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?INOEOOO AIAeIE?EIIEIA?? OA IAI?IO ?A*IAEI

?i. A.I. Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie

OO?*EIA Naioeaia Iai?iaia

OAeE 612.661-092-07-053.6

I?I O*ANOUe IAEAOII?IO O NOAOAAIIO AeIC??AAII? ? OI?IOAAII?
CAO?EIEE NOAOAAIAI ?ICAEOEO OEIIOe?A-I?AeE?OE?A

14.01.14 – aiaeie?eiieiaiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeoaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:
aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ie?oiaa

Ieaia ?ai??aia,Oe?a?inueeee IAe? ioi?iie

caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, canooiiee

aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? i?aoei, caaiaeoth/a

eaai?aoi???th a?eiai? aiaeie?eiieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

· aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Eo/eoeueeee ?aaai Aaneeueiae/, ?inoeooo
aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i. A.I. Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie,
caaiaeoaa/ aiaeaeieo ee?i?/ii? aiae?ieiai?

· aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aieei Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo o?ieiai? oa
iao?ieiai? AII Oe?a?ie, aiaeaeie naenieiai? oa aiae?ieiai?, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee IAeI oa?iaeioa?aii? aiaeie?eiieo
caoai?thaaiue, eaai?aoi?iy aiae?ieiai? IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Cao?no a?aeaoaeaoueny 26 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.558.01 c
aiaeie?eiieia?? a ?inoeooo? aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i.
A.I.Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie (252114, Ee?a-114, aoe. Aeoai?iaenueea, 69)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei ?inoeoooo
aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i. A.I. Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie
(252114, Ee?a-114, aoe. Aeoai?iaenueea, 69).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
Eaeeinueea E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caa?aaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai iioaioe?aeo ianaeaiiy
– iaeia c ia?oi/a?aiaeo iaaeeei-nioeiaeueieo caaaeaiue a Oe?a?i?,
oni?oia ae??oaiiy yeiai iaiiaeeeai aac caaaeueiiai aecia/aiiy i?e/ei oa
iaoaieci?a ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? noaoaai? nenoaie ia aoaiao ?o oi?ioaaiiy,
?ic?iaee i?iaiico iane?aee?a oeeo ii?ooaiue oa aecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoieo,
a?eueo aoaeoeaieo e?eoaaeueieo iaoiae?a.

Ciaioaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? aiiaae o i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?, yea
i?eaiaeeoue aei cao?eiee noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy oeiioe?a, yaeua aeineoue
?iciianthaeaeaia. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
cao?eiea noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo (CN?), yea ia coiiaeaia ia?aeiiei oa
aoi?eiiei a?iiaiiaaeeciii, cono??/a?oueny o 2-4% oeiey??a Oe?a?ie
(E?aa/aiei, Ni??iia, 1989; Nooeie e niiaaao., 1991; Ei?ai?a e niiaaao.,
1995).

O?eaaeee /an CN? ?icoe?ithaaee ye i?iya eiinoeoooe?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae noaiiaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? nenoaie, ui ia iio?aaothoue
aeoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. I?ioa aea/aiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono i?aee?oe?a c
oiia?eueiaiei ia?aa?aii ioaa?oaoo aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui CN?
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/ieie ci?iaie ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?
a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie, ii?ooaiiyi oa?aeoa?o cai?ioieo
ca’yce?a i?ae eaieaie oe??? ?aeeii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie (Nei?iaeie,
Naa/aiei, 1984; Eaaaae?a, 1985; Ieaoiaa, 1986; Aeai/aiei e niiaaao.,
1988,1991; Ca?oaiia e niiaaao., 1989; Aa?eianueea, 1992; Rebuffel,
Vagner, 1991; Albanes, Stanhope,1995), ye? i?e a?aenooiino? aaeaeaaoii?
ei?eaoth/i? oa?ai?? noathoue i?e/eiith oi?ioaaiiy ia o?eueee
?ioaioee?cio ? aacie?aeiino? ii aeinyaiaii? oa?oeeueiiai a?eo, aea ?
a?aeoeeaiue o ineoiaiioe?ei?e noa?? i?aee?oe?a, niiaoe/iiio caei?ia’?
(Aeoie, 1981; Aeaaeeiaa, 1981; Aaii?eiaa e niiaaao., 1981, 1987;
Oeeoeineee, 1990; AEoeianeee, 1997; Na?aia e niiaaao., 1997; Nhapmen,
1985; Rosenfield, 1990) , cieaeaiiy ?o i?aoeacaeaoiino? ? iia??oaiiy
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? (A?oai/oe, 1984; A?aociaa e niiaaao., 1995,
1996; AEaeaiiaa, 1995).

Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? oni?oe, aeinyaioo? a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy i?e
aea/aii? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a, ui eaaeaoue a iniia? CN?, aeioaia?
caeeoa?oueny aeeneooaaaeueiei ieoaiiy i?i i?noea ai?o?ca ? eiai ai?iiio
– iaeaoii?io a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy aeaii? iaoieia?? (Ie?oiaa, Oa?/aiei,
1992; Gupta et al.,1982,1986; Attanasio et al., 1983; Waldhauser et al.,
1989,1991,1997). Iiaeai? a iayaieo ?iaioao aeniiaee i?i o/anoue
iaeaoii?io a noaoaaiio aeic??aaii? ? oi?ioaaii? ii?ooaiiy ooieoe??
noaoaaeo caeic o oeii/ee?a aacothoueny, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a, ia
?acoeueoaoao, io?eiaieo i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ae?ae ia/eneaiieo a?oi
iaoe??io?a, aac o?aooaaiiy oee?eaaeieo ?eoi?a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
aeoeaiino? ai?o?ca (Silman et al., 1979; Luboshitzky et al., 1995,
1997).

Aiaeii/an, aiae?c aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io ia aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy
i?e o?c?ieia?/iiio ? iaoieia?/iiio eiai ieei? c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaeo
aeiaiaiai ? ??/iiai ?? ?eoi?a aeicaieea ae ia o?eueee ooi/ieoe i?noea
iaeaoii?io a iae?iai?iiiaeueiiio eiio?ie? oeueiai i?ioeano a /ieia?/iio
i?aai?ci?, aea e oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy noaiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? nenoaie, ?aiith ae?aaiinoeeo ? caniae ei?aeoe??
aeayeeo oi?i ii?ooaiiy noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue ?icaeyiooi? aeua i?iaeaie aecia/eea iai?yiie ? iaoo
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o iaaeao eiiieaenii? oaie: “?ic?iaea oaoiieiai?
?aaaieioaoei? oeiioeia-iiaeeioeia c ii?ooaiiyi noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo” (?
Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0194 023941), yea ?ic?iaeyeanue a Oe?a?inueeiio
IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a (i.Oa?e?a) caiaeii c
Iaoeiiiaeueiith i?ia?aiith “Ieaioaaiiy nii’?”.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy – iiaeeaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i o/anoue iaeaoii?io a
iaoai?ciao noaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? /ieia?/i? noaoaai? nenoaie, oi?ioaaii?
cao?eiee noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy o oeiioe?a ? oaeineiiaeaiiy ?oiueiai
e?eoaaiiy.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe:

1. aea/eoe a?eiao aeeiai?eo aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io o caei?iaeo in?a
/ieia?/i? noao? c o?aooaaiiyi nooiaiy ?oiuei? a?ieia?/ii? c??eino?,
aeiaiaeo ? ??/ieo ?eoi?a;

2. aeaoe ee?i?ei-ai?iiiaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oeiioeyi ?c CN?;

3. aea/eoe iniaeeaino? aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io o oeiioe?a ?c CN?;

4. i?iaiae?coaaoe oa?aeoa? aca?iia?aeiinei iaeaoii?io ?c noaoaaeie
noa?i?aeaie ? aiiaaeio?iiieie ai?iiiaie ia aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy
i?e o?c?ieia?/iiio ieei? ioaa?oaoo oa i?e CN?;

5. oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe, ?ic?iaeoe e ai?iaoaaoe iaoiae e?eoaaiiy CN?,
ui ei?eao? ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ai?o?ca.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?noo iaeaoii?io, aiae?co eiai aca?iia?aeiinei ?c noaoaaeie noa?i?aeaie
? aiiaaeio?iiieie ai?iiiaie ia aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy /ieia?/iai
i?aai?cio aeiaaaeaia i?e/aoi?noue ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio aei iaoai?ci?a,
ui eiio?ieththoue noaiiaeaiiy /ieia?/i? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? nenoaie.
Anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? a?eiai? aeeiai?ee ai?noo iaeaoii?io, ci?ia eiai
aca?iica’yce?a c aiiaaeio?iiieie ? noaoaaeie ai?iiiaie i?ioyaii
noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy. Aia?oa iieacaia ?nioaaiiy ??/iiai ?eoio
aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io o caei?iaeo oeiioe?a ? aecia/aii aieea naciio
?ieo ia oa?aeoa? aeiaiaiai ?eoio.

Aeyaeaii iaai? ci?ie iaeaoii?ii?iaeoeoth/i? aeoeaiino? ai?o?ca i?e
cao?eioe? noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo o oeiioe?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui o oeiioe?a ?c
CN? ai?no iaeaoii?io a na/? ia a?aeiia?aea? aeinyaiooiio ??aith
noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, ci?iaiee oa?aeoa? ai?o?ca?ii-a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeeo
aca?iia?aeiinei, ? iniaeeaino? o ??/iiio ?eoi? aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy o oeiioe?a ?c CN?
i?e ??ai? aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io, yeee ia?aaeuo? naciiio a?eiao ii?io,
iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy, ni?yiiaaiiai ia cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? iaeaoii?io
ai?o?cii.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. ?ic?iaeaii o?c?ieia?/i?
ii?ie ai?noo iaeaoii?io ia ??cieo aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy.
Aeiaaaeaia iaiao?aei?noue a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aeine?aeaeaii? iaeaoii?io ia
o?eueee ianii?oiee a?e, nooi?iue a?ieia?/ii? c??eino?, aea e i?nyoeue
(nacii), eiee i?iaiaeeoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iieacaii, ui aenieee ??aaiue iaeaoii?io a na/? ia ?aii?o aoaiao
noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeei ?c /eiiee?a oi?ioaaiiy
CN?.

Aia?oa aeey e?eoaaiiy CN? o oeiioe?a ?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaiaaiee
iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy (iiaeiaaeaiiy na?oeiaiai aeiy aei 16
aiaeei a in?iiuei-ceiiaee ia??iae), ui caaacia/o? i?eai?/aiiy
i?iaeoeoe?? iaeaoii?io (Aea?aeiaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 97073955).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoeieio ?iaioo aoei aeeiiaii iiae
/an iaa/aiiy a anii?aioo?i. Aaia c?iaeea iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe,
aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie. Aaoi?
aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeea i?aea?? oaiaoe/ieo oai?eo, naiino?eii aeeiiaea
ianoaaeaiiy caei?iaeo oeii/ee?a ? oeiioe?a oa iiaeeioeia ?c CN?,
?ic?iaeea ? ai?iaoaaea iiaee iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy,
i?iaaea noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith IE oa ?o aiae?c, noi?ioethaaea iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee ?iaioe. Cae?enithaaea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?th
iaoa??ae?aaeine?aeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?. I?aeaiooaaea iaoeia? aeai? aei
ioae?eaoe?? oa aei aenooi?a ia eiioa?aioe?yo, ioi?ieea aeena?oaoe?eio
?iaioo ? aaoi?aoa?ao.

Ai?iiiaeuei? e ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? a eaai?aoi???
a?eiai? aiaeie?eiieia?? ? ?aae?i?cioiii?e eaai?aoi??? Oe?a?inueeiai IAe?
ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a (i. Oa?e?a).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieeaaeai? oa iaaiai?aii
ia can?aeaii? Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiaiai iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa
aiaeie?eiieia?a (1997); I?aeia?iaeiiio iaaee/iiio eiia?an? nooaeaio?a
? iieiaeeo a/aieo (Oa?iii?eue, 1998); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oe?eueiiai
a?eo i i?aee?oe?a” (Oa?e?a, 1997) ? “Aeooaeuei? aniaeoe aiaeie?eiieo
caoai?thaaiue” (Oa?e?a, 1998); i?aenoieiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo
a/aieo Oe?IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a (Oa?e?a, 1996,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaaii 11 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o o a?o/eciyieo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao, c
ieo 5 noaoae (iaeia naiino?eia) ? 4 oac. Io?eiaii Aea?aeiaoaio Oe?a?ie.
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aa?eoee a iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ianya i no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c aaaaeaiiy,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo, ui oa?aeoa?eco? iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, 5 aeaa aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia
ia 171 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 19 oaaeeoeue ? 37
?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 319 aeaea?ae, o
oiio /ene? 157 a?o/eciyieo ? 162 ca?oa?aeieo, ui neeaaeathoue 32
noi??iee.

CIINO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy 343 oeii/ee?a ? oeiioe?a 10-17 ?ie?a, o
oiio /ene? 141 caei?iaeo c ii?iaeueiei o?ce/iei ? noaoaaei ?icaeoeii ?
202 oai?eo ?c ??ciei nooiaiai CN?.

Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei ioe?ieo o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ca aeaieie
e?i?eieo ae?aa?ai (Ei?ai?a e niiaaao., 1995), oeio noaoo?e ? ??aiy
noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo (Aeai/aiei e niiaaao., 1978; Ie?oiaa e niiaaao.,
1996). Noaae?y noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy aecia/aeany ca eeaneo?eaoe??th
Tanner J. (1966). Nooi?iue cao?eiee noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo ioe?ithaaee ca
aeao?oeeoii noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, oiaoi ??cieoe? i?ae ianii?oiei a?eii
? aeinyaiooei ??aiai noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy (Eaaaiaoeue, 1991; Eaa/oe ,
1992).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono aeeth/aei aecia/aiiy ??aiy
iaeaoii?io (I) oethi?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (Coaeia, 1982) o aeaio
ii?oe?yo na/?: I (I1) – ?c 8 aei 20 aiaeei ? 2 (I2) – ?c 20 aei 8
aiaeei. Aeey aea/aiiy oee?eaaeiaiiiai (aeiaiaiai) ?eoio aene?aoe??
ai?iiio ia aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy e i?ioyaii ?ieo aoa i?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??aiy I o 2 ? I ii?oe?yo na/? (E-2/I).
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio ioe?ithaaeeny o
caeaaeiino? a?ae ianii?oiiai a?eo, a?ieia?/ii? c??eino? iaoe??ioa,
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ai?o?ca i?ioyaii ?ieo.

Ai?no oanoinoa?iio (Tc), ano?aae?ieo (A2) o e?ia? aecia/aee
?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei iaoiaeii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi eiia?oe?eieo iaai??a AII
A?ei?on?, aiiaaeio?iiieo ai?iii?a (ethoa?i?coth/iai – EA ?
oie?eoeinoeioethth/iai – ONA) – ?ioiioa?iaioiei iaoiaeii, ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaai??a eiioea?io “O. Oiooiai-Ea ?io”. O
na/? eiei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (Eiea, Eaiuoieeia, 1982) aea/aee ??aaiue
aeiaiai? aene?aoe?? 17-eaoinoa?i?ae?a (17-EN). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ioe?ithaaeeny c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo ii?iaoea?a, ?ic?iaeaieo o
eaai?aoi??? a?eiai? aiaeie?eiieia?? ? ?aae?i?cioiii?e eaai?aoi???
Oe?IAe? ICAeI.

Aeey oai?eo ?c ia?aeiii aenieei ai?noii ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio a na/?
?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaiaaiee iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy.

Iaoiaeii aeiaaeeiaeo aea??ie noi?iiaaii aea? a?oie oai?eo.

I a?oio neeaee 27 oeiioe?a 14-17 ?ie?a, ?c CN? I-III nooiaiy oa ??aiai
I, yeee ia?aaeuoaaa a?eiao naciiio ii?io, ui io?eiaee eo?n
ianiaoeeo?/ii? noeioethth/i? ? caaaeueiici?oeithaaeueii? oa?ai??
(Aeai/aiei e ni?aaao., 1978) o cae/aeieo oiiaao noaoe?iia?o.

II a?oio neeaee 25 oeiioe?a 14-17 ?ie?a, ?c CN? I-III nooiaiy c
iiae?aieie ci?iaie o ai?no? iaeaoii?io ? ai?iiiaeueiiio noaoon?, ye?
i?ioyaii aeaio oeaei?a o in?iiuei-ceiiaee ia??iae iaea?aeoaaee eo?n
ianiaoeeo?/ii? noeioethth/i? ? caaaeueiici?oeithaaeueii? oa?ai?? ia oe?
ci?iaiiai na?oeiaiai ?aaeeio: 8 aiaeei – oai?yaa ? 16 aiaeei – na?oei.
Aeey noai?aiiy ina?oeaiino? a iaeaoao 150-200 ee canoiniaoaaeeny
noaeueia? na?oeeueieee EIAe-4o-20-001 ?c ethi?ianoeaioieie eaiiaie
aeaiiiai na?oea, ii niaeo?o aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeeaeai? aei niaeo?o
aeaiiiai na?oea, ?c ia?aaaaeaiiyi o neiuei-o?ieaoia?e ? aeiaoi-caeai?e
eiai /anoei?.

Ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ai?o?ca a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy ioe?ithaaee ca
ci?iith aaee/eie aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io ?c na/ath. Aene?aoe?y ai?iiio
aea/aeany a aeeiai?oe?: i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii?, ia 1 aeiao, 7 aeiao ? ii
cae?i/aii? na?oeioa?ai?? (ia 14 aeiao).

Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? ioe?ithaaee ca aeeiai?eith noaoaaiai ?
o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo, ci?iaie o ai?iiiaeueiiio noaoon? i?aee?oe?a i?e
aeienoaaii?, /a?ac 6 ? 12 i?nyoe?a. Ciaioaiiy nooiaiy CN? aai
aeinyaiaiiy ??aiy noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo, ui a?aeiia?aea? ianii?oiiio a?eo,
?icoe?ithaaeiny ye iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea.

Noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo aoei i?iaaaeaia ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeao?a i?ia?ai “Fox pro” ? “STATGRAPHICS” ia IE IBM PC ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?aiao?e/ieo ? iaia?aiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a, ?acoeueoao?a
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co. Aeey aecia/aiiy aeinoia??iino? ?icoiaeaeaiue
iieaciee?a aeaio a?oi canoiniaoaaeeny ia?aiao?e/iee t-e?eoa??e
Nouethaeaioa (Pt) ? iaia?aiao?e/iee e?eoa??e U (Pu) –
A?eeieniia-Iaia-O?oi? (Aoaea?, 1987). Aeinoia??i?noue eiao?oe??io?a
ei?aeyoe?? (r) ioe?ithaaeany ii E.Caen (1976).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

O ca’yceo c oei, ui aeioaia? caeeoa?oueny aeeneooaaaeueiei ieoaiiy i?i
?nioaaiiy oee?eaaeieo ?eoi?a i?iaeoeoe?? I o ethaeeie, i?iaaaeaia
aea/aiiy aene?aoe?? ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio o 94 caei?iaeo oeiioe?a 14-17
?ie?a i?ioyaii ?ieo, e??i e?oiueiai ia??iaeo.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe ae?aaeai? ci?ie
ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ai?o?ca a ??ci? i?nyoe? ?ieo (oaae.1).
Iaeiaioee ??aaiue I aoa aecia/aiee a in?ii?e ia??iae: a?i neeaa o
na?aaeiueiio 62.724.13iiieue/aeia. O a?oaei? ? n?/i? ca?a?no?iaaia
aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo ai?iiio a aeiaia?e na/? o ii??aiyii? c
iiia?aaei?ie i?nyoeyie (Pu0.05.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co o oai?eo ?c CN? aac aoi?eiieo
noaoaaeo iciae ia aeyaeaii iiceoeaieo ei?aeyoe?eieo aca?iica’yce?a ??aiy
iaeaoii?io c? noaoaaeie ? aiiaaeio?iiieie ai?iiiaie, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
caei?iaeo oeii/ee?a ia ?aii?o aoaiao noaiiaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio o i?aee?oe?a ?c CN? i?ioyaii
?ieo iieacaei, ui o ieo ??/iee (oei?eaioaeueiee) ?eoi aeiaiai?
aene?aoe?? I ia? ?yae a?aei?iiinoae o ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie
iaeiieioeaie (oaae.1): ??cia aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue aaee/eie
na?aaeiueii?ny/iiai ??aiy iaeaoii?io a in?ii?e ? aaniyiee ia??iae uiaei
iaci?a, ia ca?aa?oueny /an iaea?eueoiai i?aeeiio (ae?ioaca) ? niaaeo
(aaoeoaca) a aene?aoe?? ai?iiio. Iieacaii, ui a oeiioe?a ?c CN?
oee?eaae?aiiee ?eoi aene?aoe?? ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
naciio (oaae.1).

Aea/aiiy ai?noo I a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy CN?, ii?oioeio, ?ai?o
ia?aianaieo ? noiooiio caoai?thaaiue aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui aaee/eia
ai?noo ai?o?ca?iiai ai?iiio a aeiaia?e na/? i?yii i?iii?oe?eia nooiaith
CN? (o i?aee?oe?a ?c I nooiaiai CN? – 67.513.6iiieue/aeia, ?c II –
70.284.38 iiieue/aeia (Pu1? ??f???5???????? ???????yyy???????????? [—??? ????'yy??? ????'yy?????????? ????yyy???? ???????'yy??? ????yyy???? ???????[—???????'yy??? ????yyy???? ???????[—???????'yy??? ????yyy???? ???????V’?????ue???????????-?? ???u?????????"????-???? ???????????????$?†?7—?*d*S7†?7???ue??yyy??????-? ??? yyy???????????$?†?7†?h?—?[?—?*†?7???$?—?*—?[?d[?d*—?* ???U?c???? ???u??????????"????-?????????7†????yyy????????*—? ???*d???†????—????d???o?†????a?—????a?d?? ???†????A?—????A?d????†???? ?—???? ?d???‹?†???? ?—?????d???h?†????[?—????[?d ???u??????????"????-????-????'yy??? ????-????-????yyy???? yyy????V’?????ue?????? ???-???? ??????????????????????$?d*S7†?7—?*d* ???u?????????"????-?????????U?c???????$?†?7†?h?—?[?—?*† ?7???$?—?*—?[?d[?d*—?*???-????-????'yy??? ????-????-??????????? ???????V’?? ???u?????????"????-?????????????????&??yyyy?? ???u?????yyy?"????-????ue??????????-??????????????? ????5???B???(??????????????? ???Ae??Ae????????????????Iae. 1 - Ci?ia aene?aoe?? iaeaoii?io o oai?eo ?c CN? II a?oie ia oe? ci?iaiiai na?oeiaiai ?aaeeio Ciaioaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? I ii?aeioaaeiny c a??ia?aeii a?eueo ae?aaeaiei i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo aiiaaeio?iiieo ai?iii?a o e?ia? ? ??aiy aene?aoe?? 17-EN ?c na/ath ii cae?i/aii? eo?no e?eoaaiiy a noaoe?iia??, a ii??aiyii? c i?aee?oeai I a?oie (oaae.2). Oaaeeoea 2 Ai?no aiiaaeio?iiieo, noaoaaeo ai?iiiia a e?iai, ?iaaiue aeiaiai? aene?aoei? 17-EN o oeiioeia ?c CN? a aeeiaiioei niinoa?aaeaiiy (Mm) *an ianoaaeaiiyAeine?aeaeoaai? iieacieeeaeo?aeiii?e aeienoaaii?/a?ac iia?ieo /a?ac ?ie I a?oiaII a?oia I a?oia II a?oia I a?oia II a?oia I a?oia II a?oiaEA, iIA/ieM m3.11 0.322.53 0.153.24 0.734.63* 0.743.46 0.873.18 0.633.87 1.064.27* 0.48Pu>0.050.05>0.05ONA, iIA/ieM

m2.52

0.162.72

0.083.09

0.766.65*

0.483.25

0.583.06

0.533.43*

0.354.70*

0.21Pu>0.050.050.05>0.050.050.05>0.0517-KC, ieiieue/aeiaM

m12.97

0.9112.83

0.6314.80

1.1918.15*

1.1815.86*

1.3417.95*

1.3417.74*

2.1522.16*

0.99Pu>0.050.05

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