1

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?AAeA II AEA*AIITH I?IAeOEOEAIEO NEE OE?A?IE

OOOIAIIA AeIEO?I AAI?A?EIAE*

OAeE 312.01:338.911 (477.84)

I?EIOeEIE OA IAOIAeE AeAIIA?AO?*IIAI

IAA?OIOOAAIIss ?ICI?UAIIss AE?IAIEOeOAA

OIAA??A OE?IEIAI AAEEOEO

(ia iaoa??aeao Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,

nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ?
iie?oeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa

?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: aeieoi?
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

E?AAIIAA AEEA IA?EAI?AIA

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ea
a?aeae?eo aeine?aeaeaiue ethaenueeiai ?icaeoeo e ?icnaeaiiy;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii?
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

EA*AI ?AAAI IAO?IAE*

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie ? ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo neeIo?oe?ei?
iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NOAOAIEI AAEAIOEIA NA?A??AIA

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ea a?aeae?eo aeaiia?ao?? ?
a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

IAE?E IEAIA IEOAEE?AIA,

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii? oa aoiai?oa?ii? iie?oeee
I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a noaoenoeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “7” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i. Ee?a,
aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 60

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “3” eenoiiaaea1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

I.N. Eiaaeaiei CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue aeiiii?/ieo ?
aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ia aeeeeea? noii?ao ? i?inoaaeo?oueny
ai?iaeiaae anueiai ?noi?e/iiai oeyoo ethaenoaa. A?aeoae no/ania neeaaeia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? iaaaoeaii aieeioea ia
aeaiia?ao?/i? i?ioeane, iineeeaoe aeaiia?ao?/io e?eco.

Uia ci?ie /enaeueiino? ? neeaaeo ianaeaiiy ia iaaeoi aie?nii aieeaaee ia
aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie e?a?ie ca?ac ? a iaeaooiueiio, iaiao?aei? aeeaie?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ? a?aeiia?aeia a?aooaaiiy ?o
iniaeeainoae o no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. A oeueiio eiioaeno?
aaaeeeai aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, a oaeiae aieeao
eiai ci?i ia caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy. E??i oeueiai, ci?ie aeaiia?ao?/ieo
iieaciee?a ? iaeieie c ae??oaeueieo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, ine?eueee /enaeuei?noue ? no?oeoo?a ianaeaiiy
oi?io? iiieo ia oe? oiaa?e. Oiio aeaiia?ao?/iee aiae?c i??i?eoaoiee
aeey aecia/aiiy ?ici?uaiiy oa ianya?a ? ani?oeiaioo i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo. Ii?yae c oeei iie?ioaiiy yeino?
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, ?icaeoie aeaiia?ao?/ii? ?
nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e iiceoeaii aieeaaoeiooue ia aeaiia?ao?/io
neooaoe?th a e?a?i?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? ye oaeoi?a
?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iineeth? a no/anieo
oiiaao oa, ui ??aaiue ?o ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i? (iniaeeai o eaae?e
i?iieneiaino?) nyaa? e?eoe/ii iecueei? iicia/ee. Aiaeii/an a Oe?a?i?
iayaiee aaeeeee i?e?iaei-, o?oaei- ? niiaeea/i?ano?niee iioaioe?ae aeey
?icaeoeo aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, ?aae?caoe?y
yeiai aeiaaa? iiaeo iaoiae?a ioe?iee aieeao aeaiia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a ia
?icaeoie ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa. A iniiao oeeo iaoiae?a o?aaa
iieeanoe eiioeaioe?th caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy a?o/eciyieie
oiaa?aie oe?ieiai aaeeoeo oa iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy i?aoeacaeaoii?
/anoeie ianaeaiiy ?iaioith c noaa?eueiith iieaoith i?aoe?. ?ica’ycaiiy
oeeo i?iaeai iniaeeai aeooaeueia o ca’yceo ?c c?inoaiiyi a Oe?a?i?
yaiiai ? i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy oa ??ceei niaaeii aeeoo?aiai ??aiy
ianaeaiiy.

Iaiao?aei?noue naia aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee c?inoa? a ?aa?iiao, iaaaaaoeo ia i?e?iaei? ?ano?ne,
aea aieiaiei /eiieeii ?ici?uaiiy ? ianaeaiiy ye ae?iaiee ? ye niiaeeaa/
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa. Aei ieo iaeaaeeoue ? Oa?iii?euenueea iaeanoue. E??i
oeueiai, ?aa?ii ye a?aeiinii naiino?eiee ia’?eo ainiiaea?nueeiai
oi?aae?iiy ia iniia? iayaieo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ? iio?aa iiaea
aoaeoeai?oa ?ica’ycoaaoe eieaeuei? aeiiii?/i? ? aeaiia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy c iiceoe?? no/anieo oiia ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ia iniia? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei coiiaeee aea??
aeaii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei i?aea?oioyi aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?aoe?, a yeeo aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea aeaiiaeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a ia
?icaeoie ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa. Oea ?iaioe a?o/eciyieo a/aieo:
A.?. Aeeiiaa, N.?.Aaiaeo?a, I.I.Ai?uaanueeiai, I.?. Aeie?oiueiai,
N.?. Aei?iaoioeiaa, O.Ae. Canoaaiiai, N.I.Ceoiea, ?.I.Ea/aia,
TH.A. Ei?/aea-*aio?e?anueeiai, A.?. Eoiaeiai?, A.I. E?aaiiai?,
A.O. Ii?uaiea, A.A. Ii?e??iea, I.I.Iaeaia?/oea,  I.I.Iae?e,
I.Ae. I?nooia, N.A.Oii?e?ia, N.A. Noaoeaiei, A.N. Noaoaiei,
I.?. Oauaanueeiai, I.O. Oii?e, I.?. Oaae?y oa ?ioeo. A oaeiae
ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a: A.ss. Aiy?nueeiai, I. A??aeo?eaea,
AE. Ao?aeoa-I?oa, Ae.?. Aaeaioay, A. Aaeeiae/a, A.A. Aeoiaanueeiai,
A.A. Aieeiaa, I.A. Caa?aai?, O. ?ca?aea, A.ss. Eaao?, A.A. E?noaiiaa,
A. Nia?, A.Oe. O?eai?na oa ?ioeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoa??aee
ae?oaiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aoaiii oaie 3.1.5.58, yeo
i?iaiaeeoue ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie oa
aeei?enoai? I?i?noa?noaii i?aoe? ? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? “I?iiiceoe?? aei i?iaeoo aea?aeaaiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ia 1999 ??e”.

Aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? /anoeiith iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie c ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo, ye?
aeeiio? eaoaae?a oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aiae?c no/aniiai ?icaeoeo ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? c?iaeaii o ca’yceo ?c
iaiao?aei?noth noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ?o i?iaeoeoe?? ca?aeii c
I?ia?aiith ae?yeueiino? Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y iiaeo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a ioe?iee aieeao
aeaiia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a ia ?icaeoie ? ?ici?uaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe aeiaaaea iinoaiiaee ? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo
i?iaeaiieo caaaeaiue:

—  aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? aeaiiaeiiii?/iiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei aea/aiiy
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee;

— aecia/eoe a?aeiia?aei?noue ?nioth/eo eiioeaioe?e ia i?iaeaio
iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ae?iaieoeoaii ? niiaeeaaiiyi
i?iaeoeoe?? c i?aeoe/ieie i?aeoiaeaie aei ?? ae??oaiiy;

— iiaeeaeoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, cie?aia oiaa??a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo;

— ioe?ieoe no/anio aeaiia?ao?/io neooaoe?th, ?? oa?eoi??aeuei?
iniaeeaino? oa aieea ia aeiiii?eo ?aa?iio;

— iaa?oiooaaoe ?ieue ? cia/aiiy aeaiia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a o ?ici?uaii?
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— ioe?ieoe o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae ?aa?iio, a o./. c iiceoe??
caaacia/aiino? i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ?iai/ith
neeith;

— c?iaeoe ia?niaeoeai? ia/eneaiiy e?euee?nieo ia?aiao??a caaaeueii?
/enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? ?iai/i? neee aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a, a
oaeiae /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao-ae?iaieeao oiaa??a
oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe no/aniee aeiiii?/iee noai eaaei? ? oa?/iai? aaeocae
i?iieneiaino? ye iniiaieo ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo o ?aa?ii?,
aeine?aeeoe ia?aaeoiiae ? iniaeeaino? ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa oeeo
aaeocae;

— aecia/eoe a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae ae?iaieoeoaii ? iio?aaaie ianaeaiiy o
iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??;

— aeyaeoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a
oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a ca’yceo c iniaeeainoyie ?o no/aniiai ooieoe?thaaiiy
oa ia?niaeoeaieie ci?iaie /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy, ?iai/i? neee oa
caeiyoeo.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?, ye ae?iaiee
? ye niiaeeaa/ oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo oa /eiiee, ui aecia/a?
?ici?uaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?o ae?iaieoeoaa a ?aa?ii?.

Aea?? aeaiiai ia’?eoa coiiaeaiee neeaaei?noth aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??,
i??i?eoaoi?noth i?iaeai ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo,
iaiao?aei?noth caaacia/aiiy ieie ianaeaiiy, aenieith /anoeith
i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a oiaa?i?e no?oeoo??
(iiiaae 60%) ? e?eueeino? caeiyoeo (iiiaae 1/2) o i?iieneiaino? iaeano?,
aaaeeei aeiiii?/iei noaiiaeuai oeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia no/aniiio aoai?
?icaeoeo (iniaeeai eaaei? i?iieneiaino?, oaiie niaaeo ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa yeeo iaeaeu? na?aae ?ioeo aaeocae ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio).

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeaiia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee
Oa?iii?euenueeiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee, Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai
oeaio?o caeiyoino?, ??/i? oa eaa?oaeuei? ca?oe i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iaeano?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeaiiaeiiii?/i? i?ioeane ioe?iththoueny c oi/ee
ci?o ?o aieeao ia ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi i??i?eoao?a
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa iniaeeainoae ?o ?ica’ycaiiy a eiioaeno?
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Aei iaea?eueo
aaaiieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue eiai iiaecio oa
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaeaaeaoue oae?:

— iiaeeaeaii oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?? o iai?yieo aca?iica’yce?a
«ianaeaiiy — aeiiii?ea» c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae no/aniiai ?icaeoeo
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee e?a?ie;

— ooi/iaii i?eioeeie, ye? ? iniiaith aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee;

— cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio aeaiiaeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a uiaei ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, a o./. oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— aecia/aii, nenoaiaoeciaaii oa ioe?iaii i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaee iaoai?ci
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— ?ic?iaeaii e ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeaiiaeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii ia i?eeeaae? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
iaoiaeeeo naaiaioaoe?? ?eieo niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;

— ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai a?oioiaiiai aiae?co ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iaeano? aeyaeai?
/eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?o ooieoe?thaaiiy a ?aa?ii?, no?oeoo?i?
a?aei?iiino?, i?e/eie niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa, aecia/ai? eiioeaiooaeuei?
iieiaeaiiy ia?niaeoea ?o aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo;

— iaa?oioiaaii aeaiiaeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ?ici?uaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a ?aa?ii?,
cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy;

— aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yiee aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a
oe?ieiai aaeeoeo Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? ia iniia? i?iaiicieo
?ic?aooie?a /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? ?iai/i? neee a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
?aeiiao iaeano?, a oaeiae i?iaiico /enaeueiino? caeiyoeo ia oeeo
ae?iaieoeoaao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae ia o?eueee aeey aecia/aiiy i??i?eoaoieo
iai?yi?a aeaiia?ao?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, aea e aeey oi?ioaaiiy
aoaeoeaiiai ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a
oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ia ??cieo oa?eoi??aeueieo ??aiyo.

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? aeniiaee iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoeiaeo iniia aeaiia?ao?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??, oi?aae?iiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee.

Ioe?iea ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo aeicaiey? eiie?aoiei
i?aei?e?inoaai aecia/eoe iiieo ia ?o i?iaeoeoe?th ca?ac oa eiai
eieeaaiiy caeaaeii a?ae ci?i o no?oeoo?? ianaeaiiy a iaeaooiueiio.
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e
neeaaeaii? a?cian-ieai?a i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c i?iaeai aeaiia?ao?/iiai
a?aeoai?aiiy, ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? ? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, i?a?aoe?eii?
? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee aeei?enoai? I?i?noa?noaii i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee Oe?a?ie i?e i?aeaioiaoe? “I?iiiceoe?? aei i?iaeoo aea?aeaaiiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoo Oe?a?ie ia 1999 ??e”
a ?icae?e? “Iniiai? iai?yiee aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo A?
E?ei, iaeanoae, i?no Ee?aa oa Naaanoiiiey” (eeno I?i?noa?noaa i?aoe? oa
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ? 08-50-08 a?ae 16.10.1998 ?.).

Eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaie/i?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, ia?aaeai?
oi?aae?iith aeiiii?ee Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??, a
oaeiae eiie?aoiei i?aei?e?inoaai (aeia?aeea Anioe?aoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? “Oa?iii?eueiiei?ii” ?
20-065 a?ae 19.05.1998 ?.). ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee “aeaiia?ao?/ii?”
?io?ano?oeoo?e aeei?enoai? Oa?iii?euenueeei iaeaniei oi?aae?iiyi ina?oe
(aeia?aeea ? 01/318-10 a?ae 30.04.1998 ?.)

Aeaye? iieiaeaiiy, iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee aeei?enoiaothoueny, a aeaye?
aeei?enoi-aoaaoeiooueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a
«Aeaiia?ao?y», «Ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie» «?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie», ? «Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie» o
Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (aeia?aeea ?
124-02/251 a?ae 5.04.1998 ?.)

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno, ?ic?iaeai? caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii ? ? eiai aianeii o aeaiia?ao?th
oa ?icaeoie ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie»
(i. Oa?iii?eue, Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, 1996
?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo»
(i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey, 1997 ?.),
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoiaeieia?y
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao ?eieo» (i. Oa?iii?eue,
Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, 1997 ?.),
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai
?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee» (i. Euea?a,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.O?aiea, ?inoeooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Aeiiii?/ia eii?n?y iaoeiaiai
oiaa?enoaa ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy naiino?eii ? a
ni?aaaoi?noa? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o. Caaaeueiee ianya ioae?eaoe?e
noaiiaeoue 5,4 ae.a., o o./. iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 3,25 ae.a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe, caaaeaiue, eia?ee ?
o?iiieia?/ieo ?aiie aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?a ?iaioe neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 238 noi??iie
eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o, a oiio /ene? ?ethno?aoe?? oa oaaeeoe? — ia 21
noi??ioe? (19 ?enoie?a oa 9 oaaeeoeue), nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia
18 noi??ieao (220 iaeiaioaaiue) oa 19 aeiaeaoe?a ia 53 noi??ieao (a ieo
— 35 oaaeeoeue).

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aeaiia?ao?/i? oa aeaiiaeiiii?/i? ia?aaeoiiae
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? iniaeeaino? ?o ?icaeoeo a oiiaao ?eieo”
?icaeyaeathoueny aeo?aei? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ? oai?aoe/iei i?aea?oioyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ice?eo? iniiai? i?eioeeie aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, ye? ? aeooaeueieie ? i??i?eoaoieie a
?eieiaeo oiiaao. Ia ?o iniia? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiaiaeeoueny
oaca i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa aieiai?e iao? — caaeiaieaiith iio?aa ianaeaiiy o
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?ao oe?ieiai aaeeoeo oa ?io?e i?iaeoeoe?? /e iineoaao,
iia’ycaieo ?c ia?aeiii-iaiao?aeieie iio?aaaie ethaeeie. Ne?ae oaeiae
caaacia/eoe yeiaea?eueoa ianaeaiiy, ianaiia?aae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo,
?iai/eie i?noeyie c noaa?eueiith iieaoith i?aoe?, ia ieae/ith ca
i?i?iaeueiee i?iaeeoeiaee ??aaiue.

Ia aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee aieeaathoue ??ciiiai?oi?
/eiieee.  Ca?aeii c aieiaiith iaoith, ye?e ia? i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaoeny
no/ania ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, iniaeeao oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii
aeaiiaeiiii?/iei /eiieeai. Aeaiiaeiiii?/iee iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiiy aea/a?
aca?iica’ycee i?ae aeaiia?ao?/iei ? aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii oa ?o aieea ia
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. Iniiaith aeaiiaeiiii?/ieo aca?iica’yce?a ?
oa, ui ianaeaiiy ? iaeii/anii ? ae?iaieeii, ? niiaeeaa/ai iaoa??aeueieo
aeaa.

O?oaeia? iiaeeeaino? ianaeaiiy, e?euee?nia ? ye?nia niaoeeo?ea ?o
?aae?caoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o o?oaeiaiio iioaioe?ae?. A oeueiio eiioaeno?
/enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny c oi/ee ci?o aeiiii?/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ??cieo noaoaai-a?eiaeo a?oi ? ?o e?euee?niiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy. A?aooaaiiy i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai neeaaeo
ianaeaiiy ca noaooth ? a?eii — iaeia c aieiaieo oiia caaeainiaaiiai
ii?aeiaiiy ?iai/i? neee ? ?iai/eo i?noeue.

*enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy, eiai noaoaai-a?eiaee neeaae aieeaathoue ia
ianyae niiaeeaaiiy, iniaeeai oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, /a?ac niiaeea/ee
iiieo, aaeaea ??ci? a?eia? a?oie iathoue ??ciee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy. A
?acoeueoao? nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino? o??? /e ?ioi? a?eiai? a?oie
a?aeiia?aeii nei?i/othoueny ? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
niaoe?aeueii aeey oe??? a?oie.

Aea/aiiy aeaiiaeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a ?aa?ii? aeicaiey? ia o?eueee
anoaiiaeoe ia?aiao?e no/anieo aeaiia?ao?/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? oi?iothoue
?eiie i?aoe? ? niiaeea/ee ?eiie, aea e i?iaiicoaaoe ?o ci?ie a
iaeaooiueiio.

A ?iaio? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iniiao aeaiiaeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
no/aniiai ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo noaiiaeyoue
aiae?c aeaiia?ao?/ieo iieaciee?a c oi/ee ci?o ?o aieeao ia aeiiii?eo oa
ioe?iea no/aniiai ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo aaeocae, ia
iniia? yei? aecia/a?oueny ?o i?noea ? cia/aiiy a ainiiaea?noa? ?aa?iio ?
e?a?ie.

?ic?iaeaia o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoiaeeea aeaiiaeiiii?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ia?aaeaa/a? o?e aoaie. Ia?oee
— ioe?iea caaeainiaaiino? ?iai/eo i?noeue o aaeoc? /e ia i?aei?e?inoa? c
iayaiith ?iai/ith neeith oa ??aiai caeiyoino? a ?aa?ii?. Aiia aeicaiey?
anoaiiaeoe, iane?eueee aeei?enoiaothoueny ?iai/? i?noey, aecia/eoe,
iane?eueee ?aeiie, a yeeo ?icoaoiaaia aaeocue (i?aei?e?inoai)
caaacia/ai? ?iai/ith neeith, a oaeiae, yeo /anoeo iacaeiyoeo iiaeia
caeo/eoe ia ?iaioo aei ia? (iueiai).

Ae?oaee aoai — aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a no/anieo oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo.

Ha o?aoueiio aoai? i?iaiaeeoueny naaiaioaoe?y ?eieo niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a
oe?ieiai aaeeoeo; aecia/athoueny ?eiee caooo i?aei?e?inoa, ui
ae?iaeythoue oe? oiaa?e, ? aeyaey?oueny, iane?eueee aeaia aaeocue /e
i?aei?e?inoai caaacia/o? nai?th i?iaeoeoe??th ianaeaiiy, ianaiia?aae,
naiai ?aeiio. Naaiaioaoe?y ?eieo niiaeeaaiiy ?iaeeany ia iniia?
aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo:

j’m F’ s’ g’
I’i?. e’ no. e a.

?nae. = —— + —— + —— + —— — —— — ——— — —— ,

jm F s g Ii?.
e no. e a.

aea ’ — na?aaeiueioe?a?inueeee iieaciee;

— iieaciee o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii?;

icae. — ?iaeaen niiaeeaaiiy;

jm — /anoea i?nueeiai o caaaeuei?e /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy, %;

F — eiao?oe??io ia?iaeaeoaaiino?, ‰;

s — oaiie nei?i/aiiy (ca?eueoaiiy) caaaeueii? /enaeueiino?
ianaeaiiy ca iaaiee ia??iae /ano;

g — ??aaiue aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy (na?aaeiueii?ny/ia ca?ia?oia
ieaoa), a?i.;

Mi?. — eiao?oe??io nia?oiino? ianaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, ‰;

eno. — /anoea in?a, noa?oeo a?ae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo a caaaeuei?e
/enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy, %;

ua. — ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy, %.

sseui icae. 1, oi ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? ? aenieei (aeuei i?ae o na?aaeiueiio a
Oe?a?i?), yeui icae. 1 — oi iaaiaee. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, naaiaioaoe?y
?eieo a oiiaao aei?noei? eiieo?aioe?? ia ?eieo oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo
aeoaea aaaeeeaa, ine?eueee oea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ciie caooo, a yeeo
oe? oiaa?e ei?enooaaoeiooueny iaea?eueoei iiieoii.

Ia iniia? i?aenoie?a aeaieo io?eiaieo ia o?ueio aoaiao, iaa?oioiao?oueny
aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy aaeoc? (i?aei?e?inoaa) o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio
?aa?ii? ca aeaiiaeiiii?/iei i?eioeeiii, o oiio /ene? e iaoaiaoe/ii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e
aeaiia?ao?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa ?o aieea ia aeiiii?eo Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano?” — c?iaeaii aiae?c aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oa?iii?euenuee?e
iaeano?, yeee aeia?a iayai?noue aeaiiioeyoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e. Ii/eiath/e
c 1980 ?., niinoa??aa?oueny i?e?iaeia ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino?
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, a c 1993 ?.- caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy
iaeano?. O 1997 ?. e?euee?noue iiia?eeo ia 30,2% ia?aaeuoaaea
e?euee?noue ia?iaeaeaieo (?en.1). Ii?yae c oeei ca inoaii? aeae?eueea
?ie?a aei iaeano? i?e?aeaeaeaei in?a iaioa, i?ae aeaoaaei c ia? —
i?a?aoe?eia naeueaei oaae aoei a?ae’?iiei. O ?acoeueoao? oeeo i?ioean?a
/enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy iaeano? ca 1995-1997 ??. ciaioeeany c 1180,3 aei
1168,6 oen. in?a, oiaoi ia 11,7 oen. in?a.

Ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy coiiaeth? ciaioaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino? ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, e?eueeino? ae?oae, ui ciaioo? ianyae niiaeeaaiiy ae?ia?a
aeey ieo. E??i oeueiai, oeae i?ioean ciaioo? o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae
?aa?iio, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia caeiyo?noue i?aoe?aiee?a «aeaiia?ao?/ii? »
?io?ano?oeoo?e: aeioe?eueieo ? oe?eueieo caeeaae?a, iieiaiaeo aoaeeie?a
? aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e. Inoaii?ie ?ieaie ? oaiaeaioe?y aei nei?i/aiiy
oeeo onoaiia ? ?o i?aoe?aiee?a. Aac?ia?ooy na?aae ieo — iaeia c
iaea?eueoeo a iaeano?, ui ciaioo? iiieo ia oiaa?e oe?ieiai aaeeoeo,
aaeaea oey eaoaai??y ianaeaiiy aaea ia eoio? ?o o eieeoi?o ianyaao.
“Aeaiia?ao?/ia” ?io?ano?oeoo?a o?eaaeee /an aoea aaaeeeaei niiaeeaa/ai
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo — ye i?iieneiaeo, oae ? i?iaeiaieue/eo.
Ciaioaiiy aeioe?eueieo onoaiia, iieiaiaeo aoaeeie?a oa aeeoy/eo
iie?ee?i?e, a oaeiae aeo?ao ia ?o o?iainoaaiiy, cieceei iio?aae oeeo
caee?ae?a o oiaa?ao oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, a oiio iaaaoeaii iicia/eeiny ia
?o ae?iaieoeoa?.

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34020700040000002701ffff03000000000000000000

?en.1.  Aeeiai?ea eiao?oe??io?a ia?iaeaeoaaiino? oa nia?oiino?
ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?11 Iiaoaeiaaii ca aeaieie
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee

Iaea?eueoa c?inoa? nia?oi?noue na?aae in?a i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo,
iniaeeai /ieia?e?a. Ca?eueoaiiy nia?oiino? a aei- oa i?aoeacaeaoiiio
a?oe? i?ecaiaeeoue o ia?oo /a?ao aei nei?i/aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.
E??i oiai, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy nia?oiino? o i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? ciaioo?
caaaeueiee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo. Aaeaea nia?oue
a ?iaeei? iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo ciaioo? ?? aeioiaee, a ioaea ?
ianyae niiaeeaaiiy. A oiiaao nei?i/aiiy ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy oaea
neooaoe?y aeoaea iaaacia/ia.

Nei?i/aiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino? ? c?inoaiiy nia?oiino? coiiaeai? oaeiae
noa??iiyi ianaeaiiy: c?inoa? /anoea in?a i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo (24,5 % o
1997 ?.), iniaeeai o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? (31,4 %). Ine?eueee
iain?iia?e iathoue iacia/i? aeioiaee, a oiio e iecueeee ??aaiue
niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, noa??iiy ianaeaiiy aieeia ia
ianyae ?o ae?iaieoeoaa. E??i oeueiai, aeaiia?ao?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy in?a
i?neyi?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo ia i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy a iaeano? iaeia c
iaea?eueoeo a Oe?a?i? — 462 (Oe?a?ia — 405 , iaeaeaa noaiii ia
01.01.98). Oea oaeiae iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?? aeiiii?eo, cie?aia ia
iain?eia caaacia/aiiy.

Ii?yae c a?ae’?iiei iieacieeii i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo ianaeaiiy a iaeano?
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?a?aoe?eiee a?aeieea ianaeaiiy. O 1997 ?. i?a?aoe?eia
naeueaei noaiiaeei -151 iniaa. Iniiaia iana ae?aeaeaea? ia i?inoi c
iaeano?, aea e ca iaae? e?a?ie. A?eueo?noue c a?ae’?aeaeaeath/eo — a?eii
a?ae 15 aei 24 ?ie?a (a na?aaeiueiio ca inoaii? aeae?eueea ?ie?a
i?a?aoe?eia naeueaei noaiiaeei -100 — -150 in?a) ? iniae c aeuith
ina?oith (-350 — — 450 in?a). Oea icia/a?, ui a ?acoeueoao? i?a?aoe?e
iaeanoue ao?a/a? iaea?eueo aeoeaio e ?ioaeaeooaeueio /anoeio ?iai/i?
neee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e?  — “Aeaiiaeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano?” —
ca?aeii c iieacieeaie aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??, a oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi
??aiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy ? aac?ia?ooy, o ?iaio? i?iaiaeeoueny
naaiaioaoe?y ?eieo niiaeeaaiiy.  Aecia/aii, ui a Oa?iii?euenuee?e
iaeano? ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ieae/ee, i?ae o
na?aaeiueiio a Oe?a?i? iaeaea o aeaa ?ace. Iaeaeuee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy
ia? Oa?iii?euenuee?e ?aeii (?acii c i?noii Oa?iiiieai), na?aaei?e —
Aonyoeinueeee, Cae?ueoeueeee, Ai?u?anueeee ? *i?oe?anueeee ?aeiie.
Aeoaea iecueeee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy a Cai??anueeiio, Eic?anueeiio,
Iiianoe?enueeiio ? I?aeaa?oeueeiio ?aeiiao (?en.2). Aecia/aiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo a?aei?iiinoae o ??aiyo niiaeeaaiiy ianaeaiiy ia? aaeeea
cia/aiiy aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, aecia/aiiy
iioeiaeueieo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ani?oeiaioo i?iaeoeoe?? a?aeiia?aeii
iiieoo ia ia?.

Aiae?c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano?
na?ae/eoue, ui iaea?eueoa ?o aeaioiaey? oa?/iaa ? eaaea aaeoc?
i?iieneiaino? (92%, 1997 ?.). I?iaeoeoe?y oeeo aaeocae caaeiaieueiy?
ia?aeii? aeeoo?a? iio?aae ethaeeie, ia iniia? yeeo aoaeo?oueny i??ai?aea
?? aeaeueoeo iioeaaoe?eieo ae?e. E??i oeueiai oe? aaeoc? ni?eythoue
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, caaacia/othoue oaeaeeee ia?a eai?oaeo ? cia/i?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei athaeaeaoo, iathoue aenii?oiee iioaioe?ae.

I?ia?aeia i?noea ye o ae?iaieoeoa? oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, oae ? a
caaaeueiii?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? caeia?
oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue. O 1997 ?. i?aei?e?inoaa aaeoc? ae?iaeee 11,8%
oeoe?o, 7,3% ne?o aee?iiai, 5,8% oaa?eiiiai ianea oa 5,2 % i’yna
Oe?a?ie.

O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? no/aniiai ?icaeoeo oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano?. Aecia/aii, ui cia/ia ciaioaiiy
ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeaiiaeiiii?/ii? ianoaiiaee a ?aa?ii?. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa o oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? iaeano? ii?yae c ?ioeie i?e/eiaie
ia?aaaaeii coiiaeaiee cieaeaiiyi eoi?aaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino? ianaeaiiy oa
ciaioaiiyi eiai caaaeueii? /enaeueiino?.

Iniaeeai neeaaeia neooaoe?y c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a
eaae?e i?iieneiaino? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?.  Ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa ca
inoaii? o?noue ?ie?a a i?e iaea?eueoa cieceeeny ii??aiyii c on?ia
aaeocyie aeiiii?ee iaeano?.

Iaea?eueoee niaae ae?iaieoeoaa ca ia??iae 1991-1996 ??. iaee acooo?a?
(ia 95 %) oa oe??aaeaioa?aei? (ia 92 %) ae?iaieoeoaa, o?ioe iaioa —
oaenoeeuei? (ia 83, 8%) oa oaaei? (ia 63,7 %). Ca oeae ia??iae o eaae?e
i?iieneiaino? nei?i/aii 5,2 oen. in?a i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/iai ia?niiaeo.
Ii?yae c oeei cieceeany i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, a o?oaeii?noe?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa cia/ii c?inea.

A?eueoee niaae ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a eaae?e
i?iieneiaino? ii??aiyii c oa?/iaith iiynith?oueny a?aenooi?noth aeanii?
ne?iaeie aeey aeayeeo i?aei?e?inoa c ?o ae?iaieoeoaa, iniaeeai
oaenoeeueieo. Aea ciiao ae oaee iaeiith c iniiaieo i?e/ei niaaeo
ae?iaieoeoaa ? oaeiae caaino?aiiy aeaiiaeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??. Ii?yae c
oeei o 1996 ?. a iaeano? ae?iaeyeiny 54,6 % aaaiaiyieo oeaiei Oe?a?ie,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo niaoe?ae?caoe?th oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino? a
iaeano?, iniaeeai aeey oeueiai eeano oeaiei. O1995-1996 ??. ia aeayeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao oaaeii? i?iieneiaino? (AAO «Oaaeia o??ia», oaa?eea
«Aa??cea») ia o?eueee noaa?e?coaaeeny, aea e c?inee ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa.
Ioaea, ui o eaae?e i?iieneiaino? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? ii/aeany
?aaeueia aaeaioaoe?y aei ?eieiaeo oiia.

Uia oe? iiceoeai? i?ioeane a iaeano? o?eaaee e a aeae?, i?aeaeuoaaeany
aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?thaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo, ii/aany ?o aeo?ae c e?ece, iaiao?aeia eiioeaioe?y ?o ?icaeoeo c
aecia/aiiyi i?noey i?aei?e?inoa oa a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a ia niiaeea/iio
?eieo e?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi iiieoo ianaeaiiy, aecia/aiiyi oeyo?a
oaoi?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioiino? i?iaeoeoe??;
iioei?caoe??th ?iai/eo i?noeue a?aeiia?aeii aei ae?th/eo ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae i?aei?e?inoa; oaeineiiaeaiiyi i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oa
?ioeie caoiaeaie.

Iniiaith aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ia?
aooe aoaeoeaia ?ici?uaiiy ?o i?aei?e?inoa (i?aeaaeocae). ?ici?uaiiy
a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo o
Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? oyae?? aei i?noeue niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ?
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee, iniaeeai iiei/iiai, oe?aiiaea?iiai,
eiiaeeoa?nueeiai, i’yniiai, oaaeiiai oa oaenoeeueiiai ae?iaieoeoa. Naia
oiio aiae?c aeaiiaeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aeoaea aaaeeeaee aeey
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a
iaeano?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeaiiaeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy:

— iaeaeua aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue ia
nie?oiai-ai??e/aieo, oeoe?iaeo, iiei/ieo ? ai?ioiiiaeueii-e?oi’yieo
i?aei?e?inoaao, iaeieae/a — ia O?eeioaaei?e oaa?eoe? (i. Eiie/eioe?) oa
AAO *i?oe?anueea oaaeia oaa?eea;

— iaeaeu? iieacieee caaacia/aiino? ?iai/i? neee iathoue
nie?oiai-ai??e/ai?, oe?aiiaea?i?, ai?ioiiiaeueii-e?oi’yi? i?aei?e?inoaa,
a oaeiae oaa?eee «Aa??cea», «Aei?no?yiea» ? AAO «Oaaeia o??ia»;
iaeieae/? — OIA «A?e?y», OIA «?eaa», AO oaa?eea «Aaoei». O oe?eiio
caeo/aiiy aei ?iaioe aeiaeaoeiai? ?iai/i? neee ia i?aei?e?inoaa c
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iiaeeeaa a on?o ?aeiiao iaeano?,
ui iia’ycaii ?c c?inoaiiyi /enaeueiino? iacaeiyoiai ianaeaiiy;

— iaeaeuo caeiyo?noue a ?aeiiao naiai ?ici?uaiiy caaacia/othoue
OIA «?eaa», AI «Oaenoa?ii», II «Nia??/ea» oa Oa?aaiaeyinueea acooo?aa
oaa?eea; iaeieae/o — ai?ioiiiaeueii-e?oi’yi? ? oe?aiiaea?i?
i?aei?e?inoaa, O?eeioaaeia oaa?eea (i. Eiie/eioe?), AO «A?i?oaen»,
CAO «Iiaeieyiea»;

— iaeaeuee ??aaiue aeooiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a o ?aeiiao caooo
i?iaeoeoe?? (a iniiaiiio oea Oa?iii?euenueea iaeanoue) iathoue oeoe?ia?
? nie?oiai-ai??e/ai?; iaeieae/ee — ieiaeiiai/aa? i?aei?e?inoaa,
O?eeioaaeia oaa?eea ? AO «Aaeaioa?ay». A oe?eiio caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy
oiaa?aie oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? oi/ ? aeuee, i?ae o
na?aaeiueiio a Oe?a?i?, aea caeeoa?oueny ua aeineoue iecueeei;

— iaeaeuo aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa o 1996 ?. iaee i?aei?e?inoaa
oeoe?ia? oa nie?oiai-ai??e/ai?, AAO «Oaaeia o??ia» ? OIA «A?e?y».
Caeoeiaeie o oeueiio ?ioe? aoee Eiie/eiaoeueea o?eeioaaeia oaa?eea,
*i?oe?anueea oaaeia o??ia, CAO «Iiaeieyiea» ? AOO «Oe??aaeaioa?ay»;

— iaeaeuee ?iaeaen niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a ?aeiiao caooo
nai?? i?iaeoeoe?? iathoue OIA «Aaniyiea», o?eeioaaeia oaa?eea,
AI «Oaenoa?ii» ? AO oaa?eea «Aaoei», iaeieae/ee — II «Nia??/ea»,
OIA «Eaeeia», OIA «A?e?y», a oaeiae iiei/i? i?aei?e?inoaa. Ine?eueee
aeey a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa c ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy
iniiaiei ?aeiiii caooo ? Oa?iii?euenueea iaeanoue a oe?eiio, aiie
iathoue na?aaei?e ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy;

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeeo iieaciee?a aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy (EP) ca
aeaiiaeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? iathoue
a?eueo?noue i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?. Aea iaeaeuee a?i aeey
ieiaeiiai/aaeo oa iiei/ieo i?aei?e?inoa, iaea?iiii? oaa?eee a
i. Aa?aaeaie. Na?aae i?aei?e?inoa eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oa?iii?eueueie
iaea?eueoo EP ia?: AAO «Oaaeia o??ia», oaa?eea «Aei?no?yiea»,
AO»A?i?oaen», AO oaa?eea «Aaoei», AI «Oaenoa?ii».

Iecueea aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy OIA «Eaeeia», yea i?aeoe/ii i?eieieei
?iaioo /a?ac cieeiaiiy iiieoo ia eiai i?iaeoeoe?th, iecueeee ??aaiue
niiaeeaaiiy a ?aa?ii? oa ?yae ?ioeo i?e/ei; oaaeieo i?aei?e?inoa
II «Nia??/ea», OIA «A?e?y», AAO *i?oe?anueea oaaeia oaa?eea ?
OIA «Aaniyiea». ?o iniiai? ?aeiie caooo iacia/i? /a?ac aenieo
eiieo?aioe?th c ?ioeie oaaeieie i?aei?e?inoaaie e ?iii?oii ?, ye
i?aaeei, iathoue iecueeee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy a ?aeiiao caooo. Na?aae
oaenoeeueieo i?aei?e?inoa iecueea aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy O?eeioaaeii?
oaa?eee a i. Eiie/eioe?. Iiieo ia o?eeioaaeio i?iaeoeoe?th a iaeano?
caaeiaieueiy?oueny ?iii?oii aai o?eeioaaeai, ae?iaeaiei o non?aei?o
iaeanoyo (*a?i?aaoeuee?e, Oiaeueieoeuee?e). O?eeioaaei? ae?iae
Eiie/eiaoeueei? oaa?eee aeyaeeeny a oeeo oiiaao
iaeiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie, oiio o 1996 ?ioe? i?aei?e?inoai iiai?noth
ia?aeoei ia aeione oaaeieo ae?ia?a, aea iiee ui oea ?noioii ia iie?ioeei
eiai noaiiaeua.

C?iaeaiee o ?iaio? aeaiiaeiiii/iee i?iaiic ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano?
a?oioo?oueny ianaiia?aae ia ci?iao caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy ?
eiai no?oeoo?e, a ioaea ia ci?i? /enaeueiino? ?iai/i? neee ? ??ai?
niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a iaeaooiueiio, a oaeiae ia ci?iao
/enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oeeo oiaa??a.

Ca?aeii c i?iaiicaie /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano? aei 2002 ?. ciaioeoueny i?eaeecii ia 0,8% ? noaiiaeoeia eeoa
1164,8 oen. in?a. I?e/iio ciaiooaaoeiaoueny ia o?eueee n?euenueea, aea e
i?nueea ianaeaiiy. Oea, aacoiiaii, ciaioeoue iiieo ia oiaa?e oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo.

Iaeoaeaeoa cieaeoaaoeiaoueny /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy ca?aeii c
i?iaiicaie o i. Oa?iiiie? oa no?aeieo ?aeiiao iaeano?. Iacia/ii
ca?eueoeoueny caaaeueia /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy a Oa?iii?euenueeiio ?
Ao/aoeueeiio ?aeiiao.

Ii?yae c oeei e?euee?noue in?a i?aoeacaeaoiiai oa i?neyi?aoeacaeaoiiai
a?eo c?inoaoeia. *enaeuei?noue ?iai/i? neee ca?eueoeoueny a 2005?. aei
619,4 oen. in?a. Aeae? ?o e?euee?noue ??cei nei?i/oaaoeiaoueny ? o 2010
noaiiaeoeia 559,3 oen. in?a (oaae.).

Oaaeeoey

I?iaiic /enaeueiino? ?iai/i? neee Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? ( oen. in?a)

?aeiie1997** Aeai? iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee 200020052010 Oaiie
c?inoaiiy (ciaioaiiy) aei 1997 ?., %200020052010Anueiai a iaeano?, o
o./615.6616.6619.4599.3100.2100.697.3 o i?nueeeo
iinaeaiiyo307.7309.3310.2298.8100.5100.897.1 o n?euenuee?e
i?noeaaino?307.8307.3309.2301.199.8100.497.8Aa?aaeainueeee22.422.422.622
.4100,1100,999,9Ai?u?anueeee39.338.838.737.798,798,595,9Ao/aoeueeee33.53
3.934.834.9101,2103,9104,2Aonyoeinueeee34.734.534.533.499,499,496,2Cae?u
eoeueeee27.827.527.626.798,999,396,0Caa?acueeee30.830.630.929.999,3100,3
97,1Cai??anueeee22.122.222.822.4100,4103,2101,4Eic?anueeee20.020.020.119
.6100,1100,598,0E?aiaiaoeueeee38.838.939.338.6100,3101,399,5Eaiiaaoeueee
e16.215.916.015.598,198,895,7Iiianoe?enueeee17.417.417.617.1100,1101,198
,3I?aeaiei/enueeee23.723.523.422.699,298,795,4I?aeaa?oeueeee11.411.311.5
11.099,1100,996,5Oa?aaiaeyinueeee36.236.036.435.299,4100,697,2Oa?iii?eue
nueeee29.730.130.629.6101,3103,099,7*i?oe?anueeee43.242.943.141.499,399,
895,8Ooinueeee18.017.917.717.499,498,396,6
i. Oa?iii?eue150.2152.8151.8144.5101,7101,196,2

Oaea neooaoe?y coiiaeoue c?inoaiiy aac?ia?ooy (aei 2005 ?.), a
a?aeiia?aeii ? cieaeaiiy caeiyoino?. Oea iaaaoeaii aieeaaoeia ia ??aaiue
niiaeeaaiiy ianaeaiiy, aaeaea aac?ia?ooy ia ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith
aeioiae?a. Iaeii/anii c?inoa i?iiiceoe?y ?iai/i? neee, c’yaeyoueny
?aca?ae aeey noai?aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue.

Caeaaeii a?ae oa?eoi??aeueieo a?aei?iiinoae o ci?i? /enaeueiino?
ianaeaiiy oa ?iai/i? neee o ?aeiiao iaeano?, e?eueeino? i?aoe?aiee?a,
caeiyoeo ia ae?iaieoeoa? oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, aaoi?ii ia?aaeaa/aii
ci?io EP i?aei?e?inoa o iaeaooiueiio.

Aei 2002 ?. EP a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa o?ioe cieaeoaaoeiaoueny o ca’yceo
?c ciaioaiiyi /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Iaea?eueoa cieceoueny EP
Eiie/eiaoeueei? o?eeioaaeii? oaa?eee, II «Nia??/ea», oaa?eee
«Iaaeiai?e», «Aaee/aiea» ? AAO *i?oe?anueea oaaeia oaa?eea.
Ca?eueoeoueny EP ia oaa?eeao «Aa??cea», «Aaniyiea», «?aeaeoaa»,
AAO «Oaaeia o??ia» ? OIA «?eaa».

O ia?niaeoea? (i?ney 2005 ?.) cia/ii cieaeoaaoeiaoueny aoaeoeai?noue
?ici?uaiiy on?o i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iaeano?
/a?ac nei?i/aiiy ye caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy, oae ? eiai
i?aoeacaeaoii? /anoeie: ?eiie i?aoe? iiiiaithaaoeia iieie?iiy,
ia?iaeaeaia a ia??iae cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?
(1990-1997??.).

Ia iniia? no/anii? aeaiiaeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a iaeano? aeioe?eueii
noai?eoe iae? (ni?euei?) i?aei?e?inoaa aeey aeaioiaeaiiy aenieiye?niiai
iaeyao, acoooy, o?eeioaaeieo, oe?aiaoei/ieo, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo, iaea?iiieo
ae?ia?a, c oe?iaie ia iaaeoi aenieeie ? e?euee?noth i?aoe?aiee?a ia
iaaeoi aaeeeith (20 — 30 in?a). ?o i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue ia? a?aeiia?aeaoe
iaiao?aeiei aeiiaai. Eeoa ca oaeeo oiia oiaa?e iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa
aoaeooue eiieo?aioieie. Noai?aiiy iiae?aiiai oaaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
iniaeeai aeioe?eueia a Aa?aaeaiao, a iaea?iiieo oaa?ee — o Oa?iiiie?,
E?aiaioe? ? *i?oeia?.

AENIIAEE

Aeaiia?ao?/iee ?icaeoie ia? iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo: /enaeuei?noue ? neeaae ianaeaiiy
aecia/athoue eiai ianyae ? no?oeoo?o. Aeaiia?ao?/ia e?eca a Oe?a?i?
iaei??th c i?e/ei yei? ? caaaeueia e?eca iaoiai noni?euenoaa, aeoaea
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia a?o/eciyia ae?iaieoeoai oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo.

O Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? oiaa?e oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ? iaea?eueo
niaoe?ae?ciaaiith i?iaeoeoe??th, aiie aecia/athoue ??aaiue ??
i?iieneiaiai ?icaeoeo, cia/aiiy a aeiiii?oe? e?a?ie, i?aei?e?inoaa c ?o
ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaeieie c iniiaieo aeaea?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iiaeaoe?a aei
athaeaeaoo. No/ania ae aeaiiaeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a iaeano?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?ioeanaie ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy
— ia 6,5 oen. in?a ca 1995-1997 ??. (coiiaeth? nei?i/aiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo o oe?eiio); cieaeaiiyi
ia?iaeaeoaaiino? — ia 4,5  ca 1987-1997 ??. (? iaei??th c i?e/ei
i?aeoe/ii? a?aenooiino? a ani?oeiaio? i?aei?e?inoa aeeoy/eo oiaa??a,
iniaeeai iai?iaeiaieue/eo); c?inoaiiyi nia?oiino? — ia 2,3 ca 1987-1997
??., iniaeeai a i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? (cieaeo? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, a o./. /a?ac cieaeaiiy eoi?aaeueii?
ni?iiiaeiino? ?iaeei iiia?eeo); a?ae’?iiei i?a?aoe?eiei naeueaei — — 137
in?a o 1997 ?., iniaeeai na?aae in?a a?eii 15-30 ?ie?a oa na?aae
ianaeaiiy c aeuith ina?oith, yea ? iaea?eueo eoi?aaeueiini?iiiaeiei;
c?inoaiiyi /anoee in?a iioeeiai a?eo — 24,3 % o 1997 ?. (c iaeiiai aieo,
aeiaaa? ae?iaieoeoaa niaoe?aeueii? i?iaeoeoe?? aeey oe??? eaoaai???
ianaeaiiy, a c ?ioiai, cieaeaiiy ?? ianya?a /a?ac aeoaea iecueeo
eoi?aaeueio ni?iiiaei?noue iain?iia??a); iaaecae/aeii iecueeei ??aiai
aeeooy ia?aaaaeii? iane ianaeaiiy oa aenieei ??aiai aac?ia?ooy — 3,5% ia
1.01.1998 ?., iniaeeai i?eoiaaiiai, ui oaeiae i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui
ianaeaiiy iaiaaeo?oueny i?eaeaaiiyi iaea?eueo iaiao?aeieo oiaa??a oiui.

Ii?yae c iaaaoeaiei aieeaii eiiieaeno o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a
caaaeai? i?ioeane coiiaeee niaae ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo
aei iaaecae/aeii iecueeiai ??aiy (ca 1990-1996 ??. ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy cieceeeny ia 39,8 %, iai?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a —
ia 85,8 %).

No/ani? ?aae?? ia aeicaieythoue i/?eoaaoe iaeaeeae/ei /anii
ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i o ae?iaieoeoa? oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, oei
a?eueoa, ui aeoiaeo c aeaiia?ao?/ii? e?ece ca?aeii c i?iaiicaie
iaeaeeae/eie ?ieaie ia i/?eo?oueny.

Iaeiae aecia/aiiy no/anieo ?aa?iiaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae o ?icaeoeo
aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a oa ?o ci?i o iaeaooiueiio aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe
a?eueo i?iaiiciaaiei ?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo;
ie?aneeoe oeyoe iii’yeoaiiy aieeao aeaiia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a ia
ae?iaieoeoai oeeo oiaa??a; aecia/eoe ani?oeiaio i?iaeoeoe??; c’ynoaaoe,
?ici?uaiiy yeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiei o no/anieo oiiaao
oa, a?aeiia?aeii, ?icaeoie yeeo ? i??i?eoaoiei.

Iniiaia iana i?aei?e?inoa c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a
Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? ?icoaoiaaia ca aeaiiaeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie,
a?aeiinii aeia?a. Aeaye? c ieo iathoue ia?aaeoiiae ?icoe?aiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeiae neeaaeia aeaiiaeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a iaeano? oa ??
aeaeueoa iia??oaiiy iaaaoeaii aieeaaoeiooue ia ?iaioo oeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui aac ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e noa?? iaiiaeeeai ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia iie?ioaiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??. C ?ioiai aieo, noaa?e?caoe?y aeaiia?ao?/ii?
ianoaiiaee aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe aeiiii?/iee noai iaeano?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oooiaiia Ae.A. Aeaye? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? ?aa?iio //?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — N 1. —
N. 85-89 (0,4 ae.a.).

2. Oooiaiia Ae.A. Aeaiiaeiiii?/i? aniaeoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy
aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a ia?iaeiiai niiaeeaaiiy //Caeiyo?noue oa
?eiie i?aoe?. — Aei. 6.- E., 1998. — N. 229-235 (0,45 ae.a.).

3. Oooiaiia Ae.A., Aaa’ye A.I. ?icaeoie oaaeii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie —
iaeia c ia?aaeoiia iie?ioaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy //I?iaeaie i?aoe?, aeiiii?ee oa iiaeaethaaiiy. — *anoeia 1.-
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai Oaoiieia?/iiai oi-oo Iiae?eey, 1998. —
N. 238-239 (iniaenoi — 0,2 ae.a.).

4. Oooiaiia Ae.A., Aaa’ye A.I. I?iaeaia ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a
Oe?a?i?: iiaeyae e??cue i?ecio ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo // I?iaeaie
i?aoe?, aeiiii?ee oa iiaeaethaaiiy. — *anoeia 1.- Oiaeueieoeueeee:
Aeae-ai Oaoiieia?/iiai oi-oo Iiae?eey, 1998. — N. 5-7 (iniaenoi — 0,15
ae.a.).

5. Oooiaiia Ae.A. Aeaye? aeiiii?/i? ? nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee ci?i o
a?eia?e no?oeoo?? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie //?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie. — Oa?iii?eue: AAO “Iie?a?ao?no”, 1997. — N.
48-55 (0,4 ae.a.).

6. Aeaiiaeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa //?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee
Oe?a?ie. — Oa?iii?eue: AAO “Iie?a?ao?no”, 1997. — N. 55-58 (0,25 ae.a.).

7. Oooiaiia Ae.A., Eiaoiithe I.I. Aaia?ao?/i? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
iniaeeaino? aea/aiiy i?e?iaeiiai ?ooo ? no?oeoo?e ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
//Ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie: Iaa/. iin?aiee. —
Oa?iii?eue: Anoii, 1997. — N. 15-32 (iniaenoi — 0,6 ae.a.).

8. Oooiaiia Ae.A. I?i aeaye? iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo //Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo. — Oa?iii?eue, 1997. — N.41-42 (0,15 ae.a.).

9. Oooiaiia Ae.A., Aeye?a I.I. Aiae?c i?a?aoe?eiiai ?ooo ianaeaiiy oa
eiai aieea ia oi? ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
//?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie. — Euea?a:
??Ae, 1998. — N. 246-251 (iniaenoi -0,25 ae.a.).

10. Ea/ai ?.I., Oooiaiia Ae.A. Aeaiia?ao?/iee aniaeo oi?ioaaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio //Iaoa??aee eiio. “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae
Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee”. — Euea?a: Aeae-ai Euea?anueeiai oi-oo oa ?io., 1997. — N.
43-46. (iniaenoi — 0,15 ae.a.).

11. Oooiaiia Ae.A. I?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a
oi?aae?ii? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie //Ca. aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo”. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai Oaoiieia?/ii oi-oo
Iiae?eey oa ?i., 1997. — *.1. — N. 62-64 (0,15 ae.a.)

12. Oooiaiia Ae.A. Aeaiia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee (ia
i?eeeaae? Oa?iii?euenueeiai ?aeiio Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?) //Iaoa??aee
i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieo”. — Oa?iii?eue, 1996.
— *.2. — N.72-73 (0,1 ae.a.).

Oooiaiia Ae.A. I?eioeeie oa iaoiaee aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo (ia iaoa??aeao
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea.

O aeena?oaoe?? aea/athoueny aeaiia?ao?/i? aniaeoe oaeineiiaeaiiy
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano?. Iiaeeaeaii oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeaiia?ao?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee o ca’yceo ?c no/anieie
oiiaaie ia?aoiaeo Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. O aeena?oaoe??
ioe?iaii aeaiia?ao?/io neooaoe?th Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? c oi/ee ci?o
?? aieeao ia aeiiii?eo, cie?aia ia ?icaeoie ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo ?aa?iio. C?iaeaii naaiaioaoe?th ?eieo
niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?. Ia iniia?
aeaiiaeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a iaa?oioiaaii aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a ?aa?ii? oa aecia/ai? iniiai?
oeyoe eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaiia?ao?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, ianaeaiiy, oiaa?e oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo, ?iai/a neea, niiaeeaaiiy, aiae?c, aoaeoeai?noue, ?aa?ii.

Oooiaiia Ae.A. I?eioeeiu e iaoiaeu aeaiia?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey
?aciauaiey i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai iio?aaeaiey (ii iaoa?eaeai
Oa?iiiieueneie iaeanoe). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia i?enaiaiea iao/iie nooiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?aoey, yeiiiieea o?oaea,
nioeeaeueiay yeiiiieea e iieeoeea.

A aeenna?oaoeee eco/athony aeaiia?aoe/aneea aniaeou oniaa?oainoaiaaiey
?aciauaiey i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai iio?aaeaiey Oa?iiiieueneie
iaeanoe. Oaeoaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea e iaoiaee/aneea iniiau
aeaiia?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey ?aciauaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee enoiaey
ec nia?aiaiiuo oneiaee ia?aoiaea Oe?aeiu ia ?uii/iue iooue ?acaeoey. A
aeenna?oaoeee inouanoaeyaony ioeaiea aeaiia?aoe/aneie neooaoeee a
Oa?iiiieueneie iaeanoe n oi/ee c?aiey a? aeeyiey ia yeiiiieeo ?aaeiia, a
/anoiinoe ia ?acaeoea e ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai
iio?aaeaiey. I?iaaaeaia naaiaioaoeey ?eiea oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai
iio?aaeaiey Oa?iiiieueneie iaeanoe. Enoiaey ec aeaiiyeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia iainiiaaia yooaeoeaiinoue ?aciauaiey io?aneae i?iecaiaenoaa
oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai iio?aaeaiey a ?aaeiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaiia?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea, ianaeaiea, oiaa?u
ia?iaeiiai iio?aaeaiey, ?aai/ay neea, iio?aaeaiea, aiaeec,
yooaeoeaiinoue, ?aaeii.

Shushpanov D.G. Principles and methods for demographic substantiation of
the location production of consumer goods (based on the materials of
the Ternopil region). — Manuscript.

The thesis for getting the scientific degree of the candidate of
economic sciences in the speciality 08.09.01. — Demography, economics of
labour, social economics, and politics.

The dissertation is dedicated to the demographic aspect of improving the
location of production of consumer goods in the Ternopil region. The
theoretical bases are given to the location of productive forces
according to the present-day condition of Ukraine’s transition to the
market relations. In the dissertation the estimation of the demographic
situation in the Ternopil region is given from the point of view of its
influence on the economy in particular on the development and location
of production branches of consumer goods in the region. The segmentation
of the consumer goods market has been carried out. On the basis of
demographic factors the efficiency of the location of consumer goods
production in the region has been substantiated and the principal ways
of it improvement have been determined.

The key words: demographic substation, population, consumer goods,
labour resources, consumption, analyses, efficiency, region.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.10.98 ?. Oi?iao 60×84 1/16

Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1.1.

Oe?aae 100 Cai. ? 243 Aaceiooiaii

Aeaeaaieoeoai “?IOIOAOOeAIO?”

282001 i. Oa?iii?eue, aoe. Oaoeaae/a, 3

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