, 1992), Ia?oeo
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo /eoaiiyo “Eoeueoo?a ia ceai? oeny/ie?oue (Ee?a,
aa?anaiue, 1994).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ye? a oe?eiio i?noyoue
o?noue ia?aa?ao?a. Iiaeathoueny aeniiaee oa nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e. Ci?no aeeeaaeaiee ia 148 no. A?ae?ia?ao?y iae?/o? 203 iacae.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? oaie, aiae?co?oueny
noai ? ??aaiue o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy i?iaeaie. Oi?ioeththoueny iaoa
? caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeia?aaeaii ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe oa ?? no?oeoo?o.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — ‘Oeie i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio” caeeaaeaii iniiao
aeey aeinyaiaiiy iniiaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi? i?aaia aecia/eoe
niaoeeo?eo aei?aoeaeneaii? ? ?aoeaeneaii? oi?i i?oo, uia aeae?
i?enooieoe aei aiae?co i?ioean?a no?oeoo?oaaiiy ? nieneiooai?aiiy ?c
a?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee aeaio iniiaieo oei?a i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio.
I?o aiae?co?oueny ye oi?ia ieneaiiy, oi?ia niiaeyaeaiiy ? oi?ia aeeooy.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? — “Aei?aoeaeneaiee oei i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio”
iiaea?oueny ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c eaoaai??e: i?o — aeeooy, i?o —
?inoeieo, i?o — iana?aeiia, i?o — a?oaoei, i?o — neiaie, i?o — ?eooae,
i?o — eoeueoo?a ? i?o — ?noi??y.

Aeey aei?aoeaeneaiiai i?oo ye iniaeeai? oi?ie na?oia?ae/oooy ?
na?oini?eeiyooy aea?aiee oa?i?i “aeeooy a i?o?”. “AEeoo?a?noue” i?oo
icia/a? oioiaei?noue oyaeaiue i?i na?o ?c naiei na?oii. Aei?aoeaeneaiee
oei na?oini?eeiyooy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caio?ai?noth o iana?aeiia,
eiioeioaeuei?noth, aei?noi?e/i?noth, neie?aoe/i?noth, niiioaii?noth,
aia?o?/i?noth. I?ioe??//y i?ae noaiiaeaiiyi ? noaaoei ooo ia ae?aaeaia.
? aei ? i?ney, aea ieioea ? oaia??oi? eeoa a?aeia?aaeathoueny iaeei a
iaeiiio. I?oe ia?aaeathoueny c iieie?iiy a iieie?iiy iaeaea aac ci?i.
Ieioea ni?eeia?oueny ia ye aoai noaiiaeaiiy, ia ye /aniaa iiaeaeue, a ye
iica/ania?noue. O i?oini?eeiyoo? i?aaeiaoiee na?o ni?eeia?oueny a
ieeiiino?, iaeiae oaea noaiiaeaiiy ia caoiieth? nieneia? aeeaeie aoooy.
Aeaein ia? /an, oiio ui oaioe/iee iio?e noaiiaeaiiy ?ic’?aeio?oueny, ?
ciiao c’?aeio?oueny nieneii. I?o?/ia ae?eni?noue — nai???aeia
“a?/i?noue”. “AEeooy a i?o?” ia ? eoeueoo?ith, ai eoeueoo?a ia?aaeaa/a?
iayai?noue ???a?o?? oe?iiinoae, aeaein eoeueoo?e — iniaa. A
aei?aoeaeneaiiio i?oia? iae?ieini ? i?e?ieini iaeaea oioiaei?. “ss”
ia?aeeaa?oueny a “ia-ss” ? iaaiaee. I?o?/ia ae?eni?noue a
aei?aoeaeneaiiio na?oini?eeiyoo? ? ni?aaaeiy ae?eni?noue, ia iaoaoi?e/ia
? ia neiaie?/ia, a aoeaaeueia, a yeo niiioaiii a??youe ? ni?eeiathoue ye
i/aaeaei?noue. I?ioean ?noi?ecaoe?? ni?aiaaea? c i?ioeanii
neiaie?caoe??. Aei?aoeaeneaia na?oini?eeiyooy — oea aeeoo?ai-/ooo?aa
?a/iaa ?aaeuei?noue. I?oini?eeiyooth a?aeiia?aea? i?oiieneaiiy, yea ia
?ic??ciy? ??/ e ?aeath ?a/?, yaeua ? nooue, oi?io ? ci?no. Eiee ooieoe??
noo? ia?aiinyoueny ia na?o yaeu, iaoa??ae?co?oueny ?aeaeia ? nieneiaa.
Oea icia/a?, ui aeaia ??/ ? i?enooiueith oe?e?nii, noanoaioe?aeueii o
an?o nai?o i?iyaao, oiaoi oe?ea noanoaioe?aeueia i?enooi? o eiaei?e
nai?e /anoei?. Aeeeoi ieneeoue an?eyeo iaeeie/i?noue a oioiaeiino? c
?iaeiaei iiiyooyi. Caaaeueia aenooia? ye aeeaa ?noioa /e
/ooo?ai-iaoa??aeueia ??/ (oioai). Aeania “ss” oaeiae ioioiaeith?oueny c
oioaiii.

I?oiieneaiiy iia?o? “I?o?/ieie ia?acaie” c canoeaeei i?inoi?ii,
iaeiii??iei /anii, aac’ye?nieie, aac i?e/eiiino?, aac noaiiaeaiiy. A
i?o?/iiio ia?ac? oa, ui icia/a?oueny ? oa, ui icia/a?, o?nii ceeo?, oaea
aeeooci?noue aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i oioiaei?noue noa’?eoa ? ia’?eoa,
?a/? ? neiaa, i?aaeiaoa ? ciaea, iaeeie/iiai ? iiiaeeiiiai.

Iniaeea?noue neiaie?caoe?? a i?oiieneaii? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ciae — ??/
ua ia aea?eueieany c oiai, ui icia/a?oueny, ? iano?eueee caio?aiee o
aoooy, ui aaaeei aiai?eoe iaa?oue i?i ia?aeiio ia’?eoeaaoe?th. Oiio o
oeo, ooi a?aeeeaea? noaa?aeaeaiiy i?i neiaie?/io i?e?iaeo
aei?aoeaeneaiiai i?oo ? a?aoiaioe. Aea “i?o?/iee ia?ac” aaea ?
ia?aeiiith aeai?noeo?eaoe??th, oiaoi iiina?aaeeiao? noa’?eo-ia’?eoi?
a?aeiioaiiy. “*enoee i?o” iiaeia ieneeoe eeoa ye aano?aeoe?th, i?o —
caaaeaee ? neiaaniei aai ia?aaeaa/a? neiai, a oiio aaea ? aeaui
aeene?aoia. I?e an?e ??cieoe? i?ae i?oiieneaiiyi ? no/anieie oeiaie
?aoe?iiaeueiino? eeoa aeey ethaeeie ciae iiaea noaoe a?eueo ?aaeueiei,
i?ae oa, ui a?i icia/a?, ? neiaie?/i? oi?ie iiaaae?iee iiaeooue iaaoaaoe
a?eueoiai cia/aiiy, i?ae i?e?iaei?. Oiio aeieeiaiiy ?eooaeo e i?oo
iiaeia aeoeoia/eoe ye iiaeieaiiy a?ieia?/iiai, i?e?iaeiueiai a ethaeei?.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? — “?aoeaeneaiee oei i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio” ie
oi?ea?iiny i?iaeaie i?oo a aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo??. Oaea eoeueoo?a
aaaaoiaei??ia, a i?e ?niothoue ??ci? oeie ?aoe?iiaeueiino?.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? ?yae neeaaeieo ieoaiue. *e iiaeeeaa niiioaiia
aei?aoeaeneaia na?oini?eeiyooy a aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo??
iai?oieia?/iiai oeio? sse? oeie ?aoe?iiaeueiino? ? iaea?eueo aeecueeeie
aei i?oiieneaiiy? *e iiaeeeaa na?aeiia i?oioai?/?noue?

Aeeoa?aioe?eiaaio eoeueoo?o iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye “eoeueoo?o iiaeeeao” ?
“eoeueoo?o noaaoo”. Iaeiae aei i?oo a?eueoa i?enoiniaiee oa?i?i “ia?ac
na?oo”. Eoeueoo?a ia? a?eueo aei?noeo ioi?ieai?noue, oea caaaeaee
???a?o?y oe?iiinoae, a oe?ii?noue iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ?aeath, aaea
niieo/aio c ?ioa?anii. I?o ye oe?e?niee ia?ac na?oo, oa?aeoa?iee aeey
aeaii? eoeueoo?e ia iaaiiio aoai? ?? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, aenooia?
ia?aaeeaiith an?o ?ioeo oi?i na?oini?eeiyooy ? an?o noa? eoeueoo?e. C
“i?i?eaii” a ?noi??th i?o ye ?ioo?oeaiee ia?ac na?oo i?aeoi
?icaeaith?oueny e iaeei yaey? iiaeeeao ?aaeuei?noue, a ?ioee —
iia’ycaiee c “eoeueoo?ith noaaoith”. I?o?/iee ia?ac na?oo ? aeayeith
?aieith nieneiaeo ca’yce?a, ? a oeeo ?ooeeaeo iaaeao, cae?enith?oueny
?aoeaenoth/ee aeo na?aeiiino?. Naia ae nieneiaa ?aiea ia ?aoeaeno?oueny
a oeueiio aeo?, a iaiia ae aeiaaea? c iueiai.

?aoeaeneaiee niin?a ieneaiiy no/anii? ethaeeie a?oioo?oueny ia
ni?iiiaeiino? ?ic??ciyoe e ioioiaeithaaoe ??/ oa ?aeath ?a/?. Oiio
?aoeaeneaiee i?o — oea aaea iiia?aeaiiy “i?i”, a yeiio ? ia?niiaae? ?
nthaeaoe, a ia naia i?e?iaea, iaa?ae’?iia a?ae ethaeeie. I?o-iiia?aeaiiy
noai?th?oueny oyaith ? oaioac??th noa’?eoa, a aeinoia??i?noue “i?o?/iiai
ia?aco” noa? “?ethc??th”, oaea na?oini?eeiyooy ie ciaoiaeeii aaea a
“Iaeena?” Aiia?a.

O ?aoeaeneaiiio ieneaii? i?oieia?/iee neiaie a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
iiiyooy oei, ui ai?uo? ia?aciee aeaiaio. Neiaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ciaeia?noth, aea ia ? aeaiaioa?iith aeac?aeith ia i?aaeiao, a icia/o?
neeaaei? aeooiai? yaeua. Ciae ? caaaeaee noaoe/iei, eiai ci?no ?
aecia/aiei. I?oieia?/iee neiaie ia? iane?i/aiio iiiaeeio cia/aiue ? oiio
a?aeia?aaea? aoooy a noaiiaeaii?. Neiaie?ci ?aoeaeneaiiai oeio — oea
iino?eia iai?oaa oi?ie ? ci?noo, iiae?e ? ?aeiaiiy aeai?noino?,
ia?ao?auoaaiiy iaiaaeaiiai ? iane?i/aiiiai. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy noa’?eoa oa
ia’?eoa ooo a?eueo ?ooeeaa, i?ae a aei?aoeaeneaiiio i?o?. I?ae ieie — ia
oioiaei?noue, a i?ino?? e i?eiouaiiy. Aei?aoeaeneaiee i?oieia?/iee ia?ac
noaoe/iee, oiae? ye i?oieia?/iee neiaie caio?aiee a ?aaeuei?noue, ui
noaiiaeoueny, a ioaea ?noi?e/io.

O aeaiiio ia?aa?ao? ca/?ia?oueny oaeiae i?iaeaia iiaeeeaino? na?aeiii?
i?oioai?/ino? a no/ani?e eoeueoo??. Na?aeiii noai?aiee i?o ?
aaaaoi??aiaaith eiino?oeoe??th ? aoi?eiiith nai?ieia?/iith nenoaiith. Ia
aeeaey/enue ia oioiaei?noue oiai, ui icia/a? ? oiai, ui icia/a?oueny,
oaea nenoaia iiaea aooe oiiaiei neiaieii, iia?eueii iaae?eaiei
cia/aiiyi.

?icaeyaeath/e i?oieia?/iee aei?? a aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo??, aaoi?
aeoiaeea c aaoa?iaaiiino? no/anii? na?aeiiino?. O iia? oea iiaea
ae?aaeaoeny o aca?iiiaia?aeeaaeiino? ??cieo e?iaa?noe/ieo nenoai.
I?ioean na?aeiiino?, c?icoi?eee ye “o?eaae?noue” — iica?ioaeaeooaeueiee.
I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oe??? i?iaeaie aaoi? noeeueiee aei aeoiee i?i
?nioaaiiy aeeaeiieo aei?aoeaeneaieo oa??a ineo?ee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? ooieoe?? i?oo a eoeueoo??” ?icaeyaeathoueny
i?iaeaie nieneiooai?aiiy ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Ooieoe?y nieneiooai?aiiy” iio??aai aoa aiae?c oaeeo
eaoaai??e ye “niene”, “niene, yeee ?icoi??oueny”, “nioe?ieoeueoo?iee
eiioaeno”, “/an o?aaeeoe??”, “/an ?ioa?i?aoaoe??”.

Ia o?eueee ?noi??th ie i?eiee ia ni?eeia?ii ye o?ii?eo, aea e ioi/oth/ee
ian i?aaeiaoiee na?o inieneth?ii ye oe?e?ni?noue. Niiioaiia, ?ioo?oeaia
c?oeiaiiy ?a/ae ?-na?aeiiino? a “aeeaiio” aeina?ae? ? ? i?oini?eeiyooyi.

I?ooi c ian ia ni?eeia? ?cieueiaaieo i?aaeiao?a iica ?o iniaeno?niiai, a
ioaea, nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo. Oiio a ca’yceo c i?iaeaiith i?oo ?
nieneioai?aiiy ian oe?eaaeoue ia “aano?aeoiee niene”, a “niene, yeee
?icoi??oueny”. ?cieueiaaiee “aanoa?aeoiee niene” aeyaey? naaa a iiiyoo?,
eiee a?i aeoiaeeoue c? nai?? ?cieyoe?? ? i?ioenoaaey?oueny nai?io
?iiaoooth, oiae? a?i noa? “ae?aaeaiei”. ??/ i?iyaey? naaa ciai?, oeae
i?iya aace?ia/ii ??ciiiai?oiee. Eia?/ia iiiyooy ethaeeie — iaeia, a
?icoi?iue iiaea aooe iane?i/aiia e?euee?noue, an?eyea ??/ ae?eniino?
eiaeiiai ?aco ni?eeia?oueny a iiaiio na?oe?.

?icoi?iiy aenooia? ye nieneiiieiaeaiiy. A?aeianaiiy aei oe?iiino?
caaacia/o? ?icoi?iith caoe?eaaeai?noue, ai oe?ii?noue — oea ?aeay, aaea
ia’?aeiaia c ?ioa?anii. ?icoi?iiy a oaeiio aeiaaeeo ia?aoai?th?oueny a
i?aeoe/iee, eoeueoo?ioai?/ee aeo. O i?oini?eeiyoo? niiioaiii “naii
niaith” ?icoi?thoueny aeaiiino? ‘aeeoo?aiai na?oo”.

Neiaiee i?oo, ye? iinyoue o?ainoeaiaeaioiee oa?aeoa? a?ae?a?athoue
iniaeeao ?ieue a nieneioai?aii?. Oae? neiaiee icia/othoue aeaui ia aeaia
iai o aaciina?aaeiueiio aeina?ae?, ?o i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe “?ethci?ieie”.
O?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiee i?oieia?/iee neiaie?ci iiaeia ?icoi?oe ye niin?a
ae?aaeaiiy ?aaeueiinoae, ye? ia niinoa??aathoueny a oa?i?iao aeaeeieo
yaeu. Oae? neiaiee ia o?eueee inieneththoue eiaeio eoeueoo?io
ae?eni?noue, a e ni?eythoue o?ainoeaiaeoaaiith ca iaae? aeaiiai
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ii?yaeeo. Ine?eueee ?aaeueiee na?o eoeueoo?e ia?
aaciaaeiee nieneiaee ci?no, i?oieia?/i? neiaiee ? iaiaiaaeaieie a
nieneiaiio a?aeiioaii?. Aeu? ?aeaaee eoeueoo?e — oea “aaniethoe”,
ae?aaeai? a o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueieo i?oieia?/ieo neiaieao.

Aeey ?iaeea?aeo na?o eoeueoo?e ? “aeeoo?aei na?oii”, inoaii?e ?
iniaeeaei ?ioa?noa’?eoeaiei inieneaiei ca’yceii ?c ?ioeie ?iaeea?aeaie
ye eoeueoo?iicia/eieie, naiiaooiuei i?aaenoaaeaieie a eoeueoo??. Aeieea?
i?iaeaia aoiaeaeaiiy ?iaeea?ae?a a aeeoo?aee na?o. Io?eiaiiy ?iai?
aeaniiai — oea ia?aeiiee aoai oaeiai aoiaeaeaiiy. ?i’y ye i?oieia?/iee
neiaie ni?ey? ona?aeiieaiith ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? aoooy ie?aii? ethaeeie
? i?ae a?aee?eaa? aeo?aeiee aeinooi aei eoeueoo?ieo niene?a.

O i?oieia?/iiio c??c? eoeueoo?e ? a a?oa?/iiio noni?euenoa? ia? i?noea
niaoeeo?/iee oei nai?iceno. A i?oieia?/i?e na?aeiiino? ciae ?
aiaeia?/iei ?iai? aeaniiio. A a?oa?/i?e eoeueoo?? caaaeueia ia?iaioaaiiy
i?aaeiaoa ? oaeiae eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei aeaniei ?iaiai, i?aaeiao, ui
inaith?oueny, inieneth?oueny ? aieno?oueny a no?oeoo?o na?oo, yeee
inai?iee ?ai?oa, a i?ioean? ia?iaioaaiiy. Ana /oaea nii/aoeo iicia/aeiny
iaeiei ?iaiai ? i?ioenoaaeyeiny oioai?/i?e ?aeiino? na?oo. Ae?aeia
a?oa?/ieo eoeueoo? oo?oaeiaiee /a?ac ia?icaeiai?noue ?o naiina?aeiiino?.
A no/aniiio na?o? iiaeeea?noue ?aoeaen?? aeanieo iniia aeieea? o
i?ioean? ae?aeiao, a ioaea caiice/aiiy niene?a o ?ioeo eoeueoo?.

O neooaoe?? aeooiaii? e?ece ao?a/a?oueny a??a a i?oieia?/i? neiaiee
eoeueoo?e, ye? ni?eeiaeeny ye i/aaeaeiino? ? inienethaaee aeeooy ?
ae?yeuei?noue. A?aeaoaa?oueny ?aeyoea?caoe?y niene?a, i/aaeaeia
ni?eeia?oueny ye ieioua. Oaia??oi? /anoi ?icoi??oueny ye aacaeocaeee
oain oiia aeeooy, iacaeaoiee iia’ycaoe ethaeeio c? na?oii nieneiaei
ia?acii. Aeieeathoue “nieneia? eaeoie”, ye? caiiaiththoueny /enoith
ciaeia?noth, ii?iaeiueith ? aacaeocaeith. C’yaeythoueny “inaaaeiii?oice”
— oea ciaee i?eeiyooy neiaie?a ? niene?a ?ioeo eoeueoo?, aea e ciaee
iaiiaeeeaino? ?o aeeth/aiiy a naiiaooi?e eoeueoo?ieo einiin.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Ooieoe?y no?oeoo?oaaiiy” aaoi? aiae?co? i?ioean
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ye oii?yaeeiaaiee aeeiai?ci. Iniiai? eaoaai???:
“no?oeoo?a”, “oain”, “aeiaaeeia?noue”, “neio?ii?y”, “aeeao?ii?y”.

Aaea a iaae?ao oioai?/ii? nenoaie a ca?iaeeia?e oi?i? e?enoae?co?oueny
aioeiii?y aoooy (no?oeoo?e) ? noaiiaeaiiy (aaiaceno). Oey aioeiii?y ua
a?eueoa ae?aaeaia a aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo??. Oiio a ?aoeaeneaiiio
i?o? noia?a/eeai niieo/athoueny aea? noi?iie: noaa?e?coth/a ?
aeeiai?coth/a, ii?iaoeaia ? oai?/a. Ia?aae iaie i?ae aeaa niiniae
iiaeaethaaiiy aoooy: c iaeiiai aieo o?enoaaiiy a na?aaeei? naaa
caieiooi? no?oeoo?e, c ae?oaiai — inyaiaiiy na?oo ye oaeiai, ui
aaiacenii ?icaeaa?oueny.

O i?ioean? no?oeoo?oaaiiy aaaeeeaith ? i??a noaa?eueiino? ? i??a
?iciaaeo noa?eo oi?i. Oioai?/iee i?o ii?ooo? i??o a noi?iio aei?noei?
noaa?e?caoe??. Eeaneo?eoaaiiy ?a/ae ? ?noio /a?ac eiia/i? a?oie
caaa?oo?oueny a?ia?iith iiiceoe??th—naiei i?inoei aa??aioii aei?noei?
nenoaie. Oaeee oei i?oo ia iiaea iaaiaoe no?oeoo?o, iiaeaethth/o
nioe?ieoeueoo?io i?aeoeeo, a?i ia?aoai?th?oueny a canoeaeee, ?ethci?iee
ia?ac cieeath/i? ?aaeueiino?.

O i?o? ?aoeaeneaiiai oeio a?aeiioaiiy neio?ii?? ? ae?ao?ii?? nooo?ai
ci?ith?oueny. I?oieia?/i? oaenoe i???ioiaai? ia aacia?a?ai?noue,
iioaioe?aeuei?noue, iacae?i/ai?noue, ? ia cina?aaeaeothoueny ia
eeaneo?eoaaii?. I?ioean no?oeoo?oaaiiy aenooia? ye oii?yaeeiaaiee
aeeiai?ci. Iaeiae i?eiao ?noi??? iiaea iaa?iooeny a “aa?y/eo”
noni?euenoaao ia?inoaiiyi aio?ii??, ui oaeiae ? iaaaoeaiei, ye ?
aei?noea noaa?e?caoe?y. Aio?ii?y iaaoaia a?eueoa aeey canoeaei? nenoaie,
aeeiai?/ia nenoaia ia ao?a/a? aia?aaoe/ii? yeino? o i?ioean?
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ? caeaoia iiaeieaoe e?eco.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Ia?aaeiene i?oieia?caoe?? ? aeai?oieia?caoe?? a
eoeueoo?? (?a?iiaenueeee eiioaeno)” aaoi? iaiaaa?oueny i?iaiae?coaaoe
noia?a/eea? aca?iia?aeiineie i?oo e eiaino a oiiaao ia?inoaiiy
oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ? a oie aea /an
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e a ?a?ii?.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “I?o ? Eiain”, a?oiooth/enue ia iia?e ?ioa?i?eoaoe??
eaoaai??? “i?o” ? “eiain” (I.Oaeaeaaaa?, I.Ein?a), aaoi? iaiaaa?oueny
iiaeieaoe iaeiia?/i?noue i?ina?oieoeueei? noaie aeo?niaiiy i?oo eiainii.
I?o o oaiiiaiieia?/i?e oa ?ioo?oea?nonuee?e o?einionueeeo o?aaeeoe?yo
aecia/a?oueny ye aeaein, ao?eaiee a ?iiaooo?, oiaoi caio?aiee a iaii.
Eiain ? aeaein yaeythoue niaith “niene nooiino?”, aea ??cieoey i?ae ieie
ii/eia?oueny aaea c iiiaioo aeaiino? nieneo. A aeaein? ia?aaaaea? iiiaio
aaniethoii? ?aeiino?, eiain iiaea io?eiaoe nai? cia/aiiy eeoa ye
niieo/aiiy aaaaoueio iiiaio?a, ye ia?a?aooaaiiy ?o. Aeaein caaaeaee ?
/eiinue oe?eei, a eiain—/eiinue aeene?aoiei ? iiiaeeiiei. O ni?iuaiiio
aa??aio? eiain ?iiae? o?aeoo?oueny ye oi?iaeueii-eia?/ia iiiyooy, yea
ai?uo? noio iciae. Eiain aeae?ey? ? ia?a?aoiao? iiiaioe oe?eueiiai
aeaeino. Eiain ? ?aaeueiee eeoa ye iaoiae, ? ia?aianaiiy ia eiain an???
aeaeaoe/ii? ? iniaeeai aeaeaoe/ii-?a/iai? ?aaeueiino? aaaea aei
ia?aoai?aiiy “aeeaiai” i?aaeiaoo a aano?aeoiee, oi?iaeueiee. O oaeo?,
yeee noaaeoueny, iaci?iii i?enooi? ? aeaein, ? eiain. Aeaein i?e oeueiio
aenooia? oe?eueiei e?eii, a eiain ? iaoiaeii ci?ie.

Neiaa “i?oieia?y” ? “aeai?oieia?caoe?y” —neeaaei?, ? oea ia aeiaaeeiai,
eiain ? i?o caaaeaee ciaoiaeeeeny a ia?ic?eai?e ae?aeaeoe/i?e ?aeiino?.
Aei?aoeaeneaiee “i?o?/iee neiaie?ci” ia?aaeaa/a? iayai?noue eiaino a
eaoaioiiio noai?. Eiain cayaey? i?i naith naiino?ei?noue aaea a aioe/i?e
A?aoe??. Iaeiae i?iaeaia a?aeiioaiiy i?oo ? ?icoio aia?oa aoea
iinoaaeaia a aiioo I?ina?oieoeoaa. I?e oeueiio i?o o?aeooaaany
i?ea?/ieeaie i?ina?oieoeueeeo ?aeae ye uinue, ui i?ioenoi?oue
?aoe?iiaeueiiio ?icoi?iith na?oo, ?icoio e i?ia?ano eoeueoo?e.

Aaea a eeane/i?e i?iaoeuee?e o?einio?? ciaoiaeeii iiaeieaiiy
i?ina?oieoeueeeo iiaeyae?a ia i?o ye ia ?ethc?th ? o?eoe?th (O.A.Oae?ia,
A.A.O.Aaaaeue). Oe? ?aea? ?ica?aathoueny A.Eann??a?ii, I.Oaeaeaaaa?ii,
I.Einaaei. I?o ia ? ?ethc??th, a ? aeeoo?aith ?aaeuei?noth. Eiain ia
aeo?niy? i?o, iaaiei oi?iai i?oo a?aeiia?aeathoue iaai? oi?ie eiaino.

Iaeiia?/iee ?ioaeaeo ia a ciic? inyaiooe “aeeao o?eaae?noue”, i?ioean, a
a i?ciaii? ia iiaea ia iaiaaeeoeny iaei??th c noi??i ia’?eoo, yea
aeeeth/a? ?io?. Aeey iiaeieaiiy noia?a/iinoae, ye? aeieeathoue a iaaeao
aecia/aii? nenoaie, iaiao?aeii o?ainoeaiaeoaaoe ca ?? ei?aeiie, oaeee
aeo?ae ? iiaeeeaei ca aeiiiiiaith cania?a, ye? ia?aaoaathoue iica
nenoaiith. I?o, eiee aoiaeeoue a ?aoe?iiaeuei? iiaoaeiae, ? aeey ieo
?iii?e?iaei?i ? a oeueiio niene? caeaoai o?ainoeaiaeoaaoe ? aeieaoe
i?ioe??//y nenoaie iaoeiai? /e nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?.

O ae?oaiio i?aa?ao? “Oeea?e?caoe?ei? i?ioeane a ?a?ii?” — aaoi?
iaiaaa?oueny aecia/eoe oa?i?i “aeai?oieia?caoe?y”, uia i?enooieoe aei
aiae?co noia?a/eeaeo oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Aeey aiae?co aa?ooueny
eaoaai??? I.Aaaa?a “e?euee?nia ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue” ? “ye?nia
?aoe?iiaeuei?noue”.

C ?icaeoeii oeea?e?caoe?? noaea ia?aaaaeaoe iaeiii??i?noue oai?aoe/iiai
? i?aeoe/iiai ?icoio. A iinooaoi?/iiio noni?euenoa? aeii?io? oi?iaeueiee
?ioa?an iaeneiaeueii a?eueiee a?ae aoe/ieo oa anoaoe/ieo ioe?iie.
I?oieia?/ia ?icoi?iiy aeiionea? “a?aeianaiiy aei oe?iiinoae” ? caaaeaee
iia’ycaia c aeeaeiieie ?ioo?oe?yie ? a??ith. Ethaeeia aeeaa o na?o?,
iioa?aiaaiiio oyaeaiiyi ? /ooeea?noth, ? oeae “i?o?/iee” na?o iaiia ae
a?aeie?aieth?oueny a?ae ia’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino? ? i?iaieioo?oueny
noa’?eoeaiei, ?ethci?iei. A aiioo oeea?e?caoe?? oe?ii?niee na?o ia
aaaaoi eiooo? a ni?aaao ?aaeueiiai aeeooy, iaeiae iao? ?aeaaee ia
ao?a/athoue naiai nieneo a?ae oiai, ui aoaathoue a i?ioe??//? c
iiaaae?ieith, yea aeeeoo?oueny uiaeaiieie iio?aaaie, a?cianii oa
iie?oeeith. Aeciaiiy o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueieo i?oieia?/ieo neiaie?a
“oeia?aie”, “o?eoe?yie” oa “?ethc?yie” iineaaeth? ?o i?ioenoiyiiy
aeaeaei iaaeineiiae?e nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e ?aaeueiino?. Oeea?e?caoe?y
?oeio? aei?aoeaeneaia “aeeooy a i?o?”, iaeiae aeii?ioaaiiy oi?iaeueii?
?aoe?iiaeueiino? iiaea iiaa?iooe eoeueoo?o a aeiaiaoe/ii-i?oieia?/iee
noai, ai ii?iaeaeo? iacaeaoi?noue aei o?ainoeaiaeoaaiiy ca iaae?
?nioth/i? nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? nenoaie.

O no/ani?e ?a?ii? oeea?e?caoe?ei? i?ioeane ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? eoeueoo?e
noia?a/eeai ii?aeiothoueny c oaiaeaioe?yie a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo
aeooiaieo o?aaeeoe?e. Ia iino?aaeyinueeiio i?inoi??, a ia??iae
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e ana iie?oe/ia aeeooy e?ooeoueny
a?ey iaoe?iiaeueiiai ieoaiiy; ui i?ae iei ?icoi?oe. I?oieia?/ia ?
aeai?oieia?ciaaia ?icoi?iiy iaoe?? oe?eeii oaeeaa?oueny ye a iao?e
iianyeaeaiiino?, oae ? a aea?aeaaieo aeieoiaioao ? iie?oeoe?.
Aeai?oieia?ciaaia ni?eeiyooy aeeeth/a? aieea a?/iiai ?
o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai, a oaeiae a??o a iniaeeaa i?ecia/aiiy oa ?noi?e/io
aeieth iaoe?? ye ae?th ?ieo. Ii/oooy, ye? aeeeeeathoue o ian iai’yoee
?noi??? ?icoi?thoueny ye noa’?eoeai?, a ioaea ia iia’ycai? c? ci?noii
oeeo i?aaeiao?a.

I?oieia?ciaaia oyaeaiiy i?i iaoe?th iiaeeeaa caaaeyee ?aeiino? ??
?noi???, yea neeaaea?oueny c aeaeaoieo iiae?e ? caa??aa?oueny ia o?eueee
a aeieoiaioao, a e a ?ae?ea?yo oa ?ioeo neiaieao, ye? ? i?aaeiaoaie
oaaae. I?oieia?/ia ia?aaeeaaiiy oaeeo neiaie?a iiaeia iacaaoe /eiinue
“o?eaniei”, a ia eeoa aeooiaiei ni?eeiyooyi ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai. Aeaye?
a?ae/oaathoue nayuaiiee o?aiao, eiee aa/aoue /e oi?eathoueny neiaie?a.
ye? a?aee ?ieue a ciaiaiieo aeey iaoe?? ?noi?e/ieo iiae?yo.
I?oieia?ciaai? oyaeaiiy i?i iaoe?th ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaoe?iiae?ciii ?
oia?i?ciii. Oaea ni?eeiyooy a?eueo oa?aeoa?ia aeey o?aaeeoe?eii?
eoeueoo?e ? acaaae? aeey eoeueoo?e, yea ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei “y” ia
a?aei?io a?ae “ie” oeea?e?caoe??. Eiaeia iaoe?iiaeueia eoeueoo?a yaey?
niaith ?iaeea?aeooi, a ie?aia ethaeeia ? ?? ia?nii?o?eaoe??th. Oe?ea ?
/anoeia ooo ioioiaeiththoueny.

Aeniiaee:

1. I?o iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeeneo?neaio iiaeaeue ?eooaeo. ?eooae
i?aaia ceeoeny c aacia?a?ai?noth, eiioeioaeuei?noth, o?eaae?noth, a i?o
aiineoue aeaiaio ?aoeaen??, iaoce, i?ii?aeeo, a?i a?eueo ioi?ieaiee,
a?eueo neiaie?/iee. ?eooae i?aoeth? c a?oaoeiiaei, a ioaea c
ianeiaie?/iei, aii?oiei, aeiaaeeiaei, yea iaeiae ai?uo? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/aii? oi?ie.

I?o noai?th? iaiao?aeia aeenoaioe?thaaiiy, oiaoi a?aeiioaiiy aei na?oo
aeey ae?yeuei?niiai eiai inai?iiy. ?acoeueoao ?eooaeueiiai ae?enoaa eeoa
a aeene?aoi?e oi?i? iiaea aooe aeeth/aiei a na?o ethaenueei-iaiaaeaiiai
?icoi?iiy ? a noa?o i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

2. No/ania aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia eoeueoo?a aeeth/a? ??ci? oeie
?aoe?iiaeueiino?. ??ci? oa?e aaoa?iaaiiiai ieneaiiy noai?ththoue iai?oao
i?ae iiethnaie i?oieia?/iiai ? iai?oieia?/iiai ni?eeiyooy. Neeaaei?noue
neiaie?/ieo oi?i, ye? iiina?aaeeiaothoue noa’?eo-ia’?eoi? a?aeiineie,
?iaeoue iiaeeeaei aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue coe?ieaiue iiiyo?eieo, anoaoe/ieo
? i?oieia?/ieo ciae?a. Oea iiaea caa?iaeoaaoe cieuaiiyi niiioaiiiai
ni?eeiyooy aeeooy, oiae? ethaeeia caio?th?oueny a oaioiiiee na?o ooo/ieo
oi?i.

3. Iaeiei ?c iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ?aoeaeneaiiai
oeio ? “ia?aoai?aia oi?ia”. A i?e iaia? aaciina?aaeiuei? oioiaeiino?
ciaea ? ia’?eoa ye a aei?aoeaeneai?e oi?i? i?oo, oea nei??oa
“eaac?i?aaeiao”. Ae?eni? ca’ycee ia’?eoo i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac na?aeii?noue
ia o?enoth/enue a i?e. O “ia?aoai?ai?e oi?i?” iiiaio ci?noiaii? ?iaioe
na?aeiiino? cai?uo? aaea aioiaa noia?ia ciaeiaa nenoaia.

4. Eoeueoo?a caaaeaee naiaioe/ii ia caaa?oaia. Neiaie — oea niin?a
aoiaeaeaiiy niene?a o na?o ethaenueei-iaiaaeaiiai ?icoi?iiy. A neiaieao
i?oo niene aeaiee ye nieneiaa aeeaeia, nieneiaa ia?niaeoeaa, aea uia
noaoe ciaeaie ?aaeueiiai na?oiii?yaeeo aiie yaeythoue oeth aaciaaei?noue
ye uinue caaa?oaia. Niene i?ae aena?oeth?oueny a neiaie?, ? nieneiaa
iiaiioa eiai i?iyaey?oueny ye aeeiai?/ia oaiaeaioe?y, a ia ye
iayai?noue. An?eyeee neiaie?ci iiaeeeaee eeoa a oi?aa?noi? ciae?a. O
oaenoao i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio eiioaeno aea? iiaeeea?noue aeey
?nioaaiiy aeae?eueeio nieneiaeo aei???a, o oeueiio aeiaaeeo iie?nai?y
iaeneiaeueii ?iceooa. Iie?nai?y i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ? iaeii/anii
neio?ii?/iith ? aeeao?ii?/iith, oiae? ?noi??y aeeth/a?oueny a nenoaio, a
noai nenoaie —eeoa ieoo?a?noue a nieneiaiio i?ioean?. I?oieia?/iee
neiaie?ci, ia cae?eoee oi?aa?noi ciae?a, a iaoe?eaiee ia cono??/ aoooth.
Aaaaoii??i?noue aoooy cayaey? i?i naaa ?icia?ooyi ciae?a, oei?a
?aoe?iiaeueiino?, oi?i i?oo. Niaoeeo?ea i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio o
aeyaeaii? aaaaoinieneaiiino? aoooy ? ?ice?eoo? iiaeo niene?a ca?aaee
ia?a?iaee naii? ae?eniino?.

5. I?oieia?/i? neiaiee aaniethoieo oe?iiinoae eoeueoo?e ni?eeiathoueny
ye i/aaeaeiino?, caaaeyee aaciina?aaei?e aeaiino? ?o ?iaeea?aeai aiie
ie?aneththoue ei?aeiie ?icoiii? ? inieneaii? ae?yeueiino?.. I/aaeaeiino?
a aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e eoeueoo?? ? inieneaieie ?aaeueiinoyie, ye?
iioeaothoue aeo oe?eaao?eaiiy ye ae “caiaaiyth/e” a inieneaiino? oe?e?.
Iaae? a i/aaeaeiinoyo caeaaeaoue a?ae nieneiaeo iiaeeeainoae eoeueoo?e,
aea caeathoueny oe?eeii i?e?iaeieie, aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaiith
naiiaeinoaoi?noth, c i?eaiaeo yei? ia aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a
?aoeaen??. Aoooy ?iaeea?ae?a a eoeueoo??, i?io?ea? ye i?e?iaeia
“aienai?noue” a eiioaeno oeeo i/aaeaeiinoae ye inieneaieo ?aae?e. Eiee
eoeueoo?a ia?aaeeaa? e?eco, a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaee i?ioean
“ia?aeiaeoaaiiy” aaea ?nioth/eo nieneiaeo ca’yce?a, oiae? i?aeeyaathoue
e?eoe/iiio ia?ainieneaiith o?aaeeoe?ei? i/aaeaei? oiiae ethaenueeiai
aoooy ? neeaaeathoueny iia? i/aaeaei? nieneia? ca’ycee.

6. Iaeia c iniiaieo i?ecia/aiue ?eooaeo ? einiiaii?/iiai i?oo a
a?oa?/iiio noni?euenoa? — iiiiaiaiiy aeo?a/aieo aia?a?e. No?oeoo?a
caaaeaee ? i?ioeanoaeueiith, oiaoi ciaoiaeeoueny a noaiiaeaii?.
Caoaa?ae?iiy a oi?iao, no?oeoo?ao, — oea eeoa iiiaio noaiiaeaiiy, yea
?icieaa? oi?ie. A ?acoeueoao? oaeiai aeeiai?/iiai i?ioeano aeae?ey?oueny
aia?a?y. ?eooaeuei? ia?yaee, iia’ycai? c cae?i/aiiyi noa?iai oeeeeo ?
ii/aoeii iiaiai, i?oe i?i aia?a, ye? ia?iaeaeothoueny ? iiie?athoue,
a?aeia?aaeathoue aia?aaoe/io ye?noue no?oeoo?oaaiiy. Aia?aaoe/ia
iane/ai?noue iino?eii ci?ith?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio no?oeoo?e,
iaea?eueo aia?aaoe/iei ? iiiaio ia?aoiaeo iaei??? oi?ie a ?ioo. AEi?noea
noaa?e?caoe?y icia/a? aia?aaoe/io ae/a?ii?noue, ao?aoo aio/eino? nenoaie
? caeaoiino? aei aeeiai?ee. I?ioeeaaeiee noai — ia?inoaiiy aio?ii?? a
nenoai? oae naii ? iaaaoeaiei, ye ? aei?noea noaa?e?caoe?y. A neooaoe??
aio?ii?? eiaeiee /aniaee aeo ?icai?oa? oe?eo “ia?aaeo” iiaeeeainoae. O
nenoai? c’yaey?oueny caian aia?a??, aea a neooaoe?? ?icieoino? oi?ie —
no?oeoo?e oe? ia?aaaae ia iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe. A einiiaii?/ieo i?oao
caaaeaee ae?aaeaeany iaiao?aei?noue ia??iaee/ii caa?oaoeny aei
aeano?oeoeaiiai, aii?oiiai, iaiiaeueiiai. Iaeiae ia?eooaeueia
aoiaeaeaiiy aia?aioaino iiaea a?ae?a?aoe iacai?ioiuei aeano?oeoeaio
?ieue.

7. Ia?oei aeoii aeai?oieia?caoe??, ye ii?ooaiiy neie?aoe/iiai aeeooy a
i?o?, aoei ia?aoai?aiiy ia?a?nii? iaa??, a ?? ?aeiino? c ?eooaeii ?
i?oii, a ?ae?a?th. ?iceie ia aeaa na?oe aeeeeea? ia?inoaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? eoeueoo?e. Oaea ?icoi?iiy aeai?oieia?caoe?? a oe?ieiio
niene? caeeaeo? oa?i?ie “aeai?oieia?caoe?y” ? “?aoe?iiae?caoe?y”.
Aeai?oieia?caoe?y o “aocueeiio cia/aii?” icia/a? iaoiaeieia?/i? caniae,
ye? aeei?enoiaothoue eoeueoo?ieiae ? oaieiae o i?ioean? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
neiaie?a A?ae??, i?e ni?ia? aeeth/aiiy ?o a no/anio iaoeiao ea?oeio
na?oo. A i?ioean? aeai?oieia?caoe?? caeaaeaeo?oueny noia?a/eea?noue
i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio, i?eai?eo?oueny iie?nai?y.

8. An?eyea “ea?oeia na?oo” ca?iaeaeo?oueny ye ia?aeiia ?ioo?oe?y, ye
“ia?ac na?oo”, iaao?eaiee neiaie. Oey iao?a/aaeaia ?aeay ai?uo? a nia?
eia?eo ?icaeoeo ? ?icai?oa?oueny i?ae oeneii oe??? aioo??oiuei? eia?ee.
A i?o? ye i?aneiaie? eoeueoo?e caeeaaeaii cae?eniaiiy iiaeeeai?
?aaeueiino?. ?aeaaee ? nienee “eoeueoo?e iiaeeeai?” ni?eythoue aeoiaeo
ca iaae? aeaiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ii?yaeeo. Nooi?noue ? aeaeei?noue
i?ioenoiyoue ia ye ?icoi ? ia?icoi, a ye iaa?ae’?iia /anoeia iaeiiai e
oiai ae oi?aa?noia, yeee ooaa?aeaeo?oueny. I?o ye iiaeeeaa ?aaeuei?noue
?ic?a/aaeth? ? iaa?oue a?aeeeaea? oaeo. ?aoe?iiae?ciaai? ? iaa?oue
ao?eai? ?aea?, c?ooiaooth/enue c iiaeie oiiaaie, ciiao ni?eeiathoueny ye
?ethci?i?. A i?ioean? ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? i?oo ye
iiaeeeai? ?aaeueiino? oe?iiino? ia?aoiaeyoue a oaoi?/i? caaaeaiiy, a
iio?i ia?aoai?ththoueny a iio?aae.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

a?aeia?aaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Na?oia?ae/oooy ethaeeie aiioe e?ece// Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. Eoeueoo?a.
Oace aeiiia?aeae ethaeeiiciaa/eo o?einionueeeo /eoaiue. -Ae?iaiae/,
1992. -N. 156-157.

2. Nieneiia?acoth/a ooieoe?y i?oo a eoeueoo??//1 eoeueoo?ieia?/i?
/eoaiiy “Eoeueoo?a ia ceai? oeny/ie?oue’’ Oace aenooi?a -Ee?a, EI?,
1994. -N.4-5.

3. *e ? nain o oain??// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie noni?euenoaiciaanoaa.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae eaoaae? noni?eueieo iaoe I?aeeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. -I?aeei, 1996. -N. 17-21.

4. Aioeiii?y aoooy ? noaiiaeaiiy a i?o?//Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
noni?euenoaiciaanoaa. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae eaoaae? noni?eueieo iaoe
I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo: -I?aeei, 1996.
-N.21-26.

5. Aaaaoii??i?noue i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ye nieneiooai?thth/a ia/aei
a eoeueoo?? //Iaoeia? caienee I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo. Oii XVII, eieaa 1. -I?aeei, 1997. -N. 83-86.

Aiioaoe?y

Aii/a?iaa ?.I. I?iaeaia i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio a eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.04 o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y oa o?einio?y
eoeueoo?e — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?einionueeei aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?iaeaie i?oieia?/iiai
neiaie?cio a eoeueoo?ioai?/iio i?ioean?. Aeae?eaii aeaa iniiaieo oeie
i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio: aei?aoeaeneaiee ? ?aoeaeneaiee. I?iaiae?ciaai?
nieneiooai?thth/a ? no?oeoo?oth/a ooieoe?? i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee ??cieo eiai oei?a. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui oaeee c
oi/ee ci?o iiceoea?cio iaaeie?e i?oieia?/iiai neiaie?cio ye
aaaaoii??i?noue ? noia?a/i?noue, caeaoiee iaa?iooeny ia?aaaaith a
i?ioean? nieneiooai?aiiy. Ia?aaeeaath/e iaiaeii?aciao ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th a
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio eiioaeno?, i?oieia?/iee neiaie?ci aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
aeaiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ii?yaeeo a aeo? o?ainoeaiaeoaaiiy. Aac
oeueiai ? iaiiaeeeaith eoeueoo?ioai?/?noue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?oieia?/iee neiaie?ci, aeeaaeaiee niene, nieneiaa
no?oeoo?a, o?ainoeaiaeaoaeuei? neiaiee, aeai?oieia?caoe?y eoeueoo?e.

Aiiioaoeey

Aii/a?iaa E.I. I?iaeaia ieoieiae/aneiai neiaieecia a eiioaenoa eoeueoo?u
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.04 — oeeinioneay aio?iiieiaey e oeeinioey
eoeueoo?u — Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao ei.O.A.Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony oeeinioneei enneaaeiaaieai i?iaeaiu
ieoieiae/aneiai neiaieecia a eoeueoo?ioai?/aneii i?ioeanna. Auaeaeaiu
aeaa iniiaiuo oeia ieoieiae/aneiai neiaieecia: aei?aoeaeneaiue e
?aoeaeneaiue. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu niuneiia?aciaaoaeueiay e no?oeoo?e?othuay
ooieoeee ieoieiae/aneiai neiaieecia n o/aoii niaoeeoeee ?acee/iuo aai
oeiia. Ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi oaeie n oi/ee c?aiey iiceoeaecia iaaeinoaoie
ieoieiae/aneiai neiaieecia eae iiiaiia?iinoue e i?ioeai?a/eainoue iiaeao
iaa?iooueny i?aeiouanoaii a i?ioeanna niuneiia?aciaaiey. Ia?aaeeaay
iaiaeiie?aoioth eioa?i?aoaoeeth a nioeeieoeueoo?iii eiioaenoa,
ieoieiae/aneee neiaieeci auoiaeeo ca ?aiee nouanoaothuaai
nioeeieoeueoo?iiai ii?yaeea a aeoa o?ainoeaiaee?iaaiey. Aac yoiai
iaaiciiaeii eoeueoo?ioai?/anoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieoieiae/aneee neiaieeci, iiieiaaiue niune,
naiaioe/aneia iiea, niuneiaay no?oeoo?a, o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiua neiaieu,
aeaieoieiaecaoeey eoeueoo?u.

Summary

Honcharova I.M. The problem of Mythological Symbolism in the context of
culture. — Manuscript.

Thesis for Master of Philosophy Degree on speciality 09.00.04 —
philosophical antropology and philosophy of culture. T.G.Shevchenko
National University, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis represents philosophical investigation of the problem of
mythological symbolism in culture forming process. Two main types of
mythological symbolism — pre-reflexive and reflexive, have been singled
out. Sence-forming and structure forming functions of mythological
symbolism have been analysed with taking into account of specific
features of its various types.

The author afferms that such shortcomings of mythological symbolism
(from the poin of view of positivism) as multiformity and discrepancy
may become an advantage in the process of sence-forming. Having endured
multiple interpretations in sociocultural aspect mythological symbolism
exceeds in the act of transcedentation the bounds of existing
sociocultural system. Without it culture forming is not possible.

Key words: mythological symbolism, interpreted sence, semantic field,
semantic structure, transcendental symbols, demythologizing of culture.

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