IIIINOA?NOAI INAIOE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIIII*IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

IIOOA NA?AIE IAO?IAE*

OAeE 658.14

I??I?EOAOI? IAI?ssIE E?AAeEOOAAIIss IUAAeIEI AAIEII

Ae?ssEUeIINO? NOA’?EO?A AINIIAeA?THAAIIss

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.04.01 – O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoeiiiaeueiiio aeiiiii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae?i aeiiiiiee iiaei?e?inoa oa
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo eaoaae?ith aaie?anueei? ni?aae.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee — eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaeaeaiaiei Aaiaoa Ieaenaiae?iaia,

Ee?anueeee iaoeiiiaeueiee aeiiiii/iee oiiaa?neoao,

caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiiiiee iiaei?e?inoa

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oieoi Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo i?iaeai
iae?iaeiiii?/iiai o?iainiaiai aiae?co Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai o?iainiaiai
?inoeoooo i?e I?i?noa?noa? o?iain?a Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ia?anaaea Aiaoie?e Aiaoie?eiae/

Ee?anueeee iaoeiiiaeueiee aeiiiii/iee oiiaa?neoao, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aaie?anueeeo ?iaanoeoe?e

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e o?iainiai-

e?aaeeoiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? aiaeaoaeaoueny «_____» _____________ 1998 ?. i
«_____» aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.006.02
Ee?anueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeiiiii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

252057, i.Ee?a-57, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 54/1, aoaeeoi?iy 214.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o aiaeiioaoei Ee?anueeiai
iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeiiiii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee «___» ____________ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio Iiaeae??ueia?i A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Ia’?eoeaia iaiaoiaeiinoue iioaineaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?ii, iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu o ae?iaie/?e oa
o?iainia?e noa?ao, caaacia/aiiy aeiei??iieo nioe?aeueieo ci?i noaaeyoue
ia?aae iaoeith caaaeaiiy iiooeo iiaeo iiaeoiaeia aei i?iaaaeaiiy
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ? noai?aiiy iaoai?ci?a aoaeoeaiiai
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aeoiae ic aeiiiii/ii? e?ece iio?aao? cia/ieo
iiaanoeoeieieo ?ano?n?a, ye? oi?iothoueny ic aioo?ioiio caiuaaeaeaiue
ianaeaiiy, iiaei?e?iieoeueeiai eaiioaeo oa ciaiioiio iice/ie.

O?eaaeee /an o aio/eciyiie iaooe? oa i?aeoeoe? ainiiaea?thaaiiy
i?iaeaiai caeo/aiiy, oi?aaeiiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy aioo?ioiio caiuaaeaeaiue
a?iiaaeyi i?eaeieyee iaei oaaae.O?ainoi?iaoeiy e?aaeeoii? nenoaie ciooo?
ii-iiaiio ?icaeyaeaoe i?iaeaie iuaaeii? ni?aae oa ?? ?ieue o
iiaieicaoei? caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy aeey oiiainoaaiiy aeiiiiiee i
iiaeianaiiy aeia?iaooo ia?iaeo.

Aaieianueea nenoaia ? oiiaine iiaei?e?inoa nueiaiaeii ia?aaeeaathoue
iioaineaio ?eieiao ?ai?aaiicaoeith.A oiiaao oiiainiai? naiinoieiinoi o
noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy c’yaeythoueny i?iaeaie, yei aeeeeeai?
ianoa/ath oiiainiaeo eiooia aeey ?o aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi, ui
niiioea? iiaei?e?inoaa aei iiooeo iiaeo aeaea?ae oiiainoaaiiy.

Oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoaiicio oiiainiaiai caaacia/aiiy iiaei?e?inoa a
ia?iiae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiiee Oe?a?ie oa noai?aiiy noieeiai ?eieo
oiaa?ia ? eaiioaeo iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia canoinoaaiiy iiaeo
eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a oa iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie uiaei oiiainoaaiiy
iiaei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?.

Iaaeinoaoiinoue oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie ae?ioaiiy i?iaeai oiiainoaaiiy
iuaaeieie ?ano?naie aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy aa?iaioia ?o iiaanooaaiiy iaoiiaeth? oe?iei aeeneoni? c
oeueiai i?eaiaeo. I?iaeaiiei ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy ?ano?nia aeey
ianooaaieo iiaanoeoeieieo iio?aa ic caeo/aiiyi caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy
oa ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy iiaanoeoeie i?enay/aii aaaaoi
aeineiaeaeaiue ca?oaiaeieo ? a?o/eciyieo a/aieo. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
?ano?n?a aeey ianooaaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo iio?aa aeiiii?ee ?yaeo e?a?i oa
caaaeuei? ? niaoe?aeuei? ieoaiiy na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e aena?oeai? a aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.Aa?aina,
A.A??iaia, ?.Aea?aiaei?oa, O.Eaeea?a, AE. aea Ea?ic’??a, E.?ay,
I.Oia?aiaea, N.Oi?aeoa. O ia??iaee/i?e oa niaoe?aeuei?e aeiiii?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? aaoi?aie TH.Aiaao?iei, A.Aa?oaiiaei, ?.I?oooiaei iioae?eiaaii
??ci? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny i?e aeai?? aa??aio?a
o?iainoaaiiy. Aaaeeeao ?ieue o oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaeao i?iaeaiaoeee
aiae?co o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa, aecia/aiith ?o
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? oa iaa?oiooaaiith iai?yi?a ?iaanooaaiiy i?eae?eyee
oaaao a/ai? A.Eioe?i, I.E?aei?ia, ?.Eoeue/eoeueea, A.I??oe?i,
?.Ieeoeeinueeee, A.Iae?e. E??i oiai, a i?aoeyo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a
?.Aaeaaaiiaa, A.A?euaiea, A.Einniaa, ?.E?aniiai?, ?.E?in?oea,
A.I?eia?aeiaa, A.Ii?ica, E.Iaaeiai?, A.Ia?anaaee, E.I?oniai?,
I.Ni??iiai?, I.Nieieeinueei?, I.*oia/aiea iiaeaii iaoeia? ?ic?iaee a
iaeano? o?iainoaaiiy oa e?aaeeooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa. ?acii c oei,
iaaaaeai? a ieo aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iaoiae?a ? iieaciee?a
ioe?iee ae?yeueiino?, o?iainoaaiiy oa e?aaeeooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, ?o
eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino? ia ?iaanoeoe?eiiio ?eieo iinyoue i?iaeaiaoe/iee oa
aeeneon?eiee oa?aeoa?.Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny
iaoiaee/ii-i?aai?caoe?eieo ieoaiue noai?aiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai
iaoaiicio aeei?enoaiiy a?ioiaeo caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy aeey
oiiainoaaiiy aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa.

Iaiaoiaeiinoue iiaeaeueoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy oei?? i?iaeaie iaoiiaeaia
oaeiae niaoeeoieith noai?aiiy iiaanoeoeieiiai iioaioeiaeo Oe?a?ie ia
no/aniiio aoaii, aecia/aiiyi aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy i?eaaoieo
caiuaaeaeaiue o oiiainoaaiii aeiyeueiinoi i?iieneiaeo iiaei?e?inoa,
oi?ioaaiiyi iaoaiicio aeoioethaaiiy a?ioiaeo eiooia ianaeaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi naioiaiai aeinaiaeo. A iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy iieeaaeaia
eeth/iaa aiiioaca i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue i aeioeieueiinoue iiaiai iiaeoiaeo
aei oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo nenoaie onoaiia Iuaaeaaieo
Oe?a?ie a i?ioeani iiaanooaaiiy ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyieo noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ana oea coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue
oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? o?nii
iia’ycaia c iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie, ui i?iaiaeyoueny o EIAO,
cie?aia, ?? aeeth/aii aei oaie «?ano?niee iioaioe?ae i?aei?e?inoaa,
i?aai?caoe?y oa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
i?iieneiaino?» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? N
01-95UO23361).Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae iia’ycaia c iaoeiaith oaiith
“Aaie?anueea nenoaia Oe?a?ie: ?? noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie a ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? N
01-96UO23340).

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia oa i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iia?e?caoe?? a?ioiaeo caiuaaeaeaiue ? aeai?o
aoaeoeaieo iai?yi?a o?iainoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue iinoaiiaee oa
?ica’ycaiiy eiiieaeno caaaeaiue:

?ice?eoi nooiinoue oa iaoaiici oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai i?ioeano iaeiie/aiiy
caiuaaeaeaiue;

i?iaiaeiciaaii ?ano?niee iioaioeiae ? iiaeeeainoi oiiainoaaiiy
aeiyeueiinoi aio/eciyieo iiaei?e?inoa;

i?iaaaeaii aiaeic aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy a
i?ioeani e?aaeeooaaiiy noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ;

caeieniaii eiiieaeniee aiaeic oiiainiaiai noaio iiaei?e?inoa, yei
e?aaeeoothoueny, oa cai?iiiiiaaii aieueo aeineiiaei iaoiaee/ii
iieiaeaiiy ii ioeiioei ?o ieaoini?iiiaeiinoi;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/ii iieiaeaiiy ii iaa?oiooaaiith e?aaeeoieo i?iaeoia
iiaei?e?inoa c a?aooaaiiyi aeinoaoiinoi a?ioiaeo iioieia;

ca ?acoeueoaoaie ioeiiee oiiainiai? noieeinoi ? oiiainiaiai noaio
iiaei?e?inoa aeineiaeaeaii iaoai?ci iioeaaoei? ?o oiiainoaaiiy ca
?aooiie eiooia Iuaaeaaieo;

iaa?oioiaaii i?ii?eoaoii iai?yie oa cai?iiiiiaaii no?aoaa?th o/anoi
eaiioaeo Iuaaeaaieo Oe?a?ie a iiaanooaaiii aeiyeueiinoi a?o/eciyieo
iiaei?e?inoa.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy o
aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi ? oai?aoe/ii e i?aeoe/ii ieoaiiy aeiyeueiinoi
aaieianueeeo onoaiia c iiaieicaoei? a?ioiaeo caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy oa
?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeey e?aaeeooaaiiy aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi
iiaei?e?inoa.

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy — Iuaaeiee aaie Oe?a?ie, ?aaiiiaeueii iuaaeii
oi?aaeiiiy, ?o no?oeoo?ii iiae?icaeiee, a oaeiae iiaei?e?inoaa i. Ee?aa
?icieo oi?i aeaniinoi.

Iaoiaeieiaiy ? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeineiaeaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia
nenoaiiiio caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiio ? i?aeoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaiii oiia oa
iniaeeainoae ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoaie onoaiia Iuaaeaaieo Oe?a?ie, ??
?iei a aeoeaicaoei? iiaanoeoeieiiai i?ioeano. I?e ae?ioaiii iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue o aeena?oaoei? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeiiiiiei-noaoenoe/ii,
a?aoi/ii, iioaeoi?ii iaoiaee aiaeico.?ioi?iaoeieiith aacith ?iaioe ?
iaoa?iaee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaieo Oe?a?ie, Iuaaeiiai aaieo Oe?a?ie,
caeiiiaeaa/i aeoe Oe?a?ie, iaoeiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aio/eciyieo oa
caoiaeieo aeiiiiinoia.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui iaea?aeai?
aaoi?ii oa aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iieyaathoue o ?ic?iaoe?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iieiaeaiue oa iaa?oiooaaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?aaeeooaaiiy Iuaaeiei
aaieii Oe?a?ie ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a ?o iaoeiaa
iiaecia iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

ia canaaeao nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aecia/aii iaiao?aei?noue, ia?aaeoiiae
oa iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue aeey o?iainoaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa a no/anieo e?eciaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae aei oiiainiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
e?aaeeoieo i?iaeoia, iaoiaeeeo iiaeaeniiai aecia/aiiy
eiieo?aioicaeaoiinoi iiaei?e?inoa oa ?o iiaanoeoeieii? i?eaaaeeainoi;

noi?ioeueiaai? i?iiiceoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieiai? oi?ioaaiiy
e?aaeeoiiai ii?ooaeth c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae iiaanoeoeieiiai
oa?aeoa?o i?eaaoieo caiuaaeaeaiue;

iiaeeaeaia aeiaaiinoeea aeai?o ia’?eoia e?aaeeooaaiiy o eiieo?aioiiio
na?aaeiaeui;

aia?oa iaa?oioiaaii no?aoaai/ii i?ii?eoaoii iai?yie o/anoi eaiioaeo
Iuaaeaaieo Oe?a?ie o o?iainoaaii? ?iaanoeoeieii i?eaaaeeaeo ae?iaieoeoa;

c?iaeaii ni?iao ?ic?iaeoe ae??aee iaoaiici niiioeaiiy aeeaaeaiiy eiooia
aaieianueeeo onoaiia o ae?iaie/i iiaanoeoei?, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaai?
oeyoe iineeaiiy iioeaaoeieiiai iaoai?cio caeo/aiiy eioo?a ianaeaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o iiaanoeoeieiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oi?ioaaiith iaoaiicio oiiainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
e?aaeeooaaiiy iiaei?e?inoa ca ?aooiie iioaioeiaeo nenoaie onoaiia
Iuaaeaaieo Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? iieiaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aiaeico, ioeiiee oa i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue aeey
aeai?o aa?iaioia oiiainoaaiiy iiaei?e?inoa ?icieo oi?i aeaniinoi
aaieianueeeie onoaiiaaie, iiaanoeoeieieie oiiaeaie oa
eiiiaiiyie.Aeeiiai? aeena?oaioii iaoeia? ?ic?iaee aeei?enoai? o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? AAOIO “Ci?y” oa AAO “Ee?aiaoae”oa o e?aaeeoiiio
oi?aae?ii? AIA “Oe?a?ia”, a o/aiaiio i?ioean? Aeaaeai?? Iuaaeaaieo
Oe?a?ie oa o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? e?aaeeoieo neoaea aaieo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio? no?aoaaiy o/anoi aaieianueeiai eaiioaeo o
oiiainoaaiii aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe
i??i?eoaoi? ia’?eoe iiaanooaaiiy, caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei?
aeiiiaiaeaeeny ia iaoeiai- i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? Iuaaeiiai aaieo
Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue eiioeaioei? eiai ?icaeoeo 10-13 /a?aiy 1997 ?. o i.
Ee?a, ia iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Iiaanoeoeieia
aeiyeueiinoue a Oe?a?ii: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oa ?aaoethaaiiy» 8-10 eaioiy
1997?. o i. *a?iiaoei, ia naiiia?ao a nenoaii aeiiiii/ii? inaioe a
onoaiiaao Iuaaeiiai aaieo. Iieiaeaiiy, yei caoeuathoueny aaoi?ii,
ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy a noaooyo, iaa/aeueiiio iiniaieeo, a?ioo?ao,
iaoeiaeo aeiiiaiaeyo. I?eaaaeaii a aeena?oaoei? i?iiiceoei? aeei?enoaii
a nenoaii Iuaaeiiai aaieo a i?ioeani caeieniaiiy oiiainoaaiiy e?aaeeoieo
i?iaeoia, a oaeiae canoiniaaii i?aei?e?inoaaie aeey aiaeico oiiainiaiai
noaio oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoi i?e neeaaeaiii aician-ieaiia.

Iaoeia? ioaeieaoei?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiiy iioaeieiaaii 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 13,35 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooia, c yeeo
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 5,86 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooia.

No?oeoo?a, ci?no oa ianya aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. ?iaioa iinoeoue 145 noi?iiie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 39
oaaeeoeue, 11 ?enoieia. Nienie eioa?aoo?e i?noeoue 121 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAII IIEIAEAIIss ? AENIIAEE AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii ?? iaoo i caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeineiaeaeaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi ianooii? o?e eiiieaeni? a?oie i?iaeai.
Eiiieaen i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c iaoai?ciii oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a onoaiiaaie Iuaaeaaieo aena?oeai? o ia?oiio ?icae?e?
?iaioe ? aacothoueny ia aecia/aii? aniaeo?a caeo/aiiy, oi?aaeiiiy ?
aeei?enoaiiy aioo?ioiio caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy a Oe?a?ii. C o?aooaaiiyi
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo iaa?oioiaaii ia’?eoeaio iaiaoiaeiinoue i ia?aaeoiiae
aenieiaoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue aeey e?aaeeooaaiiy
aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa.

A oiiaao ia?aaoaeiae aeiiiiiee Oe?a?ie, ia’?eoeaii? iaiaoiaeiinoi
aeoiaeo ?? c e?eciaiai noaio inio? iaaaeueia iio?aaa o oi?ioaaii?
aaaiiiai iiaanoeoeieiiai iioaioeiaeo, aeaea?aeii yeiai ? aioo?ioiie oa
ciaiioiie eaiioae. Noai?aiiy iiaanoeoeieiiai ?eieo iaoiiaeth?
aeoeaicaoeith aeei?enoaiiy aioo?ioiio caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy ye
iioaioeieiiai iiooaeiiai aeaea?aea, ?ieue yeiai o eiioaenoi eiioeaioei?
iiaanooaaiiy aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi o aio/eciyiie i?aeoeoei iiaiith
i??ith ia a?aoiao?oueny.

Caiuaaeaeaiiy ianaeaiiy — oea noia /enoiai aeioiaeo, yea ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia iioi/ia niiaeeaaiiy oa aaaeaiiy aeiiaoiueiai
ainiiaea?noaa, a i?ecia/aia aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa o iaeaooiueiio.
Caiuaaeaeaiiy ianaeaiiy aenooiathoue, c iaeiiai aieo, ye aeaiaio
iniaenoeo eioo?a, a c iioiai aieo — ye iiaeeeaa aeaea?aei iiaanoeoeie,
ineieueee /a?ac iaoa?iaeueio caoeieaaeaiinoue ianaeaiiy iaaea? aaieai,
aea?aeaai e aeoeiiia?iei iiaei?e?inoaai nai??iaeiee «e?aaeeo aeiai?e» a
ei?enooaaiii ieie. Caiuaaeaeaiiy oi?iothoue ?ano?ne oiiainiai-e?aaeeoieo
onoaiia. Ca oeiiith caeo/aiiy aiie aeaoaaoi, iiae iice/aii eiooe i
caeiathoue cia/io /anoeio ?ano?nia. Oei ?ano?ne aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
iaaeaiiy iice/ie ianaeaiith, noa’?eoai ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa iioei
oiiainiaei onoaiiaai.

Cia/aiiy caiuaaeaeaiue ye aeaea?aea iiaanoeoeieiiai eaiioaeo aeey
?icaeoeo aeiiiiiee ? nooo?aei. Iiae iiaanoeoei? caeo/athoueny
aeia?iaieueii i i?eioniai ciuaaeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy aeia?iaieueieo
caiuaaeaeaiue i?eaaaeeaioa. ?o iiaanooaaiiy o ?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa,
noa?e iineoa, a?iiaaenueei ia’?eoe i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae iiai?
i?iaeoeoei? oa iineoa, i?eiineoue iiai i?eaooee iiaanoi?ai. Noai?aia
aeiaeaoeiaa aa?oinoue aeiaea?oueny aei caiuaaeaeaiue i ?aiiaanoo?oueny ,
a a?ioi iaa?oathoueny e ia?iuothoueny.

A no/anieo oiiaao iuaaeii onoaiiae ?yaeo ?icaeiaieo e?a?i noathoue
aaieaie oiiaa?naeueiiai oeio, yei caeiathoueny aeaiiceoieie,
e?aaeeoieie, iiaanoeoeieieie, aaethoieie iia?aoeiyie oa i?aoeththoue c
oe?ieei eieii eei?ioia — aiae i?eaaoieo inia aei i?iieneiai-oi?aiaeo
eiiiaiie.

I?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c ioe?ieith ?ano?nii? iiaeeeaino? onoaiia Iuaaeiiai
aaieo, ?icaeyioo? o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe, aea i?iaaaeaia aiae?oe/ia
ioe?iea oiiainiaiai noaio iuaaeieo onoaiia, ?o ?ano?niiai iioaioeiaeo
aeey oiiainoaaiiy aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa; aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiee
aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy a i?ioeani
e?aaeeooaaiiy ia i?eeeaaei iiaei?e?inoa oa i?aaiicaoeie, yei
ianeoaiaothoueny Iuaaeiei aaieii.

O?iainiaee iioaioe?ae nenoaie onoaiia Iuaaeaaieo Oe?a?ie aecia/a?oueny
noaoooiei oiiaeii aaieo, yeee aeinya 9,7 iei. a?eaaiue. Aaieii ooai?aii
?aca?aiee oiiae a noii 6,4 iei. a?eaaiue oa ?aca?a ia iiaeeeai ao?aoe ca
iiceeaie aaieo a noii 5,8 iei. a?eaaiue. Aeanii eiooe iuaaeieo onoaiia
Oe?a?ie ia eiiaoeue ia?oiai eaa?oaeo 1998 ?ieo noaiiaeee 161,3 iei.
a?eaaiue , ui ? o?aoii ?acoeueoaoii na?aae eiia?oeieieo aaieia.
No?oeoo?a ?ano?nia Iuaaeaaieo iaaaaeaia a oaae.1. Iieaciee
ieaoini?iiiaeiinoi aaieo noaiiaeoue 21,8% i?e ii?iaoeaiiio cia/aiii 8%.
?aioaaaeueiinoue aeioiaeieo aeoeaia noaiiaeea 22,5%, a aiaeiioaiiy
aeo?ao aei aeioiaeia iaeaea 78%. I?e oeueiio eieaiaeiinoue iuaaeieo
onoaiia ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao ii?iaoeaia, a ieaoini?iiiaeiinoue
aaieianueei? ia?aaei c?inoa?. Oaeee aeiiiii/iee noai aaieo ia no/aniiio
aoaii noai?th? ani iaiaoiaeii ia?aaeoiiae aeey o/anoi iuaaeiiai eaiioaeo
o aeiaaino?ieiaiio oa ei?ioeino?ieiaiio iiaanooaaiii aeiiiiiee e?a?ie oa
?? oiiainiaiio icaei?iaeaiii.

Iiaeeaeaiee yeiniee aiaeic no?oeoo?e caeo/aieo eiooia ca 1995-1997 ??.
aea? iiaeeeainoue ioeiieoe ?iaioo iuaaeieo onoaiia a oeueiio iai?yi?, ye
ii?iaiyii oniioio. Ineieueee ca caeo/aii eiooe aaieo iaiaoiaeii
ia?aoiaoaaoe oa niea/oaaoe aa?aioiaaii aiaenioee nai?i aeeaaeieeai, oi
ae?ae aaaeeeaei ? oa, ui i?ioyaii inoaiiio ?ieia aaie ii/aa i?aoethaaoe
c eiooaie aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, iiiiaea iiaeaaieianueea
e?aaeeooaaiiy, ?icoe?ea aeiyeueiinoue ii ?ic?aooieiai-eaniaiio
ianeoaiaoaaiith ei?ii?aoeaieo eei?ioia. Oei aeaea?aea eiooia iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoaii, ye aeiaeaoeiai, i?e iiaanooaaiii aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai
oa noa’?eoia ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a ?ano?nia Iuaaeaaieo

Iaeiaioaaiiy ?ano?n?a 01.01.95?. 01.01.96?. 01.01.97?. 01.01.98?.

iei. a?i. % iei. a?i. % iei. a?i. % iei. a?i. %

Aeanii eiooe 11 7.2 52 11.9 156 18.7 223 20.3

Caeeoee ia ?aooieao eei?ioia 6 3.9 22 5.0 82 9.8 80 7.3

Aeaiiceoe 135 88.2 363 83.1 546 65.2 734 66.6

E?aaeeoe aaieia 1 0.7 — — 53 6.3 65 5.8

Anueiai 153 100 437 100 837 100 1102 100

Aeeiaiiea no?oeoo?e aeeaaeia ianaeaiiy a eiia?oeieieo aaieao Oe?a?ie
aea? oyao i?i oa, ui a oeieiio iuaaeii onoaiiae aoee i ia no/aniiio
aoaii caeeoathoueny oaeeie, ui iathoue iaeaaaiiioo /anoeo oaeeo
caiuaaeaeaiue (ia 1.01.1998 ?ieo — 54,1%). Oea aea? ciiao i?aaeiaoii
aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui iiaanoeoeieiee iioaioeiae iuaaeii? nenoaie
caeeoa?oueny aenieei ia i?ioyci o?eaaeiai /ano. Aaie ia? iiaeeeainoue
iia?oaaoe aeeaaeaie aei caieoaiiy, yei iiaeooue aooe cao?aaoaaii a
aoaeue-yeee iiiaio, o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio oiiainoaaiii i?aei?e?inoa; ui
noino?oueny no?ieiaeo aeeaaeia, oi aiie iiaeooue aooe iai?aaeaii ia
caeieniaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaeo iiaanoeoeie.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee niaoeiaeicaoeiy iuaaeieo
onoaiia ia caeo/aiii caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy iaaoaa? ana c?inoath/iai
cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeaniiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iiaanoeoeieiiai
iioaioeiaeo. A aeaiee /an Iuaaeiee aaie Oe?a?ie noa? i?iaiaeiei
iaoeiiiaeueiei caiuaaeaeoaaeueii-iiaanoeoeieiei iinoeoooii, yeee
caeienith? iiaanoeoei? a ?icaeoie iaeeo i na?aaeiio iiaei?e?inoa, ni?ey?
noai?aiith iiaeo ?iai/eo iinoeue i ?icaeoeo iio?ano?oeoo?e oi??
iinoeaainoi, oeo ?aaiiiia, aea aeithoue aiaeiiaiaeii aiaeaeieaiiy aaieo.

I?i ciiie, ui noaeeny o no?oeoo?i e?aaeeoiiai ii?ooaeth Iuaaeiiai aaieo
ca 1995-1997 ??., na?ae/aoue aeai? oaae.2.C ieo aeaeii, ui o ca’yceo c
iiaeeaeaiiyi aeiiiii/ii? e?ece, i?ioyaii 1995 ?ieo aoei i?aeoe/ii
cai?iooi iiaanooaaiiy i?iieneiaeo iiaei?e?inoa, ia?aaaaa i?e
e?aaeeooaaiii iaaeaaaeany eiia?oeieiei aaieai, yei no?iiei ?icaeaaeeny.
Iiney oiai, ye aieueoinoue c ieo o 1996 ?ioei iieacaee naith iiaio
aeiiiii/io iani?iiiaeiinoue, i?ieoea e?aaeeoia ia?ai?i?ioaoeiy iuaaeieo
onoaiia ia aeeaaeaiiy o ?eiie aea?aeaaieo oeiiieo iaia?ia, iiiiaeeiny
iiaanooaaiiy noa’?eoia ainiiaea?thaaiiy. I??i?eoao o iaaeaiii e?aaeeoia
aiaeaiaeeany iaeiio oa na?aaeiueiio aiciano. Oei ianoaaeie
iiaee?aneththoue caoeieaaeaiinoue aaieo a iiaeieaiii e?eciaeo yaeu i
i?enei?aii? aeiiiii/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?ii. Eei?ioai aaieo aeaeaii
e?aaeeoia ia caaaeueio noio 420 iei. a?i., ui neeaaea? aieueoa iiae 93 %
aiae caaaeueii? noie aeaeaieo e?aaeeoia.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?e i?iaaaeaiii e?aaeeoieo iia?aoeie icio? aeniea
iiiai?iinoue iaiiaa?iaiiy eiooia o cacia/aiee oa?iii aai iiaeeeainoue
i?ieiiaaoei? e?aaeeoieo oaiae, cao?eiee nieaoe aiaenioeia ca
ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoieie ?ano?naie, onoaiiaaie Iuaaeaaieo i. Ee?aa
i?ioyaii 1997 ?ieo io?eiaii cia/ii aeioiaee aiae iaaeaieo
e?aaeeoia.Eiaoioei?io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/eo aeoeaia aaieo o i?ioeani
e?aaeeooaaiiy th?eaee/ieo inia i?ioyaii ?ieo, ui aiae?coaaany, c?inoaa.
Oae, ia ii/aoeo ?ieo noia aeioiaeia neeaea 2.560.700 a?i., ui noaiiaeoue
9,4% aiae noie ?iai/eo aeoeaia, a ca noaiii ia 1.01.1998?. noia
aeioiaeia neeaaeaea 5.133.746 a?i., ui noaiiaeei aaea 16,1% aiae noie
anio ?iai/eo aeoeaia. Ii?iaiyii iecueeee ?iaaiue oeueiai iieacieea
aeaco? ia oa, ui e?aaeeooaaiiy th?eaee/ieo inia ? aeaeaei ia iniiaiith
noaooath aeioiaeia iuaaeieo onoaiia, aea ?acii c oei ni?ey? aoaeoeaiiio
aeei?enoaiith caiuaaeaeaiue a?iiaaeyi.

Oaaeeoey 2

No?oeoo?a e?aaeeoiiai ii?ooaeth Iuaaeaaieo

Iaeiaioaaiiy 01.01.95?. 01.01.96?. 01.01.97?. 01.01.98?

Aeeaaeaiue iei. a?i. % iei. A?i. % iei. a?i. % iei. a?i. %

Eiia?oeieii e?aaeeoe th?eaee/iei iniaai 137 87.3 108 26.8 271 42.1 289
35.9

Aeeaaeaiiy a IAAeI — — 105 26.1 194 30.1 323 40.1

Niiaeea/i e?aaeeoe oice/iei iniaai 3 1.9 78 19.4 88 13.7 104 12.9

Iiaeaaieianueei 17 10.8 112 27.7 91 14.1 90 11.1

Anueiai 157 100 403 100 644 100 806 100

A?oia i?iaeai, i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
e?aaeeoieie oa ?iaanoeoe?eieie iia?aoe?yie aaieo, a?aeia?aaeaia o
o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, aea iaa?oioiaaii iaiaoiaeiinoue caeieniaiiy
eiiieaeniiai aiaeico oiiainiaiai noaio iiaei?e?inoa, yei
e?aaeeoothoueny, ? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/ii iieiaeaiiy ii ioeiioei ??aiy
?o ieaoini?iiiaeiinoi ? eiieo?aioicaeaoiino?; iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee uiaei
aeiaaiinoeee aeai?o ia’?eoia e?aaeeooaaiiy; ?ic?iaeaii no?aoaaith
o/anoi aaieianueeiai eaiioaeo o oiiainoaaiii aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui a aeiiiii/iie eioa?aoo?i ia inio? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi?
iaoiaeeee ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi e?aaeeooaaiiy oa aeinoaoiinoi i/ieoaaieo
aeioiaeia, a ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino?
e?aaeeoieo i?iaeoia caeienithaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaiicoaaiiy a?ioiaeo
iioieia. Aeey e?aaeeoiiai i?iaeoo i?iaiic a?ioiaeo iioieia iiaea iaoe
ae?ioaeueia cia/aiiy, ineieueee a iueiio aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaeathoueny
aaee/eia oa /an iaeneiaeueiiai a?ioiaiai i?eoieo oa aiaeoieo. Cae/aeii,
?iaaiue i?eaooeo, iniaeeai ia ii/aoeo caeieniaiiy i?iaeoo, ia ?
aecia/aeueiei i?e ?icaeyaei aaciina?aaeiio oiiainiaeo iio?aa. E?ii oiai,
aeioiaee ia ia?aaeuothoue aeo?aoe a aeayei ia?iiaee /ano. I?iaiic
a?ioiaeo iioieia aeicaiey? cae?enieoe ii?iaiyiiy ieaiiaiai ?iaiy
aeioiae?a aiae ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoeoei? oa eaiioaeueieo aeo?ao a oie /e
iioee ia?iiae, a oaeiae aea? iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe iaiaoiaeiinoue ? /an
aeiaeaoeiaiai oiiainoaaiiy, aecia/eoe aeiiae aei oiiainiaeo eiooia, yei
iaiaoiaeii aeey ?aaeicaoei? e?aaeeoiiai i?iaeoo, oiaoi ?icii?
aeiaeaoeiaiai oiiainoaaiiy oa oiiae iiaa?iaiiy ieaoaaeia.

I?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie /enoeo a?ioiaeo iioieia [?en.1.] aea?
iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe iaeaieueo ?aaeueia iiaei?e?inoai- AAO «Oa?iae»-
aeey aeeth/aiiy a e?aaeeoiee ii?ooaeue; eiaoioei?io aeinoaoiinoi eiai
a?ioiaeo iioieia aiaeiiaiaea? anoaiiaeaiei aeiiaai. Ui noino?ouenyy CAO
«Eiiiioi?a» oa AO «Aaaono»,oi ?o e?aaeeoii i?iaeoe ? aieueo ?eceeiaeie
ic-ca iaaeinoaoiinoi a?ioiaiai iioieo a I oa II eaa?oaeao.

Aeey ae?aaiinoeee aeai?o ia’?eo?a e?aaeeooaaiiy i?iiiio?oueny
iioaa?aeueiee iiaeeeaoi?iee iieaciee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? (Ei), a
iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue caaaeaiiy iieacieeia oiiainiai? noieeinoi,
ieaoini?iiiaeiinoi, aeieiai? aeoeaiinoi oa ?aioaaaeueiinoi ii eiaeiiio
iiaei?e?inoao, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ?iaii oai?aoe/ii aeinoaoiio i
iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue. A?i ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

, (1)

aea Aij — cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ii a?oiao
iieaciee?a.

*ei aeua cia/aiiy Ei, oei aeua ioeiiththoueny iiaenoiee eiaeiiai
iiaei?e?inoaa i?e iioeo ?iaieo oiiaao. Oiaoi,/ei aeui cia/aiiy Ei, oei
aeeae/a ?acoeueoaoe aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoaa aei oiiaii aoaeiiiiai.
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaaaaeai? a oaae.3.

Aiie na?ae/aoue, ui iaeaieueo i?eaaaeeaei iiaei?e?inoaii aeey iaaeaiiy
e?aaeeoo ? AAO «Oa?iae», iieaciee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? yeiai
iaeaieueoee i?e anio ?iaieo oiiaao i noaiiaeoue 3,2889. O iiaei?e?inoaa
«Aaaono» oa «Eiiiioi?a» iioaa?aeueii iieacieee oaeiae ia aeineoue
aenieiio ?iaii. OIA «Aethia» oa AO «OOE-iao» iathoue cia/ii ieae/i
iieacieee, ui noaaeoue iiae noiiia iaaeaiiy ?i e?aaeeoia i?e anio ?iaieo
oiiaao.

?ioaa?aeueii iiaeeeaoi?ii iieacieee o?iainiai? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
aeicaieythoue iieiioeoe i?aeoe/io ?iaioo ia iiaei?e?inoaao i?e aiaeici
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi, a oaeiae aeathoue ciiao
aaieianueeei onoaiiaai ?icaeyaeaoe iioaioeieieo eei?ioia c o?aooaaiiyi
oeieiai eiiieaeno iieacieeia, ye? oi?iothoue iaeei iioaa?aeueiee.

Aeey iiaanoi?a ae?ioaeueia cia/aiiy ia? oa?aeoa?enoeea oiiainiaiai noaio
iiaei?e?inoaa ye ocaaaeueithth/iai iieacieea aoaeoeaiinoi ani?? eiai
oiiainiai? i ae?iaie/i? aeiyeueiinoi, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i ye?noue
oi?aaeiiiy i ai?iaiaeiinoue aoaeoeaiiai aeo?a/aiiy iaaeaieo e?aaeeoi?ii
eiooia. sse aeiaeaoeiao oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?eceeo aeioeieueii oaeiae
a?aoiaoaaoe iieacieee caeaaeiinoi iiaei?e?inoaa aiae ciaiioiueiai
na?aaeiaeua oa eieeaaiue eii’thieoo?e.

Oaaeeoey 3

Caaaeaii eiaoioei?ioe oiiainiaiai noaio iiaei?e?inoa

Iaeiaioaaiiy iieacieeia «Aaaono» «Aethia» «Oa?iae» «Ooe-iao»
«Eiiii-oi?a»

Eiaoioei?io oiiainiai? noieeinoi 1,0436 1,1902 1,2506 1,1453 1,1848

Eiaoioei?io ieaoini?iiiaeiinoi 2,9621 2,2941 2,3828 2,3596 2,8536

Eiaoioei?io aeieiai? aeoeaiinoi 5,1435 6,5400 6,8490 3,4033 5,2389

Eiaoioei?io ?aioaaaeueiinoi 1,1408 0,5152 0,3351 0,3618 0.9938

Iioaa?aeueiee iiaeeeaoi?iee iieaciee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoi 3,2479
3,0464 3,2889 2,6962 3,2048

Aeey ioe?iee oiiainiaiai noaio iiaei?e?inoaa i?iaiaeeoueny ?ic?aooiie
aiaeiiaiaeieo oiiainiaeo eiaoioei?ioia, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
e?aaeeoini?iiiaeiinoue, oiiainiao noieeinoue i no?oeoo?o caai?aiaaiinoi
aeineiaeaeoaaiiai iiaei?e?inoaa.

Eieueeinia ioeiiea noaio ii eiaeiiio aeieo iieacieeia ?ic?aoiao?oueny
ye na?aaeiy a?eoiaoe/ia eeaniinoi aecia/aieo oiiainiaeo eiaoioei?ioia:

, (2)

aea Rj — eieueeinia ioeiiea noaio (?aeoeia) j-oiai aeieo iieacieeia;

Ki — eean i-oiai oiiainiaiai eiaoioei?ioo (i= 1,…n);

n — /enei eiaoioei?ioia o aeaiiio aeioei.

Nenoaio ioeiiee a??ia?aeiino? ?aioaaaeueiinoi oiiainiaeo ?ano?nia
(?icoiaeaeaiiy iiae i/ieoaaiith i oaeoe/iith aoaeoeaiinoth i?iaeoo),
aaaaea?ii ca aeioeieueia aeiiiaieoe iieacieeii aeieiai? aeoeaiinoi
iiaei?e?inoaa.

Aeey ioeiiee i?eaaaeeainoi iiaei?e?inoaa aeey e?aaeeooaaiiy iaiao?aeii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae iieacieee caeaaeiinoi iiaei?e?inoaa aiae
eii’thieoo?e ciaiioiio ?eieia. Oea iniaeeai aaaeeeai o oiio aeiaaeeo,
eiee e?aaeeooaaiiy iiaei?e?inoaa iiaeiii ni?eyoe ?inoo aenii?oo eiai
i?iaeoeoei?, /e o aeiaaeeo caeo/aiiy aei o/anoi a i?iaeoi iiicaiieo
iiaanoi?ia. I ia?aooi, oiiainiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy e?aaeeoiiai i?iaeoo
iaiiaeeeaa aac aecia/aiiy aeinoaoiinoi a?ioiaiai iioieo,yeee aea? ciiao
aecia/eoe oiiainiao ni?iiiaeiinoue i ?aaeueiinoue e?aaeeoiiai i?iaeoo oa
iiaeeeainoue e?aaeeooaaiiy aaieianueeith onoaiiaith.

Oi?ioea iiaenoieiaiai ?aeoeiao, ?ic?aoiaaiiai ca aeaiei iaoiaeii, ia?
oaeee aeaeyae:

, (3)

aea R — cia/aiiy iiaenoieiaiai ?aeoeiao;

Ki,Kj,Kl — eeaniinoue i, j, l-oiai iieacieea, yeee aeei?enoaii i?e
aiaeici oiiainiaiai noaio (i,j,l=1,…n,m,s);

n,m,s — eieueeinoue iieacieeia, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey oiiainiaiai
aiaeico, aeieiai? aeoeaiinoi oa eii’thieoo?e ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua
iiaei?e?inoaa;

Kf — iieaciee aeinoaoiinoi a?ioiaiai iioieo.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ioeiith? nooiiiue aiaeiiniiai ?eceeo e?aaeeoieo
aeeaaeaiue a eiie?aoia iiaei?e?inoai. Canoinoaaiiy aeieo iieacieeia i
?ic?aooiie ca ieie ioeiiie iaaea? ?i iaaio aio/einoue i aeicaiey?
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?eeiyooi ?ioaiiy ia oieueee iiaenoieiaee ?aeoeia, a e
ie?aii ia?aiao?e aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoaa, ui iaeaieueo oeieaaeyoue
oiiainiaiai iiaanoi?a. Oaeee iiaeoiae aeicaiey? oaeiae i?iaanoe
eieueeinio ioeiieo ?eceeo, iia’ycaiiai c e?aaeeooaaiiyi a oie /e iioee
i?iaeo i, ioaea, ae?ioeoe i?iaeaio ei?aeoiiai cinoaaeaiiy ie?aieo
i?iaeoia ca nooiaiai ?eceeo, iia’ycaiiai c ?o ?aaeicaoei?th.

Iaiao?aei?noue o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ianooaaieo no?oeoo?ieo
ia?aoai?aiue a aeiiiiioei iaoiiaeth? aeeaa?neoieaoeith aeaea?ae
iiaieicaoei? iiaanoeoeieieo ?ano?nia ia aac? iaieio/iai iiaeaeuaiiy ?iei
aaieianueeeo oi?ioaaiue. Naioiaee aeinaiae canaiae/o?, ui naia aaeeei
aaiee aaaaoueio i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo e?a?i aenooiathoue o ?iei
i?aaiicaoi?ia i oiiainiaeo iiioeiaoi?ia caeieniaiiy aaeeeeo
iiaanoeoeieieo i?iaeoia oa i?ia?ai. Iao eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo iuaaeii? nenoaie aaco?oueny ia iaiao?aeiino?
eiioeaio?oaaoe eiooe oa coneeey ia eeth/iaeo iai?yiao, iaiaa?oaaii?
oiiainiaeie ?ano?naie a iaaeao nenoaie, aeei?enoaii? eieeaaiue
?aaiiiaeueii? eii’thieoo?e a nai?o iioa?anao, a o ia?niaeoeai noaoe
iaeiei ic i?iaiaeieo aaieia o ?aaeicaoei? iieioeee aea?aeaae oa
Iaoeiiiaeueiiai aaieo Oe?a?ie ii caeo/aiith aeiaaeueieo (no?aoaai/ieo)
iiaanoi?ia — oice/ieo oa th?eaee/ieo inia aei o/anoi o oiiaeiaiio ?eieo,
iniaeeai aoi?eiiiio ?eieo iaeiaaoeie aioo?ioiuei? aea?aeaaii? iiceee
(IAAeI).

C iaoith oiiaa?naeicaoei? aeiyeueiinoi oa noaiiaeaiiy iiiaeaeo
a?o/eciyii? iuaaeii? nenoaie ye iaaeieiiai aaieianueeiai iinoeoooo,
caeaoiiai caaacia/eoe nai? noieea oiiainiaa iieiaeaiiy oa oiiainiaeo
ia?oia?ia, ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo aeiiiiiee aea?aeaae, io?eiaiiy noaaieueieo
i?eaooeia eei?ioaie, Iuaaeaaieo a iiaeaeueoiio iaiaoiaeii caa?iaaoe nai?
i?ii?eoaoe ia ?eieao caiuaaeaeaiue ianaeaiiy oa eiai e?aaeeoiiio,
?ic?aooieiaiio oa eaniaiio ianeoaiaoaaiith. I?e oeueiio iio??aii
i?i?iooaaoenue ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieiaie, iiooe no/anieo oeyoia
uiaei e?auiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaeaiiy oa ei?ii?aoeaieo eei?ioia,
iaaeaiiy ?i iiaiiai na?aino aaieianueeeo iineoa, ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeiai i
na?aaeiueiai aiciano. Oaeei /eiii, aoaea ?ica’ycaii caaea/o i?aeaeuaiiy
noaoono Iuaaeaaieo i?e oi?ioaaii? aeaniiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iiaanoeoeieiiai iioaioeiaeo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiiii/ieo ?aoi?i ?
ia?aoai?aiiy eiai a iaoeiiiaeueiee caiuaaeaeoaaeueii-iiaanoeoeieiee
iinoeooo.

I?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeiyeueiinoi aaieo, aiaeioe/ia
ioeiiea eiai o/anoi a iiaanoeoeieieo i?ioeanao aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe
no?aoaai/ii iai?yie eiai ?icaeoeo uiaei oiiainoaaiiy noa’?eoia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oei iai?yie iiaeiii aeeth/aoe ye aeai? i?ii?eoaoieo
noa? iiaanooaaiiy, oae i iiaeo i?aaiicaoeieieo oi?i iaaeaiiy e?aaeeoia.
Aeey oeueiai i?iiiio?oueny a nenoai? iuaaeieo onoaiia aaeeoe oeieee ?yae
eiie?aoieo caoiaeia [?en. 2].

Iaa?oioiaaii eiie?aoi? aaeocaa? i?ii?eoaoe i?e ei?ioeino?ieiaiio
e?aaeeooaaiii c iaaeaiiyi ia?aaaae noa’?eoai ainiiaea?thaaiiy c oaeaeeei
iai?ioii eaiioaeo oa oaeei, ui ?icoe?ththoueny iaaioue o no/anieo
ianoaaieueieo oiiaao (ae?iaieoeoai iaaee/ieo i?aia?aoia, oi?aiaey oa
a?iiaaenueea oa?/oaaiiy, iinoa/aiiy oa caoo iaeeaii-ianoeeueieo
iaoa?iaeia, aea?aaiia?iaia i?iieneiainoue).

Iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy ? nenoaia aeiaaino?ieiaiai e?aaeeooaaiiy.

Ii-ia?oa, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy /anoee oa aaaiiino? aeiaaino?ieiaiai
iiaanooaaiiy, Iuaaeiee aaie Oe?a?ie ia iiaeiai iaiaaeoaaoeny
e?aaeeooaaiiyi aeania nai?? eei?ioo?e. Aii iiaea a?aoe o/anoue o ?iaioi
niaoeiaeueieo iiaanoeoeieieo aaieia. Oea iiaeeeai ia iniia? noai?aiiy a
iaoie e?a?ii ia’?aeiaiiy aaeeeeo aaieia, a aei ?oiueiai /enea aoiaeyoue
I?iiiiaanoaaie, Aeniiaaie, AEA «Oe?a?ia», Iuaaeiee aaie oa Oe?nioeaaie,
ia /anoeo yeeo i?eiaaea? 67,5% caaaeueiiai aaie?anueeiai eaiioaeo.

I?iaaaeaia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ia no/aniiio aoaii iuaaei?
onoaiiae caeaoi? a?aoe o/anoue o ia?aeaeueiiio, niieueiiio c iioeie
aaieaie, oiiainoaaiii, i?e yeiio aeaeieueea oiiainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiia
iaaeathoue iiceee iiae ?aaeicaoeith iaeiiai aenieiaa?oiniiai i?iaeoo.

I?e oeueiio nenoaia iuaaeieo onoaiia aeeaaeaoeiaoueny o anoaiiaeaii aeey
eiia?oeieieo aaieia ii?iaoeae a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo noi e?aaeeoia, ui
iaaeathoueny, a oaeiae cieceoue nai? e?aaeeoii ?eceee. Aeiaeaoeiaith
aa?aioi?th aeeiiaiiy anio ieaoiaeieo ciaia’ycaiue ca oaeeie i?iaeoaie
iiaea a noaoe o/anoue o iueiio ca?oaiaeiiai eiia?oeieiiai aaieo aai
iioiai iiaeia?iaeiiai oiiainiaiai iinoeoooo. Naioiaee aeinaiae iieaco?,
ui niieueia oiiainoaaiiy iiaeeeaa o aeaio aeaeao: iacaeaaeia, i?e yeiio
eiaeiee aaie, ui oiiaino? iiaanoeoeieiee i?iaeo, oeeaaea? c
iice/aeueieeii ie?aio e?aaeeoio oaiaeo i aa?a o/anoue oieueee o «nai?e»
/anoeii i?iaeoo, oa niiaoiiainoaaiiy, eiee ani e?aaeeoi?e oeeaaeathoue
?aeeio aaaaoinoi?iiith e?aaeeoio oaiaeo.

Ii-ae?oaa, Iuaaeaaie, c eiai aenieei e?aaeeoiei iioaioeiaeii ia?
?aaeueii iiaeeeainoi, oaeiae i aeey iineiaeiaiiai oiiainoaaiiy
iiaanoeoeieieo i?iaeoia oeyoii iaaeaiiy iiaeaaieianueeeo e?aaeeoia
aaieai, ui inoi?e/ii oa ca nai?th niaoeiaeicaoei?th caeiathoueny
?aaeicaoei?th aeiaaino?ieiaeo iiaanoeoeie. I?eeeaae oaei? niiai?aoei
?aaeueii inio? aaea nueiaiaeii. Oae, Iuaaeaaie aeaeieea eiooe AEA
«Iaae?a» aeey iiaanooaaiiy ?icaeoeo aoaieueii? i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?ie. A
iiaeaeueoiio oaea ae oiiainiaa aeiiiiiaa aoea caeieniaia noaeiaoaeiaiie
i?iieneiainoi e?a?ie.

Ii-o?ao?, a?aoiaoth/e neeaaeio oa iaiaeiicia/io aeiiiii/io neooaoeith a
iaoie aea?aeaai, ia nueiaiaeii iaeaieueo ?aaeueieie aaa/athoueny
iiaanoeoeieii e?aaeeoe oa?iiiii aei 5 ?ieia c ia?iiaeii, eiee
niea/othoueny oieueee aiaenioee i c iiaeeeainoth aiaeno?i/ee iiaaoaiiy
noie iniiaiiai ai?ao aei aeaio ?ieia. E?aaeeoe ia aieueoee oa?iii iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe a iaoeo oiiaao eeoa ye aeiyoie. O oiaei ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoo
iaia’yceiaei ? no?aooaaiiy aeoeaia aiae ?icieo ?eceeia. Aeey
caaacia/aiiy e?aaeeoo aaie aeiaaa? canoaao o aeaeyaei ?ooiiiai aai
ia?ooiiiai iaeia, ui iaeaaeeoue iaea?aeoaa/o iiceee, aaethoieo
oeiiiinoae, no?aoiaeo iieinia. I?aeoeea canaiae/eea, ui aeey iaoi?
e?a?ie iaeaieueo i?eeiyoiith ? canoaaa o aeaeyaei ia?ooiiinoi aai
iaeaaeiaiiy. Iaiaoiaeii cacia/eoe, ui oiiainiaee noai aaaaoueio
iiaei?e?inoa, iniaeeai oea noino?oueny ?ano?niaeiaoaieo aaeocae, iieaco?
iaiiaeeeainoue aiaeiiaiaeiiai canoaaiiai iie?eooy iiaanoeoeie aaieia.
Oaei e?aaeeoe iiaeeeai iaaeaaaoe eeoa iiae aa?aioi? o?yaeiaeo i?aaiia.

I?ii?eoaoe iiaanooaaiiy, aecia/ai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iiaeia
iiaeaoe o aeaeyaei noaie, iaaaaeaii? ia ?en.3.

Aeey ?aaeicaoei? oiiainoaaiiy iuaaeieie onoaiiaaie aeiyeueiinoi
iiaei?e?inoa i??i?eoaoieo aaeocae a ?iaioi i?iiiio?oueny ianooiia
no?aoaa?y:

i?iaanoe no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao aaieo, yea iieyaa? o ei?ii?aoecaoei?
nenoaie iuaaeieo onoaiia, aeoeiiioaaiii aaieo c caeo/aiiyi aioo?ioiio, a
a ia?niaeoeai i ciaiioiio iiaanoi?ia oa iiaeaeueoie eaiioaeicaoei?
iuaaeii? ia?aaei ca ?aooiie iineiaeoth/eo aiinie aeoeie;

caeienieoe ia?iuoaaiiy aeoeiiia?iiai eaiioaeo iaoeiiiaeueii? iuaaeii?
nenoaie (?aeaiioaeicaoeith aaieo);

?ano?oeoo?ecoaaoe, iaa?oiooaaoe oa iioeiicoaaoe e?aaeeoiee ii?ooaeue
th?eaee/ieo oa oice/ieo inia aaieo;

i?enei?eoe caeieniaiiy aaieianueeeo iia?aoeie, a oiio /enei i
e?aaeeoieo, ia aac? caeieniaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy
iuaaeieie aeoeaaie, oiaoi i?enei?aiiy ?icaeoeo ieaoiaeii? nenoaie oa
iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie aaieo;

canioaaoe aioo?ioith ooieoeith eacia/aenoaa, caaaeaiiyi yeiai noaia
eiio?ieue ca oiiainiaeie iioieaie iuaaeieo onoaiia, ?iciiuaiiyi ?o a
aeoeaao aaieo oa ciaioaiiyi aeo?ao ii caeo/aiith ianeaia.

A caeeth/aiii noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii oai?aoe/ii, iaoiaeieiai/ii oa
i?aeoe/ii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiaaii
aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoei?.

O aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeai? aeia?aeee i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa i?e neeaaeaii?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ia io?eiaiiy e?aaeeoo AAO «Ee?aiaoae»
oa AAOIO «Ci?y»; i?i i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaee/ieo
iieiaeaiue a ?iaio? e?aaeeoiiai oi?aae?iiy AIA «Oe?a?ia» oa iniiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Aeaaeai?? Iuaaeiiai
aaieo Oe?a?ie.

AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe??

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, eiee a neeo ia’?eoeaieo oa
noa’?eoeaieo i?e/ei, iaaea i?ae noa?aie iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ? caiuaaeaeaiiy
o ooieoe?? a?ioae noaea aeanoe/i?oith, a?ioia? caiuaaeaeaiiy ianaeaiiy,
iiaeeeaino? n?iaeieo ainiiaea?noa, ii?yae c iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyie noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye iiaiioe?iio neeaaeiao a?ioiai?
iane, ui o aeaeyae? oei/aniai a?eueieo o?iainiaeo iioie?a iiaea
iie?eaaoe cia/io /anoeio iio?aa e?a?ie a ?iaanoeoe?yo.

2.Aeoiaey/e c caaaeaiue uiaei o?ainoi?iaoei? aio/eciyii? aeiiiiiee,
i?iiiio?oueny no?aoaai/ii i?i?iooaaoe aeei?enoaiiy iuaaeieo ?ano?nia ca
oaeith no?oeoo?ith:

iinooiiaa iacia/ia cieaeaiiy /anoee ei?ioeino?ieiaeo e?aaeeoia aei ?iaiy
oeueiai iieacieea a e?a?iao ic noaaieueiith aeiiiiieith (aei 30%);

caieueoaiiy aaaiiinoi aeiaaino?ieiaiai oiiainoaaiiy (aei 15%);

caieueoaiiy ianyaia aeeaaeaiue a oeiiii iaia?e (aei 40-45%) ca oiiae
?icaeoeo aoi?eiiiai ?eieo.

3.Iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino? nenoaie iuaaeieo
onoaiia Oe?a?ie oa ioe?iea iioaioe?aeo ?ano?nii? aace Iuaaeaaieo
aeia?a, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? ?niothoue an? iaiao?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
o/ano? iuaaeiiai eai?oaeo a ?iaanooaaii? aeiiii?ee e?a?ie oa ??
o?iainiaiio icaei?iaeaii?.

4. Ia aoaii ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaeaeioeieueiioei oa
iia’ycaiei c iaeiaioei ?iaiai ?eceeo aeey iuaaeieo onoaiia ? aeeaaeaiiy
eiooia o iiaanoeoei? noa’?eoia ainiiaea?thaaiiy, yei:

iathoue iaaea?aeaaio oi?io aeaniinoi (iaeee oa na?aaeiie aician);

iio?aaothoue e?aaeeo a noiao, ui ia ia?aaeuothoue 200 oeny/ a?eaaiue;

ei?enoothoueny iiceeith 6-12 iinyoeia;

iathoue aenieieieaiaeio canoaao;

aa?ooue iiceee iiae ?icoe?aiiy aai oaoii/ia ia?aica?i?iiy aeaniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

5.Oiiaa?naeueiiai iiaeoiaeo aeiaaiinooaaiiy oiiainiaiai noaio
aio/eciyieo iiaei?e?inoa ca?ac ia inio?. A ca’yceo c oeei, a
aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi i?iiiiothoueny iaoiaee/ii iiaeoiaee oa i?eioeeie
?ic?aooieo iioaa?aeueiiai iiaeeeaoi?iiai iieacieea
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoi. Oae? iiaeoiaee aeicaieyoue aaieianueeei
onoaiiaai ?icaeyaeaoe iioaioeieieo iice/aeueieeia c o?aooaaiiyi oeieiai
eiiieaeno ?iciiiaiioieo iieacieeia, ye? a?aeca?eaeththoueny a iaeiiio
iiaeeeaoi??. Oiiaa?naeueiinoue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeicaieeoue
io?eiaoe ani iaiaoiaeii ia?aiao?e i?i ?acoeueoaoe aeiyeueiinoi
iiaei?e?inoaa aoaeue-yei? oi?ie aeaniinoi iaaioue a oiiaao iaaeaiiy
iaiiaii? iioi?iaoei?.

6. A aeineiaeaeaiii i?iiiio?oueny ae?iooaaoe i?iaeaio ioeiiee nooiaith
?eceeo ae?iaie/eo iiaanoeoeie ca aeiiiiiaith eiiaiiiaaiiai (iiaoaiiiai)
aiaeico, yeee yaey? niaith aeaoaeicaoeith oyaeaiue i?i ia’?eo
e?aaeeooaaiiy, ii?aeio? a niai ye yeinii, oae i eieueeinii ioeiiee, i
aea?, oaeei /eiii, ciiao ioeiieoe nooiiiue ?eceeo e?aaeeooaaiiy.Ia
ia?oiio aoaii oaeiai aiaeico i?iaiaeeoueny aeineiaeaeaiiy nenoaiaoe/iiai
?eceeo (iae?iaeiiiii/iee oa aaeocaaee aiaeic). Ae?oaee aoai iia’ycaiee
c aecia/aiiyi nooiaith ?eceeo i?e ?aaeicaoei? eiie?aoiiai e?aaeeoiiai
i?iaeoo.I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiao?oueny ?aeoeiaiaee iaoiae, yeee aeicaiey?
ae?ioeoe i?iaeaio ii?iaiyiiy iaaeieiinoi iiaei?e?inoaa a ?icii iiiaioe
/ano.

7. Aeey iiaeieaiiy aino?i? iio?aae o aeiaaino?ieiaeo iiaanoeoeiyo
oe?a?inueei? aeiiiiiee ye iaeei ic iiaeeeaeo aa?iaioia, aaoi? i?iiiio?
o/anoue iuaaeiiai eaiioaeo o ia?aeaeueiiio, niieueiiio c iioeie aaieaie,
oiiainoaaiii, i?e yeiio aeaeieueea e?aaeeoii-oiiainiaeo onoaiia
iaaeathoue iiceee iiae ?aaeicaoeith iaeiiai aenieiaa?oiniiai
i?iaeoo.Iioee aa?iaio aeiaaino?ieiaiai iiaanooaaiiy iieyaa? o
iineiaeiaiiio oiiainoaaiii iiaanoeoeieieo i?iaeoia oeyoii iaaeaiiy
iiaeaaieianueeeo e?aaeeoia aaieai-iiaanoi?ai. Ia no/aniiio aoaii
i?ii?eoaoieie c oi/ee ci?o iiaanooaaiiy iuaaeieie eiooaie ? aeeoeiaa
aoaeiaieoeoai, aoaeaaeiaoaia i?iieneiainoue, noaeiiaoaeiaia
i?iieneiainoue oa oiiainoaaiiy i?aaiia aea?aeaaiiai oi?aaeiiiy.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI?

1. Oaeaeaiaiei A.I., Iiooa N.I., Eieanieeia I.A., ?oaeue I.N.
Aeiyeueiinoue aaieo a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee/ Iiniaiee.- Ee?a:
Aeae.”Aeii?iae”, 1996.- 9,53 ae?.a?e.(c ieo aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 2,52
ae?.a?e.- ?icaeoie iuaaeii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?, ?ieue e?aaeeoo oa oiiae
e?aaeeooaaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?, ?iaanooaaiiy eioo?a iuaaeieo onoaiia a
aeiiii?eo i?aei?e?inoa).

2. Iiooa N.I.,Eieanieeia I.A.,Oaeaeaiaiei A.I.,?oaeue I.N., Eeeiaiei
N.I../O/anoue aaieianueeiai eaiioaeo o oiiainoaaiii aeiyeueiinoi
iiaei?e?inoa/ -Ee?a: Aeae. AIA, 1996.- 0,8 ae?.a?e.(c ieo aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 0,32 ae?.a?e.- aiae?c i?aei?e?inoaa-ia’?eoa e?aaeeooaaiiy).

Iiooa N.I. Iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iuaaeieo ?ano?n?a.
Ee?a,1997.- Aeae.”Aeii?iae”,1997.-1,39 ae?.a?e.

I?ooa N.I. Iaoiaeeea aeai?o ia’?eoo ?iaanooaaiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
no?aoaa?? o/ano? iuaaeiiai eai?oaeo o o?iainoaaii?
i?aei?e?inoa.-Ee?a,1997.-Aeae.”Aeii?iae”-1,39 ae?.a?e.

I?ooa N.I. ?iaanooaaiiy eioo?a iuaaeieo onoaiia a aeiiii?eo i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa//?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
oa ?aaoethaaiiy (iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??, i.*a?i?aoe?, 8-10 ea?oiy 1997 ?ieo).*anoeia
1.-N.70-73.-0,24 ae?.a?e.

IIOOA N.I. I??i?eoaoi? iai?yie e?aaeeooaaiiy Iuaaeiei aaieii
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 08.04.01. — «O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo».
-Ee?anueeee iaoeiiiaeueiee aeiiiii/iee oiiaa?neoao. I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,1998.

Aeena?oaoeiy iinoeoue oai?aoe/ii ocaaaeueiaiiy oa iiai iaoiaeieiai/ii
iiaeoiaee uiaei oiiainoaaiiy aeiyeueiinoi i?iieneiaeo iiaei?e?inoa
eai?oaeii iuaaeieo onoaiia.?ic?iaeaii oa i?iiiiothoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
ii oi?aaeiiith e?aaeeoieie iia?aoeiyie aaieia ia iniiai eiiieaeniiai
aiaeico oiiainiai? aeiyeueiinoi oa e?aaeeoini?iiiaeiinoi iiaei?e?inoa.
Caaaeueii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? ai?iaiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a
aaieianueeeo onoaiiaao oa i?iieneiaeo iiaei?e?inoaao i.Ee?aa.

Eeth/iai neiaa: caiuaaeaeaiiy, aaieianueea aeiyeueiinoue,
e?aaeeoini?iiiaeiinoue, eieaiaeiinoue, e?aaeeo, a?ioiai iioiee,
iiaei?e?inoaa.

IEOOA N.I. I?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey e?aaeeoiaaiey Naa?aaaoaeueiui aaieii
aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.04.01. — «Oeiainu, aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea e
e?aaeeo». -Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee
oieaa?neoao.Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea iaiauaiey e iiaua iaoiaee/aneea
iiaeoiaeu e oeiaine?iaaieth aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee
eaieoaeii naa?aaaoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee.?ac?aaioaiu e i?aaeeaaathony
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oi?aaeaieth e?aaeeoiuie iia?aoeeyie aaieia ia iniiaa
eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe e e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe
i?aaei?eyoee. Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey aeenna?oaoeee ai?iae?iaaiu e aiaae?aiu
a aaieianeeo o/?aaeaeaieyo e i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo a.Eeaaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naa?aaeaiea, aaieianeay aeayoaeueiinoue,
e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoue, eeeaeaeiinoue, e?aaeeo, aeaiaaeiua iioiee,
i?aaei?eyoey.

MISHTA S.P. Priority directions of crediting subjects of business by
Saving bank.-Manuscript.

A thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
economic sciences on a 08.04.01 — «Finances, money circulation and
credit».- Kiev National Ekonomic University.Education Ministry of
Ukraine, Kiev,1998.

The thesis contains theoretical generalisation and new methodical
approaches of financing the activities of industrial enterprises by
savings capital. Recommendations of managing bank credit operations on
the basis of complex analysis of enterprises» financial activities and
creditability have been developed which are proposed here in. Principle
provisions of the thesis have been approved and implemented at banks and
industrial enterprises in Kiev

Key words: saving,banking activities,creditability, cash flow,
enterprises.

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?en.1. Aeeiai?ea aeinoaoiino? a?ioiaeo iioie?a e?aaeeoieo i?iaeo?a
i?aei?e?inoa

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