27

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AAIA?AO??

THUAIEI ss?ineaaa ?ai??aia

OAeE 911.52: 63+504

I?E?IAeIA CAeAOI?NOUe AA?IEAIAeOAOO?A AANAEIO ?. ?IN? AeI NAIII*EUAIIss

11.00.01 – o?ce/ia aaia?ao?y, aaio?ceea ? aaio?i?y eaiaeoaoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aaia?ao?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Oaa/aiei Ea?ena Ieeiea?aia, ?inoeooo aaia?ao?? IAIO,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe -1.Aeieoi?
aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?iaeceinueeee Ieoaeei Aeieo?iae/,
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e.2.Eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Othothiiee THe?ai Aaiaae?eiae/, I?aeaaeocaaee iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee oeaio?
“Oe?eooy” IAI Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa
-*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” _aa?aniy_1999 ?. i “15” aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.163.02 ?inoeoooo aaia?ao?? IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252003, i. Ee?a-3, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 44.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaia?ao??
IAI Oe?a?ie, 252003, i. Ee?a-3, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 44.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “18” _na?iiy_1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Ia?aaea??e A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia iino?eii
c?inoath/ith ?ioaineai?noth aio?iiiaaiieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia i?e?iaeo
Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? ca?eueoaiiyi ianya?a aeieia?/ii oe?aeeeaeo
?a/iaei, ui aeeeaeathoueny a iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua.

Caoeni? iaoai?cie eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno ii a?aeiioaiith aei
oaoiiaaiiiai aieeao i?iyaeythoueny a ?iceeaae? e o?ainoi?iaoe??
caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei oa o?ainii?ooaaii? ?o aaio?i?/ieie iioieaie ca
iaae? eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno; oiaoi a caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooiiai
eiiieaeno aei naiii/euaiiy. Aea/aiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a
aei naiii/euaiiy ni?yiiaaia ia aecia/aiiy oi?ie oa ?ioaineai?noue
i?e?iaeieo aaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a oa ?o aiae?c c oi/ee ci?o aaio?i?/ii?
no?eeino? aei oaoiiaaiieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Aeooaeueiith ? aeaia i?iaeaia ? aeey aanaeio ?. ?in? – oa?eoi???
?noi?e/ii aeaaiueiai ainiiaea?nueeiai inai?iiy, yeee ?ici?uaiee o
e?ninoaiia?e cii? Oe?a?ie. Aanaei oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neeaaeiith
eaiaeoaooiith ? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/iith no?oeoo?aie, cia/iith ieiuath
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a. Aiae?c ? ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a
aanaeio ?. ?in? ni?eyoeia ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie
?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? eiai oa?eoi???.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy –
?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ? ioe?ithaaiiy i?e?iaeii?
caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy ia iniia?
aiae?co oaeoi??a, ui ?? iaoiiaeththoue. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe
iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) ii?aoethaaoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? iniiae aea/aiiy ? ioe?ithaaiiy
caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy;

2) ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo neeaaeaiiy ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai
ye iniiae aea/aiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy;

3) i?iaanoe ye?niee aiae?c eaiaeoaooii? ? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii?
no?oeoo?e aanaeio ?. ?in?;

4) aeae?eeoe ? aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a ca
oaeoi?aie oa ?ioaineai?noth i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy;

5) i?iaanoe ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio
?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a ? aaaeeeo iaoae?a.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aa?ieaiaeoaooe aanaeio ?. ?in?, i?aaeiaoii – iaoiaeeea ioe?ithaaiiy ?o
caeaoiino? aei naiii/euaiiy, caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in?
aei naiii/euaiiy ? oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue oeth caeaoi?noue.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eaiaeoaooiciaa/ee ?
eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iee i?aeoiaee aei ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a
(Aeacianueea I.A, 1972, 1988; Ni/aaa A.A., 1978; Nieioeaa A.I., 1981;
Nieioeaaa I.I., 1981; Iaoeueeya?/on A, A?aaaoneaia ?. 1986;
Oeuaiei I.A., 1988; Nieoei A.A., 1992, A?iaeceinueeee I.Ae., 1993;
Iauaiei A.I., 1993; A?eiaaaoeueeee A.O., Ia?eie/ I.I., Oaa/aiei E.I.,
1994; Aooeoeye A.I., 1995; Iaeeoaaa E.E., 1998), a ca’yceo c /ei
noi?ioeueiaai? oae? i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy:

1. No?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?eioeei, yeee icia/a?, ui no?oeoo?a
aeo?aeieo i?noeaaeo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aieeaa? ia
?ioaineai?noue ci?i ye i?e?iaeieo, oae ? oaoiiaaiieo aaio?i?/ieo
i?ioean?a ? aecia/a? iioaioe?eio iiaeeea?noue aei naiii/euaiiy;

2. I?eioeei a?aeiia?aeiino?, oiaoi eiaei?e a?oi? i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? iaaia a?oia oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue caeaoi?noue
eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy;

3. I?eioeei iiae?aiino?, yeee icia/a?, ui ?aaeueia ioe?ithaaiiy
caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithth/eo
?a/iaei iiaeeeaa eeoa ii a?aeiioaiith aei iiae?aieo ca
?aaeoe??th-a?aeiia?aeaeth ia oaoiiaaiiee aieea eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo
nenoai;

4. I?eioeei i?ia?aeieo oaeoi??a, ?aae?caoe?y yeiai icia/a?, ui caeaaeii
a?ae ??aiy aea/aiiy naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a (eieaeueiee,
?aa?iiaeueiee oa ?i.) a iniiao ioe?ithaaiiy eeaaeooueny iaea?eueo
cia/ei? ia oeueiio ??ai? oaeoi?e caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei
naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a.

5. I?eioeei noi?niino? aai ianoi?niino? iai?yio ? neeaaeo oaoiiaaiiiai
aieeao c iai?yiii no/anieo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a (Nieioeaaa,
1982). Caeaoi?noue eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy caeaaeeoue
ye a?ae iai?yio iniiaieo no/anieo i?e?iaeieo aaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a ?
caaaeueieo i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a ?o ooieoe?thaaiiy, oae ? a?ae
aeanoeainoae caa?oaeithaa/a, oa?aeoa?o eiai iaoaaie?cio a oiiaao aeaiiai
eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno, oi?i ? ?acoeueoao?a aca?iiae?? c eiiiiiaioaie
eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno;

6. I?eioeei ?iia??iino? eiiieaeniiai ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy, ui neeaaea?oueny c aenia?oieo ioe?iie
a?aeiiniiai oa?aeoa?o ye?nieo ? aaaeeiioe?ithaaieo oaeoi??a naiii/euaiiy
(iai?eeeaae, a?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo, a?oioiai-aaio?i?/iee oii,
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? aa?’??e, ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? oiiae).

?ic?iaea oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? nie?a?oueny ia
i?aoe? a?aeiieo oe?a?inueeeo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a:
Ae.E. A?iaiaea, I.A. Aaicaeaoeueeiai, E.A. Aa?ai/oea, I.A. Aeacianueei?,
?.?. Aii/a?oea, I.Ae. A?iaeceinueeiai, A.?. ?na/aiea, N.A. Eaeanieea,
A.?. Ei/o?iaa, E.E. Iaeeoaai?, I.I. Ia?eie/a, A.I. I?eea?a,
O.I. I?eueeiaa, A.I. Iauaiea, A.A Nieoea, N.I. Nieieiaa, I.A. Nieioeaaa,
Aeae. Oi?oaneueth, A.?. Oaaana, I.A. Oeuaiea.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? iaoiaee iieueiai? eaiaeoaooii? ceiiee,
eaai?aoi?ieo o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aiae?c?a, ii??aiyeueii-aaia?ao?/iee,
?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee, ea?oia?ao?/iee, iaoaiaoe/iee, iaoiae
eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy. Aeey ?ic?aooie?a, iiaoaeiae
aeayeeo ea?oinoai aeei?enoiaoaaany ia?niiaeueiee eiii’thoa?, cie?aia
i?ia?aie PC VIEW COLOR ? PAINT SHOP PRO. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee:
io?oe?eii? noaoenoeee, aeanieo iieueiaeo eaiaeoaooiciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue 1995 ?ieo, a?aeae?eo eaiaeoaooiciaanoaa ?inoeoooo
aaia?ao?? IAIO, aea?aeaaieo ia’?aeiaiue “Oe?aa?io?i” ? “Ee?aaa?io?i”,
Ee?anueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, Ee?anueei?
iaeanii? aa?io?i?/ii? eaai?aoi???, ?ioi?iaoe?y c iioae?eiaaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo oa ea?oia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie aea/aiiy e
ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy;
2) i?iaiae?ciaaia eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ia no?oeoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? ?
aeyaeai? ?? iniaeeaino?; 3) aia?oa neeaaeaia ea?oa
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aanaeio ?. ?in? (ianooaa 1:200 000);
4) aeae?eai? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie aanaeio ?. ?in? ca oaeoi?aie
oa ?ioaineai?noth naiii/euaiiy aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a a?ae i?ia?aeueieo ?
i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a; 5) ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei ye?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei
naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a ? aaaeeeo iaoae?a (naeioeth, eaaei?th,
i?ae? e oeeieo) i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae oeeo
caa?oaeithaa/?a; 6) ?ic?iaeaii ? aia?oa neeaaeaii na??th ioe?ii/ieo
ea?oinoai aanaeio ?. ?in?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ?
ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy, ui
i?aaenoaaeai? o aeena?oaoe??, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?: i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeieia?/iiai aea/aiiy aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a ?ioeo ?aeii?a, ?ic?iaee noai
?aoe?iiaeueii? oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ?aa?ii?a, i?aai?caoe?? a
?oi?o iaaeao i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo caoiae?a.

?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaie aaoi?a. ?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e?
eaiaeoaooiciaanoaa ?inoeoooo aaia?ao?? IAIO a iaaeao i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ca aea?aeathaeaeaoieie ? ainiaeiaia??ieie
oaiaie: “Eaiaeoaooiciaa/a eiioeaioe?y aeyaeaiiy ? aiae?co e ioe?ithaaiiy
aeineooaoe?e a Oe?a?i?” 1991-1994 ??., ? aea?ae. ?aa?no?aoe??
01.9.10 015286; “Aiae?c no?oeoo?e oa no/anii? aaiethoe?? eaiaeoaoo?a c
iaoith ioe?ithaaiiy eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo oiia caa?oaeiaii? oa?eoi???”
1996 ?.; “I?eioeeie ? iaoiaeeea aeieiai-aaio?ce/ieo ?
aeieiai-aaio?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??aieiieo eaiaeoaoo?a Oe?a?ie”
1995-1998 ??., ? aea?ae. ?aa?no?aoe?? 0195419507.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? noai?aii
na?aaeiueiianooaaio ea?oo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aanaeio
?. ?in?; iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie aea/aiiy e ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy; aeae?eaii eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i?
?aeiie aanaeio ?. ?in? ca oaeoi?aie oa ?ioaineai?noth i?ioean?a
naiii/euaiiy; iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee eiiieaeniiai ye?niiai
ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
ianoeoeeae?a ? aaaeeeo iaoae?a (naeioeth, eaaei?th, i?ae?, oeeieo) ?
c?iaeaii ioe?ieo caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei
naiii/euaiiy a?ae oeeo caa?oaeithaa/?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe i?aaenoaaeyeenue ia VII c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai aaia?ao?/iiai
oiaa?enoaa (Ee?a, 1995), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani?
i?iaeaie ioi?iie caiaeue” (Ee?a, 1997).

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, c ieo 3 noaoo? (
iaeia – o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (150 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, 24 iaethie?a, 22 oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 149 iaca, 3
aeiaeaoee, caaaeueiee ia’?i – 208 noi??iie).

? i c ae ? e  1. ?icaeyiooi aeoiee oa ?icaeoie ?aeae eiiieaeniiai
aea/aiiy naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a.
Aeeeaaeaii i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ye?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy
caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy, aena?oeaii ?ic?iaeaio
aaoi?ii iaoiaeeeo neeaaeaiiy na?aaeiueiianooaaii? ea?oe
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai.

? i c ae ? e  2 i?enay/aii eaiaeoaooiciaa/iio ?
eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iiio aiae?co no?oeoo?e aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio
?. ?in?, oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue ?o caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
caa?oaeithaa/?a i?ia?aeueiiai ? i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

? i c ae ? e  3. Aeae?eai? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie ca oaeoi?aie oa
?ioaineai?noth i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy oa ioa?aeoa?eciaai? ca
aeanoeainoyie eiiiiiaio?a eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a, iniaeeainoyie
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? no?oeoo?e, oaeoi??a naiii/euaiiy, nooiaiai
naiii/euaiiy. Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai ye?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a ?
aaaeeeo iaoae?a – naeioeth, eaaei?th, i?ae?, oeeieo.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieoaiiy aea/aiiy ? ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a
aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a ?ic?iaeyee E.A. Aoen (1987), ?.?.
Aii/a?oe (1977), A.A. Aeii/aaa, E.A. Ee?iaiei (1985),
I.Ae. A?iaeceinueeee (1993), A.?. Ei/o?ia (1983), Iaeeoaaa E.E., 1998;
?.?. I?e?oi?iaa (1985), A. Iaoeueeya?/on, ?. A?aaaoneaia (1986), N.A.
?ae?oa (1992), A.A. Nieoei oa ?i. (1992), N.I. Nieieia oa ?i. (1981),
I.I. Nieioeaaa (1981), A.A. Oi?ioaa (1993), A.?. Uaoi?eia (1986).

Aia?oa ieoaiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy c
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? oi/ee ci?o ?icaeyiooi I.A.Aeacianueeith (1972).
Aiia aeae?ey? a?aeiinia naiii/euaiiy iniiaieo eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a
oeyoii aeianaiiy ? ?icn?thaaiiy caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei a aaio?i?/ii
caeaaei? eaiaeoaooi? eiiieaene, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei i/euaiiy iaeieo ?
caa?oaeiaiiy ?ioeo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai. Iiaia naiii/euaiiy
a?ae caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei on?o eiiiiiaio?a eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno oa
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? nenoaie (EAN) a oe?eiio a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e
?iceeaae? caa?oaeithaa/?a aei iaoiene/ieo ?a/iaei aai aei ?o iiaii?
i?ia?ae?caoe?? ? caeaaeeoue, e??i i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a, a?ae aeanoeainoae
naiiai caa?oaeithaa/a, oa?aeoa?o eiai iaoaaie?cio a i?noeaaeo oiiaao,
oi?i ? ?acoeueoao?a aca?iiae?? c eiiiiiaioaie na?aaeiaeua (Aeacianueea,
1979).

Ia iaoo aeoieo, caeaoi?noue eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy
ne?ae ?icoi?oe ye noeoii?noue eaiaeoaooii-aaio?ce/ieo,
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ? a?iaaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue
?iceeaae, iaeo?ae?caoe?th oa ?iiia?e?caoe?th caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei ?
?o aeaaaeaiiy aaio?i?/ieie iioieaie ca iaae? eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno.
Iaaaaeaia aecia/aiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? eiai ?icoi?iith I.A. Aeacianueeith (1979),
?.?. I?e?oi?iaith (1985), TH.I. Naiaiiaei (1991), A.A. Nieoeii (1992),
E.E. Iaeeoaaith (1988).

Iao? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ? ye?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy
caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy iiaoaeiaai? ia
eiie?aoii-iaoeiaeo i?eioeeiao, ui ?ic?iaeai? ia iniia? i?eioeei?a
oai?aoe/iiai eaiaeoaooiciaanoaa ? i?eeeaaeii? o?ce/ii? aaia?ao??.

Eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iee aiae?c ? ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy iiaoaeiaai? ia oaeeo i?eioeeiao.

No?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?eioeei: Caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei
naiii/euaiiy, aeeiai?ea aeianaiiy caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei ? iioe?aiiy ?o
i?aie?a ?icn?thaaiiy caeaaeeoue, a ia?oo /a?ao, a?ae oeio no?oeoo?e
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai. Oeae i?eioeei aeoiaeeoue c nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy aainenoai, aeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaiiai a
eaiaeoaooiciaanoa?.

Eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? nenoaie ca’ycai? ?aeeiei i?a?aoe?eiei iioieii, ui
ni?yiiaaiee a?ae aetha?aeueii? /anoeie aei noaaeaaeueii? ? aecia/a?
oa?aeoa? i?a?aoe?? ? ia?a?iciiae?eo ye i?e?iaeieo, oae ? oaoiiaaiieo
?a/iaei. O ca’yceo c oeei ?a/iaeie, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue aei EAN,
ia??aiii??ii ?iciianthaeaeothoueny; oi?iothoueny ciie no?eeiai aeiino
? ciie aeoioeyoe??. Aetha?aeuei? EAN ? aaio?i?/ii aaoiiiiieie, a?eueo
no?eeeie, i?ae ?io? oeie, ye? ? aaio?i?/ii i?aeii?yaeeiaaieie. Oiio,
iioiee caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei ??aii? iai?oae ? neeaaeo iaaacia/i? a
a?eueo?e aai iaio?e i??? caeaaeii a?ae oiai, /e iaaeoiaeyoue aiie o
aa?oi? eaiee eaoaie (? oaeei /eiii iiaeooue ioiiethaaoe anth eaoaio) aai
eieae?cothoueny a ?? ieaei?o eaieao ? ooai?ththoue iaio? ca ianyaii
oaoiiaaii? aiiiae??. Aaio?i?/ii i?aeii?yaeeiaaiith iiceoe??th, a oaeiae
?icaeoeii eiiieaenieo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo aa?’???a iaoiiaeaia neaaea
caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai ??/eiaeo
caieaa, aeaai?o aiaeii-eueiaeiaeeiaeo i?io?aeieo aeieei, aaeie,
caiaaeei.

I?eioeei a?aeiia?aeiino?: eiaei?e a?oi? i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? iaaia a?oia oaeoi??a, ui aecia/a? caeaoi?noue eaiaeoaooieo
eiiieaen?a (a oiio /ene? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a) aei naiii/euaiiy (oaae.1).
Eiaeia a?oia aeeth/a? aacia? oaeoi?e, ye? iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe a /an?
caeaaeii a?ae iaoe ? ??aiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaee/i? ii?aoethaaiiy ia
Aeeia?nueeiio noaoe?iia?? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aiae?coaaoe oe? oaeoi?e
ia aac? aea/aiiy noai?a eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a (A?eiaaaoeueeee,
I.I. Ia?eie/, E.I. Oaa/aiei, 1994).

Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai aiae?co oeeo aca?iiiia’ycaieo oaeoi??a iiaeia
ioe?ieoe ?ioaineai?noue naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a.

Oaaeeoey 1.

A?oie i?ioean?a ? oaeoi??a caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei
naiii/euaiiy (ca I.A. Aeacianueeith , 1988; I.Ae. A?iaeceinueeei, 1993;
A.I. Nieioeaaith, 1981; Aeae. Oi?oaneueth, 1985)

I?ioeaneOaeoi?e1. ?iceeaae caa?oaeithaa/?a Noia?ia niiy/ia ?aae?aoe?yo
eaiaeoaooiiio eiiieaen?O?eaae?noue oaieiai ? oieiaeiiai ia??iae?aNoia
aeoeaieo oaiia?aoo? iia?o?yOeueo?ao?ieaoiaa ?aae?aoe?y Iiaoi?thaai?noue
a?icI?e?ia?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oiooIiaaei-i?aenoeeeiaee
eiao?oe??io2.Aeoioeyoe?y,
iaeo?ae?caoe?y,Ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? oiiae?iiia?e?caoe?y
caa?oaeithaa/?aEeneioii-eoaei? oiiaeo eaiaeoaooiiio eiiieaen??ii?noue
eao?iiiiai iai?io a?oioo? aeaaaeaiiy ?o ?c a?ieia?/iiaiE?euee?noue
aoiono, iiooaei?noue aoioniaiai oa?o e?oaiia?ao
?a/iaeiA?oioiai-aaio?i?/iee oiiIayai?noue eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo
aa?’???aCae?nai?noue ? caeoaeai?noue eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a, aeaeiaee
neeaae ?ineeiiino? ?iia??i?noue ooee?aIiaoi?thaai?noue
ooiai?a3.I?a?aoe?y caa?oaeithaa/?aOa?aeoa? neiiioe/ii? neooaoe??ca iaae?
eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno iia?o?yieieNa?aaeiy oaeaee?noue a?o?o,
iiaoi?thaai?noue a?o??a c? oaeaee?noth a?eueoa 5 i/n2iioieaie,
iiaa?oiaaei ? a?oioiaei noieii,Aoiinoa?i? iiaaee, iiaoi?thaai?noue
?ioaineaieo iiaae?ac ?ineeiiith i?iaeoeoe??th??cieoey i?ae iiaaeaie ?
aeia?iaoaai?noth O?eaae?noue ni?aiaiai iie?eao??/eiaee
no?eIeenethaaeuei?noue ??/eiaeo aiaeAiaeiee ?aaeei a?oiooIaoai?/iee
neeaae a?oio?a?ic/eaiiaai?noue ? iioeee iiaa?oi?Iiceoe?eia ?icoaooaaiiy
eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno?ici?ai?noue eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?aUi??/ia
a?iaeaei?noueIayai?noue eoeueoo?, ui ?ioaineaii iiaeeiathoue
caa?oaeiaiiy

I?eioeei iiae?aiino?. I?iaiic ?iia??ii? caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei
naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a iiaeeeaee eeoa ii a?aeiioaiith aei
iiae?aieo ca a?aeiia?aeaeth ia oaoiiaaiiee aieea eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo
nenoai. O?e a?oie oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue o?e a?oie i?ioean?a
naiii/euaiiy, aeicaieythoue ia’?aeiaoe oe? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i?
nenoaie o eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie (EA?). A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo,
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? nenoaie, ui aoiaeyoue aei iaeiiai
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/iiai ?aeiio, iiaeii?, ii-ia?oa, iaoe iiae?aiee
iai?yiie oa ?ioaineai?noue i?io?eaiiy i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei iaei??? c o?ueio a?oi, ii-ae?oaa, i?e “iioeiaeaeaii?”
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? nenoaie ooai?thaaoe iiae?ai? oeie oaoiiaaiieo
aiiiae?e.

I?eioeei i?ia?aeieo oaeoi??a. Iaa?? oaeoi??a aeey aeae?eaiiy
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a ? ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ianooaao
aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?eoi???. Caeaaeii a?ae ??aiy aea/aiiy naiii/euaiiy
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a (eieaeueiee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa ?i.) a iniiao ioe?ithaaiiy
aa?ooueny iaea?eueo cia/ei? ia oeueiio ??ai? oaeoi?e, ye? iathoue
i?inoi?ia? ci?ie ? iiaeooue aooe cia?aaeai? o caaeaiiio ianooaa?.

Aecia/aiiy ?aaeoe?? eiaeiiai aeaeo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? nenoaie ia
oaoiiaaiiee aieea iio?aao? aea/aiiy ia o?eueee oaeoi??a naiii/euaiiy
aeaii? EAN, a e iiaaae?iee eiie?aoiiai caa?oaeithaa/a a oeeo oiiaao.
Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii aeei?enoaoe i?eioeei noi?niino? aai ianoi?niino?
iai?yieo ? neeaaeo oaoiiaaiiiai aieeao c iai?yieii no/anieo
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a (Nieioeaaa, 1981). Oeae i?eioeei
aeei?enoaiee iaie i?e ioe?ithaaii? caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?.
?in? aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a ? aaaeeeo iaoae?a (naeioeth,
eaaei?th, i?ae? e oeeieo).

I?eioeei ?iia??iino?: ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a
aei naiii/euaiiy iineoue ?iia??iee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee neeaaea?oueny c
aeae?eueeio ye?nieo ioe?iie ie?aieo a?oi i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy, ye?, a
naith /a?ao, a?oioothoueny ia ye?ni?e aai e?euee?ni?e ioe?ioe? oaeoi??a
naiii/euaiiy. E?euee?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei
naiii/euaiiy iiaeeeaa eeoa ia iniia? noaoe?iia?ieo
eaiaeoaooicia/i-aaio?ce/ieo, eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/ieo ? a?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

2. Aeey i?inoi?iaiai aecia/aiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei
naiii/euaiiy ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a iaie neeaaeaia
na?aaeiueiianooaaia ea?oa eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aanaeio ?. ?in?
(ianooaa 1:200 000). Ea?oo iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia? aiae?co eiiieaeno
i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e ? i?a?aoe?th o?i?/ieo
?a/iaei, cie?aia: iniaeeainoae aoaeiae /aoaa?oeiieo a?aeeeaae?a,
ii?oieia?? ?aeue?oo, aeeaeie caeyaaiiy a?oioiaeo aiae ? ?o o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo, aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio i?io?ea? i?a?aoe?y ?a/iaei
(eeneioii-eoaei? ? ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? oiiae), oa?aeoa?o
a?oioiai-?ineeiiiai iie?eao (Oaa/aiei, THuaiei, 1996).

I?e neeaaeaii? ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai iaie aoea
aeei?enoaia eaiaeoaooia iniiaa aanaeio ?. ?in?, yea neeaaeaia ia iniia?
ea?o eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (Aeaaeae/oe A.N.,
Ca?oaeia ?.O., I?oae? N.I, Ni?ie?ia E.TH., 1984), *a?eanueei? iaeano?
(Oeuaiei I.A., ?iiai/oe N.I., Uo? TH.I., 1988), aanaeio ?. ?inaae
(A?eiaaaoeueeee A.O., 1988) ? aeiii?aoeueiaaia iaie ia A?iieoeueeo
iaeanoue. Ianooaa ea?oe 1:200 000.

I?e neeaaeaii? ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aoee a?oioiaii
ii?aoeueiaai? e?oieiai-ii?oiaeanoeaino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aanaeio;
i?iaaaeaii ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy (ia ??ai? aeaeo) ? caaaa/aii aaio?i?/ieie
iieacieeaie. Oaeei /eiii, ia iath/e aeinoaoiuei oaeoaaeo iieueiaeo
eaiaeoaooiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, ie iaiaaaeenue ?ice?eoe eaiaeoaooii-
aaio?i?/i? aeanoeaino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a /a?ac eiiieaen
aaio?i?/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? o eaaaiae? ea?oe
“Eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? nenoaie aanaeio ?. ?in?” (?en. 1, oaae. 2).

?enoiie 1. Eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? nenoaie aanaeio ?. ?in?. O?aaiaio.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Eaaaiaea ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aanaeio ?. ?in? (ianooaa
1:200 000)

3. A ?acoeueoao? eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iiai aiae?co aanaeio ?. ?in?
aeyaeaii oae? iniaeeaino? eiai eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii? i?inoi?iai?
no?oeoo?e. A cao?aei?e /anoei? aanaeio (a?aeiia?aea? aa?oi?e oa/??
?. ?in? oa ?? aa?oi?o i?eoie) aeii?iothoue aetha?aeuei? e
o?ainaetha?aeuei? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? nenoaie c ieenethaaeueieie
oiiaaie, i?iieaiei ? ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii eeano
neaaieeneeo I+-Na2+ c oaiii-n??eie e?niaeie i?ia?aaeiaaieie a?oioaie ? c
/i?iicaiaie aeeoaiaaieie. A caieaaao ??/ie ? no?oie?a, a oaeiae aeieuao
aaeie c iino?eieie aiaeioieaie ?ici?uothoueny noia?aeaaeuei? EAN c
oiia?eueiaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii, iino?eiei ia?acaieiaeaiiyi, ia?aaaaeii
a?aeiiaethaaeueieie oiiaaie, a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie aiaeaie c
i?ia?ae?caoe??th 0,4-0,75 a/e eeano neaaieeneeo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c
aea?iiaeie aeathaaoeie a?oioaie i?ae ceaeiai-aiaiai-??ciio?aaieie
eoeaie, a aanaei? ?. Eai’yiee — c aieioyieie a?oioaie i?ae
/i?iia?eueoiaeie aieioiio?aaieie e?naie. Aeieua aaeie ? eiuei c
oei/aniaeie aiaeioieaie caeiathoue noia?aeaaeuei? EAN c aeoeaiei
aiaeiiai?iii, naciiiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii ?
ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie oiiaaie,
a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie aiaeaie c i?ia?ae?caoe??th 0,4-0,75 a/e
eeano neaaieeneeo I+-Na2+ c aea?iiaeie a?oioaie i?ae
??ciio?aaii-ceaeiaeie eoeaie.

Ia i?aii/? ? noiae? na?aaeiuei? /anoeie aanaeio ?in? (a?aeiia?aea?
na?aaei?e oa/?? ?. ?in? ? aanaeio ?. ?inaae) ia?aaaaeathoue aetha?aeuei?
? o?ainaetha?aeuei? EAN c ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie, ia??iaee/ii
i?iieaiei ? iai?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii eeano iaeo?aeueieo Ca2+-HCO3- c
/i?iicaiaie oeiiaeie, ia oii? yeeo aeae?eythoueny aetha?aeuei? EAN
iaaee??/ c a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie ? ia??iaee/ii
i?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii eeano neaaieoaeieo Ca2+,H+-Fe2+/HCO3- c
eo/ii-/i?iicaiieie nieiioethaaoeie a?oioaie ? eeano neaaieoaeieo
Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c eo/ii-/i?iicaiieie a?oioaie. Oey /anoeia aeae?ey?oueny
?iciianthaeaeaiiyi noia?aeaaeueieo EAN iai?acaieiaieo aeai?an?e c
ia??iaee/iei caieiaeaiiyi, a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie,
ia??iaee/iei aeoiaeii ia iiaa?oith a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeo aiae c
i?ia?ae?caoe??th aei 1 a/e eeano neaaieoaeieo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c
eo/ii-/i?iicaiieie a?oioaie. A caieaaao ??e ? aeieuao aaeie c iino?eieie
aiaeioieaie ia?aaaaeathoue noia?aeaaeuei? EAN c oiia?eueiaiei aiaeiei
?aaeeiii, iino?eiei ia?acaieiaeaiiyi, ia?aaaaeii a?aeiiaethaaeueieie
oiiaaie, a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie aiaeaie c i?ia?ae?caoe??th
0,4-0,75 a/e eeano neaaieeneeo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c aea?iiaeie aeathaaoeie
a?oioaie i?ae ceaeiai-aiaiai-??ciio?aaieie eoeaie ? c aieioyieie
a?oioaie i?ae /i?iia?eueoiaeie aieioiio?aaieie e?naie, a aeieuao aaeie c
oei/aniaeie aiaeioieaie — noia?aeaaeuei? EAN c aeoeaiei aiaeiiai?iii,
naciiiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii ? ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie oiiaaie,
a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie aiaeaie c i?ia?ae?caoe??th 0,4-0,75 a/e
eeano iaeo?aeueieo Ca2+-HCO3- c /i?iicaiaie ieoaia?eeie.

I?aaeaiue na?aaeiuei? /anoeie aanaeio oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neeaaeiei
ii?aeiaiiyi aetha?aeueieo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai iaaee??/ c
ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie, c ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii eeano
neaaieeneeo I+-Na2+ c n??eie e?niaeie a?oioaie, ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiiai ?
iai?iieaiiai aiaeiiai ?aaeeio eeano iaeo?aeueieo Ca2+-HCO3- c
/i?iicaiaie oeiiaeie, i?iieaiiai aiaeiiai ?aaeeio eeano neaaieeneeo I+ c
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeie a?oioaie, i?noeyie i?ae na?aeeie noai?aie, a
oaeiae aetha?aeueieo EAN iaaee??/ c a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ieenethaaeueieie
oiiaaie ? ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiei ?aaeeiii eeano neaaieoaeieo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+
c eo/ii-/i?iicaiieie a?oioaie. Na?aae o?ainaetha?aeueieo EAN
ia?aaaaeathoue o?ainaetha?aeuei? ?c cnoaaie c
a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie ? i?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii
eeano neaaieeneeo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c aea?iiaeie iaea?ieie a?oioaie i?ae
??ciio?aaii-ceaeiaeie inoaiiaieie eoeaie. Noia?aeaaeuei? EAN caieaa
??/ie ? no?oie?a, aaeie ? eiuei iiae?ai? aei i?aii/? oe??? /anoeie
aanaeio.

A no?aei?e /anoei? (a?aeiia?aea? ieaei?e oa/?? ?. ?in?) aeii?ioth/eie ?
aetha?aeuei? EAN c ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie, ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiei ?
i?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii eeano neaaieeneeo I+-Na2+ c n??eie ?
oaiii-n??eie e?niaeie a?oioaie, /i?iicaiaie aeeoaiaaieie. Na?aae
noia?aeaaeueieo EAN aenieeo oa?an ia?aaaaeathoue eaiaeoaooi? eiiieaene c
aeeaiei caeyaath/eie a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie ?
eaeueoe??ai-iaai??aeie aiaeaie c i?ia?ae?caoe??th aei 1 a/e
ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie eeano neaaieeneeo I+ c aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeie
a?oioaie i?ae ai?aie ? noai?aie ? eeano iaeo?aeueieo Ca2+-HCO3- c
/i?iicaiaie oeiiaeie. Ia ai?ia?e oa?an? ?. ?in?, ui iaeeaaea?oueny ia
oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a, aeii?iothoue noia?aeaaeuei? EAN aenieeo oa?an c
aeeaiei caeyaath/eie i?aecaiieie a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie ?
eaeueoe??ai-iaai??aeie aiaeaie c i?ia?ae?caoe??th aei 1 a/e, ia?aaaaeii
ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie eeano neaaieeneiai I+ c aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeie
a?oioaie, i?ae ai?aie ? noai?aie, ? eeano neaaieeneeo I+-Na2+ c
/i?iicaiaie ii?aecieaieie , noia?aeaaeuei? EAN iecueeeo iaaecaieaaieo
oa?an c iaaeeaiei caeyaath/eie i?aecaiieie
a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-eaeueoe??aeie ? eaeueoe??ai-iaai??aeie aiaeaie c
i?ia?ae?caoe??th aei 1 a/e, a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ieenethaaeueieie oiiaaie
eeano neaaieeneeo Ca2+/H+-Fe2+ c oi?oyii-aieioyieie a?oioaie i?ae
iie?eie noae?a?iaaie.

4. Eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie ca oaeoi?aie oa ?ioaineai?noth
naiii/euaiiy iiaeia ia’?aeiaoe o o?e a?oie: 1) ca caeaoi?noth aei
?iceeaaeo caa?oaeithaa/?a i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy; 2) ca caeaoi?noth
aei aaio?i?/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ? aeoioeyoe?? i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo
caa?oaeithaa/?a; 3) ca caeaoi?noth aei i?a?aoe?? i?ia?aeueieo ?
i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie iioieaie ca iaae? EAN.
Eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia?aaaaeath/? a oeeo
?aeiiao eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? i?ioeane naiii/euaiiy. Aeae?eai? EA?
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ye?nii ioe?ieoe, ye aoaea eoe i?ioean ?o
naiii/euaiiy, c?iaeoe iiia?aaei?e i?iaiic.

Ca ?iceeaaeii i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio aeae?eaii
13 EA?, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny oiiaaie ?iceeaaeo ia iiaa?oi?
aa?ieaiaeoaooo ? a a?oioao. Aeei?enoaii 4 iieacieee: aaee/eia noia?ii?
niiy/ii? ?aae?aoe?? ca ??e, noia aei?a c oaiia?aoo?ith a?eueoa +10iN ca
??e, noia aei?a c a?icith ca ??e, ai?no aoaeaoeth o iao?iaiio oa??
a?oioo aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a. I? a iaeiiio c ?aeii?a ia niinoa??aa?oueny
aeoaea neaaea iioaioe?eia caeaoi?noue aei ?iceeaaeo ?a/iaei ia iiaa?oi?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a ? o?eueee a iaeiiio ?aeii?, ui ioiieth? ai?iao oa?ano
?. ?in?, yea iaeeaaea?oueny ia oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a, niinoa??aa?oueny
aeoaea neaaea caeaoi?noue aei ?iceeaaeo i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a o
a?oioao. Ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?iceeaaeo i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a
iaoiiaeai? aenieith aia?aaoeeith eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Ca caeaoi?noth aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei aeoioeyoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a
i?ia?aeueiiai ? i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in?
aeae?eaii 10 eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny
ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie ? eeneioii-eoaeieie oiiaaie
aetha?aeueieo EAN, e?eueeinoth aoiono a a?oioao oeeo nenoai ? ?ii?noth
a?iaaio?i?/ii-ni?aoe?eieo aa?’???a. A?eueo?noue ?aeii?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny neeueiith, iii??iith ? neaaeith caeaoi?noth
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei aeoioeyoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a.

Ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in? aeae?eaii 13 eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo
?aeii?a ca caeaoi?noth aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a
aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie iioieaie. I?e aeae?eaii? EA? aeei?enoai? 8
iieaciee?a: aonoioa ?ic/eaioaaiiy oa?eoi???, ??/iee ??/eiaee no?e, ??/ia
e?euee?noue iiaae?a, ??cieoey i?ae iiaaeaie ? aeia?iaoaai?noth ca ??e,
ia?aaaaeath/ee aiaeiee ?aaeei o aa?ieaiaeoaooao, aei? c oaeaee?noth
a?o?o a?eueoa 10 i/n2 ca ??e, ia?aaaaeath/? iai?yiee a?o?o ?
ia?aaaaeath/ee iai?yiie ??/ie. Naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a
oeyoii aeianaiiy caa?oaeithaa/?a aaaea, c iaeiiai aieo, aei i/euaiiy
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a EA? c neeueiith ? aeoaea neeueiith caeaoi?noth aei ?o
aeianaiiy, a c ae?oaiai aieo, a oiiaao EA? ?c neaaei? ? aeoaea neaaei?
caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei aeianaiiy caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei aei
aoi?eiii? aeoioeyoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a. Oaeeo iaaacia/ieo ?aeii?a o
aanaei? ?. ?in? aeae?eaii i’youe (aanaeie ?. I?ioiee, ?inaae,
Ii?aciaueie, ai?iaa oa?ana ?. ?in?, yea iaeeaaea?oueny ia oa?ano ?.
Aei?i?a).

5. Ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in? niinoa??aa?oueny aeoaea neeueia oa
neeueia caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a ia caoiae?
(aa?o?a’y aanaeio ?. ?inoaaeoe?, ?aeii aeoieo ?in?, aanaeie ??/ie
Naioey, Niio?ooe, Eice, ?inueee) ? noiae? (aanaeie ??/ie Iaoai?iuo,
Oine, Ii?aciaueie) aanaeio. Oea iia’ycaii ia caoiae? ?c neaaeith
caeaoi?noth aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei iaeiie/aiiy ianoeoeeae?a oa neeueiith ?
aeoaea neeueiith caeaoi?noth aei i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a aiaeieie ?
iia?o?yieie iioieaie, ui iaoiiaeaii neaaeith i?e?ia?ieia?/iith
aeoeai?noth, iaaenieeie aaee/eiaie a?ae?ie?oe/ii? eeneioiino? e
aieiai?ieino? a?oio?a aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a oe??? /anoeie aanaeio. Ia noiae?
aeoaea neeueia ? neeueia caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a
iia’ycaia ?c aeoaea neeueiith oa neeueiith caeaoi?noth aei ?iceeaaeo
oeeo caa?oaeithaa/?a (aeniea aia?aaoeea eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?
a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a) ? iii??iith oa neaaeith caeaoi?noth aei ?o
iaeiie/aiiy (iecueea a?ae?ie?oe/ia eeneioi?noue ? aieiai?ie?noue a?oio?a
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a).

A aanaei? ?. ?inaae ? ia oa?an? ?. ?in?, ui iaeeaaea?oueny ia ai?iao
oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a, niinoa??aa?oueny neaaea ? aeoaea neaaea caeaoi?noue
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a, ui iia’ycaii
?c ?o neeueiith caeaoi?noth aei iaeiie/aiiy oeeo caa?oaeithaa/?a
(aenieee ai?no a a?oioao aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aoiono c ia?aaaaeaiiyi
aoi?iiaeo eeneio, aeeienoeo /anoei, aaeeea iiaeeiaeueia caeaoi?noue ?
iecueea eeneioi?noue a?oio?a, iai?iieaiee aiaeiee ?aaeei, iayai?noue
a?iaaio?i?/ii-ni?aoe?eieo e eoaeii-ni?aoe?eieo aa?’???a).

Naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a a?ae aaaeeeo iaoae?a iineoue
a?aeiiniee oa?aeoa?, a ca’yceo c oei ui aiie aeoaea iia?eueii
aeiinyoueny c eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a i?e aeeoaiaoaaii?, iiaeeiaii?
?ineeiaie, a?ic?? ? aeaoeyoe??, a oaeiae a ?acoeueoao? ia?aaaaeaiiy ?o o
iaaeoeai? oi?ie, iaeiie/aiiy ia eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo aa?’??ao ?,
oaeei /eiii, aeaaaeaiiy c a?ieia?/iiai e?oaiia?ao ?a/iaei. Aeey aaaeeeo
iaoae?a oa?aeoa?ia iaeiie/aiiy o a?oioao a ni?aoe?eieo ?
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo neaai?ooiieo oi?iao. Aeai? oi?ie ? iaaacia/ieie, ai
iaeiie/othoueny a aoioniaeo ai?eciioao a?oio?a ia o?eueee i?e
iai?iieaiiio ?aaeei?, a e i?e aeia?a i?iieaiiio.

A?eueo?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? iathoue iii??io, neaaeo ?
aeoaea neaaeo ?iia??io caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae naeioeth ?
i?ae? aiane?aeie ?o caeaoiino? aei neeueiiai oa aeoaea neeueiiai
iaeiie/aiiy oeueiai caa?oaeithaa/a. Iniaeeai iaaacia/ieie ? aanaeie
?. I?ioiee, E?anii?, Oceio, ?ieeoe, Ai?ioiaaoee, ?inaaee, ?inaae,
Iii?aaee, Ianoaoee, AEeaaeee, Ii?aciaueie, oa?ana ?. ?in?, ui
iaeeaaea?oueny ia ai?iao oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a. Ooo ia?aaaaeathoue
aa?ieaiaeoaooe c aeoaea neaaeith caeaoi?noth aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
naeioeth ? i?ae?, ui iia’ycaia c iioe?aiiyi ia oa?eoi??? oeeo ?aeii?a
eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a ?c iaeo?aeueieie eeneioii-eoaeieie oiiaaie,
i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii o a?oioao aeeienoeo /anoie ? aoiono c ia?aaaaeaiiyi
aoioniaeo eeneio, ia??iaee/ii i?iieaiei ? iai?iieaiei aiaeiei ?aaeeiii.
O aa?o?a’yo aanaei?a ??/ie ?inoaaeoe? e ?in?, aa?oi?e ? na?aaei?e
/anoei? aanaeio ?. ?inueee ia?aaaaeathoue aa?ieaiaeoaooe c neeueiith
caeaoi?noth aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae oeeo aaaeeeo iaoae?a aiane?aeie aeoaea
neeueii? caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a ?aeiio aei i?a?aoe??
caa?oaeithaa/?a aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie iioieaie.

Ii a?aeiioaiith aei oeeieo ? eaaei?th o aa?o?a’yo ??/ie ?inoaaeoe? ?
?in?, aa?oiuei? ? na?aaeiuei? /anoei aanaeio ?. ?inueee ia?aaaaeathoue
aa?ieaiaeoaooe ?c aeoaea neeueiith oa neeueiith caeaoi?noth aei
naiii/euaiiy. Aanaeie Eai’yiee, ?inoaaeoe?, Neae?ee, Aa?acyiee,
Ai??oiai?, Oi?oey, Oa?aaio, ieaeiuei? /anoeie aanaeio ?. ?inueee, a
ieaei?e oa/?? ?in? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?aaaaeaiiyi aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a ?c
neeueiith ? iii??iith caeaoi?noth aei naiii/euaiiy. A aanaeiao
?. Iiei/ii?, Iii?aaee, Ianoaoee, AEeaaeee, E?anii?, Oceio, ?ieeoe,
Ai?ioiaaoee, ?inaaee, Eioeoae, Eeiaethoe, Noa?i? Neieoe?, Oi?ia?i?,
Ii?aciaueie, i?ai?/ii-no?aeieo ? no?aeieo i?eoie ?. ?inaae
ia?aaaaeathoue aa?ieaiaeoaooe ?c neaaeith caeaoi?noth aei naiii/euaiiy
a?ae eaaei?th ? oeeieo. Aeieia?/ii iaaacia/ieie ? aanaeie ??/ie I?ioiee
? ?inaae, a oaeiae oa?ane ?. ?in?, ui iaeeaaea?oueny ia ai?iao oa?ano ?.
Aei?i?a, aa?ieaiaeoaooe yeeo oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeoaea neaaeith
caeaoi?noth aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae oeeo aaaeeeo iaoae?a.

Ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? a?ae aaaeeeo
iaoae?a aeicaiey? aeyaeoe ?aeiie, eaiaeoaooi? eiiieaene yeeo iathoue
aeoaea neaaeo ? neaaeo caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae oeeo
caa?oaeithaa/?a ? ?o iaaei??ia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o eaiaeoaooi? eiiieaene
iiaea i?eaanoe aei iani?eyoeeai? aeineooaoe??. Aei oaeeo ?aeii?a
a?aeiinyoueny aanaeie ??/ie I?ioiee, Iii?aaee, Ianoaoee, AEeaaeee,
E?anii?, Oceio, ?ieeoe, Ai?ioiaaoee, ?inaaee, ?inaae, Ii?aciaueie,
oa?ana ?. ?in?, ui iaeeaaea?oueny ia ai?iao oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
o?aooaaiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
caa?oaeithaa/?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? oa?eoi??? aoaeue-yeiai ?aa?iio.

AENIIAEE AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

I?iaaaeai? eaiaeoaooiciaa/? e eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
a iaaeao aanaeio ?. ?in? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
eaiaeoaooiciaa/i-aaio?i?/iee ? aanaeiiaee i?aeoiaee, eio??
aca?iiaeiiiaiththoue ? caaaa/othoue iaeei iaeiee.

Caeaoi?noue eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy ne?ae ?icoi?oe ye
noeoii?noue eaiaeoaooii-aaio?ce/ieo, eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?
a?iaaio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue ?iceeaae, iaeo?ae?caoe?th
oa ?iiia?e?caoe?th caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei ? ?o aeaaaeaiiy aaio?i?/ieie
iioieaie ca iaae? eaiaeoaooiiai eiiieaeno.

Caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy aecia/a?oueny o?ueiia
a?oiaie oaeoi??a: a) ?ioaineai?noth ?iceeaaeo i?aai?/ieo
caa?oaeithaa/?a o aa?ieaiaeoaooao; a) ?ioaineai?noth aaio?i?/ii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? e aeoioeyoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a a aa?ieaiaeoaooao; a)
?ioaineai?noth i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie
iioieaie. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai aiae?co oeeo aca?iiiia’ycaieo
oaeoi??a iiaeia ioe?ieoe caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy.

Oeeaaeaiiy na?aaeiueiianooaaii? ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai c
iaoith ae??oaiiy ieoaiue iiaeeeaino? naiii/euaiiy aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a
iiaeiii aacoaaoenue ia aea/aii? anueiai eiiieaeno i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e ? i?a?aoe?th o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, cie?aia:
niaoeeo?ee aoaeiae /aoaa?oeiieo a?aeeeaae?a, ii?oieia?? ?aeue?oo,
aeeaeie caeyaaiiy a?oioiaeo aiae ? ?o o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, aeanoeainoae
na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio i?io?ea? i?a?aoe?y ?a/iaei (eeneioii-eoaei? ?
ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? oiiae), oa?aeoa?o a?oioiai-?ineeiiiai
iie?eao.

Aiae?c o?ueio a?oi oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a
aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae caa?oaeithaa/?a, aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie ca oaeoi?aie oa ?ioaineai?noth i?ioean?a
naiii/euaiiy: 1) ca caeaoi?noth aei ?iceeaaeo caa?oaeithaa/?a
i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy o eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoaiao; 2) ca
caeaoi?noth aei aaio?i?/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ? aeoioeyoe?? i?ia?aeueieo oa
i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a o EAN; 3) ca caeaoi?noth aei i?a?aoe??
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie
iioieaie ca iaae? EAN.

Ca ?iceeaaeii i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in?
aeae?eaii 13 eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny
oiiaaie ?iceeaaeo ia iiaa?oi? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a ? a a?oioao. Ca
caeaoi?noth aei aeoioeyoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a i?ia?aeueiiai ? i?aai?/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in? aeae?eaii 10
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny iaioth/eie
ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie ? eeneioii-eoaeieie oiiaaie
aetha?aeueieo eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai, e?eueeino? aoiono a
a?oioao oeeo EAN ? ?iiino? a?iaaio?i?/ii-ni?aoe?eieo aa?’???a. Ia
oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?. ?in? aeae?eaii 13 eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo ?aeii?a
ca caeaoi?noth aei i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a aiaeieie ? iia?o?yieie
iioieaie.

Ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? a?ae
ianoeoeeae?a ? aaaeeeo iaoae?a aeicaiey? aeyaeoe ?aeiie, aa?ieaiaeoaooe
yeeo iathoue aeoaea neaaeo ? neaaeo caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
oeeo caa?oaeithaa/?a ? ?o iaaei??ia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o aa?ieaiaeoaooe
iiaea i?eaanoe aei iani?eyoeeai? aeineooaoe??. Aei oaeeo ?aeii?a
a?aeiinyoueny aanaeie ??/ie I?ioiee, Iii?aaee, Ianoaoee, AEeaaeee,
E?anii?, Oceio, ?ieeoe, Ai?ioiaaoee, ?inaaee, ?inaae, Ii?aciaueie,
oa?ana ?. ?in?, ui iaeeaaea?oueny ia ai?iao oa?ano ?. Aei?i?a.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie iiaeaii anoaiiaeoe ia?aaaaeath/ee
i?ioean naiii/euaiiy, aeaoe eiio ye?nio ioe?ieo; io?eiai?
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? iieacieee eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a ? aeae?eai?
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i? ?aeiie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ye?nii ioe?ieoe, ye
aoaea eoe i?ioean ?o naiii/euaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
o?aooaaiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy i?e
?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? oa?eoi???,
iaa?oiooaaii? i?ia?aie a?aeiiaeaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a.

IOAE?EAOe?? C OAIE AeENA?OAOe??

Aei iaoiaeeee oeeaaeaiiy na?aaeiueiianooaaii? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ii?
ea?oe (ia i?eeeaae? aanaeio ?. ?in?) // Oe?a?inueeee aaia?ao?/iee
aeo?iae. – 1996. — ?4. – N. 28-33 (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c E.I. Oaa/aiei).

Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ye?nii? ioe?iee naiii/euaiiy eaiaeoaoo?a a?ae
caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei // Oe?a?inueeee aaia?ao?/iee aeo?iae. – 1997. —
?2. – N. 20-25.

Caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a (ia
i?eeeaae? aanaeio ?in?) // Oe?a?inueeee aaia?ao?/iee aeo?iae. – 1998. —
?1. – N. 33-36.

sse?nia ioe?iea caeaoiino? a?oio?a aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae
caa?oaeithaa/?a // Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee “Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu io?aiu
caiaeue”. – E., 1997. – *. 3. – N. 100-101.

Aei iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy caeaoiino? eaiaeoaoo?a Oe?a?ie aei naiii/euaiiy
// Oace aeii. ia VII c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa. —
E., 1995. — N. 162-163.

THuaiei ss.?. I?e?iaeia caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei
naiii/euaiiy.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 11.00.01 – o?ce/ia aaia?ao?y, aaio?ceea ?
aaio?i?y eaiaeoaoo?a. ?inoeooo aaia?ao?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie aea/aiiy ? ye?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino?
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aei naiii/euaiiy. Aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea neeaaeaiiy
na?aaeiueiianooaaii? ea?oe eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ieo nenoai aeey aea/aiiy
caeaoiino? eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a aei naiii/euaiiy (ia i?eeeaae?
aanaeio ?. ?in?). I?iaiae?ciaaia i?inoi?iaa eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ia
no?oeoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in?. Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue
caeaoi?noue aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio ?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy. Ca
noeoii?noth oaeoi??a aeae?eai? e i?iaiae?ciaai? eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/i?
?aeiie aanaeio ?. ?in? aeey o?ueio a?oi i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy.
I?iaaaeaii ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy caeaoiino? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a aanaeio
?. ?in? aei naiii/euaiiy a?ae ianoeoeeae?a, naeioeth, eaaei?th, i?ae? oa
oeeieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caeaoi?noue aei naiii/euaiiy, aa?ieaiaeoaoo,
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ia nenoaia, eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/ia no?oeoo?a,
eaiaeoaooii-aaio?i?/iee ?aeii, ye?nia ioe?ithaaiiy.

THuaiei ss.E. I?e?iaeiay niiniaiinoue aa?ieaiaeoaooia aannaeia ?. ?inue
e naiii/euaieth. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aaia?aoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.01 – oece/aneay aaia?aoey,
aaioeceea e aaioeiey eaiaeoaooia. Einoeooo aaia?aoee Iaoeeiiaeueiie
aeaaeaiee iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Iaie aia?aua ?ac?aaioaiu i?eioeeiu eco/aiey e ea/anoaaiiiai ioeaieaaiey
naiii/euaiey aa?ieaiaeoaooia. Eceiaeaia iaoiaeeea ninoaaeaiey
n?aaeiaianooaaiie ea?ou eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneeo nenoai aeey eco/aiey
niiniaiinoe eaiaeoaooiuo eiiieaenia e naiii/euaieth (ia i?eia?a aannaeia
?. ?inue). I?iaaaeai aiaeec i?ino?ainoaaiiie eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneie
no?oeoo?u aannaeia ?. ?inue. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu oaeoi?u, ii?aaeaeythuea
naiii/euaiea aa?ieaiaeoaooia aannaeia. Ii niaieoiiinoe oaeoi?ia
auaeaeaiu e i?iaiaeece?iaaiu eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneea ?aeiiu aannaeia
?. ?inue aeey o?ao a?oii i?ioeannia naiii/euaiey. I?iaaaeaii
ea/anoaaiiia ioeaieaaiea niiniaiinoe aa?ieaiaeoaooia aannaeia ?. ?inue e
naiii/euaieth io ianoeoeeaeia, naeioea, eaaeiey, iaaee e oeeiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naiii/euaiea, aa?ieaiaeoaoo, eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneay
nenoaia, eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneay no?oeoo?a, eaiaeoaooii-aaioeie/aneee
?aeii, ea/anoaaiiia ioeaieaaiea.

Yushchenko Y.I. Natural ability of agrolandscapes of the Ros’ river
basin to purify themselves. The thesis is submitted for a Candidate’s
Degree. Speciality 11.00.01 – physical geography, geophysics and
geochemistry of landscape. Institute of Geography, National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The principles and methodological approaches to the research and the
qualitative estimation of the landscape self-cleaning have been worked
out. The methods to the average-scale landscape-geochemical system
mapping have been worked out for studies of the landscape ability to
purify themselves (the case studies of the Ros’ river basin).
Landscape-geochemical analysis of spatial landscape-geochemical
structure of the Ros’ river basin is carried out. The factors determined
the self-cleaning of the landscapes, have been characterised on the base
of complex of factors. The landscape-geochemical regions of the Ros’
river basin for three groups of landscape self-cleaning processes are
picked out and analysed on the base of complex of factors. The
qualitative estimation of the landscape self-cleaning from pesticides,
lead, cadmium, copper, zinc is carried out.

Key words: the landscape self-cleaning, agrolandscape,
landscape-geochemical system, landscape-geochemical structure,
landscape-geochemical region, the qualitative estimation.

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