IAOe?IIAEUeIA IOCE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?i. I.?. *AEEIANUeEIAI

OeO?EAIAIEI ??EIA AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 786.2 (477)

I?EIOeEIE OAEOO?II-IIE?OII?*II? I?AAI?CAOe??

A NO*ANI?E OE?A?INUeE?E OI?OAI?AII?E IOCEOe?

17.00.03 — Ioce/ia ienoaoeoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai??? ioceee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?inoeoooo ienoaoeoa ?i. ?.I. Eioey?aanueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — ?aiao/aiei Aai?a?e ?ai?aae/,

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

i?ioani?,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo ienoaoeoa

?i. ?.I. Eioey?aanueeiai, ?aeoi?,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oai??? ioceee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Iineaeaiei A?eoi? A?eai?iae/,

aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

i?ioani?,

Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?i. ?.I. *aeeianueeiai

O?eaoiaa Oaoyia Aieiaeeie??aia,

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

aeioeaio,

Aeiiaoeueea aea?aeaaia eiina?aaoi??y

?i. N.N. I?ieio’?aa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia eiina?aaoi??y

?i. A.A. Iaaeaeaiiai?,

eaoaae?a oai??? ioceee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25”eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 15 aiae. 30 oa. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 50.27.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e ioce/i?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. ?.I. *aeeianueeiai
(252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. A?o?oaeoi?a Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “23” aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

aeioeaio
?.I.Eioaiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA

I?iaeaie oa ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c iiiyooyi iie?oii??, ?ioaineaii
?ic?iaeythoueny a oai?aoe/iiio ioceeiciaanoa?. Ni?eeiyooy oa ?icoi?iiy
iie?oii?? o ??cieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aecia/athoueny, ii a?eueoino?,
o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith ?icaeyaeo oa aiae?co. Iaeiae a inoaii?e /an
c’yaeeeny ?iaioe, aea iie?oii?y ?icoi??oueny ye nenoaia eia?/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae, ye oei ieneaiiy.

Nueiaiaei? a ioceeiciaanoa? ?nio? iaaia e?euee?noue ia?ica’ycaieo
inoaoi/ii ieoaiue i?ae ??cieie oai??yie oa aeayea aii?oi?noue eiioo??a
noa?e yaeu, ye? i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae aecia/aiiy oa?i?io “iie?oii?y”.
Iiae?aia neooaoe?y noai?th? ie?ai? o?oaeiiu? a i?ioean? aaeaeaaoecaoe??
ni?eeiyooy ioceee, iicia/aii? niaoeeo?/ieie iie?oii?/ieie yeinoyie, c
iaeiiai aieo, oa ona?aeiieaiiy ? aiae?co oeeo yeinoae c iiceoe??
o?aaeeoe?e oa iiaaoi?noaa, c ?ioiai. Ae??oaiiy oeeo i?iaeai ia? ye
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia, oae ? i?aeoe/ii-iaoiaee/ia cia/aiiy. A aeena?oaoe??,
aeoiaey/e c aecia/aiiy a?oioiaieo iie?oii?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae a ?oi?e
aaiethoe?? oa ii?aeioth/e ?o c iniaeeainoyie oaeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??
??cieo ??ai?a, cai?iiiiiaaii ocaaaeueiaio eeaneo?eaoe?th oaeeo
eiiieaenieo iiiyoue aeey ?icoi?iiy, canai?iiy oa aiae?co neeaaeieo
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ieo yaeu a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ioceoe?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae aaaaoueio yaeu a oe?a?inuee?e ioceoe? OO
noie?ooy /e ia iaeiii?oi?oa i?noea iin?aea? i?ioean a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iie?oii?? — ye o aeaeyae? aeei?enoaiiy aa?ieiaeo i?eeii?a, oi?i,
aeai??a, ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo, no?oeoo?ieo oa iiaieo iniaeeainoae, oae ? a
iiaiio, ia?aoai?aiiio o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aaiethoe??th, aeaeyae?.

A ioceeiciaanoa? onoaeeeeny aecia/aiiy iie?oii?? /e oi a
?noi?eei-o?iiieia?/iiio, caaaeueii-noeeueiaiio aniaeo?, /e oi c iiceoe?e
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeoo?ieo neeaae?a (TH.?aaeieeiiaa, A.Itheea?,
A.I?ioiiiiia, N.Ne?aaeia, A.O?aeiiia, TH.Oieiiia oa ?i.). Ii??aiyii ia
oae aeaaii c’yaeeeny ?iaioe, aea iie?oii?y aaea ona?aeiieth?oueny ye oei
ieneaiiy (I.Aeieo???a, A.Caaea?aoeueeee, O.E?aaoeia, A.Iaeneiia,
O.Oeoiaa, O.O?aioiaa, E.THaeae).

Ioaea, ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c yaeuai iie?oii??, ? nueiaiaei? iaeaaeaoue
aei i?iaeaiieo o ioceeiciaanoa?. Aeooaeueiei ? aecia/aiiy iie?oii?? ye
ooaeiaeiuei? eia?ee, a oaeiae aiae?c oeyo?a eiai iaoa??ae?caoe??,
aecia/aiiy oei?a eiai oaeoo?ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeiaaeo? o?aaeeoe??, caeeaaeai? a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo
oa?e?anueeeo ioceeiciaaoe?a. Iaaieineii ia ?ie? aeine?aeaeaiue
N.N.Aiaaoe?ueiaa oa I.Ae.O?oea. A ??cieo aniaeoao o iiaeaeueo? ?iee
ie?aneaio ieie i?iaeaiaoeeo i?iaeiaaeoaaee oai?/i ?ic?iaeyoe
?ica’ycoaaoe I.A.Aona?iaa, O.N.E?aaoeia, I.A.Eenyia, A.?.?aiao/aiei.
Aeania, i?aoe? N.N.Aiaaoe?ueiaa oa I.Ae.O?oea ? caeeaee ooiaeaiaio aeey
?icaeoeo oai??? iie?oii?? a oe?a?inuee?e ioce/i?e iaooe?. Oaeiae aiie ?
caniiaieeaie oa?e?anueei? ioceeiciaanueei? oai?aoe/ii? oeiee,
aeinyaiaiiy yei? ? aaaeeeaei aianeii o ?icaeoie a?o/eciyiiai
ioceeiciaanoaa. O oie aea /an oeae oai?/ee aei?iaie caneoaiao? a?eueo
ieeueiiai aea/aiiy oa caeo/aiiy aei ae?th/iai iaoeiaiai aia?aoo aeey
oe?e?niiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy an?o iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a ? o?aaeeoe?e, a oaeiae
iia’ycaieo c ieie oaiaeaioe?e.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ona?aeiieaiiy (ia iniia?
?nioth/eo eiioeaioe?e) a?oioiaieo caeiiii??iinoae iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee oa
aeyaeaiiy ? aiae?c iniaeeainoae ? iiaeeeainoae ?oiuei? oaeoo?ii?
i?aai?caoe?? a no/ani?e ioceoe?, ui aaaea aei ii?aeiaiiy oeeo iiiyoue a
iniaeeaee eiiieaen, ui aeieea? ia oiiai?e iaae? aca?iiae?? ci?noo e
oi?ie. Caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noai?aiiy caaaeueii? eeaneo?eaoe??
oaeeo eiiieaen?a, oa?aeoa?enoeea ?oi?o aeanoeainoae oa caeaaei?noue a?ae
oiia eiie?aoiiai oai?o ? niaoeeo?ee ni?eeiyooy ioceee, oai?aoe/ia oa
iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo iiiyoue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? oyaeaiue i?i
aca?iica’ycie iie?oii?/ieo yaeu c ?oi?i oaeoo?iei ioi?ieaiiyi ?
iniaeeainoyie ineoieia?? neooiaiai ni?eeiyooy aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia oa
iaa?oioiaaia iiiyooy oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai eiiieaeno — cai?iooee o
aiiiii?oio iiaeaeue oei aca?iiae?? aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae? —
?ai?acaioaio?a ooaeiaei?o i?inoi?o oa /ano. Ca aiae?cii ?ie? oaeiai
eiiieaeno a noai?aii? o eiie?aoiiio oai?? i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai eiio?iooio
c iaaieie ?enaie, aeanoeainoyie oa iiaeeeainoyie, a aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeaii ocaaaeueiaio eeaneo?eaoe?th oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ieo eiiieaen?a
ca ??aiyie i?iya?a ?oiuei? ae??. A?eueo ?icaeiaiiai oa iiaeeaeaiiai
o?aeooaaiiy a ?aeo?n? ca’yceo ?c iie?oii?/ieie caeiiii??iinoyie iaaoei
iiiyooy eii?aeeiaoe aeeaeie; i?aee?aneaii eiai niaoeeo?/ii-ia?oeaioeaio
oa aoi?eiii-ocaaaeueithth/o i?e?iaeo. Ie?aii a?aecia/a?oueny
nii??aeiai?noue iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee c oaeeie yaeuaie, ye i?eioeei
aa??aioiino? oa aa??aoeaiino?, i?eioeei iiiioaiaoecio a on?o eiai
?noi?e/ieo oi?iao, a oaeiae c a?oioiaieie caeiiii??iinoyie
aaceiioe?eoii? ae?aiaoo?a??, aeayeeie o?aaeeoe?yie oe?a?inueeiai
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o a i?ioan?ei?e no/ani?e ioceoe?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? iiiyooy ?
iieiaeaiiy aeicaieythoue iiiiaieoe oa?i?iieia?/iee oa iiaeeaeoe
iiiyo?eiee aia?ao, ?icoe?eoe iaoeiaee oai?aoe/iee i?ino??. Aiie iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? a aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i?enay/aieo i?e?iae? iie?oii??,
i?iaeaiai ni?eeiyooy, ?icoi?iiy oa aiae?co no/anii? ioceee, ieoaiiyi
o?aaeeoe?e oa iiaaoi?noaa, ?oiueiio ca’yceo c aaaaoueia yaeuaie, ui
aeieeaee e aeieeathoue a oiae? aaiethoe?? ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa.
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ye iaoiaee/i? canaaee
aiae?co niaoeeo?/ieo iie?oii?/ieo yeinoae ie?aiiai ioce/iiai oai?o.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nienea aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 171 noi?., ianya nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 20
noi?., e?euee?noue iaeiaioaaiue o nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 211.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

ANOOI

I?ia?aeia ?ieue iie?oii?/ieo eia?/ieo i?eioeei?a o ioce/i?e i?aeoeoe?
OO noie?ooy oyaia ca niaith iaoeiao caoe?eaaeai?noue, iio?aao
aeaoaeueiiai iieno oa iiyniaiiy i?e?iaee iie?oii?/ieo yaeu o no/ani?e
ioceoe?, iaoiiaeth? nai?/ani?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue aaeaeaaoiiai
ni?eeiyooy, ?icoi?iiy e aiae?co ia?aaeoiia aeei?enoaiiy iie?oii?/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae oa niaoeeo?ee ?aaeueieo i?iya?a ?oiuei? ae?? a no/anieo
oiiaao. Ina?aaeeii ia?aiiai ?aeo?no ?ic?iaee i?iaeaiaoeee ? ieoaiiy
iniaeeainoae i?iya?a aieeao iie?oii?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia i?eioeeie
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo, oa?aeoa?enoeea oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y
oei?a aca?iiae?? a?oioiaieo iie?oii?/ieo oa oaeoo?ieo i?eioeei?a, a
oaeiae ?oi?e ca’ycie ?c caeiiaie ineoieia?? ioce/iiai ni?eeiyooy.

?ICAe?E 1

OAI??ss IIE?OII?? OA OAI??ss OAEOO?E —

NOAI I?IAEAIAOEEE IA NO*ANIIIO AOAI?

O?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae oai?aoe/iiai ioceeiciaanoaa aei ieoaiue, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei eiea icia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee, i?noeoue o nia? ?icoi?iiy
iie?oii?? c aeaio iniiaieo oi/ie ci?o, iai?aaeaieo iaeia ia iaeio ?,
oaeei /eiii, iaaiith i??ith caieiaieo a?ae ?ioeo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo
iaoeiai? aeoiee i?i i?e?iaeo iie?oii??. Iieaciaei ? aecia/aiiy
iie?oii??, iaaaaeaia a Ioce/iiio aioeeeeiiaaee/iiio neiaieeo, yea e
?ai?acaioo? iaeaeaa aniaeoe iaoeiaiai o?aaeeoe?eiiai ae??oaiiy aeaii?
i?iaeaie. Oea ni?eeiyooy iie?oii??, ii-ia?oa, a?aeiia?aeii aei
aoeiieia?/iiai cia/aiiy oa?i?io c iaea?eueo onoaeaiei ?icoi?iiyi —
iaaiei /eiii i?aai?ciaaiiai aaaaoiaieinny, oiaoi c iiceoe?? eiie?aoii?
oaeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??; ioaea, iie?oii?y ?icoi??oueny ye aeaiaio nenoaie
cania?a ioce/ii? ae?aciino?. Ii-ae?oaa, oea aecia/aiiy i?e?iaee yaeua
iie?oii?? a aniaeo? ?noi?eei-o?iiieia?/iiio, caaaeueii-noeeueiaiio,
oiaoi o eiioaeno? ?noi?e/ii? aaiethoe?? ioce/ieo noee?a ye iaei??? c
iniiaieo ?noi?e/ieo oi?i noee?noeee iaaii? aiioe.

?acii c oei, ia iiaeia ia iii?oeoe iayai?noue a inoaii?e /an aaiethoe??
a i?aeoiae? aei ?icoi?iiy ie?aneaieo ieoaiue. Oeae i?ioean iaoiiaeaiee
ana a?eueo iii?oiith iaa?aeiia?aei?noth o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoeiaeo oyaeaiue
i?i iie?oii?th aei oeo yaeu, ui aeieeaee e aeieeathoue a i?ioean?
?icaeoeo ioceee ?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe?? a OO noie?oo?. Inoaii? iiaeooue
ia a?aeiia?aeaoe caaaeaiei aeua iieiaeaiiyi /anoeiai /e oe?eeii, aea
ni?eeiathoueny neooa/ai ye nii??aeiai? c iie?oii?/ieie yaeuaie oa
i?aeii?yaeeiaai? oaeei caeiiii??iinoyi, ye? e ?iaeyoue oeae oei
aaaaoiaieinny naia iie?oii?/iei, iacaeaaeii a?ae iayaiino? cae/ieo
ciai?oi?o iciae noeeth. Ioaea, a no/aniiio ioceeiciaanoa? ?niothoue
??ci? i?aeoiaee aei ona?aeiieaiiy nooiino? yaeu, iia’ycaieo c iiiyooyi
iie?oii?? ye o aocueeiio, oae ? o a?eueo oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?.
Caoaaaeeii, ui an? oe? oai??? ia i?ioe??/aoue iaeia iaei?e, aiie iathoue
aaaaoi ni?eueiiai — a?ae a?aei?aaieo oi/ie o oi?ioaaii? iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aei aecia/aiiy niaoeeo?ee oa i?noey iie?oii?? a oai?aoe/i?e
iaooe? oa aeeiiaanuee?e i?aeoeoe?.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eaa?oa? o?aaeeoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea iie?oii?? ye ia?o
ca ana oaeoo?ia, ia ??ai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaiaio?a oaeoo?e aai (oa) ia
??ai? iiaii? i?aai?caoe??. Ioaea, iie?oii?y a iniiaiiio ni?eeia?oueny e
?icoi??oueny e??cue i?ecio iaoa??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ioce/iiai
iaoa??aeo. Oea iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue caa?iaiiy aei oeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?enay/ai? ieoaiiyi oaeoo?e, oai??y yei? a inoaii?e
/an ii/aea aeoeaii ?icaeaaoeny (?iaioe A.Aa?aoaaa, I.Aeieo???aa,
A.?aiao/aiea, A.I?eee, ?.Iacaee?inueeiai, I.Ne?aaeiai?-O?eaoiai?,
I.Noaiainueei?, O.O?aioiai?, Ae.O??noiaa, E.THaeae oa ?i.). O eiioaeno?
ni?eeiyooy oaeoo?e (a oaeiae iniaeeainoae eiaeiiai c ?? iaea?eueo
ocaaaeueiaieo neeaae?a) ye oeaieiiiai, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-eiie?aoiiai
ae?aco eiiieaeno oi?aa?naeueieo caeiiii??iinoae aiia aeeiio? oiiaio
ooieoe?th oi?ie, ci?noii yei? ? ae?y iaaii? ooaeiaeiuei? eia?ee.

A ?iaio? i?aee?aneaii oa ?icaeiooi no/ania ?icoi?iiy iiiyooy oaeoo?iiai
neeaaeo ye ?iaa??aioo aai (oa) ocaaaeueithth/iai i?eioeeio, yeee i?yii
ia caeaaeeoue a?ae cania?a ae?aciino? (?iaeea?aeoaeueieo o eiaeiiio
ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo) ? oiio iiaea aooe ao?eaiee c ??ciith i??ith
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei onoaeaieo c?ace?a.

Ia iniia? aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaiieo iaeanoae a iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e
?ic?iaoe? oaiaoeee, iia’ycaii? c iiiyooyie iie?oii??, oaeoo?e oa ??ai?a
?oiuei? aca?iiiaoiiaeaiino?, iiaeia ie?aneeoe iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
yeee iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaiaoeee, iia’ycaii? c? niaoeeo?eith ae??
caeiiii??iinoae iie?oii?/ii? ooaeiaeiuei? eia?ee a no/ani?e ioceoe?.

?ICAe?E 2

CIIA IA?AOEIO AIEEAO IIE?OII?*IEO ? OAEOO?IEO CAEIIII??IINOAE

Aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo a i?ioean? e?eoe/iiai iaeyaeo
oai?aoe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c aeuacaaaeaieo ieoaiue, aecia/eii iaoiaeeeo
aeaniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiia ia?aaeaa/a? oa?aeoa?enoeeo niaoeeo?/ieo
ca’yce?a oaeoo?e ye noa?e ooieoe?iiaeueii-oii?/ii? oa iie?oii?? ye noa?e
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eia?/ii?, a oaeiae aiae?oe/ia iienaiiy iiaeeeainoae oa
iniaeeainoae i?iya?a iiae?aii? aca?iiae??.

I?ioean ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa a OO noie?oo? iaoiiaea
ea?aeeiaeueiee ia?aaeyae ???a?o?? cania?a ioce/ii? ae?aciino?,
ia?aaoaeiao an??? nenoaie oyaeaiue i?i iiai?, no?oeoo?i? oa
ae?aiaoo?a?/i? caeiiii??iino?, yeeie iicia/aiee aoaeue-yeee oa??. Oea
noino?oueny e oeo yaeu, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii ae?? i?eioeei?a iie?oii??, ye?
io?eiaee yne?aaa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy a iiaeo i?iyaao ? oi?iao. Iaa?oue ia
iie?oii?/ii i?aai?ciaaia (o o?aaeeoe?eiiio ?icoi?ii?) ioceea /anoi
iicia/aia niaoeeo?/ieie iie?oii?/ieie yeinoyie, ye? ona?aeiieththoueny a
i?ioean? neooiaiai ni?eeiyooy. Oea a?aee?eaa? aaaao? iiaeeeaino? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioiaieo iie?oii?/ieo i?eioeei?a, aeyaeaiiy ?oiuei?
ae?? a no/anieo oiiaao.

Ine?eueee oa?aeoa?enoeea iie?oii?? iio?aao? e oa?aeoa?enoeee
iniaeeainoae ?? iaoa??aeueieo i?iya?a, i?eae?ey?oueny ieeueia oaaaa
iiiyooth oaeoo?e. Aea aecia/aiiy iie?oii?? iaiiaeeeai iia’ycaoe o?eueee
c iniaeeaith oaeoo?iith i?aai?caoe??th, ai oiae? ia aeiaiaeeoueny
?ici??eiaoaaoe i?i oei ieneaiiy — oaeoo?a iica eiiieaiaioa?ieie caniaaie
ia ?nio?. Ioaea, iaiao?aeiei ? ?icoi?iiy iaio iiiyoue ye iaaieo
neeaaeieo aaaaoi??aiaaeo nenoai c? nai?ie oi?aa?naeueieie iciaeaie oa
i?eioeeiaie.

Ocaaaeueithth/e aaea a?aeiia, iiaeyiaii ia caae?yio i?iaeaiaoeeo a
aniaeo? niaoeeo?ee ae?? a?oioiaieo i?eioeei?a caaaeaieo iiiyoue a
eiaeiiio ie?aiiio ioce/iiio oai?o (/e iaa?oue iaai?e eiai /anoei?). Iiaa
eaea i?i ooaeiaei?e na?o eiie?aoiiai oai?o, yeee iia’ycaiee ?c
caaaeueieie caeiiaie ineoieia?? ni?eeiyooy (?, cie?aia, c ineoieia??th
ioce/iiai ni?eeiyooy) ? yeee ia? nai? ooaeiaei? i?ino??, /an ? aeeaeio,
?ai?acaioiaai? eii?aeeiaoaie aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae? oa ooai?ai?
??cieie oeiaie ?oiueiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iiae??. O oeueiio ?aeo?n?
oaeoo?a ? ciai?oi?i i?iyaii ae?? aeeaeiiiai, ocaaaeueithth/iai
i?eioeeio, yeee i?yii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae eiie?aoieo cania?a ae?aciino?.
Iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? eiie?aoii? ioce/ii? oeaieie ? i?iyaii ae??
iaaiiai oaeoo?iiai ?iaa??aioo, ui i?eionea? aaaaonoai oa
??ciiiai?oi?noue iaoa??aeueieo ao?eaiue. sse ocaaaeueiaia noaia, a?i
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaiith ???a?o??th ca’yce?a oa eii?aeeiaoe??th
iieaciee?a — ai?eciioae? oa aa?oeeae?. ? aaea a?ae oiia oaei?
noi?ae?yaeiino? e caeaaeeoue ?iciaaeoaaiiy oei?a oaeoo?ieo neeaae?a a
onoaeaiiio iaoeiaiio ?icoi?ii?. A oaeiio ae ?aeo?n? iiiyooy iie?oii??
iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye i?iya ae?? i?eioeeio eii?aeeiaoe?? ooieoe?e
aeaiaio?a oa eiiiiiaio?a oaeoo?e ii ai?eciioae? oa aa?oeeae?. Oaeith
eii?aeeiaoe??th a ?aeo?n? ae?? iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee aoaeaii aaaaeaoe,
ca?aeii c aecia/aiiyi O.O?aioiai?, iaeii/ania ii?aeiaiiy a ia?aeaeueiiio
?icaeoeo a?aeie?aieaieo, a?aeiinii naiino?eieo, i?inoi?iai eieae?ciaaieo
i?eaeecii ??aiiaaaiieo ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi neeaaeiaeo
eiiiiiaio?a oe?eiai, ye? aca?iiae?thoue oa iaaiith i??ith eiio?anoothoue
iaeei c iaeiei.

Ioaea, oieonii aca?iica’yceo iie?oii?? oa oaeoo?e ? ?oi? aaciina?aaei?
a?aeiioaiiy aei oeio aca?iiae?? eii?aeeiao aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae?. Oea
iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aiae?oe/iiai iieno ?iaa??aio?a oe?eaaey/eo
iiiyoue oa ?oi?o iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeanoeainoae. Ie?aneaiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aao? iaoiaeeee, yea i?noeoue ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
?nioth/eo oai??e, ?oith oai?/o ?ic?iaeo, ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioethaaiiy iiaeo aecia/aiue ?icaeyiooeo iiiyoue,
ie?aneaiiy noa?e ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy oiui. Aaaeeeaeie iaoiaeaie
ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ oyaeythoueny ni?aa?aeianaiiy a?oioiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee oa a?aeiia?aeiiai oaeoo?iiai i?eioeeio
i?aai?caoe?? c? nii??aeiaieie ca i?e?iaeith yaeuaie, noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? iaoiaeeee aiae?co ioce/ieo oai??a.

?ICAe?E 3

OAEOO?II-IIE?OII?*I? EIIIEAENE

3.1.

A i?ioean? aiae?co aaiethoe?? oyaeaiue i?i i?e?iaeo iie?oii?? oa ??
oaeoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy aeoeaioo?oueny i?iaeaiaoeea, iia’ycaia c
ineoieia??th ioce/iiai ni?eeiyooy, ui aaco?oueny ia caaaeueieo
ia?oeaioeaieo caeiiii??iinoyo. Aaaeeeaeie ? e?eueea iiiaio?a.

Ii-ia?oa, oea caeaoi?noue oa o niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao noeeuei?noue ineo?ee
aei noeniaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iane a iaaio iaeeieoeth (a ioceoe? —
aeaiaioa?io, oaiaoe/io, no?oeoo?io, ae?aiaoo?a?/io oiui). I?i oea
na?ae/aoue aiae?c ?noi??? aeieeiaiiy oa aaiethoe?? iie?oii?? oa iaeyae
?noi??? caaaeueii? aaiethoe?? ioceee a ieai? oi?ioaaiiy oa ci?i
i?ia?aeieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue (eaaee, iiaeone, ?ioa?aaee, aei?aee,
eaaeiaa ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue, oaiaoe/i? ooai?aiiy, aeiaeaeaoiiia na??y
oiui).

A OO noie?oo? aeoeaioe ii/aee ci?uoaaoeny a a?e ?ai?oa ae?oai?yaeieo
cania?a ae?aciino?, ?oi?o ??ciiiai?oieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e, eiia?iaoe?e,
a?a?eae?a, a oaeiae ??cieo ca nai?th i?e?iaeith aoaeo?a: aoee caae?yi?
?aa?no?ia?, oaia?iai-niii?i?, ?eoii-oaiiia? i?eioeeie ?ioaa?aoe??. Ia
oeeo i?eeeaaeao eaaei iii?oeoe iinooiiaa cai?oaiiy ai?eciioae? o
aa?oeeaeue oa ?oi?e a?aeiiniee aaeain o aeiaeaeaoiii?e na??ei?e oa
na??aeuei?e ioceoe?. Caaaea?ii i?i ??ciiiai?oi? yaeua iie?- a no/ani?e
ioceoe?. Ii?aeiaiiy a iaeii/aniiio cao/aii? ??cieo aeaiaio?a /e
eiiiiiaio?a oe?eiai — i?iya ae?? iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee — a?aeiia?aea?
a?oioiaiei aeanoeainoyi ineoieia?? ni?eeiyooy.

Ii-ae?oaa, a?aeiinia ??aiicia/ou?noue eiiiiiaio?a oe?eiai oai?aoe/ii ?,
o a?aeiia?aeieo oiiaao, i?aeoe/ii aeicaiey? oeei eiiiiiaioai anooiaoe o
a?aeiineie aca?iicai?ie. Aenoiaiiy ia ia?oee ieai ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a
noai?th? i?ae ieie o?ao?i-oiiia? aca?ieie; a i?ioean? ae ineo?/iiai
ni?eeiyooy cae?ai?noue oa noeeuei?noue iiae?eo ia’?eoo ia o?ao?o ? oii
? iaeiei c a?oioiaieo ia?oeaioeaieo caeii?a. Oaea aca?iicai?ii?noue
eiiiiiaio?a noai?th? iaiaiaaeai? iiaeeeaino? aeey ??ciiiai?oieo
ia?acii-oaiaoe/ieo, no?oeoo?ieo oa ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo ??oaiue; oea
oyaey?oueny iaei??th c i?e/ei yne?aaiai ?aianaino iie?oii?? a OO
noie?oo?.

Ii-o?ao?, naia aca?iicai?ii?noue eiiiiiaio?a oe?eiai noai?th?
eii?aeeiaoo aeeaeie, iayai?noue oa aaaeeea?noue yei? i?aee?anethaaa
?.Iacaee?inueeee. A iienaieo oiiaao iai’youe oo?eio? o? eiiiiiaioe, ye?
ia?aeoee c? noa?e o?ao? aei oiiiai? noa?e, ? /aea? ia ?oi? iiaoi?ia
iiaa?iaiiy, oei a?eueo, eiee oaeee eiiiiiaio ia?aaoaa? o cao/auiio oii?
iino?eii. Ia iiae?ai?e iniia? a oya? neooa/a caaaeyee aeanoeainoyi
iai’yo? oa aoaeoo i?ciaaaiiy iiaea aeieeaoe iie?oii?y ia?acia, nieneiaa.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, noai?aiiy o?ea?i??ii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao c aa?oeeaeeth,
ai?eciioaeeth oa ia?niaeoeaith (aeeaeiith) oaae ? aei??iaiith
caeaoi?noth oa noeeuei?noth ineo?/iiai ni?eeiyooy. E??i oiai, a iaaieo
oiiaao aa?oeeaeue oa ai?eciioaeue iiaeooue iaaoaaoe oi i?inoi?iaiai
cia/aiiy, oi /aniaiai.

Ioaea, iii?a ia oae? eii?aeeiaoe aeyaey?oueny aeooaeueiith oa
iaa?oioiaaiith. A?aecia/aii, ui aeeaeiia eii?aeeiaoa, ii?iaeaeaia
aca?iiae??th i?inoi?iaiai oa /aniaiai aeoie?a, aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae?
c ?oiueith aia?aaeaioiith i?e?iaeith oa ia?ai?iieie ooieoe?yie
eiiiiiaio?a, ? iciaeith iie?oii?? ye neeaaeo a nenoaiiiio ?icoi?ii?, ye
noeeth, ye oeio ieneaiiy. Aiia ia i?aeeyaa? iaa?oue oiiai?e
ienueiiai-oaenoia?e /e aeeiiaanuee?e o?enaoe??; oea eaoaai??y a?eueo
aenieiai, ocaaaeueithth/iai ??aiy, ui aeieea? a i?ioean? neooiaiai
ni?eeiyooy.

3.2.

A i?ioean? aiae?co niaoeeo?ee ae?? a?oioiaieo iie?oii?/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae aeieeathoue ia?aeae? i?ae ieie oa aeayeeie ioce/ieie
yaeuaie, iaoiiaethth/e eia?eo caa?iaiiy aei oe?a?inueei? no/anii?
ioceee. Inoaiiy a?aeia?aaeo? an? oaiaeaioe?? oa oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino?
?icaeoeo ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa a OO noie?oo?. Oa?aeoa?iei ? oa, ui ie?ai?
i?eioeeie oa caeiiii??iino?, ye? /anoi ?ai?acaioothoue ?acoeueoaoe
?icaeoeo naia ioceee iei?oiuei?, aa?ooue ii/aoie a?ae iniaeeainoae
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o (cie?aia, oe?a?inueeiai) ye niaoeeo?/ii? noa?e
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa oa acaaae? eoeueoo?iiai yaeua ?, e??i oiai,
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c iie?oii?/iith eia?eith. Aeine?aeieeaie
oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o iaiaeii?aciai iaaieiooaaeiny ia iaa?ae’?iiino?
i?ecie iniaenoiai ni?eeiyooy, aeaiiino?aoe?? aeaniiai a?aeiioaiiy
aeeiiaaoey-aaoi?a aei ci?noo aeeiioaaiiai oai?o. Iieaciaith a oeueiio
?aeo?n? ? aeoia, oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth yei? ye ai?/iiai aeai?o ?
naia oey aeania aiioe?eia, iniaenoa, o caaaeueiiio ?icoi?ii? e??e/ia
ioe?iea ci?noo, ui a?aeaeeiny ia o?eueee ia niaoeeo?/i?e iaia??
aeeiiaiiy, aea e ia ?ioiiaoe?eieo oa eaaeiaeo ?enao oai?o. Oea
a?aeiia?aea? caaaeuei?e oaiaeaioe?? a i?ioan?ei?e ioceoe? ?a?iiaenueei?
o?aaeeoe?? a OO noie?oo? aei naia oae c?icoi?ei? e??ecaoe??, oiaoi
ae?aco iaaiiai ci?noo ca iina?aaeieoeoaii aeanii? aiioe?eii? ioe?iee.
Oyaey?oueny, oea ? ? iaeiith c oiia, ui ni?eyea ao?oeeaiio ?icea?oo
oe?a?inueei? i?ioan?eii? ioceee a iei?oiueiio noie?oo?, ??
iiioey?ecaoe?? a onueiio na?o?.

C aeuacaaaeaiith oaiaeaioe??th iia’ycai? i?eioeeie oae caaii?
aaceiioe?eoii? ae?aiaoo?a??, yea c’yaeeany naia a OO noie?oo?.
I?eoaiaii? ?e caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo ?
niaoeeo?/ieie: iiaeeeaee eiioe?eo ae?inoa? c iaeiiai
?ioiiaoe?eii-oaiaoe/iiai ina?aaeea, eiai aa??aioiiai ?icaeoeo; i?e?iaea
ae inoaiiueiai, ye a?aeiii, aa?a na?e ii/aoie a?ae oieueeei?ieo
o?aaeeoe?e. Oea oaeiae iia’ycaia c i?eioeeiii iiiioaiaoecio, ui aeiee a
i?ioan?ei?e ioceoe? ye aeueoa?iaoeaa oa a?eueo neeaaeiee,
naiaioe/ii-aaaaoi??aiaaee neioaoe/iee ??aaiue aa??aoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo: ca
caaaeaiei iaoiaeii aoaeo?oueny ooaeiaei?e i?inoi?iai-/aniaee eiio?iooi;
ooai?ai? aa??aioe iiaeooue aooe ye aeecueeeie aei naiai aeoieo, oae ?
iaeaea aioaaii?noe/ieie, noai?thth/e iaiao?aeiee, a?aeiia?aeii aei
oai?/iai caaeoio, eiioe?eo. A oiiaao a?aenooiino? eiioe?eoo iiiioaiaoeci
ni?ey? noai?aiith iaeiiaoaeoiino?, ui oaeiae ? oa?aeoa?iith ?enith
no/anii? ioceee.

An? oe? yaeua oa caeiiii??iino? a?aeiia?aeathoue a?oioiaiei i?eioeeiai
iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee. Caoaaaeeii, ui ooai?aiiy c iaeiiai ina?aaeea iaaii?
e?eueeino? eiai aa??aio?a /a?ac naith ?iaeiao nii??aeiai?noue ?iaeoue ?o
i?eaeecii ??aiiaaaiieie ca oi?iioai?/ei /e (oa) ae?aiaoo?a?/iei
cia/aiiyi. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui aa??aioe iiaeooue a iaaieo
oiiaao aca?iicai?iyoe iaeei iaeiiai, aiiny/e oa?aeoa?iee naia aeey
oeueiai eiie?aoiiai aeiaaeeo nieneiaee aeaiaio ? ni?eyth/e iiaeaeueoiio
ae?aiaoo?a?/ii-ci?noiaiiio oa no?oeoo?iiio ?icaeoeo. Iaaeaia
iiaeeea?noue aca?iiia?ai?uaiiy eiiiiiaio?a noai?th? oiiae aeey
aeieeiaiiy ia iaae? aca?iiae?? aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae? aeeaeiii?
eii?aeeiaoe.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ? oie oaeo, ui naia a aiioo aa?iei a a?eueoino?
ioce/ieo oai??a iaioaaea iaeiiaoaeoi?noue ye ?acoeueoao ae??
aa??aoe?eieo (?i?oaoe?eieo oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo) iaoiae?a aeeeaaeaiiy ?
?icaeoeo ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo. A i?ioan?ei?e ioceoe? oiai /ano aeiee oa
onoaeeany i?eioeei oaiaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo “i?i?iuaiiy ?c ca?ia”, yeee ? ?
iaeiei c ??ciiaeae?a oa i?ioioeiii i?eioeeio iiiioaiaoecio. Caaaeyee
iioiaeaeaiith a?ae caeii?a, i?eoaiaiieo ioce/iiio oieueeei?o,
a?aeiia?aeiino? iaoiaeai aaceiioe?eoii? ae?aiaoo?a?? oa nii??aeiaiino? c
iie?oii?/iith eia?eith, a?i iin?aea? iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?noeue a
?yaeo niaoeeo?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, i?eioeei?a oa i?eeii?a no/anii?
ioceee.

3.3.

Aeey a?eueo aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy oa ni?eeiyooy i?ioean?a, ye?
ia’?aeiothoue iie?oii?th ? oaeoo?o, i?iiiio?oueny iiiyooy
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai eiiieaeno. Oea aaaaoi??aiaaa iiiyooy, a a?aae?
yeiai i?noyoueny ye eiiieaen cania?a ae?aciino?, oae ? oaiaoe/i?,
ae?aiaoo?a?/i?, oi?iioai?/? oa ?io? ooieoe??, ui aeeiio? iie?oii?y.
Oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen nai ? aaaeeeaei oi?iioai?/ei i?eioeeiii —
? a iaeano? oaiaoecio, eiai aeeeaaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo, ? a iaeano?
oi?iiooai?aiiy, ? a iaeano? ae?aiaoo?a??, ? a iaeano? niii?ii-caoeiaeo,
oii?/ieo aoaeo?a. A?i ia o?eueee ? iaaiei oeiii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aa?oeeae? oa ai?eciioae?, aea e aeaiiino?o? oeae oei aaea ioi?ieaiei.
Oaea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eii?aeeiao iiaeia ?icoi?oe ? ye ??ciiaeae, ? ye
oei, ? ye iiaeaeue.

Oyaey?oueny eia?/iei ? aeioe?eueiei aeei?enoaiiy iiiyooy
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai eiiieaeno a ca’yceo c aiae?cii iie?oii?? a
ioceoe? OO noie?ooy, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ci?oaiiyi ??cieo i?eioeei?a.
Iiae?aia neooaoe?y ni?ey? aeieeiaiith iiaeo ??ciiaeae?a iie?oii?/ii?
oaeoo?e, ye? /anoi ia iiaeooue aooe iienai? c o?aaeeoe?eieo iiceoe?e,
i?ioa i?e?iaeiuei ia’?aeiothoueny iiiyooyi oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai
eiiieaeno ye eiai aa??aioi? ooai?aiiy, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-oa?aeoa?enoe/i?
ao?eaiiy. Iie?oii?/ia eia?ea iiaea ca/?iaoe aoaeue-ye? ??ai? ioce/iiai
oai?o; iiaeeeaei ? e iie?oii?/ia ii?aeiaiiy ?icaeoeo oeeo ??ai?a, ?oi?e
ia?aeaeueiee ?oo. Iie?oii?y ae ?icoi??oueny ye iaeei c aieiaieo
aeeiai?caoi??a caaaeueiiai i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy. Iioe?aiiy i?aai?coth/i?
ae?? iniiaieo iie?oii?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia ??ci? ??ai? noai?aiiy oa
ni?eeiyooy ioce/iiai oai?o ? iaeiith c nooo?aeo aeanoeainoae
iie?oii?/ii? ioceee OO noie?ooy ? iciaeith oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai
eiiieaeno. Ia iniia? aiae?co ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiai eiiiiiaio?a iiaeia
ocaaaeueieoe oa ?iciiae?eeoe i?iyae ae?? iie?oii?/iiai oeio ieneaiiy ca
??aiyie: oii?/ii-aeaiaioa?iee, aai iiaiee; ?ioiiaoe?eii-oaiaoe/iee,
oi?iioai?/ee; ae?aiaoo?a?/iee, ia?acii-nieneiaee. Nenoaiia ?icoi?iiy
noa? aieeao aeuacaaaeoaaieo i?eioeei?a oa caeiiii??iinoae aeicaieeei
cai?iiiioaaoe oaeo eeaneo?eaoe?th:

1. Oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai oeio. Ooo
iie?oii?/i? caeiiii??iino? i?aai?cothoue iaoa??ae ia aeaiaioa?ii-iiaiiio
??ai?. Iie?oii?/i? aca?iia?aeiineie aeieeathoue i?ae aeaiaioaie ?
eiiiiiaioaie oaeoo?e, ye? iiaeooue iaeaaeaoe aei ??cieo a?oi cania?a
ioce/ii? ae?aciino?: aieine, iioeae, ?ioa?aaee, aei?aee,
?ioiiaoe?eii-?eoi?/i? o?ao?e, iiaeone ??ciiiai?oii? i?e?iaee
iioiaeaeaiiy (?ioiiaoe?eii?, ?eoi?/ii?, oaia?iai?, oaiiiai-aeeiai?/ii?
oiui). A aniaeo? ineoieia?? ni?eeiyooy oea ia?aeii? o?ao?i-oiiia?
a?aeiineie, i?e?iaea yeeo ia iaia’yceiai i?aeei?y?oueny iie?oii?/iei
caeiiii??iinoyi; oi?ia oa ae?aiaoo?a?y iiaeooue ?ai?acaiooaaoe
iaiie?oii?/i? ii iioiaeaeaiith aeai?e. Oe? a?aeiioaiiy — a iaaiiio
?icoi?ii? na?aaeiaeua, c yeiai ia?iaeyoueny ia?ace oa ?oi?e ?icaeoie,
i?ino??-/an-aeeaeia. Ia oeeo ??aiyo i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? iiaeooue aooe
ia iie?oii?/ieie.

2. Oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen noai?aeeiaoe?eiiai oeio. Ae?y
oeueiai oeio iioe?th?oueny ia iiaii-oaiaoe/iee, oi?iioai?/ee ??aaiue.
Aeey iueiai ? oa?aeoa?ieie o iaaiiio ?icoi?ii? iie?oii?/ia
noi?ae?yaei?noue oa aca?iiae?y (i?e aaeee?e i??? ??aiiaaaiiino?)
aca?iiiaoiiaethth/eo iaeei iaeiiai aeaiaio?a oa eiiiiiaio?a ioce/ii?
iiae, oi?ie oa ae?aiaoo?a??. Iie?oii?/i? i?eioeeie iiaeooue ae?yoe ye
ia ??ai? oii?/ii-iiaiiio, oaeoo?iiio, oae ? ia ??ai? oi?ioaaiiy,
aeniiioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oaiaoecio. A aniaeo? ineoieia?? ni?eeiyooy oea
o?ao?i-oiiia? a?aeiineie a oaeiio i?inoi?iai-/aniaiio eiio?iooi?, yeee
ii a?eueoino? i?aeei?th?oueny iie?oii?/iei caeiiii??iinoyi. Iie?oii?/ia
i?aai?caoe?y oaiaoecio ? eiai ?icaeoeo ni?ey? ooai?aiith ?aaeueiino? aac
/oaei??aeiiai, i?eaianaiiai eiioe?eoo; c ?ioiai aieo, eiioe?eo iiaea
ae?inoe cna?aaeeie, aooe ii?iaeaeaiiyi iaei??? i?e?iaee, ??ci? noi?iie
yei? i?iyaeythoueny a i?ioean? ?icai?oaiiy ioce/iiai oai?o.

3. Oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen ia?eoaoiiai oeio. A?i aeieea?
ianaiia?aae ia ??ai? ae?aiaoo?a?/iiio, ci?noiaii- nieneiaiio,
“ciaeiaiio”. Caeiiii??iino? iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee aieeaathoue ia
aeeneieaoe?th ioce/ieo ia?ac?a a ?oi?o ??ciiiai?oieo ia?aoai?aiiyo
(oaie, oaiaoe/i? eiiieaene, ieanoe, ieanoe-ia?ace oiui) a ooaeiaeiueiio
i?inoi??-/an?. Aeieea? iie?oii?y aeuiai, ocaaaeueiaiiai, aoi?eiiiai
ieaio, oiaoi a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? iie?oii?y ia?ac?a, yea ? ae?aaeaiith,
ianaiia?aae, ye iie?oii?y ae?aiaoo?a?/ii-oi?iioai?/i-oaeoo?ia. Oaeei
/eiii, aeieea? ia?eoao i?ae iie?oii??th aeuiai ii?yaeeo ? ia
iie?oii?/iith /e /anoeiai iie?oii?/iith i?aai?caoe??th iaoa??aeo.
Cae/aeii, a eiie?aoieo ioce/ieo oai?ao iiaeia ciaeoe i?eioeeie, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaii /e o?ueii oeei oa?aeoa?enoeeai.

?ICAe?E 4

I?EEEAAeE AIAE?CO INIAEEAINOAE

OAEOO?II-IIE?OII?*IEO EIIIEAEN?A

Aea?? ioce/ieo oai??a aeey aiae?oe/iiai ?icaeyaeo iaoiiaeaiee e?eueeiia
oaeoi?aie. Ii-ia?oa, an? aiie iaienai? a oie ia??iae, eiee i?ioean
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iie?oii?/ieo i?eioeei?a aeinya eoeuei?iaoe??; aoa
caae?yiee oaanue niaeo? iiaeeeainoae iie?oii?? ye oeio ieneaiiy.
Ii-ae?oaa, naia o oe? ?iee a ioceoe? yne?aai i?iyaeei naaa e??e/ia
na?oini?eeiyooy (o caaaeaiiio ?icoi?ii?) ye caaaeueiinoeeueiaa
oaiaeaioe?y; oeae iiiaio ? aaaeeeaei c iiceoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii?
eiioeaioe?? aca?iica’yceo oaei? e??eee c aaceiioe?eoiith ae?aiaoo?a??th,
i?eioeeiaie aa??aioiino?, iiiioaiaoecio ? a?oioiaieie iie?oii?/ieie
caeiiii??iinoyie. Ii-o?ao?, ye aeaea?oueny, oe? oai?e aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aaeaeaaoii oa yne?aai i?i?ethno?oaaoe ae?th aeanoeainoae
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ieo eiiieaen?a. Ii-/aoaa?oa, iaiaaeaiiy oai?aie aeey
oi?oai?aii iaoiiaeaia i?aaiaiiyi a?eueo iai/ii? aeaiiino?aoe?? iaoiaeeee
aiae?co. Iie?oaia?iaee oaeoi? ii-nai?io aieeaa? ia iniaeeaino?
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ii? i?aai?caoe?? oa iio?aao? ie?aii? oa?aeoa?enoeee.
sseithnue i??ith a?i aoaea ?ai?acaioiaaiee ?aa?no?iaeie iniaeeainoyie
cao/aiiy oi?oai?aii.

Oiiaii iei?oith oe?a?inueeo ioceeo iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia o?e
ocaaaeueiai? iai?yiee. Aei ia?oiai iiaeia a?aeianoe ioce/i? oai?e, ui
caaaeii a?aeiia?aeathoue eeaneei-?iiaioe/i?e oiiaeueii-aa?iii?/i?e
o?aaeeoe?? c iaaieie ??cii??aiaaeie iiaaoe?yie. Ae?oaee iai?yiie
?ai?acaioothoue ioce/i? oai?e, ui aacothoueny ia iiaiio ?icoi?ii?
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o ye niaoeeo?/ii? nenoaie na?oini?eeiyooy c? nai?ie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa caeiiii??iinoyie (”iiaa oieueeei?ia oaeey”).
Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo iiaieo cania?a oa eiiiiceoi?nueeeo oaoi?e noai?eei
oae caaiee ioce/iee aaaiaa?ae.

Aeey aiae?oe/iiai ?icaeyaeo aoee ia?ai? Niiaoa ?2 aeey thiaoeoaa oa
Iie?oii?/i? nth?oe ?1, 2, 3 I.Ae.O?oea, O??aaea aeey oi?oai?aii
A.A.Neeueaano?iaa, O?e ane?ce oa Aeaa i?aethaee N.Aeia?iaieuenueeiai,
24 i?aethae?? aeey oi?oai?aii ?.O.Ea?aaeoey. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c i?iya?a
ae?? oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ieo eiiieaen?a iieacaa, ui /anoi a eiie?aoieo
oai?ao /e iaa?oue a ?oi?o /anoeiao aeanoeaino?, ui i?eoaiaii? ??ciei
oeiai icia/aieo eiiieaen?a, aenooiathoue o iaaiiio neioaoe/iiio
ii?aeiaii?, ?ai?acaiooth/e oe? oeie oe?eeii /e /anoeiai. Iiaeeea?noue
aeaiiino?aoe?? i?aai?caoe?eieo iniaeeainoae oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ieo
eiiieaen?a aeiaiaeeoue i?aai ia ?nioaaiiy oa i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oai?aoe/io ?
i?aeoe/io ae??caeaoi?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee oa cai?iiiiiaaieo
iiiyoue.

AENIIAEE

Iei?oi?e noai ioce/ii? i?aeoeee, iicia/aiee aaeeeith aaaith
iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee i?aai?caoe?? iaoa??aeo (yea ia? an? oa?aeoa?enoeee
nenoaiiiai yaeua oa i?iyaey? naaa ia ??cieo ??aiyo), aeiaaa? a?ae
ioceeiciaanoaa aaeaeaaoiiai ?icoi?iiy oa aiae?co neioaoe/ii ii?aeiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eia?/ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueii-oii?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae.
Ioceea OO noie?ooy iaaea? a oeueiio aniaeo? iaae/a?ii? iiaeeeaino?.
Aeey cae?eniaiiy iaaieo e?ie?a ia oeyoo ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo ieoaiue
a aeena?oaoe?? aaiaeeoueny iiiyooy oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iiai eiiieaeno,
i?iiiio?oueny ocaaaeueiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y oaeeo eiiieaen?a oa
aeeiio?oueny a?aeiia?aeia oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaee/ii-aiae?oe/ia ?iaioa.
Ie?aneththoueny ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e?iaee aieeao
eia?ee iaaiiai oeio ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy ia i?eioeeie oaeoo?ii?
i?aai?caoe??, iaa?oioiao?oueny iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy caae?yii?
iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy o ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaiaoeee, iia’ycaii? c?
niaoeeo?eith ni?eeiyooy no/anii? ioceee a eiioaeno? caaaeueii?
i?iaeaiaoeee ineoieia?? ni?eeiyooy, ieoaiiyie o?aaeeoe?e oa iiaaoi?noaa
oiui.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a ?iaioao:

1. Eaiao/aiei A.E., Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. E aiaeeco iiiyoey iieeoiiee a
eiioaenoa yaiethoeee n?aaenoa iocuee OO aaea // Enoi?e/aneea e
oai?aoe/aneea i?iaeaiu iocueaeueiiai noeey: Oaiaoe/. na. iao/. o?oaeia.
— E: Eeaaneay ainoaea?noaaiiay eiina?aaoi?ey ei. I.E. *aeeianeiai. —
1993. — N. 23-32.

2. Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. Iieeoiie/aneea naienoaa iocueaeueiie oeaie (ia
i?eia?a aiaeeca 4-ie neioiiee A.A. Neeueaano?iaa) // I?iaeaie aca?iiae??
ienoaoeoaa, iaaeaaia?ee oa oai??? ? i?aeoeee ina?oe: Iaoe. — iaoiae. ca.
— Oa?e?a: O?I. — 1995. — Aei. ia?oee. — N. 67-69.

3. Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. E aii?ino i iieeoiiee a iocuea OO aaea // I?iaeaie
aca?iiae?? ienoaoeoaa, iaaeaaia?ee oa oai??? ? i?aeoeee ina?oe: Iaoe. —
iaoiae. ca. — Oa?e?a: O?I. — 1995. — Aei. ae?oaee. — N. 59-62.

4. Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. E aii?ino i iocueaeueiie iieeoiiee // I?iaeaie
aca?iiae?? ienoaoeoaa, iaaeaaia?ee oa oai??? ? i?aeoeee ina?oe: Iaoe. —
iaoiae. ca. — Oa?e?a: O?I. — 1996. — Aei. o?ao?e. — N. 63-68.

5. Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. E aii?ino i oaeoo?ii-iieeoiie/aneii eiiieaena a
iocuea OO aaea (ia i?eia?a aiaeeca II /anoe 3-ae neioiiee A.
Eyoioeineiai) // I?iaeaiu acaeiiaeaenoaey iocueaeueiie iaoee e o/aaiiai
i?ioeanna: Na. iao/. iaoa?eaeia aeey ioc. aocia. — Oa?ueeia: OEE. —
1995. — Aui. /aoaa?oue. — N. 52-55.

6. Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. I?iyaeaiea aeaenoaey iieeoiie/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae
a nia?aiaiiie oe?aeineie iocuea // I?iaeaiu acaeiiaeaenoaey eneonnoaa,
iaaeaaiaeee e o/aaiiai i?ioeanna: Iao/. -iaoiae. na. — Oa?ueeia: OEE. —
1995. — N. 45-47.

7. Oeo?eaiaiei ?.A. Aca?iica’ycee iie?oii?/ii? eia?ee c aeayeeie
caeiiii??iinoyie ioceee OO noie?ooy // I?iaeeie no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa ?
eoeueoo?e: Ca. iaoe. i?. “I?ioan?eia ina?oa oa ienoaoeoaiciaanoai”. —
E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1998. — N. 47-51.

8. Oeo?eaiaiei ?.A. Aeaye? i?iyae ae?? iie?oii?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ioceoe? // I?iaeaie no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa ?
eoeueoo?e: Ca. iaoe. i?. “Ienoaoeoaiciaanoai oa oai??y ? i?aeoeea
ina?oe” / Aieia. ?aae. A.?.A?aaaithe. — E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i.
aaaioe?y”, 1998. — N. 11-14.

AIIOAOe??

Oeo?eaiaiei ?.A. I?eioeeie oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/ii? i?aai?caoe?? a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oi?oai?aii?e ioceoe?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.03 — ioce/ia ienoaoeoai. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo ienoaoeoa ?i. ?.I. Eioey?aanueeiai,
Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aecia/aiiy ca’yce?a i?ae iiiyooyie
iie?oii?? oa oaeoo?e. A ?iaio? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaee oai?aoe/iee iai?yiie,
yeee a?oioo?oueny ia eiioeaioe?? niaoeeo?ee ae?? eia?/ieo iie?oii?/ieo
i?eioeei?a oa caeii?a ineoieia?? ioce/iiai ni?eeiyooy a eiie?aoiiio
ioce/iiio oai??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iie?oii?/iee oei ieneaiiy iia’ycaiee c
aeayeeie caeiiii??iinoyie oa yaeuaie, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey ioceee OO
noie?ooy, cie?aia, oe?a?inuee?e. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaa iiiyooy —
oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen, a oaeiae eiai eeaneo?eaoe?y.
I?aaenoaaeaii iaoiaee iaoeiaiai ? iaoiaeieia?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo
iiiyoue, aeniea aoaeoeai?noue yeeo ? iaa?oioiaaiith oai?aoe/ii oa
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiith i?aeoe/iei aiae?cii ioce/ieo oai??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iie?oii?/iee oei ieneaiiy, oaeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y,
eia?/i? caeiiii??iino?, oaeoo?ii-iie?oii?/iee eiiieaen, ooaeiaei?e
i?inoi?iai-/aniaee eiio?iooi, iiiioaiaoeci, aaceiioe?eoia ae?aiaoo?a?y,
eii?aeeiaoe aa?oeeae?, ai?eciioae? oa aeeaeie, ineoieia?y ni?eeiyooy.

Oeo?eaiaiei E.A. I?eioeeiu oaeoo?ii-iieeoiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee a
nia?aiaiiie oe?aeineie oi?oaieaiiie iocuea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa eneonnoaiaaaeaiey
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.03 — iocueaeueiia eneonnoai. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue einoeooo eneonnoa ei. E.I. Eioey?aaneiai, Oa?ueeia,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ii?aaeaeaiey naycae iaaeaeo iiiyoeyie
iieeoiiee e oaeoo?u. A ?aaioa ?acaeaaaony iiaia oai?aoe/aneia
iai?aaeaiea, iniiaaiiia ia eiioeaioeee niaoeeoeee i?iyaeaiey aeaenoaey
eiae/aneeo iieeoiie/aneeo i?eioeeiia e caeiiia iocueaeueiiai aini?eyoey
a eiie?aoiii iocueaeueiii i?iecaaaeaiee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iieeoiie/aneee
oei iuoeaiey naycai n iaeioi?uie caeiiiia?iinoyie e yaeaieyie,
oa?aeoa?iuie aeey iocuee OO aaea, a /anoiinoe, oe?aeineie. I?aaeeiaeaii
iiaia iiiyoea — oaeoo?ii-iieeoiie/aneee eiiieaen, a oaeaea aai
eeanneoeeaoeey. I?aaenoaaeaiu iaoiaeu iao/iiai e iaoiaeieiae/aneiai
eniieueciaaiey iiauo iiiyoee, aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?uo iainiiaaia
oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/anee aiaeecii iocueaeueiuo
i?iecaaaeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieeoiie/aneee oei iuoeaiey, oaeoo?iay i?aaiecaoeey,
eiae/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe, oaeoo?ii- iieeoiie/aneee eiiieaen,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiue i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiie eiioeiooi, iiiioaiaoeci,
aaneiioeeeoiay ae?aiaoo?aey, eii?aeeiaou aa?oeeaee, ai?eciioaee e
aeoaeiu, ineoieiaey aini?eyoey.

Thsurkanenko I.V. Principles of the textural-polifonic organization in
a modern Ukrainian piano music. — Manusckript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 17.00.03 — music art. —
The Kharkov State I.P.Kotlyarevsky’s Institute of Arts, Kharkov, 1998.

The dissertation deals with the process of finding connection between
the definitions of polyphony and texture. There has been developed in
the work a new theoretic direction, based on the concept of specific
manifastation of the action of the logical polyphonic principles and the
laws of a psychology of musin perception in a given work of music. There
is established that a polyphonic type of thinking is connected with some
laws and phenomena which are characteristic of the XXth Century music,
namely Ukrainian. A new notion “a textural-polyphonic complex” as well
as its classification have been proposed. There have been introduced
methods of the scientific and methodological use of the new notions, and
their high efficiency is proved both theoretically and also by practical
analysis of music work.

Key words: polyphonic type of thinking, textural organization, logical
laws, textural-polyphonic complex, art continuum of time and space,
monotematism, conflictless dramaturgy, coordinates of the vertical,
horizontal and depth, psychology of perception.

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