1

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE: 101.9(477): 321.01/72

OOEAEAIEI ?iia Aiaoie??aia

I?IAEAIA AeA?AEAAE A ?NOI??INIONUeE?E EIIOeAIOe?? A.EEIEINUeEIAI A
EIIOAENO? ?A?IIAENUeEI? EIINA?AAOEAII? AeOIEE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.05. — ?noi??y o?einio??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? o?einio??? oa eoeueoo?e
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio ?onei Ie?ineaa
TH??eiae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? oa eoeueoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? Ae/ei ?ai? Aaeaioeiiae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio??

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaae?a TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?einio??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a o?einio??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28.12.1998 ?. i 14.00 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 01.01.06. o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae.
330).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 27” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio __________ Ae?aeaiei A.O.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?i’y A.Eeieinueeiai, ye ?
ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? oe?a?inueeeo ieneeoae?a ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy,
noaei a?aeiiei aeey oe?ieiai eiea no/anii? oe?a?inueei? ?ioaeaeooaeueii?
a?iiaaee eeoa a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y. Ia?oeie eiai a?aee?eee aeey naaa
iaoeiaoe? a aaeoc? ?noi??? oa iie?oieia??. Iaeneiaeueia aeaaaeai?noue
iiceoe?? A.Eeieinueeiai a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e Oe?a?ie
(cie?aia ? o noinoieao c non?aei?ie aea?aeaaaie) oa ?noi?e/ii?
ia?niaeoeae uiaei aea?aeaaii? ?inoeooae?caoe?? oe?a?inueeiai aoiino,
iii??eiaaiee ?ae?a?eiee aoin (i?iiaaoaaiiy eiioan?eii? ia?eoaoiino?),
canoaeaeaiiy aeno?aiieo i?aeoiae?a aei ieoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aeaioe/iino? (ye einiiiie?oecio oae ? iaoe?iiae?cio) ni?eyee
caoaeaeaiith caoe?eaaeaiino? eiai oai?/ei aei?iaeii i?aaenoaaiee?a
oeacaieo iai?yie?a aoiai?oa?ii? iaoee c iaoith a?aeiaeaeaiiy iiaaaeieo
“?aoeaio?a” a oiiaao eiino?othaaiiy iiaeo iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e.
A.Eeieinueeee aea ye ?noi??inio, a?aoo? e ye iie?oe/iee o?einio
ciaoiaeeany iaaiee /an a o?i? naiai ae aeaniiai aaoi?eoaoo ye ?noi?eea ?
nioe?ieiaa.

O?einionueeee c??c eiai oaeno?a ia?oei c?iaea Ae.*eaeaanueeee, oeacaaoe
ia o?einio?/i?noue eaoa?i??aeueiiai aia?aoo oa aeeaeio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii?
iiaeae? ?nioth/eo noni?eueieo oai??e oa i?aeoee o inieneaii? ?o
A.Eeieinueeei. Ii oaee? iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? i?eeoei ona?aeiieaiiy ?
o?einionueei? cia/ouino? eiai i?aoeue. Ooo ? aeooae?coaaeanue noaooy
Ae.*eaeaanueeiai, onoaeeaoe iaoiae o?einionueeiai aiae?co oaeno?a
A.Eeieinueeiai, ca yeei iiiyooy c ?noi??inionueeiai aeeneo?no, ui ieie
iineoaiaoaaany A.Eeieinueeee, ?icaeyaeaeenue a?ae??aaii a?ae
iiynithaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai /e noni?eueiiai oaiiiaio, e a?aeeny a ?o
?ioae?a?aaeuei?e nooiino?. Iiiyooy “aea?aeaae” — ia??aeiee aeaiaio
eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai ? iaea?eueo iieaciaei aeaiaioii eiai oai???,
ye oi?aa?naeueii? a?aeieneaiii? eaoa?i??? o?einionueeiai aiae?co ?
iaea?eueo oe?ieei ca ieiueiith aeioeeo aei ?ioeo ?? (oai???) no?oeoo?ieo
neeaaeiee?a: “aoiin” ? “iaoe?y”, “ae?oa” ? “iane”, “o?aaeeoe?y” ?
“iiaaoe?y”, “eiina?aaoeci” ? “iinooi” oa ?i. Oe? ?noi??inionuee?
eaoa?i??? aaeeaai? A.Eeieinueeei o iiaaoi?nueeiio aeey Oe?a?ie nain?.
I?ioa ?oi? iio?aeoiaoaaiiy oe?a?inueeei ieneeoaeai aoei oe?eeii
noaieinii oiai/aniei ?a?iiaenueeei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?yi. Oiio aaeaeaaoia
ni?eeiyooy eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai a oe?eiio ye ? eiai
eaoa?i??aeueiiai aia?aoo iiaeeeaa eeoa a eiioaeno? icia/aiiy o???
o?einionueei? o?aaeeoe??, yea e iaea ae??oaeueiee aieea ia niin?a eiai
ieneaiiy.

Aaaaeaiiy ?noi??inionueei? eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai a
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeee eiioaeno ? aeooaeueiei o iie? no/anieo
?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo ?ioaioe?e, iicaye oe?iea eiei ?iai, aeii??o aeey
ian a?aee?eoeo, c ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei aeine?aeaeoaaeenue eeoa a iaaeao
ia’?eoa “naiiai ii nia?”, oiaoi oii?yaeeoaaiiy ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy
iiaeyae?a c iaoith “aioo??oiuei?” eeaneo?eaoe??, oiae? ye ie iaiaaa?iiny
?icaa?iaoecoaaoe ?o ? i?aeaanoe i?ae “ciai?oith” eeaneo?eaoe?th. Ioaea
iaoa oaia aeooae?co?oueny ua e c i?e/eie aeoeaiooaoe?? naia
?noi??inionueeeo eaoa?i??e oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai, caeiieaiiy eiai
iie?oe/iiai credo a ieiueio o?einionueeeo ?aoeaen?e.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? ? ?noi??inionueea niaaeueia
A.Eeieinueeiai oa i?aoe? i?aaenoaaiee?a ?a?iiaenueei? eiina?aaoeaii?
aeoiee O?O — ii/. OO noie?oue. I?aaeiaoii — eiina?aaoeaia ?noi??inio?y
A.Eeieinueeiai, ina?aaeiueith eaoa?i???th yei? ? “aea?aeaaa”.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca

E?oa?aoo?o aeei?enoaio o i?iaaaeaii? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeia ?icaeoe ia oae? a?oie:

1.Ii-ia?oa, oea /enaeueiee oai?/ee aei?iaie A.Eeieinueeiai, na?aae yeiai
iniaeeai cia/ou? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iaoi? i?iaeaie oae? i?aoe?: “Eenoe aei
a?ao?a-oe?ai?ia?a”, “?ae?a?y oa oea?eaa a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”, “Oai ?
ssoao” oa /enaeuei? noaoo?, ye? /anii aiinyoue aeaye? ei?aeoeae oa
nooo?a? aeiiiaiaiiy aei aena?oeaieo o iniiaieo i?aoeyo iieiaeaiue eiai
eiioeaioe??. A?aoo? eeoa ioae?oeenoe/ia oa ai?noiey?ia niaaeueia
aeathoue iai oyaaeaiiy i?i aaiethoe?th iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai, aaeaea
ii iaienaiith ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeue a?i ia i?eieiya ioae?oeenoe/io
ae?yeuei?noue oa iniaenoo ia?aieneo.

2.I?i aieea ?aeae A.Eeieinueeiai oa ni?eeiyooy ?o no/anieeaie iiaeia
noaeeoe c oeo oaeno?a, ui iaeaaeaee ia?o eiai ?aeaieia?/ieo i?ea?/iee?a
oa “oai?aoe/ieo” iiiiaio?a (iiiioaaiiy iniiaiei oai?aoe/iei canaaeai
eiai eiioeaioe??). Aei /enea ia?oeo iaeaaeaoue I.Ei/oaae, A.Eo/aanueeee,
A.Iiio?aci?, N.Oiiao?anueeee, oaenoai yeeo ? i?eae?eaii iaaio oaaao. Aei
ae?oai? a?oie ca?aoiao?ii ciiao N.Oiiao?anueeiai (inoaii?ie ?ieaie
aeeooy i?ae iei oa A.Eeieinueeei aaeanue aeoeaia iieai?ea) oa
I.Oaiiaaea, aino?i e?eoe/i? aeiaaee yeiai uiaei ?icoiaeaeaiiy c
A.Eeieinueeei o ?icoi?ii? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?noi??inionueeeo iiiyoue (ye
? caeeaee o cai?ioiueiio iai?yieo) i?eneoaeeeenue aeey a?eueo /?oeiai
ona?aeiieaiiy iaie iiceoe?? inoaiiueiai.

3.Iniiao aeey c?noaaeaiiy eiina?aaoeaieo iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai c
o?aaeeoe??th ?a?iiaenueei? eiina?aaoeaii? aeoiee neeaee ?iaioe I. aea
Oiaioii, O.I?oa?e-?-Yanaoa, I.Oiai?ea?a, A.Ia?aoi, Y.Iinee, ?.I?oaeuena,
I.A??aey?aa, Y.Eaaiia. Aeieiia/iei aoei aeieo/aiiy aei oeueiai ?yaeo
?iai ua e caniiaiee?a ?aeaieia?? eiina?aaoecio: A.Auei?ea, ?.Oaoia??aia,
A.Oiea?ey, AE. aea Iano?a.

4.Aaaeeeaa i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny i?aoeyi ieneeoae?a iiai?iieo ?ie?a, ye?
ni?eyee ??oioiaiino? aiae?co aeianaii? i?iaeaie oa iaoeia?e ei?aeoiino?
iniaenoeo aeniiae?a aeena?oaioee: E.Iaiaaei, E.Iiiia?, A.?annae,
E.Ooiiaoa?, O.Oa?e, ?.Oaoeuee?e, Ae.Ni?o oa ?i.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Aei iaaeaaiueiai /ano aeine?aeieee
oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a ni?oeaeeny c
i?iaeaiith a?aenooiino? i?e??iaeueieo oaeno?a ?? ?ai?acaioaio?a iaiaaia
ia iaioith i??ith, ai?ae aeine?aeieee caaaeueiina?oiai? “ao?aeoacii?”
o?einionueei? niaaeueie. ??aaiue nae?aoiino? c?inoaa i?yii i?iii?oe?eii
/ano a?aeaeaeaiino? a?ae ia?aiiae eiioi?noe/ii? ?aeaieia?? a “iaei?e
ie?aii acyo?e” e?a?i?. *?oeee e?eoa??e a?aen?ao a?aeoeaico?iaaii? e
i?ine?eaiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e coiiaea oaiaeaioe?ei?noue o i?aeai??
o?einionueeeo aeaea?ae. Iniaeeai oea noinoaaeiny ieneeoae?a
“i?neyia?eniaiai” /ano, oai?/ee aei?iaie yeeo i?noea e?eoe/i? caoaaae
uiaei eiai oai???, /e oeo, ooi i?inoi iaa ia?aeiiaiiy, i?ioeeaaei? eiai
iiaeyaeai. Oiae aeaia?/ia ciyooy caai?ii oiiaeeeaeei iiyao aaoaioe/ieo
oaeno?a ye oe?a?inueeeo (ia?aaeyinueeeo) oae ? ca?oa?aeieo (a?ae O?O
no.). Aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oea ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy, aaeaea
iniiaith eiai aeaea?aeiciaa/i? aace ? oaenoe ieneeoae?a naia oeueiai
ia??iaeo — a?ae ii/aoeo O?O noie?ooy.

Oai?/ee aei?iaie A.Eeieinueeiai i?noeoue iica ?iceiaeie
?noi??ia?ao?/ieie oa ?noi??inionueeeie o?aeoaoaie ua ? oe?iea eiei
ioae?oeenoe/ieo i?aoeue oa ai?noiey?io niaaeueio. I?ioa, ia’?eoii
aeoeaiiai o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy eiai i?aoe? noaee aeiaie? i?cii
(a?ae 90-o ??.). Ca?nii, i?ea?iaeuei? iiaeyaee A.Eeieinueeiai aeeeeeaee
a?aeaii?i ua ca aeeooy ieneeoaey. C o?aooaaiiyi iaaieo canoa?aaeaiue
iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i “oeieo” A.Eeieinueeiai, ? aaccanoa?aaeii i?i iueiai,
ye e?aea?a ? aieiaiiai ?aeaieiaa aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yieo. Aaaaoi-ooi
c eiai i?ea?/iee?a caeiaeenue iie?oeei-ioae?oeenoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth
(I.Ei/oaae, I.Iaca?oe, I.Nei?iien-Eieoooianueeee, A.Iiio?aci? oa ?i.),
aeaooi iaa ??oioiai? iaoeia? i?aoe? (A.Eo/aanueeee, N.Oiiau?anueeee,
?.*eeaeaiei). Oea aoee ia?o? ni?iae aai iiaeeaeaiiy canaae oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai, aai e iieai?/i? aeiaaee. Iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeeny iaoeiaeie eieaie oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e, aiie iaee ia?aaaaeii
aeaea?aeiciaa/o a?ia?ao?/io oa iie?oeei-iieai?/io ni?yiiaai?noue.
C’yaeeiny /eiaei ?ica?aeie, ui ?icaeyaeathoue ie?ai? aniaeoe oai?/ino?
A.Eeieinueeiai, ye-io: i?iaeaia a?enoie?ao??, oeiieia?y oi?i
aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, iiia?o?ci ? eiina?aaoeci, oa?eoi??aeueiee
iao??ioeci ? iaoe?iiaeueia noaiiaeaiiy. ?noi??inionuee? i?iaeaie
iinoathoue a oeaio?? oaaae I.I??oeaea, A.E?oiieoeueeiai,
I.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, E.A?eana, A?.Aanueeiae/a oa ?i., o nioe?ieia?/iiio e
iie?oieia?/iiio ?aeo?n? aiae?cothoue niaaeueio A.Eeieinueeiai ?.I??/oe,
I.Aac?eaanueeee, I.A?eoei, An.?na?a. Ie?aii oio?einy a a?aecia/eoe
i?aoe? Aei.*eaeaanueeiai, aea iiaea?oueny no?oeoo?iee aiae?c
?noi??inio?? A.Eeieinueeiai oeyoii aeae?eaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo eaoa?i??e
o?einio?? ?noi??? c i?e??iaeueii? iiaeae? Eeieinueeiai, oa
?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai ? ss.Iaeainueeiai, ui iaeieie c ia?oeo
i?aeaiaeyoue eiai iiaeyaee i?ae nenoaio, oa eeaneo?eothoue a iaaeao
oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai i?inoi?o.

O??th /e o??th i??ith aei ieoaiiy eiina?aaoeaieo caniiae?a oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai caa?oaeeny o nai?o i?aoeyo A.Iecth? (“A.Eeieinueeee ?
iie?oe/ia aeoiea cao?aeiiai na?oo”), E.A?ean (“E?ae?a, AEaiaaa oa
o?e?yoe?y ”E?e/aanueeiai”), ?. Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee (“Iie?oe/i? ?aea?
Eeieinueeiai c ia?niaeoeae iaoiai /ano”), I. Iiiiae/ (“A’y/aneaa
Eeieinueeee ? oe?a?inueeee eiina?aaoeci”), A. Iiooeueieoeueeee
(“A’y/aneaa Eeieinueeee — iie?oieia”). On? aiie noiaeeeeny noiniaii
iaaieo aeaea?ae, ui iaee aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy eiai
na?oiaeyaeo: o?aaeeoe?? iieuenueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? (TH.Ooenueeee,
I.Aiaaeeinueeee, N.Ioeaeoaanueeee oa ?i.), ?oae?enueei? ae?oa?ii? oeiee
(?.I?oaeuen, Y.Iinea, A.Ia?aoi), oai??? noni?eueiiai eiioe?eoo
(E.Aoiieiae/, O.Iiaiaaeia?, A.?aooeai?ioa?), iiaeyaee e?eoee?a
eeane/iiai ?aoeeiiae?cio (C.O?ieae, I.Aaaa?, AE.Ni?aeue). ?aeaieia?/i?
canaaee ia?ae?/aieo oe?e ? iai?yie?a ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae?
eiina?aaoecio, i?ioa e eiina?aaoeci ia ae/a?io? ?oiuei? noo?. Ian aea
oe?eaaeee eeoa o? aniaeoe, ui ? ae?ieiai eiina?aaoeai? e neoaothoue
i?aenoaaiaeie i?eioeeiaie eiina?aaoeaiiai na?oiaeyaeo.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? aa?oi i?eaaaeaoe ?iaioe I.?oneia, A.Ai?nueeiai,
A.Ao?ea/oea, A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai, ye? aeathoue
o?einionueei-na?oiaeyaeiee ? iie?oeei-nioe?aeueiee aiae?c oai?/iai
aei?iaeo A.Eeieinueeiai aoe?eiio. Ia iaio aaaeeeaei aeaea?oueny
caa?iaiiy aei ?ia?o no/anieo a?o/eciyieo o?einio?a, i?aoey yeeo, uiaei
iiaa?iaiiy (“i?eaaaeoaaiiy”) aeaeaoieo ?iai c iaoi? o?einionueei?
niaaeueie iaaeieoaeo? i?iaaeeie a i?e. Eaeaoueny, ianaiia?aae, i?i
I.O.Oa?anaiea, I.TH. ?oneia oa aanue eieaeoea aaoi??a ia?oiai
i?ae?o/ieea c ?noi??? o?einio?? Oe?a?ie e oii?yaeiee?a o?anoiiao??,
aaoi??a ca??ee “Oaiiiai oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e: iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee
inieneaiiy” i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th A.Oeiea?oea, ?.Aeno?eoeueeiai oa
iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea “O?einio?y. Eo?n eaen?e” Ae/ei ?.A.,
Oaaa/eianueeee A.A., Ai?ae A.?. oa ?i.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o eiiieaeniiio aiae?c?
aea?aeaaieoeueeeo eaoaai??e A.Eeieinueeiai a no?oeoo?? eiai ?noi??inio??
e /?oeiio ie?aneaii? i?noey oe??? eiioeaioe?? ia “ai?eciio?”
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai (aeeth/ii c oe?a?inueeei oa ?in?enueeei)
aei?iaeo ieneeoae?a e?i. O?O—ii/. OO noie?oue o aaeocyo ?noi??inio??,
nioe?ieia?e, o?einio?? iie?oeee, ?noi??ia?ao?? (aaeaea A.Eeieinueeee
oai?ea ia ia???ian? aeacaieo aeenoeeie?i). Iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiina?aaeeiaai? cacia/aiith iaoith:

— c’ynoaaoe i?noea oa ?ieue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aoi?/iiai oa iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a no?oeoo?? ae??oaiiy A.Eeieinueeei i?iaeaie iaea?aeaaeaiiy iaoe??

— c’ynoaaoe ?aeaeii-oai?aoe/i? oa na?oiaeyaei? aeoiee eiina?aaoeaii?
?noi??inio?? A.Eeieinueeiai, ye aecia/aeueii? eiinoaioe anueiai
iie?oeei-o?einionueeiai aeoiaiiy iaoeiaoey, ? ?oi?e aieea ia ae?iaeaiiy
iei aeaniiai iiaeyaeo ia oai??th aea?aeaae oa i?aaiaoe/i? aniaeoe ??
ao?eaiiy

— c?noaaeoe iio?aeoiaoaaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo ?noi??inionueeeo eaoa?i??e
(ae?oa, iane, eeane, o?aaeeoe?y, iinooi, noni?euenoai, iaoe?y, aoiin oa
?i.) A.Eeieinueeei c ?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th cao?aeieie ?a?iiaenueeeie
eiina?aaoeaieie ieneeoaeyie.

— C?iaeoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c i?aenoaa aecia/aiiy aea?aeaaieoeueei?
oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai ye eiina?aaoeaii? c o?einioaiaie oa ?aeaieiaaiaie
eiina?aaoeaiiai ieneaiiy acaaae?, ia iniia? ae/eaioaaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyoue eiina?aaoecio: ???aoe?iiae?ci, i?aai?oeeci,
o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci, ae?oeci.

Caaaeueio iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue o?aaeeoe?ei?
iaoeia? i?aeoiaee: ?iaeoeoe??, aeaaeoeoe??, aiae?co oa neioaco, oieeaiiy
ni?iuaiiy ? ?aaeoeoe?ii?cio oa ?aeaieia?caoe??. Niaoeeo?ea i?aaeiaoo
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?ica?aeee (yeee iiaea aenooiaoe iaeii/anii i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiue ? a?eueo i?aaiaoe/ieo caoe?eaaeaiue c aieo nioe?ieia?? /e
iie?oieia??) aeiaaaea a?ae ian iniaeeai ?aoaeueii? nenoaiaoecaoe??
oaeoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo oa aeio?eiaiiy iaeneiaeueii aeaaaeaiiai,
iaoaiaeaioe?eiiai eiai oeoia/aiiy. Aeaia iiceoe?y nea?iaoaaeanue ia
ia?’eoeai?noth, a ieth?aeuei?noth aeaea?ae.

Niaoeeo?ea ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth? aeio?eiaiiy
oaeeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae, ca yeeie iaiao?aeii: 1) ae/eaioaaoe ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy a eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e oe?e?niino?, o oaeee niin?a
iaiaaaoeiaiinue oieeiooe niioai?aiiy iaoa??aeo, caeiieaiiai na?aeii?noth
(?aoeaen??th) ?ioa?i?aoaoi?a; 2) oaanoe oeth ?aeiino?oeiaaio iiaeaeue o
eiioaeno, ioaea, iaoeiaii ni?aao ia c iiiaeeiieei oaiiiaiii, a c
?iei?ii?iaaiei o caaaeueiina?oiao eoeueoo?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoeiaa iiaecia /anoeiai aaea iaoiiaeaia i?iaeaiith, aeianaiith a oaio
aeena?oaoe?? e /anoeiai niiniaaie ?? ?ica’ycaiiy, cie?aia:

— eeaneo?eothoueny ??ciiii?yaeeia? aeaiaioe “iaoe?iiaeueii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?” ca A.Eeieinueeei ca no/aniith noaiith
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaioe/iino? e aeyaey?oueny i?aeoe/iee ca?a oeeo
iiaeaeae;

— aeiaiaeeoueny, ui aeianaiiy A.Eeieinueeei ieoaiiy iaea?aeaaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ye ia??aeiiai aeaiaeeoueny c a?aenooiino?
(canaaeie/i? a?aei?iiino? i?ae aoiinii (ia?iaeii) ? iie?oe/iith iaoe??th
(a oa?i?iieia?? A.Eeieinueeiai “aea?aeaaiith iaoe??th”)) aea?aeaaieo
?inoeoooe?e, ye? a ni?eyee cae??ieaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? ia
??oio?, a?aei?iiiio a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee aoi?/ii? ni?eueiino?.

— anoaiiaeth?oueny, ui aeoeaia e?eoeea aeaiie?ao?? A.Eeieinueeei
aeoiaeeoue ia c iiaiiai ?? iani?eeiyooy ? caia?a/aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo
aa?oinoae, a c? ni?ia aeacaoe ia ?? aieiaiee ?aiaeae (aeanoeai
oe?a?inueeee): oe?eeiaeoo a?aenooi?noue aea?aeaaieoeueeeo ?ioaioe?e;

— eiina?aaoeci o?einionueeiai aeoiaiiy A.Eeieinueeiai aiae?co?oueny (ui
? iiaei) oeyoii aeie?aieaiiy c aea?aeaaieoeueei? eiioeaioe??
A.Eeieinueeiai no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a, ui neoaothoue canaaeaie
eiina?aaoeaiiai ieneaiiy acaaae?;

— nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoueny oa nenoaiaoecothoueny i?eioeeie ca yeeie
iiaeyaee A.Eeieinueeiai aecia/athoueny ye eiina?aaoeai?: ???aoe?iiae?ci
oa i?aai?oeeci, o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci, ae?oeci;

— aeio?eiaiiy oaeiai i?aeoiaeo cia/ii ?icoe?iei iiea c?noaaeaiiy
iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai c iiaeyaeaie ?a?iiaenueeeo ieneeoae?a
eiina?aaoeaii? i???ioaoe??, ui aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i aaaiiee
aianie A.Eeieinueeiai aei ?a?iiaenueei? nea?aieoe? o?einionueeeo
iaaeaaiue, e ia eeoa o aocuee?e “ae?oa?i?e” oea?ei?, a e o o?einio??
?noi???, o?einio?? eoeueoo?e oa iie?oe/ii? o?einio?? acaaae?.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe, iai?aoeueiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee iiaeooue noaoe a
iaaiae? aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee, iiaeooue
i?eneoaeeoenue ia eeoa o?einioai, a e nioe?ieiaai, iie?oieiaai o
anaa?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeai aca?iiiaoiiaeaiino? “iaoe?iiaeueiiai”
? “aea?aeaaiiai”, “eiina?aaoeaiiai” oa “iinooiiaiai”, “o?aaeeoe?eiiai”
oa “?iiaaoe?eiiai”, “ae?oa?iiai” oa “ieaa?noeeoiiai”. Aeniiaee uiaei
eia?/iiai aoiaeaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai aei
?a?iiaenueei? o?einio?? ?noi??? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye o aaea
onoaeaieo ?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo eo?nao, oae ? noaoe aacith iiaeo, aea a
aiae?coaaeenue i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy e aeooae?caoe?? ia Oe?a?i?
iie?oeei-o?einionueeiai aeeneo?no acaaae? e ci?noiaiiai c?noaaeaiiy eiai
c ?a?iiaenueeeie aiaeiaaie, coieiyth/enue, ca?nii, ia aeani?e
i?ea?iaeueiino? (aea naiioe?ii?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo eoeueoo?ieo oi?i,
iicaaaeaia neioii?a enaiioia??).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiei iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaoi?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Aieiai? iai?yiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ia??aei? eiai ?aea?
? iieiaeaiiy aoee aeianai? aeey iaaiai?aiiy ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? oa eoeueoo?e Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea oa ia iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? nai?ia?e aeey ani??aio?a
o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

?iaeeenue aeiiia?ae? ia Aeiyo iaoee o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo 1996 oa 1998??.

Iaoeiaa nooae?y: “I?iaeaia aea?aeaae a ?noi??inionuee?e eiioeaioe??
A.Eeieinueeiai a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? eiina?aaoeaii? aeoiee” aoea
a?aecia/aia Ii/aniith A?aiioith IAI Oe?a?ie ia eiieo?n? iieiaeeo
iaoeiaoe?a oa ani??aio?a o 1995 ?ioe?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeee niaith ? no?oeoo?o
aeena?oaoe??, yea neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a (ia?oee
i?noeoue 2 i?ae?icae?ee, ae?oaee — 3), aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (239 aeaea?ae). Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 194
noi??iee, 20 noi??iie ia?eia? nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iiaea?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia??oioiao?oueny iiaecia ?iaioe, i?iaiaeeoueny noeneee
aiae?c nooiaith ?ic?iaeaiino? aeaii? oaiaoeee a oai?/ino? a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a. Oaeiae oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? c’yniao?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — “I?iaeaia aea?aeaaieoeueei? aecenoaioe?? – i?ia?aeia
oaia ?noi??inio?? A.Eeieinueeiai” — i?enay/aii aiae?co eiai
aea?aeaaieoeueei? eiioeaioe?? a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e oe?e?niino? c iaoith
ae/eaioaaiiy eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui o iiaeaeueoiio
?icai?oaii? ?iaioe aeanoue ciiao aecia/eoenue ?c i?noeai aeaiii?
eiioeaioe?? iina?aae oe?ieiai eiea oa/?e ? iai?yie?a ?a?iiaenueei?
o?einionueei? aeoiee ii/. OO noie?ooy.

O?eaaea a?aenooi?noue aea?aeaae, ye ?inoeoooe??, ui caaacia/o?
ioi?ieaiiy aoi?/ii? ni?eueiino? a iaoe?th, ciooo? A.Eeieinueeiai
i?iaieineoe ia??aeiei ieoaiiyi nai?? oai?/ino? — aea?aeaaieoeueeo
aecenoaioe?th oe?a?inueeiai aoiino. Aiae?c i?iaeaie aea?aeaae ca aeaiia
aecia/aeueieie iai?yieaie aeaoaeiae aea?aeaaieoeueei? eiioeaioe??
A.Eeieinueeiai (na?aeii?noue ni?eueiino? oa?eoi??? oa
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae “ie”-aoiino” a
aea?aeaaio no?oeoo?o), ye? aeacoaaee ia oeyoe ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie
iaea?aeaaeaiiy iaoe??, iaoiiaea niaith no?oeoo?o ia?oiai ?icae?eo.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e: “Oa?eoi??aeueiee iao??ioeci” — aieiaiee /eiiee
iaoe?inoaiiaeaiiy a aea?aeaa?”. Iaiioeoia ia?aeiiaiiy A.Eeieinueeiai o
??aii?yaeiino? (aca?iiia?ae?eaaii?) aea?aeaaiiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?aai?ci?a eaaeeoue o i?aeaaeeiao eiai oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui
“aacaea?aeaai?noue” oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo coiiaeth?oueny
ianoi?iiaai?noth oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? (oe?a?inueeee ia?iae ? aoiin, aea
ia iaoe?y).

?icaeaath/e aeaio oaco ie iaiaaaeenue aeiaanoe, ui A.Eeieinueeee iaeiei
c ia?oeo (ia eeoa na?aae a?o/eciyieo, aea e ?a?iiaenueeeo ieneeoae?a)
i?iaiaeeoue /?oea ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae iaoe??th ye “oaeoii iie?oe/iei” oa
aoiinii ye oaeoii “ieaiaiiei” e “?aeaieia?/iei”. Oaeoe/ii a?i aea?
iaoiaee/ia ia??oiooaaiiy a?aei?iiino? i?ae aoiinii ? iie?oe/iith
iaoe??th.

Iaoe?y iiaea iinoaoe eeoa ca oiiae aeoai?aiiy a eieaeoea? aoi?/iiio
“na?aeiii?” iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?, eiee noaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee “ie” –
aoiino” (ie?aia iiaa, “?iaeo?noue” oa?aeoa?o, cae/a?a oa eiiiaeoi?noue
i?iaeeaaiiy ia iaai?e oa?eoi???) noaiooue i?aaeiaoii eiai oai?aoe/iiai
inieneaiiy, o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? e, eiee, oea “noeo?eia” — “ie”
ia?aoai?eoueny ia “na?aeiio naaa oe?e?noue”, yea ona?aeiiethth/e naith
ie?ai?oi?noue ai?aoueny ca nai? ?nioaaiiy ? i?aaia eiai i?iaeiaaeaiiy.
Oiae a?ae /ano ona?aeiieaiiy ia?iaeii (aoiinii) nai?? iaoe?iiaeueii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? (ae?iaeaiiy aeanii? o?einio?? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?)
?icii/eia?oueny noaiiaeaiiy iiai? ni?eueiioe — “ie” – iaoe??”
(“aea?aeaaii? iaoe??”).

Iiaeaeueoa ci?oeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo i?eeiao a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ??oio?
/oooy oa?eoi??aeueii? ?aeiino? — “na?aeiiino? oa?eoi??aeueiiai
iao??ioecio”. Ioaea “na?aeii?noue oa?eoi???” ia? noaoe oei
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiei aeaiaioii, yeee ia’?aeia? iaaeiei aeii?ioth/iai
aoiino ana ?ioa ianaeaiiy a ?aeeio ni?eueiioo, ?i’y ye?e — iaoe?y
(“aea?aeaaia iaoe?y”, /e ca no/aniith oa?i?iieia??th: “iie?oe/ia
iaoe?y”).

Aeey aeoiaaiiy na?aae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ii/oooy iao??ioecio
iaiao?aeiei, ia ia?aeiiaiiy A.Eeieinueeiai, aeaea?oueny i?iaoaeaeaiiy
oeueiai /oooy oa?eoi??aeueii? ?aeiino?. Aiii aaco?oueny ia o?ueio aeaeao
ni?eueiino? (oea oaa?aeaeaiiy nie?a?oueny ia aiae?c noeoiii? oe?einiino?
iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai): ni?eueiino? i?oo
(o?aaeeoe??), eoeueoo?e, ?ioa?an?a. Nae?ae?coth/e aeaye? aniaeoe c
?noi??? Eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae ? iniaeeai iinoaoue A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
A.Eeieinueeee e?ea?aeo? i?iaaeeio a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?ei?e iiaeae?
oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, iaaeath/e ?i cia/aiiy “e???iaee” (i?oo i?i
iioiaeaeaiiy) — i?a-ia?aco oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.
A?aeiia?aeaeueieie ca ni?euei?noue o?aaeeoe?? oa eoeueoo?e ? ?iaeeia ?
noai. Eean oi?io? ni?euei?noue ?ioa?an?a.

Aa?a?iee oeeaae Oe?a?ie cioooaaa iaaeaaaoe i??i?eoao naeyinueeiio
(“oe?ai?ianueeiio”) eeano. Naeyinueeee eean, ui ia? caieth caniaii
ae?iaieoeoaa — oai?eoue aeiiii?/io aaco; naeyinueeee eean, aeeao/e
Caieath — iana o?aaeeoe?th Caie? — iaoe?iiaeueio o?aaeeoe?th. I?ioa
oyae?noue oe??? o?aaeeoe?? caaacia/o?oueny oeei eeanii ?aoeaeoi?ii.
Ioioiaeiaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai “ss” c eieaeoeaiei “ss” ca iciaeith
caiaeueii? (? a cia/aii? oa?eoi??? ? a cia/aii? Caie?) ni?eueiino? ?
?aoeaen??th ia?oiai ii?yaeeo, ui nie?a?oueny ia ieceo i?yieo aiaeia?e:
oe?ai?ia — caiey — aaouee?aueia — iaoe?y (ia?iae). Aeania oey e?i?y
aeoiaiiy ? coiiaeth? “oa?eoi??aeueiee iao??ioeci”. Ona?aeiieaiiy ae
oe??? oa?eoi??aeueii iaoiiaeaii? ni?eueiino? (“na?aeiiino? nai??
oa?eoi???”) aeiaaa? aaea ?aoeaen?? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo — aeiiiaiaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eii? i?eeiaoe — i?eeiaoith
iaoe?iiaeueiith. Ceeooy aeacaieo i?eeiao ? noaiiaeoue iiiyooy
“na?aeiiino? nai?? oa?eoi???”, ?icaaaeaiiy ae ?o ni?e/eith? neaae?noue
aea?aeaaieoeueeeo ?ioaioe?e oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.

A oeaio? oaaae ae?oaiai i?ae?icae?eo: “Aea?aeaaia ?inoeooae?caoe?y
iaoe??. Oeie ?? ?aae?caoe??” iinoaaeaii ?icaeyae caaa?oaeueiiai aoaio
noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? iaoe?? — aoaio ?inoeooae?caoe?? iaoe?? a
aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?ao oa oi?iai ?? ?aae?caoe??. Ii/oooy
oa?eoi??aeueiiai iao??ioecio iaiao?aeiei /eiii iiaeiii aooe cae??ieaia a
?inoeoooe?yo, ui oi?iae?cothoue aec??e? aea?aeaaieoeuee? ?ioaioe?? e oei
naiei ia’?eoeaothoue ?o, ?iaey/e cia/oueie ia eeoa aeey naaa, aea e aeey
?ioeo. Oiaoi inoaoi/ia noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? iaoe?? noaia iiaeeeaei a
oiiaao aea?aeaaii? ?inoeooae?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? ni?eueiioe, ui
aeicaieeoue ia eeoa ooaa?aeeoe ?acoeueoaoe iiooe?a iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aeaioe/iino?, a, e, ui ? iaeaaaeeea?oei, caaacia/oaaoeia oiiae aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?aai?cio.

Ioaea, iayai?noue aea?aeaae ?a?aioo? ?nioaaiiy a?ae oe??? aea?aeaae
ocaeaaeiaiii? — iaoe?? (“aea?aeaaii?” iaoe??). O naith /a?ao
iaoe?iiaeueii ioi?ieaiee eieaeoea (na?aeiiee oa?eoi??aeueii), ui ?nio? o
oi?i? aca?iicaeaaeieo ?ioa?an?a ia?iaeieo ian (“ianeaii? a?eueoino?”)
oa, ae?iaeaii? ieie ae — ae?oe (”aeoeaii? iaioino?”), aecia/a? niin?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?nioaaiiy. ?ieue ae?oe iieyaa? o oi?iioai?aii?, a ine?eueee
ooiaeaiaioaeueiith iaeeieoeath ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano, ca A.Eeieinueeei, ?
iaoe?y, oi o iaoe?ioai?aii? ye aea?aeaaioai?aii?. Oaioe/iee, iaoai?/iee
/e i?aai?/iee oei noinoie?a i?ae ianaie oa a?enoie?ao??th — i?aenoaae
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iaoiae?a aea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe??: aeaiie?aoe/iee,
ioeie?aoe/iee oa eeanie?aoe/iee — a?aeiia?aeii. Ia?o? aeaa iaoiaee
aenooiathoue ia’?eoii e?eoeee A.Eeieinueeiai, o?ao?e, — aeania eiai
i?ea?iaeueiee aeoa??, i?iiiio?oueny ye iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiee aeey
ao?eaiiy i?eioeei?a inoaiiueiai a oe?a?inueeiio iie?oeeoi?. Iiaeaia
o??aaea ?ic’ynith? iiaeeea? niiniae ooieoe?iioaaiiy noni?eueiiai
i?aai?cio, iiaeaethth/e noa’?eo-noa’?eoi? oi?ie iiaaae?iee aeaio
??cii/enaeueieo ? ??ciiye?nieo a?oi (ae?oe ? ian), ye? e eaaeaoue a
iniia? oeueiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

I?iiaaoaaiiy eeanie?aoe/iiai iaoiaeo ye ?aeeii i?eaeaoiiai aei ao?eaiiy
eiai a oe?a?inueeo iie?oe/io ae?eni?noue ia?aeiieeai aeaiaeeeanue c
i/aaeaeieo ia?aaaa oeueiai iaoiaeo, ui oieonoaaeenue o aeaaaeaiino? eiai
iieiaeaiue. A?aooaaiiy o?aaeeoe?e oa a?aee?eo?noue eiino?oeoeaiei
iiaiaaaaeaiiyi (aca?iiiaoiiaeaiiy “eiina?aaoeaiiai” oa “iinooiiaiai”),
i?aaiaiiy aei aca?iiiaiaaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a ae?o ? ian ?ioa?anaie
noi?ioeaii? noi?iie, iaioaaiiy o?aaeeoe?eiiai aeaeo ea??oeiaoe??
(iiia?o?y) a noni?euenoa?, aeciathoueny A.Eeieinueeei canaaeie/eie
ioieoaie noaa?eueiino? aoaeue-yei? aea?aeaae e aeio?eiaiiy ?o
oe?a?inueeei iie?oeeoiii ae??oeei a i?iaeaio iaoi? “aacaea?aeaaiino?”.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — “Eiina?aaoeci A.Eeieinueeiai oa ?a?iiaenueea
eiina?aaoeaia o?aaeeoe?y. Noaia ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co”. Iiaeyaee
A.Eeieinueeiai, ui ooai?eee ooiaeaiaio aeaniiai i?iaeoo “?aeaaeueii?”
aea?aeaae o oi?i? eeanie?aoe/ii? O?oaeiai? iiia?o?? oa /enaeuei?
e?eoe/i? caoaaae aei aeaiie?aoe/ii ci???ioiaaiiai noni?euenoaa,
aacia?a/ii, ni?eeiathoueny ye eiina?aaoeai?. I?ioa aeaeea?aoeai?noue
i?iaieioaieo iei e?ioeaaeo “?noei”, nooue yeeo ca?aa?oueny c
a?aei?ia?aeieie iieiaeaiiyie eiai eiioeaioe??, aeiaiaeyoue ia?i?noue
oaeiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai iiooeo, ca yeei aiae?c eiina?aaoecio
A.Eeieinueeiai i?iaiaeeany a oeyoii i?inoiai aeaaaeaiiy ?aeaioe/iino?
oi?iaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiai aeao?i?oeaieo oaa?aeaeaiue ?c
no?oeoo?ieie ii?iaoeaaie eiina?aaoeaii? ?aeaieia?? acaaae?. A?eueo
oe?iiei, aeaea?oueny iai, ni?iaoaaoe ae/eaioaaoe ?c oe?ieiai iiey
na?oiaeyaeieo canaae o? naiaioe/i? aaeoi?e, ui e coiiaeee aa/aiiy
i?iaeaie aea?aeaae A.Eeieinueeei o iie? eiina?aaoeaii? o?aaeeoe??. Ieie
aeyaeeenue: ???aoe?iiae?ci oa i?aai?oeeci, o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci, ae?oeci, ui
e noaee aecia/aeueieie e?i?yie o iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii?.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e: “???aoe?iiae?ci oa i?aai?oeeci. E?eoeea
?aaiethoe?eieo i?aenoaa noni?eueiiai ?a?oethaaiiy. Ia?aianaiiy yeinoae
i?e?iaeiiai i?aai?cio ia noni?eueiee”. C?noaaeaiiy iiaeyae?a
A.Eeieinueeiai c iiaeyaeaie i?aaenoaaiee?a ?a?iiaenueei? eiina?aaoeaii?
aeoiee, aeicaieeei eiinoaooaaoe iai a?aeii/aoeiao oioiaei?noue ?oi?o
?ioaioe?e noiniaii aeaoa?i?iiaaiino? ethaeeie ???aoe?iiaeuei?noth
aeeooy. A.Eeieinueeei aeoeaioo?oueny ???aoe?iiaeuei?noue ethaeeie,
ocaeaaeiaia a?ae ???aoe?iiaeueiino? aeeoo?na?oo. No?eiaia noaaeaiiy aei
?icoio, caia?a/aiiy eiai aaniethoecaoe?? ? “?iii?o” iiynith?oueny iei
i?eioeeiiaith iaia?aaeaaai?noth eaoa?i??e aeeooy ieneeiaaeie
aano?aeoe?yie. Ieiaee ?aoe?iiaeueiino? (“e?oa?aoo?i? oaenoe”) yaeythoue
niaith oiiaea?aei? eiino?oeoe??, iicaaaeai? ae?yeuei?nii?, a cia/eoue
aeeoo?ai? iaoe. ?aoe?iiaeueia aiae?oeea, o naith /a?ao, ?oeio?
oe?e?ni?noue ia’?eoa, a, a?aeiia?aeii, ? eiai “aeeoo?a?noue”.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?aoe?iiaeueii? oai??? o noni?eueiiio aeeoo? aeyaey?oueny
a iiiaioe ciaa??e a iaai? nioe?aeuei? ?aeaaee, ui aeeeeeai?
?ica?aeiinoyie i?ae ia?acii-?aeaaeii ? aeinyaiaiei ?acoeueoaoii. Aeey
?ic’yniaiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio A.Eeieinueeee oa A.Ia?aoi aiaeththoue aei
oai??? i?o?a AE.Ni?aey. ?aeaeiee ia?ac ?ioaeaeooaeueii? i?aoe?
aecia?oueny i?iaeoeoii ooii?eiei, aaeaea aoaeo?oueny ia ?ioaeaeooaeuei?e
niaeoeyoe??. Oiae ia?aaaaa a?aeaea?oueny i?oo, aeoeaia ae?yeuei?nia
iaeaooiaai?noue yeiai ?yoo? “aeeoo?a?noue” i?iaeo?a. I?ae aieeaii aeaii?
iiceoe?? A.Eeieinueeee neaioe/ii ioe?ith? ni?iae aeaoaeiaoaaiiy iiaeo
nioe?aeueieo oai??e ? caeeeea? aei oai?/iai i?i/eoaiiy aaea ?niothth/eo
oa ao?eaiiy a aeeooy, aeaaaeaiieo c aiae?co oeeo oai??e, aeniiae?a.

???aoe?iiaeuei?noue aeeooy aea? i?aenoaae ?icaeyaeaoe na?o nioe?oio (ca
aiaeia??th aei na?oo i?e?iaee) ye i?aai?ci, eoaee aeieiaaii ao?ae
ooo/iiio iaoai?/iiio /e ?aoe?iiaeueiiio ao?o/aiith, aaeaea oea oyaia ca
niaith ii?ooaiiy i?aai?/ii? niieoee.

“I?aai?/i?noue” nioe?oio aeyaey? naith nooi?noue ca aeaiia ao?eaooaie,
aeno?aiieueiaaieie c i?e?iaeiiai i?aai?cio:

a)Oeeee?ci. A.Eeieinueeee iiae?aii aei I.Oiaiaea?a, I.Aeaieeaanueeiai,
A.Oieia? ?icaeyaea? ?noi??th a ?one? oaeiai iiaeyaeo ia ?nioaaiiy
ethaenueeiai na?oo, aea ?noi??y iiaea?oueny a iiiyo?ei?e noai?
oeeee?/iino? (ca?iaeaeaiiy, ?icea?o, caiaiaae), oi/a aiie e iia?othoue
??cieie iaeeieoeyie ?noi?e/iiai aei??o: I.Oiaiaea? — “eoeueoo?aie”,
A.Oieia? — “oeea?e?caoe?yie”, I.Aeaieeaanueeee — “eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieie
oeiaie”, A.Eeieinueeee — “iaoe?yie”. Uii?aaaea, A.Eeieinueeee iaeeaaea?
ia caaaeueio noaio ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo (iaoe?iiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiiy oa
caieeo) ua e iie?oe/i? ?aiee, ui iaoiiaeth? ?icaeyae eiaeiiai
?noi?e/iiai uaaaeth (a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei nia?o?) /a?ac i?ecio
iie?oe/ii? o??aaee: eeanie?ao??, aeaiie?ao??, ioeie?ao??, aea
eeanie?ao?y yaey? niaith, aiaeii/an, ii/aoie ? ?icea?o oeeeeo,
aeaiie?ao?y niia?ua? i?i eiai caiaiaae, a ioeie?ao?y neoao? ia?ao?aeiith
eaieith i?ae ieie.

a) ???a?o?y. Ine?eueee aoaeue-yeee i?aai?ci ca nai?th iiaoaeiaith
no?oeoo?a ???a?o?/ia, oi aeey caaacia/aiiy eiio o?eaaeiai ?nioaaiiy
iaiao?aeii ieaeaoe iaii?ooi?noue ???a?o?/ieo iniia, aaeaea ?oeiaoe?y
???a?o?? (neaeaoo) iaieio/a i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieuaiiy «o?ea» i?aai?cio —
noo? oaiiiaia. Noni?eueia ???a?o?y aaco?oueny ia aaoi?eoao?.
Aeaiie?aoecaoe?y noni?euenoaa ciaoe?ithaaea o?aaeeoe?ei? aa?oino?
a?enoie?aoe/iiai aaoi?eoaoo — “?inoeooo eeoea?noaa” (aeaiee aniaeo
i?eaa?oaa oaaao A.Auei?ea, I. aea Oiaioii, O.I?oaae-?-Yanaoa,
I.Aa?aey?aa, A.Eeieinueeiai), oiio iaiao?aeiei aeaieiooaaeinue oeeie
ieneeoaeyie eiai (a?enoie?aoe/iiai aaoi?eoaoo) a?ae?iaeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e?: “O?aaeeoe?iiae?ci. O?aaeeoe?y ye no?eaeaiue
eiioeioaeueiino? noni?eueii? aaiethoe??” eaeaoueny i?i oa, ui noaaeaiith
aei o?aaeeoe?? ye aei niaaeueie, yea iio?aao? ioe?ii/ieo noaeaeaiue,
ia?aaeoaaea aiioa “?iiaiaioii?” ia?aaea/? oa canai?iiy aeina?aeo ye
eiaeiith ethaeeiith ie?aii oae ? ?iaeii a oe?eiio, ia i?aeaeath/e oeae
i?ioean inieneaiith iaiao?aeiino? oaeeo ae?e. Ia?o? ni?iae aiae?co
oeueiai oaiiiaia coiiaeee aec??aaiiy naiiai iiiyooy “o?aaeeoe??”.

Niin?a oeoia/aiiy A.Eeieinueeei “o?aaeeoe??” iiaeia o?aeooaaoe ye oaeee,
ui /anoeiai aeia?aaeaea? oiai/ani? oyaeaiiy c oeueiai i?eaiaeo. E
iaaiith i??ith oiio, o?aaeeoe?eia noni?euenoai ca A.Eeieinueeei nooo?ai
??cieoueny a?ae onoaeaiiai c?acea. Aiae?c eiai aeneiaethaaiue uiaei
i?iaeaie o?aaeeoe?? aea? i?aenoaae aeie?aieoe aeaa ??aiy ?icoi?iiy
“o?aaeeoe??” oe?a?inueeei ieneeoaeai, ye? ie oiiaii iacaaee i?aeoe/iei
oa oai?aoe/iei. Oai?aoe/iee ??aaiue aeiaiaeeoue iaiao?aei?noue
aeooae?ciaaiiai niiaaaeo i?i ia?aoeaiee ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae. A?i iineoue
ii?iaoeaiee oa?aeoa?, ca?aene e aeiaeueiao?oueny eiai i?aeoe/ia
cia/ou?noue: ye aioec?acea eiai iio??aii oieeaoe. Oiaoi ia?aoeaiee
aeina?ae onoaa?oueny c i?aeoeee aeeooy, i?ioa ia cieea? eiai
cia/ou?noue, yea ? aeiiiaith? oe?e?nio ea?oeio na?oo ieioeiai,
i?eneoaiaoth/enue ia iaioith i??ith, i?ae canoiniaaia o?aaeeoe?y
oaia??oiueiio. A oaeee iiaeyae ia o?aaeeoe?th oaeoe/ii ca?aa?oueny c
oacith i?i ??aii?yaei?noue ieioeiai ? oaia??oiueiai, nie?ath/enue ia
naiioe?ii?noue aoaeue-yeiai ieioeiai aeina?aeo, a?aenoiththoue yeo aaea
ieneeoae? aiioe iinoiiaea?io.

I??eoaaiiy A.Eeieinueeiai noiniaii i?aeoe/iiai ??aiy o?aaeeoe??
aacothoueny ia ia?aeiiaii? a iaiao?aeiino? ao?o/aiiy a o?ae o?aaeeoe??.
Oiaoi A.Eeieinueeee, ia a?aei?io a?ae “oeueo?aeiina?aaoi??a”
(?.Oaoia??ai, AE. aea Iano?), ia iaaea? ia?oino? ieioeiio ia?aae
iaeaooi?i eeoa ia i?aenoaa? aeaaiino? ia?oiai. A?i ianoaiiaeaiee
e?eoe/ii o ne?aeoaaii? o?aaeeoe?? ? ia caaeia?eueiy?oueny oei, uia
ni?eeiaoe o?aaeeoe?th ye i?inoee ?aoeaeneaiee aeo, ae?iaeaiee iaae/eaie
iiia?aaeiee?a. Eiai oaeiae ia caaeia?eueiy? ? “iocaeia” ooieoe?y —
ooieoe?y caa?aaeaiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??. Iiaaioaaoe eiai caieoe
i?ae neeo eeoa aeoeaiiio ao?o/aiith ana?aaeeio o?aaeeoe??. I?ioa
iiae?aia aa/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ia aeoiaeeei ca ?aiee oiai/anieo
oyaeaiue i?i i?iaeaio “o?aaeeoe??”, a oe?eeii a?aeiia?aeaei ?i, aaeaea
aeiiaa aaaaeaiiy i?eioeeio “aeineiiaeaiiy” A.Auei?ea aei oniaaeeoaaiiy
ieioeiai aeina?aeo c /anii ia?a?inei o canaaeie/ee i?eioeei noaaeaiiy
aei o?aaeeoe?? o oai?/ino? A.Oiea?ey, I.Oiaioii, Y.Eaaiia, I.Aa?aey?aa,
I.Aeinoi?anueeiai, A.Ia?aoi.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e: “Ae?oeci. Ae?oe oa ?o ?ieue o ?a?oethaaii?
iaoai?ci?a noni?eueii? ?a?aia?aoe??” i?enay/aii aiae?co
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oiai neeaaeieea eiina?aaoeaiiai ieneaiiy acaaae? oa
A.Eeieinueeiai cie?aia — ae?oecio.

Aeno?aeiei ioieoii, yeee coiiaea ae?oenonueeo ni?yiiaai?noue oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai oa ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a eiina?aaoeaiiai aeoiaiiy aoea
e?eoeea a?ae?oa?enonueeeo (aeaiie?aoe/ieo) noni?eueieo oaiaeaioe?e, ui
iaae?aee ?iciaoo a?ae na?aaeeie O?O noie?ooy ? iaiaaaiiy i?iaiae?coaaoe
i?e/eie oaeaeei? ?o iiioey?ecaoe??. A.Eeieinueeee, iiae?aii aei
O.I?oa?e, i?iaiaeeoue ?ic??ciaiiy i?ae ae?oith oa ianaie ca ni?eueiei
aeey iaio e?eoa???i (yeee ie iacaaee e?eoa???i “yeino?”), oi/a e
ocaeaaeith?oueny a?i a?ae e?eueeino? cao?a/aieo coneeue. O.I?oa?a aaa/a?
a?aeii/aoeiao iae?aaeeeaeuei?oo canaaeo ?icaaaeaiiy o aeae?eaii? aeaio
oei?a ethaeae, oeo, ooi iaaoiiii i?aaia naiiaaeineiiaeeoenue ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, iino?eii i?aeaeuo? aeiiae aei naaa, oa oeo, eiio aeiey
aeaniiai ?nioaaiiy ?iaeaoa?aioia ??aii iano?eueee, iane?eueee ye?nue
ci?ie a iueiio iio?aaothoue aeieeaaeaiiy coneeue.

Oaea ?ic??ciaiiy A.Eeieinueeee aeiineoue a iniiae ca?iaeaeaiiy
oeea?e?caoe?? oa eoeueoo?e. Aeoiaey/e c ia?aeiiaiiy, ui eoeueoo?e iaia?
aac iaiaaeaiiy ? ianaiia?aae aac naiiiaiaaeaiiy, a?i iaaea? ia?a?niei
ni?iaai ethaeeie ae?yoe anoia?a/ “a?iaeaeaiiio iaoeeo aei ia?ianoaa”
cia/aiiy i?eioeeio, ca yeei oi?io?oueny eoeueoo?a oa oeea?e?caoe?y.
Nii/aoeo iiooiaoii aei i?aoe? i?a neoaoaaoe oe?eeii i?aaiaoe/iee iioea,
i?ioa iaaeae?, aae ia caea?aia?oaaoe, oeae noeioe iaa
oaeineiiaethaaoenue: a?ae aeaiaioa?iiai i?aaiaiiy caaeiaieaiiy ana
c?inoath/eo iio?aa, aei a?aeiaeaeaiiy oeueiai niiioeaeueiiai /eiieea a
nai?e ethaeei?. Iaiao?aei?noue naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy ia? noaoe
aioo??oiueith iio?aaith, yea ? noeioethaaoeia c?inoaiiy ia eeoa
iaoa??aeueiiai, aea e ii?aeuei?niiai ??aiy aeeooy ethaeeie.

“A?enoie?ao?y” A.Eeieinueeiai ia ? “a?enoie?ao??th” I.Oiai?ea?a,
I.Aa?aey?aa, O.I?oa?e, aea aiia ? ia ? eaeueeith c “i?aaey/i? ae?oe”
?.I?oaeuena, Y.Iinee oa A.Ia?aoi, oi/a aacoiiaii a?eueo iiae?aia aei
inoaiiuei?. A.Eeieinueeee, iae?aco a?aeiaaeoaaaoenue a?ae ?icoi?iiy
a?enoie?ao?? ye iiiyooy ?iaeiaiai (ia?a?niiai ?? cia/aiiy ye “oeooeiai?”
niaaeeiai? a?enoie?ao??), oi?ioeth? aeania aecia/aiiy, ca?aeii c yeei
ae?oa oi?io?oueny c iaee?aueo i?aaenoaaiee?a an?o eean?a, iacaeaaeii
a?ae ?iaeiaiai /e nioe?aeueiiai noaoono. I?ioa oea ia o?eueee ia
ae/a?ao? noo? iiiyooy, a e neoaeeoue eeoa a?aei?aaiei ioieoii eiai
iaiiaiaiino?.

C iiiaioo ca?aooaaiiy aei ae?oe iiaeo i?aaenoaaiee?a ca e?eoa???i yeino?
ae?oa “iaee?aueo” ia?aoai?th?oueny ia “i?aaey/o aa?noao”, aea aaea nai
oaeo iin?aeaiiy aeaaee na?ae/eoue ciiao oaee i?i ?? “iaee?au?noue”, aea
aaea ia ia iniia? iniaenoeo “coaa?ieo” yeinoae, a ia iniia? oaeoo, “ui
aiie aeania a aeaiee iiiaio noiyoue ia /ie? i??ai?caoeeeieo onoaiia
aeaii? iaoe??”.

Iaeaoaeoeai?oei caniaii aieeao ia iane oa ?o i?aeei?aiiy A.Eeieinueeee
aaaaea? iaoa??aeueio neeo (ui neeaaea?oueny c iaeiiai ineoieia?/iiai ?
aeaio o?ce/ieo eiiiiiaio?a: aie? aei aeaaee — ???aoe?iiaeueii?
eiiiiiaioe, ui caie?aeith? ianooii? aeaa, ?iaeoue c ?oiueiai
iaoa??aeueiiai i?iaeoeoo iie?oe/iee i?iaeoeo; iiaiiaoaaiiy a?enueeiaith
?io?ano?oeoo?ith; aieiae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie aaaeaeyie — “caniaaie
ae?iaieoeoaa” e “cia?yaeaeyie i?aoe?”) oa ii?aeueiee aaoi?eoao,
iaiao?aeiee ye niin?a aei?aaaeaiiy canoinoaaiiy oe??? neee ?, aiaeii/an,
oo?eiaiiy neeiaeo iaoiae?a ia iaae? “aeicaieaiiai” ianaie.

Oaeee iaoai?ci aca?iinoinoie?a i?ae ae?oith oa ianaie ? oi?aa?naeueiee
aeey aoaeue-yeiai niiniao i?aai?caoe?? aeaaee. Aea caeaaeii a?ae oiai, a
yeee niin?a a?enoie?ao?y aeei?enoiao? neeo aeey caaithaaiiy ? oo?eiaiiy
aeaaee, ? ye? ii?aeuei?ni? “a?iiaaenuee? i?eeiaoe” aiia iin?aea?, oiaoi
ye? ?aeaaee ? oe?iiino? aiia niia?aeo?, ciaoiaeeoueny ? iaoiae
i?aai?caoe?? aeaaee (oi?i aea?aeaae). Oaeeo iaoiae?a, i?i ui
cacia/aeinue aeua, A.Eeieinueeee ia?aoiao? o?e: ioeie?ao?y, eeanie?ao?y,
aeaiie?ao?y. Ia?oee nie?a?oueny ia neeo ? a nee? aaa/a? aei?aaaeaiiy ??
canoinoaaiiy, ae?oaee — iaiaaa?oueny aaaeae? neee o??aiyoe c ii?aeueieie
aaaeaeyie aieeao, o?ao?e aea — “aacaieueia aacneeey” i?aaia cai?ieoe
ii?aeueieie niaeoeyoe?yie.

Noaa?euei?noue noni?eueiiai oeeaaeo ?a?aioo?oueny ca oiiae aeio?eiaiiy
caeiio “iino?eiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aai ci?ie a?enoie?ao??”. Eiiioaoe?ei?
i?ioeane a na?aaeei? ae?o — iaiao?aeia oiiaa ?o ?icea?oo. Iiae?ai?noue
oeueiai caeiio aei “oee?eoeyoe?? ae?o” A.Ia?aoi ? iacaia?a/ia, ia ui e
caa?oaei oaaao /eiaei aeine?aeiee?a oai?/ino? ia?oiai. I?ioa ia iaio
i/aaeaeiei aeaea?oueny oie oaeo, ui a ca?iaeeo ?aea? iino?eii? “ci?ie
a?enoe?ao?e” eaaeeoue naia ia?eniaee eiioe?eo i?ae i?iaeoeoeaieie neeaie
oa ae?iaie/eie a?aeiineiaie.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia i?aenoioaaoe o
ianooiieo aeniiaeao:

— I?iaeaia aea?aeaae iaae?a? o oai?/ino? A.Eeieinueeiai aeii?ioth/iai
cao/aiiy, o?ainoi?ioth/enue o iie?oeei-o?einionueeo eiioeaioe?th, ui
noaaeoue nia? ca iaoo c’ynoaaoe i?e/eie oe?a?inueei? “aacaea?aeaaiino?”
oa a?aeiaeaeaiiy oeyo?a onoiaiiy iane?aee?a aeaii? “oai?iae”. Oe?iea
a?oaeiaai?noue oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey aeicaieeea eiio, aaeainoth/e ia
ia???ian? aeae?eueeio nioe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i (nioe?ieia?y, o?einio?y,
iie?oieia?y, ?noi??y), aeoai?eoe aeanio i?ea?iaeueio aea?aeaaieoeueeo
eiioeaioe?th ia iniia? aaoi?nueeiai iio?aeooaaiiy aaea ?nioth/eo
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo oai??e ?a?iiaenueeeo ieneeoae?a oa aeanii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiae?e c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa na?oo.

— Neaae?noue aea?aeaaieoeueeeo ?ioaioe?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo iaea
iiyniaiiy a “ia?icaeiaiino?” oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ye ni?eueiioe, ui a
??oio? nai?? aecia/aiino? nie?a?oueny ia iciaeo oa?eoi??aeueii?
(aea?aeaaii?) ni?eueiino?, ia a?aei?io a?ae aoiino ye ni?eueiino?
iiaii-eoeueoo?ii?.

— ?inoeooae?caoe?y aoi?/ieo iniaeeainoae a aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?ao
cae??ieth? oa?eoi??aeueio na?aeii?noue iaoe??. Oiae iayai?noue aea?aeaae
?a?aioo? ?nioaaiiy iaoe?? (“iie?oe/ii?” /e “aea?aeaaii?” iaoe??). O
naith /a?ao iaoe?iiaeueiee i?aai?ci, ui ?nio? o oi?i? aca?iicaeaaeieo
?ioa?an?a ian oa, i?iaeoeiaaieo ieie ae, — ae?o, aecia/a? niin?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?nioaaiiy: aeaiie?aoe/iee, ioeie?aoe/iee oa eeanie?aoe/iee
a?aeiia?aeii aei oaioe/iiai, iaoai?/iiai oa i?aai?/iiai oeio noinoie?a
i?ae ianaie (“ianeaiith a?eueo?noth”) oa ae?oith (“aeoeaiith
iaio?noth”).

— Eeanie?aoe/iee iaoiae (i?ea?iaeueiee aeoa?? naiiai A.Eeieinueeiai),
aei ao?eaiiy yeiai a aeeooy oe?a?inueeei iie?oeeoiii a?i caeeeeaa, o
nai?o canaaeao iaoiae eiina?aaoeaiee, yeee caaacia/o? noaa?euei?noue
nioe?oio ca noaiith o?aaeeoe?eii? ???a?o?ciaaii? i?aai?caoe??
noni?euenoaa.

— Iiaeyaee A.Eeieinueeiai ia i?iaeaio aea?aeaae i?noyoue o nia? an?
iniiai? ?ene, i?eoaiai? eiina?aaoeaiiio na?oiaeyaeo caaaeii, oea:
???aoe?iiae?ci, i?aai?oeeci, o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci oa ae?oeci.

— Ethaenueea aoooy ? iane??cue ???aoe?iiaeueia, oiio aieueia? iioeae
ethaenueei? iiaaae?iee (?ioa?ane oa i?aaiaiiy, “aiey aei aoooy”, “aiey
aei aeaaee”) ? ia eeoa aecia/aeueieie, aea e niiioeaeueieie o ?iciiae?e?
noni?eueieo ?ieae oa, iiina?aaeeiaaii — noni?eueiiai ono?ith (aaeaea
a?ae “caaaeueiiai” oeio, ui ?ai?acaioo? ae?oo caeaaeeoue ? oei noinoie?a
c ianaie, a cia/eoue ? oei aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith). ?aoe?iiaeuei? iioeae
iaiao?aeii iiaeii? aooe iaiaaeaieie ?aieaie “aeeoo?ai?”
???aoe?iiaeueiino? oa noa?ith aoeee, aea iaoiaee ratio aacnee?.

— ???aoe?iiaeuei?noue aeeooy ciooo? ?icaeyaeaoe aeiaeieeoi?e noni?eueiee
na?o (ca aiaeia??th aei i?e?iaeiiai aeiae?eey) ye i?aai?ci, aei yeiai
aeieiaaii ao?ae ooo/iiio iaoai?/iiio /e ?aoe?iiaeueiiio ao?o/aiith,
aaeaea oea oyaia ca niaith ii?ooaiiy i?aai?/ii? niieoee. “I?aai?/i?noue”
nioe?oio aeyaey? naith nooi?noue ca aeaiia ao?eaooaie,
aeno?aiieueiaaiieie c i?e?iaeiiai i?aai?cio: oeeee?ci (iiae?aii aei
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo iaoe?? iathoue na?e ii/aoie ? e?iaoeue c iaaii?
o?eaaeino? ia??iaeii ?icea?oo) oa iayai?noue /?oei? ???a?o??
noni?euenoaa.

— Ca aaiethoe?th noni?eueiiai i?aai?cio a?aeiia?aeaeueiith ? o?aaeeoe?y.
Aiia yaey? niaith eiioeioaeueiee no?eaeaiue, ui caaacia/o? oyaea
?nioaaiiy iaoe?? a oiiaao oeneo iiaeo ?aae?e. Iii??eiaaiee
o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci (“e?eoe/iee o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci”) A.Eeieinueeiai iieyaa? o
aeiic? caaeainoaaiiy ?ioa?an?a “eiina?aaoeaiiai” oa “iinooiiaiai” ca
i??i?eoaoi?noth ia?oeo. Aeeo/aiiy o?aaeeoe?? ?c aaaeae?a noni?eueiiai
?a?oethaaiiy i?ecaaaea aei “noni?eueii? aiiac??”, oiaoi ao?aoe
eieaoeaii? iai’yo?.

— ???a?o?/i?noue noni?eueiiai i?aai?cio noaa?aeaeo? iiae?e noni?euenoaa
ia iane oa a?enoie?ao?th (ae?oe). Oeae i?eioeei nioe?aeueii?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?eoaiaiiee aoaeue-ye?e ni?eueiio? (a?ae “iaeeo a?oi”
aei aea?aeaae, iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie i?aae?iiy). Ae?oa iaiao?aeiei /eiii
ia? aecia/aoe ?aeaieia?/io no?aoaa?th aea?aeaae e a?ae ?? ai?eiai
ea?oaaiiy caeaaeaoue “iano?i?” ian oa, a?aeiia?aeii, noaa?euei?noue
noni?euenoaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o 1 a?ioo?? e 4 noaooyo:

1. Ooeaeaiei ?.A. I?aaey/a aa?noaa, aeia??ia iaio?noue /e ?iaeiaee
oeooe: iiaeyae ia i?iaeaio ae?o o oai?/ino? A.Eeieinueeiai // E: OIA
“I?aeia?iaeia o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1998. — 20 n.

2.Ooeaeaiei ?.A. I?iaeaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy “eiina?aaoeaiiai” oa
“iinooiiaiai” a oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai // ?eieia? aaaeae? oa noeioee
?icaeoeo ainiiaea?/eo nenoai. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo,
*anoeia ??. — Iaeana, IAeAO, 1998. — N.346-352.

3.Ooeaeaiei ?.A. “Aaco?aaaoi?” e?a?ie I?oaae-?-Aanaoa oa Eeieinueeiai //
Iieiaea iaoe?y, E: Niieineei, 1998. — N.172-178.

4. Ooeaeaiei ?.A. Eiina?aaoeai? iioeae a ?noi??inio?? A.Eeieinueeiai //
A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Na??y: O?einio?y.
Iie?oieia?y. — Aeione 27.— Ee?a, 1998. — N. 70-73.

5.Ooeaeaiei ?.A. Iiia?o?ci ye can?a ea??oeiaoe?? aeaaee a oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.
Na??y: O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y. Aeione 28. — Ee?a: Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao, 1998. — N. 63-66.

Ooeaeaiei ?.A. I?iaeaia aea?aeaae a ?noi??inionuee?e eiioeaioe??
A.Eeieinueeiai a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? eiina?aaoeaii? aeoiee. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.05. — ?noi??y o?einio??. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aiae?co iniiaiiai ?noi??inionueeiai iiiyooy
eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai — “aea?aeaaa”, yea o?ainoi?io?oueny o
i?iaeaio aea?aeaaiino?. I?iaiaeeoueny c?noaaeaiiy eiina?aaoeaieo
ia?aeiiaiue A.Eeieinueeiai c ?a?iiaenueeith eiina?aaoeaiith
o?aaeeoe??th, ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aecia/aeueieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a
?aeaieia?? eiina?aaoecio: ???aoe?iiae?cio oa i?aai?oeecio,
o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio, ae?oecio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaa, iaoe?y, iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeaioe/i?noue,
eiina?aaoeci, ???aoe?iiae?ci, i?aai?oeeci, o?aaeeoe?y, ae?oa.

Ooeaeaiei E.A. I?iaeaia ainoaea?noaa a enoi?einioneie eiioeaioeee
A.Eeieineiai a eiioaenoa aa?iiaeneie eiina?aaoeaiie iunee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.05. — enoi?ey oeeinioee. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue
oieaa?neoao eiaie O.A.Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeeth iinayuaii aiaeeco iniiaiiai enoi?einioneiai iiiyoey
eiioeaioeee A.Eeieineiai — “ainoaea?noai”, eioi?ia o?ainoi?ie?oaony a
i?iaeaio “ainoaea?noaaiiinoe”. I?iaiaeeony niiinoaaeaiea eiina?aaoeaiuo
oaaaeaeaiee A.Eeieineiai n aa?iiaeneie eiina?aaoeaiie o?aaeeoeeae, ia
iniiaaiee aiaeeca iniiaiiieaaathueo no?oeoo?iuo aeaiaioia eaeaieiaee
eiina?aaoecia: e??aoeeiiaeecia e i?aaieoeecia, o?aaeeoeeiiaeecia,
aeeoecia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noai, iaoeey, iaoeeiiaeueiay eaeaioe/iinoue,
eiina?aaoeci, e??aoeeiiaeeci, i?aaieoeeci, o?aaeeoeey, yeeoa.

Tukalenko E.A. The problem of state in V.Lypynsky historiosophic
conception in the context of European conservative thought.—Manuscript.

Dissertation for attaining the academic title of Candidate of
Philosophical Studies with a concentration in the History of
Philosophy—09.00.05. Taras Shevchenko Kiev University, Kiev, 1998.

The dissertation is dedicated to analysis of the principal
historiosophic notion of “state” in V.Lypynsky conception, that
transforms into the problem of “statehood”. It also presents the
comparison of V.Lypynsky conservative convictions with the European
conservative tradition on the basis of a substantial analysis of such
structural elements of conservative ideology as: irrationalism and
organisism, traditionalism, elitism.

Key words: state, nation, national identity, conservatism,
irrationality, organisism, tradition, elite.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 18.11.1998. Oi?iao 60o90/16

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,0

Iaeeaae 100. Cai. 13.

OcIA “Oe?a?inueea aeaeaaie/a ni?eea”

254053, i. Ee?a, Aicianainueeee oca?c 18, ea.3.

oae./oaen 212-17-60.

Похожие записи