Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

Oo?iaiaiei Ieaenaiae? Nao?iiiae/

OAeE 625. 76: 628. 46

I?EIOeEIE OA IAOIAeE OAeINEIIAEAIIss

OAOIIEIA?*IIAI I?IOeANO I*EUAIIss AeI?IAEI?O

IIE?EOO?A I?NUeEEO OA?EOI??E

05.23. 20 “I?noiaoaeoaaiiy oa oa?eoi??aeueia ieaioaaiiy”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Nei?/aiei A?eoi? Oaaei?iae/

(Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee
oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e i?iaeooaaiiy
aei??a)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?o?oaeoo?e, i?ioani?

?iae?/e?i ?aai Aeieo?iae/(Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, i?ioani? eaoaae?e i?nueeiai
aoae?aieoeoaa)Caneoaeaiee aoae?aaeueiee Oe?a?ie,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoeOaiiaaeia Aaeoa?ae Aieiaeeie?iae/(Aea?aeaaiee
?inoeooo i?iaeooaaiiy i?no “Ae?i?ii?noi”, aieiaiee ?iaeaia?
?iaeaia?ii-ieaioaaeueiiai a?aeae?eo)I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ? i?iaeoiee ?inoeooo i?noiaoaeoaaiiy Aea?aeaoaeo
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.05 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio

oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 252037, Ee?a-37,
Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?ini., 31, aoae.466.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeiai – oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: 252037, Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?ini., 31.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 12 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee, eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
I.I.?na?a

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoeiai — oaoi?/iee i?ia?an oa iia’ycaiee
c iei

i?ioean o?aai?caoe?? caaino?ththoue i?iaeaio ioi?iie aeiae?eey,
noai?aiiy ii?-iaeueieo oiia aeey i?iaeeaaiiy oa ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.
Iniaeeai aaaeeeaa i?iaeaia /enoioe aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a i?nueeeo
oa?eoi??e, ye? ? iaa?ae’?iiei ao?eaooii oaeeo aeaiaio?a aeaaiono?ith
no/aniiai i?noa, ye i?i?cia /anoeia aoeeoeue, aei??a oa
aioo??oiueieaa?oaeueieo i?i?cae?a c iaeaeai/eeaie oa ?icoe-?aiiyie aeey
?icai?ioo, ?ic’?caeo oa noiyiee aaoiiia?e?a, o?iooa?e, i?oio?aei?
aei??aeee oa aea?, aaeineiaaei? aei??aeee, a oaeiae iaeaeai/eee ia
i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??yo: a?ey i?ae’?cae?a aoaeeie?a, a?eeciyi?, aeey
oa?e c iiaooiaeie a?aeoiaeaie, oaoiieia?/i?, aeey a?aeii/eieo, aeeoy/?
oa nii?oeai?.

Caa?oaeiaiiy, ui ooai?ththoueny ia aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo, cia/ii
iia??oothoue ?o nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iee ? o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?eiee
noai. Aeey caiia?aaiiy oeueiio cae?eniththoue caoiaee uiaei i/euaiiy
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a a?ae caa?oaeiaiue, nooue yeeo iieyaa? o
i?io?eaeoeoe? caa?oaeithaaiino? aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, cieaeaii?
oe?aeeeaiai aieeao caa?oaeiaiue ia aeiae?eey, aeaeaeaii? oa
ciaoeiaeaeaii? caa?oaeiaiue, a oaeiae o noai?aii? aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe?
oa iaeiaioeo ia?aoeiae o aei?iaeiueiio ?on? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

Ca iaiao?aeiino? aeo?a/aiiy aaeeeeo eioo?a ia nenoaiaoe/ia aeeiiaiiy
cia/ieo ianya?a i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeii? /enoioe
aei-?iaei?o iie?eoo?a iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ? aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
?aaeei?a i/euaiiy iie?eoo?a, i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino?
?ia?o. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe oa noai?eoe oiiae aeey
iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ee?iaoe/ieo, i?noiaoae?aieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oaeoi??a, caaacia/eoe iaeneiaeueia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o iaoai?ciaaiei
niiniaii oa aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy i?eae?aeueieo iaoei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?iaioao
“?ac?aaioaoue enoiaeiua o?aaiaaiey e iaoaiece?iaaiiui oaoiieiaeyi e
oaoie/aneei n?aaenoaai aeey niaea?aeaiey i?eaeiiiauo oa??eoi?ee” (oeo?
12.42.01.89), “?ic?iaea ieoiieo ii?iaoea?a iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao ia
aenieoaoaoe?th i?nueeeo aaoiii-a?eueieo aei??a” (oeo? 12.72.24.91),
“?ic?iaea i?aecaeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a aei noaoae 21 ? 24 Caeiio Oe?a?ie
“I?i aei?iaei?e ?oo” (oeo? 12.88.24.93), “Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici?uaiiy oa iaeaaeiaiiy coieiie i?nueeiai a?iiaaenueeiai o?ainii?oo”
(oeo? 12.35.24. 94), ui aeeiioaaeenue Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei oa
eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iei ?inoeoooii i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia
ca-iiaeaiiy Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie ii aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiio
ainiiaea?-noao, a oaeiae a eiiieaeni?e i?ia?ai? “Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee
i?ia?ann e aai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea iineaaenoaey ia ia?eiae aei
2005 aiaea ii Oe?aeineie NN?” (?acaeae “Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea
i?iaeaiu ?annaeaiey e a?aaeino?ieoaeuenoaa”), — ia caiiaeaiiy
Aea?aeieaio O?N?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy — noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ieo caniiae?a oa
i?ae-oe/ieo iaoiae?a oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a i?nueeeo oa?eoi??e, ui ni?eythoue iie?auaiith ?o
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiai oa o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?eiiai noaio.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aecia/ai? ianooii?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeai-iy:

aecia/aiiy iniiaieo i?eioeei?a ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
i/e-uaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a;

?ic?iaea iiaeaeae iioei?caoe?? oa ieaioaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a;

aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oiia aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiio ia ia?aiao?e
oaoiiei-a?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a;

?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:
aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
oaoii-eia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, yea a?oioo?oueny
ia aea/aii? nenoaie “aei?iaei? iie?eooy — i?eae?aeueia oaoi?ea —
aoee/iee ?oo — ee?iaoe/i? oiiae”;

oaeineiiaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee ieaioaaiiy ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy
aei-?iaei?o iie?eoo?a oa ianya?a i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o, ?ic?aooie?a
iio?aae a caniaao iaoai?caoe?? oa cao?ao ?o/ii? i?aoe?, o?ainii?oieo
caeoe?a ia ae?eyieao i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a;

aia?oa io?eiaii e?euee?ni? caeaaeiino?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aca?iica’ycee ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a c ia?aiao?aie ee?iaoe/ieo, i?noiaoae?aieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oiia;

io?eiaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ?aoe?iiaeueia i?iaeooaaiiy aeaiaio?a
ao-ee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae? oa i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e a?aeiia?aeii
aei aeiia iaoai?ciaaiiai i?eae?aiiy ?o aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, a oaeiae
eiino?othaaiiy aoaeoeaieo cania?a iaoai?caoe?? i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaoiiaeaii ?o ?aae?caoe??th
o 5 a?aeii/eo ? 2 i?aea?aeii/eo ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ieo oa ea??aieo
aeieoiaioao, 2 aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?oao Oe?a?ie a aaeoc? aenieoaoaoe??
aoee/ii-aei?iaei?o ia?aae oa i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaea?aeai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii. A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? aaoi?nuee?
?ic?iaee oa ?aea?, ui ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo oa
ioae?eaoe?yo, aea aaoi? aoa ea??aieeii aai i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith
o/anoue a ?o ?ic?iaoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
?acoeueoaoe ?i-aioe aeiiia?aeaeenue aaoi?ii, aoee iaaiai?ai? ? noaaeai?
ia ananithcieo, ?anio-ae?eainueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao “Iiauoaiea o?iaiy iaoaiecaoeee oai?ee
ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee e yooae-

oeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo iaoei” (Eeoei?a, 1984),
“Iaoaiece-?iaaiiay oai?ea oa??eoi?ee aeiiiaeaaeaiee” (?eaa, 1985),
“Iiauoaiea oaoie/aneiai o?iaiy yenieoaoaoeee oee/ii-aei?iaeiie naoe
?anioaeeee e iiaeaioiaea aa e ?aaioa a ceiieo oneiaeyo” (Iaeana, 1986),
“Iaoaiecaoeey oai?ee ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee e ?aoeeiiaeueiia
eniieueciaaiea niaoeiaoei” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1986), “Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey niaoeiaoei e aiaae?aiey ?ano?ninaa?aaathueo oaoiieiaee
oai?ee ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee” (Eaoian, 1988), “Ninoiyiea e i?iaeaiu
aei?iaeii-iinoiaiai oicyenoaa ai?iaeia e iinaeeia ai?iaeneiai oeia
Oe?aeiu” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1994), “Iooiaeu ai?iaea e eo aeeyiea ia
ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo” (Ee?a, 1995), “Iooe iiauoaiey ea/anoaa naieoa?iie
i/enoee ai?iaeia e aeeaaiinoeea eiiioiaeueiiai aaoio?ainii?oa”
(Ia??oiieue, 1996), “Oeeoeu -96” (Eaoian, 1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 25 ?iaioao, o
oiio /ene? a 3 iiiia?ao?yo, 11 noaooyo, 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao, 9
ii?iaoeaieo aeieo-iaioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoeo. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 194 noi??iee. Aiia
ai?uo?: 31 ?ethno?aoe?th, ye? caeiathoue 31 noi??ieo; 25 oaaeeoeue, ye?
caeiathoue 14 noi??iie; aeiaeaoie, yeee caeia? 6 noi??iie; nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (108 iaeiaioaaiue), yeee caeia? 10 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ai?oa aeeiiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa i?aeoe/ieo caoiae?a c ieoaiue i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a i?nueeeo oa?eoi??e, a oaeiae aecia/aia i?eioeeiiaa
iiaeeea?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i?eae?aiiy.

Ie?ai? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c oe??th i?iaeaiith, ciaeoee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao Aeaenaiae?ianueei? C.?., Ayeiaaeanueeiai A.A.,
Aaae?ieoey A., Aii/a?iaa TH.I., Aeieo?aiei O.Ae., AEeaiaa I.A., Ea?aaaia
A.E., E??i?/i?eiaa A.A., E?ooeoey A.A., Eoeueyiiai? I.I., ?ao?iiaa A.A.,
?eaue?aa A.?., Nei?/aiea A.O., *aaea A.N., Bell J.S., Bietenharder H.,
Bodin L.D., Boll B., Bradway R.M., Chakely R.B., Doylo G.S., Fleming
R.R., Kulbe H.J., Pitt R., Randolph M., Tomino W. oa ?ioeo.

Ieie anoaiiaeaii, ui ni?ooy oa ni?aeii-eueiaeia? ooai?aiiy ia
aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo ? oe?aeeeaeie ? iia??oothoue nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iee
noai aeiae?eey, o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?ei? iieacieee aoeeoeue oa
aei??a, anoaoe/iee aeaeyae i?-nueeeo oa?eoi??e. A?aeiia?aeii aei
oa?aeoa?o cani?/aiino? oa noaio ni?aeii-eueiaeiaeo ooai?aiue
i?iiiiothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? caoiaee uiaei i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a,
oaoiieia?y yeeo ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy i?eae?aeueieo iaoei, ?o/ii?
i?aoe? oa a?aeiia?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, ui iieaaoothoue oa
ni?eythoue ye?niiio aeeiiaiith ?ia?o.

?acii c oei, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a a?aeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aea? ciiao cana?ae/eoe, ui ?nioth/? caoiaee uiaei i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a ia a iiai?e i??? a?aoiaothoue ee?iaoe/i?, i?noiaoae?ai? oa
aenieoaoaoe?ei? oiiae, ye? nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?eae?aeueieo iaoei. E??i oiai, oea
iaoiiaeth? ia?aoe?iiaeueio i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe i?e-ae?aeueieo iaoei ?
iecueeo aoaeoeai?noue aeeiioaaieo ieie oaoiieia?/ieo iia-?aoe?e
i/euaiiy, aiane?aeie /iai aeio?eioaaiiy eiioiaeueieie neoaeaaie
a?ae-iia?aeieo nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo, o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa
anoaoe/ieo aeiia caeaa?eueoiai iia’ycaia c iaaei?aaaeaieie iaaei??ieie
aeo?aoaie.

Aaaaoi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?aai?caoe?? oa aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
iia-?aoe?e i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a iathoue ocaaaeueiaiee oa?aeoa?,
iaoiiaeaiee a?aenooi?noth niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei cia/iiai ae?aiaciio i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue a eiie?aoieo oiiaao
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiio, cieaeaiiy oi/iino? ?ic?aooie?a ? aoaeoeaiino?
aeeiioaaieo caoiae?a. Ia?o ca ana oea iiyn-ith?oueny a?aenooi?noth
iaoiaeeee iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o ii-e?eoo?a, yea a
a?aoiaoaaea oiiae aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiio ??ciiiai?oieo i?nueeeo
oa?eoi??e.

?nioth/? i?aai?caoe?y ? oaoiieia?y i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o ia a?aoiaothoue
ia-iao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy aca?iii? aaciaee i?eae?aeueieo iaoei oa
o?ainii?oii-i?oio?aeieo iioie?a ia i?nueeeo aoeeoeyo, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy
ao?ao /ano a o?ainii?oieo ia?anoaaiiyo.

Onoiooe cacia/ai? iaaeie?ee iiaeia oeyoii iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a. A?aoiaoth/e neeaaei?noue oa
aaaaoia?ai-i?noue oe??e i?iaeaie ia?oi/a?aiaei ? aecia/aiiy ?ie?
i?aai?caoe?eieo oa oao-iieia?/ieo iaoiae?a cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a uiaei
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a o caaacia/aii? iaeaaeiiai ?o
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiai ? o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?e-iiai noaio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? caniiaee iaa?oiooaaiiy
iioe-iaeueiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a,
iaoaiaoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy ieaioaaiiy ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a ? aecia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?eae?aeueieo
iaoei, a oaeiae iiaeaeue aca?iiae?? o?ainii?oiiai iioieo c
i?eae?aeueieie iaoeiaie i?ae /an i/euaiiy ieie aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy.

I?eae?aiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a oa eiiieaen oiia, o yeeo aiii
aeeiio-?oueny, ? neeaaeiei i?ioeanii “aca?iiae??” i?eae?aeueii? oaoi?ee
c aei?iaei?i ii-e?eooyi. E??i oiai, oa?aeoa? oaei? aca?iiae?? a cia/i?e
i??? aecia/a?oueny ia-?aiao?aie o?ainii?oiiai ? i?oio?aeiiai ?ooo, a
oaeiae ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie i?noeaaino?. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo onoaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a.

Eiiieaen i?eae?aeueiiai i?ioeano cai?iiiiiaaii ?icaeyaeaoe ye
ooieoe?-iioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ii? nenoaie “aei?iaei? iie?eooy —
i?eae?aeueia oaoi?ea — aoee/iee ?oo — ee?iaoe/i? oiiae” (nenoaia IO?E),
yea eiiieaenii a?aeia?aaea? aca?iiae?th on?o ?? i?aenenoai (?en.1).
Ia?aiao?aie nenoaie IO?E ? noae? oa ci?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?? aeaiaio?a.

?en.1. Noaia aca?iiae?? eiiieaeno IO?E

Aei noaeeo ia?aiao??a a?aeiinyoueny oae?, nooo?aa ci?ia yeeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny eeoa i?ney cae?eniaiiy ?aeiino?oeoeaieo caoiae?a. Aiie
aecia/athoueny ua ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy c iiaeeea?noth iacia/ii? ci?ie
a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??. Ci?ii? ia-?aiao?e oa?aeoa?ecothoue oae? yeino?
aeaiaio?a nenoaie, ye? ci?iththoueny o /an? ? ca nai?th o?ce/iith
i?e?iaeith iiaeooue aooe a?aeianai? aei eiia??ieo. A?aei?oiith
iniaeea?noth ci?iieo ia?aiao??a (ia aeayeiio aoai? ? noaeeo) ? oa, ui
aiie ae-?aaeathoue aeeiai?/i?noue nenoaie IO?E.

Ca oa?aeoa?ii ca’yce?a i?ae aeaiaioaie nenoaie IO?E iiaeia aeae?eeoe
iaea?iaaiee aeaiaio E, yeee ciai?oiuei aieeaa?, ? ea?iaaio nenoaio IO?,
yeo, iiaeia iioei?coaaoe. Iioei?caoe?y nenoaie IO? aeeiio?oueny ca aeaa
aoaie. Ia ia?oiio (aaciaiio) aoai? ae??oothoueny ieoaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao noaeeo ia?aiao??a, ia
ae?oaiio — iia?aoeaia ea?oaaiiy nenoaiith i?ae aieeaii ci?iieo ??
ia?aiao??a. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai caaea/a iioeiaeueiiai ae??oaiiy nenoaie
IO? ia aaciaiio aoai? noi?ioeueiaaia oaeei /eiii. Iio??aii ciaeoe oae?
cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a nenoaie o1 , o2 , … , on , eiaeai c yeeo i??ith ?i
ii ??ciiio aieeaa? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ia?o c i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a I , uia oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y

I = ?i oi = max ,
(1)

i?e oeueiio iiaeii? aeeiioaaoenue aaeainia? oiiae bri oi nr ?
iaaeia? oiiae

oi 0. Aaee/eie nr a aaeainiaeo oiiaao icia/athoue aaeainia? e?i?oe
cao?ao eioo?a, a bri -eiao?oe??ioe eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, ye?
aecia/athoue e?euee?noue cao?ao r-ai ??oaiiy, iaiao?aeieo aeey
ca?eueoaiiy i-ai ia?aiao?a ia iaeeieoeth aei??o.

Aaciao iioei?caoe?th nenoaie IO? iiaeia cae?enithaaoe ? ca oiiae
i?i?i?-caoe?? eioo?a. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iio??aii ciaeoe iiiaeieee 1, 2
, …, m , uia ooieoe?y cao?ao C caaeiaieueiyea oiia?

C = nr r = min ,
(2)

i?e oeueiio iiaeii? aeeiioaaoenue iia?/i? oiiae bri r ?i ?
iaaeia? oiiae

r 0.

Iniiaieie ieoaiiyie, ui ae??oothoueny ia aaciaiio aoai? iioei?caoe??,
?: i?iaeooaaiiy (?aeiino?oeoe?y) aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiia ia-oai?ciaaiiai i?eae?aiiy; e?ea?aeaoe?y aeaea?ae, ui
cani?/othoue aei?iaei? iie?eooy, aai cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
cani?/oaaiiy iie?eoo?a; ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a, ui
caiia?aathoue ooai?aiith iaeaeaaeeoe? oa ooi?iaoaaiith ni?ao ia
aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo; caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeii? i?oeiino? oa ??aiino?
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a; oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e i?eae?aeueieo iaoei oa
iaoai?ci?a.

Iia?aoeaia ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye nenoaia
aca?iiae?? ea?oth/iai i?eno?ith O c ia’?eoii ea?oaaiiy IO? i?ae
aieeaii ciai?oiueiai oaeoi?a E — ee?iaoe/ieo oiia (?en.2).

?en.2. I?eioeeiiaa noaia i?ioeano iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy

Caaea/a iioeiaeueiiai iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii
iieyaa? o oiio, uia aea?aoe ea?oaaiiy (0), (1), …, (O-1), yea
caaeiaieueiy? oiia? (t) Pt oae, uia aeey a?aeiia?aeii? o?a?eoi??? O
(0), O (1), …, O (O) ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy O(t+1) = Ft X(t), (t) i?e
caaeaieo ii/aoeiaeo oa e?ioeaaeo noaiao ooieoe?iiae

J = ft X (t), Y (t)= min ,
(3)

aea X(t) = x1 (t), x2 (t), …, xn (t) — aaeoi? -ooieoe?y iiiaeeie
ci?iieo ia?a-iao??a nenoaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? noai a iiiaio /ano
t;

Y(t) = y1(t), y2(t), …, yl(t) — aaeoi?-ooieoe?y iiiaeeie
iiaeeeaeo ae?e ea-?oth/iai i?eno?ith, eiaeia c yeeo iiaea aieeaaoe ia
iaeei aai aeae?eueea aeo?aeieo ci?iieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie;

?t — iaeanoue i?eionoeieo ae?e ia ia’?eo ea?oaaiiy.

Iia?aoeaia ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii noaaeoue caaea/o
aecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a ? eiie?aoiiai /ano aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c i/euaiiy,
ei?eaoaaiiy ia?o?oo?a ?iaioe i?eae?aeueieo iaoei, aeyaeaiiy ae?eyiie
aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae?, ui iio?aaothoue iicaieaiiaiai i/euaiiy,
ia?a?iciiae?eo i?eae?aeueieo iaoei ia ae?eyieao ?ia?o, cieaeaiiy
o?ainii?oieo ao?ao i?ae /an i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o, ?aaoethaaiiy noiyiee
aaoiiia?e?a ia i?i?ci?e /anoei? aoeeoeue, iaiaaeaiiy ?ooo ia ae?eyieao
?ia?o oiui.

Aeo?aeiei caniiaeii iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aaeeio i/euaiiy aei?iaeiueiai
iie-?eooy ? oa, ui oe? ?iaioe iaiao?aeii aeeiioaaoe c oaeith /ano?noth n
aai ia??i-aee/i?noth t , ca yeith e?euee?noue ni?ooy ia iie?eoo? i?eiee
ia aoaea ia?aaeuoaaoe eiai a?aie/ii i?eionoeia cia/aiiy G c o?aooaaiiyi
iieacieea yeino? i?eae-?aiiy Ey , oiaoi

n = U/GKy aai t = 24 GKy /U ,
(4)

aea U — ?ioaineai?noue iaeiie/aiiy ni?ooy;

U = Kc(Qi + UN) ,
(5)

aea Kc — eiao?oe??io naciiii? ia??aiii??iino? iaeiie/aiiy ni?ooy;

Qi — aeiaiaa iaeiie/aiiy ni?ooy, aaee/eia yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?iaeo-iiai ae??oaiiy i?eeaaei? oa?eoi???;

UN — iieaciee cani?/oaaiiy iie?eooy aiane?aeie ?ooo o?ainii?oieo
cania?a.

Iiiyooy /enoioe aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy aecia/a?oueny anoaoe/iei
ni?eeiyooyi eiai cani?/aiino? ca iaaiith nenoaiith ioe?iieo aae?a, oiaoi
iaoiaeii aenia?oieo ioe?iie. Ca?aeii c oeei cia/aiiy G aecia/a?oueny
ooieoe??th

G = f (Aj) ,
(6)

aea Aj — e?eoa??e /enoioe j-i? eeaneo?eaoe?eii? a?oie aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a ca ooieoe?iiaeueieie iciaeaie;

Aj = f (Arj / m; Qj) ,
(7)

aea Arj — ioe?iiee aae /enoioe iie?eooy j-i?
eeaneo?eaoe?eii? a?oie r-ai aenia?oa;

m — e?euee?noue aenia?o?a;

Qj — oaeoe/ia cani?/ai?noue aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy.

Aenieoaoaoe?eia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?eae?aeueieo iaoei aecia/a?oueny
i?i-oyaei?noth I i?ieaeaiiai oeyoo o ?aaeei? i/euaiiy aei?iaeiueiai
iie?eooy i?i-oyaii ?iai/i? ci?ie O aai aee?aeoeaiiai /ano Oaee? c
o?aooaaiiyi ao?ao ?iai/iai /ano ca oaoi?/ieie, oaoiieia?/ieie ?
i?aai?caoe?eieie i?e/eiaie oa iaiaaeaiue ia?aiao?aie aenieoaoaoe?eiiai
oiio eeaneo?eaoe?eieo a?oi aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a:

aeey i?aei?oaeueii-i?eae?aeueieo iaoei

I = uTKa to to /(1 + Ev Kx)( to + ta)( to + tn) ,
(8)

aeey iieeaaeueii-ieeieo iaoei

I = uTKa to /(1 + Ev Kx)( to + ta) ,
(9)

aeey ?iceeaea/?a ceiiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a

I = uTaee? Ka t? /(1 + Ev Kx)( t? + tc) ,
(10)

aeey ieoaeii-u?oeiaeo ni?aii/euoaa/?a

I = uTaee? Ka /(1 + Ev Kx) ,
(11)

aeey ni?aiiaaaioaaeoaa/?a

I = IoT Kae Ea tc /( tc + ti) ,
(12)

aea u — ?iai/a oaeaee?noue i?eae?aeueieo iaoei;

Ka — eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy iaoei ia e?i??;

to, t?, to — /an, i?ioyaii yeiai a?aeiia?aeii aeo?a/a?oueny
caian aiaee, ceiiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, caiiaith?oueny aoiea?
ni?ooyi;

ta, tc, tn — /an, ui cao?a/o?oueny iaoeiaie ia oieino?
ia?a?caee aeey a?aeiia?aeii cai?aaeaiiy aiaeith, caaaioaaeaiiy ceiiaeie
oaoiieia?/ieie iaoa??aeaie, aeaaioaaeaiiy ni?ooy;

Ev — eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?iai/i? ? o?ainii?oii?
oaeaeeino? ?ooo i?eae?aeueieo iaoei;

Kx — eiao?oe??io oieinoeo ia?a?cae?a ia ia?o?oo?
i?eae?aiiy;

Io — oaoi?/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
ni?aiiaaaioaaeoaa/a;

Kae — eiao?oe??io caaaioaaeaiiy aeeaeeueieea
ni?aiiaaaioaaeoaa/a;

tc — o?eaae?noue caaaioaaeaiiy aoiea?a ?iceeaea/a
ceiiaeie oaoiiei- a?/ieie iaoa??aeaie aai naiineeaea ni?aii;

ti — /an, ia yeee i?eieiy?oueny ?iaioa
ni?aiiaaaioaaeoaa/a aeey ci?ie naiineeae?a.

Iiaeaethaaiiy aca?iiae?? o?ainii?oiiai iioieo c i?eae?aeueieie
iaoe-iaie a?oioo?oueny ia oiio, ui aiae?? aaoiiia?e?a, ye? ?ooathoueny
ca i?eae?aeueiith iaoeiith, aeey ?? ia’?caeo ioe?iththoue eiaeiee
?ioa?aae /ano t i?ae aaoiiia?eyie, ye? ?ooathoueny ia non?aei?e nioc?,
aei oeo i??, iiee ia aeyaeyoue i?eeiyoiee ?ioa?aae O, ui caaacia/o?
aacia/iee ae?cae ?o ia oeth nioao ?ooo. I?eeiath/e, ui iio?e aaoiiia?e?a
?ioa?i?aoo?oueny ye ioannii?anueeee, a ?iciiae?e /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a i?ae
ieie — aeniiiaioe?eiee, ia?ii na?aaeith aaee/eio cao?eiee aaoiiia?e?a,
ye? ?ooathoueny ca i?eae?aeueiith iaoeiith:

= ( — u)(emT — mT — 1) / m ,
(13)

aea i m — a?aeiia?aeii oaeaee?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue
o?ainii?oiiai iioieo ia non?aei?e nioc?
?ooo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? iaoiaeeea ? ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiai-oaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a. Aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeeyaaee oeiia? oaeoi?e
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiio, ui nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ia?aiao?e
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy cani?/aiino?
aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy. ?iaioe aeeiioaaeenue oeyoii iaoo?ieo ianoaaeaiue
oiia aenieoaoaoe?? oa cani?/oaaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, aiae?co ?o
ieaioaaeueieo oa eiino?oeoeaieo ae??oaiue, noaoenoe/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue
ca ?iaioith i?eae?aeueieo iaoei. Iio??aia e?euee?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aei???a aecia/aeanue ia iniia? iiiyooy i?i aeia??ai? ?ioa?aaee c
ia?aa??eith ia ii?iaeueiee caeii ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue, ui
niinoa??aaeenue, ca e?eoa???i I??niia. Ia?iaea aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiioaaeanue ?c canoinoaaiiyi ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co c
ia?aa??eith aaeaeaaoiino? io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae ca e?eoa???i O?oa?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ni?ooy ia aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo
cia/ii ci?ith?oueny i?ioyaii ?ieo, aiane?aeie /iai u?euei?noue eiai
oaeiae ci?-ith?oueny a iaaeao 0,31 — 1,45 o/i3. Caeaaei?noue i?ae
aeiaiaei iaeiie/aiiyi ni?ooy UN (a a ia 1 i eioea) oa ?ioaineai?noth
?ooo o?ainii?oo N (oen. aao./aiae) c o?aooaaiiyi /anoee aaioaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a o o?ainii?oiiio iioioe? (a %) ia? aeaeyae

UN = (3,3 + 0,16 ) N .
(14)

I?iaeoia ae??oaiiy i?eeaaei? oa?eoi??? iiaea ni?e/eieoe aeiaeaoeiaa
iaeiie/aiiy ni?ooy Qi a iaaeao 5 — 80 a/i2 ca aeiao, a naia
cani?/oaaiiy ii-e?eoo?a aaniith o 1,17 — 1,23 ? in?iith o 1,11 — 1,15
?aca ? a?eueo ?ioaineaiei o ii??aiyii? c e?oi?i ia??iaeii.

A?coaeueia ioe?iea /enoioe aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a cae?enithaaeanue
/eaiaie aenia?oii? eii?n??, o neeaae? 12 i?aaenoaaiee?a eiioiaeueieo
neoaea, naiai?aeai-noaioe?? oa oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie i?e?iaee i?noa Ee?aa
ca 5-aaeueiith nenoaiith ioe?iie ia aeine?aeieo ae?eyieao
aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae? c ??aiai cani?/aiino? iie?eoo?a 9,4 — 1602
a/i2 . Anoaiiaeaia aii??e/ia caeaaei?noue na?aaeiueiai ioe?iiiai aaea An
a?ae ??aiy cani?/aiino? aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy Q (a/i2) iieno?oueny
ae?acii:

3,15 + 17,9/ Q i?e Q 67

An =
(15)

3,685 — 0,004 Q i?e Q 67 .

Aeyaeaii aieea i?noiaoae?aieo oiia ia ?aaeei ?iaioe i?eae?aeueieo
ia-oei. Oae, /ei a?eueoa u?euei?noue aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae?, oei
ei?ioo? oieino? ia?a?caee i?ae /an i?eae?aiiy aoeeoeue iaeiaeiai?
i?ioyaeiino? ? iaioa o?ainii?oia oaeaee?noue ?ooo i?eae?aeueieo iaoei.
I?ae /an i/euaiiy i?io?aeieo aioo??oiueieaa?oaeueieo i?i?cae?a oieino?
ia?a?caee i?eae?aeueieo iaoei noaiiaeyoue 18 — 20 %, a ooieeiaeo — 15 —
16 % a?ae ?o ci?iii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ia aoeeoeyo c na?aaeiueith
a?aenoaiith i?ae ia?ao?anoyie 1,0 ? 0,5 ei oeae iieaciee noaiiaeoue
a?aeiia?aeii 5-7 ? 3-4 % (?en.3 ? 4). E??i oiai, iieacaii, ye? i?eeiie
ieaioaaeueiiai ae??oaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a ? iaaeineiiaeeie c
iiceoe?? nueiaiaeaiiy ? ye aiie oneeaaeiththoue oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa?aeoa?enoee o?ainii?oieo iioie?a o
oaoiiei-a?/iiio i?ioean? i/euaiiy aei?iaeieo iie?eoo?a aeaee ciiao
iaaiei /eiii ei-?aaoaaoe ?nioth/? oaoiieia?th ? i?aai?caoe?th
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy ianya?a ?ia?o c
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, ?ic?aooieo iio?aae a caniaao iaoai?caoe??
oa cao?ao ?o/ii? i?aoe? aeey aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo ianya?a
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o, oaoi?/i? aeiiae aei cania?a iaoai?caoe?? i?eae?aiiy
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e, a oaeiae i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?iaeoieo ae??oaiue aeaiaio?a
aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae? ? i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiia iaoai?ciaaiiai i?eae?aiiy ?o aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, i?aai?caoe?? ?
oaoiieia?? i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a ? caaacia/aiiy aaciaee
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

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0000000000000000000000

?en.3. Caeaaei?noue na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy aaee/eie oieinoeo ia?a?cae?a
l i?eae?aeueieo iaoei ia ia?o?oo?, ni?e/eiaieo oaoiieia?/iei

ianeoaiaoaaiiyi ?o i?ioyaii iaei??? ?iai/i? ci?ie,
a?ae na?aaeiuei?

a?aenoai? a i?ae ia?ao?anoyie aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae?:

1 — i?aei?oaiiy eioe?a; 2 ? 3 — ieooy a?aeiia?aeii
eioe?a ? i?i?cii? /anoeie.

?en 4. Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa oieinoeo ia?a?cae?a Eo , ni?e/eiaieo
a?aei- e?aii?noth ae?eyiie i?eae?aiiy ia ia?o?oo?, a?ae na?aaeiuei?
a?aenoai? a i?ae ia?ao?anoyie aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae?:

1, 2 — a?aeiia?aeii ia?an?/ia oa ??aieiia
i?noeaa?noue.

Iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy ianya?a ?ia?o c i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a
ii-eyaa? o aecia/aii? ?ic?aooieiaeo ianya?a on?o aeae?a i?eae?aeueieo
?ia?o, ye? iio??aii aeeiioaaoe ye uiaeaiii, oae ? i?ioyaii
a?aeiia?aeiiai aee?aeoeaiiai /ano, ca aeaieie ieiu? oa i?ioyaeiino?
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, ?ioaineaiino? ?ooo o?ainii?oo oa i?oioiae?a,
a?aie/ii i?eionoeieo ??ai?a cani?/aiino? aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, i?eeiyoeo
?aaeei?a i?eae?aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ee?iaoe/ieo, i?n-oiaoae?aieo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iio?aae a caniaao
iaoai?caoe?? oa cao?ao ?o/ii? i?aoe? a?oioo?oueny ia c?noaaeaii?
?ic?aooieiaeo ianya?a i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o oa aenieoaoaoe?eii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoei oa ?i-a?oiee?a c o?aooaaiiyi ae?iaie/eo iieaciee?a
i?aai?caoe?? ?o ?iaioe. I?e oeueiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui
i?aei?oaeueii-i?eae?aeuei? oa iieeaaeueii-ieei? iaoeie,
ni?aiiaaaioaaeoaa/? caeo/athoueny aei aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo ianya?a
?ia?o i?ioyaii an??? ?iai/i? ci?ie aai a?eueo o?eaaeiai i?ii?aeeo /ano
(i?aoi?e aai aea? ?iai/? ci?ie), a ieoaeiiu?oeia? ni?aii/enieee oa
?iceeaea/? oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a — eeoa i?ioyaii a?aeiia?aeiiai
aee?aeoeaiiai /ano, ?aaeaiaioiaaiiai oaoiieia??th ceiiaiai oo?eiaiiy
i?nueeeo aoeeoeue oa aei??a. Caaaeueiee aeai?eoi ieaioaaiiy i/euaiiy
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a iaaaaeaiee ia ?en.5.

?en.5. Aeai?eoi ieaioaaiiy i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a

Oaoi?/i? aeiiae aei cania?a i?eae?aiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a
noinothoueny oe?eie i/euaiiy, ea?iaaiino?, iaiaa?oaaiiy, i?io?aeiino?,
ieoiiiai oeneo ia iie?eooy oa i/euoaaeueii? caeaoiino?.

Iniiai? aeiiae, ui i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ieaioaaeueieo ae??oaiue
aeaiaio?a aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae? oa i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e,
iieyaathoue a oiio, ui i?oei?noue eiino?oeoe?? aei?iaeiueiai iaeyao
iiaeiia aooe aeinoaoiueith aeey aeo?eiaiiy nenoaiaoe/ieo i?i?cae?a
i?eae?aeueieo iaoei o nii?yaeaeaiiio noai?, aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e
ieaioaaeueieo ae??oaiue aeaiaio?a iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe oaoi?/iei
ia?aiao?ai i?eae?aeueieo iaoei ? oaoiieia?? i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o,
iiaa?oiy aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy iiaeiia ni?eyoe ye?niiio i/euaiith ?
caiia?aaoe ?oeiaoe?? aei?iaeiueiai iaeyao i?ae ae??th ?iai/eo i?aai?a
i?eae?aeueieo iaoei ia aei?iaei? caa?oaeiaiiy, a ?ici?uaiiy ?iaeaia?iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy aoeeoeue oa ?ioeo ia’?eo?a ia aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo iiaeiii
caaacia/oaaoe iaeneiaeueio aeinooii?noue oa?eoi??? aeey ?iaioe
i?eae?aeueieo iaoei.

AENIIAEE

1. Caa?oaeiaiiy ia aei?iaei?o iie?eooyo iia??oothoue ?o
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iee oa o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?eiee noai. A?aeii?
iaoiaee ieaioaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? oa aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e
i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a iaaeinoaoiuei a?aoiaothoue ee?iaoe/i?,
i?noiaoae?ai? oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? oiiae, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy
oi/iino? ?ic?aooie?a oa aoaeoeaiino? aeeiioaaieo caoiae?a. Iie?auaiiy
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiai oa o?ainii?oii-aenieoaoaoe?eiiai noaio aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a caaacia/o?oueny caoiaeaie, nooue yeeo iieyaa? a i?io?eaeoeoe?
cani?/oaaiiy iie?eoo?a, cieaeaii? oe?aeeeaiai aieeao aei?iaei?o
caa?oaeiaiue ia aeiae?eey, aeaeaeaii? oa ciaoeiaeaeaii? caa?oaeiaiue, a
oaeiae o noai?aii? aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe? oa i?i?i?caoe?? ia?aoeiae aeey
o?ainii?oii-i?oio?aeiiai ?ooo i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

2. Eiiieaen i?eae?aeueiiai i?ioeano cai?iiiiiaaii ?icaeyaeaoe ye ooie-

oe?iioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ii? nenoaie “aei?iaei? iie?eooy —
i?eae?aeueia oaoi?ea — aoee/iee ?oo — ee?iaoe/i? oiiae”. I?e oeueiio
eiaeia neeaaeiaa /anoeia nenoaie ?icaeyaea?oueny eieaeueii c iiceoe?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yeino? oa ?aoe?i-iaeueieo ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a ca e?eoa??yie aa?oino? ?ia?o, aieeao ia aeiae?eey, aaciaee
i?aoe?, ia?aoeiae aeey ?ooo. Iioei?caoe?y i?eae-?aeueiiai i?ioeano c
iaoith caaacia/aiiy aeniei? aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a uiaei i/euaiiy
aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a cae?enith?oueny ia aaciaiio (i?iaeoiiio) aoai? ? ia
aoai? iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy i?eae?aeueiei i?ioeanii i?ae /an
aenieoaoaoe?? aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi oai??? e?i?eiiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy o ae??oaii? aeai?noeo caaea/.

3. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ic?aooieo ?aaeeio i/euaiiy
aei-?iaei?o iie?eoo?a, i?iaeoeoeaiino?, iio?aae a caniaao iaoai?caoe??
oa cao?ao ?o/ii? i?aoe? aeey aeeiiaiiy iaiao?aeieo ianya?a i?eae?aeueieo
?ia?o eiiieaenii a?aoiaothoue aieea ee?iaoe/ieo, i?noiaoae?aieo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia.

4. Iieacaii, ui c o?aooaaiiyi ieaioaaeueieo ia?aiao??a aei?iaei?o
ii-e?eoo?a i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e ?nioth/ee oeiaae i?eae?aeueii?
oaoi?ee iaia-o?aeii aeiiiaieoe caniaaie iaoai?caoe?? eeano 0,75, 1,5 ?
2,0 ii oe?ei? i/euaiiy ?iai/eie i?aaiaie. Oea aeicaieeoue aeiaanoe
iiaeeeao ieiuo iaoai?ciaaiiai i?eae?aiiy c 72 aei 94 % a?ae on??? ieiu?
oaeineiiaeaieo aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e i?no
Oe?a?ie.

5. Iieacaii, ui i/euaiiy aei?iaeiueiai iie?eooy iiaeia aaaaeaoe ye?niei
eeoa oiae?, eiee i?ney i?ioiaeo i?eae?aeueii? iaoeie caeeoeiaa
e?euee?noue ni?ooy ia iueiio ia ia?aaeuo? 5 a/i2 .

6. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a
aeic-aieythoue aea?eueieoe a?ae 8 aei 10 ?ia?oiee?a ia eiaei? 100 oen.i2
aei?iaei?o iie-?eoo?a i?eaoaeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e, cieceoe ??/io aa?o?noue
oo?eiaiiy iie?eoo?a ia 25-30 %.

7. I?aai?caoe?y aeaiaoaiiiai aeaacaiiy ni?ooy aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe
aoae-oeai?noue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a ia
10 — 11 % ia eiaei? 10 ei nei?i/aiiy a?aenoai? o?ainii?ooaaiiy eiai
i?aei?oaeueii-i?eae-?aeueieie iaoeiaie iaa?no?aeueiiai oeio ? ia 18 — 19
% ia eiaei? 4 ei — iaoe-iaie o?iooa?iiai oeio.

8. Iieacaii, ui ioieoe cai?aaee i?eae?aeueieo iaoei aiaeith aeioe?eueii
?ici?uoaaoe ?c ?ic?aooieo ianeoaiaoaaiiy eiaeiei c ieo 40 ei
aoee/ii-aei-?iaeiuei? ia?aae? oa c oa’yceith c oaoiieia?/ieie ia?o?ooaie
i?eae?aiiy.

9. Aeoiaey/e c anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ? oa?aeoa?o aca?iieo
ia?a-oeiae i?ae i?eae?aeueieie iaoeiaie ? o?ainii?oieie iioieaie, ui
aeieeathoue i?ae /an i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a,
i?aei?oaeueii-i?eae?aeuei? oa iieeaaeueii-ieei? ?iaioe, a oaeiae
iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?ao ia i?nueeeo aoeeoeyo iaiao?aeii aeeiioaaoe o
aiaeeie, eiee ?ioaineai?noue ?ooo o?ainii?oo a aeaiiio iai?yieo ia
ia?aaeuo? 300 aao./aiae i?e iayaiino? 2 nioa i?i?cii? /anoeie, 900 — i?e
4 nioaao ? 1500 — i?e 6 nioaao.

10. Aeio?eiaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo caoiae?a aaciaee i?ae /an i/euaiiy
aei-?iaei?o iie?eoo?a aeicaiey? cieceoe eiia??i?noue o?aaioaaiiy
i?aoethth/eo ? ae-ieeiaiiy aei?iaeiuei-o?ainii?oieo i?eaiae ia iaioa ye
ia 20 %.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. ?aiiio e niaea?aeaiea ai?iaeneeo oeeoe e aei?ia. —
E.: Aoae?aaeueiee, 1986. — 80 n.

2. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Aaciianiinoue aeaeaeaiey ia o/anoeao aei?iaeiuo
?aaio. — I.: O?ainii?o, 1989. — 92 n.

3. Oo?iaiaiei I.N., I?oooia ?.N., Io?ca I.N. I?eae?aiiy oa nai?oa?ia
i/euaiiy ianaeaieo i?noeue. — E.: Aoae?aaeueiee, 1991. — 144 n.

4. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Ieaie?iaaiea eiiieaeniie iaoaiece?iaaiiie oai?ee
oa??eoi?ee aeiiiaeaaeaiee // Iaoea e oaoieea a ai?. oic-aa. — E.:
Aoae?aaeueiee. — 1986. — Aui. 61. — N. 22-27.

5. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Iooe nieaeaiey aaa?eeiinoe ia o/anoeao aei?iaeiuo
?aaio // Aaoiaei?iaeiee Oe?aeiu. — 1986. — ?3. — N. 48-50.

6. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue iiaeiaoaeueii-oai?i/iuo iaoei
// Iaoea e oaoieea a ai?. oic-aa. — E.: Aoae?aaeueiee.- 1987. — Aui. 64.
— N. 38-41.

7. Oo?iaiaiei I.N. Aiae?c AeOI ia ae?eyieao aei?iaei?o ?ia?o //
Aaoi-iia?euei? aei?iae ? aei?iaei? aoae?aieoeoai. — E.: Aoae?aaeueiee.-
1990. — Aei. 46. —

N. 93-95.

8. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Ia?aiao?u oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna auaica niaaa n
ai?iaeneeo oeeoe e aei?ia // Iaoea e oaoieea a ai?. oicaa. — E.:
Aoae?aaeueiee. — 1990. — Aui. 73. — N. 59-65.

9. Oo?iaiaiei A.N., Nooaiueei I.N. Eniieueciaaiea iaoiaea yenia?oiuo
ioeaiie i?e iacia/aiee i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo o?iaiae cani?aiiinoe
iie?uoee i?eaeiiiaie oa??eoi?ee // Iaoea e oaoieea a ai?. o-aa. — E. :
Aoae?aaeueiee. — 1991.- Aui. 76.- N. 43-48.

10. Oo?iaiaiei I.N. C o?aooaaiiyi iaoai?ciaaiiai i?eae?aiiy // I?nueea
ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie.- 1992. — ? 1. — N. 14-15.

11. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Oeo/oaiea yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo ea/anoa oa??eoi?ee
iee?i?aeiiia // AEeeeuiia no?ieoaeuenoai.- 1992. — ? 3. — N. 25-28.

12. Oo?iaiaiei I.N. Aenieoaoaoe?eia ioe?iea aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a
i?eao-aeeieiaeo oa?eoi??e c iiceoe?e i?eae?aiiy ?o iaoai?ciaaiei
niiniaii // I?noi-aoaeoaaiiy oa oa?eoi??aeueia ieaioaaiiy. — E.: EIOAA.
— 1999.- Aei.3.-N.14-17.

13. A. n. 1151865 NNN?, IEE G01N 15/14. Ono?ienoai aeey oeenaoeee
niaoa ia aei?iaeiuo iie?uoeyo / A.N.Oo?iaiaiei, A.N.*aae (NNN?). —

? 3548647/24-25; Cayae. 07.02.83; Iioae. 23.04.85, Athe. ? 15. — 3 n.

14. A.n. 1620527 NNN?, IEE A 01 F 9/00. Aei?iaeiue oeacaoaeue/

A.N. Oo?iaiaiei (NNN?). — ? 4412193/11; Cayae. 19.04.88; Iioae.
15.01.91, Athe. ? 2. — 3 n.

15. Nei?/aiei A.O., Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aeey i/enoee
aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee i?eaeiiiauo oa??eoi?ee // Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie

? 001-99. — E.: EeaaOeIOYE, 1999. — 3 n.

16. Oo?iaiaiei A.N. Iaoiaeeea ieaie?iaaiey i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie-?uoee
ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee // Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie ? 004-99. — E.:
EeaaOeIOYE, 1999. — 3 n.

17. Ii?iu i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiie cani?aiiinoe oniaa?oainoaiaaiiuo
iie-?uoee i?eaeiiiauo oa??eoi?ee ai?iaeia Oe?aeineie NN?: ?OI 204 ONN?
169-89: Ooa. Ieiaeeeeiioicii ONN? 22.12.89 / Ieiaeeeeiioic ONN?. — E.,
1990. — 4 n. (Aaoi?e: I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

18. ?oeiaiaenoai ii i?iaeoe?iaaieth e aeaaiono?ienoao i?eaeiiiauo
oa??eoi?ee n o/aoii o?aaiaaiee iaoaiece?iaaiiiai niaea?aeaiey: Ooa.
Iei-aeeeeiioicii ONN? 03.01.90 e Ainno?iai ONN? 19.02.90. — E.:
Aoae?aaeueiee, 1990. — 32 n. (Aaoi?u: A.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

19. Ii?ie aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a ia aenieoaoaoe?th i?nueeeo aoeeoeue oa
aei??a:

EOI 204 Oe?a?ie 006-92: Caoa. Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiainiii Oe?a?ie 04.03.92
/Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiaini Oe?a?ie. — E., 1992. — 84 n. (Aaoi?e:
I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei, ?.I.Oe?).

20. ?ino?oeoe?y i?i ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiioo oa oo?eiaiiy ia’?eo?a
i?nueeiai aeaaiono?ith: EAe?-204-12 Oe?. 214-92: Caoa.
Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiainiii Oe?a?ie 24.12.92: No?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?th c
01.01.93 / Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiaini Oe?a?ie. — E., 1992. — 130 n. (Aaoi?e:
I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

21. ?aeei? i?aaeea ?aiiioo ? oo?eiaiiy aaoiiia?eueieo aei??a, aoeeoeue,
ca-e?cie/ieo ia?a?cae?a, i?aaeea ei?enooaaiiy ieie oa ioi?iie: Caoa.
Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie 30.03.94 / Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie.- E.,
1994.- 13 n. (Aaoi?e: A.A.Iaiooa, O.I.Aii/a?aiei, I.N.Oo?iaiaiei oa
?io?).

22. Oaoi?/i? i?aaeea ?aiiioo ? oo?eiaiiy i?nueeeo aoeeoeue oa aei??a:
EOI 204 Oe?a?ie 010-94: Caoa. Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiainiii Oe?a?ie 27.12.94:
No?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?th c 01.01.95/Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiaini Oe?a?ie. —
E., 1995. —

52 n. (Aaoi?e: I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

23. I?aaeea ?ici?uaiiy oa iaeaaeiaiiy coieiie i?nueeiai aeaeo?i- oa
aa-oiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo: EAeI-204/12 Oe?a?ia 240-95: Caoa.
Aea?aeaeeoeiei-ioiainiii Oe?a?ie 15.05.95 / Aea?aeaeeoeieiioiaini
Oe?a?ie. — E., 1995. — 14 n. (Aaoi?e: I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

24. AeNOO 3090-95. Aaciaea aei?iaeiueiai ?ooo. I?aai?caoe?y ?ia?o c
aenieo-aoaoe?? i?nueeeo aoeeoeue oa aei??a. Caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy. —
Aaaae. 01.07.96. — E.: Aea?aenoaiaea?o Oe?a?ie, 1995.- 10 n. (Aaoi?e:
I.N.Oo?iaiaiei, I.N.Nooaiueei).

25. AeNOO 3587-97. Aaciaea aei?iaeiueiai ?ooo. Aaoiiia?euei? aei?iae,
aoeeoe? oa cae?cie/i? ia?a?caee. Aeiiae aei aenieoaoaoe?eiiai noaio. —
Aaaae. 01.01.98. — E.: Aea?aenoaiaea?o Oe?a?ie, 1997.- 20 n. (Aaoi?e:
C.Aea?ao, I.Caaeoiee, A.Iie?uoe, I.Eie?i/aiei, I.Oo?iaiaiei oa ?io?).

AIIOAOe??

Oo?iaiaiei I.N. I?eioeeie oa iaoiaee oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a i?nueeeo oa?eoi??e.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.20 — i?noiaoaeoaaiiy oa oa?eoi??aeueia
ieaioaaiiy.- Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1999.

Eiiieaen oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a
?icaey-aea?oueny ye ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ii? nenoaie
“aei?iaei? iie?eooy — i?eae?aeueia oaoi?ea — aoee/iee ?oo — ee?iaoe/i?
oiiae”. Aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? caniiaee iaa?oiooaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenia iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy
ieaioaaiiy ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a oa ianya?a
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o, ?ic?aooie?a iio?aae a caniaao iaoai?caoe?? oa
cao?ao ?o/ii? i?aoe?, o?ainii?oieo caeoe?a ia ae?eyieao ?ia?o.
Aecia/ai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ??aiyiiy, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue caeaaeiino? i?ae
ia?a-iao?aie oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa ia?aiao?aie ee?iaoe/ieo,
i?noiaoae?aieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia, oaeineiiaeaii no?aoaa?th
i?iaeooaaiiy aei?iaei?o ii-e?eoo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia iaoai?ciaaiiai
i?eae?aiiy oa i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe i?eae?aeueieo iaoei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoee/ii-aei?iaeiy ia?aaea, aei?iaei? iie?eooy,
caa?oaeiaiiy iie?eoo?a, i?eae?aeuei? iaoeie, i?aai?caoe?y ? oaoiieia?y
i?eae?aeueieo ?ia?o.

Oo?iaiaiei A.N. I?eioeeiu e iaoiaeu niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.20 — a?aaeino?ieoaeuenoai e oa??eoi?eaeueiia
ieaie?iaaiea.- Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e
a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999.

Caa?yciaiey, eioi?ua inaaeatho e iaeaieeaathony ia aei?iaeiuo
iie?uoeyo, oooaeoatho eo naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneia e
o?ainii?oii-yenieoaoaoeeiiiia ninoiyiea. Aeey ono?aiaiey yoiai
inouanoaeytho ia?ii?eyoey, nooue eioi?uo caeeth/aaony a i?ioeeaeoeea
caa?yciyaiinoe aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee, nieaeaiee a?aaeiiai aicaeaenoaey
aei?iaeiuo caa?yciaiee ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo, oaeaeaiea e
iaaca?aaeeaaiea caa?yciaiee, a oaeaea a nicaeaiee aaciianiuo oneiaee
o?oaea e ieieiecaoeee iiiao a aei?iaeiii aeaeaeaiee i?e auiieiaiee
oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee.

N oeaeueth nicaeaiey oai?aoe/aneeo i?aaeiinueie e i?aeoe/aneeo iaoiaeia
niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee
ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee, niinianoaothueo oeo/oaieth eo
naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneiai e o?ainii?oii-yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai ninoiyiey,
ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu ?aaeecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna
i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee, ?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee iioeiecaoeee e
ieaie?iaaiey i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee, enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea oneiaee
yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai oiia ia ia?aiao?u oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna i/enoee
aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee, a oaeaea ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey ?aoaiey
i?aeoe/aneeo caaea/ niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna i/enoee
aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee.

Eiiieaen oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee
ai?iae-neeo oa??eoi?ee ?anniao?eaaaony eae ooieoeeiie?iaaiea
no?oeoo?ii-eiae/aneie nenoaiu “aei?iaeiia iie?uoea — oai?i/iay oaoieea —
oee/iia aeaeaeaiea — eeeiaoe/aneea oneiaey”. Iioeiecaoeey nenoaiu
inouanoaeyaony a aeaa yoaia: ia ia?aii (aaciaii) yoaia ?aoathony caaea/e
iioeiecaoeee nenoaiu n o/aoii aeeyiey iinoiyiiuo ia?aiao?ia nenoaiu, ia
aoi?ii — iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie iiae aeeyieai ia?aiaiiuo aa
ia?aiao?ia. Oai?aoe/aneea i?aaeiinueee iainiiaaiey iioeiaeueiiai
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iniiaaiu ia eniieueciaaiee oai?ee eeiaeiiai
i?ia?aiie?iaaiey a ?aoaiee aeaienoaaiiuo caaea/ ii oneiaeth aeinoeaeaiey
iaeneiaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe oai?ee e ii oneiaeth ieieiecaoeee
cao?a/aiiuo n?aaenoa.

Iiaeaeue iainiiaaiey ?aaeeiia i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee o/eouaaao
eioaineaiinoue e ninoaa aeaeaeaiey o?ainii?oa, oa?aeoa? i?eeaaathuae
oa??eoi?ee, naciiioth ia?aaiiia?iinoue iaeiieaiey niaoa e e?eoa?ee
/enoiou eeanneoeeaoeeiiiuo a?oii aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee ii ooieoeeiiaeueiui
i?eciaeai. Yenieoaoaoeeiiiay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue oai?i/iuo iaoei
ii?aaeaeyaony n o/aoii iioa?ue ?aai/aai a?aiaie ii oaoie/aneei,
oaoiieiae/aneei e i?aaiecaoeeiiiui i?e/eiai, a oaeaea ia?aie/aiee
ia?aiao?aie yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai oiia. I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua o?iaie
cani?aiiinoe aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee onoaiiaeaiu ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca eo
/enoiou iaoiaeii yenia?oiuo ioeaiie. Iiaeaeue ii?aaeaeaiey o?ainii?oiuo
iioa?ue ia o/anoeao oai?ee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee i?aaeiieaaaao
ioanniiianeee iioie aaoiiiaeeae n yeniiiaioeeaeueiui ?ani?aaeaeaieai
a?aiaiiuo eioa?aaeia iaaeaeo ieie, o/eouaaao n?aaeithth nei?inoue
aeaeaeaiey o?ainii?oiuo iioieia e ?aai/oth nei?inoue oai?i/iuo iaoei.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeai oa?aeoa? eciaiaiey
ninoaaa e ieioiinoe niaoa a oa/aiea aiaea, iieo/aiu eiee/anoaaiiua
caaeneiinoe iaaeaeo oe?eiie iieinu ioeiaeaiey niaoa e eioaineaiinoueth
aeaeaeaiey o?ainii?oa, iaaeaeo nooi/iui iaeiieaieai niaoa e
eioaineaiinoueth aeaeaeaiey o?ainii?oa n o/aoii no?oeoo?u o?ainii?oiuo
iioieia, ii?aaeaeaiu eiyooeoeeaiou naciiiie ia?aaiiia?iinoe iaeiieaiey
niaoa ia aei?iaeiuo iie?uoeyo, noaiaiue aeeyiey i?eeaaathuae oa??eoi?ee
ia cani?yaiinoue aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee, auyaeai oa?aeoa? aeeyiey
aeaaeiinoe niaoa ia ea/anoai ?aaiou iiaeiaoaeueii-oai?i/iuo iaoei, a
oaeaea eiee/anoaaiiua caaeneiinoe, au?aaeathuea aeeyiea ieioiinoe
oee/ii-aei?iaeiie naoe ia aaee/eio oieinouo ia?aacaeia oai?i/iuo iaoei
ia ?aai/eo ia?o?ooao e n?aaeithth nei?inoue aeaeaeaiey oai?i/iuo iaoei
i?e oieinouo ia?aacaeao. Ii ?acoeueoaoai aiaeeca /enoiou aei?iaeiuo
iie?uoee iaoiaeii yenia?oiuo ioeaiie iieo/aia ei??aeyoeeiiiay
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo n?aaeiei cia/aieai ioeaii/iuo aaeeia /enoiou
aei?iaeiiai iie?uoey e o?iaiai aai cani?aiiinoe, ia iniiaaiee eioi?ie
auee ?ac?aaioaiu i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua o?iaie cani?aiiinoe aei?iaeiuo
iie?uoee ai?iaeneeo oa??eoi?ee. Ii?aaeaeaiu aiciiaeiinoe oai?ee
aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee yeaiaioia aeaaiono?ienoaa i?eaeiiiauo oa??eoi?ee
iaoaiece?iaaiiui niiniaii n eniieueciaaieai nouanoaothuaai ia?ea
oai?i/iuo iaoei, iainiiaaiu enoiaeiua o?aaiaaiey e oeiaaeo e ia?aiao?ai
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa aeey i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee i?eaeiiiauo
oa??eoi?ee.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ieaie?iaaiey oai?i/iuo ?aaio, aeeth/athuay
?an/aou ?aaeeiia oai?ee, nooi/iuo e aee?aeoeaiuo iauaiia oai?i/iuo
?aaio, iio?aaiinoe a n?aaenoaao iaoaiecaoeee e cao?ao ?o/iiai o?oaea,
ninoaaeaiea ii-oeiaeueiuo ia?o?ooia oai?ee e a?aoeeia oai?i/iuo ?aaio.

Niaea?aeaony ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth i?iaeoiuo ?aoaiee
yeaiaioia oee/ii-aei?iaeiie naoe e i?eaeiiiauo oa??eoi?ee a niioaaonoaee
n o?aaiaaieyie iaoaiece?iaaiiie i/enoee eo aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee,
i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou oai?i/iuo iaoei e oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia i/enoee
aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee a ?acee/iuo oneiaeyo yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai oiia,
ia?ii?eyoee ii iaania/aieth aaciianiinoe oai?i/iuo ?aaio e aei?iaeiiai
aeaeaeaiey ia o/anoeao i/enoee aei?iaeiuo iie?uoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oee/ii-aei?iaeiay naoue, aei?iaeiua iie?uoey,
caa?yciaiey iie?uoee, oai?i/iua iaoeiu, i?aaiecaoeey e oaoiieiaey
oai?i/iuo ?aaio.

Furmanenko A.S. Principles and Methods of the Improvement of
Technological Process on Cleaning of Urban Territories Pavements. —
Manuscript.

Dissertation for an academic degree of Candidate of Technical Science
in town and territory planning, cpecial code — 05.23.20. — Kyiv National
University of Construc-tion and Architecture, Kyiv, 1999.

The complex of technological process of pavement cleaning is treated as
function of logical structure system “pavement — cleaning machines/
vehicles — traffic — climatolo-gical conditions”. The theoretical
prerequisites to the substantiation of optimal technolo-gical process
are presented, package mathematical software for planning of mode and
scope of cleaning operations, estimation of needs for machines/
mechanical aids and ma-nual labour input, traffic losses in operation
areas is developed. Correlation equations of association between
technological parameters and those of climatological, town-planning and
operational conditions are established, pavement engineering strategy
with regards to the requirements for mechanical cleaning and arrangement
of cleaning machines operation are improved.

Key words: transportation network, pavements, cleaning machines,
arrangement and technology of cleaning operations.

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